International Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standard-Setting Activities, 76006-76010 [2020-26210]

Download as PDF 76006 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 229 / Friday, November 27, 2020 / Notices jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES to transit the United States via land ports, for immediate export, from certain Mexican States.1 APHIS believes that allowing such in-transit movements presents a negligible risk of introducing ND into the United States while simultaneously avoiding unnecessary restrictions on trade. APHIS also currently has regulations in place that restrict the importation of poultry meat and other poultry products from Mexico due to the presence of ND in that country. However, under the regulations in § 94.30, APHIS allows the importation of poultry meat and poultry products from the Mexican States of Sinaloa and Sonora, if imported according to APHIS’ requirements, because APHIS has determined that poultry meat and products from these two Mexican States pose a negligible risk of introducing ND into the United States. To ensure the above commodities are safe for importation, APHIS requires that certain information collection activities take place such as foreign meat inspection certificates, serially numbered seals, applications for import permits, emergency action notification, and pre-arrival notifications. This collection includes activities associated with the regulations currently in § 94.15 for the transit of pork and pork products from certain Mexican States through the United States, under seal, to export to another country. These regulations were adopted because APHIS considered Mexico, except for certain States, to be affected with classical swine fever (CSF). However, in January 16, 2018, APHIS published a notice (83 FR 2131– 2132, APHIS–2016–0038) announcing the addition of Mexico to the list of regions that are considered to be free of CSF, thus eliminating the basis for this regulatory requirement. We are asking the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to approve our use of these information collection activities, as described, for an additional 3 years. The purpose of this notice is to solicit comments from the public (as well as affected agencies) concerning our information collection. These comments will help us: 1 The Mexican States of Campeche, Quintana Roo, and Yucatan can import certain poultry and poultry products into the United States under the restrictions set forth in § 94.33 because they: (1) Supplement their meat supply by importing fresh (chilled or frozen) poultry meat from regions where ND is considered to exist; (2) share a common land border with regions where ND is considered to exist; or (3) import live poultry from regions where ND is considered to exist under conditions less restrictive than would be acceptable for importation into the United States. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:29 Nov 25, 2020 Jkt 253001 (1) Evaluate whether the collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the Agency, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) Evaluate the accuracy of our estimate of the burden of the collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (3) Enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) Minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, through use, as appropriate, of automated, electronic, mechanical, and other collection technologies; e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses. Estimate of burden: The public burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 0.99 hours per response. Respondents: Federal animal health authorities in Mexico and U.S. importers and exporters of poultry meat, other poultry products, pork, and pork products from Mexico. Estimated annual number of respondents: 79. Estimated annual number of responses per respondent: 41. Estimated annual number of responses: 3,214. Estimated total annual burden on respondents: 3,212 hours. (Due to averaging, the total annual burden hours may not equal the product of the annual number of responses multiplied by the reporting burden per response.) All responses to this notice will be summarized and included in the request for OMB approval. All comments will also become a matter of public record. Done in Washington, DC, this 23rd day of November 2020. Mark Davidson, Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. [FR Doc. 2020–26208 Filed 11–25–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–34–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [Docket No. APHIS–2020–0088] International Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standard-Setting Activities Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. AGENCY: PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 In accordance with legislation implementing the results of the Uruguay Round of negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, we are informing the public of the international standard-setting activities of the World Organization for Animal Health, the Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention, and the North American Plant Protection Organization, and we are soliciting public comment on the standard-setting activities. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by either of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/ #!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2020-0088. • Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Send your comment to Docket No. APHIS–2020–0088, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, APHIS, Station 3A–03.8, 4700 River Road Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737–1238. Supporting documents and any comments we receive on this docket may be viewed at http:// www.regulations.gov/ #!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2020-0088 or in our reading room, which is located in room 1620 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 799–7039 before coming. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For general information on the topics covered in this notice, contact Ms. Jessica Mahalingappa, Associate Deputy Administrator for International Services, APHIS, Room 1132, USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20250; (202) 799–7121. For specific information regarding standard-setting activities of the World Organization for Animal Health, contact Dr. Paul Gary Egrie, Office of International Affairs, Veterinary Services, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 33, Riverdale, MD 20737; (301) 851– 3304. For specific information regarding the standard-setting activities of the International Plant Protection Convention, contact Dr. Marina Zlotina, PPQ’s IPPC Technical Director, International Phytosanitary Standards, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 130, Riverdale, MD 20737; (301) 851–2200. For specific information on the North American Plant Protection Organization, contact Ms. Patricia Abad, PPQ’s NAPPO Technical Director, International Phytosanitary Standards, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 130, Riverdale, MD 20737; (301) 851–2264. SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\27NON1.SGM 27NON1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 229 / Friday, November 27, 2020 / Notices SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES Background The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established as the common international institutional framework for governing trade relations among its members in matters related to the Uruguay Round Agreements. The WTO is the successor organization to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. U.S. membership in the WTO was approved by Congress when it enacted the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (Pub. L. 103–465), which was signed into law on December 8, 1994. The WTO Agreements, which established the WTO, entered into force with respect to the United States on January 1, 1995. The Uruguay Round Agreements Act amended Title IV of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (19 U.S.C. 2531 et seq.). Section 491 of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979, as amended (19 U.S.C. 2578), requires the President to designate an agency to be responsible for informing the public of the sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) standard-setting activities of each international standard-setting organization. The designated agency must inform the public by publishing an annual notice in the Federal Register that provides the following information: (1) The SPS standards under consideration or planned for consideration by the international standard-setting organization; and (2) for each SPS standard specified, a description of the consideration or planned consideration of that standard, a statement of whether the United States is participating or plans to participate in the consideration of that standard, the agenda for U.S. participation, if any, and the agency responsible for representing the United States with respect to that standard. ‘‘International standard’’ is defined in 19 U.S.C. 2578b as any standard, guideline, or recommendation: (1) Adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex) regarding food safety; (2) developed under the auspices of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE, formerly known as the Office International des Epizooties) regarding animal health; (3) developed under the auspices of the Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC or the Convention) and the North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO) regarding plant health; or (4) established by or developed under any other international organization agreed to by the member countries of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:29 Nov 25, 2020 Jkt 253001 (USMCA) or the member countries of the WTO. The President, pursuant to Proclamation No. 6780 of March 23, 1995 (60 FR 15845), designated the Secretary of Agriculture as the official responsible for informing the public of the SPS standard-setting activities of Codex, OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO. The United States Codex Office (USCO), in the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) Trade and Foreign Affairs mission area, informs the public of standard-setting activities of Codex, and USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) informs the public of OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO standard-setting activities. USCO publishes an annual notice in the Federal Register to inform the public of SPS standard-setting activities for Codex (85 FR 34161). Codex was established in 1963 by two United Nations organizations, the Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Health Organization. It is the principle international organization for establishing food standards that protect consumer health and promote fair practices in food trade. APHIS is responsible for publishing an annual notice of OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO activities related to international standards for plant and animal health and representing the United States with respect to these standards. Following are descriptions of the OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO organizations and the standard-setting agenda for each of these organizations. We have described the agenda that each of these organizations will address at their annual general sessions, including standards that may be presented for adoption or consideration, as well as other initiatives that may be underway at the OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO. The agendas for these meetings are subject to change, and the draft standards identified in this notice may not be sufficiently developed and ready for adoption as indicated. Also, while it is the intent of the United States to support adoption of international standards and to participate actively and fully in their development, it should be recognized that the U.S. position on a specific draft standard will depend on the acceptability of the final draft. Given the dynamic and interactive nature of the standard-setting process, we encourage any persons who are interested in the most current details about a specific draft standard or the U.S. position on a particular standardsetting issue, or in providing comments on a specific standard that may be under development, to contact APHIS. Contact information is provided at the beginning PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 76007 of this notice under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. OIE Standard-Setting Activities The OIE was established in Paris, France, in 1924 with the signing of an international agreement by 28 countries. It is currently composed of 182 Members, each of which is represented by a delegate who, in most cases, is the chief veterinary officer of that country or territory. The WTO has recognized the OIE as the international forum for setting animal health standards, reporting global animal disease events, and presenting guidelines and recommendations on sanitary measures relating to animal health. The OIE facilitates intergovernmental cooperation to prevent the spread of contagious diseases in animals by sharing scientific research among its Members. The major functions of the OIE are to collect and disseminate information on the distribution and occurrence of animal diseases and to ensure that science-based standards govern international trade in animals and animal products. The OIE aims to achieve these through the development and revision of international standards for diagnostic tests, vaccines, and the safe international trade of animals and animal products. The OIE provides annual reports on the global distribution of animal diseases, recognizes the free status of Members for certain diseases, categorizes animal diseases with respect to their international significance, publishes bulletins on global disease status, and provides animal disease control guidelines to Members. Various OIE commissions and working groups undertake the development and preparation of draft standards, which are then circulated to Members for consultation (review and comment). Draft standards are revised accordingly and are presented to the OIE World Assembly of Delegates (all the Members) for review and adoption during the General Session, which meets annually every May. Adoption, as a general rule, is based on consensus of the OIE membership. The most recent OIE General Session was scheduled to occur from May 24 to 29, 2020, in Paris, France. The Associate Administrator for APHIS serves as the official U.S. Delegate to the OIE. Information about OIE draft Terrestrial and Aquatic Animal Health Code chapters may be found on the internet at https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ ourfocus/animalhealth/export/ international-standard-setting-activitiesoie/regionalization/ct_international_ standard_setting_activities_oie or by E:\FR\FM\27NON1.SGM 27NON1 76008 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 229 / Friday, November 27, 2020 / Notices contacting Dr. Paul Gary Egrie (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above). The COVID–19 situation worldwide did not allow the OIE to have its General Session in 2020, and consequently no Code chapters were presented for adoption. The corresponding chapters will be proposed for adoption during the General Session tentatively scheduled for May 2021. • Chapter 1.1., Notification of diseases, infections and infestations, and provision of epidemiological information. • Chapter 1.4.3., Animal Health Surveillance. • Chapter 1.6., Procedures for selfdeclaration and for official recognition by the OIE. • Chapter 3.2., Evaluation of Veterinary Services. • Chapter 3.4., Veterinary legislation. • Chapter 4.Y., Draft new chapter on official control programs for listed and emerging diseases. • Chapter 7.Z., Draft new chapter on animal welfare and laying hen production systems. • Chapter 8.Y., Infection with animal trypanosomes of African origin. • Chapter 8.15., Infection with Rift Valley fever virus. • Chapter 9.4, Article 9.4.5., Infestation with Aethina tumida (small hive beetle). • Chapter 10.4., Infection with avian influenza viruses. • Chapter 15.2., Infection with classical swine fever virus. • Articles 14.7.3., 14.7.7., 14.7.24. and 14.7.34., Infection with peste des petits ruminants virus. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES IPPC Standard-Setting Activities The IPPC is a multilateral convention adopted in 1952 to prevent the spread and introduction of pests of plants and plant products and to promote appropriate measures for their control. The WTO recognizes the IPPC as the standard setting body for plant health. Under the IPPC, the understanding of plant protection encompasses the protection of both cultivated and noncultivated plants from direct or indirect injury by plant pests. The IPPC addresses the following activities: Developing, adopting, and implementing international standards for phytosanitary (plant health) measures (ISPMs); harmonizing phytosanitary activities through adopted standards; facilitating the exchange of official and scientific information among contracting parties; and providing technical assistance to developing countries that are contracting parties to the Convention. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:29 Nov 25, 2020 Jkt 253001 The IPPC is deposited within the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and is an international agreement of 184 contracting parties. National plant protection organizations (NPPOs), in cooperation with regional plant protection organizations, the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM), and the Secretariat of the IPPC, implement the Convention. The IPPC continues to be administered at the national level by plant quarantine officials, whose primary objective is to safeguard plant resources from injurious pests. In the United States, the NPPO is APHIS’ Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) program. Because of the COVID–19 pandemic, the 15th Session of the CPM was tentatively postponed to 2021. Standards recommended for adoption in 2020 will be tabled for adoption in 2021, and are listed below. The United States develops its position on each of these draft standards prior to the CPM session based on APHIS’ analyses and other relevant information from other U.S. Government agencies and interested stakeholders: • Draft Revision of ISPM 8: Determination of pest status in an area. • Draft ISPM: Requirements for the use of modified atmosphere treatments as phytosanitary measures. • Draft ISPM 5: Glossary of phytosanitary terms (2018 revisions). In lieu of the Commission meeting, the CPM Bureau has been advancing the IPPC work program, including standards setting, as actively as possible via virtual means. The IPPC Standards Committee and Implementation and Capacity Development Committee also continued working during the pandemic by virtually approving draft standards for consultation, selecting experts to expert drafting groups, and addressing pending standard setting and other plant health initiatives. The IPPC electronic certification system (ePhyto) solution also progressed in 2020. For example, 27 countries in the European Union joined ePhyto through its own system of electronic certification named TRACES; Argentina and Chile moved to fully electronic operation for all their plant trade; the United Nations International Computing Centre and the ePhyto Steering Committee are developing and providing training on ePhyto; and preparations are underway to deploy features allowing industry systems to receive ePhytos. New IPPC Standard-Setting Initiatives, Including Those Under Development A number of expert working group (EWG) meetings and technical PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 consultations took place from October 2019 through September 2020 on the topics listed below. These IPPC projects are currently under development and intended for future adoption and publication. APHIS participated actively and fully in each of these working groups. APHIS developed its position on each of the topics prior to the working group meeting. The APHIS position was based on relevant scientific information and technical analyses, including information from other U.S. Government agencies and from interested stakeholders: • EWG for the focused revision of ISPM 12: Phytosanitary certificates in relation to re-export. • Working group for the revision of the plant pest surveillance guide. • Reviewing and commenting on the Implementation Guide to ISPM 8 currently under development. • Reviewing and commenting on the draft outline of the future Implementation Guide on e-Commerce. • Technical Panel on Diagnostic Protocols. • Technical Panel on Phytosanitary Treatments. • Technical Panel for the Glossary. For more detailed information on the above, contact Dr. Marina Zlotina (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above). PPQ actively works to achieve broad participation by States, industry, and other stakeholders in the development and use of international and regional plant health standards, including through the use of APHIS Stakeholder Registry notices 1 and the APHIS public website. Plant health stakeholders are strongly encouraged to comment on draft standards, documents, and specifications during the consultation periods. In 2020, 16 draft standards (including phytosanitary treatments), 3 draft specifications, 1 draft outline, and 1 draft CPM recommendation were open for consultation. APHIS posts links to draft standards on its website as they become available and provides information on the due dates for comments.2 Additional information on IPPC standards (including the IPPC work program (list of topics 3), calls for new standards, experts to serve on technical panels and other working 1 To sign up for the Stakeholder Registry, go to: https://public.govdelivery.com/accounts/ USDAAPHIS/subscriber/new. 2 For more information on the IPPC draft ISPM consultation: https://;www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ ourfocus/planthealth/international/sa_ phytostandards/ct_draft_standards. 3 IPPC list of topics: https://www.ippc.int/en/coreactivities/standards-setting/list-topics-ippcstandards/. E:\FR\FM\27NON1.SGM 27NON1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 229 / Friday, November 27, 2020 / Notices jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES groups, proposed phytosanitary treatments, standard-setting process, and adopted standards) is available on the IPPC website.4 For the most current information on official U.S. participation in IPPC activities, including U.S. positions on standards being considered, contact Dr. Marina Zlotina (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above). Those wishing to provide comments on any of the areas of work being undertaken by the IPPC may do so at any time by responding to this notice (see ADDRESSES above) or by providing comments through Dr. Zlotina. NAPPO Standard-Setting Activities NAPPO, a regional plant protection organization created in 1976 under the IPPC, coordinates the efforts among the United States, Canada, and Mexico to protect their plant resources from the entry, establishment, and spread of harmful plant pests, while facilitating safe intra- and inter-regional trade. As the NPPO of the United States, APHIS’ PPQ is the organization officially identified to participate in NAPPO. Through NAPPO, APHIS works closely with its regional counterparts and industries to develop harmonized regional standards and approaches for managing pest threats. This critical work facilitates the safe movement of plants and plant products into and within the region. NAPPO conducts its work through priority-driven projects approved by the NAPPO Executive Committee via an annual work program, and conducted by expert groups, including subject matter experts from each member country and regional industry representatives. Project results and updates are provided during the NAPPO annual meeting as well as NAPPO governance meetings. Projects can include the development of positions, policies, technical documents, or the development or revision of regional standards for phytosanitary measures (RSPMs). Projects can also include implementation of standards or other capacity development activities such as workshops. The 43rd NAPPO annual meeting was held October 28 to November 1, 2019, in Montreal, Canada. The meeting featured several strategic topics related to NAPPO’s work program (e.g. seeds, forest pests, lab accreditation, plants for planting, biological control, and riskbased sampling), as well as discussions on sea containers, invasive species, the International Year of Plant Health (IYPH), the United States-Mexico4 IPPC website: https://www.ippc.int/. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:29 Nov 25, 2020 Jkt 253001 Canada Agreement (USMCA), and a live ePhyto exchange demonstration between the United States and Jamaica. The meeting also featured a 1-day symposium on comparing the decisionmaking procedures used by the three countries (Canada, Mexico, and the United States) when an exotic plant pest is confirmed in a NAPPO member country. The NAPPO Executive Committee meetings took place on October 28, 2019, and July 16, 2020 (virtual meeting). The Deputy Administrator for PPQ is the U.S. member of the NAPPO Executive Committee. Despite the COVID–19 pandemic, NAPPO’s Secretariat and its member countries, including regulatory, plant health, and industry officials, continue to actively progress on projects and initiatives under the NAPPO work program, taking advantage of teleconferencing and other virtual meeting tools. NAPPO governance committees, including NAPPO’s Executive Committee and the Advisory and Management Committee, as well as expert groups, continue to communicate and meet virtually on a regular basis to actively progress on NAPPO strategic and work program initiatives. NAPPO’s Advisory and Management Committee continued working during the pandemic by virtually approving draft standards for consultation; selecting and onboarding experts to newly launched NAPPO expert groups on seeds and diagnostics, consignments in transit, and wooden and bamboo commodities; and addressing other pending work program initiatives. The NAPPO expert groups, including member countries’ subject matter experts, in collaboration with NAPPO’s Secretariat, significantly progressed or finalized the following regional standards, documents, products, and projects during the period of October 2019 to the end of September 2020: • Reviewed, discussed, and agreed to archive RSPM 17: Guidelines for the establishment, maintenance and verification of fruit fly free areas in North America. Experts from all three member countries agreed that more comprehensive international standards have been adopted at the IPPC that effectively build-on and supersede RSPM 17. • Completed and published proceedings from the NAPPO-organized March 2019, Hemispheric Workshop on ISPM 38: International movement of seeds. Proceedings are now available on the NAPPO website.5 5 Proceedings of the NAPPO Organized Hemispheric Workshop on ISPM 38: International PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 76009 • Completed the revision or development of the following regional standards and documents and launched them for country consultation (public comment period) during the summer of 2020: RSPM 9: Authorization of laboratories for performing phytosanitary testing, RSPM 5: NAPPO glossary of phytosanitary terms, and NAPPO Science and Technology (S&T) Document on the risks associated with the introduction of exotic lymantriid species of potential concern to the NAPPO region. As next steps, comments received from the consultation will be reviewed by expert group members to adjust the documents for eventual Executive Committee approval. • Issued via NAPPO’s Phytosanitary Alert System: 23 Official Pest Reports for Fiscal Year 2020 (from October 2019 to September 2020). In addition, NAPPO conducted a call for new project proposals for its 2020 Work Program during 2019. U.S. stakeholders were invited to submit topics and comment on their priorities through APHIS. In late October 2019, the NAPPO call for new project proposals (taking stakeholders’ comments into account) resulted in three new prioritized projects by the NAPPO’s Executive Committee, which have been added to the 2020 annual work program. The new, prioritized projects focus on the following topics: The harmonization of diagnostic protocols for seed pests focused on Tomato brown rugose virus (ToBRFV); consignments in transit; and the import of wooden and bamboo commodities. New NAPPO Standard-Setting Initiatives, Including Those in Development The 2020 work program 6 includes the following topics being worked on by NAPPO expert groups and NAPPO’s Advisory and Management Committee. APHIS is actively and fully participating in the 2020 NAPPO work program. The APHIS position on each topic is guided and informed by the best technical and scientific information available, as well as on relevant input from stakeholders. For each of the following, where applicable, the United States will consider its position on any draft standard after it reviews a prepared draft. Information regarding the following NAPPO projects, assignments, activities, and updates on meeting times and locations may be obtained from the movement of seeds: https://nappo.org/application/ files/7115/8687/1174/Final__Proceedings_ISPM_ 38_Implementation_Workshop.pdf. 6 NAPPO work program: https://mail.nappo.org/ application/files/5415/8624/3760/FINAL_2020_ NAPPO_Work_Program_-e.pdf. E:\FR\FM\27NON1.SGM 27NON1 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES 76010 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 229 / Friday, November 27, 2020 / Notices NAPPO website or by contacting Ms. Patricia Abad (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above). 1. Seed Diagnostics: A pilot for the harmonization of diagnostic protocols for seed pests focused on ToBRFV. 2. Development of harmonized regional guidance for North America based on ISPM 25: Consignments in transit and the IPPC Transit Manual. 3. Revision of RSPM 38: Importation of certain wooden and bamboo commodities into a NAPPO member country. 4. Revision of RSPM 22: Guidelines for construction and operation of a containment facility for insects and mites used as biological control agents. 5. Forest Products: Develop a NAPPO Science and Technology (S&T) document to provide scientific background on live contaminant pests associated with wood commodities and wood packaging; and provide guidance regarding actions appropriate for addressing related phytosanitary risks. 6. Support the IYPH: Exchange ideas, develop appropriate materials, and support IYPH events in the NAPPO region. 7. Revision of RSPM 9: Authorization of laboratories for performing phytosanitary testing. 8. Revision of RSPM 35: Guidelines for the movement of stone and pome fruit trees and grapevines into a NAPPO member country. 9. Lymantriids: Complete a NAPPO Science and Technology (S&T) document on the risks associated with the introduction of exotic lymantriid species of potential concern to the NAPPO region. 10. Revision of RSPM 5: NAPPO glossary of phytosanitary terms. 11. Risk-Based Sampling: Complete and publish a Risk-Based Sampling Manual. 12. Asian Gypsy Moth: Validate specific risk periods for regulated Asian gypsy moth in countries of origin. 13. Foundation and Procedure documents: Continue to update and finalize various NAPPO foundation or procedure documents. 14. Phytosanitary Alert System: Continue to manage the NAPPO pest reporting system. 15. Electronic phytosanitary certification (ePhyto): Provide assistance and technical support to the IPPC ePhyto Steering Group. 16. Stakeholder Engagement: Plan, coordinate and execute activities for the next NAPPO Annual Meeting, and publish the quarterly newsletter. Because of the COVID–19 pandemic, the 2020 NAPPO annual meeting has been postponed to 2021. The 2021 NAPPO VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:29 Nov 25, 2020 Jkt 253001 annual meeting is expected to take place in the United States (and hosted by APHIS) in accordance with the NAPPO country rotation. 17. Regional Collaboration: Collaboration, focused on information exchange, with the Inter-American Coordinating Group in Plant Protection, via Technical Working Groups on ePhyto, citrus greening (Huanglongbing), fruit flies, and Tuta absoluta. The PPQ Assistant Deputy Administrator, as the official U.S. delegate to NAPPO, intends to participate in the adoption of these regional plant health standards and projects, including the work described above, once they are completed and ready for such consideration. The information in this notice contains all the information available to us on NAPPO standards or projects under development or consideration. For updates on meeting times and for information on the expert groups that may become available following publication of this notice, visit the NAPPO website or contact Ms. Patricia Abad (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above). PPQ actively works to achieve broad participation by States, industry, and other stakeholders in the development and use of international and regional plant health standards, including through the use of APHIS Stakeholder Registry notices and the APHIS public website. Plant health stakeholders are strongly encouraged to comment on draft standards, documents, and specifications during consultation periods. In 2020, two revised NAPPO standards and one Science & Technology document were open for consultation. APHIS posts links to draft standards on the internet as they become available and provides information on the due dates for comments.7 Additional information on NAPPO standards (including the NAPPO Work Program, standard setting process, and adopted standards) is available on the NAPPO website.8 Information on official U.S. participation in NAPPO activities, including U.S. positions on standards being considered, may also be obtained from Ms. Abad. Those wishing to provide comments on any of the topics being addressed in the NAPPO work program may do so at any time by responding to this notice (see 7 For more information on the NAPPO draft RSPM consultation: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/ aphis/ourfocus/planthealth/international/sa_ phytostandards/ct_draft_standards. 8 NAPPO website: http://nappo.org/. PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 ADDRESSES above) or by transmitting comments through Ms. Abad. Done in Washington, DC, this 23rd day of November 2020. Mark Davidson, Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. [FR Doc. 2020–26210 Filed 11–25–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–34–P COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS Notice of Public Meeting of the Illinois Advisory Committee U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. ACTION: Announcement of meeting. AGENCY: Notice is hereby given, pursuant to the provisions of the rules and regulations of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights and the Federal Advisory Committee Act that the Illinois Advisory Committee (Committee) will hold a meeting via teleconference on Tuesday, December 8, 2020 at 12:00 p.m. Central Time, the purpose of the meeting is for the Committee to approval the report on Fair Housing in Illinois. DATES: The meeting will be held on Tuesday, December 8, 2020 at 12:00 p.m. Central Time. Public Call Information: Dial: 800–367–2403; Conference ID: 2202630. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: David Barreras, Designated Federal Official, at dbarreras@usccr.gov or 202– 499–4066. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Members of the public may listen to the discussion. This meeting is available to the public through the call-in information listed above. Any interested member of the public may call this number and listen to the meeting. An open comment period will be provided to allow members of the public to make a statement to the Committee as time allows. The conference call operator will ask callers to identify themselves, the organization they are affiliated with (if any), and an email address prior to placing callers into the conference room. Callers can expect to incur regular charges for calls they initiate over wireless lines, according to their wireless plan. The Commission will not refund any incurred charges. Callers will incur no charge for calls they initiate over land-line connections to the toll-free telephone number. Persons with hearing impairments may also follow the proceedings by first calling the Federal Relay Service at 1–800–877– 8339 and providing the Service with the SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\27NON1.SGM 27NON1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 229 (Friday, November 27, 2020)]
[Notices]
[Pages 76006-76010]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-26210]


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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

[Docket No. APHIS-2020-0088]


International Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standard-Setting 
Activities

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Notice and request for comments.

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SUMMARY: In accordance with legislation implementing the results of the 
Uruguay Round of negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs 
and Trade, we are informing the public of the international standard-
setting activities of the World Organization for Animal Health, the 
Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention, and the 
North American Plant Protection Organization, and we are soliciting 
public comment on the standard-setting activities.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by either of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2020-0088.
     Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Send your comment to 
Docket No. APHIS-2020-0088, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, 
APHIS, Station 3A-03.8, 4700 River Road Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737-
1238.
    Supporting documents and any comments we receive on this docket may 
be viewed at http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2020-
0088 or in our reading room, which is located in room 1620 of the USDA 
South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC. 
Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through 
Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, 
please call (202) 799-7039 before coming.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For general information on the topics 
covered in this notice, contact Ms. Jessica Mahalingappa, Associate 
Deputy Administrator for International Services, APHIS, Room 1132, USDA 
South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 
20250; (202) 799-7121.
    For specific information regarding standard-setting activities of 
the World Organization for Animal Health, contact Dr. Paul Gary Egrie, 
Office of International Affairs, Veterinary Services, APHIS, 4700 River 
Road Unit 33, Riverdale, MD 20737; (301) 851-3304.
    For specific information regarding the standard-setting activities 
of the International Plant Protection Convention, contact Dr. Marina 
Zlotina, PPQ's IPPC Technical Director, International Phytosanitary 
Standards, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 130, Riverdale, MD 20737; 
(301) 851-2200.
    For specific information on the North American Plant Protection 
Organization, contact Ms. Patricia Abad, PPQ's NAPPO Technical 
Director, International Phytosanitary Standards, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River 
Road Unit 130, Riverdale, MD 20737; (301) 851-2264.

[[Page 76007]]


SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established as the common 
international institutional framework for governing trade relations 
among its members in matters related to the Uruguay Round Agreements. 
The WTO is the successor organization to the General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade. U.S. membership in the WTO was approved by Congress 
when it enacted the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (Pub. L. 103-465), 
which was signed into law on December 8, 1994. The WTO Agreements, 
which established the WTO, entered into force with respect to the 
United States on January 1, 1995. The Uruguay Round Agreements Act 
amended Title IV of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (19 U.S.C. 2531 et 
seq.). Section 491 of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979, as amended (19 
U.S.C. 2578), requires the President to designate an agency to be 
responsible for informing the public of the sanitary and phytosanitary 
(SPS) standard-setting activities of each international standard-
setting organization. The designated agency must inform the public by 
publishing an annual notice in the Federal Register that provides the 
following information: (1) The SPS standards under consideration or 
planned for consideration by the international standard-setting 
organization; and (2) for each SPS standard specified, a description of 
the consideration or planned consideration of that standard, a 
statement of whether the United States is participating or plans to 
participate in the consideration of that standard, the agenda for U.S. 
participation, if any, and the agency responsible for representing the 
United States with respect to that standard.
    ``International standard'' is defined in 19 U.S.C. 2578b as any 
standard, guideline, or recommendation: (1) Adopted by the Codex 
Alimentarius Commission (Codex) regarding food safety; (2) developed 
under the auspices of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE, 
formerly known as the Office International des Epizooties) regarding 
animal health; (3) developed under the auspices of the Secretariat of 
the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC or the Convention) 
and the North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO) regarding 
plant health; or (4) established by or developed under any other 
international organization agreed to by the member countries of the 
United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) or the member countries 
of the WTO.
    The President, pursuant to Proclamation No. 6780 of March 23, 1995 
(60 FR 15845), designated the Secretary of Agriculture as the official 
responsible for informing the public of the SPS standard-setting 
activities of Codex, OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO. The United States Codex 
Office (USCO), in the United States Department of Agriculture's 
(USDA's) Trade and Foreign Affairs mission area, informs the public of 
standard-setting activities of Codex, and USDA's Animal and Plant 
Health Inspection Service (APHIS) informs the public of OIE, IPPC, and 
NAPPO standard-setting activities.
    USCO publishes an annual notice in the Federal Register to inform 
the public of SPS standard-setting activities for Codex (85 FR 34161). 
Codex was established in 1963 by two United Nations organizations, the 
Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Health Organization. It 
is the principle international organization for establishing food 
standards that protect consumer health and promote fair practices in 
food trade.
    APHIS is responsible for publishing an annual notice of OIE, IPPC, 
and NAPPO activities related to international standards for plant and 
animal health and representing the United States with respect to these 
standards. Following are descriptions of the OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO 
organizations and the standard-setting agenda for each of these 
organizations. We have described the agenda that each of these 
organizations will address at their annual general sessions, including 
standards that may be presented for adoption or consideration, as well 
as other initiatives that may be underway at the OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO.
    The agendas for these meetings are subject to change, and the draft 
standards identified in this notice may not be sufficiently developed 
and ready for adoption as indicated. Also, while it is the intent of 
the United States to support adoption of international standards and to 
participate actively and fully in their development, it should be 
recognized that the U.S. position on a specific draft standard will 
depend on the acceptability of the final draft. Given the dynamic and 
interactive nature of the standard-setting process, we encourage any 
persons who are interested in the most current details about a specific 
draft standard or the U.S. position on a particular standard-setting 
issue, or in providing comments on a specific standard that may be 
under development, to contact APHIS. Contact information is provided at 
the beginning of this notice under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.

OIE Standard-Setting Activities

    The OIE was established in Paris, France, in 1924 with the signing 
of an international agreement by 28 countries. It is currently composed 
of 182 Members, each of which is represented by a delegate who, in most 
cases, is the chief veterinary officer of that country or territory. 
The WTO has recognized the OIE as the international forum for setting 
animal health standards, reporting global animal disease events, and 
presenting guidelines and recommendations on sanitary measures relating 
to animal health.
    The OIE facilitates intergovernmental cooperation to prevent the 
spread of contagious diseases in animals by sharing scientific research 
among its Members. The major functions of the OIE are to collect and 
disseminate information on the distribution and occurrence of animal 
diseases and to ensure that science-based standards govern 
international trade in animals and animal products. The OIE aims to 
achieve these through the development and revision of international 
standards for diagnostic tests, vaccines, and the safe international 
trade of animals and animal products.
    The OIE provides annual reports on the global distribution of 
animal diseases, recognizes the free status of Members for certain 
diseases, categorizes animal diseases with respect to their 
international significance, publishes bulletins on global disease 
status, and provides animal disease control guidelines to Members. 
Various OIE commissions and working groups undertake the development 
and preparation of draft standards, which are then circulated to 
Members for consultation (review and comment). Draft standards are 
revised accordingly and are presented to the OIE World Assembly of 
Delegates (all the Members) for review and adoption during the General 
Session, which meets annually every May. Adoption, as a general rule, 
is based on consensus of the OIE membership.
    The most recent OIE General Session was scheduled to occur from May 
24 to 29, 2020, in Paris, France. The Associate Administrator for APHIS 
serves as the official U.S. Delegate to the OIE. Information about OIE 
draft Terrestrial and Aquatic Animal Health Code chapters may be found 
on the internet at https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/export/international-standard-setting-activities-oie/regionalization/ct_international_standard_setting_activities_oie or by

[[Page 76008]]

contacting Dr. Paul Gary Egrie (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT 
above).
    The COVID-19 situation worldwide did not allow the OIE to have its 
General Session in 2020, and consequently no Code chapters were 
presented for adoption. The corresponding chapters will be proposed for 
adoption during the General Session tentatively scheduled for May 2021.
     Chapter 1.1., Notification of diseases, infections and 
infestations, and provision of epidemiological information.
     Chapter 1.4.3., Animal Health Surveillance.
     Chapter 1.6., Procedures for self-declaration and for 
official recognition by the OIE.
     Chapter 3.2., Evaluation of Veterinary Services.
     Chapter 3.4., Veterinary legislation.
     Chapter 4.Y., Draft new chapter on official control 
programs for listed and emerging diseases.
     Chapter 7.Z., Draft new chapter on animal welfare and 
laying hen production systems.
     Chapter 8.Y., Infection with animal trypanosomes of 
African origin.
     Chapter 8.15., Infection with Rift Valley fever virus.
     Chapter 9.4, Article 9.4.5., Infestation with Aethina 
tumida (small hive beetle).
     Chapter 10.4., Infection with avian influenza viruses.
     Chapter 15.2., Infection with classical swine fever virus.
     Articles 14.7.3., 14.7.7., 14.7.24. and 14.7.34., 
Infection with peste des petits ruminants virus.

IPPC Standard-Setting Activities

    The IPPC is a multilateral convention adopted in 1952 to prevent 
the spread and introduction of pests of plants and plant products and 
to promote appropriate measures for their control. The WTO recognizes 
the IPPC as the standard setting body for plant health. Under the IPPC, 
the understanding of plant protection encompasses the protection of 
both cultivated and non-cultivated plants from direct or indirect 
injury by plant pests. The IPPC addresses the following activities: 
Developing, adopting, and implementing international standards for 
phytosanitary (plant health) measures (ISPMs); harmonizing 
phytosanitary activities through adopted standards; facilitating the 
exchange of official and scientific information among contracting 
parties; and providing technical assistance to developing countries 
that are contracting parties to the Convention.
    The IPPC is deposited within the Food and Agriculture Organization 
of the United Nations and is an international agreement of 184 
contracting parties. National plant protection organizations (NPPOs), 
in cooperation with regional plant protection organizations, the 
Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM), and the Secretariat of the 
IPPC, implement the Convention. The IPPC continues to be administered 
at the national level by plant quarantine officials, whose primary 
objective is to safeguard plant resources from injurious pests. In the 
United States, the NPPO is APHIS' Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) 
program.
    Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the 15th Session of the CPM was 
tentatively postponed to 2021.
    Standards recommended for adoption in 2020 will be tabled for 
adoption in 2021, and are listed below. The United States develops its 
position on each of these draft standards prior to the CPM session 
based on APHIS' analyses and other relevant information from other U.S. 
Government agencies and interested stakeholders:
     Draft Revision of ISPM 8: Determination of pest status in 
an area.
     Draft ISPM: Requirements for the use of modified 
atmosphere treatments as phytosanitary measures.
     Draft ISPM 5: Glossary of phytosanitary terms (2018 
revisions).
    In lieu of the Commission meeting, the CPM Bureau has been 
advancing the IPPC work program, including standards setting, as 
actively as possible via virtual means. The IPPC Standards Committee 
and Implementation and Capacity Development Committee also continued 
working during the pandemic by virtually approving draft standards for 
consultation, selecting experts to expert drafting groups, and 
addressing pending standard setting and other plant health initiatives. 
The IPPC electronic certification system (ePhyto) solution also 
progressed in 2020. For example, 27 countries in the European Union 
joined ePhyto through its own system of electronic certification named 
TRACES; Argentina and Chile moved to fully electronic operation for all 
their plant trade; the United Nations International Computing Centre 
and the ePhyto Steering Committee are developing and providing training 
on ePhyto; and preparations are underway to deploy features allowing 
industry systems to receive ePhytos.

New IPPC Standard-Setting Initiatives, Including Those Under 
Development

    A number of expert working group (EWG) meetings and technical 
consultations took place from October 2019 through September 2020 on 
the topics listed below. These IPPC projects are currently under 
development and intended for future adoption and publication. APHIS 
participated actively and fully in each of these working groups. APHIS 
developed its position on each of the topics prior to the working group 
meeting. The APHIS position was based on relevant scientific 
information and technical analyses, including information from other 
U.S. Government agencies and from interested stakeholders:
     EWG for the focused revision of ISPM 12: Phytosanitary 
certificates in relation to re-export.
     Working group for the revision of the plant pest 
surveillance guide.
     Reviewing and commenting on the Implementation Guide to 
ISPM 8 currently under development.
     Reviewing and commenting on the draft outline of the 
future Implementation Guide on e-Commerce.
     Technical Panel on Diagnostic Protocols.
     Technical Panel on Phytosanitary Treatments.
     Technical Panel for the Glossary.
    For more detailed information on the above, contact Dr. Marina 
Zlotina (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above).
    PPQ actively works to achieve broad participation by States, 
industry, and other stakeholders in the development and use of 
international and regional plant health standards, including through 
the use of APHIS Stakeholder Registry notices \1\ and the APHIS public 
website. Plant health stakeholders are strongly encouraged to comment 
on draft standards, documents, and specifications during the 
consultation periods. In 2020, 16 draft standards (including 
phytosanitary treatments), 3 draft specifications, 1 draft outline, and 
1 draft CPM recommendation were open for consultation. APHIS posts 
links to draft standards on its website as they become available and 
provides information on the due dates for comments.\2\ Additional 
information on IPPC standards (including the IPPC work program (list of 
topics \3\), calls for new standards, experts to serve on technical 
panels and other working

[[Page 76009]]

groups, proposed phytosanitary treatments, standard-setting process, 
and adopted standards) is available on the IPPC website.\4\ For the 
most current information on official U.S. participation in IPPC 
activities, including U.S. positions on standards being considered, 
contact Dr. Marina Zlotina (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above). 
Those wishing to provide comments on any of the areas of work being 
undertaken by the IPPC may do so at any time by responding to this 
notice (see ADDRESSES above) or by providing comments through Dr. 
Zlotina.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ To sign up for the Stakeholder Registry, go to: https://public.govdelivery.com/accounts/USDAAPHIS/subscriber/new.
    \2\ For more information on the IPPC draft ISPM consultation: 
https://;www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/planthealth/international/sa_phytostandards/ct_draft_standards.
    \3\ IPPC list of topics: https://www.ippc.int/en/core-activities/standards-setting/list-topics-ippc-standards/.
    \4\ IPPC website: https://www.ippc.int/.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

NAPPO Standard-Setting Activities

    NAPPO, a regional plant protection organization created in 1976 
under the IPPC, coordinates the efforts among the United States, 
Canada, and Mexico to protect their plant resources from the entry, 
establishment, and spread of harmful plant pests, while facilitating 
safe intra- and inter-regional trade. As the NPPO of the United States, 
APHIS' PPQ is the organization officially identified to participate in 
NAPPO. Through NAPPO, APHIS works closely with its regional 
counterparts and industries to develop harmonized regional standards 
and approaches for managing pest threats. This critical work 
facilitates the safe movement of plants and plant products into and 
within the region. NAPPO conducts its work through priority-driven 
projects approved by the NAPPO Executive Committee via an annual work 
program, and conducted by expert groups, including subject matter 
experts from each member country and regional industry representatives. 
Project results and updates are provided during the NAPPO annual 
meeting as well as NAPPO governance meetings. Projects can include the 
development of positions, policies, technical documents, or the 
development or revision of regional standards for phytosanitary 
measures (RSPMs). Projects can also include implementation of standards 
or other capacity development activities such as workshops.
    The 43rd NAPPO annual meeting was held October 28 to November 1, 
2019, in Montreal, Canada. The meeting featured several strategic 
topics related to NAPPO's work program (e.g. seeds, forest pests, lab 
accreditation, plants for planting, biological control, and risk-based 
sampling), as well as discussions on sea containers, invasive species, 
the International Year of Plant Health (IYPH), the United States-
Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), and a live ePhyto exchange 
demonstration between the United States and Jamaica. The meeting also 
featured a 1-day symposium on comparing the decision-making procedures 
used by the three countries (Canada, Mexico, and the United States) 
when an exotic plant pest is confirmed in a NAPPO member country. The 
NAPPO Executive Committee meetings took place on October 28, 2019, and 
July 16, 2020 (virtual meeting). The Deputy Administrator for PPQ is 
the U.S. member of the NAPPO Executive Committee.
    Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, NAPPO's Secretariat and its member 
countries, including regulatory, plant health, and industry officials, 
continue to actively progress on projects and initiatives under the 
NAPPO work program, taking advantage of teleconferencing and other 
virtual meeting tools. NAPPO governance committees, including NAPPO's 
Executive Committee and the Advisory and Management Committee, as well 
as expert groups, continue to communicate and meet virtually on a 
regular basis to actively progress on NAPPO strategic and work program 
initiatives. NAPPO's Advisory and Management Committee continued 
working during the pandemic by virtually approving draft standards for 
consultation; selecting and onboarding experts to newly launched NAPPO 
expert groups on seeds and diagnostics, consignments in transit, and 
wooden and bamboo commodities; and addressing other pending work 
program initiatives. The NAPPO expert groups, including member 
countries' subject matter experts, in collaboration with NAPPO's 
Secretariat, significantly progressed or finalized the following 
regional standards, documents, products, and projects during the period 
of October 2019 to the end of September 2020:
     Reviewed, discussed, and agreed to archive RSPM 17: 
Guidelines for the establishment, maintenance and verification of fruit 
fly free areas in North America. Experts from all three member 
countries agreed that more comprehensive international standards have 
been adopted at the IPPC that effectively build-on and supersede RSPM 
17.
     Completed and published proceedings from the NAPPO-
organized March 2019, Hemispheric Workshop on ISPM 38: International 
movement of seeds. Proceedings are now available on the NAPPO 
website.\5\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ Proceedings of the NAPPO Organized Hemispheric Workshop on 
ISPM 38: International movement of seeds: https://nappo.org/application/files/7115/8687/1174/Final__Proceedings_ISPM_38_Implementation_Workshop.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Completed the revision or development of the following 
regional standards and documents and launched them for country 
consultation (public comment period) during the summer of 2020: RSPM 9: 
Authorization of laboratories for performing phytosanitary testing, 
RSPM 5: NAPPO glossary of phytosanitary terms, and NAPPO Science and 
Technology (S&T) Document on the risks associated with the introduction 
of exotic lymantriid species of potential concern to the NAPPO region. 
As next steps, comments received from the consultation will be reviewed 
by expert group members to adjust the documents for eventual Executive 
Committee approval.
     Issued via NAPPO's Phytosanitary Alert System: 23 Official 
Pest Reports for Fiscal Year 2020 (from October 2019 to September 
2020).
    In addition, NAPPO conducted a call for new project proposals for 
its 2020 Work Program during 2019. U.S. stakeholders were invited to 
submit topics and comment on their priorities through APHIS. In late 
October 2019, the NAPPO call for new project proposals (taking 
stakeholders' comments into account) resulted in three new prioritized 
projects by the NAPPO's Executive Committee, which have been added to 
the 2020 annual work program. The new, prioritized projects focus on 
the following topics: The harmonization of diagnostic protocols for 
seed pests focused on Tomato brown rugose virus (ToBRFV); consignments 
in transit; and the import of wooden and bamboo commodities.

New NAPPO Standard-Setting Initiatives, Including Those in Development

    The 2020 work program \6\ includes the following topics being 
worked on by NAPPO expert groups and NAPPO's Advisory and Management 
Committee. APHIS is actively and fully participating in the 2020 NAPPO 
work program. The APHIS position on each topic is guided and informed 
by the best technical and scientific information available, as well as 
on relevant input from stakeholders. For each of the following, where 
applicable, the United States will consider its position on any draft 
standard after it reviews a prepared draft. Information regarding the 
following NAPPO projects, assignments, activities, and updates on 
meeting times and locations may be obtained from the

[[Page 76010]]

NAPPO website or by contacting Ms. Patricia Abad (see FOR FURTHER 
INFORMATION CONTACT above).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ NAPPO work program: https://mail.nappo.org/application/files/5415/8624/3760/FINAL_2020_NAPPO_Work_Program_-e.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    1. Seed Diagnostics: A pilot for the harmonization of diagnostic 
protocols for seed pests focused on ToBRFV.
    2. Development of harmonized regional guidance for North America 
based on ISPM 25: Consignments in transit and the IPPC Transit Manual.
    3. Revision of RSPM 38: Importation of certain wooden and bamboo 
commodities into a NAPPO member country.
    4. Revision of RSPM 22: Guidelines for construction and operation 
of a containment facility for insects and mites used as biological 
control agents.
    5. Forest Products: Develop a NAPPO Science and Technology (S&T) 
document to provide scientific background on live contaminant pests 
associated with wood commodities and wood packaging; and provide 
guidance regarding actions appropriate for addressing related 
phytosanitary risks.
    6. Support the IYPH: Exchange ideas, develop appropriate materials, 
and support IYPH events in the NAPPO region.
    7. Revision of RSPM 9: Authorization of laboratories for performing 
phytosanitary testing.
    8. Revision of RSPM 35: Guidelines for the movement of stone and 
pome fruit trees and grapevines into a NAPPO member country.
    9. Lymantriids: Complete a NAPPO Science and Technology (S&T) 
document on the risks associated with the introduction of exotic 
lymantriid species of potential concern to the NAPPO region.
    10. Revision of RSPM 5: NAPPO glossary of phytosanitary terms.
    11. Risk-Based Sampling: Complete and publish a Risk-Based Sampling 
Manual.
    12. Asian Gypsy Moth: Validate specific risk periods for regulated 
Asian gypsy moth in countries of origin.
    13. Foundation and Procedure documents: Continue to update and 
finalize various NAPPO foundation or procedure documents.
    14. Phytosanitary Alert System: Continue to manage the NAPPO pest 
reporting system.
    15. Electronic phytosanitary certification (ePhyto): Provide 
assistance and technical support to the IPPC ePhyto Steering Group.
    16. Stakeholder Engagement: Plan, coordinate and execute activities 
for the next NAPPO Annual Meeting, and publish the quarterly 
newsletter. Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 NAPPO annual 
meeting has been postponed to 2021. The 2021 NAPPO annual meeting is 
expected to take place in the United States (and hosted by APHIS) in 
accordance with the NAPPO country rotation.
    17. Regional Collaboration: Collaboration, focused on information 
exchange, with the Inter-American Coordinating Group in Plant 
Protection, via Technical Working Groups on ePhyto, citrus greening 
(Huanglongbing), fruit flies, and Tuta absoluta.
    The PPQ Assistant Deputy Administrator, as the official U.S. 
delegate to NAPPO, intends to participate in the adoption of these 
regional plant health standards and projects, including the work 
described above, once they are completed and ready for such 
consideration.
    The information in this notice contains all the information 
available to us on NAPPO standards or projects under development or 
consideration. For updates on meeting times and for information on the 
expert groups that may become available following publication of this 
notice, visit the NAPPO website or contact Ms. Patricia Abad (see FOR 
FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above). PPQ actively works to achieve broad 
participation by States, industry, and other stakeholders in the 
development and use of international and regional plant health 
standards, including through the use of APHIS Stakeholder Registry 
notices and the APHIS public website. Plant health stakeholders are 
strongly encouraged to comment on draft standards, documents, and 
specifications during consultation periods. In 2020, two revised NAPPO 
standards and one Science & Technology document were open for 
consultation. APHIS posts links to draft standards on the internet as 
they become available and provides information on the due dates for 
comments.\7\ Additional information on NAPPO standards (including the 
NAPPO Work Program, standard setting process, and adopted standards) is 
available on the NAPPO website.\8\ Information on official U.S. 
participation in NAPPO activities, including U.S. positions on 
standards being considered, may also be obtained from Ms. Abad. Those 
wishing to provide comments on any of the topics being addressed in the 
NAPPO work program may do so at any time by responding to this notice 
(see ADDRESSES above) or by transmitting comments through Ms. Abad.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ For more information on the NAPPO draft RSPM consultation: 
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/planthealth/international/sa_phytostandards/ct_draft_standards.
    \8\ NAPPO website: http://nappo.org/.

    Done in Washington, DC, this 23rd day of November 2020.
Mark Davidson,
Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. 2020-26210 Filed 11-25-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-P