Notice of Availability of a Pest Risk Analysis for the Importation of Fresh Mamey Sapote Fruit From Mexico Into the Continental United States, 18764 [2019-08970]

Download as PDF 18764 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 85 / Thursday, May 2, 2019 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [Docket No. APHIS–2019–0011] Notice of Availability of a Pest Risk Analysis for the Importation of Fresh Mamey Sapote Fruit From Mexico Into the Continental United States Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of availability. AGENCY: We are advising the public that we have prepared a pest risk analysis that evaluates the risks associated with importation of fresh mamey sapote fruit from Mexico into the continental United States. Based on the analysis, we have determined that the application of one or more phytosanitary measures will be sufficient to mitigate the risks of introducing or disseminating plant pests or noxious weeds via the importation of fresh mamey sapote fruit from Mexico. We are making the pest risk analysis available to the public for review and comment. SUMMARY: We will consider all comments that we receive on or before July 1, 2019. DATES: You may submit comments by either of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/#!docket Detail;D=APHIS-2019-0011. • Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Send your comment to Docket No. APHIS–2019–0011, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, APHIS, Station 3A–03.8, 4700 River Road, Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737–1238. Supporting documents and any comments we receive on this docket may be viewed at http:// www.regulations.gov/#!docket Detail;D=APHIS-2019-0011 or in our reading room, which is located in Room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 799–7039 before coming. khammond on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES ADDRESSES: Mr. Marc Phillips, Senior Regulatory Policy Specialist, Regulatory Coordination and Compliance, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road, Unit 133, Riverdale, MD 20737– 1231; (301) 851–2114. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the regulations in ‘‘Subpart L—Fruits and FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:51 May 01, 2019 Jkt 247001 Vegetables’’ (7 CFR 319.56–1 through 319.56–12, referred to below as the regulations), the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) prohibits or restricts the importation of fruits and vegetables into the United States from certain parts of the world to prevent plant pests from being introduced into or disseminated within the United States. Section 319.56–4 contains a performance-based process for approving the importation of certain fruits and vegetables that, based on the findings of a pest risk analysis, can be safely imported subject to one or more of the five designated phytosanitary measures listed in paragraph (b) of that section. APHIS received a request from the national plant protection organization (NPPO) of Mexico to allow the importation of fresh mamey sapote fruit (Pouteria sapota [Jacq.] H.E. Moore & Stearn) into the continental United States. As part of our evaluation of Mexico’s request, we have prepared a pest list to identify pests of quarantine significance that could follow the pathway of importation of fresh mamey sapote fruit into the continental United States from Mexico. Based on the pest list, a risk management document (RMD) was prepared to identify phytosanitary measures that could be applied to the fresh mamey sapote fruit to mitigate the pest risk. We have concluded that fresh mamey sapote fruit can be safely imported from Mexico into the continental United States using one or more of the five designated phytosanitary measures listed in § 319.56–4(b). The NPPO of Mexico would have to enter into an operational workplan with APHIS that spells out the daily procedures the NPPO will take to implement the measures identified in the RMD. These measures are summarized below: • Importation in commercial shipments only, • Phytosanitary treatment (irradiation with a minimum absorbed dose of 150 Gy), • Pre-export inspection by the NPPO and issuance of a phytosanitary certificate stating that the consignment was inspected and found free of quarantine pests, and • Port of entry inspections. Each of the pest risk mitigation measures that would be required, along with evidence of their efficacy in removing pests of concern from the pathway, are described in detail in the RMD. Therefore, in accordance with § 319.56–4(c)(3), we are announcing the availability of our pest list and RMD for PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 public review and comment. Those documents, as well as a description of the economic considerations associated with the importation of fresh mamey sapote fruit from Mexico, may be viewed on the Regulations.gov website or in our reading room (see ADDRESSES above for a link to Regulations.gov and information on the location and hours of the reading room). You may request paper copies of these documents by calling or writing to the person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Please refer to the subject of the analysis you wish to review when requesting copies. After reviewing any comments we receive, we will announce our decision regarding the import status of fresh mamey sapote fruit from Mexico in a subsequent notice. If the overall conclusions of our analysis and the Administrator’s determination of risk remain unchanged following our consideration of the comments, then we will authorize the importation of fresh mamey sapote fruit from Mexico into the continental United States subject to the requirements specified in the RMD. Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1633, 7701–7772, and 7781–7786; 21 U.S.C. 136 and 136a; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.3. Done in Washington, DC, this 26th day of April 2019. Kevin Shea, Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. [FR Doc. 2019–08970 Filed 5–1–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–34–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [Docket No. APHIS–2019–0013] Notice of Availability of a Pest Risk Analysis for the Importation of Fresh Soursop Fruit From Mexico Into the Continental United States Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of availability. AGENCY: We are advising the public that we have prepared a pest risk analysis that evaluates the risks associated with importation of fresh soursop fruit from Mexico into the continental United States. Based on the analysis, we have determined that the application of one or more phytosanitary measures will be sufficient to mitigate the risks of introducing or disseminating plant pests or noxious weeds via the importation of fresh soursop fruit from Mexico. We are SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\02MYN1.SGM 02MYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 85 (Thursday, May 2, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Page 18764]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-08970]



[[Page 18764]]

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

[Docket No. APHIS-2019-0011]


Notice of Availability of a Pest Risk Analysis for the 
Importation of Fresh Mamey Sapote Fruit From Mexico Into the 
Continental United States

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Notice of availability.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We are advising the public that we have prepared a pest risk 
analysis that evaluates the risks associated with importation of fresh 
mamey sapote fruit from Mexico into the continental United States. 
Based on the analysis, we have determined that the application of one 
or more phytosanitary measures will be sufficient to mitigate the risks 
of introducing or disseminating plant pests or noxious weeds via the 
importation of fresh mamey sapote fruit from Mexico. We are making the 
pest risk analysis available to the public for review and comment.

DATES: We will consider all comments that we receive on or before July 
1, 2019.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by either of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2019-0011.
     Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Send your comment to 
Docket No. APHIS-2019-0011, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, 
APHIS, Station 3A-03.8, 4700 River Road, Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737-
1238.
    Supporting documents and any comments we receive on this docket may 
be viewed at http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2019-
0011 or in our reading room, which is located in Room 1141 of the USDA 
South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC. 
Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through 
Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, 
please call (202) 799-7039 before coming.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Marc Phillips, Senior Regulatory 
Policy Specialist, Regulatory Coordination and Compliance, PPQ, APHIS, 
4700 River Road, Unit 133, Riverdale, MD 20737-1231; (301) 851-2114.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the regulations in ``Subpart L--Fruits 
and Vegetables'' (7 CFR 319.56-1 through 319.56-12, referred to below 
as the regulations), the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service 
(APHIS) prohibits or restricts the importation of fruits and vegetables 
into the United States from certain parts of the world to prevent plant 
pests from being introduced into or disseminated within the United 
States.
    Section 319.56-4 contains a performance-based process for approving 
the importation of certain fruits and vegetables that, based on the 
findings of a pest risk analysis, can be safely imported subject to one 
or more of the five designated phytosanitary measures listed in 
paragraph (b) of that section.
    APHIS received a request from the national plant protection 
organization (NPPO) of Mexico to allow the importation of fresh mamey 
sapote fruit (Pouteria sapota [Jacq.] H.E. Moore & Stearn) into the 
continental United States. As part of our evaluation of Mexico's 
request, we have prepared a pest list to identify pests of quarantine 
significance that could follow the pathway of importation of fresh 
mamey sapote fruit into the continental United States from Mexico. 
Based on the pest list, a risk management document (RMD) was prepared 
to identify phytosanitary measures that could be applied to the fresh 
mamey sapote fruit to mitigate the pest risk.
    We have concluded that fresh mamey sapote fruit can be safely 
imported from Mexico into the continental United States using one or 
more of the five designated phytosanitary measures listed in Sec.  
319.56-4(b). The NPPO of Mexico would have to enter into an operational 
workplan with APHIS that spells out the daily procedures the NPPO will 
take to implement the measures identified in the RMD. These measures 
are summarized below:
     Importation in commercial shipments only,
     Phytosanitary treatment (irradiation with a minimum 
absorbed dose of 150 Gy),
     Pre-export inspection by the NPPO and issuance of a 
phytosanitary certificate stating that the consignment was inspected 
and found free of quarantine pests, and
     Port of entry inspections.
    Each of the pest risk mitigation measures that would be required, 
along with evidence of their efficacy in removing pests of concern from 
the pathway, are described in detail in the RMD.
    Therefore, in accordance with Sec.  319.56-4(c)(3), we are 
announcing the availability of our pest list and RMD for public review 
and comment. Those documents, as well as a description of the economic 
considerations associated with the importation of fresh mamey sapote 
fruit from Mexico, may be viewed on the Regulations.gov website or in 
our reading room (see ADDRESSES above for a link to Regulations.gov and 
information on the location and hours of the reading room). You may 
request paper copies of these documents by calling or writing to the 
person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Please refer to 
the subject of the analysis you wish to review when requesting copies.
    After reviewing any comments we receive, we will announce our 
decision regarding the import status of fresh mamey sapote fruit from 
Mexico in a subsequent notice. If the overall conclusions of our 
analysis and the Administrator's determination of risk remain unchanged 
following our consideration of the comments, then we will authorize the 
importation of fresh mamey sapote fruit from Mexico into the 
continental United States subject to the requirements specified in the 
RMD.

    Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1633, 7701-7772, and 7781-7786; 21 U.S.C. 
136 and 136a; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.3.

    Done in Washington, DC, this 26th day of April 2019.
Kevin Shea,
Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. 2019-08970 Filed 5-1-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-P