International Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standard-Setting Activities, 44152-44156 [2017-20119]

Download as PDF 44152 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 182 / Thursday, September 21, 2017 / Notices We solicited comments on the EA for 30 days ending August 14, 2017. We received 28 comments by that date. With one exception, the comments supported the proposed release. In this document, we are advising the public of our finding of no significant impact (FONSI) regarding the release of Hypena opulenta into the continental United States for use as a biological control agent to reduce the severity of swallow-wort infestations. The finding, which is based on the EA, reflects our determination that release of this biological control agent will not have a significant impact on the quality of the human environment. Written responses to comments we received on the EA can be found in appendix 4 of the EA. The EA and FONSI may be viewed on the Regulations.gov Web site (see footnote 1). Copies of the EA and FONSI are also available for public inspection in our reading room, which is located in Room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 799–7039 before coming. In addition, copies may be obtained by calling or writing to the individual listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. The EA and FONSI have been prepared in accordance with: (1) The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), as amended (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), (2) regulations of the Council on Environmental Quality for implementing the procedural provisions of NEPA (40 CFR parts 1500–1508), (3) USDA regulations implementing NEPA (7 CFR part 1b), and (4) APHIS’ NEPA Implementing Procedures (7 CFR part 372). Done in Washington, DC, this 15th day of September 2017. Jere L. Dick, Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. [FR Doc. 2017–20122 Filed 9–20–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–34–P asabaliauskas on DSKBBXCHB2PROD with NOTICES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [Docket No. APHIS–2017–0059] International Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standard-Setting Activities Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. AGENCY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:52 Sep 20, 2017 Jkt 241001 Notice and request for comments. ACTION: In accordance with legislation implementing the results of the Uruguay Round of negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, we are informing the public of the international standard-setting activities of the World Organization for Animal Health, the Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention, and the North American Plant Protection Organization, and we are soliciting public comment on the standards to be considered. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by either of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/ #!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2017-0059. • Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Send your comment to Docket No. APHIS–2017–0059, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, APHIS, Station 3A–03.8, 4700 River Road, Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737–1238. Supporting documents and any comments we receive on this docket may be viewed at http:// www.regulations.gov/ #!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2017-0059 or in our reading room, which is located in Room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 799–7039 before coming. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For general information on the topics covered in this notice, contact Ms. Jessica Mahalingappa, Assistant Deputy Administrator for Trade and Capacity Building, International Services, APHIS, Room 1132, USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20250; (202) 799–7121. For specific information regarding standard-setting activities of the World Organization for Animal Health, contact Dr. Michael David, Director, International Animal Health Standards Team, National Import Export Services, VS, APHIS, 4700 River Road, Unit 33, Riverdale, MD 20737–1231; (301) 851– 3302. For specific information regarding the standard-setting activities of the International Plant Protection Convention, contact Dr. Marina Zlotina, IPPC Technical Director, International Phytosanitary Standards, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 130, Riverdale, MD 20737; (301) 851–2200. For specific information on the North American Plant Protection Organization, contact Ms. Patricia Abad, NAPPO SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Technical Director, International Phytosanitary Standards, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road, Unit 130, Riverdale, MD, 20737; (301) 851–2264. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established as the common international institutional framework for governing trade relations among its members in matters related to the Uruguay Round Agreements. The WTO is the successor organization to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. U.S. membership in the WTO was approved by Congress when it enacted the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (Pub. L. 103–465), which was signed into law on December 8, 1994. The WTO Agreements, which established the WTO, entered into force with respect to the United States on January 1, 1995. The Uruguay Round Agreements Act amended Title IV of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (19 U.S.C. 2531 et seq.). Section 491 of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979, as amended (19 U.S.C. 2578), requires the President to designate an agency to be responsible for informing the public of the sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) standard-setting activities of each international standard-setting organization. The designated agency must inform the public by publishing an annual notice in the Federal Register that provides the following information: (1) The SPS standards under consideration or planned for consideration by the international standard-setting organization; and (2) for each SPS standard specified, a description of the consideration or planned consideration of that standard, a statement of whether the United States is participating or plans to participate in the consideration of that standard, the agenda for U.S. participation, if any, and the agency responsible for representing the United States with respect to that standard. ‘‘International standard’’ is defined in 19 U.S.C. 2578b as any standard, guideline, or recommendation: (1) Adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex) regarding food safety; (2) developed under the auspices of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE, formerly known as the Office International des Epizooties) regarding animal health and welfare and zoonoses; (3) developed under the auspices of the Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) and the North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO) regarding plant health; or (4) E:\FR\FM\21SEN1.SGM 21SEN1 asabaliauskas on DSKBBXCHB2PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 182 / Thursday, September 21, 2017 / Notices established by or developed under any other international organization agreed to by the member countries of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) or the member countries of the WTO. The President, pursuant to Proclamation No. 6780 of March 23, 1995 (60 FR 15845), designated the Secretary of Agriculture as the official responsible for informing the public of the SPS standard-setting activities of Codex, OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO. The United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) informs the public of Codex standard-setting activities, and USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) informs the public of OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO standard-setting activities. FSIS publishes an annual notice in the Federal Register to inform the public of SPS standard-setting activities for Codex. Codex was created in 1962 by two United Nations organizations, the Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Health Organization. It is the major international organization for encouraging international trade in food and protecting the health and economic interests of consumers. APHIS is responsible for publishing an annual notice of OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO activities related to international standards for plant and animal health and representing the United States with respect to these standards. Following are descriptions of the OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO organizations and the standard-setting agenda for each of these organizations. We have described the agenda that each of these organizations will address at their annual general sessions, including standards that may be presented for adoption or consideration, as well as other initiatives that may be underway at the OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO. The agendas for these meetings are subject to change, and the draft standards identified in this notice may not be sufficiently developed and ready for adoption as indicated. Also, while it is the intent of the United States to support adoption of international standards and to participate actively and fully in their development, it should be recognized that the U.S. position on a specific draft standard will depend on the acceptability of the final draft. Given the dynamic and interactive nature of the standard-setting process, we encourage any persons who are interested in the most current details about a specific draft standard or the U.S. position on a particular standardsetting issue, or in providing comments on a specific standard that may be under VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:52 Sep 20, 2017 Jkt 241001 development, to contact APHIS. Contact information is provided at the beginning of this notice under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. OIE Standard-Setting Activities The OIE was established in Paris, France, in 1924 with the signing of an international agreement by 28 countries. It is currently composed of 181 Members, each of which is represented by a delegate who, in most cases, is the chief veterinary officer of that country or territory. The WTO has recognized the OIE as the international forum for setting animal health standards, reporting global animal disease events, and presenting guidelines and recommendations on sanitary measures relating to animal health. The OIE facilitates intergovernmental cooperation to prevent the spread of contagious diseases in animals by sharing scientific research among its Members. The major functions of the OIE are to collect and disseminate information on the distribution and occurrence of animal diseases and to ensure that science-based standards govern international trade in animals and animal products. The OIE aims to achieve these through the development and revision of international standards for diagnostic tests, vaccines, and the safe international trade of animals and animal products. The OIE provides annual reports on the global distribution of animal diseases, recognizes the free status of Members for certain diseases, categorizes animal diseases with respect to their international significance, publishes bulletins on global disease status, and provides animal disease control guidelines to Members. Various OIE commissions and working groups undertake the development and preparation of draft standards, which are then circulated to Members for consultation (review and comment). Draft standards are revised accordingly and are then presented to the OIE World Assembly of Delegates (all the Members) for review and adoption during the General Session, which meets annually every May. Adoption, as a general rule, is based on consensus of the OIE membership. The next OIE General Session is scheduled for May 20 to May 25, 2018, in Paris, France. The Chief Trade Advisor for APHIS’ Veterinary Services program serves as the official U.S. Delegate to the OIE at this General Session. The Deputy Administrator for APHIS’ Veterinary Services program serves as the Alternate Delegate. Information about OIE draft Terrestrial and Aquatic Animal Health Code PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 44153 chapters may be found on the Internet at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/animalhealth/export-animals-oie or by contacting Dr. Michael David (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above). OIE Terrestrial and Aquatic Animal Health Code Chapters Adopted During the May 2017 General Session Sixteen Code chapters were amended, rewritten, or newly proposed and presented for adoption at the General Session. The following Code chapters are of particular interest to the United States: 1. Glossary Several definitions, including the definitions for infection, infestation and animal health were updated and adopted. 2. Chapter 1.2., Criteria for the Inclusion of Diseases, Infections and Infestations in the OIE List Text in this existing chapter was modified for clarity and consistency and was adopted by the Members. 3. Chapter 1.3., Diseases, Infections and Infestations Listed by the OIE Text in this Code chapter had a minor modification for clarity. 4. Chapter 2.X., Criteria Applied by the OIE on Assessing the Safety of Commodities This is a new Code chapter that was adopted this year. It provides clear guidance for determining general treatments and procedures for the safe trade of animal products. 5. Chapter 4.16., High Health Status Horse Subpopulation A minor change was made in this existing chapter that was adopted and supported by the Members. 6. Chapter 5.3., OIE Procedures Relevant to the Agreement on the Application of SPS Measures of the World Trade Organization Text in this existing Code chapter was modified for clarity and consistency. 7. Chapter 6.X., Prevention and Control of Salmonella in Bovines and Chapter 6.Y., Prevention and Control of Salmonella in Pigs These two chapters are new Code chapters that were adopted this year and are intended to provide Member countries with guidance for preventing and controlling Salmonella in cattle and pig herds. E:\FR\FM\21SEN1.SGM 21SEN1 44154 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 182 / Thursday, September 21, 2017 / Notices 8. Chapter 7.11., Animal Welfare and Dairy Cattle Production Systems This chapter was adopted in 2015. Some additional changes were made and adopted that clarified the space requirement recommendations. 9. Chapter 7.12., Welfare of Working Equids This chapter was adopted in 2016. Changes were made this year to further clarify the influencing factors that determine work and resting requirements for working equids. 10. Chapter 8.X., Infection With Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Complex This chapter was completely revised to bring the recommendations up to date with current scientific knowledge. 11. Chapter 10.4., Infection With Avian Influenza The text in this existing chapter was changed to update the heat treatment parameters for inactivating the virus in certain egg products. The modified text was accepted and adopted. 12. Chapter 11.11., Infection With Lumpy Skin Disease Virus IPPC Standard-Setting Activities The text in this existing chapter was updated to reflect current control and testing methods. The updated chapter was accepted and adopted. 13. Chapter 15.1., Infection With African Swine Fever Virus The text in this existing chapter was updated to incorporate state of the art science and terminology for clarity and consistency. The modified text was accepted and adopted. asabaliauskas on DSKBBXCHB2PROD with NOTICES 14. Chapter 15.X., Infection With Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) Virus This is a newly adopted chapter and includes recommendations for the safe trade of meat, as well as a listing of safe commodities that can be traded regardless of the PRRS situation in a country. The following Aquatic chapters were revised and adopted, and are of particular interest to the United States: • Chapter 1.5., Criteria for Listing Species as Susceptible to Infection with a Specific Pathogen. • Chapter 2.2.7., Infection for White Spot syndrome Virus. OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code Chapters for Upcoming and Future Review • Glossary. • Chapter 4.3., Zoning and Compartmentalization. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:52 Sep 20, 2017 Jkt 241001 • Chapter 4.8., Collection and Processing of In Vitro Embryos from Livestock and Equids. • Chapter 4.X., Vaccination. • Chapter 4.Y., Management of Outbreaks of Listed Diseases. • Chapter 6.1., The Role of Veterinary Services in Food Safety. • Chapter 6.7., Harmonization of National AMR Surveillance and Monitoring Program. • Chapter 6.Z., Introduction Veterinary Public Health. • Chapter 7.1., Guiding Principle on the Use of Animal-Based Measures. • Chapter 7.X., Animal Welfare and Pig Production Systems. • Chapter 8.3., Infection with Bluetongue Virus. • Chapter 8.4., Infection with Brucella abortus, B. melitensis and B. suis. • Chapter 8.8., Infection with Foot and Mouth Disease. • Chapter 8.15., Infection with Rinderpest Virus. • Chapter 15.1., Infection with African Swine Fever Virus. • Chapter 15.2., Infection with Classical Swine Fever Virus. The IPPC is a multilateral convention adopted in 1952 to prevent the spread and introduction of pests of plants and plant products and to promote appropriate measures for their control. The WTO recognizes the IPPC as the standard setting body for plant health. Under the IPPC, the understanding of plant protection encompasses the protection of both cultivated and noncultivated plants from direct or indirect injury by plant pests. The IPPC addresses the following activities: Developing, adopting, and implementing international standards for phytosanitary (plant health) measures (ISPMs); harmonizing phytosanitary activities through emerging standards; facilitating the exchange of official and scientific information among countries; and providing technical assistance to developing countries that are contracting parties to the Convention. The IPPC is deposited within the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and is an international agreement of 183 contracting parties. National plant protection organizations (NPPOs), in cooperation with regional plant protection organizations, the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM), and the Secretariat of the IPPC, implement the Convention. The IPPC continues to be administered at the national level by plant quarantine PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 officials, whose primary objective is to safeguard plant resources from injurious pests. In the United States, the NPPO is APHIS’ Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) program. The 12th Session of the CPM took place from April 5 to 11, 2017, in Incheon, Republic of Korea. The Deputy Administrator for APHIS’ PPQ program was the U.S. delegate to the CPM. The CPM adopted the following standards at its 2017 meeting. The United States, represented by the Deputy Administrator for APHIS’ PPQ program, participated in deliberations of these standards. The United States developed its position on each of these issues prior to the CPM session, which were based on APHIS’ analyses and other relevant information from other U.S. Government agencies and interested stakeholders: • ISPM 38: International movement of seeds • Annex 1: Arrangements for verification of compliance of consignments by the importing country in the exporting country to ISPM 20 (Guidelines for a phytosanitary import regulatory system) • ISPM 39: International movement of wood • ISPM 40: International movement of growing media in association with plants for planting • ISPM 41: International movement of used vehicles, machinery and equipment • Phytosanitary treatments (PTs) as Annexes to ISPM 28: Phytosanitary treatments for regulated pests Æ PT 22-Sulfuryl fluoride fumigation treatment for insects in debarked wood Æ PT 23-Sulfuryl fluoride fumigation treatment for nematodes and insects in debarked wood Æ PT 24-Cold treatment for Ceratitis capitata on Citrus sinensis Æ PT 25-Cold treatment for Ceratitis capitata on Citrus reticulata x C. sinensis Æ PT 26-Cold treatment for Ceratitis capitata on Citrus limon Æ PT 27-Cold treatment for Ceratitis capitata on Citrus paradisi Æ PT 28-Cold treatment for Ceratitis capitata on Citrus reticulata Æ PT 29-Cold treatment for Ceratitis capitata on Citrus clementina Æ PT 30-Vapour heat treatment for Ceratitis capitata on Mangifera indica Æ PT 31-Vapour heat treatment for Bactrocera tryoni on Mangifera indica • Diagnostic protocols (DPs) as Annexes to ISPM 27: Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests E:\FR\FM\21SEN1.SGM 21SEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 182 / Thursday, September 21, 2017 / Notices DP 13: Erwinia amylovora DP 14: Xanthomonas fragariae DP 15: Citrus tristeza virus DP 16: Genus Liriomyza Mik DP 17: Aphelenchoides besseyi, A. ritzemabosi and A. fragariae Æ DP 18: Anguina spp. Æ DP 19: Sorghum halepense Æ DP 20: Dendroctonus ponderosae Æ DP 21: Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum Æ DP 22: Fusarium circinatum In addition to adopting 25 plant health standards, the 2017 Commission meeting also progressed a number of plant health initiatives strategically important to the United States. These initiatives include advancing the development of a new IPPC strategic framework for 2020–2030 to set the top priorities for plant health and trade, launching a pilot of a global electronic certification system to support trade (ePhyto), developing programs aimed at improving the use and implementation of standards around the world, and creating a task force for addressing pests issues associated with the international movement of sea containers. Æ Æ Æ Æ Æ asabaliauskas on DSKBBXCHB2PROD with NOTICES New IPPC Standard-Setting Initiatives, Including Those in Development A number of expert working group (EWG) meetings or other technical consultations took place during 2017 on the topics listed below. These standardsetting initiatives are under development and may be considered for future adoption. APHIS intends to participate actively and fully in each of these working groups. APHIS developed its position on each of the topics prior to the working group meetings. The APHIS position was based on technical analyses, information from other U.S. Government agencies, and relevant scientific information from interested stakeholders: • EWG meeting on the Authorization of Entities to Perform Phytosanitary Actions • EWG meeting on the Revision of ISPM 8: Determination of pest status in an area • Technical Panel for the Glossary of Phytosanitary Terms • Technical Panel on Diagnostic Protocols • Technical Panel on Phytosanitary Treatments For more detailed information on the above, contact Dr. Marina Zlotina (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above). PPQ actively works to achieve broad participation by States, industry, and other stakeholders in the development and use of international and regional VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:52 Sep 20, 2017 Jkt 241001 plant health standards. Plant health stakeholders are strongly encouraged to comment on draft standards, documents, and specifications during the consultation periods. In 2017, 13 standards (including phytosanitary treatments and pest diagnostic protocols) and 3 draft specifications were open for first and second consultation. APHIS posts links to draft standards on the Internet as they become available and provides information on the due dates for comments.1 Additional information on IPPC standards (including the IPPC work program (list of topics), 2 standardsetting process, and adopted standards) is available on the IPPC Web site.3 For the most current information on official U.S. participation in IPPC activities, including U.S. positions on standards being considered, contact Dr. Marina Zlotina (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above). Those wishing to provide comments on any of the areas of work being undertaken by the IPPC may do so at any time by responding to this notice (see ADDRESSES above) or by providing comments through Dr. Zlotina. NAPPO Standard-Setting Activities NAPPO, a regional plant protection organization created in 1976 under the IPPC, coordinates the efforts among the United States, Canada, and Mexico to protect their plant resources from the entry, establishment, and spread of harmful plant pests, while facilitating intra- and inter-regional trade. As the NPPO of the United States, APHIS–PPQ is the organization officially identified to participate in NAPPO. Through NAPPO, APHIS works closely with its regional counterparts and industries to develop harmonized regional standards and approaches for managing pest threats. NAPPO conducts its work through priority-driven annual projects approved by the NAPPO Executive Committee and conducted by expert groups, including subject matter experts from each member country and regional industry representatives. Project results and updates are provided during the NAPPO annual meeting. Projects can include the development of positions, policies, or technical documents, or the development or revision of regional standards for phytosanitary measures (RSPMs). Projects can also include 1 For more information on the IPPC draft ISPM consultation: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ ourfocus/planthealth/sa_international/sa_ phytostandards/ct_draft_standards. 2 IPPC List of topics: https://www.ippc.int/en/ core-activities/standards-setting/list-topics-ippcstandards/. 3 IPPC Web site: https://www.ippc.int/. PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 44155 implementation of standards or other capacity development activities such as workshops. The 41st NAPPO annual meeting will be held October 16 to 19, 2017, in Merida, Yucatan, Mexico. The NAPPO Executive Committee meetings will take place on October 16 and 20, 2017. The Deputy Administrator for PPQ is the U.S. member of the NAPPO Executive Committee. The NAPPO expert groups (including member countries’ subject matter experts) finalized the following regional standards, documents, or projects in 2016: • Grains: Finalized a NAPPO discussion document that supported the development of a draft IPPC standard for the international movement of grain in an effort to be consistent with North American grain trade objectives and reviewed and updated RSPM 13: Guidelines to establish, maintain and verify Karnal bunt pest free areas in North America. • Biological Control: Developed an English online training course on preparing a petition for the first release of an entomophagous biological control agent, based on RSPM 12. The module is aimed to educate stakeholders on the petition process for new biocontrol products and to help NAPPO member countries improve the quality of petitions received for consideration. • Diversion from Intended Use: Drafted a discussion document on diversion from intended use aimed to inform NAPPO member countries on this phytosanitary concept. • Forestry: NAPPO partnered with the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture and other regional plant protection organizations in the Americas to hold a regional workshop in August 2016 aimed at enhancing global compliance with the IPPC international standard for wood packaging materials (ISPM 15) to further reduce the threat of wood and forest pests in trade. • Potato: Revised the pest list for RSPM 3: Movement of potatoes into a NAPPO member country and eliminated Annex 6 of RSPM 3 on pre-shipment testing for PVYN during the 5-year review. Continued to review RSPM 3 in light of ISPM 33: Pest free potato (Solanum sp.) micropropagative material and minitubers for international trade. • Foundational documents: Updated the NAPPO Constitution and By-Laws and approved the NAPPO 2016–2020 Strategic Plan. E:\FR\FM\21SEN1.SGM 21SEN1 asabaliauskas on DSKBBXCHB2PROD with NOTICES 44156 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 182 / Thursday, September 21, 2017 / Notices New NAPPO Standard-Setting Initiatives, Including Those in Development The 2017 work program 4 includes the following topics being worked on by NAPPO expert groups. APHIS intends to participate actively and fully in the 2017 NAPPO work program. The APHIS position on each topic will be guided and informed by the best technical and scientific information available, as well as on relevant input from stakeholders. For each of the following, the United States will consider its position on any draft standard after it reviews a prepared draft. Information regarding the following NAPPO projects, assignments, activities, and updates on meeting times and locations may be obtained from the NAPPO Web site or by contacting Ms. Patricia Abad (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above). 1. Asian Gypsy Moth: Develop a NAPPO document on validation of the specified risk periods for Asian gypsy moth in countries of origin. 2. Biological Control: Develop a Spanish module on preparing a petition for first release of entomophagous biological control agents, based on the English module prepared in 2016. 3. Electronic Phytosanitary Certification: Provide assistance and technical support to the IPPC ePhyto Steering Group. 4. Forestry: Work to finalize a NAPPO standard on the potential use of systems approaches to manage pest risks associated with the movement of wood, taking into account comments received from April to June 2017 country consultation period. 5. Grains: Develop a NAPPO discussion document on a harmonized approach to prevent introduction and spread of Khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium). 6. Lymantriids: Develop a NAPPO Science and Technology paper on the risks associated with Lymantriids of potential concern to the NAPPO region. 7. Phytosanitary Alert System (PAS): Manage the NAPPO pest reporting system. 8. Advancing key phytosanitary concepts: (a) Review stakeholder input on topic of diversion from intended use; (b) Finalize a discussion document on ‘‘interpretation of existing guidance’’ in standards on evaluation of the likelihood of establishment component of a pest risk analysis (PRA) for quarantine pests, taking into account comments received from April to May 2017 country consultation period; and (c) Organize an international 4 NAPPO Work Program: http://nappo.org/ english/710/status-current-nappo-projects/. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:52 Sep 20, 2017 Jkt 241001 symposium on inspection sampling to support proper and harmonized implementation of ISPM 23: Guidelines for Inspection and ISPM 31: Methodologies for sampling of consignments in the NAPPO region and internationally. NAPPO, with substantial APHIS–PPQ support, welcomed 122 participants from 27 countries to the first-ever International Symposium for Risk-Based Sampling, held from June 16–21, 2017. 9. Potato: Continue to review RSPM 3 to align it with ISPM 33: Pest free potato (Solanum sp.) micropropagative material and minitubers for international trade. 10. Seeds: Finalize NAPPO discussion document on harmonized criteria for evaluating phytosanitary seed treatments, taking into account comments received from April to May 2017 country consultation period. 11. Foundation and Procedure documents: Update various foundation or procedure documents. The PPQ Assistant Deputy Administrator, as the official U.S. delegate to NAPPO, intends to participate in the adoption of these regional plant health standards and projects, including the work described above, once they are completed and ready for such consideration. The information in this notice contains all the information available to us on NAPPO standards under development or consideration. For updates on meeting times and for information on the expert groups that may become available following publication of this notice, visit the NAPPO Web site or contact Ms. Patricia Abad (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above). PPQ actively works to achieve broad participation by States, industry, and other stakeholders in the development and use of international and regional plant health standards. Plant health stakeholders are strongly encouraged to comment on draft standards, documents, and specifications. APHIS posts links to draft standards on the Internet as they become available and provides information on the due dates for comments.5 Additional information on NAPPO standards (including the NAPPO Work Program, standard setting process, and adopted standards) is available on the NAPPO Web site.6 Information on official U.S. participation in NAPPO activities, 5 For more information on the NAPPO draft RSPM consultation: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/ aphis/ourfocus/planthealth/sa_international/sa_ phytostandards/ct_draft_standards. 6 NAPPO Web site: http://nappo.org/. PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 including U.S. positions on standards being considered, may also be obtained from Ms. Abad. Those wishing to provide comments on any of the topics being addressed in the NAPPO work program may do so at any time by responding to this notice (see ADDRESSES above) or by transmitting comments through Ms. Abad. Done in Washington, DC, this 18th day of September 2017. Jere L. Dick, Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. [FR Doc. 2017–20119 Filed 9–20–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–34–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [Docket No. APHIS–2017–0060] Addition of Zimbabwe to the List of Regions Affected by Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: We are advising the public that we are adding Zimbabwe to the list of regions that the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service considers to be affected by highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI). This action follows our imposition of HPAI-related restrictions on avian commodities originating from or transiting Zimbabwe as a result of the confirmation of HPAI in Zimbabwe. DATES: Zimbabwe was added to the list of regions under temporary restrictions on June 1, 2017. Zimbabwe is added to the list of regions considered to be affected by HPAI as of September 21, 2017. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Javier Vargas, Import Risk Analyst, National Import Export Services, VS, APHIS, 4700 River Road, Unit 38, Riverdale, MD 20737; (301) 851–3300; Javier.Vargas@aphis.usda.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The regulations in 9 CFR part 94 (referred to below as the regulations) govern the importation of certain animals and animal products into the United States to prevent the introduction of various animal diseases, including Newcastle disease and highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI). The regulations prohibit or restrict the importation of live poultry, poultry meat, and other poultry products from regions where these diseases are considered to exist. SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\21SEN1.SGM 21SEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 182 (Thursday, September 21, 2017)]
[Notices]
[Pages 44152-44156]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-20119]


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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

[Docket No. APHIS-2017-0059]


International Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standard-Setting 
Activities

AGENCY:  Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION:  Notice and request for comments.

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SUMMARY:  In accordance with legislation implementing the results of 
the Uruguay Round of negotiations under the General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade, we are informing the public of the international 
standard-setting activities of the World Organization for Animal 
Health, the Secretariat of the International Plant Protection 
Convention, and the North American Plant Protection Organization, and 
we are soliciting public comment on the standards to be considered.

ADDRESSES:  You may submit comments by either of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2017-0059.
     Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Send your comment to 
Docket No. APHIS-2017-0059, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, 
APHIS, Station 3A-03.8, 4700 River Road, Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737-
1238.
    Supporting documents and any comments we receive on this docket may 
be viewed at http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2017-
0059 or in our reading room, which is located in Room 1141 of the USDA 
South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW., Washington, 
DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through 
Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, 
please call (202) 799-7039 before coming.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:  For general information on the topics 
covered in this notice, contact Ms. Jessica Mahalingappa, Assistant 
Deputy Administrator for Trade and Capacity Building, International 
Services, APHIS, Room 1132, USDA South Building, 14th Street and 
Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20250; (202) 799-7121.
    For specific information regarding standard-setting activities of 
the World Organization for Animal Health, contact Dr. Michael David, 
Director, International Animal Health Standards Team, National Import 
Export Services, VS, APHIS, 4700 River Road, Unit 33, Riverdale, MD 
20737-1231; (301) 851-3302.
    For specific information regarding the standard-setting activities 
of the International Plant Protection Convention, contact Dr. Marina 
Zlotina, IPPC Technical Director, International Phytosanitary 
Standards, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 130, Riverdale, MD 20737; 
(301) 851-2200.
    For specific information on the North American Plant Protection 
Organization, contact Ms. Patricia Abad, NAPPO Technical Director, 
International Phytosanitary Standards, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road, 
Unit 130, Riverdale, MD, 20737; (301) 851-2264.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established as the common 
international institutional framework for governing trade relations 
among its members in matters related to the Uruguay Round Agreements. 
The WTO is the successor organization to the General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade. U.S. membership in the WTO was approved by Congress 
when it enacted the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (Pub. L. 103-465), 
which was signed into law on December 8, 1994. The WTO Agreements, 
which established the WTO, entered into force with respect to the 
United States on January 1, 1995. The Uruguay Round Agreements Act 
amended Title IV of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (19 U.S.C. 2531 et 
seq.). Section 491 of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979, as amended (19 
U.S.C. 2578), requires the President to designate an agency to be 
responsible for informing the public of the sanitary and phytosanitary 
(SPS) standard-setting activities of each international standard-
setting organization. The designated agency must inform the public by 
publishing an annual notice in the Federal Register that provides the 
following information: (1) The SPS standards under consideration or 
planned for consideration by the international standard-setting 
organization; and (2) for each SPS standard specified, a description of 
the consideration or planned consideration of that standard, a 
statement of whether the United States is participating or plans to 
participate in the consideration of that standard, the agenda for U.S. 
participation, if any, and the agency responsible for representing the 
United States with respect to that standard.
    ``International standard'' is defined in 19 U.S.C. 2578b as any 
standard, guideline, or recommendation: (1) Adopted by the Codex 
Alimentarius Commission (Codex) regarding food safety; (2) developed 
under the auspices of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE, 
formerly known as the Office International des Epizooties) regarding 
animal health and welfare and zoonoses; (3) developed under the 
auspices of the Secretariat of the International Plant Protection 
Convention (IPPC) and the North American Plant Protection Organization 
(NAPPO) regarding plant health; or (4)

[[Page 44153]]

established by or developed under any other international organization 
agreed to by the member countries of the North American Free Trade 
Agreement (NAFTA) or the member countries of the WTO.
    The President, pursuant to Proclamation No. 6780 of March 23, 1995 
(60 FR 15845), designated the Secretary of Agriculture as the official 
responsible for informing the public of the SPS standard-setting 
activities of Codex, OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO. The United States Department 
of Agriculture's (USDA's) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) 
informs the public of Codex standard-setting activities, and USDA's 
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) informs the public 
of OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO standard-setting activities.
    FSIS publishes an annual notice in the Federal Register to inform 
the public of SPS standard-setting activities for Codex. Codex was 
created in 1962 by two United Nations organizations, the Food and 
Agriculture Organization and the World Health Organization. It is the 
major international organization for encouraging international trade in 
food and protecting the health and economic interests of consumers.
    APHIS is responsible for publishing an annual notice of OIE, IPPC, 
and NAPPO activities related to international standards for plant and 
animal health and representing the United States with respect to these 
standards. Following are descriptions of the OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO 
organizations and the standard-setting agenda for each of these 
organizations. We have described the agenda that each of these 
organizations will address at their annual general sessions, including 
standards that may be presented for adoption or consideration, as well 
as other initiatives that may be underway at the OIE, IPPC, and NAPPO.
    The agendas for these meetings are subject to change, and the draft 
standards identified in this notice may not be sufficiently developed 
and ready for adoption as indicated. Also, while it is the intent of 
the United States to support adoption of international standards and to 
participate actively and fully in their development, it should be 
recognized that the U.S. position on a specific draft standard will 
depend on the acceptability of the final draft. Given the dynamic and 
interactive nature of the standard-setting process, we encourage any 
persons who are interested in the most current details about a specific 
draft standard or the U.S. position on a particular standard-setting 
issue, or in providing comments on a specific standard that may be 
under development, to contact APHIS. Contact information is provided at 
the beginning of this notice under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.

OIE Standard-Setting Activities

    The OIE was established in Paris, France, in 1924 with the signing 
of an international agreement by 28 countries. It is currently composed 
of 181 Members, each of which is represented by a delegate who, in most 
cases, is the chief veterinary officer of that country or territory. 
The WTO has recognized the OIE as the international forum for setting 
animal health standards, reporting global animal disease events, and 
presenting guidelines and recommendations on sanitary measures relating 
to animal health.
    The OIE facilitates intergovernmental cooperation to prevent the 
spread of contagious diseases in animals by sharing scientific research 
among its Members. The major functions of the OIE are to collect and 
disseminate information on the distribution and occurrence of animal 
diseases and to ensure that science-based standards govern 
international trade in animals and animal products. The OIE aims to 
achieve these through the development and revision of international 
standards for diagnostic tests, vaccines, and the safe international 
trade of animals and animal products.
    The OIE provides annual reports on the global distribution of 
animal diseases, recognizes the free status of Members for certain 
diseases, categorizes animal diseases with respect to their 
international significance, publishes bulletins on global disease 
status, and provides animal disease control guidelines to Members. 
Various OIE commissions and working groups undertake the development 
and preparation of draft standards, which are then circulated to 
Members for consultation (review and comment). Draft standards are 
revised accordingly and are then presented to the OIE World Assembly of 
Delegates (all the Members) for review and adoption during the General 
Session, which meets annually every May. Adoption, as a general rule, 
is based on consensus of the OIE membership.
    The next OIE General Session is scheduled for May 20 to May 25, 
2018, in Paris, France. The Chief Trade Advisor for APHIS' Veterinary 
Services program serves as the official U.S. Delegate to the OIE at 
this General Session. The Deputy Administrator for APHIS' Veterinary 
Services program serves as the Alternate Delegate. Information about 
OIE draft Terrestrial and Aquatic Animal Health Code chapters may be 
found on the Internet at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal-health/export-animals-oie or by contacting Dr. Michael David (see FOR FURTHER 
INFORMATION CONTACT above).

OIE Terrestrial and Aquatic Animal Health Code Chapters Adopted During 
the May 2017 General Session

    Sixteen Code chapters were amended, rewritten, or newly proposed 
and presented for adoption at the General Session. The following Code 
chapters are of particular interest to the United States:
1. Glossary
    Several definitions, including the definitions for infection, 
infestation and animal health were updated and adopted.
2. Chapter 1.2., Criteria for the Inclusion of Diseases, Infections and 
Infestations in the OIE List
    Text in this existing chapter was modified for clarity and 
consistency and was adopted by the Members.
3. Chapter 1.3., Diseases, Infections and Infestations Listed by the 
OIE
    Text in this Code chapter had a minor modification for clarity.
4. Chapter 2.X., Criteria Applied by the OIE on Assessing the Safety of 
Commodities
    This is a new Code chapter that was adopted this year. It provides 
clear guidance for determining general treatments and procedures for 
the safe trade of animal products.
5. Chapter 4.16., High Health Status Horse Subpopulation
    A minor change was made in this existing chapter that was adopted 
and supported by the Members.
6. Chapter 5.3., OIE Procedures Relevant to the Agreement on the 
Application of SPS Measures of the World Trade Organization
    Text in this existing Code chapter was modified for clarity and 
consistency.
7. Chapter 6.X., Prevention and Control of Salmonella in Bovines and 
Chapter 6.Y., Prevention and Control of Salmonella in Pigs
    These two chapters are new Code chapters that were adopted this 
year and are intended to provide Member countries with guidance for 
preventing and controlling Salmonella in cattle and pig herds.

[[Page 44154]]

8. Chapter 7.11., Animal Welfare and Dairy Cattle Production Systems
    This chapter was adopted in 2015. Some additional changes were made 
and adopted that clarified the space requirement recommendations.
9. Chapter 7.12., Welfare of Working Equids
    This chapter was adopted in 2016. Changes were made this year to 
further clarify the influencing factors that determine work and resting 
requirements for working equids.
10. Chapter 8.X., Infection With Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Complex
    This chapter was completely revised to bring the recommendations up 
to date with current scientific knowledge.
11. Chapter 10.4., Infection With Avian Influenza
    The text in this existing chapter was changed to update the heat 
treatment parameters for inactivating the virus in certain egg 
products. The modified text was accepted and adopted.
12. Chapter 11.11., Infection With Lumpy Skin Disease Virus
    The text in this existing chapter was updated to reflect current 
control and testing methods. The updated chapter was accepted and 
adopted.
13. Chapter 15.1., Infection With African Swine Fever Virus
    The text in this existing chapter was updated to incorporate state 
of the art science and terminology for clarity and consistency. The 
modified text was accepted and adopted.
14. Chapter 15.X., Infection With Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory 
Syndrome (PRRS) Virus
    This is a newly adopted chapter and includes recommendations for 
the safe trade of meat, as well as a listing of safe commodities that 
can be traded regardless of the PRRS situation in a country.
    The following Aquatic chapters were revised and adopted, and are of 
particular interest to the United States:
     Chapter 1.5., Criteria for Listing Species as Susceptible 
to Infection with a Specific Pathogen.
     Chapter 2.2.7., Infection for White Spot syndrome Virus.

OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code Chapters for Upcoming and Future 
Review

     Glossary.
     Chapter 4.3., Zoning and Compartmentalization.
     Chapter 4.8., Collection and Processing of In Vitro 
Embryos from Livestock and Equids.
     Chapter 4.X., Vaccination.
     Chapter 4.Y., Management of Outbreaks of Listed Diseases.
     Chapter 6.1., The Role of Veterinary Services in Food 
Safety.
     Chapter 6.7., Harmonization of National AMR Surveillance 
and Monitoring Program.
     Chapter 6.Z., Introduction Veterinary Public Health.
     Chapter 7.1., Guiding Principle on the Use of Animal-Based 
Measures.
     Chapter 7.X., Animal Welfare and Pig Production Systems.
     Chapter 8.3., Infection with Bluetongue Virus.
     Chapter 8.4., Infection with Brucella abortus, B. 
melitensis and B. suis.
     Chapter 8.8., Infection with Foot and Mouth Disease.
     Chapter 8.15., Infection with Rinderpest Virus.
     Chapter 15.1., Infection with African Swine Fever Virus.
     Chapter 15.2., Infection with Classical Swine Fever Virus.

IPPC Standard-Setting Activities

    The IPPC is a multilateral convention adopted in 1952 to prevent 
the spread and introduction of pests of plants and plant products and 
to promote appropriate measures for their control. The WTO recognizes 
the IPPC as the standard setting body for plant health. Under the IPPC, 
the understanding of plant protection encompasses the protection of 
both cultivated and non-cultivated plants from direct or indirect 
injury by plant pests. The IPPC addresses the following activities: 
Developing, adopting, and implementing international standards for 
phytosanitary (plant health) measures (ISPMs); harmonizing 
phytosanitary activities through emerging standards; facilitating the 
exchange of official and scientific information among countries; and 
providing technical assistance to developing countries that are 
contracting parties to the Convention.
    The IPPC is deposited within the Food and Agriculture Organization 
of the United Nations, and is an international agreement of 183 
contracting parties. National plant protection organizations (NPPOs), 
in cooperation with regional plant protection organizations, the 
Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM), and the Secretariat of the 
IPPC, implement the Convention. The IPPC continues to be administered 
at the national level by plant quarantine officials, whose primary 
objective is to safeguard plant resources from injurious pests. In the 
United States, the NPPO is APHIS' Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) 
program.
    The 12th Session of the CPM took place from April 5 to 11, 2017, in 
Incheon, Republic of Korea. The Deputy Administrator for APHIS' PPQ 
program was the U.S. delegate to the CPM.
    The CPM adopted the following standards at its 2017 meeting. The 
United States, represented by the Deputy Administrator for APHIS' PPQ 
program, participated in deliberations of these standards. The United 
States developed its position on each of these issues prior to the CPM 
session, which were based on APHIS' analyses and other relevant 
information from other U.S. Government agencies and interested 
stakeholders:

 ISPM 38: International movement of seeds
 Annex 1: Arrangements for verification of compliance of 
consignments by the importing country in the exporting country to ISPM 
20 (Guidelines for a phytosanitary import regulatory system)
 ISPM 39: International movement of wood
 ISPM 40: International movement of growing media in 
association with plants for planting
 ISPM 41: International movement of used vehicles, machinery 
and equipment
 Phytosanitary treatments (PTs) as Annexes to ISPM 28: 
Phytosanitary treatments for regulated pests
    [cir] PT 22-Sulfuryl fluoride fumigation treatment for insects in 
debarked wood
    [cir] PT 23-Sulfuryl fluoride fumigation treatment for nematodes 
and insects in debarked wood
    [cir] PT 24-Cold treatment for Ceratitis capitata on Citrus 
sinensis
    [cir] PT 25-Cold treatment for Ceratitis capitata on Citrus 
reticulata x C. sinensis
    [cir] PT 26-Cold treatment for Ceratitis capitata on Citrus limon
    [cir] PT 27-Cold treatment for Ceratitis capitata on Citrus 
paradisi
    [cir] PT 28-Cold treatment for Ceratitis capitata on Citrus 
reticulata
    [cir] PT 29-Cold treatment for Ceratitis capitata on Citrus 
clementina
    [cir] PT 30-Vapour heat treatment for Ceratitis capitata on 
Mangifera indica
    [cir] PT 31-Vapour heat treatment for Bactrocera tryoni on 
Mangifera indica
 Diagnostic protocols (DPs) as Annexes to ISPM 27: Diagnostic 
protocols for regulated pests

[[Page 44155]]

    [cir] DP 13: Erwinia amylovora
    [cir] DP 14: Xanthomonas fragariae
    [cir] DP 15: Citrus tristeza virus
    [cir] DP 16: Genus Liriomyza Mik
    [cir] DP 17: Aphelenchoides besseyi, A. ritzemabosi and A. 
fragariae
    [cir] DP 18: Anguina spp.
    [cir] DP 19: Sorghum halepense
    [cir] DP 20: Dendroctonus ponderosae
    [cir] DP 21: Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum
    [cir] DP 22: Fusarium circinatum

    In addition to adopting 25 plant health standards, the 2017 
Commission meeting also progressed a number of plant health initiatives 
strategically important to the United States. These initiatives include 
advancing the development of a new IPPC strategic framework for 2020-
2030 to set the top priorities for plant health and trade, launching a 
pilot of a global electronic certification system to support trade 
(ePhyto), developing programs aimed at improving the use and 
implementation of standards around the world, and creating a task force 
for addressing pests issues associated with the international movement 
of sea containers.

New IPPC Standard-Setting Initiatives, Including Those in Development

    A number of expert working group (EWG) meetings or other technical 
consultations took place during 2017 on the topics listed below. These 
standard-setting initiatives are under development and may be 
considered for future adoption. APHIS intends to participate actively 
and fully in each of these working groups. APHIS developed its position 
on each of the topics prior to the working group meetings. The APHIS 
position was based on technical analyses, information from other U.S. 
Government agencies, and relevant scientific information from 
interested stakeholders:

 EWG meeting on the Authorization of Entities to Perform 
Phytosanitary Actions
 EWG meeting on the Revision of ISPM 8: Determination of pest 
status in an area
 Technical Panel for the Glossary of Phytosanitary Terms
 Technical Panel on Diagnostic Protocols
 Technical Panel on Phytosanitary Treatments

    For more detailed information on the above, contact Dr. Marina 
Zlotina (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above).
    PPQ actively works to achieve broad participation by States, 
industry, and other stakeholders in the development and use of 
international and regional plant health standards. Plant health 
stakeholders are strongly encouraged to comment on draft standards, 
documents, and specifications during the consultation periods. In 2017, 
13 standards (including phytosanitary treatments and pest diagnostic 
protocols) and 3 draft specifications were open for first and second 
consultation. APHIS posts links to draft standards on the Internet as 
they become available and provides information on the due dates for 
comments.\1\ Additional information on IPPC standards (including the 
IPPC work program (list of topics), \2\ standard- setting process, and 
adopted standards) is available on the IPPC Web site.\3\ For the most 
current information on official U.S. participation in IPPC activities, 
including U.S. positions on standards being considered, contact Dr. 
Marina Zlotina (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above). Those 
wishing to provide comments on any of the areas of work being 
undertaken by the IPPC may do so at any time by responding to this 
notice (see ADDRESSES above) or by providing comments through Dr. 
Zlotina.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ For more information on the IPPC draft ISPM consultation: 
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/planthealth/sa_international/sa_phytostandards/ct_draft_standards.
    \2\ IPPC List of topics: https://www.ippc.int/en/core-activities/standards-setting/list-topics-ippc-standards/.
    \3\ IPPC Web site: https://www.ippc.int/.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

NAPPO Standard-Setting Activities

    NAPPO, a regional plant protection organization created in 1976 
under the IPPC, coordinates the efforts among the United States, 
Canada, and Mexico to protect their plant resources from the entry, 
establishment, and spread of harmful plant pests, while facilitating 
intra- and inter-regional trade. As the NPPO of the United States, 
APHIS-PPQ is the organization officially identified to participate in 
NAPPO. Through NAPPO, APHIS works closely with its regional 
counterparts and industries to develop harmonized regional standards 
and approaches for managing pest threats. NAPPO conducts its work 
through priority-driven annual projects approved by the NAPPO Executive 
Committee and conducted by expert groups, including subject matter 
experts from each member country and regional industry representatives. 
Project results and updates are provided during the NAPPO annual 
meeting. Projects can include the development of positions, policies, 
or technical documents, or the development or revision of regional 
standards for phytosanitary measures (RSPMs). Projects can also include 
implementation of standards or other capacity development activities 
such as workshops.
    The 41st NAPPO annual meeting will be held October 16 to 19, 2017, 
in Merida, Yucatan, Mexico. The NAPPO Executive Committee meetings will 
take place on October 16 and 20, 2017. The Deputy Administrator for PPQ 
is the U.S. member of the NAPPO Executive Committee.
    The NAPPO expert groups (including member countries' subject matter 
experts) finalized the following regional standards, documents, or 
projects in 2016:
     Grains: Finalized a NAPPO discussion document that 
supported the development of a draft IPPC standard for the 
international movement of grain in an effort to be consistent with 
North American grain trade objectives and reviewed and updated RSPM 13: 
Guidelines to establish, maintain and verify Karnal bunt pest free 
areas in North America.
     Biological Control: Developed an English online training 
course on preparing a petition for the first release of an 
entomophagous biological control agent, based on RSPM 12. The module is 
aimed to educate stakeholders on the petition process for new 
biocontrol products and to help NAPPO member countries improve the 
quality of petitions received for consideration.
     Diversion from Intended Use: Drafted a discussion document 
on diversion from intended use aimed to inform NAPPO member countries 
on this phytosanitary concept.
     Forestry: NAPPO partnered with the Inter-American 
Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture and other regional plant 
protection organizations in the Americas to hold a regional workshop in 
August 2016 aimed at enhancing global compliance with the IPPC 
international standard for wood packaging materials (ISPM 15) to 
further reduce the threat of wood and forest pests in trade.
     Potato: Revised the pest list for RSPM 3: Movement of 
potatoes into a NAPPO member country and eliminated Annex 6 of RSPM 3 
on pre-shipment testing for PVY\N\ during the 5-year review. Continued 
to review RSPM 3 in light of ISPM 33: Pest free potato (Solanum sp.) 
micropropagative material and minitubers for international trade.
     Foundational documents: Updated the NAPPO Constitution and 
By-Laws and approved the NAPPO 2016-2020 Strategic Plan.

[[Page 44156]]

New NAPPO Standard-Setting Initiatives, Including Those in Development

    The 2017 work program \4\ includes the following topics being 
worked on by NAPPO expert groups. APHIS intends to participate actively 
and fully in the 2017 NAPPO work program. The APHIS position on each 
topic will be guided and informed by the best technical and scientific 
information available, as well as on relevant input from stakeholders. 
For each of the following, the United States will consider its position 
on any draft standard after it reviews a prepared draft. Information 
regarding the following NAPPO projects, assignments, activities, and 
updates on meeting times and locations may be obtained from the NAPPO 
Web site or by contacting Ms. Patricia Abad (see FOR FURTHER 
INFORMATION CONTACT above).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ NAPPO Work Program: http://nappo.org/english/710/status-current-nappo-projects/.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    1. Asian Gypsy Moth: Develop a NAPPO document on validation of the 
specified risk periods for Asian gypsy moth in countries of origin.
    2. Biological Control: Develop a Spanish module on preparing a 
petition for first release of entomophagous biological control agents, 
based on the English module prepared in 2016.
    3. Electronic Phytosanitary Certification: Provide assistance and 
technical support to the IPPC ePhyto Steering Group.
    4. Forestry: Work to finalize a NAPPO standard on the potential use 
of systems approaches to manage pest risks associated with the movement 
of wood, taking into account comments received from April to June 2017 
country consultation period.
    5. Grains: Develop a NAPPO discussion document on a harmonized 
approach to prevent introduction and spread of Khapra beetle 
(Trogoderma granarium).
    6. Lymantriids: Develop a NAPPO Science and Technology paper on the 
risks associated with Lymantriids of potential concern to the NAPPO 
region.
    7. Phytosanitary Alert System (PAS): Manage the NAPPO pest 
reporting system.
    8. Advancing key phytosanitary concepts: (a) Review stakeholder 
input on topic of diversion from intended use; (b) Finalize a 
discussion document on ``interpretation of existing guidance'' in 
standards on evaluation of the likelihood of establishment component of 
a pest risk analysis (PRA) for quarantine pests, taking into account 
comments received from April to May 2017 country consultation period; 
and (c) Organize an international symposium on inspection sampling to 
support proper and harmonized implementation of ISPM 23: Guidelines for 
Inspection and ISPM 31: Methodologies for sampling of consignments in 
the NAPPO region and internationally. NAPPO, with substantial APHIS-PPQ 
support, welcomed 122 participants from 27 countries to the first-ever 
International Symposium for Risk-Based Sampling, held from June 16-21, 
2017.
    9. Potato: Continue to review RSPM 3 to align it with ISPM 33: Pest 
free potato (Solanum sp.) micropropagative material and minitubers for 
international trade.
    10. Seeds: Finalize NAPPO discussion document on harmonized 
criteria for evaluating phytosanitary seed treatments, taking into 
account comments received from April to May 2017 country consultation 
period.
    11. Foundation and Procedure documents: Update various foundation 
or procedure documents.
    The PPQ Assistant Deputy Administrator, as the official U.S. 
delegate to NAPPO, intends to participate in the adoption of these 
regional plant health standards and projects, including the work 
described above, once they are completed and ready for such 
consideration.
    The information in this notice contains all the information 
available to us on NAPPO standards under development or consideration. 
For updates on meeting times and for information on the expert groups 
that may become available following publication of this notice, visit 
the NAPPO Web site or contact Ms. Patricia Abad (see FOR FURTHER 
INFORMATION CONTACT above). PPQ actively works to achieve broad 
participation by States, industry, and other stakeholders in the 
development and use of international and regional plant health 
standards. Plant health stakeholders are strongly encouraged to comment 
on draft standards, documents, and specifications. APHIS posts links to 
draft standards on the Internet as they become available and provides 
information on the due dates for comments.\5\ Additional information on 
NAPPO standards (including the NAPPO Work Program, standard setting 
process, and adopted standards) is available on the NAPPO Web site.\6\ 
Information on official U.S. participation in NAPPO activities, 
including U.S. positions on standards being considered, may also be 
obtained from Ms. Abad. Those wishing to provide comments on any of the 
topics being addressed in the NAPPO work program may do so at any time 
by responding to this notice (see ADDRESSES above) or by transmitting 
comments through Ms. Abad.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ For more information on the NAPPO draft RSPM consultation: 
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/planthealth/sa_international/sa_phytostandards/ct_draft_standards.
    \6\ NAPPO Web site: http://nappo.org/.

    Done in Washington, DC, this 18th day of September 2017.
Jere L. Dick,
Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. 2017-20119 Filed 9-20-17; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-P