Black Stem Rust; Additions of Rust-Resistant Species and Varieties, 3701-3702 [2016-01252]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 14 / Friday, January 22, 2016 / Rules and Regulations Subpart D—Responsibilities of Agency Awarding Officials § 1329.400 What method do I use as an agency awarding official to obtain a recipient’s agreement to comply with the OMB guidance? To obtain a recipient’s agreement to comply with applicable requirements in the OMB guidance at 2 CFR part 182, you must include the following term or condition in the award: Drug-free workplace. You as the recipient must comply with drug-free workplace requirements in Subpart B (or Subpart C, if the recipient is an individual) of 2 CFR part 1329, which adopts the Govemmentwide implementation (2 CFR part 182) of sec. 5152–5158 of the Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988 (Pub. L. 100–690, Title V, Subtitle D; 41 U.S.C. 701–707). Subpart E—Violations of This Part and Consequences § 1329.500 Who in the Department of Commerce determines that a recipient other than an individual violated the requirements of this part? The Secretary of Commerce or designee determines that a recipient other than an individual violated the requirements of this part. § 1329.505 Who in the Department of Commerce determines that a recipient who is an individual violated the requirements of this part? The Secretary of Commerce or designee determines that a recipient who is an individual violated the requirements of this part. Subpart F—Definitions [Reserved] Title 15—Commerce and Foreign Trade PART 29—[REMOVED AND RESERVED] ■ 2. Remove and reserve part 29. [FR Doc. 2016–01078 Filed 1–21–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DT–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES 7 CFR Part 301 [Docket No. APHIS–2015–0079] Black Stem Rust; Additions of RustResistant Species and Varieties Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Direct final rule. AGENCY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:27 Jan 21, 2016 Jkt 238001 We are amending the black stem rust quarantine and regulations by adding nine varieties to the list of rustresistant Berberis species and varieties. This action will allow for the interstate movement of these newly developed varieties without unnecessary restrictions. DATES: This rule will be effective on March 22, 2016, unless we receive written adverse comments or written notice of intent to submit adverse comments on or before February 22, 2016. If we receive written adverse comments or written notice of intent to submit adverse comments, we will publish a document in the Federal Register withdrawing this rule before the effective date. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments or written notice of intent to submit adverse comments by either of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/ #!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2015-0079. • Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Send your comment to Docket No. APHIS–2015–0079, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, APHIS, Station 3A–03.8, 4700 River Road Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737–1238. Supporting documents and any comments we receive on this docket may be viewed at http:// www.regulations.gov/ #!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2015-0079 or in our reading room, which is located in Room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 799–7039 before coming. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Randolph Cadet, National Policy Manager, Black Stem Rust, Pest Management, PHP, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road, Unit 26, Riverdale, MD 20737–1231; (301) 851–2094. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Background Black stem rust is one of the most destructive plant diseases of small grains that is known to exist in the United States. The disease is caused by a fungus (Puccinia graminis) that reduces the quality and yield of infected wheat, oat, barley, and rye crops. In addition to infecting small grains, the fungus lives on a variety of alternate host plants that are species of the genera Berberis, Mahoberberis, and Mahonia. The fungus is spread from host to host by windborne spores. PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 3701 The black stem rust quarantine and regulations, which are contained in 7 CFR 301.38 through 301.38–8 (referred to below as the regulations), quarantine the conterminous 48 States and the District of Columbia and govern the interstate movement of certain plants of the genera Berberis, Mahoberberis, and Mahonia, known as barberry plants. The species of these plants are categorized as either rust-resistant or rust-susceptible. Rust-resistant plants do not pose a risk of spreading black stem rust or of contributing to the development of new races of the rust; rust-susceptible plants do pose such risks. Section 301.38–2 of the regulations includes a listing of regulated articles and indicates those species and varieties of the genera Berberis, Mahoberberis, and Mahonia that are known to be rust-resistant. Although rust-resistant species are included as regulated articles, they may be moved into or through protected areas if accompanied by a certificate. In accordance with the procedures described below under ‘‘Dates,’’ this direct final rule will add the following B. thunbergii varieties to the list of rustresistant Berberis species in § 301.38– 2(a)(1): • B. thunbergii ‘BailAnna’ Moscato; • B. thunbergii ‘BailElla’ Lambrusco; • B. thunbergii ‘Daybreak’; • B. thunbergii ‘BailErin’ Limoncello; • B. thunbergii ‘BailJulia’ Toscana; • B. thunbergii ‘NCBT1’; • B. thunbergii x calliantha ‘NCBX3’; • B. thunbergii x media ‘NCBX1’; and • B. thunbergii x media ‘NCBX2’. The addition of these species is based on recent testing to determine rust resistance conducted by the Agricultural Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) at its Cereal Disease Laboratory in St. Paul, MN. The testing is performed in the following manner: In a greenhouse, the suspect plant or test subject is placed under a screen with a control plant—a known rust-susceptible species of Berberis, Mahoberberis, or Mahonia. Infected wheat stems, a primary host of black stem rust, are placed on top of the screen. The plants are moistened and maintained in 100 percent humidity. This causes the spores to swell and fall on the plants lying under the screen. The plants are then observed for 7 days at 20–80 percent relative humidity. If the rust-susceptible plant shows signs of infection after 7 days and the test plants do not, the test results indicate that the test plants are rust-resistant. This test must be performed 12 times, and all 12 tests must yield the same result before USDA can make a determination as to whether the test plants are rustresistant. The test may be conducted on E:\FR\FM\22JAR1.SGM 22JAR1 3702 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 14 / Friday, January 22, 2016 / Rules and Regulations 12 individual plants, or it may be performed multiple times on fewer plants (e.g., six plants tested twice or three plants tested four times). The tests must be performed on new growth, just as the leaves are unfolding. Therefore, the tests are usually conducted in the spring or fall, during the growing season. All 12 tests generally cannot be conducted on the same day because of the plants’ different growth stages. Based on over 30 years of experience with this test, we believe that 12 is the reliable test sample size on which USDA can make its determination. We do not know of any plant that was subsequently discovered to be rustsusceptible after undergoing the test procedure 12 times and being determined by USDA to be rustresistant. Dates We are publishing this rule without a prior proposal because we view this action as noncontroversial and anticipate no adverse public comment. This rule will be effective, as published in this document, on March 22, 2016, unless we receive written adverse comments or written notice of intent to submit adverse comments on or before February 22, 2016. Adverse comments are comments that suggest the rule should not be adopted or that suggest the rule should be changed. If we receive written adverse comments or written notice of intent to submit adverse comments, we will publish a document in the Federal Register withdrawing this rule before the effective date. We will then publish a proposed rule for public comment. As discussed above, if we receive no written adverse comments or written notice of intent to submit adverse comments within 30 days of publication of this direct final rule, this direct final rule will become effective 60 days following its publication. We will publish a document in the Federal Register before the effective date of this direct final rule confirming that it is effective on the date indicated in this document. mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with RULES Executive Order 12866 and Regulatory Flexibility Act This rule is subject to Executive Order 12866. However, for this action, the Office of Management and Budget has waived its review under Executive Order 12866. This analysis provides the basis, as required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act, for certification by the APHIS Administrator that the rule will not VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:27 Jan 21, 2016 Jkt 238001 have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. This direct final rule will amend 7 CFR 301.38–2 by adding nine varieties to the list of rust-resistant Berberis species and varieties. The nursery and floriculture industries that may be affected by this rule are largely composed of small entities. We expect these entities to benefit from the rule, by being able to market interstate barberry species and varieties that have been determined to be rust-resistant. The introduction and spread of plant pests can result in damage to crops and losses to the U.S. agricultural sector. For the purpose of this analysis and following the Small Business Administration (SBA) guidelines, we note that a major segment of entities potentially affected by this rule are classified within the following industries: Nursery and Tree Production (NAICS 111421), and Floriculture Production (NAICS 111422). According to the Census of Agriculture, these two categories, along with Greenhouse production, which makes up the rest of NAICS 1114, included 52,777 farms in 2012, and represented 2.5 percent of all farms in the United States. These entities are considered small by SBA standards if their annual sales are $750,000 or less. Over 87 percent of the farms in these industries had annual sales of less than $500,000. Barberry plants are not one of the crops tracked by the Census of Agriculture and therefore data on production and number of producers are not available. Nurseries producing barberry plant species and varieties will not be negatively affected. In fact, they will benefit from being able to market the nine varieties interstate. In addition, the rule does not require any additional reporting, recordkeeping, or other compliance measures beyond what is already in place. Under these circumstances, the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has determined that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Executive Order 12372 This program/activity is listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance under No. 10.025 and is subject to Executive Order 12372, which requires intergovernmental consultation with State and local officials. (See 2 CFR chapter IV.) Executive Order 12988 This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This rule: (1) Preempts all State PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 9990 and local laws and regulations that are inconsistent with this rule; (2) has no retroactive effect; and (3) does not require administrative proceedings before parties may file suit in court challenging this rule. Paperwork Reduction Act This rule contains no information collection or recordkeeping requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 301 Agricultural commodities, Plant diseases and pests, Quarantine, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation. Accordingly, 7 CFR part 301 is amended as follows: PART 301—DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES 1. The authority citation for part 301 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 7 U.S.C. 7701–7772 and 7781– 7786; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.3. Section 301.75–15 issued under Sec. 204, Title II, Public Law 106–113, 113 Stat. 1501A–293; sections 301.75–15 and 301.75– 16 issued under Sec. 203, Title II, Public Law 106–224, 114 Stat. 400 (7 U.S.C. 1421 note). 2. In § 301.38–2, paragraph (a)(1) is amended by adding, in alphabetical order, nine rust-resistant Berberis species to read as follows: ■ § 301–38–2 * * * * * Regulated articles. (a) * * * (1) * * * B. thunbergii ‘BailAnna’ Moscato B. thunbergii ‘BailElla’ Lambrusco B. thunbergii ‘BailErin’ Limoncello * * * * B. thunbergii BailJulia’ Toscana * * * * B. thunbergii ‘Daybreak’ * * * * B. thunbergii ‘NCBT1’ * * * * B. thunbergii x calliantha ‘NCBX3’ B. thunbergii x media ‘NCBX1’ B. thunbergii x media ‘NCBX2’ * * * * Done in Washington, DC, this 15th day of January 2016. Kevin Shea, Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. [FR Doc. 2016–01252 Filed 1–21–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–34–P E:\FR\FM\22JAR1.SGM 22JAR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 14 (Friday, January 22, 2016)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 3701-3702]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-01252]


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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

7 CFR Part 301

[Docket No. APHIS-2015-0079]


Black Stem Rust; Additions of Rust-Resistant Species and 
Varieties

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Direct final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We are amending the black stem rust quarantine and regulations 
by adding nine varieties to the list of rust-resistant Berberis species 
and varieties. This action will allow for the interstate movement of 
these newly developed varieties without unnecessary restrictions.

DATES: This rule will be effective on March 22, 2016, unless we receive 
written adverse comments or written notice of intent to submit adverse 
comments on or before February 22, 2016. If we receive written adverse 
comments or written notice of intent to submit adverse comments, we 
will publish a document in the Federal Register withdrawing this rule 
before the effective date.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments or written notice of intent to 
submit adverse comments by either of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2015-0079.
     Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Send your comment to 
Docket No. APHIS-2015-0079, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, 
APHIS, Station 3A-03.8, 4700 River Road Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737-
1238.
    Supporting documents and any comments we receive on this docket may 
be viewed at http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2015-
0079 or in our reading room, which is located in Room 1141 of the USDA 
South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW., Washington, 
DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through 
Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, 
please call (202) 799-7039 before coming.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Randolph Cadet, National Policy 
Manager, Black Stem Rust, Pest Management, PHP, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River 
Road, Unit 26, Riverdale, MD 20737-1231; (301) 851-2094.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    Black stem rust is one of the most destructive plant diseases of 
small grains that is known to exist in the United States. The disease 
is caused by a fungus (Puccinia graminis) that reduces the quality and 
yield of infected wheat, oat, barley, and rye crops. In addition to 
infecting small grains, the fungus lives on a variety of alternate host 
plants that are species of the genera Berberis, Mahoberberis, and 
Mahonia. The fungus is spread from host to host by windborne spores.
    The black stem rust quarantine and regulations, which are contained 
in 7 CFR 301.38 through 301.38-8 (referred to below as the 
regulations), quarantine the conterminous 48 States and the District of 
Columbia and govern the interstate movement of certain plants of the 
genera Berberis, Mahoberberis, and Mahonia, known as barberry plants. 
The species of these plants are categorized as either rust-resistant or 
rust-susceptible. Rust-resistant plants do not pose a risk of spreading 
black stem rust or of contributing to the development of new races of 
the rust; rust-susceptible plants do pose such risks. Section 301.38-2 
of the regulations includes a listing of regulated articles and 
indicates those species and varieties of the genera Berberis, 
Mahoberberis, and Mahonia that are known to be rust-resistant. Although 
rust-resistant species are included as regulated articles, they may be 
moved into or through protected areas if accompanied by a certificate. 
In accordance with the procedures described below under ``Dates,'' this 
direct final rule will add the following B. thunbergii varieties to the 
list of rust-resistant Berberis species in Sec.  301.38-2(a)(1):
     B. thunbergii `BailAnna' Moscato;
     B. thunbergii `BailElla' Lambrusco;
     B. thunbergii `Daybreak';
     B. thunbergii `BailErin' Limoncello;
     B. thunbergii `BailJulia' Toscana;
     B. thunbergii `NCBT1';
     B. thunbergii x calliantha `NCBX3';
     B. thunbergii x media `NCBX1'; and
     B. thunbergii x media `NCBX2'.
    The addition of these species is based on recent testing to 
determine rust resistance conducted by the Agricultural Research 
Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) at its 
Cereal Disease Laboratory in St. Paul, MN. The testing is performed in 
the following manner: In a greenhouse, the suspect plant or test 
subject is placed under a screen with a control plant--a known rust-
susceptible species of Berberis, Mahoberberis, or Mahonia. Infected 
wheat stems, a primary host of black stem rust, are placed on top of 
the screen. The plants are moistened and maintained in 100 percent 
humidity. This causes the spores to swell and fall on the plants lying 
under the screen. The plants are then observed for 7 days at 20-80 
percent relative humidity. If the rust-susceptible plant shows signs of 
infection after 7 days and the test plants do not, the test results 
indicate that the test plants are rust-resistant. This test must be 
performed 12 times, and all 12 tests must yield the same result before 
USDA can make a determination as to whether the test plants are rust-
resistant. The test may be conducted on

[[Page 3702]]

12 individual plants, or it may be performed multiple times on fewer 
plants (e.g., six plants tested twice or three plants tested four 
times). The tests must be performed on new growth, just as the leaves 
are unfolding. Therefore, the tests are usually conducted in the spring 
or fall, during the growing season. All 12 tests generally cannot be 
conducted on the same day because of the plants' different growth 
stages. Based on over 30 years of experience with this test, we believe 
that 12 is the reliable test sample size on which USDA can make its 
determination. We do not know of any plant that was subsequently 
discovered to be rust-susceptible after undergoing the test procedure 
12 times and being determined by USDA to be rust-resistant.

Dates

    We are publishing this rule without a prior proposal because we 
view this action as noncontroversial and anticipate no adverse public 
comment. This rule will be effective, as published in this document, on 
March 22, 2016, unless we receive written adverse comments or written 
notice of intent to submit adverse comments on or before February 22, 
2016.
    Adverse comments are comments that suggest the rule should not be 
adopted or that suggest the rule should be changed.
    If we receive written adverse comments or written notice of intent 
to submit adverse comments, we will publish a document in the Federal 
Register withdrawing this rule before the effective date. We will then 
publish a proposed rule for public comment.
    As discussed above, if we receive no written adverse comments or 
written notice of intent to submit adverse comments within 30 days of 
publication of this direct final rule, this direct final rule will 
become effective 60 days following its publication. We will publish a 
document in the Federal Register before the effective date of this 
direct final rule confirming that it is effective on the date indicated 
in this document.

Executive Order 12866 and Regulatory Flexibility Act

    This rule is subject to Executive Order 12866. However, for this 
action, the Office of Management and Budget has waived its review under 
Executive Order 12866.
    This analysis provides the basis, as required by the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act, for certification by the APHIS Administrator that the 
rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial 
number of small entities.
    This direct final rule will amend 7 CFR 301.38-2 by adding nine 
varieties to the list of rust-resistant Berberis species and varieties. 
The nursery and floriculture industries that may be affected by this 
rule are largely composed of small entities. We expect these entities 
to benefit from the rule, by being able to market interstate barberry 
species and varieties that have been determined to be rust-resistant.
    The introduction and spread of plant pests can result in damage to 
crops and losses to the U.S. agricultural sector. For the purpose of 
this analysis and following the Small Business Administration (SBA) 
guidelines, we note that a major segment of entities potentially 
affected by this rule are classified within the following industries: 
Nursery and Tree Production (NAICS 111421), and Floriculture Production 
(NAICS 111422). According to the Census of Agriculture, these two 
categories, along with Greenhouse production, which makes up the rest 
of NAICS 1114, included 52,777 farms in 2012, and represented 2.5 
percent of all farms in the United States. These entities are 
considered small by SBA standards if their annual sales are $750,000 or 
less. Over 87 percent of the farms in these industries had annual sales 
of less than $500,000.
    Barberry plants are not one of the crops tracked by the Census of 
Agriculture and therefore data on production and number of producers 
are not available. Nurseries producing barberry plant species and 
varieties will not be negatively affected. In fact, they will benefit 
from being able to market the nine varieties interstate. In addition, 
the rule does not require any additional reporting, recordkeeping, or 
other compliance measures beyond what is already in place.
    Under these circumstances, the Administrator of the Animal and 
Plant Health Inspection Service has determined that this action will 
not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small 
entities.

Executive Order 12372

    This program/activity is listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic 
Assistance under No. 10.025 and is subject to Executive Order 12372, 
which requires intergovernmental consultation with State and local 
officials. (See 2 CFR chapter IV.)

Executive Order 12988

    This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil 
Justice Reform. This rule: (1) Preempts all State and local laws and 
regulations that are inconsistent with this rule; (2) has no 
retroactive effect; and (3) does not require administrative proceedings 
before parties may file suit in court challenging this rule.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    This rule contains no information collection or recordkeeping 
requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 
et seq.).

List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 301

    Agricultural commodities, Plant diseases and pests, Quarantine, 
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation.

    Accordingly, 7 CFR part 301 is amended as follows:

PART 301--DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES

0
1. The authority citation for part 301 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 7 U.S.C. 7701-7772 and 7781-7786; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, 
and 371.3.
    Section 301.75-15 issued under Sec. 204, Title II, Public Law 
106-113, 113 Stat. 1501A-293; sections 301.75-15 and 301.75-16 
issued under Sec. 203, Title II, Public Law 106-224, 114 Stat. 400 
(7 U.S.C. 1421 note).


0
2. In Sec.  301.38-2, paragraph (a)(1) is amended by adding, in 
alphabetical order, nine rust-resistant Berberis species to read as 
follows:


Sec.  301-38-2  Regulated articles.

    (a) * * *
    (1) * * *
    B. thunbergii `BailAnna' Moscato
    B. thunbergii `BailElla' Lambrusco
    B. thunbergii `BailErin' Limoncello
* * * * *
    B. thunbergii BailJulia' Toscana
* * * * *
    B. thunbergii `Daybreak'
* * * * *
    B. thunbergii `NCBT1'
* * * * *
    B. thunbergii x calliantha `NCBX3'
    B. thunbergii x media `NCBX1'
    B. thunbergii x media `NCBX2'
* * * * *

    Done in Washington, DC, this 15th day of January 2016.
Kevin Shea,
Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. 2016-01252 Filed 1-21-16; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-P