Recognizing European Union (EU) and EU Member State Regionalization Decisions for African Swine Fever (ASF) by Updating the APHIS List of Regions Affected with ASF, 52440-52441 [2015-21497]

Download as PDF 52440 Notices Federal Register Vol. 80, No. 168 Monday, August 31, 2015 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains documents other than rules or proposed rules that are applicable to the public. Notices of hearings and investigations, committee meetings, agency decisions and rulings, delegations of authority, filing of petitions and applications and agency statements of organization and functions are examples of documents appearing in this section. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [Docket No. APHIS–2015–0011] Recognizing European Union (EU) and EU Member State Regionalization Decisions for African Swine Fever (ASF) by Updating the APHIS List of Regions Affected with ASF Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. AGENCY: We are advising the public that we are adding European Union (EU) and EU Member State-defined regions of the EU to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) list of regions affected with African swine fever (ASF). We will recognize as affected with ASF any region of the EU that the EU or any EU Member State has placed under restriction because of detection of ASF. These regions currently include portions of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland, and all of Sardinia. APHIS will list the EU- and EU Member State-defined regions as a single entity. We are therefore removing Sardinia as an individually listed region from the APHIS list of ASF affected regions. We are taking this action because of the detection of ASF in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland. DATES: Effective Date: The addition of the EU- and EU Member State-defined regions to the APHIS list of regions affected with ASF is effective August 31, 2015. We will consider all comments that we receive on or before October 30, 2015. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by either of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/ #!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2015-0011. • Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Send your comment to Docket No. tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:19 Aug 28, 2015 Jkt 235001 APHIS–2015–0011, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, APHIS, Station 3A–03.8, 4700 River Road Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737–1238. Any comments we receive may be viewed at http://www.regulations.gov/ #!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2015-0011 or in our reading room, which is located in room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 799–7039 before coming. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Donald Link, Import Risk Analyst, Regionalization Evaluation Services, National Import Export Services, Veterinary Services, APHIS, 920 Main Campus Drive, Suite 200, Raleigh, NC 27606; (919) 855–7731; Donald.B.Link@ aphis.usda.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The regulations in 9 CFR part 94 (referred to below as the regulations) govern the importation of certain animals and animal products into the United States to prevent the introduction of various animal diseases, including rinderpest, foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), bovine spongiform encephalopathy, swine vesicular disease (SVD), classical swine fever (CSF), and African swine fever (ASF). The regulations prohibit or restrict the importation of live ruminants and swine, and products from these animals, from regions where these diseases are considered to exist. Sections 94.8 and 94.17 of part 94 of the regulations contain requirements governing the importation into the United States of pork and pork products from regions of the world where ASF exists or is reasonably believed to exist. A list of regions where ASF exists or is reasonably believed to exist is maintained on the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Web site at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ import_export/animals/animals_ disease_status.shtml. Currently, the Islands of Sardinia and Malta are the only regions of the European Union (EU) that APHIS lists as affected with ASF. However, ASF outbreaks have recently occurred in domestic and feral swine in portions of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland. The EU has determined that the ASF virus was introduced into these regions PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 from neighboring countries where ASF is present in both the feral and domestic swine populations. The EU has imposed restrictions on the movement of swine and swine products from the regions in which ASF was detected and surrounding regions in the EU. The restrictions and the regions subject to restriction by the EU are listed in the European Commission’s Implementing Decision 2014/709/EU.1 In response to the outbreaks of ASF in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland, APHIS is modifying its list of ASFaffected regions. First, we are adding a new entry that would read ‘‘Any restricted zone in the European Union (EU) established by the EU or any EU Member State because of detection of African swine fever in domestic or feral swine.’’ Second, we are removing Sardinia as an individually listed region. With the addition of this entry to the APHIS list of ASF-affected regions, the APHIS-recognized ASF status of almost any region of the EU would follow the EU and EU Member State restrictions based on ASF detections. Going forward, we would not list each affected region of the EU. We will continue to list Malta individually, which we currently recognize as affected with ASF, but which is not under ASF restrictions by the EU. We are currently evaluating the ASF status of Malta at the request of the EU. If we determine based on our evaluation that the ASF status of Malta should be changed, we will publish our findings and the evaluation for public comment. Adding this entry to the list would subject swine and swine products from EU-restricted regions to APHIS import restrictions designed to mitigate risk of ASF introduction into the United States. APHIS has previously evaluated the animal health infrastructure, veterinary oversight and legislation, and disease control programs of the EU and individual EU Member States for multiple livestock and poultry species and diseases. Previous APHIS evaluations assessed EU-wide animal health measures and the ability of a 1 The European Commission is the EU institution responsible for representing the EU as a whole. It proposes legislation, policies, and programs of action and implements decisions of the EU Parliament and Council. Commission Implementing Decision 2014/709/EU is available online at http:// eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/ ?uri=CELEX:32014D0709. E:\FR\FM\31AUN1.SGM 31AUN1 tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 168 / Monday, August 31, 2015 / Notices Member State to effectively transpose EU animal health regulations into its own veterinary infrastructure and livestock and/or poultry disease control programs. All of the evaluations were conducted in accordance with 9 CFR 92.2, which sets forth the requirements for requesting the recognition of the animal health status of a region as well as for the approval of the export of a particular type of animal or animal product to the United States from a foreign region. Most of the evaluations included a site visit. Through these evaluations, APHIS has analyzed veterinary oversight and animal health infrastructure at both the EU level and the individual Member State level, as well as disease history and vaccination practices for multiple diseases, livestock demographics and traceability practices for multiple species, epidemiologic separation from potential sources of infection, and surveillance programs, diagnostic laboratory capabilities, and emergency preparedness and response capabilities for multiple livestock and poultry diseases. Overall, APHIS has consistently concluded that the animal health infrastructure, veterinary oversight and legislation, and corresponding disease control programs are adequate at the EU level. While APHIS evaluations did find unique strengths and weaknesses in individual Member States, overall the findings of these evaluations have been favorable for the Member States. After assessing Member State animal health infrastructure, veterinary oversight and legislation, and disease control programs, and the Member States’ ability to transpose and implement EUlevel animal health controls, APHIS has taken liberalizing trade action for the EU and certain Member States. APHIS has recognized some Member States as free from FMD, rinderpest, SVD, and/or ASF; evaluated the EU and individual Member States for Newcastle disease and highly pathogenic avian influenza, resulting in APHIS establishing the APHIS-defined EU Poultry Trade Region; and evaluated the EU and individual Member States and other European countries for CSF, resulting in APHIS establishing the APHIS-defined European CSF region. APHIS recognizing EU and EU Member State regionalization decisions for ASF in the EU is similar to APHIS recognition of EU and Member State regionalization decisions for Newcastle disease and highly pathogenic avian influenza in the EU, and for CSF in the EU and other European countries, and is supported by previous APHIS evaluations of EU Member States for these and other livestock and poultry VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:19 Aug 28, 2015 Jkt 235001 diseases as described above. In the event that the EU or an EU Member State significantly changes or entirely removes its ASF restrictions or otherwise significantly alters its regulatory framework for ASF, APHIS will conduct an evaluation to assess the impact of the changes on the risk of ASF introduction into the United States. APHIS will present for public comment the findings of any such evaluation. Because the EU- and EU Member State-defined ASF-affected regions includes areas not currently on the APHIS list of ASF-affected regions, we are adding the new entry to our list immediately to prevent the introduction of ASF into the United States. We will consider comments we receive during the comment period for this notice (see DATES above). After the comment period closes, we will publish another notice in the Federal Register. The notice will include a discussion of any comments we receive and any changes we are making in response to the comments. Authority: 7 U.S.C. 450, 7701–7772, 7781– 7786, and 8301–8317; 21 U.S.C. 136 and 136a; 31 U.S.C. 9701; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.4. Done in Washington, DC, this 26th day of August 2015. Michael C. Gregoire, Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. [FR Doc. 2015–21497 Filed 8–28–15; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–34–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Food and Nutrition Service Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request August 24, 2015. The Department of Agriculture has submitted the following information collection requirement(s) to OMB for review and clearance under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104–13. Comments regarding (a) whether the collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency’s estimate of burden including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to be collected; (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, including through the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 52441 techniques or other forms of information technology should be addressed to: Desk Officer for Agriculture, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget (OMB), OIRA_Submission@omb.eop.gov or fax (202) 395–5806 and to Departmental Clearance Office, USDA, OCIO, Mail Stop 7602, Washington, DC 20250–7602. Comments regarding these information collections are best assured of having their full effect if they are received within 30 days of this notification. Copies of the submission(s) may be obtained by calling (202) 720– 8958. An agency may not conduct or sponsor a collection of information unless the collection of information displays a currently valid OMB control number and the agency informs potential persons who are to respond to the collection of information that such persons are not required to respond to the collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. Title: 7 CFR part 220, School Breakfast Program. OMB Control Number: 0584–0012. Summary of Collection: Section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act (CNA) of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1772) authorizes the School Breakfast Program as a nutrition assistance program and authorizes payments to States to assist them to initiate, maintain, or expand nonprofit breakfast programs in schools. The provision requires that ‘‘Breakfasts served by schools participating in the School Breakfast Program under this section shall consist of a combination of foods and shall meet minimum nutritional requirements prescribed by the Secretary on the basis of tested nutritional research.’’ The School Breakfast Program is administered and operated in accordance with the National School Lunch Act (NSLA). The Program is administered at the State and school food authority (SFA) levels and the operations include the submission and approval of applications, execution of agreements, submission of claims, payment of claims, monitoring, and providing technical assistance. The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) administers the School Breakfast Program on behalf of the Secretary of Agriculture so that needy children may receive their breakfasts free or at a reduced price. Need and Use of the Information: States, SFAs, and schools are required to keep accounts and records as may be necessary to enable FNS to determine whether the program is in compliance. School food authorities collect information from the schools and E:\FR\FM\31AUN1.SGM 31AUN1

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[Federal Register Volume 80, Number 168 (Monday, August 31, 2015)]
[Notices]
[Pages 52440-52441]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2015-21497]


========================================================================
Notices
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains documents other than rules 
or proposed rules that are applicable to the public. Notices of hearings 
and investigations, committee meetings, agency decisions and rulings, 
delegations of authority, filing of petitions and applications and agency 
statements of organization and functions are examples of documents 
appearing in this section.

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 168 / Monday, August 31, 2015 / 
Notices

[[Page 52440]]



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

[Docket No. APHIS-2015-0011]


Recognizing European Union (EU) and EU Member State 
Regionalization Decisions for African Swine Fever (ASF) by Updating the 
APHIS List of Regions Affected with ASF

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Notice and request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We are advising the public that we are adding European Union 
(EU) and EU Member State-defined regions of the EU to the Animal and 
Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) list of regions affected with 
African swine fever (ASF). We will recognize as affected with ASF any 
region of the EU that the EU or any EU Member State has placed under 
restriction because of detection of ASF. These regions currently 
include portions of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland, and all of 
Sardinia. APHIS will list the EU- and EU Member State-defined regions 
as a single entity. We are therefore removing Sardinia as an 
individually listed region from the APHIS list of ASF affected regions. 
We are taking this action because of the detection of ASF in Estonia, 
Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland.

DATES: Effective Date: The addition of the EU- and EU Member State-
defined regions to the APHIS list of regions affected with ASF is 
effective August 31, 2015. We will consider all comments that we 
receive on or before October 30, 2015.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by either of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2015-0011.
     Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Send your comment to 
Docket No. APHIS-2015-0011, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, 
APHIS, Station 3A-03.8, 4700 River Road Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737-
1238.
    Any comments we receive may be viewed at http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2015-0011 or in our reading 
room, which is located in room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th 
Street and Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC. Normal reading room 
hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. 
To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 799-7039 
before coming.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Donald Link, Import Risk Analyst, 
Regionalization Evaluation Services, National Import Export Services, 
Veterinary Services, APHIS, 920 Main Campus Drive, Suite 200, Raleigh, 
NC 27606; (919) 855-7731; Donald.B.Link@aphis.usda.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The regulations in 9 CFR part 94 (referred 
to below as the regulations) govern the importation of certain animals 
and animal products into the United States to prevent the introduction 
of various animal diseases, including rinderpest, foot-and-mouth 
disease (FMD), bovine spongiform encephalopathy, swine vesicular 
disease (SVD), classical swine fever (CSF), and African swine fever 
(ASF). The regulations prohibit or restrict the importation of live 
ruminants and swine, and products from these animals, from regions 
where these diseases are considered to exist.
    Sections 94.8 and 94.17 of part 94 of the regulations contain 
requirements governing the importation into the United States of pork 
and pork products from regions of the world where ASF exists or is 
reasonably believed to exist. A list of regions where ASF exists or is 
reasonably believed to exist is maintained on the Animal and Plant 
Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Web site at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/animals/animals_disease_status.shtml.
    Currently, the Islands of Sardinia and Malta are the only regions 
of the European Union (EU) that APHIS lists as affected with ASF. 
However, ASF outbreaks have recently occurred in domestic and feral 
swine in portions of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland. The EU has 
determined that the ASF virus was introduced into these regions from 
neighboring countries where ASF is present in both the feral and 
domestic swine populations. The EU has imposed restrictions on the 
movement of swine and swine products from the regions in which ASF was 
detected and surrounding regions in the EU. The restrictions and the 
regions subject to restriction by the EU are listed in the European 
Commission's Implementing Decision 2014/709/EU.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ The European Commission is the EU institution responsible 
for representing the EU as a whole. It proposes legislation, 
policies, and programs of action and implements decisions of the EU 
Parliament and Council. Commission Implementing Decision 2014/709/EU 
is available online at http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32014D0709.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In response to the outbreaks of ASF in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, 
and Poland, APHIS is modifying its list of ASF-affected regions. First, 
we are adding a new entry that would read ``Any restricted zone in the 
European Union (EU) established by the EU or any EU Member State 
because of detection of African swine fever in domestic or feral 
swine.'' Second, we are removing Sardinia as an individually listed 
region. With the addition of this entry to the APHIS list of ASF-
affected regions, the APHIS-recognized ASF status of almost any region 
of the EU would follow the EU and EU Member State restrictions based on 
ASF detections. Going forward, we would not list each affected region 
of the EU. We will continue to list Malta individually, which we 
currently recognize as affected with ASF, but which is not under ASF 
restrictions by the EU. We are currently evaluating the ASF status of 
Malta at the request of the EU. If we determine based on our evaluation 
that the ASF status of Malta should be changed, we will publish our 
findings and the evaluation for public comment. Adding this entry to 
the list would subject swine and swine products from EU-restricted 
regions to APHIS import restrictions designed to mitigate risk of ASF 
introduction into the United States.
    APHIS has previously evaluated the animal health infrastructure, 
veterinary oversight and legislation, and disease control programs of 
the EU and individual EU Member States for multiple livestock and 
poultry species and diseases. Previous APHIS evaluations assessed EU-
wide animal health measures and the ability of a

[[Page 52441]]

Member State to effectively transpose EU animal health regulations into 
its own veterinary infrastructure and livestock and/or poultry disease 
control programs. All of the evaluations were conducted in accordance 
with 9 CFR 92.2, which sets forth the requirements for requesting the 
recognition of the animal health status of a region as well as for the 
approval of the export of a particular type of animal or animal product 
to the United States from a foreign region. Most of the evaluations 
included a site visit. Through these evaluations, APHIS has analyzed 
veterinary oversight and animal health infrastructure at both the EU 
level and the individual Member State level, as well as disease history 
and vaccination practices for multiple diseases, livestock demographics 
and traceability practices for multiple species, epidemiologic 
separation from potential sources of infection, and surveillance 
programs, diagnostic laboratory capabilities, and emergency 
preparedness and response capabilities for multiple livestock and 
poultry diseases.
    Overall, APHIS has consistently concluded that the animal health 
infrastructure, veterinary oversight and legislation, and corresponding 
disease control programs are adequate at the EU level. While APHIS 
evaluations did find unique strengths and weaknesses in individual 
Member States, overall the findings of these evaluations have been 
favorable for the Member States. After assessing Member State animal 
health infrastructure, veterinary oversight and legislation, and 
disease control programs, and the Member States' ability to transpose 
and implement EU-level animal health controls, APHIS has taken 
liberalizing trade action for the EU and certain Member States. APHIS 
has recognized some Member States as free from FMD, rinderpest, SVD, 
and/or ASF; evaluated the EU and individual Member States for Newcastle 
disease and highly pathogenic avian influenza, resulting in APHIS 
establishing the APHIS-defined EU Poultry Trade Region; and evaluated 
the EU and individual Member States and other European countries for 
CSF, resulting in APHIS establishing the APHIS-defined European CSF 
region.
    APHIS recognizing EU and EU Member State regionalization decisions 
for ASF in the EU is similar to APHIS recognition of EU and Member 
State regionalization decisions for Newcastle disease and highly 
pathogenic avian influenza in the EU, and for CSF in the EU and other 
European countries, and is supported by previous APHIS evaluations of 
EU Member States for these and other livestock and poultry diseases as 
described above. In the event that the EU or an EU Member State 
significantly changes or entirely removes its ASF restrictions or 
otherwise significantly alters its regulatory framework for ASF, APHIS 
will conduct an evaluation to assess the impact of the changes on the 
risk of ASF introduction into the United States. APHIS will present for 
public comment the findings of any such evaluation.
    Because the EU- and EU Member State-defined ASF-affected regions 
includes areas not currently on the APHIS list of ASF-affected regions, 
we are adding the new entry to our list immediately to prevent the 
introduction of ASF into the United States. We will consider comments 
we receive during the comment period for this notice (see DATES above). 
After the comment period closes, we will publish another notice in the 
Federal Register. The notice will include a discussion of any comments 
we receive and any changes we are making in response to the comments.

    Authority:  7 U.S.C. 450, 7701-7772, 7781-7786, and 8301-8317; 
21 U.S.C. 136 and 136a; 31 U.S.C. 9701; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.4.

    Done in Washington, DC, this 26th day of August 2015.
Michael C. Gregoire,
Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. 2015-21497 Filed 8-28-15; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-P