Notice of Availability of New Guidelines for Pest Risk Assessments of Imported Fruits and Vegetables, 14510 [2013-05138]

Download as PDF 14510 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 44 / Wednesday, March 6, 2013 / Notices determination that release of this biological control agent will not have a significant impact on the quality of the human environment. The EA and FONSI may be viewed on the Regulations.gov Web site (see footnote 1). Copies of the EA and FONSI are also available for public inspection at USDA, room 1141, South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC, between 8 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. Persons wishing to inspect copies are requested to call ahead on (202) 799–7039 to facilitate entry into the reading room. In addition, copies may be obtained by calling or writing to the individual listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. The EA and FONSI have been prepared in accordance with: (1) The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), as amended (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.); (2) regulations of the Council on Environmental Quality for implementing the procedural provisions of NEPA (40 CFR parts 1500–1508); (3) USDA regulations implementing NEPA (7 CFR part 1b); and (4) APHIS’ NEPA Implementing Procedures (7 CFR part 372). Done in Washington, DC, this 28th day of February 2013. Kevin Shea, Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. [FR Doc. 2013–05141 Filed 3–5–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–34–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [Docket No. APHIS–2012–0077] Notice of Availability of New Guidelines for Pest Risk Assessments of Imported Fruits and Vegetables Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. pmangrum on DSK3VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES AGENCY: SUMMARY: We are advising the public that the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has prepared a document that describes the revised methodology that APHIS will use to conduct plant health pest risk assessments for imported fruit and vegetable commodities. These new guidelines are necessary to incorporate advancements in pest risk assessment methods, provide clearer and more transparent analyses, and streamline the market access analysis process. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Meredith Jones, Senior Regulatory VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:01 Mar 05, 2013 Jkt 229001 Policy Specialist, Regulatory Coordination and Compliance, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 156, Riverdale, MD 20737; (301) 851–2289. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background On October 17, 2000, under the authority of the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.), the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) began using a specific set of guidelines to conduct pathway-initiated, qualitative pest risk assessments (PRAs) for imports of fruits and vegetables. A PRA is defined by the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), of which the United States is a member, as an ‘‘evaluation of the probability of the introduction and spread of a pest and the magnitude of the associated potential economic consequences.’’ Following the characterization of the risk of the pest in the PRA, APHIS produces a risk management document to determine appropriate pest risk mitigation methods. APHIS has determined that it is necessary to update the previous guidelines, which were developed over 10 years ago, in order to provide a more streamlined and efficient process for developing PRAs. Revising the PRA guidelines allows APHIS to incorporate advancements in PRA methods, provide a clearer, more transparent, and more logical order of progression of the assessment, and more closely align the assessments to the IPPC’s international standards for phytosanitary measures. The new guidelines provide a more technically correct method of assessing risk by recognizing that the likelihood of pest introduction is multiplicative rather than additive; i.e., if one necessary step for the introduction of a pest has a low likelihood of occurring, there is an overall low likelihood of introduction of the pest, regardless of the likelihood of other steps. The new guidelines also address uncertainty, a principle not explicitly addressed in the previous guidelines. In addition, because the new guidelines are designed to make the PRA drafting process more efficient, we expect the time required to produce the PRAs and respond to market access requests to decrease. The PRA guidelines document, entitled ‘‘Guidelines for Plant Pest Risk Assessment of Imported Fruit & Vegetable Commodities,’’ may be viewed on the Regulations.gov Web site at https://www.regulations.gov/ #!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2012-0077 or in our reading room. The reading room is located in room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW., PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 799–7039 before coming. In addition, copies may be obtained by calling or writing to the individual listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Authority: 7 U.S.C. 450, 7701–7772, and 7781–7786; 21 U.S.C. 136 and 136a; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.3. Done in Washington, DC, this 28th day of February 2013. Kevin Shea, Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. [FR Doc. 2013–05138 Filed 3–5–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–34–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [Docket No. APHIS–2012–0064] Notice of Availability of a Treatment Evaluation Document and an Environmental Assessment for Pesticide Use in the Imported Fire Ant Program Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of availability and request for comments. AGENCY: SUMMARY: We are advising the public that we have determined that it is necessary to add and revise certain treatment schedules for the Imported Fire Ant Program in the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual. Thus, we have prepared a treatment evaluation document that discusses the existing treatment schedules, describes the new treatment schedules, and explains why these changes are necessary. In addition, an environmental assessment has been prepared by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service relative to pesticide use in the new and revised treatments in the imported fire ant program. The environmental assessment documents our review and analysis of environmental impacts associated with proposed new pesticides and new uses for previously approved pesticides. We are making this treatment evaluation document and environmental assessment available to the public for review and comment. DATES: We will consider all comments that we receive on or before May 6, 2013. E:\FR\FM\06MRN1.SGM 06MRN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 44 (Wednesday, March 6, 2013)]
[Notices]
[Page 14510]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-05138]


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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

[Docket No. APHIS-2012-0077]


Notice of Availability of New Guidelines for Pest Risk 
Assessments of Imported Fruits and Vegetables

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: We are advising the public that the Animal and Plant Health 
Inspection Service (APHIS) has prepared a document that describes the 
revised methodology that APHIS will use to conduct plant health pest 
risk assessments for imported fruit and vegetable commodities. These 
new guidelines are necessary to incorporate advancements in pest risk 
assessment methods, provide clearer and more transparent analyses, and 
streamline the market access analysis process.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Meredith Jones, Senior Regulatory 
Policy Specialist, Regulatory Coordination and Compliance, PPQ, APHIS, 
4700 River Road Unit 156, Riverdale, MD 20737; (301) 851-2289.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    On October 17, 2000, under the authority of the Plant Protection 
Act (7 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.), the Animal and Plant Health Inspection 
Service (APHIS) began using a specific set of guidelines to conduct 
pathway-initiated, qualitative pest risk assessments (PRAs) for imports 
of fruits and vegetables. A PRA is defined by the International Plant 
Protection Convention (IPPC), of which the United States is a member, 
as an ``evaluation of the probability of the introduction and spread of 
a pest and the magnitude of the associated potential economic 
consequences.'' Following the characterization of the risk of the pest 
in the PRA, APHIS produces a risk management document to determine 
appropriate pest risk mitigation methods.
    APHIS has determined that it is necessary to update the previous 
guidelines, which were developed over 10 years ago, in order to provide 
a more streamlined and efficient process for developing PRAs. Revising 
the PRA guidelines allows APHIS to incorporate advancements in PRA 
methods, provide a clearer, more transparent, and more logical order of 
progression of the assessment, and more closely align the assessments 
to the IPPC's international standards for phytosanitary measures. The 
new guidelines provide a more technically correct method of assessing 
risk by recognizing that the likelihood of pest introduction is 
multiplicative rather than additive; i.e., if one necessary step for 
the introduction of a pest has a low likelihood of occurring, there is 
an overall low likelihood of introduction of the pest, regardless of 
the likelihood of other steps. The new guidelines also address 
uncertainty, a principle not explicitly addressed in the previous 
guidelines. In addition, because the new guidelines are designed to 
make the PRA drafting process more efficient, we expect the time 
required to produce the PRAs and respond to market access requests to 
decrease.
    The PRA guidelines document, entitled ``Guidelines for Plant Pest 
Risk Assessment of Imported Fruit & Vegetable Commodities,'' may be 
viewed on the Regulations.gov Web site at https://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2012-0077 or in our reading room. The reading 
room is located in room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street 
and Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours 
are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be 
sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 799-7039 before 
coming. In addition, copies may be obtained by calling or writing to 
the individual listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.

    Authority:  7 U.S.C. 450, 7701-7772, and 7781-7786; 21 U.S.C. 
136 and 136a; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.3.

    Done in Washington, DC, this 28th day of February 2013.
Kevin Shea,
Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. 2013-05138 Filed 3-5-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-P