South American Cactus Moth Quarantine; Addition of the State of Louisiana, 81087 [2010-32261]

Download as PDF 81087 Rules and Regulations Federal Register Vol. 75, No. 247 Monday, December 27, 2010 This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510. The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. Prices of new books are listed in the first FEDERAL REGISTER issue of each week. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service 7 CFR Part 301 [Docket No. APHIS–2010–0037] South American Cactus Moth Quarantine; Addition of the State of Louisiana Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Affirmation of interim rule as final rule. AGENCY: We are adopting as a final rule, without change, an interim rule that amended the South American cactus moth regulations by adding the entire State of Louisiana to the list of quarantined areas. The interim rule restricted the interstate movement of regulated articles from areas in the State of Louisiana. This interim rule was necessary to prevent the artificial spread of the South American cactus moth to noninfested areas of the United States. DATES: Effective on December 27, 2010, we are adopting as a final rule the interim rule published at 75 FR 41073– 41074 on July 15, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Robyn Rose, South American Cactus Moth National Program Manager, Emergency and Domestic Programs, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 26, Riverdale, MD 20737–1236; (301) 734– 7121. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: erowe on DSK5CLS3C1PROD with RULES Background The South American cactus moth (Cactoblastis cactorum) is a grayishbrown moth with a wingspan of 22 to 35 millimeters (approximately 0.86 to 1.4 inches) that is indigenous to Argentina, southern Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. It is a serious quarantine VerDate Mar<15>2010 13:10 Dec 23, 2010 Jkt 223001 pest of Opuntia spp., and an occasional pest of Nopalea spp., Cylindropuntia spp., and Consolea spp., four closely related genera of the family Cactaceae. After an incubation period following mating, the female South American cactus moth deposits an egg stick resembling a cactus spine on the host plant. The egg stick, which consists of 70 to 90 eggs, hatches in 25 to 30 days and the larvae bore into the cactus pad to feed, eventually hollowing it out and killing the plant. Within a short period of time, the South American cactus moth can destroy whole stands of cactus. The South American cactus moth regulations in 7 CFR 301.55 through 301.55–9 (referred to below as the regulations) restrict the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas to prevent the artificial spread of South American cactus moth to noninfested areas of the United States. In an interim rule 1 effective and published in the Federal Register on July 15, 2010 (75 FR 41073–41074, Docket No. APHIS–2010–0037), we amended the regulations by adding the State of Louisiana to the list of quarantined areas. Comments on the interim rule were required to be received on or before September 13, 2010. We did not receive any comments. Therefore, for the reasons given in the interim rule, we are adopting the interim rule as a final rule without change. This action also affirms the information contained in the interim rule concerning Executive Order 12866 and the Regulatory Flexibility Act, Executive Orders 12372 and 12988, and the Paperwork Reduction Act. Further, for this action, the Office of Management and Budget has waived its review under Executive Order 12866. List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 301 Agricultural commodities, Plant diseases and pests, Quarantine, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation. PART 301—DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Accordingly, we are adopting as a final rule, without change, the interim ■ 1 To view the interim rule, go to https:// www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/component/ main?main=DocketDetail&d=APHIS-2010-0037. PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 rule that amended 7 CFR part 301 and that was published at 75 FR 41073– 41074 on July 15, 2010. Done in Washington, DC, this 16th day of December 2010. Kevin Shea, Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. [FR Doc. 2010–32261 Filed 12–23–10; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3410–34–P DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service 7 CFR Part 301 [Docket No. APHIS–2010–0089] Plum Pox Virus; Update of Quarantined Areas Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. ACTION: Interim rule and request for comments. AGENCY: We are amending the plum pox virus (PPV) regulations by adding portions of Niagara, Orleans, and Wayne Counties, NY, to the list of quarantined areas and restricting the interstate movement of regulated articles from these quarantined areas. We are also amending the regulations by removing the townships of Latimore and Huntington in Adams County, PA, from the list of quarantined areas. These actions are necessary to prevent the spread of PPV from the quarantined areas of New York to uninfected areas of the United States and to relieve restrictions in Pennsylvania that are no longer necessary. DATES: This interim rule is effective December 27, 2010. We will consider all comments that we receive on or before February 25, 2011. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by either of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to https://www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/ component/main?main=DocketDetail &d=APHIS-2010-0089 to submit or view comments and to view supporting and related materials available electronically. • Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Please send one copy of your comment to Docket No. APHIS–2010–0089, Regulatory Analysis and Development, SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\27DER1.SGM 27DER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 75, Number 247 (Monday, December 27, 2010)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Page 81087]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2010-32261]



========================================================================
Rules and Regulations
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents 
having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed 
to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published 
under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510.

The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. 
Prices of new books are listed in the first FEDERAL REGISTER issue of each 
week.

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 247 / Monday, December 27, 2010 / 
Rules and Regulations

[[Page 81087]]



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

7 CFR Part 301

[Docket No. APHIS-2010-0037]


South American Cactus Moth Quarantine; Addition of the State of 
Louisiana

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Affirmation of interim rule as final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We are adopting as a final rule, without change, an interim 
rule that amended the South American cactus moth regulations by adding 
the entire State of Louisiana to the list of quarantined areas. The 
interim rule restricted the interstate movement of regulated articles 
from areas in the State of Louisiana. This interim rule was necessary 
to prevent the artificial spread of the South American cactus moth to 
noninfested areas of the United States.

DATES: Effective on December 27, 2010, we are adopting as a final rule 
the interim rule published at 75 FR 41073-41074 on July 15, 2010.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Robyn Rose, South American Cactus 
Moth National Program Manager, Emergency and Domestic Programs, PPQ, 
APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 26, Riverdale, MD 20737-1236; (301) 734-
7121.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    The South American cactus moth (Cactoblastis cactorum) is a 
grayish-brown moth with a wingspan of 22 to 35 millimeters 
(approximately 0.86 to 1.4 inches) that is indigenous to Argentina, 
southern Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. It is a serious quarantine pest 
of Opuntia spp., and an occasional pest of Nopalea spp., Cylindropuntia 
spp., and Consolea spp., four closely related genera of the family 
Cactaceae. After an incubation period following mating, the female 
South American cactus moth deposits an egg stick resembling a cactus 
spine on the host plant. The egg stick, which consists of 70 to 90 
eggs, hatches in 25 to 30 days and the larvae bore into the cactus pad 
to feed, eventually hollowing it out and killing the plant. Within a 
short period of time, the South American cactus moth can destroy whole 
stands of cactus.
    The South American cactus moth regulations in 7 CFR 301.55 through 
301.55-9 (referred to below as the regulations) restrict the interstate 
movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas to prevent the 
artificial spread of South American cactus moth to noninfested areas of 
the United States.
    In an interim rule \1\ effective and published in the Federal 
Register on July 15, 2010 (75 FR 41073-41074, Docket No. APHIS-2010-
0037), we amended the regulations by adding the State of Louisiana to 
the list of quarantined areas.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ To view the interim rule, go to https://www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/component/main?main=DocketDetail&d=APHIS-2010-0037.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Comments on the interim rule were required to be received on or 
before September 13, 2010. We did not receive any comments. Therefore, 
for the reasons given in the interim rule, we are adopting the interim 
rule as a final rule without change.
    This action also affirms the information contained in the interim 
rule concerning Executive Order 12866 and the Regulatory Flexibility 
Act, Executive Orders 12372 and 12988, and the Paperwork Reduction Act.
    Further, for this action, the Office of Management and Budget has 
waived its review under Executive Order 12866.

List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 301

    Agricultural commodities, Plant diseases and pests, Quarantine, 
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation.

PART 301--DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES

0
Accordingly, we are adopting as a final rule, without change, the 
interim rule that amended 7 CFR part 301 and that was published at 75 
FR 41073-41074 on July 15, 2010.

    Done in Washington, DC, this 16th day of December 2010.
Kevin Shea,
Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. 2010-32261 Filed 12-23-10; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-P