Library of Congress – Federal Register Recent Federal Regulation Documents

Registration Modernization
Document Number: 2018-22486
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-10-17
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is building a new registration system to meet the demands of the digital age. As the Office develops a new technological infrastructure for this system, it is considering several legal and policy changes to improve user experience, increase Office efficiency, and decrease processing times. The Office is seeking public comment to inform its decisions on how to improve the regulations and practices related to the registration of copyright claims.
Filing of Schedules by Rights Owners and Contact Information by Transmitting Entities Relating to Pre-1972 Sound Recordings
Document Number: 2018-22518
Type: Rule
Date: 2018-10-16
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is issuing interim regulations pursuant to the Classics Protection and Access Act, title II of the recently enacted Orrin G. Hatch-Bob Goodlatte Music Modernization Act. These regulations pertain to the filing of schedules by rights owners listing their sound recordings fixed before February 15, 1972, and the filing of contact information by entities publicly performing these sound recordings by means of digital audio transmission. As required under the Act, the Office is also specifying how individuals may request timely notification of the filing of such schedules with the Office. These regulations are issued on an interim basis with opportunity for comment to comply with statutory requirements and to ensure that both rights owners and transmitting entities can promptly make use of these new filing mechanisms to protect their respective legal interests. The Office welcomes comment on these interim rules.
Noncommercial Use of Pre-1972 Sound Recordings That Are Not Being Commercially Exploited
Document Number: 2018-22516
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-10-16
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is issuing a notice of inquiry regarding the Classics Protection and Access Act, title II of the recently enacted Orrin G. Hatch-Bob Goodlatte Music Modernization Act. In connection with the establishment of federal remedies for unauthorized uses of sound recordings fixed before February 15, 1972 (``Pre-1972 Sound Recordings''), Congress also established an exception for certain noncommercial uses of Pre-1972 Sound Recordings that are not being commercially exploited. To qualify for this exemption, a user must file a notice of noncommercial use after conducting a good faith, reasonable search to determine whether the Pre-1972 Sound Recording is being commercially exploited, and the rights owner of the sound recording must not object to the use within 90 days. To promulgate the regulations required by the new statute, the Office is soliciting comments regarding specific steps that a user should take to demonstrate she has made a good faith, reasonable search. The Office also solicits comments regarding the filing requirements for the user to submit a notice of noncommercial use and for a rights owner to submit a notice objecting to such use.
Streamlining the Administration of DART Royalty Accounts and Electronic Royalty Payment Processes
Document Number: 2018-22372
Type: Rule
Date: 2018-10-15
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is establishing a rule to codify its procedures for closing royalty payments accounts under section 1005 of the Copyright Act, and is amending its regulations governing online payment procedures for statutory licensing statements of account to no longer require that payments for these accounts be made in a single lump sum. These changes are intended to improve the efficiency of the Copyright Office's Licensing Division operations.
Adjustment of Cable Statutory License Royalty Rates; Correction
Document Number: 2018-19217
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-09-06
Agency: Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress, Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The Copyright Royalty Judges (Judges) are correcting one of the references to a docket number in a proposed rule that appeared in the Federal Register on July 30, 2018, and are reopening for an additional fourteen days the period for comments on modified proposed regulations to require affected cable systems to pay a separate per- telecast royalty (a Sports Surcharge) in addition to the other royalties that those cable systems must pay under Section 111 of the Copyright Act.
Distribution of Cable Royalty Funds; Distribution of Satellite Royalty Funds
Document Number: 2018-16780
Type: Notice
Date: 2018-08-06
Agency: Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress, Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The Copyright Royalty Judges (Judges) announce final distribution of a portion of cable and satellite royalty funds for the years 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013. The determination results from agreement among the participants that claim shares of the funds to be allocated to the Devotional Claimant category. The Judges issued their initial determination to the participants on July 19, 2018.
Adjustment of Cable Statutory License Royalty Rates
Document Number: 2018-16175
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-07-30
Agency: Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress, Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The Copyright Royalty Judges (Judges) publish for comment modified proposed regulations to require affected cable systems to pay a separate per-telecast royalty (a Sports Surcharge) in addition to the other royalties that those cable systems must pay under Section 111 of the Copyright Act.
Streamlining the Administration of DART Royalty Accounts and Electronic Royalty Payment Processes
Document Number: 2018-14543
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-07-11
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The Copyright Office is proposing to establish a regulation regarding its procedures for closing out royalty payments accounts under section 1005, and updating its regulations governing online payment procedures for cable, satellite, and digital audio recording technology (``DART'') statements of account to no longer require that payments be made in a single lump sum. These amendments are intended to improve the efficiency of the Copyright Office's Licensing Division operations.
Copyright Office Fees: Extension of Comment Period
Document Number: 2018-13323
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-06-21
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The Copyright Office is extending the deadline for the submission of written comments in response to its May 24, 2018 notice of proposed rulemaking proposing the adoption of a new fee schedule.
Group Registration of Serials
Document Number: 2018-13018
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-06-18
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is extending the deadline for the submission of written comments in response to its May 17, 2018 notice of proposed rulemaking regarding amendments to its regulation governing the group registration option for serials.
Group Registration of Newsletters
Document Number: 2018-13017
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-06-18
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is extending the deadline for the submission of written comments in response to its May 17, 2018 notice of proposed rulemaking regarding amendments to its regulation governing the group registration option for newsletters.
Statutory Cable, Satellite, and DART License Reporting Practices
Document Number: 2018-12080
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-06-06
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The United States Copyright Office is extending the deadlines for the submission of written comments in response to its December 1, 2017 notice of proposed rulemaking concerning the royalty reporting practices of cable operators under section 111 and proposed revisions to the Statement of Account forms, and on proposed amendments to the Statement of Account filing requirements.
Distribution of 2016 Cable Royalty Funds
Document Number: 2018-11938
Type: Notice
Date: 2018-06-04
Agency: Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress, Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The Copyright Royalty Judges solicit comments on a motion for partial distribution of 2016 cable royalty funds.
Group Registration of Newspapers
Document Number: 2018-11841
Type: Rule
Date: 2018-06-01
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is amending its regulation governing the deposit of published copies or phonorecords for the Library of Congress to correct an inadvertent error.
Copyright Office Fees
Document Number: 2018-11095
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-05-24
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The Copyright Office is proposing the adoption of a new fee schedule. The proposed fees would help the Office recover a significant part, though not the whole, of its costs. The Office is providing an opportunity to the public to comment on the proposed changes before it submits the fee schedule to Congress.
Determination of Royalty Rates and Terms for Making Ephemeral Copies of Sound Recordings for Transmission to Business Establishments (Business Establishments III)
Document Number: 2018-10509
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-05-17
Agency: Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress, Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The Copyright Royalty Judges (Judges) publish for comment proposed regulations that set rates and terms for the making of an ephemeral recording of a sound recording by a business establishment service for the period January 1, 2019, through December 31, 2023.
Group Registration of Serials
Document Number: 2018-10422
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-05-17
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is proposing to update its regulation governing the group registration option for serialsworks such as magazines and journals. The proposed rule will make a number of changes to reflect current Office practices, promote efficiency of the registration process, and encourage broader participation in the registration system by reducing the burden on applicants. Specifically, the proposed rule will require applicants to file an online application rather than a paper application, and upload a complete digital copy of each issue through the electronic registration system instead of submitting them in physical form. It will update the eligibility requirements for this group option in several respects, such as clarifying that each issue must be published under the same continuing title. In addition, the proposed rule will remove the requirement that the claimant provide the Library of Congress with two complimentary subscriptions to that serial as a condition for using the group registration option. Under the proposed rule, however, serial publishers will remain subject to the mandatory deposit requirement. Specifically, if a serial is published in the United States in a physical format, the publisher must send complimentary subscriptions to the Library, unless it is informed that the serial title is not needed for the Library's collection. Serials published only in electronic form will continue to be subject to the existing on-demand mandatory deposit regime. The Office invites public comment on these proposed changes.
Group Registration of Newsletters
Document Number: 2018-10420
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-05-17
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is proposing to update its regulation governing the group registration option for newsletters, which are defined in part as a class of serials that are published at least two days each week. The proposed rule would make a number of changes to reflect current Office practices, promote efficiency of the registration process, and encourage broader participation in the registration system by reducing the burden on applicants. Specifically, the proposed rule would require applicants to file an online application, rather than a paper application, and upload a complete digital copy of each issue through the electronic registration system instead of submitting them in physical form. The proposed rule would amend the definition of ``newsletter,'' and eliminate the requirement that each issue must be a work made for hire and the requirement that the applicants submit their claims within a certain period of time. In addition, the proposed rule would remove the requirement that the claimant provide the Library with complimentary subscriptions to or microfilm of the newsletter as a condition for using the group registration option. Under the proposed rule, however, newsletter publishers would remain subject to the mandatory deposit requirement. Specifically, if the newsletter is published in the United States in a physical format, the publisher must provide the Library with two complimentary subscriptions to the newsletter, unless it is informed that the newsletter is not needed for the Library's collections. Newsletters published only in electronic form would continue to be subject to the general, existing on-demand mandatory deposit regime for electronic serials. The Office invites public comment on these proposed changes.
Mandatory Deposit of Electronic-Only Books: Extension of Comment Period
Document Number: 2018-10421
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-05-16
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is further extending the deadline for the submission of written comments in response to its April 16, 2018 notice of proposed rulemaking, regarding revisions to its regulations to finalize a 2010 interim rule regarding mandatory deposit of electronic-only works, and to make electronic-only books published in the United States subject to the mandatory deposit requirements if they are affirmatively demanded by the Office.
Mandatory Deposit of Electronic-Only Books
Document Number: 2018-07484
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-04-16
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
Section 407 of the Copyright Act requires the mandatory deposit with the Copyright Office (``Office'') of all works published in the United States, within three months of publication, for use by the Library of Congress (``Library''). The Office is allowed to exclude certain classes of works from this requirement. In a 2010 interim rule, the Office codified its longstanding practice of excluding from the mandatory deposit requirements all electronic works that are not otherwise available in a physical format (i.e., ``electronic works published in the United States and available only online.''). The 2010 interim rule created one exception to this general rule for electronic- only serials, which are subject to mandatory deposit, if they are published in the United States and if they are affirmatively demanded by the Office. On May 17, 2016, the Office published a Notice of Inquiry seeking public comment on potential regulatory changes that would make the interim rule final and would make electronic-only books and sound recordings subject to mandatory deposit requirements by way of the same demand process. Based on the responses to the NOI and input from the Library, the Office proposes revising its regulations to make the interim rule final, and to make electronic-only books published in the United States subject to the mandatory deposit requirements if they are affirmatively demanded by the Office. The proposed rule does not address mandatory deposit of electronic-only sound recordings.
Statutory Cable, Satellite, and DART License Reporting Practices
Document Number: 2018-04644
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-03-08
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The United States Copyright Office is extending the deadlines for the submission of written comments in response to its December 1, 2017 notice of proposed rulemaking concerning the royalty reporting practices of cable operators under section 111 and proposed revisions to the Statement of Account forms, and on proposed amendments to the Statement of Account filing requirements.
Streamlining the Single Application and Clarifying Eligibility Requirements
Document Number: 2018-02204
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-02-06
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
On December 16, 2017, the U.S. Copyright Office released a new version of the Single Application, an online registration option that allows a single author to register a claim in one work that is solely owned by the same author and is not a work made for hire. The new Single Application includes enhanced features that should improve the user experience, increase the efficiency of the examination, and reduce the correspondence rate for these types of claims. To coincide with these technical upgrades, the Office is now proposing to amend its regulations to clarify the eligibility requirements for the Single Application, and codify certain practices set forth in the Compendium of U.S. Copyright Office Practices, Third Edition. In addition, the proposed rule confirms that the Single Application may be used to register one sound recording and one musical work, literary work, or dramatic worknotwithstanding the fact that a sound recording and the work embodied in that recording are separate works. The proposed rule will also clarify the eligibility requirements for the Office's Standard Application, which is used to register certain works that are ineligible for the Single Application, such as works with more than one owner. In addition, the proposed rule will eliminate the ``short form'' version of the Office's paper applications, and make technical amendments to the regulations governing preregistration, architectural works, mask works, vessel designs, the unit of publication registration option, and the group registration option for database updates. The proposed rule will also allow for paper applications to be certified with a typed or printed signature by removing the requirement that the certification must include a ``handwritten'' signature of the certifying party.
Exemptions To Permit Circumvention of Access Controls on Copyrighted Works: Notice of Public Hearings
Document Number: 2018-02086
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2018-02-02
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The United States Copyright Office will be holding public hearings as part of the seventh triennial rulemaking proceeding under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (``DMCA'') concerning possible exemptions to the DMCA's prohibition against circumvention of technological measures that control access to copyrighted works. The public hearings will be held in April 2018 in Washington, DC and Los Angeles. Parties interested in testifying at the public hearings are invited to submit requests to testify pursuant to the instructions set forth below.
Group Registration of Newspapers
Document Number: 2018-01838
Type: Rule
Date: 2018-01-30
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is amending its regulation governing the group registration option for newspapers. The final rule will make a number of changes to reflect current Office practices, improve the efficiency of the registration process, and encourage broader participation in the registration system by reducing the burden on applicants. Specifically, the final rule revises the definition of ``newspaper issues'' and clarifies that the group registration option may be used to register any qualifying ``newspaper issue.'' The final rule will also require applicants to file an online application rather than a paper application, and upload a complete digital copy of each issue through the Office's electronic registration system instead of submitting them in physical form. Digital copies of newspapers received by the Office under this group registration option will be offered to the Library of Congress for use in its collections, and the Library intends to provide public access to these digital files, subject to the restrictions set forth in the final rule. Applicants may continue to submit their issues on microfilm on a voluntary basis (in addition to and at the same time as submitting digital files) if the microfilm is received by December 31, 2019. After that date, the microfilm option will be eliminated. The final rule clarifies that each issue in the group must be a new collective work and a work made for hire, that the author and copyright claimant for each issue must be the same person or organization, and that the claim must be received within three months after the publication of the earliest issue in the group. Finally, the rule confirms that a group registration covers each issue in the group, as well as any contributions appearing within each issue if they are fully owned by the copyright claimant and if they were first published in those issues.
Notice of Intent To Audit
Document Number: 2018-01011
Type: Notice
Date: 2018-01-22
Agency: Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress, Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The Copyright Royalty Judges announce receipt of three notices of intent to audit the 2013, 2014, and 2015 statements of account submitted by commercial webcaster and broadcaster Alpha Media LLC and by commercial webcasters Google Inc. and Music Choice \1\ concerning royalty payments each made pursuant to two statutory licenses.
Determination of Rates and Terms for Public Broadcasting (PB III)
Document Number: 2018-00735
Type: Rule
Date: 2018-01-19
Agency: Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress, Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The Copyright Royalty Judges publish this final rule regarding rates and terms for use of certain works in connection with noncommercial broadcasting for the period commencing January 1, 2018, and ending on December 31, 2022.
Group Registration of Photographs
Document Number: 2018-00687
Type: Rule
Date: 2018-01-18
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The U.S. Copyright Office is modernizing its practices to increase the efficiency of the group registration option for photographs. This final rule modifies the procedure for registering groups of published photographs (GRPPH), and establishes a similar procedure for registering groups of unpublished photographs (GRUPH). Applicants will be required to use a new online application specifically designed for each option, instead of using a paper application, and will be allowed to include up to 750 photographs in each claim. The ``unpublished collection'' option (which allows an unlimited number of photographs to be registered with one application), and the ``pilot program'' (which allows an unlimited number of published photographs to be registered with the application designed for one work) will be eliminated. The corresponding ``pilot program'' for photographic databases will remain in effect for the time being. The final rule modernizes the deposit requirements by requiring applicants to submit their photographs in a digital format when using GRPPH, GRUPH, or the pilot program for photographic databases, along with a separate document containing a list of the titles and file names for each photograph. The final rule revises the eligibility requirements for GRPPH and GRUPH by providing that all the photographs must be created by the same ``author'' (a term that includes an employer or other person for whom a work is made for hire), and clarifying that they do not need to be created by the same photographer or published within the same country. It also confirms that a group registration issued under GRPHH or GRUPH covers each photograph in the group, each photograph is registered as a separate work, and the group as a whole is not considered a compilation or a collective work.
Simplifying Deposit Requirements for Certain Literary Works and Musical Compositions
Document Number: 2018-00701
Type: Rule
Date: 2018-01-17
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The United States Copyright Office is issuing a final rule, amending regulations that govern the deposit requirements for certain types of literary works and musical compositions. The final rule is adopted as proposed in the notice of proposed rulemaking, though the Office provides some clarification regarding the rule's application.
Secure Tests: Extension of Comment Period
Document Number: 2018-00549
Type: Rule
Date: 2018-01-16
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The U.S. Copyright Office is further extending the deadline for the submission of written comments in response to its June 12, 2017 and November 13, 2017 interim rules, regarding changes to the special procedure for examining secure tests, and the creation of a new group registration option for secure tests, respectively.
Statutory Cable, Satellite, and DART License Reporting Practices
Document Number: 2017-27933
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2017-12-27
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The United States Copyright Office is extending the deadlines for the submission of written comments in response to its December 1, 2017 notice of proposed rulemaking concerning the royalty reporting practices of cable operators under section 111 and proposed revisions to the Statement of Account forms, and on proposed amendments to the Statement of Account filing requirements.
Scope of Preexisting Subscription Services
Document Number: 2017-27088
Type: Notice
Date: 2017-12-15
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The Copyright Royalty Judges referred novel material questions of substantive law to the Register of Copyrights for resolution in connection with the SDARS III proceeding. The Register responded with a written opinion that is reproduced below.
Statutory Cable, Satellite, and DART License Reporting Practices
Document Number: 2017-26631
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2017-12-11
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
On December 1, 2017, the United States Copyright Office published a notice of proposed rulemaking and request for comments concerning the royalty reporting practices of cable operators under section 111 and proposed revisions to the Statement of Account forms, and on proposed amendments to the Statement of Account filing requirements. The Copyright Office has determined that reply comments would also be appropriate for this rulemaking. In addition, the Office has determined that informal ex-parte communications with interested parties might be beneficial, such as to discuss nuances of proposed regulatory language.
Secure Tests: Extension of Comment Period
Document Number: 2017-25859
Type: Rule
Date: 2017-12-01
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The U.S. Copyright Office is extending the deadline for the submission of written comments in response to its June 12, 2017 and November 13, 2017 interim rules, regarding changes to the special procedure for examining secure tests, and the creation of a new group registration option for secure tests, respectively.
Statutory Cable, Satellite, and DART License Reporting Practices
Document Number: 2017-25487
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2017-12-01
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The U.S. Copyright Office (``Office'') is seeking comment on proposed rules governing the royalty reporting practices of cable operators under section 111 and proposed revisions to the Statement of Account forms, and on proposed amendments to the Statement of Account filing requirements. With this Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, the Office intends to resolve issues raised in an earlier Notice of Inquiry directed towards cable reporting practices,\1\ as well as address additional issues that have subsequently arisen. Further, to the extent this rulemaking proposes changes to the Office's section 111 regulations governing the processing of refunds, supplemental or amended payments, or calculation of interest, as well as case management procedures, the Office proposes similar changes with regard to the regulations governing the statutory licenses for satellite carriers and digital audio recording devices or media.
Determination of Rates and Terms for Preexisting Subscription Services and Satellite Digital Audio Radio Services
Document Number: 2017-25816
Type: Rule
Date: 2017-11-30
Agency: Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress, Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The Copyright Royalty Judges publish their ruling on regulatory interpretation that was referred to them by the United States District Court for the District Of Columbia. The regulation at issue is about gross revenue exclusions that a satellite digital audio radio service may use when calculating royalty payments owed to SoundExchange, a collective for copyright owners, for digital transmissions of sound recordings pursuant to a statutory license. The Judges find that Sirius XM properly interpreted the regulation to apply to pre-'72 sound recordings and that it improperly excluded certain revenues from its Gross Revenues royalty base.
Cost of Living Adjustment to Satellite Carrier Compulsory License Royalty Rates
Document Number: 2017-25481
Type: Rule
Date: 2017-11-27
Agency: Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress, Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The Copyright Royalty Judges announce a cost of living adjustment (COLA) of 2.0% in the royalty rates satellite carriers pay for a compulsory license under the Copyright Act. The COLA is based on the change in the Consumer Price Index from October 2016 to October 2017.
Cost of Living Adjustment to Royalty Rates for Webcaster Statutory License
Document Number: 2017-25480
Type: Rule
Date: 2017-11-27
Agency: Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress, Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The Copyright Royalty Judges announce a cost of living adjustment (COLA) in the royalty rates that commercial and noncommercial noninteractive webcasters pay for eligible transmissions pursuant to the statutory licenses for the public performance of and for the making of ephemeral reproductions of sound recordings.
Procedural Regulations for the Copyright Royalty Board Regarding Electronic Filing of Claims; Corrections
Document Number: 2017-25183
Type: Rule
Date: 2017-11-21
Agency: Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress, Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
On June 13, 2017, the Copyright Royalty Judges revised their rules regarding filing of claims. That document inadvertently added a requirement that filers of joint DART claims include addresses and email addresses for all claimants. Interested parties filed a petition to amend asking the Judges to remove the requirement because the proposed rule did not include it. This document corrects the final regulations to remove the requirement.
Secure Tests
Document Number: 2017-24532
Type: Rule
Date: 2017-11-13
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is issuing an update to its interim rule, issued June 12, 2017, governing registration of secure tests. Based on the initial comments received on that interim rule, the Office has determined that there is an immediate need to establish a new group registration option for secure test questions and answers and other related materials (referred to as ``test items'') that are stored in an electronic database, test bank, or other medium of expression. This interim rule incorporates most of the same procedures that the Office adopted in its recent interim rule on secure tests and adds additional procedures for group registration. To seek a group registration, applicants will be required to submit an online application, upload a redacted copy of the individual test items to the electronic registration system, and complete and submit a brief questionnaire. If, based on the answers to the questionnaire, the test items appear to be eligible for the group registration option, the Office will contact the applicant and schedule an appointment to deliver these materials to the Office in person. On the appointed date, the applicant must bring a copy of the application and a complete unredacted copy of the actual test items. In addition, the applicant must bring a redacted copy of the test items, and a signed declaration confirming that this copy is identical to the redacted copy that was uploaded to the electronic registration system. The Office will examine each test item to determine if it contains sufficient copyrightable authorship. If the Office registers the claim, the registration will cover each test item as a separate work of authorship, and the registration will be effective as of the date the Office initially received the application, filing fee, and the redacted copy of the test items in proper form through the electronic registration system. To be clear, the previous interim rule otherwise remains in effect, and applicants may continue to use that rule to register individual secure tests. The Office welcomes public comment on both this interim rule and the June 12, 2017 interim rule.
Modernizing Copyright Recordation
Document Number: 2017-24527
Type: Rule
Date: 2017-11-13
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The United States Copyright Office is issuing an interim rule amending its regulations governing recordation of transfers of copyright ownership, other documents pertaining to a copyright, and notices of termination. The interim rule adopts a number of the regulatory updates proposed in the notice of proposed rulemaking published on May 18, 2017.
Fees for Electronic Recordation and Notices of Intention To Obtain a Compulsory License
Document Number: 2017-24526
Type: Rule
Date: 2017-11-13
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is publishing a final rule establishing a separate, lower filing fee for recording documents when they are submitted with an electronic title list. Separately, the Office is noting a policy change, effective on the same date as the final rule, to require the payment of fees for the filing of all notices of intention to obtain a compulsory license to make and distribute phonorecords, including those that are filed in the Office after failed delivery to the copyright owner.
Group Registration of Unpublished Works: Extension of Comment Period
Document Number: 2017-24511
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2017-11-13
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The U.S. Copyright Office is extending the deadlines for the submission of written comments in response to its October 12, 2017 notice of proposed rulemaking, regarding the creation of a new group registration option for unpublished works to replace the existing ``unpublished collections'' registration option. In this document, the Office also clarifies that the new group registration option is not intended for group registration of unpublished photographs; that is the subject of a separate proposed rulemaking, which would permit submission of up to 750 photographs on one application.
Determination of Rates and Terms for Public Broadcasting (PB III)
Document Number: 2017-23991
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2017-11-07
Agency: Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress, Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The Copyright Royalty Judges solicit comments on proposed rates and terms for use of certain works in connection with noncommercial broadcasting for the period commencing January 1, 2018, and ending on December 31, 2022.
Group Registration of Newspapers
Document Number: 2017-23917
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2017-11-06
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The U.S. Copyright Office is proposing to amend its regulation governing the group registration option for newspapers. The proposed rule will make a number of changes to reflect current Office practices, promote efficiency of the registration process, and encourage broader participation in the registration system by reducing the burden on applicants. Specifically, the proposed rule revises the definition of ``newspaper issues'' and clarifies that the group registration option is available to any qualifying ``newspaper issue.'' The proposed rule will require applicants to file an online application rather than a paper application, and upload a complete digital copy of each issue through the electronic registration system instead of submitting them in physical form. The Library of Congress intends to incorporate digital copies of newspapers received by the Office under this group registration option, and provide public access to them, subject to certain restrictions set forth in the proposed rule. Applicants may continue to submit their issues on microfilm (in addition to submitting digital files) on a voluntary basis if the microfilm is received by December 31, 2019. After that date, the microfilm option will be phased out. The proposed rule will clarify that each newspaper issue in the group must be a new collective work and a work made for hire, that the author and copyright claimant for each issue must be the same person or organization, and will clarify the scope of protection for newspaper issues, compared to individual components appearing within those issues. In addition, the proposed rule will require applicants to submit a full month of issues, and submit their claims within three months after the publication of the earliest issue in the group. The Office invites public comment on these proposed changes.
Exemptions To Permit Circumvention of Access Controls on Copyrighted Works
Document Number: 2017-23038
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2017-10-26
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions, Copyright Office
The United States Copyright Office (``Copyright Office'' or ``Office'') is conducting the seventh triennial rulemaking proceeding under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (``DMCA''), concerning possible temporary exemptions to the DMCA's prohibition against circumvention of technological measures that control access to copyrighted works. In this proceeding, the Copyright Office has established a new, streamlined procedure for the renewal of exemptions that were granted during the sixth triennial rulemaking. It is also considering petitions for new exemptions to engage in activities not currently permitted by existing exemptions. On June 30, 2017, the Office published a Notice of Inquiry requesting petitions to renew existing exemptions and comments in response to those petitions, as well as petitions for new exemptions to engage in activities not currently permitted by existing exemptions. The Office has carefully considered the comments received in response to that Notice. With this Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (``NPRM''), the Office intends to recommend each of the existing exemptions for readoption. This NPRM also initiates three rounds of public comment on the newly-proposed exemptions. Interested parties are invited to make full legal and evidentiary submissions in support of or in opposition to the proposed exemptions, in accordance with the requirements set forth below.
Group Registration of Unpublished Works
Document Number: 2017-21722
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2017-10-12
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The U.S. Copyright Office is proposing to create a new group registration option for a limited number of unpublished works. To qualify for this group option, all the works must be created by the same author or the same joint authors, and the author or joint authors must be named as the copyright claimant for each work. The claim to copyright in each work must be the same, and each work must be registered in the same administrative class. In general, applicants will be allowed to include up to five works in each submission. Applicants will be required to submit an online application and upload their works to the electronic registration system, although the Office may waive these requirements in exceptional cases. This new group registration option will replace the current ``unpublished collections'' option, which the Office has determined is an ineffective mechanism for registration of multiple unpublished works; among other things, it allows applicants to register an essentially unlimited number of works. The proposed rule will allow the Office to more easily examine each work for copyrightable authorship, create a more robust record of the claim, and improve the efficiency of the registration process. The Proposed Rule also makes unrelated technical amendments to the ``unit of publication'' regulation.
Compendium of U.S. Copyright Office Practices
Document Number: 2017-21065
Type: Notice
Date: 2017-09-29
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The U.S. Copyright Office is announcing the release of an update to its administrative manual, the Compendium of U.S. Copyright Office Practices, Third Edition, which goes into effect as of September 29, 2017.
Distribution of 2015 Satellite Royalty Funds
Document Number: 2017-20926
Type: Notice
Date: 2017-09-29
Agency: Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress, Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The Copyright Royalty Judges solicit reply comments on a motion of Allocation Phase claimants for partial distribution of 2015 satellite royalty funds.
Adjustment of Royalty Rates for Statutory Cable Retransmission License
Document Number: 2017-20190
Type: Proposed Rule
Date: 2017-09-22
Agency: Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress, Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
The Copyright Royalty Judges solicit reply comments on the legal issue of the purported reach of the proposed rules relating to a cable system license royalty surcharge for retransmission of broadcasts of certain professional sports events.
Affixation and Position of Copyright Notice
Document Number: 2017-19285
Type: Rule
Date: 2017-09-12
Agency: Library of Congress, Agencies and Commissions
This final rule makes a non-substantive technical change to the U.S. Copyright Office's regulations governing the affixation and position of copyright notice on various types of works.