Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is promulgating this final rule to adjust the level of statutory civil monetary penalty amounts under the statutes EPA administers. This action is mandated by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, as amended through the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (``the 2015 Act''). The 2015 Act prescribes a formula for annually adjusting statutory civil penalties to reflect inflation, maintain the deterrent effect of statutory civil penalties, and promote compliance with the law. The rule does not necessarily revise the penalty amounts that EPA chooses to seek pursuant to its civil penalty policies in a particular case. EPA's civil penalty policies, which guide enforcement personnel in how to exercise EPA's statutory penalty authorities, take into account a number of fact- specific considerations, e.g., the seriousness of the violation, the violator's good faith efforts to comply, any economic benefit gained by the violator as a result of its noncompliance, and a violator's ability to pay.
Air Plan Approval; Arizona; Stationary Sources; New Source Review; Ammonia
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is supplementing its prior proposed approval of regulatory revisions to the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ) portion of the applicable Clean Air Act (CAA or Act) state implementation plan (SIP) for the State of Arizona. This supplemental proposal is primarily intended to make corrections to ADEQ's SIP-approved rules for the issuance of CAA New Source Review (NSR) permits for stationary sources, with a focus on preconstruction permit requirements under the Act for major stationary sources and major modifications of such sources. It proposes conditional approval of ADEQ's NSR submittal specifically with respect to the CAA requirements related to ammonia as a precursor to PM2.5 under the NA-NSR program requirements in CAA section 189(e). We are seeking comment on our proposed action and plan to follow with a final action.
Determination To Defer Sanctions; Arizona Department of Environmental Quality; PM2.5
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is making an interim final determination that the State of Arizona has corrected a deficiency in its Clean Air Act (CAA or Act) state implementation plan (SIP) provisions concerning air permitting. Specifically, based on a proposed conditional approval published elsewhere in this Federal Register, and based on a prior proposed approval, previously published in the Federal Register, EPA is making an interim final determination that the State of Arizona (State) has satisfied the requirements of part D of the CAA permitting program for areas under the jurisdiction of the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ) with respect to fine particular matter (PM2.5) precursors. The effect of this interim final determination that the State has corrected the deficiency in the permitting program is that the imposition of sanctions that were triggered by a previous limited disapproval action by EPA in 2016 is now deferred. If the State meets its commitment that is the basis for the conditional approval, relief from these sanctions will become permanent upon the EPA's full approval of the State submission. If the EPA determines that the State has not met its commitment and the conditional approval is converted to a disapproval, these sanctions will no longer be deferred.
Air Plan Approval; NC; Open Burning and Miscellaneous Revisions
Due to adverse comments received, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is amending the North Carolina State Implementation Plan (SIP) to remove some provisions made effective through the direct final rule that was published on July 18, 2017. EPA stated that if adverse comments were received by the close of the comment period, the rule would be withdrawn and not take effect, or if adverse comments were received on an amendment, paragraph, or section of the rule, EPA may adopt as final those provisions of the rule that are not the subject of an adverse comment. EPA received adverse comments on two specific SIP revisions. Therefore, EPA is removing only the portions of the SIP related to those two revisions.