Imposition of Additional Sanctions on Russia Under the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991
On March 2, 2021, the Secretary of State, acting under authority delegated pursuant to Executive Order 12851, determined pursuant to section 306(a) of the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991 (CBW Act), 22 U.S.C. 5604(a), that the Government of the Russian Federation used chemical or biological weapons in violation of international law or lethal chemical or biological weapons against its own nationals. Notice of this determination was published on March 18, 2021 in the Federal Register, under Public Notice 11374, which resulted in sanctions against Russia. Section 307(b) of the CBW Act, requires a decision within three months of March 2, 2021 regarding whether Russia has met certain conditions described in the law. Additional sanctions on Russia are required if these conditions are not met. Russia has not met the CBW Act's conditions and the Deputy Secretary of State has decided to impose additional sanctions on Russia on August 20, 2021.