Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on a new information collection. In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice seeks comments concerning the proposed collection concerning public alert and warning systems at the Federal, State, territorial, tribal, and local levels of government which is necessary for the inventory and evaluation and assessment of existing public alert and warning resources and their integration with the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS).
Changes to the Visa Waiver Program To Implement the Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA) Program
This rule amends Department of Homeland Security (DHS) regulations to implement the Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA) requirements under section 711 of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007, for aliens who wish to enter the United States under the Visa Waiver Program (VWP) at air or sea ports of entry. This rule establishes ESTA and delineates the data fields DHS has determined will be collected by the system. As required under section 711 of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007, the Secretary of Homeland Security will announce implementation of a mandatory ESTA system by publication of a notice in the Federal Register no less than 60 days before the date on which ESTA becomes mandatory for all VWP travelers. Once ESTA is mandatory, all VWP travelers must either obtain travel authorization in advance of travel under ESTA or obtain a visa prior to traveling to the United States. Currently, aliens from VWP countries must provide certain biographical information to U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Officers at air and sea ports of entry on a paper form Nonimmigrant Alien Arrival/Departure (Form I-94W). Under this interim final rule, VWP travelers will provide the same information to CBP electronically before departing for the United States. Once ESTA is mandatory and all carriers are capable of receiving and validating messages pertaining to the traveler's ESTA status as part of the traveler's boarding status, DHS will eliminate the I-94W requirement. By automating the I-94W process and establishing a system to provide VWP traveler data in advance of travel, CBP will be able to determine the eligibility of citizens and eligible nationals from VWP countries to travel to the United States and whether such travel poses a law enforcement or security risk, before such individuals begin travel to the United States. ESTA will provide for greater efficiencies in the screening of international travelers by allowing CBP to identify subjects of potential interest before they depart for the United States, thereby increasing security and reducing traveler delays upon arrival at U.S. ports of entry.
Mandatory Pre-Departure Filing of Export Cargo Information Through the Automated Export System
This notice informs the public of the date when U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) will require compliance with its regulations pertaining to the mandatory, pre-departure electronic filing of export information through the Automated Export System (AES). CBP regulations at 19 CFR 192.14 setting forth requirements for the advance electronic filing of export information by vessel, air, truck, and rail carriers provide a compliance date contingent upon the redesign of CBP's AES commodity module and the effective date of Department of Commerce (DOC) regulations pertaining to mandatory electronic filing of export information. Since the redesign of the AES commodity module is complete, and the DOC regulations were published as a final rule on June 2, 2008, with an effective date of July 2, 2008, and an implementation date of September 30, 2008, the CBP regulations must be complied with starting September 30, 2008.