Agency Information Collection Activities; Notice and Request for Comment; Title: FMVSS Considerations for Vehicles With Automated Driving Systems: Seating Preference Study, 12772-12774 [2022-04755]

Download as PDF 12772 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 44 / Monday, March 7, 2022 / Notices By Order of the Acting Maritime Administrator. T. Mitchell Hudson, Jr., Secretary, Maritime Administration. [FR Doc. 2022–04742 Filed 3–4–22; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–81–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [Docket No. NHTSA–2022–0018] Agency Information Collection Activities; Notice and Request for Comment; Title: FMVSS Considerations for Vehicles With Automated Driving Systems: Seating Preference Study National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Notice and request for comments on a request for approval of a new information collection. AGENCY: The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) invites public comments about our intention to request approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for a new information collection. Before a Federal agency can collect certain information from the public, it must receive approval from OMB. Under procedures established by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, before seeking OMB approval, Federal agencies must solicit public comment on proposed collections of information, including extensions and reinstatement of previously approved collections. This document describes a collection of information for which NHTSA intends to seek OMB approval to conduct an experiment to gather both objective and subjective data regarding occupant/ passenger seat preference in Automated Driving System-Dedicated Vehicles (ADS–DVs). DATES: Comments must be submitted on or before May 6, 2022. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Docket No. NHTSA– 2022–0018 through any of the following methods: • Electronic Submissions: Go to the Federal eRulemaking Portal at http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Fax: (202) 493–2251. • Mail or Hand Delivery: Docket Management, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building, Room W12– 140, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:50 Mar 04, 2022 Jkt 256001 Friday, except on Federal holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 366–9322 before coming. Instructions: All submissions must include the agency name and docket number for this notice. Note that all comments received will be posted without change to http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided. Please see the Privacy Act heading below. Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search the electronic form of all comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual submitting the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT’s complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477–78) or you may visit https:// www.transportation.gov/privacy. Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or comments received, go to http:// www.regulations.gov or the street address listed above. Follow the online instructions for accessing the dockets via internet. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For additional information or access to background documents, contact Arryn Robbins, Office of Behavioral Safety Research (NPD–320), (202) 366–8996, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, W46–466, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.), before an agency submits a proposed collection of information to OMB for approval, it must first publish a document in the Federal Register providing a 60-day comment period and otherwise consult with members of the public and affected agencies concerning each proposed collection of information. The OMB has promulgated regulations describing what must be included in such a document. Under OMB’s regulation (at 5 CFR 1320.8(d)), an agency must ask for public comment on the following: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (c) how to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be PO 00000 Frm 00117 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 collected; and (d) how to minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, including the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses. In compliance with these requirements, NHTSA asks for public comments on the following proposed collection of information for which the agency is seeking approval from OMB. Title: FMVSS Considerations for Vehicles with Automated Driving Systems: Seating Preference Study. OMB Control Number: New. Form Number(s): NHTSA Forms 1624, 1625, and 1626. TABLE 1—FORMS TO BE USED IN THE STUDY NHTSA Form 1624. NHTSA Form 1625. NHTSA Form 1626. Eligibility Questionnaire—FMVSS Considerations for Vehicles with Automated Driving Systems: Seating Preference Study. Demographic Questionnaire— FMVSS Considerations for Vehicles with Automated Driving Systems: Seating Preference Study. Post Experiment Questionnaire— FMVSS Considerations for Vehicles with Automated Driving Systems: Seating Preference Study. Type of Request: New collection. Type of Review Requested: Regular. Requested Expiration Date of Approval: 3 years from date of approval. Summary of the Collection of Information: 49 U.S.C. 30181, 30182, and 30183 authorize the Secretary of Transportation (NHTSA by delegation) to conduct research, development, and testing programs, including activities related to new and emerging technologies that impact, or that may impact, motor vehicle safety. NHTSA proposes to collect information from the public regarding occupant/passenger seat preference in Automated Driving System-Dedicated Vehicles (ADS–DVs). Adults aged 18 and older will participate in an on-road study after giving informed consent. Participants will ride in one passenger vehicle and two ADS–DVs on a closed test track. Questionnaire data will be collected at the beginning and end of participation for each participant. Objective data will be collected via the data acquisition systems installed in each study vehicle. The data from each participant will be combined, stratified by demographic information and analyzed. There are four information collections for the study. The (1) Eligibility E:\FR\FM\07MRN1.SGM 07MRN1 12773 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 44 / Monday, March 7, 2022 / Notices Questionnaire will be used to identify eligible participants for this study; results from this questionnaire will not be kept or analyzed. Candidates who are selected for the study will participate in a single test-track experiment and will complete two additional questionnaires while participating in the experiment. The (2) Demographic Questionnaire will be used for description of the participant sample (e.g., number of males and females in the dataset, final age range for all participants, and driving experience range for all participants). This is necessary to compare the sample collected to the general driving population. The (3) objective data collected via data acquisition systems installed in each study vehicle during the test-track experiment is necessary for collecting information about participants’ seat selection, any seat changes during the ride, seat belt use, and how participants interact with the HMI. The (4) Post Experiment Questionnaire will be used to analyze the perceptions and opinions of ADS–DV technology within the participant sample, as well as to gather any comments regarding their seat preference and seat belt use. This data will be used to determine how and why participants choose seating preferences in ADS–DVs. Description of the Need for the Information and Proposed Use of the Information The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s (NHTSA’s) mission is to save lives, prevent injuries, and reduce economic losses resulting from motor vehicle crashes. ADS technology is rapidly developing, and current Federal motor vehicle safety standards (FMVSS) and/or NHTSA guidance may need to be adapted to ensure this technology is deployed safely. Many of NHTSA’s FMVSS focus on particular seating positions and thus, changes in seating preferences could impact those FMVSS. This study will provide NHTSA information about the seating preferences of occupants in vehicles that do not require a human driver in the left front seat. Several safety outcomes stem from occupant seating preference, which may change in the future as Automated Driving Systems (ADS) change seating configurations and the way people use vehicles. ADSDedicated Vehicles (ADS–DVs) are vehicles that lack manually operated driving controls, and therefore do not require a human driver or occupant to drive the vehicle or sit in the left front seat (the ‘‘driver’s seat’’ in conventional vehicles). In conventional vehicles, there is the basic assumption that a human will always be in the left front seat while the vehicle is operating because a human driver would be necessary to operate those vehicles. ADS–DVs provide the opportunity for occupants to sit in any seat they choose in the vehicle. It is currently unknown where occupants may choose to sit when riding in an ADS–DV. Moreover, new seating configurations for occupants of ADS–DVs may necessitate changes to how and where information is presented to occupants about their responsibilities as occupants (e.g., closing doors, fastening seatbelts). Furthermore, occupants will need a human-machine interface (HMI) to provide input that they are ready for the ride to begin, or to request that the ride stop. At present, no standardized or otherwise commercially produced HMIs exist for this purpose. Therefore, in order to conduct the research, a prototype HMI will be developed. The two main goals for this study are to: 1. Describe the occupant distribution for ADS–DVs (i.e., seating distribution). 2. Use the prototype HMI to evaluate whether occupants would choose to initiate a ride in an ADS–DV without a seatbelt. Affected Public: Adults ages 18 and older who meet eligibility criteria such as holding a valid driver’s license and having used a ride-sharing application at least once in the past year. Estimated Number of Respondents: An expected total of up to 100 participants will be recruited to participate in the study. It is estimated that 200 respondents will be needed in order to identify 100 eligible participants. Frequency: One-time collection. Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 268. The eligibility questionnaire will have a maximum of 28 questions and NHTSA estimates it will take approximately 20 minutes to complete. Therefore, NHTSA estimates the total time associated with completing eligibility questionnaires to be 67 hours (200 responses × 20 minutes = 66.7 hours). Study Intake, (reading study information sheet and obtaining participant consent, general study instruction) is expected to take 10 minutes to complete. Both the demographic and post-experiment questionnaires will have a maximum of 20 questions and NHTSA estimates that it will take each eligible participant 10 minutes to complete the demographic questionnaire and 10 minutes to complete the post-experiment questionnaire. Therefore, NHTSA estimates the total burden for Study Intake to be 17 hours (100 responses × 10 minutes = 16.67 hours), Demographic Questionnaire to be 17 hours (100 responses × 10 minutes = 16.67 hours), and The Post Experiment questionnaire to be 17 hours (100 responses × 10 minutes = 16.67 hours). Accordingly, NHTSA estimates the total burden hours for this information collection to be 268 hours. The table below shows the estimated burden hours for this information collection, which accounts for the maximum number of expected responses and drop-outs. ESTIMATED BURDEN HOURS Maximum number of respondents khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES Instrument Estimated individual burden (minutes) Total estimated burden hours Eligibility Questionnaire ........................................................................................................................... Study Intake ............................................................................................................................................. Demographic questionnaire ..................................................................................................................... Study Participation ................................................................................................................................... Post Experiment Questionnaire ............................................................................................................... 200 100 100 100 100 20 10 10 90 10 67 17 17 150 17 Total .................................................................................................................................................. 200 60 268 Estimated Total Annual Burden Cost: The only cost burdens respondents will VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:50 Mar 04, 2022 Jkt 256001 incur are costs related to travel to and from the study location. The costs are PO 00000 Frm 00118 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 minimal and are expected to be offset by E:\FR\FM\07MRN1.SGM 07MRN1 12774 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 44 / Monday, March 7, 2022 / Notices the honorarium that will be provided to all research participants. Public Comments Invited: You are asked to comment on any aspects of this information collection, including (a) whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the Department, including whether the information will have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the Department’s estimate of the burden of the proposed information collection; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Authority: The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995; 44 U.S.C. Chapter 35, as amended; 49 CFR 1.49; and DOT Order 1351.29. Cem Hatipoglu, Associate Administrator, Vehicle Safety Research. [FR Doc. 2022–04755 Filed 3–4–22; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–59–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION [Docket Number DOT–OST–2017–0043] Agency Information Collection Activity: Notice To Continue To Collect Information: Barrier Failure Reporting in Oil and Gas Operations on the Outer Continental Shelf Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research Technology (OST–R), U.S. Department of Transportation. ACTION: 30-Day notice. AGENCY: The U.S. Department of Transportation (US DOT) BTS published a 60-day comment period Notice 86 FR 58391 on October 21, 2021 seeking public input to continue the collection of barrier failure data. Barrier Failure Reporting in Oil and Gas Operations on the Outer Continental Shelf is a component of BTS’s SafeOCS data sharing framework, that provides a trusted, proactive means for the oil and gas industry to report sensitive and proprietary safety information, and to identify early warnings of safety problems and potential issues by uncovering hidden, at-risk conditions not previously exposed through analysis of reportable equipment failures and incidents. BTS received no comments during the 60-day public comment period. khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:50 Mar 04, 2022 Jkt 256001 Comments must be received by April 6, 2022. ADDRESSES: BTS seeks public comments on its proposed information collection. Comments should address whether the information will have practical utility; the accuracy of the estimated burden hours of the proposed information collection’ ways to enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to be collected; and ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Send comments to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, 725 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20503, Attention: BTS Desk Officer. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Demetra V. Collia, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology, U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of Safety Data and Analysis (OSDA), RTS–34, E36– 302, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590–0001; Phone No. (202) 366–1610; Fax No. (202) 366– 3383; email: demetra.collia@dot.gov. Office hours are from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., EST, Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. Data Confidentiality Provisions: This data collection is protected under the BTS confidentiality statute (49 U.S.C. 6307 (b)) and the Confidential Information Protection and Statistical Efficiency Act (CIPSEA) of 2018 (Pub. L.: 115–435 Foundations for EvidenceBased Policymaking Act of 2018, Title III.) In accordance with these confidentiality statutes, only statistical and non-identifying data will be made publicly available through reports. Further, BTS will not release to Bureau of Safety and Environment Enforcement (BSEE) or any other public or private entity any information that might reveal the identity of individuals or organizations mentioned in SafeOCS reports. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: DATES: I. The Data Collection The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35; as amended) and 5 CFR part 1320 require each Federal agency to obtain OMB approval to continue an information collection activity. BTS is seeking OMB approval for the following BTS information collection activity: Title: Barrier Failure Reporting in Oil and Gas Operations on the Outer Continental Shelf. OMB Control Number: 2138–0046. PO 00000 Frm 00119 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Type of Review: Approval to Continue to Collect. Respondents: BTS has entered a MOU with BSEE to facilitate the collection of information from respondents identified in the BSEE notices for OMB Control Number 1014–0028 and OMB Control Number 1014–0003. Responsibility for establishing the actual scope and burden for this collection resides with BSEE. This BTS information collection request does not create any additional burden for respondents. For the purposes of this collection BTS has identified BSEE as the sole respondent. Number of Respondents: As a request to be authorized repository for previously collected information, BTS has identified BSEE as the sole respondent reporting to BTS at the annual frequency of one. Estimated Time per Response: 60 minutes. Frequency: Once. Total Annual Burden: 1 hour. BTS has agreed through a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with BSEE to undertake the information collection identified in the previously approved BSEE notice for OMB Control Number(s) 1014–0028, expiration 4/30/ 2019 and the BSEE notice with OMB Control Number 1014–0003, expiration 8/31/2019, to ensure the confidentiality of submissions under CIPSEA. The information collection is limited to the establishment of BTS as an authorized repository. This information collection request does not create any additional burden for respondents. II. Public Participation and Request for Public Comments On October 18, 2021, the DOT published a notice in the Federal Register (86 FR 57744) encouraging interested parties to submit comments and allowing for a 60-day comment period on the collection entitled ‘‘Barrier Failure Reporting in Oil and Gas Operations on the Outer Continental Shelf.’’ The comment period closed on December 17, 2021. No comments were submitted to the docket during that time. The notice can be viewed at, http:// www.regulations.gov, and typing in the Docket Number 2021–22279. If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket by visiting the Docket Management Facility in Room W12–140 on the ground floor of the U.S. DOT West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. E:\FR\FM\07MRN1.SGM 07MRN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 87, Number 44 (Monday, March 7, 2022)]
[Notices]
[Pages 12772-12774]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2022-04755]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

[Docket No. NHTSA-2022-0018]


Agency Information Collection Activities; Notice and Request for 
Comment; Title: FMVSS Considerations for Vehicles With Automated 
Driving Systems: Seating Preference Study

AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 
Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Notice and request for comments on a request for approval of a 
new information collection.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) 
invites public comments about our intention to request approval from 
the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for a new information 
collection. Before a Federal agency can collect certain information 
from the public, it must receive approval from OMB. Under procedures 
established by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, before seeking OMB 
approval, Federal agencies must solicit public comment on proposed 
collections of information, including extensions and reinstatement of 
previously approved collections. This document describes a collection 
of information for which NHTSA intends to seek OMB approval to conduct 
an experiment to gather both objective and subjective data regarding 
occupant/passenger seat preference in Automated Driving System-
Dedicated Vehicles (ADS-DVs).

DATES: Comments must be submitted on or before May 6, 2022.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the Docket No. NHTSA-
2022-0018 through any of the following methods:
     Electronic Submissions: Go to the Federal eRulemaking 
Portal at http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions 
for submitting comments.
     Fax: (202) 493-2251.
     Mail or Hand Delivery: Docket Management, U.S. Department 
of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building, Room W12-
140, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through 
Friday, except on Federal holidays. To be sure someone is there to help 
you, please call (202) 366-9322 before coming.
    Instructions: All submissions must include the agency name and 
docket number for this notice. Note that all comments received will be 
posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov, including any 
personal information provided. Please see the Privacy Act heading 
below.
    Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search the electronic form of all 
comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual 
submitting the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf 
of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's 
complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on 
April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78) or you may visit https://www.transportation.gov/privacy.
    Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or 
comments received, go to http://www.regulations.gov or the street 
address listed above. Follow the online instructions for accessing the 
dockets via internet.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For additional information or access 
to background documents, contact Arryn Robbins, Office of Behavioral 
Safety Research (NPD-320), (202) 366-8996, National Highway Traffic 
Safety Administration, W46-466, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 
New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 
(44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.), before an agency submits a proposed 
collection of information to OMB for approval, it must first publish a 
document in the Federal Register providing a 60-day comment period and 
otherwise consult with members of the public and affected agencies 
concerning each proposed collection of information. The OMB has 
promulgated regulations describing what must be included in such a 
document. Under OMB's regulation (at 5 CFR 1320.8(d)), an agency must 
ask for public comment on the following: (a) Whether the proposed 
collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of 
the functions of the agency, including whether the information will 
have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of 
the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the 
validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (c) how to enhance 
the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; 
and (d) how to minimize the burden of the collection of information on 
those who are to respond, including the use of appropriate automated, 
electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or 
other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic 
submission of responses. In compliance with these requirements, NHTSA 
asks for public comments on the following proposed collection of 
information for which the agency is seeking approval from OMB.
    Title: FMVSS Considerations for Vehicles with Automated Driving 
Systems: Seating Preference Study.
    OMB Control Number: New.
    Form Number(s): NHTSA Forms 1624, 1625, and 1626.

                 Table 1--Forms To Be Used in the Study
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
NHTSA Form 1624........................  Eligibility Questionnaire--
                                          FMVSS Considerations for
                                          Vehicles with Automated
                                          Driving Systems: Seating
                                          Preference Study.
NHTSA Form 1625........................  Demographic Questionnaire--
                                          FMVSS Considerations for
                                          Vehicles with Automated
                                          Driving Systems: Seating
                                          Preference Study.
NHTSA Form 1626........................  Post Experiment Questionnaire--
                                          FMVSS Considerations for
                                          Vehicles with Automated
                                          Driving Systems: Seating
                                          Preference Study.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Type of Request: New collection.
    Type of Review Requested: Regular.
    Requested Expiration Date of Approval: 3 years from date of 
approval.
    Summary of the Collection of Information: 49 U.S.C. 30181, 30182, 
and 30183 authorize the Secretary of Transportation (NHTSA by 
delegation) to conduct research, development, and testing programs, 
including activities related to new and emerging technologies that 
impact, or that may impact, motor vehicle safety. NHTSA proposes to 
collect information from the public regarding occupant/passenger seat 
preference in Automated Driving System-Dedicated Vehicles (ADS-DVs). 
Adults aged 18 and older will participate in an on-road study after 
giving informed consent. Participants will ride in one passenger 
vehicle and two ADS-DVs on a closed test track. Questionnaire data will 
be collected at the beginning and end of participation for each 
participant. Objective data will be collected via the data acquisition 
systems installed in each study vehicle. The data from each participant 
will be combined, stratified by demographic information and analyzed.
    There are four information collections for the study. The (1) 
Eligibility

[[Page 12773]]

Questionnaire will be used to identify eligible participants for this 
study; results from this questionnaire will not be kept or analyzed. 
Candidates who are selected for the study will participate in a single 
test-track experiment and will complete two additional questionnaires 
while participating in the experiment. The (2) Demographic 
Questionnaire will be used for description of the participant sample 
(e.g., number of males and females in the dataset, final age range for 
all participants, and driving experience range for all participants). 
This is necessary to compare the sample collected to the general 
driving population. The (3) objective data collected via data 
acquisition systems installed in each study vehicle during the test-
track experiment is necessary for collecting information about 
participants' seat selection, any seat changes during the ride, seat 
belt use, and how participants interact with the HMI. The (4) Post 
Experiment Questionnaire will be used to analyze the perceptions and 
opinions of ADS-DV technology within the participant sample, as well as 
to gather any comments regarding their seat preference and seat belt 
use. This data will be used to determine how and why participants 
choose seating preferences in ADS-DVs.

Description of the Need for the Information and Proposed Use of the 
Information

    The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA's) 
mission is to save lives, prevent injuries, and reduce economic losses 
resulting from motor vehicle crashes. ADS technology is rapidly 
developing, and current Federal motor vehicle safety standards (FMVSS) 
and/or NHTSA guidance may need to be adapted to ensure this technology 
is deployed safely. Many of NHTSA's FMVSS focus on particular seating 
positions and thus, changes in seating preferences could impact those 
FMVSS. This study will provide NHTSA information about the seating 
preferences of occupants in vehicles that do not require a human driver 
in the left front seat. Several safety outcomes stem from occupant 
seating preference, which may change in the future as Automated Driving 
Systems (ADS) change seating configurations and the way people use 
vehicles. ADS-Dedicated Vehicles (ADS-DVs) are vehicles that lack 
manually operated driving controls, and therefore do not require a 
human driver or occupant to drive the vehicle or sit in the left front 
seat (the ``driver's seat'' in conventional vehicles). In conventional 
vehicles, there is the basic assumption that a human will always be in 
the left front seat while the vehicle is operating because a human 
driver would be necessary to operate those vehicles. ADS-DVs provide 
the opportunity for occupants to sit in any seat they choose in the 
vehicle. It is currently unknown where occupants may choose to sit when 
riding in an ADS-DV. Moreover, new seating configurations for occupants 
of ADS-DVs may necessitate changes to how and where information is 
presented to occupants about their responsibilities as occupants (e.g., 
closing doors, fastening seatbelts). Furthermore, occupants will need a 
human-machine interface (HMI) to provide input that they are ready for 
the ride to begin, or to request that the ride stop. At present, no 
standardized or otherwise commercially produced HMIs exist for this 
purpose. Therefore, in order to conduct the research, a prototype HMI 
will be developed. The two main goals for this study are to:
    1. Describe the occupant distribution for ADS-DVs (i.e., seating 
distribution).
    2. Use the prototype HMI to evaluate whether occupants would choose 
to initiate a ride in an ADS-DV without a seatbelt.
    Affected Public: Adults ages 18 and older who meet eligibility 
criteria such as holding a valid driver's license and having used a 
ride-sharing application at least once in the past year.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: An expected total of up to 100 
participants will be recruited to participate in the study. It is 
estimated that 200 respondents will be needed in order to identify 100 
eligible participants.
    Frequency: One-time collection.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 268.
    The eligibility questionnaire will have a maximum of 28 questions 
and NHTSA estimates it will take approximately 20 minutes to complete. 
Therefore, NHTSA estimates the total time associated with completing 
eligibility questionnaires to be 67 hours (200 responses x 20 minutes = 
66.7 hours). Study Intake, (reading study information sheet and 
obtaining participant consent, general study instruction) is expected 
to take 10 minutes to complete. Both the demographic and post-
experiment questionnaires will have a maximum of 20 questions and NHTSA 
estimates that it will take each eligible participant 10 minutes to 
complete the demographic questionnaire and 10 minutes to complete the 
post-experiment questionnaire. Therefore, NHTSA estimates the total 
burden for Study Intake to be 17 hours (100 responses x 10 minutes = 
16.67 hours), Demographic Questionnaire to be 17 hours (100 responses x 
10 minutes = 16.67 hours), and The Post Experiment questionnaire to be 
17 hours (100 responses x 10 minutes = 16.67 hours). Accordingly, NHTSA 
estimates the total burden hours for this information collection to be 
268 hours.
    The table below shows the estimated burden hours for this 
information collection, which accounts for the maximum number of 
expected responses and drop-outs.

                         Estimated Burden Hours
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Estimated      Total
                                     Maximum     individual   estimated
            Instrument              number of      burden       burden
                                   respondents   (minutes)      hours
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Eligibility Questionnaire........          200           20           67
Study Intake.....................          100           10           17
Demographic questionnaire........          100           10           17
Study Participation..............          100           90          150
Post Experiment Questionnaire....          100           10           17
                                  --------------------------------------
    Total........................          200           60          268
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Estimated Total Annual Burden Cost: The only cost burdens 
respondents will incur are costs related to travel to and from the 
study location. The costs are minimal and are expected to be offset by

[[Page 12774]]

the honorarium that will be provided to all research participants.
    Public Comments Invited: You are asked to comment on any aspects of 
this information collection, including (a) whether the proposed 
collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of 
the functions of the Department, including whether the information will 
have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the Department's estimate 
of the burden of the proposed information collection; (c) ways to 
enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to be 
collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of 
information on respondents, including the use of automated collection 
techniques or other forms of information technology.
    Authority: The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995; 44 U.S.C. Chapter 
35, as amended; 49 CFR 1.49; and DOT Order 1351.29.

Cem Hatipoglu,
Associate Administrator, Vehicle Safety Research.
[FR Doc. 2022-04755 Filed 3-4-22; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-59-P