Barium Chloride From India: Initiation of Less-Than-Fair-Value Investigation, 7100-7104 [2022-02558]

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ZL Trade Shanghai [FR Doc. 2022–02639 Filed 2–7–22; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–P VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:16 Feb 07, 2022 Jkt 256001 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A–533–908] Barium Chloride From India: Initiation of Less-Than-Fair-Value Investigation Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. AGENCY: Applicable February 1, 2022. Fred Baker or Preston Cox; AD/CVD Operations, Office VI, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482–2924 or (202) 482–5041, respectively. DATES: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Petition On January 12, 2022, the Department of Commerce (Commerce) received an antidumping duty (AD) petition concerning imports of barium chloride from India, filed in proper form on behalf of Chemical Products Corporation (the petitioner), a domestic producer of barium chloride.1 The Petition was accompanied by a countervailing duty (CVD) petition concerning imports of barium chloride from India.2 On January 14 and 24, 2022, Commerce requested supplemental information pertaining to certain aspects of the Petition.3 The petitioner filed responses to these requests on January 19, 20, and 25, 2022.4 1 See Petitioner’s Letter, ‘‘Petitions for the Imposition of Antidumping and Countervailing Duties on Barium Chloride from India,’’ dated January 12, 2022 (the Petition). 2 Id. 3 See Commerce’s Letters, ‘‘Petitions for the Imposition of Antidumping and Countervailing Duties on Imports of Barium Chloride from India: Supplemental Questions,’’ dated January 14, 2022; and ‘‘Petition for the Imposition of Antidumping Duties on Imports of Barium Chloride from India: Supplemental Questions,’’ dated January 14, 2022; see also Commerce’s Memoranda, ‘‘Petition for the Imposition of Antidumping Duties on Imports of Barium Chloride from India: Phone Call with Counsel to the Petitioner,’’ dated January 24, 2022; and ‘‘Petitions for the Imposition of Antidumping and Countervailing Duties on Imports of Barium Chloride from India: Phone Call with Counsel to the Petitioner,’’ dated January 24, 2022. 4 See Petitioner’s Letters, ‘‘Barium Chloride from India: Response to Supplemental Questionnaire on Volume I of Petition (General Issues and Injury Information),’’ dated January 19, 2022 (General Issues Supplement); ‘‘Barium Chloride from India: Response to Supplemental Questionnaire on Volume II (AD) of Petition,’’ dated January 20, 2022 (India AD Supplement); ‘‘Barium Chloride from India: Response to Supplemental Question on Volume I of Petition (General Issues and Injury PO 00000 Frm 00017 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 In accordance with section 732(b) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act), the petitioner alleges that imports of barium chloride from India are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at less than fair value (LTFV) within the meaning of section 731 of the Act, and that imports of such products are materially injuring, or threatening material injury to, the barium chloride industry in the United States. Consistent with section 732(b)(1) of the Act, the Petition is accompanied by information reasonably available to the petitioner supporting its allegations. Commerce finds that the petitioner filed the Petition on behalf of the domestic industry, because the petitioner is an interested party, as defined in section 771(9)(C) of the Act. Commerce also finds that the petitioner demonstrated sufficient industry support for the initiation of the requested AD investigation.5 Period of Investigation Because the Petition was filed on January 12, 2022, the period of investigation (POI) for this AD investigation is January 1, 2021, through December 31, 2021, pursuant to 19 CFR 351.204(b)(1). Scope of the Investigation The product covered by this investigation is barium chloride from India. For a full description of the scope of this investigation, see the appendix to this notice. Comments on the Scope of the Investigation As discussed in the Preamble to Commerce’s regulations, we are setting aside a period for interested parties to raise issues regarding product coverage (i.e., scope).6 Commerce will consider all comments received from interested parties and, if necessary, will consult with interested parties prior to the issuance of the preliminary determination. If scope comments include factual information,7 all such factual information should be limited to public information. To facilitate preparation of its questionnaire, Commerce requests that all interested parties submit scope comments by 5:00 Information),’’ dated January 25, 2022 (Revised Exhibit I–4); and ‘‘Barium Chloride from India: Response to Supplemental Question on Volume II of Petition (Antidumping Duties),’’ dated January 25, 2022 (Second India AD Supplement). 5 See infra, section on ‘‘Determination of Industry Support for the Petition.’’ 6 See Antidumping Duties; Countervailing Duties, Final Rule, 62 FR 27296, 27323 (May 19, 1997) (Preamble). 7 See 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) (defining ‘‘factual information’’). E:\FR\FM\08FEN1.SGM 08FEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 26 / Tuesday, February 8, 2022 / Notices p.m. Eastern Time (ET) on February 22, 2022, which is the next business day after 20 calendar days from the signature date of this notice.8 Any rebuttal comments, which may include factual information, must be filed by 5:00 p.m. ET on March 4, 2022, which is 10 calendar days from the initial comment deadline. Commerce requests that any factual information that parties consider relevant to the scope of the investigations be submitted during this period. However, if a party subsequently finds that additional factual information pertaining to the scope of the investigation may be relevant, the party must contact Commerce and request permission to submit the additional information. All such submissions must be filed on the records of each of the concurrent AD and CVD investigations. Filing Requirements All submissions to Commerce must be filed electronically using Enforcement and Compliance’s Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS), unless an exception applies.9 An electronically-filed document must be received successfully in its entirety by the time and date on which it is due. Note that Commerce has temporarily modified certain of its requirements for serving documents containing business proprietary information, until further notice.10 khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES Comments on Product Characteristics Commerce is providing interested parties an opportunity to comment on the appropriate physical characteristics of barium chloride to be reported in response to Commerce’s AD questionnaire. This information will be used to identify the key physical characteristics of the subject 8 The deadline for comments falls on February 21, 2022, which is a federal holiday. Commerce’s practice dictates that where a deadline falls on a weekend or federal holiday, the appropriate deadline is the next business day (in this instance, February 22, 2022). See Notice of Clarification: Application of ‘‘Next Business Day’’ Rule for Administrative Determination Deadlines Pursuant to the Tariff Act of 1930, As Amended, 70 FR 24533 (May 10, 2005) (Notice of Clarification). 9 See Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings: Electronic Filing Procedures; Administrative Protective Order Procedures, 76 FR 39263 (July 6, 2011); see also Enforcement and Compliance; Change of Electronic Filing System Name, 79 FR 69046 (November 20, 2014) for details of Commerce’s electronic filing requirements, effective August 5, 2011. Information on help using ACCESS can be found at https://access.trade.gov/ help.aspx and a handbook can be found at https:// access.trade.gov/help/Handbook_on_Electronic_ Filing_Procedures.pdf. 10 See Temporary Rule Modifying AD/CVD Service Requirements Due to COVID–19; Extension of Effective Period, 85 FR 41363 (July 10, 2020). VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:16 Feb 07, 2022 Jkt 256001 merchandise in order to report the relevant costs of production accurately, as well as to develop appropriate product-comparison criteria. Interested parties may provide any information or comments that they feel are relevant to the development of an accurate list of physical characteristics. Specifically, they may provide comments as to which characteristics are appropriate to use as: (1) General product characteristics; and (2) product comparison criteria. We note that it is not always appropriate to use all product characteristics as product comparison criteria. We base product comparison criteria on meaningful commercial differences among products. In other words, although there may be some physical product characteristics utilized by manufacturers to describe barium chloride, it may be that only a select few product characteristics take into account commercially meaningful physical characteristics. In addition, interested parties may comment on the order in which the physical characteristics should be used in matching products. Generally, Commerce attempts to list the most important physical characteristics first and the least important characteristics last. In order to consider the suggestions of interested parties in developing and issuing the AD questionnaire, all product characteristics comments must be filed by 5:00 p.m. ET on February 22, 2022, which is the next business day after 20 calendar days from the signature date of this notice.11 Any rebuttal comments must be filed by 5:00 p.m. ET on March 4, 2022, which is 10 calendar days from the initial comment deadline. All comments and submissions to Commerce must be filed electronically using ACCESS, as explained above, on the record of the AD investigation. Determination of Industry Support for the Petition Section 732(b)(1) of the Act requires that a petition be filed on behalf of the domestic industry. Section 732(c)(4)(A) of the Act provides that a petition meets this requirement if the domestic producers or workers who support the petition account for: (i) At least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product; and (ii) more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the petition. Moreover, section 732(c)(4)(D) of the Act provides that, if the petition does not establish support of domestic producers or workers accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the domestic like product, Commerce shall: (i) Poll the industry or rely on other information in order to determine if there is support for the petition, as required by subparagraph (A); or (ii) determine industry support using a statistically valid sampling method to poll the ‘‘industry.’’ Section 771(4)(A) of the Act defines the ‘‘industry’’ as the producers as a whole of a domestic like product. Thus, to determine whether a petition has the requisite industry support, the statute directs Commerce to look to producers and workers who produce the domestic like product. The International Trade Commission (ITC), which is responsible for determining whether ‘‘the domestic industry’’ has been injured, must also determine what constitutes a domestic like product in order to define the industry. While both Commerce and the ITC must apply the same statutory definition regarding the domestic like product,12 they do so for different purposes and pursuant to a separate and distinct authority. In addition, Commerce’s determination is subject to limitations of time and information. Although this may result in different definitions of the like product, such differences do not render the decision of either agency contrary to law.13 Section 771(10) of the Act defines the domestic like product as ‘‘a product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation under this title.’’ Thus, the reference point from which the domestic like product analysis begins is ‘‘the article subject to an investigation’’ (i.e., the class or kind of merchandise to be investigated, which normally will be the scope as defined in the petition). With regard to the domestic like product, the petitioner does not offer a definition of the domestic like product distinct from the scope of the investigation.14 Based on our analysis of the information submitted on the record, we have determined that barium chloride, as defined in the scope, constitutes a single domestic like product, and we have analyzed industry 12 See 11 The deadline for comments falls on February 21, 2022, which is a federal holiday. Commerce’s practice dictates that where a deadline falls on a weekend or federal holiday, the appropriate deadline is the next business day (in this instance, February 22, 2022). See Notice of Clarification. PO 00000 Frm 00018 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 7101 section 771(10) of the Act. USEC, Inc. v. United States, 132 F. Supp. 2d 1, 8 (CIT 2001) (citing Algoma Steel Corp. v. United States, 688 F. Supp. 639, 644 (CIT 1988), aff’d 865 F.2d 240 (Fed. Cir. 1989)). 14 See General Issues Supplement at 2–3 and Exhibit GEN–3. 13 See E:\FR\FM\08FEN1.SGM 08FEN1 7102 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 26 / Tuesday, February 8, 2022 / Notices khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES support in terms of that domestic like product.15 In determining whether the petitioner has standing under section 732(c)(4)(A) of the Act, we considered the industry support data contained in the Petition with reference to the domestic like product as defined in the ‘‘Scope of the Investigation,’’ in the appendix to this notice. To establish industry support, the petitioner provided its own production of the domestic like product in 2021.16 The petitioner provided information from the ITC’s fifth sunset review of barium chloride from the People’s Republic of China, published in June 2021, in which the ITC found that Chemical Products Corporation was the only domestic producer of barium chloride; therefore, the Petition is supported by 100 percent of the U.S. industry.17 We relied on data provided by the petitioner for purposes of measuring industry support.18 Our review of the data provided in the Petition, the General Issues Supplement, and other information readily available to Commerce indicates that the petitioner has established industry support for the Petition. First, the Petition established support from domestic producers (or workers) accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the domestic like product, and, as such, Commerce is not required to take further action in order to evaluate industry support (e.g., polling).19 Second, the domestic producers (or workers) have met the statutory criteria for industry support under section 732(c)(4)(A)(i) of the Act because the domestic producers (or workers) who support the Petition account for at least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product.20 Finally, the domestic producers (or workers) have met the statutory criteria for industry support under section 732(c)(4)(A)(ii) of the Act 15 For a discussion of the domestic like product analysis as applied to this case and information regarding industry support, see Antidumping Duty Investigation Initiation Checklist: Barium Chloride from India (AD Initiation Checklist) at Attachment II, Analysis of Industry Support for the Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Petitions Covering Barium Chloride from India (Attachment II). This checklist is dated concurrently with this notice and on file electronically via ACCESS. 16 See General Issues Supplement at 4. 17 See Petition at Volume I at I–2 through I–4; see also General Issues Supplement at 3–4 and Exhibit GEN–3 (containing Barium Chloride from China, Inv. No. 731–TA–149 (Fifth Review), USITC Pub. 5203 (June 2021) at 7). 18 See Petition at Volume I at I–2 through I–4; see also General Issues Supplement at 3–4 and Exhibit GEN–3. For further discussion, see AD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II. 19 See AD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II; see also section 732(c)(4)(D) of the Act. 20 See AD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:16 Feb 07, 2022 Jkt 256001 because the domestic producers (or workers) who support the Petition account for more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the Petition.21 Accordingly, Commerce determines that the Petition was filed on behalf of the domestic industry within the meaning of section 732(b)(1) of the Act.22 Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation The petitioner alleges that the U.S. industry producing the domestic like product is being materially injured, or is threatened with material injury, by reason of the imports of the subject merchandise sold at LTFV. In addition, the petitioner alleges that subject imports exceed the negligibility threshold provided for under section 771(24)(A) of the Act.23 The petitioner contends that the industry’s injured condition is illustrated by a significant volume of subject imports; increasing market share of subject imports; underselling and price depression and/or suppression; inventory levels; declines in production, shipments, and revenues; and lost sales and revenues.24 We assessed the allegations and supporting evidence regarding material injury, threat of material injury, causation, as well as negligibility, and we have determined that these allegations are properly supported by adequate evidence, and meet the statutory requirements for initiation.25 Allegation of Sales at LTFV The following is a description of the allegation of sales at LTFV upon which Commerce based its decision to initiate this LTFV investigation of imports of barium chloride from India. The sources of data for the deductions and adjustments relating to U.S. price and normal value (NV) are discussed in greater detail in the AD Initiation Checklist. U.S. Price The petitioner based export price (EP) on the average unit value (AUV) of publicly available import data for barium chloride from India during the POI and made adjustments for foreign inland freight and foreign brokerage and handling to calculate a net ex-factory U.S. price.26 Normal Value The petitioner provided information indicating that the prices for barium chloride sold or offered for sale in India were below the cost of production (COP). Consequently, the petitioner based NV on constructed value (CV).27 For further discussion of CV, see ‘‘Normal Value Based on Constructed Value’’ section below.28 Normal Value Based on Constructed Value As noted above, the petitioner provided information indicating that sales or offers for sale of barium chloride in India were made at prices below COP. Therefore, the petitioner calculated NV based on CV.29 Pursuant to section 773(e) of the Act, the petitioner calculated CV as the sum of the cost of manufacturing; selling, general, and administrative expenses; financial expenses; and profit.30 Fair Value Comparison Based on the data provided by the petitioner, there is reason to believe that imports of barium chloride from India are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at LTFV. Based on comparisons of EP to NV based on CV in accordance with section 773 of the Act, the estimated dumping margin for barium chloride from India is 233.34 percent.31 Initiation of LTFV Investigation Based upon the examination of the Petition and supplemental responses, we find that they meet the requirements of section 732 of the Act. Therefore, we are initiating this LTFV investigation to determine whether imports of barium chloride from India are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at LTFV. In accordance with section 21 Id. 26 See 22 Id. 23 See Petition at Volume I at I–10 and Exhibit I–9; see also General Issues Supplement at 5 and Exhibit GEN–4. 24 See Petition at Volume I at I–7 through I–30 and Exhibits I–5 and I–8 through I–12; see also General Issues Supplement at 2–3, 5 and Exhibits GEN–2 and GEN–4. 25 See AD Initiation Checklist at Attachment III, Analysis of Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation for the Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Petitions Covering Barium Chloride from India (Attachment III). PO 00000 Frm 00019 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 AD Initiation Checklist. AD Initiation Checklist. 28 In accordance with section 773(b)(2) of the Act, for this investigation, Commerce will request information necessary to calculate the CV and COP to determine whether there are reasonable grounds to believe or suspect that sales of the foreign like product have been made at prices that represent less than the COP of the product. 29 See AD Initiation Checklist. 30 Id. 31 See AD Initiation Checklist for details of this margin calculation. 27 See E:\FR\FM\08FEN1.SGM 08FEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 26 / Tuesday, February 8, 2022 / Notices 733(b)(1)(A) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.205(b)(1), unless postponed, we will make our preliminary determination no later than 140 days after the date of this initiation. khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES Respondent Selection In the Petition, the petitioner named 22 companies in India as producers and/or exporters of barium chloride.32 Following standard practice in AD investigations involving a market economy country, in the event Commerce determines that the number of Indian exporters or producers is large such that Commerce cannot individually examine each company based upon its resources, where appropriate, Commerce intends to select mandatory respondents based on U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) data for U.S. imports of barium chloride from India during the POI under the appropriate Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States subheading listed in the ‘‘Scope of the Investigation,’’ in the appendix. On January 26, 2022, Commerce released CBP data on U.S. imports of barium chloride from India under administrative protective order (APO) to all parties with access to information protected by APO and indicated that interested parties wishing to comment on the CBP data and/or respondent selection must do so within three business days of the publication date of the notice of initiation of this investigation.33 Comments on CBP data and respondent selection must be filed electronically using ACCESS. An electronically-filed document must be received successfully, in its entirety, via ACCESS no later than 5:00 p.m. ET on the specified deadline. Commerce will not accept rebuttal comments regarding the CBP data or respondent selection. We intend to select respondents within 20 days of publication of this notice. Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305(b). Instructions for filing such applications may be found on Commerce’s website at https://enforcement.trade.gov/apo. Distribution of Copies of the Petition In accordance with section 732(b)(3)(A) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.202(f), a copy of the public version of the Petition has been provided to the government of India via ACCESS. To the extent practicable, we will attempt to provide a copy of the public version of 32 See Revised Exhibit I–4. Memorandum, ‘‘Antidumping Duty Petition on Imports of Barium Chloride from India: Release of U.S. Customs and Border Protection Data,’’ dated January 26, 2022. 33 See VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:16 Feb 07, 2022 Jkt 256001 the Petition to each exporter named in the Petition, as provided under 19 CFR 351.203(c)(2). ITC Notification We will notify the ITC of our initiation, as required by section 732(d) of the Act. Preliminary Determination by the ITC The ITC will preliminarily determine, within 45 days after the date on which the Petition was filed, whether there is a reasonable indication that imports of barium chloride from India are materially injuring, or threatening material injury to, a U.S. industry.34 A negative ITC determination will result in the investigation being terminated.35 Otherwise, this AD investigation will proceed according to statutory and regulatory time limits. Submission of Factual Information Factual information is defined in 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) as: (i) Evidence submitted in response to questionnaires; (ii) evidence submitted in support of allegations; (iii) publicly available information to value factors under 19 CFR 351.408(c) or to measure the adequacy of remuneration under 19 CFR 351.511(a)(2); (iv) evidence placed on the record by Commerce; and (v) evidence other than factual information described in (i)–(iv). Section 351.301(b) of Commerce’s regulations requires any party, when submitting factual information, to specify under which subsection of 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) the information is being submitted 36 and, if the information is submitted to rebut, clarify, or correct factual information already on the record, to provide an explanation identifying the information already on the record that the factual information seeks to rebut, clarify, or correct.37 Time limits for the submission of factual information are addressed in 19 CFR 351.301, which provides specific time limits based on the type of factual information being submitted. Interested parties should review the regulations prior to submitting factual information in this investigation. Particular Market Situation Allegation Section 773(e) of the Act addresses the concept of particular market situation (PMS) for purposes of CV, stating that ‘‘if a particular market situation exists such that the cost of materials and fabrication or other 34 See section 733(a) of the Act. 35 Id. 36 See 37 See PO 00000 19 CFR 351.301(b). 19 CFR 351.301(b)(2). Frm 00020 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 7103 processing of any kind does not accurately reflect the cost of production in the ordinary course of trade, the administering authority may use another calculation methodology under this subtitle or any other calculation methodology.’’ When an interested party submits a PMS allegation pursuant to section 773(e) of the Act, Commerce will respond to such a submission consistent with 19 CFR 351.301(c)(2)(v). If Commerce finds that a PMS exists under section 773(e) of the Act, then it will modify its dumping calculations appropriately. Neither section 773(e) of the Act, nor 19 CFR 351.301(c)(2)(v), set a deadline for the submission of PMS allegations and supporting factual information. However, in order to administer section 773(e) of the Act, Commerce must receive PMS allegations and supporting factual information with enough time to consider the submission. Thus, should an interested party wish to submit a PMS allegation and supporting new factual information pursuant to section 773(e) of the Act, it must do so no later than 20 days after submission of a respondent’s initial section D questionnaire response. Extensions of Time Limits Parties may request an extension of time limits before the expiration of a time limit established under 19 CFR 351.301, or as otherwise specified by Commerce. In general, an extension request will be considered untimely if it is filed after the expiration of the time limit established under 19 CFR 351.301. For submissions that are due from multiple parties simultaneously, an extension request will be considered untimely if it is filed after 10:00 a.m. ET on the due date. Under certain circumstances, we may elect to specify a different time limit by which extension requests will be considered untimely for submissions which are due from multiple parties simultaneously. In such a case, we will inform parties in a letter or memorandum of the deadline (including a specified time) by which extension requests must be filed to be considered timely. An extension request must be made in a separate, stand-alone submission; Commerce will grant untimely filed requests for the extension of time limits only in limited cases where we determine, based on 19 CFR 351.302, that extraordinary circumstances exist. Parties should review Commerce’s regulations concerning factual information prior to E:\FR\FM\08FEN1.SGM 08FEN1 7104 Federal Register / Vol. 87, No. 26 / Tuesday, February 8, 2022 / Notices submitting factual information in this investigation.38 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certification Requirements [A–570–985] Any party submitting factual information in an AD or CVD proceeding must certify to the accuracy and completeness of that information.39 Parties must use the certification formats provided in 19 CFR 351.303(g).40 Commerce intends to reject factual submissions if the submitting party does not comply with the applicable certification requirements. Notification to Interested Parties Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305. Parties wishing to participate in this investigation should ensure that they meet the requirements of 19 CFR 351.103(d) (e.g., by filing the required letter of appearance). This notice is issued and published pursuant to sections 732(c)(2) and 777(i) of the Act, and 19 CFR 351.203(c). Dated: February 1, 2022. Lisa W. Wang, Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance. Appendix Scope of the Investigation The merchandise covered by this investigation is barium chloride, a chemical compound having the formulas BaCl2 or BaCl2-2H2O, currently classifiable under subheading 2827.39.4500 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS). Although the HTSUS subheading is provided for convenience and customs purposes, the written description of the scope of this investigation is dispositive. [FR Doc. 2022–02558 Filed 2–7–22; 8:45 am] khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES 38 See 19 CFR 351.301; see also Extension of Time Limits; Final Rule, 78 FR 57790 (September 20, 2013), available at https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/ FR-2013-09-20/html/2013-22853.htm. 39 See section 782(b) of the Act. 40 See Certification of Factual Information to Import Administration During Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings, 78 FR 42678 (July 17, 2013) (Final Rule). Answers to frequently asked questions regarding the Final Rule are available at https://enforcement.trade.gov/tlei/notices/factual_ info_final_rule_FAQ_07172013.pdf. 16:16 Feb 07, 2022 Jkt 256001 Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce (Commerce) determines that except for one respondent for which Commerce calculated a zero percent dumping margin, the other companies subject to this administrative review either made sales of subject merchandise at prices below normal value (NV) during the period of review (POR) July 1, 2019, through June 30, 2020, did not ship subject merchandise to the United States during the POR, or were not entitled to a separate rate. DATES: Applicable February 8, 2022. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Abdul Alnoor, AD/CVD Operations, Office IV, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482–4554. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: AGENCY: Background On August 5, 2021, Commerce published the Preliminary Results and invited interested parties to comment.1 For details regarding the events that occurred since the Preliminary Results, see the Issues and Decision Memorandum.2 Commerce conducted this administrative review in accordance with section 751 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act). Scope of the Order 3 The scope of the Order covers dry xanthan gum, whether or not coated or BILLING CODE 3510–DS–P VerDate Sep<11>2014 Xanthan Gum From the People’s Republic of China: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review and Final Determination of No Shipments; 2019–2020 1 See Xanthan Gum from the People’s Republic of China: Preliminary Results of the Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, Partial Rescission of the Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, and Preliminary Determination of No Shipments; 2019– 2020, 86 FR 42781 (August 5, 2021) (Preliminary Results), and accompanying Preliminary Decision Memorandum. 2 See Memorandum ‘‘Issues and Decision Memorandum for the Final Results of the 2019– 2020 Antidumping Duty Administrative Review of Xanthan Gum from the People’s Republic of China,’’ (Issues and Decision Memorandum), dated concurrently with, and hereby adopted by, this notice. 3 See Xanthan Gum from the People’s Republic of China: Amended Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value and Antidumping Duty Order, 78 FR 43143 (July 19, 2013) (Order). PO 00000 Frm 00021 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 blended with other products. For a full description of the scope, see the Issues and Decision Memorandum. Analysis of Comments Received All issues raised in the case and rebuttal briefs are addressed in the Issues and Decision Memorandum. A list of the issues that parties raised and to which we responded in the Issues and Decision Memorandum is attached to this notice as an appendix. The Issues and Decision Memorandum is a public document and is on file electronically via Enforcement and Compliance’s Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS). ACCESS is available to registered users at https:// access.trade.gov. In addition, a complete version of the Issues and Decision Memorandum can be accessed directly at https://access.trade.gov/public/ FRNoticesListLayout.aspx. Final Determination of No Shipments In the Preliminary Results, Commerce determined that Shanghai Smart Chemicals Co., Ltd. did not have shipments of subject merchandise during the POR. As we received no information to contradict our preliminary determination with respect to this company, we continue to find that it made no shipments of subject merchandise to the United States during the POR. Changes Since the Preliminary Results Based on a review of the record and comments received from interested parties regarding our Preliminary Results, we corrected certain ministerial errors in the calculation of Fufeng’s,4 one of the mandatory respondents, weighted-average dumping margin. For a discussion of these changes, see the Issues and Decision Memorandum. Separate Rates No parties commented on our preliminary separate rate findings. Therefore, we have continued to grant Meihua 5 and Fufeng (the mandatory respondents), and two other companies/ company groups listed in the ‘‘Final Results of Review’’ section below separate rate status. However, we have continued to deny separate rate status to 4 Fufeng refers to a single entity, which includes: Neimenggu Fufeng Biotechnologies Co., Ltd. (aka Inner Mongolia Fufeng Biotechnologies Co., Ltd.); Shandong Fufeng Fermentation Co., Ltd.; and Xinjiang Fufeng Biotechnologies Co., Ltd. (collectively, Fufeng). 5 Meihua refers to a single entity, which includes: Meihua Group International Trading (Hong Kong) Limited; Langfang Meihua Biotechnology Co., Ltd.; and Xinjiang Meihua Amino Acid Co., Ltd. (collectively, Meihua). E:\FR\FM\08FEN1.SGM 08FEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 87, Number 26 (Tuesday, February 8, 2022)]
[Notices]
[Pages 7100-7104]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2022-02558]


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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

International Trade Administration

[A-533-908]


Barium Chloride From India: Initiation of Less-Than-Fair-Value 
Investigation

AGENCY: Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, 
Department of Commerce.


DATES: Applicable February 1, 2022.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Fred Baker or Preston Cox; AD/CVD 
Operations, Office VI, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade 
Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue 
NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482-2924 or (202) 482-5041, 
respectively.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

The Petition

    On January 12, 2022, the Department of Commerce (Commerce) received 
an antidumping duty (AD) petition concerning imports of barium chloride 
from India, filed in proper form on behalf of Chemical Products 
Corporation (the petitioner), a domestic producer of barium 
chloride.\1\ The Petition was accompanied by a countervailing duty 
(CVD) petition concerning imports of barium chloride from India.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ See Petitioner's Letter, ``Petitions for the Imposition of 
Antidumping and Countervailing Duties on Barium Chloride from 
India,'' dated January 12, 2022 (the Petition).
    \2\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    On January 14 and 24, 2022, Commerce requested supplemental 
information pertaining to certain aspects of the Petition.\3\ The 
petitioner filed responses to these requests on January 19, 20, and 25, 
2022.\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ See Commerce's Letters, ``Petitions for the Imposition of 
Antidumping and Countervailing Duties on Imports of Barium Chloride 
from India: Supplemental Questions,'' dated January 14, 2022; and 
``Petition for the Imposition of Antidumping Duties on Imports of 
Barium Chloride from India: Supplemental Questions,'' dated January 
14, 2022; see also Commerce's Memoranda, ``Petition for the 
Imposition of Antidumping Duties on Imports of Barium Chloride from 
India: Phone Call with Counsel to the Petitioner,'' dated January 
24, 2022; and ``Petitions for the Imposition of Antidumping and 
Countervailing Duties on Imports of Barium Chloride from India: 
Phone Call with Counsel to the Petitioner,'' dated January 24, 2022.
    \4\ See Petitioner's Letters, ``Barium Chloride from India: 
Response to Supplemental Questionnaire on Volume I of Petition 
(General Issues and Injury Information),'' dated January 19, 2022 
(General Issues Supplement); ``Barium Chloride from India: Response 
to Supplemental Questionnaire on Volume II (AD) of Petition,'' dated 
January 20, 2022 (India AD Supplement); ``Barium Chloride from 
India: Response to Supplemental Question on Volume I of Petition 
(General Issues and Injury Information),'' dated January 25, 2022 
(Revised Exhibit I-4); and ``Barium Chloride from India: Response to 
Supplemental Question on Volume II of Petition (Antidumping 
Duties),'' dated January 25, 2022 (Second India AD Supplement).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In accordance with section 732(b) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as 
amended (the Act), the petitioner alleges that imports of barium 
chloride from India are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United 
States at less than fair value (LTFV) within the meaning of section 731 
of the Act, and that imports of such products are materially injuring, 
or threatening material injury to, the barium chloride industry in the 
United States. Consistent with section 732(b)(1) of the Act, the 
Petition is accompanied by information reasonably available to the 
petitioner supporting its allegations.
    Commerce finds that the petitioner filed the Petition on behalf of 
the domestic industry, because the petitioner is an interested party, 
as defined in section 771(9)(C) of the Act. Commerce also finds that 
the petitioner demonstrated sufficient industry support for the 
initiation of the requested AD investigation.\5\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ See infra, section on ``Determination of Industry Support 
for the Petition.''
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Period of Investigation

    Because the Petition was filed on January 12, 2022, the period of 
investigation (POI) for this AD investigation is January 1, 2021, 
through December 31, 2021, pursuant to 19 CFR 351.204(b)(1).

Scope of the Investigation

    The product covered by this investigation is barium chloride from 
India. For a full description of the scope of this investigation, see 
the appendix to this notice.

Comments on the Scope of the Investigation

    As discussed in the Preamble to Commerce's regulations, we are 
setting aside a period for interested parties to raise issues regarding 
product coverage (i.e., scope).\6\ Commerce will consider all comments 
received from interested parties and, if necessary, will consult with 
interested parties prior to the issuance of the preliminary 
determination. If scope comments include factual information,\7\ all 
such factual information should be limited to public information. To 
facilitate preparation of its questionnaire, Commerce requests that all 
interested parties submit scope comments by 5:00

[[Page 7101]]

p.m. Eastern Time (ET) on February 22, 2022, which is the next business 
day after 20 calendar days from the signature date of this notice.\8\ 
Any rebuttal comments, which may include factual information, must be 
filed by 5:00 p.m. ET on March 4, 2022, which is 10 calendar days from 
the initial comment deadline.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ See Antidumping Duties; Countervailing Duties, Final Rule, 
62 FR 27296, 27323 (May 19, 1997) (Preamble).
    \7\ See 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) (defining ``factual 
information'').
    \8\ The deadline for comments falls on February 21, 2022, which 
is a federal holiday. Commerce's practice dictates that where a 
deadline falls on a weekend or federal holiday, the appropriate 
deadline is the next business day (in this instance, February 22, 
2022). See Notice of Clarification: Application of ``Next Business 
Day'' Rule for Administrative Determination Deadlines Pursuant to 
the Tariff Act of 1930, As Amended, 70 FR 24533 (May 10, 2005) 
(Notice of Clarification).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Commerce requests that any factual information that parties 
consider relevant to the scope of the investigations be submitted 
during this period. However, if a party subsequently finds that 
additional factual information pertaining to the scope of the 
investigation may be relevant, the party must contact Commerce and 
request permission to submit the additional information. All such 
submissions must be filed on the records of each of the concurrent AD 
and CVD investigations.

Filing Requirements

    All submissions to Commerce must be filed electronically using 
Enforcement and Compliance's Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty 
Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS), unless an exception 
applies.\9\ An electronically-filed document must be received 
successfully in its entirety by the time and date on which it is due. 
Note that Commerce has temporarily modified certain of its requirements 
for serving documents containing business proprietary information, 
until further notice.\10\
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    \9\ See Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings: 
Electronic Filing Procedures; Administrative Protective Order 
Procedures, 76 FR 39263 (July 6, 2011); see also Enforcement and 
Compliance; Change of Electronic Filing System Name, 79 FR 69046 
(November 20, 2014) for details of Commerce's electronic filing 
requirements, effective August 5, 2011. Information on help using 
ACCESS can be found at https://access.trade.gov/help.aspx and a 
handbook can be found at https://access.trade.gov/help/Handbook_on_Electronic_Filing_Procedures.pdf.
    \10\ See Temporary Rule Modifying AD/CVD Service Requirements 
Due to COVID-19; Extension of Effective Period, 85 FR 41363 (July 
10, 2020).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Comments on Product Characteristics

    Commerce is providing interested parties an opportunity to comment 
on the appropriate physical characteristics of barium chloride to be 
reported in response to Commerce's AD questionnaire. This information 
will be used to identify the key physical characteristics of the 
subject merchandise in order to report the relevant costs of production 
accurately, as well as to develop appropriate product-comparison 
criteria.
    Interested parties may provide any information or comments that 
they feel are relevant to the development of an accurate list of 
physical characteristics. Specifically, they may provide comments as to 
which characteristics are appropriate to use as: (1) General product 
characteristics; and (2) product comparison criteria. We note that it 
is not always appropriate to use all product characteristics as product 
comparison criteria. We base product comparison criteria on meaningful 
commercial differences among products. In other words, although there 
may be some physical product characteristics utilized by manufacturers 
to describe barium chloride, it may be that only a select few product 
characteristics take into account commercially meaningful physical 
characteristics. In addition, interested parties may comment on the 
order in which the physical characteristics should be used in matching 
products. Generally, Commerce attempts to list the most important 
physical characteristics first and the least important characteristics 
last.
    In order to consider the suggestions of interested parties in 
developing and issuing the AD questionnaire, all product 
characteristics comments must be filed by 5:00 p.m. ET on February 22, 
2022, which is the next business day after 20 calendar days from the 
signature date of this notice.\11\ Any rebuttal comments must be filed 
by 5:00 p.m. ET on March 4, 2022, which is 10 calendar days from the 
initial comment deadline. All comments and submissions to Commerce must 
be filed electronically using ACCESS, as explained above, on the record 
of the AD investigation.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ The deadline for comments falls on February 21, 2022, which 
is a federal holiday. Commerce's practice dictates that where a 
deadline falls on a weekend or federal holiday, the appropriate 
deadline is the next business day (in this instance, February 22, 
2022). See Notice of Clarification.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Determination of Industry Support for the Petition

    Section 732(b)(1) of the Act requires that a petition be filed on 
behalf of the domestic industry. Section 732(c)(4)(A) of the Act 
provides that a petition meets this requirement if the domestic 
producers or workers who support the petition account for: (i) At least 
25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product; and 
(ii) more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like 
product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support 
for, or opposition to, the petition. Moreover, section 732(c)(4)(D) of 
the Act provides that, if the petition does not establish support of 
domestic producers or workers accounting for more than 50 percent of 
the total production of the domestic like product, Commerce shall: (i) 
Poll the industry or rely on other information in order to determine if 
there is support for the petition, as required by subparagraph (A); or 
(ii) determine industry support using a statistically valid sampling 
method to poll the ``industry.''
    Section 771(4)(A) of the Act defines the ``industry'' as the 
producers as a whole of a domestic like product. Thus, to determine 
whether a petition has the requisite industry support, the statute 
directs Commerce to look to producers and workers who produce the 
domestic like product. The International Trade Commission (ITC), which 
is responsible for determining whether ``the domestic industry'' has 
been injured, must also determine what constitutes a domestic like 
product in order to define the industry. While both Commerce and the 
ITC must apply the same statutory definition regarding the domestic 
like product,\12\ they do so for different purposes and pursuant to a 
separate and distinct authority. In addition, Commerce's determination 
is subject to limitations of time and information. Although this may 
result in different definitions of the like product, such differences 
do not render the decision of either agency contrary to law.\13\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ See section 771(10) of the Act.
    \13\ See USEC, Inc. v. United States, 132 F. Supp. 2d 1, 8 (CIT 
2001) (citing Algoma Steel Corp. v. United States, 688 F. Supp. 639, 
644 (CIT 1988), aff'd 865 F.2d 240 (Fed. Cir. 1989)).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Section 771(10) of the Act defines the domestic like product as ``a 
product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in 
characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation 
under this title.'' Thus, the reference point from which the domestic 
like product analysis begins is ``the article subject to an 
investigation'' (i.e., the class or kind of merchandise to be 
investigated, which normally will be the scope as defined in the 
petition).
    With regard to the domestic like product, the petitioner does not 
offer a definition of the domestic like product distinct from the scope 
of the investigation.\14\ Based on our analysis of the information 
submitted on the record, we have determined that barium chloride, as 
defined in the scope, constitutes a single domestic like product, and 
we have analyzed industry

[[Page 7102]]

support in terms of that domestic like product.\15\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \14\ See General Issues Supplement at 2-3 and Exhibit GEN-3.
    \15\ For a discussion of the domestic like product analysis as 
applied to this case and information regarding industry support, see 
Antidumping Duty Investigation Initiation Checklist: Barium Chloride 
from India (AD Initiation Checklist) at Attachment II, Analysis of 
Industry Support for the Antidumping and Countervailing Duty 
Petitions Covering Barium Chloride from India (Attachment II). This 
checklist is dated concurrently with this notice and on file 
electronically via ACCESS.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In determining whether the petitioner has standing under section 
732(c)(4)(A) of the Act, we considered the industry support data 
contained in the Petition with reference to the domestic like product 
as defined in the ``Scope of the Investigation,'' in the appendix to 
this notice. To establish industry support, the petitioner provided its 
own production of the domestic like product in 2021.\16\ The petitioner 
provided information from the ITC's fifth sunset review of barium 
chloride from the People's Republic of China, published in June 2021, 
in which the ITC found that Chemical Products Corporation was the only 
domestic producer of barium chloride; therefore, the Petition is 
supported by 100 percent of the U.S. industry.\17\ We relied on data 
provided by the petitioner for purposes of measuring industry 
support.\18\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \16\ See General Issues Supplement at 4.
    \17\ See Petition at Volume I at I-2 through I-4; see also 
General Issues Supplement at 3-4 and Exhibit GEN-3 (containing 
Barium Chloride from China, Inv. No. 731-TA-149 (Fifth Review), 
USITC Pub. 5203 (June 2021) at 7).
    \18\ See Petition at Volume I at I-2 through I-4; see also 
General Issues Supplement at 3-4 and Exhibit GEN-3. For further 
discussion, see AD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Our review of the data provided in the Petition, the General Issues 
Supplement, and other information readily available to Commerce 
indicates that the petitioner has established industry support for the 
Petition. First, the Petition established support from domestic 
producers (or workers) accounting for more than 50 percent of the total 
production of the domestic like product, and, as such, Commerce is not 
required to take further action in order to evaluate industry support 
(e.g., polling).\19\ Second, the domestic producers (or workers) have 
met the statutory criteria for industry support under section 
732(c)(4)(A)(i) of the Act because the domestic producers (or workers) 
who support the Petition account for at least 25 percent of the total 
production of the domestic like product.\20\ Finally, the domestic 
producers (or workers) have met the statutory criteria for industry 
support under section 732(c)(4)(A)(ii) of the Act because the domestic 
producers (or workers) who support the Petition account for more than 
50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by 
that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, 
the Petition.\21\ Accordingly, Commerce determines that the Petition 
was filed on behalf of the domestic industry within the meaning of 
section 732(b)(1) of the Act.\22\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \19\ See AD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II; see also 
section 732(c)(4)(D) of the Act.
    \20\ See AD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II.
    \21\ Id.
    \22\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation

    The petitioner alleges that the U.S. industry producing the 
domestic like product is being materially injured, or is threatened 
with material injury, by reason of the imports of the subject 
merchandise sold at LTFV. In addition, the petitioner alleges that 
subject imports exceed the negligibility threshold provided for under 
section 771(24)(A) of the Act.\23\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \23\ See Petition at Volume I at I-10 and Exhibit I-9; see also 
General Issues Supplement at 5 and Exhibit GEN-4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The petitioner contends that the industry's injured condition is 
illustrated by a significant volume of subject imports; increasing 
market share of subject imports; underselling and price depression and/
or suppression; inventory levels; declines in production, shipments, 
and revenues; and lost sales and revenues.\24\ We assessed the 
allegations and supporting evidence regarding material injury, threat 
of material injury, causation, as well as negligibility, and we have 
determined that these allegations are properly supported by adequate 
evidence, and meet the statutory requirements for initiation.\25\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \24\ See Petition at Volume I at I-7 through I-30 and Exhibits 
I-5 and I-8 through I-12; see also General Issues Supplement at 2-3, 
5 and Exhibits GEN-2 and GEN-4.
    \25\ See AD Initiation Checklist at Attachment III, Analysis of 
Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation for the 
Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Petitions Covering Barium 
Chloride from India (Attachment III).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Allegation of Sales at LTFV

    The following is a description of the allegation of sales at LTFV 
upon which Commerce based its decision to initiate this LTFV 
investigation of imports of barium chloride from India. The sources of 
data for the deductions and adjustments relating to U.S. price and 
normal value (NV) are discussed in greater detail in the AD Initiation 
Checklist.

U.S. Price

    The petitioner based export price (EP) on the average unit value 
(AUV) of publicly available import data for barium chloride from India 
during the POI and made adjustments for foreign inland freight and 
foreign brokerage and handling to calculate a net ex-factory U.S. 
price.\26\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \26\ See AD Initiation Checklist.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Normal Value

    The petitioner provided information indicating that the prices for 
barium chloride sold or offered for sale in India were below the cost 
of production (COP). Consequently, the petitioner based NV on 
constructed value (CV).\27\ For further discussion of CV, see ``Normal 
Value Based on Constructed Value'' section below.\28\
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    \27\ See AD Initiation Checklist.
    \28\ In accordance with section 773(b)(2) of the Act, for this 
investigation, Commerce will request information necessary to 
calculate the CV and COP to determine whether there are reasonable 
grounds to believe or suspect that sales of the foreign like product 
have been made at prices that represent less than the COP of the 
product.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Normal Value Based on Constructed Value

    As noted above, the petitioner provided information indicating that 
sales or offers for sale of barium chloride in India were made at 
prices below COP. Therefore, the petitioner calculated NV based on 
CV.\29\ Pursuant to section 773(e) of the Act, the petitioner 
calculated CV as the sum of the cost of manufacturing; selling, 
general, and administrative expenses; financial expenses; and 
profit.\30\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \29\ See AD Initiation Checklist.
    \30\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Fair Value Comparison

    Based on the data provided by the petitioner, there is reason to 
believe that imports of barium chloride from India are being, or are 
likely to be, sold in the United States at LTFV. Based on comparisons 
of EP to NV based on CV in accordance with section 773 of the Act, the 
estimated dumping margin for barium chloride from India is 233.34 
percent.\31\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \31\ See AD Initiation Checklist for details of this margin 
calculation.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Initiation of LTFV Investigation

    Based upon the examination of the Petition and supplemental 
responses, we find that they meet the requirements of section 732 of 
the Act. Therefore, we are initiating this LTFV investigation to 
determine whether imports of barium chloride from India are being, or 
are likely to be, sold in the United States at LTFV. In accordance with 
section

[[Page 7103]]

733(b)(1)(A) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.205(b)(1), unless postponed, we 
will make our preliminary determination no later than 140 days after 
the date of this initiation.

Respondent Selection

    In the Petition, the petitioner named 22 companies in India as 
producers and/or exporters of barium chloride.\32\ Following standard 
practice in AD investigations involving a market economy country, in 
the event Commerce determines that the number of Indian exporters or 
producers is large such that Commerce cannot individually examine each 
company based upon its resources, where appropriate, Commerce intends 
to select mandatory respondents based on U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection (CBP) data for U.S. imports of barium chloride from India 
during the POI under the appropriate Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the 
United States subheading listed in the ``Scope of the Investigation,'' 
in the appendix.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \32\ See Revised Exhibit I-4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    On January 26, 2022, Commerce released CBP data on U.S. imports of 
barium chloride from India under administrative protective order (APO) 
to all parties with access to information protected by APO and 
indicated that interested parties wishing to comment on the CBP data 
and/or respondent selection must do so within three business days of 
the publication date of the notice of initiation of this 
investigation.\33\ Comments on CBP data and respondent selection must 
be filed electronically using ACCESS. An electronically-filed document 
must be received successfully, in its entirety, via ACCESS no later 
than 5:00 p.m. ET on the specified deadline. Commerce will not accept 
rebuttal comments regarding the CBP data or respondent selection. We 
intend to select respondents within 20 days of publication of this 
notice.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \33\ See Memorandum, ``Antidumping Duty Petition on Imports of 
Barium Chloride from India: Release of U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection Data,'' dated January 26, 2022.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under 
APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305(b). Instructions for filing such 
applications may be found on Commerce's website at https://enforcement.trade.gov/apo.

Distribution of Copies of the Petition

    In accordance with section 732(b)(3)(A) of the Act and 19 CFR 
351.202(f), a copy of the public version of the Petition has been 
provided to the government of India via ACCESS. To the extent 
practicable, we will attempt to provide a copy of the public version of 
the Petition to each exporter named in the Petition, as provided under 
19 CFR 351.203(c)(2).

ITC Notification

    We will notify the ITC of our initiation, as required by section 
732(d) of the Act.

Preliminary Determination by the ITC

    The ITC will preliminarily determine, within 45 days after the date 
on which the Petition was filed, whether there is a reasonable 
indication that imports of barium chloride from India are materially 
injuring, or threatening material injury to, a U.S. industry.\34\ A 
negative ITC determination will result in the investigation being 
terminated.\35\ Otherwise, this AD investigation will proceed according 
to statutory and regulatory time limits.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \34\ See section 733(a) of the Act.
    \35\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Submission of Factual Information

    Factual information is defined in 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) as: (i) 
Evidence submitted in response to questionnaires; (ii) evidence 
submitted in support of allegations; (iii) publicly available 
information to value factors under 19 CFR 351.408(c) or to measure the 
adequacy of remuneration under 19 CFR 351.511(a)(2); (iv) evidence 
placed on the record by Commerce; and (v) evidence other than factual 
information described in (i)-(iv). Section 351.301(b) of Commerce's 
regulations requires any party, when submitting factual information, to 
specify under which subsection of 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) the information 
is being submitted \36\ and, if the information is submitted to rebut, 
clarify, or correct factual information already on the record, to 
provide an explanation identifying the information already on the 
record that the factual information seeks to rebut, clarify, or 
correct.\37\ Time limits for the submission of factual information are 
addressed in 19 CFR 351.301, which provides specific time limits based 
on the type of factual information being submitted. Interested parties 
should review the regulations prior to submitting factual information 
in this investigation.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \36\ See 19 CFR 351.301(b).
    \37\ See 19 CFR 351.301(b)(2).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Particular Market Situation Allegation

    Section 773(e) of the Act addresses the concept of particular 
market situation (PMS) for purposes of CV, stating that ``if a 
particular market situation exists such that the cost of materials and 
fabrication or other processing of any kind does not accurately reflect 
the cost of production in the ordinary course of trade, the 
administering authority may use another calculation methodology under 
this subtitle or any other calculation methodology.'' When an 
interested party submits a PMS allegation pursuant to section 773(e) of 
the Act, Commerce will respond to such a submission consistent with 19 
CFR 351.301(c)(2)(v). If Commerce finds that a PMS exists under section 
773(e) of the Act, then it will modify its dumping calculations 
appropriately.
    Neither section 773(e) of the Act, nor 19 CFR 351.301(c)(2)(v), set 
a deadline for the submission of PMS allegations and supporting factual 
information. However, in order to administer section 773(e) of the Act, 
Commerce must receive PMS allegations and supporting factual 
information with enough time to consider the submission. Thus, should 
an interested party wish to submit a PMS allegation and supporting new 
factual information pursuant to section 773(e) of the Act, it must do 
so no later than 20 days after submission of a respondent's initial 
section D questionnaire response.

Extensions of Time Limits

    Parties may request an extension of time limits before the 
expiration of a time limit established under 19 CFR 351.301, or as 
otherwise specified by Commerce. In general, an extension request will 
be considered untimely if it is filed after the expiration of the time 
limit established under 19 CFR 351.301. For submissions that are due 
from multiple parties simultaneously, an extension request will be 
considered untimely if it is filed after 10:00 a.m. ET on the due date. 
Under certain circumstances, we may elect to specify a different time 
limit by which extension requests will be considered untimely for 
submissions which are due from multiple parties simultaneously. In such 
a case, we will inform parties in a letter or memorandum of the 
deadline (including a specified time) by which extension requests must 
be filed to be considered timely. An extension request must be made in 
a separate, stand-alone submission; Commerce will grant untimely filed 
requests for the extension of time limits only in limited cases where 
we determine, based on 19 CFR 351.302, that extraordinary circumstances 
exist. Parties should review Commerce's regulations concerning factual 
information prior to

[[Page 7104]]

submitting factual information in this investigation.\38\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \38\ See 19 CFR 351.301; see also Extension of Time Limits; 
Final Rule, 78 FR 57790 (September 20, 2013), available at https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-09-20/html/2013-22853.htm.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Certification Requirements

    Any party submitting factual information in an AD or CVD proceeding 
must certify to the accuracy and completeness of that information.\39\ 
Parties must use the certification formats provided in 19 CFR 
351.303(g).\40\ Commerce intends to reject factual submissions if the 
submitting party does not comply with the applicable certification 
requirements.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \39\ See section 782(b) of the Act.
    \40\ See Certification of Factual Information to Import 
Administration During Antidumping and Countervailing Duty 
Proceedings, 78 FR 42678 (July 17, 2013) (Final Rule). Answers to 
frequently asked questions regarding the Final Rule are available at 
https://enforcement.trade.gov/tlei/notices/factual_info_final_rule_FAQ_07172013.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Notification to Interested Parties

    Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under 
APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305. Parties wishing to participate 
in this investigation should ensure that they meet the requirements of 
19 CFR 351.103(d) (e.g., by filing the required letter of appearance).
    This notice is issued and published pursuant to sections 732(c)(2) 
and 777(i) of the Act, and 19 CFR 351.203(c).

    Dated: February 1, 2022.
Lisa W. Wang,
Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance.

Appendix

Scope of the Investigation

    The merchandise covered by this investigation is barium 
chloride, a chemical compound having the formulas BaCl2 
or BaCl2-2H2O, currently classifiable under 
subheading 2827.39.4500 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the 
United States (HTSUS). Although the HTSUS subheading is provided for 
convenience and customs purposes, the written description of the 
scope of this investigation is dispositive.

[FR Doc. 2022-02558 Filed 2-7-22; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-DS-P