Certain Movable Barrier Operator Systems and Components Thereof; Commission Decision To Review in Part a Final Initial Determination Finding a Violation of Section 337; Schedule for Filing Written Submissions on the Issues Under Review and on Remedy, the Public Interest, and Bonding; Target Date Extension, 70527-70529 [2021-26715]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 235 / Friday, December 10, 2021 / Notices INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 337–TA–1100] Notice of Commission Determination Not To Review an Initial Determination Granting a Motion for Return of a Bond; Certain Microfluidic Systems and Components Thereof and Products Containing Same U.S. International Trade Commission. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: Notice is hereby given that the U.S. International Trade Commission (‘‘Commission’’) has determined not to review an initial determination (‘‘ID’’) (Order No. 46) of the presiding administrative law judge (‘‘ALJ’’), granting respondent Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc.’s motion for return of the bond it posted during the period of Presidential Review. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Benjamin S. Richards, Esq., Office of the General Counsel, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW, Washington, DC 20436, telephone (202) 708–5453. Copies of non-confidential documents filed in connection with this investigation may be viewed on the Commission’s electronic docket (EDIS) at https://edis.usitc.gov. For help accessing EDIS, please email EDIS3Help@usitc.gov. General information concerning the Commission may also be obtained by accessing its internet server at https://www.usitc.gov. Hearing-impaired persons are advised that information on this matter can be obtained by contacting the Commission’s TDD terminal on (202) 205–1810. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On February 21, 2018, the Commission instituted this investigation based on a complaint filed by 10X Genomics, Inc. of Pleasanton, CA (‘‘10X’’). 83 FR 7491 (Feb. 21, 2018). The complaint alleged violations of section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, 19 U.S.C. 1337, in the importation into the United States, the sale for importation, or the sale within the United States after importation of certain microfluidic systems and components thereof and products containing same by reason of infringement of one or more claims of U.S. Patent Nos. 9,644,204; 9,689,024; 9,695,468; and 9,856,530. Id. The Commission’s notice of investigation named as the sole respondent Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. of Hercules, CA (‘‘BioRad’’). Id. The Office of Unfair Import Investigations participated in this investigation. Id. jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with NOTICES1 SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:03 Dec 09, 2021 Jkt 256001 On February 12, 2020, the Commission issued its opinion and final determination in this investigation, which found Bio-Rad in violation of section 337. The Commission also issued remedial orders on that date and set a bond of twenty-five percent (25%) of the entered value of the articles subject to the remedial orders during the period of Presidential review. Pursuant to that bond provision, Bio-Rad posted bond in the amount of $6,554.68. On July 26, 2021, Bio-Rad agreed to a settlement resolving the dispute in this investigation. Pursuant to a joint request by Bio-Rad and 10X, the Commission reviewed the settlement agreement and issued an order rescinding the remedial orders in this investigation on August 25, 2021. See 86 FR 48441–42 (Aug. 30, 2021). On July 28, 2021, shortly after entering the settlement agreement with 10X, Bio-Rad moved without opposition for the return of its bond. On October 21, 2021, the presiding ALJ issued the subject ID, which granted Bio-Rad’s motion. No petitions for review of that ID have been received. The Commission has determined not to review the subject ID. The bond at issue is ordered to be returned to BioRad. The Commission vote for this determination took place on December 6, 2021. The authority for the Commission’s determination is contained in section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1337), and in Part 210 of the Commission’s Rules of Practice and Procedure (19 CFR part 210). By order of the Commission. Issued: December 6, 2021. Lisa Barton, Secretary to the Commission. [FR Doc. 2021–26717 Filed 12–9–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7020–02–P INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 337–TA–1209] Certain Movable Barrier Operator Systems and Components Thereof; Commission Decision To Review in Part a Final Initial Determination Finding a Violation of Section 337; Schedule for Filing Written Submissions on the Issues Under Review and on Remedy, the Public Interest, and Bonding; Target Date Extension U.S. International Trade Commission. AGENCY: PO 00000 Frm 00098 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 ACTION: 70527 Notice. Notice is hereby given that the U.S. International Trade Commission has determined to review in part a final initial determination (‘‘FID’’) of the presiding administrative law judge (‘‘ALJ’’) finding a violation of section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended. The Commission requests briefing from the parties on certain issues under review, as set forth in this notice. The Commission also requests briefing from the parties, interested persons, and government agencies on the issues of remedy, the public interest, and bonding. The Commission has further determined to extend the target date until February 3, 2022. SUMMARY: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Houda Morad, Office of the General Counsel, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW, Washington, DC 20436, telephone (202) 708–4716. Copies of non-confidential documents filed in connection with this investigation may be viewed on the Commission’s electronic docket (EDIS) at https://edis.usitc.gov. For help accessing EDIS, please email EDIS3Help@usitc.gov. General information concerning the Commission may also be obtained by accessing its internet server at https://www.usitc.gov. Hearing-impaired persons are advised that information on this matter can be obtained by contacting the Commission’s TDD terminal on (202) 205–1810. On August 10, 2020, the Commission instituted this investigation under section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, 19 U.S.C. 1337 (‘‘section 337’’), based on a complaint filed by Overhead Door Corporation of Lewisville, Texas and GMI Holdings Inc. of Mount Hope, Ohio (collectively, ‘‘Complainants’’). See 85 FR 48264–65 (Aug. 10, 2020). The complaint, as supplemented, alleges a violation of section 337 based upon the importation into the United States, the sale for importation, and the sale within the United States after importation of certain movable barrier operator systems and components thereof by reason of infringement of U.S. Patent Nos. 8,970,345 (‘‘the ’345 patent’’); 9,483,935 (‘‘the ’935 patent’’); 7,173,516 (‘‘the ’516 patent’’); 7,180,260 (‘‘the ’260 patent’’); 7,956,718 (‘‘the ’718 patent’’); and 8,410,895 (‘‘the ’895 patent’’). See id. The notice of investigation names The Chamberlain Group, Inc. of Oak Brook, Illinois (‘‘Respondent’’) as the respondent in this investigation. See id. The Office of Unfair Import SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: E:\FR\FM\10DEN1.SGM 10DEN1 jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with NOTICES1 70528 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 235 / Friday, December 10, 2021 / Notices Investigations is not a party to the investigation. See id. On February 10, 2021, the Commission terminated the investigation as to the ’516 patent based on the withdrawal of the allegations in the complaint as to that patent. See Order No. 10 (Jan. 19, 2021), unreviewed by Comm’n Notice (Feb. 10, 2021). On April 26, 2021, the ALJ issued an ID granting Complainants’ motion for summary determination that the economic prong of the domestic industry requirement is satisfied. See Order No. 12 (April 26, 2021), unreviewed by Comm’n Notice (May 26, 2021). On September 14, 2021, the ALJ issued the FID finding a violation of section 337 based on the infringement by Respondent of all of Complainants’ asserted patents. Specifically, the FID finds that: (1) The asserted patents are all infringed by Respondent’s accused products and redesigned products; (2) the domestic industry products practice the asserted patents; and (3) the asserted patents not invalid under 35 U.S.C. 101, 102, or 103. The FID also includes a recommended determination (‘‘RD’’) recommending, should the Commission affirm and find a violation of section 337, that the Commission issue: (1) A limited exclusion order against certain movable barrier operator systems and components thereof that are imported into the United States, sold for importation, and sold within the United States after importation, by the Respondent; and (2) a cease and desist order against the Respondent. The RD also recommends that the Commission set a bond during the period of Presidential review in an amount of 100 percent of the entered value of the movable barrier operator systems imported by or on behalf of the Respondent. On September 27, 2021, the Respondent filed a petition for Commission review of certain aspects of the FID. Specifically, Respondent requested that the Commission review, for one or more of the asserted patents, the FID’s findings with respect to: (1) Claim construction; (2) infringement; (3) invalidity for anticipation or obviousness under 35 U.S.C. 102 or 103, respectively; (4) invalidity for patent ineligibility under 35 U.S.C. 101; and/or (5) the technical prong of the domestic industry requirement. On October 5, 2021, Complainants filed a response in opposition to the Respondent’s petition. Having examined the record of this investigation, including the FID and the parties’ submissions, the Commission has determined to review the FID in VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:03 Dec 09, 2021 Jkt 256001 part. Specifically, the Commission has determined to review the following of the FID’s findings: (1) With respect to the ’345 and ’935 patents, construction of the claim term ‘‘on each of the channels . . . ,’’ the related infringement findings as to the accused products and redesigns, and the validity of the asserted claims of the’345 and ’935 patents over U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2006/ 0109078 (RX–44) (‘‘Keller’’); (2) with respect to the ’260 patent, construction of the claim term ‘‘user input of . . . limit values,’’ the related infringement findings, and patent eligibility under 35 U.S.C. 101; and (3) with respect to the ’718 and ’895 patents, construction of the claim terms ‘‘obstruction detection unit’’ and ‘‘obstruction detector,’’ the related infringement findings as to the accused products and redesigns, and patent eligibility under 35 U.S.C. 101. The Commission has determined not to review the remainder of the FID. The Commission has also determined to extend the target date until February 3, 2022. In connection with its review, the Commission requests the parties to brief their positions with reference to the applicable law and the evidentiary record regarding only the following issues: 1. Explain why the claim phrase ‘‘on each of the channels, . . . multiple copies of a message’’ in the ’935 patent and the claim phrase ‘‘on each of the channels, . . . to a next one of the multiple channels’’ in the ’345 patent require construction and why the plain language of the claim phrases is inadequate to resolve the parties’ disputes as to infringement and/or invalidity over Keller. 2. Assuming that the Commission determines that the claim phrase ‘‘on each of the channels, . . . multiple copies of a message’’ in the ’935 patent and the claim phrase ‘‘on each of the channels, . . . to a next one of the multiple channels’’ in the ’345 patent require no construction and that the plain meaning applies, please provide your position, with support from the evidentiary record, as to the effect of this construction on infringement and/or invalidity over Keller. 3. Assuming that the Commission determines that the claim phrase ‘‘on each of the channels, . . . multiple copies of a message’’ in the ’935 patent should be construed to mean ‘‘a transmitter configured to automatically transmit multiple copies of a message upon actuation of the transmitter on each of two or more different channels,’’ please provide your position, with support from the evidentiary record, as to the effect of this construction on infringement and/or invalidity over Keller. 4. Assuming that the Commission determines that the claim phrase ‘‘on each of the channels, . . . to a next one of the multiple channels’’ in the ’345 patent should be construed to mean ‘‘a transmitter PO 00000 Frm 00099 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 operatively connected to automatically transmit multiple copies of a message upon actuation of the transmitter on one of multiple channels prior to switching the transmitter at a transmitter-switching rate, to a next one of the multiple channels,’’ please provide your position, with support from the evidentiary record, as to the effect of this construction on infringement and/or invalidity over Keller. 5. Explain why the claim phrase ‘‘user input of . . . limit values’’ in the ’260 patent requires construction and why the plain language of the claim phrase is inadequate to resolve the parties’ disputes as to infringement. 6. Assuming that the Commission determines that the claim phrase ‘‘user input of . . . limit values’’ in the ’260 patent requires no construction and that the plain meaning applies, please provide your position, with support from the evidentiary record, as to the effect of this construction on infringement. 7. Assuming that the Commission determines that the construction of the claim terms ‘‘obstruction detection unit’’ and ‘‘obstruction detector’’ do not require ‘‘enabling a response to an obstruction,’’ and should be construed as ‘‘device or circuitry capable of detecting and signaling an obstruction in the opening closable by the barrier,’’ please provide your position, with support from the evidentiary record, as to the effect of this construction on infringement. In addition, in connection with the final disposition of this investigation, the statute authorizes issuance of (1) an order that could result in the exclusion of the subject articles from entry into the United States, and/or (2) a cease and desist order that could result in the respondent being required to cease and desist from engaging in unfair acts in the importation and sale of such articles. Accordingly, the Commission is interested in receiving written submissions that address the form of remedy, if any, that should be ordered. If a party seeks exclusion of an article from entry into the United States for purposes other than entry for consumption, the party should so indicate and provide information establishing that activities involving other types of entry either are adversely affecting it or likely to do so. For background, see Certain Devices for Connecting Computers via Telephone Lines, Inv. No. 337–TA–360, USITC Pub. No. 2843, Comm’n Op. at 7–10 (Dec. 1994). The statute requires the Commission to consider the effects of any remedy upon the public interest. The public interest factors the Commission will consider include the effect that an exclusion order and/or cease and desist orders would have on (1) the public health and welfare, (2) competitive conditions in the U.S. economy, (3) U.S. production of articles that are like or E:\FR\FM\10DEN1.SGM 10DEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 235 / Friday, December 10, 2021 / Notices directly competitive with those that are subject to investigation, and (4) U.S. consumers. The Commission is therefore interested in receiving written submissions that address the aforementioned public interest factors in the context of this investigation. In that regard, the Commission requests briefing on each of the aforementioned public interest factors. The parties are requested to also brief their positions on the following questions: jspears on DSK121TN23PROD with NOTICES1 1. Please include in your analysis of the competitive conditions in the United States economy and U.S. consumers, a fulsome explanation, supported by evidence as to whether, and to what extent, the garage door openers and gate operators of other suppliers can be substituted for CGI’s accused products, including whether potential substitutes are made in the United States or overseas. Please include in your analysis, a quantitative analysis of the availability of such substitutes to U.S. consumers both in the near term and in the future. 2. With respect to CGI’s assertion that it holds a large share of the U.S. market for garage door openers and gate operators, please identify what percentage share of the U.S. market the accused products comprise of the total market shares asserted by CGI. 3. Please include in your analysis of the public health and welfare, a fulsome explanation, supported by evidence, as to whether and to what extent exclusion of CGI’s accused products and substitution of competitors’ products raise safety and security concerns for U.S. consumers. 4. CGI contends in its public interest statement that ‘‘there was no discovery or findings by the ALJ regarding public interest issues and the record is devoid of adversarially-tested direct evidence that OHD or others have the manufacturing capacity to immediately supply domestic demand if CGI is excluded from the market or the harm that the construction industry and consumers would suffer.’’ Please provide any evidence that supports or disproves CGI’s assertion, including how your analysis is to be considered under each applicable statutory public interest factor. 5. If CGI requests a repair/warranty exemption from any remedial orders, please cite and discuss the evidence of record supporting such a request. If the Commission orders some form of remedy, the U.S. Trade Representative, as delegated by the President, has 60 days to approve, disapprove, or take no action on the Commission’s determination. See Presidential Memorandum of July 21, 2005, 70 FR 43251 (July 26, 2005). During this period, the subject articles would be entitled to enter the United States under bond, in an amount determined by the Commission and prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury. The Commission is therefore interested in receiving submissions concerning the amount of the bond that VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:03 Dec 09, 2021 Jkt 256001 should be imposed if a remedy is ordered. Written Submissions: The parties to the investigation are requested to file written submissions limited to the briefing questions above. Parties to the investigation, interested government agencies, and any other interested parties are encouraged to file written submissions on the issues of remedy, the public interest, and bonding. Such initial written submissions should include views on the RD by the ALJ on remedy, the public interest, and bonding. Complainants are also requested to identify the form of remedy sought and to submit proposed remedial orders for the Commission’s consideration in their initial written submissions. Complainant is further requested to state the HTSUS subheadings under which the accused products are imported, and to supply the names of known importers of the products at issue in this investigation. Initial written submissions and proposed remedial orders must be filed no later than close of business on December 13, 2021. Reply submissions must be filed no later than the close of business on December 20, 2021 and must be limited to issues raised in the initial written submissions. Initial written submissions may not exceed 70 pages in length, exclusive of any exhibits, while reply submissions may not exceed 45 pages in length, exclusive of any exhibits. No further submissions on any of these issues will be permitted unless otherwise ordered by the Commission. Persons filing written submissions must file the original document electronically on or before the deadlines stated above. The Commission’s paper filing requirements in 19 CFR 210.4(f) are currently waived. 85 FR 15798 (March 19, 2020). Submissions should refer to the investigation number (‘‘Inv. No. 337–TA–1209’’) in a prominent place on the cover page and/or the first page. (See Handbook for Electronic Filing Procedures, https:// www.usitc.gov/documents/handbook_ on_filing_procedures.pdf). Persons with questions regarding filing should contact the Secretary (202–205–2000). Any person desiring to submit a document to the Commission in confidence must request confidential treatment by marking each document with a header indicating that the document contains confidential information. This marking will be deemed to satisfy the request procedure set forth in Rules 201.6(b) and 210.5(e)(2) (19 CFR 201.6(b) & 210.5(e)(2)). Documents for which confidential treatment by the PO 00000 Frm 00100 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 70529 Commission is properly sought will be treated accordingly. All information, including confidential business information and documents for which confidential treatment is properly sought, submitted to the Commission for purposes of this Investigation may be disclosed to and used: (i) By the Commission, its employees and Offices, and contract personnel (a) for developing or maintaining the records of this or a related proceeding, or (b) in internal investigations, audits, reviews, and evaluations relating to the programs, personnel, and operations of the Commission including under 5 U.S.C. Appendix 3; or (ii) by U.S. government employees and contract personnel, solely for cybersecurity purposes. All contract personnel will sign appropriate nondisclosure agreements. All non-confidential written submissions will be available for public inspection at the Office of the Secretary and on EDIS. The Commission’s vote for this determination took place on December 6, 2021. The authority for the Commission’s determination is contained in section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1337), and in Part 210 of the Commission’s Rules of Practice and Procedure (19 CFR part 210). By order of the Commission. Issued: December 6, 2021. Lisa Barton, Secretary to the Commission. [FR Doc. 2021–26715 Filed 12–9–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7020–02–P INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 337–TA–1221] Certain Electronic Stud Finders, Metal Detectors and Electrical Scanners; Notice of a Commission Determination To Review in Part a Final Initial Determination Finding No Violation of Section 337; Schedule for Filing Written Submissions U.S. International Trade Commission. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: Notice is hereby given that the U.S. International Trade Commission has determined to review in part the Administrative Law Judge’s (‘‘ALJ’’) final initial determination (‘‘ID’’), issued on October 7, 2021, finding no violation of section 337 in the above-referenced investigation as to three asserted patents. The Commission SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\10DEN1.SGM 10DEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 235 (Friday, December 10, 2021)]
[Notices]
[Pages 70527-70529]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-26715]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION

[Investigation No. 337-TA-1209]


Certain Movable Barrier Operator Systems and Components Thereof; 
Commission Decision To Review in Part a Final Initial Determination 
Finding a Violation of Section 337; Schedule for Filing Written 
Submissions on the Issues Under Review and on Remedy, the Public 
Interest, and Bonding; Target Date Extension

AGENCY: U.S. International Trade Commission.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the U.S. International Trade 
Commission has determined to review in part a final initial 
determination (``FID'') of the presiding administrative law judge 
(``ALJ'') finding a violation of section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930, 
as amended. The Commission requests briefing from the parties on 
certain issues under review, as set forth in this notice. The 
Commission also requests briefing from the parties, interested persons, 
and government agencies on the issues of remedy, the public interest, 
and bonding. The Commission has further determined to extend the target 
date until February 3, 2022.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Houda Morad, Office of the General 
Counsel, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW, 
Washington, DC 20436, telephone (202) 708-4716. Copies of non-
confidential documents filed in connection with this investigation may 
be viewed on the Commission's electronic docket (EDIS) at https://edis.usitc.gov. For help accessing EDIS, please email 
[email protected]. General information concerning the Commission may 
also be obtained by accessing its internet server at https://www.usitc.gov. Hearing-impaired persons are advised that information on 
this matter can be obtained by contacting the Commission's TDD terminal 
on (202) 205-1810.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On August 10, 2020, the Commission 
instituted this investigation under section 337 of the Tariff Act of 
1930, as amended, 19 U.S.C. 1337 (``section 337''), based on a 
complaint filed by Overhead Door Corporation of Lewisville, Texas and 
GMI Holdings Inc. of Mount Hope, Ohio (collectively, ``Complainants''). 
See 85 FR 48264-65 (Aug. 10, 2020). The complaint, as supplemented, 
alleges a violation of section 337 based upon the importation into the 
United States, the sale for importation, and the sale within the United 
States after importation of certain movable barrier operator systems 
and components thereof by reason of infringement of U.S. Patent Nos. 
8,970,345 (``the '345 patent''); 9,483,935 (``the '935 patent''); 
7,173,516 (``the '516 patent''); 7,180,260 (``the '260 patent''); 
7,956,718 (``the '718 patent''); and 8,410,895 (``the '895 patent''). 
See id. The notice of investigation names The Chamberlain Group, Inc. 
of Oak Brook, Illinois (``Respondent'') as the respondent in this 
investigation. See id. The Office of Unfair Import

[[Page 70528]]

Investigations is not a party to the investigation. See id.
    On February 10, 2021, the Commission terminated the investigation 
as to the '516 patent based on the withdrawal of the allegations in the 
complaint as to that patent. See Order No. 10 (Jan. 19, 2021), 
unreviewed by Comm'n Notice (Feb. 10, 2021).
    On April 26, 2021, the ALJ issued an ID granting Complainants' 
motion for summary determination that the economic prong of the 
domestic industry requirement is satisfied. See Order No. 12 (April 26, 
2021), unreviewed by Comm'n Notice (May 26, 2021).
    On September 14, 2021, the ALJ issued the FID finding a violation 
of section 337 based on the infringement by Respondent of all of 
Complainants' asserted patents. Specifically, the FID finds that: (1) 
The asserted patents are all infringed by Respondent's accused products 
and redesigned products; (2) the domestic industry products practice 
the asserted patents; and (3) the asserted patents not invalid under 35 
U.S.C. 101, 102, or 103.
    The FID also includes a recommended determination (``RD'') 
recommending, should the Commission affirm and find a violation of 
section 337, that the Commission issue: (1) A limited exclusion order 
against certain movable barrier operator systems and components thereof 
that are imported into the United States, sold for importation, and 
sold within the United States after importation, by the Respondent; and 
(2) a cease and desist order against the Respondent. The RD also 
recommends that the Commission set a bond during the period of 
Presidential review in an amount of 100 percent of the entered value of 
the movable barrier operator systems imported by or on behalf of the 
Respondent.
    On September 27, 2021, the Respondent filed a petition for 
Commission review of certain aspects of the FID. Specifically, 
Respondent requested that the Commission review, for one or more of the 
asserted patents, the FID's findings with respect to: (1) Claim 
construction; (2) infringement; (3) invalidity for anticipation or 
obviousness under 35 U.S.C. 102 or 103, respectively; (4) invalidity 
for patent ineligibility under 35 U.S.C. 101; and/or (5) the technical 
prong of the domestic industry requirement. On October 5, 2021, 
Complainants filed a response in opposition to the Respondent's 
petition.
    Having examined the record of this investigation, including the FID 
and the parties' submissions, the Commission has determined to review 
the FID in part. Specifically, the Commission has determined to review 
the following of the FID's findings: (1) With respect to the '345 and 
'935 patents, construction of the claim term ``on each of the channels 
. . . ,'' the related infringement findings as to the accused products 
and redesigns, and the validity of the asserted claims of the'345 and 
'935 patents over U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2006/0109078 
(RX-44) (``Keller''); (2) with respect to the '260 patent, construction 
of the claim term ``user input of . . . limit values,'' the related 
infringement findings, and patent eligibility under 35 U.S.C. 101; and 
(3) with respect to the '718 and '895 patents, construction of the 
claim terms ``obstruction detection unit'' and ``obstruction 
detector,'' the related infringement findings as to the accused 
products and redesigns, and patent eligibility under 35 U.S.C. 101. The 
Commission has determined not to review the remainder of the FID.
    The Commission has also determined to extend the target date until 
February 3, 2022.
    In connection with its review, the Commission requests the parties 
to brief their positions with reference to the applicable law and the 
evidentiary record regarding only the following issues:

    1. Explain why the claim phrase ``on each of the channels, . . . 
multiple copies of a message'' in the '935 patent and the claim 
phrase ``on each of the channels, . . . to a next one of the 
multiple channels'' in the '345 patent require construction and why 
the plain language of the claim phrases is inadequate to resolve the 
parties' disputes as to infringement and/or invalidity over Keller.
    2. Assuming that the Commission determines that the claim phrase 
``on each of the channels, . . . multiple copies of a message'' in 
the '935 patent and the claim phrase ``on each of the channels, . . 
. to a next one of the multiple channels'' in the '345 patent 
require no construction and that the plain meaning applies, please 
provide your position, with support from the evidentiary record, as 
to the effect of this construction on infringement and/or invalidity 
over Keller.
    3. Assuming that the Commission determines that the claim phrase 
``on each of the channels, . . . multiple copies of a message'' in 
the '935 patent should be construed to mean ``a transmitter 
configured to automatically transmit multiple copies of a message 
upon actuation of the transmitter on each of two or more different 
channels,'' please provide your position, with support from the 
evidentiary record, as to the effect of this construction on 
infringement and/or invalidity over Keller.
    4. Assuming that the Commission determines that the claim phrase 
``on each of the channels, . . . to a next one of the multiple 
channels'' in the '345 patent should be construed to mean ``a 
transmitter operatively connected to automatically transmit multiple 
copies of a message upon actuation of the transmitter on one of 
multiple channels prior to switching the transmitter at a 
transmitter-switching rate, to a next one of the multiple 
channels,'' please provide your position, with support from the 
evidentiary record, as to the effect of this construction on 
infringement and/or invalidity over Keller.
    5. Explain why the claim phrase ``user input of . . . limit 
values'' in the '260 patent requires construction and why the plain 
language of the claim phrase is inadequate to resolve the parties' 
disputes as to infringement.
    6. Assuming that the Commission determines that the claim phrase 
``user input of . . . limit values'' in the '260 patent requires no 
construction and that the plain meaning applies, please provide your 
position, with support from the evidentiary record, as to the effect 
of this construction on infringement.
    7. Assuming that the Commission determines that the construction 
of the claim terms ``obstruction detection unit'' and ``obstruction 
detector'' do not require ``enabling a response to an obstruction,'' 
and should be construed as ``device or circuitry capable of 
detecting and signaling an obstruction in the opening closable by 
the barrier,'' please provide your position, with support from the 
evidentiary record, as to the effect of this construction on 
infringement.

    In addition, in connection with the final disposition of this 
investigation, the statute authorizes issuance of (1) an order that 
could result in the exclusion of the subject articles from entry into 
the United States, and/or (2) a cease and desist order that could 
result in the respondent being required to cease and desist from 
engaging in unfair acts in the importation and sale of such articles. 
Accordingly, the Commission is interested in receiving written 
submissions that address the form of remedy, if any, that should be 
ordered. If a party seeks exclusion of an article from entry into the 
United States for purposes other than entry for consumption, the party 
should so indicate and provide information establishing that activities 
involving other types of entry either are adversely affecting it or 
likely to do so. For background, see Certain Devices for Connecting 
Computers via Telephone Lines, Inv. No. 337-TA-360, USITC Pub. No. 
2843, Comm'n Op. at 7-10 (Dec. 1994).
    The statute requires the Commission to consider the effects of any 
remedy upon the public interest. The public interest factors the 
Commission will consider include the effect that an exclusion order 
and/or cease and desist orders would have on (1) the public health and 
welfare, (2) competitive conditions in the U.S. economy, (3) U.S. 
production of articles that are like or

[[Page 70529]]

directly competitive with those that are subject to investigation, and 
(4) U.S. consumers. The Commission is therefore interested in receiving 
written submissions that address the aforementioned public interest 
factors in the context of this investigation. In that regard, the 
Commission requests briefing on each of the aforementioned public 
interest factors. The parties are requested to also brief their 
positions on the following questions:

    1. Please include in your analysis of the competitive conditions 
in the United States economy and U.S. consumers, a fulsome 
explanation, supported by evidence as to whether, and to what 
extent, the garage door openers and gate operators of other 
suppliers can be substituted for CGI's accused products, including 
whether potential substitutes are made in the United States or 
overseas. Please include in your analysis, a quantitative analysis 
of the availability of such substitutes to U.S. consumers both in 
the near term and in the future.
    2. With respect to CGI's assertion that it holds a large share 
of the U.S. market for garage door openers and gate operators, 
please identify what percentage share of the U.S. market the accused 
products comprise of the total market shares asserted by CGI.
    3. Please include in your analysis of the public health and 
welfare, a fulsome explanation, supported by evidence, as to whether 
and to what extent exclusion of CGI's accused products and 
substitution of competitors' products raise safety and security 
concerns for U.S. consumers.
    4. CGI contends in its public interest statement that ``there 
was no discovery or findings by the ALJ regarding public interest 
issues and the record is devoid of adversarially-tested direct 
evidence that OHD or others have the manufacturing capacity to 
immediately supply domestic demand if CGI is excluded from the 
market or the harm that the construction industry and consumers 
would suffer.'' Please provide any evidence that supports or 
disproves CGI's assertion, including how your analysis is to be 
considered under each applicable statutory public interest factor.
    5. If CGI requests a repair/warranty exemption from any remedial 
orders, please cite and discuss the evidence of record supporting 
such a request.

    If the Commission orders some form of remedy, the U.S. Trade 
Representative, as delegated by the President, has 60 days to approve, 
disapprove, or take no action on the Commission's determination. See 
Presidential Memorandum of July 21, 2005, 70 FR 43251 (July 26, 2005). 
During this period, the subject articles would be entitled to enter the 
United States under bond, in an amount determined by the Commission and 
prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury. The Commission is 
therefore interested in receiving submissions concerning the amount of 
the bond that should be imposed if a remedy is ordered.
    Written Submissions: The parties to the investigation are requested 
to file written submissions limited to the briefing questions above. 
Parties to the investigation, interested government agencies, and any 
other interested parties are encouraged to file written submissions on 
the issues of remedy, the public interest, and bonding. Such initial 
written submissions should include views on the RD by the ALJ on 
remedy, the public interest, and bonding. Complainants are also 
requested to identify the form of remedy sought and to submit proposed 
remedial orders for the Commission's consideration in their initial 
written submissions. Complainant is further requested to state the 
HTSUS subheadings under which the accused products are imported, and to 
supply the names of known importers of the products at issue in this 
investigation.
    Initial written submissions and proposed remedial orders must be 
filed no later than close of business on December 13, 2021. Reply 
submissions must be filed no later than the close of business on 
December 20, 2021 and must be limited to issues raised in the initial 
written submissions. Initial written submissions may not exceed 70 
pages in length, exclusive of any exhibits, while reply submissions may 
not exceed 45 pages in length, exclusive of any exhibits. No further 
submissions on any of these issues will be permitted unless otherwise 
ordered by the Commission.
    Persons filing written submissions must file the original document 
electronically on or before the deadlines stated above. The 
Commission's paper filing requirements in 19 CFR 210.4(f) are currently 
waived. 85 FR 15798 (March 19, 2020). Submissions should refer to the 
investigation number (``Inv. No. 337-TA-1209'') in a prominent place on 
the cover page and/or the first page. (See Handbook for Electronic 
Filing Procedures, https://www.usitc.gov/documents/handbook_on_filing_procedures.pdf). Persons with questions regarding 
filing should contact the Secretary (202-205-2000).
    Any person desiring to submit a document to the Commission in 
confidence must request confidential treatment by marking each document 
with a header indicating that the document contains confidential 
information. This marking will be deemed to satisfy the request 
procedure set forth in Rules 201.6(b) and 210.5(e)(2) (19 CFR 201.6(b) 
& 210.5(e)(2)). Documents for which confidential treatment by the 
Commission is properly sought will be treated accordingly. All 
information, including confidential business information and documents 
for which confidential treatment is properly sought, submitted to the 
Commission for purposes of this Investigation may be disclosed to and 
used: (i) By the Commission, its employees and Offices, and contract 
personnel (a) for developing or maintaining the records of this or a 
related proceeding, or (b) in internal investigations, audits, reviews, 
and evaluations relating to the programs, personnel, and operations of 
the Commission including under 5 U.S.C. Appendix 3; or (ii) by U.S. 
government employees and contract personnel, solely for cybersecurity 
purposes. All contract personnel will sign appropriate nondisclosure 
agreements. All non-confidential written submissions will be available 
for public inspection at the Office of the Secretary and on EDIS.
    The Commission's vote for this determination took place on December 
6, 2021.
    The authority for the Commission's determination is contained in 
section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1337), and 
in Part 210 of the Commission's Rules of Practice and Procedure (19 CFR 
part 210).

    By order of the Commission.

    Issued: December 6, 2021.
Lisa Barton,
Secretary to the Commission.
[FR Doc. 2021-26715 Filed 12-9-21; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 7020-02-P