Petition for Exemption From the Federal Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard; Nissan North America, Inc., 54291-54294 [2021-21197]

Download as PDF 54291 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 187 / Thursday, September 30, 2021 / Notices NHTSA estimates the total annual burden hours for the seven components of this ICR to be 11,745 hours (6,800 hours for initial one-day Level 2 ADAS reports, 3,400 hours for updated oneday Level 2 ADAS reports, 200 hours for initial one-day ADS reports, 100 hours for updated ADS reports, 945 hours for monthly reports, 80 hours for training, and 20 hours for setting up new accounts). To calculate the labor cost associated with preparing and submitting crash reports and reports, training, and setting up new accounts, NHTSA looked at wage estimates for the type of personnel involved with these activities. NHTSA estimates the total labor costs associated with these burden hours by looking at the average wage for architectural and engineering managers in the motor vehicle manufacturing industry (Standard Occupational Classification # 11–9041). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) estimates that the average hourly wage is $65.62.5 The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that private industry workers’ wages represent 70.4% of total labor compensation costs.6 Therefore, NHTSA estimates the hourly labor costs to be $93.21. Accordingly, NHTSA estimates the total labor cost associated with the 11,745 burden hours to be $1,168,760. Table 1 provides a summary of the estimated burden hours and labor costs associated with those submissions. TABLE 1—BURDEN ESTIMATES Number of responses (number of respondents) Description of information collection component Level 2 ADAS one-day reports, initial. Level 2 ADAS one-day reports, update. ADS one-day reports, initial ......... ADS one-day reports, update ...... Monthly Reports ........................... Training ........................................ Setting Up Account ...................... Total ...................................... LOTTER on DSK11XQN23PROD with NOTICES1 Labor cost per response Total burden hours Total labor costs 2 (340) $93.21 $186.42 6,800 $633,828. 3,400 (20) 1 (170) 93.21 93.21 3,400 316,914. 100 100 1,320 (110) 2 (2) 10 (10) 2 1 0.87 (10.4) 40 (40) 2 (2) 93.21 93.21 93.21 93.21 93.21 186.42 93.21 80.85 3,728.40 186.42 200 100 1,145 80 20 18,642. 9,321. 106,724.45 (106,724). 7,456.80 (7,457). 1,864.20 (1,864). 8,320 (110) ........................ ........................ ........................ 11,745 NHTSA does not currently know whether manufacturers will incur additional costs, nor does NHTSA have a basis for estimating these costs. However, in the interim, NHTSA believes manufacturers will be able to comply with requirements by only incurring labor costs associated with the burden hours. Public Comments Invited: You are asked to comment on any aspects of this information collection, including (a) whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the Department, including whether the information will have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the Department’s estimate of the burden of the proposed information collection; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Authority: The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995; 44 U.S.C. Chapter 35, as 5 See May 2020 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates, NAICS 336100—Motor Vehicle Manufacturing, available at https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/ 18:15 Sep 29, 2021 Average hourly labor cost 3,400 (20) Estimated Total Annual Burden Cost VerDate Sep<11>2014 Estimated burden per response (burden per respondent) (hours) Jkt 253001 amended; 49 CFR 1.49; and DOT Order 1351.29. Ann E. Carlson, Chief Counsel. [FR Doc. 2021–21203 Filed 9–29–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–59–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Petition for Exemption From the Federal Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard; Nissan North America, Inc. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Grant of petition for exemption. AGENCY: This document grants in full the Nissan North America, Inc.’s (Nissan) petition for exemption from the Federal Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard (theft prevention standard) for its ARIYA vehicle line beginning in model year (MY) 2023. The petition is granted because the agency has determined that the antitheft device to SUMMARY: naics4_336100.htm#15-0000 (accessed June 21, 2021). 6 See Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership (Mar. 2021), available PO 00000 Frm 00143 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 1,094,751. be placed on the line as standard equipment is likely to be as effective in reducing and deterring motor vehicle theft as compliance with the partsmarking requirements of the theft prevention standard. Nissan also requested confidential treatment for specific information in its petition. Therefore, no confidential information provided for purposes of this notice has been disclosed. DATES: The exemption granted by this notice is effective beginning with the 2023 model year. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Carlita Ballard, Office of International Policy, Fuel Economy, and Consumer Programs, NHTSA, West Building, W43–439, NRM–310, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. Ms. Ballard’s phone number is (202) 366– 5222. Her fax number is (202) 493–2990. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under 49 U.S.C. Chapter 331, the Secretary of Transportation (and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) by delegation) is required to promulgate a theft prevention standard to provide for the identification of certain motor vehicles and their major at https://www.bls.gov/news.release/ecec.t01.htm (accessed June 21, 2021). E:\FR\FM\30SEN1.SGM 30SEN1 LOTTER on DSK11XQN23PROD with NOTICES1 54292 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 187 / Thursday, September 30, 2021 / Notices replacement parts to impede motor vehicle theft. NHTSA promulgated regulations at 49 CFR part 541 (theft prevention standard) to require partsmarking for specified passenger motor vehicles and light trucks. Pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 33106, manufacturers that are subject to the parts-marking requirements may petition the Secretary of Transportation for an exemption for a line of passenger motor vehicles equipped with an antitheft device as standard equipment that the Secretary decides is likely to be as effective in reducing and deterring motor vehicle theft as compliance with the partsmarking requirements. In accordance with this statute, NHTSA promulgated 49 CFR part 543, which establishes the process through which manufacturers may seek an exemption from the theft prevention standard. 49 CFR 543.5 provides general submission requirements for petitions and states that each manufacturer may petition NHTSA for an exemption of one vehicle line per model year. Among other requirements, manufacturers must identify whether the exemption is sought under section 543.6 or section 543.7. Under section 543.6, a manufacturer may request an exemption by providing specific information about the antitheft device, its capabilities, and the reasons the petitioner believes the device to be as effective at reducing and deterring theft as compliance with the parts-marking requirements. Section 543.7 permits a manufacturer to request an exemption under a more streamlined process if the vehicle line is equipped with an antitheft device (an ‘‘immobilizer’’) as standard equipment that complies with one of the standards specified in that section. Section 543.8 establishes requirements for processing petitions for exemption from the theft prevention standard. As stated in section 543.8(a), NHTSA processes any complete exemption petition. If NHTSA receives an incomplete petition, NHTSA will notify the petitioner of the deficiencies. Once NHTSA receives a complete petition the agency will process it and, in accordance with section 543.8(b), will grant the petition if it determines that, based upon substantial evidence, the standard equipment antitheft device is likely to be as effective in reducing and deterring motor vehicle theft as compliance with the parts-marking requirements of part 541. Section 543.8(c) requires NHTSA to issue its decision either to grant or to deny an exemption petition not later than 120 days after the date on which a complete petition is filed. If NHTSA does not make a decision within the VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:15 Sep 29, 2021 Jkt 253001 120-day period, the petition shall be deemed to be approved and the manufacturer shall be exempt from the standard for the line covered by the petition for the subsequent model year.1 Exemptions granted under part 543 apply only to the vehicle line or lines that are subject to the grant and that are equipped with the antitheft device on which the line’s exemption was based, and are effective for the model year beginning after the model year in which NHTSA issues the notice of exemption, unless the notice of exemption specifies a later year. Sections 543.8(f) and (g) apply to the manner in which NHTSA’s decisions on petitions are to be made known. Under section 543.8(f), if the petition is sought under section 543.6, NHTSA publishes a notice of its decision to grant or deny the exemption petition in the Federal Register and notifies the petitioner in writing. Under section 543.8(g), if the petition is sought under section 543.7, NHTSA notifies the petitioner in writing of the agency’s decision to grant or deny the exemption petition. This grant of petition for exemption considers Nissan Motor North America, Inc.’s (Nissan) petition for its ARIYA vehicle line beginning in MY 2023. Nissan’s petition is granted under 49 U.S.C. 33106 and 49 CFR 543.8(c), which state that if the Secretary of Transportation (NHTSA, by delegation) does not make a decision about a petition within 120 days of the petition submission, the petition shall be deemed to be approved and the manufacturer shall be exempt from the standard for the line covered by the petition for the subsequent model year. Separately, based on the information provided in Nissan’s petition, NHTSA has determined that the antitheft device to be placed on its vehicle line as standard equipment is likely to be as effective in reducing and deterring motor vehicle theft as compliance with the parts-marking requirements of the theft prevention standard. I. Specific Petition Content Requirements Under 49 CFR 543.6 Pursuant to 49 CFR part 543, Exemption from Vehicle Theft Prevention, Nissan petitioned for an exemption for its specified vehicle line from the parts-marking requirements of the theft prevention standard, beginning in MY 2023. Nissan petitioned under 49 CFR 543.6, Petition: Specific content requirements, which, as described above, requires manufacturers to provide specific information about the antitheft device installed as standard equipment on all vehicles in the line for which an exemption is sought, the antitheft device’s capabilities, and the reasons the petitioner believes the device to be as effective at reducing and deterring theft as compliance with the parts-marking requirements. More specifically, section 543.6(a)(1) requires petitions to include a statement that an antitheft device will be installed as standard equipment on all vehicles in the line for which the exemption is sought. Under section 543.6(a)(2), each petition must list each component in the antitheft system, and include a diagram showing the location of each of those components within the vehicle. As required by section 543.6(a)(3), each petition must include an explanation of the means and process by which the device is activated and functions, including any aspect of the device designed to: (1) Facilitate or encourage its activation by motorists; (2) attract attention to the efforts of an unauthorized person to enter or move a vehicle by means other than a key; (3) prevent defeating or circumventing the device by an unauthorized person attempting to enter a vehicle by means other than a key; (4) prevent the operation of a vehicle which an unauthorized person has entered using means other than a key; and (5) ensure the reliability and durability of the device.2 In addition to providing information about the antitheft device and its functionality, petitioners must also submit the reasons for their belief that the antitheft device will be effective in reducing and deterring motor vehicle theft, including any theft data and other data that are available to the petitioner and form a basis for that belief,3 and the reasons for their belief that the agency should determine that the antitheft device is likely to be as effective as compliance with the parts-marking requirements of part 541 in reducing and deterring motor vehicle theft. In support of this belief, the petitioners should include any statistical data that are available to the petitioner and form the basis for the petitioner’s belief that a line of passenger motor vehicles equipped with the antitheft device is likely to have a theft rate equal to or less than that of passenger motor vehicles of the same, or a similar, line which have parts marked in compliance with part 541.4 The following sections describe Nissan’s petition information provided pursuant to 49 CFR part 543, Exemption 2 49 CFR 543.6(a)(3). CFR 543.6(a)(4). 4 49 CFR 543.6(a)(5). 3 49 1 49 PO 00000 U.S.C. 33106(d). Frm 00144 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\30SEN1.SGM 30SEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 187 / Thursday, September 30, 2021 / Notices LOTTER on DSK11XQN23PROD with NOTICES1 from Vehicle Theft Prevention. To the extent that specific information in Nissan’s petition is subject to a properly filed confidentiality request, that information was not disclosed as part of this notice.5 II. Nissan’s Petition for Exemption In a petition dated April 19, 2021, Nissan requested an exemption from the parts-marking requirements of the theft prevention standard for the ARIYA vehicle line beginning with MY 2023. In its petition, Nissan provided a detailed description and diagram of the identity, design, and location of the components of the antitheft device for the ARIYA vehicle line. Nissan stated that its MY 2023 ARIYA vehicle line will be installed with a passive, electronic engine immobilizer device as standard equipment, as required by 543.6(a)(1). Key components of the antitheft device include an engine immobilizer, immobilizer control (CONT ASSY–SMART KEYLESS), power electronic box (PEB), immobilizer antenna and a key FOB with a preregistered key-ID microchip. Nissan will not provide any visible or audible indication of unauthorized vehicle entry (i.e., flashing lights and horn alarm) on its ARIYA vehicle line. Pursuant to Section 543.6(a)(3), Nissan explained that activation of its immobilizer device occurs automatically when the ignition switch is turned to the ‘‘OFF’’ position. Nissan also stated that the immobilizer device prevents normal operation of the vehicle without using a special key. Nissan explained that when the brake SW is on and the key FOB is near the engine start switch, the CONT ASSY–SMART KEYLESS generates an electric field between the immobilizer antenna and the microchip incorporated in the specially designed ignition key. The microchip then transmits the key-ID via radio wave. Next, the key-ID is received by the antenna and is amplified and transmitted to the CONT ASSY–SMART KEYLESS. Nissan further stated that the PEB will ‘‘request’’ the CONT ASSY– SMART KEYLESS to start the encrypted communication, and once the code is accepted, the CONT ASSY–SMART KEYLESS will send an OK-code and an encrypted code to the PEB. If the code is not accepted, the immobilizer control unit will send a NG-code. Nissan stated that the PEB will only stop the motor if it receives a NG-code from the CONT ASSY–SMART KEYLESS, the encrypted code is not correct, or no signal is received from the CONT ASSY–SMART KEYLESS. 5 49 CFR 512.20(a). VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:15 Sep 29, 2021 Jkt 253001 As required in section 543.6(a)(3)(v), Nissan provided information on the reliability and durability of its proposed device. Nissan stated that its antitheft device is tested for specific parameters to ensure its reliability and durability. Nissan provided a detailed list of the tests conducted and believes that the device is reliable and durable since the device complied with its specified requirements for each test. Nissan stated that its immobilizer device satisfies the European Directive ECE R116, including tamper resistance. Nissan further stated that all control units for the device are located inside the vehicle, providing further protection from unauthorized accessibility of the device from outside the vehicle. Nissan also stated that if a potential intruder were to damage the immobilizer system, it is designed so that the motor cannot be restarted and that the motor will restart only after transmission of the correct Key-ID and encrypted code are accepted. Nissan stated that if an intruder were to substitute another immobilizer unit, the vehicle would still not be operable since the immobilizer and PEB are codepaired. Nissan stated that the proposed device is functionally equivalent to the antitheft device installed on the MY 2011 Nissan Cube vehicle line which was granted a parts-marking exemption by the agency on April 14, 2010 (75 FR 19458). The agency notes that the theft rates for the Nissan Cube using an average of 3 MYs data (2012–2014), are 0.3322, 0.6471 and 2.0373 per thousand vehicles produced, respectively. For reference, the theft rate for MY 2014 passenger vehicles stolen in calendar year 2014 is 1.1512 thefts per thousand vehicles produced (82 FR 28246). Nissan also referenced the National Insurance Crime Bureau’s data which it stated showed a 70% reduction in theft when comparing MY 1997 Ford Mustangs (with a standard immobilizer) to MY 1995 Ford Mustangs (without an immobilizer). Nissan also referenced the Highway Loss Data Institute’s data which reported that BMW vehicles experienced theft loss reductions resulting in a 73% decrease in relative claim frequency and a 78% lower average loss payment per claim for vehicles equipped with an immobilizer. Additionally, Nissan stated that theft rates for its Pathfinder vehicle line experienced reductions from model year (MY) 2000 to 2001 and subsequent years with implementation of an engine immobilizer device as standard equipment. Specifically, Nissan stated that the agency’s theft rate data for MY’s 2001 through 2005 reported theft rates of 1.9146, 1.8011, 1.1482, 0.8102, and PO 00000 Frm 00145 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 54293 1.7298 respectively for the Nissan Pathfinder. Nissan compared its device to other similar devices previously granted exemptions by the agency. Specifically, it referenced the agency’s grant of full exemptions to General Motors Corporation for its Buick Riviera and Oldsmobile Aurora vehicle lines (58 FR 44872, August 25, 1993) and its Cadillac Seville vehicle line (62 FR 20058, April 24, 1997) from the parts-marking requirements of the theft prevention standard. Nissan stated that it believes that since its device is functionally equivalent to other comparable manufacturers’ devices that have already been granted parts-marking exemptions by the agency, along with the evidence of reduced theft rates for vehicle lines equipped with similar devices and advanced technology of transponder electronic security, the Nissan immobilizer device will have the potential to achieve the level of effectiveness equivalent to those vehicles already exempted by the agency. III. Decision To Grant the Petition Pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 33106 and 49 CFR 543.8(b), the agency grants a petition for exemption from the partsmarking requirements of part 541, either in whole or in part, if it determines that, based upon substantial evidence, the standard equipment antitheft device is likely to be as effective in reducing and deterring motor vehicle theft as compliance with the parts-marking requirements of part 541, or deemed approved under 49 U.S.C. 33106(d). As discussed above, in this case, Nissan’s petition is granted under 49 U.S.C. 33106(d). However, separately, NHTSA also finds that Nissan has provided adequate reasons for its belief that the antitheft device for its vehicle line is likely to be as effective in reducing and deterring motor vehicle theft as compliance with the parts-marking requirements of the theft prevention standard. This conclusion is based on the information Nissan provided about its antitheft device. NHTSA believes, based on Nissan’s supporting evidence, the antitheft device described for its vehicle line is likely to be as effective in reducing and deterring motor vehicle theft as compliance with the partsmarking requirements of the theft prevention standard. The agency concludes that Nissan’s antitheft device will provide four of the five types of performance features listed E:\FR\FM\30SEN1.SGM 30SEN1 LOTTER on DSK11XQN23PROD with NOTICES1 54294 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 187 / Thursday, September 30, 2021 / Notices in section 543.6(a)(3): 6 promoting activation; preventing defeat or circumvention of the device by unauthorized persons; preventing operation of the vehicle by unauthorized entrants; and ensuring the reliability and durability of the device. The agency notes that 49 CFR part 541, Appendix A–1, identifies those lines that are exempted from the theft prevention standard for a given model year. 49 CFR 543.8(f) contains publication requirements incident to the disposition of all part 543 petitions. Advanced listing, including the release of future product nameplates, the beginning model year for which the petition is granted and a general description of the antitheft device is necessary in order to notify law enforcement agencies of new vehicle lines exempted from the parts-marking requirements of the theft prevention standard. If Nissan decides not to use the exemption for its requested vehicle line, the manufacturer must formally notify the agency. If such a decision is made, the line must be fully marked as required by 49 CFR 541.5 and 541.6 (marking of major component parts and replacement parts). NHTSA notes that if Nissan wishes in the future to modify the device on which the exemption is based, the company may have to submit a petition to modify the exemption. Section 543.8(d) states that a part 543 exemption applies only to vehicles that belong to a line exempted under this part and equipped with the antitheft device on which the line’s exemption is based. Further, section 543.10(c)(2) provides for the submission of petitions ‘‘to modify an exemption to permit the use of an antitheft device similar to but differing from the one specified in the exemption.’’ The agency wishes to minimize the administrative burden that section 543.10(c)(2) could place on exempted vehicle manufacturers and itself. The agency did not intend in drafting part 543 to require the submission of a modification petition for every change to the components or design of an antitheft device. The significance of many such changes could be de minimis. Therefore, NHTSA suggests that if Nissan contemplates making any changes, the effects of which might be 6 See, e.g., 70 FR 74107 (Dec. 14, 2005). NHTSA has previously concluded that the lack of a visual or audio alarm has not prevented some antitheft devices from being effective protection against theft, where the theft data indicate a decline in theft rates for vehicle lines that have been equipped with devices similar to that what the petitioner is proposing to use. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:15 Sep 29, 2021 Jkt 253001 characterized as de minimis, it should consult the agency before preparing and submitting a petition to modify. For the foregoing reasons, the agency hereby grants in full Nissan’s petition for exemption for the ARIYA vehicle line from the parts-marking requirements of 49 CFR part 541, beginning with its MY 2023 vehicles. Issued under authority delegated in 49 CFR 1.95 and 501.8. Raymond R. Posten, Associate Administrator for Rulemaking. [FR Doc. 2021–21197 Filed 9–29–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–59–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [[Docket No. NHTSA–2019–0146; OMB No. 2127–0621] Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to the Office of Management and Budget for Review and Approval; Platform Lift Systems for Motor Vehicles, and Platform Lift Installations in Motor Vehicles National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Notice and request for comments on a reinstatement of a previously approved information collection. AGENCY: In compliance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA), this notice (‘‘30-day notice’’) announces that the Information Collection Request (ICR) summarized below is being forwarded to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval. The ICR describes the nature of the information collection and its expected burden and is a request for a reinstatement of a previously approved information collection regarding Platform lift systems for motor vehicles, and Platform lift installations in motor vehicles. A Federal Register Notice with a 60-day comment period soliciting comments on this information collection was published on February 6, 2020 (85 FR 7008). No comments were received. DATES: Comments must be submitted on or November 1, 2021. ADDRESSES: Written comments and recommendations for the proposed information collection, including suggestions for reducing the burden, should be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget at www.reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain. SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00146 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 To find this information collection, select ‘‘Currently under Review—Open for Public Comment’’ or use the search function. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For additional information or access to background documents, contact Michael Pyne, 202–366–4171, Office of Rulemaking (NRM230), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Dept. of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W43–457, Washington, DC 20590. Please identify the relevant collection of information by referring to its OMB Control Number. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.), a Federal agency must receive approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) before it collects certain information from the public and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information by a Federal agency unless the collection displays a valid OMB control number. In compliance with these requirements, this notice announces that the following information collection request will be submitted to the OMB. A Federal Register Notice with a 60day comment period soliciting comments on the following information collection was published on February 6, 2020 (85 FR 7008). No comments were received in response to the 60-day notice. Title: 49 CFR 571.403, Platform lift systems for motor vehicles, and 49 CFR 571.404, Platform lift installations in motor vehicles. OMB Control Number: 2127–0621. Type of Request: Reinstatement with changes of a previously approved information collection. Type of Review Requested: Regular. Requested Expiration Date of Approval: Three years from date of approval. Summary of the Collection of Information: Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 403, Platform lift systems for motor vehicles, establishes minimum performance standards for platform lifts intended for installation in motor vehicles to assist wheelchair users and other persons of limited mobility in entering and exiting a vehicle. The standard’s purpose is to prevent injuries and fatalities to passengers and bystanders during the operation of platform lifts. The related standard, FMVSS No. 404, Platform lift installations in motor vehicles, establishes specific requirements for vehicle manufacturers or alterers that install platform lifts in new vehicles. Lift manufacturers must certify that their lifts meet the requirements of E:\FR\FM\30SEN1.SGM 30SEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 187 (Thursday, September 30, 2021)]
[Notices]
[Pages 54291-54294]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-21197]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration


Petition for Exemption From the Federal Motor Vehicle Theft 
Prevention Standard; Nissan North America, Inc.

AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 
Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Grant of petition for exemption.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This document grants in full the Nissan North America, Inc.'s 
(Nissan) petition for exemption from the Federal Motor Vehicle Theft 
Prevention Standard (theft prevention standard) for its ARIYA vehicle 
line beginning in model year (MY) 2023. The petition is granted because 
the agency has determined that the antitheft device to be placed on the 
line as standard equipment is likely to be as effective in reducing and 
deterring motor vehicle theft as compliance with the parts-marking 
requirements of the theft prevention standard. Nissan also requested 
confidential treatment for specific information in its petition. 
Therefore, no confidential information provided for purposes of this 
notice has been disclosed.

DATES: The exemption granted by this notice is effective beginning with 
the 2023 model year.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Carlita Ballard, Office of 
International Policy, Fuel Economy, and Consumer Programs, NHTSA, West 
Building, W43-439, NRM-310, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 
20590. Ms. Ballard's phone number is (202) 366-5222. Her fax number is 
(202) 493-2990.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under 49 U.S.C. Chapter 331, the Secretary 
of Transportation (and the National Highway Traffic Safety 
Administration (NHTSA) by delegation) is required to promulgate a theft 
prevention standard to provide for the identification of certain motor 
vehicles and their major

[[Page 54292]]

replacement parts to impede motor vehicle theft. NHTSA promulgated 
regulations at 49 CFR part 541 (theft prevention standard) to require 
parts-marking for specified passenger motor vehicles and light trucks. 
Pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 33106, manufacturers that are subject to the 
parts-marking requirements may petition the Secretary of Transportation 
for an exemption for a line of passenger motor vehicles equipped with 
an antitheft device as standard equipment that the Secretary decides is 
likely to be as effective in reducing and deterring motor vehicle theft 
as compliance with the parts-marking requirements. In accordance with 
this statute, NHTSA promulgated 49 CFR part 543, which establishes the 
process through which manufacturers may seek an exemption from the 
theft prevention standard.
    49 CFR 543.5 provides general submission requirements for petitions 
and states that each manufacturer may petition NHTSA for an exemption 
of one vehicle line per model year. Among other requirements, 
manufacturers must identify whether the exemption is sought under 
section 543.6 or section 543.7. Under section 543.6, a manufacturer may 
request an exemption by providing specific information about the 
antitheft device, its capabilities, and the reasons the petitioner 
believes the device to be as effective at reducing and deterring theft 
as compliance with the parts-marking requirements. Section 543.7 
permits a manufacturer to request an exemption under a more streamlined 
process if the vehicle line is equipped with an antitheft device (an 
``immobilizer'') as standard equipment that complies with one of the 
standards specified in that section.
    Section 543.8 establishes requirements for processing petitions for 
exemption from the theft prevention standard. As stated in section 
543.8(a), NHTSA processes any complete exemption petition. If NHTSA 
receives an incomplete petition, NHTSA will notify the petitioner of 
the deficiencies. Once NHTSA receives a complete petition the agency 
will process it and, in accordance with section 543.8(b), will grant 
the petition if it determines that, based upon substantial evidence, 
the standard equipment antitheft device is likely to be as effective in 
reducing and deterring motor vehicle theft as compliance with the 
parts-marking requirements of part 541.
    Section 543.8(c) requires NHTSA to issue its decision either to 
grant or to deny an exemption petition not later than 120 days after 
the date on which a complete petition is filed. If NHTSA does not make 
a decision within the 120-day period, the petition shall be deemed to 
be approved and the manufacturer shall be exempt from the standard for 
the line covered by the petition for the subsequent model year.\1\ 
Exemptions granted under part 543 apply only to the vehicle line or 
lines that are subject to the grant and that are equipped with the 
antitheft device on which the line's exemption was based, and are 
effective for the model year beginning after the model year in which 
NHTSA issues the notice of exemption, unless the notice of exemption 
specifies a later year.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 49 U.S.C. 33106(d).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Sections 543.8(f) and (g) apply to the manner in which NHTSA's 
decisions on petitions are to be made known. Under section 543.8(f), if 
the petition is sought under section 543.6, NHTSA publishes a notice of 
its decision to grant or deny the exemption petition in the Federal 
Register and notifies the petitioner in writing. Under section 
543.8(g), if the petition is sought under section 543.7, NHTSA notifies 
the petitioner in writing of the agency's decision to grant or deny the 
exemption petition.
    This grant of petition for exemption considers Nissan Motor North 
America, Inc.'s (Nissan) petition for its ARIYA vehicle line beginning 
in MY 2023. Nissan's petition is granted under 49 U.S.C. 33106 and 49 
CFR 543.8(c), which state that if the Secretary of Transportation 
(NHTSA, by delegation) does not make a decision about a petition within 
120 days of the petition submission, the petition shall be deemed to be 
approved and the manufacturer shall be exempt from the standard for the 
line covered by the petition for the subsequent model year. Separately, 
based on the information provided in Nissan's petition, NHTSA has 
determined that the antitheft device to be placed on its vehicle line 
as standard equipment is likely to be as effective in reducing and 
deterring motor vehicle theft as compliance with the parts-marking 
requirements of the theft prevention standard.

I. Specific Petition Content Requirements Under 49 CFR 543.6

    Pursuant to 49 CFR part 543, Exemption from Vehicle Theft 
Prevention, Nissan petitioned for an exemption for its specified 
vehicle line from the parts-marking requirements of the theft 
prevention standard, beginning in MY 2023. Nissan petitioned under 49 
CFR 543.6, Petition: Specific content requirements, which, as described 
above, requires manufacturers to provide specific information about the 
antitheft device installed as standard equipment on all vehicles in the 
line for which an exemption is sought, the antitheft device's 
capabilities, and the reasons the petitioner believes the device to be 
as effective at reducing and deterring theft as compliance with the 
parts-marking requirements.
    More specifically, section 543.6(a)(1) requires petitions to 
include a statement that an antitheft device will be installed as 
standard equipment on all vehicles in the line for which the exemption 
is sought. Under section 543.6(a)(2), each petition must list each 
component in the antitheft system, and include a diagram showing the 
location of each of those components within the vehicle. As required by 
section 543.6(a)(3), each petition must include an explanation of the 
means and process by which the device is activated and functions, 
including any aspect of the device designed to: (1) Facilitate or 
encourage its activation by motorists; (2) attract attention to the 
efforts of an unauthorized person to enter or move a vehicle by means 
other than a key; (3) prevent defeating or circumventing the device by 
an unauthorized person attempting to enter a vehicle by means other 
than a key; (4) prevent the operation of a vehicle which an 
unauthorized person has entered using means other than a key; and (5) 
ensure the reliability and durability of the device.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ 49 CFR 543.6(a)(3).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In addition to providing information about the antitheft device and 
its functionality, petitioners must also submit the reasons for their 
belief that the antitheft device will be effective in reducing and 
deterring motor vehicle theft, including any theft data and other data 
that are available to the petitioner and form a basis for that 
belief,\3\ and the reasons for their belief that the agency should 
determine that the antitheft device is likely to be as effective as 
compliance with the parts-marking requirements of part 541 in reducing 
and deterring motor vehicle theft. In support of this belief, the 
petitioners should include any statistical data that are available to 
the petitioner and form the basis for the petitioner's belief that a 
line of passenger motor vehicles equipped with the antitheft device is 
likely to have a theft rate equal to or less than that of passenger 
motor vehicles of the same, or a similar, line which have parts marked 
in compliance with part 541.\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ 49 CFR 543.6(a)(4).
    \4\ 49 CFR 543.6(a)(5).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The following sections describe Nissan's petition information 
provided pursuant to 49 CFR part 543, Exemption

[[Page 54293]]

from Vehicle Theft Prevention. To the extent that specific information 
in Nissan's petition is subject to a properly filed confidentiality 
request, that information was not disclosed as part of this notice.\5\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ 49 CFR 512.20(a).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

II. Nissan's Petition for Exemption

    In a petition dated April 19, 2021, Nissan requested an exemption 
from the parts-marking requirements of the theft prevention standard 
for the ARIYA vehicle line beginning with MY 2023.
    In its petition, Nissan provided a detailed description and diagram 
of the identity, design, and location of the components of the 
antitheft device for the ARIYA vehicle line. Nissan stated that its MY 
2023 ARIYA vehicle line will be installed with a passive, electronic 
engine immobilizer device as standard equipment, as required by 
543.6(a)(1). Key components of the antitheft device include an engine 
immobilizer, immobilizer control (CONT ASSY-SMART KEYLESS), power 
electronic box (PEB), immobilizer antenna and a key FOB with a pre-
registered key-ID microchip. Nissan will not provide any visible or 
audible indication of unauthorized vehicle entry (i.e., flashing lights 
and horn alarm) on its ARIYA vehicle line.
    Pursuant to Section 543.6(a)(3), Nissan explained that activation 
of its immobilizer device occurs automatically when the ignition switch 
is turned to the ``OFF'' position. Nissan also stated that the 
immobilizer device prevents normal operation of the vehicle without 
using a special key. Nissan explained that when the brake SW is on and 
the key FOB is near the engine start switch, the CONT ASSY-SMART 
KEYLESS generates an electric field between the immobilizer antenna and 
the microchip incorporated in the specially designed ignition key. The 
microchip then transmits the key-ID via radio wave. Next, the key-ID is 
received by the antenna and is amplified and transmitted to the CONT 
ASSY-SMART KEYLESS. Nissan further stated that the PEB will ``request'' 
the CONT ASSY-SMART KEYLESS to start the encrypted communication, and 
once the code is accepted, the CONT ASSY-SMART KEYLESS will send an OK-
code and an encrypted code to the PEB. If the code is not accepted, the 
immobilizer control unit will send a NG-code. Nissan stated that the 
PEB will only stop the motor if it receives a NG-code from the CONT 
ASSY-SMART KEYLESS, the encrypted code is not correct, or no signal is 
received from the CONT ASSY-SMART KEYLESS.
    As required in section 543.6(a)(3)(v), Nissan provided information 
on the reliability and durability of its proposed device. Nissan stated 
that its antitheft device is tested for specific parameters to ensure 
its reliability and durability. Nissan provided a detailed list of the 
tests conducted and believes that the device is reliable and durable 
since the device complied with its specified requirements for each 
test. Nissan stated that its immobilizer device satisfies the European 
Directive ECE R116, including tamper resistance. Nissan further stated 
that all control units for the device are located inside the vehicle, 
providing further protection from unauthorized accessibility of the 
device from outside the vehicle. Nissan also stated that if a potential 
intruder were to damage the immobilizer system, it is designed so that 
the motor cannot be restarted and that the motor will restart only 
after transmission of the correct Key-ID and encrypted code are 
accepted. Nissan stated that if an intruder were to substitute another 
immobilizer unit, the vehicle would still not be operable since the 
immobilizer and PEB are code-paired.
    Nissan stated that the proposed device is functionally equivalent 
to the antitheft device installed on the MY 2011 Nissan Cube vehicle 
line which was granted a parts-marking exemption by the agency on April 
14, 2010 (75 FR 19458). The agency notes that the theft rates for the 
Nissan Cube using an average of 3 MYs data (2012-2014), are 0.3322, 
0.6471 and 2.0373 per thousand vehicles produced, respectively. For 
reference, the theft rate for MY 2014 passenger vehicles stolen in 
calendar year 2014 is 1.1512 thefts per thousand vehicles produced (82 
FR 28246).
    Nissan also referenced the National Insurance Crime Bureau's data 
which it stated showed a 70% reduction in theft when comparing MY 1997 
Ford Mustangs (with a standard immobilizer) to MY 1995 Ford Mustangs 
(without an immobilizer). Nissan also referenced the Highway Loss Data 
Institute's data which reported that BMW vehicles experienced theft 
loss reductions resulting in a 73% decrease in relative claim frequency 
and a 78% lower average loss payment per claim for vehicles equipped 
with an immobilizer. Additionally, Nissan stated that theft rates for 
its Pathfinder vehicle line experienced reductions from model year (MY) 
2000 to 2001 and subsequent years with implementation of an engine 
immobilizer device as standard equipment. Specifically, Nissan stated 
that the agency's theft rate data for MY's 2001 through 2005 reported 
theft rates of 1.9146, 1.8011, 1.1482, 0.8102, and 1.7298 respectively 
for the Nissan Pathfinder.
    Nissan compared its device to other similar devices previously 
granted exemptions by the agency. Specifically, it referenced the 
agency's grant of full exemptions to General Motors Corporation for its 
Buick Riviera and Oldsmobile Aurora vehicle lines (58 FR 44872, August 
25, 1993) and its Cadillac Seville vehicle line (62 FR 20058, April 24, 
1997) from the parts-marking requirements of the theft prevention 
standard. Nissan stated that it believes that since its device is 
functionally equivalent to other comparable manufacturers' devices that 
have already been granted parts-marking exemptions by the agency, along 
with the evidence of reduced theft rates for vehicle lines equipped 
with similar devices and advanced technology of transponder electronic 
security, the Nissan immobilizer device will have the potential to 
achieve the level of effectiveness equivalent to those vehicles already 
exempted by the agency.

III. Decision To Grant the Petition

    Pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 33106 and 49 CFR 543.8(b), the agency grants 
a petition for exemption from the parts-marking requirements of part 
541, either in whole or in part, if it determines that, based upon 
substantial evidence, the standard equipment antitheft device is likely 
to be as effective in reducing and deterring motor vehicle theft as 
compliance with the parts-marking requirements of part 541, or deemed 
approved under 49 U.S.C. 33106(d). As discussed above, in this case, 
Nissan's petition is granted under 49 U.S.C. 33106(d).
    However, separately, NHTSA also finds that Nissan has provided 
adequate reasons for its belief that the antitheft device for its 
vehicle line is likely to be as effective in reducing and deterring 
motor vehicle theft as compliance with the parts-marking requirements 
of the theft prevention standard. This conclusion is based on the 
information Nissan provided about its antitheft device. NHTSA believes, 
based on Nissan's supporting evidence, the antitheft device described 
for its vehicle line is likely to be as effective in reducing and 
deterring motor vehicle theft as compliance with the parts-marking 
requirements of the theft prevention standard.
    The agency concludes that Nissan's antitheft device will provide 
four of the five types of performance features listed

[[Page 54294]]

in section 543.6(a)(3): \6\ promoting activation; preventing defeat or 
circumvention of the device by unauthorized persons; preventing 
operation of the vehicle by unauthorized entrants; and ensuring the 
reliability and durability of the device.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ See, e.g., 70 FR 74107 (Dec. 14, 2005). NHTSA has previously 
concluded that the lack of a visual or audio alarm has not prevented 
some antitheft devices from being effective protection against 
theft, where the theft data indicate a decline in theft rates for 
vehicle lines that have been equipped with devices similar to that 
what the petitioner is proposing to use.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The agency notes that 49 CFR part 541, Appendix A-1, identifies 
those lines that are exempted from the theft prevention standard for a 
given model year. 49 CFR 543.8(f) contains publication requirements 
incident to the disposition of all part 543 petitions. Advanced 
listing, including the release of future product nameplates, the 
beginning model year for which the petition is granted and a general 
description of the antitheft device is necessary in order to notify law 
enforcement agencies of new vehicle lines exempted from the parts-
marking requirements of the theft prevention standard.
    If Nissan decides not to use the exemption for its requested 
vehicle line, the manufacturer must formally notify the agency. If such 
a decision is made, the line must be fully marked as required by 49 CFR 
541.5 and 541.6 (marking of major component parts and replacement 
parts).
    NHTSA notes that if Nissan wishes in the future to modify the 
device on which the exemption is based, the company may have to submit 
a petition to modify the exemption. Section 543.8(d) states that a part 
543 exemption applies only to vehicles that belong to a line exempted 
under this part and equipped with the antitheft device on which the 
line's exemption is based. Further, section 543.10(c)(2) provides for 
the submission of petitions ``to modify an exemption to permit the use 
of an antitheft device similar to but differing from the one specified 
in the exemption.''
    The agency wishes to minimize the administrative burden that 
section 543.10(c)(2) could place on exempted vehicle manufacturers and 
itself. The agency did not intend in drafting part 543 to require the 
submission of a modification petition for every change to the 
components or design of an antitheft device. The significance of many 
such changes could be de minimis. Therefore, NHTSA suggests that if 
Nissan contemplates making any changes, the effects of which might be 
characterized as de minimis, it should consult the agency before 
preparing and submitting a petition to modify.
    For the foregoing reasons, the agency hereby grants in full 
Nissan's petition for exemption for the ARIYA vehicle line from the 
parts-marking requirements of 49 CFR part 541, beginning with its MY 
2023 vehicles.
    Issued under authority delegated in 49 CFR 1.95 and 501.8.

Raymond R. Posten,
Associate Administrator for Rulemaking.
[FR Doc. 2021-21197 Filed 9-29-21; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-59-P