Self-Regulatory Organizations; Nasdaq PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Amend the Opening Process, 41134-41138 [2021-16231]

Download as PDF 41134 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 144 / Friday, July 30, 2021 / Notices than 16% of the market share.32 Therefore, no exchange possesses significant pricing power in the execution of order flow. Indeed, participants can readily choose to send their orders to other exchange and offexchange venues if they deem fee levels at those other venues to be more favorable. Moreover, the Commission has repeatedly expressed its preference for competition over regulatory intervention in determining prices, products, and services in the securities markets. Specifically, in Regulation NMS, the Commission highlighted the importance of market forces in determining prices and SRO revenues and, also, recognized that current regulation of the market system ‘‘has been remarkably successful in promoting market competition in its broader forms that are most important to investors and listed companies.’’ 33 The fact that this market is competitive has also long been recognized by the courts. In NetCoalition v. Securities and Exchange Commission, the D.C. Circuit stated as follows: ‘‘[n]o one disputes that competition for order flow is ‘fierce.’ . . . As the SEC explained, ‘[i]n the U.S. national market system, buyers and sellers of securities, and the brokerdealers that act as their order-routing agents, have a wide range of choices of where to route orders for execution’; [and] ‘no exchange can afford to take its market share percentages for granted’ because ‘no exchange possesses a monopoly, regulatory or otherwise, in the execution of order flow from broker dealers’. . . .’’.34 Accordingly, the Exchange does not believe its proposed fee change imposes any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. C. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others The Exchange neither solicited nor received comments on the proposed rule change. lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with NOTICES1 III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action The foregoing rule change has become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act 35 and paragraph (f) of Rule Supra note 4. [sic]. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 51808 (June 9, 2005), 70 FR 37496, 37499 (June 29, 2005). 34 NetCoalition v. SEC, 615 F.3d 525, 539 (D.C. Cir. 2010) (quoting Securities Exchange Act Release No. 59039 (December 2, 2008), 73 FR 74770, 74782– 83 (December 9, 2008) (SR–NYSEArca–2006–21)). 35 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A). 32 33 VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:24 Jul 29, 2021 Jkt 253001 19b–4 36 thereunder. At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the Commission will institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be approved or disapproved. IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– CboeEDGX–2021–034 on the subject line. Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–CboeEDGX–2021–034. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s internet website (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for website viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549 on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal PO 00000 office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change. Persons submitting comments are cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal identifying information from comment submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–CboeEDGX–2021–034, and should be submitted on or before August 20, 2021. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.37 J. Matthew DeLesDernier, Assistant Secretary. [FR Doc. 2021–16228 Filed 7–29–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–92496; File No. SR–Phlx– 2021–42] Self-Regulatory Organizations; Nasdaq PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Amend the Opening Process July 26, 2021. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’),1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 notice is hereby given that on July 19, 2021, Nasdaq PHLX LLC (‘‘Phlx’’ or ‘‘Exchange’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III, below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. I. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to amend Phlx Options 3, Section 8, ‘‘Options Opening Process.’’ The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange’s website at https://listingcenter.nasdaq.com/ rulebook/phlx/rules, at the principal office of the Exchange, and at the Commission’s Public Reference Room. 17 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 2 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 37 1 15 36 17 CFR 240.19b–4(f). Frm 00133 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\30JYN1.SGM 30JYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 144 / Friday, July 30, 2021 / Notices II. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements. A. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change 1. Purpose lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with NOTICES1 Phlx proposes to amend Options 3, Section 8, ‘‘Options Opening Process.’’ Specifically, the Exchange proposes to amend the definition of Valid Width Quote at Options 3, Section 8(a)(ix). Phlx’s Opening Process for an option series is conducted pursuant to Options 3, Section 8 paragraphs (f)–(k), on or after 9:30 a.m. Eastern Time the ABBO, if any, is not crossed and the System has received, within two minutes 3 of the opening trade or quote on the market for the underlying security,4 a Valid Width Quote. The System will accept a Lead Market Maker’s Valid Width Quote or the Valid Width Quote of at least one Phlx Electronic Market Maker.5 Today, Phlx requires a Lead Market Maker to enter a Valid Width Quote in 90% of their assigned series, not later than one minute following the dissemination of a quote or trade by the market for the underlying security.6 Lead Market Makers must promptly enter a Valid 3 The Exchange may designated a shorter time provided it is disseminated to membership on the Exchange’s website. 4 In the case of index options, the timing is within two minutes of the receipt of the opening price in the underlying index or within two minutes of market opening for the underlying security in the case of U.S. dollar-settled foreign currency options. In both cases the Exchange may designated a shorter time provided it is disseminated to membership on the Exchange’s website. The Exchange proposes an amendment within Options 3, Section 8(d)(i) as described below. 5 The Exchange proposes an amendment within Options 3, Section 8(d)(i)(B) as described below. 6 In the case of index options, a Lead Market Maker must enter a Valid Width Quote in 90% of their assigned series, not later than one minute following the receipt of the opening price in the underlying index. The Lead Market Maker assigned in a particular U.S. dollar-settled foreign currency option must enter a Valid Width Quote, in 90% of their assigned series, not later than one minute after the announced market opening. See Options 3, Section 8(d)(iii). VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:24 Jul 29, 2021 Jkt 253001 Width Quote in the remainder of their assigned series, which did not open within one minute following the dissemination of a quote or trade by the market for the underlying security.7 In either case, the Lead Market Maker or Phlx Electronic Market Maker must enter a Valid Width Quote to open an options series. Phlx Options 3, Section 8(a)(ix) defines a Valid Width Quote as follows: A Valid Width Quote is a two-sided electronic quotation submitted by a Phlx Electronic Market Maker that meets the following requirements: Options on equities and index options bidding and/or offering so as to create differences of no more than $.25 between the bid and the offer for each option contract for which the prevailing bid is less than $2; no more than $.40 where the prevailing bid is $2 or more but less than $5; no more than $.50 where the prevailing bid is $5 or more but less than $10; no more than $.80 where the prevailing bid is $10 or more but less than $20; and no more than $1 where the prevailing bid is $20 or more, provided that, in the case of equity options, the bid/ ask differentials stated above shall not apply to in-the-money series where the market for the underlying security is wider than the differentials set forth above. For such series, the bid/ask differentials may be as wide as the quotation for the underlying security on the primary market, or its decimal equivalent rounded down to the nearest minimum increment. The Exchange may establish differences other than the above for one or more series or classes of options. The Exchange proposes to amend a Valid Width Quote to instead provide: A Valid Width Quote is a two-sided electronic quotation submitted by a Phlx Electronic Market Maker that meets the following requirements: Options on equities and index options bidding and/or offering so as to create differences of no more than $5, provided that, in the case of equity options, the bid/ask differentials stated above shall not apply to in-the-money series where the market for the underlying security is wider than the differentials set forth above. For such series, the bid/ask differentials may be as wide as the quotation for the underlying security on the primary market, or its decimal equivalent rounded down to the nearest minimum increment. The Exchange may establish differences other than the above for one or more series or classes of options. Such differences will be posted by the Exchange on its website. This proposed language is similar to Nasdaq BX, Inc. (‘‘BX’’).8 The Exchange 7 In the case of index options, Lead Market Makers must promptly enter a Valid Width Quote in the remainder of their assigned series, which did not open following the receipt of the opening price in the underlying index or, with respect to U.S. dollar-settled foreign currency options, following the announced market opening. See Options 3, Section 8(d)(iii). 8 BX Options 3, Section 8(a)(9) provides, ‘‘A ‘Valid Width Quote’ is a two-sided electronic quotation, submitted by a Market Maker, quoted PO 00000 Frm 00134 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 41135 proposes to widen the current bid/ask differentials for several reasons. First, the proposal would conform the Valid Width Quote definition of Phlx to that of BX. BX refers to a difference not to exceed $5 between the bid and offer within the description of a Valid Width Quote, similar to BX Options 2, Section 4(f) and 5(d)(2) that describes intra-day quotes. By amending Phlx’s Valid Width Quote, the Exchange notes that the $5 difference is akin to Phlx’s intra-day requirement within Phlx Options 2, Section 4(c)(1).9 Second, the proposed differential would simplify the differential for Lead Market Makers, who would continue to be required to submit a Valid Width Quote during the Opening Process in their assigned options series. Widening the differentials would allow Lead Market Makers, and Electronic Market Makers that elect to quote during the Opening Process, an ability to quote wider during the Opening Process when an underlying is volatile. Today, pursuant to Options 3, Section 8(a)(ix), the Exchange may establish differences other than the established bid/ask differentials for one or more series or classes of options. With this proposal, the Exchange is not amending its ability to continue to establish differences for one or more series or classes of options, rather the Exchange may continue to set other requirements pursuant to current Phlx Options 3, Section 8(a)(ix). Today, the Exchange has established Valid Width Quote differentials which differ with a difference not to exceed $5 between the bid and offer regardless of the price of the bid. However, respecting in-the-money series where the market for the underlying security is wider than $5, the bid/ask differential may be as wide as the quotation for the underlying security on the primary market, or its decimal equivalent rounded down to the nearest minimum increment. The Exchange may establish differences other than the above for one or more series or classes of options.’’ See also Securities Exchange Act Release No. 89731 (September 1, 2020), 85 FR 55524 (September 8, 2020) (SR–BX–2020–016) (Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend BX’s Opening Process in Connection With a Technology Migration). 9 Phlx Options 2, Section 4(c)(1) provides, ‘‘Options on equities (including Exchange-Traded Fund Shares), index options and options on U.S. dollar-settled FCOs may be quoted electronically with a difference not to exceed $5 between the bid and offer regardless of the price of the bid, provided that the foregoing bid/ask differentials shall not apply to in-the-money series where the market for the underlying security is wider than the differentials set forth above. For such series, the bid/ask differentials may be as wide as the spread between the national best bid and offer in the underlying security. The Exchange may establish differences other than the above for one or more series or classes of options.’’ E:\FR\FM\30JYN1.SGM 30JYN1 41136 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 144 / Friday, July 30, 2021 / Notices to permit unfair discrimination between customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers. The Exchange believes that the Maximum proposed $5 difference for the Valid Bid price low Bid price high bid/ask Width Quote is more appropriate end of end of differential because it reflects the Exchange’s $0.00 $1.99 $0.75 experience in administering the rule 2.00 4.99 1.20 and would continue to give Market 5.00 9.99 1.50 Makers flexibility including during the 10.00 19.99 2.40 Opening Process. The Exchange notes 20.00 20.00+ 3.00 that the current standard is not being applied as the Exchange has established Also, options with an expiration more Valid Width Quote differentials which than nine months away continue to be differ from those described within permitted a Valid Width Quote bid/ask Options 3, Section 8(a)(8).15 Widening differential of $5.00. The Exchange will the Valid Width Quote requirement continue to utilize the differentials would provide Lead Market Makers and currently posted on its website until Electronic Market Makers that elect to such time as it provides notice to quote during the Opening Process, members and member organizations of a additional flexibility when submitting change. Valid Width Quotes during the Opening Third, the Exchange proposes to add Process thereby allowing these Market rule text to state that such differences Makers the ability to quote wider in will be posted by the Exchange on its instances where the Exchange has not 11 website. Posting the current established Valid Width Quote differentials on its website would allow differentials which differ from those in members and member organizations to the rule because volatile market easily refer to the quoting obligations for conditions exist or there is news the Opening Process. regarding an underlying security which may impact pricing. Lead Market Technical Amendment Makers are integral to the Exchange’s The Exchange proposes to add Opening Process as Phlx is dependent ‘‘Eastern Time’’ after 9:30 a.m. and on receiving a Valid Width Quote to amend the word ‘‘currency’’ to open an options series. With this security.’’ The Exchange proposes to proposal, Lead Market Makers would amend ‘‘Quotes’’ to ‘‘Quote’’ within continue to be required to submit a Options 3, Section 8(d)(i)(B). Valid Width Quote during the Opening 2. Statutory Basis Process in their assigned options series.16 The Exchange believes that its The proposal would conform the proposal to establish a $5 difference is Valid Width Quote definition of Phlx to consistent with Section 6(b) of the that of BX.17 BX refers to a difference Act.12 Specifically, the Exchange not to exceed $5 between the bid and believes the proposed rule change is offer within the description of a Valid consistent with the Section 6(b)(5) 13 Width Quote, similar to BX Options 2, requirements that the rules of an Section 4(f) and 5(d)(2) that describes exchange be designed to prevent intra-day quotes. By amending Phlx’s fraudulent and manipulative acts and Valid Width Quote, the Exchange notes practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation that the $5 difference is akin to Phlx’s intra-day requirement within Phlx and coordination with persons engaged Options 2, Section 4(b)(4).18 Also, in regulating, clearing, settling, today, MIAX and Emerald require processing information with respect to, market makers to enter a valid width and facilitating transactions in NBBO with a difference of no more than securities, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and $5 between the bid and offer.19 open market and a national market 15 See supra note 10. system, and, in general, to protect 16 Today, Phlx, Nasdaq GEMX, LLC (‘‘GEMX’’), investors and the public interest. Nasdaq MRX, LLC (‘‘MRX’’), Nasdaq ISE, LLC Additionally, the Exchange believes the (‘‘ISE’’), Miami International Securities Exchange, proposed rule change is consistent with LLC (‘‘MIAX’’) and MIAX Emerald, LLC (‘‘Emerald’’) and are the only options markets that the Section 6(b)(5) 14 requirement that the rules of an exchange not be designed require a Primary Market Maker, or Lead Market lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with NOTICES1 from those described within Options 3, Section 8(a)(ix),10 they are: 10 See https://www.nasdaq.com/docs/2021/03/25/ PHLXSystemSettings.pdf. 11 Id. 12 15 U.S.C. 78f(b). 13 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). 14 Id. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:24 Jul 29, 2021 Jkt 253001 Maker in the case of Phlx, to submit a quote to open an options series. 17 See supra note 8. 18 See supra note 9. 19 MIAX and Emerald require Market Makers to submit a valid width NBBO in the opening where the bid and offer of the NBBO differ no more than differences outlined in MIAX and Emerald Rule PO 00000 Frm 00135 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Not all options markets have bid/ask differentials. In 2019, Cboe removed its quote width requirements while citing corresponding rules of its affiliated exchanges.20 Cboe noted in the 2019 Rule Change that the current quote width requirement at the time for generally all classes was $10, however, its Market-Makers consistently maintained two-sided quotes that were much tighter than the required width. Cboe opined that, even if markets experienced periods of stress or volatility, they remained obligated to maintain two sided markets and engage in a course of dealings that must be reasonably calculated to contribute to the maintenance of a fair and orderly market, which includes refraining from making bids or offers that are inconsistent with such course of dealings and updating quotations in response to changed market conditions.21 Cboe noted that it did not believe that continuing to provide for a quote width requirement was necessary nor would it impact the maintenance of fair and orderly markets because Market-Makers already quoted at a bid/ ask spread much narrower than the requirements and were required to continuously fulfill their obligations to engage in a course of dealings reasonably calculated to contribute to the maintenance of a fair and orderly market.22 603(b)(4)(i). MIAX and Emerald Rule 603(b)(4)(i) provides that bidding and offering so as to create differences of no more than $5 between the bid and offer. Rule 603(b)(4)(ii) provides MIAX and Emerald may establish differences other than the bid/ask differentials described in (i) above for one or more option series or classes, respectively. See MIAX and Emerald Rules 503. 20 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 87024 (September 19, 2019), 84 FR 50545 (September 25, 2019) (SR–Cboe–2019–059) (‘‘2019 Rule Change’’). 21 Id. 22 Id. E:\FR\FM\30JYN1.SGM 30JYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 144 / Friday, July 30, 2021 / Notices Unlike Cboe, Phlx does require its Market Makers to quote both during the Opening Process and intra-day within certain established bid/ask differentials. The Exchange notes that widening its Valid Width Quote differential during the Opening Process will not impact the maintenance of fair and orderly markets because Market Makers on Phlx, unlike other markets that do not require quoting during the Opening Process, will continue to require that its Market Makers provide Valid Width Quotes during the Opening Process, thereby ensuring liquidity. Also, Market Makers may quote tighter than the defined Valid Width Quote differential. Finally, similar to Cboe’s argument in the 2019 Rule Change, Market Makers are required to continuously fulfill their obligations to engage in a course of dealings reasonably calculated to contribute to the maintenance of a fair and orderly market. Today, the Exchange has discretion to set other differentials,23 similar to MIAX and Emerald.24 The Exchange currently is utilizing that discretion to set different bid/ask differentials based on its observation of market openings. Currently, the Exchange requires Market Makers to submit Valid Width Quotes which are tighter than the proposed $5 difference. The Exchange’s robust Opening Process seeks to encourage quality markets. As noted herein, unlike a majority of options markets,25 it requires Lead Market Makers to quote during the Opening Process to ensure liquidity as well as an efficient Opening Process where options series are opened quickly and at fair prices. The proposal to add rule text to state that such differences will be posted by the Exchange on its website 26 would allow members and member organizations to easily refer to the quoting obligations for the Opening Process. Technical Amendment lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with NOTICES1 The Exchange’s proposal to add ‘‘Eastern Time’’ after 9:30 a.m., amend the word ‘‘currency’’ to security,’’ and amend ‘‘Quotes’’ to ‘‘Quote’’ within Options 3, Section 8(d)(i)(B) will bring greater clarity to the Exchange’s Rules. 23 See Options 3, Section 8(a)(8), the Exchange may establish differences other than the established bid/ask differentials for one or more series or classes of options. 24 See MIAX and Emerald Rules 503. 25 See supra note 16. 26 Id. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:24 Jul 29, 2021 Jkt 253001 B. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Burden on Competition The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. The Exchange’s proposal to require Lead Market Makers and Electronic Market Makers to bid and/or offer an option series with differences of no more than $5 for options on equities and index options does not impose an undue burden on competition. All Lead Market Makers, and Electronic Market Makers who elect to quote during the Opening Process, would be subject to the same requirement to submit a Valid Width Quote when submitting quotes during the Opening Process. Differentials would be available on the Exchange’s website and therefore transparent, allowing members and member organizations to easily refer to the quoting obligations for the Opening Process. Finally, the proposal would also align quoting requirements more closely to intra-day requirements within Phlx Options 2, Section 4(c)(1). With respect to inter-market competition, the Exchange notes that most options markets do not require market makers to quote during the opening.27 The Exchange notes that MIAX and Emerald have quoting requirements in the opening similar to the differential proposed herein. Also, ISE, GEMX, and MRX are filing similar rule changes to this proposal.28 Technical Amendment The Exchange’s proposal to add ‘‘Eastern Time’’ after 9:30 a.m., amend the word ‘‘currency’’ to security,’’ and amend ‘‘Quotes’’ to ‘‘Quote’’ within Options 3, Section 8(d)(i)(B) will bring greater clarity to the Exchange’s Rules. C. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others No written comments were either solicited or received. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action Because the foregoing proposed rule change does not: (i) Significantly affect the protection of investors or the public interest; (ii) impose any significant burden on competition; and (iii) become 27 See supra note 16 citing the options markets that require bid/ask differentials. 28 See SR–ISE–2021–17, SR–GEMX–2021–07 and SR–MRX–2021–09. These rule changes are not yet noticed. PO 00000 Frm 00136 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 41137 operative for 30 days from the date on which it was filed, or such shorter time as the Commission may designate, it has become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A)(iii) of the Act 29 and subparagraph (f)(6) of Rule 19b–4 thereunder.30 At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the Commission shall institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule should be approved or disapproved. IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– Phlx–2021–42 on the subject line. Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–Phlx–2021–42. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s internet website (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the 29 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A)(iii). CFR 240.19b–4(f)(6). In addition, Rule 19b– 4(f)(6) requires a self-regulatory organization to give the Commission written notice of its intent to file the proposed rule change at least five business days prior to the date of filing of the proposed rule change, or such shorter time as designated by the Commission. The Exchange has satisfied this requirement. 30 17 E:\FR\FM\30JYN1.SGM 30JYN1 41138 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 144 / Friday, July 30, 2021 / Notices Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for website viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change. Persons submitting comments are cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal identifying information from comment submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–Phlx–2021–42 and should be submitted on or before August 20, 2021. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.31 J. Matthew DeLesDernier, Assistant Secretary. [FR Doc. 2021–16231 Filed 7–29–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–92491; File No. SR–MRX– 2021–09] Self-Regulatory Organizations; Nasdaq MRX, LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Amend the Opening Process lotter on DSK11XQN23PROD with NOTICES1 July 26, 2021. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’),1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 notice is hereby given that on July 19, 2021, Nasdaq MRX, LLC (‘‘MRX’’ or ‘‘Exchange’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III, below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. 31 17 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 2 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 1 15 VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:24 Jul 29, 2021 Jkt 253001 I. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to amend MRX Options 3, Section 8, ‘‘Options Opening Process.’’ The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange’s website at https://listingcenter.nasdaq.com/ rulebook/mrx/rules, at the principal office of the Exchange, and at the Commission’s Public Reference Room. II. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements. A. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change 1. Purpose MRX proposes to amend Options 3, Section 8, ‘‘Options Opening Process.’’ Specifically, the Exchange proposes to amend the definition of Valid Width Quote at Options 3, Section 8(a)(8). MRX’s Opening Process for an option series is conducted pursuant to Options 3, Section 8 paragraphs (f)–(j), on or after 9:30 a.m. Eastern the ABBO, if any, is not crossed and the System has received, within two minutes 3 of the opening trade or quote on the market for the underlying security,4 a Valid Width Quote. The System will accept a Primary Market Maker’s Valid Width Quote or the Valid Width Quote of at least one Competitive Market Maker.5 Today, MRX requires a Primary Market Maker to enter a Valid Width Quote in 90% of their assigned series, not later than one minute following the 3 The Exchange may designated a shorter time provided it is disseminated to membership on the Exchange’s website. 4 In the case of index options, the timing is within two minutes of the receipt of the opening price in the underlying index or within two minutes of market opening for the underlying security in the case of U.S. dollar-settled foreign currency options. In both cases the Exchange may designated a shorter time provided it is disseminated to membership on the Exchange’s website. 5 The Exchange proposes an amendment within Options 3, Section 8(c)(1)(B) as described below. PO 00000 Frm 00137 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 dissemination of a quote or trade by the market for the underlying security.6 Primary Market Makers must promptly enter a Valid Width Quote in the remainder of their assigned series, which did not open within one minute following the dissemination of a quote or trade by the market for the underlying security.7 In either case, the Primary Market Maker or Competitive Market Maker must enter a Valid Width Quote to open an options series. MRX Options 3, Section 8(a)(8) defines a Valid Width Quote as follows: A ‘‘Valid Width Quote’’ is a two-sided electronic quotation submitted by a Market Maker that meets the following requirements: Differentials shall be no more than $.25 between the bid and offer for each options contract for which the bid is less than $2, no more than $.40 where the bid is at least $2 but does not exceed $5, no more than $.50 where the bid is more than $5 but does not exceed $10, no more than $.80 where the bid is more than $10 but does not exceed $20, and no more than $1 where the bid is $20 or greater, provided that, in the case of equity options, the bid/ask differentials stated above shall not apply to in-the-money series where the market for the underlying security is wider than the differentials set forth above. The bid/ask differentials for in-the-money options series may be as wide as the quotation for the underlying security on the primary market, or its decimal equivalent rounded down to the nearest minimum increment. The Exchange may establish differences other than the above for one or more series or classes of options. The Exchange proposes to amend a Valid Width Quote to instead provide: A ‘‘Valid Width Quote’’ is a two-sided electronic quotation submitted by a Market Maker that meets the following requirements: Differentials shall be no more than $5, provided that, in the case of equity options, the bid/ask differential stated above shall not apply 6 In the case of index options, a Primary Market Maker must enter a Valid Width Quote in 90% of their assigned series, not later than one minute following the receipt of the opening price in the underlying index. The Primary Market Maker assigned in a particular U.S. dollar-settled foreign currency option must enter a Valid Width Quote, in 90% of their assigned series, not later than one minute after the announced market opening. See Options 3, Section 8(c)(3). The Exchange proposes to make a technical amendment to Options 3, Section 8(c)(3) which is described below. 7 In the case of index options, Primary Market Makers must promptly enter a Valid Width Quote in the remainder of their assigned series, which did not open following the receipt of the opening price in the underlying index or, with respect to U.S. dollar-settled foreign currency options, following the announced market opening. See Options 3, Section 8(c)(3). E:\FR\FM\30JYN1.SGM 30JYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 144 (Friday, July 30, 2021)]
[Notices]
[Pages 41134-41138]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-16231]


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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

[Release No. 34-92496; File No. SR-Phlx-2021-42]


Self-Regulatory Organizations; Nasdaq PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing 
and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Amend the 
Opening Process

July 26, 2021.
    Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 
(``Act''),\1\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\2\ notice is hereby given that 
on July 19, 2021, Nasdaq PHLX LLC (``Phlx'' or ``Exchange'') filed with 
the Securities and Exchange Commission (``Commission'') the proposed 
rule change as described in Items I, II, and III, below, which Items 
have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this 
notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested 
persons.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1).
    \2\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance 
of the Proposed Rule Change

    The Exchange proposes to amend Phlx Options 3, Section 8, ``Options 
Opening Process.''
    The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange's 
website at https://listingcenter.nasdaq.com/rulebook/phlx/rules, at the 
principal office of the Exchange, and at the Commission's Public 
Reference Room.

[[Page 41135]]

II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

    In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements 
concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and 
discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The 
text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in 
Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in 
sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such 
statements.

A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

1. Purpose
    Phlx proposes to amend Options 3, Section 8, ``Options Opening 
Process.'' Specifically, the Exchange proposes to amend the definition 
of Valid Width Quote at Options 3, Section 8(a)(ix).
    Phlx's Opening Process for an option series is conducted pursuant 
to Options 3, Section 8 paragraphs (f)-(k), on or after 9:30 a.m. 
Eastern Time the ABBO, if any, is not crossed and the System has 
received, within two minutes \3\ of the opening trade or quote on the 
market for the underlying security,\4\ a Valid Width Quote. The System 
will accept a Lead Market Maker's Valid Width Quote or the Valid Width 
Quote of at least one Phlx Electronic Market Maker.\5\ Today, Phlx 
requires a Lead Market Maker to enter a Valid Width Quote in 90% of 
their assigned series, not later than one minute following the 
dissemination of a quote or trade by the market for the underlying 
security.\6\ Lead Market Makers must promptly enter a Valid Width Quote 
in the remainder of their assigned series, which did not open within 
one minute following the dissemination of a quote or trade by the 
market for the underlying security.\7\ In either case, the Lead Market 
Maker or Phlx Electronic Market Maker must enter a Valid Width Quote to 
open an options series. Phlx Options 3, Section 8(a)(ix) defines a 
Valid Width Quote as follows:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ The Exchange may designated a shorter time provided it is 
disseminated to membership on the Exchange's website.
    \4\ In the case of index options, the timing is within two 
minutes of the receipt of the opening price in the underlying index 
or within two minutes of market opening for the underlying security 
in the case of U.S. dollar-settled foreign currency options. In both 
cases the Exchange may designated a shorter time provided it is 
disseminated to membership on the Exchange's website. The Exchange 
proposes an amendment within Options 3, Section 8(d)(i) as described 
below.
    \5\ The Exchange proposes an amendment within Options 3, Section 
8(d)(i)(B) as described below.
    \6\ In the case of index options, a Lead Market Maker must enter 
a Valid Width Quote in 90% of their assigned series, not later than 
one minute following the receipt of the opening price in the 
underlying index. The Lead Market Maker assigned in a particular 
U.S. dollar-settled foreign currency option must enter a Valid Width 
Quote, in 90% of their assigned series, not later than one minute 
after the announced market opening. See Options 3, Section 
8(d)(iii).
    \7\ In the case of index options, Lead Market Makers must 
promptly enter a Valid Width Quote in the remainder of their 
assigned series, which did not open following the receipt of the 
opening price in the underlying index or, with respect to U.S. 
dollar-settled foreign currency options, following the announced 
market opening. See Options 3, Section 8(d)(iii).

    A Valid Width Quote is a two-sided electronic quotation 
submitted by a Phlx Electronic Market Maker that meets the following 
requirements: Options on equities and index options bidding and/or 
offering so as to create differences of no more than $.25 between 
the bid and the offer for each option contract for which the 
prevailing bid is less than $2; no more than $.40 where the 
prevailing bid is $2 or more but less than $5; no more than $.50 
where the prevailing bid is $5 or more but less than $10; no more 
than $.80 where the prevailing bid is $10 or more but less than $20; 
and no more than $1 where the prevailing bid is $20 or more, 
provided that, in the case of equity options, the bid/ask 
differentials stated above shall not apply to in-the-money series 
where the market for the underlying security is wider than the 
differentials set forth above. For such series, the bid/ask 
differentials may be as wide as the quotation for the underlying 
security on the primary market, or its decimal equivalent rounded 
down to the nearest minimum increment. The Exchange may establish 
differences other than the above for one or more series or classes 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
of options.

    The Exchange proposes to amend a Valid Width Quote to instead 
provide:

    A Valid Width Quote is a two-sided electronic quotation 
submitted by a Phlx Electronic Market Maker that meets the following 
requirements: Options on equities and index options bidding and/or 
offering so as to create differences of no more than $5, provided 
that, in the case of equity options, the bid/ask differentials 
stated above shall not apply to in-the-money series where the market 
for the underlying security is wider than the differentials set 
forth above. For such series, the bid/ask differentials may be as 
wide as the quotation for the underlying security on the primary 
market, or its decimal equivalent rounded down to the nearest 
minimum increment. The Exchange may establish differences other than 
the above for one or more series or classes of options. Such 
differences will be posted by the Exchange on its website.

This proposed language is similar to Nasdaq BX, Inc. (``BX'').\8\ The 
Exchange proposes to widen the current bid/ask differentials for 
several reasons.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \8\ BX Options 3, Section 8(a)(9) provides, ``A `Valid Width 
Quote' is a two-sided electronic quotation, submitted by a Market 
Maker, quoted with a difference not to exceed $5 between the bid and 
offer regardless of the price of the bid. However, respecting in-
the-money series where the market for the underlying security is 
wider than $5, the bid/ask differential may be as wide as the 
quotation for the underlying security on the primary market, or its 
decimal equivalent rounded down to the nearest minimum increment. 
The Exchange may establish differences other than the above for one 
or more series or classes of options.'' See also Securities Exchange 
Act Release No. 89731 (September 1, 2020), 85 FR 55524 (September 8, 
2020) (SR-BX-2020-016) (Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To 
Amend BX's Opening Process in Connection With a Technology 
Migration).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    First, the proposal would conform the Valid Width Quote definition 
of Phlx to that of BX. BX refers to a difference not to exceed $5 
between the bid and offer within the description of a Valid Width 
Quote, similar to BX Options 2, Section 4(f) and 5(d)(2) that describes 
intra-day quotes. By amending Phlx's Valid Width Quote, the Exchange 
notes that the $5 difference is akin to Phlx's intra-day requirement 
within Phlx Options 2, Section 4(c)(1).\9\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ Phlx Options 2, Section 4(c)(1) provides, ``Options on 
equities (including Exchange-Traded Fund Shares), index options and 
options on U.S. dollar-settled FCOs may be quoted electronically 
with a difference not to exceed $5 between the bid and offer 
regardless of the price of the bid, provided that the foregoing bid/
ask differentials shall not apply to in-the-money series where the 
market for the underlying security is wider than the differentials 
set forth above. For such series, the bid/ask differentials may be 
as wide as the spread between the national best bid and offer in the 
underlying security. The Exchange may establish differences other 
than the above for one or more series or classes of options.''
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Second, the proposed differential would simplify the differential 
for Lead Market Makers, who would continue to be required to submit a 
Valid Width Quote during the Opening Process in their assigned options 
series. Widening the differentials would allow Lead Market Makers, and 
Electronic Market Makers that elect to quote during the Opening 
Process, an ability to quote wider during the Opening Process when an 
underlying is volatile. Today, pursuant to Options 3, Section 8(a)(ix), 
the Exchange may establish differences other than the established bid/
ask differentials for one or more series or classes of options. With 
this proposal, the Exchange is not amending its ability to continue to 
establish differences for one or more series or classes of options, 
rather the Exchange may continue to set other requirements pursuant to 
current Phlx Options 3, Section 8(a)(ix). Today, the Exchange has 
established Valid Width Quote differentials which differ

[[Page 41136]]

from those described within Options 3, Section 8(a)(ix),\10\ they are:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \10\ See https://www.nasdaq.com/docs/2021/03/25/PHLXSystemSettings.pdf.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     Maximum bid/ask
  Bid price low end of    Bid price high end of        differential
------------------------------------------------------------------------
            $0.00                    $1.99                   $0.75
             2.00                     4.99                    1.20
             5.00                     9.99                    1.50
            10.00                    19.99                    2.40
            20.00                   20.00+                    3.00
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Also, options with an expiration more than nine months away 
continue to be permitted a Valid Width Quote bid/ask differential of 
$5.00. The Exchange will continue to utilize the differentials 
currently posted on its website until such time as it provides notice 
to members and member organizations of a change.
    Third, the Exchange proposes to add rule text to state that such 
differences will be posted by the Exchange on its website.\11\ Posting 
the current differentials on its website would allow members and member 
organizations to easily refer to the quoting obligations for the 
Opening Process.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical Amendment
    The Exchange proposes to add ``Eastern Time'' after 9:30 a.m. and 
amend the word ``currency'' to security.'' The Exchange proposes to 
amend ``Quotes'' to ``Quote'' within Options 3, Section 8(d)(i)(B).
2. Statutory Basis
    The Exchange believes that its proposal to establish a $5 
difference is consistent with Section 6(b) of the Act.\12\ 
Specifically, the Exchange believes the proposed rule change is 
consistent with the Section 6(b)(5) \13\ requirements that the rules of 
an exchange be designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and 
practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster 
cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in regulating, 
clearing, settling, processing information with respect to, and 
facilitating transactions in securities, to remove impediments to and 
perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market 
system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest. 
Additionally, the Exchange believes the proposed rule change is 
consistent with the Section 6(b)(5) \14\ requirement that the rules of 
an exchange not be designed to permit unfair discrimination between 
customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b).
    \13\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5).
    \14\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Exchange believes that the proposed $5 difference for the Valid 
Width Quote is more appropriate because it reflects the Exchange's 
experience in administering the rule and would continue to give Market 
Makers flexibility including during the Opening Process. The Exchange 
notes that the current standard is not being applied as the Exchange 
has established Valid Width Quote differentials which differ from those 
described within Options 3, Section 8(a)(8).\15\ Widening the Valid 
Width Quote requirement would provide Lead Market Makers and Electronic 
Market Makers that elect to quote during the Opening Process, 
additional flexibility when submitting Valid Width Quotes during the 
Opening Process thereby allowing these Market Makers the ability to 
quote wider in instances where the Exchange has not established Valid 
Width Quote differentials which differ from those in the rule because 
volatile market conditions exist or there is news regarding an 
underlying security which may impact pricing. Lead Market Makers are 
integral to the Exchange's Opening Process as Phlx is dependent on 
receiving a Valid Width Quote to open an options series. With this 
proposal, Lead Market Makers would continue to be required to submit a 
Valid Width Quote during the Opening Process in their assigned options 
series.\16\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \15\ See supra note 10.
    \16\ Today, Phlx, Nasdaq GEMX, LLC (``GEMX''), Nasdaq MRX, LLC 
(``MRX''), Nasdaq ISE, LLC (``ISE''), Miami International Securities 
Exchange, LLC (``MIAX'') and MIAX Emerald, LLC (``Emerald'') and are 
the only options markets that require a Primary Market Maker, or 
Lead Market Maker in the case of Phlx, to submit a quote to open an 
options series.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposal would conform the Valid Width Quote definition of Phlx 
to that of BX.\17\ BX refers to a difference not to exceed $5 between 
the bid and offer within the description of a Valid Width Quote, 
similar to BX Options 2, Section 4(f) and 5(d)(2) that describes intra-
day quotes. By amending Phlx's Valid Width Quote, the Exchange notes 
that the $5 difference is akin to Phlx's intra-day requirement within 
Phlx Options 2, Section 4(b)(4).\18\ Also, today, MIAX and Emerald 
require market makers to enter a valid width NBBO with a difference of 
no more than $5 between the bid and offer.\19\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \17\ See supra note 8.
    \18\ See supra note 9.
    \19\ MIAX and Emerald require Market Makers to submit a valid 
width NBBO in the opening where the bid and offer of the NBBO differ 
no more than differences outlined in MIAX and Emerald Rule 
603(b)(4)(i). MIAX and Emerald Rule 603(b)(4)(i) provides that 
bidding and offering so as to create differences of no more than $5 
between the bid and offer. Rule 603(b)(4)(ii) provides MIAX and 
Emerald may establish differences other than the bid/ask 
differentials described in (i) above for one or more option series 
or classes, respectively. See MIAX and Emerald Rules 503.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Not all options markets have bid/ask differentials. In 2019, Cboe 
removed its quote width requirements while citing corresponding rules 
of its affiliated exchanges.\20\ Cboe noted in the 2019 Rule Change 
that the current quote width requirement at the time for generally all 
classes was $10, however, its Market-Makers consistently maintained 
two-sided quotes that were much tighter than the required width. Cboe 
opined that, even if markets experienced periods of stress or 
volatility, they remained obligated to maintain two sided markets and 
engage in a course of dealings that must be reasonably calculated to 
contribute to the maintenance of a fair and orderly market, which 
includes refraining from making bids or offers that are inconsistent 
with such course of dealings and updating quotations in response to 
changed market conditions.\21\ Cboe noted that it did not believe that 
continuing to provide for a quote width requirement was necessary nor 
would it impact the maintenance of fair and orderly markets because 
Market-Makers already quoted at a bid/ask spread much narrower than the 
requirements and were required to continuously fulfill their 
obligations to engage in a course of dealings reasonably calculated to 
contribute to the maintenance of a fair and orderly market.\22\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \20\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 87024 (September 
19, 2019), 84 FR 50545 (September 25, 2019) (SR-Cboe-2019-059) 
(``2019 Rule Change'').
    \21\ Id.
    \22\ Id.

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[[Page 41137]]

    Unlike Cboe, Phlx does require its Market Makers to quote both 
during the Opening Process and intra-day within certain established 
bid/ask differentials. The Exchange notes that widening its Valid Width 
Quote differential during the Opening Process will not impact the 
maintenance of fair and orderly markets because Market Makers on Phlx, 
unlike other markets that do not require quoting during the Opening 
Process, will continue to require that its Market Makers provide Valid 
Width Quotes during the Opening Process, thereby ensuring liquidity. 
Also, Market Makers may quote tighter than the defined Valid Width 
Quote differential. Finally, similar to Cboe's argument in the 2019 
Rule Change, Market Makers are required to continuously fulfill their 
obligations to engage in a course of dealings reasonably calculated to 
contribute to the maintenance of a fair and orderly market.
    Today, the Exchange has discretion to set other differentials,\23\ 
similar to MIAX and Emerald.\24\ The Exchange currently is utilizing 
that discretion to set different bid/ask differentials based on its 
observation of market openings. Currently, the Exchange requires Market 
Makers to submit Valid Width Quotes which are tighter than the proposed 
$5 difference.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \23\ See Options 3, Section 8(a)(8), the Exchange may establish 
differences other than the established bid/ask differentials for one 
or more series or classes of options.
    \24\ See MIAX and Emerald Rules 503.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Exchange's robust Opening Process seeks to encourage quality 
markets. As noted herein, unlike a majority of options markets,\25\ it 
requires Lead Market Makers to quote during the Opening Process to 
ensure liquidity as well as an efficient Opening Process where options 
series are opened quickly and at fair prices.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \25\ See supra note 16.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposal to add rule text to state that such differences will 
be posted by the Exchange on its website \26\ would allow members and 
member organizations to easily refer to the quoting obligations for the 
Opening Process.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \26\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical Amendment
    The Exchange's proposal to add ``Eastern Time'' after 9:30 a.m., 
amend the word ``currency'' to security,'' and amend ``Quotes'' to 
``Quote'' within Options 3, Section 8(d)(i)(B) will bring greater 
clarity to the Exchange's Rules.

B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition

    The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will 
impose any burden on competition not necessary or appropriate in 
furtherance of the purposes of the Act. The Exchange's proposal to 
require Lead Market Makers and Electronic Market Makers to bid and/or 
offer an option series with differences of no more than $5 for options 
on equities and index options does not impose an undue burden on 
competition. All Lead Market Makers, and Electronic Market Makers who 
elect to quote during the Opening Process, would be subject to the same 
requirement to submit a Valid Width Quote when submitting quotes during 
the Opening Process. Differentials would be available on the Exchange's 
website and therefore transparent, allowing members and member 
organizations to easily refer to the quoting obligations for the 
Opening Process. Finally, the proposal would also align quoting 
requirements more closely to intra-day requirements within Phlx Options 
2, Section 4(c)(1).
    With respect to inter-market competition, the Exchange notes that 
most options markets do not require market makers to quote during the 
opening.\27\ The Exchange notes that MIAX and Emerald have quoting 
requirements in the opening similar to the differential proposed 
herein. Also, ISE, GEMX, and MRX are filing similar rule changes to 
this proposal.\28\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \27\ See supra note 16 citing the options markets that require 
bid/ask differentials.
    \28\ See SR-ISE-2021-17, SR-GEMX-2021-07 and SR-MRX-2021-09. 
These rule changes are not yet noticed.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical Amendment
    The Exchange's proposal to add ``Eastern Time'' after 9:30 a.m., 
amend the word ``currency'' to security,'' and amend ``Quotes'' to 
``Quote'' within Options 3, Section 8(d)(i)(B) will bring greater 
clarity to the Exchange's Rules.

C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed 
Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others

    No written comments were either solicited or received.

III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for 
Commission Action

    Because the foregoing proposed rule change does not: (i) 
Significantly affect the protection of investors or the public 
interest; (ii) impose any significant burden on competition; and (iii) 
become operative for 30 days from the date on which it was filed, or 
such shorter time as the Commission may designate, it has become 
effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A)(iii) of the Act \29\ and 
subparagraph (f)(6) of Rule 19b-4 thereunder.\30\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \29\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A)(iii).
    \30\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4(f)(6). In addition, Rule 19b-4(f)(6) 
requires a self-regulatory organization to give the Commission 
written notice of its intent to file the proposed rule change at 
least five business days prior to the date of filing of the proposed 
rule change, or such shorter time as designated by the Commission. 
The Exchange has satisfied this requirement.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule 
change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule 
change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or 
appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or 
otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission 
takes such action, the Commission shall institute proceedings to 
determine whether the proposed rule should be approved or disapproved.

IV. Solicitation of Comments

    Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and 
arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule 
change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of 
the following methods:

Electronic Comments

     Use the Commission's internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml); or
     Send an email to [email protected]. Please include 
File Number SR-Phlx-2021-42 on the subject line.

Paper Comments

     Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities 
and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549-1090.

All submissions should refer to File Number SR-Phlx-2021-42. This file 
number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help 
the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, 
please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on 
the Commission's internet website (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml). 
Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written 
statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with 
the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed 
rule change between the

[[Page 41138]]

Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from 
the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be 
available for website viewing and printing in the Commission's Public 
Reference Room, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549, on official 
business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of 
the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the 
principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted 
without change. Persons submitting comments are cautioned that we do 
not redact or edit personal identifying information from comment 
submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make 
available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR-
Phlx-2021-42 and should be submitted on or before August 20, 2021.

    For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, 
pursuant to delegated authority.\31\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \31\ 17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(12).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

J. Matthew DeLesDernier,
Assistant Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2021-16231 Filed 7-29-21; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P