Self-Regulatory Organizations; MIAX PEARL, LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule Change To Amend the MIAX Pearl Equities Fee Schedule, 40092-40097 [2021-15814]

Download as PDF 40092 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 140 / Monday, July 26, 2021 / Notices recently approved Phlx’s substantially similar proposal to list and trade Monday QQQ Expirations and Wednesday QQQ Expirations.35 The Exchange has stated that waiver of the operative delay is consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest as it would encourage fair competition among exchanges by allowing the Exchange to compete effectively with Phlx by having the ability to list and trade the same Monday and Wednesday QQQ Expirations that Phlx is able to list and trade. For these reasons, the Commission believes that the proposed rule change presents no novel issues and that waiver of the 30-day operative delay is consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest, and will allow the Exchange to remain competitive with other exchanges. Accordingly, the Commission hereby waives the operative delay and designates the proposed rule change operative upon filing.36 At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the Commission shall institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be approved or disapproved. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Commission, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–NYSEAMER–2021–33. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s internet website (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for website viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549 on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change. Persons submitting comments are cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal identifying information from comment submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–NYSEAMER–2021–33, and should be submitted on or before August 16, 2021. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.37 J. Matthew DeLesDernier, Assistant Secretary. Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– NYSEAMER–2021–33 on the subject line. [FR Doc. 2021–15819 Filed 7–23–21; 8:45 am] Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Self-Regulatory Organizations; MIAX PEARL, LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule Change To Amend the MIAX Pearl Equities Fee Schedule 35 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 91614 (April 20, 2021), 86 FR 22082 (April 26, 2021) (SR– Phlx–2021–10). 36 For purposes only of waiving the 30-day operative delay, the Commission also has considered the proposed rule’s impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. See 15 U.S.C. 78c(f). VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:10 Jul 23, 2021 Jkt 253001 BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–92452; File No. SR– PEARL–2021–34] July 20, 2021. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 PO 00000 (‘‘Act’’),1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 notice is hereby given that on July 12, 2021, MIAX PEARL, LLC (‘‘MIAX Pearl’’ or ‘‘Exchange’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. I. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange is filing a proposal to amend the fee schedule applicable for MIAX Pearl Equities, an equities trading facility of the Exchange (the ‘‘Fee Schedule’’) 3 to update the Standard Rates table and the Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated Fees table. The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange’s website at http://www.miaxoptions.com/rulefilings/pearl at MIAX Pearl’s principal office, and at the Commission’s Public Reference Room. II. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements. A. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change 1. Purpose The purpose of the proposed rule change is to amend the Exchange’s Fee Schedule to (i) make conforming changes to the rates of certain liquidity indicator codes that remove liquidity in the Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated Fees table; (ii) amend the Standard Rates table to increase the rebate for Non-Displayed Orders that Add Liquidity from $0.0022 to $0.0025; and (iii) adopt four Retail Order liquidity indicator codes and associated fees and rebates for each. 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 3 See Exchange Rule 1901. 1 2 37 17 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). Frm 00103 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\26JYN1.SGM 26JYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 140 / Monday, July 26, 2021 / Notices The Exchange initially filed this proposal on July 1, 2021 (SR–PEARL– 2021–29) and withdrew such filing on July 12, 2021. The Exchange proposes to implement the fee change effective July 12, 2021. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES Conforming Changes to Liquidity Indicator Codes That Remove Liquidity On March 25, 2021, the Exchange filed its proposal to add liquidity indicator codes to its Fee Schedule.4 Due to the technological changes associated with the proposed liquidity indicator codes, the Exchange noted that it would issue a trading alert publicly announcing the implementation date when the liquidity indicator codes would be available and that the Exchange anticipated the implementation date to be in either the second or third quarter of 2021.5 In Fee Filing No. 1 the Exchange added new Section (1)(b) to the Fee Schedule, titled ‘‘Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated Fees,’’ showing the liquidity indicator codes, the description of each, and the then current applicable fee or rebate. Specifically, in that filing the following liquidity indicator codes were described as follows: • Liquidity indicator code RA would be applied to a Displayed order 6 that removes liquidity in Tape A securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code RA would be subject to the existing fee of $0.0028 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction’s dollar value in securities priced below $1.00. • Liquidity indicator code RB would be applied to a Displayed order that removes liquidity in Tape B securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code RB would be subject to the existing fee of $0.0027 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction’s dollar value in securities priced below $1.00. • Liquidity indicator code RC would be applied to a Displayed order that removes liquidity in Tape C securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that 4 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 91496 (April 7, 2021), 86 FR 19303 (April 13, 2021) (SR– PEARL–2021–10) (‘‘Fee Filing No. 1’’). 5 See id. 6 The Exchange notes that, unlike orders that add liquidity, whether an order that removes liquidity is either Displayed or Non-Displayed does not impact the applicable rate. The Exchange proposes to provide separate liquidity indicator codes based on whether the order that removes liquidity was Displayed or Non-Displayed as a convenience to Equity Members. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:10 Jul 23, 2021 Jkt 253001 orders that yield liquidity indicator code RC would be subject to the existing fee of $0.0028 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction’s dollar value in securities priced below $1.00. • Liquidity indicator code Ra would be applied to a Non-Displayed order that removes liquidity in Tape A securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code Ra would be subject to the existing fee of $0.0028 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction’s dollar value in securities priced below $1.00. • Liquidity indicator code Rb would be applied to a Non-Displayed order that removes liquidity in Tape B securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code Rb would be subject to the existing fee of $0.0027 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction’s dollar value in securities priced below $1.00. • Liquidity indicator code Rc would be applied to a Non-Displayed order that removes liquidity in Tape C securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code Rc would be subject to the existing fee of $0.0028 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction’s dollar value in securities priced below $1.00. Subsequently, on March 31, 2021, the Exchange filed its proposal to universally decrease the fee to remove liquidity in Tapes A, B, and C securities priced at or above $1.00 to $0.0025 per share.7 However, as the liquidity indicator codes had not yet been implemented on the Exchange, the Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated Fees table was not updated accordingly. On May 27, 2021, the Exchange issued a Trader Alert indicating that new supporting documentation for Liquidity Indicator Codes was available and that the new codes were targeted for use in production on July 1, 2021.8 The Exchange now proposes to amend the Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated Fees table for codes RA, RB, 7 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 91497 (April 7, 2021), 86 FR 19290 (April 13, 2021) (SR– PEARL–2021–15) (‘‘Fee Filing No. 2’’). The fee for orders that remove liquidity in Tapes A, B, and C securities priced below $1.00 were not changed. 8 See Trader Alert, MIAX Pearl Equities—2nd Reminder: Mandatory Specification Updates (May 27, 2021) available at https:// www.miaxoptions.com/alerts/2021/05/27/miaxpearl-equities-2nd-reminder-mandatory-interfacespecification-updates. PO 00000 Frm 00104 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 40093 RC, Ra, Rb and Rc to reflect the take rate change associated with Fee Filing No. 2, which established the current fee of $0.0025 per share for orders in Tapes A, B, and C securities that remove liquidity in securities priced at or above $1.00.9 The purpose of this change is to update the Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table to reflect the rate that is currently in effect and to provide greater clarity to Equity Members 10 as to which fee may ultimately be applied to their execution as the use of liquidity indicator codes was implemented on the Exchange on July 1, 2021. Amend the Standard Rate Rebate for Non-Displayed Orders That Add Liquidity The Exchange proposes to amend the Standard Rates table and the Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated Fees table to increase the rebate provided for Non-Displayed Orders that Add Liquidity from $0.0022 to $0.0025 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00. • Liquidity indicator code Aa would be applied to a Non-Displayed Order that adds liquidity in Tape A securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code Aa would receive a rebate of $0.0025 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction’s dollar value in securities priced below $1.00. • Liquidity indicator code Ab would be applied to a Non-Displayed Order that adds liquidity in Tape B securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code Ab would receive a rebate of $0.0025 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction’s dollar value in securities priced below $1.00. • Liquidity indicator code Ac would be applied to a Non-Displayed Order that adds liquidity in Tape C securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code Ac would receive a rebate of $0.0025 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction’s dollar value in securities priced below $1.00. The purpose for this proposed change is for business and competitive reasons. 9 The rates to remove liquidity in Tapes A, B, and C securities priced below $1.00 remained unchanged. Therefore, liquidity indicator codes RA, RB, RC, Ra, Rb, and Rc reflect the correct rate. 10 The term ‘‘Equity Member’’ is a Member authorized by the Exchange to transact business on MIAX Pearl Equities. See Exchange Rule 1901. E:\FR\FM\26JYN1.SGM 26JYN1 40094 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 140 / Monday, July 26, 2021 / Notices The Exchange believes that increasing the rebate for Adding Liquidity NonDisplayed Orders from $0.0022 to $0.0025 per share for securities priced at or above $1.00 will encourage market participants to enter Non-Displayed Orders that add liquidity, thereby increasing liquidity and execution opportunities on the Exchange. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES New Retail Order Liquidity Codes Additionally, the Exchange proposes to adopt four Retail Order liquidity indicator codes; AR, Ar, RR, and Rr, to the Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated Fees table as described below. The purpose of this change is for business and competitive reasons. The Exchange notes that the use of liquidity indicator codes is not unique to the Exchange and are currently utilized and described in the fee schedules of other equity exchanges.11 The Exchange believes that adoption of these liquidity indicator codes and associated fees and rebates will further incentivize Equity Members to submit these types of orders to the Exchange, which will result in greater liquidity on the Exchange, thereby increasing execution opportunities on the Exchange. • Liquidity indicator code AR would be applied to a Displayed Retail Order 12 that adds liquidity in Tape A, B, and C securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code AR would receive a rebate of $0.0037 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction’s dollar value in securities priced below $1.00. The Exchange notes that the proposed rebate is comparable to, and competitive with, the rebate provided by at least one other exchange for Retail Orders in securities priced at or above $1.00 per share that add liquidity.13 • Liquidity indicator code Ar would be applied to a Non-Displayed Retail 11 The use of liquidity indicator codes is not novel and liquidity indicator codes are currently utilized by other equity exchanges. For example, see the fee schedules of the Investors Exchange LLC (‘‘IEX’’) available at https://iextrading.com/trading/ fees/; and MEMX LLC (‘‘MEMX’’) available at https://info.memxtrading.com/fee-schedule/. 12 A ‘‘Retail Order’’ is an agency or riskless principal order that meets the criteria of FINRA Rule 5320.03 that originates from a natural person and is submitted to the Exchange by a Retail Member Organization, provided that no change is made to the terms of the order with respect to price or side of market and the order does not originate from a trading algorithm or any other computerized methodology. See Exchange Rule 2626(a)(2). 13 See the MEMX LLC, (‘‘MEMX’’) Fee Schedule, effective June 1, 2021, on its public website available at https://info.memxtrading.com/feeschedule/ which establishes a rebate rate of $0.0037 for Retail Orders that add liquidity in Tape A securities priced at or above $1.00. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:10 Jul 23, 2021 Jkt 253001 Order that adds liquidity in Tape A, B, and C securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code Ar would receive a rebate of $0.0025 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction’s dollar value in securities priced below $1.00. The rate of $0.0025 is consistent with the proposed rate change to the Standard Rates table for Adding Liquidity Non-Displayed Orders as contained in this proposal. • Liquidity indicator code RR would be applied to a Displayed Retail Order that removes liquidity in Tape A, B, and C securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code RR would be subject to the fee of $0.0025 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction’s dollar value in securities priced below $1.00. The rate of $0.0025 is the current fee in effect for orders that remove liquidity.14 • Liquidity indicator code Rr would be applied to a Non-Displayed Retail Order that removes liquidity in Tape A, B, and C securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code Rr would be subject to the fee of $0.0025 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction’s dollar value in securities priced below $1.00. The rate of $0.0025 is the current fee in effect for orders that remove liquidity.15 The Exchange also proposes to add the above Retail Order liquidity indicator codes to the Standard Rates table. Specifically, liquidity indicator code AR would be added to the ‘‘Adding Liquidity Displayed Order’’ column and liquidity indicator code Ar would be added to the ‘‘Adding Liquidity Non-Displayed Order’’ column. Liquidity indicator codes RR and Rr would be added to the ‘‘Removing Liquidity’’ column of the Standard Rates table. 2. Statutory Basis The Exchange believes that its proposal to amend its Fee Schedule is consistent with Section 6(b) of the Act 16 in general, and furthers the objectives of Section 6(b)(4) of the Act 17 in particular, in that it is an equitable allocation of reasonable fees and other 14 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 91497 (April 7, 2021), 86 FR 19290 (April 13, 2021) (SR– PEARL–2021–15). 15 See id. 16 15 U.S.C. 78f(b). 17 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(4). PO 00000 Frm 00105 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 charges among its Equity Members and issuers and other persons using its facilities. The Exchange also believes that the proposed rule change is consistent with the objectives of Section 6(b)(5) 18 requirements that the rules of an exchange be designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, and to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in regulating, clearing, settling, processing information with respect to, and facilitating transactions in securities, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest, and, particularly, is not designed to permit unfair discrimination between customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers. The Exchange operates in a highly fragmented and competitive market in which market participants can readily direct their order flow to competing venues if they deem fee levels at a particular venue to be excessive or incentives to be insufficient. More specifically, the Exchange is only one of sixteen registered equities exchanges, and there are a number of alternative trading systems and other off-exchange venues, to which market participants may direct their order flow. Based on publicly available information, no single registered equities exchange currently has more than approximately 16% of the total market share of executed volume of equities trading.19 Thus, in such a low-concentrated and highly competitive market, no single equities exchange possesses significant pricing power in the execution of order flow, and the Exchange currently represents less than 1% of the overall market share. Accordingly, competitive forces constrain the Exchange’s transaction fees and rebates generally, including with respect to Removing Liquidity and Retail Orders that Add and Remove Liquidity. The Exchange believes the proposed rule change to be a reasonable and competitive pricing structure designed to incentivize market participants to add aggressively priced Retail Orders and direct their order flow to the Exchange, which the Exchange believes would promote price discovery and price formation, provide more trading opportunities and tighter spreads, and deepen liquidity, thereby enhancing market quality to the benefit of all Equity Members and investors. 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). Market share percentage calculated as of June 24, 2021. The Exchange receives and processes data made available through consolidated data feeds. 18 19 E:\FR\FM\26JYN1.SGM 26JYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 140 / Monday, July 26, 2021 / Notices The Exchange notes that the use of liquidity indicator codes is not unique to the Exchange and are currently utilized and described in the fee schedules of other equity exchanges.20 Further, the Exchange also believes its proposal is not unfairly discriminatory because the proposed changes will apply equally to all Equity Members. Conforming Changes to Liquidity Indicator Codes That Remove Liquidity As set forth above, the Exchange filed Fee Filing No. 1 to adopt liquidity indicator codes and included the thencurrent rates. Subsequently, in Fee Filing No. 2, the Exchange reduced the fee for orders in Tapes A, B, and C securities that remove liquidity in securities priced at or above $1.00 to $0.0025 per share. Liquidity indicator codes RA, RB, RC, Ra, Rb, and Rc are appended to orders that remove liquidity. The Exchange believes its proposal to update the Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated Fees table to reflect the current rate of $0.0025 per share for securities priced at or above $1.00 with liquidity indicator codes RA, RB, RC, Ra, Rb, or Rc is equitable and reasonable because it updates the liquidity indicator code table to reflect the established rate that is currently in effect and will apply equally to all Equity Members of the Exchange. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES Amend the Standard Rate Rebate for Non-Displayed Orders That Add Liquidity The Exchange’s proposal to increase the rebate provided for orders that add liquidity in securities priced at or above $1.00 from $0.0022 to $0.0025 per share is reasonable and equitably allocated among all Equity Members of the Exchange. Liquidity indicator codes Aa, Ab, and Ac are appended to orders that add liquidity. The Exchange believes that the proposed increase to $0.0025 per share is reasonable in that it represent [sic] a modest increase ($0.003) [sic] from the current rebate for such executions ($0.0022 per share). The Exchange believes that this change is a reasonable means by which to incentivize Equity Members to submit Non-Displayed Orders that add liquidity to the benefit of all market participants. The Exchange believes its proposal is equitable and not unfairly discriminatory as it will apply to all 20 The use of liquidity indicator codes is not novel and liquidity indicator codes are currently utilized by other equity exchanges. For example, see the fee schedules of the Investors Exchange LLC (‘‘IEX’’) available at https://iextrading.com/trading/ fees/; and MEMX LLC (‘‘MEMX’’) available at https://info.memxtrading.com/fee-schedule/. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:10 Jul 23, 2021 Jkt 253001 Equity Members equally. Additionally, the Exchange believes its proposed change is reasonable as it is competitive and in line with rebates offered for similar orders on at least one other exchange.21 New Retail Order Liquidity Codes The Exchange’s proposal to adopt four new Retail Order liquidity indicator codes is reasonable and not unfairly discriminatory as it will apply to all Equity Members equally. The Exchange notes that the use of liquidity indicator codes is not novel and that liquidity indicator codes are used by other equity exchanges.22 The Exchange’s [sic] believes its proposal to establish a rebate of $0.0037 for a Retail Displayed Order that adds liquidity for securities priced at or above $1.00 is reasonable as it is competitive and in line with the rebate offered for similar Retail Orders on at least one other exchange.23 The Exchange’s proposal to establish a rebate of $0.0025 for orders with a liquidity indicator code of Ar, Retail Non-Displayed Orders that add liquidity, is reasonable as this rate is consistent with the proposed rate change contained herein for Liquidity Adding Non-Displayed Orders. The Exchange believes its proposed change is reasonable as it is competitive and in line with rebates offered for similar orders on at least one other exchange.24 The Exchange believes its proposal to adopt liquidity indicator codes for Retail Displayed Orders that remove liquidity (RR) and for Retail NonDisplayed Orders that remove liquidity (Rr) is reasonable and not unfairly discriminatory as the use of liquidity indicator codes is used on other equity exchanges.25 The Exchange believes its proposal to establish a fee of $0.0025 for Retail Displayed Orders that remove liquidity (RR) and for Retail Non-Displayed Orders that remove liquidity (Rr) is reasonable and not unfairly discriminatory as it applies equally to all Equity Members of the Exchange. 21 See the MEMX LLC, (‘‘MEMX’’) Fee Schedule, effective June 1, 2021, on its public website available at https://info.memxtrading.com/feeschedule/ which establishes a rebate rate of $0.0020 for non-displayed volume that adds liquidity in Tape A securities priced at or above $1.00; and a rebate of $0.0025 for non-displayed Midpoint Peg Orders that add liquidity in Tape A securities priced at or above $1.00. 22 See supra note 11. 23 See supra note 13. 24 See the MEMX LLC, (‘‘MEMX’’) Fee Schedule, effective June 1, 2021, on its public website available at https://info.memxtrading.com/feeschedule/ which establishes a fee of $0.00265 for orders that remove volume from the exchange. 25 See supra note 11. PO 00000 Frm 00106 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 40095 Additionally, the rate of $0.0025 for orders that remove liquidity in securities priced at or above $1.00 was established by the Exchange in a previous filing 26 and adopting a fee in the same amount for similar orders is reasonable and not unfairly discriminatory and promotes consistency and uniformity in the Exchange’s Fee Schedule. The Exchange believes its proposal provides for the equitable allocation of reasonable dues and fees and is not unfairly discriminatory. For the reasons discussed above, the Exchange submits that the proposal satisfies the requirements of Sections 6(b)(4) and 6(b)(5) of the Act in that it provides for the equitable allocation of reasonable dues, fees and other charges among its Members and other persons using its facilities and is not designed to unfairly discriminate between customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers. As described more fully below in the Exchange’s statement regarding the burden on competition, the Exchange believes that its transaction pricing is subject to significant competitive forces, and that the proposed fees and rebates described herein are appropriate to address such forces. The Exchange believes the Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated Fees table will make the Fee Schedule clearer and eliminate the potential for confusion in regard to fees charged and rebates earned, thereby removing impediments to, and perfecting the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, protecting investors and the public interest. Further, as noted above, this practice is consistent with the pricing practices of other exchanges.27 B. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Burden on Competition The Exchange does not believe that the proposed change will impose any burden on competition not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. The Exchange believes the proposed change would encourage the submission of additional order flow to the Exchange, thereby promoting market depth, enhanced execution opportunities, as well as price discovery and transparency for all Equity Members. Furthermore, the Exchange believes that the proposed changes would allow the Exchange to continue to compete with other routing and execution venues by providing competitive pricing for transactions in Adding Liquidity Non-Displayed Orders 26 27 See supra note 7. See supra note 11. E:\FR\FM\26JYN1.SGM 26JYN1 40096 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 140 / Monday, July 26, 2021 / Notices Intermarket Competition The Exchange believes its proposal will benefit competition as the Exchange operates in a highly competitive market. Equity Members have numerous alternative venues that they may participate on and direct their order flow to, including fifteen other equities exchanges and numerous alternative trading systems and other off-exchange venues. As noted above, no single registered equities exchange currently has more than 16% of the total market share of executed volume of equities trading. Thus, in such a low- concentrated and highly competitive market, no single equities exchange possesses significant pricing power in the execution of order flow. Moreover, the Exchange believes that the evershifting market share among the exchanges from month to month demonstrates that market participants can shift order flow in response to new or different pricing structures being introduced to the market. Accordingly, competitive forces constrain the Exchange’s transaction fees and rebates generally, including with respect to Retail Orders and Adding Liquidity Non-Displayed Orders, as market participants can readily choose to send their orders to other exchanges and offexchange venues if they deem fee levels at those other venues to be more favorable. As described above, the proposed changes are competitive proposals through which the Exchange is seeking to encourage certain order flow to the Exchange and to promote market quality through pricing incentives that are similar in structure and purpose to pricing programs at other Exchanges.30 Accordingly, the Exchange believes the proposal would not burden, but rather promote, intermarket competition by enabling it to better compete with other exchanges that offer similar incentives to market participants that enhance market quality. Additionally, the Commission has repeatedly expressed its preference for competition over regulatory intervention in determining prices, products, and services in the securities markets. Specifically, in Regulation NMS, the Commission highlighted the importance of market forces in determining prices and SRO revenues and, also, recognized that current regulation of the market system ‘‘has been remarkably successful in promoting market competition in its broader forms that are most important to investors and listed companies.’’ 31 The fact that this market is competitive has also long been recognized by the courts. In NetCoalition v. Securities and Exchange Commission, the D.C. circuit stated: ‘‘[n]o one disputes that competition for order flow is ‘fierce.’ . . . As the SEC explained, ‘[i]n the U.S. national market system, buyers and sellers of securities, and the brokerdealers that act as their routing agents, have a wide range of choices of where to route orders for execution’; [and] ‘no exchange can afford to take its market share percentages for granted’ because 28 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 51808 (June 9, 2005), 70 FR 47396 (June 29, 2005). 29 See supra note 11. See supra notes 21, 23, and 24. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 51808 (June 9, 2005), 70 FR 37496, 37499 (June 29, 2005). and also Retail Orders, thereby making it a desirable destination. As a result, the Exchange believes that the proposed change furthers the goal in adopting Regulation NMS of fostering competition among orders, which promotes ‘‘more efficient pricing of individual stocks for all types of orders, large and small.’’ 28 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES Intramarket Competition The Exchange believes that the proposed changes would incentivize market participants to direct order flow to the Exchange. Greater liquidity benefits all Equity Members by providing more trading opportunities and encourages Equity Members to send orders to the Exchange, thereby contributing to robust levels of liquidity, which benefits all Equity Members. The proposed fees and rebates for Retail Orders and the proposed rebate for Adding Liquidity Non-Displayed Orders would be available to all similarly situated market participants, and, as such, the proposed change would not impose a disparate burden on competition among market participants on the Exchange. The Exchange does not believe its adoption of new liquidity indicator codes for Retail Orders will impose any burden on intramarket competition. The use of liquidity indicator codes is not new or novel as liquidity indicator codes are used on other equity exchanges.29 Additionally, the use of liquidity indicator codes is applied equally to all Equity Members and provides additional specificity to the fee schedule so that Equity Members may connect an execution to the applicable fee or rebate. As such, the Exchange believes the proposed changes would not impose any burden on intramarket competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:10 Jul 23, 2021 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 30 31 Frm 00107 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 ‘no exchange possess a monopoly, regulatory or otherwise, in the execution of order flow from broker dealers’ . . .’’.32 Accordingly, the Exchange does not believe its proposed pricing changes impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. C. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others Written comments were neither solicited nor received. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action The foregoing rule change has become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A)(ii) of the Act,33 and Rule 19b–4(f)(2) 34 thereunder. At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the Commission shall institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule should be approved or disapproved. IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– PEARL–2021–34 on the subject line. Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–PEARL–2021–34. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the 32 NetCoalition v. SEC, 615 F.3d 525, 539 (D.C. Cir. 2010) (quoting Securities Exchange Act Release No. 59039 (December 2, 2008), 73 FR 74770, 74782– 83 (December 9, 2008) (SR–NYSE–2006–21)). 33 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A)(ii). 34 17 CFR 240.19b–4(f)(2). E:\FR\FM\26JYN1.SGM 26JYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 140 / Monday, July 26, 2021 / Notices Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s internet website (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for website viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change. Persons submitting comments are cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal identifying information from comment submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–PEARL–2021–34, and should be submitted on or before August 16, 2021. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.35 J. Matthew DeLesDernier, Assistant Secretary. [FR Doc. 2021–15814 Filed 7–23–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–92445; File No. SR– CboeEDGX–2021–033] Self-Regulatory Organizations; Cboe EDGX Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule Change To Amend Its Fee Schedule jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES July 20, 2021. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the ‘‘Act’’),1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 notice is hereby given that on July 13, 2021, Cboe EDGX Exchange, Inc. (‘‘Exchange’’ or ‘‘EDGX’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission 17:10 Jul 23, 2021 I. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change Cboe EDGX Exchange, Inc. (the ‘‘Exchange’’ or ‘‘EDGX’’ or ‘‘EDGX Equities’’) proposes to amend its Fee Schedule. The text of the proposed rule change is provided in Exhibit 5. The text of the proposed rule change is also available on the Exchange’s website (http://markets.cboe.com/us/ options/regulation/rule_filings/edgx/), at the Exchange’s Office of the Secretary, and at the Commission’s Public Reference Room. II. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements. A. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change 1. Purpose The Exchange proposes to amend its Fee Schedule applicable to its equities trading platform (‘‘EDGX Equities’’) to (1) modify the standard rate for securities priced at or above $1.00 that remove liquidity, (2) remove certain fee codes in connection with internalization, (3) adopt a new tier under each of the Growth Tiers, the Non-Displayed Step-Up Volume Tier, and the Remove Volume Tiers, and, as a result, define the term ‘‘Step-Up ADAV’’, and (4) eliminate a Remove Volume Tier and a Retail Volume Tier.3 The Exchange first notes that it operates in a highly competitive market in which market participants can readily direct order flow to competing 3 The Exchange initially filed the proposed fee changes July 1, 2021 (SR–CboeEDGX–2021–031). On July 13, 2021 the Exchange withdrew that filing and submitted this proposal. 17 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). 1 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 2 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 35 VerDate Sep<11>2014 (‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. Jkt 253001 PO 00000 Frm 00108 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 40097 venues if they deem fee levels at a particular venue to be excessive or incentives to be insufficient. More specifically, the Exchange is only one of 16 registered equities exchanges, as well as a number of alternative trading systems and other off-exchange venues that do not have similar self-regulatory responsibilities under the Exchange Act, to which market participants may direct their order flow. Based on publicly available information,4 no single registered equities exchange has more than 16% of the market share. Thus, in such a low-concentrated and highly competitive market, no single equities exchange possesses significant pricing power in the execution of order flow. The Exchange in particular operates a ‘‘Maker-Taker’’ model whereby it pays rebates to members that add liquidity and assesses fees to those that remove liquidity. The Exchange’s Fee Schedule sets forth the standard rebates and rates applied per share for orders that provide and remove liquidity, respectively. Currently, for orders in securities priced at or above $1.00, the Exchange provides a standard rebate of $0.00160 per share for orders that add liquidity and assesses a fee of $0.00280 per share for orders that remove liquidity. For orders in securities priced below $1.00, the Exchange provides a standard rebate of $0.00009 per share for orders that add liquidity and assesses a fee of 0.30% of total dollar value for orders that remove liquidity. Additionally, in response to the competitive environment, the Exchange also offers tiered pricing which provides Members opportunities to qualify for higher rebates or reduced fees where certain volume criteria and thresholds are met. Tiered pricing provides an incremental incentive for Members to strive for higher tier levels, which provides increasingly higher benefits or discounts for satisfying increasingly more stringent criteria. Standard Rate: Securities at or Above $1.00 That Remove Liquidity As stated above, the Exchange currently assesses a standard rate of $0.00280 per share for orders that remove liquidity in securities priced at $1.00 or more. The Exchange proposes to amend the standard rate for orders that remove liquidity in securities priced at $1.00 or more from a fee of $0.00280 per share to $0.00285 per share and reflects this change in the Fee Codes and Associated Fee where applicable (i.e., corresponding to 4 See Cboe Global Markets, U.S. Equities Market Volume Summary, Month-to-Date (June 23, 2021), available at https://markets.cboe.com/us/equities/ market_statistics/. E:\FR\FM\26JYN1.SGM 26JYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 140 (Monday, July 26, 2021)]
[Notices]
[Pages 40092-40097]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-15814]


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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

[Release No. 34-92452; File No. SR-PEARL-2021-34]


Self-Regulatory Organizations; MIAX PEARL, LLC; Notice of Filing 
and Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule Change To Amend the MIAX 
Pearl Equities Fee Schedule

July 20, 2021.
    Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 
(``Act''),\1\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\2\ notice is hereby given that 
on July 12, 2021, MIAX PEARL, LLC (``MIAX Pearl'' or ``Exchange'') 
filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (``Commission'') the 
proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which 
Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing 
this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from 
interested persons.
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    \1\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1).
    \2\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4.
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I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance 
of the Proposed Rule Change

    The Exchange is filing a proposal to amend the fee schedule 
applicable for MIAX Pearl Equities, an equities trading facility of the 
Exchange (the ``Fee Schedule'') \3\ to update the Standard Rates table 
and the Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated Fees table.
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    \3\ See Exchange Rule 1901.
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    The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange's 
website at http://www.miaxoptions.com/rule-filings/pearl at MIAX 
Pearl's principal office, and at the Commission's Public Reference 
Room.

II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

    In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements 
concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and 
discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The 
text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in 
Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in 
sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such 
statements.

A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

1. Purpose
    The purpose of the proposed rule change is to amend the Exchange's 
Fee Schedule to (i) make conforming changes to the rates of certain 
liquidity indicator codes that remove liquidity in the Liquidity 
Indicator Codes and Associated Fees table; (ii) amend the Standard 
Rates table to increase the rebate for Non-Displayed Orders that Add 
Liquidity from $0.0022 to $0.0025; and (iii) adopt four Retail Order 
liquidity indicator codes and associated fees and rebates for each.

[[Page 40093]]

    The Exchange initially filed this proposal on July 1, 2021 (SR-
PEARL-2021-29) and withdrew such filing on July 12, 2021. The Exchange 
proposes to implement the fee change effective July 12, 2021.
Conforming Changes to Liquidity Indicator Codes That Remove Liquidity
    On March 25, 2021, the Exchange filed its proposal to add liquidity 
indicator codes to its Fee Schedule.\4\ Due to the technological 
changes associated with the proposed liquidity indicator codes, the 
Exchange noted that it would issue a trading alert publicly announcing 
the implementation date when the liquidity indicator codes would be 
available and that the Exchange anticipated the implementation date to 
be in either the second or third quarter of 2021.\5\ In Fee Filing No. 
1 the Exchange added new Section (1)(b) to the Fee Schedule, titled 
``Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated Fees,'' showing the 
liquidity indicator codes, the description of each, and the then 
current applicable fee or rebate. Specifically, in that filing the 
following liquidity indicator codes were described as follows:
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    \4\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 91496 (April 7, 
2021), 86 FR 19303 (April 13, 2021) (SR-PEARL-2021-10) (``Fee Filing 
No. 1'').
    \5\ See id.
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     Liquidity indicator code RA would be applied to a 
Displayed order \6\ that removes liquidity in Tape A securities. The 
Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that 
orders that yield liquidity indicator code RA would be subject to the 
existing fee of $0.0028 per share in securities priced at or above 
$1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction's dollar value in securities priced 
below $1.00.
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    \6\ The Exchange notes that, unlike orders that add liquidity, 
whether an order that removes liquidity is either Displayed or Non-
Displayed does not impact the applicable rate. The Exchange proposes 
to provide separate liquidity indicator codes based on whether the 
order that removes liquidity was Displayed or Non-Displayed as a 
convenience to Equity Members.
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     Liquidity indicator code RB would be applied to a 
Displayed order that removes liquidity in Tape B securities. The 
Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that 
orders that yield liquidity indicator code RB would be subject to the 
existing fee of $0.0027 per share in securities priced at or above 
$1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction's dollar value in securities priced 
below $1.00.
     Liquidity indicator code RC would be applied to a 
Displayed order that removes liquidity in Tape C securities. The 
Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that 
orders that yield liquidity indicator code RC would be subject to the 
existing fee of $0.0028 per share in securities priced at or above 
$1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction's dollar value in securities priced 
below $1.00.
     Liquidity indicator code Ra would be applied to a Non-
Displayed order that removes liquidity in Tape A securities. The 
Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that 
orders that yield liquidity indicator code Ra would be subject to the 
existing fee of $0.0028 per share in securities priced at or above 
$1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction's dollar value in securities priced 
below $1.00.
     Liquidity indicator code Rb would be applied to a Non-
Displayed order that removes liquidity in Tape B securities. The 
Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that 
orders that yield liquidity indicator code Rb would be subject to the 
existing fee of $0.0027 per share in securities priced at or above 
$1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction's dollar value in securities priced 
below $1.00.
     Liquidity indicator code Rc would be applied to a Non-
Displayed order that removes liquidity in Tape C securities. The 
Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that 
orders that yield liquidity indicator code Rc would be subject to the 
existing fee of $0.0028 per share in securities priced at or above 
$1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction's dollar value in securities priced 
below $1.00.
    Subsequently, on March 31, 2021, the Exchange filed its proposal to 
universally decrease the fee to remove liquidity in Tapes A, B, and C 
securities priced at or above $1.00 to $0.0025 per share.\7\ However, 
as the liquidity indicator codes had not yet been implemented on the 
Exchange, the Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated Fees table was 
not updated accordingly. On May 27, 2021, the Exchange issued a Trader 
Alert indicating that new supporting documentation for Liquidity 
Indicator Codes was available and that the new codes were targeted for 
use in production on July 1, 2021.\8\
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    \7\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 91497 (April 7, 
2021), 86 FR 19290 (April 13, 2021) (SR-PEARL-2021-15) (``Fee Filing 
No. 2''). The fee for orders that remove liquidity in Tapes A, B, 
and C securities priced below $1.00 were not changed.
    \8\ See Trader Alert, MIAX Pearl Equities--2nd Reminder: 
Mandatory Specification Updates (May 27, 2021) available at https://www.miaxoptions.com/alerts/2021/05/27/miax-pearl-equities-2nd-reminder-mandatory-interface-specification-updates.
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    The Exchange now proposes to amend the Liquidity Indicator Codes 
and Associated Fees table for codes RA, RB, RC, Ra, Rb and Rc to 
reflect the take rate change associated with Fee Filing No. 2, which 
established the current fee of $0.0025 per share for orders in Tapes A, 
B, and C securities that remove liquidity in securities priced at or 
above $1.00.\9\ The purpose of this change is to update the Liquidity 
Indicator Code and Associated Fees table to reflect the rate that is 
currently in effect and to provide greater clarity to Equity Members 
\10\ as to which fee may ultimately be applied to their execution as 
the use of liquidity indicator codes was implemented on the Exchange on 
July 1, 2021.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ The rates to remove liquidity in Tapes A, B, and C 
securities priced below $1.00 remained unchanged. Therefore, 
liquidity indicator codes RA, RB, RC, Ra, Rb, and Rc reflect the 
correct rate.
    \10\ The term ``Equity Member'' is a Member authorized by the 
Exchange to transact business on MIAX Pearl Equities. See Exchange 
Rule 1901.
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Amend the Standard Rate Rebate for Non-Displayed Orders That Add 
Liquidity
    The Exchange proposes to amend the Standard Rates table and the 
Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated Fees table to increase the 
rebate provided for Non-Displayed Orders that Add Liquidity from 
$0.0022 to $0.0025 per share in securities priced at or above $1.00.
     Liquidity indicator code Aa would be applied to a Non-
Displayed Order that adds liquidity in Tape A securities. The Liquidity 
Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that 
yield liquidity indicator code Aa would receive a rebate of $0.0025 per 
share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the 
transaction's dollar value in securities priced below $1.00.
     Liquidity indicator code Ab would be applied to a Non-
Displayed Order that adds liquidity in Tape B securities. The Liquidity 
Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that 
yield liquidity indicator code Ab would receive a rebate of $0.0025 per 
share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the 
transaction's dollar value in securities priced below $1.00.
     Liquidity indicator code Ac would be applied to a Non-
Displayed Order that adds liquidity in Tape C securities. The Liquidity 
Indicator Code and Associated Fees table would specify that orders that 
yield liquidity indicator code Ac would receive a rebate of $0.0025 per 
share in securities priced at or above $1.00 and 0.05% of the 
transaction's dollar value in securities priced below $1.00.
    The purpose for this proposed change is for business and 
competitive reasons.

[[Page 40094]]

The Exchange believes that increasing the rebate for Adding Liquidity 
Non-Displayed Orders from $0.0022 to $0.0025 per share for securities 
priced at or above $1.00 will encourage market participants to enter 
Non-Displayed Orders that add liquidity, thereby increasing liquidity 
and execution opportunities on the Exchange.
New Retail Order Liquidity Codes
    Additionally, the Exchange proposes to adopt four Retail Order 
liquidity indicator codes; AR, Ar, RR, and Rr, to the Liquidity 
Indicator Codes and Associated Fees table as described below. The 
purpose of this change is for business and competitive reasons. The 
Exchange notes that the use of liquidity indicator codes is not unique 
to the Exchange and are currently utilized and described in the fee 
schedules of other equity exchanges.\11\ The Exchange believes that 
adoption of these liquidity indicator codes and associated fees and 
rebates will further incentivize Equity Members to submit these types 
of orders to the Exchange, which will result in greater liquidity on 
the Exchange, thereby increasing execution opportunities on the 
Exchange.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ The use of liquidity indicator codes is not novel and 
liquidity indicator codes are currently utilized by other equity 
exchanges. For example, see the fee schedules of the Investors 
Exchange LLC (``IEX'') available at https://iextrading.com/trading/fees/; and MEMX LLC (``MEMX'') available at https://info.memxtrading.com/fee-schedule/.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Liquidity indicator code AR would be applied to a 
Displayed Retail Order \12\ that adds liquidity in Tape A, B, and C 
securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table 
would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code AR would 
receive a rebate of $0.0037 per share in securities priced at or above 
$1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction's dollar value in securities priced 
below $1.00.
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    \12\ A ``Retail Order'' is an agency or riskless principal order 
that meets the criteria of FINRA Rule 5320.03 that originates from a 
natural person and is submitted to the Exchange by a Retail Member 
Organization, provided that no change is made to the terms of the 
order with respect to price or side of market and the order does not 
originate from a trading algorithm or any other computerized 
methodology. See Exchange Rule 2626(a)(2).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Exchange notes that the proposed rebate is comparable to, and 
competitive with, the rebate provided by at least one other exchange 
for Retail Orders in securities priced at or above $1.00 per share that 
add liquidity.\13\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \13\ See the MEMX LLC, (``MEMX'') Fee Schedule, effective June 
1, 2021, on its public website available at https://info.memxtrading.com/fee-schedule/ which establishes a rebate rate 
of $0.0037 for Retail Orders that add liquidity in Tape A securities 
priced at or above $1.00.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Liquidity indicator code Ar would be applied to a Non-
Displayed Retail Order that adds liquidity in Tape A, B, and C 
securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table 
would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code Ar would 
receive a rebate of $0.0025 per share in securities priced at or above 
$1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction's dollar value in securities priced 
below $1.00.
    The rate of $0.0025 is consistent with the proposed rate change to 
the Standard Rates table for Adding Liquidity Non-Displayed Orders as 
contained in this proposal.
     Liquidity indicator code RR would be applied to a 
Displayed Retail Order that removes liquidity in Tape A, B, and C 
securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table 
would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code RR would 
be subject to the fee of $0.0025 per share in securities priced at or 
above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction's dollar value in securities 
priced below $1.00.
    The rate of $0.0025 is the current fee in effect for orders that 
remove liquidity.\14\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \14\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 91497 (April 7, 
2021), 86 FR 19290 (April 13, 2021) (SR-PEARL-2021-15).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Liquidity indicator code Rr would be applied to a Non-
Displayed Retail Order that removes liquidity in Tape A, B, and C 
securities. The Liquidity Indicator Code and Associated Fees table 
would specify that orders that yield liquidity indicator code Rr would 
be subject to the fee of $0.0025 per share in securities priced at or 
above $1.00 and 0.05% of the transaction's dollar value in securities 
priced below $1.00.
    The rate of $0.0025 is the current fee in effect for orders that 
remove liquidity.\15\ The Exchange also proposes to add the above 
Retail Order liquidity indicator codes to the Standard Rates table. 
Specifically, liquidity indicator code AR would be added to the 
``Adding Liquidity Displayed Order'' column and liquidity indicator 
code Ar would be added to the ``Adding Liquidity Non-Displayed Order'' 
column. Liquidity indicator codes RR and Rr would be added to the 
``Removing Liquidity'' column of the Standard Rates table.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \15\ See id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. Statutory Basis
    The Exchange believes that its proposal to amend its Fee Schedule 
is consistent with Section 6(b) of the Act \16\ in general, and 
furthers the objectives of Section 6(b)(4) of the Act \17\ in 
particular, in that it is an equitable allocation of reasonable fees 
and other charges among its Equity Members and issuers and other 
persons using its facilities. The Exchange also believes that the 
proposed rule change is consistent with the objectives of Section 
6(b)(5) \18\ requirements that the rules of an exchange be designed to 
prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, and to promote 
just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and 
coordination with persons engaged in regulating, clearing, settling, 
processing information with respect to, and facilitating transactions 
in securities, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a 
free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, to 
protect investors and the public interest, and, particularly, is not 
designed to permit unfair discrimination between customers, issuers, 
brokers, or dealers.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \16\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b).
    \17\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(4).
    \18\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Exchange operates in a highly fragmented and competitive market 
in which market participants can readily direct their order flow to 
competing venues if they deem fee levels at a particular venue to be 
excessive or incentives to be insufficient. More specifically, the 
Exchange is only one of sixteen registered equities exchanges, and 
there are a number of alternative trading systems and other off-
exchange venues, to which market participants may direct their order 
flow. Based on publicly available information, no single registered 
equities exchange currently has more than approximately 16% of the 
total market share of executed volume of equities trading.\19\ Thus, in 
such a low-concentrated and highly competitive market, no single 
equities exchange possesses significant pricing power in the execution 
of order flow, and the Exchange currently represents less than 1% of 
the overall market share. Accordingly, competitive forces constrain the 
Exchange's transaction fees and rebates generally, including with 
respect to Removing Liquidity and Retail Orders that Add and Remove 
Liquidity. The Exchange believes the proposed rule change to be a 
reasonable and competitive pricing structure designed to incentivize 
market participants to add aggressively priced Retail Orders and direct 
their order flow to the Exchange, which the Exchange believes would 
promote price discovery and price formation, provide more trading 
opportunities and tighter spreads, and deepen liquidity, thereby 
enhancing market quality to the benefit of all Equity Members and 
investors.

[[Page 40095]]

The Exchange notes that the use of liquidity indicator codes is not 
unique to the Exchange and are currently utilized and described in the 
fee schedules of other equity exchanges.\20\ Further, the Exchange also 
believes its proposal is not unfairly discriminatory because the 
proposed changes will apply equally to all Equity Members.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \19\ Market share percentage calculated as of June 24, 2021. The 
Exchange receives and processes data made available through 
consolidated data feeds.
    \20\ The use of liquidity indicator codes is not novel and 
liquidity indicator codes are currently utilized by other equity 
exchanges. For example, see the fee schedules of the Investors 
Exchange LLC (``IEX'') available at https://iextrading.com/trading/fees/; and MEMX LLC (``MEMX'') available at https://info.memxtrading.com/fee-schedule/.
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Conforming Changes to Liquidity Indicator Codes That Remove Liquidity
    As set forth above, the Exchange filed Fee Filing No. 1 to adopt 
liquidity indicator codes and included the then-current rates. 
Subsequently, in Fee Filing No. 2, the Exchange reduced the fee for 
orders in Tapes A, B, and C securities that remove liquidity in 
securities priced at or above $1.00 to $0.0025 per share. Liquidity 
indicator codes RA, RB, RC, Ra, Rb, and Rc are appended to orders that 
remove liquidity. The Exchange believes its proposal to update the 
Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated Fees table to reflect the 
current rate of $0.0025 per share for securities priced at or above 
$1.00 with liquidity indicator codes RA, RB, RC, Ra, Rb, or Rc is 
equitable and reasonable because it updates the liquidity indicator 
code table to reflect the established rate that is currently in effect 
and will apply equally to all Equity Members of the Exchange.
Amend the Standard Rate Rebate for Non-Displayed Orders That Add 
Liquidity
    The Exchange's proposal to increase the rebate provided for orders 
that add liquidity in securities priced at or above $1.00 from $0.0022 
to $0.0025 per share is reasonable and equitably allocated among all 
Equity Members of the Exchange. Liquidity indicator codes Aa, Ab, and 
Ac are appended to orders that add liquidity. The Exchange believes 
that the proposed increase to $0.0025 per share is reasonable in that 
it represent [sic] a modest increase ($0.003) [sic] from the current 
rebate for such executions ($0.0022 per share). The Exchange believes 
that this change is a reasonable means by which to incentivize Equity 
Members to submit Non-Displayed Orders that add liquidity to the 
benefit of all market participants. The Exchange believes its proposal 
is equitable and not unfairly discriminatory as it will apply to all 
Equity Members equally. Additionally, the Exchange believes its 
proposed change is reasonable as it is competitive and in line with 
rebates offered for similar orders on at least one other exchange.\21\
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    \21\ See the MEMX LLC, (``MEMX'') Fee Schedule, effective June 
1, 2021, on its public website available at https://info.memxtrading.com/fee-schedule/ which establishes a rebate rate 
of $0.0020 for non-displayed volume that adds liquidity in Tape A 
securities priced at or above $1.00; and a rebate of $0.0025 for 
non-displayed Midpoint Peg Orders that add liquidity in Tape A 
securities priced at or above $1.00.
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New Retail Order Liquidity Codes
    The Exchange's proposal to adopt four new Retail Order liquidity 
indicator codes is reasonable and not unfairly discriminatory as it 
will apply to all Equity Members equally. The Exchange notes that the 
use of liquidity indicator codes is not novel and that liquidity 
indicator codes are used by other equity exchanges.\22\
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    \22\ See supra note 11.
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    The Exchange's [sic] believes its proposal to establish a rebate of 
$0.0037 for a Retail Displayed Order that adds liquidity for securities 
priced at or above $1.00 is reasonable as it is competitive and in line 
with the rebate offered for similar Retail Orders on at least one other 
exchange.\23\
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    \23\ See supra note 13.
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    The Exchange's proposal to establish a rebate of $0.0025 for orders 
with a liquidity indicator code of Ar, Retail Non-Displayed Orders that 
add liquidity, is reasonable as this rate is consistent with the 
proposed rate change contained herein for Liquidity Adding Non-
Displayed Orders. The Exchange believes its proposed change is 
reasonable as it is competitive and in line with rebates offered for 
similar orders on at least one other exchange.\24\
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    \24\ See the MEMX LLC, (``MEMX'') Fee Schedule, effective June 
1, 2021, on its public website available at https://info.memxtrading.com/fee-schedule/ which establishes a fee of 
$0.00265 for orders that remove volume from the exchange.
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    The Exchange believes its proposal to adopt liquidity indicator 
codes for Retail Displayed Orders that remove liquidity (RR) and for 
Retail Non-Displayed Orders that remove liquidity (Rr) is reasonable 
and not unfairly discriminatory as the use of liquidity indicator codes 
is used on other equity exchanges.\25\
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    \25\ See supra note 11.
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    The Exchange believes its proposal to establish a fee of $0.0025 
for Retail Displayed Orders that remove liquidity (RR) and for Retail 
Non-Displayed Orders that remove liquidity (Rr) is reasonable and not 
unfairly discriminatory as it applies equally to all Equity Members of 
the Exchange. Additionally, the rate of $0.0025 for orders that remove 
liquidity in securities priced at or above $1.00 was established by the 
Exchange in a previous filing \26\ and adopting a fee in the same 
amount for similar orders is reasonable and not unfairly discriminatory 
and promotes consistency and uniformity in the Exchange's Fee Schedule.
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    \26\ See supra note 7.
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    The Exchange believes its proposal provides for the equitable 
allocation of reasonable dues and fees and is not unfairly 
discriminatory. For the reasons discussed above, the Exchange submits 
that the proposal satisfies the requirements of Sections 6(b)(4) and 
6(b)(5) of the Act in that it provides for the equitable allocation of 
reasonable dues, fees and other charges among its Members and other 
persons using its facilities and is not designed to unfairly 
discriminate between customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers. As 
described more fully below in the Exchange's statement regarding the 
burden on competition, the Exchange believes that its transaction 
pricing is subject to significant competitive forces, and that the 
proposed fees and rebates described herein are appropriate to address 
such forces.
    The Exchange believes the Liquidity Indicator Codes and Associated 
Fees table will make the Fee Schedule clearer and eliminate the 
potential for confusion in regard to fees charged and rebates earned, 
thereby removing impediments to, and perfecting the mechanism of a free 
and open market and a national market system, and, in general, 
protecting investors and the public interest. Further, as noted above, 
this practice is consistent with the pricing practices of other 
exchanges.\27\
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    \27\ See supra note 11.
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B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition

    The Exchange does not believe that the proposed change will impose 
any burden on competition not necessary or appropriate in furtherance 
of the purposes of the Act. The Exchange believes the proposed change 
would encourage the submission of additional order flow to the 
Exchange, thereby promoting market depth, enhanced execution 
opportunities, as well as price discovery and transparency for all 
Equity Members. Furthermore, the Exchange believes that the proposed 
changes would allow the Exchange to continue to compete with other 
routing and execution venues by providing competitive pricing for 
transactions in Adding Liquidity Non-Displayed Orders

[[Page 40096]]

and also Retail Orders, thereby making it a desirable destination. As a 
result, the Exchange believes that the proposed change furthers the 
goal in adopting Regulation NMS of fostering competition among orders, 
which promotes ``more efficient pricing of individual stocks for all 
types of orders, large and small.'' \28\
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    \28\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 51808 (June 9, 
2005), 70 FR 47396 (June 29, 2005).
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Intramarket Competition
    The Exchange believes that the proposed changes would incentivize 
market participants to direct order flow to the Exchange. Greater 
liquidity benefits all Equity Members by providing more trading 
opportunities and encourages Equity Members to send orders to the 
Exchange, thereby contributing to robust levels of liquidity, which 
benefits all Equity Members. The proposed fees and rebates for Retail 
Orders and the proposed rebate for Adding Liquidity Non-Displayed 
Orders would be available to all similarly situated market 
participants, and, as such, the proposed change would not impose a 
disparate burden on competition among market participants on the 
Exchange.
    The Exchange does not believe its adoption of new liquidity 
indicator codes for Retail Orders will impose any burden on intramarket 
competition. The use of liquidity indicator codes is not new or novel 
as liquidity indicator codes are used on other equity exchanges.\29\ 
Additionally, the use of liquidity indicator codes is applied equally 
to all Equity Members and provides additional specificity to the fee 
schedule so that Equity Members may connect an execution to the 
applicable fee or rebate.
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    \29\ See supra note 11.
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    As such, the Exchange believes the proposed changes would not 
impose any burden on intramarket competition that is not necessary or 
appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act.
Intermarket Competition
    The Exchange believes its proposal will benefit competition as the 
Exchange operates in a highly competitive market. Equity Members have 
numerous alternative venues that they may participate on and direct 
their order flow to, including fifteen other equities exchanges and 
numerous alternative trading systems and other off-exchange venues. As 
noted above, no single registered equities exchange currently has more 
than 16% of the total market share of executed volume of equities 
trading. Thus, in such a low-concentrated and highly competitive 
market, no single equities exchange possesses significant pricing power 
in the execution of order flow. Moreover, the Exchange believes that 
the ever-shifting market share among the exchanges from month to month 
demonstrates that market participants can shift order flow in response 
to new or different pricing structures being introduced to the market. 
Accordingly, competitive forces constrain the Exchange's transaction 
fees and rebates generally, including with respect to Retail Orders and 
Adding Liquidity Non-Displayed Orders, as market participants can 
readily choose to send their orders to other exchanges and off-exchange 
venues if they deem fee levels at those other venues to be more 
favorable. As described above, the proposed changes are competitive 
proposals through which the Exchange is seeking to encourage certain 
order flow to the Exchange and to promote market quality through 
pricing incentives that are similar in structure and purpose to pricing 
programs at other Exchanges.\30\ Accordingly, the Exchange believes the 
proposal would not burden, but rather promote, intermarket competition 
by enabling it to better compete with other exchanges that offer 
similar incentives to market participants that enhance market quality.
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    \30\ See supra notes 21, 23, and 24.
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    Additionally, the Commission has repeatedly expressed its 
preference for competition over regulatory intervention in determining 
prices, products, and services in the securities markets. Specifically, 
in Regulation NMS, the Commission highlighted the importance of market 
forces in determining prices and SRO revenues and, also, recognized 
that current regulation of the market system ``has been remarkably 
successful in promoting market competition in its broader forms that 
are most important to investors and listed companies.'' \31\ The fact 
that this market is competitive has also long been recognized by the 
courts. In NetCoalition v. Securities and Exchange Commission, the D.C. 
circuit stated: ``[n]o one disputes that competition for order flow is 
`fierce.' . . . As the SEC explained, `[i]n the U.S. national market 
system, buyers and sellers of securities, and the broker-dealers that 
act as their routing agents, have a wide range of choices of where to 
route orders for execution'; [and] `no exchange can afford to take its 
market share percentages for granted' because `no exchange possess a 
monopoly, regulatory or otherwise, in the execution of order flow from 
broker dealers' . . .''.\32\ Accordingly, the Exchange does not believe 
its proposed pricing changes impose any burden on competition that is 
not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act.
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    \31\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 51808 (June 9, 
2005), 70 FR 37496, 37499 (June 29, 2005).
    \32\ NetCoalition v. SEC, 615 F.3d 525, 539 (D.C. Cir. 2010) 
(quoting Securities Exchange Act Release No. 59039 (December 2, 
2008), 73 FR 74770, 74782-83 (December 9, 2008) (SR-NYSE-2006-21)).
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C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed 
Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others

    Written comments were neither solicited nor received.

III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for 
Commission Action

    The foregoing rule change has become effective pursuant to Section 
19(b)(3)(A)(ii) of the Act,\33\ and Rule 19b-4(f)(2) \34\ thereunder. 
At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, 
the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule change if it 
appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate 
in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise 
in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such 
action, the Commission shall institute proceedings to determine whether 
the proposed rule should be approved or disapproved.
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    \33\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A)(ii).
    \34\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4(f)(2).
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IV. Solicitation of Comments

    Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and 
arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule 
change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of 
the following methods:

Electronic Comments

     Use the Commission's internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml); or
     Send an email to [email protected]. Please include 
File Number SR-PEARL-2021-34 on the subject line.

Paper Comments

     Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities 
and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549-1090.

All submissions should refer to File Number SR-PEARL-2021-34. This file 
number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help 
the

[[Page 40097]]

Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please 
use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the 
Commission's internet website (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml). 
Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written 
statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with 
the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed 
rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those 
that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions 
of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for website viewing and printing in 
the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 
20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 
3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection 
and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments 
received will be posted without change. Persons submitting comments are 
cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal identifying 
information from comment submissions. You should submit only 
information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions 
should refer to File Number SR-PEARL-2021-34, and should be submitted 
on or before August 16, 2021.

    For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, 
pursuant to delegated authority.\35\
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    \35\ 17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(12).
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J. Matthew DeLesDernier,
Assistant Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2021-15814 Filed 7-23-21; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P