Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to the Office of Management and Budget for Review and Approval; Automated Driving Systems 2.0 A Vision for Safety, 28436-28438 [2021-11150]

Download as PDF 28436 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 100 / Wednesday, May 26, 2021 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [Docket No. NHTSA–2021–0013] Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to the Office of Management and Budget for Review and Approval; Automated Driving Systems 2.0 A Vision for Safety National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Notice and request for comments on a request for approval of an extension of a currently-approved information collection. AGENCY: In compliance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA), this notice announces that the Information Collection Request (ICR) abstracted below will be forwarded to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval. The ICR describes the nature of the information collection and its expected burden. This is a request for an extension of a currently-approved information collection. This document describes the collection of information for which NHTSA seeks OMB extension approval, titled ‘‘Automated Driving Systems 2.0: A Vision for Safety’’ and identified by OMB Control Number 2127–0723, which is currently approved through May 31, 2021. The burden hour calculations have been adjusted to reflect a reduction in burden as well as a reduction in the frequency of response resulting in a total annual burden hour reduction from 86,100 hours to 12,000 hours. A Federal Register Notice with a 60-day comment period soliciting comments on the information collection was published on March 9, 2021. NHTSA received three comments to this notice, two of which were generally supportive of the information collection. The third comment addressed accessibility of ADS-equipped vehicles. None of the comments addressed burden hours or cost estimates. DATES: Comments must be submitted on or before June 25, 2021. ADDRESSES: Written comments and recommendations for the proposed information collection, including suggestions for reducing burden, should be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget at www.reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain. To find this particular information collection, select ‘‘Currently under 30day Review—Open for Public Comment’’ or use the search function. SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:00 May 25, 2021 Jkt 253001 For additional information or access to background documents, contact Debbie Sweet, NHTSA, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590; Telephone (202) 366–7179; Fax: (202) 366–2106; email address: Debbie.Sweet@dot.gov. Please identify the relevant collection of information by referring to its OMB Control Number. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.), a Federal agency must receive approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) before it collects certain information from the public and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information by a Federal agency unless the collection displays a valid OMB control number. In compliance with these requirements, this notice announces the following information collection request will be submitted to OMB. Title: Automated Driving Systems 2.0: A Vision for Safety. OMB Control Number: 2127–0723. Form Number: None. Type of Request: Extension of a currently-approved information collection. Length of Approval Requested: Three years. Summary of the Collection of Information: In September 2017, NHTSA published a policy document titled Automated Driving Systems 2.0: A Vision for Safety (ADS 2.0). Recognizing the potential that Automated Driving Systems (ADSs) have to enhance safety and mobility, this policy document set out an approach to enable the safe deployment of Automated Driving Systems (SAE Automation Levels 3 through 5—Conditional, High, and Full Automation Systems as defined in SAE J3016).1 Consistent with its statutory purpose to reduce traffic crashes and deaths and injuries resulting from traffic crashes,2 NHTSA has recommended disclosure of information via a Voluntary Safety SelfAssessment (VSSA) related to ADS technologies by vehicle manufacturers and other entities as described in ADS 2.0. In the section of ADS 2.0 titled, ‘‘Voluntary Guidance for Automated Driving systems’’ (hereafter referred to as ‘‘Voluntary Guidance’’), NHTSA recommended that manufacturers and other entities assess their ADS-equipped vehicle against specific safety elements, summarize that assessment, and then voluntarily disclose that summary to the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: 1 For more information about SAE J3016, see https://www.sae.org/standards/content/j3016_ 201806 2 49 U.S.C. 30101. PO 00000 Frm 00108 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 public.3 The Voluntary Guidance outlines recommended best practices, many of which should be commonplace in the industry, for the safe predeployment design, development, and testing of ADSs prior to commercial sale or operation on public roads. Description of the Need for the Information and Proposed Use of the Information: To assist States and the public in understanding how safety is being considered by manufacturers and other entities developing and testing ADSs, NHTSA has encouraged disclosures that aid in that mission. The burden estimates contained in this notice are based on the Agency’s understanding of the ADS market and the time associated with generating a self-assessment and voluntarily making a summary of that self-assessment public. The estimates in this notice are adjustments from the previous information collection request (ICR) demonstrating a decrease in the burdenhour estimate. The manner by which NHTSA encourages ADS manufacturers and other entities to disclose information is through a VSSA. The VSSA summarizes how the manufacturer or other entity has considered the safety elements contained in the Voluntary Guidance as shown below: • System Safety • Operational Design Domain • Object and Event Detection and Response • Fallback (Minimal Risk Condition) • Validation Methods • Human Machine Interface • Vehicle Cybersecurity • Crashworthiness • Post-Crash ADS Behavior • Data Recording • Consumer Education and Training • Federal, State and Local Laws The Agency believes the work associated with consideration of the safety element in the Voluntary Guidance to be an extension of good and safe engineering practices already in place. It therefore believes that manufacturers and other entities will have access to all the information needed to craft a VSSA that discusses how the safety elements were considered and, if they choose, release a summary of that assessment publicly. Of the manufacturers and other entities who voluntarily disclose this information, NHTSA anticipates that most manufacturers and other entities will post the VSSAs online. As of December 28, 2020, NHTSA was aware of 26 VSSAs, all available online. 3 https://www.nhtsa.gov/sites/nhtsa.dot.gov/files/ documents/13069a-ads2.0_090617_v9a_tag.pdf. E:\FR\FM\26MYN1.SGM 26MYN1 28437 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 100 / Wednesday, May 26, 2021 / Notices The safety elements are fully described in the Voluntary Guidance section (section 1) of ADS 2.0, as is the VSSA. The VSSA (including the public release of that summary assessment) is intended to communicate to the public (particularly States and consumers) that entities are (1) considering the safety aspects of ADSs; (2) communicating and collaborating with DOT; (3) encouraging the self-establishment of industry safety norms for ADSs; and (4) building public trust, acceptance, and confidence through transparent testing and deployment of ADSs. 60-Day Notice: A Federal Register Notice with a 60-day comment period soliciting comments on the information collection was published on March 9, 2021 (86 FR 13602). The Agency received three comments on this notice. Two comments, one from Locomation and one from the California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) were generally supportive of the information collection. Locomation stated that it ‘‘applauds NHTSA work to provide voluntary data sharing platforms to improve the public’s understanding’’ and believes the information collection should be extended for these activities. The California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) and California Highway Patrol (CHP) stated it was ‘‘pleased to submit these comments expressing [their] support for extending the VSSA as a method to collect information from Automated Driving System (ADS) developers about their development of the technology.’’ The third comment, from an individual, addressed accessibility in ADS-equipped vehicles, but did not provide any specific comments about this information collection. None of the comments addressed burden hours or cost estimates. Affected Public: Entities involved in the testing and deployment of ADSs. Estimated Number of Respondents: 20. NHTSA estimates that there will be, on average, 20 respondents a year. Frequency: On Occasion (based on information from the current information collection, respondents are expected to respond, on average, once every three years). Number of Responses: 20. Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 12,000 hours. NHTSA is using the number of entities that have received permits from the State of California as surrogate for the number of respondents that may choose to develop and issue a VSSA. As of December 28, 2020, California has cumulatively issued permits to 58 entities to test Automated Driving Systems with drivers present, five of those entities also received permits to test without a driver present, and one entity (included on both other lists) has a permit to deploy.4 At the onset of the current information collection, California had issued permits to 45 entities as of November 16, 2017, but NHTSA had expected the number to grow to 60 entities within the three years of the information collection, assuming an addition of new entrants. For that reason, the burden hours and cost were calculated based on 60 respondents. NHTSA expects the number of potential respondents to remain at approximately 60 given the coordinated efforts of some companies on the list, the departure of some of those entities from the industry (departures were not prevalent in 2017 as the industry was new), and accounting for new entrants. As a point of reference, since the previous ICR was approved, NHTSA is aware of 26 published VSSAs. Given that only 26 VSSAs have been published in three years compared to the 58 activelypermitted entities in California, NHTSA believes that 60 respondents is an appropriate high-end estimate for total respondents. However, based on observations of the current information, NHTSA estimates that respondents will only produce and disclose a new VSSA once every three years. Therefore, NHTSA has revised its burden calculations to reflect estimates based on 20 respondents each year. Components of the Voluntary Guidance in ADS 2.0 and public disclosure of the VSSA have not changed since release in 2017. NHTSA expects the industry burden of addressing safety elements in the Voluntary Guidance to be comprised of efforts entities would already incur in normal business operation and existing documentation. While the previous ICR calculated burden hours associated with a potential increase in analysis and review in order to develop the VSSA, NHTSA has since determined there to be no increased documentation citing how an entity addressed the safety elements in the Voluntary Guidance. NHTSA does not believe that any entity is documenting its safety efforts solely for the purpose of the VSSA and public disclosure. Therefore, NHTSA reduced the estimation of burden hours by 835 burden hours per respondent per year from the previous ICR. Development and disclosure of a VSSA is expected to involve burden for format, content, and summary, varying by safety element. NHTSA estimates that each entity will spend approximately 600 hours to develop and disseminate a VSSA. This estimate of burden is comprised of efforts to transmit information from the existing format (520 hours for development) into a summary format that would be consumable by the public, including data translation, analysis, and discussion of traditionally technical information (80 hours to summarize). The total estimated burden hours for a single VSSA is calculated as 600 hours for each of the 20 respondents. The total burden hours per year is estimated at 12,000 hours, a reduction from the 86,100 hours in the previous ICR. In summary, NHTSA estimates the total burden associated with disclosure recommendations via a VSSA would be 600 hours per respondent with 20 respondents submitting information each year. The frequency of responding is once every three years; therefore, NHTSA estimates there will be a total of 60 unique responders over the course of the next three years. The burden hours associated with development of a VSSA are detailed in the tables below. TABLE 1—BURDEN HOURS ESTIMATES FOR VSSA, PER SAFETY ELEMENT Burden hours for VSSA development Safety element in voluntary guidance A. System Safety ......................................................................................................................................... B. Operational Design Domain .................................................................................................................... C. Object and Event Detection and Response ........................................................................................... 20 20 40 4 https://www.dmv.ca.gov/portal/vehicleindustry-services/autonomous-vehicles/ autonomous-vehicle-testing-permit-holders/. VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:00 May 25, 2021 Jkt 253001 PO 00000 Frm 00109 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\26MYN1.SGM Burden hours for VSSA summary 26MYN1 10 5 5 28438 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 100 / Wednesday, May 26, 2021 / Notices TABLE 1—BURDEN HOURS ESTIMATES FOR VSSA, PER SAFETY ELEMENT—Continued Burden hours for VSSA development Safety element in voluntary guidance Burden hours for VSSA summary D. Fallback ................................................................................................................................................... E. Validation Methods .................................................................................................................................. F. Human Machine Interface ....................................................................................................................... G. Vehicle Cybersecurity ............................................................................................................................. H. Crashworthiness ..................................................................................................................................... I. Post-Crash ADS Behavior ........................................................................................................................ J. Data Recording ........................................................................................................................................ K. Consumer Education and Training ......................................................................................................... L. Federal, State, and Local Laws .............................................................................................................. 80 80 20 20 20 20 80 40 80 10 10 5 5 5 5 10 5 5 Total Burden Hours per ADS ............................................................................................................... 520 80 TABLE 2—CALCULATION OF ANNUAL BURDEN HOURS Estimated Number of Respondents Annually ............................................................................................................................... Estimated Burden Hours for Voluntary Assessment Development .............................................................................................. Estimated Burden Hours for Summarizing Information ................................................................................................................ 20. 520 hours. 80 hours. Total Burden Hours per Respondent ..................................................................................................................................... 600 hours. Total Estimated Burden Hours for Industry per Year ..................................................................................................... NHTSA estimates the hourly cost associated with preparing VSSAs to be $97.36 5 per hour using the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ mean hourly wage estimate for architectural and engineering managers in the motor vehicle manufacturing industry (Standard Occupational Classification #11–9041). Therefore, the total estimated annual burden to each respondent is $58,416 (600 hours × $97.36 = $58,416). Therefore, the total estimated labor costs to all respondents to this collection is $1,168,320. Estimated Total Annual Burden Cost: NHTSA does not anticipate any further burden to respondents beyond the labor costs associated with the burden hours. Public Comments Invited You are asked to comment on any aspect of this information collection, including (a) whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (c) 5 The hourly wage is estimated to be $68.35 per hour. National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates NAICS 336100— Motor Vehicle Manufacturing, May 2019, https:// www.bls.gov/oes/current/naics4_336100.htm, last accessed June 30, 2020. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that wages represent 70.2 percent of total compensation to private workers, on average. Therefore, NHTSA estimates the total hourly compensation cost to be $97.36. VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:00 May 25, 2021 Jkt 253001 ways for the department to enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses without reducing the quality of the collected information. Authority: The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995; 44 U.S.C. Chapter 35, as amended; 49 CFR 1.49; and DOT Order 1351.29. Cem Hatipoglu, Associate Administrator for Vehicle Safety Research. [FR Doc. 2021–11150 Filed 5–25–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–59–P DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Office of Foreign Assets Control Notice of OFAC Sanctions Action Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: The U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) is publishing the names of one or more persons that have been placed on OFAC’s Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List (SDN List) based on OFAC’s determination that one or more SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00110 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 12,000 hours. applicable legal criteria were satisfied. All property and interests in property subject to U.S. jurisdiction of these persons are blocked, and U.S. persons are generally prohibited from engaging in transactions with them. DATES: See SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for effective date(s). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: OFAC: Andrea Gacki, Director, tel.: 202–622–2490; Associate Director for Global Targeting, tel.: 202–622–2420; Assistant Director for Licensing, tel.: 202–622–2480; Assistant Director for Regulatory Affairs, tel.: 202–622–4855; or the Assistant Director for Sanctions Compliance & Evaluation, tel.: 202–622– 2490. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Electronic Availability The Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List and additional information concerning OFAC sanctions programs are available on OFAC’s website (www.treasury.gov/ofac). Notice of OFAC Action On May 17, 2021, OFAC determined that the property and interests in property subject to U.S. jurisdiction of the following persons are blocked under the relevant sanctions authority listed below. Individuals 1. AL–FAY, Ibrahim Ali ’Awad (a.k.a. ‘‘Abu Ali al-Samarra’i’’), Sakarya, Turkey; DOB 1968; Gender Male (individual) [SDGT]. Designated pursuant to section 1(a)(iii)(B) of Executive Order 13224 of September 23, E:\FR\FM\26MYN1.SGM 26MYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 100 (Wednesday, May 26, 2021)]
[Notices]
[Pages 28436-28438]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-11150]



[[Page 28436]]

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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

[Docket No. NHTSA-2021-0013]


Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to the 
Office of Management and Budget for Review and Approval; Automated 
Driving Systems 2.0 A Vision for Safety

AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 
Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Notice and request for comments on a request for approval of an 
extension of a currently-approved information collection.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: In compliance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA), 
this notice announces that the Information Collection Request (ICR) 
abstracted below will be forwarded to the Office of Management and 
Budget (OMB) for review and approval. The ICR describes the nature of 
the information collection and its expected burden. This is a request 
for an extension of a currently-approved information collection. This 
document describes the collection of information for which NHTSA seeks 
OMB extension approval, titled ``Automated Driving Systems 2.0: A 
Vision for Safety'' and identified by OMB Control Number 2127-0723, 
which is currently approved through May 31, 2021. The burden hour 
calculations have been adjusted to reflect a reduction in burden as 
well as a reduction in the frequency of response resulting in a total 
annual burden hour reduction from 86,100 hours to 12,000 hours. A 
Federal Register Notice with a 60-day comment period soliciting 
comments on the information collection was published on March 9, 2021. 
NHTSA received three comments to this notice, two of which were 
generally supportive of the information collection. The third comment 
addressed accessibility of ADS-equipped vehicles. None of the comments 
addressed burden hours or cost estimates.

DATES: Comments must be submitted on or before June 25, 2021.

ADDRESSES: Written comments and recommendations for the proposed 
information collection, including suggestions for reducing burden, 
should be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget at 
www.reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain. To find this particular information 
collection, select ``Currently under 30-day Review--Open for Public 
Comment'' or use the search function.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For additional information or access 
to background documents, contact Debbie Sweet, NHTSA, 1200 New Jersey 
Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590; Telephone (202) 366-7179; Fax: (202) 
366-2106; email address: [email protected]. Please identify the 
relevant collection of information by referring to its OMB Control 
Number.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.), a 
Federal agency must receive approval from the Office of Management and 
Budget (OMB) before it collects certain information from the public and 
a person is not required to respond to a collection of information by a 
Federal agency unless the collection displays a valid OMB control 
number. In compliance with these requirements, this notice announces 
the following information collection request will be submitted to OMB.
    Title: Automated Driving Systems 2.0: A Vision for Safety.
    OMB Control Number: 2127-0723.
    Form Number: None.
    Type of Request: Extension of a currently-approved information 
collection.
    Length of Approval Requested: Three years.
    Summary of the Collection of Information: In September 2017, NHTSA 
published a policy document titled Automated Driving Systems 2.0: A 
Vision for Safety (ADS 2.0). Recognizing the potential that Automated 
Driving Systems (ADSs) have to enhance safety and mobility, this policy 
document set out an approach to enable the safe deployment of Automated 
Driving Systems (SAE Automation Levels 3 through 5--Conditional, High, 
and Full Automation Systems as defined in SAE J3016).\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ For more information about SAE J3016, see https://www.sae.org/standards/content/j3016_201806
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Consistent with its statutory purpose to reduce traffic crashes and 
deaths and injuries resulting from traffic crashes,\2\ NHTSA has 
recommended disclosure of information via a Voluntary Safety Self-
Assessment (VSSA) related to ADS technologies by vehicle manufacturers 
and other entities as described in ADS 2.0. In the section of ADS 2.0 
titled, ``Voluntary Guidance for Automated Driving systems'' (hereafter 
referred to as ``Voluntary Guidance''), NHTSA recommended that 
manufacturers and other entities assess their ADS-equipped vehicle 
against specific safety elements, summarize that assessment, and then 
voluntarily disclose that summary to the public.\3\ The Voluntary 
Guidance outlines recommended best practices, many of which should be 
commonplace in the industry, for the safe pre-deployment design, 
development, and testing of ADSs prior to commercial sale or operation 
on public roads.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ 49 U.S.C. 30101.
    \3\ https://www.nhtsa.gov/sites/nhtsa.dot.gov/files/documents/13069a-ads2.0_090617_v9a_tag.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Description of the Need for the Information and Proposed Use of the 
Information: To assist States and the public in understanding how 
safety is being considered by manufacturers and other entities 
developing and testing ADSs, NHTSA has encouraged disclosures that aid 
in that mission. The burden estimates contained in this notice are 
based on the Agency's understanding of the ADS market and the time 
associated with generating a self-assessment and voluntarily making a 
summary of that self-assessment public. The estimates in this notice 
are adjustments from the previous information collection request (ICR) 
demonstrating a decrease in the burden-hour estimate.
    The manner by which NHTSA encourages ADS manufacturers and other 
entities to disclose information is through a VSSA. The VSSA summarizes 
how the manufacturer or other entity has considered the safety elements 
contained in the Voluntary Guidance as shown below:

 System Safety
 Operational Design Domain
 Object and Event Detection and Response
 Fallback (Minimal Risk Condition)
 Validation Methods
 Human Machine Interface
 Vehicle Cybersecurity
 Crashworthiness
 Post-Crash ADS Behavior
 Data Recording
 Consumer Education and Training
 Federal, State and Local Laws

    The Agency believes the work associated with consideration of the 
safety element in the Voluntary Guidance to be an extension of good and 
safe engineering practices already in place. It therefore believes that 
manufacturers and other entities will have access to all the 
information needed to craft a VSSA that discusses how the safety 
elements were considered and, if they choose, release a summary of that 
assessment publicly. Of the manufacturers and other entities who 
voluntarily disclose this information, NHTSA anticipates that most 
manufacturers and other entities will post the VSSAs online. As of 
December 28, 2020, NHTSA was aware of 26 VSSAs, all available online.

[[Page 28437]]

    The safety elements are fully described in the Voluntary Guidance 
section (section 1) of ADS 2.0, as is the VSSA. The VSSA (including the 
public release of that summary assessment) is intended to communicate 
to the public (particularly States and consumers) that entities are (1) 
considering the safety aspects of ADSs; (2) communicating and 
collaborating with DOT; (3) encouraging the self-establishment of 
industry safety norms for ADSs; and (4) building public trust, 
acceptance, and confidence through transparent testing and deployment 
of ADSs.
    60-Day Notice: A Federal Register Notice with a 60-day comment 
period soliciting comments on the information collection was published 
on March 9, 2021 (86 FR 13602). The Agency received three comments on 
this notice. Two comments, one from Locomation and one from the 
California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) were generally supportive 
of the information collection. Locomation stated that it ``applauds 
NHTSA work to provide voluntary data sharing platforms to improve the 
public's understanding'' and believes the information collection should 
be extended for these activities. The California Department of Motor 
Vehicles (DMV) and California Highway Patrol (CHP) stated it was 
``pleased to submit these comments expressing [their] support for 
extending the VSSA as a method to collect information from Automated 
Driving System (ADS) developers about their development of the 
technology.'' The third comment, from an individual, addressed 
accessibility in ADS-equipped vehicles, but did not provide any 
specific comments about this information collection. None of the 
comments addressed burden hours or cost estimates.
    Affected Public: Entities involved in the testing and deployment of 
ADSs.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 20.
    NHTSA estimates that there will be, on average, 20 respondents a 
year.
    Frequency: On Occasion (based on information from the current 
information collection, respondents are expected to respond, on 
average, once every three years).
    Number of Responses: 20.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 12,000 hours.
    NHTSA is using the number of entities that have received permits 
from the State of California as surrogate for the number of respondents 
that may choose to develop and issue a VSSA. As of December 28, 2020, 
California has cumulatively issued permits to 58 entities to test 
Automated Driving Systems with drivers present, five of those entities 
also received permits to test without a driver present, and one entity 
(included on both other lists) has a permit to deploy.\4\ At the onset 
of the current information collection, California had issued permits to 
45 entities as of November 16, 2017, but NHTSA had expected the number 
to grow to 60 entities within the three years of the information 
collection, assuming an addition of new entrants. For that reason, the 
burden hours and cost were calculated based on 60 respondents. NHTSA 
expects the number of potential respondents to remain at approximately 
60 given the coordinated efforts of some companies on the list, the 
departure of some of those entities from the industry (departures were 
not prevalent in 2017 as the industry was new), and accounting for new 
entrants. As a point of reference, since the previous ICR was approved, 
NHTSA is aware of 26 published VSSAs. Given that only 26 VSSAs have 
been published in three years compared to the 58 actively-permitted 
entities in California, NHTSA believes that 60 respondents is an 
appropriate high-end estimate for total respondents. However, based on 
observations of the current information, NHTSA estimates that 
respondents will only produce and disclose a new VSSA once every three 
years. Therefore, NHTSA has revised its burden calculations to reflect 
estimates based on 20 respondents each year.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ https://www.dmv.ca.gov/portal/vehicle-industry-services/autonomous-vehicles/autonomous-vehicle-testing-permit-holders/.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Components of the Voluntary Guidance in ADS 2.0 and public 
disclosure of the VSSA have not changed since release in 2017. NHTSA 
expects the industry burden of addressing safety elements in the 
Voluntary Guidance to be comprised of efforts entities would already 
incur in normal business operation and existing documentation. While 
the previous ICR calculated burden hours associated with a potential 
increase in analysis and review in order to develop the VSSA, NHTSA has 
since determined there to be no increased documentation citing how an 
entity addressed the safety elements in the Voluntary Guidance. NHTSA 
does not believe that any entity is documenting its safety efforts 
solely for the purpose of the VSSA and public disclosure. Therefore, 
NHTSA reduced the estimation of burden hours by 835 burden hours per 
respondent per year from the previous ICR.
    Development and disclosure of a VSSA is expected to involve burden 
for format, content, and summary, varying by safety element. NHTSA 
estimates that each entity will spend approximately 600 hours to 
develop and disseminate a VSSA. This estimate of burden is comprised of 
efforts to transmit information from the existing format (520 hours for 
development) into a summary format that would be consumable by the 
public, including data translation, analysis, and discussion of 
traditionally technical information (80 hours to summarize).
    The total estimated burden hours for a single VSSA is calculated as 
600 hours for each of the 20 respondents. The total burden hours per 
year is estimated at 12,000 hours, a reduction from the 86,100 hours in 
the previous ICR.
    In summary, NHTSA estimates the total burden associated with 
disclosure recommendations via a VSSA would be 600 hours per respondent 
with 20 respondents submitting information each year. The frequency of 
responding is once every three years; therefore, NHTSA estimates there 
will be a total of 60 unique responders over the course of the next 
three years.
    The burden hours associated with development of a VSSA are detailed 
in the tables below.

      Table 1--Burden Hours Estimates for VSSA, per Safety Element
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Safety element in voluntary      Burden hours for   Burden hours for
             guidance                VSSA development     VSSA summary
------------------------------------------------------------------------
A. System Safety..................                 20                 10
B. Operational Design Domain......                 20                  5
C. Object and Event Detection and                  40                  5
 Response.........................

[[Page 28438]]

 
D. Fallback.......................                 80                 10
E. Validation Methods.............                 80                 10
F. Human Machine Interface........                 20                  5
G. Vehicle Cybersecurity..........                 20                  5
H. Crashworthiness................                 20                  5
I. Post-Crash ADS Behavior........                 20                  5
J. Data Recording.................                 80                 10
K. Consumer Education and Training                 40                  5
L. Federal, State, and Local Laws.                 80                  5
                                   -------------------------------------
    Total Burden Hours per ADS....                520                 80
------------------------------------------------------------------------


               Table 2--Calculation of Annual Burden Hours
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Estimated Number of Respondents Annually....  20.
Estimated Burden Hours for Voluntary          520 hours.
 Assessment Development.
Estimated Burden Hours for Summarizing        80 hours.
 Information.
                                             ---------------------------
    Total Burden Hours per Respondent.......  600 hours.
                                             ---------------------------
        Total Estimated Burden Hours for      12,000 hours.
         Industry per Year.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    NHTSA estimates the hourly cost associated with preparing VSSAs to 
be $97.36 \5\ per hour using the Bureau of Labor Statistics' mean 
hourly wage estimate for architectural and engineering managers in the 
motor vehicle manufacturing industry (Standard Occupational 
Classification #11-9041). Therefore, the total estimated annual burden 
to each respondent is $58,416 (600 hours x $97.36 = $58,416). 
Therefore, the total estimated labor costs to all respondents to this 
collection is $1,168,320.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ The hourly wage is estimated to be $68.35 per hour. National 
Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates NAICS 
336100--Motor Vehicle Manufacturing, May 2019, https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/naics4_336100.htm, last accessed June 30, 2020. The 
Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that wages represent 70.2 
percent of total compensation to private workers, on average. 
Therefore, NHTSA estimates the total hourly compensation cost to be 
$97.36.
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    Estimated Total Annual Burden Cost: NHTSA does not anticipate any 
further burden to respondents beyond the labor costs associated with 
the burden hours.

Public Comments Invited

    You are asked to comment on any aspect of this information 
collection, including (a) whether the proposed collection of 
information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of 
the agency, including whether the information will have practical 
utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the 
proposed collection of information, including the validity of the 
methodology and assumptions used; (c) ways for the department to 
enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to be 
collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of 
information on respondents, including the use of appropriate automated, 
electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or 
other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic 
submission of responses without reducing the quality of the collected 
information.

    Authority: The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995; 44 U.S.C. 
Chapter 35, as amended; 49 CFR 1.49; and DOT Order 1351.29.

Cem Hatipoglu,
Associate Administrator for Vehicle Safety Research.
[FR Doc. 2021-11150 Filed 5-25-21; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-59-P