Administrative Rulemaking, Guidance, and Enforcement Procedures, 17292-17296 [2021-06416]

Download as PDF 17292 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 62 / Friday, April 2, 2021 / Rules and Regulations (3) If the modification specified in paragraph (4) of EASA AD 2019–0064R1 is done, it must be done at the compliance time specified in paragraph (3) of EASA AD 2019– 0064R1. (4) Although the service information referenced in EASA AD 2019–0064R1 specifies to discard or scrap certain parts, this AD does not include that requirement. (5) Where paragraph (3) of EASA AD 2019– 0064R1 specifies to do a modification ‘‘in accordance with the instructions of section 3 of the modification ASB’’ this AD excludes paragraph 3.B.5. of ‘‘the modification ASB.’’ (6) Where paragraph (4) of EASA AD 2019– 0064R1 refers to ‘‘Eurocopter AS 322 SB No. 52.00.28,’’ for this AD use ‘‘Eurocopter AS 332 SB No. 52.00.28.’’ jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES (i) Terminating Action for AD 2019–09–03 Accomplishing the actions required by this AD terminates all requirements of AD 2019– 09–03. information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 817–222–5110. This material may be found in the AD docket on the internet at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA–2020–0909. (5) You may view this material that is incorporated by reference at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email fedreg.legal@ nara.gov, or go to https://www.archives.gov/ federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html. Issued on February 25, 2021. Gaetano A. Sciortino, Deputy Director for Strategic Initiatives, Compliance & Airworthiness Division, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2021–06780 Filed 4–1–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P (j) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs) (1) The Manager, International Validation Branch, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the International Validation Branch, send it to the attention of the person identified in paragraph (k) of this AD. Information may be emailed to: 9-AVS-AIR-730-AMOC@faa.gov. (2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/ certificate holding district office. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (k) Related Information For more information about this AD, contact Kathleen Arrigotti, Aviation Safety Engineer, Large Aircraft Section, International Validation Branch, FAA, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; telephone and fax 206–231–3218; email kathleen.arrigotti@faa.gov. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (l) Material Incorporated by Reference (1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (2) You must use this service information as applicable to do the actions required by this AD, unless this AD specifies otherwise. (i) European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD 2019–0064R1, dated December 19, 2019. (ii) [Reserved] (3) For EASA AD 2019–0064R1, contact the EASA, Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3, 50668 Cologne, Germany; telephone +49 221 8999 000; email ADs@easa.europa.eu; Internet www.easa.europa.eu. You may find this EASA AD on the EASA website at https:// ad.easa.europa.eu. (4) You may view this service information at the FAA, Office of the Regional Counsel, Southwest Region, 10101 Hillwood Pkwy., Room 6N–321, Fort Worth, TX 76177. For VerDate Sep<11>2014 00:14 Apr 02, 2021 Jkt 253001 Office of the Secretary 14 CFR Parts 302 and 399 49 CFR Parts 1, 5, and 7 Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 106 Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 389 49 CFR Part 553 Federal Transit Administation 49 CFR Part 601 RIN 2105–AF00 Administrative Rulemaking, Guidance, and Enforcement Procedures Office of the Secretary of Transportation (OST), Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Administration, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, and Federal Transit Administation, U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: This final rule removes the Department’s internal policies and procedures relating to the issuance of rulemaking and guidance documents from the Code of Federal Regulations. In addition, this final rule removes regulations concerning the initiation SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00022 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 and conduct of enforcement actions, including administrative enforcement proceedings and judicial enforcement actions brought in Federal court. DATES: Effective on May 3, 2021. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jill Laptosky, Office of Regulation, Office of the General Counsel, 202–493–0308, Jill.Laptosky@dot.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Department is issuing this final rule in response to two recently issued Executive orders. Executive Order (E.O.) 13992, ‘‘Revocation of Certain Executive Orders Concerning Federal Regulation’’ (January 20, 2021), revokes several executive orders that directed action by the Federal Government in the context of rulemaking, guidance, and regulatory enforcement. It also directs the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and heads of agencies to promptly take steps to rescind any orders, rules, regulations, guidelines, or policies, or portions thereof, implementing or enforcing any of the revoked orders, as appropriate and consistent with applicable law. E.O. 13990, ‘‘Protecting Public Health and the Environment and Restoring Science To Tackle the Climate Crisis’’ (January 20, 2021), directs all executive departments and agencies to review immediately and, as appropriate and consistent with applicable law, take action to address the promulgation of Federal regulations and other actions that conflict with the objectives stated in E.O. 13990. On December 27, 2019, the Department published a final rule, ‘‘Administrative Rulemaking, Guidance, and Enforcement Procedures’’ (84 FR 71714), that codified at 49 CFR part 5 the Department’s internal procedures relating to the review and clearance of rulemaking and guidance documents, as well as the initiation and conduct of enforcement actions. In accordance with 49 CFR 5.21, ‘‘Policy updates and revisions,’’ the Department has reviewed the amendments made to 49 CFR part 5 by that final rule to determine whether any revisions are necessary in light of E.O. 13992 and E.O. 13990. Many of the policies and procedures codified at 49 CFR part 5 were prompted by Executive orders that have since been revoked by E.O. 13992.1 As 1 For purposes of this rulemaking, the relevant revoked executives orders include the following: E.O. 13771 of January 30, 2017 (Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs), E.O. 13777 of February 24, 2017 (Enforcing the Regulatory Reform Agenda), E.O. 13891 of October 9, 2019 (Promoting the Rule of Law Through Improved Agency Guidance Documents), and E.O. 13892 of October 9, 2019 (Promoting the Rule of E:\FR\FM\02APR1.SGM 02APR1 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 62 / Friday, April 2, 2021 / Rules and Regulations jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES a result, the Department will rescind those policies and procedures, or portions thereof, that implemented or enforced any of the revoked orders. This final rule removes from 49 CFR part 5 those provisions that reflect revoked policies and procedures that are no longer in effect. With respect to the provisions of 49 CFR part 5 that are not directly attributable to now-revoked executive orders, the Department has determined to rescind many of the other regulations promulgated on December 27, 2019, concerning rulemaking, guidance documents, and enforcement actions for four primary reasons. First, the Department has found that a majority of the provisions contained in 49 CFR part 5 not directly attributable to the nowrevoked executive orders solely apply to the Department’s internal operations and thus need not be codified in the Code of Federal Regulations. Second, the regulations found in 49 CFR part 5 are duplicative of existing procedures contained in internal departmental procedural directives.2 Because these procedures are already contained in existing internal procedures, it is not necessary that they also be published in the Code of Federal Regulations in order for them to be effective. Third, with regard to the regulations on enforcement matters, many of these provisions are derived from the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) and significant judicial decisions and thus need not be adopted by regulation in order to be effective. Application of the APA and these decisions to enforcement matters can be accomplished by internal directives as the Department deems necessary and appropriate. Therefore, 49 CFR part 5, subpart D—Enforcement Procedures is rescinded in its entirety. Fourth, removing these provisions from 49 CFR part 5 ensures that the Department is able to effectively and efficiently promulgate new Federal regulations and other actions to support the objectives stated in E.O. 13990. The Code of Federal Regulations will continue to include those provisions that impact the public’s ability to interact with the Department on rulemaking matters and activities. For example, the Department will maintain in 49 CFR part 5 procedures for the Law Through Transparency and Fairness in Civil Administrative Enforcement and Adjudication). 2 See, e.g., U.S. Department of Transportation, DOT Order 2100.6, ‘‘Policies and Procedures for Rulemakings,’’ available at https:// www.transportation.gov/regulations/2018-dotrulemaking-order. Note that, consistent with the authorities described in this final rule, DOT is also reviewing the procedures and policies contained in this order to determine what revisions are necessary. VerDate Sep<11>2014 00:14 Apr 02, 2021 Jkt 253001 public to petition for rulemakings and exemptions. In addition to rulemakings and exemptions, the Department’s procedures, as amended in 2019, explicitly provided for the public to petition for retrospective reviews of existing rules and the modification or rescission of guidance documents. While the Department is revising its petition procedures to remove references to retrospective reviews and guidance document petitions, the Department will nevertheless accept and process these types of petitions. The revised petition procedures thus define ‘‘rule’’ expansively, consistent with the APA, to ensure that the Department will continue to consider a broad range of requests from the public regarding our regulatory programs. E.O. 13992 also directs agencies to take prompt action to rescind any rules or regulations, or portions thereof, implementing revoked Executive orders, as appropriate and consistent with applicable law, that threaten to frustrate the Federal Government’s ability to confront urgent challenges facing the Nation, including the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, economic recovery, racial justice, and climate change. The Department is reviewing its internal procedures (e.g., DOT Order 2100.6) and will revise them accordingly. As a result, departmental internal procedures will be updated to reflect the call of E.O. 13992 to revoke those procedures that reflect outdated policy that could hamstring the Department’s ability to respond quickly and effectively to the challenges facing our Nation. This final rule also makes a number of conforming edits to the regulations of its subcomponent operating administrations to ensure that they are updated properly to reflect the repeal of certain provisions of 49 CFR part 5. Administrative Procedure Act Under the Administrative Procedure Act, the normal notice and comment procedures do not apply to an action that is a rule of agency organization, procedure, or practice. See 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(A). Since this final rule revises only internal processes applicable to the Department’s administrative procedures, this is a rule of agency procedure for which notice and comment are not required. Rulemaking Analyses and Notices A. E.O. 12866 and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures This rulemaking is not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866. The Department does not PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 17293 anticipate that this rulemaking will have an economic impact on regulated entities. This is a rule of agency procedure and practice that does not change the Department’s procedures in and of itself. This action merely removes duplicative regulations from the Code of Federal Regulations that would be better managed in departmental operating procedures. B. Regulatory Flexibility Act Since notice and comment rulemaking is not necessary for this rule, the analytical provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (Pub. L. 96– 354, 5 U.S.C. 601–612) do not apply. C. Executive Order 13132 (Federalism) Executive Order 13132 requires agencies to ensure meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in the development of regulatory policies that may have a substantial, direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the National Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. This action has been analyzed in accordance with the principles and criteria contained in Executive Order 13132 (August 4, 1999), and DOT has determined that this action will not have a substantial direct effect or federalism implications on the States and would not preempt any State law or regulation or affect the States’ ability to discharge traditional State governmental functions. Therefore, consultation with the States is not necessary. D. Executive Order 13175 (Tribal Consultation) This final rule has been analyzed in accordance with the principles and criteria contained in Executive Order 13175, ‘‘Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments.’’ Because this rulemaking does not significantly or uniquely affect the communities of the Indian tribal governments or impose substantial direct compliance costs on them, the funding and consultation requirements of Executive Order 13175 do not apply. E. Paperwork Reduction Act The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA) (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) requires that DOT consider the impact of paperwork and other information collection burdens imposed on the public and, under the provisions of PRA section 3507(d), obtain approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for each collection of information it conducts, sponsors, or E:\FR\FM\02APR1.SGM 02APR1 17294 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 62 / Friday, April 2, 2021 / Rules and Regulations requires through regulations. The DOT has determined there are no new information collection requirements associated with this final rule. 49 CFR Part 106 Title 49—Transportation Administrative practice and procedure, Hazardous materials transportation. F. National Environmental Policy Act The agency has analyzed the environmental impacts of this action pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and has determined that it is categorically excluded pursuant to DOT Order 5610.1C, ‘‘Procedures for Considering Environmental Impacts’’ (44 FR 56420, October 1, 1979). Categorical exclusions are actions identified in an agency’s NEPA implementing procedures that do not normally have a significant impact on the environment and therefore do not require either an environmental assessment (EA) or environmental impact statement (EIS). The purpose of this rulemaking is to update the Department’s administrative procedures for rulemaking, guidance documents, and enforcement actions. The agency does not anticipate any environmental impacts, and there are no extraordinary circumstances present in connection with this rulemaking. PART 1—ORGANIZATION AND DELEGATION OF POWERS AND DUTIES 49 CFR Part 389 Regulation Identifier Number A regulation identifier number (RIN) is assigned to each regulatory action listed in the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulations. The Regulatory Information Service Center publishes the Unified Agenda in the spring and fall of each year. The RIN contained in the heading of this document can be used to cross reference this action with the Unified Agenda. List of Subjects 14 CFR Part 302 Administrative practice and procedure, Air carriers, Airports, Postal Service. 14 CFR Part 399 Administrative practice and procedure, Air carriers, Air rates and fares, Air taxis, Consumer protection, Law enforcement, Policies, Rulemaking procedures, Small businesses. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES 49 CFR Part 1 Authority delegations (Government agencies), Organization and functions (Government agencies). 49 CFR Part 5 Administrative practice and procedure. 49 CFR Part 7 Freedom of information, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. VerDate Sep<11>2014 00:14 Apr 02, 2021 Jkt 253001 49 CFR Part 553 Administrative practice and procedure, Motor vehicle safety. 49 CFR Part 601 Authority delegations (Government agencies), Freedom of information, Organization and functions (Government agencies). In consideration of the foregoing, the Office of the Secretary of Transportation amends 14 CFR parts 302 and 399, and 49 CFR parts 1, 5, 7, 106, 389, 553, and 601, as follows: Title 14—Aeronautics and Space PART 302—RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS 1. The authority citation for part 302 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 39 U.S.C. 5402; 42 U.S.C. 4321, 49 U.S.C. Subtitle I and Chapters 401, 411, 413, 415, 417, 419, 461, 463, and 471. ■ 2. Revise § 302.16 to read as follows: § 302.16 Petitions for rulemaking. Any interested person may petition the Department for the issuance, amendment, modification, or repeal of any regulation or guidance document, subject to the provisions of 49 CFR 5.3. PART 399—STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY 3. The authority citation for part 399 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 41712, 40113(a). 4. Amend § 399.75 by revising paragraph (b) introductory text to read as follows: ■ § 399.75 Rulemakings relating to unfair and deceptive practices. * * * * * (b) Procedural requirements. When issuing a proposed regulation under paragraph (a) of this section, unless the regulation is specifically required by statute, the Department shall adhere to the following procedural requirements: * * * * * § 399.79 [Amended] 5. Amend § 399.79 by removing the first sentence of paragraph (e)(1). ■ PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 4700 6. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read as follows: ■ Administrative practice and procedure, Highway safety, Motor carriers, Motor vehicle safety. Sfmt 4700 Authority: 49 U.S.C. 322. 7. Amend § 1.27 by revising paragraph (e) to read as follows: ■ § 1.27 Delegations to the General Counsel. * * * * * (e) Respond to petitions for rulemaking or petitions for exemptions in accordance with 49 CFR 5.3, and notify petitioners of decisions in accordance with 49 CFR 5.3(d)(5). * * * * * ■ 8. Revise part 5 to read as follows: PART 5—ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES Subpart A—GENERAL Sec. 5.1 Applicability. Subpart B—Rulemaking Procedures 5.3 Petitions. 5.5 Public contacts in informal rulemaking. 5.7 Policy updates and revisions. 5.9 Disclaimer. Authority: 49 U.S.C. 322(a). Subpart A—General § 5.1 Applicability. (a) This part prescribes general procedures that apply to rulemakings of the U.S. Department of Transportation (the Department or DOT), including each of its operating administrations (OAs) and all components of the Office of Secretary of Transportation (OST). (b) For purposes of this part, Administrative Procedure Act (APA) is the Federal statute, codified in scattered sections of chapters 5 and 7 of title 5, United States Code, that governs procedures for agency rulemaking and adjudication and provides for judicial review of final agency actions. Subpart B—Rulemaking Procedures § 5.3 Petitions. (a) Any person may petition an OA or OST component with rulemaking authority to: (1) Issue, amend, or repeal a rule, as defined in 5 U.S.C. 551; or (2) Issue an exemption, either permanently or temporarily, from any requirements of a rule, consistent with applicable statutory or regulatory provisions. (b) When an OA or OST component receives a petition under this section, the petition should be filed with the E:\FR\FM\02APR1.SGM 02APR1 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 62 / Friday, April 2, 2021 / Rules and Regulations Docket Clerk in a timely manner. If a petition is filed directly with the Docket Clerk, the Docket Clerk will submit the petition in a timely manner to the OA or component of OST with regulatory responsibility over the matter described in the petition. (c) The OA or component of OST should provide clear instructions on its website to members of the public regarding how to submit petitions, including, but not limited to, an email address or Web portal where petitions can be submitted, a mailing address where hard copy requests can be submitted, and an office responsible for coordinating such requests. (d) Unless otherwise provided by statute or in OA regulations or procedures, the following procedures apply to the processing of petitions for rulemaking or exemption: (1) Contents. Each petition filed under this section must: (i) Be submitted, either by paper submission to the U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, or electronically by emailing: regulationC50.law@ dot.gov; (ii) Describe the nature of the request and set forth the text or substance of the rule, or specify the rule that the petitioner seeks to have issued, amended, exempted, or repealed, as the case may be; (iii) Explain the interest of the petitioner in the action requested, including, in the case of a petition for an exemption, the nature and extent of the relief sought and a description of the persons to be covered by the exemption; (iv) Contain any information and arguments available to the petitioner to support the action sought; and (v) In the case of a petition for exemption, unless good cause is shown in that petition, be submitted at least 60 days before the proposed effective date of the exemption, as appropriate. (2) Processing. Each petition received under this section is referred to the head of the office responsible for the subject matter of that petition, and the Office of Regulation. (3) Grants. If the OA or component of OST with regulatory responsibility over the matter described in the petition determines that the petition contains adequate justification, it may request the initiation of a rulemaking action in accordance with departmental procedures or grant the petition, as appropriate. (4) Denials. If the OA or component of OST determines that the petition is not justified, the OA or component of VerDate Sep<11>2014 00:14 Apr 02, 2021 Jkt 253001 OST denies the petition in coordination with the Office of Regulation. (5) Notification. Whenever the OA or OST component determines that a petition should be granted or denied, and after consultation with the Office of Regulation in the case of denial, the office concerned prepares a notice of that grant or denial for issuance to the petitioner, and issues it to the petitioner. § 5.5 Public contacts in informal rulemaking. (a) Agency contacts with the public during informal rulemakings conducted in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553. (1) DOT personnel may have meetings or other contacts with interested members of the public concerning an informal rulemaking under 5 U.S.C. 553 or similar procedures at any stage of the rulemaking process, provided the substance of material information submitted by the public that DOT relies on in proposing or finalizing the rule is adequately disclosed and described in the public rulemaking docket such that all interested parties have notice of the information and an opportunity to comment on its accuracy and relevance. (2) During the pendency of a rulemaking proceeding, DOT personnel must avoid giving persons outside the executive branch information regarding the rulemaking that is not available generally to the public. (3) If DOT receives an unusually large number of requests for meetings with interested members of the public during the comment period for a proposed rule or after the close of the comment period, the issuing OA or component of OST should consider whether there is a need to extend or reopen the comment period, to allow for submission of a second round of ‘‘reply comments,’’ or to hold a public meeting on the proposed rule. (4) If the issuing OA or OST component meets with interested persons on the rulemaking after the close of the comment period, it should be open to giving other interested persons a similar opportunity to meet. (5) If DOT learns of significant new information, such as new studies or data, after the close of the comment period that the issuing OA or OST component wishes to rely upon in finalizing the rule, the OA or OST component should reopen the comment period to give the public an opportunity to comment on the new information. If the new information is likely to result in a change to the rule that is not within the scope of the notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM), the OA or OST component should consider issuing a PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 17295 supplemental NPRM to ensure that the final rule represents a logical outgrowth of DOT’s proposal. (b) [Reserved] § 5.7 Policy updates and revisions. This subpart shall be reviewed from time to time to reflect improvements in the rulemaking process or changes in Administration policy. § 5.9 Disclaimer. This subpart is intended to improve the internal management of the Department. It is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its agencies or other entities, officers or employees, or any other person. In addition, this subpart shall not be construed to create any right to judicial review involving the compliance or noncompliance with this subpart by the Department, its OAs or OST components, its officers or employees, or any other person. PART 7—PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION 9. The authority citation for part 7 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 5 U.S.C. 552; 31 U.S.C. 9701; 49 U.S.C. 322; E.O. 12600; E.O. 13392. 10. Amend § 7.12 by revising paragraph (a)(2) to read as follows: ■ § 7.12 What records are available in reading rooms, and how are they accessed? (a) * * * (2) Statements of policy and interpretations that have been adopted by DOT; * * * * * PART 106—RULEMAKING PROCEDURES 11. The authority citation for part 106 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101–5128; 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97. 12. Amend § 106.40 by revising paragraph (d)(1) to read as follows: ■ § 106.40 Direct final rule. * * * * * (d) * * * (1) If we receive an adverse comment, we will either publish a document withdrawing the direct final rule before it becomes effective and may issue an NPRM, or proceed by any other means permitted under the Administrative Procedure Act. * * * * * E:\FR\FM\02APR1.SGM 02APR1 17296 Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 62 / Friday, April 2, 2021 / Rules and Regulations § 601.36 Procedures for direct final rulemaking. PART 389—RULEMAKING PROCEDURES—FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS * 13. The authority citation for part 389 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 113, 501 et seq., subchapters I and III of chapter 311, chapter 313, and 31502; sec. 5204 of Pub. L. 114–94, 129 Stat. 1312, 1536; 42 U.S.C. 4917; and 49 CFR 1.87. § 389.13 [Amended] 14. Amend § 389.13 by removing the first sentence of paragraph (a). ■ 15. Amend § 389.39 by revising paragraph (d)(1) to read as follows: ■ § 389.39 Direct final rulemaking procedures. * * * * (d) If FTA receives any written adverse comment within the specified time of publication in the Federal Register, FTA will either publish a document withdrawing the direct final rule before it becomes effective and may issue an NPRM, or proceed by any other means permitted under the Administrative Procedure Act. * * * * * Signed in Washington, DC, on March 24, 2021. Peter Paul Montgomery Buttigieg, Secretary. [FR Doc. 2021–06416 Filed 4–1–21; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–9X–P * * * * * (d) * * * (1) If FMCSA receives an adverse comment within the comment period, it will either publish a document withdrawing the direct final rule before it becomes effective and may issue an NPRM, or proceed by any other means permitted under the Administrative Procedure Act. * * * * * PART 553—RULEMAKING PROCEDURES 16. The authority citation for part 553 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 322, 30103, 30122, 30124, 30125, 30127, 30146, 30162, 32303, 32502, 32504, 32505, 32705, 32901, 32902, 33102, 33103, and 33107; delegation of authority at 49 CFR 1.95. 17. Amend § 553.14 by revising paragraphs (d) to read as follows: ■ § 553.14 Direct final rulemaking. * * * * * (d) If NHTSA receives any written adverse comment within the specified time after publication of the direct final rule in the Federal Register, the agency will either publish a document withdrawing the direct final rule before it becomes effective and may issue an NPRM, or proceed by any other means permitted under the Administrative Procedure Act. * * * * * jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with RULES PART 601—ORGANIZATION, FUNCTIONS, AND PROCEDURES 18. The authority citation for part 601 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 5 U.S.C. 552; 49 U.S.C. 5334; 49 CFR 1.91. 19. Amend § 601.36 by revising paragraph (d) to read as follows: ■ VerDate Sep<11>2014 00:14 Apr 02, 2021 Jkt 253001 CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION 16 CFR Part 1231 [Docket No. CPSC–2015–0031] Safety Standard for High Chairs Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION: Direct final rule. AGENCY: In June 2018, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) published a consumer product safety standard for high chairs under section 104 of the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA). The standard incorporated by reference the ASTM voluntary standard that was in effect for high chairs at the time. The CPSIA sets forth a process for updating mandatory standards for durable infant or toddler products that are based on a voluntary standard, when a voluntary standards organization revises the standard. In December 2020, ASTM published a revised voluntary standard for high chairs, and it notified the Commission of this revised standard in January 2021. This direct final rule updates the mandatory standard for high chairs to incorporate by reference ASTM’s 2020 version of the voluntary standard for high chairs. DATES: The rule is effective on July 3, 2021, unless CPSC receives a significant adverse comment by May 3, 2021. If CPSC receives such a comment, it will publish notification in the Federal Register, withdrawing this direct final rule before its effective date. The incorporation by reference of the publication listed in this rule is approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of July 3, 2021. SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00026 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 You can submit comments, identified by Docket No. CPSC–2015– 0031, by any of the following methods: Electronic Submissions: Submit electronic comments to the Federal eRulemaking Portal at: https:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. CPSC typically does not accept comments submitted by electronic mail (email), except through https:// www.regulations.gov. CPSC encourages you to submit electronic comments by using the Federal eRulemaking Portal, as described above. Mail/hand delivery/courier Written Submissions: Submit comments by mail/hand delivery/courier to: Division of the Secretariat, Consumer Product Safety Commission, Room 820, 4330 East West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814; telephone: (301) 504–7479. Alternatively, as a temporary option during the COVID–19 pandemic, you can email such submissions to: cpsc-os@ cpsc.gov. Instructions: All submissions must include the agency name and docket number for this document. CPSC may post all comments without change, including any personal identifiers, contact information, or other personal information provided, to: https:// www.regulations.gov. Do not submit electronically: Confidential business information, trade secret information, or other sensitive or protected information that you do not want to be available to the public. If you wish to submit such information, please submit it according to the instructions for mail/hand delivery/courier written submissions. Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or comments received, go to: https:// www.regulations.gov, and insert the docket number, CPSC–2015–0031, into the ‘‘Search’’ box, and follow the prompts. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Keysha Walker, Compliance Officer, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, 4330 East West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814; telephone (301) 504–6820; email: kwalker@cpsc.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: ADDRESSES: I. Background A. Statutory Authority Section 104(b)(1) of the CPSIA requires the Commission to assess the effectiveness of voluntary standards for durable infant or toddler products and adopt mandatory standards for these products. 15 U.S.C. 2056a(b)(1). The mandatory standard must be ‘‘substantially the same as’’ the voluntary standard, or it may be ‘‘more E:\FR\FM\02APR1.SGM 02APR1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 62 (Friday, April 2, 2021)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 17292-17296]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-06416]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Office of the Secretary

14 CFR Parts 302 and 399

49 CFR Parts 1, 5, and 7

Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration

49 CFR Part 106

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

49 CFR Part 389

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

49 CFR Part 553

Federal Transit Administation

49 CFR Part 601

RIN 2105-AF00


Administrative Rulemaking, Guidance, and Enforcement Procedures

AGENCY: Office of the Secretary of Transportation (OST), Pipeline and 
Hazardous Materials Administration, Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
Administration, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, and 
Federal Transit Administation, U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: This final rule removes the Department's internal policies and 
procedures relating to the issuance of rulemaking and guidance 
documents from the Code of Federal Regulations. In addition, this final 
rule removes regulations concerning the initiation and conduct of 
enforcement actions, including administrative enforcement proceedings 
and judicial enforcement actions brought in Federal court.

DATES: Effective on May 3, 2021.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jill Laptosky, Office of Regulation, 
Office of the General Counsel, 202-493-0308, [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Department is issuing this final rule in 
response to two recently issued Executive orders. Executive Order 
(E.O.) 13992, ``Revocation of Certain Executive Orders Concerning 
Federal Regulation'' (January 20, 2021), revokes several executive 
orders that directed action by the Federal Government in the context of 
rulemaking, guidance, and regulatory enforcement. It also directs the 
Director of the Office of Management and Budget and heads of agencies 
to promptly take steps to rescind any orders, rules, regulations, 
guidelines, or policies, or portions thereof, implementing or enforcing 
any of the revoked orders, as appropriate and consistent with 
applicable law. E.O. 13990, ``Protecting Public Health and the 
Environment and Restoring Science To Tackle the Climate Crisis'' 
(January 20, 2021), directs all executive departments and agencies to 
review immediately and, as appropriate and consistent with applicable 
law, take action to address the promulgation of Federal regulations and 
other actions that conflict with the objectives stated in E.O. 13990.
    On December 27, 2019, the Department published a final rule, 
``Administrative Rulemaking, Guidance, and Enforcement Procedures'' (84 
FR 71714), that codified at 49 CFR part 5 the Department's internal 
procedures relating to the review and clearance of rulemaking and 
guidance documents, as well as the initiation and conduct of 
enforcement actions. In accordance with 49 CFR 5.21, ``Policy updates 
and revisions,'' the Department has reviewed the amendments made to 49 
CFR part 5 by that final rule to determine whether any revisions are 
necessary in light of E.O. 13992 and E.O. 13990.
    Many of the policies and procedures codified at 49 CFR part 5 were 
prompted by Executive orders that have since been revoked by E.O. 
13992.\1\ As

[[Page 17293]]

a result, the Department will rescind those policies and procedures, or 
portions thereof, that implemented or enforced any of the revoked 
orders. This final rule removes from 49 CFR part 5 those provisions 
that reflect revoked policies and procedures that are no longer in 
effect.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ For purposes of this rulemaking, the relevant revoked 
executives orders include the following: E.O. 13771 of January 30, 
2017 (Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs), E.O. 
13777 of February 24, 2017 (Enforcing the Regulatory Reform Agenda), 
E.O. 13891 of October 9, 2019 (Promoting the Rule of Law Through 
Improved Agency Guidance Documents), and E.O. 13892 of October 9, 
2019 (Promoting the Rule of Law Through Transparency and Fairness in 
Civil Administrative Enforcement and Adjudication).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    With respect to the provisions of 49 CFR part 5 that are not 
directly attributable to now-revoked executive orders, the Department 
has determined to rescind many of the other regulations promulgated on 
December 27, 2019, concerning rulemaking, guidance documents, and 
enforcement actions for four primary reasons. First, the Department has 
found that a majority of the provisions contained in 49 CFR part 5 not 
directly attributable to the now-revoked executive orders solely apply 
to the Department's internal operations and thus need not be codified 
in the Code of Federal Regulations. Second, the regulations found in 49 
CFR part 5 are duplicative of existing procedures contained in internal 
departmental procedural directives.\2\ Because these procedures are 
already contained in existing internal procedures, it is not necessary 
that they also be published in the Code of Federal Regulations in order 
for them to be effective. Third, with regard to the regulations on 
enforcement matters, many of these provisions are derived from the 
Administrative Procedure Act (APA) and significant judicial decisions 
and thus need not be adopted by regulation in order to be effective. 
Application of the APA and these decisions to enforcement matters can 
be accomplished by internal directives as the Department deems 
necessary and appropriate. Therefore, 49 CFR part 5, subpart D--
Enforcement Procedures is rescinded in its entirety. Fourth, removing 
these provisions from 49 CFR part 5 ensures that the Department is able 
to effectively and efficiently promulgate new Federal regulations and 
other actions to support the objectives stated in E.O. 13990.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ See, e.g., U.S. Department of Transportation, DOT Order 
2100.6, ``Policies and Procedures for Rulemakings,'' available at 
https://www.transportation.gov/regulations/2018-dot-rulemaking-order. Note that, consistent with the authorities described in this 
final rule, DOT is also reviewing the procedures and policies 
contained in this order to determine what revisions are necessary.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Code of Federal Regulations will continue to include those 
provisions that impact the public's ability to interact with the 
Department on rulemaking matters and activities. For example, the 
Department will maintain in 49 CFR part 5 procedures for the public to 
petition for rulemakings and exemptions. In addition to rulemakings and 
exemptions, the Department's procedures, as amended in 2019, explicitly 
provided for the public to petition for retrospective reviews of 
existing rules and the modification or rescission of guidance 
documents. While the Department is revising its petition procedures to 
remove references to retrospective reviews and guidance document 
petitions, the Department will nevertheless accept and process these 
types of petitions. The revised petition procedures thus define 
``rule'' expansively, consistent with the APA, to ensure that the 
Department will continue to consider a broad range of requests from the 
public regarding our regulatory programs.
    E.O. 13992 also directs agencies to take prompt action to rescind 
any rules or regulations, or portions thereof, implementing revoked 
Executive orders, as appropriate and consistent with applicable law, 
that threaten to frustrate the Federal Government's ability to confront 
urgent challenges facing the Nation, including the coronavirus disease 
2019 pandemic, economic recovery, racial justice, and climate change. 
The Department is reviewing its internal procedures (e.g., DOT Order 
2100.6) and will revise them accordingly. As a result, departmental 
internal procedures will be updated to reflect the call of E.O. 13992 
to revoke those procedures that reflect outdated policy that could 
hamstring the Department's ability to respond quickly and effectively 
to the challenges facing our Nation.
    This final rule also makes a number of conforming edits to the 
regulations of its subcomponent operating administrations to ensure 
that they are updated properly to reflect the repeal of certain 
provisions of 49 CFR part 5.

Administrative Procedure Act

    Under the Administrative Procedure Act, the normal notice and 
comment procedures do not apply to an action that is a rule of agency 
organization, procedure, or practice. See 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(A). Since 
this final rule revises only internal processes applicable to the 
Department's administrative procedures, this is a rule of agency 
procedure for which notice and comment are not required.

Rulemaking Analyses and Notices

A. E.O. 12866 and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures

    This rulemaking is not a significant regulatory action under 
Executive Order 12866. The Department does not anticipate that this 
rulemaking will have an economic impact on regulated entities. This is 
a rule of agency procedure and practice that does not change the 
Department's procedures in and of itself. This action merely removes 
duplicative regulations from the Code of Federal Regulations that would 
be better managed in departmental operating procedures.

B. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    Since notice and comment rulemaking is not necessary for this rule, 
the analytical provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (Pub. L. 
96-354, 5 U.S.C. 601-612) do not apply.

C. Executive Order 13132 (Federalism)

    Executive Order 13132 requires agencies to ensure meaningful and 
timely input by State and local officials in the development of 
regulatory policies that may have a substantial, direct effect on the 
States, on the relationship between the National Government and the 
States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the 
various levels of government. This action has been analyzed in 
accordance with the principles and criteria contained in Executive 
Order 13132 (August 4, 1999), and DOT has determined that this action 
will not have a substantial direct effect or federalism implications on 
the States and would not preempt any State law or regulation or affect 
the States' ability to discharge traditional State governmental 
functions. Therefore, consultation with the States is not necessary.

D. Executive Order 13175 (Tribal Consultation)

    This final rule has been analyzed in accordance with the principles 
and criteria contained in Executive Order 13175, ``Consultation and 
Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments.'' Because this rulemaking 
does not significantly or uniquely affect the communities of the Indian 
tribal governments or impose substantial direct compliance costs on 
them, the funding and consultation requirements of Executive Order 
13175 do not apply.

E. Paperwork Reduction Act

    The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA) (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) 
requires that DOT consider the impact of paperwork and other 
information collection burdens imposed on the public and, under the 
provisions of PRA section 3507(d), obtain approval from the Office of 
Management and Budget (OMB) for each collection of information it 
conducts, sponsors, or

[[Page 17294]]

requires through regulations. The DOT has determined there are no new 
information collection requirements associated with this final rule.

F. National Environmental Policy Act

    The agency has analyzed the environmental impacts of this action 
pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (42 
U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and has determined that it is categorically 
excluded pursuant to DOT Order 5610.1C, ``Procedures for Considering 
Environmental Impacts'' (44 FR 56420, October 1, 1979). Categorical 
exclusions are actions identified in an agency's NEPA implementing 
procedures that do not normally have a significant impact on the 
environment and therefore do not require either an environmental 
assessment (EA) or environmental impact statement (EIS). The purpose of 
this rulemaking is to update the Department's administrative procedures 
for rulemaking, guidance documents, and enforcement actions. The agency 
does not anticipate any environmental impacts, and there are no 
extraordinary circumstances present in connection with this rulemaking.

Regulation Identifier Number

    A regulation identifier number (RIN) is assigned to each regulatory 
action listed in the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulations. The 
Regulatory Information Service Center publishes the Unified Agenda in 
the spring and fall of each year. The RIN contained in the heading of 
this document can be used to cross reference this action with the 
Unified Agenda.

List of Subjects

14 CFR Part 302

    Administrative practice and procedure, Air carriers, Airports, 
Postal Service.

14 CFR Part 399

    Administrative practice and procedure, Air carriers, Air rates and 
fares, Air taxis, Consumer protection, Law enforcement, Policies, 
Rulemaking procedures, Small businesses.

49 CFR Part 1

    Authority delegations (Government agencies), Organization and 
functions (Government agencies).

49 CFR Part 5

    Administrative practice and procedure.

49 CFR Part 7

    Freedom of information, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

49 CFR Part 106

    Administrative practice and procedure, Hazardous materials 
transportation.

49 CFR Part 389

    Administrative practice and procedure, Highway safety, Motor 
carriers, Motor vehicle safety.

49 CFR Part 553

    Administrative practice and procedure, Motor vehicle safety.

49 CFR Part 601

    Authority delegations (Government agencies), Freedom of 
information, Organization and functions (Government agencies).

    In consideration of the foregoing, the Office of the Secretary of 
Transportation amends 14 CFR parts 302 and 399, and 49 CFR parts 1, 5, 
7, 106, 389, 553, and 601, as follows:

Title 14--Aeronautics and Space

PART 302--RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS

0
1. The authority citation for part 302 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 39 U.S.C. 5402; 42 U.S.C. 4321, 49 U.S.C. Subtitle I 
and Chapters 401, 411, 413, 415, 417, 419, 461, 463, and 471.


0
2. Revise Sec.  302.16 to read as follows:


Sec.  302.16   Petitions for rulemaking.

    Any interested person may petition the Department for the issuance, 
amendment, modification, or repeal of any regulation or guidance 
document, subject to the provisions of 49 CFR 5.3.

PART 399--STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY

0
3. The authority citation for part 399 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 41712, 40113(a).


0
4. Amend Sec.  399.75 by revising paragraph (b) introductory text to 
read as follows:


Sec.  399.75   Rulemakings relating to unfair and deceptive practices.

* * * * *
    (b) Procedural requirements. When issuing a proposed regulation 
under paragraph (a) of this section, unless the regulation is 
specifically required by statute, the Department shall adhere to the 
following procedural requirements:
* * * * *


Sec.  399.79  [Amended]

0
5. Amend Sec.  399.79 by removing the first sentence of paragraph 
(e)(1).

Title 49--Transportation

PART 1--ORGANIZATION AND DELEGATION OF POWERS AND DUTIES

0
6. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 322.


0
7. Amend Sec.  1.27 by revising paragraph (e) to read as follows:


Sec.  1.27   Delegations to the General Counsel.

* * * * *
    (e) Respond to petitions for rulemaking or petitions for exemptions 
in accordance with 49 CFR 5.3, and notify petitioners of decisions in 
accordance with 49 CFR 5.3(d)(5).
* * * * *

0
8. Revise part 5 to read as follows:

PART 5--ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES

Subpart A--GENERAL
Sec. 5.1 Applicability.
Subpart B--Rulemaking Procedures
5.3 Petitions.
5.5 Public contacts in informal rulemaking.
5.7 Policy updates and revisions.
5.9 Disclaimer.

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 322(a).

Subpart A--General


Sec.  5.1   Applicability.

    (a) This part prescribes general procedures that apply to 
rulemakings of the U.S. Department of Transportation (the Department or 
DOT), including each of its operating administrations (OAs) and all 
components of the Office of Secretary of Transportation (OST).
    (b) For purposes of this part, Administrative Procedure Act (APA) 
is the Federal statute, codified in scattered sections of chapters 5 
and 7 of title 5, United States Code, that governs procedures for 
agency rulemaking and adjudication and provides for judicial review of 
final agency actions.

Subpart B--Rulemaking Procedures


Sec.  5.3   Petitions.

    (a) Any person may petition an OA or OST component with rulemaking 
authority to:
    (1) Issue, amend, or repeal a rule, as defined in 5 U.S.C. 551; or
    (2) Issue an exemption, either permanently or temporarily, from any 
requirements of a rule, consistent with applicable statutory or 
regulatory provisions.
    (b) When an OA or OST component receives a petition under this 
section, the petition should be filed with the

[[Page 17295]]

Docket Clerk in a timely manner. If a petition is filed directly with 
the Docket Clerk, the Docket Clerk will submit the petition in a timely 
manner to the OA or component of OST with regulatory responsibility 
over the matter described in the petition.
    (c) The OA or component of OST should provide clear instructions on 
its website to members of the public regarding how to submit petitions, 
including, but not limited to, an email address or Web portal where 
petitions can be submitted, a mailing address where hard copy requests 
can be submitted, and an office responsible for coordinating such 
requests.
    (d) Unless otherwise provided by statute or in OA regulations or 
procedures, the following procedures apply to the processing of 
petitions for rulemaking or exemption:
    (1) Contents. Each petition filed under this section must:
    (i) Be submitted, either by paper submission to the U.S. Department 
of Transportation, Docket Operations, West Building Ground Floor, Room 
W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, or 
electronically by emailing: [email protected];
    (ii) Describe the nature of the request and set forth the text or 
substance of the rule, or specify the rule that the petitioner seeks to 
have issued, amended, exempted, or repealed, as the case may be;
    (iii) Explain the interest of the petitioner in the action 
requested, including, in the case of a petition for an exemption, the 
nature and extent of the relief sought and a description of the persons 
to be covered by the exemption;
    (iv) Contain any information and arguments available to the 
petitioner to support the action sought; and
    (v) In the case of a petition for exemption, unless good cause is 
shown in that petition, be submitted at least 60 days before the 
proposed effective date of the exemption, as appropriate.
    (2) Processing. Each petition received under this section is 
referred to the head of the office responsible for the subject matter 
of that petition, and the Office of Regulation.
    (3) Grants. If the OA or component of OST with regulatory 
responsibility over the matter described in the petition determines 
that the petition contains adequate justification, it may request the 
initiation of a rulemaking action in accordance with departmental 
procedures or grant the petition, as appropriate.
    (4) Denials. If the OA or component of OST determines that the 
petition is not justified, the OA or component of OST denies the 
petition in coordination with the Office of Regulation.
    (5) Notification. Whenever the OA or OST component determines that 
a petition should be granted or denied, and after consultation with the 
Office of Regulation in the case of denial, the office concerned 
prepares a notice of that grant or denial for issuance to the 
petitioner, and issues it to the petitioner.


Sec.  5.5   Public contacts in informal rulemaking.

    (a) Agency contacts with the public during informal rulemakings 
conducted in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553. (1) DOT personnel may have 
meetings or other contacts with interested members of the public 
concerning an informal rulemaking under 5 U.S.C. 553 or similar 
procedures at any stage of the rulemaking process, provided the 
substance of material information submitted by the public that DOT 
relies on in proposing or finalizing the rule is adequately disclosed 
and described in the public rulemaking docket such that all interested 
parties have notice of the information and an opportunity to comment on 
its accuracy and relevance.
    (2) During the pendency of a rulemaking proceeding, DOT personnel 
must avoid giving persons outside the executive branch information 
regarding the rulemaking that is not available generally to the public.
    (3) If DOT receives an unusually large number of requests for 
meetings with interested members of the public during the comment 
period for a proposed rule or after the close of the comment period, 
the issuing OA or component of OST should consider whether there is a 
need to extend or reopen the comment period, to allow for submission of 
a second round of ``reply comments,'' or to hold a public meeting on 
the proposed rule.
    (4) If the issuing OA or OST component meets with interested 
persons on the rulemaking after the close of the comment period, it 
should be open to giving other interested persons a similar opportunity 
to meet.
    (5) If DOT learns of significant new information, such as new 
studies or data, after the close of the comment period that the issuing 
OA or OST component wishes to rely upon in finalizing the rule, the OA 
or OST component should reopen the comment period to give the public an 
opportunity to comment on the new information. If the new information 
is likely to result in a change to the rule that is not within the 
scope of the notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM), the OA or OST 
component should consider issuing a supplemental NPRM to ensure that 
the final rule represents a logical outgrowth of DOT's proposal.
    (b) [Reserved]


Sec.  5.7   Policy updates and revisions.

    This subpart shall be reviewed from time to time to reflect 
improvements in the rulemaking process or changes in Administration 
policy.


Sec.  5.9   Disclaimer.

    This subpart is intended to improve the internal management of the 
Department. It is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its agencies or other entities, 
officers or employees, or any other person. In addition, this subpart 
shall not be construed to create any right to judicial review involving 
the compliance or noncompliance with this subpart by the Department, 
its OAs or OST components, its officers or employees, or any other 
person.

PART 7--PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION

0
9. The authority citation for part 7 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 5 U.S.C. 552; 31 U.S.C. 9701; 49 U.S.C. 322; E.O. 
12600; E.O. 13392.


0
10. Amend Sec.  7.12 by revising paragraph (a)(2) to read as follows:


Sec.  7.12   What records are available in reading rooms, and how are 
they accessed?

    (a) * * *
    (2) Statements of policy and interpretations that have been adopted 
by DOT;
* * * * *

PART 106--RULEMAKING PROCEDURES

0
11. The authority citation for part 106 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128; 49 CFR 1.81 and 1.97.


0
12. Amend Sec.  106.40 by revising paragraph (d)(1) to read as follows:


Sec.  106.40   Direct final rule.

* * * * *
    (d) * * *
    (1) If we receive an adverse comment, we will either publish a 
document withdrawing the direct final rule before it becomes effective 
and may issue an NPRM, or proceed by any other means permitted under 
the Administrative Procedure Act.
* * * * *

[[Page 17296]]

PART 389--RULEMAKING PROCEDURES--FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY 
REGULATIONS

0
13. The authority citation for part 389 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 113, 501 et seq., subchapters I and III of 
chapter 311, chapter 313, and 31502; sec. 5204 of Pub. L. 114-94, 
129 Stat. 1312, 1536; 42 U.S.C. 4917; and 49 CFR 1.87.


Sec.  389.13   [Amended]

0
14. Amend Sec.  389.13 by removing the first sentence of paragraph (a).

0
15. Amend Sec.  389.39 by revising paragraph (d)(1) to read as follows:


Sec.  389.39   Direct final rulemaking procedures.

* * * * *
    (d) * * *
    (1) If FMCSA receives an adverse comment within the comment period, 
it will either publish a document withdrawing the direct final rule 
before it becomes effective and may issue an NPRM, or proceed by any 
other means permitted under the Administrative Procedure Act.
* * * * *

PART 553--RULEMAKING PROCEDURES

0
16. The authority citation for part 553 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 322, 30103, 30122, 30124, 30125, 30127, 
30146, 30162, 32303, 32502, 32504, 32505, 32705, 32901, 32902, 
33102, 33103, and 33107; delegation of authority at 49 CFR 1.95.


0
17. Amend Sec.  553.14 by revising paragraphs (d) to read as follows:


Sec.  553.14   Direct final rulemaking.

* * * * *
    (d) If NHTSA receives any written adverse comment within the 
specified time after publication of the direct final rule in the 
Federal Register, the agency will either publish a document withdrawing 
the direct final rule before it becomes effective and may issue an 
NPRM, or proceed by any other means permitted under the Administrative 
Procedure Act.
* * * * *

PART 601--ORGANIZATION, FUNCTIONS, AND PROCEDURES

0
18. The authority citation for part 601 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 5 U.S.C. 552; 49 U.S.C. 5334; 49 CFR 1.91.


0
19. Amend Sec.  601.36 by revising paragraph (d) to read as follows:


Sec.  601.36   Procedures for direct final rulemaking.

* * * * *
    (d) If FTA receives any written adverse comment within the 
specified time of publication in the Federal Register, FTA will either 
publish a document withdrawing the direct final rule before it becomes 
effective and may issue an NPRM, or proceed by any other means 
permitted under the Administrative Procedure Act.
* * * * *

    Signed in Washington, DC, on March 24, 2021.
Peter Paul Montgomery Buttigieg,
Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2021-06416 Filed 4-1-21; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-9X-P