Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to the Office of Management and Budget for Review and Approval; National Survey of Speeding Attitudes and Behaviors, 86980-86983 [2020-28904]

Download as PDF 86980 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 251 / Thursday, December 31, 2020 / Notices Description of Relief Sought: Phoenix Air Unmanned, LLC seeks relief from 14 CFR 61.113(a); 91.7(a); 91.113(b), (d), (e), (f), (g); 91.119(c); 91.121; 91.151(b); 91.405(a); 91.407(a)(1) and (2); 91.409(a)(1) and (2); and 91.417(a) and (b) to allow the petitioner to operate the SwissDrones SD050V2 unmanned aircraft system with a take-off weight not to exceed 192 pounds to remotely conduct inspections and patrol critical electric system infrastructures. [FR Doc. 2020–28918 Filed 12–30–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–13–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [Docket No. NHTSA–2020–0008] Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to the Office of Management and Budget for Review and Approval; National Survey of Speeding Attitudes and Behaviors National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Notice and request for comments on a reinstatement with modification of a previously approved collection of information. AGENCY: In compliance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA), this notice announces that the Information Collection Request (ICR) abstracted below will be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review. The ICR describes the nature of the information collection and its expected burden. The ICR is for a reinstatement with modification of a previously approved collection of information for a one-time voluntary survey regarding knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors associated with speeding. A Federal Register notice with a 60-day comment period soliciting public comments on the following information collection was published on August 3, 2020. NHTSA received two comments, which we address below. DATES: Comments must be submitted on or before February 1, 2021. ADDRESSES: Written comments and recommendations for the proposed information collection, including suggestions for reducing burden, should be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget at www.reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain. To find this particular information collection, select ‘‘Currently under Review—Open for Public Comment’’ or khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:28 Dec 30, 2020 Jkt 253001 use the search function. Comments may also be sent by mail to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, 725 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20503, Attention: Desk Officer for Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, or by email at oira_submission@omb.eop.gov, or fax: 202–395–5806. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For additional information or access to background documents, contact Kristie Johnson, Ph.D., Office of Behavioral Safety Research (NPD–310), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, W46–498, Washington, DC 20590. Dr. Johnson’s phone number is 202–366–2755, and her email address is kristie.johnson@ dot.gov. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA) (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.), before a Federal agency can collect certain information from the public, it must receive approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). In compliance with these requirements, this notice announces that the following information collection request has been forwarded to OMB. A Federal Register notice with a 60day comment period soliciting public comments on the following information collection was published on August 3, 2020 (Federal Register/Vol. 85, No. 149/ pp. 46782–46786). NHTSA received two comments. Sarah Smoak provided comments supportive of the proposed information collection. An anonymous commenter provided remarks about the COVID–19 pandemic with no mention of the proposed survey or traffic safety. Comments on the proposed information collection are appreciated. Thank you to Ms. Smoak for providing thoughtful commentary as to the importance of conducting the National Survey of Speeding Attitudes and Behaviors. This included using the data to be able to formulate plans, procedures, and countermeasures to have positive impacts on the public by reducing speed-related deaths. Ms. Smoak also appreciates that the periodic surveys help track behavioral changes related to speeding. Title: National Survey of Speeding Attitudes and Behaviors. OMB Control Number: 2127–0613. Form Numbers: NHTSA Form 1538, NHTSA Form 1539, NHTSA Form 1544, NHTSA Form 1545, NHTSA Form 1546. Type of Information Collection Request: Reinstatement with modification of a previously approved SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: PO 00000 Frm 00080 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 information collection (OMB Control No. 2127–0613). Type of Review Requested: Regular. Requested Expiration Date of Approval: 3 years from date of approval. Respondents: Random sample of U.S. adults (18 years old and older) who drive a motor vehicle. Summary of the Collection of Information: NHTSA is seeking approval to conduct a National Survey of Speeding Attitudes and Behaviors by web and mail among a national probability sample of 7,013 adult drivers (and 152 adult drivers for a pilot survey), age 18 and older. Participation by respondents would be voluntary. Survey topics would include the extent to which drivers speed, drivers’ attitudes and perceptions about speeding, reasons and motivations for speeding, and knowledge and attitudes towards countermeasure strategies to deter speeding. In conducting the proposed research, the survey would use computer-assisted web interviewing (i.e., a programmed, self-administered web survey) to minimize recording errors, as well as optical mark recognition and image scanning for the paper and pencil survey to facilitate ease of use and data accuracy. A Spanish-language survey option would be used to minimize language barriers to participation. Surveys would be conducted with respondents using an address-based sampling design that encourages respondents to complete the survey online. Although web would be the primary data collection mode, a paper questionnaire would be sent to households that do not respond to the web invitations. The proposed survey would be anonymous and the survey would not collect any personal information. This collection only requires respondents to report their answers; there are no record-keeping costs to the respondents. Description of the Need for the Information and Proposed Use of the Information: NHTSA was established to reduce deaths, injuries, and economic losses resulting from motor vehicle crashes on the nation’s highways. As part of this statutory mandate, NHTSA is authorized to conduct research for the development of traffic safety programs. Title 23, United States Code, Section 403 gives the Secretary of Transportation (NHTSA by delegation) authorization to use funds appropriated to conduct research and development activities, including demonstration projects and the collection and analysis of highway and motor vehicle safety data and related information, with E:\FR\FM\31DEN1.SGM 31DEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 251 / Thursday, December 31, 2020 / Notices khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES respect to all aspects of highway and traffic safety systems and conditions relating to vehicle, highway, driver, passenger, motorcyclist, bicyclist, and pedestrian characteristics; accident causation and investigations; and human behavioral factors and their effect on highway and traffic safety. Traffic crashes are complex. Often, they involve multiple contributing factors, with speeding as one of the primary factors leading to a crash. Speeding-related crashes—defined as racing, exceeding the speed limit, or driving too fast for conditions 1— resulted in 26% of all crash fatalities in 2018,2 a percentage that has largely remained the same over the last 20 years despite national, State, and local efforts to address the speeding problem. In 2010, speeding-related crashes were estimated to result in $52 billion in economic costs and $203 billion in comprehensive costs.3 Speeding is especially dangerous because it reduces the driver’s ability to maneuver around obstacles in a timely manner, increases the distance a vehicle requires to stop, and increases the severity of injuries.4 This stalled progress suggests that new countermeasures that differ from typical enforcement and engineering efforts may be needed to reduce speeding deaths. An interdisciplinary approach involving engineering, enforcement, and education is needed to change drivers’ speeding behavior, thereby reducing speeding-related crashes, fatalities and injuries. To design interventions and countermeasure strategies that are likely to lead to behavior change, NHTSA requires up-to-date information on which drivers are speeding, their attitudes, perceptions, and motivations, as well as what countermeasures are most likely to reduce their speeding behavior. It is important to focus studies 1 National Center for Statistics and Analysis. (2007). Speeding: 2006 data (Traffic Safety Facts. DOT HS 810 814). Retrieved from the NHTSA website: https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/ Public/ViewPublication/810814 2 National Center for Statistics and Analysis. (2019, December). Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS): 2018 Annual Report File (ARF) custom query. Retrieved from the NHTSA website: https://cdan.dot.gov/query 3 Blincoe, L.J., Miller, T.R. Zaloshnja, E., & Lawrence, B.A. (2015, May). The economic and societal impact of motor vehicle crashes, 2010. (Revised.) (Report No. DOT HS 812 013). Retrieved from the NHTSA website: https:// crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ ViewPublication/812013 4 National Center for Statistics and Analysis. (2007). Speeding: 2006 data (Traffic Safety Facts. DOT HS 810 814). VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:28 Dec 30, 2020 Jkt 253001 on factors underlying behaviors such as attitudes or perceptions of norms that are changeable. NHTSA has conducted the National Survey of Speeding Attitudes and Behaviors on three previous occasions— first in 1997, again in 2002, and most recently in 2011. In the 2021 survey, NHTSA intends to examine the extent to which drivers’ speed, who the speeders are, when and why drivers speed, and what countermeasures are most acceptable and effective in reducing speeding. Furthermore, NHTSA plans to assess whether self-reported behaviors, attitudes, and perceptions regarding speeding and associated countermeasure strategies have changed over time since the administration of the prior three national surveys. The 2021 survey will also include new questions on emerging speed-related technologies. The findings from this proposed information collection will assist NHTSA in designing, targeting, and implementing programs intended to reduce speed on the roadways and to provide data to States, localities, and law enforcement agencies that will aid in their efforts to reduce speed-related crashes and injuries. NHTSA will use the information to produce a technical report that presents the results of the study. The technical report will provide aggregate (summary) statistics and tables as well as the results of statistical analysis of the information, but it will not include any personally identifiable information (PII). The technical report will be shared with State highway offices, local governments, and those who develop traffic safety communications that aim to reduce speed-related crashes. Frequency of Collection: The study will be conducted one time during the three-year period for which NHTSA is requesting approval. This study is part of a tracking and trending study to measure changes over time. The last study was administered in 2011. Respondents: Participants will be U.S. adults (18 years old and older) who drive a motor vehicle. Businesses are ineligible for the sample and would not be interviewed. Estimated Number of Respondents: 7,165. Participation in this study will be voluntary, with 7,013 participants sampled from all 50 States and the District of Columbia using address data from the most recent U.S. Postal Service (USPS) computerized Delivery PO 00000 Frm 00081 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 86981 Sequence File (DSF) of residential addresses. An estimated 20,600 households will be contacted and have the study described to them. No more than one respondent will be selected per household. Prior to the main survey, a pilot survey will be administered to test the survey and the mailing protocol and procedures. Participation in this study will be voluntary, with 152 participants sampled from all 50 States and the District of Columbia using address data from the most recent U.S. Postal Service (USPS) computerized Delivery Sequence File (DSF) of residential addresses. An estimated 444 households will be contacted and have the study described to them. No more than one respondent will be selected per household. Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: NHTSA estimates the total burden of this information collection by estimating the burden to those that NHTSA contacts who do not respond (non-responders), those that NHTSA contacts who respond but are ineligible (ineligible respondents), and those who respond and are eligible for participation (eligible respondents or actual participants). The estimated time to contact 20,600 potential participants (actual participants, ineligible respondents, and non-responders) for the survey and 444 potential participants (actual participants, ineligible respondents, and nonresponders) for the pilot is one minute per person per contact attempt. Contact attempts will be made in five waves with fewer potential participants contacted each subsequent wave. NHTSA estimates that 7,221 people will respond to the survey request and 156 will respond to the pilot. Of those, NHTSA estimates that nearly 3% will be ineligible because they are not drivers or are under 18 years old, resulting in 208 respondents to the survey and 4 respondents to the pilot who are ineligible. The estimated time to contact and screen 208 ineligible survey participants and 4 ineligible pilot participants is three minutes per person. The estimated time to contact and complete the survey for 7,013 participants and 152 pilot participants is 21 minutes per person. Details of the burden hours for each wave in the pilot and full survey are included in Tables 1 and 2 below. E:\FR\FM\31DEN1.SGM 31DEN1 86982 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 251 / Thursday, December 31, 2020 / Notices TABLE 1—ESTIMATED TOTAL BURDEN FOR PILOT SURVEY Wave Wave 1 (Initial Form 1544). Contacts Invitation—NHTSA 444 Wave 2 (Reminder Postcard #1— NHTSA Form 1546). 391 Wave 3 (1st Survey Mailing—NHTSA Forms 1538, 1545). 356 Wave 4 (Reminder Postcard #2— NHTSA Form 1546). 314 Wave 5 (2nd Survey Mailing—NHTSA Forms 1538, 1545). Total ............................................. 298 ........................ Estimated burden per sample unit (minutes) Participant type Contacted potential participant—Nonrespondent. Screened out participant—Ineligible respondent. Recruited participant—Eligible respondent. Contacted potential participant—Nonrespondent. Screened out participant—Ineligible respondent. Recruited participant—Eligible respondent. Contacted potential participant—Nonrespondent. Screened out participant—Ineligible respondent. Recruited participant—Eligible respondent. Contacted potential participant—Nonrespondent. Screened out participant—Ineligible respondent. Recruited participant—Eligible respondent. Contacted potential participant—Nonrespondent. Screened out participant—Ineligible respondent. Recruited participant—Eligible respondent. ............................................................. Sample units Burden (hours) Total burden 1 391 7 3 2 1 21 51 18 1 356 6 3 0 0 21 35 13 1 313 6 3 2 1 21 41 15 1 298 5 3 0 0 21 16 6 1 289 5 3 0 0 21 9 4 ........................ ........................ ........................ 26 19 22 11 9 87 TABLE 2—ESTIMATED TOTAL BURDEN FOR FULL SURVEY Wave Wave 1 (Initial Form 1544). Contacts Invitation—NHTSA 20,600 Wave 2 (Reminder Postcard #1— NHTSA Form 1546). 18,130 Wave 3 (1st Survey Mailing—NHTSA Forms 1538, 1545). 16,498 Wave 4 (Reminder Postcard #2— NHTSA Form 1546). 14,519 khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES Wave 5 (2nd Survey Mailing—NHTSA Forms 1538, 1545). Total ............................................. 13,793 ........................ When rounded up to the nearest whole hour for each data collection VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:28 Dec 30, 2020 Jkt 253001 Estimated burden per sample unit (minutes) Participant type Contacted potential participant—Nonrespondent. Screened out participant—Ineligible respondent. Recruited participant—Eligible respondent. Contacted potential participant—Nonrespondent. Screened out participant—Ineligible respondent. Recruited participant—Eligible respondent. Contacted potential participant—Nonrespondent. Screened out participant—Ineligible respondent. Recruited participant—Eligible respondent. Contacted potential participant—Nonrespondent. Screened out participant—Ineligible respondent. Recruited participant—Eligible respondent. Contacted potential participant—Nonrespondent. Screened out participant—Ineligible respondent. Recruited participant—Eligible respondent. ............................................................. Frm 00082 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Burden (hours) Total burden 1 18,130 303 3 72 4 21 2,398 840 1 16,498 275 3 47 3 21 1,585 555 1 14,518 242 3 57 3 21 1,923 674 1 13,793 230 3 21 2 21 705 247 1 13,379 223 3 12 1 21 402 141 ........................ ........................ ........................ effort, the total estimated annual burden is 3,830 hours for the project activities. PO 00000 Sample units 1,147 833 919 479 365 3,743 Estimated Total Annual Burden Cost: Participation in this study is voluntary, E:\FR\FM\31DEN1.SGM 31DEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 251 / Thursday, December 31, 2020 / Notices and there are no costs to respondents beyond the time spent completing the questionnaires. Public Comments Invited: You are asked to comment on any aspects of this information collection, including (a) whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the Department of Transportation, including whether the information will have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden of the proposed information collection, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses. Authority: The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995; 44 U.S.C. Chapter 35, as amended; 49 CFR 1.49; and DOT Order 1351.29. Issued in Washington, DC. Nanda Narayanan Srinivasan, Associate Administrator, Research and Program Development. [FR Doc. 2020–28904 Filed 12–30–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–59–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary [Docket No. DOT–OST–2016–0204] Exploring Industry Practices on Distribution and Display of Airline Fare, Schedule, and Availability Information Office of the Secretary, Department of Transportation. ACTION: Notice of withdrawal of request for information. AGENCY: The Department of Transportation (‘‘Department’’ or ‘‘DOT’’) is withdrawing a Request for Information (‘‘RFI’’) that solicited information on whether airline restrictions on the distribution or display of airline flight information harm consumers and constitute an unfair and deceptive business practice and/or an unfair method of competition. DATES: December 31, 2020. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kimberly Graber and Blane A. Workie, Office of Aviation Consumer Protection, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Ave. SE, Washington, DC khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:28 Dec 30, 2020 Jkt 253001 20590, 202–366–9342, 202–366–7152 (fax), kimberly.graber@dot.gov or blane.workie@dot.gov. Electronic Access: You can view and download related documents and public comments by going to the website http://www.regulations.gov. Enter the docket number DOT–OST–2016–0204 in the search field. The Department issued the RFI on October 31, 2016 in response to concerns raised by certain online travel agencies (OTAs), metasearch entities that operate flight search tools, and other stakeholders involved in the distribution of flight information and sale of air transportation, as well as consumer advocates and some members of Congress regarding certain practices related to the distribution and display of airline fare, schedule, and availability information.1 The Department has also heard from airlines and other members of Congress opposing Departmental action in this area. On December 22, 2016, DOT extended the response date of the RFI to March 31, 2017.2 On March 10, 2017, the Department suspended the response period while it evaluated next steps.3 The issue of airline restrictions on the distribution or display of airline flight information on third-party travel websites is a complex issue with farreaching implications for consumers, airlines, ticket agents, and the various participants in the distribution chain. The Department recognizes that transparency is not only good for consumers but also good for competition in the airline industry. However, the Department also believes that airlines should be able to choose how and where they sell their products so long as they do not engage in unfair or deceptive practices. These two goals are not mutually exclusive. The Department does not consider its involvement at this time to be necessary to prevent unfair, deceptive, or anticompetitive practices. As such, the Department has decided to withdraw the RFI. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Issued in Washington, DC, under authority delegated in 49 CFR 1.27(n). Christina G. Aizcorbe, Deputy General Counsel. [FR Doc. 2020–28927 Filed 12–30–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE P FR 75481. FR 94021. 3 82 FR 13375. 2 81 Frm 00083 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Regional Infrastructure Accelerators Demonstration Program Build America Bureau, U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Notice of funding opportunity (NOFO). AGENCY: The Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act, enacted in December 2015, authorized the establishment of a Regional Infrastructure Accelerators Demonstration Program (the Program) to assist entities in developing improved infrastructure priorities and financing strategies for the accelerated development of a project that is eligible for funding under the Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (TIFIA) Program under Chapter 6 of Title 23, United States Code. The Further Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2020, enacted on December 20, 2019, appropriated $5 million for this Program. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Build America Bureau (Bureau) is issuing this NOFO to implement the Program and solicit applications for designating and funding Regional Infrastructure Accelerators (RIA) that will: (1) Serve a defined geographic area; (2) act as a resource to qualified entities in the geographic area in accordance with Section 1441 of the FAST Act; and (3) demonstrate the effectiveness of an RIA to expedite the delivery of eligible projects through the TIFIA credit program and, to the extent applicable, the Railroad Rehabilitation and Improvement Financing (RRIF) credit program, Private Activity Bonds (PABs) and other innovative financing methods. Each section of this notice contains information and instructions relevant to the application process for the RIA grants. All applicants should read this notice in its entirety so that they have the information they need to submit eligible and competitive applications. SUMMARY: Table of Contents A. Program Description B. Federal Award Information C. Eligibility Information D. Application and Submission Information E. Application Review Information F. Federal Award Administration Information G. Federal Awarding Agency Contacts H. Other Information A. Program Description 1. Background: The Bureau is responsible for driving transportation 1 81 PO 00000 86983 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\31DEN1.SGM 31DEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 251 (Thursday, December 31, 2020)]
[Notices]
[Pages 86980-86983]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-28904]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

[Docket No. NHTSA-2020-0008]


Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to the 
Office of Management and Budget for Review and Approval; National 
Survey of Speeding Attitudes and Behaviors

AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 
Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Notice and request for comments on a reinstatement with 
modification of a previously approved collection of information.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: In compliance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA), 
this notice announces that the Information Collection Request (ICR) 
abstracted below will be submitted to the Office of Management and 
Budget (OMB) for review. The ICR describes the nature of the 
information collection and its expected burden. The ICR is for a 
reinstatement with modification of a previously approved collection of 
information for a one-time voluntary survey regarding knowledge, 
attitudes, and behaviors associated with speeding. A Federal Register 
notice with a 60-day comment period soliciting public comments on the 
following information collection was published on August 3, 2020. NHTSA 
received two comments, which we address below.

DATES: Comments must be submitted on or before February 1, 2021.

ADDRESSES: Written comments and recommendations for the proposed 
information collection, including suggestions for reducing burden, 
should be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget at 
www.reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain. To find this particular information 
collection, select ``Currently under Review--Open for Public Comment'' 
or use the search function. Comments may also be sent by mail to the 
Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and 
Budget, 725 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20503, Attention: Desk 
Officer for Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic 
Safety Administration, or by email at [email protected], or 
fax: 202-395-5806.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For additional information or access 
to background documents, contact Kristie Johnson, Ph.D., Office of 
Behavioral Safety Research (NPD-310), National Highway Traffic Safety 
Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, W46-498, Washington, DC 
20590. Dr. Johnson's phone number is 202-366-2755, and her email 
address is [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 
(PRA) (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.), before a Federal agency can collect 
certain information from the public, it must receive approval from the 
Office of Management and Budget (OMB). In compliance with these 
requirements, this notice announces that the following information 
collection request has been forwarded to OMB.
    A Federal Register notice with a 60-day comment period soliciting 
public comments on the following information collection was published 
on August 3, 2020 (Federal Register/Vol. 85, No. 149/pp. 46782-46786). 
NHTSA received two comments. Sarah Smoak provided comments supportive 
of the proposed information collection. An anonymous commenter provided 
remarks about the COVID-19 pandemic with no mention of the proposed 
survey or traffic safety.
    Comments on the proposed information collection are appreciated. 
Thank you to Ms. Smoak for providing thoughtful commentary as to the 
importance of conducting the National Survey of Speeding Attitudes and 
Behaviors. This included using the data to be able to formulate plans, 
procedures, and countermeasures to have positive impacts on the public 
by reducing speed-related deaths. Ms. Smoak also appreciates that the 
periodic surveys help track behavioral changes related to speeding.
    Title: National Survey of Speeding Attitudes and Behaviors.
    OMB Control Number: 2127-0613.
    Form Numbers: NHTSA Form 1538, NHTSA Form 1539, NHTSA Form 1544, 
NHTSA Form 1545, NHTSA Form 1546.
    Type of Information Collection Request: Reinstatement with 
modification of a previously approved information collection (OMB 
Control No. 2127-0613).
    Type of Review Requested: Regular.
    Requested Expiration Date of Approval: 3 years from date of 
approval.
    Respondents: Random sample of U.S. adults (18 years old and older) 
who drive a motor vehicle.
    Summary of the Collection of Information: NHTSA is seeking approval 
to conduct a National Survey of Speeding Attitudes and Behaviors by web 
and mail among a national probability sample of 7,013 adult drivers 
(and 152 adult drivers for a pilot survey), age 18 and older. 
Participation by respondents would be voluntary. Survey topics would 
include the extent to which drivers speed, drivers' attitudes and 
perceptions about speeding, reasons and motivations for speeding, and 
knowledge and attitudes towards countermeasure strategies to deter 
speeding.
    In conducting the proposed research, the survey would use computer-
assisted web interviewing (i.e., a programmed, self-administered web 
survey) to minimize recording errors, as well as optical mark 
recognition and image scanning for the paper and pencil survey to 
facilitate ease of use and data accuracy. A Spanish-language survey 
option would be used to minimize language barriers to participation. 
Surveys would be conducted with respondents using an address-based 
sampling design that encourages respondents to complete the survey 
online. Although web would be the primary data collection mode, a paper 
questionnaire would be sent to households that do not respond to the 
web invitations. The proposed survey would be anonymous and the survey 
would not collect any personal information. This collection only 
requires respondents to report their answers; there are no record-
keeping costs to the respondents.
    Description of the Need for the Information and Proposed Use of the 
Information:
    NHTSA was established to reduce deaths, injuries, and economic 
losses resulting from motor vehicle crashes on the nation's highways. 
As part of this statutory mandate, NHTSA is authorized to conduct 
research for the development of traffic safety programs. Title 23, 
United States Code, Section 403 gives the Secretary of Transportation 
(NHTSA by delegation) authorization to use funds appropriated to 
conduct research and development activities, including demonstration 
projects and the collection and analysis of highway and motor vehicle 
safety data and related information, with

[[Page 86981]]

respect to all aspects of highway and traffic safety systems and 
conditions relating to vehicle, highway, driver, passenger, 
motorcyclist, bicyclist, and pedestrian characteristics; accident 
causation and investigations; and human behavioral factors and their 
effect on highway and traffic safety.
    Traffic crashes are complex. Often, they involve multiple 
contributing factors, with speeding as one of the primary factors 
leading to a crash. Speeding-related crashes--defined as racing, 
exceeding the speed limit, or driving too fast for conditions \1\--
resulted in 26% of all crash fatalities in 2018,\2\ a percentage that 
has largely remained the same over the last 20 years despite national, 
State, and local efforts to address the speeding problem. In 2010, 
speeding-related crashes were estimated to result in $52 billion in 
economic costs and $203 billion in comprehensive costs.\3\ Speeding is 
especially dangerous because it reduces the driver's ability to 
maneuver around obstacles in a timely manner, increases the distance a 
vehicle requires to stop, and increases the severity of injuries.\4\ 
This stalled progress suggests that new countermeasures that differ 
from typical enforcement and engineering efforts may be needed to 
reduce speeding deaths. An interdisciplinary approach involving 
engineering, enforcement, and education is needed to change drivers' 
speeding behavior, thereby reducing speeding-related crashes, 
fatalities and injuries. To design interventions and countermeasure 
strategies that are likely to lead to behavior change, NHTSA requires 
up-to-date information on which drivers are speeding, their attitudes, 
perceptions, and motivations, as well as what countermeasures are most 
likely to reduce their speeding behavior. It is important to focus 
studies on factors underlying behaviors such as attitudes or 
perceptions of norms that are changeable.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ National Center for Statistics and Analysis. (2007). 
Speeding: 2006 data (Traffic Safety Facts. DOT HS 810 814). 
Retrieved from the NHTSA website: https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/810814.
    \2\ National Center for Statistics and Analysis. (2019, 
December). Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS): 2018 Annual 
Report File (ARF) custom query. Retrieved from the NHTSA website: 
https://cdan.dot.gov/query.
    \3\ Blincoe, L.J., Miller, T.R. Zaloshnja, E., & Lawrence, B.A. 
(2015, May). The economic and societal impact of motor vehicle 
crashes, 2010. (Revised.) (Report No. DOT HS 812 013). Retrieved 
from the NHTSA website: https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812013.
    \4\ National Center for Statistics and Analysis. (2007). 
Speeding: 2006 data (Traffic Safety Facts. DOT HS 810 814).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    NHTSA has conducted the National Survey of Speeding Attitudes and 
Behaviors on three previous occasions--first in 1997, again in 2002, 
and most recently in 2011. In the 2021 survey, NHTSA intends to examine 
the extent to which drivers' speed, who the speeders are, when and why 
drivers speed, and what countermeasures are most acceptable and 
effective in reducing speeding. Furthermore, NHTSA plans to assess 
whether self-reported behaviors, attitudes, and perceptions regarding 
speeding and associated countermeasure strategies have changed over 
time since the administration of the prior three national surveys. The 
2021 survey will also include new questions on emerging speed-related 
technologies. The findings from this proposed information collection 
will assist NHTSA in designing, targeting, and implementing programs 
intended to reduce speed on the roadways and to provide data to States, 
localities, and law enforcement agencies that will aid in their efforts 
to reduce speed-related crashes and injuries.
    NHTSA will use the information to produce a technical report that 
presents the results of the study. The technical report will provide 
aggregate (summary) statistics and tables as well as the results of 
statistical analysis of the information, but it will not include any 
personally identifiable information (PII). The technical report will be 
shared with State highway offices, local governments, and those who 
develop traffic safety communications that aim to reduce speed-related 
crashes.
    Frequency of Collection: The study will be conducted one time 
during the three-year period for which NHTSA is requesting approval. 
This study is part of a tracking and trending study to measure changes 
over time. The last study was administered in 2011.
    Respondents: Participants will be U.S. adults (18 years old and 
older) who drive a motor vehicle. Businesses are ineligible for the 
sample and would not be interviewed.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 7,165.
    Participation in this study will be voluntary, with 7,013 
participants sampled from all 50 States and the District of Columbia 
using address data from the most recent U.S. Postal Service (USPS) 
computerized Delivery Sequence File (DSF) of residential addresses. An 
estimated 20,600 households will be contacted and have the study 
described to them. No more than one respondent will be selected per 
household.
    Prior to the main survey, a pilot survey will be administered to 
test the survey and the mailing protocol and procedures. Participation 
in this study will be voluntary, with 152 participants sampled from all 
50 States and the District of Columbia using address data from the most 
recent U.S. Postal Service (USPS) computerized Delivery Sequence File 
(DSF) of residential addresses. An estimated 444 households will be 
contacted and have the study described to them. No more than one 
respondent will be selected per household.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: NHTSA estimates the total 
burden of this information collection by estimating the burden to those 
that NHTSA contacts who do not respond (non-responders), those that 
NHTSA contacts who respond but are ineligible (ineligible respondents), 
and those who respond and are eligible for participation (eligible 
respondents or actual participants). The estimated time to contact 
20,600 potential participants (actual participants, ineligible 
respondents, and non-responders) for the survey and 444 potential 
participants (actual participants, ineligible respondents, and non-
responders) for the pilot is one minute per person per contact attempt. 
Contact attempts will be made in five waves with fewer potential 
participants contacted each subsequent wave. NHTSA estimates that 7,221 
people will respond to the survey request and 156 will respond to the 
pilot. Of those, NHTSA estimates that nearly 3% will be ineligible 
because they are not drivers or are under 18 years old, resulting in 
208 respondents to the survey and 4 respondents to the pilot who are 
ineligible. The estimated time to contact and screen 208 ineligible 
survey participants and 4 ineligible pilot participants is three 
minutes per person. The estimated time to contact and complete the 
survey for 7,013 participants and 152 pilot participants is 21 minutes 
per person. Details of the burden hours for each wave in the pilot and 
full survey are included in Tables 1 and 2 below.

[[Page 86982]]



                                                    Table 1--Estimated Total Burden for Pilot Survey
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                             Estimated
                                                                                            burden per
                   Wave                        Contacts           Participant type          sample unit    Sample units   Burden (hours)   Total burden
                                                                                             (minutes)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Wave 1 (Initial Invitation--NHTSA Form                 444  Contacted potential                        1             391               7              26
 1544).                                                      participant--Non-respondent.
                                                            Screened out participant--                 3               2               1
                                                             Ineligible respondent.
                                                            Recruited participant--                   21              51              18
                                                             Eligible respondent.
Wave 2 (Reminder Postcard #1--NHTSA Form               391  Contacted potential                        1             356               6              19
 1546).                                                      participant--Non-respondent.
                                                            Screened out participant--                 3               0               0
                                                             Ineligible respondent.
                                                            Recruited participant--                   21              35              13
                                                             Eligible respondent.
Wave 3 (1st Survey Mailing--NHTSA Forms                356  Contacted potential                        1             313               6              22
 1538, 1545).                                                participant--Non-respondent.
                                                            Screened out participant--                 3               2               1
                                                             Ineligible respondent.
                                                            Recruited participant--                   21              41              15
                                                             Eligible respondent.
Wave 4 (Reminder Postcard #2--NHTSA Form               314  Contacted potential                        1             298               5              11
 1546).                                                      participant--Non-respondent.
                                                            Screened out participant--                 3               0               0
                                                             Ineligible respondent.
                                                            Recruited participant--                   21              16               6
                                                             Eligible respondent.
Wave 5 (2nd Survey Mailing--NHTSA Forms                298  Contacted potential                        1             289               5               9
 1538, 1545).                                                participant--Non-respondent.
                                                            Screened out participant--                 3               0               0
                                                             Ineligible respondent.
                                                            Recruited participant--                   21               9               4
                                                             Eligible respondent.
                                           -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total.................................  ..............  ............................  ..............  ..............  ..............              87
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                                     Table 2--Estimated Total Burden for Full Survey
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                             Estimated
                                                                                            burden per
                   Wave                        Contacts           Participant type          sample unit    Sample units   Burden (hours)   Total burden
                                                                                             (minutes)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Wave 1 (Initial Invitation--NHTSA Form              20,600  Contacted potential                        1          18,130             303           1,147
 1544).                                                      participant--Non-respondent.
                                                            Screened out participant--                 3              72               4
                                                             Ineligible respondent.
                                                            Recruited participant--                   21           2,398             840
                                                             Eligible respondent.
Wave 2 (Reminder Postcard #1--NHTSA Form            18,130  Contacted potential                        1          16,498             275             833
 1546).                                                      participant--Non-respondent.
                                                            Screened out participant--                 3              47               3
                                                             Ineligible respondent.
                                                            Recruited participant--                   21           1,585             555
                                                             Eligible respondent.
Wave 3 (1st Survey Mailing--NHTSA Forms             16,498  Contacted potential                        1          14,518             242             919
 1538, 1545).                                                participant--Non-respondent.
                                                            Screened out participant--                 3              57               3
                                                             Ineligible respondent.
                                                            Recruited participant--                   21           1,923             674
                                                             Eligible respondent.
Wave 4 (Reminder Postcard #2--NHTSA Form            14,519  Contacted potential                        1          13,793             230             479
 1546).                                                      participant--Non-respondent.
                                                            Screened out participant--                 3              21               2
                                                             Ineligible respondent.
                                                            Recruited participant--                   21             705             247
                                                             Eligible respondent.
Wave 5 (2nd Survey Mailing--NHTSA Forms             13,793  Contacted potential                        1          13,379             223             365
 1538, 1545).                                                participant--Non-respondent.
                                                            Screened out participant--                 3              12               1
                                                             Ineligible respondent.
                                                            Recruited participant--                   21             402             141
                                                             Eligible respondent.
                                           -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total.................................  ..............  ............................  ..............  ..............  ..............           3,743
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    When rounded up to the nearest whole hour for each data collection 
effort, the total estimated annual burden is 3,830 hours for the 
project activities.
    Estimated Total Annual Burden Cost: Participation in this study is 
voluntary,

[[Page 86983]]

and there are no costs to respondents beyond the time spent completing 
the questionnaires.
    Public Comments Invited: You are asked to comment on any aspects of 
this information collection, including (a) whether the proposed 
collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of 
the functions of the Department of Transportation, including whether 
the information will have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the 
agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed information collection, 
including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (c) 
ways to enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to 
be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of 
information on respondents, including the use of appropriate automated, 
electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or 
other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic 
submission of responses.

    Authority:  The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995; 44 U.S.C. 
Chapter 35, as amended; 49 CFR 1.49; and DOT Order 1351.29.

    Issued in Washington, DC.
Nanda Narayanan Srinivasan,
Associate Administrator, Research and Program Development.
[FR Doc. 2020-28904 Filed 12-30-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-59-P