Phosphate Fertilizers From the Kingdom of Morocco and the Russian Federation: Initiation of Countervailing Duty Investigations, 44505-44509 [2020-15956]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 142 / Thursday, July 23, 2020 / Notices Administrative Protective Orders This notice also serves as a reminder to parties subject to administrative protective order (APO) of their responsibility concerning the disposition of proprietary information disclosed under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305(a)(3). Timely written notification of the return or destruction of APO materials or conversion to judicial protective order is hereby requested. Failure to comply with the regulations and the terms of an APO is a sanctionable violation. Notification to Interested Parties We are issuing and publishing these preliminary results in accordance with sections 751(a)(l) and 777(i)(l) of the Act, and 19 CFR 351.221(b)(4). Dated: July 17, 2020. Jeffrey I. Kessler, Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance. Appendix List of Topics Discussed in the Preliminary Decision Memorandum I. Summary II. Background III. Scope of the Order IV. Status of Bothwell’s Sales V. Recommendation [FR Doc. 2020–15986 Filed 7–22–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE phosphate fertilizers from the Kingdom of Morocco (Morocco) and the Russian Federation (Russia), filed in proper form on behalf of The Mosaic Company (the petitioner), a domestic producer of phosphate fertilizers.1 Between June 30 and July 1, 2020, Commerce requested supplemental information pertaining to certain aspects of the Petitions.2 The petitioner filed responses to these requests between July 2 and 6, 2020.3 In accordance with section 702(b)(1) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act), the petitioner alleges that the Government of Morocco (GOM) and the Government of Russia (GOR) are providing countervailable subsidies, within the meaning of sections 701 and 771(5) of the Act, to producers of phosphate fertilizers in Morocco and Russia, and that such imports are materially injuring, or threatening material injury to, the domestic industry producing phosphate fertilizers in the United States. Consistent with section 702(b)(1) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.202(b), for those alleged programs on which we are initiating a CVD investigation, the Petitions were accompanied by information reasonably available to the petitioner supporting its allegations. Commerce finds that the petitioner filed the Petitions on behalf of the domestic industry because the petitioner is an interested party, as defined in section 771(9)(C) of the Act. Commerce also finds that the petitioner International Trade Administration [C–714–001, C–821–825] Phosphate Fertilizers From the Kingdom of Morocco and the Russian Federation: Initiation of Countervailing Duty Investigations Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. DATES: Applicable July 16, 2020. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert Palmer (Morocco) or George Ayache (Russia), AD/CVD Operations, Office VIII, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482–9068 or (202) 482–2623, respectively. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES AGENCY: The Petitions On June 26, 2020, the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) received countervailing duty (CVD) petitions concerning imports of VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:10 Jul 22, 2020 Jkt 250001 1 See Petitioner’s Letter, ‘‘Petitions for the Imposition of Countervailing Duties: Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and Russia,’’ dated June 26, 2020 (the Petitions). 2 See Commerce’s Letter, ‘‘Petitions for the Imposition of Countervailing Duties on Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and Russia: Supplemental Questions,’’ dated July 1, 2020 (General Issues Questionnaire); Commerce’s Letter, ‘‘Petition for the Imposition of Countervailing Duties on Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco: Supplemental Questions,’’ dated June 30, 2020; and Commerce’s Letter, ‘‘Petition for the Imposition of Countervailing Duties on Phosphate Fertilizers from Russia: Supplemental Questions,’’ dated June 30, 2020. 3 See Petitioner’s Letter, ‘‘Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco: Response to the Department’s Supplemental Questions Concerning the Petition for the Imposition of Countervailing Duties on Imports of Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco,’’ dated July 2, 2020 (Morocco Supplement); Petitioner’s Letter, ‘‘Phosphate Fertilizers from Russia: Response to the Department’s Supplemental Questions Concerning the Petition for the Imposition of Countervailing Duties on Imports of Phosphate Fertilizers from Russia,’’ dated July 2, 2020 (Russia Supplement); and Petitioner’s Letter, ‘‘Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and Russia: Response to the Department’s Supplemental Questions on General Issues Concerning the Petitions for the Imposition of Countervailing Duties on Imports of Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and Russia,’’ dated July 6, 2020 (General Issues Supplement). PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 44505 demonstrated sufficient industry support with respect to the initiation of the requested CVD investigations.4 Period of Investigation Because the Petitions were filed on June 26, 2020, the period of investigation (POI) is January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019.5 Scope of the Investigations The merchandise covered by these investigations are phosphate fertilizers from Morocco and Russia. For a full description of the scope of these investigations, see the Appendix to this notice. Comments on Scope of the Investigations On July 1, 2020, Commerce requested further information from the petitioner regarding the proposed scope to ensure that the scope language in the Petitions is an accurate reflection of the products for which the domestic industry is seeking relief.6 On July 6, 2020, the petitioner revised the scope.7 The description of the merchandise covered by these investigations, as described in the appendix to this notice, reflects these clarifications. As discussed in the Preamble to Commerce’s regulations, we are setting aside a period for interested parties to raise issues regarding product coverage (i.e., scope).8 Commerce will consider all comments received from interested parties and, if necessary, will consult with interested parties prior to the issuance of the preliminary determinations. If scope comments include factual information,9 all such factual information should be limited to public information. To facilitate preparation of its questionnaires, Commerce requests that all interested parties submit scope comments by 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time (ET) on August 5, 2020, which is 20 calendar days from the signature date of this notice. Any rebuttal comments, which may include factual information, must be filed by 5:00 p.m. ET on August 17, 2020, which is the next business day 10 after 10 4 See ‘‘Determination of Industry Support for the Petitions’’ section, infra. 5 See 19 CFR 351.204(b)(2). 6 See General Issues Questionnaire. 7 See General Issues Supplement at 11–13. 8 See Countervailing Duties, 62 FR 27323 (May 19, 1997) (Preamble). 9 See 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) (defining ‘‘factual information’’). 10 In this case, 10 days after the initial comment deadline falls on August 15, 2020, a Saturday. Where a deadline falls on a weekend or federal holiday, the appropriate deadline is the next business day. See Notice of Clarification: E:\FR\FM\23JYN1.SGM Continued 23JYN1 44506 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 142 / Thursday, July 23, 2020 / Notices calendar days from the initial comment deadline.11 Commerce requests that any factual information the parties consider relevant to the scope of the investigations be submitted during this time period. However, if a party subsequently finds that additional factual information pertaining to the scope of the investigations may be relevant, the party may contact Commerce and request permission to submit the additional information. All such comments must be filed on the record of the concurrent CVD investigations. Filing Requirements All submissions to Commerce must be filed electronically using Enforcement and Compliance’s Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS), unless an exception applies.12 An electronically filed document must be received successfully in its entirety by the time and date it is due. Consultations Pursuant to sections 702(b)(4)(A)(i) and (ii) of the Act, Commerce notified the GOM and the GOR of the receipt of the Petitions and provided it the opportunity for consultations with respect to the Petitions.13 Commerce held consultations with the GOR and the GOM on July 10 and 13, 2020, respectively.14 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES Determination of Industry Support for the Petitions Section 702(b)(1) of the Act requires that a petition be filed on behalf of the Application of ‘‘Next Business Day’’ Rule for Administrative Determination Deadlines Pursuant to the Tariff Act of 1930, As Amended, 70 FR 24533 (May 10, 2005). 11 See 19 CFR 351.303(b). 12 See Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings: Electronic Filing Procedures; Administrative Protective Order Procedures, 76 FR 39263 (July 6, 2011); see also Enforcement and Compliance; Change of Electronic Filing System Name, 79 FR 69046 (November 20, 2014) for details of Commerce’s electronic filing requirements, effective August 5, 2011. Information on using ACCESS can be found at https://access.trade.gov/ help.aspx and a handbook can be found at https:// access.trade.gov/help/Handbook%20on %20Electronic%20Filling%20Procedures.pdf. 13 See Commerce’s Letter, ‘‘Countervailing Duty Petition on Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco: Invitation for Consultations,’’ dated June 26, 2020; and Commerce’s Letter, ‘‘Countervailing Duty Petition on Phosphate Fertilizers from Russia: Invitation for Consultations,’’ dated June 26, 2020. 14 See Memoranda, ‘‘Countervailing Duty Petition on Phosphate Fertilizers from the Russian Federation (Russia): Consultations with Officials from the Government of Russia,’’ dated July 13, 2020; and ‘‘Countervailing Duty Petition on Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco: Consultations with Officials from the Government of Morocco,’’ dated July 15, 2020. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:10 Jul 22, 2020 Jkt 250001 domestic industry. Section 702(c)(4)(A) of the Act provides that a petition meets this requirement if the domestic producers or workers who support the petition account for: (i) At least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product; and (ii) more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the petition. Moreover, section 702(c)(4)(D) of the Act provides that, if the petition does not establish support of domestic producers or workers accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the domestic like product, Commerce shall: (i) Poll the industry or rely on other information in order to determine if there is support for the petition, as required by subparagraph (A); or (ii) determine industry support using a statistically valid sampling method to poll the ‘‘industry.’’ Section 771(4)(A) of the Act defines the ‘‘industry’’ as the producers as a whole of a domestic like product. Thus, to determine whether a petition has the requisite industry support, the statute directs Commerce to look to producers and workers who produce the domestic like product. The International Trade Commission (ITC), which is responsible for determining whether ‘‘the domestic industry’’ has been injured, must also determine what constitutes a domestic like product in order to define the industry. While both Commerce and the ITC must apply the same statutory definition regarding the domestic like product,15 they do so for different purposes and pursuant to a separate and distinct authority. In addition, Commerce’s determination is subject to limitations of time and information. Although this may result in different definitions of the like product, such differences do not render the decision of either agency contrary to law.16 Section 771(10) of the Act defines the domestic like product as ‘‘a product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation under this title.’’ Thus, the reference point from which the domestic like product analysis begins is ‘‘the article subject to an investigation’’ (i.e., the class or kind of merchandise to be investigated, which normally will be the scope as defined in the petition). With regard to the domestic like product, the petitioner does not offer a section 771(10) of the Act. USEC, Inc. v. United States, 132 F. Supp. 2d 1, 8 (CIT 2001) (citing Algoma Steel Corp., Ltd. v. United States, 688 F. Supp. 639, 644 (CIT 1988), aff’d 865 F. 2d 240 (Fed. Cir. 1989)). PO 00000 15 See 16 See Frm 00008 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 definition of the domestic like product distinct from the scope of the investigations.17 Based on our analysis of the information submitted on the record, we have determined that phosphate fertilizers, as defined in the scope, constitute a single domestic like product, and we have analyzed industry support in terms of that domestic like product.18 In determining whether the petitioner had standing under section 702(c)(4)(A) of the Act, we considered the industry support data contained in the Petitions with reference to the domestic like product as defined in the ‘‘Scope of the Investigations,’’ in the appendix to this notice. To establish industry support, the petitioner provided its 2019 production of the domestic like product and compared it to the total 2019 production of the domestic like product, which includes its production data and estimates for that of the other domestic producers.19 The petitioner estimated the 2019 production of the domestic like product for all other producers based on production capacity data reported by the International Fertilizer Association (IFA) and production data reported by The Fertilizer Institute (TFI), supplemented with its own production estimates for certain products not included in the IFA or TFI data.20 We relied on data provided by the petitioner for purposes of measuring industry support.21 On July 10, 2020, we received comments on industry support from Koch Fertilizer, LLC (Koch Fertilizer), a wholesaler of phosphate fertilizers.22 On July 13, 2020, we received comments on industry support from International Raw Materials Ltd. (IRM), a U.S. importer of phosphate fertilizers.23 On July 14, 2020, we received comments on industry support from OCP S.A. (OCP), a producer/ 17 See Volume I of the Petitions at I–19–22. a discussion of the domestic like product analysis as applied to this case and information regarding industry support, see the country-specific CVD Initiation Checklists at Attachment II, Analysis of Industry Support for the Countervailing Duty Petitions Covering Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and Russia (Attachment II). 19 See Volume I of the Petitions at I–5–6 and Exhibits I–5–8; see also General Issues Supplement at 16–18 and Exhibits GEN–SUPP–QR–10–11. 20 Id.. 21 Id. For further discussion, see Attachment II of the country-specific CVD Initiation Checklists. 22 See Koch Fertilizer’s Letters, ‘‘Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and Russia: Entry of Appearance,’’ dated July 10, 2020, and ‘‘Phosphate Fertilizer from Morocco and Russia: {Comments on the} to Countervailing Duty Petition,’’ dated July 10, 2020. 23 See IRM’s Letter, ‘‘Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco—Request on Behalf of International Raw Materials Ltd. to Poll the Domestic Industry,’’ dated July 13, 2020. 18 For E:\FR\FM\23JYN1.SGM 23JYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 142 / Thursday, July 23, 2020 / Notices exporter of phosphate fertilizers in Morocco.24 The GOM commented on industry support in its July 14, 2020, consultations paper.25 On July 15, 2020, we received comments on industry support from American Plant Food, a wholesaler of phosphate fertilizers.26 The petitioner responded to the industry support comments on July 15, 2020.27 Our review of the data provided in the Petitions, the General Issues Supplement, the Petitioner’s Rebuttal, and other information readily available to Commerce indicates that the petitioner has established industry support for the Petitions.28 First, the Petitions established support from domestic producers (or workers) accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the domestic like product and, as such, Commerce is not required to take further action in order to evaluate industry support (e.g., polling).29 Second, the domestic producers (or workers) have met the statutory criteria for industry support under section 702(c)(4)(A)(i) of the Act because the domestic producers (or workers) who support the Petitions account for at least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product.30 Finally, the domestic producers (or workers) have met the statutory criteria for industry support under section 702(c)(4)(A)(ii) of the Act because the domestic producers (or workers) who support the Petitions account for more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the Petitions.31 Accordingly, Commerce determines that the Petitions were filed on behalf of the domestic industry within the meaning of section 702(b)(1) of the Act.32 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES 24 See OCP’s Letter, ‘‘Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and Russia: Pre-Initiation Comments on Industry Support,’’ dated July 14, 2020. 25 See GOM’s Letter, ‘‘Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco: Submission of Consultations Paper,’’ dated July 14, 2020. 26 See American Plant Food’s Letter, ‘‘Phosphate Fertilizer from Morocco and Russia—Opposition to the Countervailing Duty Petition,’’ dated July 15, 2020. 27 See Petitioner’s Letter, ‘‘: Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco: Response to Submissions Concerning Industry Support,’’ dated July 15, 2020 (Petitioner’s Rebuttal). 28 See Attachment II of the country-specific CVD Initiation Checklists. 29 Id.; see also section 702(c)(4)(D) of the Act. 30 See Attachment II of the country-specific CVD Initiation Checklists. 31 Id. 32 Id. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:10 Jul 22, 2020 Jkt 250001 Injury Test Because Morocco and Russia are ‘‘Subsidies Agreement Countries’’ within the meaning of section 701(b) of the Act, section 701(a)(2) of the Act applies to these investigations. Accordingly, the ITC must determine whether imports of the subject merchandise from Morocco and/or Russia materially injure, or threaten material injury to, a U.S. industry. Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation The petitioner alleges that imports of the subject merchandise are benefitting from countervailable subsidies and that such imports are causing, or threaten to cause, material injury to the U.S. industry producing the domestic like product. In addition, the petitioner alleges that subject imports exceed the negligibility threshold provided for under section 771(24) of the Act.33 The petitioner demonstrates that subject imports from Russia exceed the negligibility threshold of three percent under section 771(24)(A) of the Act.34 In CVD petitions, section 771(24)(B) of the Act provides that imports of subject merchandise from developing and leastdeveloped countries must exceed the negligibility threshold of four percent. The petitioner also demonstrates that subject imports from Morocco, which has been designated as a developing country under section 771(36)(A) of the Act,35 exceed the negligibility threshold of four percent.36 The petitioner contends that the industry’s injured condition is illustrated by a significant and increasing volume of subject imports; reduced market share; underselling and price depression and suppression; lost sales and revenues; underutilized capacity and declines in the domestic industry’s production and shipments due to idling and closures of production facilities; decline in profitability; declines in employment and wages; and adverse impact on investments in production operations.37 We have assessed the allegations and supporting evidence regarding material injury, threat of material injury, causation, as well as cumulation, and we have determined that these allegations are 33 See Volume I of the Petitions at I–25 and Exhibit I–25. 34 Id. 35 See Designations of Developing and LeastDeveloped Countries under the Countervailing Duty Law, 85 FR 7613, 7615–7616 (February 10, 2020). 36 See Volume I of the Petitions at I–25 and Exhibit I–25. 37 Id. at I–1 through I–3, I–18, I–19, I–24 through I–56 and Exhibits I–1, I–2, I–3, I–21 and I–26 through I–69. PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 44507 properly supported by adequate evidence, and meet the statutory requirements for initiation.38 Initiation of CVD Investigations Based upon the examination of the Petitions on phosphate fertilizers from Morocco and Russia, we find that the Petitions meet the requirements of section 702 of the Act. Therefore, we are initiating CVD investigations to determine whether imports of phosphate fertilizers from Morocco and Russia benefit from countervailable subsidies conferred by the GOM and the GOR, respectively. In accordance with section 703(b)(1) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.205(b)(1), unless postponed, we will make our preliminary determination no later than 65 days after the date of this initiation. Morocco Based on our review of the Petitions, we find that there is sufficient information to initiate a CVD investigation on all eight alleged programs and a creditworthiness allegation with regard to OCP Group. For a full discussion of the basis for our decision to initiate on each program, see Morocco Initiation Checklist. A public version of the initiation checklist for this investigation is available on ACCESS. Russia Based on our review of the Petitions, we find that there is sufficient information to initiate a CVD investigation on all eight alleged programs. For a full discussion of the basis for our decision to initiate on each program, see Russia Initiation Checklist. A public version of the initiation checklist for this investigation is available on ACCESS. Respondent Selection The petitioner named one company in Morocco and four companies in Russia as producers/exporters of phosphate fertilizers.39 Commerce intends to follow its standard practice in CVD investigations and calculate companyspecific subsidy rates in these investigations. With respect to Russia, in the event Commerce determines that the number of companies is large and it cannot individually examine each company 38 See country-specific CVD Initiation Checklists, at Attachment III, Analysis of Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation for the Countervailing Duty Petitions Covering Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and Russia (Attachment III). 39 See Volume I of the Petitions at Exhibit I–19; see also Russia Supplement at 1–2. E:\FR\FM\23JYN1.SGM 23JYN1 jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES 44508 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 142 / Thursday, July 23, 2020 / Notices based upon Commerce’s resources, Commerce intends to select respondents based on U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) data for U.S. imports of phosphate fertilizers from Russia during the POI under the appropriate Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States numbers listed in the ‘‘Scope of the Investigation,’’ in the appendix. On July 2, 2020, Commerce released CBP data for U.S. imports of phosphate fertilizers from Russia under Administrative Protective Order (APO) to all parties with access to information protected by APO and indicated that interested parties wishing to comment regarding the CBP data and respondent selection must do so within three business days of the publication date of the notice of initiation of this CVD investigation.40 Commerce will not accept rebuttal comments regarding the CBP data or respondent selection. Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305(b). Instructions for filing such applications may be found on the Commerce’s website at http://enforcement.trade.gov/ apo. With respect to Morocco, although Commerce normally relies on import data from CBP to determine whether to select a limited number of producers/ exporters for individual examination in CVD investigations, the petitioner identified only one company as a producer/exporter of phosphate fertilizers in Morocco, OCP Group, and provided information from independent sources as support.41 Furthermore, we currently know of no additional producers/exporters of phosphate fertilizers from Morocco. Accordingly, Commerce intends to examine the only known producer/exporter in the Morocco investigation (i.e., OCP Group). Interested parties wishing to comment on respondent selection for the Morocco investigation must do so within three business days of the publication date of this notice of initiation. Comments must be filed electronically using ACCESS. An electronically filed document must be received successfully, in its entirety, by ACCESS no later than 5:00 p.m. on the date noted above, unless an exception applies. Commerce intends to finalize its decision regarding respondent selection within 20 days of the publication of this notice. Distribution of Copies of the Petitions In accordance with section 702(b)(4)(A) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.202(f), a copy of the public version of the Petitions has been provided to the GOM and GOR via ACCESS. Furthermore, to the extent practicable, Commerce will attempt to provide a copy of the public version of the Petitions to each exporter named in the Petitions, as provided under 19 CFR 351.203(c)(2). ITC Notification Commerce will notify the ITC of its initiation, as required by section 702(d) of the Act. Preliminary Determination by the ITC The ITC will preliminarily determine, within 45 days after the date on which the Petitions were filed, whether there is a reasonable indication that imports of phosphate fertilizers from Morocco and Russia are materially injuring or threatening material injury to a U.S. industry.42 A negative ITC determination for any country will result in the investigation being terminated with respect to that country.43 Otherwise, the investigations will proceed according to statutory and regulatory time limits. Submission of Factual Information Factual information is defined in 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) as: (i) Evidence submitted in response to questionnaires; (ii) evidence submitted in support of allegations; (iii) publicly available information to value factors under 19 CFR 351.408(c) or to measure the adequacy of remuneration under 19 CFR 351.511(a)(2); (iv) evidence placed on the record by Commerce; and (v) evidence other than factual information described in (i)–(iv). Any party, when submitting factual information, must specify under which subsection of 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) the information is being submitted 44 and, if the information is submitted to rebut, clarify, or correct factual information already on the record, to provide an explanation identifying the information already on the record that the factual information seeks to rebut, clarify, or correct.45 Time limits for the submission of factual information are addressed in 19 CFR 351.301, which provides specific time limits based on the type of factual information being submitted. Parties wishing to submit factual information in these 40 See Memorandum, ‘‘Countervailing Duty Petition on Phosphate Fertilizers from Russia: Release of Customs Data from U.S. Customs and Border Protection,’’ dated July 2, 2020. 41 See Volume II of the Petitions at II–1. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:10 Jul 22, 2020 Jkt 250001 42 See section 703(a) of the Act. 43 Id. 44 See 45 See PO 00000 19 CFR 351.301(b). 19 CFR 351.301(b)(2). Frm 00010 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 investigations are asked to review the regulations prior to submitting factual information in these investigations. Extensions of Time Limits Parties may request an extension of time limits before the expiration of a time limit established under 19 CFR 351.301, or as otherwise specified by Commerce. In general, an extension request will be considered untimely if it is filed after the expiration of the time limit established under 19 CFR 351.301. For submissions that are due from multiple parties simultaneously, an extension request will be considered untimely if it is filed after 10:00 a.m. ET on the due date. Under certain circumstances, Commerce may elect to specify a different time limit by which extension requests will be considered untimely for submissions which are due from multiple parties simultaneously. In such a case, Commerce will inform parties in a letter or memorandum of the deadline (including a specified time) by which extension requests must be filed to be considered timely. An extension request must be made in a separate, standalone submission; under limited circumstances Commerce will grant untimely-filed requests for the extension of time limits. Parties should review Extension of Time Limits; Final Rule, 78 FR 57790 (September 20, 2013), available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/ pkg/FR-2013-09-20/html/201322853.htm, prior to submitting extension requests or factual information in these investigations. Certification Requirements Any party submitting factual information in an antidumping duty or CVD proceeding must certify to the accuracy and completeness of that information.46 Parties must use the certification formats provided in 19 CFR 351.303(g).47 Commerce intends to reject factual submissions if the submitting party does not comply with the applicable certification requirements. Notification to Interested Parties Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305. Instructions for filing such applications may be found on the Commerce website at http://enforcement.trade.gov/apo. 46 See section 782(b) of the Act. Certification of Factual Information to Import Administration During Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings, 78 FR 42678 (July 17, 2013) (Final Rule); see also frequently asked questions regarding the Final Rule, available at http://enforcement.trade.gov/tlei/notices/factual_ info_final_rule_FAQ_07172013.pdf. 47 See E:\FR\FM\23JYN1.SGM 23JYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 142 / Thursday, July 23, 2020 / Notices Parties wishing to participate in these investigations should ensure that they meet the requirements of 19 CFR 351.103(d) (e.g., by filing a letter of appearance). Note that Commerce has temporarily modified certain of its requirements for serving documents containing business proprietary information until further notice.48 This notice is issued and published pursuant to sections 702 and 777(i) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.203(c). Dated: July 16, 2020. Joseph A. Laroski Jr., Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy and Negotiations. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES Appendix Scope of the Investigations The merchandise covered by these investigations is phosphate fertilizers in all physical forms (i.e., solid or liquid form), with or without coating or additives such as anti-caking agents. Phosphate fertilizers in solid form are covered whether granular, prilled (i.e., pelletized), or in other solid form (e.g., powdered). The covered merchandise includes phosphate fertilizers in the following forms: Ammonium dihydrogenorthophosphate or monoammonium phosphate (MAP), chemical formula NH4H2PO4; diammonium hydrogenorthophosphate or diammonium phosphate (DAP), chemical formula (NH4)2HPO4; normal superphosphate (NSP), also known as ordinary superphosphate or single superphosphate, chemical formula Ca(H2PO4)2–CaSO4; concentrated superphosphate, also known as double, treble, or triple superphosphate (TSP), chemical formula Ca(H2PO4)2–H2O; and proprietary formulations of MAP, DAP, NSP, and TSP. The covered merchandise also includes other fertilizer formulations incorporating phosphorous and non-phosphorous plant nutrient components, whether chemicallybonded, granulated (e.g., when multiple components are incorporated into granules through, e.g., a slurry process), or compounded (e.g., when multiple components are compacted together under high pressure), including nitrogen, phosphate, sulfur (NPS) fertilizers, nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium (NPK) fertilizers, nitric phosphate (also known as nitrophosphate) fertilizers, ammoniated superphosphate fertilizers, and proprietary formulations thereof that may or may not include other nonphosphorous plant nutrient components. For phosphate fertilizers that contain non-phosphorous plant nutrient components, such as nitrogen, potassium, sulfur, zinc, or other non-phosphorous components, the entire article is covered, including the non-phosphorous content, provided that the phosphorous content (measured by available diphosphorous pentaoxide, chemical formula P2O5) is at least 5% by actual weight. 48 See Temporary Rule Modifying AD/CVD Service Requirements Due to COVID–19; Extension of Effective Period, 85 FR 41363 (July 10, 2020). VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:10 Jul 22, 2020 Jkt 250001 Phosphate fertilizers that are otherwise subject to these investigations are included when commingled (i.e., mixed or blended) with phosphate fertilizers from sources not subject to these investigations. Phosphate fertilizers that are otherwise subject to these investigations are included when commingled with substances other than phosphate fertilizers subject to these investigations (e.g., granules containing only non-phosphate fertilizers such as potash or urea). Only the subject component of such commingled products is covered by the scope of these investigations. The following products are specifically excluded from the scope of these investigations: (1) ABC dry chemical powder preparations for fire extinguishers containing MAP or DAP in powdered form; (2) industrial or technical grade MAP in white crystalline form with available P2O5 content of at least 60% by actual weight; (3) industrial or technical grade diammonium phosphate in white crystalline form with available P2O5 content of at least 50% by actual weight; (4) liquid ammonium polyphosphate fertilizers; (5) dicalcium phosphate, chemical formula CaHPO4; (6) monocalcium phosphate, chemical formula CaH4P2O8; (7) trisodium phosphate, chemical formula Na3PO4; (8) sodium tripolyphosphate, chemical formula Na5P3O10; (9) prepared baking powders containing sodium bicarbonate and any form of phosphate; (10) animal or vegetable fertilizers not containing phosphate fertilizers otherwise covered by the scope of these investigations; (11) phosphoric acid, chemical formula H3PO4. The Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) numbers for covered phosphate fertilizers include, but are not limited to: 7722–76–1 (MAP); 7783–28–0 (DAP); and 65996–95–4 (TSP). The covered products may also be identified by Nitrogen-Phosphate-Potash composition, including but not limited to: NP 11–52–0 (MAP); NP 18–46–0 (DAP); and NP 0–46–0 (TSP). The covered merchandise is currently classified in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) at subheadings 3103.11.0000; 3103.19.0000; 3105.20.0000; 3105.30.0000; 3105.40.0010; 3105.40.0050; 3105.51.0000; and 3105.59.0000. Phosphate fertilizers subject to these investigations may also enter under subheadings 3103.90.0010, 3105.10.0000, 3105.60.0000, 3105.90.0010, and 3105.90.0050. Although the HTSUS subheadings and CAS registry numbers are provided for convenience and customs purposes, the written description of the scope is dispositive. [FR Doc. 2020–15956 Filed 7–22–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–P PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4703 44509 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A–489–501] Circular Welded Carbon Steel Standard Pipe and Tube Products From Turkey: Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review and Preliminary Determination of No Shipments; 2018–2019 Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce (Commerce) preliminarily determines that producers and/or exporters subject to this administrative review made sales of subject merchandise at less than normal value. Interested parties are invited to comment on these preliminary results. DATES: Applicable July 24, 2020. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Magd Zalok or Robert Bolling, AD/CVD Operations, Office IV, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482–4162 or (202) 482–3434, respectively. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: AGENCY: Background Commerce is conducting an administrative review of the antidumping duty order on welded carbon steel standard pipe and tube products (welded pipe and tube) from Turkey. The period of review (POR) is May 1, 2018 through April 30, 2019. Commerce published the notice of initiation of this administrative review on July 15, 2019.1 The preliminary results are listed below in the section titled ‘‘Preliminary Results of Review.’’ This review covers the following companies: Borusan Mannesmann Boru Sanayi ve Ticaret A.S. (Borusan Mannesmann) and Borusan Istikbal Ticaret T.A.S. (Borusan Istikbal) (collectively, Borusan); 2 Toscelik Profil 1 See Initiation of Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Administrative Reviews, 84 FR 33739 (July 15, 2019). 2 In prior segments of this proceeding, we treated Borusan Mannesmann Boru Sanayi ve Ticaret A.S. and Borusan Istikbal Ticaret T.A.S. as a single entity. See, e.g., Welded Carbon Steel Standard Pipe and Tube Products from Turkey: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review and Final Determination of No Shipments; 2013–2014, 80 FR 76674, 76674 n.2 (December 10, 2015). We preliminarily determine that there is no evidence on the record for altering our treatment of Borusan Mannesmann Boru Sanayi ve Ticaret A.S. and Borusan Istikbal Ticaret T.A.S., as a single entity. Continued Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\23JYN1.SGM 23JYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 142 (Thursday, July 23, 2020)]
[Notices]
[Pages 44505-44509]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-15956]


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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

International Trade Administration

[C-714-001, C-821-825]


Phosphate Fertilizers From the Kingdom of Morocco and the Russian 
Federation: Initiation of Countervailing Duty Investigations

AGENCY: Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, 
Department of Commerce.

DATES: Applicable July 16, 2020.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert Palmer (Morocco) or George 
Ayache (Russia), AD/CVD Operations, Office VIII, Enforcement and 
Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of 
Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: 
(202) 482-9068 or (202) 482-2623, respectively.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

The Petitions

    On June 26, 2020, the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) 
received countervailing duty (CVD) petitions concerning imports of 
phosphate fertilizers from the Kingdom of Morocco (Morocco) and the 
Russian Federation (Russia), filed in proper form on behalf of The 
Mosaic Company (the petitioner), a domestic producer of phosphate 
fertilizers.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ See Petitioner's Letter, ``Petitions for the Imposition of 
Countervailing Duties: Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and 
Russia,'' dated June 26, 2020 (the Petitions).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Between June 30 and July 1, 2020, Commerce requested supplemental 
information pertaining to certain aspects of the Petitions.\2\ The 
petitioner filed responses to these requests between July 2 and 6, 
2020.\3\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ See Commerce's Letter, ``Petitions for the Imposition of 
Countervailing Duties on Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and 
Russia: Supplemental Questions,'' dated July 1, 2020 (General Issues 
Questionnaire); Commerce's Letter, ``Petition for the Imposition of 
Countervailing Duties on Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco: 
Supplemental Questions,'' dated June 30, 2020; and Commerce's 
Letter, ``Petition for the Imposition of Countervailing Duties on 
Phosphate Fertilizers from Russia: Supplemental Questions,'' dated 
June 30, 2020.
    \3\ See Petitioner's Letter, ``Phosphate Fertilizers from 
Morocco: Response to the Department's Supplemental Questions 
Concerning the Petition for the Imposition of Countervailing Duties 
on Imports of Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco,'' dated July 2, 
2020 (Morocco Supplement); Petitioner's Letter, ``Phosphate 
Fertilizers from Russia: Response to the Department's Supplemental 
Questions Concerning the Petition for the Imposition of 
Countervailing Duties on Imports of Phosphate Fertilizers from 
Russia,'' dated July 2, 2020 (Russia Supplement); and Petitioner's 
Letter, ``Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and Russia: Response to 
the Department's Supplemental Questions on General Issues Concerning 
the Petitions for the Imposition of Countervailing Duties on Imports 
of Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and Russia,'' dated July 6, 
2020 (General Issues Supplement).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In accordance with section 702(b)(1) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as 
amended (the Act), the petitioner alleges that the Government of 
Morocco (GOM) and the Government of Russia (GOR) are providing 
countervailable subsidies, within the meaning of sections 701 and 
771(5) of the Act, to producers of phosphate fertilizers in Morocco and 
Russia, and that such imports are materially injuring, or threatening 
material injury to, the domestic industry producing phosphate 
fertilizers in the United States. Consistent with section 702(b)(1) of 
the Act and 19 CFR 351.202(b), for those alleged programs on which we 
are initiating a CVD investigation, the Petitions were accompanied by 
information reasonably available to the petitioner supporting its 
allegations.
    Commerce finds that the petitioner filed the Petitions on behalf of 
the domestic industry because the petitioner is an interested party, as 
defined in section 771(9)(C) of the Act. Commerce also finds that the 
petitioner demonstrated sufficient industry support with respect to the 
initiation of the requested CVD investigations.\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ See ``Determination of Industry Support for the Petitions'' 
section, infra.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Period of Investigation

    Because the Petitions were filed on June 26, 2020, the period of 
investigation (POI) is January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019.\5\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ See 19 CFR 351.204(b)(2).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Scope of the Investigations

    The merchandise covered by these investigations are phosphate 
fertilizers from Morocco and Russia. For a full description of the 
scope of these investigations, see the Appendix to this notice.

Comments on Scope of the Investigations

    On July 1, 2020, Commerce requested further information from the 
petitioner regarding the proposed scope to ensure that the scope 
language in the Petitions is an accurate reflection of the products for 
which the domestic industry is seeking relief.\6\ On July 6, 2020, the 
petitioner revised the scope.\7\ The description of the merchandise 
covered by these investigations, as described in the appendix to this 
notice, reflects these clarifications.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ See General Issues Questionnaire.
    \7\ See General Issues Supplement at 11-13.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As discussed in the Preamble to Commerce's regulations, we are 
setting aside a period for interested parties to raise issues regarding 
product coverage (i.e., scope).\8\ Commerce will consider all comments 
received from interested parties and, if necessary, will consult with 
interested parties prior to the issuance of the preliminary 
determinations. If scope comments include factual information,\9\ all 
such factual information should be limited to public information. To 
facilitate preparation of its questionnaires, Commerce requests that 
all interested parties submit scope comments by 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time 
(ET) on August 5, 2020, which is 20 calendar days from the signature 
date of this notice. Any rebuttal comments, which may include factual 
information, must be filed by 5:00 p.m. ET on August 17, 2020, which is 
the next business day \10\ after 10

[[Page 44506]]

calendar days from the initial comment deadline.\11\
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    \8\ See Countervailing Duties, 62 FR 27323 (May 19, 1997) 
(Preamble).
    \9\ See 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) (defining ``factual 
information'').
    \10\ In this case, 10 days after the initial comment deadline 
falls on August 15, 2020, a Saturday. Where a deadline falls on a 
weekend or federal holiday, the appropriate deadline is the next 
business day. See Notice of Clarification: Application of ``Next 
Business Day'' Rule for Administrative Determination Deadlines 
Pursuant to the Tariff Act of 1930, As Amended, 70 FR 24533 (May 10, 
2005).
    \11\ See 19 CFR 351.303(b).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Commerce requests that any factual information the parties consider 
relevant to the scope of the investigations be submitted during this 
time period. However, if a party subsequently finds that additional 
factual information pertaining to the scope of the investigations may 
be relevant, the party may contact Commerce and request permission to 
submit the additional information. All such comments must be filed on 
the record of the concurrent CVD investigations.

Filing Requirements

    All submissions to Commerce must be filed electronically using 
Enforcement and Compliance's Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty 
Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS), unless an exception 
applies.\12\ An electronically filed document must be received 
successfully in its entirety by the time and date it is due.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ See Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings: 
Electronic Filing Procedures; Administrative Protective Order 
Procedures, 76 FR 39263 (July 6, 2011); see also Enforcement and 
Compliance; Change of Electronic Filing System Name, 79 FR 69046 
(November 20, 2014) for details of Commerce's electronic filing 
requirements, effective August 5, 2011. Information on using ACCESS 
can be found at https://access.trade.gov/help.aspx and a handbook 
can be found at https://access.trade.gov/help/Handbook%20on%20Electronic%20Filling%20Procedures.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Consultations

    Pursuant to sections 702(b)(4)(A)(i) and (ii) of the Act, Commerce 
notified the GOM and the GOR of the receipt of the Petitions and 
provided it the opportunity for consultations with respect to the 
Petitions.\13\ Commerce held consultations with the GOR and the GOM on 
July 10 and 13, 2020, respectively.\14\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \13\ See Commerce's Letter, ``Countervailing Duty Petition on 
Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco: Invitation for Consultations,'' 
dated June 26, 2020; and Commerce's Letter, ``Countervailing Duty 
Petition on Phosphate Fertilizers from Russia: Invitation for 
Consultations,'' dated June 26, 2020.
    \14\ See Memoranda, ``Countervailing Duty Petition on Phosphate 
Fertilizers from the Russian Federation (Russia): Consultations with 
Officials from the Government of Russia,'' dated July 13, 2020; and 
``Countervailing Duty Petition on Phosphate Fertilizers from 
Morocco: Consultations with Officials from the Government of 
Morocco,'' dated July 15, 2020.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Determination of Industry Support for the Petitions

    Section 702(b)(1) of the Act requires that a petition be filed on 
behalf of the domestic industry. Section 702(c)(4)(A) of the Act 
provides that a petition meets this requirement if the domestic 
producers or workers who support the petition account for: (i) At least 
25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product; and 
(ii) more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like 
product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support 
for, or opposition to, the petition. Moreover, section 702(c)(4)(D) of 
the Act provides that, if the petition does not establish support of 
domestic producers or workers accounting for more than 50 percent of 
the total production of the domestic like product, Commerce shall: (i) 
Poll the industry or rely on other information in order to determine if 
there is support for the petition, as required by subparagraph (A); or 
(ii) determine industry support using a statistically valid sampling 
method to poll the ``industry.''
    Section 771(4)(A) of the Act defines the ``industry'' as the 
producers as a whole of a domestic like product. Thus, to determine 
whether a petition has the requisite industry support, the statute 
directs Commerce to look to producers and workers who produce the 
domestic like product. The International Trade Commission (ITC), which 
is responsible for determining whether ``the domestic industry'' has 
been injured, must also determine what constitutes a domestic like 
product in order to define the industry. While both Commerce and the 
ITC must apply the same statutory definition regarding the domestic 
like product,\15\ they do so for different purposes and pursuant to a 
separate and distinct authority. In addition, Commerce's determination 
is subject to limitations of time and information. Although this may 
result in different definitions of the like product, such differences 
do not render the decision of either agency contrary to law.\16\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \15\ See section 771(10) of the Act.
    \16\ See USEC, Inc. v. United States, 132 F. Supp. 2d 1, 8 (CIT 
2001) (citing Algoma Steel Corp., Ltd. v. United States, 688 F. 
Supp. 639, 644 (CIT 1988), aff'd 865 F. 2d 240 (Fed. Cir. 1989)).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Section 771(10) of the Act defines the domestic like product as ``a 
product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in 
characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation 
under this title.'' Thus, the reference point from which the domestic 
like product analysis begins is ``the article subject to an 
investigation'' (i.e., the class or kind of merchandise to be 
investigated, which normally will be the scope as defined in the 
petition).
    With regard to the domestic like product, the petitioner does not 
offer a definition of the domestic like product distinct from the scope 
of the investigations.\17\ Based on our analysis of the information 
submitted on the record, we have determined that phosphate fertilizers, 
as defined in the scope, constitute a single domestic like product, and 
we have analyzed industry support in terms of that domestic like 
product.\18\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \17\ See Volume I of the Petitions at I-19-22.
    \18\ For a discussion of the domestic like product analysis as 
applied to this case and information regarding industry support, see 
the country-specific CVD Initiation Checklists at Attachment II, 
Analysis of Industry Support for the Countervailing Duty Petitions 
Covering Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and Russia (Attachment 
II).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In determining whether the petitioner had standing under section 
702(c)(4)(A) of the Act, we considered the industry support data 
contained in the Petitions with reference to the domestic like product 
as defined in the ``Scope of the Investigations,'' in the appendix to 
this notice. To establish industry support, the petitioner provided its 
2019 production of the domestic like product and compared it to the 
total 2019 production of the domestic like product, which includes its 
production data and estimates for that of the other domestic 
producers.\19\ The petitioner estimated the 2019 production of the 
domestic like product for all other producers based on production 
capacity data reported by the International Fertilizer Association 
(IFA) and production data reported by The Fertilizer Institute (TFI), 
supplemented with its own production estimates for certain products not 
included in the IFA or TFI data.\20\ We relied on data provided by the 
petitioner for purposes of measuring industry support.\21\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \19\ See Volume I of the Petitions at I-5-6 and Exhibits I-5-8; 
see also General Issues Supplement at 16-18 and Exhibits GEN-SUPP-
QR-10-11.
    \20\ Id..
    \21\ Id. For further discussion, see Attachment II of the 
country-specific CVD Initiation Checklists.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    On July 10, 2020, we received comments on industry support from 
Koch Fertilizer, LLC (Koch Fertilizer), a wholesaler of phosphate 
fertilizers.\22\ On July 13, 2020, we received comments on industry 
support from International Raw Materials Ltd. (IRM), a U.S. importer of 
phosphate fertilizers.\23\ On July 14, 2020, we received comments on 
industry support from OCP S.A. (OCP), a producer/

[[Page 44507]]

exporter of phosphate fertilizers in Morocco.\24\ The GOM commented on 
industry support in its July 14, 2020, consultations paper.\25\ On July 
15, 2020, we received comments on industry support from American Plant 
Food, a wholesaler of phosphate fertilizers.\26\ The petitioner 
responded to the industry support comments on July 15, 2020.\27\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \22\ See Koch Fertilizer's Letters, ``Phosphate Fertilizers from 
Morocco and Russia: Entry of Appearance,'' dated July 10, 2020, and 
``Phosphate Fertilizer from Morocco and Russia: {Comments on 
the{time}  to Countervailing Duty Petition,'' dated July 10, 2020.
    \23\ See IRM's Letter, ``Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco--
Request on Behalf of International Raw Materials Ltd. to Poll the 
Domestic Industry,'' dated July 13, 2020.
    \24\ See OCP's Letter, ``Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and 
Russia: Pre-Initiation Comments on Industry Support,'' dated July 
14, 2020.
    \25\ See GOM's Letter, ``Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco: 
Submission of Consultations Paper,'' dated July 14, 2020.
    \26\ See American Plant Food's Letter, ``Phosphate Fertilizer 
from Morocco and Russia--Opposition to the Countervailing Duty 
Petition,'' dated July 15, 2020.
    \27\ See Petitioner's Letter, ``: Phosphate Fertilizers from 
Morocco: Response to Submissions Concerning Industry Support,'' 
dated July 15, 2020 (Petitioner's Rebuttal).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Our review of the data provided in the Petitions, the General 
Issues Supplement, the Petitioner's Rebuttal, and other information 
readily available to Commerce indicates that the petitioner has 
established industry support for the Petitions.\28\ First, the 
Petitions established support from domestic producers (or workers) 
accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the 
domestic like product and, as such, Commerce is not required to take 
further action in order to evaluate industry support (e.g., 
polling).\29\ Second, the domestic producers (or workers) have met the 
statutory criteria for industry support under section 702(c)(4)(A)(i) 
of the Act because the domestic producers (or workers) who support the 
Petitions account for at least 25 percent of the total production of 
the domestic like product.\30\ Finally, the domestic producers (or 
workers) have met the statutory criteria for industry support under 
section 702(c)(4)(A)(ii) of the Act because the domestic producers (or 
workers) who support the Petitions account for more than 50 percent of 
the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of 
the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the 
Petitions.\31\ Accordingly, Commerce determines that the Petitions were 
filed on behalf of the domestic industry within the meaning of section 
702(b)(1) of the Act.\32\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \28\ See Attachment II of the country-specific CVD Initiation 
Checklists.
    \29\ Id.; see also section 702(c)(4)(D) of the Act.
    \30\ See Attachment II of the country-specific CVD Initiation 
Checklists.
    \31\ Id.
    \32\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Injury Test

    Because Morocco and Russia are ``Subsidies Agreement Countries'' 
within the meaning of section 701(b) of the Act, section 701(a)(2) of 
the Act applies to these investigations. Accordingly, the ITC must 
determine whether imports of the subject merchandise from Morocco and/
or Russia materially injure, or threaten material injury to, a U.S. 
industry.

Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation

    The petitioner alleges that imports of the subject merchandise are 
benefitting from countervailable subsidies and that such imports are 
causing, or threaten to cause, material injury to the U.S. industry 
producing the domestic like product. In addition, the petitioner 
alleges that subject imports exceed the negligibility threshold 
provided for under section 771(24) of the Act.\33\ The petitioner 
demonstrates that subject imports from Russia exceed the negligibility 
threshold of three percent under section 771(24)(A) of the Act.\34\ In 
CVD petitions, section 771(24)(B) of the Act provides that imports of 
subject merchandise from developing and least-developed countries must 
exceed the negligibility threshold of four percent. The petitioner also 
demonstrates that subject imports from Morocco, which has been 
designated as a developing country under section 771(36)(A) of the 
Act,\35\ exceed the negligibility threshold of four percent.\36\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \33\ See Volume I of the Petitions at I-25 and Exhibit I-25.
    \34\ Id.
    \35\ See Designations of Developing and Least-Developed 
Countries under the Countervailing Duty Law, 85 FR 7613, 7615-7616 
(February 10, 2020).
    \36\ See Volume I of the Petitions at I-25 and Exhibit I-25.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The petitioner contends that the industry's injured condition is 
illustrated by a significant and increasing volume of subject imports; 
reduced market share; underselling and price depression and 
suppression; lost sales and revenues; underutilized capacity and 
declines in the domestic industry's production and shipments due to 
idling and closures of production facilities; decline in profitability; 
declines in employment and wages; and adverse impact on investments in 
production operations.\37\ We have assessed the allegations and 
supporting evidence regarding material injury, threat of material 
injury, causation, as well as cumulation, and we have determined that 
these allegations are properly supported by adequate evidence, and meet 
the statutory requirements for initiation.\38\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \37\ Id. at I-1 through I-3, I-18, I-19, I-24 through I-56 and 
Exhibits I-1, I-2, I-3, I-21 and I-26 through I-69.
    \38\ See country-specific CVD Initiation Checklists, at 
Attachment III, Analysis of Allegations and Evidence of Material 
Injury and Causation for the Countervailing Duty Petitions Covering 
Phosphate Fertilizers from Morocco and Russia (Attachment III).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Initiation of CVD Investigations

    Based upon the examination of the Petitions on phosphate 
fertilizers from Morocco and Russia, we find that the Petitions meet 
the requirements of section 702 of the Act. Therefore, we are 
initiating CVD investigations to determine whether imports of phosphate 
fertilizers from Morocco and Russia benefit from countervailable 
subsidies conferred by the GOM and the GOR, respectively. In accordance 
with section 703(b)(1) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.205(b)(1), unless 
postponed, we will make our preliminary determination no later than 65 
days after the date of this initiation.

Morocco

    Based on our review of the Petitions, we find that there is 
sufficient information to initiate a CVD investigation on all eight 
alleged programs and a creditworthiness allegation with regard to OCP 
Group. For a full discussion of the basis for our decision to initiate 
on each program, see Morocco Initiation Checklist. A public version of 
the initiation checklist for this investigation is available on ACCESS.

Russia

    Based on our review of the Petitions, we find that there is 
sufficient information to initiate a CVD investigation on all eight 
alleged programs. For a full discussion of the basis for our decision 
to initiate on each program, see Russia Initiation Checklist. A public 
version of the initiation checklist for this investigation is available 
on ACCESS.

Respondent Selection

    The petitioner named one company in Morocco and four companies in 
Russia as producers/exporters of phosphate fertilizers.\39\ Commerce 
intends to follow its standard practice in CVD investigations and 
calculate company-specific subsidy rates in these investigations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \39\ See Volume I of the Petitions at Exhibit I-19; see also 
Russia Supplement at 1-2.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    With respect to Russia, in the event Commerce determines that the 
number of companies is large and it cannot individually examine each 
company

[[Page 44508]]

based upon Commerce's resources, Commerce intends to select respondents 
based on U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) data for U.S. imports 
of phosphate fertilizers from Russia during the POI under the 
appropriate Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States numbers 
listed in the ``Scope of the Investigation,'' in the appendix.
    On July 2, 2020, Commerce released CBP data for U.S. imports of 
phosphate fertilizers from Russia under Administrative Protective Order 
(APO) to all parties with access to information protected by APO and 
indicated that interested parties wishing to comment regarding the CBP 
data and respondent selection must do so within three business days of 
the publication date of the notice of initiation of this CVD 
investigation.\40\ Commerce will not accept rebuttal comments regarding 
the CBP data or respondent selection. Interested parties must submit 
applications for disclosure under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 
351.305(b). Instructions for filing such applications may be found on 
the Commerce's website at http://enforcement.trade.gov/apo.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \40\ See Memorandum, ``Countervailing Duty Petition on Phosphate 
Fertilizers from Russia: Release of Customs Data from U.S. Customs 
and Border Protection,'' dated July 2, 2020.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    With respect to Morocco, although Commerce normally relies on 
import data from CBP to determine whether to select a limited number of 
producers/exporters for individual examination in CVD investigations, 
the petitioner identified only one company as a producer/exporter of 
phosphate fertilizers in Morocco, OCP Group, and provided information 
from independent sources as support.\41\ Furthermore, we currently know 
of no additional producers/exporters of phosphate fertilizers from 
Morocco. Accordingly, Commerce intends to examine the only known 
producer/exporter in the Morocco investigation (i.e., OCP Group). 
Interested parties wishing to comment on respondent selection for the 
Morocco investigation must do so within three business days of the 
publication date of this notice of initiation.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \41\ See Volume II of the Petitions at II-1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Comments must be filed electronically using ACCESS. An 
electronically filed document must be received successfully, in its 
entirety, by ACCESS no later than 5:00 p.m. on the date noted above, 
unless an exception applies. Commerce intends to finalize its decision 
regarding respondent selection within 20 days of the publication of 
this notice.

Distribution of Copies of the Petitions

    In accordance with section 702(b)(4)(A) of the Act and 19 CFR 
351.202(f), a copy of the public version of the Petitions has been 
provided to the GOM and GOR via ACCESS.
    Furthermore, to the extent practicable, Commerce will attempt to 
provide a copy of the public version of the Petitions to each exporter 
named in the Petitions, as provided under 19 CFR 351.203(c)(2).

ITC Notification

    Commerce will notify the ITC of its initiation, as required by 
section 702(d) of the Act.

Preliminary Determination by the ITC

    The ITC will preliminarily determine, within 45 days after the date 
on which the Petitions were filed, whether there is a reasonable 
indication that imports of phosphate fertilizers from Morocco and 
Russia are materially injuring or threatening material injury to a U.S. 
industry.\42\ A negative ITC determination for any country will result 
in the investigation being terminated with respect to that country.\43\ 
Otherwise, the investigations will proceed according to statutory and 
regulatory time limits.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \42\ See section 703(a) of the Act.
    \43\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Submission of Factual Information

    Factual information is defined in 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) as: (i) 
Evidence submitted in response to questionnaires; (ii) evidence 
submitted in support of allegations; (iii) publicly available 
information to value factors under 19 CFR 351.408(c) or to measure the 
adequacy of remuneration under 19 CFR 351.511(a)(2); (iv) evidence 
placed on the record by Commerce; and (v) evidence other than factual 
information described in (i)-(iv). Any party, when submitting factual 
information, must specify under which subsection of 19 CFR 
351.102(b)(21) the information is being submitted \44\ and, if the 
information is submitted to rebut, clarify, or correct factual 
information already on the record, to provide an explanation 
identifying the information already on the record that the factual 
information seeks to rebut, clarify, or correct.\45\ Time limits for 
the submission of factual information are addressed in 19 CFR 351.301, 
which provides specific time limits based on the type of factual 
information being submitted. Parties wishing to submit factual 
information in these investigations are asked to review the regulations 
prior to submitting factual information in these investigations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \44\ See 19 CFR 351.301(b).
    \45\ See 19 CFR 351.301(b)(2).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Extensions of Time Limits

    Parties may request an extension of time limits before the 
expiration of a time limit established under 19 CFR 351.301, or as 
otherwise specified by Commerce. In general, an extension request will 
be considered untimely if it is filed after the expiration of the time 
limit established under 19 CFR 351.301. For submissions that are due 
from multiple parties simultaneously, an extension request will be 
considered untimely if it is filed after 10:00 a.m. ET on the due date. 
Under certain circumstances, Commerce may elect to specify a different 
time limit by which extension requests will be considered untimely for 
submissions which are due from multiple parties simultaneously. In such 
a case, Commerce will inform parties in a letter or memorandum of the 
deadline (including a specified time) by which extension requests must 
be filed to be considered timely. An extension request must be made in 
a separate, standalone submission; under limited circumstances Commerce 
will grant untimely-filed requests for the extension of time limits. 
Parties should review Extension of Time Limits; Final Rule, 78 FR 57790 
(September 20, 2013), available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-09-20/html/2013-22853.htm, prior to submitting extension requests 
or factual information in these investigations.

Certification Requirements

    Any party submitting factual information in an antidumping duty or 
CVD proceeding must certify to the accuracy and completeness of that 
information.\46\ Parties must use the certification formats provided in 
19 CFR 351.303(g).\47\ Commerce intends to reject factual submissions 
if the submitting party does not comply with the applicable 
certification requirements.
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    \46\ See section 782(b) of the Act.
    \47\ See Certification of Factual Information to Import 
Administration During Antidumping and Countervailing Duty 
Proceedings, 78 FR 42678 (July 17, 2013) (Final Rule); see also 
frequently asked questions regarding the Final Rule, available at 
http://enforcement.trade.gov/tlei/notices/factual_info_final_rule_FAQ_07172013.pdf.
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Notification to Interested Parties

    Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under 
APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305. Instructions for filing such 
applications may be found on the Commerce website at http://enforcement.trade.gov/apo.

[[Page 44509]]

Parties wishing to participate in these investigations should ensure 
that they meet the requirements of 19 CFR 351.103(d) (e.g., by filing a 
letter of appearance). Note that Commerce has temporarily modified 
certain of its requirements for serving documents containing business 
proprietary information until further notice.\48\
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    \48\ See Temporary Rule Modifying AD/CVD Service Requirements 
Due to COVID-19; Extension of Effective Period, 85 FR 41363 (July 
10, 2020).
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    This notice is issued and published pursuant to sections 702 and 
777(i) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.203(c).

    Dated: July 16, 2020.
Joseph A. Laroski Jr.,
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy and Negotiations.

Appendix

Scope of the Investigations

    The merchandise covered by these investigations is phosphate 
fertilizers in all physical forms (i.e., solid or liquid form), with 
or without coating or additives such as anti-caking agents. 
Phosphate fertilizers in solid form are covered whether granular, 
prilled (i.e., pelletized), or in other solid form (e.g., powdered).
    The covered merchandise includes phosphate fertilizers in the 
following forms: Ammonium dihydrogenorthophosphate or monoammonium 
phosphate (MAP), chemical formula NH4H2PO4; diammonium 
hydrogenorthophosphate or diammonium phosphate (DAP), chemical 
formula (NH4)2HPO4; normal superphosphate (NSP), also known as 
ordinary superphosphate or single superphosphate, chemical formula 
Ca(H2PO4)2-CaSO4; concentrated superphosphate, also known as double, 
treble, or triple superphosphate (TSP), chemical formula Ca(H2PO4)2-
H2O; and proprietary formulations of MAP, DAP, NSP, and TSP.
    The covered merchandise also includes other fertilizer 
formulations incorporating phosphorous and non-phosphorous plant 
nutrient components, whether chemically-bonded, granulated (e.g., 
when multiple components are incorporated into granules through, 
e.g., a slurry process), or compounded (e.g., when multiple 
components are compacted together under high pressure), including 
nitrogen, phosphate, sulfur (NPS) fertilizers, nitrogen, 
phosphorous, potassium (NPK) fertilizers, nitric phosphate (also 
known as nitrophosphate) fertilizers, ammoniated superphosphate 
fertilizers, and proprietary formulations thereof that may or may 
not include other nonphosphorous plant nutrient components. For 
phosphate fertilizers that contain non-phosphorous plant nutrient 
components, such as nitrogen, potassium, sulfur, zinc, or other non-
phosphorous components, the entire article is covered, including the 
non-phosphorous content, provided that the phosphorous content 
(measured by available diphosphorous pentaoxide, chemical formula 
P2O5) is at least 5% by actual weight.
    Phosphate fertilizers that are otherwise subject to these 
investigations are included when commingled (i.e., mixed or blended) 
with phosphate fertilizers from sources not subject to these 
investigations. Phosphate fertilizers that are otherwise subject to 
these investigations are included when commingled with substances 
other than phosphate fertilizers subject to these investigations 
(e.g., granules containing only non-phosphate fertilizers such as 
potash or urea). Only the subject component of such commingled 
products is covered by the scope of these investigations. The 
following products are specifically excluded from the scope of these 
investigations:
    (1) ABC dry chemical powder preparations for fire extinguishers 
containing MAP or DAP in powdered form;
    (2) industrial or technical grade MAP in white crystalline form 
with available P2O5 content of at least 60% by actual weight;
    (3) industrial or technical grade diammonium phosphate in white 
crystalline form with available P2O5 content of at least 50% by 
actual weight;
    (4) liquid ammonium polyphosphate fertilizers;
    (5) dicalcium phosphate, chemical formula CaHPO4;
    (6) monocalcium phosphate, chemical formula CaH4P2O8;
    (7) trisodium phosphate, chemical formula Na3PO4;
    (8) sodium tripolyphosphate, chemical formula Na5P3O10;
    (9) prepared baking powders containing sodium bicarbonate and 
any form of phosphate;
    (10) animal or vegetable fertilizers not containing phosphate 
fertilizers otherwise covered by the scope of these investigations;
    (11) phosphoric acid, chemical formula H3PO4.
    The Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) numbers for covered 
phosphate fertilizers include, but are not limited to: 7722-76-1 
(MAP); 7783-28-0 (DAP); and 65996-95-4 (TSP). The covered products 
may also be identified by Nitrogen-Phosphate-Potash composition, 
including but not limited to: NP 11-52-0 (MAP); NP 18-46-0 (DAP); 
and NP 0-46-0 (TSP).
    The covered merchandise is currently classified in the 
Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) at 
subheadings 3103.11.0000; 3103.19.0000; 3105.20.0000; 3105.30.0000; 
3105.40.0010; 3105.40.0050; 3105.51.0000; and 3105.59.0000. 
Phosphate fertilizers subject to these investigations may also enter 
under subheadings 3103.90.0010, 3105.10.0000, 3105.60.0000, 
3105.90.0010, and 3105.90.0050. Although the HTSUS subheadings and 
CAS registry numbers are provided for convenience and customs 
purposes, the written description of the scope is dispositive.

[FR Doc. 2020-15956 Filed 7-22-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-DS-P