Certain Hardwood Plywood Products From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Anti-Circumvention Inquiries and Scope Inquiries on the Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty Orders; Vietnam Assembly, 36530-36535 [2020-13075]

Download as PDF 36530 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 117 / Wednesday, June 17, 2020 / Notices Elizabeth.Whiteman@trade.gov or (202) 482–0473. Dated: June 11, 2020. Andrew McGilvray, Executive Secretary. [FR Doc. 2020–13077 Filed 6–16–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A–570–051, C–570–052] Certain Hardwood Plywood Products From the People’s Republic of China: Initiation of Anti-Circumvention Inquiries and Scope Inquiries on the Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty Orders; Vietnam Assembly Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. SUMMARY: In response to allegations of circumvention from the Coalition for Fair Trade in Hardwood Plywood (the petitioner), the Department of Commerce (Commerce) is initiating country-wide anti-circumvention inquiries to determine whether certain hardwood plywood products (plywood) completed in Vietnam using plywood components (face veneer, back veneer, and/or either an assembled core or individual core veneers) manufactured in the People’s Republic of China (China), or Chinese components (assembled cores, multi-ply core panels, or individual core veneers) combined in Vietnam with other components (face and/or back veneers) manufactured in Vietnam or third countries, are circumventing the antidumping duty (AD) and countervailing duty (CVD) orders on plywood from China. We are also initiating scope inquiries to determine whether any of the products produced under various production scenarios alleged by the petitioner are covered by the scope of the AD/CVD orders on plywood from China. Finally, we are aligning the deadline for the scope inquiries associated with a covered merchandise referral from U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) under the Enforce and Protect Act of 2015 (EAPA) with the anticircumvention inquiries. DATES: Applicable June 17, 2020. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kabir Archuletta, AD/CVD Operations, Office V, Enforcement & Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230, telephone: (202) 482–2593. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES AGENCY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jun 16, 2020 Jkt 250001 Background On January 4, 2018, Commerce issued AD and CVD orders on plywood from China.1 On September 16, 2019, Commerce received an EAPA covered merchandise referral from CBP.2 On January 17, 2020, Commerce published a notice of initiation of scope inquiries related to this referral in order to determine whether plywood produced by Vietnam Finewood Company Limited from China-origin materials are covered merchandise subject to the Orders.3 On February 25, 2020, pursuant to section 781(b) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act) and 19 CFR 351.225(c) and (h), the petitioner requested that Commerce issue a scope ruling, or in the alternative, an anticircumvention ruling, that plywood completed in Vietnam using plywood components manufactured in China, and imported into the United States as Vietnamese-origin plywood, are either within the scope of the Orders or are circumventing the Orders. Specifically, the petitioner alleged that Chinese plywood components are undergoing minor assembly and finishing in Vietnam that does not remove the merchandise from coverage of the Orders, and that these products are entering the United States as Vietnamese-origin plywood for the express purpose of avoiding AD/CVD duties. In the alternative to a scope ruling, the petitioner requested that Commerce find that these products constitute merchandise completed or assembled in a third country that is circumventing, and should be included within, the scope of the Orders.4 On March 4, 2020, Commerce accepted the petitioner’s scope-ruling and circumvention-ruling request and established deadlines for interested parties to provide comments.5 Between 1 See Certain Hardwood Plywood Products from the People’s Republic of China: Amended Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, and Antidumping Duty Order, 83 FR 504 (January 4, 2018); and Certain Hardwood Plywood Products from the People’s Republic of China: Countervailing Duty Order, 83 FR 513 (January 4, 2018) (collectively, Orders). 2 See Certain Hardwood Plywood from the People’s Republic of China: Notice of Covered Merchandise Referral and Initiation of Scope Inquiry, 85 FR 3024 (January 17, 2020) (EAPA Scope Inquiry Initiation). 3 Id. 4 See Petitioner’s Letter, ‘‘Certain Hardwood Plywood Products from the People’s Republic of China: Request for Scope Ruling/AntiCircumvention Ruling,’’ dated February 25, 2020 (Petitioner’s Request). 5 See Memorandum, ‘‘Certain Hardwood Plywood Products from the People’s Republic of China: Deadline for Comments on the Vietnam Assembly Scope Ruling Request,’’ dated March 4, 2020. PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 March 18, 2020 and May 1, 2020, we received comments from interested parties in response to the allegations made by the petitioner.6 On April 14, 2020, Commerce extended the deadline for either issuing a final scope and/or anti-circumvention ruling or initiating a formal scope and/ or anti-circumvention inquiry to June 2, 2020.7 On May 8, 2020, we requested additional information from the petitioner,8 and on May 13, 2020, the petitioner submitted its response to this request.9 In this response, the petitioner requested that Commerce expand its inquiry to determine whether plywood assembled in Vietnam from mainly Chinese components, but also including face and/or back veneers from Vietnam or third countries, are within the scope or are circumventing the Orders.10 On June 2, 2020, we again extended the deadline to either issue a final scope and/or anti-circumvention ruling or 6 See Vietnam Timber and Forest Product Association’s Letter, ‘‘Certain Hardwood Plywood Products from the People’s Republic of China: Response Comments to Scope/Anti-Circumvention Inquiry Requests,’’ dated March 18, 2020; see also Truong Son Industrial Wood JSC’s Letter, ‘‘The Petitioner’s Request for Determining Range of Products/Anti-Circumvention Investigation into Certain Hardwood Plywood Products,’’ dated March 20, 2020; VietBac Plywood JSC and Plywood Source LLC’s Letter, ‘‘Certain Hardwood Plywood Products from the People’s Republic of China: Response Comments to Scope/Anti-Circumvention Inquiry Requests,’’ dated March 20, 2020; TL Trung Viet Co., Ltd.’s Letter, ‘‘Letter of Request to Consider about Tax Imposition,’’ dated March 20, 2020; Thanh Hoa Wood Industry Co., Ltd.’s Letter, ‘‘The Petitioner’s Request for Determining Range of Products/Anti-Circumvention Investigation into Certain Hardwood Plywood Products,’’ dated March 20, 2020; DH Respondent Letter, ‘‘Hardwood Plywood from the People’s Republic of China: Comments to Petitioner’s Request for Scope/AntiCircumvention Inquiry,’’ dated March 20, 2020; Importers Alliance’s Letter, ‘‘Investigation of the Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Orders on Hardwood Plywood Products from the People’s Republic of China, Scope-Vietnam Assembly: Objection to Request for Scope and AntiCircumvention Inquiry,’’ dated March 20, 2020; Vietnam Ministry of Industry and Trade’s Letter, ‘‘The Petitioner’s Request for Scope of Ruling/AntiCircumvention Ruling for Hardwood Plywood Products,’’ dated March 25, 2020; and Ike Trading Co., Ltd.’s Letter, ‘‘Certain Hardwood Plywood Products from the People’s Republic of China: Resubmission of Ike Trading’s Scope Comments,’’ dated May 1, 2020. 7 See Commerce’s Letter, ‘‘Certain Hardwood Plywood Products from the People’s Republic of China: Extension of Deadline,’’ dated April 14, 2020. 8 See Commerce’s Letter, ‘‘Certain Hardwood Plywood from the People’s Republic of China: Clarification of Scope Ruling/Anticircumvention Ruling Request,’’ dated May 8, 2020. 9 See Petitioner’s Letter, ‘‘Hardwood Plywood Products from the People’s Republic of China: Coalition’s Response to Request for Clarification,’’ dated May 12, 2020 (Petitioner’s Clarification). 10 Id. E:\FR\FM\17JNN1.SGM 17JNN1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 117 / Wednesday, June 17, 2020 / Notices initiate a formal scope and/or anticircumvention inquiry to June 9, 2020.11 Scope of the Orders The product covered by the Orders is hardwood and decorative plywood from China. For a complete description of the scope of the orders, see Appendix. Merchandise Subject to the AntiCircumvention Inquiries These anti-circumvention inquiries cover plywood completed in Vietnam using plywood components (face veneer, back veneer, and/or either an assembled core or individual core veneers) manufactured in China, or Chinese components (assembled cores, multi-ply core panels, or individual core veneers) combined in Vietnam with other components (face and/or back veneers) manufactured in Vietnam or third countries, and subsequently exported to the United States.12 khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES Initiation of Anti-Circumvention Inquiry Proceedings Section 781(b) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.225(h) provide that Commerce may find circumvention of an AD or CVD order when merchandise of the same class or kind subject to the order is completed or assembled in another foreign country before being exported to the United States. In conducting anticircumvention inquiries under section 781(b)(1) of the Act, Commerce relies upon the following criteria: (A) Merchandise imported into the United States is of the same class or kind as merchandise produced in a foreign country that is the subject of an AD or CVD order or finding; (B) before importation into the United States, such imported merchandise is completed or 11 See Commerce’s Letter, ‘‘Certain Hardwood Plywood Products from the People’s Republic of China: Extension of Deadline,’’ dated June 2, 2020. 12 Specifically, these inquiries will cover plywood completed in Vietnam using: (1) Face veneer, back veneer, and assembled core components manufactured in China; and (2) face veneer, back veneer, and individual core veneers produced in China. Additionally, these inquiries will also examine, should such production scenarios exist, plywood completed in Vietnam using: (1) Fully assembled veneer core platforms manufactured in China and face and/or back veneers produced in Vietnam or third countries; (2) multi-ply panels of glued core veneers manufactured in China that are combined in Vietnam to produce veneer core platforms and combined with either a face and/or back veneer produced in China, Vietnam, or a third country; and (3) core veneers manufactured in China and processed into a veneer core platform in Vietnam and combined with a face and/or back veneer produced in Vietnam or other third country. A veneer core platform is defined as two or more wood veneers that form the core of an otherwise completed hardwood plywood product (i.e., a hardwood plywood product to which the outer (face and back) veneers have not yet been affixed (see Petitioner’s Request at Exhibit 11). VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jun 16, 2020 Jkt 250001 assembled in another foreign country from merchandise which is produced in the foreign country that is subject to the order; (C) the process of assembly or completion in another foreign country is minor or insignificant; (D) the value of the merchandise produced in the foreign country to which the AD or CVD order applies is a significant portion of the total value of the merchandise exported to the United States; and (E) Commerce determines that action is appropriate to prevent evasion of such order or finding. As discussed below, the petitioner provides evidence with respect to these criteria. A. Merchandise of the Same Class or Kind The petitioner states that, pursuant to section 781(b)(1)(A) of the Act, the inquiry merchandise being completed in Vietnam and imported into the United States is of the same class or kind as the merchandise subject to the Orders.13 The petitioner further argues that the products being completed in Vietnam are identical to the subject merchandise produced in China and are entering the United States under the same Harmonized Tariff Schedule subheadings as subject plywood from China.14 B. Completion of Merchandise in Another Foreign Country The petitioner contends that section 781(b)(1)(B)(ii) of the Act covers the completion of plywood in Vietnam, because the main components in the production of plywood are manufactured in China, the country to which the Orders apply.15 The petitioner also asserts that fully- or partially-assembled cores, or individual core veneers, produced in China that are combined in Vietnam with face and/or back veneers produced in Vietnam or a third country should be covered by the Orders; according to the petitioner, the vast majority of the cost of the finished plywood, in terms of materials, labor, and investment, is related to the production of the Chinese components (including core veneers in particular).16 C. Minor or Insignificant Process Under sections 781(b)(1)(C) and 781(b)(2) of the Act, Commerce will take into account five factors to determine whether the process of assembly or completion of merchandise in other 13 See Petitioner’s Request at 33–34. 14 Id. According to the petitioner, the main components of plywood include face and back veneers, and/or either an assembled core or individual core veneers. 15 Id. at 34–35. 16 See Petitioner’s Clarification at 2–6. PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 36531 foreign countries is minor or insignificant. Specifically, Commerce will consider: (A) The level of investment in the foreign country; (B) the level of research and development in the foreign country; (C) the nature of the production process in the foreign country; (D) the extent of production facilities in the foreign country; and (E) whether the value of processing performed in the foreign country represents a small portion of the value of the merchandise imported into the United States. However, no single factor, by itself, controls Commerce’s determination of whether the process of assembly or completion in a third country is minor or insignificant.17 Accordingly, it is Commerce’s practice to evaluate each of these five factors as they exist in the third country, depending on the totality of the circumstances of the particular anticircumvention inquiry.18 1. Level of Investment in the Foreign Country The petitioner states that, based on the production steps that are occurring in China and Vietnam, the relative investment in Vietnam for the assembly operations at issue is likely minimal. According to the petitioner, with respect to the plywood produced solely from wooden components of Chinese origin, the circumvention involves assembling face and back veneers and/or a core (assembled or individual core veneers) that were manufactured in China, which accounts for the vast majority of the cost of production for plywood. The petitioner asserts that the vast majority of the production process, up through the production of the wooden veneers, occurs in China, and that these parts of the production process require more complex equipment, as well as much more plant space, than the later production processes that occur in Vietnam. With respect to the plywood assembled in Vietnam from Chinese components and non-Chinese face and/ or back veneers, the petitioner claims that the cost and production related to the face and back veneers is minimal relative to the production of core veneers. In particular, the petitioner claims that the majority of the veneers in any given plywood product are used 17 See Statement of Administrative Action accompanying the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (SAA), H.R. Doc. No. 103–316, vol. 1 (1994) at 893. 18 See Uncovered Innerspring Units from the People’s Republic of China: Final Affirmative Determination of Circumvention of the Antidumping Duty Order, 83 FR 65626 (December 21, 2018), and accompanying Issues and Decision Memorandum at 4. E:\FR\FM\17JNN1.SGM 17JNN1 36532 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 117 / Wednesday, June 17, 2020 / Notices for the core while the face and back veneers each constitute only a single veneer.19 Therefore, the petitioner contends that, to the extent that Commerce examines production scenarios described above that involve a combination of assembled cores, or individual core veneers, produced in China and face/back veneers produced in Vietnam or third countries, the cost, production, and value remains in the Chinese components (and in the core veneers in particular). As a result, the petitioner maintains that the minor processing that occurs in Vietnam also likely requires a minimal investment in Vietnam.20 2. Level of Research and Development in the Foreign Country The petitioner states that there is likely no research and development occurring in Vietnam because in some cases the Vietnamese producers are just completing the end of the plywood production process. The petitioner asserts that, while the research and development required for setting up a production facility for plywood in China would be substantial, the level of research and development, if any, required for setting up an assembly facility in Vietnam would be very minimal.21 The petitioner estimates that, for a fully integrated facility, approximately 90 percent of the research and development costs would relate to veneer production, with the vast majority of the veneers used for the core, while only 10 percent of the research and development costs would relate to assembly operations.22 khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES 3. Nature of the Production Process in the Foreign Country The petitioner states that the process in Vietnam to complete the assembly of Chinese face and back veneers and Chinese core into plywood, or to apply Vietnamese or third-country face and back veneers to a Chinese core, or core veneers, involves very minimal processing compared to the production steps in China. The production steps that occur in China entail the majority and most significant portion of the production process (i.e., the production of wooden veneers from logs, the vast majority of which are used for the core). The petitioner asserts that in certain 19 See Petitioner’s Clarification at 5–6. Petitioner’s Request at 36–37; see also Petitioner’s Clarification at 9–10 and Exhibits 1 and 3. 21 See Petitioner’s Request at 38; see also Petitioner’s Clarification at 10–11 and Exhibits 1 and 3. 22 See Petitioner’s Clarification at 11 and Exhibit 3. 20 See VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jun 16, 2020 Jkt 250001 cases the only production steps occurring in Vietnam are the layup of the veneers as necessary, and the application of glue and the assembly of the veneers using a cold and hot press, as well as any final trimming, sanding, and/or finishing.23 Moreover, the petitioner asserts that adding additional veneers to an in-scope veneer core is minor further processing that does not move the completed merchandise out of the scope.24 4. Extent of Production Facilities in the Foreign Country According to the petitioner, the extent of the facilities in Vietnam is necessarily limited because the companies in Vietnam are simply assembling into finished plywood the face and back veneers and/or the core (assembled core or individual core veneers), which are manufactured by Chinese producers. Moreover, the petitioner cites information indicating that there has been no increase in production facilities in Vietnam, despite the massive increase in exports of plywood to the United States.25 The petitioner also explains that the production facilities required for veneer production, with the vast majority of the veneers used for the core, are substantial compared to those required to assemble face and back veneers and cores (assembled core or individual core veneers).26 5. Value of Processing Performed in the Foreign Country The petitioner asserts that the value of processing in Vietnam represents a minority of the value of the merchandise imported into the United States. According to the petitioner, the production steps that take place in China make up the most significant portion of the production process and the cost of goods sold (COGS) for the plywood. The petitioner also cites to the investigation by the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC), which found that the percentage of COGS accounted for by raw materials alone ranged from 78.8 percent to 79.4 percent from 2014 through 2016, and that the major raw material costs are the veneer, with the vast majority of the veneers used for the core, and other plywood used in the production of plywood.27 The petitioner also provided proprietary data to demonstrate that the most significant portion of the 23 See Petitioner’s Request at 38–39. Petitioner’s Clarification at 4. 25 Id. at 40; see also Petitioner’s Clarification at 12–13 and Exhibits 1 and 4. 26 See Petitioner’s Clarification at 12–13 and Exhibits 1 and 4. 27 See Petitioner’s Request at 41. 24 See PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 production costs is incurred in China from the production of veneers, and that a very small proportion of the value is accounted for by the assembly of the veneers in Vietnam.28 The petitioner stated that, to the extent that assembled cores, or individual core veneers, produced in China that are being combined with Vietnam or thirdcountry origin face/back veneers, the cost and production related to the face/ back veneers is minimal relative to the production of core veneers and, thus, the vast majority of the cost, production, and value would still remain with the core veneers.29 D. Value of Merchandise Produced in the Foreign Country Is a Significant Portion of the Value of the Merchandise The petitioner emphasizes that the overwhelming majority of the production and costs are accounted for by the raw materials (i.e., the wooden veneers and core that are produced in China and shipped to Vietnam for assembly). According to the petitioner, this demonstrates that the value of the merchandise produced in China, which include the face veneer, back veneer, and/or core (assembled or individual core veneers), accounts for a significant portion of the total value of the merchandise ultimately exported to the United States.30 As noted above, the petitioner stated that, for plywood made from core veneers produced in China and further processed and combined with face and/ or back veneers produced in Vietnam or a third country, the vast majority of the value of the merchandise exported remains in the core veneers from China.31 E. Factors To Consider in Determining Whether Action Is Necessary Section 781(b)(1)(E) of the Act states that Commerce will determine whether action is appropriate to prevent evasion of an AD or CVD order, and section 781(b)(3) of the Act identifies additional factors that Commerce shall consider in determining whether to include parts or components in an AD or CVD order as part of an anti-circumvention inquiry, including: (A) The pattern of trade, including sourcing patterns; (B) whether the manufacturer or exporter of the merchandise described in section 781(b)(1)(B) of the Act is affiliated with the person who uses the merchandise described in (1)(B) to assemble or complete in the foreign country the 28 Id. at 42. Petitioner’s Clarification at 5–6. 30 Id. at 44. 31 See Petitioner’s Clarification at 5–6. 29 See E:\FR\FM\17JNN1.SGM 17JNN1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 117 / Wednesday, June 17, 2020 / Notices merchandise that is subsequently imported in the United States; and (C) whether imports into the foreign country of the merchandise described in (1)(B) have increased after initiation of the investigation which resulted in the issuance of such order or finding. 1. Pattern of Trade The petitioner argues that the pattern of trade demonstrates circumvention of the Orders.32 The petitioner asserts that, since the investigations and imposition of the Orders, Chinese exports of plywood to the United States have decreased substantially. The petitioner further states that U.S imports of plywood from Vietnam have increased by approximately 950 percent while Chinese exports of plywood to Vietnam have effectively doubled since 2015. In addition, trade data submitted by the petitioner indicate that Chinese exports of wood veneers to Vietnam have increased by more than 350 percent over the same period.33 The petitioner also points out that the Vietnamese government not only has recognized the nature of these trade trends, but it also suspects that the surge in exports of plywood products to the United States from Vietnam is a result of Chinese companies improperly seeking to avoid tariffs.34 2. Affiliation The petitioner asserts that it has reason to believe that some of the Chinese producers/exporters and Vietnamese assembly operators are affiliated. It argues that importers that previously imported Chinese plywood to the United States are now importing significant quantities of plywood from Vietnam from certain Vietnamese producers/exporters. The petitioner claims that this suggests that there may be a relationship between the prior Chinese producers/exporters and the entities that are now importing from Vietnam.35 khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES Petitioner’s Request at 46–47. Petitioner’s Clarification at Exhibit 2. 34 See Petitioner’s Request at 46–47. 35 Id. at 48. 36 Id. at 49. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jun 16, 2020 Jkt 250001 at Exhibit 6. e.g., Certain Corrosion-Resistant Steel Products from the Republic of Korea and Taiwan: Initiation of Anti-Circumvention Inquiries on the Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty Orders, 83 FR 37785 (August 2, 2018); Carbon Steel ButtWeld Pipe Fittings from the People’s Republic of China: Initiation of Anti-Circumvention Inquiry on the Antidumping Duty Order, 82 FR 40556, 40560 (August 25, 2017) (stating at initiation that Commerce would evaluate the extent to which a country-wide finding applicable to all exports might be warranted); and Certain CorrosionResistant Steel Products from the People’s Republic of China: Initiation of Anti-Circumvention Inquiries on the Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty Orders, 81 FR 79454, 79458 (November 14, 2016) (stating at initiation that Commerce would evaluate the extent to which a country-wide finding applicable to all exports might be warranted). 39 See Petitioner’s Request at 21–31. 38 See, The petitioner presents evidence indicating that Chinese exports of plywood to the United States have decreased substantially since the implementation of the Orders.36 The evidence also shows that U.S imports of plywood from Vietnam have skyrocketed since 2015, increasing by approximately 950 percent. At the same 33 See Conclusion Based on the available information provided by the petitioner, we determine that there is sufficient basis to initiate anti-circumvention inquiries, pursuant to section 781(b) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.225(h). Commerce will determine whether the merchandise subject to the inquiries (as described in the ‘‘Merchandise Subject to the AntiCircumvention Inquiry’’ section supra) is circumventing the Orders such that it should be considered to be within the scope of the Orders. We find that the available information warrants initiating these anticircumvention inquiries on a countrywide basis.37 Commerce has taken this approach in prior anti-circumvention inquiries, where the facts warranted initiation on a country-wide basis.38 Consistent with the approach in these prior anti-circumvention inquiries initiated on a country-wide basis, Commerce intends to request comments from interested parties regarding respondent selection and to issue questionnaires to solicit information from producers and exporters in Vietnam concerning their shipments of plywood to the United States and the origin of any plywood components being processed into completed plywood. A company’s failure to respond completely and timely to Commerce’s requests for information may result in the application of partial or total facts available, pursuant to section 776(a) of the Act, which may include adverse inferences, pursuant to section 776(b) of the Act. Additionally, as part of these anticircumvention inquiries, we intend to examine the scope inquiry requests filed by the petitioner under 19 CFR 351.225(c), as discussed below.39 Our final findings in these anticircumvention inquiries will include a 37 Id. 3. Subsequent Import Volume 32 See time, Chinese exports of plywood to Vietnam have doubled. PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 36533 final finding with regard to the scope inquiries to the extent that they determine whether any of the production scenarios identified by the petitioner are properly considered subject to the scope of the Orders. Additionally, Commerce is aligning the deadline to issue a final determination in the EAPA scope inquiries with the deadline associated with these anticircumvention inquiries.40 In accordance with 19 CFR 351.225(l)(2), if Commerce issues preliminary affirmative determinations, we will instruct U.S. Customs and Border Protection to suspend liquidation and require a cash deposit of estimated duties, at the applicable rate, for each unliquidated entry of the merchandise at issue, entered or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption on or after the date of initiation of the inquiries. Before issuance of any affirmative determination, Commerce intends to notify the ITC of any proposed inclusion of the inquiry merchandise under the scope of the Orders, in accordance with section 781(e)(1)(B) of the Act. Pursuant to section 781(f) of the Act, Commerce intends to issue its final determinations within 300 days of the date of publication of this notice of initiation. Initiation of Scope Inquiries The scope of the Orders states that the scope ‘‘includes hardwood and decorative plywood that has been further processed in a third country, including but not limited to trimming, cutting, notching, punching, drilling, or any other processing that would not otherwise remove the merchandise from the scope of the Orders if performed in the country of manufacture of the inscope product.’’ 41 The petitioner requests that Commerce confirm that, where Chinese producers and/or exporters are shipping the main components of plywood that are manufactured in China, as explained above, to Vietnam for assembly into completed plywood before being imported to the United States, such further processing does not remove the merchandise from the coverage of the Orders.42 Because the scope of the Orders provides that certain types of further processing do not remove the merchandise from the Orders, we find it appropriate to also initiate scope inquiries, in accordance with 19 CFR 351.225(e), to determine if any of the products made in the production 40 See EAPA Scope Inquiry Initiation. Appendix. 42 See Petitioner’s Request at 21–30. 41 See E:\FR\FM\17JNN1.SGM 17JNN1 36534 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 117 / Wednesday, June 17, 2020 / Notices scenarios described by the petitioner are covered by the scope of the Orders. Notification to Interested Parties This notice is published in accordance with sections 781(b) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.225(e) and (h). Dated: June 9, 2020. Jeffrey I. Kessler, Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance. khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES Appendix—Scope of the Orders The merchandise covered by the Orders is hardwood and decorative plywood, and certain veneered panels as described below. For purposes of this proceeding, hardwood and decorative plywood is defined as a generally flat, multilayered plywood or other veneered panel, consisting of two or more layers or plies of wood veneers and a core, with the face and/or back veneer made of non-coniferous wood (hardwood) or bamboo. The veneers, along with the core may be glued or otherwise bonded together. Hardwood and decorative plywood may include products that meet the American National Standard for Hardwood and Decorative Plywood, ANSI/HPVA HP–1– 2016 (including any revisions to that standard). For purposes of the Orders, a ‘‘veneer’’ is a slice of wood regardless of thickness which is cut, sliced or sawed from a log, bolt, or flitch. The face and back veneers are the outermost veneer of wood on either side of the core irrespective of additional surface coatings or covers as described below. The core of hardwood and decorative plywood consists of the layer or layers of one or more material(s) that are situated between the face and back veneers. The core may be composed of a range of materials, including but not limited to hardwood, softwood, particleboard, or medium-density fiberboard (MDF). All hardwood plywood is included within the scope of the Orders regardless of whether or not the face and/or back veneers are surface coated or covered and whether or not such surface coating(s) or covers obscures the grain, textures, or markings of the wood. Examples of surface coatings and covers include, but are not limited to: Ultra violet light cured polyurethanes; oil or oil-modified or water based polyurethanes; wax; epoxyester finishes; moisture-cured urethanes; paints; stains; paper; aluminum; high pressure laminate; MDF; medium density overlay (MDO); and phenolic film. Additionally, the face veneer of hardwood plywood may be sanded; smoothed or given a ‘‘distressed’’ appearance through such methods as hand-scraping or wire brushing. All hardwood plywood is included within the scope even if it is trimmed; cut-to-size; notched; punched; drilled; or has underwent other forms of minor processing. All hardwood and decorative plywood is included within the scope of the Orders, without regard to dimension (overall thickness, thickness of face veneer, thickness of back veneer, thickness of core, thickness of inner veneers, width, or length). However, VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jun 16, 2020 Jkt 250001 the most common panel sizes of hardwood and decorative plywood are 1,219 x 1,829 mm (48 x 72 inches), 1,219 x 2,438 mm (48 x 96 inches), and 1,219 x 3,048 mm (48 x 120 inches). Subject merchandise also includes hardwood and decorative plywood that has been further processed in a third country, including but not limited to trimming, cutting, notching, punching, drilling, or any other processing that would not otherwise remove the merchandise from the scope of the Orders if performed in the country of manufacture of the in-scope product. The scope of the orders excludes the following items: (1) Structural plywood (also known as ‘‘industrial plywood’’ or ‘‘industrial panels’’) that is manufactured to meet U.S. Products Standard PS 1–09, PS 2– 09, or PS 2–10 for Structural Plywood (including any revisions to that standard or any substantially equivalent international standard intended for structural plywood), and which has both a face and a back veneer of coniferous wood; (2) products which have a face and back veneer of cork; (3) multilayered wood flooring, as described in the antidumping duty and countervailing duty orders on Multilayered Wood Flooring from the People’s Republic of China, Import Administration, International Trade Administration. See Multilayered Wood Flooring from the People’s Republic of China, 76 FR 76690 (December 8, 2011) (amended final determination of sales at less than fair value and antidumping duty order), and Multilayered Wood Flooring from the People’s Republic of China, 76 FR 76693 (December 8, 2011) (countervailing duty order), as amended by Multilayered Wood Flooring from the People’s Republic of China: Amended Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Orders, 77 FR 5484 (February 3, 2012); (4) multilayered wood flooring with a face veneer of bamboo or composed entirely of bamboo; (5) plywood which has a shape or design other than a flat panel, with the exception of any minor processing described above; (6) products made entirely from bamboo and adhesives (also known as ‘‘solid bamboo’’); and (7) Phenolic Film Faced Plyform (PFF), also known as Phenolic Surface Film Plywood (PSF), defined as a panel with an ‘‘Exterior’’ or ‘‘Exposure 1’’ bond classification as is defined by The Engineered Wood Association, having an opaque phenolic film layer with a weight equal to or greater than 90g/m3 permanently bonded on both the face and back veneers and an opaque, moisture resistant coating applied to the edges. Excluded from the scope of the orders are wooden furniture goods that, at the time of importation, are fully assembled and are ready for their intended uses. Also excluded from the scope of the Orders is ‘‘ready to assemble’’ (RTA) furniture. RTA furniture is defined as (A) furniture packaged for sale for ultimate purchase by an end-user that, at the time of importation, includes (1) all wooden components (in finished form) required to assemble a finished unit of furniture, (2) all accessory parts (e.g., screws, washers, dowels, nails, handles, knobs, adhesive glues) required to assemble a finished unit of furniture, and (3) instructions providing PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 guidance on the assembly of a finished unit of furniture; (B) unassembled bathroom vanity cabinets, having a space for one or more sinks, that are imported with all unassembled hardwood and hardwood plywood components that have been cut-tofinal dimensional component shape/size, painted or stained prior to importation, and stacked within a singled shipping package, except for furniture feet which may be packed and shipped separately; or (C) unassembled bathroom vanity linen closets that are imported with all unassembled hardwood and hardwood plywood components that have been cut-to-final dimensional shape/size, painted or stained prior to importation, and stacked within a single shipping package, except for furniture feet which may be packed and shipped separately. Excluded from the scope of the orders are kitchen cabinets that, at the time of importation, are fully assembled and are ready for their intended uses. Also excluded from the scope of the Orders are RTA kitchen cabinets. RTA kitchen cabinets are defined as kitchen cabinets packaged for sale for ultimate purchase by an end-user that, at the time of importation, includes (1) all wooden components (in finished form) required to assemble a finished unit of cabinetry, (2) all accessory parts (e.g., screws, washers, dowels, nails, handles, knobs, hooks, adhesive glues) required to assemble a finished unit of cabinetry, and (3) instructions providing guidance on the assembly of a finished unit of cabinetry. Excluded from the scope of the orders are finished table tops, which are table tops imported in finished form with pre-cut or drilled openings to attach the underframe or legs. The table tops are ready for use at the time of import and require no further finishing or processing. Excluded from the scope of the orders are finished countertops that are imported in finished form and require no further finishing or manufacturing. Excluded from the scope of the orders are laminated veneer lumber door and window components with (1) a maximum width of 44 millimeters, a thickness from 30 millimeters to 72 millimeters, and a length of less than 2,413 millimeters (2) water boiling point exterior adhesive, (3) a modulus of elasticity of 1,500,000 pounds per square inch or higher, (4) finger-jointed or lap-jointed core veneer with all layers oriented so that the grain is running parallel or with no more than 3 dispersed layers of veneer oriented with the grain running perpendicular to the other layers; and (5) top layer machined with a curved edge and one or more profile channels throughout. Imports of hardwood plywood are primarily entered under the following Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) subheadings: 4412.10.0500; 4412.31.0520; 4412.31.0540; 4412.31.0560; 4412.31.0620; 4412.31.0640; 4412.31.0660; 4412.31.2510; 4412.31.2520; 4412.31.2610; 4412.31.2620; 4412.31.4040; 4412.31.4050; 4412.31.4060; 4412.31.4075; 4412.31.4080; 4412.31.4140; 4412.31.4150; 4412.31.4155; 4412.31.4160; 4412.31.4180; 4412.31.5125; 4412.31.5135; 4412.31.5155; 4412.31.5165; E:\FR\FM\17JNN1.SGM 17JNN1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 117 / Wednesday, June 17, 2020 / Notices 4412.31.5175; 4412.31.5235; 4412.31.5255; 4412.31.5265; 4412.31.5275; 4412.31.6000; 4412.31.6100; 4412.31.9100; 4412.31.9200; 4412.32.0520; 4412.32.0540; 4412.32.0565; 4412.32.0570; 4412.32.0620; 4412.32.0640; 4412.32.0670; 4412.32.2510; 4412.32.2525; 4412.32.2530; 4412.32.2610; 4412.32.2630; 4412.32.3125; 4412.32.3135; 4412.32.3155; 4412.32.3165; 4412.32.3175; 4412.32.3185; 4412.32.3235; 4412.32.3255; 4412.32.3265; 4412.32.3275; 4412.32.3285; 4412.32.5600; 4412.32.3235; 4412.32.3255; 4412.32.3265; 4412.32.3275; 4412.32.3285; 4412.32.5700; 4412.33.0620; 4412.33.0640; 4412.33.0670; 4412.33.2630; 4412.33.3235; 4412.33.3255; 4412.33.3265; 4412.33.3275; 4412.33.3285; 4412.33.5700; 4412.34.2600; 4412.34.3235; 4412.34.3255; 4412.34.3265; 4412.34.3275; 4412.34.3285; 4412.34.5700; 4412.39.1000; 4412.39.3000; 4412.39.4011; 4412.39.4012; 4412.39.4019; 4412.39.4031; 4412.39.4032; 4412.39.4039; 4412.39.4051; 4412.39.4052; 4412.39.4059; 4412.39.4061; 4412.39.4062; 4412.39.4069; 4412.39.5010; 4412.39.5030; 4412.39.5050; 4412.94.1030; 4412.94.1050; 4412.94.3105; 4412.94.3111; 4412.94.3121; 4412.94.3141; 4412.94.3161; 4412.94.3175; 4412.94.4100; 4412.99.0600; 4412.99.1020; 4412.99.1030; 4412.99.1040; 4412.99.3110; 4412.99.3120; 4412.99.3130; 4412.99.3140; 4412.99.3150; 4412.99.3160; 4412.99.3170; 4412.99.4100; 4412.99.5115; and 4412.99.5710. Imports of hardwood plywood may also enter under HTSUS subheadings 4412.10.9000; 4412.94.5100; 4412.94.9500; 4412.99.6000; 4412.99.7000; 4412.99.8000; 4412.99.9000; 4412.99.9500; 9403.90.7005; 9403.90.7010; and 9403.90.7080. While the HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes, the written description of the scope of these orders is dispositive. [FR Doc. 2020–13075 Filed 6–16–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [RTID 0648–XA207] Fisheries of the Gulf of Mexico; Southeast Data, Assessment, and Review (SEDAR); Public Meeting National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Notice of a public meeting. AGENCY: The SEDAR 70 stock assessment process for Gulf of Mexico greater amberjack will consist of a series of data and assessment webinars. See SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. DATES: The SEDAR 70 Assessment Webinar I for Gulf of Mexico greater amberjack will be held July 2, 2020, from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m., Eastern Time. ADDRESSES: khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:44 Jun 16, 2020 Jkt 250001 Meeting address: The meeting will be held via webinar. The webinar is open to members of the public. Those interested in participating should contact Julie A. Neer at SEDAR (See Contact Information Below) to request an invitation providing webinar access information. Please request webinar invitations at least 24 hours in advance of each webinar. SEDAR address: 4055 Faber Place Drive, Suite 201, North Charleston, SC 29405. Julie A. Neer, SEDAR Coordinator; (843) 571– 4366; email: Julie.neer@safmc.net. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: The Gulf of Mexico, South Atlantic, and Caribbean Fishery Management Councils, in conjunction with NOAA Fisheries and the Atlantic and Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commissions have implemented the Southeast Data, Assessment and Review (SEDAR) process, a multi-step method for determining the status of fish stocks in the Southeast Region. SEDAR is a multistep process including: (1) Data Workshop, (2) a series of assessment webinars, and (3) A Review Workshop. The product of the Data Workshop is a report that compiles and evaluates potential datasets and recommends which datasets are appropriate for assessment analyses. The assessment webinars produce a report that describes the fisheries, evaluates the status of the stock, estimates biological benchmarks, projects future population conditions, and recommends research and monitoring needs. The product of the Review Workshop is an Assessment Summary documenting panel opinions regarding the strengths and weaknesses of the stock assessment and input data. Participants for SEDAR Workshops are appointed by the Gulf of Mexico, South Atlantic, and Caribbean Fishery Management Councils and NOAA Fisheries Southeast Regional Office, HMS Management Division, and Southeast Fisheries Science Center. Participants include data collectors and database managers; stock assessment scientists, biologists, and researchers; constituency representatives including fishermen, environmentalists, and NGO’s; International experts; and staff of Councils, Commissions, and state and federal agencies. The items of discussion during the Assessment Webinar are as follows: 1. Using datasets and initial assessment analysis recommended from the data webinars, panelists will employ assessment models to evaluate stock status, estimate population benchmarks SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 36535 and management criteria, and project future conditions. 2. Participants will recommend the most appropriate methods and configurations for determining stock status and estimating population parameters. Although non-emergency issues not contained in this agenda may come before this group for discussion, those issues may not be the subject of formal action during this meeting. Action will be restricted to those issues specifically identified in this notice and any issues arising after publication of this notice that require emergency action under section 305(c) of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, provided the public has been notified of the intent to take final action to address the emergency. Special Accommodations The meeting is physically accessible to people with disabilities. Requests for sign language interpretation or other auxiliary aids should be directed to the Council office (see ADDRESSES) at least 5 business days prior to each workshop. NOTE: The times and sequence specified in this agenda are subject to change. Authority: 16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq. Dated: June 12, 2020. Tracey L. Thompson, Acting Deputy Director, Office of Sustainable Fisheries, National Marine Fisheries Service. [FR Doc. 2020–13007 Filed 6–16–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–22–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [RTID 0648–XQ011] Permits; Foreign Fishing National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Notice of application for transshipment permit; request for comments. AGENCY: NMFS publishes for public review and comment information regarding a permit application for transshipment of farmed salmon from aquaculture operations in Maine to processing plants in Canada by Canadian flagged vessels. The application for a transshipment permit is submitted under provisions of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\17JNN1.SGM 17JNN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 117 (Wednesday, June 17, 2020)]
[Notices]
[Pages 36530-36535]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-13075]


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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

International Trade Administration

[A-570-051, C-570-052]


Certain Hardwood Plywood Products From the People's Republic of 
China: Initiation of Anti-Circumvention Inquiries and Scope Inquiries 
on the Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty Orders; Vietnam 
Assembly

AGENCY: Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, 
Department of Commerce.

SUMMARY: In response to allegations of circumvention from the Coalition 
for Fair Trade in Hardwood Plywood (the petitioner), the Department of 
Commerce (Commerce) is initiating country-wide anti-circumvention 
inquiries to determine whether certain hardwood plywood products 
(plywood) completed in Vietnam using plywood components (face veneer, 
back veneer, and/or either an assembled core or individual core 
veneers) manufactured in the People's Republic of China (China), or 
Chinese components (assembled cores, multi-ply core panels, or 
individual core veneers) combined in Vietnam with other components 
(face and/or back veneers) manufactured in Vietnam or third countries, 
are circumventing the antidumping duty (AD) and countervailing duty 
(CVD) orders on plywood from China. We are also initiating scope 
inquiries to determine whether any of the products produced under 
various production scenarios alleged by the petitioner are covered by 
the scope of the AD/CVD orders on plywood from China. Finally, we are 
aligning the deadline for the scope inquiries associated with a covered 
merchandise referral from U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) 
under the Enforce and Protect Act of 2015 (EAPA) with the 
anticircumvention inquiries.

DATES: Applicable June 17, 2020.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kabir Archuletta, AD/CVD Operations, 
Office V, Enforcement & Compliance, International Trade Administration, 
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, 
DC 20230, telephone: (202) 482-2593.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    On January 4, 2018, Commerce issued AD and CVD orders on plywood 
from China.\1\ On September 16, 2019, Commerce received an EAPA covered 
merchandise referral from CBP.\2\ On January 17, 2020, Commerce 
published a notice of initiation of scope inquiries related to this 
referral in order to determine whether plywood produced by Vietnam 
Finewood Company Limited from China-origin materials are covered 
merchandise subject to the Orders.\3\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ See Certain Hardwood Plywood Products from the People's 
Republic of China: Amended Final Determination of Sales at Less Than 
Fair Value, and Antidumping Duty Order, 83 FR 504 (January 4, 2018); 
and Certain Hardwood Plywood Products from the People's Republic of 
China: Countervailing Duty Order, 83 FR 513 (January 4, 2018) 
(collectively, Orders).
    \2\ See Certain Hardwood Plywood from the People's Republic of 
China: Notice of Covered Merchandise Referral and Initiation of 
Scope Inquiry, 85 FR 3024 (January 17, 2020) (EAPA Scope Inquiry 
Initiation).
    \3\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    On February 25, 2020, pursuant to section 781(b) of the Tariff Act 
of 1930, as amended (the Act) and 19 CFR 351.225(c) and (h), the 
petitioner requested that Commerce issue a scope ruling, or in the 
alternative, an anti-circumvention ruling, that plywood completed in 
Vietnam using plywood components manufactured in China, and imported 
into the United States as Vietnamese-origin plywood, are either within 
the scope of the Orders or are circumventing the Orders. Specifically, 
the petitioner alleged that Chinese plywood components are undergoing 
minor assembly and finishing in Vietnam that does not remove the 
merchandise from coverage of the Orders, and that these products are 
entering the United States as Vietnamese-origin plywood for the express 
purpose of avoiding AD/CVD duties. In the alternative to a scope 
ruling, the petitioner requested that Commerce find that these products 
constitute merchandise completed or assembled in a third country that 
is circumventing, and should be included within, the scope of the 
Orders.\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ See Petitioner's Letter, ``Certain Hardwood Plywood Products 
from the People's Republic of China: Request for Scope Ruling/Anti-
Circumvention Ruling,'' dated February 25, 2020 (Petitioner's 
Request).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    On March 4, 2020, Commerce accepted the petitioner's scope-ruling 
and circumvention-ruling request and established deadlines for 
interested parties to provide comments.\5\ Between March 18, 2020 and 
May 1, 2020, we received comments from interested parties in response 
to the allegations made by the petitioner.\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ See Memorandum, ``Certain Hardwood Plywood Products from the 
People's Republic of China: Deadline for Comments on the Vietnam 
Assembly Scope Ruling Request,'' dated March 4, 2020.
    \6\ See Vietnam Timber and Forest Product Association's Letter, 
``Certain Hardwood Plywood Products from the People's Republic of 
China: Response Comments to Scope/Anti-Circumvention Inquiry 
Requests,'' dated March 18, 2020; see also Truong Son Industrial 
Wood JSC's Letter, ``The Petitioner's Request for Determining Range 
of Products/Anti-Circumvention Investigation into Certain Hardwood 
Plywood Products,'' dated March 20, 2020; VietBac Plywood JSC and 
Plywood Source LLC's Letter, ``Certain Hardwood Plywood Products 
from the People's Republic of China: Response Comments to Scope/
Anti-Circumvention Inquiry Requests,'' dated March 20, 2020; TL 
Trung Viet Co., Ltd.'s Letter, ``Letter of Request to Consider about 
Tax Imposition,'' dated March 20, 2020; Thanh Hoa Wood Industry Co., 
Ltd.'s Letter, ``The Petitioner's Request for Determining Range of 
Products/Anti-Circumvention Investigation into Certain Hardwood 
Plywood Products,'' dated March 20, 2020; DH Respondent Letter, 
``Hardwood Plywood from the People's Republic of China: Comments to 
Petitioner's Request for Scope/Anti-Circumvention Inquiry,'' dated 
March 20, 2020; Importers Alliance's Letter, ``Investigation of the 
Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Orders on Hardwood Plywood 
Products from the People's Republic of China, Scope-Vietnam 
Assembly: Objection to Request for Scope and Anti-Circumvention 
Inquiry,'' dated March 20, 2020; Vietnam Ministry of Industry and 
Trade's Letter, ``The Petitioner's Request for Scope of Ruling/Anti-
Circumvention Ruling for Hardwood Plywood Products,'' dated March 
25, 2020; and Ike Trading Co., Ltd.'s Letter, ``Certain Hardwood 
Plywood Products from the People's Republic of China: Resubmission 
of Ike Trading's Scope Comments,'' dated May 1, 2020.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    On April 14, 2020, Commerce extended the deadline for either 
issuing a final scope and/or anti-circumvention ruling or initiating a 
formal scope and/or anti-circumvention inquiry to June 2, 2020.\7\ On 
May 8, 2020, we requested additional information from the 
petitioner,\8\ and on May 13, 2020, the petitioner submitted its 
response to this request.\9\ In this response, the petitioner requested 
that Commerce expand its inquiry to determine whether plywood assembled 
in Vietnam from mainly Chinese components, but also including face and/
or back veneers from Vietnam or third countries, are within the scope 
or are circumventing the Orders.\10\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ See Commerce's Letter, ``Certain Hardwood Plywood Products 
from the People's Republic of China: Extension of Deadline,'' dated 
April 14, 2020.
    \8\ See Commerce's Letter, ``Certain Hardwood Plywood from the 
People's Republic of China: Clarification of Scope Ruling/
Anticircumvention Ruling Request,'' dated May 8, 2020.
    \9\ See Petitioner's Letter, ``Hardwood Plywood Products from 
the People's Republic of China: Coalition's Response to Request for 
Clarification,'' dated May 12, 2020 (Petitioner's Clarification).
    \10\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    On June 2, 2020, we again extended the deadline to either issue a 
final scope and/or anti-circumvention ruling or

[[Page 36531]]

initiate a formal scope and/or anti-circumvention inquiry to June 9, 
2020.\11\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ See Commerce's Letter, ``Certain Hardwood Plywood Products 
from the People's Republic of China: Extension of Deadline,'' dated 
June 2, 2020.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Scope of the Orders

    The product covered by the Orders is hardwood and decorative 
plywood from China. For a complete description of the scope of the 
orders, see Appendix.

Merchandise Subject to the Anti-Circumvention Inquiries

    These anti-circumvention inquiries cover plywood completed in 
Vietnam using plywood components (face veneer, back veneer, and/or 
either an assembled core or individual core veneers) manufactured in 
China, or Chinese components (assembled cores, multi-ply core panels, 
or individual core veneers) combined in Vietnam with other components 
(face and/or back veneers) manufactured in Vietnam or third countries, 
and subsequently exported to the United States.\12\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ Specifically, these inquiries will cover plywood completed 
in Vietnam using: (1) Face veneer, back veneer, and assembled core 
components manufactured in China; and (2) face veneer, back veneer, 
and individual core veneers produced in China. Additionally, these 
inquiries will also examine, should such production scenarios exist, 
plywood completed in Vietnam using: (1) Fully assembled veneer core 
platforms manufactured in China and face and/or back veneers 
produced in Vietnam or third countries; (2) multi-ply panels of 
glued core veneers manufactured in China that are combined in 
Vietnam to produce veneer core platforms and combined with either a 
face and/or back veneer produced in China, Vietnam, or a third 
country; and (3) core veneers manufactured in China and processed 
into a veneer core platform in Vietnam and combined with a face and/
or back veneer produced in Vietnam or other third country. A veneer 
core platform is defined as two or more wood veneers that form the 
core of an otherwise completed hardwood plywood product (i.e., a 
hardwood plywood product to which the outer (face and back) veneers 
have not yet been affixed (see Petitioner's Request at Exhibit 11).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Initiation of Anti-Circumvention Inquiry Proceedings

    Section 781(b) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.225(h) provide that 
Commerce may find circumvention of an AD or CVD order when merchandise 
of the same class or kind subject to the order is completed or 
assembled in another foreign country before being exported to the 
United States. In conducting anti-circumvention inquiries under section 
781(b)(1) of the Act, Commerce relies upon the following criteria: (A) 
Merchandise imported into the United States is of the same class or 
kind as merchandise produced in a foreign country that is the subject 
of an AD or CVD order or finding; (B) before importation into the 
United States, such imported merchandise is completed or assembled in 
another foreign country from merchandise which is produced in the 
foreign country that is subject to the order; (C) the process of 
assembly or completion in another foreign country is minor or 
insignificant; (D) the value of the merchandise produced in the foreign 
country to which the AD or CVD order applies is a significant portion 
of the total value of the merchandise exported to the United States; 
and (E) Commerce determines that action is appropriate to prevent 
evasion of such order or finding. As discussed below, the petitioner 
provides evidence with respect to these criteria.

A. Merchandise of the Same Class or Kind

    The petitioner states that, pursuant to section 781(b)(1)(A) of the 
Act, the inquiry merchandise being completed in Vietnam and imported 
into the United States is of the same class or kind as the merchandise 
subject to the Orders.\13\ The petitioner further argues that the 
products being completed in Vietnam are identical to the subject 
merchandise produced in China and are entering the United States under 
the same Harmonized Tariff Schedule subheadings as subject plywood from 
China.\14\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \13\ See Petitioner's Request at 33-34.
    \14\ Id. According to the petitioner, the main components of 
plywood include face and back veneers, and/or either an assembled 
core or individual core veneers.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

B. Completion of Merchandise in Another Foreign Country

    The petitioner contends that section 781(b)(1)(B)(ii) of the Act 
covers the completion of plywood in Vietnam, because the main 
components in the production of plywood are manufactured in China, the 
country to which the Orders apply.\15\ The petitioner also asserts that 
fully- or partially-assembled cores, or individual core veneers, 
produced in China that are combined in Vietnam with face and/or back 
veneers produced in Vietnam or a third country should be covered by the 
Orders; according to the petitioner, the vast majority of the cost of 
the finished plywood, in terms of materials, labor, and investment, is 
related to the production of the Chinese components (including core 
veneers in particular).\16\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \15\ Id. at 34-35.
    \16\ See Petitioner's Clarification at 2-6.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

C. Minor or Insignificant Process

    Under sections 781(b)(1)(C) and 781(b)(2) of the Act, Commerce will 
take into account five factors to determine whether the process of 
assembly or completion of merchandise in other foreign countries is 
minor or insignificant. Specifically, Commerce will consider: (A) The 
level of investment in the foreign country; (B) the level of research 
and development in the foreign country; (C) the nature of the 
production process in the foreign country; (D) the extent of production 
facilities in the foreign country; and (E) whether the value of 
processing performed in the foreign country represents a small portion 
of the value of the merchandise imported into the United States. 
However, no single factor, by itself, controls Commerce's determination 
of whether the process of assembly or completion in a third country is 
minor or insignificant.\17\ Accordingly, it is Commerce's practice to 
evaluate each of these five factors as they exist in the third country, 
depending on the totality of the circumstances of the particular anti-
circumvention inquiry.\18\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \17\ See Statement of Administrative Action accompanying the 
Uruguay Round Agreements Act (SAA), H.R. Doc. No. 103-316, vol. 1 
(1994) at 893.
    \18\ See Uncovered Innerspring Units from the People's Republic 
of China: Final Affirmative Determination of Circumvention of the 
Antidumping Duty Order, 83 FR 65626 (December 21, 2018), and 
accompanying Issues and Decision Memorandum at 4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

1. Level of Investment in the Foreign Country
    The petitioner states that, based on the production steps that are 
occurring in China and Vietnam, the relative investment in Vietnam for 
the assembly operations at issue is likely minimal. According to the 
petitioner, with respect to the plywood produced solely from wooden 
components of Chinese origin, the circumvention involves assembling 
face and back veneers and/or a core (assembled or individual core 
veneers) that were manufactured in China, which accounts for the vast 
majority of the cost of production for plywood. The petitioner asserts 
that the vast majority of the production process, up through the 
production of the wooden veneers, occurs in China, and that these parts 
of the production process require more complex equipment, as well as 
much more plant space, than the later production processes that occur 
in Vietnam.
    With respect to the plywood assembled in Vietnam from Chinese 
components and non-Chinese face and/or back veneers, the petitioner 
claims that the cost and production related to the face and back 
veneers is minimal relative to the production of core veneers. In 
particular, the petitioner claims that the majority of the veneers in 
any given plywood product are used

[[Page 36532]]

for the core while the face and back veneers each constitute only a 
single veneer.\19\ Therefore, the petitioner contends that, to the 
extent that Commerce examines production scenarios described above that 
involve a combination of assembled cores, or individual core veneers, 
produced in China and face/back veneers produced in Vietnam or third 
countries, the cost, production, and value remains in the Chinese 
components (and in the core veneers in particular). As a result, the 
petitioner maintains that the minor processing that occurs in Vietnam 
also likely requires a minimal investment in Vietnam.\20\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \19\ See Petitioner's Clarification at 5-6.
    \20\ See Petitioner's Request at 36-37; see also Petitioner's 
Clarification at 9-10 and Exhibits 1 and 3.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. Level of Research and Development in the Foreign Country
    The petitioner states that there is likely no research and 
development occurring in Vietnam because in some cases the Vietnamese 
producers are just completing the end of the plywood production 
process. The petitioner asserts that, while the research and 
development required for setting up a production facility for plywood 
in China would be substantial, the level of research and development, 
if any, required for setting up an assembly facility in Vietnam would 
be very minimal.\21\ The petitioner estimates that, for a fully 
integrated facility, approximately 90 percent of the research and 
development costs would relate to veneer production, with the vast 
majority of the veneers used for the core, while only 10 percent of the 
research and development costs would relate to assembly operations.\22\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \21\ See Petitioner's Request at 38; see also Petitioner's 
Clarification at 10-11 and Exhibits 1 and 3.
    \22\ See Petitioner's Clarification at 11 and Exhibit 3.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. Nature of the Production Process in the Foreign Country
    The petitioner states that the process in Vietnam to complete the 
assembly of Chinese face and back veneers and Chinese core into 
plywood, or to apply Vietnamese or third-country face and back veneers 
to a Chinese core, or core veneers, involves very minimal processing 
compared to the production steps in China. The production steps that 
occur in China entail the majority and most significant portion of the 
production process (i.e., the production of wooden veneers from logs, 
the vast majority of which are used for the core). The petitioner 
asserts that in certain cases the only production steps occurring in 
Vietnam are the layup of the veneers as necessary, and the application 
of glue and the assembly of the veneers using a cold and hot press, as 
well as any final trimming, sanding, and/or finishing.\23\ Moreover, 
the petitioner asserts that adding additional veneers to an in-scope 
veneer core is minor further processing that does not move the 
completed merchandise out of the scope.\24\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \23\ See Petitioner's Request at 38-39.
    \24\ See Petitioner's Clarification at 4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

4. Extent of Production Facilities in the Foreign Country
    According to the petitioner, the extent of the facilities in 
Vietnam is necessarily limited because the companies in Vietnam are 
simply assembling into finished plywood the face and back veneers and/
or the core (assembled core or individual core veneers), which are 
manufactured by Chinese producers. Moreover, the petitioner cites 
information indicating that there has been no increase in production 
facilities in Vietnam, despite the massive increase in exports of 
plywood to the United States.\25\ The petitioner also explains that the 
production facilities required for veneer production, with the vast 
majority of the veneers used for the core, are substantial compared to 
those required to assemble face and back veneers and cores (assembled 
core or individual core veneers).\26\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \25\ Id. at 40; see also Petitioner's Clarification at 12-13 and 
Exhibits 1 and 4.
    \26\ See Petitioner's Clarification at 12-13 and Exhibits 1 and 
4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

5. Value of Processing Performed in the Foreign Country
    The petitioner asserts that the value of processing in Vietnam 
represents a minority of the value of the merchandise imported into the 
United States. According to the petitioner, the production steps that 
take place in China make up the most significant portion of the 
production process and the cost of goods sold (COGS) for the plywood. 
The petitioner also cites to the investigation by the U.S. 
International Trade Commission (ITC), which found that the percentage 
of COGS accounted for by raw materials alone ranged from 78.8 percent 
to 79.4 percent from 2014 through 2016, and that the major raw material 
costs are the veneer, with the vast majority of the veneers used for 
the core, and other plywood used in the production of plywood.\27\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \27\ See Petitioner's Request at 41.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The petitioner also provided proprietary data to demonstrate that 
the most significant portion of the production costs is incurred in 
China from the production of veneers, and that a very small proportion 
of the value is accounted for by the assembly of the veneers in 
Vietnam.\28\ The petitioner stated that, to the extent that assembled 
cores, or individual core veneers, produced in China that are being 
combined with Vietnam or third-country origin face/back veneers, the 
cost and production related to the face/back veneers is minimal 
relative to the production of core veneers and, thus, the vast majority 
of the cost, production, and value would still remain with the core 
veneers.\29\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \28\ Id. at 42.
    \29\ See Petitioner's Clarification at 5-6.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

D. Value of Merchandise Produced in the Foreign Country Is a 
Significant Portion of the Value of the Merchandise

    The petitioner emphasizes that the overwhelming majority of the 
production and costs are accounted for by the raw materials (i.e., the 
wooden veneers and core that are produced in China and shipped to 
Vietnam for assembly). According to the petitioner, this demonstrates 
that the value of the merchandise produced in China, which include the 
face veneer, back veneer, and/or core (assembled or individual core 
veneers), accounts for a significant portion of the total value of the 
merchandise ultimately exported to the United States.\30\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \30\ Id. at 44.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As noted above, the petitioner stated that, for plywood made from 
core veneers produced in China and further processed and combined with 
face and/or back veneers produced in Vietnam or a third country, the 
vast majority of the value of the merchandise exported remains in the 
core veneers from China.\31\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \31\ See Petitioner's Clarification at 5-6.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

E. Factors To Consider in Determining Whether Action Is Necessary

    Section 781(b)(1)(E) of the Act states that Commerce will determine 
whether action is appropriate to prevent evasion of an AD or CVD order, 
and section 781(b)(3) of the Act identifies additional factors that 
Commerce shall consider in determining whether to include parts or 
components in an AD or CVD order as part of an anti-circumvention 
inquiry, including: (A) The pattern of trade, including sourcing 
patterns; (B) whether the manufacturer or exporter of the merchandise 
described in section 781(b)(1)(B) of the Act is affiliated with the 
person who uses the merchandise described in (1)(B) to assemble or 
complete in the foreign country the

[[Page 36533]]

merchandise that is subsequently imported in the United States; and (C) 
whether imports into the foreign country of the merchandise described 
in (1)(B) have increased after initiation of the investigation which 
resulted in the issuance of such order or finding.
1. Pattern of Trade
    The petitioner argues that the pattern of trade demonstrates 
circumvention of the Orders.\32\ The petitioner asserts that, since the 
investigations and imposition of the Orders, Chinese exports of plywood 
to the United States have decreased substantially. The petitioner 
further states that U.S imports of plywood from Vietnam have increased 
by approximately 950 percent while Chinese exports of plywood to 
Vietnam have effectively doubled since 2015. In addition, trade data 
submitted by the petitioner indicate that Chinese exports of wood 
veneers to Vietnam have increased by more than 350 percent over the 
same period.\33\ The petitioner also points out that the Vietnamese 
government not only has recognized the nature of these trade trends, 
but it also suspects that the surge in exports of plywood products to 
the United States from Vietnam is a result of Chinese companies 
improperly seeking to avoid tariffs.\34\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \32\ See Petitioner's Request at 46-47.
    \33\ See Petitioner's Clarification at Exhibit 2.
    \34\ See Petitioner's Request at 46-47.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. Affiliation
    The petitioner asserts that it has reason to believe that some of 
the Chinese producers/exporters and Vietnamese assembly operators are 
affiliated. It argues that importers that previously imported Chinese 
plywood to the United States are now importing significant quantities 
of plywood from Vietnam from certain Vietnamese producers/exporters. 
The petitioner claims that this suggests that there may be a 
relationship between the prior Chinese producers/exporters and the 
entities that are now importing from Vietnam.\35\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \35\ Id. at 48.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. Subsequent Import Volume
    The petitioner presents evidence indicating that Chinese exports of 
plywood to the United States have decreased substantially since the 
implementation of the Orders.\36\ The evidence also shows that U.S 
imports of plywood from Vietnam have skyrocketed since 2015, increasing 
by approximately 950 percent. At the same time, Chinese exports of 
plywood to Vietnam have doubled.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \36\ Id. at 49.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Conclusion

    Based on the available information provided by the petitioner, we 
determine that there is sufficient basis to initiate anti-circumvention 
inquiries, pursuant to section 781(b) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.225(h). 
Commerce will determine whether the merchandise subject to the 
inquiries (as described in the ``Merchandise Subject to the Anti-
Circumvention Inquiry'' section supra) is circumventing the Orders such 
that it should be considered to be within the scope of the Orders.
    We find that the available information warrants initiating these 
anti-circumvention inquiries on a country-wide basis.\37\ Commerce has 
taken this approach in prior anti-circumvention inquiries, where the 
facts warranted initiation on a country-wide basis.\38\ Consistent with 
the approach in these prior anti-circumvention inquiries initiated on a 
country-wide basis, Commerce intends to request comments from 
interested parties regarding respondent selection and to issue 
questionnaires to solicit information from producers and exporters in 
Vietnam concerning their shipments of plywood to the United States and 
the origin of any plywood components being processed into completed 
plywood. A company's failure to respond completely and timely to 
Commerce's requests for information may result in the application of 
partial or total facts available, pursuant to section 776(a) of the 
Act, which may include adverse inferences, pursuant to section 776(b) 
of the Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \37\ Id. at Exhibit 6.
    \38\ See, e.g., Certain Corrosion-Resistant Steel Products from 
the Republic of Korea and Taiwan: Initiation of Anti-Circumvention 
Inquiries on the Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty Orders, 83 
FR 37785 (August 2, 2018); Carbon Steel Butt-Weld Pipe Fittings from 
the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Anti-Circumvention 
Inquiry on the Antidumping Duty Order, 82 FR 40556, 40560 (August 
25, 2017) (stating at initiation that Commerce would evaluate the 
extent to which a country-wide finding applicable to all exports 
might be warranted); and Certain Corrosion-Resistant Steel Products 
from the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Anti-
Circumvention Inquiries on the Antidumping Duty and Countervailing 
Duty Orders, 81 FR 79454, 79458 (November 14, 2016) (stating at 
initiation that Commerce would evaluate the extent to which a 
country-wide finding applicable to all exports might be warranted).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Additionally, as part of these anti-circumvention inquiries, we 
intend to examine the scope inquiry requests filed by the petitioner 
under 19 CFR 351.225(c), as discussed below.\39\ Our final findings in 
these anti-circumvention inquiries will include a final finding with 
regard to the scope inquiries to the extent that they determine whether 
any of the production scenarios identified by the petitioner are 
properly considered subject to the scope of the Orders. Additionally, 
Commerce is aligning the deadline to issue a final determination in the 
EAPA scope inquiries with the deadline associated with these anti-
circumvention inquiries.\40\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \39\ See Petitioner's Request at 21-31.
    \40\ See EAPA Scope Inquiry Initiation.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In accordance with 19 CFR 351.225(l)(2), if Commerce issues 
preliminary affirmative determinations, we will instruct U.S. Customs 
and Border Protection to suspend liquidation and require a cash deposit 
of estimated duties, at the applicable rate, for each unliquidated 
entry of the merchandise at issue, entered or withdrawn from warehouse 
for consumption on or after the date of initiation of the inquiries.
    Before issuance of any affirmative determination, Commerce intends 
to notify the ITC of any proposed inclusion of the inquiry merchandise 
under the scope of the Orders, in accordance with section 781(e)(1)(B) 
of the Act. Pursuant to section 781(f) of the Act, Commerce intends to 
issue its final determinations within 300 days of the date of 
publication of this notice of initiation.

Initiation of Scope Inquiries

    The scope of the Orders states that the scope ``includes hardwood 
and decorative plywood that has been further processed in a third 
country, including but not limited to trimming, cutting, notching, 
punching, drilling, or any other processing that would not otherwise 
remove the merchandise from the scope of the Orders if performed in the 
country of manufacture of the in-scope product.'' \41\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \41\ See Appendix.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The petitioner requests that Commerce confirm that, where Chinese 
producers and/or exporters are shipping the main components of plywood 
that are manufactured in China, as explained above, to Vietnam for 
assembly into completed plywood before being imported to the United 
States, such further processing does not remove the merchandise from 
the coverage of the Orders.\42\ Because the scope of the Orders 
provides that certain types of further processing do not remove the 
merchandise from the Orders, we find it appropriate to also initiate 
scope inquiries, in accordance with 19 CFR 351.225(e), to determine if 
any of the products made in the production

[[Page 36534]]

scenarios described by the petitioner are covered by the scope of the 
Orders.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \42\ See Petitioner's Request at 21-30.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Notification to Interested Parties

    This notice is published in accordance with sections 781(b) of the 
Act and 19 CFR 351.225(e) and (h).

    Dated: June 9, 2020.
Jeffrey I. Kessler,
Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance.

Appendix--Scope of the Orders

    The merchandise covered by the Orders is hardwood and decorative 
plywood, and certain veneered panels as described below. For 
purposes of this proceeding, hardwood and decorative plywood is 
defined as a generally flat, multilayered plywood or other veneered 
panel, consisting of two or more layers or plies of wood veneers and 
a core, with the face and/or back veneer made of non-coniferous wood 
(hardwood) or bamboo. The veneers, along with the core may be glued 
or otherwise bonded together. Hardwood and decorative plywood may 
include products that meet the American National Standard for 
Hardwood and Decorative Plywood, ANSI/HPVA HP-1-2016 (including any 
revisions to that standard).
    For purposes of the Orders, a ``veneer'' is a slice of wood 
regardless of thickness which is cut, sliced or sawed from a log, 
bolt, or flitch. The face and back veneers are the outermost veneer 
of wood on either side of the core irrespective of additional 
surface coatings or covers as described below.
    The core of hardwood and decorative plywood consists of the 
layer or layers of one or more material(s) that are situated between 
the face and back veneers. The core may be composed of a range of 
materials, including but not limited to hardwood, softwood, 
particleboard, or medium-density fiberboard (MDF).
    All hardwood plywood is included within the scope of the Orders 
regardless of whether or not the face and/or back veneers are 
surface coated or covered and whether or not such surface coating(s) 
or covers obscures the grain, textures, or markings of the wood. 
Examples of surface coatings and covers include, but are not limited 
to: Ultra violet light cured polyurethanes; oil or oil-modified or 
water based polyurethanes; wax; epoxy-ester finishes; moisture-cured 
urethanes; paints; stains; paper; aluminum; high pressure laminate; 
MDF; medium density overlay (MDO); and phenolic film. Additionally, 
the face veneer of hardwood plywood may be sanded; smoothed or given 
a ``distressed'' appearance through such methods as hand-scraping or 
wire brushing. All hardwood plywood is included within the scope 
even if it is trimmed; cut-to-size; notched; punched; drilled; or 
has underwent other forms of minor processing.
    All hardwood and decorative plywood is included within the scope 
of the Orders, without regard to dimension (overall thickness, 
thickness of face veneer, thickness of back veneer, thickness of 
core, thickness of inner veneers, width, or length). However, the 
most common panel sizes of hardwood and decorative plywood are 1,219 
x 1,829 mm (48 x 72 inches), 1,219 x 2,438 mm (48 x 96 inches), and 
1,219 x 3,048 mm (48 x 120 inches).
    Subject merchandise also includes hardwood and decorative 
plywood that has been further processed in a third country, 
including but not limited to trimming, cutting, notching, punching, 
drilling, or any other processing that would not otherwise remove 
the merchandise from the scope of the Orders if performed in the 
country of manufacture of the in-scope product.
    The scope of the orders excludes the following items: (1) 
Structural plywood (also known as ``industrial plywood'' or 
``industrial panels'') that is manufactured to meet U.S. Products 
Standard PS 1-09, PS 2-09, or PS 2-10 for Structural Plywood 
(including any revisions to that standard or any substantially 
equivalent international standard intended for structural plywood), 
and which has both a face and a back veneer of coniferous wood; (2) 
products which have a face and back veneer of cork; (3) multilayered 
wood flooring, as described in the antidumping duty and 
countervailing duty orders on Multilayered Wood Flooring from the 
People's Republic of China, Import Administration, International 
Trade Administration. See Multilayered Wood Flooring from the 
People's Republic of China, 76 FR 76690 (December 8, 2011) (amended 
final determination of sales at less than fair value and antidumping 
duty order), and Multilayered Wood Flooring from the People's 
Republic of China, 76 FR 76693 (December 8, 2011) (countervailing 
duty order), as amended by Multilayered Wood Flooring from the 
People's Republic of China: Amended Antidumping and Countervailing 
Duty Orders, 77 FR 5484 (February 3, 2012); (4) multilayered wood 
flooring with a face veneer of bamboo or composed entirely of 
bamboo; (5) plywood which has a shape or design other than a flat 
panel, with the exception of any minor processing described above; 
(6) products made entirely from bamboo and adhesives (also known as 
``solid bamboo''); and (7) Phenolic Film Faced Plyform (PFF), also 
known as Phenolic Surface Film Plywood (PSF), defined as a panel 
with an ``Exterior'' or ``Exposure 1'' bond classification as is 
defined by The Engineered Wood Association, having an opaque 
phenolic film layer with a weight equal to or greater than 90g/m3 
permanently bonded on both the face and back veneers and an opaque, 
moisture resistant coating applied to the edges.
    Excluded from the scope of the orders are wooden furniture goods 
that, at the time of importation, are fully assembled and are ready 
for their intended uses. Also excluded from the scope of the Orders 
is ``ready to assemble'' (RTA) furniture. RTA furniture is defined 
as (A) furniture packaged for sale for ultimate purchase by an end-
user that, at the time of importation, includes (1) all wooden 
components (in finished form) required to assemble a finished unit 
of furniture, (2) all accessory parts (e.g., screws, washers, 
dowels, nails, handles, knobs, adhesive glues) required to assemble 
a finished unit of furniture, and (3) instructions providing 
guidance on the assembly of a finished unit of furniture; (B) 
unassembled bathroom vanity cabinets, having a space for one or more 
sinks, that are imported with all unassembled hardwood and hardwood 
plywood components that have been cut-to-final dimensional component 
shape/size, painted or stained prior to importation, and stacked 
within a singled shipping package, except for furniture feet which 
may be packed and shipped separately; or (C) unassembled bathroom 
vanity linen closets that are imported with all unassembled hardwood 
and hardwood plywood components that have been cut-to-final 
dimensional shape/size, painted or stained prior to importation, and 
stacked within a single shipping package, except for furniture feet 
which may be packed and shipped separately.
    Excluded from the scope of the orders are kitchen cabinets that, 
at the time of importation, are fully assembled and are ready for 
their intended uses. Also excluded from the scope of the Orders are 
RTA kitchen cabinets. RTA kitchen cabinets are defined as kitchen 
cabinets packaged for sale for ultimate purchase by an end-user 
that, at the time of importation, includes (1) all wooden components 
(in finished form) required to assemble a finished unit of 
cabinetry, (2) all accessory parts (e.g., screws, washers, dowels, 
nails, handles, knobs, hooks, adhesive glues) required to assemble a 
finished unit of cabinetry, and (3) instructions providing guidance 
on the assembly of a finished unit of cabinetry.
    Excluded from the scope of the orders are finished table tops, 
which are table tops imported in finished form with pre-cut or 
drilled openings to attach the underframe or legs. The table tops 
are ready for use at the time of import and require no further 
finishing or processing.
    Excluded from the scope of the orders are finished countertops 
that are imported in finished form and require no further finishing 
or manufacturing.
    Excluded from the scope of the orders are laminated veneer 
lumber door and window components with (1) a maximum width of 44 
millimeters, a thickness from 30 millimeters to 72 millimeters, and 
a length of less than 2,413 millimeters (2) water boiling point 
exterior adhesive, (3) a modulus of elasticity of 1,500,000 pounds 
per square inch or higher, (4) finger-jointed or lap-jointed core 
veneer with all layers oriented so that the grain is running 
parallel or with no more than 3 dispersed layers of veneer oriented 
with the grain running perpendicular to the other layers; and (5) 
top layer machined with a curved edge and one or more profile 
channels throughout.
    Imports of hardwood plywood are primarily entered under the 
following Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) 
subheadings: 4412.10.0500; 4412.31.0520; 4412.31.0540; 4412.31.0560; 
4412.31.0620; 4412.31.0640; 4412.31.0660; 4412.31.2510; 
4412.31.2520; 4412.31.2610; 4412.31.2620; 4412.31.4040; 
4412.31.4050; 4412.31.4060; 4412.31.4075; 4412.31.4080; 
4412.31.4140; 4412.31.4150; 4412.31.4155; 4412.31.4160; 
4412.31.4180; 4412.31.5125; 4412.31.5135; 4412.31.5155; 
4412.31.5165;

[[Page 36535]]

4412.31.5175; 4412.31.5235; 4412.31.5255; 4412.31.5265; 
4412.31.5275; 4412.31.6000; 4412.31.6100; 4412.31.9100; 
4412.31.9200; 4412.32.0520; 4412.32.0540; 4412.32.0565; 
4412.32.0570; 4412.32.0620; 4412.32.0640; 4412.32.0670; 
4412.32.2510; 4412.32.2525; 4412.32.2530; 4412.32.2610; 
4412.32.2630; 4412.32.3125; 4412.32.3135; 4412.32.3155; 
4412.32.3165; 4412.32.3175; 4412.32.3185; 4412.32.3235; 
4412.32.3255; 4412.32.3265; 4412.32.3275; 4412.32.3285; 
4412.32.5600; 4412.32.3235; 4412.32.3255; 4412.32.3265; 
4412.32.3275; 4412.32.3285; 4412.32.5700; 4412.33.0620; 
4412.33.0640; 4412.33.0670; 4412.33.2630; 4412.33.3235; 
4412.33.3255; 4412.33.3265; 4412.33.3275; 4412.33.3285; 
4412.33.5700; 4412.34.2600; 4412.34.3235; 4412.34.3255; 
4412.34.3265; 4412.34.3275; 4412.34.3285; 4412.34.5700; 
4412.39.1000; 4412.39.3000; 4412.39.4011; 4412.39.4012; 
4412.39.4019; 4412.39.4031; 4412.39.4032; 4412.39.4039; 
4412.39.4051; 4412.39.4052; 4412.39.4059; 4412.39.4061; 
4412.39.4062; 4412.39.4069; 4412.39.5010; 4412.39.5030; 
4412.39.5050; 4412.94.1030; 4412.94.1050; 4412.94.3105; 
4412.94.3111; 4412.94.3121; 4412.94.3141; 4412.94.3161; 
4412.94.3175; 4412.94.4100; 4412.99.0600; 4412.99.1020; 
4412.99.1030; 4412.99.1040; 4412.99.3110; 4412.99.3120; 
4412.99.3130; 4412.99.3140; 4412.99.3150; 4412.99.3160; 
4412.99.3170; 4412.99.4100; 4412.99.5115; and 4412.99.5710.
    Imports of hardwood plywood may also enter under HTSUS 
subheadings 4412.10.9000; 4412.94.5100; 4412.94.9500; 4412.99.6000; 
4412.99.7000; 4412.99.8000; 4412.99.9000; 4412.99.9500; 
9403.90.7005; 9403.90.7010; and 9403.90.7080. While the HTSUS 
subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes, the 
written description of the scope of these orders is dispositive.

[FR Doc. 2020-13075 Filed 6-16-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-DS-P