Certain Vertical Shaft Engines Between 99cc and Up To 225cc, and Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Countervailing Duty Investigation, 20667-20670 [2020-07863]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 72 / Tuesday, April 14, 2020 / Notices reasonably accommodated during the meeting, ITA may conduct a lottery to determine the speakers. Any member of the public may submit written comments concerning the CINTAC’s affairs at any time before and after the meeting. Comments may be submitted to the Civil Nuclear Trade Advisory Committee, Office of Energy & Environmental Industries, Room 28018, 1401 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20230. For consideration during the meeting, and to ensure transmission to the Committee prior to the meeting, comments must be received no later than 5:00 p.m. EST on Friday, April 17, 2020. Comments received after that date will be distributed to the members but may not be considered at the meeting. Copies of CINTAC meeting minutes will be available within 90 days of the meeting. Dated: April 1, 2020. Man Cho, Deputy Director, Office of Energy and Environmental Industries. [FR Doc. 2020–07796 Filed 4–13–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DR–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [C–570–125] Certain Vertical Shaft Engines Between 99cc and Up To 225cc, and Parts Thereof From the People’s Republic of China: Initiation of Countervailing Duty Investigation Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. AGENCY: DATES: Applicable April 7, 2020. Ajay Menon or Rebecca Janz, AD/CVD Operations, Office II, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482–1993 or (202) 482–2972, respectively. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES The Petition On March 18, 2020, the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) received a countervailing duty (CVD) petition concerning imports of certain vertical shaft engines between 99cc and up to 225cc, and parts thereof (small vertical engines) from the People’s Republic of China (China) filed in proper form on behalf of Briggs and VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:26 Apr 13, 2020 Jkt 250001 Stratton Corporation (the petitioner).1 The Petition was accompanied by an antidumping duty (AD) petition concerning imports of small vertical engines from China. On March 20, 2020, Commerce requested supplemental information pertaining to certain aspects of the Petitions,2 to which the petitioner filed responses on March 24, 2020.3 In accordance with section 702(b)(1) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act), the petitioner alleges that the Government of China (GOC) is providing countervailable subsidies, within the meaning of sections 701 and 771(5) of the Act, to producers of small vertical engines in China, and that such imports are materially injuring, or threatening material injury to, the domestic industry producing small vertical engines in the United States. Consistent with section 702(b)(1) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.202(b), for those alleged programs on which we are initiating a CVD investigation, the Petition is supported by information reasonably available to the petitioner supporting its allegations. Commerce finds that the petitioner filed the Petition on behalf of the domestic industry because the petitioner is an interested party as defined in sections 771(9)(C) of the Act. Commerce also finds that the petitioner demonstrated sufficient industry support with respect to the initiation of the requested CVD investigation.4 Period of Investigation Because the Petition was filed on March 18, 2020, the period of 1 See Petitioner’s Letter, ‘‘Petitions for the Imposition of Antidumping and Countervailing Duties on Certain Vertical Shaft Engines Between 99cc and up to 225cc, and Parts Thereof from the People’s Republic of China,’’ dated March 18, 2020 (the Petition). 2 See Commerce’s Letter, ‘‘Petitions for the Imposition of Antidumping and Countervailing Duties on Imports of Certain Vertical Shaft Engines between 99cc and up to 225cc, and Parts Thereof from the People’s Republic of China: Supplemental Questions Concerning Volume I,’’ dated March 20, 2020; see also Commerce’s Letter ‘‘Petition for the imposition of Countervailing Duties on imports of Certain Vertical Shaft Engines between 99cc and up to 225cc, and Parts Thereof from the People’s Republic of China: Supplemental Questions Concerning Volume III,’’ dated March 20, 2020. 3 See Petitioner’s Letter, ‘‘Certain Vertical Shaft Engines Between 99cc and Up To 225cc, and Parts Thereof, From The People’s Republic of China/ Responses of Briggs & Stratton Corporation to Volume I Supplemental Questionnaire,’’ dated March 24, 2020 (General Issues Supplement); see also Petitioner’s Letter, ‘‘Certain Vertical Shaft Engines Between 99cc and Up To 225cc, and Parts Thereof, From The People’s Republic of China/ Responses of Briggs & Stratton Corporation to Volume III Supplemental Questionnaire,’’ dated March 24, 2020. 4 See ‘‘Determination of Industry Support for the Petition’’ section, infra. PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 20667 investigation (POI) is January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019.5 Scope of the Investigation The merchandise covered by this investigation is small vertical engines from China. For a full description of the scope of this investigation, see the appendix to this notice. Comments on Scope of the Investigation As discussed in the Preamble to Commerce’s regulations, we are setting aside a period for interested parties to raise issues regarding product coverage (i.e., scope).6 Commerce will consider all comments received from interested parties and, if necessary, will consult with interested parties prior to the issuance of the preliminary determination. If scope comments include factual information,7 all such factual information should be limited to public information. To facilitate preparation of its questionnaires, Commerce requests that all interested parties submit scope comments by 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time (ET) on April 27, 2020, which is 20 calendar days from the signature date of this notice. Any rebuttal comments, which may include factual information, must be filed by 5:00 p.m. ET on May 7, 2020, which is 10 calendar days from the initial comment deadline.8 Commerce requests that any factual information the parties consider relevant to the scope of the investigation be submitted during this time period. However, if a party subsequently finds that additional factual information pertaining to the scope of the investigation may be relevant, the party may contact Commerce and request permission to submit the additional information. All such comments must also be filed on the record of the concurrent AD investigation. Filing Requirements All submissions to Commerce must be filed electronically using Enforcement and Compliance’s (E&C’s) Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS), unless an exception applies.9 5 See 19 CFR 351.204(b)(2). Antidumping Duties; Countervailing Duties, 62 FR 27296, 27323 (May 19, 1997) (Preamble). 7 See 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) (defining ‘‘factual information’’). 8 See 19 CFR 351.303(b). 9 See Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings: Electronic Filing Procedures; Administrative Protective Order Procedures, 76 FR 39263 (July 6, 2011); see also Enforcement and Compliance; Change of Electronic Filing System Name, 79 FR 69046 (November 20, 2014), for details of Commerce’s electronic filing requirements, 6 See E:\FR\FM\14APN1.SGM Continued 14APN1 20668 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 72 / Tuesday, April 14, 2020 / Notices An electronically filed document must be received successfully in its entirety by the time and date it is due. Consultations Pursuant to sections 702(b)(4)(A)(i) and (ii) of the Act, Commerce notified the GOC of the receipt of the Petition and provided it the opportunity for consultations with respect to the CVD Petition.10 The GOC did not request consultations. jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES Determination of Industry Support for the Petition Section 702(b)(1) of the Act requires that a petition be filed on behalf of the domestic industry. Section 702(c)(4)(A) of the Act provides that a petition meets this requirement if the domestic producers or workers who support the petition account for: (i) At least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product; and (ii) more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the petition. Moreover, section 702(c)(4)(D) of the Act provides that, if the petition does not establish support of domestic producers or workers accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the domestic like product, Commerce shall: (i) Poll the industry or rely on other information in order to determine if there is support for the petition, as required by subparagraph (A); or (ii) determine industry support using a statistically valid sampling method to poll the ‘‘industry.’’ Section 771(4)(A) of the Act defines the ‘‘industry’’ as the producers as a whole of a domestic like product. Thus, to determine whether a petition has the requisite industry support, the statute directs Commerce to look to producers and workers who produce the domestic like product. The International Trade Commission (ITC), which is responsible for determining whether ‘‘the domestic industry’’ has been injured, must also determine what constitutes a domestic like product in order to define the industry. While both Commerce and the ITC must apply the same statutory definition regarding the domestic like product,11 they do so for different effective August 5, 2011. Information on using ACCESS can be found at https://access.trade.gov/ help.aspx and a handbook can be found at https:// access.trade.gov/help/Handbook_on_Electronic_ Filing_Procedures.pdf. 10 See Commerce’s Letter, ‘‘Certain Vertical Shaft Engines Between 99cc and Up To 225cc, and Parts Thereof, from the People’s Republic of China: Invitation for Consultation to Discuss the Countervailing Duty Petition,’’ dated March 19, 2020. 11 See section 771(10) of the Act. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:26 Apr 13, 2020 Jkt 250001 purposes and pursuant to a separate and distinct authority. In addition, Commerce’s determination is subject to limitations of time and information. Although this may result in different definitions of the like product, such differences do not render the decision of either agency contrary to law.12 Section 771(10) of the Act defines the domestic like product as ‘‘a product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation under this title.’’ Thus, the reference point from which the domestic like product analysis begins is ‘‘the article subject to an investigation’’ (i.e., the class or kind of merchandise to be investigated, which normally will be the scope as defined in the petition). With regard to the domestic like product, the petitioner does not offer a definition of the domestic like product distinct from the scope of the investigation.13 Based on our analysis of the information submitted on the record, we have determined that small vertical engines, as defined in the scope, constitute a single domestic like product, and we have analyzed industry support in terms of that domestic like product.14 In determining whether the petitioner has standing under section 702(c)(4)(A) of the Act, we considered the industry support data contained in the Petition with reference to the domestic like product as defined in the ‘‘Scope of the Investigation,’’ in the appendix to this notice. To establish industry support, the petitioner provided its 2019 shipments of the domestic like product.15 The petitioner estimated the production of the domestic like product for the entire domestic industry based on its own knowledge of the industry.16 The petitioner compared its 2019 production of domestic like product to the estimated total production of the 12 See USEC, Inc. v. United States, 132 F. Supp. 2d 1, 8 (CIT 2001) (citing Algoma Steel Corp., Ltd. v. United States, 688 F. Supp. 639, 644 (CIT 1988), aff’d 865 F. 2d 240 (Fed. Cir. 1989)). 13 See Volume I of the Petition at 13–15; see also General Issues Supplement at 2–4 and Exhibit Supp–I–2. 14 For a discussion of the domestic like product analysis as applied to this case and information regarding industry support, see Countervailing Duty Investigation Initiation Checklist: Certain Vertical Shaft Engines between 99cc and up to 225cc, and Parts Thereof from the People’s Republic of China (China CVD Initiation Checklist) at Attachment II, ‘‘Analysis of Industry Support for the Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Petitions Covering Certain Vertical Shaft Engines between 99cc and up to 225cc, and Parts Thereof from the People’s Republic of China’’ (Attachment II), dated concurrently with this notice and on file electronically via ACCESS. 15 See Volume I of the Petition at 3 and Exhibits I–1 and I–2. 16 Id. at 3–4 and Exhibits I–1 through I–6. PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 domestic like product for the entire domestic industry.17 We relied on data provided by the petitioner for purposes of measuring industry support.18 Our review of the data provided in the Petition, the General Issues Supplement, and other information readily available to Commerce indicates that the petitioner has established industry support for the Petition.19 First, the Petition established support from domestic producers (or workers) accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the domestic like product and, as such, Commerce is not required to take further action in order to evaluate industry support (e.g., polling).20 Second, the domestic producers (or workers) have met the statutory criteria for industry support under section 702(c)(4)(A)(i) of the Act because the domestic producers (or workers) who support the Petition account for at least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product.21 Finally, the domestic producers (or workers) have met the statutory criteria for industry support under section 702(c)(4)(A)(ii) of the Act because the domestic producers (or workers) who support the Petition account for more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the Petition.22 Accordingly, Commerce determines that the Petition was filed on behalf of the domestic industry within the meaning of section 702(b)(1) of the Act.23 Injury Test Because China is a ‘‘Subsidies Agreement Country’’ within the meaning of section 701(b) of the Act, section 701(a)(2) of the Act applies to this investigation. Accordingly, the ITC must determine whether imports of the subject merchandise from China materially injure, or threaten material injury to, a U.S. industry. 17 Id. at 3–4 and Exhibits I–1 and I–2. at 3–4 and Exhibits I–1 through I–6. For further discussion, see China CVD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II. 19 See China CVD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II. 20 See section 702(c)(4)(D) of the Act; see also China CVD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II; and Volume I of the Petition at 3–4 and Exhibits I–1 through I–6. 21 See China CVD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II; see also Volume I of the Petition at 3–4 and Exhibits I–1 through I–6. 22 See China CVD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II; see also Volume I of the Petition at 3–4 and Exhibits I–1 through I–6. 23 See China CVD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II; see also Volume I of the Petition at 3–4 and Exhibits I–1 through I–6. 18 Id. E:\FR\FM\14APN1.SGM 14APN1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 72 / Tuesday, April 14, 2020 / Notices Respondent Selection Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation The petitioner alleges that imports of the subject merchandise are benefitting from countervailable subsidies and that such imports are causing, or threaten to cause, material injury to the U.S. industry producing the domestic like product. In addition, the petitioner alleges that subject imports exceed the negligibility threshold provided for under section 771(24)(A) of the Act.24 The petitioner contends that the industry’s injured condition is illustrated by a significant and increasing volume of subject imports; reduced market share; underselling and price depression or suppression; lost sales and revenues; impacts on the domestic industry’s financial condition; and a shuttered manufacturing facility.25 We have assessed the allegations and supporting evidence regarding material injury, threat of material injury, causation, as well as negligibility, and we have determined that these allegations are properly supported by adequate evidence, and meet the statutory requirements for initiation.26 Initiation of CVD Investigation Based upon our examination of the Petition on small vertical engines from China and supplemental responses, we find that the Petition meets the requirements of section 702 of the Act. Therefore, we are initiating a CVD investigation to determine whether imports of small vertical engines from China benefit from countervailable subsidies conferred by the GOC. Based on our review of the Petition, we find that there is sufficient information to initiate a CVD investigation on all but one of the alleged programs. For a full discussion of the basis for our decision to initiate on each program, see China CVD Initiation Checklist. A public version of the initiation checklist for this investigation is available on ACCESS. In accordance with section 703(b)(1) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.205(b)(1), unless postponed, we will make our preliminary determination no later than 65 days after the date of this initiation. 24 See Volume I of the Petition at 18. at 18–29 and Exhibits I–2, I–7, and I–11 through I–21. 26 See China CVD Initiation Checklist at Attachment III (‘‘Analysis of Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation for the Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Petitions Covering Vertical Shaft Engines between 99cc and up to 225cc, and Parts Thereof from the People’s Republic of China’’ (Attachment III)). jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES 25 Id. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:26 Apr 13, 2020 Jkt 250001 The petitioner named 43 companies in China as producers/exporters of small vertical engines.27 Commerce intends to follow its standard practice in CVD investigations and calculate companyspecific subsidy rates in this investigation. In the event Commerce determines that the number of companies is large and it cannot individually examine each company based upon Commerce’s resources, where appropriate, Commerce intends to select mandatory respondents based on U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) data for U.S. imports of small vertical engines from China during the POI under the appropriate Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States numbers listed in the ‘‘Scope of the Investigation,’’ in the appendix. On March 31, 2020, Commerce released CBP data on imports of small vertical engines from China under administrative protective order (APO) to all parties with access to information protected by APO and indicated that interested parties wishing to comment on the CBP data must do so within three business days of the publication date of the notice of initiation of this investigation.28 We further stated that we will not accept rebuttal comments. Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305(b). Instructions for filing such applications may be found on E&C’s website at http://enforcement.trade.gov/apo. Comments must be filed electronically using ACCESS. An electronically filed document must be received successfully, in its entirety, by ACCESS no later than 5:00 p.m. ET on the date noted above. Commerce intends to finalize its decisions regarding respondent selection within 20 days of publication of this notice. Distribution of Copies of the Petition In accordance with section 702(b)(4)(A) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.202(f), a copy of the public version of the Petition has been provided to the GOC via ACCESS. Furthermore, to the extent practicable, Commerce will attempt to provide a copy of the public version of the Petition to each exporter named in the Petition, as provided under 19 CFR 351.203(c)(2). 27 See Volume I of the Petition at Exhibit I–9. Memorandum, ‘‘Certain Vertical Shaft Engines Between 99cc and Up To 225cc, and Parts Thereof, from the People’s Republic of China Countervailing Duty Petition: Release of Customs Data from U.S. Customs and Border Protection,’’ dated March 31, 2020. 28 See PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 20669 ITC Notification Commerce will notify the ITC of its initiation, as required by section 702(d) of the Act. Preliminary Determination by the ITC The ITC will preliminarily determine, within 45 days after the date on which the Petition was filed, whether there is a reasonable indication that imports of small vertical engines from China are materially injuring, or threatening material injury to, a U.S. industry.29 A negative ITC determination will result in the investigation being terminated.30 Otherwise, this investigation will proceed according to statutory and regulatory time limits. Submission of Factual Information Factual information is defined in 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) as: (i) Evidence submitted in response to questionnaires; (ii) evidence submitted in support of allegations; (iii) publicly available information to value factors under 19 CFR 351.408(c) or to measure the adequacy of remuneration under 19 CFR 351.511(a)(2); (iv) evidence placed on the record by Commerce; and (v) evidence other than factual information described in (i)–(iv). Any party, when submitting factual information, must specify under which subsection of 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) the information is being submitted 31 and, if the information is submitted to rebut, clarify, or correct factual information already on the record, to provide an explanation identifying the information already on the record that the factual information seeks to rebut, clarify, or correct.32 Time limits for the submission of factual information are addressed in 19 CFR 351.301, which provides specific time limits based on the type of factual information being submitted. Please review the regulations prior to submitting factual information in this investigation. Extensions of Time Limits Parties may request an extension of time limits before the expiration of a time limit established under 19 CFR 351.301, or as otherwise specified by Commerce. In general, an extension request will be considered untimely if it is filed after the expiration of the time limit established under 19 CFR 351.301.33 For submissions that are due from multiple parties simultaneously, an extension request will be considered 29 See section 703(a)(1) of the Act. 30 Id. 31 See 19 CFR 351.301(b). 19 CFR 351.301(b)(2). 33 See 19 CFR 351.302. 32 See E:\FR\FM\14APN1.SGM 14APN1 20670 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 72 / Tuesday, April 14, 2020 / Notices untimely if it is filed after 10:00 a.m. ET on the due date. Under certain circumstances, Commerce may elect to specify a different time limit by which extension requests will be considered untimely for submissions which are due from multiple parties simultaneously. In such a case, Commerce will inform parties in a letter or memorandum of the deadline (including a specified time) by which extension requests must be filed to be considered timely. An extension request must be made in a separate, standalone submission; under limited circumstances Commerce will grant untimely filed requests for the extension of time limits. Parties should review Extension of Time Limits; Final Rule, 78 FR 57790 (September 20, 2013), available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/ pkg/FR-2013-09-20/html/201322853.htm, prior to submitting extension requests or factual information in this investigation. Certification Requirements Any party submitting factual information in an AD or CVD proceeding must certify to the accuracy and completeness of that information.34 Parties must use the certification formats provided in 19 CFR 351.303(g).35 Commerce intends to reject factual submissions if the submitting party does not comply with the applicable certification requirements. Notification to Interested Parties jbell on DSKJLSW7X2PROD with NOTICES Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305. Instructions for filing such applications may be found on E&C’s website at http://enforcement.trade.gov/apo. On January 22, 2008, Commerce published Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings: Documents Submission Procedures; APO Procedures, 73 FR 3634 (January 22, 2008). Parties wishing to participate in this investigation should ensure that they meet the requirements of these procedures (e.g., the filing of letters of appearance as discussed at 19 CFR 351.103(d)). Note that Commerce has temporarily modified certain of its requirements for serving documents containing business proprietary 34 See section 782(b) of the Act. Certification of Factual Information to Import Administration During Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings, 78 FR 42678 (July 17, 2013) (Final Rule); see also frequently asked questions regarding the Final Rule, available at http://enforcement.trade.gov/tlei/notices/factual_ info_final_rule_FAQ_07172013.pdf. 35 See VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:26 Apr 13, 2020 Jkt 250001 information, until May 19, 2020, unless extended.36 This notice is issued and published pursuant to sections 702 and 777(i) of the Act, and 19 CFR 351.203(c). Dated: April 7, 2020. Jeffrey I. Kessler, Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance. Appendix—Scope of the Investigation The merchandise covered by this investigation consists of spark-ignited, nonroad, vertical shaft engines, whether finished or unfinished, whether assembled or unassembled, whether mounted or unmounted, primarily for walk-behind lawn mowers. Engines meeting this physical description may also be for other non-handheld outdoor power equipment, including but not limited to, pressure washers. The subject engines are spark ignition, singlecylinder, air cooled, internal combustion engines with vertical power take off shafts with a minimum displacement of 99 cubic centimeters (cc) and a maximum displacement of up to, but not including, 225cc. Typically, engines with displacements of this size generate gross power of between 1.95 kilowatts (kw) to 4.75 kw. Engines covered by this scope normally must comply with and be certified under Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) air pollution controls title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1054 of the Code of Federal Regulations standards for small nonroad spark-ignition engines and equipment. Engines that otherwise meet the physical description of the scope but are not certified under 40 CFR part 1054 and are not certified under other parts of subchapter U of the EPA air pollution controls are not excluded from the scope of this proceeding. Engines that may be certified under both 40 CFR part 1054 as well as other parts of subchapter U remain subject to the scope of this proceeding. Certain small vertical shaft engines, whether or not mounted on non-hand-held outdoor power equipment, including but not limited to walk-behind lawn mowers and pressure washers, are included in the scope. However, if a subject engine is imported mounted on such equipment, only the engine is covered by the scope. Subject merchandise includes certain small vertical shaft engines produced in the subject country whether mounted on outdoor power equipment in the subject country or in a third country. Subject engines are covered whether or not they are accompanied by other parts. For purposes of this investigation, an unfinished engine covers at a minimum a sub-assembly comprised of, but not limited to, the following components: Crankcase, crankshaft, camshaft, piston(s), and connecting rod(s). Importation of these components together, whether assembled or unassembled, and whether or not accompanied by additional components such as a sump, carburetor spacer, cylinder head(s), valve train, or valve cover(s), 36 See Temporary Rule Modifying AD/CVD Service Requirements Due to COVID–19, 85 FR 17006 (March 26, 2020). PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 constitutes an unfinished engine for purposes of this investigation. The inclusion of other products such as spark plugs fitted into the cylinder head or electrical devices (e.g., ignition coils) for synchronizing with the engine to supply tension current does not remove the product from the scope. The inclusion of any other components not identified as comprising the unfinished engine subassembly in a third country does not remove the engine from the scope. The engines subject to this investigation are predominantly classified in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) at subheading 8407.90.1010. The engine subassemblies that are subject to this investigation enter under HTSUS 8409.91.9990. The mounted engines that are subject to this investigation enter under HTSUS 8433.11.0050, 8433.11.0060, and 8424.30.9000. Engines subject to this investigation may also enter under HTSUS 8407.90.1020, 8407.90.9040, and 8407.90.9060. The HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes only, and the written description of the merchandise under investigation is dispositive. [FR Doc. 2020–07863 Filed 4–13–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A–570–124] Certain Vertical Shaft Engines Between 99cc and Up to 225cc, and Parts Thereof From the People’s Republic of China: Initiation of Less-Than-FairValue Investigation Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. DATES: Applicable April 7, 2020. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Manuel Rey or Whitley Herndon, AD/ CVD Operations, Office II, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482–5518 or (202) 482–6274, respectively. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: AGENCY: The Petition On March 18, 2020, the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) received an antidumping duty (AD) petition concerning imports of certain vertical shaft engines between 99cc and up to 225cc, and parts thereof (small vertical engines) from the People’s Republic of China (China), filed in proper form on behalf of the Briggs and Stratton Corporation (the petitioner).1 1 See Petitioner’s Letter, ‘‘Petitions for the Imposition of Antidumping and Countervailing E:\FR\FM\14APN1.SGM 14APN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 72 (Tuesday, April 14, 2020)]
[Notices]
[Pages 20667-20670]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-07863]


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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

International Trade Administration

[C-570-125]


Certain Vertical Shaft Engines Between 99cc and Up To 225cc, and 
Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of 
Countervailing Duty Investigation

AGENCY: Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, 
Department of Commerce.


DATES: Applicable April 7, 2020.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ajay Menon or Rebecca Janz, AD/CVD 
Operations, Office II, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade 
Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue 
NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482-1993 or (202) 482-2972, 
respectively.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

The Petition

    On March 18, 2020, the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) 
received a countervailing duty (CVD) petition concerning imports of 
certain vertical shaft engines between 99cc and up to 225cc, and parts 
thereof (small vertical engines) from the People's Republic of China 
(China) filed in proper form on behalf of Briggs and Stratton 
Corporation (the petitioner).\1\ The Petition was accompanied by an 
antidumping duty (AD) petition concerning imports of small vertical 
engines from China.
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    \1\ See Petitioner's Letter, ``Petitions for the Imposition of 
Antidumping and Countervailing Duties on Certain Vertical Shaft 
Engines Between 99cc and up to 225cc, and Parts Thereof from the 
People's Republic of China,'' dated March 18, 2020 (the Petition).
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    On March 20, 2020, Commerce requested supplemental information 
pertaining to certain aspects of the Petitions,\2\ to which the 
petitioner filed responses on March 24, 2020.\3\
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    \2\ See Commerce's Letter, ``Petitions for the Imposition of 
Antidumping and Countervailing Duties on Imports of Certain Vertical 
Shaft Engines between 99cc and up to 225cc, and Parts Thereof from 
the People's Republic of China: Supplemental Questions Concerning 
Volume I,'' dated March 20, 2020; see also Commerce's Letter 
``Petition for the imposition of Countervailing Duties on imports of 
Certain Vertical Shaft Engines between 99cc and up to 225cc, and 
Parts Thereof from the People's Republic of China: Supplemental 
Questions Concerning Volume III,'' dated March 20, 2020.
    \3\ See Petitioner's Letter, ``Certain Vertical Shaft Engines 
Between 99cc and Up To 225cc, and Parts Thereof, From The People's 
Republic of China/Responses of Briggs & Stratton Corporation to 
Volume I Supplemental Questionnaire,'' dated March 24, 2020 (General 
Issues Supplement); see also Petitioner's Letter, ``Certain Vertical 
Shaft Engines Between 99cc and Up To 225cc, and Parts Thereof, From 
The People's Republic of China/Responses of Briggs & Stratton 
Corporation to Volume III Supplemental Questionnaire,'' dated March 
24, 2020.
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    In accordance with section 702(b)(1) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as 
amended (the Act), the petitioner alleges that the Government of China 
(GOC) is providing countervailable subsidies, within the meaning of 
sections 701 and 771(5) of the Act, to producers of small vertical 
engines in China, and that such imports are materially injuring, or 
threatening material injury to, the domestic industry producing small 
vertical engines in the United States. Consistent with section 
702(b)(1) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.202(b), for those alleged programs 
on which we are initiating a CVD investigation, the Petition is 
supported by information reasonably available to the petitioner 
supporting its allegations.
    Commerce finds that the petitioner filed the Petition on behalf of 
the domestic industry because the petitioner is an interested party as 
defined in sections 771(9)(C) of the Act. Commerce also finds that the 
petitioner demonstrated sufficient industry support with respect to the 
initiation of the requested CVD investigation.\4\
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    \4\ See ``Determination of Industry Support for the Petition'' 
section, infra.
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Period of Investigation

    Because the Petition was filed on March 18, 2020, the period of 
investigation (POI) is January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019.\5\
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    \5\ See 19 CFR 351.204(b)(2).
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Scope of the Investigation

    The merchandise covered by this investigation is small vertical 
engines from China. For a full description of the scope of this 
investigation, see the appendix to this notice.

Comments on Scope of the Investigation

    As discussed in the Preamble to Commerce's regulations, we are 
setting aside a period for interested parties to raise issues regarding 
product coverage (i.e., scope).\6\ Commerce will consider all comments 
received from interested parties and, if necessary, will consult with 
interested parties prior to the issuance of the preliminary 
determination. If scope comments include factual information,\7\ all 
such factual information should be limited to public information. To 
facilitate preparation of its questionnaires, Commerce requests that 
all interested parties submit scope comments by 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time 
(ET) on April 27, 2020, which is 20 calendar days from the signature 
date of this notice. Any rebuttal comments, which may include factual 
information, must be filed by 5:00 p.m. ET on May 7, 2020, which is 10 
calendar days from the initial comment deadline.\8\
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    \6\ See Antidumping Duties; Countervailing Duties, 62 FR 27296, 
27323 (May 19, 1997) (Preamble).
    \7\ See 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) (defining ``factual 
information'').
    \8\ See 19 CFR 351.303(b).
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    Commerce requests that any factual information the parties consider 
relevant to the scope of the investigation be submitted during this 
time period. However, if a party subsequently finds that additional 
factual information pertaining to the scope of the investigation may be 
relevant, the party may contact Commerce and request permission to 
submit the additional information. All such comments must also be filed 
on the record of the concurrent AD investigation.

Filing Requirements

    All submissions to Commerce must be filed electronically using 
Enforcement and Compliance's (E&C's) Antidumping Duty and 
Countervailing Duty Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS), 
unless an exception applies.\9\

[[Page 20668]]

An electronically filed document must be received successfully in its 
entirety by the time and date it is due.
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    \9\ See Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings: 
Electronic Filing Procedures; Administrative Protective Order 
Procedures, 76 FR 39263 (July 6, 2011); see also Enforcement and 
Compliance; Change of Electronic Filing System Name, 79 FR 69046 
(November 20, 2014), for details of Commerce's electronic filing 
requirements, effective August 5, 2011. Information on using ACCESS 
can be found at https://access.trade.gov/help.aspx and a handbook 
can be found at https://access.trade.gov/help/Handbook_on_Electronic_Filing_Procedures.pdf.
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Consultations

    Pursuant to sections 702(b)(4)(A)(i) and (ii) of the Act, Commerce 
notified the GOC of the receipt of the Petition and provided it the 
opportunity for consultations with respect to the CVD Petition.\10\ The 
GOC did not request consultations.
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    \10\ See Commerce's Letter, ``Certain Vertical Shaft Engines 
Between 99cc and Up To 225cc, and Parts Thereof, from the People's 
Republic of China: Invitation for Consultation to Discuss the 
Countervailing Duty Petition,'' dated March 19, 2020.
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Determination of Industry Support for the Petition

    Section 702(b)(1) of the Act requires that a petition be filed on 
behalf of the domestic industry. Section 702(c)(4)(A) of the Act 
provides that a petition meets this requirement if the domestic 
producers or workers who support the petition account for: (i) At least 
25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product; and 
(ii) more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like 
product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support 
for, or opposition to, the petition. Moreover, section 702(c)(4)(D) of 
the Act provides that, if the petition does not establish support of 
domestic producers or workers accounting for more than 50 percent of 
the total production of the domestic like product, Commerce shall: (i) 
Poll the industry or rely on other information in order to determine if 
there is support for the petition, as required by subparagraph (A); or 
(ii) determine industry support using a statistically valid sampling 
method to poll the ``industry.''
    Section 771(4)(A) of the Act defines the ``industry'' as the 
producers as a whole of a domestic like product. Thus, to determine 
whether a petition has the requisite industry support, the statute 
directs Commerce to look to producers and workers who produce the 
domestic like product. The International Trade Commission (ITC), which 
is responsible for determining whether ``the domestic industry'' has 
been injured, must also determine what constitutes a domestic like 
product in order to define the industry. While both Commerce and the 
ITC must apply the same statutory definition regarding the domestic 
like product,\11\ they do so for different purposes and pursuant to a 
separate and distinct authority. In addition, Commerce's determination 
is subject to limitations of time and information. Although this may 
result in different definitions of the like product, such differences 
do not render the decision of either agency contrary to law.\12\
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    \11\ See section 771(10) of the Act.
    \12\ See USEC, Inc. v. United States, 132 F. Supp. 2d 1, 8 (CIT 
2001) (citing Algoma Steel Corp., Ltd. v. United States, 688 F. 
Supp. 639, 644 (CIT 1988), aff'd 865 F. 2d 240 (Fed. Cir. 1989)).
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    Section 771(10) of the Act defines the domestic like product as ``a 
product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in 
characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation 
under this title.'' Thus, the reference point from which the domestic 
like product analysis begins is ``the article subject to an 
investigation'' (i.e., the class or kind of merchandise to be 
investigated, which normally will be the scope as defined in the 
petition).
    With regard to the domestic like product, the petitioner does not 
offer a definition of the domestic like product distinct from the scope 
of the investigation.\13\ Based on our analysis of the information 
submitted on the record, we have determined that small vertical 
engines, as defined in the scope, constitute a single domestic like 
product, and we have analyzed industry support in terms of that 
domestic like product.\14\
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    \13\ See Volume I of the Petition at 13-15; see also General 
Issues Supplement at 2-4 and Exhibit Supp-I-2.
    \14\ For a discussion of the domestic like product analysis as 
applied to this case and information regarding industry support, see 
Countervailing Duty Investigation Initiation Checklist: Certain 
Vertical Shaft Engines between 99cc and up to 225cc, and Parts 
Thereof from the People's Republic of China (China CVD Initiation 
Checklist) at Attachment II, ``Analysis of Industry Support for the 
Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Petitions Covering Certain 
Vertical Shaft Engines between 99cc and up to 225cc, and Parts 
Thereof from the People's Republic of China'' (Attachment II), dated 
concurrently with this notice and on file electronically via ACCESS.
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    In determining whether the petitioner has standing under section 
702(c)(4)(A) of the Act, we considered the industry support data 
contained in the Petition with reference to the domestic like product 
as defined in the ``Scope of the Investigation,'' in the appendix to 
this notice. To establish industry support, the petitioner provided its 
2019 shipments of the domestic like product.\15\ The petitioner 
estimated the production of the domestic like product for the entire 
domestic industry based on its own knowledge of the industry.\16\ The 
petitioner compared its 2019 production of domestic like product to the 
estimated total production of the domestic like product for the entire 
domestic industry.\17\ We relied on data provided by the petitioner for 
purposes of measuring industry support.\18\
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    \15\ See Volume I of the Petition at 3 and Exhibits I-1 and I-2.
    \16\ Id. at 3-4 and Exhibits I-1 through I-6.
    \17\ Id. at 3-4 and Exhibits I-1 and I-2.
    \18\ Id. at 3-4 and Exhibits I-1 through I-6. For further 
discussion, see China CVD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II.
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    Our review of the data provided in the Petition, the General Issues 
Supplement, and other information readily available to Commerce 
indicates that the petitioner has established industry support for the 
Petition.\19\ First, the Petition established support from domestic 
producers (or workers) accounting for more than 50 percent of the total 
production of the domestic like product and, as such, Commerce is not 
required to take further action in order to evaluate industry support 
(e.g., polling).\20\ Second, the domestic producers (or workers) have 
met the statutory criteria for industry support under section 
702(c)(4)(A)(i) of the Act because the domestic producers (or workers) 
who support the Petition account for at least 25 percent of the total 
production of the domestic like product.\21\ Finally, the domestic 
producers (or workers) have met the statutory criteria for industry 
support under section 702(c)(4)(A)(ii) of the Act because the domestic 
producers (or workers) who support the Petition account for more than 
50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by 
that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, 
the Petition.\22\ Accordingly, Commerce determines that the Petition 
was filed on behalf of the domestic industry within the meaning of 
section 702(b)(1) of the Act.\23\
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    \19\ See China CVD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II.
    \20\ See section 702(c)(4)(D) of the Act; see also China CVD 
Initiation Checklist at Attachment II; and Volume I of the Petition 
at 3-4 and Exhibits I-1 through I-6.
    \21\ See China CVD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II; see 
also Volume I of the Petition at 3-4 and Exhibits I-1 through I-6.
    \22\ See China CVD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II; see 
also Volume I of the Petition at 3-4 and Exhibits I-1 through I-6.
    \23\ See China CVD Initiation Checklist at Attachment II; see 
also Volume I of the Petition at 3-4 and Exhibits I-1 through I-6.
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Injury Test

    Because China is a ``Subsidies Agreement Country'' within the 
meaning of section 701(b) of the Act, section 701(a)(2) of the Act 
applies to this investigation. Accordingly, the ITC must determine 
whether imports of the subject merchandise from China materially 
injure, or threaten material injury to, a U.S. industry.

[[Page 20669]]

Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation

    The petitioner alleges that imports of the subject merchandise are 
benefitting from countervailable subsidies and that such imports are 
causing, or threaten to cause, material injury to the U.S. industry 
producing the domestic like product. In addition, the petitioner 
alleges that subject imports exceed the negligibility threshold 
provided for under section 771(24)(A) of the Act.\24\
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    \24\ See Volume I of the Petition at 18.
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    The petitioner contends that the industry's injured condition is 
illustrated by a significant and increasing volume of subject imports; 
reduced market share; underselling and price depression or suppression; 
lost sales and revenues; impacts on the domestic industry's financial 
condition; and a shuttered manufacturing facility.\25\ We have assessed 
the allegations and supporting evidence regarding material injury, 
threat of material injury, causation, as well as negligibility, and we 
have determined that these allegations are properly supported by 
adequate evidence, and meet the statutory requirements for 
initiation.\26\
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    \25\ Id. at 18-29 and Exhibits I-2, I-7, and I-11 through I-21.
    \26\ See China CVD Initiation Checklist at Attachment III 
(``Analysis of Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and 
Causation for the Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Petitions 
Covering Vertical Shaft Engines between 99cc and up to 225cc, and 
Parts Thereof from the People's Republic of China'' (Attachment 
III)).
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Initiation of CVD Investigation

    Based upon our examination of the Petition on small vertical 
engines from China and supplemental responses, we find that the 
Petition meets the requirements of section 702 of the Act. Therefore, 
we are initiating a CVD investigation to determine whether imports of 
small vertical engines from China benefit from countervailable 
subsidies conferred by the GOC. Based on our review of the Petition, we 
find that there is sufficient information to initiate a CVD 
investigation on all but one of the alleged programs. For a full 
discussion of the basis for our decision to initiate on each program, 
see China CVD Initiation Checklist. A public version of the initiation 
checklist for this investigation is available on ACCESS. In accordance 
with section 703(b)(1) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.205(b)(1), unless 
postponed, we will make our preliminary determination no later than 65 
days after the date of this initiation.

Respondent Selection

    The petitioner named 43 companies in China as producers/exporters 
of small vertical engines.\27\ Commerce intends to follow its standard 
practice in CVD investigations and calculate company-specific subsidy 
rates in this investigation. In the event Commerce determines that the 
number of companies is large and it cannot individually examine each 
company based upon Commerce's resources, where appropriate, Commerce 
intends to select mandatory respondents based on U.S. Customs and 
Border Protection (CBP) data for U.S. imports of small vertical engines 
from China during the POI under the appropriate Harmonized Tariff 
Schedule of the United States numbers listed in the ``Scope of the 
Investigation,'' in the appendix.
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    \27\ See Volume I of the Petition at Exhibit I-9.
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    On March 31, 2020, Commerce released CBP data on imports of small 
vertical engines from China under administrative protective order (APO) 
to all parties with access to information protected by APO and 
indicated that interested parties wishing to comment on the CBP data 
must do so within three business days of the publication date of the 
notice of initiation of this investigation.\28\ We further stated that 
we will not accept rebuttal comments.
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    \28\ See Memorandum, ``Certain Vertical Shaft Engines Between 
99cc and Up To 225cc, and Parts Thereof, from the People's Republic 
of China Countervailing Duty Petition: Release of Customs Data from 
U.S. Customs and Border Protection,'' dated March 31, 2020.
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    Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under 
APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305(b). Instructions for filing such 
applications may be found on E&C's website at http://enforcement.trade.gov/apo.
    Comments must be filed electronically using ACCESS. An 
electronically filed document must be received successfully, in its 
entirety, by ACCESS no later than 5:00 p.m. ET on the date noted above. 
Commerce intends to finalize its decisions regarding respondent 
selection within 20 days of publication of this notice.

Distribution of Copies of the Petition

    In accordance with section 702(b)(4)(A) of the Act and 19 CFR 
351.202(f), a copy of the public version of the Petition has been 
provided to the GOC via ACCESS.
    Furthermore, to the extent practicable, Commerce will attempt to 
provide a copy of the public version of the Petition to each exporter 
named in the Petition, as provided under 19 CFR 351.203(c)(2).

ITC Notification

    Commerce will notify the ITC of its initiation, as required by 
section 702(d) of the Act.

Preliminary Determination by the ITC

    The ITC will preliminarily determine, within 45 days after the date 
on which the Petition was filed, whether there is a reasonable 
indication that imports of small vertical engines from China are 
materially injuring, or threatening material injury to, a U.S. 
industry.\29\ A negative ITC determination will result in the 
investigation being terminated.\30\ Otherwise, this investigation will 
proceed according to statutory and regulatory time limits.
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    \29\ See section 703(a)(1) of the Act.
    \30\ Id.
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Submission of Factual Information

    Factual information is defined in 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) as: (i) 
Evidence submitted in response to questionnaires; (ii) evidence 
submitted in support of allegations; (iii) publicly available 
information to value factors under 19 CFR 351.408(c) or to measure the 
adequacy of remuneration under 19 CFR 351.511(a)(2); (iv) evidence 
placed on the record by Commerce; and (v) evidence other than factual 
information described in (i)-(iv). Any party, when submitting factual 
information, must specify under which subsection of 19 CFR 
351.102(b)(21) the information is being submitted \31\ and, if the 
information is submitted to rebut, clarify, or correct factual 
information already on the record, to provide an explanation 
identifying the information already on the record that the factual 
information seeks to rebut, clarify, or correct.\32\ Time limits for 
the submission of factual information are addressed in 19 CFR 351.301, 
which provides specific time limits based on the type of factual 
information being submitted. Please review the regulations prior to 
submitting factual information in this investigation.
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    \31\ See 19 CFR 351.301(b).
    \32\ See 19 CFR 351.301(b)(2).
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Extensions of Time Limits

    Parties may request an extension of time limits before the 
expiration of a time limit established under 19 CFR 351.301, or as 
otherwise specified by Commerce. In general, an extension request will 
be considered untimely if it is filed after the expiration of the time 
limit established under 19 CFR 351.301.\33\ For submissions that are 
due from multiple parties simultaneously, an extension request will be 
considered

[[Page 20670]]

untimely if it is filed after 10:00 a.m. ET on the due date. Under 
certain circumstances, Commerce may elect to specify a different time 
limit by which extension requests will be considered untimely for 
submissions which are due from multiple parties simultaneously. In such 
a case, Commerce will inform parties in a letter or memorandum of the 
deadline (including a specified time) by which extension requests must 
be filed to be considered timely. An extension request must be made in 
a separate, standalone submission; under limited circumstances Commerce 
will grant untimely filed requests for the extension of time limits. 
Parties should review Extension of Time Limits; Final Rule, 78 FR 57790 
(September 20, 2013), available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-09-20/html/2013-22853.htm, prior to submitting extension requests 
or factual information in this investigation.
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    \33\ See 19 CFR 351.302.
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Certification Requirements

    Any party submitting factual information in an AD or CVD proceeding 
must certify to the accuracy and completeness of that information.\34\ 
Parties must use the certification formats provided in 19 CFR 
351.303(g).\35\ Commerce intends to reject factual submissions if the 
submitting party does not comply with the applicable certification 
requirements.
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    \34\ See section 782(b) of the Act.
    \35\ See Certification of Factual Information to Import 
Administration During Antidumping and Countervailing Duty 
Proceedings, 78 FR 42678 (July 17, 2013) (Final Rule); see also 
frequently asked questions regarding the Final Rule, available at 
http://enforcement.trade.gov/tlei/notices/factual_info_final_rule_FAQ_07172013.pdf.
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Notification to Interested Parties

    Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under 
APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305. Instructions for filing such 
applications may be found on E&C's website at http://enforcement.trade.gov/apo.
    On January 22, 2008, Commerce published Antidumping and 
Countervailing Duty Proceedings: Documents Submission Procedures; APO 
Procedures, 73 FR 3634 (January 22, 2008). Parties wishing to 
participate in this investigation should ensure that they meet the 
requirements of these procedures (e.g., the filing of letters of 
appearance as discussed at 19 CFR 351.103(d)). Note that Commerce has 
temporarily modified certain of its requirements for serving documents 
containing business proprietary information, until May 19, 2020, unless 
extended.\36\
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    \36\ See Temporary Rule Modifying AD/CVD Service Requirements 
Due to COVID-19, 85 FR 17006 (March 26, 2020).
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    This notice is issued and published pursuant to sections 702 and 
777(i) of the Act, and 19 CFR 351.203(c).

    Dated: April 7, 2020.
Jeffrey I. Kessler,
Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance.

Appendix--Scope of the Investigation

    The merchandise covered by this investigation consists of spark-
ignited, non-road, vertical shaft engines, whether finished or 
unfinished, whether assembled or unassembled, whether mounted or 
unmounted, primarily for walk-behind lawn mowers. Engines meeting 
this physical description may also be for other non-hand-held 
outdoor power equipment, including but not limited to, pressure 
washers. The subject engines are spark ignition, single-cylinder, 
air cooled, internal combustion engines with vertical power take off 
shafts with a minimum displacement of 99 cubic centimeters (cc) and 
a maximum displacement of up to, but not including, 225cc. 
Typically, engines with displacements of this size generate gross 
power of between 1.95 kilowatts (kw) to 4.75 kw.
    Engines covered by this scope normally must comply with and be 
certified under Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) air pollution 
controls title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1054 of the Code of 
Federal Regulations standards for small non-road spark-ignition 
engines and equipment. Engines that otherwise meet the physical 
description of the scope but are not certified under 40 CFR part 
1054 and are not certified under other parts of subchapter U of the 
EPA air pollution controls are not excluded from the scope of this 
proceeding. Engines that may be certified under both 40 CFR part 
1054 as well as other parts of subchapter U remain subject to the 
scope of this proceeding.
    Certain small vertical shaft engines, whether or not mounted on 
non-hand-held outdoor power equipment, including but not limited to 
walk-behind lawn mowers and pressure washers, are included in the 
scope. However, if a subject engine is imported mounted on such 
equipment, only the engine is covered by the scope. Subject 
merchandise includes certain small vertical shaft engines produced 
in the subject country whether mounted on outdoor power equipment in 
the subject country or in a third country. Subject engines are 
covered whether or not they are accompanied by other parts.
    For purposes of this investigation, an unfinished engine covers 
at a minimum a sub-assembly comprised of, but not limited to, the 
following components: Crankcase, crankshaft, camshaft, piston(s), 
and connecting rod(s). Importation of these components together, 
whether assembled or unassembled, and whether or not accompanied by 
additional components such as a sump, carburetor spacer, cylinder 
head(s), valve train, or valve cover(s), constitutes an unfinished 
engine for purposes of this investigation. The inclusion of other 
products such as spark plugs fitted into the cylinder head or 
electrical devices (e.g., ignition coils) for synchronizing with the 
engine to supply tension current does not remove the product from 
the scope. The inclusion of any other components not identified as 
comprising the unfinished engine subassembly in a third country does 
not remove the engine from the scope.
    The engines subject to this investigation are predominantly 
classified in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States 
(HTSUS) at subheading 8407.90.1010. The engine subassemblies that 
are subject to this investigation enter under HTSUS 8409.91.9990. 
The mounted engines that are subject to this investigation enter 
under HTSUS 8433.11.0050, 8433.11.0060, and 8424.30.9000. Engines 
subject to this investigation may also enter under HTSUS 
8407.90.1020, 8407.90.9040, and 8407.90.9060. The HTSUS subheadings 
are provided for convenience and customs purposes only, and the 
written description of the merchandise under investigation is 
dispositive.

[FR Doc. 2020-07863 Filed 4-13-20; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 3510-DS-P