Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE American LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change Amending Rule 7.12E Concerning the Resumption of Trading Following a Level 3 Market-Wide Circuit Breaker Halt, 16690-16693 [2020-06101]

Download as PDF 16690 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 57 / Tuesday, March 24, 2020 / Notices Some activities claimed by the applicant as ‘‘self-employment’’ may actually be employment for someone else (e.g., training officer, consultant, salesman). 20 CFR 216.22(c) states, for example, that an applicant is considered an employee, and not self-employed, when acting as a corporate officer, since the corporation is the applicant’s employer. Whether the RRB classifies a particular activity as self-employment or as work for an employer depends upon the circumstances in each case. The circumstances are prescribed in 20 CFR 216.21–216–23. Certain types of work may actually indicate an annuitant’s recovery from disability. Regulations related to an annuitant’s recovery from disability for work are prescribed in 20 CFR 220.17– 220–20. In addition, the RRB conducts continuing disability reviews (also known as a CDR), to determine whether the annuitant continues to meet the disability requirements of the law. Payment of disability benefits and/or a beneficiary’s period of disability will end if medical evidence or other information shows that an annuitant is not disabled under the standards prescribed in Section 2 of the RRA. Continuing disability reviews are generally conducted if one or more of the following conditions are met: (1) The annuitant is scheduled for a routine periodic review, (2) the annuitant returns to work and successfully completes a trial work period, (3) substantial earnings are posted to the annuitant’s wage record, or (4) information is received from the annuitant or a reliable source that the annuitant has recovered or returned to work. Provisions relating to when and how often the RRB conducts disability reviews are prescribed in 20 CFR 220.186. To enhance program integrity activities, the RRB utilizes Form G–252, Self-Employment/Corporate Officer Work and Earnings Monitoring. Form G–252 obtains information from a disability annuitant who either claims to be self-employed or a corporate officer, or who the RRB determines to be self-employed or a corporate officer after a continuing disability review. The continuing disability review may be prompted by a report of work, return to railroad service, an allegation of a medical improvement or a routine disability review call-up. The information gathered is used to determine entitlement and/or continued entitlement to, and the amount of, the disability annuity, as prescribed in 20 CFR 220.176. Completion is required to retain benefits. One response is required of each respondent. The RRB proposes no changes to Form G–252. ESTIMATE OF ANNUAL RESPONDENT BURDEN Annual responses Form No. Burden (hours) G–252 .......................................................................................................................................... 100 20 33 Total ...................................................................................................................................... 100 ........................ 33 Additional Information or Comments: To request more information or to obtain a copy of the information collection justification, forms, and/or supporting material, contact Kennisha Tucker at (312) 469–2591 or Kennisha.Tucker@rrb.gov. Comments regarding the information collection should be addressed to Brian Foster, Railroad Retirement Board, 844 North Rush Street, Chicago, Illinois 60611– 1275 or emailed to Brian.Foster@rrb.gov. Written comments should be received within 60 days of this notice. Brian Foster, Clearance Officer. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION I. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change [Release No. 34–88407; File No. SR– NYSEAMER–2020–20] The Exchange proposes to amend Rule 7.12E concerning the resumption of trading following a Level 3 marketwide circuit breaker halt. The proposed rule change is available on the Exchange’s website at www.nyse.com, at the principal office of the Exchange, and at the Commission’s Public Reference Room. Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE American LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change Amending Rule 7.12E Concerning the Resumption of Trading Following a Level 3 Market-Wide Circuit Breaker Halt March 18, 2020. 19(b)(1) 1 [FR Doc. 2020–06087 Filed 3–23–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7905–01–P lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with NOTICES Time (minutes) Pursuant to Section of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the ‘‘Act’’) 2 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,3 notice is hereby given that on March 16, 2020, NYSE American LLC (‘‘NYSE American’’ or the ‘‘Exchange’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the ‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change as described in Items I and II below, which Items have been prepared by the self-regulatory organization. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. II. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission, the self-regulatory organization included statements concerning the purpose of, and basis for, the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of those statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant parts of such statements. 1 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). U.S.C. 78a. 3 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 2 15 VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:34 Mar 23, 2020 Jkt 250001 PO 00000 Frm 00085 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\24MRN1.SGM 24MRN1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 57 / Tuesday, March 24, 2020 / Notices A. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and the Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with NOTICES 1. Purpose The Exchange proposes to amend Rule 7.12E concerning the resumption of trading following a Level 3 marketwide circuit breaker halt. The Exchange is proposing this rule change in conjunction with other national securities exchanges and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (‘‘FINRA’’). Rule 7.12E provides a methodology for determining when to halt trading in all stocks due to extraordinary market volatility (i.e., market-wide circuit breakers). The market-wide circuit breaker mechanism (‘‘MWCB’’) under Rule 7.12E was approved by the Commission to operate on a pilot basis,4 the term of which was to coincide with the pilot period for the Plan to Address Extraordinary Market Volatility Pursuant to Rule 608 of Regulation NMS (the ‘‘LULD Plan’’),5 including any extensions to the pilot period for the LULD Plan.6 In April 2019, the Commission approved an amendment to the LULD Plan for it to operate on a permanent, rather than pilot, basis.7 In light of the proposal to make the LULD Plan permanent, the Exchange amended Rule 7.12E to untie the pilot’s effectiveness from that of the LULD Plan and to extend the pilot’s effectiveness to the close of business on October 18, 2019.8 The Exchange then filed to extend the pilot for an additional year to the close of business on October 18, 2020.9 The market-wide circuit breaker under Rule 7.12E provides an important, automatic mechanism that is invoked to promote stability and investor confidence during a period of 4 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67090 (May 31, 2012), 77 FR 33531 (June 6, 2012) (SR– NYSEAmex–2011–73). 5 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67091 (May 31, 2012), 77 FR 33498 (June 6, 2012). The LULD Plan provides a mechanism to address extraordinary market volatility in individual securities. 6 See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 67090 (May 31, 2012), 77 FR 33531 (June 6, 2012) (SR– NYSEAmex–2011–71) (Approval Order); and 68787 (January 31, 2013), 78 FR 8615 (February 6, 2013) (SR–NYSEMKT–2013–08) (Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change Delaying the Operative Date of a Rule Change to Exchange Rule 80B-Equities). 7 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 85623 (April 11, 2019), 84 FR 16086 (April 17, 2019). 8 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 85564 (April 9, 2019), 84 FR 15269 (April 15, 2019) (SR– NYSEAMER–2019–14). 9 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 87025 (September 19, 2019), 84 FR 50527 (September 25, 2019) (SR–NYSEAMER–2019–37). VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:34 Mar 23, 2020 Jkt 250001 significant stress when securities markets experience extreme broad-based declines. All U.S. equity exchanges and FINRA adopted uniform rules on a pilot basis relating to market-wide circuit breakers in 2012 (‘‘MWCB Rules’’), which are designed to slow the effects of extreme price movement through coordinated trading halts across securities markets when severe price declines reach levels that may exhaust market liquidity.10 Market-wide circuit breakers provide for trading halts in all equities and options markets during a severe market decline as measured by a single-day decline in the S&P 500 Index. Pursuant to Rule 7.12E, a market-wide trading halt will be triggered if the S&P 500 Index declines in price by specified percentages from the prior day’s closing price of that index. Currently, the triggers are set at three circuit breaker thresholds: 7% (Level 1), 13% (Level 2), and 20% (Level 3). A market decline that triggers a Level 1 or Level 2 halt after 9:30 a.m. ET and before 3:25 p.m. ET would halt market-wide trading for 15 minutes, while a similar market decline at or after 3:25 p.m. ET would not halt market-wide trading. A market decline that triggers a Level 3 halt at any time during the trading day would halt market-wide trading until the primary listing market opens the next trading day. Today, in the event that a Level 3 market decline occurs, the Exchange would halt trading for the remainder of the trading day, and would not resume until the primary listing market opens the next trading day. On the next trading day, all NYSE Group exchanges (i.e., the Exchange, New York Stock Exchange (‘‘NYSE’’), NYSE Arca, Inc. (‘‘NYSE Arca’’), NYSE National, Inc., and NYSE Chicago, Inc.) would remain closed for all symbols until 9:30 a.m. ET, at which time the Exchange, NYSE, and NYSE Arca would begin their Core Open Auction processes for their primary-listed securities. Upon feedback from industry participants, the Exchange has been working with other national securities exchanges and FINRA to establish a standardized approach for resuming trading in all NMS Stocks following a Level 3 halt. The proposed approach would allow for the opening of all securities the next trading day after a 10 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67090 (May 31, 2012), 77 FR 33531 (June 6, 2012) (SR– BATS–2011–038; SR–BYX–2011–025; SR–BX– 2011–068; SR–CBOE–2011–087; SR–C2–2011–024; SR–CHX–2011–30; SR–EDGA–2011–31; SR–EDGX– 2011–30; SR–FINRA–2011–054; SR–ISE–2011–61; SR–NASDAQ–2011–131; SR–NSX–2011–11; SR– NYSE–2011–48; SR–NYSEAmex–2011–73; SR– NYSEArca–2011–68; SR–Phlx–2011–129) (‘‘MWCB Approval Order’’). PO 00000 Frm 00086 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 16691 Level 3 halt as a regular trading day, and is designed to ensure that Level 3 MWCB events are handled in a more consistent manner that is transparent for market participants.11 As proposed, a Level 3 halt would end at the end of the trading day on which it is declared. This proposed change would allow for next-day trading to resume in all NMS Stocks no differently from any other trading day. In other words, an exchange could resume trading in any security when it first begins trading under its rules and would not need to wait for the primary listing market to re-open trading in a security before it could start trading such security.12 Accordingly, under the proposal, the Exchange could begin trading all securities at the beginning of the Exchange’s Early Trading Session at 7:00 a.m. ET,13 regardless of whether the primary listing markets for those securities have actually opened. To effect this change, the Exchange proposes to delete the language in Rule 7.12E(b)(ii) requiring the Exchange to wait until the primary listing exchange opens the next trading day following a Level 3 market decline, and specify that the Exchange will halt trading for the remainder of the trading day. The proposed rule change would therefore allow each exchange to resume trading in all securities the next trading day following a Level 3 halt at whatever time such exchange normally begins trading under its rules, which for the Exchange would be at the beginning of the Early Trading Session at 7:00 a.m. ET under its current rules. The Exchange also expects that the primary listing exchanges will facilitate this change by sending resume messages to the applicable securities information processor (‘‘SIP’’) to lift the Level 3 trading halt message in all securities. The resumption messages will be disseminated after the SIP has started on the next trading day and before the start of the earliest pre-market trading session 11 Of note, the U.S. futures markets, which have similar rules for coordinated MWCB halts, normally begin their ‘‘next day’’ trading session at 6:00 p.m. ET (for CFE and CME) or at 8:00 p.m. ET (for ICE). If the U.S. futures markets amend their MWCB rules, as needed, to allow for normal course trading following a Level 3 halt, the futures markets would resume trading in their normal course at 6:00 p.m. ET (CFE and CME) or 8:00 p.m. ET (ICE) the same day as the Level 3 halt. 12 The Exchange anticipates that the other national securities exchanges and FINRA will also file similar proposals to amend their MWCB rules on the resumption of trading following Level 3 halts, and amend their rules, where required, to have their Level 3 next-day openings happen normally. 13 Early Trading Session means the trading session that begins at 7:00 a.m. and continues until 9:30 a.m. See Rule 7.34E(a)(1). E:\FR\FM\24MRN1.SGM 24MRN1 lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with NOTICES 16692 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 57 / Tuesday, March 24, 2020 / Notices of all exchanges. If a security is separately subject to a regulatory halt that has not ended, the primary listing exchange would replace the Level 3 halt message with the applicable regulatory halt message. Having a consistent approach for all securities will make the opening process the day after a Level 3 halt more uniform and reduce complexity, which the Exchange believes is important after a significant market event. Based on industry feedback, the Exchange believes that resuming trading in the normal course in all equity securities will be more beneficial to the marketplace. By allowing trading to resume after a Level 3 halt in all securities no differently from any normal trading day under the respective rules of each exchange, the proposed rule change would provide greater certainty to the marketplace by ensuring a familiar experience for all market participants that trade NMS Stocks and balances out potential concerns around volatility. While the Exchange recognizes that the impact of this proposal is to permit all securities to be traded in the various exchanges’ early trading sessions, which do not have certain price protections for volatility such as LULD Bands or MWCB protections, the Exchange nonetheless believes that this outcome is outweighed by the benefits provided by resuming trading in the early trading sessions in a manner that is more familiar to the marketplace. Moreover, allowing the resumption of trading to occur on the various exchanges at the beginning of their early trading sessions in all NMS Stocks will allow for price formation to occur earlier in the trading day, which in turn allows market participants to react to news that has developed. As such, trading at the beginning of regular hours may be more orderly. The Exchange will announce the implementation date of the amendment to Rule 7.12E(b)(ii) by Trader Update. under Rule 7.12E is an important, automatic mechanism that is invoked to promote stability and investor confidence during a period of significant stress when securities markets experience extreme broad-based declines. The Exchange believes that the proposed rule change promotes just and equitable principles of trade in that it promotes transparency and uniformity across markets concerning when and how to halt trading in all stocks as a result of extraordinary market volatility, and how the markets will resume trading following a Level 3 market decline. As described above, the Exchange, together with other national securities exchanges and FINRA, is seeking to adopt a standardized approach related to resuming trading in NMS Stocks after a Level 3 MWCB halt. In this regard, the Exchange believes that the proposal to resume trading in all securities following a Level 3 halt in the same manner that securities would open trading on a regular trading day will benefit investors, the national market system, Exchange members, and the Exchange market by promoting a fair and orderly market and reducing confusion during a significant crossmarket event. By allowing trading to resume after a Level 3 halt in all securities no differently from any normal trading day under the respective rules of each exchange, the proposed rule change would provide greater certainty to the marketplace by ensuring a familiar experience for all market participants that trade NMS Stocks. Based on the foregoing, the Exchange believes the benefits to market participants from the MWCB under Rule 7.12E with the proposed standardized process for resuming trading in all securities following a Level 3 halt will promote fair and orderly markets, and protect investors and the public interest. 2. Statutory Basis The Exchange believes that its proposal is consistent with Section 6(b) of the Act,14 in general, and furthers the objectives of Section 6(b)(5) of the Act,15 in particular, in that it is designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general to protect investors and the public interest. The market-wide circuit breaker mechanism The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act because the proposed Level 3 rule change described above would standardize the opening process for all securities on the Exchange, which would make the opening process the day after a Level 3 halt more uniform and reduce complexity. Further, the Exchange understands that FINRA and other national securities exchanges will file similar proposals to adopt the proposed Level 3 rule change. 14 15 15 15 U.S.C. 78f(b). U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:34 Mar 23, 2020 Jkt 250001 B. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Burden on Competition PO 00000 Frm 00087 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 C. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others No written comments were solicited or received with respect to the proposed rule change. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action The Exchange has filed the proposed rule change pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A)(iii) of the Act 16 and Rule 19b–4(f)(6) thereunder.17 Because the proposed rule change does not: (i) Significantly affect the protection of investors or the public interest; (ii) impose any significant burden on competition; and (iii) become operative prior to 30 days from the date on which it was filed, or such shorter time as the Commission may designate, if consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest, the proposed rule change has become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act and Rule 19b–4(f)(6)(iii) thereunder.18 A proposed rule change filed under Rule 19b–4(f)(6) 19 normally does not become operative prior to 30 days after the date of the filing. However, pursuant to Rule 19b4(f)(6)(iii),20 the Commission may designate a shorter time if such action is consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest. The Exchange has asked the Commission to waive the 30-day operative delay so that the proposal may become operative immediately upon filing. The Commission notes that it approved a substantively similarly proposed rule change submitted by The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC.21 Waiver of the operative delay will ensure consistency across the market centers and the timely implementation of the proposed rule change. Accordingly, the Commission waives the 30-day operative delay and designates the proposed rule change operative upon filing.22 16 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A)(iii). CFR 240.19b–4(f)(6). 18 17 CFR 240.19b–4(f)(6). In addition, Rule 19b– 4(f)(6) requires a self-regulatory organization to give the Commission written notice of its intent to file the proposed rule change at least five business days prior to the date of filing of the proposed rule change, or such shorter time as designated by the Commission. The Commission has waived the prefiling requirement. 19 17 CFR 240.19b–4(f)(6). 20 17 CFR 240.19b–4(f)(6)(iii). 21 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 88360 (March 11, 2020) (SR–NASDAQ–2020–03). 22 For purposes only of waiving the 30-day operative delay, the Commission has considered the proposed rule’s impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. See 15 U.S.C. 78c(f). 17 17 E:\FR\FM\24MRN1.SGM 24MRN1 Federal Register / Vol. 85, No. 57 / Tuesday, March 24, 2020 / Notices At any time within 60 days of the filing of such proposed rule change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the Commission shall institute proceedings under Section 19(b)(2)(B) 23 of the Act to determine whether the proposed rule change should be approved or disapproved. IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: lotter on DSKBCFDHB2PROD with NOTICES Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– NYSEAMER–2020–20 on the subject line. Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to: Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–NYSEAMER–2020–20. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s internet website (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for website viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549 on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for 23 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(2)(B). VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:34 Mar 23, 2020 Jkt 250001 inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change. Persons submitting comments are cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal identifying information from comment submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–NYSEAMER–2020–20 and should be submitted on or before April 14, 2020. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.24 J. Matthew DeLesDernier, Assistant Secretary. [FR Doc. 2020–06101 Filed 3–23–20; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–88410; File No. SR– NYSECHX–2020–08] Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Chicago, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change Amending Rule 7.12 Concerning the Resumption of Trading Following a Level 3 Market-Wide Circuit Breaker Halt March 18, 2020. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) 1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the ‘‘Act’’) 2 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,3 notice is hereby given that, on March 16, 2020, the NYSE Chicago, Inc. (‘‘NYSE Chicago’’ or the ‘‘Exchange’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the ‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change as described in Items I and II below, which Items have been prepared by the self-regulatory organization. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. I. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to amend Rule 7.12 concerning the resumption of trading following a Level 3 market-wide circuit breaker halt. The proposed rule change is available on the Exchange’s website at www.nyse.com, at the principal office of the Exchange, and at the Commission’s Public Reference Room. 24 17 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 2 15 U.S.C. 78a. 3 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 1 15 PO 00000 Frm 00088 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 16693 II. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission, the self-regulatory organization included statements concerning the purpose of, and basis for, the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of those statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant parts of such statements. A. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and the Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change 1. Purpose The Exchange proposes to amend Rule 7.12 concerning the resumption of trading following a Level 3 market-wide circuit breaker halt. The Exchange is proposing this rule change in conjunction with other national securities exchanges and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (‘‘FINRA’’). Rule 7.12 provides a methodology for determining when to halt trading in all stocks due to extraordinary market volatility (i.e., market-wide circuit breakers). The market-wide circuit breaker mechanism (‘‘MWCB’’) under Rule 7.12 was approved by the Commission to operate on a pilot basis,4 the term of which was to coincide with the pilot period for the Plan to Address Extraordinary Market Volatility Pursuant to Rule 608 of Regulation NMS (the ‘‘LULD Plan’’),5 including any extensions to the pilot period for the LULD Plan.6 In April 2019, the Commission approved an amendment to the LULD Plan for it to operate on a 4 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67090 (May 31, 2012), 77 FR 33531 (June 6, 2012) (SR– CHX–2011–30) (approving amendments to Article 20, Rule 2). Rule 7.12 replaced Article 20, Rule 2 without any substantive differences. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 87264 (October 9, 2019), 84 FR 55345 (October 16, 2019) (SR–NYSECHX– 2019–08). 5 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67091 (May 31, 2012), 77 FR 33498 (June 6, 2012). The LULD Plan provides a mechanism to address extraordinary market volatility in individual securities. 6 See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 67090 (May 31, 2012), 77 FR 33531 (June 6, 2012) (SR– CHX–2011–30) (Approval Order); and 68777 (January 31, 2013), 78 FR 8673 (February 6, 2013) (SR–CHX–2013–02) (Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change Delaying the Operative Date of a Rule Change to CHX Article 20, Rule 2). E:\FR\FM\24MRN1.SGM 24MRN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 57 (Tuesday, March 24, 2020)]
[Notices]
[Pages 16690-16693]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-06101]


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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

[Release No. 34-88407; File No. SR-NYSEAMER-2020-20]


Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE American LLC; Notice of 
Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change Amending 
Rule 7.12E Concerning the Resumption of Trading Following a Level 3 
Market-Wide Circuit Breaker Halt

March 18, 2020.
    Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) \1\ of the Securities Exchange Act of 
1934 (the ``Act'') \2\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\3\ notice is hereby 
given that on March 16, 2020, NYSE American LLC (``NYSE American'' or 
the ``Exchange'') filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission 
(the ``Commission'') the proposed rule change as described in Items I 
and II below, which Items have been prepared by the self-regulatory 
organization. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit 
comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1).
    \2\ 15 U.S.C. 78a.
    \3\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance 
of the Proposed Rule Change

    The Exchange proposes to amend Rule 7.12E concerning the resumption 
of trading following a Level 3 market-wide circuit breaker halt. The 
proposed rule change is available on the Exchange's website at 
www.nyse.com, at the principal office of the Exchange, and at the 
Commission's Public Reference Room.

II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

    In its filing with the Commission, the self-regulatory organization 
included statements concerning the purpose of, and basis for, the 
proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the 
proposed rule change. The text of those statements may be examined at 
the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared 
summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most 
significant parts of such statements.

[[Page 16691]]

A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and the 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

1. Purpose
    The Exchange proposes to amend Rule 7.12E concerning the resumption 
of trading following a Level 3 market-wide circuit breaker halt. The 
Exchange is proposing this rule change in conjunction with other 
national securities exchanges and the Financial Industry Regulatory 
Authority (``FINRA'').
    Rule 7.12E provides a methodology for determining when to halt 
trading in all stocks due to extraordinary market volatility (i.e., 
market-wide circuit breakers). The market-wide circuit breaker 
mechanism (``MWCB'') under Rule 7.12E was approved by the Commission to 
operate on a pilot basis,\4\ the term of which was to coincide with the 
pilot period for the Plan to Address Extraordinary Market Volatility 
Pursuant to Rule 608 of Regulation NMS (the ``LULD Plan''),\5\ 
including any extensions to the pilot period for the LULD Plan.\6\ In 
April 2019, the Commission approved an amendment to the LULD Plan for 
it to operate on a permanent, rather than pilot, basis.\7\ In light of 
the proposal to make the LULD Plan permanent, the Exchange amended Rule 
7.12E to untie the pilot's effectiveness from that of the LULD Plan and 
to extend the pilot's effectiveness to the close of business on October 
18, 2019.\8\ The Exchange then filed to extend the pilot for an 
additional year to the close of business on October 18, 2020.\9\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67090 (May 31, 
2012), 77 FR 33531 (June 6, 2012) (SR-NYSEAmex-2011-73).
    \5\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67091 (May 31, 
2012), 77 FR 33498 (June 6, 2012). The LULD Plan provides a 
mechanism to address extraordinary market volatility in individual 
securities.
    \6\ See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 67090 (May 31, 
2012), 77 FR 33531 (June 6, 2012) (SR-NYSEAmex-2011-71) (Approval 
Order); and 68787 (January 31, 2013), 78 FR 8615 (February 6, 2013) 
(SR-NYSEMKT-2013-08) (Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness 
of Proposed Rule Change Delaying the Operative Date of a Rule Change 
to Exchange Rule 80B-Equities).
    \7\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 85623 (April 11, 
2019), 84 FR 16086 (April 17, 2019).
    \8\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 85564 (April 9, 
2019), 84 FR 15269 (April 15, 2019) (SR-NYSEAMER-2019-14).
    \9\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 87025 (September 19, 
2019), 84 FR 50527 (September 25, 2019) (SR-NYSEAMER-2019-37).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The market-wide circuit breaker under Rule 7.12E provides an 
important, automatic mechanism that is invoked to promote stability and 
investor confidence during a period of significant stress when 
securities markets experience extreme broad-based declines. All U.S. 
equity exchanges and FINRA adopted uniform rules on a pilot basis 
relating to market-wide circuit breakers in 2012 (``MWCB Rules''), 
which are designed to slow the effects of extreme price movement 
through coordinated trading halts across securities markets when severe 
price declines reach levels that may exhaust market liquidity.\10\ 
Market-wide circuit breakers provide for trading halts in all equities 
and options markets during a severe market decline as measured by a 
single-day decline in the S&P 500 Index.
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    \10\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67090 (May 31, 
2012), 77 FR 33531 (June 6, 2012) (SR-BATS-2011-038; SR-BYX-2011-
025; SR-BX-2011-068; SR-CBOE-2011-087; SR-C2-2011-024; SR-CHX-2011-
30; SR-EDGA-2011-31; SR-EDGX-2011-30; SR-FINRA-2011-054; SR-ISE-
2011-61; SR-NASDAQ-2011-131; SR-NSX-2011-11; SR-NYSE-2011-48; SR-
NYSEAmex-2011-73; SR-NYSEArca-2011-68; SR-Phlx-2011-129) (``MWCB 
Approval Order'').
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    Pursuant to Rule 7.12E, a market-wide trading halt will be 
triggered if the S&P 500 Index declines in price by specified 
percentages from the prior day's closing price of that index. 
Currently, the triggers are set at three circuit breaker thresholds: 7% 
(Level 1), 13% (Level 2), and 20% (Level 3). A market decline that 
triggers a Level 1 or Level 2 halt after 9:30 a.m. ET and before 3:25 
p.m. ET would halt market-wide trading for 15 minutes, while a similar 
market decline at or after 3:25 p.m. ET would not halt market-wide 
trading. A market decline that triggers a Level 3 halt at any time 
during the trading day would halt market-wide trading until the primary 
listing market opens the next trading day.
    Today, in the event that a Level 3 market decline occurs, the 
Exchange would halt trading for the remainder of the trading day, and 
would not resume until the primary listing market opens the next 
trading day. On the next trading day, all NYSE Group exchanges (i.e., 
the Exchange, New York Stock Exchange (``NYSE''), NYSE Arca, Inc. 
(``NYSE Arca''), NYSE National, Inc., and NYSE Chicago, Inc.) would 
remain closed for all symbols until 9:30 a.m. ET, at which time the 
Exchange, NYSE, and NYSE Arca would begin their Core Open Auction 
processes for their primary-listed securities.
    Upon feedback from industry participants, the Exchange has been 
working with other national securities exchanges and FINRA to establish 
a standardized approach for resuming trading in all NMS Stocks 
following a Level 3 halt. The proposed approach would allow for the 
opening of all securities the next trading day after a Level 3 halt as 
a regular trading day, and is designed to ensure that Level 3 MWCB 
events are handled in a more consistent manner that is transparent for 
market participants.\11\
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    \11\ Of note, the U.S. futures markets, which have similar rules 
for coordinated MWCB halts, normally begin their ``next day'' 
trading session at 6:00 p.m. ET (for CFE and CME) or at 8:00 p.m. ET 
(for ICE). If the U.S. futures markets amend their MWCB rules, as 
needed, to allow for normal course trading following a Level 3 halt, 
the futures markets would resume trading in their normal course at 
6:00 p.m. ET (CFE and CME) or 8:00 p.m. ET (ICE) the same day as the 
Level 3 halt.
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    As proposed, a Level 3 halt would end at the end of the trading day 
on which it is declared. This proposed change would allow for next-day 
trading to resume in all NMS Stocks no differently from any other 
trading day. In other words, an exchange could resume trading in any 
security when it first begins trading under its rules and would not 
need to wait for the primary listing market to re-open trading in a 
security before it could start trading such security.\12\ Accordingly, 
under the proposal, the Exchange could begin trading all securities at 
the beginning of the Exchange's Early Trading Session at 7:00 a.m. 
ET,\13\ regardless of whether the primary listing markets for those 
securities have actually opened.
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    \12\ The Exchange anticipates that the other national securities 
exchanges and FINRA will also file similar proposals to amend their 
MWCB rules on the resumption of trading following Level 3 halts, and 
amend their rules, where required, to have their Level 3 next-day 
openings happen normally.
    \13\ Early Trading Session means the trading session that begins 
at 7:00 a.m. and continues until 9:30 a.m. See Rule 7.34E(a)(1).
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    To effect this change, the Exchange proposes to delete the language 
in Rule 7.12E(b)(ii) requiring the Exchange to wait until the primary 
listing exchange opens the next trading day following a Level 3 market 
decline, and specify that the Exchange will halt trading for the 
remainder of the trading day. The proposed rule change would therefore 
allow each exchange to resume trading in all securities the next 
trading day following a Level 3 halt at whatever time such exchange 
normally begins trading under its rules, which for the Exchange would 
be at the beginning of the Early Trading Session at 7:00 a.m. ET under 
its current rules. The Exchange also expects that the primary listing 
exchanges will facilitate this change by sending resume messages to the 
applicable securities information processor (``SIP'') to lift the Level 
3 trading halt message in all securities. The resumption messages will 
be disseminated after the SIP has started on the next trading day and 
before the start of the earliest pre-market trading session

[[Page 16692]]

of all exchanges. If a security is separately subject to a regulatory 
halt that has not ended, the primary listing exchange would replace the 
Level 3 halt message with the applicable regulatory halt message.
    Having a consistent approach for all securities will make the 
opening process the day after a Level 3 halt more uniform and reduce 
complexity, which the Exchange believes is important after a 
significant market event. Based on industry feedback, the Exchange 
believes that resuming trading in the normal course in all equity 
securities will be more beneficial to the marketplace. By allowing 
trading to resume after a Level 3 halt in all securities no differently 
from any normal trading day under the respective rules of each 
exchange, the proposed rule change would provide greater certainty to 
the marketplace by ensuring a familiar experience for all market 
participants that trade NMS Stocks and balances out potential concerns 
around volatility. While the Exchange recognizes that the impact of 
this proposal is to permit all securities to be traded in the various 
exchanges' early trading sessions, which do not have certain price 
protections for volatility such as LULD Bands or MWCB protections, the 
Exchange nonetheless believes that this outcome is outweighed by the 
benefits provided by resuming trading in the early trading sessions in 
a manner that is more familiar to the marketplace. Moreover, allowing 
the resumption of trading to occur on the various exchanges at the 
beginning of their early trading sessions in all NMS Stocks will allow 
for price formation to occur earlier in the trading day, which in turn 
allows market participants to react to news that has developed. As 
such, trading at the beginning of regular hours may be more orderly.
    The Exchange will announce the implementation date of the amendment 
to Rule 7.12E(b)(ii) by Trader Update.
2. Statutory Basis
    The Exchange believes that its proposal is consistent with Section 
6(b) of the Act,\14\ in general, and furthers the objectives of Section 
6(b)(5) of the Act,\15\ in particular, in that it is designed to 
promote just and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments 
to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national 
market system, and, in general to protect investors and the public 
interest. The market-wide circuit breaker mechanism under Rule 7.12E is 
an important, automatic mechanism that is invoked to promote stability 
and investor confidence during a period of significant stress when 
securities markets experience extreme broad-based declines. The 
Exchange believes that the proposed rule change promotes just and 
equitable principles of trade in that it promotes transparency and 
uniformity across markets concerning when and how to halt trading in 
all stocks as a result of extraordinary market volatility, and how the 
markets will resume trading following a Level 3 market decline. As 
described above, the Exchange, together with other national securities 
exchanges and FINRA, is seeking to adopt a standardized approach 
related to resuming trading in NMS Stocks after a Level 3 MWCB halt. In 
this regard, the Exchange believes that the proposal to resume trading 
in all securities following a Level 3 halt in the same manner that 
securities would open trading on a regular trading day will benefit 
investors, the national market system, Exchange members, and the 
Exchange market by promoting a fair and orderly market and reducing 
confusion during a significant cross-market event. By allowing trading 
to resume after a Level 3 halt in all securities no differently from 
any normal trading day under the respective rules of each exchange, the 
proposed rule change would provide greater certainty to the marketplace 
by ensuring a familiar experience for all market participants that 
trade NMS Stocks.
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    \14\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b).
    \15\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5).
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    Based on the foregoing, the Exchange believes the benefits to 
market participants from the MWCB under Rule 7.12E with the proposed 
standardized process for resuming trading in all securities following a 
Level 3 halt will promote fair and orderly markets, and protect 
investors and the public interest.

B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition

    The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will 
impose any burden on competition not necessary or appropriate in 
furtherance of the purposes of the Act because the proposed Level 3 
rule change described above would standardize the opening process for 
all securities on the Exchange, which would make the opening process 
the day after a Level 3 halt more uniform and reduce complexity. 
Further, the Exchange understands that FINRA and other national 
securities exchanges will file similar proposals to adopt the proposed 
Level 3 rule change.

C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed 
Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others

    No written comments were solicited or received with respect to the 
proposed rule change.

III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for 
Commission Action

    The Exchange has filed the proposed rule change pursuant to Section 
19(b)(3)(A)(iii) of the Act \16\ and Rule 19b-4(f)(6) thereunder.\17\ 
Because the proposed rule change does not: (i) Significantly affect the 
protection of investors or the public interest; (ii) impose any 
significant burden on competition; and (iii) become operative prior to 
30 days from the date on which it was filed, or such shorter time as 
the Commission may designate, if consistent with the protection of 
investors and the public interest, the proposed rule change has become 
effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act and Rule 19b-
4(f)(6)(iii) thereunder.\18\
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    \16\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A)(iii).
    \17\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4(f)(6).
    \18\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4(f)(6). In addition, Rule 19b-4(f)(6) 
requires a self-regulatory organization to give the Commission 
written notice of its intent to file the proposed rule change at 
least five business days prior to the date of filing of the proposed 
rule change, or such shorter time as designated by the Commission. 
The Commission has waived the pre-filing requirement.
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    A proposed rule change filed under Rule 19b-4(f)(6) \19\ normally 
does not become operative prior to 30 days after the date of the 
filing. However, pursuant to Rule 19b4(f)(6)(iii),\20\ the Commission 
may designate a shorter time if such action is consistent with the 
protection of investors and the public interest. The Exchange has asked 
the Commission to waive the 30-day operative delay so that the proposal 
may become operative immediately upon filing. The Commission notes that 
it approved a substantively similarly proposed rule change submitted by 
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC.\21\ Waiver of the operative delay will 
ensure consistency across the market centers and the timely 
implementation of the proposed rule change. Accordingly, the Commission 
waives the 30-day operative delay and designates the proposed rule 
change operative upon filing.\22\
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    \19\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4(f)(6).
    \20\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4(f)(6)(iii).
    \21\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 88360 (March 11, 
2020) (SR-NASDAQ-2020-03).
    \22\ For purposes only of waiving the 30-day operative delay, 
the Commission has considered the proposed rule's impact on 
efficiency, competition, and capital formation. See 15 U.S.C. 
78c(f).

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[[Page 16693]]

    At any time within 60 days of the filing of such proposed rule 
change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule 
change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or 
appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or 
otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission 
takes such action, the Commission shall institute proceedings under 
Section 19(b)(2)(B) \23\ of the Act to determine whether the proposed 
rule change should be approved or disapproved.
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    \23\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(2)(B).
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IV. Solicitation of Comments

    Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and 
arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule 
change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of 
the following methods:

Electronic Comments

     Use the Commission's internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml); or
     Send an email to [email protected]. Please include 
File Number SR-NYSEAMER-2020-20 on the subject line.

Paper Comments

     Send paper comments in triplicate to: Secretary, 
Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 
20549-1090.

All submissions should refer to File Number SR-NYSEAMER-2020-20. This 
file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To 
help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, 
please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on 
the Commission's internet website (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml). 
Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written 
statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with 
the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed 
rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those 
that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions 
of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for website viewing and printing in 
the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 
20549 on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 
3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection 
and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments 
received will be posted without change. Persons submitting comments are 
cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal identifying 
information from comment submissions. You should submit only 
information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions 
should refer to File Number SR-NYSEAMER-2020-20 and should be submitted 
on or before April 14, 2020.

    For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, 
pursuant to delegated authority.\24\
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    \24\ 17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(12).
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J. Matthew DeLesDernier,
Assistant Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2020-06101 Filed 3-23-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P