Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE American LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change to Amend Rule 967NY (Price Protection-Orders), 71018-71021 [2019-27734]

Download as PDF 71018 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 247 / Thursday, December 26, 2019 / Notices khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES opportunities to execute certain orders (rather than reject or cancel), while still maintaining a tolerance range. Thus, the proposal would promote just and equitable principles of trade and would protect investors by adding flexibility and sensitivity to the Sell Check for orders in lower-priced options and allow the balance of the Price Checks to continue to operate as intended. In addition, with regard to ISOs, the Exchange believes it is appropriate to exclude such orders from the Sell Check to ensure that the order type (as well as the Sell Check) operates as intended. Moreover, modifying the rule to specify that ISOs would be excluded from the Sell Check would add clarity and transparency to Exchange rules. The Exchange is proposing the modifications to the Sell Check for the benefit of, and in consultation with, OTP Holders and OTP Firms and believes the proposed rule change would help to maintain a fair and orderly market, and provide a valuable service to investors. In particular, the proposed changes to the Sell Check are responsive to member input regarding certain orders being erroneously rejected or canceled by the Sell Check (either an ISO or a sell order on an option series trading at a (relatively) low price). This proposal would thus facilitate transactions in securities and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market by providing OTP Holders and OTP Firms with enhanced functionality that will assist them with managing their portfolio and risk profile. B. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Burden on Competition The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. The proposed rule change enhances the existing Sell Check for option orders of all OTP Holders submitted to the Exchange and is designed to ensure that properly entered orders are not inadvertently rejected or canceled by the Exchange—insofar as the Sell Check would exclude (and not interfere with the operation of) ISO orders, and, would apply a modified/more finely calibrated percentage threshold to sell orders in option series trading at a relatively low price. The Exchange further believes that because the proposed rule change would be applicable to all OTP Holders it would not impose any burden on intra-market competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:53 Dec 23, 2019 Jkt 250001 C. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others No written comments were solicited or received with respect to the proposed rule change. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action Because the foregoing proposed rule change does not: (i) Significantly affect the protection of investors or the public interest; (ii) impose any significant burden on competition; and (iii) become operative for 30 days from the date on which it was filed, or such shorter time as the Commission may designate, it has become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act 21 and Rule 19b– 4(f)(6) thereunder.22 At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the Commission shall institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be approved or disapproved. IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic Comments All submissions should refer to File Number SR–NYSEArca–2019–89. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s internet website (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for website viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549 on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change. Persons submitting comments are cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal identifying information from comment submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–NYSEArca–2019–89 and should be submitted on or before January 16, 2020. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.23 J. Matthew DeLesDernier, Assistant Secretary. • Use the Commission’s internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– NYSEArca–2019–89 on the subject line. [FR Doc. 2019–27724 Filed 12–23–19; 8:45 am] Paper Comments [Release No. 34–87794; File No. SR– NYSEAMER–2019–56] • Send paper comments in triplicate to: Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549–1090. 21 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A). CFR 240.19b–4(f)(6). In addition, Rule 19b– 4(f)(6)(iii) requires a self-regulatory organization to give the Commission written notice of its intent to file the proposed rule change, along with a brief description and text of the proposed rule change, at least five business days prior to the date of filing of the proposed rule change, or such shorter time as designated by the Commission. The Exchange has satisfied this requirement. 22 17 PO 00000 Frm 00091 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE American LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change to Amend Rule 967NY (Price Protection—Orders) December 18, 2019. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) 1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 23 17 1 15 E:\FR\FM\26DEN1.SGM CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 26DEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 247 / Thursday, December 26, 2019 / Notices (‘‘Act’’) 2 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,3 notice is hereby given that on December 5, 2019, NYSE American LLC (‘‘Exchange’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change described in Items I and II below, which Items have been prepared by the self-regulatory organization. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. I. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to amend Rule 967NY (Price Protection—Orders) to modify and enhance certain of its current price protection mechanisms. The proposed rule change is available on the Exchange’s website at www.nyse.com, at the principal office of the Exchange, and at the Commission’s Public Reference Room. II. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission, the self-regulatory organization included statements concerning the purpose of, and basis for, the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of those statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant parts of such statements. A. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and the Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES 1. Purpose The Exchange proposes to amend paragraph (c) of Rule 967NY to modify and enhance its Price Reasonability Checks for options orders to sell puts or calls (the ‘‘Sell Check’’). As proposed, the Exchange would enhance the Sell Checks applied when the National Best Bid (‘‘NBB’’) is below a specified price and would exclude from the Sell Check any Intermarket Sweep Orders, both of which changes would allow for a more finely calibrated Sell Check. Price Reasonability Checks The Exchange has in place various price check mechanisms that are designed to prevent incoming orders from automatically executing at 2 15 3 17 U.S.C. 78a. CFR 240.19b–4. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:53 Dec 23, 2019 Jkt 250001 potentially erroneous prices.4 In particular, the Exchange has Price Reasonability Checks (‘‘Price Checks’’) for Limit Orders based on the principle that an option order is in error and should be rejected (or canceled) when the same result can be achieved on the market for the underlying equity security at a lesser cost.5 The Price Checks are based on the consolidated last sale price of the security underlying the option, once the security opens for trading (or reopens following a Trading Halt).6 The Exchange offers Price Checks for buy and sell options orders.7 The proposed change relates only to the Price Checks for sell options orders (i.e., the Sell Check).8 Current Rule 967NY(c)(2) sets forth the current Sell Check, which is designed to protect sellers of calls and puts from presumptively erroneous executions based on the ‘‘Intrinsic Value’’ of an option. The Intrinsic Value of an option series is measured as the difference between the strike price and the consolidated last sale price. A sell order in a call series creates an obligation to sell the underlying security at the strike price and a sell order in a put series creates an obligation to buy the underlying security at the strike price. Thus, the Intrinsic Value for a call option is equal to the consolidated last sale price of the underlying security minus the strike price; whereas the Intrinsic Value for a put option is equal to the strike price minus the consolidated last sale price of the underlying security.9 Under the current Rule, the Exchange rejects or cancels options Limit Orders to sell a call or to sell a put if the price of the order is equal to or lower than its Intrinsic 4 See, e.g., Rules 967NY(a) (trading collars) and (b) (limit order price filter), Rule 967.1NY(a) (price protection for Market Maker quotes). 5 A Limit Order is an order to buy or sell a stated number of option contracts at a specified price, or better. See Rule 900.3NY(b). 6 See Rule 967NY(c). 7 The Price Checks—or arbitrage checks—for buy orders operate as follows: Unless otherwise provided in Commentary .01 of the Rule, the Exchange rejects or cancels any limit order to buy a put option if the price of the order is equal to or greater than the strike price of the option; and, the Exchange rejects or cancels any limit order to buy a call option if the price of the order is equal to or greater than the consolidated last sale price of the underlying security, plus a dollar amount to be determined by the Exchange and announced by Trader Update. See Rule 967NY(c)(1)(A), (B). 8 The proposed rule change would not impact the securities that are excluded from the Price Checks per Commentary .01 to the Rule, which currently are options series for which the underlying security has a non-standard cash or stock deliverable as part of a corporate action; options series for which the underlying security is identified as OTC; option series on an index; and ByRDs. See Commentary .01 to Rule 967NY. 9 See Rule 967NY(c)(2). PO 00000 Frm 00092 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 71019 Value, minus a threshold percentage (‘‘percentage threshold’’), which is determined by the Exchange and announced by Trader Update.10 The percentage threshold buffer is an important aspect of the Sell Check because there may be situations in which market participants willingly opt to execute certain trading strategies even if such trade or trades occur for a price less than the Intrinsic Value of the options series.11 Absent this percentage threshold buffer, application of the Sell Check could result in the rejection or cancelation of certain options sell orders where market participants seek an execution. Proposed Low Price Intrinsic Value Percentage Threshold The Exchange proposes to modify the Sell Check to introduce a separate percentage threshold to better account for sell orders in options series that are trading at relatively low prices so as to avoid such orders potentially being (incorrectly) rejected or canceled. Specifically, the Exchange would apply this modified check to limit orders to sell when the NBB for the option series is equal to or below a specified minimum price, as determined and announced by the Exchange (the ‘‘Minimum Price’’).12 As proposed, if the Exchange receives an order to sell a put or a call in an option series where the NBB ‘‘is equal to or below the Minimum Price,’’ such order would be canceled or rejected ‘‘if the price of the order is equal to or lower than its Intrinsic Value, minus a threshold percentage’’ to be determined by the Exchange and announced by Trader Update (the ‘‘Low Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold’’).13 The rule text would also make clear that this Low Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold would be calculated as a 10 See Rule 967NY(c)(2)(A). The percentage threshold for sell orders is currently set to twentyfive percent (25%). The Exchange refers to this existing percentage threshold as the ‘‘Regular Intrinsic Value percentage threshold’’ to differentiate from the proposed threshold. See proposed Rule 967NY(c)(2)(A). 11 For example, if the market participant is looking to close out a position, it may be financially beneficial to pay a small premium and close out the position rather than carry such position to expiration and take delivery. See, e.g., Securities Exchange Act Release No. 85925 (May 23, 2019), 84 FR 24831, 24832, fn14 (May 30, 2019) (SR– NYSEAMER–2019–19) (immediately effective filing implementing Price Checks, including the Sell Check). 12 See proposed Rule 967NY(c)(2)(A)(i) (providing that the current Sell Check will apply to orders ‘‘provided the NBB for the option series is greater than’’ the Minimum Price; otherwise the Low Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold would apply). See also proposed Rule 967NY(c)(2)(A)(i) [sic]. 13 See proposed Rule 967NY(c)(2)(A)(i). E:\FR\FM\26DEN1.SGM 26DEN1 khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES 71020 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 247 / Thursday, December 26, 2019 / Notices percentage of the Intrinsic Value.14 The Exchange believes this proposed modification would enable the Exchange to apply a more finely calibrated Sell Check (i.e., to options orders trading at or below a certain price), which is distinct from the Regular Intrinsic Value percentage threshold, and should reduce the possibility of such orders on lowerpriced options being improperly canceled or rejected.15 As noted above, market participants may opt to willingly execute trading strategies regardless of whether the result is an execution for a price less than the Intrinsic Value of the options series. The Low Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold is designed to allow greater flexibility to market participants submitting sell orders in option series trading at lower prices. This would allow participants additional opportunities to execute certain orders (rather than reject or cancel), while still maintaining a tolerance range. Thus, the proposal would protect investors by adding flexibility and sensitivity to the Sell Check for orders in lower-priced options and allow the balance of the Price Checks to continue to operate as intended. The following examples illustrate this proposed functionality. Assumptions: • Minimum Price is $1.00. • (Regular) Intrinsic Value percentage threshold is 25%. • Low Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold is 100%. • Series A: XYZ DEC 136 Call. • XYZ Stock is trading at $136.36. Example 1: NBBO for Series A: (100) $2.00 × $3.00 (100). • The NBB of $2.00 is above the Minimum Price (i.e., $1.00), thus, the (Regular) Intrinsic Value percentage threshold, per Rule 967NY(c)(2)(A), applies. • The Intrinsic Value of Series A is $0.36 ($136.36 ¥ $136.00); and • The lowest acceptable price for a sell in Series A is $0.27 (after applying the 25% percentage threshold ($0.09)). Example 2: NBBO for Series A: (100) $0.50 × $3.00 (100). • The NBB of $0.50 is below the Minimum Price (i.e., $1.00), thus, the Low Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold, per proposed Rule 967NY(c)(2)(A)(i), applies. 14 See id. id. The Exchange anticipates setting the Minimum Price to $1.00 and the Low Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold to one hundred percent (100%) and whether and when these amounts change would depend upon the interest and/or behavior of market participants. 15 See VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:53 Dec 23, 2019 Jkt 250001 • The Intrinsic Value of Series A is $0.36 ($136.36 ¥ $136.00); and • The lowest acceptable price for a sell in Series A is $0.00 (after applying the 100% percentage threshold ($0.36)) (i.e. there is no intrinsic check in this case). ISOs Excluded From Sell Checks The Exchange also proposes to modify the Sell Check to exclude any Intermarket Sweep Order or ISO.16 An ISO is a Limit Order for an options series that instructs the Exchange to execute the order up to the price of its limit, regardless of the NBBO. An ATP Holder may submit an ISO to sell only if it has simultaneously routed one or more additional ISOs, as necessary, to execute against the full displayed size of any better-priced protected quotations for the options series (i.e., the Protected Bid), with a price that is superior to the limit of the ISO.17 Because an ISO is generally used when trying to sweep a price level across multiple exchanges in an effort to post the balance of an order without locking an away market, the Exchange believes it is appropriate to exclude such orders from the Sell Check so as not to interfere with the intended functioning of such order type. Implementation The Exchange will announce by Trader Update the implementation date of the proposed rule change. 2. Statutory Basis The Exchange believes that its proposal is consistent with Section 6(b) of the Act,18 in general, and furthers the objectives of Section 6(b)(5) of the Act,19 in particular, in that it is designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in regulating, clearing, settling, processing information with respect to, and facilitating transactions in securities, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest. In particular, the Exchange believes the proposed Sell Check as modified to account for lower-priced options and to exclude ISOs would protect investors and the public interest and maintain fair and orderly markets by ensuring that properly entered orders are not inadvertently rejected or canceled by 16 See proposed Rule 967NY(c)(2). Rule 900.3NY(u). 18 15 U.S.C. 78f(b). 19 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). 17 See PO 00000 Frm 00093 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 the Exchange. In particular, the Low Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold would allow for better calibration of the Sell Check (i.e., to options orders trading at or below a certain price), which should reduce the possibility of such orders on lowerpriced options being improperly canceled or rejected. Under certain circumstances, market participants may choose to execute trading strategies regardless of whether the result is an execution for a price less than the Intrinsic Value of the options series. The Low Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold (which is distinct from the Regular Intrinsic Value percentage threshold) is designed to allow greater flexibility to market participants submitting sell orders in option series trading at lower prices. This would allow participants additional opportunities to execute certain orders (rather than reject or cancel), while still maintaining a tolerance range. Thus, the proposal would promote just and equitable principles of trade and would protect investors by adding flexibility and sensitivity to the Sell Check for orders in lower-priced options and allow the balance of the Price Checks to continue to operate as intended. In addition, with regard to ISOs, the Exchange believes it is appropriate to exclude such orders from the Sell Check to ensure that the order type (as well as the Sell Check) operates as intended. Moreover, modifying the rule to specify that ISOs would be excluded from the Sell Check would add clarity and transparency to Exchange rules. The Exchange is proposing the modifications to the Sell Check for the benefit of, and in consultation with ATP Holders and believes the proposed rule change would help to maintain a fair and orderly market, and provide a valuable service to investors. In particular, the proposed changes to the Sell Check are responsive to member input regarding certain orders being erroneously rejected or canceled by the Sell Check (either an ISO or a sell order on an option series trading at a (relatively) low price). This proposal would thus facilitate transactions in securities and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market by providing ATP Holders with enhanced functionality that will assist them with managing their portfolio and risk profile. B. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Burden on Competition The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance E:\FR\FM\26DEN1.SGM 26DEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 84, No. 247 / Thursday, December 26, 2019 / Notices of the purposes of the Act. The proposed rule change enhances the existing Sell Check for option orders of all ATP Holders submitted to the Exchange and is designed to ensure that properly entered orders are not inadvertently rejected or canceled by the Exchange—insofar as the Sell Check would exclude (and not interfere with the operation of) ISO orders, and, would apply a modified/more finely calibrated percentage threshold to sell orders in option series trading at a relatively low price. The Exchange further believes that because the proposed rule change would be applicable to all ATP Holders it would not impose any burden on intra-market competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. C. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others No written comments were solicited or received with respect to the proposed rule change. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action khammond on DSKJM1Z7X2PROD with NOTICES Because the foregoing proposed rule change does not: (i) Significantly affect the protection of investors or the public interest; (ii) impose any significant burden on competition; and (iii) become operative for 30 days from the date on which it was filed, or such shorter time as the Commission may designate, it has become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act 20 and Rule 19b– 4(f)(6) thereunder.21 At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the Commission shall institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be approved or disapproved. 20 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A). CFR 240.19b–4(f)(6). In addition, Rule 19b– 4(f)(6)(iii) requires a self-regulatory organization to give the Commission written notice of its intent to file the proposed rule change, along with a brief description and text of the proposed rule change, at least five business days prior to the date of filing of the proposed rule change, or such shorter time as designated by the Commission. The Exchange has satisfied this requirement. 21 17 VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:53 Dec 23, 2019 Jkt 250001 IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– NYSEAMER–2019–56 on the subject line. Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to: Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–NYSEAMER–2019–56. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s internet website (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for website viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549 on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change. Persons submitting comments are cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal identifying information from comment submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–NYSEAMER–2019–56 and should be submitted on or before January 16, 2020.22 For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority. J. Matthew DeLesDernier, Assistant Secretary. [FR Doc. 2019–27734 Filed 12–23–19; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–87799; File No. SR–CBOE– 2019–124] Self-Regulatory Organizations; Cboe Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule Change To Amend Its Fees Schedule December 18, 2019. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the ‘‘Act’’),1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 notice is hereby given that on December 18, 2019, Cboe Exchange, Inc. (the ‘‘Exchange’’ or ‘‘Cboe Options’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the ‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. I. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change Cboe Exchange, Inc. (the ‘‘Exchange’’ or ‘‘Cboe Options’’) proposes to amend its Fees Schedule. The text of the proposed rule change is provided in Exhibit 5. The text of the proposed rule change is also available on the Exchange’s website (http://www.cboe.com/ AboutCBOE/CBOELegal RegulatoryHome.aspx), at the Exchange’s Office of the Secretary, and at the Commission’s Public Reference Room. II. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The 1 15 22 17 PO 00000 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). Frm 00094 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 71021 2 17 E:\FR\FM\26DEN1.SGM U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). CFR 240.19b–4. 26DEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 247 (Thursday, December 26, 2019)]
[Notices]
[Pages 71018-71021]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-27734]


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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

[Release No. 34-87794; File No. SR-NYSEAMER-2019-56]


Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE American LLC; Notice of 
Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change to Amend 
Rule 967NY (Price Protection--Orders)

December 18, 2019.
    Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) \1\ of the Securities Exchange Act of 
1934

[[Page 71019]]

(``Act'') \2\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\3\ notice is hereby given that 
on December 5, 2019, NYSE American LLC (``Exchange'') filed with the 
Securities and Exchange Commission (``Commission'') the proposed rule 
change described in Items I and II below, which Items have been 
prepared by the self-regulatory organization. The Commission is 
publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change 
from interested persons.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1).
    \2\ 15 U.S.C. 78a.
    \3\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance 
of the Proposed Rule Change

    The Exchange proposes to amend Rule 967NY (Price Protection--
Orders) to modify and enhance certain of its current price protection 
mechanisms. The proposed rule change is available on the Exchange's 
website at www.nyse.com, at the principal office of the Exchange, and 
at the Commission's Public Reference Room.

II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

    In its filing with the Commission, the self-regulatory organization 
included statements concerning the purpose of, and basis for, the 
proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the 
proposed rule change. The text of those statements may be examined at 
the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared 
summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most 
significant parts of such statements.

A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and the 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

1. Purpose
    The Exchange proposes to amend paragraph (c) of Rule 967NY to 
modify and enhance its Price Reasonability Checks for options orders to 
sell puts or calls (the ``Sell Check''). As proposed, the Exchange 
would enhance the Sell Checks applied when the National Best Bid 
(``NBB'') is below a specified price and would exclude from the Sell 
Check any Intermarket Sweep Orders, both of which changes would allow 
for a more finely calibrated Sell Check.
Price Reasonability Checks
    The Exchange has in place various price check mechanisms that are 
designed to prevent incoming orders from automatically executing at 
potentially erroneous prices.\4\ In particular, the Exchange has Price 
Reasonability Checks (``Price Checks'') for Limit Orders based on the 
principle that an option order is in error and should be rejected (or 
canceled) when the same result can be achieved on the market for the 
underlying equity security at a lesser cost.\5\ The Price Checks are 
based on the consolidated last sale price of the security underlying 
the option, once the security opens for trading (or reopens following a 
Trading Halt).\6\ The Exchange offers Price Checks for buy and sell 
options orders.\7\ The proposed change relates only to the Price Checks 
for sell options orders (i.e., the Sell Check).\8\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ See, e.g., Rules 967NY(a) (trading collars) and (b) (limit 
order price filter), Rule 967.1NY(a) (price protection for Market 
Maker quotes).
    \5\ A Limit Order is an order to buy or sell a stated number of 
option contracts at a specified price, or better. See Rule 
900.3NY(b).
    \6\ See Rule 967NY(c).
    \7\ The Price Checks--or arbitrage checks--for buy orders 
operate as follows: Unless otherwise provided in Commentary .01 of 
the Rule, the Exchange rejects or cancels any limit order to buy a 
put option if the price of the order is equal to or greater than the 
strike price of the option; and, the Exchange rejects or cancels any 
limit order to buy a call option if the price of the order is equal 
to or greater than the consolidated last sale price of the 
underlying security, plus a dollar amount to be determined by the 
Exchange and announced by Trader Update. See Rule 967NY(c)(1)(A), 
(B).
    \8\ The proposed rule change would not impact the securities 
that are excluded from the Price Checks per Commentary .01 to the 
Rule, which currently are options series for which the underlying 
security has a non-standard cash or stock deliverable as part of a 
corporate action; options series for which the underlying security 
is identified as OTC; option series on an index; and ByRDs. See 
Commentary .01 to Rule 967NY.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Current Rule 967NY(c)(2) sets forth the current Sell Check, which 
is designed to protect sellers of calls and puts from presumptively 
erroneous executions based on the ``Intrinsic Value'' of an option. The 
Intrinsic Value of an option series is measured as the difference 
between the strike price and the consolidated last sale price. A sell 
order in a call series creates an obligation to sell the underlying 
security at the strike price and a sell order in a put series creates 
an obligation to buy the underlying security at the strike price. Thus, 
the Intrinsic Value for a call option is equal to the consolidated last 
sale price of the underlying security minus the strike price; whereas 
the Intrinsic Value for a put option is equal to the strike price minus 
the consolidated last sale price of the underlying security.\9\ Under 
the current Rule, the Exchange rejects or cancels options Limit Orders 
to sell a call or to sell a put if the price of the order is equal to 
or lower than its Intrinsic Value, minus a threshold percentage 
(``percentage threshold''), which is determined by the Exchange and 
announced by Trader Update.\10\ The percentage threshold buffer is an 
important aspect of the Sell Check because there may be situations in 
which market participants willingly opt to execute certain trading 
strategies even if such trade or trades occur for a price less than the 
Intrinsic Value of the options series.\11\ Absent this percentage 
threshold buffer, application of the Sell Check could result in the 
rejection or cancelation of certain options sell orders where market 
participants seek an execution.
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    \9\ See Rule 967NY(c)(2).
    \10\ See Rule 967NY(c)(2)(A). The percentage threshold for sell 
orders is currently set to twenty-five percent (25%). The Exchange 
refers to this existing percentage threshold as the ``Regular 
Intrinsic Value percentage threshold'' to differentiate from the 
proposed threshold. See proposed Rule 967NY(c)(2)(A).
    \11\ For example, if the market participant is looking to close 
out a position, it may be financially beneficial to pay a small 
premium and close out the position rather than carry such position 
to expiration and take delivery. See, e.g., Securities Exchange Act 
Release No. 85925 (May 23, 2019), 84 FR 24831, 24832, fn14 (May 30, 
2019) (SR-NYSEAMER-2019-19) (immediately effective filing 
implementing Price Checks, including the Sell Check).
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Proposed Low Price Intrinsic Value Percentage Threshold
    The Exchange proposes to modify the Sell Check to introduce a 
separate percentage threshold to better account for sell orders in 
options series that are trading at relatively low prices so as to avoid 
such orders potentially being (incorrectly) rejected or canceled. 
Specifically, the Exchange would apply this modified check to limit 
orders to sell when the NBB for the option series is equal to or below 
a specified minimum price, as determined and announced by the Exchange 
(the ``Minimum Price'').\12\ As proposed, if the Exchange receives an 
order to sell a put or a call in an option series where the NBB ``is 
equal to or below the Minimum Price,'' such order would be canceled or 
rejected ``if the price of the order is equal to or lower than its 
Intrinsic Value, minus a threshold percentage'' to be determined by the 
Exchange and announced by Trader Update (the ``Low Price Intrinsic 
Value percentage threshold'').\13\ The rule text would also make clear 
that this Low Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold would be 
calculated as a

[[Page 71020]]

percentage of the Intrinsic Value.\14\ The Exchange believes this 
proposed modification would enable the Exchange to apply a more finely 
calibrated Sell Check (i.e., to options orders trading at or below a 
certain price), which is distinct from the Regular Intrinsic Value 
percentage threshold, and should reduce the possibility of such orders 
on lower-priced options being improperly canceled or rejected.\15\
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    \12\ See proposed Rule 967NY(c)(2)(A)(i) (providing that the 
current Sell Check will apply to orders ``provided the NBB for the 
option series is greater than'' the Minimum Price; otherwise the Low 
Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold would apply). See also 
proposed Rule 967NY(c)(2)(A)(i) [sic].
    \13\ See proposed Rule 967NY(c)(2)(A)(i).
    \14\ See id.
    \15\ See id. The Exchange anticipates setting the Minimum Price 
to $1.00 and the Low Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold to 
one hundred percent (100%) and whether and when these amounts change 
would depend upon the interest and/or behavior of market 
participants.
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    As noted above, market participants may opt to willingly execute 
trading strategies regardless of whether the result is an execution for 
a price less than the Intrinsic Value of the options series. The Low 
Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold is designed to allow greater 
flexibility to market participants submitting sell orders in option 
series trading at lower prices. This would allow participants 
additional opportunities to execute certain orders (rather than reject 
or cancel), while still maintaining a tolerance range. Thus, the 
proposal would protect investors by adding flexibility and sensitivity 
to the Sell Check for orders in lower-priced options and allow the 
balance of the Price Checks to continue to operate as intended.
    The following examples illustrate this proposed functionality.
    Assumptions:
     Minimum Price is $1.00.
     (Regular) Intrinsic Value percentage threshold is 25%.
     Low Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold is 100%.
     Series A: XYZ DEC 136 Call.
     XYZ Stock is trading at $136.36.
    Example 1: NBBO for Series A: (100) $2.00 x $3.00 (100).
     The NBB of $2.00 is above the Minimum Price (i.e., $1.00), 
thus, the (Regular) Intrinsic Value percentage threshold, per Rule 
967NY(c)(2)(A), applies.
     The Intrinsic Value of Series A is $0.36 ($136.36 - 
$136.00); and
     The lowest acceptable price for a sell in Series A is 
$0.27 (after applying the 25% percentage threshold ($0.09)).
    Example 2: NBBO for Series A: (100) $0.50 x $3.00 (100).
     The NBB of $0.50 is below the Minimum Price (i.e., $1.00), 
thus, the Low Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold, per proposed 
Rule 967NY(c)(2)(A)(i), applies.
     The Intrinsic Value of Series A is $0.36 ($136.36 - 
$136.00); and
     The lowest acceptable price for a sell in Series A is 
$0.00 (after applying the 100% percentage threshold ($0.36)) (i.e. 
there is no intrinsic check in this case).
ISOs Excluded From Sell Checks
    The Exchange also proposes to modify the Sell Check to exclude any 
Intermarket Sweep Order or ISO.\16\ An ISO is a Limit Order for an 
options series that instructs the Exchange to execute the order up to 
the price of its limit, regardless of the NBBO. An ATP Holder may 
submit an ISO to sell only if it has simultaneously routed one or more 
additional ISOs, as necessary, to execute against the full displayed 
size of any better-priced protected quotations for the options series 
(i.e., the Protected Bid), with a price that is superior to the limit 
of the ISO.\17\ Because an ISO is generally used when trying to sweep a 
price level across multiple exchanges in an effort to post the balance 
of an order without locking an away market, the Exchange believes it is 
appropriate to exclude such orders from the Sell Check so as not to 
interfere with the intended functioning of such order type.
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    \16\ See proposed Rule 967NY(c)(2).
    \17\ See Rule 900.3NY(u).
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Implementation
    The Exchange will announce by Trader Update the implementation date 
of the proposed rule change.
2. Statutory Basis
    The Exchange believes that its proposal is consistent with Section 
6(b) of the Act,\18\ in general, and furthers the objectives of Section 
6(b)(5) of the Act,\19\ in particular, in that it is designed to 
prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just 
and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and 
coordination with persons engaged in regulating, clearing, settling, 
processing information with respect to, and facilitating transactions 
in securities, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a 
free and open market and a national market system and, in general, to 
protect investors and the public interest.
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    \18\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b).
    \19\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5).
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    In particular, the Exchange believes the proposed Sell Check as 
modified to account for lower-priced options and to exclude ISOs would 
protect investors and the public interest and maintain fair and orderly 
markets by ensuring that properly entered orders are not inadvertently 
rejected or canceled by the Exchange. In particular, the Low Price 
Intrinsic Value percentage threshold would allow for better calibration 
of the Sell Check (i.e., to options orders trading at or below a 
certain price), which should reduce the possibility of such orders on 
lower-priced options being improperly canceled or rejected. Under 
certain circumstances, market participants may choose to execute 
trading strategies regardless of whether the result is an execution for 
a price less than the Intrinsic Value of the options series. The Low 
Price Intrinsic Value percentage threshold (which is distinct from the 
Regular Intrinsic Value percentage threshold) is designed to allow 
greater flexibility to market participants submitting sell orders in 
option series trading at lower prices. This would allow participants 
additional opportunities to execute certain orders (rather than reject 
or cancel), while still maintaining a tolerance range. Thus, the 
proposal would promote just and equitable principles of trade and would 
protect investors by adding flexibility and sensitivity to the Sell 
Check for orders in lower-priced options and allow the balance of the 
Price Checks to continue to operate as intended.
    In addition, with regard to ISOs, the Exchange believes it is 
appropriate to exclude such orders from the Sell Check to ensure that 
the order type (as well as the Sell Check) operates as intended. 
Moreover, modifying the rule to specify that ISOs would be excluded 
from the Sell Check would add clarity and transparency to Exchange 
rules.
    The Exchange is proposing the modifications to the Sell Check for 
the benefit of, and in consultation with ATP Holders and believes the 
proposed rule change would help to maintain a fair and orderly market, 
and provide a valuable service to investors. In particular, the 
proposed changes to the Sell Check are responsive to member input 
regarding certain orders being erroneously rejected or canceled by the 
Sell Check (either an ISO or a sell order on an option series trading 
at a (relatively) low price). This proposal would thus facilitate 
transactions in securities and perfect the mechanism of a free and open 
market by providing ATP Holders with enhanced functionality that will 
assist them with managing their portfolio and risk profile.

B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition

    The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will 
impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate 
in furtherance

[[Page 71021]]

of the purposes of the Act. The proposed rule change enhances the 
existing Sell Check for option orders of all ATP Holders submitted to 
the Exchange and is designed to ensure that properly entered orders are 
not inadvertently rejected or canceled by the Exchange--insofar as the 
Sell Check would exclude (and not interfere with the operation of) ISO 
orders, and, would apply a modified/more finely calibrated percentage 
threshold to sell orders in option series trading at a relatively low 
price.
    The Exchange further believes that because the proposed rule change 
would be applicable to all ATP Holders it would not impose any burden 
on intra-market competition that is not necessary or appropriate in 
furtherance of the purposes of the Act.

C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed 
Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others

    No written comments were solicited or received with respect to the 
proposed rule change.

III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for 
Commission Action

    Because the foregoing proposed rule change does not: (i) 
Significantly affect the protection of investors or the public 
interest; (ii) impose any significant burden on competition; and (iii) 
become operative for 30 days from the date on which it was filed, or 
such shorter time as the Commission may designate, it has become 
effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act \20\ and Rule 19b-
4(f)(6) thereunder.\21\
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    \20\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A).
    \21\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4(f)(6). In addition, Rule 19b-4(f)(6)(iii) 
requires a self-regulatory organization to give the Commission 
written notice of its intent to file the proposed rule change, along 
with a brief description and text of the proposed rule change, at 
least five business days prior to the date of filing of the proposed 
rule change, or such shorter time as designated by the Commission. 
The Exchange has satisfied this requirement.
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    At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule 
change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule 
change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or 
appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or 
otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission 
takes such action, the Commission shall institute proceedings to 
determine whether the proposed rule change should be approved or 
disapproved.

IV. Solicitation of Comments

    Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and 
arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule 
change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of 
the following methods:

Electronic Comments

     Use the Commission's internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml); or
     Send an email to [email protected]. Please include 
File Number SR-NYSEAMER-2019-56 on the subject line.

Paper Comments

     Send paper comments in triplicate to: Secretary, 
Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 
20549-1090.

All submissions should refer to File Number SR-NYSEAMER-2019-56. This 
file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To 
help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, 
please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on 
the Commission's internet website (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml). 
Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written 
statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with 
the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed 
rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those 
that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions 
of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for website viewing and printing in 
the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 
20549 on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 
3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection 
and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments 
received will be posted without change. Persons submitting comments are 
cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal identifying 
information from comment submissions. You should submit only 
information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions 
should refer to File Number SR-NYSEAMER-2019-56 and should be submitted 
on or before January 16, 2020.\22\
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    \22\ 17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(12).

    For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, 
pursuant to delegated authority.
J. Matthew DeLesDernier,
Assistant Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2019-27734 Filed 12-23-19; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 8011-01-P