Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From Belgium, Colombia and Thailand: Antidumping Duty Orders, 35214-35216 [2018-15885]

Download as PDF 35214 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 143 / Wednesday, July 25, 2018 / Notices determination’’ and Commerce shall ‘‘terminate the suspension of liquidation’’ and ‘‘release any bond or other security, and refund any cash deposit.’’ As a result of the CIT’s decision affirming Commerce’s Final Redetermination, Commerce is revoking the countervailing duty order on off road tires from Sri Lanka 11 because the revised CVD margin for Camso Loadstar, the only mandatory respondent, is now de minimis.12 Because the revised net countervailable subsidy rate for the sole mandatory respondent, Camso Loadstar, is de minimis, Commerce did not determine an all-others rate in the Final Redetermination. Accordingly, Commerce intends to issue instructions to U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to release any bonds or other security and refund cash deposits pertaining to any suspended entries pursuant to the Order. As a result of this revocation, Commerce will not initiate administrative reviews of this Order.13 Although section 705(c)(2)(A) of the Act instructs Commerce to terminate suspension of liquidation, we note that, pursuant to Timken, the suspension of liquidation must continue during the pendency of the appeals process. Thus, we will continue to instruct CBP at this time to (A) release any bond or other security, and refund any cash deposit made pursuant to the Order as discussed above; and (B) suspend liquidation of all unliquidated entries of subject merchandise from Sri Lanka at a cash deposit rate of 0.00 percent which are entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption on or after July 21, 2018, which is ten days after the court’s decision, in accordance with section 516A of the Act.14 In the event that the CIT’s judgment affirming the Final Redetermination is not appealed, or appealed and upheld by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, Commerce will instruct CBP to terminate the suspension of liquidation and to liquidate those entries of subject merchandise without regard to countervailing duties. Notwithstanding the continued suspension described above, the countervailing duty order on off road tires from Sri Lanka is hereby revoked, as described above. Lastly, we note that, at this time, Commerce remains enjoined by Court order from liquidating entries that were produced and/or exported by Camso Loadstar, and were entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption during the period June 20, 2016, through October 17, 2016, and from February 28, 2017, through December 31, 2017. These entries will remain enjoined pursuant to the terms of the injunction during the pendency of any appeals process. Notification to Interested Parties This notice serves as a reminder to parties subject to administrative protective order (APO) of their responsibility concerning the disposition of proprietary information disclosed under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305(a)(3). Timely written notification of the destruction of APO materials or conversion to judicial protective order is hereby requested. Failure to comply with the regulations and the terms of the APO is a violation subject to sanction. This notice is issued and published in accordance with section 516A(c)(1) and (e) of the Act. Dated: July 19, 2018. Gary Taverman, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Operations, performing the non-exclusive functions and duties of the Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance. [FR Doc. 2018–15879 Filed 7–24–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–P 11 See Order, 82 FR at 12556. section 703(b)(4)(B) of the Act; Developing and Least-Developed Country Designations under the Countervailing Duty Law, 63 FR 29945 (June 2, 1998). 13 Commerce did not previously initiate any administrative review of the Order. 14 See, e.g., Drill Pipe from the People’s Republic of China: Notice of Court Decision Not in Harmony with International Trade Commission’s Injury Determination, Revocation of Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Orders Pursuant to Court Decision, and Discontinuation of Countervailing Duty Administrative Review, 79 FR 78037, 78038 (December 29, 2014); High Pressure Steel Cylinders From the People’s Republic of China: Notice of Court Decision Not in Harmony With Final Determination in Less Than Fair Value Investigation, Notice of Amended Final Determination Pursuant to Court Decision, Notice of Revocation of Antidumping Duty Order in Part, and Discontinuation of Fifth Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, 82 FR 46758, 46760 (October 6, 2017). daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES 12 See VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:50 Jul 24, 2018 Jkt 244001 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A–423–813, A–301–803, and A–549–833] Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From Belgium, Colombia and Thailand: Antidumping Duty Orders Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. SUMMARY: Based on affirmative final determinations by the Department of Commerce (Commerce) and the International Trade Commission (ITC), Commerce is issuing antidumping duty (AD) orders on citric acid and certain AGENCY: PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 citrate salts (citric acid) from Belgium, Colombia and Thailand. DATES: Applicable July 25, 2018. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paul Stolz (Belgium), Stephanie Moore (Colombia) or Joy Zhang (Thailand); AD/CVD Operations, Office III, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482–4474, (202) 482–3692, (202) 482–1168, respectively. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background On June 5, 2018, in accordance with sections 735(d) and 777(i)(1) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act) and 19 CFR 351.210(c), Commerce published its affirmative final determinations in the less-than-fairvalue (LTFV) investigations of citric acid from Belgium, Colombia and Thailand.1 On July 10, 2018, the ITC notified Commerce of its affirmative final determination, pursuant to section 735(d) of the Act, that an industry in the United States is materially injured within the meaning of section 735(b)(1)(A)(i) of the Act, by reason of the LTFV imports of citric acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand, and its determination that critical circumstances do not exist with respect to imports of citric acid from Thailand subject to Commerce’s affirmative critical circumstances determination.2 On July 16, 2018, the ITC published its final determination in the Federal Register.3 1 See Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Belgium: Affirmative Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, 83 FR 26001 (June 5, 2018) (Belgium Final Determination); see also Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Colombia: Affirmative Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value and Final Negative Determination of Critical Circumstances, 83 FR 26002 (June 5, 2018) (Colombia Final Determination); and Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Thailand: Affirmative Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value and Final Affirmative Determination of Critical Circumstances in Part, 83 FR 25998 (June 5, 2018) (Thailand Final Determination). 2 See Letter from the ITC to the Honorable Gary Taverman, dated July 10, 2018 (Notification of ITC Final Determination); see also Citric Acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand, Investigation Nos. 731–TA–1374–1376 (Final) (July 2018). On October 20, 2017, the petitioners submitted a timely filed critical circumstances allegation with respect to imports from Colombia and Thailand. Commerce subsequently issued a negative critical circumstances determination with regard to the investigation for Colombia and, thus, the ITC did not address critical circumstances for Colombia in its final injury determination. 3 See Citric Acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand; Determinations, 83 FR 32905 (July 16, 2018). E:\FR\FM\25JYN1.SGM 25JYN1 35215 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 143 / Wednesday, July 25, 2018 / Notices Scope of the Order The product covered by these orders is citric acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand. For a complete description of the scope of these orders, see the Appendix to this notice. Antidumping Duty Orders In accordance with sections 735(b)(1)(A)(i) and 735(d) of the Act, the ITC notified Commerce of its final determination in these investigations that an industry in the United States is materially injured by reason of imports of citric acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand.4 The ITC also notified Commerce of its determination that critical circumstances do not exist with respect to imports of citric acid from Thailand subject to Commerce’s critical circumstances finding.5 Therefore, in accordance with section 735(c)(2) of the Act, Commerce is issuing these AD orders. Because the ITC determined that imports of citric acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand are materially injuring a U.S. industry, unliquidated entries of such merchandise from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand, entered or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, are subject to the assessment of antidumping duties. Therefore, in accordance with section 736(a)(1) of the Act, Commerce will direct U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to assess, upon further instruction by Commerce, antidumping duties equal to the amount by which the normal value of the merchandise exceeds the export price (or constructed export price) of the merchandise, for all relevant entries of citric acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand. Antidumping duties will be assessed on unliquidated entries of citric acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after January 8, 2018, the date on which Commerce published its preliminary determinations in the Federal Register.6 4 See Continuation of Suspension of Liquidation Critical Circumstances With regard to the ITC’s negative critical circumstances determination regarding imports of citric acid from Thailand, Commerce will instruct CBP to lift suspension and refund any cash deposits made to secure payment of estimated antidumping duties on subject merchandise entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption on or after October 10, 2017, (i.e., 90 days prior to the date of publication of the Thailand preliminary determination), but before January 8, 2018, (i.e., the date of publication of the Thailand preliminary determination). Estimated Weighted-Average Dumping Margins The estimated weighted-average AD margins and cash deposit rates are as follows: Notification of ITC Final Determination. Belgium—exporter/producer 5 Id. 6 See daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Belgium: Preliminary Affirmative Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, Postponement of Final Determination, and Extension of Provisional Measures, 83 FR 787 (January 1, 2018); see also Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Colombia: Preliminary Affirmative Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, Preliminary Negative Critical Circumstances Determination Postponement of Final Determination, and Extension of Provisional Measures, 83 FR 791 (January 1, 2018), and Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Thailand: Preliminary Affirmative Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, Preliminary Affirmative Critical Circumstances Determination, in Part, and Postponement of Final Determination and Extension of Provisional Measures, 83 FR 784 (January 1, 2018). VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:50 Jul 24, 2018 Jkt 244001 Thailand—exporter/producer In accordance with section 735(c)(1)(B) of the Act, Commerce will instruct CBP to continue to suspend liquidation of all relevant entries of citric acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand. These instructions suspending liquidation will remain in effect until further notice. Commerce will also instruct CBP to require cash deposits for estimated antidumping duties equal to the estimated cash deposit rates indicated below. Accordingly, effective the date of publication of the ITC’s final affirmative injury determination, CBP will require, at the same time as importers would normally deposit estimated duties on the subject merchandise, a cash deposit equal to the cash deposit rates listed below. The relevant all-others rates apply to producers or exporters not specifically listed, as appropriate. S.A. Citrique Belge N.V ........ All Others .............................. Colombia—exporter/producer Sucroal S.A ........................... All Others .............................. PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Estimated weightedaverage AD margin (percent) 19.30% 19.30% Estimated weightedaverage AD margin (percent) 28.48% 28.48% Estimated weightedaverage AD margin (percent) COFCO Biochemical (Thailand) Co., Ltd .................... Niran (Thailand) Co., Ltd ...... Sunshine Biotech International Co., Ltd ................ All Others .............................. 15.71% 13.00% 6.47% 11.25% Notification to Interested Parties This notice constitutes the AD orders with respect to citric acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand, pursuant to section 736(a) of the Act. Interested parties can find a list of AD orders currently in effect at http:// enforcement.trade.gov/stats/ iastats1.html. These orders are issued and published in accordance with section 736(a) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.211(b). Dated: July 19, 2018. Gary Taverman, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Operations, performing the non-exclusive functions and duties of the Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance. Appendix—Scope of the Orders The merchandise covered by the scope of the Orders includes all grades and granulation sizes of citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate in their unblended forms, whether dry or in solution, and regardless of packaging type. The scope also includes blends of citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate; as well as blends with other ingredients, such as sugar, where the unblended form(s) of citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate constitute 40 percent or more, by weight, of the blend. The scope also includes all forms of crude calcium citrate, including dicalcium citrate monohydrate, and tricalcium citrate tetrahydrate, which are intermediate products in the production of citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate. The scope includes the hydrous and anhydrous forms of citric acid, the dihydrate and anhydrous forms of sodium citrate, otherwise known as citric acid sodium salt, and the monohydrate and monopotassium forms of potassium citrate. Sodium citrate also includes both trisodium citrate and monosodium citrate which are also known as citric acid trisodium salt and citric acid monosodium salt, respectively. The scope does not include calcium citrate that satisfies the standards set forth in the United States Pharmacopeia and has been mixed with a functional excipient, such as dextrose or starch, where the excipient constitutes at least 2 percent, by weight, of the product. Citric acid and sodium citrate are classifiable under 2918.14.0000 and 2918.15.1000 of the Harmonized Tariff E:\FR\FM\25JYN1.SGM 25JYN1 35216 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 143 / Wednesday, July 25, 2018 / Notices Schedule of the United States (HTSUS), respectively. Potassium citrate and crude calcium citrate are classifiable under 2918.15.5000 and, if included in a mixture or blend, 3824.99.9295 of the HTSUS. Blends that include citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate are classifiable under 3824.99.9295 of the HTSUS. Although the HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes, the written description of the merchandise is dispositive. [FR Doc. 2018–15885 Filed 7–24–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [Application No. 84–29A12] Export Trade Certificate of Review Notice of Application for an Amended Export Trade Certificate of Review by Northwest Fruit Exporters, Application No. 84–29A12. ACTION: The Secretary of Commerce, through the International Trade Administration, Office of Trade and Economic Analysis (‘‘OTEA’’), has received an application for an amended Export Trade Certificate of Review (‘‘Certificate’’) from Northwest Fruit Exporters. This notice summarizes the proposed amendment and seeks public comments on whether the amended Certificate should be issued. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Joseph Flynn, Director, Office of Trade and Economic Analysis, International Trade Administration, by telephone at (202) 482–5131 (this is not a toll-free number) or email at etca@trade.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title III of the Export Trading Company Act of 1982 (15 U.S.C. 4001–21) authorizes the Secretary of Commerce to issue Export Trade Certificates of Review. An Export Trade Certificate of Review protects the holder and the members identified in the Certificate from State and Federal government antitrust actions and from private treble damage antitrust actions for the export conduct specified in the Certificate and carried out in compliance with its terms and conditions. Section 302(b)(1) of the Export Trading Company Act of 1982 and 15 CFR 325.6(a) require the Secretary to publish a notice in the Federal Register identifying the applicant and summarizing its proposed export conduct. daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: Request for Public Comments Interested parties may submit written comments relevant to the determination whether an amended Certificate should VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:50 Jul 24, 2018 Jkt 244001 be issued. If the comments include any privileged or confidential business information, it must be clearly marked and a nonconfidential version of the comments (identified as such) should be included. Any comments not marked as privileged or confidential business information will be deemed to be nonconfidential. An original and five (5) copies, plus two (2) copies of the nonconfidential version, should be submitted no later than 20 days after the date of this notice to: Office of Trade and Economic Analysis, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Room 21028, Washington, DC 20230. Information submitted by any person is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552). However, nonconfidential versions of the comments will be made available to the applicant if necessary for determining whether or not to issue the amended Certificate. Comments should refer to this application as ‘‘Export Trade Certificate of Review, application number 84–29A12.’’ A summary of the current application follows. Summary of the Application Applicant: Northwest Fruit Exporters, 105 South 18th Street, Suite 227, Yakima, WA 98901. Contact: Fred Scarlett, Manager, (509) 576–8004. Application No.: 84–29A12. Date Deemed Submitted: July 10, 2018. Proposed Amendment: Northwest Fruit Exporters seeks to amend its Certificate as follows: 1. Add the following companies as new Members of the Certificate within the meaning of section 325.2(l) of the Regulations (15 CFR 325.2(l)): • Pine Canyon Growers LLC, Orondo, WA • WP Packing LLC, Wapato, WA 2. Delete the following companies as Members of the Certificate: • Columbia Fruit Packers/Airport Division, Wenatchee, WA • Phillippi Fruit Company, Inc., Wenatchee, WA • Western Traders LLC, E. Wenatchee, WA 3. Change the name of the following Members of the Certificate: • Columbia Marketing International Corp., Wenatchee, WA, is now named CMI Orchards LLC, Wenatchee, WA • Pride Packing Company, Wapato, WA, is now named Pride Packing Company LLC, Wapato, WA 4. Correct the name of the following Members of the Certificate: PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 • Diamond Fruit Growers, Odell, OR, is corrected to Diamond Fruit Growers, Inc., Odell, OR • HoneyBear Growers, Inc., Brewster, WA, is corrected to HoneyBear Growers LLC, Brewster, WA • Honey Bear Tree Fruit Co., LLC, Wenatchee, WA, is corrected to Honey Bear Tree Fruit Co LLC, Wenatchee, WA • L&M Companies, Union Gap, WA, is corrected to L & M Companies, Union Gap, WA • Polehn Farm’s Inc., The Dalles, OR, is corrected to Polehn Farms, Inc., The Dalles, OR • Valicoff Fruit Co., Inc., Wapato, WA, is corrected to Valicoff Fruit Company Inc., Wapato, WA Northwest Fruit Exporter’s proposed amendment of its Export Trade Certificate of Review would result in the following Membership list: 1. Allan Bros., Naches, WA 2. AltaFresh L.L.C. dba Chelan Fresh Marketing, Chelan, WA 3. Apple House Warehouse & Storage, Inc., Brewster, WA 4. Apple King, L.L.C., Yakima, WA 5. Auvil Fruit Co., Inc., Orondo, WA 6. Baker Produce, Inc., Kennewick, WA 7. Blue Bird, Inc., Peshastin, WA 8. Blue Star Growers, Inc., Cashmere, WA 9. Borton & Sons, Inc., Yakima, WA 10. Brewster Heights Packing & Orchards, LP, Brewster, WA 11. Broetje Orchards LLC, Prescott, WA 12. C.M. Holtzinger Fruit Co., Inc., Yakima, WA 13. Chelan Fruit Cooperative, Chelan, WA 14. Chiawana, Inc. dba Columbia Reach Pack, Yakima, WA 15. CMI Orchards LLC, Wenatchee, WA 16. Columbia Fruit Packers, Inc., Wenatchee, WA 17. Columbia Valley Fruit, L.L.C., Yakima, WA 18. Congdon Packing Co. L.L.C., Yakima, WA 19. Conrad & Adams Fruit L.L.C., Grandview, WA 20. Cowiche Growers, Inc., Cowiche, WA 21. CPC International Apple Company, Tieton, WA 22. Crane & Crane, Inc., Brewster, WA 23. Custom Apple Packers, Inc., Quincy and Wenatchee, WA 24. Diamond Fruit Growers, Inc., Odell, OR 25. Domex Superfresh Growers LLC, Yakima, WA 26. Douglas Fruit Company, Inc., Pasco, WA 27. Dovex Export Company, Wenatchee, WA 28. Duckwall Fruit, Odell, OR 29. E. Brown & Sons, Inc., Milton-Freewater, OR 30. Evans Fruit Co., Inc., Yakima, WA 31. E.W. Brandt & Sons, Inc., Parker, WA 32. Frosty Packing Co., LLC, Yakima, WA 33. G&G Orchards, Inc., Yakima, WA 34. Gilbert Orchards, Inc., Yakima, WA 35. Hansen Fruit & Cold Storage Co., Inc., Yakima, WA 36. Henggeler Packing Co., Inc., Fruitland, ID 37. Highland Fruit Growers, Inc., Yakima, WA E:\FR\FM\25JYN1.SGM 25JYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 143 (Wednesday, July 25, 2018)]
[Notices]
[Pages 35214-35216]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-15885]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

International Trade Administration

[A-423-813, A-301-803, and A-549-833]


Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From Belgium, Colombia and 
Thailand: Antidumping Duty Orders

AGENCY: Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, 
Department of Commerce.

SUMMARY: Based on affirmative final determinations by the Department of 
Commerce (Commerce) and the International Trade Commission (ITC), 
Commerce is issuing antidumping duty (AD) orders on citric acid and 
certain citrate salts (citric acid) from Belgium, Colombia and 
Thailand.

DATES: Applicable July 25, 2018.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paul Stolz (Belgium), Stephanie Moore 
(Colombia) or Joy Zhang (Thailand); AD/CVD Operations, Office III, 
Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. 
Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 
20230; telephone: (202) 482-4474, (202) 482-3692, (202) 482-1168, 
respectively.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    On June 5, 2018, in accordance with sections 735(d) and 777(i)(1) 
of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act) and 19 CFR 351.210(c), 
Commerce published its affirmative final determinations in the less-
than-fair-value (LTFV) investigations of citric acid from Belgium, 
Colombia and Thailand.\1\ On July 10, 2018, the ITC notified Commerce 
of its affirmative final determination, pursuant to section 735(d) of 
the Act, that an industry in the United States is materially injured 
within the meaning of section 735(b)(1)(A)(i) of the Act, by reason of 
the LTFV imports of citric acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand, 
and its determination that critical circumstances do not exist with 
respect to imports of citric acid from Thailand subject to Commerce's 
affirmative critical circumstances determination.\2\ On July 16, 2018, 
the ITC published its final determination in the Federal Register.\3\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ See Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Belgium: 
Affirmative Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, 83 
FR 26001 (June 5, 2018) (Belgium Final Determination); see also 
Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Colombia: Affirmative 
Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value and Final 
Negative Determination of Critical Circumstances, 83 FR 26002 (June 
5, 2018) (Colombia Final Determination); and Citric Acid and Certain 
Citrate Salts from Thailand: Affirmative Final Determination of 
Sales at Less Than Fair Value and Final Affirmative Determination of 
Critical Circumstances in Part, 83 FR 25998 (June 5, 2018) (Thailand 
Final Determination).
    \2\ See Letter from the ITC to the Honorable Gary Taverman, 
dated July 10, 2018 (Notification of ITC Final Determination); see 
also Citric Acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand, Investigation 
Nos. 731-TA-1374-1376 (Final) (July 2018). On October 20, 2017, the 
petitioners submitted a timely filed critical circumstances 
allegation with respect to imports from Colombia and Thailand. 
Commerce subsequently issued a negative critical circumstances 
determination with regard to the investigation for Colombia and, 
thus, the ITC did not address critical circumstances for Colombia in 
its final injury determination.
    \3\ See Citric Acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand; 
Determinations, 83 FR 32905 (July 16, 2018).

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 35215]]

Scope of the Order

    The product covered by these orders is citric acid from Belgium, 
Colombia, and Thailand. For a complete description of the scope of 
these orders, see the Appendix to this notice.

Antidumping Duty Orders

    In accordance with sections 735(b)(1)(A)(i) and 735(d) of the Act, 
the ITC notified Commerce of its final determination in these 
investigations that an industry in the United States is materially 
injured by reason of imports of citric acid from Belgium, Colombia, and 
Thailand.\4\ The ITC also notified Commerce of its determination that 
critical circumstances do not exist with respect to imports of citric 
acid from Thailand subject to Commerce's critical circumstances 
finding.\5\ Therefore, in accordance with section 735(c)(2) of the Act, 
Commerce is issuing these AD orders. Because the ITC determined that 
imports of citric acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand are 
materially injuring a U.S. industry, unliquidated entries of such 
merchandise from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand, entered or withdrawn 
from warehouse for consumption, are subject to the assessment of 
antidumping duties. Therefore, in accordance with section 736(a)(1) of 
the Act, Commerce will direct U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) 
to assess, upon further instruction by Commerce, antidumping duties 
equal to the amount by which the normal value of the merchandise 
exceeds the export price (or constructed export price) of the 
merchandise, for all relevant entries of citric acid from Belgium, 
Colombia, and Thailand. Antidumping duties will be assessed on 
unliquidated entries of citric acid from Belgium, Colombia, and 
Thailand entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or 
after January 8, 2018, the date on which Commerce published its 
preliminary determinations in the Federal Register.\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ See Notification of ITC Final Determination.
    \5\ Id.
    \6\ See Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Belgium: 
Preliminary Affirmative Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair 
Value, Postponement of Final Determination, and Extension of 
Provisional Measures, 83 FR 787 (January 1, 2018); see also Citric 
Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Colombia: Preliminary 
Affirmative Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, 
Preliminary Negative Critical Circumstances Determination 
Postponement of Final Determination, and Extension of Provisional 
Measures, 83 FR 791 (January 1, 2018), and Citric Acid and Certain 
Citrate Salts from Thailand: Preliminary Affirmative Determination 
of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, Preliminary Affirmative Critical 
Circumstances Determination, in Part, and Postponement of Final 
Determination and Extension of Provisional Measures, 83 FR 784 
(January 1, 2018).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Continuation of Suspension of Liquidation

    In accordance with section 735(c)(1)(B) of the Act, Commerce will 
instruct CBP to continue to suspend liquidation of all relevant entries 
of citric acid from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand. These instructions 
suspending liquidation will remain in effect until further notice.
    Commerce will also instruct CBP to require cash deposits for 
estimated antidumping duties equal to the estimated cash deposit rates 
indicated below. Accordingly, effective the date of publication of the 
ITC's final affirmative injury determination, CBP will require, at the 
same time as importers would normally deposit estimated duties on the 
subject merchandise, a cash deposit equal to the cash deposit rates 
listed below. The relevant all-others rates apply to producers or 
exporters not specifically listed, as appropriate.

Critical Circumstances

    With regard to the ITC's negative critical circumstances 
determination regarding imports of citric acid from Thailand, Commerce 
will instruct CBP to lift suspension and refund any cash deposits made 
to secure payment of estimated antidumping duties on subject 
merchandise entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption on or 
after October 10, 2017, (i.e., 90 days prior to the date of publication 
of the Thailand preliminary determination), but before January 8, 2018, 
(i.e., the date of publication of the Thailand preliminary 
determination).

Estimated Weighted-Average Dumping Margins

    The estimated weighted-average AD margins and cash deposit rates 
are as follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Estimated
                                                             weighted-
               Belgium--exporter/producer                   average AD
                                                              margin
                                                             (percent)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
S.A. Citrique Belge N.V.................................          19.30%
All Others..............................................          19.30%
------------------------------------------------------------------------


------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Estimated
                                                             weighted-
               Colombia--exporter/producer                  average AD
                                                              margin
                                                             (percent)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sucroal S.A.............................................          28.48%
All Others..............................................          28.48%
------------------------------------------------------------------------


------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Estimated
                                                             weighted-
               Thailand--exporter/producer                  average AD
                                                              margin
                                                             (percent)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
COFCO Biochemical (Thailand) Co., Ltd...................          15.71%
Niran (Thailand) Co., Ltd...............................          13.00%
Sunshine Biotech International Co., Ltd.................           6.47%
All Others..............................................          11.25%
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Notification to Interested Parties

    This notice constitutes the AD orders with respect to citric acid 
from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand, pursuant to section 736(a) of the 
Act. Interested parties can find a list of AD orders currently in 
effect at http://enforcement.trade.gov/stats/iastats1.html.
    These orders are issued and published in accordance with section 
736(a) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.211(b).

    Dated: July 19, 2018.
Gary Taverman,
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Antidumping and Countervailing Duty 
Operations, performing the non-exclusive functions and duties of the 
Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance.

Appendix--Scope of the Orders

    The merchandise covered by the scope of the Orders includes all 
grades and granulation sizes of citric acid, sodium citrate, and 
potassium citrate in their unblended forms, whether dry or in 
solution, and regardless of packaging type. The scope also includes 
blends of citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate; as 
well as blends with other ingredients, such as sugar, where the 
unblended form(s) of citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium 
citrate constitute 40 percent or more, by weight, of the blend.
    The scope also includes all forms of crude calcium citrate, 
including dicalcium citrate monohydrate, and tricalcium citrate 
tetrahydrate, which are intermediate products in the production of 
citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate.
    The scope includes the hydrous and anhydrous forms of citric 
acid, the dihydrate and anhydrous forms of sodium citrate, otherwise 
known as citric acid sodium salt, and the monohydrate and 
monopotassium forms of potassium citrate. Sodium citrate also 
includes both trisodium citrate and monosodium citrate which are 
also known as citric acid trisodium salt and citric acid monosodium 
salt, respectively.
    The scope does not include calcium citrate that satisfies the 
standards set forth in the United States Pharmacopeia and has been 
mixed with a functional excipient, such as dextrose or starch, where 
the excipient constitutes at least 2 percent, by weight, of the 
product.
    Citric acid and sodium citrate are classifiable under 
2918.14.0000 and 2918.15.1000 of the Harmonized Tariff

[[Page 35216]]

Schedule of the United States (HTSUS), respectively. Potassium 
citrate and crude calcium citrate are classifiable under 
2918.15.5000 and, if included in a mixture or blend, 3824.99.9295 of 
the HTSUS. Blends that include citric acid, sodium citrate, and 
potassium citrate are classifiable under 3824.99.9295 of the HTSUS. 
Although the HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and 
customs purposes, the written description of the merchandise is 
dispositive.

[FR Doc. 2018-15885 Filed 7-24-18; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 3510-DS-P