Reports, Forms, and Record Keeping Requirements, 23040-23042 [2018-10542]

Download as PDF 23040 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 96 / Thursday, May 17, 2018 / Notices rulemaking process. DOT/MARAD posts these comments, without edit, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice, DOT/ALL– 14 FDMS, accessible through www.dot.gov/privacy. In order to facilitate comment tracking and response, we encourage commenters to provide their name, or the name of their organization; however, submission of names is completely optional. Whether or not commenters identify themselves, all timely comments will be fully considered. If you wish to provide comments containing proprietary or confidential information, please contact the agency for alternate submission instructions. (Authority: 49 CFR 1.93(a), 46 U.S.C. 55103, 46 U.S.C. 12121) * * * * * By Order of the Maritime Administrator. Dated: May 14, 2018. T. Mitchell Hudson, Jr., Secretary, Maritime Administration. [FR Doc. 2018–10519 Filed 5–16–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–81–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Maritime Administration [Docket No. MARAD–2018–0068] Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SHANGRI-LA; Invitation for Public Comments Maritime Administration, DOT. Notice. AGENCY: ACTION: The Secretary of Transportation, as represented by the Maritime Administration (MARAD), is authorized to grant waivers of the U.S.build requirement of the coastwise laws under certain circumstances. A request for such a waiver has been received by MARAD. The vessel, and a brief description of the proposed service, is listed below. DATES: Submit comments on or before June 18, 2018. ADDRESSES: Comments should refer to docket number MARAD–2018–0068. Written comments may be submitted by hand or by mail to the Docket Clerk, U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M–30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. You may also send comments electronically via the internet at http://www.regulations.gov. All comments will become part of this docket and will be available for daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:36 May 16, 2018 Jkt 244001 inspection and copying at the above address between 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, except federal holidays. An electronic version of this document and all documents entered into this docket is available at http://www.regulations.gov. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Bianca Carr, U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W23–453, Washington, DC 20590. Telephone 202– 366–9309, Email Bianca.carr@dot.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: As described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel SHANGRI-LA is: —Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ‘‘To be used as a bed and breakfast. With ability to leave the dock on day or overnight trips. Guest maximum 3. We would be staying with the vessel to provide client services, such as meals.’’ —Geographic Region: ‘‘Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina’’ The complete application is given in DOT docket MARAD–2018–0068 at http://www.regulations.gov. Interested parties may comment on the effect this action may have on U.S. vessel builders or businesses in the U.S. that use U.S.flag vessels. If MARAD determines, in accordance with 46 U.S.C. 12121 and MARAD’s regulations at 46 CFR part 388, that the issuance of the waiver will have an unduly adverse effect on a U.S.vessel builder or a business that uses U.S.-flag vessels in that business, a waiver will not be granted. Comments should refer to the docket number of this notice and the vessel name in order for MARAD to properly consider the comments. Comments should also state the commenter’s interest in the waiver application, and address the waiver criteria given in section 388.4 of MARAD’s regulations at 46 CFR part 388. Privacy Act In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT/MARAD solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT/MARAD posts these comments, without edit, to www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice, DOT/ALL– 14 FDMS, accessible through www.dot.gov/privacy. In order to facilitate comment tracking and response, we encourage commenters to provide their name, or the name of their organization; however, submission of names is completely optional. Whether or not commenters identify themselves, all timely comments will be fully considered. If you wish to provide PO 00000 Frm 00097 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 comments containing proprietary or confidential information, please contact the agency for alternate submission instructions. (Authority: 49 CFR 1.93(a), 46 U.S.C. 55103, 46 U.S.C. 12121) * * * * * By Order of the Maritime Administrator. Dated: May 14, 2018. T. Mitchell Hudson, Jr., Secretary, Maritime Administration. [FR Doc. 2018–10517 Filed 5–16–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–81–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [U.S. DOT Docket No. NHTSA–2018–0050] Reports, Forms, and Record Keeping Requirements National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), DOT. ACTION: Request for public comment on proposed collection of information. AGENCY: Before a Federal agency can collect certain information from the public, it must receive approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Under the procedures established by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, before seeking OMB approval, Federal agencies must solicit public comment on proposed collections of information, including extensions and reinstatements of previously approved collections. This document describes one collection of information for which NHTSA intends to seek OMB approval. DATES: Comments must be received on or before July 16, 2018. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by DOT Docket ID Number NHTSA–2018–0050 using any of the following methods: Electronic Submissions: Go to http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. Mail: Docket Management Facility, M–30, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590. Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. Fax: 1–202–493–2251. Each submission must include the agency name and the docket number for SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\17MYN1.SGM 17MYN1 daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 96 / Thursday, May 17, 2018 / Notices this Notice. Note that all comments received will be posted without changes to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kathy Sifrit, Ph.D., Contracting Officer’s Representative, Office of Behavioral Safety Research (NPD–320), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey Ave. SE, Washington, DC 20590. Dr. Sifrit’s phone number is 202–366–0868, and her email address is kathy.sifrit@dot.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, before an agency submits a proposed collection of information to OMB for approval, it must publish a document in the Federal Register providing a 60-day comment period and otherwise consult with members of the public and affected agencies concerning each proposed collection of information. The OMB has promulgated regulations describing what must be included in such a document. Under OMB’s regulations (at 5 CFR 1320.8(d)), an agency must ask for public comment on the following: (i) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility; (ii) The accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (iii) How to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (iv) How to minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, including the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submissions of responses. In compliance with these requirements, NHTSA asks public comment on the following proposed collection of information: Title: In-Vehicle Drowsiness Detection and Alerting. Type of Request: New information collection requirement. OMB Clearance Number: None. Form Number: NHTSA Forms 1441 through 1449. Requested Expiration Date of Approval: Three years from date of approval. Summary of the Collection of Information: The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is seeking approval to collect information from licensed young drivers VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:36 May 16, 2018 Jkt 244001 for a one-time voluntary driving simulator study of the effectiveness of in-vehicle drowsiness detection and alerting systems that aim to reduce drowsy driving. NHTSA proposes to collect information from licensed young drivers to determine (1) their eligibility to participate in a study evaluating systems designed to detect and mitigate drowsy driving, (2) their driving performance during a simulated driving task to measure drowsiness mitigation system effectiveness, and (3) their opinions about the safety systems and their perceptions of the benefits. NHTSA will collect information about age, sex, driver license status, sleep and caffeine habits, and driving habits from an estimated 120 young drivers who previously indicated interest in participating in simulator studies through a one-time, voluntary telephone interview to determine their eligibility for this study. NHTSA will then invite 85 qualified young drivers to report to the simulator to complete an informed consent form and other screening activities including a ten-minute practice drive in the simulator and an assessment of the propensity for simulator sickness. NHTSA expects that 75 young drivers will pass the screening and will report for the overnight study, which includes a four-hour drive in the simulator. This collection is solely reporting, and there are no recordkeeping costs to the respondents. NHTSA will use the information to produce a technical report that presents the results of the study. The technical report will provide aggregate (summary) statistics and tables as well as the results of statistical analysis of the information, but it will not include any personal information. The technical report will be shared with vehicle manufacturers and suppliers as well as other stakeholders interested in improving traffic safety by decreasing drowsy driving. Background: The mission of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is to save lives, prevent injuries and reduce economic costs due to motor vehicle crashes. In support of this mission, NHTSA’s Office of Behavioral Safety Research studies behaviors and attitudes in highway safety, focusing on drivers, passengers, pedestrians, and motorcyclists, and it uses the results to develop and refine countermeasures to deter unsafe behaviors and promote safe alternatives. One of the unsafe behaviors we aim to prevent is drowsy driving. NHTSA estimates that drowsy driving is involved in 2.4% of fatal crashes resulting in 824 fatalities per year from PO 00000 Frm 00098 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 23041 2011 through 2015, but the agency also acknowledges that drowsy driving is likely to be underreported in police reports and investigations. A 2012 study by Tefft published in Accident Analysis and Prevention used a multiple imputation methodology to analyze NHTSA’s crash data and estimated 16.5% of fatal crashes involved drowsy driving. If this estimate is accurate, it suggests that more than 6,000 people die in drowsy-driving-related motor vehicle crashes each year. Furthermore, a significant proportion of drivers report drowsy driving. According to the 2017 AAA Foundation Traffic Safety Culture Index survey, 31% of drivers reported driving ‘‘when they were so tired they had a hard time keeping their eyes open’’ in the previous month, and the Centers for Disease Control’s 2009 through 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys found that 4% admitted falling asleep at the wheel within the past 30 days. Description of the Need for the Information and Proposed Use of the Information: Given the significant safety risk posed by drowsy driving, NHTSA released its Drowsy Driving Research and Program Plan in 2016. The document outlines a comprehensive program that involves six broad focus areas, and one of these areas is vehicle technology. The development and refinement of driver state detection systems promises the ability to detect drowsiness and prevent crashes, and previous NHTSA research has demonstrated that various approaches to driver state detection show promise. However, the problem of how the vehicle should respond when drowsy driving is detected remains unanswered. To assess the efficacy of different vehicle-based countermeasures, it is necessary to develop experimental methods that replicate the motivational conditions associated with drowsy driving while keeping drivers in a controlled and safe environment. The objective of this study is to determine the effect of in-vehicle drowsiness countermeasures on driver behavior. Drivers will be randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups: No warnings or mitigation (baseline), lane departure warning, and drowsiness mitigation, which includes a warning as well as a navigation aid that appears to inform the driver of the distance to the next rest area. The study will compare driver performance and behavior under the two countermeasures with baseline drowsy driving. The results will add to the state of knowledge by systematically comparing the effect of different invehicle drowsiness countermeasures on E:\FR\FM\17MYN1.SGM 17MYN1 daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES 23042 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 96 / Thursday, May 17, 2018 / Notices driver performance and decisionmaking in a high-fidelity driving simulator. The results will be disseminated through a technical report that will be shared with vehicle manufacturers and suppliers as well as other stakeholders interested in improving traffic safety by decreasing drowsy driving. Data Collection Plan: The University of Iowa will solicit drivers between the ages of 21 and 30 to participate in a driver simulator study from a registry of approximately 7,000 individuals who have already expressed interest in participating in driving research studies. Respondent are likely to be from Eastern Iowa because they must drive to the National Advanced Driving Simulator (NADS) at the University of Iowa Research Park to participate. The agency proposes to conduct one-time voluntary 15-minute phone surveys with up to 120 potential subjects to collect information about driving experience, sleeping and circadian rhythm, and general health to determine eligibility. The expected burden of qualifying 120 participants is 30 hours. Based upon past studies, the agency expects that 85 potential subjects will be eligible and will report to the NADS for the study. The 85 potential subjects will spend up to one hour reading and signing a consent form, watching a simulator training presentation, completing a short driving task in the simulator to screen for simulator sickness, complete a brief wellness survey to screen for simulator sickness, and, if appropriate, schedule a future study drive session. The expected burden of screening 85 potential subjects is about 85 hours. It is expected that of the 85 screened, 75 will pass the simulator screening and opt to participate in the study. The study participants will spend up to nine hours providing information about activities, including sleeping, in the previous 24 hours, waiting to begin the simulator drive, completing the four-hour drive and completing a post-drive questionnaire about the experience. During the waiting period and immediately after the simulator drive, study participants will complete the Stanford Sleepiness Scale ten times. During the simulator drive, participants may take breaks. Participants will complete a brief questionnaire during the expected two (voluntary) breaks in the drive to evaluate participants’ rationale for resting. In addition to the nine hours for the study, participants also will complete an activity log covering the 24 hours before study, which will take an estimated 30 minutes to complete. The expected burden of 75 VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:36 May 16, 2018 Jkt 244001 participants completing the study is about 713 hours. Estimate of the Total Annual Reporting and Recordkeeping Burden Resulting from the Collection of Information: The total estimated burden for qualifying 120 participants (30 hours), for screening 85 participants (85 hours) and for 75 participants to complete the study (713 hours) is 828 total hours. Authority: 44 U.S.C. Section 3506(c)(2)(A). Issued in Washington, DC on May 14, 2018. Jeff Michael, Associate Administrator, Research and Program Development. [FR Doc. 2018–10542 Filed 5–16–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–59–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration [Docket No. PHMSA–2018–0016] Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. AGENCY: On March 6, 2018, in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) published a notice in the Federal Register (83 FR 9573) inviting comments on two information collections identified by OMB control numbers 2137–0594 and 2137–0622 that expire on May 31, 2018. PHMSA is requesting an extension with no change for these information collections. During the public comment period, PHMSA received no comments in response to the information collections. PHMSA received fifteen comments that did not pertain to the information collection requests. PHMSA is publishing this notice to provide the public with an additional 30 days to comment on the renewal of the information collections referenced above and to announce that the information collection requests will be submitted to OMB for approval. DATES: Interested persons are invited to submit comments on or before June 18, 2018 to be assured of consideration. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Angela Dow by telephone at 202–366– 1246, by email at angela.dow@dot.gov, SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00099 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 by fax at 202–366–4566, or by mail at U.S. Department of Transportation, PHMSA, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, PHP–30, Washington, DC 20590–0001. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by the docket number PHMSA–2018–0016 by any of the following methods: • Fax: 1–202–395–5806. • Mail: Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Records Management Center, Room 10102 NEOB, 725 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20503, ATTN: Desk Officer for the U.S. Department of Transportation\PHMSA. • Email: Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, OMB, at the following email address: OIRA_ Submission@omb.eop.gov. Requests for a copy of the information collection should be directed to Angela Dow by telephone at 202–366–1246, by fax at 202–366–4566, by email at angela.dow@dot.gov, or by mail at U.S. Department of Transportation, PHMSA, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, PHP–30, Washington, DC 20590–0001. Summary of Comments Received During the 60-day comment period, PHMSA received fifteen (15) comments from anonymous submitters that emphasized the general importance of environmental safety in the oil and gas industry. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 1320.8(d), Title 5, Code of Federal Regulations, requires PHMSA to provide interested members of the public and affected agencies an opportunity to comment on information collection and recordkeeping requests. This notice identifies two information collection requests that PHMSA will submit to OMB for renewal. The following information is provided for each information collection: (1) Title of the information collection; (2) OMB control number; (3) Current expiration date; (4) Type of request; (5) Abstract of the information collection activity; (6) Description of affected public; (7) Estimate of total annual reporting and recordkeeping burden; and (8) Frequency of collection. PHMSA will request a three-year term of approval for each information collection activity. PHMSA requests comments on the following information collections: 1. Title: Customer-Owned Service Lines. OMB Control Number: 2137–0594. Current Expiration Date: 5/31/2018. Type of Request: Renewal of a currently approved information collection. Abstract: This information collection request requires operators of gas service E:\FR\FM\17MYN1.SGM 17MYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 96 (Thursday, May 17, 2018)]
[Notices]
[Pages 23040-23042]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-10542]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

[U.S. DOT Docket No. NHTSA-2018-0050]


Reports, Forms, and Record Keeping Requirements

AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), DOT.

ACTION: Request for public comment on proposed collection of 
information.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: Before a Federal agency can collect certain information from 
the public, it must receive approval from the Office of Management and 
Budget (OMB). Under the procedures established by the Paperwork 
Reduction Act of 1995, before seeking OMB approval, Federal agencies 
must solicit public comment on proposed collections of information, 
including extensions and reinstatements of previously approved 
collections. This document describes one collection of information for 
which NHTSA intends to seek OMB approval.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before July 16, 2018.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by DOT Docket ID Number 
NHTSA-2018-0050 using any of the following methods:
    Electronic Submissions: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow 
the online instructions for submitting comments.
    Mail: Docket Management Facility, M-30, U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590.
    Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday 
through Friday, except Federal holidays.
    Fax: 1-202-493-2251.
Each submission must include the agency name and the docket number for

[[Page 23041]]

this Notice. Note that all comments received will be posted without 
changes to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal 
information provided.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kathy Sifrit, Ph.D., Contracting 
Officer's Representative, Office of Behavioral Safety Research (NPD-
320), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey 
Ave. SE, Washington, DC 20590. Dr. Sifrit's phone number is 202-366-
0868, and her email address is [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, 
before an agency submits a proposed collection of information to OMB 
for approval, it must publish a document in the Federal Register 
providing a 60-day comment period and otherwise consult with members of 
the public and affected agencies concerning each proposed collection of 
information. The OMB has promulgated regulations describing what must 
be included in such a document. Under OMB's regulations (at 5 CFR 
1320.8(d)), an agency must ask for public comment on the following:
    (i) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for 
the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including 
whether the information will have practical utility;
    (ii) The accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the 
proposed collection of information, including the validity of the 
methodology and assumptions used;
    (iii) How to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the 
information to be collected; and
    (iv) How to minimize the burden of the collection of information on 
those who are to respond, including the use of appropriate automated, 
electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or 
other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic 
submissions of responses.
    In compliance with these requirements, NHTSA asks public comment on 
the following proposed collection of information:
    Title: In-Vehicle Drowsiness Detection and Alerting.
    Type of Request: New information collection requirement.
    OMB Clearance Number: None.
    Form Number: NHTSA Forms 1441 through 1449.
    Requested Expiration Date of Approval: Three years from date of 
approval.
    Summary of the Collection of Information: The National Highway 
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is seeking approval to collect 
information from licensed young drivers for a one-time voluntary 
driving simulator study of the effectiveness of in-vehicle drowsiness 
detection and alerting systems that aim to reduce drowsy driving. NHTSA 
proposes to collect information from licensed young drivers to 
determine (1) their eligibility to participate in a study evaluating 
systems designed to detect and mitigate drowsy driving, (2) their 
driving performance during a simulated driving task to measure 
drowsiness mitigation system effectiveness, and (3) their opinions 
about the safety systems and their perceptions of the benefits. NHTSA 
will collect information about age, sex, driver license status, sleep 
and caffeine habits, and driving habits from an estimated 120 young 
drivers who previously indicated interest in participating in simulator 
studies through a one-time, voluntary telephone interview to determine 
their eligibility for this study. NHTSA will then invite 85 qualified 
young drivers to report to the simulator to complete an informed 
consent form and other screening activities including a ten-minute 
practice drive in the simulator and an assessment of the propensity for 
simulator sickness. NHTSA expects that 75 young drivers will pass the 
screening and will report for the overnight study, which includes a 
four-hour drive in the simulator. This collection is solely reporting, 
and there are no record-keeping costs to the respondents. NHTSA will 
use the information to produce a technical report that presents the 
results of the study. The technical report will provide aggregate 
(summary) statistics and tables as well as the results of statistical 
analysis of the information, but it will not include any personal 
information. The technical report will be shared with vehicle 
manufacturers and suppliers as well as other stakeholders interested in 
improving traffic safety by decreasing drowsy driving.
    Background: The mission of the National Highway Traffic Safety 
Administration (NHTSA) is to save lives, prevent injuries and reduce 
economic costs due to motor vehicle crashes. In support of this 
mission, NHTSA's Office of Behavioral Safety Research studies behaviors 
and attitudes in highway safety, focusing on drivers, passengers, 
pedestrians, and motorcyclists, and it uses the results to develop and 
refine countermeasures to deter unsafe behaviors and promote safe 
alternatives. One of the unsafe behaviors we aim to prevent is drowsy 
driving. NHTSA estimates that drowsy driving is involved in 2.4% of 
fatal crashes resulting in 824 fatalities per year from 2011 through 
2015, but the agency also acknowledges that drowsy driving is likely to 
be underreported in police reports and investigations. A 2012 study by 
Tefft published in Accident Analysis and Prevention used a multiple 
imputation methodology to analyze NHTSA's crash data and estimated 
16.5% of fatal crashes involved drowsy driving. If this estimate is 
accurate, it suggests that more than 6,000 people die in drowsy-
driving-related motor vehicle crashes each year. Furthermore, a 
significant proportion of drivers report drowsy driving. According to 
the 2017 AAA Foundation Traffic Safety Culture Index survey, 31% of 
drivers reported driving ``when they were so tired they had a hard time 
keeping their eyes open'' in the previous month, and the Centers for 
Disease Control's 2009 through 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance 
System surveys found that 4% admitted falling asleep at the wheel 
within the past 30 days.
    Description of the Need for the Information and Proposed Use of the 
Information: Given the significant safety risk posed by drowsy driving, 
NHTSA released its Drowsy Driving Research and Program Plan in 2016. 
The document outlines a comprehensive program that involves six broad 
focus areas, and one of these areas is vehicle technology. The 
development and refinement of driver state detection systems promises 
the ability to detect drowsiness and prevent crashes, and previous 
NHTSA research has demonstrated that various approaches to driver state 
detection show promise. However, the problem of how the vehicle should 
respond when drowsy driving is detected remains unanswered. To assess 
the efficacy of different vehicle-based countermeasures, it is 
necessary to develop experimental methods that replicate the 
motivational conditions associated with drowsy driving while keeping 
drivers in a controlled and safe environment. The objective of this 
study is to determine the effect of in-vehicle drowsiness 
countermeasures on driver behavior. Drivers will be randomly assigned 
to one of three experimental groups: No warnings or mitigation 
(baseline), lane departure warning, and drowsiness mitigation, which 
includes a warning as well as a navigation aid that appears to inform 
the driver of the distance to the next rest area. The study will 
compare driver performance and behavior under the two countermeasures 
with baseline drowsy driving. The results will add to the state of 
knowledge by systematically comparing the effect of different in-
vehicle drowsiness countermeasures on

[[Page 23042]]

driver performance and decision-making in a high-fidelity driving 
simulator. The results will be disseminated through a technical report 
that will be shared with vehicle manufacturers and suppliers as well as 
other stakeholders interested in improving traffic safety by decreasing 
drowsy driving.
    Data Collection Plan: The University of Iowa will solicit drivers 
between the ages of 21 and 30 to participate in a driver simulator 
study from a registry of approximately 7,000 individuals who have 
already expressed interest in participating in driving research 
studies. Respondent are likely to be from Eastern Iowa because they 
must drive to the National Advanced Driving Simulator (NADS) at the 
University of Iowa Research Park to participate. The agency proposes to 
conduct one-time voluntary 15-minute phone surveys with up to 120 
potential subjects to collect information about driving experience, 
sleeping and circadian rhythm, and general health to determine 
eligibility. The expected burden of qualifying 120 participants is 30 
hours. Based upon past studies, the agency expects that 85 potential 
subjects will be eligible and will report to the NADS for the study. 
The 85 potential subjects will spend up to one hour reading and signing 
a consent form, watching a simulator training presentation, completing 
a short driving task in the simulator to screen for simulator sickness, 
complete a brief wellness survey to screen for simulator sickness, and, 
if appropriate, schedule a future study drive session. The expected 
burden of screening 85 potential subjects is about 85 hours. It is 
expected that of the 85 screened, 75 will pass the simulator screening 
and opt to participate in the study. The study participants will spend 
up to nine hours providing information about activities, including 
sleeping, in the previous 24 hours, waiting to begin the simulator 
drive, completing the four-hour drive and completing a post-drive 
questionnaire about the experience. During the waiting period and 
immediately after the simulator drive, study participants will complete 
the Stanford Sleepiness Scale ten times. During the simulator drive, 
participants may take breaks. Participants will complete a brief 
questionnaire during the expected two (voluntary) breaks in the drive 
to evaluate participants' rationale for resting. In addition to the 
nine hours for the study, participants also will complete an activity 
log covering the 24 hours before study, which will take an estimated 30 
minutes to complete. The expected burden of 75 participants completing 
the study is about 713 hours.
    Estimate of the Total Annual Reporting and Recordkeeping Burden 
Resulting from the Collection of Information: The total estimated 
burden for qualifying 120 participants (30 hours), for screening 85 
participants (85 hours) and for 75 participants to complete the study 
(713 hours) is 828 total hours.

    Authority: 44 U.S.C. Section 3506(c)(2)(A).

    Issued in Washington, DC on May 14, 2018.
Jeff Michael,
Associate Administrator, Research and Program Development.
[FR Doc. 2018-10542 Filed 5-16-18; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-59-P