Polyester Staple Fiber From the Republic of Korea and Taiwan: Preliminary Results of Changed Circumstances Reviews, and Intent To Revoke Antidumping Duty Orders in Part, 17364-17366 [2018-08198]

Download as PDF 17364 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 76 / Thursday, April 19, 2018 / Notices rate by the lowest export subsidy rate determined for any party in the companion CVD proceeding, which was 10.65 percent. Pursuant to section 777A(f) of the Act, we normally adjust AD cash deposit rates for estimated domestic subsidy pass-through, where appropriate. However, in this case there is no basis to grant a domestic subsidy passthrough adjustment.9 Provisional Measures Section 733(d) of the Act states that instructions issued pursuant to an affirmative preliminary determination may not remain in effect for more than four months except where exporters representing a significant proportion of exports of the subject merchandise request Commerce to extend that fourmonth period to no more than six months. At the request of exporters that account for a significant proportion of aluminum foil from China, we extended the four-month period to no more than six months in this case.10 In the underlying investigation, Commerce published the Preliminary Determination on November 2, 2017. Therefore, the extended period beginning on the date of publication of the Preliminary Determination ends May 2, 2018. Furthermore, section 737(b) of the Act states that definitive duties are to begin on the date of publication of the ITC’s final injury determination. Therefore, because the publication of the ITC’s final injury determination occurred before the expiration of the extended provisional measures, suspension of liquidation continues through the issuance of the AD order. daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES This notice constitutes the AD order with respect to aluminum foil from China pursuant to section 736(a) of the Act. Interested parties can find a list of AD orders currently in effect at http:// enforcement.trade.gov/stats/ iastats1.html. This order and amended final determination are published in accordance with sections 736(a) and 735(e) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.211 and 351.224(e). 9 See Final Determination and accompanying Issues and Decision Memorandum. 10 See Preliminary Determination and accompanying Preliminary Decision Memorandum. 17:49 Apr 18, 2018 Jkt 244001 Appendix—Scope of the Order The merchandise covered by this order is aluminum foil having a thickness of 0.2 mm or less, in reels exceeding 25 pounds, regardless of width. Aluminum foil is made from an aluminum alloy that contains more than 92 percent aluminum. Aluminum foil may be made to ASTM specification ASTM B479, but can also be made to other specifications. Regardless of specification, however, all aluminum foil meeting the scope description is included in the scope, including aluminum foil to which lubricant has been applied to one or both sides of the foil. Excluded from the scope of this order is aluminum foil that is backed with paper, paperboard, plastics, or similar backing materials on one side or both sides of the aluminum foil, as well as etched capacitor foil and aluminum foil that is cut to shape. Where the nominal and actual measurements vary, a product is within the scope if application of either the nominal or actual measurement would place it within the scope based on the definitions set forth above. The products under the order are currently classifiable under Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) subheadings 7607.11.3000, 7607.11.6000, 7607.11.9030, 7607.11.9060, 7607.11.9090, and 7607.19.6000. Further, merchandise that falls within the scope of this proceeding may also be entered into the United States under HTSUS subheadings 7606.11.3060, 7606.11.6000, 7606.12.3045, 7606.12.3055, 7606.12.3090, 7606.12.6000, 7606.91.3090, 7606.91.6080, 7606.92.3090, and 7606.92.6080. Although the HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes, the written description of the scope of this order is dispositive. [FR Doc. 2018–08115 Filed 4–18–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–P Notification to Interested Parties VerDate Sep<11>2014 Dated: April 12, 2018. Gary Taverman, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Operations, performing the non-exclusive functions and duties of the Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A–580–839, A–583–833] Polyester Staple Fiber From the Republic of Korea and Taiwan: Preliminary Results of Changed Circumstances Reviews, and Intent To Revoke Antidumping Duty Orders in Part Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. SUMMARY: On December 8, 2017, the Department of Commerce (Commerce) received a request for revocation, in AGENCY: PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 part, of the antidumping duty (AD) orders on polyester staple fiber (PSF) from the Republic of Korea (Korea) and Taiwan with respect to low-melt PSF. We preliminarily determine that the Orders shall be revoked, in part, with respect to low-melt PSF, as described below. Commerce invites interested parties to comment on these preliminary results. DATES: Effective April 19, 2018. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Emily Halle or Nicholas Czajkowski, AD/CVD Operations, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone (202) 482–0176 or (202) 482–1395, respectively. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background On May 25, 2000, Commerce published the AD orders on PSF from Korea and Taiwan.1 On December 8, 2017, DAK Americas, LLC; Nan Ya Plastics Corporation, America; Auriga Polymers; and Palmetto Synthetics LLC (i.e., the domestic producers) requested that Commerce conduct changed circumstances reviews pursuant to section 751(b)(1) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act) and 19 CFR 351.216(b) with respect to any coarse denier low-melt PSF that may be currently covered by the Orders to avoid any potential overlap in coverage between the Orders and the pending less-than-fair-value investigations of low-melt polyester staple fiber from Korea and Taiwan.2 On March 16, 2018, Commerce published the notice of initiation of the requested changed circumstances reviews.3 Because the domestic producers did not provide any supporting documentation for their statement that they accounted for 1 See Notice of Amended Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Certain Polyester Staple Fiber from the Republic of Korea and Antidumping Duty Orders: Certain Polyester Staple Fiber from the Republic of Korea and Taiwan, 65 FR 33807 (May 25, 2000) (Orders). 2 See Polyester Staple Fiber From the Republic of Korea and Taiwan: Initiation of Changed Circumstances Reviews, and Consideration of Revocation of the Antidumping Duty Orders in Part, 83 FR 11678 (March 16, 2018) (Initiation Notice); see also Low Melt Polyester Staple Fiber from the Republic of Korea and Taiwan: Initiation of LessThan-Fair-Value Investigations, 82 FR 34277 (July 24, 2017); Low Melt Polyester Staple Fiber from the Republic of Korea: Preliminary Affirmative Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, Preliminary Affirmative Determination of Critical Circumstances, in Part, Postponement of Final Determination, and Extension of Provisional Measures, 83 FR 4906 (February 2, 2018). 3 Id. E:\FR\FM\19APN1.SGM 19APN1 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 76 / Thursday, April 19, 2018 / Notices substantially all of the domestic production of PSF, in the Initiation Notice, we invited interested parties to submit comments concerning industry support for the potential revocation, in part, as well as comments and/or factual information regarding the changed circumstances reviews.4 We received no comments or factual information from other interested parties. Scope of the Orders The product covered by the orders is certain polyester staple fiber (PSF). PSF is defined as synthetic staple fibers, not carded, combed or otherwise processed for spinning, of polyesters measuring 3.3 decitex (3 denier, inclusive) or more in diameter. This merchandise is cut to lengths varying from one inch (25 mm) to five inches (127 mm). The merchandise subject to these orders may be coated, usually with a silicon or other finish, or not coated. PSF is generally used as stuffing in sleeping bags, mattresses, ski jackets, comforters, cushions, pillows, and furniture. Merchandise of less than 3.3 decitex (less than 3 denier) currently classifiable under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) at subheading 5503.20.00.25 is specifically excluded from these orders. Also specifically excluded from these orders are polyester staple fibers of 10 to 18 denier that are cut to lengths of 6 to 8 inches (fibers used in the manufacture of carpeting). In addition, low-melt PSF is excluded from these orders. Low-melt PSF is defined as a bi-component fiber with an outer sheath that melts at a significantly lower temperature than its inner core. The merchandise subject to these orders is currently classifiable in the HTSUS at subheadings 5503.20.00.45 and 5503.20.00.65.5 Although the HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes, the written description of the merchandise under the orders is dispositive. daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES Preliminary Results of Changed Circumstances Reviews, and Intent To Revoke the Orders, in Part Pursuant to section 751(d)(1) of the Act, and 19 CFR 351.222(g), Commerce may revoke an AD or countervailing duty order, in whole or in part, based on a review under section 751(b) of the Act (i.e., a changed circumstances review). Section 751(b)(1) of the Act requires a changed circumstances review to be conducted upon receipt of a request 4 Id. 5 These HTSUS numbers have been revised to reflect changes in the HTSUS numbers at the suffix level. VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:49 Apr 18, 2018 Jkt 244001 which shows changed circumstances sufficient to warrant a review. Section 782(h)(2) of the Act gives Commerce the authority to revoke an order if producers accounting for substantially all of the production of the domestic like product have expressed a lack of interest in the order. Section 351.222(g) of Commerce’s regulations provides that Commerce will conduct a changed circumstances review under 19 CFR 351.216, and may revoke an order (in whole or in part), if it concludes that: (i) Producers accounting for substantially all of the production of the domestic like product to which the order pertains have expressed a lack of interest in the relief provided by the order, in whole or in part; or (ii) if other changed circumstances sufficient to warrant revocation exist. Both the Act and Commerce’s regulations require that ‘‘substantially all’’ domestic producers express a lack of interest in the order for Commerce to revoke the order, in whole or in part.6 Commerce has interpreted ‘‘substantially all’’ to represent producers accounting for at least 85 percent of U.S. production of the domestic like product.7 Commerce’s regulations do not specify a deadline for the issuance of the preliminary results of a changed circumstances review, but provide that Commerce will issue the final results of review within 270 days after the date on which the changed circumstances review is initiated.8 Commerce did not issue a combined notice of initiation and preliminary results. As discussed above, while the statement provided by the domestic producers indicated they accounted for substantially all domestic production of PSF, the domestic producers did not offer any documentation supporting their claim.9 Thus, Commerce did not determine in the Initiation Notice that producers accounting for substantially all of the production of the domestic like product lacked interest in the continued application of the Orders as to low-melt PSF under consideration here. Further, Commerce requested interested party comments on the issue of domestic 6 See Section 782(h) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.222(g). 7 See Honey from Argentina; Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Changed Circumstances Reviews; Preliminary Intent to Revoke Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Orders, 77 FR 67790, 67791 (November 14, 2012) (Honey from Argentina Prelim), unchanged in Honey from Argentina; Final Results of Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Changed Circumstances Reviews; Revocation of Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Orders, 77 FR 77029 (December 31, 2012) (Honey from Argentina Final). 8 See 19 CFR 351.216(e). 9 See Initiation Notice. PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 17365 industry support of a potential partial revocation of the Orders.10 Commerce received no comments concerning a lack of industry support with respect to these changed circumstances reviews. As noted in the Initiation Notice, domestic producers requested revocation of the Orders, in part, and supported their request. In the absence of any interested party comments received during the comment period, we preliminarily conclude that changed circumstances warrant revocation of the Orders, in part, because the producers accounting for substantially all of the production of the domestic like product to which the Orders pertain lack interest in the relief provided by the Orders with respect to low-melt PSF, as described above. We will consider comments from interested parties on these preliminary results of reviews before issuing the final results of these reviews.11 Accordingly, we are notifying the public of our intent to revoke the Orders, in part. We intend to carry out this revocation by replacing the following language currently in the scope of the Orders: ‘‘{i}n addition, lowmelt PSF is excluded from these orders. Low-melt PSF is defined as a bicomponent fiber with an outer sheath that melts at a significantly lower temperature than its inner core,’’ with the following language: ‘‘{i}n addition, low-melt PSF is excluded from these orders. Low-melt PSF is defined as a bicomponent polyester fiber having a polyester fiber component that melts at a lower temperature than the other polyester fiber component.’’ If we make a final determination to revoke the Orders in part, then Commerce will apply this determination to each order as follows. If, at the time of the final determinations, there have been no completed administrative reviews of an order, then the partial revocation will be applied to unliquidated entries of merchandise subject to the changed circumstances review that were entered or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption, on or after the date that corresponds to the date suspension of liquidation first began in the relevant proceeding. If, at the time of the final determinations, there have been completed administrative reviews of an order, then the partial revocation will be retroactively applied to unliquidated entries of merchandise subject to the changed circumstances reviews that were entered or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption, on or after 10 Id. 11 See e.g., Honey from Argentina Prelim; unchanged in Honey from Argentina Final. E:\FR\FM\19APN1.SGM 19APN1 17366 Federal Register / Vol. 83, No. 76 / Thursday, April 19, 2018 / Notices the day following the last day of the period covered by the most recently completed administrative review of the applicable order. Therefore, under this scenario, the partial revocation for merchandise subject to the Orders would be applied retroactively to unliquidated entries of merchandise entered or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption, on or after May 1, 2017.12 Public Comment daltland on DSKBBV9HB2PROD with NOTICES Interested parties are invited to comment on these preliminary results of reviews in accordance with 19 CFR 351.309(c)(1)(ii). Case briefs may be submitted no later than ten days after the date of publication of these preliminary results.13 Rebuttals to case briefs, limited to issues raised in the case briefs, may be filed no later than five days after the due date for case briefs.14 All submissions must be filed electronically using Enforcement and Compliance’s AD and CVD Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS). ACCESS is available to registered users at http://access.trade.gov and in the Central Records Unit, room B8024 of the main Department of Commerce building. An electronically filed document must be received successfully in its entirety by ACCESS, by 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time on the due dates set forth in this notice. Any interested party may request a hearing within 14 days of publication of this notice. Hearing requests should contain the following information: (1) The party’s name, address, and telephone number; (2) the number of participants; and (3) a list of the issues to be discussed. Oral presentations at the hearing will be limited to issues raised in the briefs. If a request for a hearing is made, parties will be notified of the time and date for the hearing to be held at the U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue 12 The most recent administrative review of the Korea AD order was completed on August 2, 2017, and covered May 1, 2016 through April 30, 2017. See Polyester Staple Fiber from the Republic of Korea: Rescission of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2016–2017, 82 FR 37052 (August 8, 2017) (which rescinds the review for the Korea AD order, A–580–839). For the Taiwan AD order, A–583–833, Commerce did not receive a request to conduct an administrative review for the period of review (POR) May 1, 2016 through April 30, 2017. Commerce issued instructions to U.S. Customs and Border Protection on July 21, 2017, liquidating all entries for all firms for the POR. 13 Commerce is altering the deadline for the submission of case briefs, as authorized by 19 CFR 351.309(c)(1)(ii). 14 Commerce is altering the deadline for the submission of rebuttal briefs, as authorized by 19 CFR 351.309(d)(1). VerDate Sep<11>2014 17:49 Apr 18, 2018 Jkt 244001 NW, Washington, DC 20230 in a room to be determined.15 Commerce intends to issue the final results of these changed circumstances reviews, which will include its analysis of any written comments received, no later than 270 days after the date on which these reviews were initiated, or within 45 days if all parties to the proceeding agree to the outcome of the review. If, in the final results of these reviews, Commerce continues to determine that changed circumstances warrant the revocation of the Orders, in part, we will instruct U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to liquidate without regard to AD duties all unliquidated entries of the merchandise covered by the exclusion language above entered or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption, on or after the effective dates indicated above. In addition, we will instruct CBP to refund any estimated AD cash deposits collected on such entries. The current requirement for cash deposits of estimated AD duties on all entries of subject merchandise will continue unless they are modified pursuant to the final results of these changed circumstances reviews. If, in the final results of these reviews, Commerce continues to determine that changed circumstances warrant the revocation of the Orders, in part, we will instruct CBP to discontinue collecting cash deposits on entries of merchandise covered by the exclusion language above effective on the date of publication of the final results of these changed circumstances reviews. These preliminary results of reviews and notice are in accordance with sections 751(b) and 777(i) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.221 and 19 CFR 351.222. Dated: April 12, 2018. Gary Taverman, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Operations, performing the non-exclusive functions and duties of the Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance. [FR Doc. 2018–08198 Filed 4–18–18; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–P 15 See PO 00000 19 CFR 351.310(d). Frm 00008 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Marine Technology and Services Enterprise Impact and Utilization Survey Sponsored by the U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: The Department of Commerce, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on proposed and/or continuing information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. DATES: Written comments must be submitted on or before June 18, 2018. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Jennifer Jessup, Departmental Paperwork Clearance Officer, Department of Commerce, Room 6616, 14th and Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230 (or via the internet at pracomments@doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information or copies of the information collection instrument and instructions should be directed to Carl Gouldman, (240) 533– 9454 or carl.gouldman@noaa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: I. Abstract This request is for reinstatement with changes of an information collection supported by Section 12302 (3) of the Integrated Coastal and Ocean Observation System Act (ICOOS Act) part of the Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009 (Pub. L. 111– 11). The survey is voluntary. NOAA’s National Ocean Service is requesting approval to repeat a webbased survey of employers who provide either services or infrastructure to the Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) or organizations that add value to the IOOS data and other outputs by tailoring them for specific end uses. The purpose of the survey and overall project is to gather data to articulate the collective and derived value of the IOOS enterprise, and to create a profile of businesses and organizations who are involved with providing services or utilizing the data for other specific end uses. This will be the second survey of its kind on a national scale following E:\FR\FM\19APN1.SGM 19APN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 76 (Thursday, April 19, 2018)]
[Notices]
[Pages 17364-17366]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-08198]


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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

International Trade Administration

[A-580-839, A-583-833]


Polyester Staple Fiber From the Republic of Korea and Taiwan: 
Preliminary Results of Changed Circumstances Reviews, and Intent To 
Revoke Antidumping Duty Orders in Part

AGENCY: Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, 
Department of Commerce.

SUMMARY: On December 8, 2017, the Department of Commerce (Commerce) 
received a request for revocation, in part, of the antidumping duty 
(AD) orders on polyester staple fiber (PSF) from the Republic of Korea 
(Korea) and Taiwan with respect to low-melt PSF. We preliminarily 
determine that the Orders shall be revoked, in part, with respect to 
low-melt PSF, as described below. Commerce invites interested parties 
to comment on these preliminary results.

DATES: Effective April 19, 2018.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Emily Halle or Nicholas Czajkowski, 
AD/CVD Operations, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade 
Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue 
NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone (202) 482-0176 or (202) 482-1395, 
respectively.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    On May 25, 2000, Commerce published the AD orders on PSF from Korea 
and Taiwan.\1\ On December 8, 2017, DAK Americas, LLC; Nan Ya Plastics 
Corporation, America; Auriga Polymers; and Palmetto Synthetics LLC 
(i.e., the domestic producers) requested that Commerce conduct changed 
circumstances reviews pursuant to section 751(b)(1) of the Tariff Act 
of 1930, as amended (the Act) and 19 CFR 351.216(b) with respect to any 
coarse denier low-melt PSF that may be currently covered by the Orders 
to avoid any potential overlap in coverage between the Orders and the 
pending less-than-fair-value investigations of low-melt polyester 
staple fiber from Korea and Taiwan.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ See Notice of Amended Final Determination of Sales at Less 
Than Fair Value: Certain Polyester Staple Fiber from the Republic of 
Korea and Antidumping Duty Orders: Certain Polyester Staple Fiber 
from the Republic of Korea and Taiwan, 65 FR 33807 (May 25, 2000) 
(Orders).
    \2\ See Polyester Staple Fiber From the Republic of Korea and 
Taiwan: Initiation of Changed Circumstances Reviews, and 
Consideration of Revocation of the Antidumping Duty Orders in Part, 
83 FR 11678 (March 16, 2018) (Initiation Notice); see also Low Melt 
Polyester Staple Fiber from the Republic of Korea and Taiwan: 
Initiation of Less-Than-Fair-Value Investigations, 82 FR 34277 (July 
24, 2017); Low Melt Polyester Staple Fiber from the Republic of 
Korea: Preliminary Affirmative Determination of Sales at Less Than 
Fair Value, Preliminary Affirmative Determination of Critical 
Circumstances, in Part, Postponement of Final Determination, and 
Extension of Provisional Measures, 83 FR 4906 (February 2, 2018).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    On March 16, 2018, Commerce published the notice of initiation of 
the requested changed circumstances reviews.\3\ Because the domestic 
producers did not provide any supporting documentation for their 
statement that they accounted for

[[Page 17365]]

substantially all of the domestic production of PSF, in the Initiation 
Notice, we invited interested parties to submit comments concerning 
industry support for the potential revocation, in part, as well as 
comments and/or factual information regarding the changed circumstances 
reviews.\4\ We received no comments or factual information from other 
interested parties.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ Id.
    \4\ Id.
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Scope of the Orders

    The product covered by the orders is certain polyester staple fiber 
(PSF). PSF is defined as synthetic staple fibers, not carded, combed or 
otherwise processed for spinning, of polyesters measuring 3.3 decitex 
(3 denier, inclusive) or more in diameter. This merchandise is cut to 
lengths varying from one inch (25 mm) to five inches (127 mm). The 
merchandise subject to these orders may be coated, usually with a 
silicon or other finish, or not coated. PSF is generally used as 
stuffing in sleeping bags, mattresses, ski jackets, comforters, 
cushions, pillows, and furniture. Merchandise of less than 3.3 decitex 
(less than 3 denier) currently classifiable under the Harmonized Tariff 
Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) at subheading 5503.20.00.25 is 
specifically excluded from these orders. Also specifically excluded 
from these orders are polyester staple fibers of 10 to 18 denier that 
are cut to lengths of 6 to 8 inches (fibers used in the manufacture of 
carpeting). In addition, low-melt PSF is excluded from these orders. 
Low-melt PSF is defined as a bi-component fiber with an outer sheath 
that melts at a significantly lower temperature than its inner core.
    The merchandise subject to these orders is currently classifiable 
in the HTSUS at subheadings 5503.20.00.45 and 5503.20.00.65.\5\ 
Although the HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs 
purposes, the written description of the merchandise under the orders 
is dispositive.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ These HTSUS numbers have been revised to reflect changes in 
the HTSUS numbers at the suffix level.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Preliminary Results of Changed Circumstances Reviews, and Intent To 
Revoke the Orders, in Part

    Pursuant to section 751(d)(1) of the Act, and 19 CFR 351.222(g), 
Commerce may revoke an AD or countervailing duty order, in whole or in 
part, based on a review under section 751(b) of the Act (i.e., a 
changed circumstances review). Section 751(b)(1) of the Act requires a 
changed circumstances review to be conducted upon receipt of a request 
which shows changed circumstances sufficient to warrant a review. 
Section 782(h)(2) of the Act gives Commerce the authority to revoke an 
order if producers accounting for substantially all of the production 
of the domestic like product have expressed a lack of interest in the 
order. Section 351.222(g) of Commerce's regulations provides that 
Commerce will conduct a changed circumstances review under 19 CFR 
351.216, and may revoke an order (in whole or in part), if it concludes 
that: (i) Producers accounting for substantially all of the production 
of the domestic like product to which the order pertains have expressed 
a lack of interest in the relief provided by the order, in whole or in 
part; or (ii) if other changed circumstances sufficient to warrant 
revocation exist. Both the Act and Commerce's regulations require that 
``substantially all'' domestic producers express a lack of interest in 
the order for Commerce to revoke the order, in whole or in part.\6\ 
Commerce has interpreted ``substantially all'' to represent producers 
accounting for at least 85 percent of U.S. production of the domestic 
like product.\7\
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    \6\ See Section 782(h) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.222(g).
    \7\ See Honey from Argentina; Antidumping and Countervailing 
Duty Changed Circumstances Reviews; Preliminary Intent to Revoke 
Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Orders, 77 FR 67790, 67791 
(November 14, 2012) (Honey from Argentina Prelim), unchanged in 
Honey from Argentina; Final Results of Antidumping and 
Countervailing Duty Changed Circumstances Reviews; Revocation of 
Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Orders, 77 FR 77029 (December 
31, 2012) (Honey from Argentina Final).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Commerce's regulations do not specify a deadline for the issuance 
of the preliminary results of a changed circumstances review, but 
provide that Commerce will issue the final results of review within 270 
days after the date on which the changed circumstances review is 
initiated.\8\ Commerce did not issue a combined notice of initiation 
and preliminary results. As discussed above, while the statement 
provided by the domestic producers indicated they accounted for 
substantially all domestic production of PSF, the domestic producers 
did not offer any documentation supporting their claim.\9\ Thus, 
Commerce did not determine in the Initiation Notice that producers 
accounting for substantially all of the production of the domestic like 
product lacked interest in the continued application of the Orders as 
to low-melt PSF under consideration here. Further, Commerce requested 
interested party comments on the issue of domestic industry support of 
a potential partial revocation of the Orders.\10\ Commerce received no 
comments concerning a lack of industry support with respect to these 
changed circumstances reviews.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \8\ See 19 CFR 351.216(e).
    \9\ See Initiation Notice.
    \10\ Id.
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    As noted in the Initiation Notice, domestic producers requested 
revocation of the Orders, in part, and supported their request. In the 
absence of any interested party comments received during the comment 
period, we preliminarily conclude that changed circumstances warrant 
revocation of the Orders, in part, because the producers accounting for 
substantially all of the production of the domestic like product to 
which the Orders pertain lack interest in the relief provided by the 
Orders with respect to low-melt PSF, as described above. We will 
consider comments from interested parties on these preliminary results 
of reviews before issuing the final results of these reviews.\11\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ See e.g., Honey from Argentina Prelim; unchanged in Honey 
from Argentina Final.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Accordingly, we are notifying the public of our intent to revoke 
the Orders, in part. We intend to carry out this revocation by 
replacing the following language currently in the scope of the Orders: 
``{i{time} n addition, low-melt PSF is excluded from these orders. Low-
melt PSF is defined as a bi-component fiber with an outer sheath that 
melts at a significantly lower temperature than its inner core,'' with 
the following language: ``{i{time} n addition, low-melt PSF is excluded 
from these orders. Low-melt PSF is defined as a bi-component polyester 
fiber having a polyester fiber component that melts at a lower 
temperature than the other polyester fiber component.''
    If we make a final determination to revoke the Orders in part, then 
Commerce will apply this determination to each order as follows. If, at 
the time of the final determinations, there have been no completed 
administrative reviews of an order, then the partial revocation will be 
applied to unliquidated entries of merchandise subject to the changed 
circumstances review that were entered or withdrawn from warehouse, for 
consumption, on or after the date that corresponds to the date 
suspension of liquidation first began in the relevant proceeding. If, 
at the time of the final determinations, there have been completed 
administrative reviews of an order, then the partial revocation will be 
retroactively applied to unliquidated entries of merchandise subject to 
the changed circumstances reviews that were entered or withdrawn from 
warehouse, for consumption, on or after

[[Page 17366]]

the day following the last day of the period covered by the most 
recently completed administrative review of the applicable order. 
Therefore, under this scenario, the partial revocation for merchandise 
subject to the Orders would be applied retroactively to unliquidated 
entries of merchandise entered or withdrawn from warehouse, for 
consumption, on or after May 1, 2017.\12\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ The most recent administrative review of the Korea AD order 
was completed on August 2, 2017, and covered May 1, 2016 through 
April 30, 2017. See Polyester Staple Fiber from the Republic of 
Korea: Rescission of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2016-
2017, 82 FR 37052 (August 8, 2017) (which rescinds the review for 
the Korea AD order, A-580-839). For the Taiwan AD order, A-583-833, 
Commerce did not receive a request to conduct an administrative 
review for the period of review (POR) May 1, 2016 through April 30, 
2017. Commerce issued instructions to U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection on July 21, 2017, liquidating all entries for all firms 
for the POR.
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Public Comment

    Interested parties are invited to comment on these preliminary 
results of reviews in accordance with 19 CFR 351.309(c)(1)(ii). Case 
briefs may be submitted no later than ten days after the date of 
publication of these preliminary results.\13\ Rebuttals to case briefs, 
limited to issues raised in the case briefs, may be filed no later than 
five days after the due date for case briefs.\14\ All submissions must 
be filed electronically using Enforcement and Compliance's AD and CVD 
Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS). ACCESS is available to 
registered users at http://access.trade.gov and in the Central Records 
Unit, room B8024 of the main Department of Commerce building. An 
electronically filed document must be received successfully in its 
entirety by ACCESS, by 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time on the due dates set 
forth in this notice.
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    \13\ Commerce is altering the deadline for the submission of 
case briefs, as authorized by 19 CFR 351.309(c)(1)(ii).
    \14\ Commerce is altering the deadline for the submission of 
rebuttal briefs, as authorized by 19 CFR 351.309(d)(1).
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    Any interested party may request a hearing within 14 days of 
publication of this notice. Hearing requests should contain the 
following information: (1) The party's name, address, and telephone 
number; (2) the number of participants; and (3) a list of the issues to 
be discussed. Oral presentations at the hearing will be limited to 
issues raised in the briefs. If a request for a hearing is made, 
parties will be notified of the time and date for the hearing to be 
held at the U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, 
Washington, DC 20230 in a room to be determined.\15\
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    \15\ See 19 CFR 351.310(d).
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    Commerce intends to issue the final results of these changed 
circumstances reviews, which will include its analysis of any written 
comments received, no later than 270 days after the date on which these 
reviews were initiated, or within 45 days if all parties to the 
proceeding agree to the outcome of the review.
    If, in the final results of these reviews, Commerce continues to 
determine that changed circumstances warrant the revocation of the 
Orders, in part, we will instruct U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
(CBP) to liquidate without regard to AD duties all unliquidated entries 
of the merchandise covered by the exclusion language above entered or 
withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption, on or after the effective 
dates indicated above. In addition, we will instruct CBP to refund any 
estimated AD cash deposits collected on such entries.
    The current requirement for cash deposits of estimated AD duties on 
all entries of subject merchandise will continue unless they are 
modified pursuant to the final results of these changed circumstances 
reviews. If, in the final results of these reviews, Commerce continues 
to determine that changed circumstances warrant the revocation of the 
Orders, in part, we will instruct CBP to discontinue collecting cash 
deposits on entries of merchandise covered by the exclusion language 
above effective on the date of publication of the final results of 
these changed circumstances reviews.
    These preliminary results of reviews and notice are in accordance 
with sections 751(b) and 777(i) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.221 and 19 
CFR 351.222.

    Dated: April 12, 2018.
Gary Taverman,
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Antidumping and Countervailing Duty 
Operations, performing the non-exclusive functions and duties of the 
Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance.
[FR Doc. 2018-08198 Filed 4-18-18; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-DS-P