Self-Regulatory Organizations; the Options Clearing Corporation; Notice of No Objection to Advance Notice Concerning Liquidity for Same-Day Settlement, 59685-59687 [2017-27112]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 240 / Friday, December 15, 2017 / Notices to change the parenthetical regarding the OTC Equity Securities discount in paragraph (b)(2) of the proposed fee schedule from ‘‘with a discount for Equity ATSs exclusively trading OTC Equity Securities based on the average shares per trade ratio between NMS Stocks and OTC Equity Securities’’ to ‘‘with a discount for OTC Equity Securities market share of Equity ATSs trading OTC Equity Securities based on the average shares per trade ratio between NMS Stocks and OTC Equity Securities.’’ III. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposal, as amended by Amendment No. 1 and Amendment No. 2, is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with NOTICES Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– CBOE–2017–040 on the subject line. Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–CBOE–2017–040. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s internet website (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for website viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change. VerDate Sep<11>2014 23:42 Dec 14, 2017 Jkt 244001 Persons submitting comments are cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal identifying information from comment submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–CBOE–2017–040, and should be submitted on or before January 5, 2017. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.26 Robert W. Errett, Deputy Secretary. [FR Doc. 2017–26995 Filed 12–14–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–82296; File No. SR–OCC– 2017–806] Self-Regulatory Organizations; the Options Clearing Corporation; Notice of No Objection to Advance Notice Concerning Liquidity for Same-Day Settlement December 12, 2017. The Options Clearing Corporation (‘‘OCC’’) filed on October 13, 2017 with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’) advance notice SR–OCC–2017–806 (‘‘Advance Notice’’) pursuant to Section 806(e)(1) of Title VIII of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, entitled the Payment, Clearing and Settlement Supervision Act of 2010 (‘‘Clearing Supervision Act’’) 1 and Rule 19b–4(n)(1)(i) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Exchange Act’’) 2 to modify the tools it has available to address the risks of liquidity shortfalls when OCC faces a liquidity need to meet its same-day settlement obligations resulting from the failure of a bank or securities or commodities clearing organization (‘‘Settlement Entity’’) to achieve daily settlement. The Advance Notice was published for comment in the Federal Register on November 13, 2017.3 The Commission has not received any comments on the Advance Notice to date. This 26 17 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). U.S.C. 5465(e)(1). 2 17 CFR 240.19b–4(n)(1)(i). 3 SR–OCC–2017–806. Securities Exchange Act Release No. 82056 (Nov. 13, 2017) 82 FR 54430 (Nov. 17, 2017). OCC also filed a proposed rule change with the Commission in connection with the proposed change. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 81956 (Oct. 26, 2017), 82 FR 50705 (Nov. 1, 2017) (SR–OCC–2017–017). 1 12 PO 00000 Frm 00111 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 59685 publication serves as notice of no objection to the Advance Notice. I. Background OCC filed this Advance Notice in connection with its proposed change to modify the tools available to OCC to provide a mechanism for addressing the risks of liquidity shortfalls, specifically, in the extraordinary situation where OCC faces a liquidity need to meet its same-day settlement obligations resulting from a Settlement Entity’s failure to achieve daily settlement. OCC’s By-Laws currently grant OCC the authority to borrow against its Clearing Fund where a Settlement Entity fails to make timely settlement with OCC due to the bankruptcy, insolvency, resolution, suspension of operations or similar event of such Settlement Entity.4 The Advance Notice seeks to expand this borrowing authority to circumstances relatively less severe than bankruptcy, insolvency, or a similar event to include a temporary failure of a Settlement Entity to achieve daily settlement. Specifically, Article VIII, Section 5(e) of OCC’s By-Laws provides OCC with the authority to borrow against the Clearing Fund in two circumstances. First, the By-Laws provide OCC the authority to borrow where OCC ‘‘deems it necessary or advisable to borrow or otherwise obtain funds from third parties in order to meet obligations arising out of the default or suspension of a Clearing Member or any action taken by the Corporation in connection therewith pursuant to Chapter XI of the Rules or otherwise.’’ Second, the ByLaws provide OCC the authority to borrow against the Clearing Fund where OCC ‘‘sustains a loss reimbursable out of the Clearing Fund pursuant to [Article VIII, Section 5(b) of OCC’s ByLaws] but [OCC] elects to borrow or otherwise obtain funds from third parties in lieu of immediately charging such loss to the Clearing Fund.’’ In order for a loss to be reimbursable out of the Clearing Fund under Article VIII, Section 5(b) of OCC’s By-Laws, the loss must arise from a situation in which any Settlement Entity has failed ‘‘to perform any obligation to [OCC] when due because of its bankruptcy, insolvency, receivership, suspension of operations, or because of any similar event.’’ 5 Under either of the circumstances above, OCC is authorized to borrow 4 OCC By-Laws, Article VIII, Section 5. the extent that a loss resulting from any of the events referred to in Article VIII, Section 5(b) is recoverable out of the Clearing Fund pursuant to Article VIII, Section 5(a), the provisions of Article VIII, Section 5(a) control and render the provisions of Article VIII, Section 5(b) inapplicable. 5 To E:\FR\FM\15DEN1.SGM 15DEN1 59686 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 240 / Friday, December 15, 2017 / Notices against the Clearing Fund for a period not to exceed 30 days, and during this time, the borrowing would not affect the amount or timing of any charges otherwise required to be made against the Clearing Fund pursuant to Article VIII, Section 5 of the By-Laws. However, if any part of the borrowing remains outstanding after 30 days, then at the close of business on the 30th day (or the first Business Day thereafter) the amount must be considered an actual loss to the Clearing Fund, and OCC must immediately allocate such loss among its Clearing Members in accordance with Article VIII, Section 5. II. Description of the Advance Notice sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with NOTICES A. Proposed Change To Expand Borrowing Authority The Advance Notice seeks to expand OCC’s authority to borrow against its Clearing Fund to instances where a Settlement Entity suffers an event relatively less extreme than a bankruptcy, insolvency, or similar event, but is still temporarily unable to timely make daily settlement with OCC. Such an event might include a scenario where the ordinary operations of a settlement bank are disrupted in a manner that temporarily prohibits the bank from timely effecting settlement payments in accordance with OCC’s daily settlement cycle. OCC believes that such authority would only be used in extraordinary circumstances, and any funds obtained from any such transaction could only be used for the stated purpose of satisfying a need for liquidity for same-day settlement. Pursuant to the proposed change, any ability to borrow under this expanded authority would not exceed thirty (30) days. During this period, the funds obtained would not be deemed to be charges against the Clearing Fund and would not affect the amount or timing of any charges otherwise required to be made against the clearing fund under Article VIII of OCC’s By-Laws.6 Should the borrowing unexpectedly remain outstanding after thirty (30) days, at the close of business on the 30th day (or the first Business Day thereafter), the amount outstanding would be considered an actual loss to the Clearing Fund. However, OCC would also have discretionary authority to declare a borrowing outstanding for less than thirty (30) days as an actual loss chargeable against the Clearing Fund to 6 Assets contained in the Clearing Fund, including those assets pledged by OCC pursuant to its authority under this proposed expansion of borrowing authority, would remain in OCC’s possession. VerDate Sep<11>2014 23:42 Dec 14, 2017 Jkt 244001 be collected from Clearing Members.7 If the amount outstanding becomes an actual loss to the Clearing Fund, OCC, in accordance with its By-Laws, would then charge all of its Clearing Members to make pro rata contributions to the Clearing Fund to cover the deficit arising from the loss. B. Proposed Change to OCC’s By-Laws To implement the proposed change, OCC proposed to amend Sections 1(a), 5(b) and 5(e) of Article VIII of its ByLaws to give effect to the expanded borrowing authority. First, Article VIII, Section 5(e) of the By-Laws would be amended to permit OCC to borrow against the Clearing Fund if it reasonably believes such borrowing is necessary to meet its liquidity needs for same-day settlement as a result of the failure of any Settlement Entity to achieve daily settlement. Second, Article VIII, Section 1(a) of the By-Laws would be amended to include conforming changes stating that the purpose of the Clearing Fund includes borrowing against the Clearing Fund as permitted under Article VIII Section 5(e). Next, Article VIII, Section 5(b) of the By-Laws would be amended to include conforming changes that would declare that any borrowing remaining outstanding for less than 30 days may be considered, in OCC’s discretion, an actual loss to the Clearing Fund to be charged proportionately against all Clearing Members’ computed contributions. Any borrowing remaining outstanding on the 30th day shall be considered an actual loss to the Clearing Fund and the amount of any such loss shall be charged proportionately against all Clearing Members’ computed contributions to the Clearing Fund as fixed at the time. 7 OCC states that such discretionary authority could be exercised in a circumstance where, depending on the size of the borrowing, OCC must ensure that it maintains financial resources necessary to meet a ‘‘Cover 1’’ liquidity resource standard. OCC must establish, implement, maintain and enforce written policies and procedures reasonably designed to, as applicable, effectively identify, measure, monitor, and manage its credit exposures to participants and those arising from its payment, clearing, and settlement processes, including by maintaining sufficient financial resources to cover its credit exposure to each participant fully with a high degree of confidence, and, to the extent not already maintained pursuant to the foregoing, maintaining additional financial resources at the minimum to enable it to cover a wide range of foreseeable stress scenarios that include, but are not limited to, the ‘‘default of the participant family that would potentially cause the largest aggregate credit exposure for the [CCA] in extreme but plausible market conditions.’’ 17 CFR 240.17Ad–22(e)(4)(iii). PO 00000 Frm 00112 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 III. Discussion and Commission Findings Although the Clearing Supervision Act does not specify a standard of review for an advance notice, its stated purpose is instructive.8 The stated purpose of the Clearing Supervision Act is to mitigate systemic risk in the financial system and promote financial stability by, among other things, promoting uniform risk management standards for systemically important financial market utilities (‘‘SIFMUs’’) and strengthening the liquidity of SIFMUs.9 Section 805(a)(2) of the Clearing Supervision Act 10 authorizes the Commission to prescribe regulations containing risk-management standards for the payment, clearing, and settlement activities of designated clearing entities engaged in designated activities for which the Commission is the supervisory agency. Section 805(b) of the Clearing Supervision Act 11 provides the following objectives and principles for the Commission’s riskmanagement standards prescribed under Section 805(a): • To promote robust risk management; • To promote safety and soundness; • To reduce systemic risks; and • To support the stability of the broader financial system. Section 805(c) provides, in addition, that the Commission’s risk-management standards may address such areas as risk-management and default policies and procedures, among others areas.12 The Commission has adopted riskmanagement standards under Section 805(a)(2) of the Clearing Supervision Act and the Exchange Act (the ‘‘Clearing Agency Rules’’).13 The Clearing Agency Rules require each covered clearing agency, among other things, to establish, implement, maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to meet certain 8 See 12 U.S.C. 5461(b). 9 Id. 10 12 U.S.C. 5464(a)(2). U.S.C. 5464(b). 12 12 U.S.C. 5464(c). 13 17 CFR 240.17Ad–22. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 68080 (October 22, 2012), 77 FR 66220 (November 2, 2012) (S7–08–11). See also Securities Exchange Act Release No. 78961 (September 28, 2016), 81 FR 70786 (October 13, 2016) (S7–03–14) (‘‘Covered Clearing Agency Standards’’). The Commission established an effective date of December 12, 2016, and a compliance date of April 11, 2017, for the Covered Clearing Agency Standards. On March 4, 2017, the Commission granted covered clearing agencies a temporary exemption from compliance with Rule 17Ad–22(e)(3)(ii) and certain requirements in Rules 17Ad–22(e)(15)(i) and (ii) until December 31, 2017, subject to certain conditions. OCC is a ‘‘covered clearing agency’’ as defined in Rule 17Ad–22(a)(5). 11 12 E:\FR\FM\15DEN1.SGM 15DEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 240 / Friday, December 15, 2017 / Notices minimum requirements for operations and risk-management practices on an ongoing basis. As such, it is appropriate for the Commission to review advance notices for consistency with the objectives and principles for riskmanagement standards described in Section 805(b) of the Clearing Supervision Act and the Clearing Agency Rules. A. Consistency With Section 805(b) of the Clearing Supervision Act The Commission believes the Advance Notice proposal is consistent with the stated objectives and principles of Section 805(b) of the Clearing Supervision Act.14 Specifically, the Commission believes that the changes proposed in the Advance Notice are consistent with promoting robust risk management in the area of liquidity risk, as well as enhancing safety and soundness across the broader financial system. The Commission believes that the expanded authority proposed by OCC under the Advance Notice would enhance OCC’s ability to access liquid resources that, in turn, would allow OCC to continue to meet its settlement obligations to its Clearing Members in a timely fashion, thereby promoting robust liquidity risk management at OCC. The Commission notes that OCC’s By-Laws already grant OCC the authority to borrow against the Clearing Fund to manage the bankruptcy, insolvency, receivership, suspension of operations or similar event of a Settlement Entity.15 The proposed change would therefore constitute a limited expansion of that authority to relatively less extreme scenarios that nevertheless temporarily prevent a Settlement Entity from achieving daily settlement. While the Commission notes that this expansion of OCC’s authority to use the Clearing Fund potentially expands that range of scenarios where OCC might have to use Clearing Fund resources, the Commission believes that the ability of OCC management to exercise its discretion to either borrow against the Clearing Fund or utilize some other tool would permit OCC to 14 12 U.S.C. 5464(b). Commission previously issued a Notice of No Objection to OCC’s Advance Notice Proposal to Enter Into a New Credit Facility Agreement, which involved a replacement of a revolving credit facility. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 81058 (June 30, 2017), 82 FR 31371 (July 6, 2017) (SR–OCC–2017–803). The Commission believes that the present Advance Notice is consistent with the new credit facility agreement, which provides OCC with the ability to borrow to address reasonably anticipated same-day settlement obligations, including but not limited to, the failure of any Settlement Entity to achieve daily settlement. sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with NOTICES 15 The VerDate Sep<11>2014 23:42 Dec 14, 2017 Jkt 244001 consider and effectively manage such scenarios based on the facts and circumstances present.16 Further, the Commission believes that the Advance Notice is consistent with reducing systemic risks and promoting the stability of the broader financial system. The Commission believes that expanding OCC’s authority to use the Clearing Fund in the manner proposed by the Advance Notice increases the probability of OCC being able to meet its settlement obligations to its Clearing Members. The ability to use the Clearing Fund to obtain liquid resources to cover a liquidity gap that arises where a Settlement Entity is unable to perform enhances OCC’s ability to contain losses and liquidity pressures that otherwise might cause financial distress to OCC or its Clearing Members, thereby enhancing safety and soundness across the broader financial system. The Commission believes that the Advance Notice is designed to bolster OCC’s ability to meet its settlement obligations even if a Settlement Entity temporarily fails to achieve daily settlement with OCC, thereby reducing the risk of loss contagion and enhancing the ability of OCC and its Clearing Members to provide reliability, stability, and safety to the financial markets that they serve. Accordingly, the Commission believes that the proposal could help to reduce systemic risk and support the stability of the broader financial system, consistent with Section 805(b) of the Clearing Supervision Act. B. Consistency With Rule 17Ad– 22(e)(7)(viii) Under the Exchange Act The Commission further believes that the proposed change is consistent with Rule 17 Ad–22(e)(7)(viii), which requires that a covered clearing agency establish, implement, maintain and enforce written policies and procedures reasonably designed to, as applicable, effectively measure, monitor, and manage liquidity risk that arises in or is borne by the covered clearing agency, including measuring, monitoring, and managing its settlement and funding flows on an ongoing and timely basis, and its use of intraday liquidity by, at a minimum, addressing foreseeable liquidity shortfalls that would not be covered by its liquid resources and seek to avoid unwinding, revoking, or delaying the same-day settlement of payment obligations.17 The Commission believes that the Advance Notice is designed to improve OCC’s ability to address a temporary liquidity need resulting from the failure of a Settlement Entity to achieve timely settlement. The Commission believes that the proposed change is designed to provide OCC with additional tools to address a foreseeable, temporary liquidity shortfall to prevent the unwinding, revoking, or delaying of same-day settlement should that scenario materialize, and is therefore consistent with Rule 17Ad–22(e)(7)(viii) under the Exchange Act. IV. Conclusion It is therefore noticed, pursuant to Section 806(e)(1)(G) of the Payment, Clearing and Settlement Supervision Act,18 that the Commission does not object to Advance Notice (SR–OCC– 2017–806) and that OCC is authorized to implement the proposed change.19 By the Commission. Brent J. Fields, Secretary. [FR Doc. 2017–27112 Filed 12–14–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–82290; File No. SR– NASDAQ–2017–123] Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List and Trade the Shares of the Causeway International Value NextSharesTM and the Causeway Global Value NextSharesTM December 11, 2017. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’),1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 notice is hereby given that on November 28, 2017, The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (‘‘Nasdaq’’ or ‘‘Exchange’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change as described in Items I and II below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. 18 12 U.S.C. 5465(e)(1)(G). is authorized to implement the proposed change as of the date of this Notice of No Objection or the date of an Order by the Commission approving the proposed rule change filed in connection with this Advance Notice, SR–OCC– 2017–017, whichever is later. 1 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 2 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 19 OCC 16 For example, OCC could use existing authority to expand the settlement window under OCC Rule 505, rather than borrowing against the Clearing Fund, should it determine that this tool would be more appropriate in light of other demands on Clearing Fund resources. 17 17 CFR 240.17Ad–22(e)(7)(viii). PO 00000 Frm 00113 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 59687 E:\FR\FM\15DEN1.SGM 15DEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 240 (Friday, December 15, 2017)]
[Notices]
[Pages 59685-59687]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-27112]


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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

[Release No. 34-82296; File No. SR-OCC-2017-806]


Self-Regulatory Organizations; the Options Clearing Corporation; 
Notice of No Objection to Advance Notice Concerning Liquidity for Same-
Day Settlement

December 12, 2017.
    The Options Clearing Corporation (``OCC'') filed on October 13, 
2017 with the Securities and Exchange Commission (``Commission'') 
advance notice SR-OCC-2017-806 (``Advance Notice'') pursuant to Section 
806(e)(1) of Title VIII of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and 
Consumer Protection Act, entitled the Payment, Clearing and Settlement 
Supervision Act of 2010 (``Clearing Supervision Act'') \1\ and Rule 
19b-4(n)(1)(i) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (``Exchange 
Act'') \2\ to modify the tools it has available to address the risks of 
liquidity shortfalls when OCC faces a liquidity need to meet its same-
day settlement obligations resulting from the failure of a bank or 
securities or commodities clearing organization (``Settlement Entity'') 
to achieve daily settlement. The Advance Notice was published for 
comment in the Federal Register on November 13, 2017.\3\ The Commission 
has not received any comments on the Advance Notice to date. This 
publication serves as notice of no objection to the Advance Notice.
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    \1\ 12 U.S.C. 5465(e)(1).
    \2\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4(n)(1)(i).
    \3\ SR-OCC-2017-806. Securities Exchange Act Release No. 82056 
(Nov. 13, 2017) 82 FR 54430 (Nov. 17, 2017). OCC also filed a 
proposed rule change with the Commission in connection with the 
proposed change. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 81956 (Oct. 
26, 2017), 82 FR 50705 (Nov. 1, 2017) (SR-OCC-2017-017).
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I. Background

    OCC filed this Advance Notice in connection with its proposed 
change to modify the tools available to OCC to provide a mechanism for 
addressing the risks of liquidity shortfalls, specifically, in the 
extraordinary situation where OCC faces a liquidity need to meet its 
same-day settlement obligations resulting from a Settlement Entity's 
failure to achieve daily settlement.
    OCC's By-Laws currently grant OCC the authority to borrow against 
its Clearing Fund where a Settlement Entity fails to make timely 
settlement with OCC due to the bankruptcy, insolvency, resolution, 
suspension of operations or similar event of such Settlement Entity.\4\ 
The Advance Notice seeks to expand this borrowing authority to 
circumstances relatively less severe than bankruptcy, insolvency, or a 
similar event to include a temporary failure of a Settlement Entity to 
achieve daily settlement.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ OCC By-Laws, Article VIII, Section 5.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Specifically, Article VIII, Section 5(e) of OCC's By-Laws provides 
OCC with the authority to borrow against the Clearing Fund in two 
circumstances. First, the By-Laws provide OCC the authority to borrow 
where OCC ``deems it necessary or advisable to borrow or otherwise 
obtain funds from third parties in order to meet obligations arising 
out of the default or suspension of a Clearing Member or any action 
taken by the Corporation in connection therewith pursuant to Chapter XI 
of the Rules or otherwise.'' Second, the By-Laws provide OCC the 
authority to borrow against the Clearing Fund where OCC ``sustains a 
loss reimbursable out of the Clearing Fund pursuant to [Article VIII, 
Section 5(b) of OCC's By-Laws] but [OCC] elects to borrow or otherwise 
obtain funds from third parties in lieu of immediately charging such 
loss to the Clearing Fund.'' In order for a loss to be reimbursable out 
of the Clearing Fund under Article VIII, Section 5(b) of OCC's By-Laws, 
the loss must arise from a situation in which any Settlement Entity has 
failed ``to perform any obligation to [OCC] when due because of its 
bankruptcy, insolvency, receivership, suspension of operations, or 
because of any similar event.'' \5\
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    \5\ To the extent that a loss resulting from any of the events 
referred to in Article VIII, Section 5(b) is recoverable out of the 
Clearing Fund pursuant to Article VIII, Section 5(a), the provisions 
of Article VIII, Section 5(a) control and render the provisions of 
Article VIII, Section 5(b) inapplicable.
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    Under either of the circumstances above, OCC is authorized to 
borrow

[[Page 59686]]

against the Clearing Fund for a period not to exceed 30 days, and 
during this time, the borrowing would not affect the amount or timing 
of any charges otherwise required to be made against the Clearing Fund 
pursuant to Article VIII, Section 5 of the By-Laws. However, if any 
part of the borrowing remains outstanding after 30 days, then at the 
close of business on the 30th day (or the first Business Day 
thereafter) the amount must be considered an actual loss to the 
Clearing Fund, and OCC must immediately allocate such loss among its 
Clearing Members in accordance with Article VIII, Section 5.

II. Description of the Advance Notice

A. Proposed Change To Expand Borrowing Authority

    The Advance Notice seeks to expand OCC's authority to borrow 
against its Clearing Fund to instances where a Settlement Entity 
suffers an event relatively less extreme than a bankruptcy, insolvency, 
or similar event, but is still temporarily unable to timely make daily 
settlement with OCC. Such an event might include a scenario where the 
ordinary operations of a settlement bank are disrupted in a manner that 
temporarily prohibits the bank from timely effecting settlement 
payments in accordance with OCC's daily settlement cycle. OCC believes 
that such authority would only be used in extraordinary circumstances, 
and any funds obtained from any such transaction could only be used for 
the stated purpose of satisfying a need for liquidity for same-day 
settlement.
    Pursuant to the proposed change, any ability to borrow under this 
expanded authority would not exceed thirty (30) days. During this 
period, the funds obtained would not be deemed to be charges against 
the Clearing Fund and would not affect the amount or timing of any 
charges otherwise required to be made against the clearing fund under 
Article VIII of OCC's By-Laws.\6\ Should the borrowing unexpectedly 
remain outstanding after thirty (30) days, at the close of business on 
the 30th day (or the first Business Day thereafter), the amount 
outstanding would be considered an actual loss to the Clearing Fund. 
However, OCC would also have discretionary authority to declare a 
borrowing outstanding for less than thirty (30) days as an actual loss 
chargeable against the Clearing Fund to be collected from Clearing 
Members.\7\ If the amount outstanding becomes an actual loss to the 
Clearing Fund, OCC, in accordance with its By-Laws, would then charge 
all of its Clearing Members to make pro rata contributions to the 
Clearing Fund to cover the deficit arising from the loss.
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    \6\ Assets contained in the Clearing Fund, including those 
assets pledged by OCC pursuant to its authority under this proposed 
expansion of borrowing authority, would remain in OCC's possession.
    \7\ OCC states that such discretionary authority could be 
exercised in a circumstance where, depending on the size of the 
borrowing, OCC must ensure that it maintains financial resources 
necessary to meet a ``Cover 1'' liquidity resource standard. OCC 
must establish, implement, maintain and enforce written policies and 
procedures reasonably designed to, as applicable, effectively 
identify, measure, monitor, and manage its credit exposures to 
participants and those arising from its payment, clearing, and 
settlement processes, including by maintaining sufficient financial 
resources to cover its credit exposure to each participant fully 
with a high degree of confidence, and, to the extent not already 
maintained pursuant to the foregoing, maintaining additional 
financial resources at the minimum to enable it to cover a wide 
range of foreseeable stress scenarios that include, but are not 
limited to, the ``default of the participant family that would 
potentially cause the largest aggregate credit exposure for the 
[CCA] in extreme but plausible market conditions.'' 17 CFR 240.17Ad-
22(e)(4)(iii).
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B. Proposed Change to OCC's By-Laws

    To implement the proposed change, OCC proposed to amend Sections 
1(a), 5(b) and 5(e) of Article VIII of its By-Laws to give effect to 
the expanded borrowing authority. First, Article VIII, Section 5(e) of 
the By-Laws would be amended to permit OCC to borrow against the 
Clearing Fund if it reasonably believes such borrowing is necessary to 
meet its liquidity needs for same-day settlement as a result of the 
failure of any Settlement Entity to achieve daily settlement. Second, 
Article VIII, Section 1(a) of the By-Laws would be amended to include 
conforming changes stating that the purpose of the Clearing Fund 
includes borrowing against the Clearing Fund as permitted under Article 
VIII Section 5(e).
    Next, Article VIII, Section 5(b) of the By-Laws would be amended to 
include conforming changes that would declare that any borrowing 
remaining outstanding for less than 30 days may be considered, in OCC's 
discretion, an actual loss to the Clearing Fund to be charged 
proportionately against all Clearing Members' computed contributions. 
Any borrowing remaining outstanding on the 30th day shall be considered 
an actual loss to the Clearing Fund and the amount of any such loss 
shall be charged proportionately against all Clearing Members' computed 
contributions to the Clearing Fund as fixed at the time.

III. Discussion and Commission Findings

    Although the Clearing Supervision Act does not specify a standard 
of review for an advance notice, its stated purpose is instructive.\8\ 
The stated purpose of the Clearing Supervision Act is to mitigate 
systemic risk in the financial system and promote financial stability 
by, among other things, promoting uniform risk management standards for 
systemically important financial market utilities (``SIFMUs'') and 
strengthening the liquidity of SIFMUs.\9\
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    \8\ See 12 U.S.C. 5461(b).
    \9\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Section 805(a)(2) of the Clearing Supervision Act \10\ authorizes 
the Commission to prescribe regulations containing risk-management 
standards for the payment, clearing, and settlement activities of 
designated clearing entities engaged in designated activities for which 
the Commission is the supervisory agency. Section 805(b) of the 
Clearing Supervision Act \11\ provides the following objectives and 
principles for the Commission's risk-management standards prescribed 
under Section 805(a):
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    \10\ 12 U.S.C. 5464(a)(2).
    \11\ 12 U.S.C. 5464(b).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     To promote robust risk management;
     To promote safety and soundness;
     To reduce systemic risks; and
     To support the stability of the broader financial system.
    Section 805(c) provides, in addition, that the Commission's risk-
management standards may address such areas as risk-management and 
default policies and procedures, among others areas.\12\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ 12 U.S.C. 5464(c).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission has adopted risk-management standards under Section 
805(a)(2) of the Clearing Supervision Act and the Exchange Act (the 
``Clearing Agency Rules'').\13\ The Clearing Agency Rules require each 
covered clearing agency, among other things, to establish, implement, 
maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures that are 
reasonably designed to meet certain

[[Page 59687]]

minimum requirements for operations and risk-management practices on an 
ongoing basis. As such, it is appropriate for the Commission to review 
advance notices for consistency with the objectives and principles for 
risk-management standards described in Section 805(b) of the Clearing 
Supervision Act and the Clearing Agency Rules.
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    \13\ 17 CFR 240.17Ad-22. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 
68080 (October 22, 2012), 77 FR 66220 (November 2, 2012) (S7-08-11). 
See also Securities Exchange Act Release No. 78961 (September 28, 
2016), 81 FR 70786 (October 13, 2016) (S7-03-14) (``Covered Clearing 
Agency Standards''). The Commission established an effective date of 
December 12, 2016, and a compliance date of April 11, 2017, for the 
Covered Clearing Agency Standards. On March 4, 2017, the Commission 
granted covered clearing agencies a temporary exemption from 
compliance with Rule 17Ad-22(e)(3)(ii) and certain requirements in 
Rules 17Ad-22(e)(15)(i) and (ii) until December 31, 2017, subject to 
certain conditions. OCC is a ``covered clearing agency'' as defined 
in Rule 17Ad-22(a)(5).
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A. Consistency With Section 805(b) of the Clearing Supervision Act

    The Commission believes the Advance Notice proposal is consistent 
with the stated objectives and principles of Section 805(b) of the 
Clearing Supervision Act.\14\ Specifically, the Commission believes 
that the changes proposed in the Advance Notice are consistent with 
promoting robust risk management in the area of liquidity risk, as well 
as enhancing safety and soundness across the broader financial system.
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    \14\ 12 U.S.C. 5464(b).
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    The Commission believes that the expanded authority proposed by OCC 
under the Advance Notice would enhance OCC's ability to access liquid 
resources that, in turn, would allow OCC to continue to meet its 
settlement obligations to its Clearing Members in a timely fashion, 
thereby promoting robust liquidity risk management at OCC. The 
Commission notes that OCC's By-Laws already grant OCC the authority to 
borrow against the Clearing Fund to manage the bankruptcy, insolvency, 
receivership, suspension of operations or similar event of a Settlement 
Entity.\15\ The proposed change would therefore constitute a limited 
expansion of that authority to relatively less extreme scenarios that 
nevertheless temporarily prevent a Settlement Entity from achieving 
daily settlement. While the Commission notes that this expansion of 
OCC's authority to use the Clearing Fund potentially expands that range 
of scenarios where OCC might have to use Clearing Fund resources, the 
Commission believes that the ability of OCC management to exercise its 
discretion to either borrow against the Clearing Fund or utilize some 
other tool would permit OCC to consider and effectively manage such 
scenarios based on the facts and circumstances present.\16\
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    \15\ The Commission previously issued a Notice of No Objection 
to OCC's Advance Notice Proposal to Enter Into a New Credit Facility 
Agreement, which involved a replacement of a revolving credit 
facility. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 81058 (June 30, 
2017), 82 FR 31371 (July 6, 2017) (SR-OCC-2017-803). The Commission 
believes that the present Advance Notice is consistent with the new 
credit facility agreement, which provides OCC with the ability to 
borrow to address reasonably anticipated same-day settlement 
obligations, including but not limited to, the failure of any 
Settlement Entity to achieve daily settlement.
    \16\ For example, OCC could use existing authority to expand the 
settlement window under OCC Rule 505, rather than borrowing against 
the Clearing Fund, should it determine that this tool would be more 
appropriate in light of other demands on Clearing Fund resources.
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    Further, the Commission believes that the Advance Notice is 
consistent with reducing systemic risks and promoting the stability of 
the broader financial system. The Commission believes that expanding 
OCC's authority to use the Clearing Fund in the manner proposed by the 
Advance Notice increases the probability of OCC being able to meet its 
settlement obligations to its Clearing Members. The ability to use the 
Clearing Fund to obtain liquid resources to cover a liquidity gap that 
arises where a Settlement Entity is unable to perform enhances OCC's 
ability to contain losses and liquidity pressures that otherwise might 
cause financial distress to OCC or its Clearing Members, thereby 
enhancing safety and soundness across the broader financial system. The 
Commission believes that the Advance Notice is designed to bolster 
OCC's ability to meet its settlement obligations even if a Settlement 
Entity temporarily fails to achieve daily settlement with OCC, thereby 
reducing the risk of loss contagion and enhancing the ability of OCC 
and its Clearing Members to provide reliability, stability, and safety 
to the financial markets that they serve. Accordingly, the Commission 
believes that the proposal could help to reduce systemic risk and 
support the stability of the broader financial system, consistent with 
Section 805(b) of the Clearing Supervision Act.

B. Consistency With Rule 17Ad-22(e)(7)(viii) Under the Exchange Act

    The Commission further believes that the proposed change is 
consistent with Rule 17 Ad-22(e)(7)(viii), which requires that a 
covered clearing agency establish, implement, maintain and enforce 
written policies and procedures reasonably designed to, as applicable, 
effectively measure, monitor, and manage liquidity risk that arises in 
or is borne by the covered clearing agency, including measuring, 
monitoring, and managing its settlement and funding flows on an ongoing 
and timely basis, and its use of intraday liquidity by, at a minimum, 
addressing foreseeable liquidity shortfalls that would not be covered 
by its liquid resources and seek to avoid unwinding, revoking, or 
delaying the same-day settlement of payment obligations.\17\
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    \17\ 17 CFR 240.17Ad-22(e)(7)(viii).
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    The Commission believes that the Advance Notice is designed to 
improve OCC's ability to address a temporary liquidity need resulting 
from the failure of a Settlement Entity to achieve timely settlement. 
The Commission believes that the proposed change is designed to provide 
OCC with additional tools to address a foreseeable, temporary liquidity 
shortfall to prevent the unwinding, revoking, or delaying of same-day 
settlement should that scenario materialize, and is therefore 
consistent with Rule 17Ad-22(e)(7)(viii) under the Exchange Act.

IV. Conclusion

    It is therefore noticed, pursuant to Section 806(e)(1)(G) of the 
Payment, Clearing and Settlement Supervision Act,\18\ that the 
Commission does not object to Advance Notice (SR-OCC-2017-806) and that 
OCC is authorized to implement the proposed change.\19\
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    \18\ 12 U.S.C. 5465(e)(1)(G).
    \19\ OCC is authorized to implement the proposed change as of 
the date of this Notice of No Objection or the date of an Order by 
the Commission approving the proposed rule change filed in 
connection with this Advance Notice, SR-OCC-2017-017, whichever is 
later.

    By the Commission.
Brent J. Fields,
Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2017-27112 Filed 12-14-17; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 8011-01-P