Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing of Amendment No. 1 and Order Granting Accelerated Approval of Proposed Rule Change, as Modified by Amendment No. 1 Thereto, To Amend Section 202.06 of the NYSE Listed Company Manual To Prohibit Listed Companies From Issuing Material News After the Official Closing Time for the Exchange's Trading Session Until the Earlier of Publication of Such Company's Official Closing Price on the Exchange or Five Minutes After the Official Closing Time, 58032-58034 [2017-26459]

Download as PDF 58032 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 235 / Friday, December 8, 2017 / Notices sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with NOTICES Funds to pay redemption proceeds within fifteen calendar days following the tender of Creation Units for redemption. Applicants assert that the requested relief would not be inconsistent with the spirit and intent of section 22(e) to prevent unreasonable, undisclosed or unforeseen delays in the actual payment of redemption proceeds. 7. Applicants request an exemption to permit Funds of Funds to acquire Fund shares beyond the limits of section 12(d)(1)(A) of the Act; and the Funds, and any principal underwriter for the Funds, and/or any broker or dealer registered under the Exchange Act, to sell shares to Funds of Funds beyond the limits of section 12(d)(1)(B) of the Act. The application’s terms and conditions are designed to, among other things, help prevent any potential (i) undue influence over a Fund through control or voting power, or in connection with certain services, transactions, and underwritings, (ii) excessive layering of fees, and (iii) overly complex fund structures, which are the concerns underlying the limits in sections 12(d)(1)(A) and (B) of the Act. 8. Applicants request an exemption from sections 17(a)(1) and 17(a)(2) of the Act to permit persons that are Affiliated Persons, or Second-Tier Affiliates, of the Funds, solely by virtue of certain ownership interests, to effectuate purchases and redemptions in-kind. The deposit procedures for in-kind purchases of Creation Units and the redemption procedures for in-kind redemptions of Creation Units will be the same for all purchases and redemptions and Deposit Instruments and Redemption Instruments will be valued in the same manner as those investment positions currently held by the Funds. Applicants also seek relief from the prohibitions on affiliated transactions in section 17(a) to permit a Fund to sell its shares to and redeem its shares from a Fund of Funds, and to engage in the accompanying in-kind transactions with the Fund of Funds.3 The purchase of Creation Units by a Fund of Funds directly from a Fund will be accomplished in accordance with the policies of the Fund of Funds and will be based on the NAVs of the Funds. 3 The requested relief would apply to direct sales of shares in Creation Units by a Fund to a Fund of Funds and redemptions of those shares. Applicants, moreover, are not seeking relief from section 17(a) for, and the requested relief will not apply to, transactions where a Fund could be deemed an Affiliated Person, or a Second-Tier Affiliate, of a Fund of Funds because an Adviser or an entity controlling, controlled by or under common control with an Adviser provides investment advisory services to that Fund of Funds. VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:38 Dec 07, 2017 Jkt 244001 9. Section 6(c) of the Act permits the Commission to exempt any persons or transactions from any provision of the Act if such exemption is necessary or appropriate in the public interest and consistent with the protection of investors and the purposes fairly intended by the policy and provisions of the Act. Section 12(d)(1)(J) of the Act provides that the Commission may exempt any person, security, or transaction, or any class or classes of persons, securities, or transactions, from any provision of section 12(d)(1) if the exemption is consistent with the public interest and the protection of investors. Section 17(b) of the Act authorizes the Commission to grant an order permitting a transaction otherwise prohibited by section 17(a) if it finds that (a) the terms of the proposed transaction are fair and reasonable and do not involve overreaching on the part of any person concerned; (b) the proposed transaction is consistent with the policies of each registered investment company involved; and (c) the proposed transaction is consistent with the general purposes of the Act. of 1934 (‘‘Exchange Act’’) 1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 a proposed rule change to amend the NYSE Listed Company Manual (the ‘‘Manual’’) to prohibit listed companies from issuing material news after the official closing time for the Exchange’s trading session until the earlier of publication of such company’s official closing price on the Exchange or five minutes after the official closing time. The proposed rule change was published for comment in the Federal Register on September 5, 2017.3 The Commission received one comment letter on the proposed rule change.4 On October 20, 2017, the Commission extended the time period within which to approve the proposed rule change, disapprove the proposed rule change, or institute proceedings to determine whether to approve or disapprove the proposed rule change to December 4, 2017.5 On November 28, 2017, the Exchange filed Amendment No. 1 to the proposed rule change, which replaced and superceded the original filing in its entirety.6 This order approves the proposed rule change, as modified by Amendment No. 1. For the Commission, by the Division of Investment Management, under delegated authority. Eduardo A. Aleman, Assistant Secretary. II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change, as Modified by Amendment No. 1 Currently, the Exchange’s rules for the public release of material information, set forth in Section 202.06 (Procedure for Public Release of Information; Trading Halts) of the Manual, contains an advisory that requests that listed companies that intend to issue material news after the close of trading on the Exchange delay such issuance until the earlier of publication of such company’s official closing price or fifteen minutes after the close of trading in order to facilitate an orderly closing auction process. Continuous trading on the Exchange ends at the Exchange’s official closing time of 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time, [FR Doc. 2017–26434 Filed 12–7–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–82213; File No. SR–NYSE– 2017–32] Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing of Amendment No. 1 and Order Granting Accelerated Approval of Proposed Rule Change, as Modified by Amendment No. 1 Thereto, To Amend Section 202.06 of the NYSE Listed Company Manual To Prohibit Listed Companies From Issuing Material News After the Official Closing Time for the Exchange’s Trading Session Until the Earlier of Publication of Such Company’s Official Closing Price on the Exchange or Five Minutes After the Official Closing Time December 4, 2017. I. Introduction On August 17, 2017, New York Stock Exchange LLC (‘‘NYSE’’ or the ‘‘Exchange’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act PO 00000 Frm 00086 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 1 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). CFR 240.19b–4. 3 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 81494 (August 29, 2017), 82 FR 42008 (‘‘Notice’’). 4 See letter to Eduardo A. Aleman, Assistant Secretary, Commission from John Dibacco Virtu Financial LLC (‘‘Virtu’’), dated September 20, 2017 (‘‘Virtu Letter’’). The Virtu Letter expressed support for the proposed rule change. 5 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 81914, 82 FR 49690 (October 26, 2017). 6 In Amendment No. 1, the Exchange amended the proposed rule language to clarify that the proposed restriction on issuing material news will not apply where a listed company was publicly disclosing material information following a nonintentional disclosure in order to comply with Regulation FD. Amendment No. 1 was also submitted as a comment to the rule proposal. See letter to Brent J. Fields, Secretary, Commission from Martha Redding, Associate General Counsel and Assistant Secretary, New York Stock Exchange, dated November 29, 2017 (‘‘Amendment No. 1’’). 2 17 E:\FR\FM\08DEN1.SGM 08DEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 235 / Friday, December 8, 2017 / Notices sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with NOTICES except for certain days on which trading closes early at 1:00 p.m. Eastern Time. After continuous trading ends at the official closing time (generally 4:00 p.m. unless there is a 1:00 p.m. close), the Designated Market Maker (‘‘DMM’’) in a security facilitates the close of trading in a closing auction.7 The closing auction is a manual process unless the DMM chooses to automate the closing auction.8 At the official closing time, the Exchange stops accepting any new orders, including those orders designated for the closing auction and requests to cancel orders. In its proposal, the Exchange stated that because there is trading after 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time on other exchange and non-exchange venues (‘‘away markets’’), if a listed company issues material news immediately after 4:00 p.m., but before the closing auction on the Exchange is completed, there can be a significant price difference in nearly contemporaneous trades on away markets and the official closing price on the Exchange.9 The Exchange previously had added the advisory text in Section 202.06 of the Manual, noted above, in order to mitigate investor confusion as a result of possible discrepancy between the official closing price on the Exchange and the prices of executions in away markets.10 The Exchange stated in its proposal, however, that it has continued to experience situations where material news issued by companies shortly after 4:00 p.m. has caused significant investor confusion.11 Specifically, when a listed company releases material news shortly after 4.00 p.m., but before the DMM has been able to complete the Exchange closing auction, the material news release can cause the company’s stock to trade on away markets at materially different prices than the price of the NYSE’s closing auction.12 7 See Section 202.06 of the Manual. A DMM has a responsibility and duty to facilitate the close of trading for each of the securities in which the DMM is registered. See id. at 42009. Up until 4:00 p.m., the Exchange publishes order imbalance information, which includes real-time order imbalance information and information indicating the price at which closing interest may be executed in full and the price at which Exchange Book and closing-only interest may be executed in full. See id. Accordingly, a DMM facilitates a closing auction based on an order imbalance and order information established before 4:00 p.m. See id. 8 See NYSE Rule 123C, which establishes the Exchange’s Closing Procedures, including that closings may be effectuated manually or electronically by the DMM (Supplementary Material .10 to Rule 123C). 9 See Notice, supra note 3, at 42009. 10 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 75809 (September 2, 2015), 80 FR 54362 (September 9, 2015). 11 See Notice, supra note 3, at 42009. 12 See Id. VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:38 Dec 07, 2017 Jkt 244001 The Exchange has therefore proposed to amend Section 202.06 of the Manual to prohibit listed companies from issuing material news after the official closing time for the Exchange’s trading session until the earlier of publication of such company’s official closing price on the Exchange or five minutes after the Exchange’s official closing time, except when publicly disclosing material information following a non-intentional disclosure in order to comply with Regulation FD under the Act. The Exchange has also proposed to retain the existing advisory text in Section 202.06 of the Manual. Finally, the Exchange proposed to modify its description of the Exchange’s trading hours to specify the official closing time is typically 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time, except for certain days on which the official closing time occurs early at 1:00 p.m. Eastern Time.13 III. Discussion and Commission Findings After careful review, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with the requirements of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities exchange.14 In particular, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with Section 6(b)(5) of the Exchange Act,15 which requires, among other things, that the rules of a national securities exchange be designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest; and are not designed to permit unfair discrimination between customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers. The Commission believes that the proposed amendment is reasonably designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade by ensuring that participants in the closing auction on the Exchange do not have their trades executed at a price that is different from essentially contemporaneous trades being executed on away markets. As is noted above, the price on such away markets can reflect material news that was released after the Exchange’s official closing time but before the DMM is able to complete the closing auction. Such an occurance can increase the risk 13 See proposed Section 202.06 of the Manual. approving this proposal, the Commission has considered the proposed rule’s impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. See 15 U.S.C. 78c(f). 15 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). 14 In PO 00000 Frm 00087 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 58033 of market disruption and reduce investor confidence in trading on the Exchange given that once the official closing time occurs on the Exchange, orders cannot be cancelled or modified (including orders designated for the closing price) to take into account the material news even though the Exchange closing price may not yet have been established by the closing auction process. According to Section 202.05 (Timely Disclosure of Material News Developments) of the Manual, a listed company is expected to release quickly to the public any news or information which might reasonably be expected to materially affect the market for its securities.16 While the Commission recognizes the importance of the requirement in Section 202.05 that listed companies release material news to the public as quickly as possible, the Commission also believes that the maximum five minute delay mandated by the proposal is consistent with investor protection in that it will reduce the likelihood of investor confusion that could result if material news is issued prior to the completion of the Exchange’s closing auction but while trading is continuing on away markets. The Exchange has also represented that DMMs are able to complete the closing auctions for the securities assigned to a DMM in almost all cases within five minutes of the Exchange’s official closing time, thereby minimizing the possible amount of time delay for a listed company to issue material news after the Exchange’s official closing time, consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest.17 The Commission further notes that the commenter supported the goals of the proposal stating that they agreed with the Exchange that, in order to prevent investor confusion, the closing price for NYSE listed companies must be consistent with the contemporanious trading prices on other markets and a brief ‘‘coolling off’’ period was warranted to enable the DMM to complete the closing auction process.18 The amended proposed rule language, moreover, makes clear that, despite the 16 Section 202.05 of the Manual further states that a listed company should also act promptly to dispel unfounded rumors which result in unusual market activity or price variations. 17 See Notice, supra note 3, at 42009. 18 See Virtu Letter at 2. Additionally, Virtu requested that the Exchange review compliance with Section 202.06 of the Manual to determine whether appropriate actions are being taken to prevent the dissemination of material news during the trading day. The Commission believes that Virtu’s request to review Section 202.06 of the Manual is beyond the scope of the proposed rule change. E:\FR\FM\08DEN1.SGM 08DEN1 58034 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 235 / Friday, December 8, 2017 / Notices limited time prohibition in the rule for releasing material information after the Exchange’s official closing time, a listed company is never expected to withhold material information if doing so would violate Regulation FD under the Act. The Commisison notes that this exception in the new rule requirement ensures that listed companies will not be prohibited from disclosing material information following a non-intentional disclosure in compliance with Regulation FD, even if the closing auction on the Exchange has not yet been completed. The Commisison believes that this provision is designed to ensure, among other things, that all market participants have equal access to information that is material to trading in the securities of listed companies and therefore finds it is consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest.19 Finally, the Commission believes that making clear the official closing time of the Exchange is consistent with investor protection and the public interest in that it reduces potential confusion in determining when the rule applies. Accordingly, for the reasons discussed above, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change, as modified by Amendment No. 1, is consistent with the Exchange Act. IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether this filing, as modified by whether Amendment No. 1, is consistent with the Exchange Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– NYSE–2017–32 on the subject line. sradovich on DSK3GMQ082PROD with NOTICES Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–NYSE–2017–32. This file number should be included on the 19 The Commission notes that it expects listed companies to comply with their obligations under the federal securities laws, including Regulation FD, notwithstanding provisions in the Exchange rules that require listed companies to provide the Exchange advance notice of material news announcements, such as in Section 202.05 (B) of the Manual. VerDate Sep<11>2014 20:38 Dec 07, 2017 Jkt 244001 subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change. Persons submitting comments are cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal identifying information from comment submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–NYSE–2017–32 and should be submitted on or before December 29, 2017. V. Accelerated Approval of Proposed Rule Change, as Modified by Amendment No. 1 The Commission finds good cause, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Exchange Act, to approve the proposed rule change, as modified by Amendment No. 1, prior to the 30th day after the date of publication of Amendment No. 1 in the Federal Register. As discussed above, Amendment No. 1 explicitly makes clear that the proposed restriction on issuing material news will not apply when a listed company is publicly disclosing material information following a non-intentional disclosure in order to comply with Regulation FD.20 The Commission believes that this revision provides greater clarity on the application of the proposed amendments to Section 202.06 of the Manual and removes uncertainty as to the new prohibitions in the Exchange rules and a listed company’s obligation to make disclosures that would be required under Regulation FD pursuant to the federal securities laws. 20 See PO 00000 supra note 6. Frm 00088 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Accordingly, the Commission finds good cause for approving the proposed rule change, as modified by Amendment No. 1, on an accelerated basis, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Exchange Act. VI. Conclusion It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Exchange Act,21 that the proposed rule change (SR– NYSE–2017–32), as modified by Amendment No. 1, be, and hereby is, approved. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.22 Eduardo A. Aleman, Assistant Secretary. [FR Doc. 2017–26459 Filed 12–7–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–82211; File No. SR–ICC– 2017–014] Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Credit LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change to the ICC Stress Testing Framework and the ICC Liquidity Risk Management Framework December 4, 2017. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’),1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 notice is hereby given that on November 27, 2017, ICE Clear Credit LLC (‘‘ICC’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been primarily prepared by ICC. ICC filed the proposed rule change pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act,3 and Rule 19b–4(f)(3) thereunder,4 so that the proposal was effective upon filing with the Commission. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. I. Clearing Agency’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The principal purpose of the proposed changes is to make clarifying revisions to the ICC Stress Testing Framework and the ICC Liquidity Stress Testing Framework. 21 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(2). CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). 1 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 2 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 3 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A). 4 17 CFR 240.19b–4(f)(3). 22 17 E:\FR\FM\08DEN1.SGM 08DEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 235 (Friday, December 8, 2017)]
[Notices]
[Pages 58032-58034]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-26459]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

[Release No. 34-82213; File No. SR-NYSE-2017-32]


Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; 
Notice of Filing of Amendment No. 1 and Order Granting Accelerated 
Approval of Proposed Rule Change, as Modified by Amendment No. 1 
Thereto, To Amend Section 202.06 of the NYSE Listed Company Manual To 
Prohibit Listed Companies From Issuing Material News After the Official 
Closing Time for the Exchange's Trading Session Until the Earlier of 
Publication of Such Company's Official Closing Price on the Exchange or 
Five Minutes After the Official Closing Time

December 4, 2017.

I. Introduction

    On August 17, 2017, New York Stock Exchange LLC (``NYSE'' or the 
``Exchange'') filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission 
(``Commission''), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities 
Exchange Act of 1934 (``Exchange Act'') \1\ and Rule 19b-4 
thereunder,\2\ a proposed rule change to amend the NYSE Listed Company 
Manual (the ``Manual'') to prohibit listed companies from issuing 
material news after the official closing time for the Exchange's 
trading session until the earlier of publication of such company's 
official closing price on the Exchange or five minutes after the 
official closing time. The proposed rule change was published for 
comment in the Federal Register on September 5, 2017.\3\ The Commission 
received one comment letter on the proposed rule change.\4\ On October 
20, 2017, the Commission extended the time period within which to 
approve the proposed rule change, disapprove the proposed rule change, 
or institute proceedings to determine whether to approve or disapprove 
the proposed rule change to December 4, 2017.\5\ On November 28, 2017, 
the Exchange filed Amendment No. 1 to the proposed rule change, which 
replaced and superceded the original filing in its entirety.\6\ This 
order approves the proposed rule change, as modified by Amendment No. 
1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1).
    \2\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4.
    \3\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 81494 (August 29, 
2017), 82 FR 42008 (``Notice'').
    \4\ See letter to Eduardo A. Aleman, Assistant Secretary, 
Commission from John Dibacco Virtu Financial LLC (``Virtu''), dated 
September 20, 2017 (``Virtu Letter''). The Virtu Letter expressed 
support for the proposed rule change.
    \5\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 81914, 82 FR 49690 
(October 26, 2017).
    \6\ In Amendment No. 1, the Exchange amended the proposed rule 
language to clarify that the proposed restriction on issuing 
material news will not apply where a listed company was publicly 
disclosing material information following a non-intentional 
disclosure in order to comply with Regulation FD. Amendment No. 1 
was also submitted as a comment to the rule proposal. See letter to 
Brent J. Fields, Secretary, Commission from Martha Redding, 
Associate General Counsel and Assistant Secretary, New York Stock 
Exchange, dated November 29, 2017 (``Amendment No. 1'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change, as Modified by Amendment 
No. 1

    Currently, the Exchange's rules for the public release of material 
information, set forth in Section 202.06 (Procedure for Public Release 
of Information; Trading Halts) of the Manual, contains an advisory that 
requests that listed companies that intend to issue material news after 
the close of trading on the Exchange delay such issuance until the 
earlier of publication of such company's official closing price or 
fifteen minutes after the close of trading in order to facilitate an 
orderly closing auction process. Continuous trading on the Exchange 
ends at the Exchange's official closing time of 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time,

[[Page 58033]]

except for certain days on which trading closes early at 1:00 p.m. 
Eastern Time. After continuous trading ends at the official closing 
time (generally 4:00 p.m. unless there is a 1:00 p.m. close), the 
Designated Market Maker (``DMM'') in a security facilitates the close 
of trading in a closing auction.\7\ The closing auction is a manual 
process unless the DMM chooses to automate the closing auction.\8\ At 
the official closing time, the Exchange stops accepting any new orders, 
including those orders designated for the closing auction and requests 
to cancel orders.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ See Section 202.06 of the Manual. A DMM has a responsibility 
and duty to facilitate the close of trading for each of the 
securities in which the DMM is registered. See id. at 42009. Up 
until 4:00 p.m., the Exchange publishes order imbalance information, 
which includes real-time order imbalance information and information 
indicating the price at which closing interest may be executed in 
full and the price at which Exchange Book and closing-only interest 
may be executed in full. See id. Accordingly, a DMM facilitates a 
closing auction based on an order imbalance and order information 
established before 4:00 p.m. See id.
    \8\ See NYSE Rule 123C, which establishes the Exchange's Closing 
Procedures, including that closings may be effectuated manually or 
electronically by the DMM (Supplementary Material .10 to Rule 123C).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In its proposal, the Exchange stated that because there is trading 
after 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time on other exchange and non-exchange venues 
(``away markets''), if a listed company issues material news 
immediately after 4:00 p.m., but before the closing auction on the 
Exchange is completed, there can be a significant price difference in 
nearly contemporaneous trades on away markets and the official closing 
price on the Exchange.\9\ The Exchange previously had added the 
advisory text in Section 202.06 of the Manual, noted above, in order to 
mitigate investor confusion as a result of possible discrepancy between 
the official closing price on the Exchange and the prices of executions 
in away markets.\10\ The Exchange stated in its proposal, however, that 
it has continued to experience situations where material news issued by 
companies shortly after 4:00 p.m. has caused significant investor 
confusion.\11\ Specifically, when a listed company releases material 
news shortly after 4.00 p.m., but before the DMM has been able to 
complete the Exchange closing auction, the material news release can 
cause the company's stock to trade on away markets at materially 
different prices than the price of the NYSE's closing auction.\12\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ See Notice, supra note 3, at 42009.
    \10\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 75809 (September 2, 
2015), 80 FR 54362 (September 9, 2015).
    \11\ See Notice, supra note 3, at 42009.
    \12\ See Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Exchange has therefore proposed to amend Section 202.06 of the 
Manual to prohibit listed companies from issuing material news after 
the official closing time for the Exchange's trading session until the 
earlier of publication of such company's official closing price on the 
Exchange or five minutes after the Exchange's official closing time, 
except when publicly disclosing material information following a non-
intentional disclosure in order to comply with Regulation FD under the 
Act. The Exchange has also proposed to retain the existing advisory 
text in Section 202.06 of the Manual. Finally, the Exchange proposed to 
modify its description of the Exchange's trading hours to specify the 
official closing time is typically 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time, except for 
certain days on which the official closing time occurs early at 1:00 
p.m. Eastern Time.\13\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \13\ See proposed Section 202.06 of the Manual.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

III. Discussion and Commission Findings

    After careful review, the Commission finds that the proposed rule 
change is consistent with the requirements of the Exchange Act and the 
rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities 
exchange.\14\ In particular, the Commission finds that the proposed 
rule change is consistent with Section 6(b)(5) of the Exchange Act,\15\ 
which requires, among other things, that the rules of a national 
securities exchange be designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative 
acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, 
to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open 
market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect 
investors and the public interest; and are not designed to permit 
unfair discrimination between customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \14\ In approving this proposal, the Commission has considered 
the proposed rule's impact on efficiency, competition, and capital 
formation. See 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).
    \15\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission believes that the proposed amendment is reasonably 
designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade by ensuring 
that participants in the closing auction on the Exchange do not have 
their trades executed at a price that is different from essentially 
contemporaneous trades being executed on away markets. As is noted 
above, the price on such away markets can reflect material news that 
was released after the Exchange's official closing time but before the 
DMM is able to complete the closing auction. Such an occurance can 
increase the risk of market disruption and reduce investor confidence 
in trading on the Exchange given that once the official closing time 
occurs on the Exchange, orders cannot be cancelled or modified 
(including orders designated for the closing price) to take into 
account the material news even though the Exchange closing price may 
not yet have been established by the closing auction process.
    According to Section 202.05 (Timely Disclosure of Material News 
Developments) of the Manual, a listed company is expected to release 
quickly to the public any news or information which might reasonably be 
expected to materially affect the market for its securities.\16\ While 
the Commission recognizes the importance of the requirement in Section 
202.05 that listed companies release material news to the public as 
quickly as possible, the Commission also believes that the maximum five 
minute delay mandated by the proposal is consistent with investor 
protection in that it will reduce the likelihood of investor confusion 
that could result if material news is issued prior to the completion of 
the Exchange's closing auction but while trading is continuing on away 
markets. The Exchange has also represented that DMMs are able to 
complete the closing auctions for the securities assigned to a DMM in 
almost all cases within five minutes of the Exchange's official closing 
time, thereby minimizing the possible amount of time delay for a listed 
company to issue material news after the Exchange's official closing 
time, consistent with the protection of investors and the public 
interest.\17\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \16\ Section 202.05 of the Manual further states that a listed 
company should also act promptly to dispel unfounded rumors which 
result in unusual market activity or price variations.
    \17\ See Notice, supra note 3, at 42009.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission further notes that the commenter supported the goals 
of the proposal stating that they agreed with the Exchange that, in 
order to prevent investor confusion, the closing price for NYSE listed 
companies must be consistent with the contemporanious trading prices on 
other markets and a brief ``coolling off'' period was warranted to 
enable the DMM to complete the closing auction process.\18\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \18\ See Virtu Letter at 2. Additionally, Virtu requested that 
the Exchange review compliance with Section 202.06 of the Manual to 
determine whether appropriate actions are being taken to prevent the 
dissemination of material news during the trading day. The 
Commission believes that Virtu's request to review Section 202.06 of 
the Manual is beyond the scope of the proposed rule change.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The amended proposed rule language, moreover, makes clear that, 
despite the

[[Page 58034]]

limited time prohibition in the rule for releasing material information 
after the Exchange's official closing time, a listed company is never 
expected to withhold material information if doing so would violate 
Regulation FD under the Act. The Commisison notes that this exception 
in the new rule requirement ensures that listed companies will not be 
prohibited from disclosing material information following a non-
intentional disclosure in compliance with Regulation FD, even if the 
closing auction on the Exchange has not yet been completed. The 
Commisison believes that this provision is designed to ensure, among 
other things, that all market participants have equal access to 
information that is material to trading in the securities of listed 
companies and therefore finds it is consistent with the protection of 
investors and the public interest.\19\ Finally, the Commission believes 
that making clear the official closing time of the Exchange is 
consistent with investor protection and the public interest in that it 
reduces potential confusion in determining when the rule applies.
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    \19\ The Commission notes that it expects listed companies to 
comply with their obligations under the federal securities laws, 
including Regulation FD, notwithstanding provisions in the Exchange 
rules that require listed companies to provide the Exchange advance 
notice of material news announcements, such as in Section 202.05 (B) 
of the Manual.
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    Accordingly, for the reasons discussed above, the Commission finds 
that the proposed rule change, as modified by Amendment No. 1, is 
consistent with the Exchange Act.

IV. Solicitation of Comments

    Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and 
arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether this filing, as 
modified by whether Amendment No. 1, is consistent with the Exchange 
Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods:

Electronic Comments

     Use the Commission's Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml); or
     Send an email to [email protected]. Please include 
File Number SR-NYSE-2017-32 on the subject line.

Paper Comments

     Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities 
and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549-1090.

All submissions should refer to File Number SR-NYSE-2017-32. This file 
number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help 
the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, 
please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on 
the Commission's Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all 
written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are 
filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to 
the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other 
than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the 
provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and 
printing in the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., 
Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 
10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available 
for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All 
comments received will be posted without change. Persons submitting 
comments are cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal 
identifying information from comment submissions. You should submit 
only information that you wish to make available publicly. All 
submissions should refer to File Number SR-NYSE-2017-32 and should be 
submitted on or before December 29, 2017.

V. Accelerated Approval of Proposed Rule Change, as Modified by 
Amendment No. 1

    The Commission finds good cause, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of 
the Exchange Act, to approve the proposed rule change, as modified by 
Amendment No. 1, prior to the 30th day after the date of publication of 
Amendment No. 1 in the Federal Register. As discussed above, Amendment 
No. 1 explicitly makes clear that the proposed restriction on issuing 
material news will not apply when a listed company is publicly 
disclosing material information following a non-intentional disclosure 
in order to comply with Regulation FD.\20\ The Commission believes that 
this revision provides greater clarity on the application of the 
proposed amendments to Section 202.06 of the Manual and removes 
uncertainty as to the new prohibitions in the Exchange rules and a 
listed company's obligation to make disclosures that would be required 
under Regulation FD pursuant to the federal securities laws.
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    \20\ See supra note 6.
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    Accordingly, the Commission finds good cause for approving the 
proposed rule change, as modified by Amendment No. 1, on an accelerated 
basis, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Exchange Act.

VI. Conclusion

    It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the 
Exchange Act,\21\ that the proposed rule change (SR-NYSE-2017-32), as 
modified by Amendment No. 1, be, and hereby is, approved.
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    \21\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(2).

    For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, 
pursuant to delegated authority.\22\
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    \22\ 17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(12).
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Eduardo A. Aleman,
Assistant Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2017-26459 Filed 12-7-17; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P