Self-Regulatory Organizations; Miami International Securities Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule Change To Amend MIAX Options Rules 515, Execution of Orders and Quotes; 515A, MIAX Price Improvement Mechanism (“PRIME”) and PRIME Solicitation Mechanism; and 518, Complex Orders, 25347-25358 [2017-11251]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 104 / Thursday, June 1, 2017 / Notices mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES designated as proprietary, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552b(c)(4)]. 5:15 p.m.–6:00 p.m.: Preparation of ACRS Reports (Open/Closed)—The Committee will discuss proposed ACRS reports on matters discussed during this meeting. [Note: A portion of this session may be closed in order to discuss and protect information designated as proprietary, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552b(c)(4)]. Thursday, June 8, 2017, Conference Room T–2B1, 11545 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland 20852 8:30 a.m.–8:35 a.m.: Opening Remarks by the ACRS Chairman (Open)—The ACRS Chairman will make opening remarks regarding the conduct of the meeting. 8:35 a.m.–10:30 a.m.: Proposed Rule and Draft Regulatory Guide DG–5062 on Cyber Security for Fuel Cycle Facilities (Open)—The Committee will hear briefings by and hold discussions with representatives of the NRC staff regarding the subject activities. 10:45 a.m.–12:15 p.m.: Future ACRS Activities/Report of the Planning and Procedures Subcommittee and Reconciliation of ACRS Comments and Recommendations (Open/Closed)—The Committee will discuss the recommendations of the Planning and Procedures Subcommittee regarding items proposed for consideration by the Full Committee during future ACRS Meetings, and matters related to the conduct of ACRS business, including anticipated workload and member assignments. The Committee will discuss the responses from the NRC Executive Director for Operations to comments and recommendations included in recent ACRS reports and letters. [Note: A portion of this meeting may be closed pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552b(c)(2) and (6) to discuss organizational and personnel matters that relate solely to internal personnel rules and practices of the ACRS, and information the release of which would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy.] 1:00 p.m.–6:00 p.m.: Preparation of ACRS Reports (Open/Closed)—The Committee will continue its discussion of proposed ACRS reports. [Note: A portion of this session may be closed in order to discuss and protect information designated as proprietary, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552b(c)(4)]. Friday, June 9, 2017, Conference Room T–2B1, 11545 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland 20852 8:30 a.m.–12:00 p.m.: Preparation of ACRS Reports (Open/Closed)—The Committee will continue its discussion VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:32 May 31, 2017 Jkt 241001 of proposed ACRS reports. [Note: A portion of this session may be closed in order to discuss and protect information designated as proprietary, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552b(c)(4)]. 1:00 p.m.–5:30 p.m.: Preparation of ACRS Reports (Open/Closed)—The Committee will continue its discussion of proposed ACRS reports. [Note: A portion of this session may be closed in order to discuss and protect information designated as proprietary, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552b(c)(4)]. 5:30 p.m.–6:00 p.m.: Miscellaneous (Open)—The Committee will continue its discussion related to the conduct of Committee activities and specific issues that were not completed during previous meetings, as time and availability of information permit. Procedures for the conduct of and participation in ACRS meetings were published in the Federal Register on October 17, 2016 (81 FR 71543). In accordance with those procedures, oral or written views may be presented by members of the public, including representatives of the nuclear industry. Persons desiring to make oral statements should notify Quynh Nguyen, Cognizant ACRS Staff (Telephone: 301–415–5844, Email: Quynh.Nguyen@nrc.gov), 5 days before the meeting, if possible, so that appropriate arrangements can be made to allow necessary time during the meeting for such statements. In view of the possibility that the schedule for ACRS meetings may be adjusted by the Chairman as necessary to facilitate the conduct of the meeting, persons planning to attend should check with the Cognizant ACRS staff if such rescheduling would result in major inconvenience. Thirty-five hard copies of each presentation or handout should be provided 30 minutes before the meeting. In addition, one electronic copy of each presentation should be emailed to the Cognizant ACRS Staff one day before meeting. If an electronic copy cannot be provided within this timeframe, presenters should provide the Cognizant ACRS Staff with a CD containing each presentation at least 30 minutes before the meeting. In accordance with Subsection 10(d) of Public Law 92–463 and 5 U.S.C. 552b(c), certain portions of this meeting may be closed, as specifically noted above. Use of still, motion picture, and television cameras during the meeting may be limited to selected portions of the meeting as determined by the Chairman. Electronic recordings will be permitted only during the open portions of the meeting. ACRS meeting agendas, meeting transcripts, and letter reports are PO 00000 Frm 00124 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 25347 available through the NRC Public Document Room at pdr.resource@ nrc.gov, or by calling the PDR at 1–800– 397–4209, or from the Publicly Available Records System (PARS) component of NRC’s document system (ADAMS) which is accessible from the NRC Web site at http://www.nrc.gov/ reading-rm/adams.html or http:// www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doccollections/ACRS/. Video teleconferencing service is available for observing open sessions of ACRS meetings. Those wishing to use this service should contact Mr. Theron Brown, ACRS Audio Visual Technician (301–415–8066), between 7:30 a.m. and 3:45 p.m. (ET), at least 10 days before the meeting to ensure the availability of this service. Individuals or organizations requesting this service will be responsible for telephone line charges and for providing the equipment and facilities that they use to establish the video teleconferencing link. The availability of video teleconferencing services is not guaranteed. Dated at Rockville, Maryland, this 25th day of May, 2017. For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Andrew L. Bates, Advisory Committee Management Officer. [FR Doc. 2017–11268 Filed 5–31–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7590–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–80768; File No. SR–MIAX– 2017–19] Self-Regulatory Organizations; Miami International Securities Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule Change To Amend MIAX Options Rules 515, Execution of Orders and Quotes; 515A, MIAX Price Improvement Mechanism (‘‘PRIME’’) and PRIME Solicitation Mechanism; and 518, Complex Orders May 25, 2017. Pursuant to the provisions of Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’) 1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 notice is hereby given that on May 12, 2017, Miami International Securities Exchange, LLC (‘‘MIAX Options’’ or ‘‘Exchange’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’) a proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is 1 15 2 17 E:\FR\FM\01JNN1.SGM U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). CFR 240.19b–4. 01JNN1 25348 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 104 / Thursday, June 1, 2017 / Notices publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. I. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange is filing a proposal to amend Exchange Rules 515, Execution of Orders and Quotes; 515A, MIAX Price Improvement Mechanism (‘‘PRIME’’) and PRIME Solicitation Mechanism; and 518, Complex Orders. The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange’s Web site at http://www.miaxoptions.com/rulefilings, at MIAX’s principal office, and at the Commission’s Public Reference Room. II. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements. A. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change 4 See mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES The Exchange proposes to amend Exchange Rules 515, Execution of Orders and Quotes; 515A, MIAX Price Improvement Mechanism (‘‘PRIME’’) and PRIME Solicitation Mechanism; and 518, Complex Orders, to establish three new types of complex orders,3 and to adopt new provisions that relate to the processing of those new complex order types. In particular, the Exchange is proposing to modify those rules to permit the entry and execution of Complex Customer Cross (‘‘cC2C’’) Orders, Complex Qualified Contingent Cross (‘‘cQCC’’) Orders, and Complex PRIME (‘‘cPRIME’’) Orders, each as discussed more fully below. Background Exchange Rule 515(h) currently permits the entry and execution of 3 For a description of the trading of complex orders on the Exchange, see Exchange Rule 518. See also, Securities Exchange Act Release No. 79072 (October 7, 2016), 81 FR 71131 (October 14, 2016) (SR–MIAX–2016–26). 18:32 May 31, 2017 Jkt 241001 Exchange Rule 515(h)(1). Exchange Rule 515(h)(2). 6 The term ‘‘Priority Customer’’ means a person or entity that (i) is not a broker or dealer in securities, and (ii) does not place more than 390 orders in listed options per day on average during a calendar month for its own beneficial account(s). See Exchange Rule 100. 7 See Exchange Rule 516(i). 8 A ‘‘qualified contingent trade’’ is a transaction consisting of two or more component orders, executed as agent or principal, where: (a) At least one component is an NMS Stock, as defined in Rule 600 of Regulation NMS under the Act; (b) all components are effected with a product or price contingency that either has been agreed to by all the respective counterparties or arranged for by a broker-dealer as principal or agent; (c) the execution of one component is contingent upon the execution of all other components at or near the same time; (d) the specific relationship between the component orders (e.g., the spread between the prices of the component orders) is determined by the time the contingent order is placed; (e) the component orders bear a derivative relationship to one another, represent different classes of shares of the same issuer, or involve the securities of participants in mergers or with intentions to merge that have been announced or cancelled; and (f) the transaction is fully hedged (without regard to any prior existing position) as a result of other components of the contingent trade. See Exchange Rule 516, Interpretations and Policies .01. 9 See Exchange Rule 516(j). 10 The term ‘‘System’’ means the automated trading system used by the Exchange for the trading of securities. See Exchange Rule 100. 5 See 1. Purpose VerDate Sep<11>2014 Customer Cross Orders 4 and Qualified Contingent Cross (‘‘QCC’’) Orders 5 in the Exchange’s simple market. A Customer Cross Order is comprised of a Priority Customer 6 Order to buy and a Priority Customer Order to sell at the same price and for the same quantity. A Customer Cross Order is not valid during the opening rotation process described in Rule 503.7 A QCC Order is comprised of an originating order to buy or sell at least 1,000 contracts, or 10,000 mini-option contracts, that is identified as being part of a qualified contingent trade,8 as that term is defined in Rule 516, Interpretations and Policies .01, coupled with a contra-side order or orders totaling an equal number of contracts. A QCC Order is not valid during the opening rotation process described in Rule 503.9 Customer Cross Orders and QCC Orders are processed in a crossing mechanism of the Exchange’s System 10 designed specifically for the execution of those order types, and Rule 515(h) contains order processing and execution requirements that are unique to these order types. The Exchange proposes to use that same crossing mechanism for the processing and execution of cC2C Orders and cQCC Orders. Accordingly, the Exchange is proposing to modify Rule 515(h) so that it also permits the execution of cC2C Orders and cQCC Orders, through the adoption of Rule 515(h)(3) (relating to cC2C Orders) and PO 00000 Frm 00125 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Rule 515(h)(4) (relating to cQCC Orders). Rules 515(h)(3) and (4) include processing and execution requirements for cC2C Orders and cQCC Orders that differ from the processing and execution requirements under 515(h)(1) and (2) for Customer Cross Orders and QCC Orders, respectively. Exchange Rule 515A currently permits the entry and execution of PRIME Orders 11 and PRIME Solicitation Orders 12 in the Exchange’s simple market. PRIME is a price-improvement mechanism of the Exchange’s System pursuant to which a Member 13 (‘‘Initiating Member’’) electronically submits an order that it represents as agent (an ‘‘Agency Order’’) into a PRIME Auction (‘‘Auction’’). The Initiating Member, in submitting an Agency Order, must be willing to either (i) cross the Agency Order at a single price (a ‘‘single-price submission’’) against principal or solicited interest, or (ii) automatically match (‘‘auto-match’’), against principal or solicited interest, the price and size of responses to a Request for Response (‘‘RFR’’) that is broadcast to MIAX Options participants up to an optional designated limit price.14 PRIME Orders are processed in the PRIME mechanism of the Exchange’s System that is designed specifically for the execution of those order types. Accordingly, Rule 515A contains order processing and execution requirements that are unique to these order types. The Exchange proposes to utilize that same PRIME mechanism for the processing and execution of cPRIME Orders. Accordingly, the Exchange is proposing to modify Rule 515A so that it also permits the execution of cPRIME Orders, through certain modifications to Rule 515A(a) and the adoption of Interpretations and Policies .12 (PRIME for Complex Orders). Interpretations and Policies .12 includes processing and execution requirements for cPRIME Orders that differ from the processing 11 See Exchange Rule 515A(a). Exchange Rule 515A(b). 13 The term ‘‘Member’’ means an individual or organization approved to exercise the trading rights associated with a Trading Permit. Members are deemed ‘‘members’’ under the Act. See Exchange Rule 100. 14 See Exchange Rule 515A(a)(2)(i). When the Exchange receives a properly designated Agency Order for auction processing, an RFR detailing the option, side, size, and initiating price will be sent to all subscribers of the Exchange’s data feeds. The RFR currently lasts for 500 milliseconds. Members may submit responses to the RFR (specifying prices and sizes). RFR responses shall be an Auction or Cancel (‘‘AOC’’) order or an AOC eQuote. Such responses cannot cross the disseminated MIAX Best Bid or Offer (‘‘MBBO’’) on the opposite side of the market from the response. 12 See E:\FR\FM\01JNN1.SGM 01JNN1 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 104 / Thursday, June 1, 2017 / Notices and execution requirements under 515A(a) for simple PRIME Orders. The Exchange is also proposing to amend Exchange Rule 518, which governs the processing and execution of complex orders on the Exchange. In particular, Rule 518(b) lists and defines complex order types that are available for trading on the Exchange.15 Accordingly, the Exchange proposes to amend Rule 518(b) to list and define the three new complex order types: cC2C, cQCC, and cPRIME. mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES cC2C Orders As discussed above, the Exchange proposes to use the same crossing mechanism for the processing and execution of cC2C Orders that is used for Customer Cross Orders in the simple market. Accordingly, proposed Rule 515(h)(3) shall govern the trading of cC2C Orders, as defined in Rule 518(b)(5), on MIAX Options. Proposed Rule 518(b)(5) defines a cC2C Order as a type of complex order which is comprised of one Priority Customer complex order to buy and one Priority Customer complex order to sell (the same strategy) at the same price (which must be better than (inside) the icMBBO 16 or the best net price of the complex order on the Strategy Book 17 for the strategy, whichever is more aggressive) and for the same quantity. Proposed Rule 515(h)(3) describes the execution price requirements that are specific for cC2C Orders. Specifically, cC2C Orders are automatically executed upon entry provided that the execution is at least $0.01 better than (inside) the icMBBO (as defined in Rule 518(a)(11)) price or the best net price of a complex order (as defined in Rule 518(a)(5)) on the Strategy Book (as defined in Rule 518(a)(17)), whichever is more aggressive (i.e., the higher bid and/or lower offer). The purpose of the requirement that the execution be at the more aggressive price of either the icMBBO or the best net price of the complex order on the Strategy Book is 15 Exchange Rule 518(b), Types of Complex Orders, lists the various complex orders available for trading on the Exchange. The Exchange is proposing to add two new complex order types, cC2C and cQCC Orders, to this rule. 16 The Implied Complex MIAX Best Bid or Offer (‘‘icMBBO’’) is a calculation that uses the best price from the Simple Order Book (defined below) for each component of a complex strategy including displayed and non-displayed trading interest. For stock-option orders, the icMBBO for a complex strategy will be calculated using the best price (whether displayed or non-displayed) on the Simple Order Book (defined below) in the individual option component(s), and the NBBO in the stock component. See Exchange Rule 518(a)(11). 17 The ‘‘Strategy Book’’ is the Exchange’s electronic book of complex orders and complex quotes. See Exchange Rule 518(a)(17). VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:32 May 31, 2017 Jkt 241001 to ensure that each participant in the complex order receives a better price than it would receive if submitted as a single complex order, and to ensure that there is no interference between the simple and complex markets. The System will reject a cC2C Order if, at the time of receipt of the cC2C Order, (i) the strategy is subject to a cPRIME Auction pursuant to Rule 515A proposed Interpretations and Policies .12, or to a Complex Auction pursuant to Rule 518(d); or (ii) any component of the strategy is subject to a SMAT Event as described in Rule 518(a)(16).18 The purpose of this provision is to maintain an orderly market by avoiding the execution of cC2C Orders with components that are involved in other System functions (specifically a PRIME Auction, Route Timer, or liquidity refresh pause) that could affect the execution price of the cC2C Order, and by avoiding concurrent processing on the Exchange involving the same security. This methodology for the handling of cC2C Orders differs somewhat from the methodology for handling Customer Cross Orders, wherein the System will not reject a cC2C Order when a component of the strategy is subject to the managed interest process 19 pursuant to Rule 515(c) (as the System would reject a Customer Cross Order in the simple market during such a condition). A cC2C Order already has a guaranteed execution price at the better of $0.01 inside the icMBBO price or at the best net price of a complex order on the Strategy Book. Therefore, it is not necessary or desirable to reject and thereby preclude the execution of a cC2C Order in this circumstance. Proposed Rule 515(h)(3)(A) states that cC2C Orders will be automatically cancelled if they cannot be executed. Proposed Rule 515(h)(3)(B) provides that cC2C Orders may only be entered in the minimum trading increments applicable to complex orders under Rule 518(c)(1)(i).20 18 A Simple Market Auction or Timer, or ‘‘SMAT’’ Event, is defined as any of the following: (i) A PRIME Auction (pursuant to Rule 515A); (ii) a Route Timer (pursuant to Rule 529); or (iii) a liquidity refresh pause (pursuant to Rule 515(c)(2)). See Exchange Rule 518(a)(16). 19 Under the managed interest process, if the limit price of a non-routable order locks or crosses the current opposite side NBBO, the System will display the order one Minimum Price Variation away from the current opposite side NBBO, and book the order at a price that will lock the current opposite side NBBO. See Exchange Rule 515(c)(ii). 20 Bids and offers on complex orders and quotes may be expressed in $0.01 increments, and the component(s) of a complex order may be executed in $0.01 increments, regardless of the minimum increments otherwise applicable to individual PO 00000 Frm 00126 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 25349 As a regulatory matter, proposed Rule 515(h)(3)(C) states that Rule 520, Interpretations and Policies .01 21 applies to the entry and execution of cC2C Orders. Proposed Rule 515(h)(3)(D) states that the Exchange will determine, on a classby-class basis, the option classes in which cC2C Orders are available for trading on the Exchange, and will announce such classes to Members via Regulatory Circular. The following example illustrates the execution of a cC2C Order: Example 1—A cC2C Order Is Executed MIAX–LMM Mar 50 Call 6.00–6.50 (10x10) MIAX–LMM Mar 55 Call 3.00–3.30 (10x10) Strategy: Buy 1 Mar 50 Call, Sell 1 Mar 55 Call The icMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer The dcMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer The Strategy Book contains a Priority Customer offer to sell the Strategy at 3.30 credit, 20 times. The Exchange receives a cC2C Order representing Priority Customers on both sides for the simultaneous purchase and sale of the strategy at a net price of 3.29, 500 times. Since the order price is at least $0.01 better than (inside) the icMBBO and the best net price of any order for the Strategy on the Strategy Book, the cC2C order is automatically executed upon entry. cQCC Orders As discussed above, the Exchange proposes to use the same crossing mechanism for the processing and execution of cQCC Orders that is used components of the complex order. See Exchange Rule 518(c)(1)(i). 21 Rule 520(b) prevents an Electronic Exchange Member from executing agency orders to increase its economic gain from trading against the order without first giving other trading interest on the Exchange an opportunity to either trade with the agency order or to trade at the execution price when the Member was already bidding or offering on the Book. However, the Exchange recognizes that it may be possible for an Electronic Exchange Member to establish a relationship with a customer or other person (including affiliates) to deny agency orders the opportunity to interact on the Exchange and to realize similar economic benefits as it would achieve by executing agency orders as principal. It will be a violation of Rule 520(b) for an Electronic Exchange Member to be a party to any arrangement designed to circumvent Rule 520(b) by providing an opportunity for a customer or other person (including affiliates) to regularly execute against agency orders handled by the Electronic Exchange Member immediately upon their entry into the System. See Exchange Rule 520, Interpretations and Policies .01. E:\FR\FM\01JNN1.SGM 01JNN1 25350 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 104 / Thursday, June 1, 2017 / Notices for QCC Orders in the simple market.22 Accordingly, proposed Rule 515(h)(4) shall govern the trading of cQCC Orders, as defined in Rule 518(b)(6), on MIAX Options. Proposed Rule 518(b)(6) defines a cQCC Order as a type of complex order which is comprised of a complex order to buy or sell where each component is at least 1,000 contracts that is identified as being part of a qualified contingent trade, as defined in Rule 516, Interpretations and Policies .01,23 coupled with a contra-side complex order or orders (for the same strategy) totaling an equal number of contracts. Proposed Rule 515(h)(4) mirrors the execution price requirements for simple QCC Orders by providing that cQCC Orders are automatically executed upon entry provided that, with respect to each option leg of the cQCC Order, the execution (i) is not at the same price as a Priority Customer Order on the Exchange’s Book; 24 and (ii) is at or between the NBBO. The purpose of the requirement that each option leg be executed at or between the NBBO is to ensure that no option component of the cQCC Order trades through the NBBO. The purpose of the requirement that each option leg be executed at a price better than any Priority Customer on the Book is to ensure that no option component of the cQCC Order trades ahead of a Priority Customer Order. The Options Order Protection and Locked/Crossed Markets Plan (the ‘‘Plan’’), provides an exception to the requirement that Participants establish, maintain and enforce written policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to prevent Trade-Throughs when the transaction that constituted the Trade-Through was effected as a portion of a ‘‘complex trade,’’ as defined in the rules of a Participant.25 The System does not consider the NBBO price for the stock component because the Exchange does not execute the stock component; the Exchange executes the option components at a net price and ensures that the execution price of each option component of the strategy is (i) not at the same price as a Priority Customer Order on the Exchange’s Simple Order Book; 26 and 22 See Exchange Rule 515(h)(2). supra note 8. 24 The term ‘‘Book’’ means the electronic book of buy and sell orders and quotes maintained by the System. See Exchange Rule 100. 25 See Section 5(b)(viii) of the Plan. See also, Exchange Rule 1401(b)(7). 26 The ‘‘Simple Order Book’’ is the Exchange’s regular electronic book of orders and quotes, as defined in Exchange Rule 518, Complex Orders. See Exchange Rule 518(a)(15). For purposes of the instant proposed rule change, the terms ‘‘Book’’ (see (ii) at or between the NBBO. The Exchange does require that the Member entering a QCC Order provide certain information to the Exchange regarding the execution of the stock component, such as the underlying price, quantity, price delta, execution time and executing venue.27 The Exchange will require this same information from Members with respect to cQCC Orders. This complex pricing requirement aligns with the simple order pricing requirement for a Qualified Contingent Trade (‘‘QCT’’) to consider the NBBO price. In each case, the parties to a contingent trade are focused on the spread or ratio between the transaction prices for each of the component instruments (i.e., the net price of the entire contingent trade), rather than on the absolute price of any single component. Pursuant to the requirements of the NMS QCT Exemption, the spread or ratio between the relevant instruments must be determined at the time the order is placed, and this spread or ratio stands regardless of the market prices of the individual orders at their time of execution. As the Commission noted in the Original QCT Exemption, ‘‘the difficulty of maintaining a hedge, and the risk of falling out of hedge, could dissuade participants from engaging in contingent trades, or at least raise the cost of such trades.’’ Thus, the Commission found that, if each stock leg of a qualified contingent trade were required to meet the trade-through provisions of Rule 611 of Regulation NMS, such trades could become too risky and costly to be employed successfully and noted that the elimination or reduction of this trading strategy potentially could remove liquidity from the market.28 This is also true for QCC Orders in options, and thus the Exchange believes that its proposal is consistent with the Original QCT Exemption. The System will reject a cQCC Order if, at the time of receipt of the cQCC Order, (i) the strategy is subject to a cPRIME Auction pursuant to proposed Rule 515A, Interpretations and Policies .12, or to a Complex Auction pursuant to Rule 518(d); or any component of the strategy is subject to a SMAT Event as described in Rule 518(a)(16).29 This mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES 23 See VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:32 May 31, 2017 Jkt 241001 supra note 24) and ‘‘Simple Order Book’’ have the same meaning and are interchangeable. 27 See MIAX Options Regulatory Circular No. 2015–47 (October 2, 2015), describing Regulatory Requirements when entering a Qualified Contingent Cross Order. 28 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 54389 (August 31, 2006), 71 FR 52829 (September 7, 2006) (‘‘Original QCT Exemption’’). 29 See supra note 18. PO 00000 Frm 00127 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 provision is intended to maintain an orderly market by avoiding the execution of cQCC Orders with components that are involved in other System functions (specifically a PRIME Auction, Route Timer, or liquidity refresh pause) that could affect the execution price of the cQCC Order, and by avoiding concurrent processing on the Exchange involving the same security. For the same reasons as described above with respect to cC2C Orders, the System will not reject a cQCC Order when a component of the strategy that is subject to the managed interest process pursuant to Rule 515(c) (as the System would reject a QCC Order in the simple market during such a condition). Proposed Rule 515(h)(4)(A) states that cQCC Orders will be automatically cancelled if they cannot be executed. Proposed Rule 515(h)(4)(B) provides that cQCC Orders may only be entered in the minimum trading increments applicable to complex orders under Rule 518(c)(1)(i).30 Just as with cC2C Orders, proposed Rule 515(h)(4)(C)states that the Exchange will determine, on a class-byclass basis, the option classes in which cQCC Orders are available for trading on the Exchange, and will announce such classes to Members via Regulatory Circular. The following example illustrates the execution of a cQCC Order: Example 2—A cQCC Order Is Executed MIAX–LMM Mar 50 Call 6.00–6.50 (10x10—no Priority Customer interest) MIAX–LMM Mar 55 Call 3.00–3.30 (10x10—no Priority Customer interest) ABBO—Mar 50 Call 6.00–6.30 (10x10) ABBO—Mar 55 Call 3.00–3.30 (10x10) NBBO—Mar 50 Call 6.00–6.30 (20x10) NBBO—Mar 55 Call 3.00–3.30 (20x20) Strategy: Buy 1 Mar 50 Call, Sell 1 Mar 55 Call The icMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer The dcMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer The ABBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.30 credit offer The Exchange receives a cQCC Order representing Public Customers on both sides for the simultaneous purchase and sale of the strategy at a net price of 3.30, 1000 times along with information regarding the execution of the stock component relating to the crossing of 20,000 shares of the underlying security (which information related to a separate 30 See E:\FR\FM\01JNN1.SGM supra note 20. 01JNN1 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 104 / Thursday, June 1, 2017 / Notices mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES order that was sent to the stock execution venue by the Clearing Member previously identified to the Exchange as a Designated Give Up for the Member that submitted the cQCC Order in accordance with the Rule). Since the order can be executed at or between the NBBO for each leg of the Strategy, is not at the same price as a Priority Customer Order on the Exchange’s Simple Order Book, and the order size and underlying security requirements have been met, the cQCC Order is automatically executed upon entry. The Exchange is proposing the same price execution requirements that are currently in place on other exchanges.31 Complex PRIME Orders As discussed above, the Exchange proposes to use the same PRIME mechanism for the processing and execution of cPRIME Orders that is used for PRIME Orders in the simple market. The manner in which cPRIME Orders will be processed and executed will be the same as the manner in which simple PRIME Orders are currently processed and executed, except as otherwise provided in proposed Interpretations and Policies .12 to Rule 515A. Accordingly, proposed Interpretations and Policies .12, PRIME for Complex Orders, states that, unless otherwise provided in Interpretations and Policies .12 to Rule 515A or unless the context otherwise requires, the provisions of Exchange Rule 515A(a) (which governs the processing and execution of simple PRIME orders) shall be applicable to the trading of complex orders on PRIME. Proposed Rule 518(b)(7) defines a cPRIME Order as a type of complex order that is submitted for participation in a cPRIME Auction. Trading of cPRIME Orders is governed by Rule 515A, Interpretations and Policies .12. The Exchange will determine, on a class-by-class basis, the option classes in which complex orders are available for trading on PRIME on the Exchange, and will announce such classes to Members via Regulatory Circular. The Exchange is proposing to amend Rule 515A(a)(2)(D) by stating clearly in the rule that the System will reject RFR responses submitted with a price that is not equal to or better than the initiating price. The purpose of this proposal is to avoid the handling of RFR responses by the System that could not be executed in an Auction because they are inferior to the initiating price, at which the 31 See, e.g., Securities Exchange Act Release No. 69948 (July 9, 2013), 78 FR 42132 (July 15, 2013) (SR–CBOE–2013–41). See also, NYSEArca Regulatory Information Bulletin no. RBO–11–04 (May 26, 2011). VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:32 May 31, 2017 Jkt 241001 Agency Order has been stopped. The Exchange is proposing to delete the last sentence of Rule 515A(a)(2)(i)(D) which states simply that such RFR responses cannot cross the disseminated MBBO on the opposite side of the market from the response. Such a response would result in the conclusion of the Auction under current Rule 515A(2)(ii)(E), which states that the Auction will conclude any time an RFR response matches the NBBO on the opposite side of the market from the RFR responses. The Exchange is proposing to delete the last sentence of Rule 515A(a)(2)(i)(D), because the NBBO cannot be outside, or inferior to, the MBBO, and an RFR response therefore could not cross the MBBO without matching or crossing the NBBO, which stops the Auction. This provision in Rule 515A(a)(2)(i)(D) is unnecessary and should be deleted. Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a) to Rule 515A includes general rules applicable to cPRIME Orders and cPRIME Auctions. Under the proposal, Members may use PRIME to execute complex orders at a net price. In order to distinguish PRIME Auctions involving simple PRIME Orders from cPRIME Auctions involving cPRIME Orders, the Exchange is proposing to add new defined terms to Interpretations and Policies .12(a). Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a) states that ‘‘cPRIME’’ is the process by which a Member may electronically submit a ‘‘cPRIME Order’’ (as defined in proposed Rule 518(b)(7)) it represents as agent (a ‘‘cPRIME Agency Order’’) against principal or solicited interest for execution (a ‘‘cPRIME Auction’’). The Exchange is proposing to adopt these new terms for clarity and ease of reference. Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a)(i) to Rule 515A states that the initiating price for a cPRIME Agency Order must be better than (inside) the icMBBO 32 for the strategy and any other complex orders on the Strategy Book. This ensures that the execution price of the cPRIME Agency Order improves the best price on the Exchange at the time of receipt, and that there is no interference between the simple and complex markets. The System will reject cPRIME Agency Orders submitted with an initiating price that is equal to or worse than (outside) the icMBBO or any other complex orders on the Strategy Book. Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a)(ii) to Rule 515A states that Members may enter RFR responses on the opposite side of the market from the cPRIME Agency Order at net prices, and 32 See PO 00000 supra note 16. Frm 00128 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 25351 bids and offers for complex orders may participate in the execution of an order as provided in MIAX Options Rule 515A. The purpose of this provision is to clarify that cPRIME Auctions, including the RFR and RFR responses, will, with certain exceptions described herein, be handled and executed in the same manner as simple PRIME Auctions. Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a)(iii) to Rule 515A states that, except as provided in proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(c) (described below), with respect to bids and offers for the individual legs of a complex order entered into cPRIME, the order allocation rules contained in Rule 514 will apply. This ensures that simple orders on the Exchange’s Simple Order Book are allocated under the simple order allocation rules when they are executed against the legs of a complex order. Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a)(iv) to Rule 515A states that, if an improved net price for the complex order being executed can be achieved from bids and offers for the individual legs of the complex order in the simple market, and the complex order is otherwise eligible for Legging pursuant to Rule 518(c)(2)(iii),33 the Strategy being matched will receive an execution at the better net price. The purpose of this provision is to ensure that the Exchange will provide the best net price available on the Exchange, whether by way of matching strategies or by way of Legging with the Simple Order Book, as long as the complex order is eligible for Legging. Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a)(v) to Rule 515A states that all references to the NBBO in Rule 515A 33 Complex orders up to a maximum number of legs (determined by the Exchange on a class-byclass basis as either two or three legs and communicated to Members via Regulatory Circular) may be automatically executed against bids and offers on the Simple Order Book for the individual legs of the complex order (‘‘Legging’’), provided the complex order can be executed in full or in a permissible ratio by such bids and offers, and provided that the execution price of each component is not executed at a price that is outside of the NBBO. Legging is not available for cAOC orders, complex Standard quotes, complex eQuotes, or stock-option orders. Notwithstanding the foregoing, complex orders with two option legs where both legs are buying or both legs are selling and both legs are calls or both legs are puts may only trade against other complex orders on the Strategy Book and will not be permitted to leg into the Simple Order Book. Complex orders with three option legs where all legs are buying or all legs are selling may only trade against other complex orders on the Strategy Book, regardless of whether the option leg is a call or a put. The System will not generate derived orders for these complex orders. See Exchange Rule 518(c)(2)(iii). E:\FR\FM\01JNN1.SGM 01JNN1 25352 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 104 / Thursday, June 1, 2017 / Notices mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES are inapplicable.34 Any of the references to the NBBO in Rule 515A apply to simple orders and do not apply to complex orders; proposed Interpretations and Policies .12 replaces references to the NBBO with references to the icMBBO that apply to complex orders. The following example illustrates the execution of a cPRIME Order with the single price submission election (no auto-match): Example 3—A cPRIME Order Is Executed (Without Auto-Match) MIAX–LMM Mar 50 Call 6.00–6.50 (10x10) MIAX–LMM Mar 55 Call 3.00–3.30 (10x10) Strategy: Buy 1 Mar 50 Call, Sell 1 Mar 55 Call The icMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer The dcMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer The Strategy Book contains a Priority Customer offer to sell the Strategy at 3.30 credit, 20 times. The Exchange receives a cPRIME Order with the cPRIME Agency Order representing the purchase of the Strategy at a net debit of 3.29, 500 times. Auto-match is not enabled. Since the order price is at least $0.01 better than (inside) the icMBBO and the best net price of any order for the Strategy on the Book, a cPRIME Auction can begin. An RFR is broadcast to all subscribers showing price, the quantity of matched complex orders at that price, and the side of the cPRIME Agency Order, is sent and a 500 millisecond RFR period is started. The following responses are received: • @50 milliseconds BD1 response, cAOC Order @3.25 credit sell of 100 arrives • @150 milliseconds MM1 response, cAOC eQuote @3.27 credit sell of 100 arrives • @200 milliseconds MM3 response, cAOC eQuote @3.29 credit sell of 200 arrives • @300 milliseconds MM4 response, cAOC eQuote @3.29 credit sell of 200 arrives The cPRIME Auction process will continue until the Response Time Interval ends. When the 500 millisecond Response Time Interval ends, the cPRIME Auction process will trade the cPRIME Agency Order with the best 34 Complex orders and quotes are executed without consideration of any prices for the complex strategy that might be available on other exchanges trading the same options contracts. See Exchange Rule 518(c)(2)(ii). VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:32 May 31, 2017 Jkt 241001 priced responses. The cPRIME Agency order will be filled as follows: • The cPRIME Agency Order buys 100 from BD1 @3.25 • The cPRIME Agency Order buys 100 from MM1 @3.27 • At the final price, the cPRIME Agency Order buys: —50 from MM3 @3.29; —50 from MM4 @3.29; and —200 (40%) from the cPRIME Contra Order @3.29. The following example illustrates the execution of a cPRIME Order with the auto-match election: Example 4—A cPRIME Order Is Executed (With Auto-Match) MIAX–LMM Mar 50 Call 6.00–6.50 (10x10) MIAX–LMM Mar 55 Call 3.00–3.30 (10x10) Strategy: Buy 1 Mar 50 Call, Sell 1 Mar 55 Call The icMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer The dcMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer The Strategy Book contains a Priority Customer offer to sell the Strategy at 3.30 credit, 20 times. The Exchange receives a cPRIME Order with the cPRIME Agency Order representing the purchase of the Strategy at a net debit of 3.29, 500 times. Auto-match has been enabled with an auto-match limit price of 3.25. Since the order price is at least $0.01 better than (inside) the icMBBO and the best net price of any order for the Strategy on the Book, a cPRIME Auction can begin. An RFR is broadcast to all subscribers showing price, the quantity of matched complex orders at that price, and the side of the cPRIME Agency Order, is sent and a 500 millisecond RFR period is started. The following responses are received: • @50 milliseconds BD1 response, cAOC Order @3.25 credit sell of 100 arrives • @150 milliseconds MM1 response, cAOC eQuote @3.27 credit sell of 300 arrives The cPRIME Auction process will continue until the Response Time Interval ends. When the 500 millisecond Response Time Interval ends, the cPRIME Auction process will trade the Agency Order with the best priced responses. The Agency Order will be filled as follows: • At the interim price, the cPRIME Agency Order buys: —100 from BD1 @3.25; and —100 (auto-match RFR Response) from the cPRIME Contra Order @3.25. PO 00000 Frm 00129 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 • At the final price, the cPRIME Agency Order buys: —150 from MM1 @3.27; and —150 (auto-match 50% of the remaining Agency Order size) from the cPRIME Contra Order @3.27 The following example illustrates the execution of a cPRIME Order that legs into the simple market: Example 5—A cPRIME Order Is Executed (by Legging Into the Simple Market) MIAX–LMM Mar 50 Call 6.00–6.50 (10x10) MIAX–LMM Mar 55 Call 3.00–3.30 (10x10) Strategy: Buy 1 Mar 50 Call, Sell 1 Mar 55 Call The icMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer The dcMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer The Strategy Book contains a Priority Customer offer to sell the Strategy at 3.30 credit, 20 times. The Exchange receives a cPRIME Order with the cPRIME Agency Order representing the purchase of the Strategy at a net debit of 3.29, 500 times. Auto-match is not enabled. Since the order price is at least $0.01 better than (inside) the icMBBO and the best net price of any order for the Strategy on the Book, a cPRIME Auction can begin. An RFR is broadcast to all subscribers showing price, the quantity of matched complex orders at that price, and the side of the cPRIME Agency Order, is sent and a 500 millisecond RFR period is started. The following responses are received: • @150 milliseconds MM2 response, cAOC Order @3.28 credit sell of 100 arrives • @200 milliseconds MM1 response, cAOC Order @3.27 credit sell of 300 arrives • @300 milliseconds the MIAX LMM improves its offer to sell 10 Mar 50 Calls to a price of 6.25 The offer to sell 10 Mar 50 Calls @6.25 changes the icMBBO credit offer to 3.25, crossing the Auction Start Price and causing the cPRIME Auction process to be terminated immediately. The cPRIME Auction process will trade the Agency Order with the best priced liquidity opposite the Agency Order according to the allocation process contained in Rule 515A. The Agency Order will be filled as follows: • The cPRIME Agency Order buys: —10 from legging into the Simple market icMBBO @3.25 (buy 10 Mar 50 Calls at 6.25, and sell 10 Mar 55 Calls at 3.00); and E:\FR\FM\01JNN1.SGM 01JNN1 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 104 / Thursday, June 1, 2017 / Notices —300 from MM1 @3.27; and —100 from MM2 @3.28; and —90 from the cPRIME Contra Order @ 3.29 There are certain circumstances that are unique to cPRIME Orders (such as when a component of the cPRIME Order is in a certain state), where the System will reject the cPRIME Order. Accordingly, proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(b) describes each of these specific circumstances. Specifically, the System will reject a cPRIME Agency Order if, at the time of receipt of the cPRIME Agency Order: (i) The strategy is subject to a cPRIME Auction or to a Complex Auction pursuant to Rule 518(d); (ii) any component of the strategy is subject to a SMAT Event as described in Rule 518(a)(16); or (iii) any component of the strategy is subject to the managed interest process described in Rule 515(c)(1)(ii). The purpose of this provision is to maintain an orderly market by avoiding simultaneous multiple cPRIME Auctions and multiple concurrent PRIME, cPRIME and Complex Auctions, and to avoid executions during a Route Timer 35 or liquidity refresh pause 36 that could affect the price of the components and of the strategy. The Exchange believes that, if the System were to accept and process cPRIME Agency Orders during the various circumstances described in proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(b) to Rule 515A, market participants could be faced with a number of simultaneous PRIME, cPRIME and/or Complex Auctions involving the same strategy or component, which in turn could have an impact the orderly functioning of the markets. Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(c) to Rule 515A describes various other situations that are unique to, or otherwise apply specifically to, cPRIME Orders. The purpose of this provision is mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES 35 For those initiating Public Customer orders that are routable, but do not meet the additional criteria for Immediate Routing, the System will implement a Route Timer not to exceed one second (the duration of the Timer will be announced to Members through a Regulatory Circular), in order to allow Market Makers and other participants an opportunity to interact with the initiating order. See Exchange Rule 529(b)(2)(i). 36 The System will pause the market for a time period not to exceed one second to allow additional orders or quotes refreshing the liquidity at the MBBO to be received (‘‘liquidity refresh pause’’) when at the time of receipt or reevaluation of the initiating order by the System: (A) Either the initiating order is a limit order whose limit price crosses the NBBO or the initiating order is a market order, and the limit order or market order could only be partially executed; (B) a Market Maker quote was all or part of the MBBO when the MBBO is alone at the NBBO; and (C) and the Market Maker quote was exhausted. See Exchange Rule 515(c)(2). VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:32 May 31, 2017 Jkt 241001 to ‘‘carve out’’ rules for cPRIME Orders for which the rules for simple PRIME Orders do not apply and to otherwise make clear in the Exchange’s rules the manner in which cPRIME Orders will be processed and executed under the proposal. Accordingly, proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(c) states that, notwithstanding the provisions of this Rule 515A with respect to PRIME, the following shall apply to cPRIME Orders only. Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(c)(i) to Rule 515A states that the RFR period for cPRIME Auctions shall be independent from the RFR for PRIME Auctions and shall last for a period of time set forth in Rule 515A(a)(2)(i)(C). The current RFR period for PRIME Auctions is 500 milliseconds.37 The Exchange is proposing to adopt Interpretations and Policies .12(c)(ii) to Rule 515A which states that participants that submit simple orders that are executed as individual legs of complex orders at the execution price point will be allocated contracts only after all complex interest at such price point have received allocations. cPRIME Orders are matched first against other complex orders and have priority over simple orders that are on the Book and ‘‘legged,’’ at the execution price, regardless of the origin code of the simple order. The Exchange believes that this is appropriate because the initiating price of the cPRIME Agency Order is always superior to the net price of simple orders resting on the Simple Order Book. The Agency Order is submitted at an improved price with an accompanying contra side order (principal or solicited interest) that is intended to trade with all components of the Agency Order at a net price at the time of submission. Simple orders resting on the Book do not necessarily intend to trade with the legs of the Agency Order, and thus the Exchange 37 The Exchange notes that, on April 13, 2017, it filed with the Commission a proposed rule change (SR–MIAX–2017–16) that would amend the duration of the RFR period contained in Rule 515A(a)(2)(i)(c) so that the duration can be a period of time within a range of no less than 100 milliseconds and no more than 1 second, as determined by the Exchange and announced via Regulatory Circular. If approved, such provision would allow a separate and potentially different time period for simple PRIME Auctions and cPRIME Auctions, provided that each time period is within the permissible range. The Exchange notes that MIAX’s proposed rule change to amend the duration of a PRIME Auction was published in the Federal Register on May 5, 2017 and is subject to a public comment period expiring on May 26, 2017. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 80570 (May 1, 2017), 82 FR 21288 (May 5, 2017) (SR– MIAX–2017–16) Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule Change to Amend MIAX Options Rule 515A, MIAX Price Improvement Mechanism (‘‘PRIME’’) and PRIME Solicitation Mechanism. PO 00000 Frm 00130 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 25353 believes that it is equitable and not unfairly discriminatory to afford priority to complex interest over simple interest. Additionally, under the proposal, when new interest is received in the simple market that causes the icMBBO on the opposite side of the market from the cPRIME Agency Order to be equal to or better than the initiating price, the cPRIME Auction ends before the expiration of the RFR period. In this situation, the receipt of such an order simply ends the cPRIME Auction and the execution and allocation process is accelerated, prior to the end of the RFR period. Regardless of when the cPRIME Auction ends, contracts are first allocated by matching complex strategies; thereafter, contracts that are executed by way of Legging 38 complex strategy components against the Book are allocated among the complex strategies, and then finally among the simple orders on the Book that are matched with components of the Legged strategy. Thus, the allocation process is not changed, and simple orders resting on the book that may be executed by way of Legging are still subject to complex order priority interest and are allocated contracts only after all complex interest has been filled at that price. The Exchange believes that it is consistent, equitable and not unfairly discriminatory to afford priority to complex interest over simple interest even when Complex Auction ends early.39 The Exchange believes that its proposal to afford priority to complex orders in cPRIME over simple orders is appropriate because it rewards participants that assume greater market risk and actively improves the execution price by submitting complex RFR responses in a cPRIME Auction. A simple order on the Book is not responding to an RFR for price improvement, and thus the Exchange believes that it is equitable and not unfairly discriminatory to afford priority to complex orders in a cPRIME Auction over simple orders on the MIAX Options Book. The Exchange believes that affording priority to complex interest over simple interest on the Simple Order Book is consistent with Section 6(b) of the Act 40 in general, and furthers the objectives of Section 6(b)(5) 38 See Exchange Rule 518(c)(2)(iii). Exchange notes that other exchanges afford priority to complex interest over simple interest. See, e.g., NASDAQ PHLX, LLC (‘‘PHLX’’) Rule 1098(e)(vi)(A)(2); see also, PHLX Rule 1098(e)(viii)(C)(3). 40 15 U.S.C. 78f(b). 39 The E:\FR\FM\01JNN1.SGM 01JNN1 25354 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 104 / Thursday, June 1, 2017 / Notices mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES of the Act 41 in particular, in that it promotes just and equitable principles of trade by affording priority to participants submitting cPRIME Orders and RFR responses that are intended to improve the then-existing price on the Exchange. The Exchange believes that affording this priority encourages participants to submit more priceimproving complex orders, and that they should be rewarded with priority over simple orders that are resting on the Simple Order Book that were not submitted or intended to be price improving orders. The following example illustrates the execution and allocation of a cPRIME Order (with simple interest allocated after all complex interest has been allocated): Example 6—A cPRIME Order Is Executed (Simple Interest Allocated After Complex Interest) MIAX–LMM Mar 50 Call 6.00–6.50 (10x10) MIAX–LMM Mar 55 Call 3.00–3.30 (10x10) Strategy: Buy 1 Mar 50 Call, Sell 1 Mar 55 Call The icMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer The dcMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer The Strategy Book contains a Priority Customer offer to sell the Strategy at 3.30 credit, 20 times. The Exchange receives a cPRIME Order with the cPRIME Agency Order representing the purchase of the Strategy at a net debit of 3.29, 500 times. Auto-match is not enabled. Since the order price is at least $0.01 better than (inside) the icMBBO and the best net price of any order for the Strategy on the Book, a cPRIME Auction can begin. An RFR is broadcast to all subscribers showing price, the quantity of matched complex orders at that price, and the side of the cPRIME Agency Order, is sent and a 500 millisecond RFR period is started. The following responses are received: • @250 milliseconds MM2 response, cAOC Order @3.25 credit sell of 500 arrives • @300 milliseconds the MIAX LMM improves its offer to sell 10 Mar 50 Calls to a price of 6.25 The offer to sell 10 Mar 50 Calls @6.25 changes the icMBBO credit offer to 3.25, crossing the Auction Start Price and causing the cPRIME Auction process to be terminated immediately. The cPRIME Auction process will trade the Agency Order with the best 41 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:32 May 31, 2017 Jkt 241001 priced liquidity opposite the Agency Order according to the allocation process contained in Rule 515A. The Agency Order will be filled as follows: • The cPRIME Agency Order buys: —500 from MM2 @3.25 —Simple Interest receives no allocation Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(c)(iii) to Rule 515A states that the size and bid/ask differential provisions contained in Exchange Rule 515A(a)(1)(iii) 42 shall not apply to cPRIME Orders. Rule 515A(a)(1) is intended to apply to simple PRIME Auctions, and not to apply to complex orders.43 Under Rule 515A(a)(1)(iii), with respect to Agency Orders that have a size of less than 50 contracts, if at the time of receipt of the Agency Order, the NBBO has a bid/ask differential of $0.01, the System will reject the Agency Order. This rule would not apply to complex orders, including cPRIME Orders, because the NBBO is not a consideration in determining the execution price of a complex order.44 Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(c)(iv) to Rule 515A states that the conclusion of auction provisions contained in Rule 515A(a)(2)(ii) shall not apply to cPRIME Auctions. Rather, the Exchange is proposing to adopt a separate set of provisions relating to the conclusion of auctions that apply only to cPRIME Auctions, in proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(d), discussed below. Proposed Rule 515A, Interpretations and Policies .12(c)(v), states that the order allocation provisions contained in Rule 515A(a)(2)(iii) shall apply to cPRIME Auctions, provided that (A) all references to contracts shall be deemed to be references to complex strategies; 45 42 With respect to Agency Orders that have a size of less than 50 contracts, if at the time of receipt of the Agency Order, the NBBO has a bid/ask differential of $0.01, the System will reject the Agency Order. See Exchange Rule 515A(a)(1)(iii). 43 In late 2016, the Exchange filed to adopt new Rule 515A(a)(1)(iii), upon the expiration of a Pilot, to establish on a permanent basis that, with respect to Agency Orders that have a size of less than 50 contracts, if at the time of receipt of the Agency Order, the NBBO has a bid/ask differential of $0.01, the System will reject the Agency Order. Agency Orders with a size of under 50 contracts will be accepted and processed by the System when the NBBO bid/ask differential is greater than $0.01, and all Agency Orders with a size of 50 contracts or greater will be accepted and processed by the System, regardless of the NBBO bid/ask differential. The Pilot and Rule 515A(a)(1)(iii) do not apply to Complex Orders. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 79837 (January 18, 2017), 82 FR 8472 (January 25, 2017) (SR–MIAX–2016–46). 44 See proposed Exchange Rule 515A, Interpretations and Policies .12(a)(v). 45 The term ‘‘complex strategy’’ means a particular combination of components and their ratios to one another. New complex strategies can be created as the result of the receipt of a complex PO 00000 Frm 00131 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 and (B) the last priority allocation option described in Rule 515A(a)(2)(iii)(L) is not available for Initiating Members that submit cPRIME Agency Orders. With respect to cPRIME Auctions, the System allocates complex strategies, not contracts. Additionally, the last priority allocation option described in Rule 515A(a)(iii)(L) 46 is not available for Initiating Members that submit cPRIME Agency Orders. The Exchange believes that there is not significant Member demand for the use of the last priority allocation option in cPRIME Auctions, which obviates the need for its inclusion in the allocation model for cPRIME Auctions. Finally, proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(c)(vi), which states that provisions contained in Interpretations and Policies .06 and .07 of Rule 515A shall not apply to cPRIME Auctions. Interpretations and Policies .06 and .07 relate to the managed interest process and route timers on the same and opposite sides of the Agency Order in PRIME Auctions. Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(b) specifically states that cPRIME Agency Orders will be rejected if received during these conditions. Therefore, Interpretations and Policies .06 and .07 will not apply to cPRIME Auctions. Conclusion of the cPRIME Auction Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(d) to Rule 515A describes the circumstances under which a cPRIME Auction is concluded. Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(d)(i) to Rule 515A states that the cPRIME Auction shall conclude at the sooner to occur of the following events (described below) with the cPRIME Agency Order executing pursuant to proposed Rule 515A(2)(iii). First, a cPRIME Auction will conclude at the end of the RFR period. This completes the cPRIME Auction. A cPRIME Auction will conclude when an AOC eQuote 47 or cAOC order or by the Exchange for a complex strategy that is not currently in the System. The Exchange may limit the number of new complex strategies that may be in the System at a particular time and will communicate this limitation to Members via Regulatory Circular. See Exchange Rule 518(a)(6). 46 If the Initiating Member elected to have last priority in allocation when submitting an Agency Order to initiate an Auction against a single-price submission, the Initiating Member will be allocated only the amount of contracts remaining, if any, after the Agency Order is allocated to all other responses at the single price specified by the Initiating Member. See Exchange Rule 515A(a)(iii)(L). 47 A ‘‘Complex Auction or Cancel eQuote’’ or ‘‘cAOC eQuote,’’ is an eQuote submitted by a Market Maker that is used to provide liquidity during a specific Complex Auction with a time in force that corresponds with the duration of the Complex Auction. See Exchange Rule 518, Interpretations and Policies .02(c)(1). E:\FR\FM\01JNN1.SGM 01JNN1 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 104 / Thursday, June 1, 2017 / Notices Order 48 (the permitted RFR responses 49) on the opposite side of the market from the cPRIME Agency Order locks or crosses: (A) The icMBBO, or (B) the best net price of a complex order in the same strategy on the Strategy Book, whichever is more aggressive. Pursuant to proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(d)(iii) to Rule 515A, a cPRIME Auction will conclude when unrelated interest on the same side of the market as the cPRIME Agency Order locks or crosses the best price on the opposite side of the market. Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(d)(iv) to Rule 515A states that a cPRIME Auction will conclude when unrelated interest on the opposite side of the market from the cPRIME Agency Order (A) locks or crosses (1) the icMBBO, or (2) the best net price of a complex order in the same strategy on the Strategy Book, whichever is more aggressive (e.g., a higher bid or lower offer); or (B) improves the price of any RFR response. Under proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(d)(v) to Rule 515A, a cPRIME Auction will conclude when a simple order or quote in a component of the strategy on the same side of the market as the cPRIME Agency Order locks or crosses the NBBO for such component. Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(d)(vi) states that a cPRIME Auction will conclude when a simple order or quote in a component of the strategy on the opposite side of the market from the cPRIME Agency Order (A) locks or crosses the NBBO for such component, or (B) causes the icMBBO to be equal to or better than the initiating price. These provisions ensure that a cPRIME Agency Order will always receive the best price on the Exchange, while at the same time preserving the sanctity of the simple market. mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES Allocation of Contracts at the Conclusion of the cPRIME Auction Except as provided in proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(c) to Rule 515A, at the conclusion of the Auction, the cPRIME Order will be allocated in the same manner as simple PRIME Orders in the simple PRIME Auction at the best price(s) as set forth in Rule 515A. Proposed Interpretations 48 A Complex Auction-or-Cancel or ‘‘cAOC’’ order is a complex limit order used to provide liquidity during a specific Complex Auction with a time in force that corresponds with that event. See Exchange Rule 518(b)(3). 49 Members may submit responses to the RFR (specifying prices and sizes). RFR responses shall be an Auction or Cancel (‘‘AOC’’) order or an AOC eQuote. See Exchange Rule 515A(a)(2)(i)(D). This applies by reference to cPRIME Auctions (and cAOC eQuotes and cAOC orders). See proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a). VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:32 May 31, 2017 Jkt 241001 and Policies .12(c)(v) states that the order allocation provisions contained in Rule 515A(a)(2)(iii) shall apply to cPRIME Auctions, provided that, as described above: All references to contracts shall be deemed to be references to complex strategies as defined in Rule 518(a)(6); and the last priority allocation option described in Rule 515A(a)(2)(iii)(L) is not available for Initiating Members that submit cPRIME Agency Orders. Exchange Rule 515A(a)(2)(iii) currently provides that at the conclusion of the PRIME Auction, the Agency Order will be allocated at the best price(s), subject to the following: (A) Such best prices include nonAuction quotes and orders; (B) Priority Customer 50 orders resting on the Book before, or that are received during, the Response Time Interval and Priority Customer RFR responses shall, collectively have first priority to trade against the Agency Order. The allocation of an Agency Order against the Priority Customer orders resting in the Book, Priority Customer orders received during the Response Time Interval, and Priority Customer RFR responses shall be in the sequence in which they are received by the System; (C) Market Maker priority quotes and RFR responses from Market Makers 51 with priority quotes will collectively have second priority. The allocation of Agency Orders against these contra sided quotes and RFR responses shall be on a size pro rata basis as defined in Rule 514(c)(2); (D) Professional Interest orders resting in the Book, Professional Interest orders placed in the Book during the Response Time Interval, 50 See supra note 6. term ‘‘Market Makers’’ refers to ‘‘Lead Market Makers,’’ ‘‘Primary Lead Market Makers,’’ and ‘‘Registered Market Makers,’’ collectively. The term ‘‘Lead Market Maker’’ means a Member registered with the Exchange for the purpose of making markets in securities traded on the Exchange and that is vested with the rights and responsibilities specified in Chapter VI of the Exchange’s Rules with respect to Lead Market Makers. When a Lead Market Maker is appointed to act in the capacity of a Primary Lead Market Maker, the additional rights and responsibilities of a Primary Lead Market Maker specified in Chapter VI of the Exchange’s Rules will apply. The term ‘‘Primary Lead Market Maker’’ means a Lead Market Maker appointed by the Exchange to act as the Primary Lead Market Maker for the purpose of making markets in securities traded on the Exchange. The Primary Lead Market Maker is vested with the rights and responsibilities specified in Chapter VI of the Exchange’s Rules with respect to Primary Lead Market Makers. The term ‘‘Registered Market Maker’’ means a Member registered with the Exchange for the purpose of making markets in securities traded on the Exchange, who is not a Lead Market Maker and is vested with the rights and responsibilities specified in Chapter VI of the Exchange’s Rules with respect to Registered Market Makers. See Exchange Rule 100. 51 The PO 00000 Frm 00132 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 25355 Professional Interest quotes, and Professional Interest RFR responses will collectively have third priority. The allocation of Agency Orders against these contra sided orders and RFR Responses shall be on a size pro rata basis as defined in Rule 514(c)(2); (E) No participation entitlement shall apply to orders executed pursuant to this Rule; (F) If an unrelated market or marketable limit order on the opposite side of the market as the Agency Order was received during the Auction and ended the Auction, such unrelated order shall trade against the Agency Order at the midpoint of the best RFR response (or in the absence of a RFR response, the initiating price) and the NBBO on the other side of the market from the RFR responses (rounded towards the disseminated quote when necessary). (G) If an unrelated non-marketable limit order on the opposite side of the market as the Agency Order was received during the Auction and ended the Auction, such unrelated order shall trade against the Agency Order at the midpoint of the best RFR response and the unrelated order’s limit price (rounded towards the unrelated order’s limit price when necessary). Rules 515A(a)(2)(iii)(H) and (I) describe the allocation of contracts executed when the Initiating Member selects the single-price submission or the auto-match option, respectively, when submitting their Agency Order and there are either two or more participants at the execution price or when there is only one other participant on parity with the Initiating Member at either the single price execution price or at the final auto-match price point. Exchange Rules 515A(a)(2)(iii)(H) and (I) currently state that, upon conclusion of an Auction, an Initiating Member will retain certain priority and trade allocation privileges for a single-price submission and for an auto-match submission. Under current Rule 515A(a)(2)(iii)(H), if the best price equals the Initiating Member’s singleprice submission, the Initiating Member’s single-price submission shall be allocated the greater of one contract or a certain percentage of the order, which percentage will be determined by the Exchange and may not be larger than 40% of the Agency Order. However, if only one Member’s response matches the Initiating Member’s single price submission, then the Initiating Member may be allocated up to 50% of the Agency Order. Similarly, current Exchange Rule 515A(a)(2)(iii)(I) provides that if the Initiating Member selected the automatch option of the Auction, the Initiating Member shall be allocated its E:\FR\FM\01JNN1.SGM 01JNN1 25356 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 104 / Thursday, June 1, 2017 / Notices full size of RFR responses at each price point until the final auto-match price point is reached. At the final auto-match price point, the Initiating Member shall be allocated the greater of one contract 52 or a certain percentage of the remainder of the Agency Order, which percentage will be determined by the Exchange and may not be larger than 40%. However, if only one Member’s response matches the Initiating Member’s submission at the final automatch price point, then the Initiating Member may be allocated up to 50% of the remainder of the Agency Order at the final auto-match price point. At the conclusion of the Auction, the Agency Order is allocated at the best price(s) pursuant to the matching algorithm in effect for the class.53 The System first must determine the number of participants that are entitled to receive contracts to be allocated, and whether any participant(s) such as Priority Customers are entitled to receive contracts first. Thereafter, contracts are allocated among participants at the execution price. Finally, the Exchange is proposing to amend Rule 518(c) to clarify that the processing and execution of these three new complex order types is governed by Exchange Rule 515 (for cC2C Orders and cQCC Orders) and Exchange Rule 515A (for cPRIME Orders), as specified in the definition of each new complex order type under 518(b). As a technical numbering matter, the Exchange is proposing to mark Interpretations and Policies .10 and .11 to Rule 515A ‘‘Reserved’’ because these two numbers are being used in a separate proposed rule change which has not been published as of the filing date of the instant proposed rule change. The Exchange will announce the implementation date of the proposed rule change by Regulatory Circular to be published no later than 60 days following the operative date of the proposed rule. The implementation date will be no later than 60 days following the issuance of the Regulatory Circular. mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES 2. Statutory Basis MIAX believes that its proposed rule change is consistent with Section 6(b) of the Act 54 in general, and furthers the objectives of Section 6(b)(5) of the Act 55 in particular, in that it is designed to 52 Under the proposal, with respect to order allocation, all references to contracts shall be deemed to be references to complex strategies. See Proposed Rule 515A, Interpretations and Policies .12(c)(v)(A). 53 See Exchange Rule 515A(a)(2)(iii). 54 15 U.S.C. 78f(b). 55 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:32 May 31, 2017 Jkt 241001 prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in regulating, clearing, settling, processing information with respect to, and facilitating transactions in securities, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanisms of a free and open market and a national market system and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest. The proposal to amend Exchange Rules 515, 515A, and 518 to establish three new complex order types, and to adopt new provisions that relate to the processing of those new complex order types is consistent with Section 6(b)(5) of the Act because this proposal promotes just and equitable principles of trade and protects investors and the public interest by providing increased opportunities for the execution of complex orders. The Exchange believes that the new cC2C, cQCC, and cPRIME order types will benefit MIAX Options participants and the marketplace as a whole by providing more ways in which complex orders are able to interact with one another, and in some instances through Legging with the simple market. The Exchange believes the proposed rule change removes impediments to and perfects the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system and will result in more efficient trading and enhance the likelihood that complex orders execute at the best prices by providing additional order types resulting in potentially greater liquidity available for trading on the Exchange. The proposed rule change will make existing functionality available to additional order types. Making PRIME available for complex orders removes impediments to and perfects the mechanisms of a free and open market and a national market system because Members will be given additional ways in which they can seek liquidity for complex orders with the potential for price improvement on the Exchange. The proposed rule change will protect investors and the public interest by assuring that the existing priority and allocation rules applicable to the processing and execution of Customer Cross Orders, QCC Orders, and PRIME Orders remains consistent with the processing and execution of these new order types, unless as otherwise specifically set forth in the rules. The Exchange believes that the requirement that the execution of cC2C be at least $0.01 better than (inside) either the icMBBO price or the best net price of a complex order on the Strategy Book, whichever is more aggressive, PO 00000 Frm 00133 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 protects investors and the public interest by ensuring that each side of the cC2C Order receives a better price than it would receive if submitted as a single complex order. MIAX Options participants will thus receive the best prices available for both sides of a cC2COrder. The Exchange further believes that the proposed methodology for the execution of cQCC Orders without consideration of the NBBO of the stock component is consistent with the Plan. As stated above, the Plan provides an exception to the requirement that Participants establish, maintain and enforce written policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to prevent TradeThroughs when the transaction that constituted the Trade-Through was effected as a portion of a ‘‘complex trade,’’ as defined in the rules of a Participant.56 Therefore, the System considers the NBBO for each option leg of the cQCC Order, and not the NBBO for the stock component, in calculating the pricing requirement for cQCC Orders. The System does not consider the NBBO price for the stock component because the Exchange does not execute the stock component; the Exchange executes the option components at a net price and ensures that the execution price of each option component of the strategy is (i) not at the same price as a Priority Customer Order on the Exchange’s Book; and (ii) at or between the NBBO. The Exchange does require that the Member entering the cQCC Order provide certain information to the Exchange regarding the execution of the stock component, such as the underlying price, quantity, price delta, execution time and executing venue.57 This complex pricing requirement aligns with the simple order pricing requirement for a Qualified Contingent Trade (‘‘QCT’’) to consider the NBBO price. In each case, the parties to a contingent trade are focused on the spread or ratio between the transaction prices for each of the component instruments (i.e., the net price of the entire contingent trade), rather than on the absolute price of any single component. Pursuant to the requirements of the NMS QCT Exemption, the spread or ratio between the relevant instruments must be determined at the time the order is placed, and this spread or ratio stands regardless of the market prices of the individual orders at their time of execution. As the Commission noted in the Original QCT Exemption, ‘‘the 56 See 57 See E:\FR\FM\01JNN1.SGM supra note 25. supra note 27. 01JNN1 mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 104 / Thursday, June 1, 2017 / Notices difficulty of maintaining a hedge, and the risk of falling out of hedge, could dissuade participants from engaging in contingent trades, or at least raise the cost of such trades.’’ Thus, the Commission found that, if each stock leg of a qualified contingent trade were required to meet the trade-through provisions of Rule 611 of Regulation NMS, such trades could become too risky and costly to be employed successfully and noted that the elimination or reduction of this trading strategy potentially could remove liquidity from the market.58 This is also true for QCC Orders in options, and thus the Exchange believes that its proposal is consistent with the Original QCT Exemption.59 The Exchange believes that the proposal to reject a cC2C or cQCC Order at the time of receipt of the Order when any component of the strategy is subject to a PRIME Auction, Complex Auction, or a SMAT Event removes impediments to and perfects the mechanisms of a free and open market and a national market system by avoiding concurrent order processing in the same security on the Exchange. The Exchange believes that the rejection of cC2C Orders and cQCC Orders when the strategy is subject to a cPRIME or Complex Auction removes impediments to and perfects the mechanisms of a free and open market by ensuring orderly markets involving multiple complex orders with common components. Similarly, the proposed rejection of cPRIME Agency Orders when the strategy is subject to a cPRIME Auction or a Complex Auction, or any component of the strategy is subject to a SMAT Event or the managed interest process, protects investors and the public interest by ensuring that the strategy and its components are handled by the System in an orderly fashion without multiple simultaneous cPRIME Auctions, SMAT Events or the managed interest processes. The Exchange also believes that the pricing requirements under which the initiating price for a cPRIME Agency Order must be better than (inside) the icMBBO for the strategy and any other complex orders on the Strategy Book perfects the mechanisms of a free and open market and a national market system and, in general, protects investors and the public interest, by ensuring that the initiating price results in executions in cPRIME Auctions at an improved price or prices. 58 See supra note 28. 59 Id. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:32 May 31, 2017 Jkt 241001 The proposal to establish rules setting forth the various circumstances under which the system will conclude cPRIME Auction is designed to facilitate transactions, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market by freeing up interest in the cPRIME Auction when unrelated orders or other conditions cause the initiating price of the cPRIME Order to no longer be at the best price available to market participants. The Exchange believes that its proposal to afford priority to complex orders in cPRIME over simple orders is appropriate because it rewards participants that assume greater market risk and actively improve the execution price by submitting complex RFR responses in a cPRIME Auction. A simple order on the Book is not responding to an RFR for price improvement, and thus the Exchange believes that it is equitable and not unfairly discriminatory to afford priority to complex orders in a cPRIME Auction over simple orders on the Simple Order Book. The Exchange believes that affording priority to complex interest over simple interest on the Simple Order Book promotes just and equitable principles of trade by affording priority to participants submitting cPRIME Orders and RFR responses that are intended to improve the execution price on the Exchange. The Exchange believes that affording this priority encourages participants to submit more priceimproving complex orders, and that they should be rewarded with priority over simple orders that are resting on the Simple Order Book that were not submitted or intended to be price improving orders. Additionally, when the cPRIME Auction ends prior to the expiration of the RFR period due to the receipt of new interest that causes the icMBBO to be equal to or better than the initiating price, the Exchange believes that it is equitable and not unfairly discriminatory to continue to afford priority at each price point to complex interest over simple interest resting on the Simple Order Book that is executed against the individual legs of a complex order. In this situation, the new interest is arriving after complex orders at the same price; the receipt of such an order simply ends the cPRIME Auction and the execution and allocation process is accelerated, prior to the end of the RFR period. The allocation process is not changed, and simple orders resting on the book that may be executed by way of Legging are still subject to complex order priority interest at each price point and are allocated contracts only after all complex interest at that price PO 00000 Frm 00134 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 25357 has been filled. The Exchange believes that it is consistent and equitable and not unfairly discriminatory to afford priority at each price point to complex interest over simple interest even when the cPRIME Auction ends early. The Exchange also believes that the proposed rule change removes impediments to and perfects the mechanisms of a free and open market and a national market system by attracting more order flow and by increasing the frequency with which Initiating Members initiate Auctions in complex orders through PRIME, using complex orders. Moreover, the proposed rule change is consistent with the rules of other exchanges.60 B. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Burden on Competition The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. On the contrary, the proposed rule change is intended to promote competition by adding new order types that enable MIAX Options participants to execute complex orders on the Exchange. The Exchange believes that this enhances inter-market competition by enabling MIAX Options to compete for this type of order flow with other exchanges that have similar rules and functionalities in place. The Exchange further believes that adding complex orders to the PRIME mechanism enhances intra-market competition by adding another manner in which competing MIAX Options participants may submit competitive bids and offers into the System. This should result in enhanced liquidity and more competition on the Exchange. For all the reasons stated, the Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act, and believes the proposed change will in fact enhance competition. C. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others Written comments were neither solicited nor received. 60 See International Securities Exchange LLC (‘‘ISE’’) Rule 723, Supplementary Materials .09; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Inc. (‘‘CBOE’’) Rule 6.74, Interpretations and Policies .07; NASDAQ PHLX LLC (‘‘Phlx’’) Rule 1080(n). E:\FR\FM\01JNN1.SGM 01JNN1 25358 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 104 / Thursday, June 1, 2017 / Notices III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action Within 45 days of the date of publication of this notice in the Federal Register or within such longer period (i) as the Commission may designate up to 90 days of such date if it finds such longer period to be appropriate and publishes its reasons for so finding or (ii) as to which the Exchange consents, the Commission shall: (a) By order approve or disapprove such proposed rule change, or (b) institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be disapproved. Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– MIAX–2017–19 on the subject line. mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–MIAX–2017–19. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal 18:32 May 31, 2017 Jkt 241001 For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.61 Eduardo A. Aleman, Assistant Secretary. [FR Doc. 2017–11251 Filed 5–31–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P IV. Solicitation of Comments VerDate Sep<11>2014 office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–MIAX– 2017–19 and should be submitted on or before June 22, 2017. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–80795; File No. SR– BatsEDGX–2017–23] Self-Regulatory Organizations; Bats EDGX Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To Eliminate Requirements That Will Be Duplicative of CAT May 26, 2017. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the ‘‘Act’’) 1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 notice is hereby given that on May 15, 2017, Bats EDGX Exchange, Inc. (the ‘‘Exchange’’ or ‘‘EDGX’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. I. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange filed a proposal to modify requirements for the collection of information that is duplicative of information intended to be collected for the consolidated audit trail (‘‘CAT’’) adopted pursuant to the National Market System Plan Governing the Consolidated Audit Trail (the ‘‘CAT NMS Plan’’ or ‘‘Plan’’).3 The Exchange will announce the implementation date of the proposed rule change and effective date of the retirement of any 61 17 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 2 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 3 Unless otherwise specified, capitalized terms used in this rule filing are defined as set forth herein, or in the CAT Compliance Rule Series or in the CAT NMS Plan. 1 15 PO 00000 Frm 00135 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 related systems by Regulatory Circular that will be published once the options exchanges determine the thresholds for accuracy and reliability described below have been met and that the Plan Processor for CAT is sufficiently meeting all of its obligations under the CAT NMS Plan. The text of the proposed rule change is available at the Exchange’s Web site at www.bats.com, at the principal office of the Exchange, and at the Commission’s Public Reference Room. II. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in Sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant parts of such statements. (A) Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change 1. Purpose Bats BYX Exchange, Inc., Bats BZX Exchange, Inc., Bats EDGA Exchange, Inc., Bats EDGX Exchange, Inc., BOX Options Exchange LLC, C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated, Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated, Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc., Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (‘‘FINRA’’), Investors’ Exchange LLC, Miami International Securities Exchange, LLC, MIAX PEARL, LLC, NASDAQ BX, Inc., Nasdaq GEMX, LLC, Nasdaq ISE, LLC, Nasdaq MRX, LLC,4 NASDAQ PHLX LLC, The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC, New York Stock Exchange LLC, NYSE MKT LLC, NYSE Arca, Inc. and NYSE National, Inc.5 (collectively, the ‘‘Participants’’) filed with the Commission, pursuant to Section 11A of the Exchange Act 6 and 4 ISE Gemini, LLC, ISE Mercury, LLC and International Securities Exchange, LLC have been renamed Nasdaq GEMX, LLC, Nasdaq MRX, LLC, and Nasdaq ISE, LLC, respectively. See Securities Exchange Act Rel. No. 80248 (Mar. 15, 2017), 82 FR 14547 (Mar. 21, 2017); Securities Exchange Act Rel. No. 80326 (Mar. 29, 2017), 82 FR 16460 (Apr. 4, 2017); and Securities Exchange Act Rel. No. 80325 (Mar. 29, 2017), 82 FR 16445 (Apr. 4, 2017). 5 National Stock Exchange, Inc. has been renamed NYSE National, Inc. See Securities Exchange Act Rel. No. 79902 (Jan. 30, 2017), 82 FR 9258 (Feb. 3, 2017). 6 15 U.S.C. 78k–1. E:\FR\FM\01JNN1.SGM 01JNN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 104 (Thursday, June 1, 2017)]
[Notices]
[Pages 25347-25358]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-11251]


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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

[Release No. 34-80768; File No. SR-MIAX-2017-19]


Self-Regulatory Organizations; Miami International Securities 
Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule Change To Amend MIAX 
Options Rules 515, Execution of Orders and Quotes; 515A, MIAX Price 
Improvement Mechanism (``PRIME'') and PRIME Solicitation Mechanism; and 
518, Complex Orders

May 25, 2017.
    Pursuant to the provisions of Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities 
Exchange Act of 1934 (``Act'') \1\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\2\ notice 
is hereby given that on May 12, 2017, Miami International Securities 
Exchange, LLC (``MIAX Options'' or ``Exchange'') filed with the 
Securities and Exchange Commission (``Commission'') a proposed rule 
change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have 
been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is

[[Page 25348]]

publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change 
from interested persons.
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    \1\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1).
    \2\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4.
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I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance 
of the Proposed Rule Change

    The Exchange is filing a proposal to amend Exchange Rules 515, 
Execution of Orders and Quotes; 515A, MIAX Price Improvement Mechanism 
(``PRIME'') and PRIME Solicitation Mechanism; and 518, Complex Orders.
    The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange's 
Web site at http://www.miaxoptions.com/rule-filings, at MIAX's 
principal office, and at the Commission's Public Reference Room.

II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

    In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements 
concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and 
discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The 
text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in 
Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in 
sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such 
statements.

A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

1. Purpose
    The Exchange proposes to amend Exchange Rules 515, Execution of 
Orders and Quotes; 515A, MIAX Price Improvement Mechanism (``PRIME'') 
and PRIME Solicitation Mechanism; and 518, Complex Orders, to establish 
three new types of complex orders,\3\ and to adopt new provisions that 
relate to the processing of those new complex order types. In 
particular, the Exchange is proposing to modify those rules to permit 
the entry and execution of Complex Customer Cross (``cC2C'') Orders, 
Complex Qualified Contingent Cross (``cQCC'') Orders, and Complex PRIME 
(``cPRIME'') Orders, each as discussed more fully below.
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    \3\ For a description of the trading of complex orders on the 
Exchange, see Exchange Rule 518. See also, Securities Exchange Act 
Release No. 79072 (October 7, 2016), 81 FR 71131 (October 14, 2016) 
(SR-MIAX-2016-26).
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Background
    Exchange Rule 515(h) currently permits the entry and execution of 
Customer Cross Orders \4\ and Qualified Contingent Cross (``QCC'') 
Orders \5\ in the Exchange's simple market. A Customer Cross Order is 
comprised of a Priority Customer \6\ Order to buy and a Priority 
Customer Order to sell at the same price and for the same quantity. A 
Customer Cross Order is not valid during the opening rotation process 
described in Rule 503.\7\ A QCC Order is comprised of an originating 
order to buy or sell at least 1,000 contracts, or 10,000 mini-option 
contracts, that is identified as being part of a qualified contingent 
trade,\8\ as that term is defined in Rule 516, Interpretations and 
Policies .01, coupled with a contra-side order or orders totaling an 
equal number of contracts. A QCC Order is not valid during the opening 
rotation process described in Rule 503.\9\
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    \4\ See Exchange Rule 515(h)(1).
    \5\ See Exchange Rule 515(h)(2).
    \6\ The term ``Priority Customer'' means a person or entity that 
(i) is not a broker or dealer in securities, and (ii) does not place 
more than 390 orders in listed options per day on average during a 
calendar month for its own beneficial account(s). See Exchange Rule 
100.
    \7\ See Exchange Rule 516(i).
    \8\ A ``qualified contingent trade'' is a transaction consisting 
of two or more component orders, executed as agent or principal, 
where: (a) At least one component is an NMS Stock, as defined in 
Rule 600 of Regulation NMS under the Act; (b) all components are 
effected with a product or price contingency that either has been 
agreed to by all the respective counterparties or arranged for by a 
broker-dealer as principal or agent; (c) the execution of one 
component is contingent upon the execution of all other components 
at or near the same time; (d) the specific relationship between the 
component orders (e.g., the spread between the prices of the 
component orders) is determined by the time the contingent order is 
placed; (e) the component orders bear a derivative relationship to 
one another, represent different classes of shares of the same 
issuer, or involve the securities of participants in mergers or with 
intentions to merge that have been announced or cancelled; and (f) 
the transaction is fully hedged (without regard to any prior 
existing position) as a result of other components of the contingent 
trade. See Exchange Rule 516, Interpretations and Policies .01.
    \9\ See Exchange Rule 516(j).
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    Customer Cross Orders and QCC Orders are processed in a crossing 
mechanism of the Exchange's System \10\ designed specifically for the 
execution of those order types, and Rule 515(h) contains order 
processing and execution requirements that are unique to these order 
types. The Exchange proposes to use that same crossing mechanism for 
the processing and execution of cC2C Orders and cQCC Orders. 
Accordingly, the Exchange is proposing to modify Rule 515(h) so that it 
also permits the execution of cC2C Orders and cQCC Orders, through the 
adoption of Rule 515(h)(3) (relating to cC2C Orders) and Rule 515(h)(4) 
(relating to cQCC Orders). Rules 515(h)(3) and (4) include processing 
and execution requirements for cC2C Orders and cQCC Orders that differ 
from the processing and execution requirements under 515(h)(1) and (2) 
for Customer Cross Orders and QCC Orders, respectively.
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    \10\ The term ``System'' means the automated trading system used 
by the Exchange for the trading of securities. See Exchange Rule 
100.
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    Exchange Rule 515A currently permits the entry and execution of 
PRIME Orders \11\ and PRIME Solicitation Orders \12\ in the Exchange's 
simple market. PRIME is a price-improvement mechanism of the Exchange's 
System pursuant to which a Member \13\ (``Initiating Member'') 
electronically submits an order that it represents as agent (an 
``Agency Order'') into a PRIME Auction (``Auction''). The Initiating 
Member, in submitting an Agency Order, must be willing to either (i) 
cross the Agency Order at a single price (a ``single-price 
submission'') against principal or solicited interest, or (ii) 
automatically match (``auto-match''), against principal or solicited 
interest, the price and size of responses to a Request for Response 
(``RFR'') that is broadcast to MIAX Options participants up to an 
optional designated limit price.\14\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ See Exchange Rule 515A(a).
    \12\ See Exchange Rule 515A(b).
    \13\ The term ``Member'' means an individual or organization 
approved to exercise the trading rights associated with a Trading 
Permit. Members are deemed ``members'' under the Act. See Exchange 
Rule 100.
    \14\ See Exchange Rule 515A(a)(2)(i). When the Exchange receives 
a properly designated Agency Order for auction processing, an RFR 
detailing the option, side, size, and initiating price will be sent 
to all subscribers of the Exchange's data feeds. The RFR currently 
lasts for 500 milliseconds. Members may submit responses to the RFR 
(specifying prices and sizes). RFR responses shall be an Auction or 
Cancel (``AOC'') order or an AOC eQuote. Such responses cannot cross 
the disseminated MIAX Best Bid or Offer (``MBBO'') on the opposite 
side of the market from the response.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    PRIME Orders are processed in the PRIME mechanism of the Exchange's 
System that is designed specifically for the execution of those order 
types. Accordingly, Rule 515A contains order processing and execution 
requirements that are unique to these order types. The Exchange 
proposes to utilize that same PRIME mechanism for the processing and 
execution of cPRIME Orders. Accordingly, the Exchange is proposing to 
modify Rule 515A so that it also permits the execution of cPRIME 
Orders, through certain modifications to Rule 515A(a) and the adoption 
of Interpretations and Policies .12 (PRIME for Complex Orders). 
Interpretations and Policies .12 includes processing and execution 
requirements for cPRIME Orders that differ from the processing

[[Page 25349]]

and execution requirements under 515A(a) for simple PRIME Orders.
    The Exchange is also proposing to amend Exchange Rule 518, which 
governs the processing and execution of complex orders on the Exchange. 
In particular, Rule 518(b) lists and defines complex order types that 
are available for trading on the Exchange.\15\ Accordingly, the 
Exchange proposes to amend Rule 518(b) to list and define the three new 
complex order types: cC2C, cQCC, and cPRIME.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \15\ Exchange Rule 518(b), Types of Complex Orders, lists the 
various complex orders available for trading on the Exchange. The 
Exchange is proposing to add two new complex order types, cC2C and 
cQCC Orders, to this rule.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

cC2C Orders
    As discussed above, the Exchange proposes to use the same crossing 
mechanism for the processing and execution of cC2C Orders that is used 
for Customer Cross Orders in the simple market. Accordingly, proposed 
Rule 515(h)(3) shall govern the trading of cC2C Orders, as defined in 
Rule 518(b)(5), on MIAX Options.
    Proposed Rule 518(b)(5) defines a cC2C Order as a type of complex 
order which is comprised of one Priority Customer complex order to buy 
and one Priority Customer complex order to sell (the same strategy) at 
the same price (which must be better than (inside) the icMBBO \16\ or 
the best net price of the complex order on the Strategy Book \17\ for 
the strategy, whichever is more aggressive) and for the same quantity.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \16\ The Implied Complex MIAX Best Bid or Offer (``icMBBO'') is 
a calculation that uses the best price from the Simple Order Book 
(defined below) for each component of a complex strategy including 
displayed and non-displayed trading interest. For stock-option 
orders, the icMBBO for a complex strategy will be calculated using 
the best price (whether displayed or non-displayed) on the Simple 
Order Book (defined below) in the individual option component(s), 
and the NBBO in the stock component. See Exchange Rule 518(a)(11).
    \17\ The ``Strategy Book'' is the Exchange's electronic book of 
complex orders and complex quotes. See Exchange Rule 518(a)(17).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Proposed Rule 515(h)(3) describes the execution price requirements 
that are specific for cC2C Orders. Specifically, cC2C Orders are 
automatically executed upon entry provided that the execution is at 
least $0.01 better than (inside) the icMBBO (as defined in Rule 
518(a)(11)) price or the best net price of a complex order (as defined 
in Rule 518(a)(5)) on the Strategy Book (as defined in Rule 
518(a)(17)), whichever is more aggressive (i.e., the higher bid and/or 
lower offer). The purpose of the requirement that the execution be at 
the more aggressive price of either the icMBBO or the best net price of 
the complex order on the Strategy Book is to ensure that each 
participant in the complex order receives a better price than it would 
receive if submitted as a single complex order, and to ensure that 
there is no interference between the simple and complex markets.
    The System will reject a cC2C Order if, at the time of receipt of 
the cC2C Order, (i) the strategy is subject to a cPRIME Auction 
pursuant to Rule 515A proposed Interpretations and Policies .12, or to 
a Complex Auction pursuant to Rule 518(d); or (ii) any component of the 
strategy is subject to a SMAT Event as described in Rule 
518(a)(16).\18\ The purpose of this provision is to maintain an orderly 
market by avoiding the execution of cC2C Orders with components that 
are involved in other System functions (specifically a PRIME Auction, 
Route Timer, or liquidity refresh pause) that could affect the 
execution price of the cC2C Order, and by avoiding concurrent 
processing on the Exchange involving the same security. This 
methodology for the handling of cC2C Orders differs somewhat from the 
methodology for handling Customer Cross Orders, wherein the System will 
not reject a cC2C Order when a component of the strategy is subject to 
the managed interest process \19\ pursuant to Rule 515(c) (as the 
System would reject a Customer Cross Order in the simple market during 
such a condition). A cC2C Order already has a guaranteed execution 
price at the better of $0.01 inside the icMBBO price or at the best net 
price of a complex order on the Strategy Book. Therefore, it is not 
necessary or desirable to reject and thereby preclude the execution of 
a cC2C Order in this circumstance.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \18\ A Simple Market Auction or Timer, or ``SMAT'' Event, is 
defined as any of the following: (i) A PRIME Auction (pursuant to 
Rule 515A); (ii) a Route Timer (pursuant to Rule 529); or (iii) a 
liquidity refresh pause (pursuant to Rule 515(c)(2)). See Exchange 
Rule 518(a)(16).
    \19\ Under the managed interest process, if the limit price of a 
non-routable order locks or crosses the current opposite side NBBO, 
the System will display the order one Minimum Price Variation away 
from the current opposite side NBBO, and book the order at a price 
that will lock the current opposite side NBBO. See Exchange Rule 
515(c)(ii).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Proposed Rule 515(h)(3)(A) states that cC2C Orders will be 
automatically cancelled if they cannot be executed. Proposed Rule 
515(h)(3)(B) provides that cC2C Orders may only be entered in the 
minimum trading increments applicable to complex orders under Rule 
518(c)(1)(i).\20\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \20\ Bids and offers on complex orders and quotes may be 
expressed in $0.01 increments, and the component(s) of a complex 
order may be executed in $0.01 increments, regardless of the minimum 
increments otherwise applicable to individual components of the 
complex order. See Exchange Rule 518(c)(1)(i).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As a regulatory matter, proposed Rule 515(h)(3)(C) states that Rule 
520, Interpretations and Policies .01 \21\ applies to the entry and 
execution of cC2C Orders.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \21\ Rule 520(b) prevents an Electronic Exchange Member from 
executing agency orders to increase its economic gain from trading 
against the order without first giving other trading interest on the 
Exchange an opportunity to either trade with the agency order or to 
trade at the execution price when the Member was already bidding or 
offering on the Book. However, the Exchange recognizes that it may 
be possible for an Electronic Exchange Member to establish a 
relationship with a customer or other person (including affiliates) 
to deny agency orders the opportunity to interact on the Exchange 
and to realize similar economic benefits as it would achieve by 
executing agency orders as principal. It will be a violation of Rule 
520(b) for an Electronic Exchange Member to be a party to any 
arrangement designed to circumvent Rule 520(b) by providing an 
opportunity for a customer or other person (including affiliates) to 
regularly execute against agency orders handled by the Electronic 
Exchange Member immediately upon their entry into the System. See 
Exchange Rule 520, Interpretations and Policies .01.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Proposed Rule 515(h)(3)(D) states that the Exchange will determine, 
on a class-by-class basis, the option classes in which cC2C Orders are 
available for trading on the Exchange, and will announce such classes 
to Members via Regulatory Circular.
    The following example illustrates the execution of a cC2C Order:
Example 1--A cC2C Order Is Executed
MIAX-LMM Mar 50 Call 6.00-6.50 (10x10)
MIAX-LMM Mar 55 Call 3.00-3.30 (10x10)

Strategy: Buy 1 Mar 50 Call, Sell 1 Mar 55 Call

The icMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer
The dcMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer

    The Strategy Book contains a Priority Customer offer to sell the 
Strategy at 3.30 credit, 20 times.
    The Exchange receives a cC2C Order representing Priority Customers 
on both sides for the simultaneous purchase and sale of the strategy at 
a net price of 3.29, 500 times.
    Since the order price is at least $0.01 better than (inside) the 
icMBBO and the best net price of any order for the Strategy on the 
Strategy Book, the cC2C order is automatically executed upon entry.
cQCC Orders
    As discussed above, the Exchange proposes to use the same crossing 
mechanism for the processing and execution of cQCC Orders that is used

[[Page 25350]]

for QCC Orders in the simple market.\22\ Accordingly, proposed Rule 
515(h)(4) shall govern the trading of cQCC Orders, as defined in Rule 
518(b)(6), on MIAX Options.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \22\ See Exchange Rule 515(h)(2).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Proposed Rule 518(b)(6) defines a cQCC Order as a type of complex 
order which is comprised of a complex order to buy or sell where each 
component is at least 1,000 contracts that is identified as being part 
of a qualified contingent trade, as defined in Rule 516, 
Interpretations and Policies .01,\23\ coupled with a contra-side 
complex order or orders (for the same strategy) totaling an equal 
number of contracts.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \23\ See supra note 8.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Proposed Rule 515(h)(4) mirrors the execution price requirements 
for simple QCC Orders by providing that cQCC Orders are automatically 
executed upon entry provided that, with respect to each option leg of 
the cQCC Order, the execution (i) is not at the same price as a 
Priority Customer Order on the Exchange's Book; \24\ and (ii) is at or 
between the NBBO. The purpose of the requirement that each option leg 
be executed at or between the NBBO is to ensure that no option 
component of the cQCC Order trades through the NBBO. The purpose of the 
requirement that each option leg be executed at a price better than any 
Priority Customer on the Book is to ensure that no option component of 
the cQCC Order trades ahead of a Priority Customer Order.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \24\ The term ``Book'' means the electronic book of buy and sell 
orders and quotes maintained by the System. See Exchange Rule 100.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Options Order Protection and Locked/Crossed Markets Plan (the 
``Plan''), provides an exception to the requirement that Participants 
establish, maintain and enforce written policies and procedures that 
are reasonably designed to prevent Trade-Throughs when the transaction 
that constituted the Trade-Through was effected as a portion of a 
``complex trade,'' as defined in the rules of a Participant.\25\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \25\ See Section 5(b)(viii) of the Plan. See also, Exchange Rule 
1401(b)(7).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The System does not consider the NBBO price for the stock component 
because the Exchange does not execute the stock component; the Exchange 
executes the option components at a net price and ensures that the 
execution price of each option component of the strategy is (i) not at 
the same price as a Priority Customer Order on the Exchange's Simple 
Order Book; \26\ and (ii) at or between the NBBO. The Exchange does 
require that the Member entering a QCC Order provide certain 
information to the Exchange regarding the execution of the stock 
component, such as the underlying price, quantity, price delta, 
execution time and executing venue.\27\ The Exchange will require this 
same information from Members with respect to cQCC Orders.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \26\ The ``Simple Order Book'' is the Exchange's regular 
electronic book of orders and quotes, as defined in Exchange Rule 
518, Complex Orders. See Exchange Rule 518(a)(15). For purposes of 
the instant proposed rule change, the terms ``Book'' (see supra note 
24) and ``Simple Order Book'' have the same meaning and are 
interchangeable.
    \27\ See MIAX Options Regulatory Circular No. 2015-47 (October 
2, 2015), describing Regulatory Requirements when entering a 
Qualified Contingent Cross Order.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This complex pricing requirement aligns with the simple order 
pricing requirement for a Qualified Contingent Trade (``QCT'') to 
consider the NBBO price. In each case, the parties to a contingent 
trade are focused on the spread or ratio between the transaction prices 
for each of the component instruments (i.e., the net price of the 
entire contingent trade), rather than on the absolute price of any 
single component. Pursuant to the requirements of the NMS QCT 
Exemption, the spread or ratio between the relevant instruments must be 
determined at the time the order is placed, and this spread or ratio 
stands regardless of the market prices of the individual orders at 
their time of execution. As the Commission noted in the Original QCT 
Exemption, ``the difficulty of maintaining a hedge, and the risk of 
falling out of hedge, could dissuade participants from engaging in 
contingent trades, or at least raise the cost of such trades.'' Thus, 
the Commission found that, if each stock leg of a qualified contingent 
trade were required to meet the trade-through provisions of Rule 611 of 
Regulation NMS, such trades could become too risky and costly to be 
employed successfully and noted that the elimination or reduction of 
this trading strategy potentially could remove liquidity from the 
market.\28\ This is also true for QCC Orders in options, and thus the 
Exchange believes that its proposal is consistent with the Original QCT 
Exemption.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \28\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 54389 (August 31, 
2006), 71 FR 52829 (September 7, 2006) (``Original QCT Exemption'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The System will reject a cQCC Order if, at the time of receipt of 
the cQCC Order, (i) the strategy is subject to a cPRIME Auction 
pursuant to proposed Rule 515A, Interpretations and Policies .12, or to 
a Complex Auction pursuant to Rule 518(d); or any component of the 
strategy is subject to a SMAT Event as described in Rule 
518(a)(16).\29\ This provision is intended to maintain an orderly 
market by avoiding the execution of cQCC Orders with components that 
are involved in other System functions (specifically a PRIME Auction, 
Route Timer, or liquidity refresh pause) that could affect the 
execution price of the cQCC Order, and by avoiding concurrent 
processing on the Exchange involving the same security. For the same 
reasons as described above with respect to cC2C Orders, the System will 
not reject a cQCC Order when a component of the strategy that is 
subject to the managed interest process pursuant to Rule 515(c) (as the 
System would reject a QCC Order in the simple market during such a 
condition).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \29\ See supra note 18.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Proposed Rule 515(h)(4)(A) states that cQCC Orders will be 
automatically cancelled if they cannot be executed. Proposed Rule 
515(h)(4)(B) provides that cQCC Orders may only be entered in the 
minimum trading increments applicable to complex orders under Rule 
518(c)(1)(i).\30\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \30\ See supra note 20.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Just as with cC2C Orders, proposed Rule 515(h)(4)(C)states that the 
Exchange will determine, on a class-by-class basis, the option classes 
in which cQCC Orders are available for trading on the Exchange, and 
will announce such classes to Members via Regulatory Circular.
    The following example illustrates the execution of a cQCC Order:
Example 2--A cQCC Order Is Executed
MIAX-LMM Mar 50 Call 6.00-6.50 (10x10--no Priority Customer interest)
MIAX-LMM Mar 55 Call 3.00-3.30 (10x10--no Priority Customer interest)
ABBO--Mar 50 Call 6.00-6.30 (10x10)
ABBO--Mar 55 Call 3.00-3.30 (10x10)
NBBO--Mar 50 Call 6.00-6.30 (20x10)
NBBO--Mar 55 Call 3.00-3.30 (20x20)

Strategy: Buy 1 Mar 50 Call, Sell 1 Mar 55 Call

The icMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer
The dcMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer
The ABBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.30 credit offer

    The Exchange receives a cQCC Order representing Public Customers on 
both sides for the simultaneous purchase and sale of the strategy at a 
net price of 3.30, 1000 times along with information regarding the 
execution of the stock component relating to the crossing of 20,000 
shares of the underlying security (which information related to a 
separate

[[Page 25351]]

order that was sent to the stock execution venue by the Clearing Member 
previously identified to the Exchange as a Designated Give Up for the 
Member that submitted the cQCC Order in accordance with the Rule).
    Since the order can be executed at or between the NBBO for each leg 
of the Strategy, is not at the same price as a Priority Customer Order 
on the Exchange's Simple Order Book, and the order size and underlying 
security requirements have been met, the cQCC Order is automatically 
executed upon entry.
    The Exchange is proposing the same price execution requirements 
that are currently in place on other exchanges.\31\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \31\ See, e.g., Securities Exchange Act Release No. 69948 (July 
9, 2013), 78 FR 42132 (July 15, 2013) (SR-CBOE-2013-41). See also, 
NYSEArca Regulatory Information Bulletin no. RBO-11-04 (May 26, 
2011).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Complex PRIME Orders
    As discussed above, the Exchange proposes to use the same PRIME 
mechanism for the processing and execution of cPRIME Orders that is 
used for PRIME Orders in the simple market. The manner in which cPRIME 
Orders will be processed and executed will be the same as the manner in 
which simple PRIME Orders are currently processed and executed, except 
as otherwise provided in proposed Interpretations and Policies .12 to 
Rule 515A. Accordingly, proposed Interpretations and Policies .12, 
PRIME for Complex Orders, states that, unless otherwise provided in 
Interpretations and Policies .12 to Rule 515A or unless the context 
otherwise requires, the provisions of Exchange Rule 515A(a) (which 
governs the processing and execution of simple PRIME orders) shall be 
applicable to the trading of complex orders on PRIME.
    Proposed Rule 518(b)(7) defines a cPRIME Order as a type of complex 
order that is submitted for participation in a cPRIME Auction. Trading 
of cPRIME Orders is governed by Rule 515A, Interpretations and Policies 
.12.
    The Exchange will determine, on a class-by-class basis, the option 
classes in which complex orders are available for trading on PRIME on 
the Exchange, and will announce such classes to Members via Regulatory 
Circular.
    The Exchange is proposing to amend Rule 515A(a)(2)(D) by stating 
clearly in the rule that the System will reject RFR responses submitted 
with a price that is not equal to or better than the initiating price. 
The purpose of this proposal is to avoid the handling of RFR responses 
by the System that could not be executed in an Auction because they are 
inferior to the initiating price, at which the Agency Order has been 
stopped. The Exchange is proposing to delete the last sentence of Rule 
515A(a)(2)(i)(D) which states simply that such RFR responses cannot 
cross the disseminated MBBO on the opposite side of the market from the 
response. Such a response would result in the conclusion of the Auction 
under current Rule 515A(2)(ii)(E), which states that the Auction will 
conclude any time an RFR response matches the NBBO on the opposite side 
of the market from the RFR responses. The Exchange is proposing to 
delete the last sentence of Rule 515A(a)(2)(i)(D), because the NBBO 
cannot be outside, or inferior to, the MBBO, and an RFR response 
therefore could not cross the MBBO without matching or crossing the 
NBBO, which stops the Auction. This provision in Rule 515A(a)(2)(i)(D) 
is unnecessary and should be deleted.
    Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a) to Rule 515A includes 
general rules applicable to cPRIME Orders and cPRIME Auctions. Under 
the proposal, Members may use PRIME to execute complex orders at a net 
price. In order to distinguish PRIME Auctions involving simple PRIME 
Orders from cPRIME Auctions involving cPRIME Orders, the Exchange is 
proposing to add new defined terms to Interpretations and Policies 
.12(a). Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a) states that 
``cPRIME'' is the process by which a Member may electronically submit a 
``cPRIME Order'' (as defined in proposed Rule 518(b)(7)) it represents 
as agent (a ``cPRIME Agency Order'') against principal or solicited 
interest for execution (a ``cPRIME Auction''). The Exchange is 
proposing to adopt these new terms for clarity and ease of reference.
    Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a)(i) to Rule 515A states 
that the initiating price for a cPRIME Agency Order must be better than 
(inside) the icMBBO \32\ for the strategy and any other complex orders 
on the Strategy Book. This ensures that the execution price of the 
cPRIME Agency Order improves the best price on the Exchange at the time 
of receipt, and that there is no interference between the simple and 
complex markets. The System will reject cPRIME Agency Orders submitted 
with an initiating price that is equal to or worse than (outside) the 
icMBBO or any other complex orders on the Strategy Book.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \32\ See supra note 16.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a)(ii) to Rule 515A 
states that Members may enter RFR responses on the opposite side of the 
market from the cPRIME Agency Order at net prices, and bids and offers 
for complex orders may participate in the execution of an order as 
provided in MIAX Options Rule 515A. The purpose of this provision is to 
clarify that cPRIME Auctions, including the RFR and RFR responses, 
will, with certain exceptions described herein, be handled and executed 
in the same manner as simple PRIME Auctions.
    Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a)(iii) to Rule 515A 
states that, except as provided in proposed Interpretations and 
Policies .12(c) (described below), with respect to bids and offers for 
the individual legs of a complex order entered into cPRIME, the order 
allocation rules contained in Rule 514 will apply. This ensures that 
simple orders on the Exchange's Simple Order Book are allocated under 
the simple order allocation rules when they are executed against the 
legs of a complex order.
    Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a)(iv) to Rule 515A 
states that, if an improved net price for the complex order being 
executed can be achieved from bids and offers for the individual legs 
of the complex order in the simple market, and the complex order is 
otherwise eligible for Legging pursuant to Rule 518(c)(2)(iii),\33\ the 
Strategy being matched will receive an execution at the better net 
price. The purpose of this provision is to ensure that the Exchange 
will provide the best net price available on the Exchange, whether by 
way of matching strategies or by way of Legging with the Simple Order 
Book, as long as the complex order is eligible for Legging.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \33\ Complex orders up to a maximum number of legs (determined 
by the Exchange on a class-by-class basis as either two or three 
legs and communicated to Members via Regulatory Circular) may be 
automatically executed against bids and offers on the Simple Order 
Book for the individual legs of the complex order (``Legging''), 
provided the complex order can be executed in full or in a 
permissible ratio by such bids and offers, and provided that the 
execution price of each component is not executed at a price that is 
outside of the NBBO. Legging is not available for cAOC orders, 
complex Standard quotes, complex eQuotes, or stock-option orders. 
Notwithstanding the foregoing, complex orders with two option legs 
where both legs are buying or both legs are selling and both legs 
are calls or both legs are puts may only trade against other complex 
orders on the Strategy Book and will not be permitted to leg into 
the Simple Order Book. Complex orders with three option legs where 
all legs are buying or all legs are selling may only trade against 
other complex orders on the Strategy Book, regardless of whether the 
option leg is a call or a put. The System will not generate derived 
orders for these complex orders. See Exchange Rule 518(c)(2)(iii).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a)(v) to Rule 515A states 
that all references to the NBBO in Rule 515A

[[Page 25352]]

are inapplicable.\34\ Any of the references to the NBBO in Rule 515A 
apply to simple orders and do not apply to complex orders; proposed 
Interpretations and Policies .12 replaces references to the NBBO with 
references to the icMBBO that apply to complex orders.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \34\ Complex orders and quotes are executed without 
consideration of any prices for the complex strategy that might be 
available on other exchanges trading the same options contracts. See 
Exchange Rule 518(c)(2)(ii).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The following example illustrates the execution of a cPRIME Order 
with the single price submission election (no auto-match):
Example 3--A cPRIME Order Is Executed (Without Auto-Match)
MIAX-LMM Mar 50 Call 6.00-6.50 (10x10)
MIAX-LMM Mar 55 Call 3.00-3.30 (10x10)

Strategy: Buy 1 Mar 50 Call, Sell 1 Mar 55 Call

The icMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer
The dcMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer

    The Strategy Book contains a Priority Customer offer to sell the 
Strategy at 3.30 credit, 20 times.
    The Exchange receives a cPRIME Order with the cPRIME Agency Order 
representing the purchase of the Strategy at a net debit of 3.29, 500 
times. Auto-match is not enabled.
    Since the order price is at least $0.01 better than (inside) the 
icMBBO and the best net price of any order for the Strategy on the 
Book, a cPRIME Auction can begin.
    An RFR is broadcast to all subscribers showing price, the quantity 
of matched complex orders at that price, and the side of the cPRIME 
Agency Order, is sent and a 500 millisecond RFR period is started.
    The following responses are received:

 @50 milliseconds BD1 response, cAOC Order @3.25 credit sell of 
100 arrives
 @150 milliseconds MM1 response, cAOC eQuote @3.27 credit sell 
of 100 arrives
 @200 milliseconds MM3 response, cAOC eQuote @3.29 credit sell 
of 200 arrives
 @300 milliseconds MM4 response, cAOC eQuote @3.29 credit sell 
of 200 arrives

    The cPRIME Auction process will continue until the Response Time 
Interval ends. When the 500 millisecond Response Time Interval ends, 
the cPRIME Auction process will trade the cPRIME Agency Order with the 
best priced responses. The cPRIME Agency order will be filled as 
follows:

 The cPRIME Agency Order buys 100 from BD1 @3.25
 The cPRIME Agency Order buys 100 from MM1 @3.27
 At the final price, the cPRIME Agency Order buys:

--50 from MM3 @3.29;
--50 from MM4 @3.29; and
--200 (40%) from the cPRIME Contra Order @3.29.

    The following example illustrates the execution of a cPRIME Order 
with the auto-match election:
Example 4--A cPRIME Order Is Executed (With Auto-Match)
MIAX-LMM Mar 50 Call 6.00-6.50 (10x10)
MIAX-LMM Mar 55 Call 3.00-3.30 (10x10)
Strategy: Buy 1 Mar 50 Call, Sell 1 Mar 55 Call

The icMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer
The dcMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer

    The Strategy Book contains a Priority Customer offer to sell the 
Strategy at 3.30 credit, 20 times.
    The Exchange receives a cPRIME Order with the cPRIME Agency Order 
representing the purchase of the Strategy at a net debit of 3.29, 500 
times. Auto-match has been enabled with an auto-match limit price of 
3.25.
    Since the order price is at least $0.01 better than (inside) the 
icMBBO and the best net price of any order for the Strategy on the 
Book, a cPRIME Auction can begin.
    An RFR is broadcast to all subscribers showing price, the quantity 
of matched complex orders at that price, and the side of the cPRIME 
Agency Order, is sent and a 500 millisecond RFR period is started.
    The following responses are received:

 @50 milliseconds BD1 response, cAOC Order @3.25 credit sell of 
100 arrives
 @150 milliseconds MM1 response, cAOC eQuote @3.27 credit sell 
of 300 arrives

    The cPRIME Auction process will continue until the Response Time 
Interval ends. When the 500 millisecond Response Time Interval ends, 
the cPRIME Auction process will trade the Agency Order with the best 
priced responses. The Agency Order will be filled as follows:

 At the interim price, the cPRIME Agency Order buys:

--100 from BD1 @3.25; and
--100 (auto-match RFR Response) from the cPRIME Contra Order @3.25.

 At the final price, the cPRIME Agency Order buys:

--150 from MM1 @3.27; and
--150 (auto-match 50% of the remaining Agency Order size) from the 
cPRIME Contra Order @3.27

    The following example illustrates the execution of a cPRIME Order 
that legs into the simple market:
Example 5--A cPRIME Order Is Executed (by Legging Into the Simple 
Market)
MIAX-LMM Mar 50 Call 6.00-6.50 (10x10)
MIAX-LMM Mar 55 Call 3.00-3.30 (10x10)

Strategy: Buy 1 Mar 50 Call, Sell 1 Mar 55 Call

The icMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer
The dcMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer

    The Strategy Book contains a Priority Customer offer to sell the 
Strategy at 3.30 credit, 20 times.
    The Exchange receives a cPRIME Order with the cPRIME Agency Order 
representing the purchase of the Strategy at a net debit of 3.29, 500 
times. Auto-match is not enabled.
    Since the order price is at least $0.01 better than (inside) the 
icMBBO and the best net price of any order for the Strategy on the 
Book, a cPRIME Auction can begin.
    An RFR is broadcast to all subscribers showing price, the quantity 
of matched complex orders at that price, and the side of the cPRIME 
Agency Order, is sent and a 500 millisecond RFR period is started.
    The following responses are received:

 @150 milliseconds MM2 response, cAOC Order @3.28 credit sell 
of 100 arrives
 @200 milliseconds MM1 response, cAOC Order @3.27 credit sell 
of 300 arrives
 @300 milliseconds the MIAX LMM improves its offer to sell 10 
Mar 50 Calls to a price of 6.25

    The offer to sell 10 Mar 50 Calls @6.25 changes the icMBBO credit 
offer to 3.25, crossing the Auction Start Price and causing the cPRIME 
Auction process to be terminated immediately.
    The cPRIME Auction process will trade the Agency Order with the 
best priced liquidity opposite the Agency Order according to the 
allocation process contained in Rule 515A. The Agency Order will be 
filled as follows:

 The cPRIME Agency Order buys:

--10 from legging into the Simple market icMBBO @3.25 (buy 10 Mar 50 
Calls at 6.25, and sell 10 Mar 55 Calls at 3.00); and

[[Page 25353]]

--300 from MM1 @3.27; and
--100 from MM2 @3.28; and
--90 from the cPRIME Contra Order @3.29

    There are certain circumstances that are unique to cPRIME Orders 
(such as when a component of the cPRIME Order is in a certain state), 
where the System will reject the cPRIME Order. Accordingly, proposed 
Interpretations and Policies .12(b) describes each of these specific 
circumstances. Specifically, the System will reject a cPRIME Agency 
Order if, at the time of receipt of the cPRIME Agency Order: (i) The 
strategy is subject to a cPRIME Auction or to a Complex Auction 
pursuant to Rule 518(d); (ii) any component of the strategy is subject 
to a SMAT Event as described in Rule 518(a)(16); or (iii) any component 
of the strategy is subject to the managed interest process described in 
Rule 515(c)(1)(ii). The purpose of this provision is to maintain an 
orderly market by avoiding simultaneous multiple cPRIME Auctions and 
multiple concurrent PRIME, cPRIME and Complex Auctions, and to avoid 
executions during a Route Timer \35\ or liquidity refresh pause \36\ 
that could affect the price of the components and of the strategy.
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    \35\ For those initiating Public Customer orders that are 
routable, but do not meet the additional criteria for Immediate 
Routing, the System will implement a Route Timer not to exceed one 
second (the duration of the Timer will be announced to Members 
through a Regulatory Circular), in order to allow Market Makers and 
other participants an opportunity to interact with the initiating 
order. See Exchange Rule 529(b)(2)(i).
    \36\ The System will pause the market for a time period not to 
exceed one second to allow additional orders or quotes refreshing 
the liquidity at the MBBO to be received (``liquidity refresh 
pause'') when at the time of receipt or reevaluation of the 
initiating order by the System: (A) Either the initiating order is a 
limit order whose limit price crosses the NBBO or the initiating 
order is a market order, and the limit order or market order could 
only be partially executed; (B) a Market Maker quote was all or part 
of the MBBO when the MBBO is alone at the NBBO; and (C) and the 
Market Maker quote was exhausted. See Exchange Rule 515(c)(2).
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    The Exchange believes that, if the System were to accept and 
process cPRIME Agency Orders during the various circumstances described 
in proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(b) to Rule 515A, market 
participants could be faced with a number of simultaneous PRIME, cPRIME 
and/or Complex Auctions involving the same strategy or component, which 
in turn could have an impact the orderly functioning of the markets.
    Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(c) to Rule 515A describes 
various other situations that are unique to, or otherwise apply 
specifically to, cPRIME Orders. The purpose of this provision is to 
``carve out'' rules for cPRIME Orders for which the rules for simple 
PRIME Orders do not apply and to otherwise make clear in the Exchange's 
rules the manner in which cPRIME Orders will be processed and executed 
under the proposal. Accordingly, proposed Interpretations and Policies 
.12(c) states that, notwithstanding the provisions of this Rule 515A 
with respect to PRIME, the following shall apply to cPRIME Orders only.
    Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(c)(i) to Rule 515A states 
that the RFR period for cPRIME Auctions shall be independent from the 
RFR for PRIME Auctions and shall last for a period of time set forth in 
Rule 515A(a)(2)(i)(C). The current RFR period for PRIME Auctions is 500 
milliseconds.\37\
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    \37\ The Exchange notes that, on April 13, 2017, it filed with 
the Commission a proposed rule change (SR-MIAX-2017-16) that would 
amend the duration of the RFR period contained in Rule 
515A(a)(2)(i)(c) so that the duration can be a period of time within 
a range of no less than 100 milliseconds and no more than 1 second, 
as determined by the Exchange and announced via Regulatory Circular. 
If approved, such provision would allow a separate and potentially 
different time period for simple PRIME Auctions and cPRIME Auctions, 
provided that each time period is within the permissible range. The 
Exchange notes that MIAX's proposed rule change to amend the 
duration of a PRIME Auction was published in the Federal Register on 
May 5, 2017 and is subject to a public comment period expiring on 
May 26, 2017. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 80570 (May 1, 
2017), 82 FR 21288 (May 5, 2017) (SR-MIAX-2017-16) Notice of Filing 
of a Proposed Rule Change to Amend MIAX Options Rule 515A, MIAX 
Price Improvement Mechanism (``PRIME'') and PRIME Solicitation 
Mechanism.
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    The Exchange is proposing to adopt Interpretations and Policies 
.12(c)(ii) to Rule 515A which states that participants that submit 
simple orders that are executed as individual legs of complex orders at 
the execution price point will be allocated contracts only after all 
complex interest at such price point have received allocations. cPRIME 
Orders are matched first against other complex orders and have priority 
over simple orders that are on the Book and ``legged,'' at the 
execution price, regardless of the origin code of the simple order. The 
Exchange believes that this is appropriate because the initiating price 
of the cPRIME Agency Order is always superior to the net price of 
simple orders resting on the Simple Order Book. The Agency Order is 
submitted at an improved price with an accompanying contra side order 
(principal or solicited interest) that is intended to trade with all 
components of the Agency Order at a net price at the time of 
submission. Simple orders resting on the Book do not necessarily intend 
to trade with the legs of the Agency Order, and thus the Exchange 
believes that it is equitable and not unfairly discriminatory to afford 
priority to complex interest over simple interest.
    Additionally, under the proposal, when new interest is received in 
the simple market that causes the icMBBO on the opposite side of the 
market from the cPRIME Agency Order to be equal to or better than the 
initiating price, the cPRIME Auction ends before the expiration of the 
RFR period. In this situation, the receipt of such an order simply ends 
the cPRIME Auction and the execution and allocation process is 
accelerated, prior to the end of the RFR period.
    Regardless of when the cPRIME Auction ends, contracts are first 
allocated by matching complex strategies; thereafter, contracts that 
are executed by way of Legging \38\ complex strategy components against 
the Book are allocated among the complex strategies, and then finally 
among the simple orders on the Book that are matched with components of 
the Legged strategy. Thus, the allocation process is not changed, and 
simple orders resting on the book that may be executed by way of 
Legging are still subject to complex order priority interest and are 
allocated contracts only after all complex interest has been filled at 
that price. The Exchange believes that it is consistent, equitable and 
not unfairly discriminatory to afford priority to complex interest over 
simple interest even when Complex Auction ends early.\39\
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    \38\ See Exchange Rule 518(c)(2)(iii).
    \39\ The Exchange notes that other exchanges afford priority to 
complex interest over simple interest. See, e.g., NASDAQ PHLX, LLC 
(``PHLX'') Rule 1098(e)(vi)(A)(2); see also, PHLX Rule 
1098(e)(viii)(C)(3).
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    The Exchange believes that its proposal to afford priority to 
complex orders in cPRIME over simple orders is appropriate because it 
rewards participants that assume greater market risk and actively 
improves the execution price by submitting complex RFR responses in a 
cPRIME Auction. A simple order on the Book is not responding to an RFR 
for price improvement, and thus the Exchange believes that it is 
equitable and not unfairly discriminatory to afford priority to complex 
orders in a cPRIME Auction over simple orders on the MIAX Options Book. 
The Exchange believes that affording priority to complex interest over 
simple interest on the Simple Order Book is consistent with Section 
6(b) of the Act \40\ in general, and furthers the objectives of Section 
6(b)(5)

[[Page 25354]]

of the Act \41\ in particular, in that it promotes just and equitable 
principles of trade by affording priority to participants submitting 
cPRIME Orders and RFR responses that are intended to improve the then-
existing price on the Exchange. The Exchange believes that affording 
this priority encourages participants to submit more price-improving 
complex orders, and that they should be rewarded with priority over 
simple orders that are resting on the Simple Order Book that were not 
submitted or intended to be price improving orders.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \40\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b).
    \41\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5).
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    The following example illustrates the execution and allocation of a 
cPRIME Order (with simple interest allocated after all complex interest 
has been allocated):
Example 6--A cPRIME Order Is Executed (Simple Interest Allocated After 
Complex Interest)
MIAX-LMM Mar 50 Call 6.00-6.50 (10x10)
MIAX-LMM Mar 55 Call 3.00-3.30 (10x10)

Strategy: Buy 1 Mar 50 Call, Sell 1 Mar 55 Call

The icMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer
The dcMBBO is 2.70 debit bid at 3.50 credit offer

    The Strategy Book contains a Priority Customer offer to sell the 
Strategy at 3.30 credit, 20 times.
    The Exchange receives a cPRIME Order with the cPRIME Agency Order 
representing the purchase of the Strategy at a net debit of 3.29, 500 
times. Auto-match is not enabled.
    Since the order price is at least $0.01 better than (inside) the 
icMBBO and the best net price of any order for the Strategy on the 
Book, a cPRIME Auction can begin.
    An RFR is broadcast to all subscribers showing price, the quantity 
of matched complex orders at that price, and the side of the cPRIME 
Agency Order, is sent and a 500 millisecond RFR period is started.
    The following responses are received:

 @250 milliseconds MM2 response, cAOC Order @3.25 credit sell 
of 500 arrives
 @300 milliseconds the MIAX LMM improves its offer to sell 10 
Mar 50 Calls to a price of 6.25

    The offer to sell 10 Mar 50 Calls @6.25 changes the icMBBO credit 
offer to 3.25, crossing the Auction Start Price and causing the cPRIME 
Auction process to be terminated immediately.
    The cPRIME Auction process will trade the Agency Order with the 
best priced liquidity opposite the Agency Order according to the 
allocation process contained in Rule 515A. The Agency Order will be 
filled as follows:

 The cPRIME Agency Order buys:

--500 from MM2 @3.25
--Simple Interest receives no allocation

    Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(c)(iii) to Rule 515A 
states that the size and bid/ask differential provisions contained in 
Exchange Rule 515A(a)(1)(iii) \42\ shall not apply to cPRIME Orders. 
Rule 515A(a)(1) is intended to apply to simple PRIME Auctions, and not 
to apply to complex orders.\43\ Under Rule 515A(a)(1)(iii), with 
respect to Agency Orders that have a size of less than 50 contracts, if 
at the time of receipt of the Agency Order, the NBBO has a bid/ask 
differential of $0.01, the System will reject the Agency Order. This 
rule would not apply to complex orders, including cPRIME Orders, 
because the NBBO is not a consideration in determining the execution 
price of a complex order.\44\
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    \42\ With respect to Agency Orders that have a size of less than 
50 contracts, if at the time of receipt of the Agency Order, the 
NBBO has a bid/ask differential of $0.01, the System will reject the 
Agency Order. See Exchange Rule 515A(a)(1)(iii).
    \43\ In late 2016, the Exchange filed to adopt new Rule 
515A(a)(1)(iii), upon the expiration of a Pilot, to establish on a 
permanent basis that, with respect to Agency Orders that have a size 
of less than 50 contracts, if at the time of receipt of the Agency 
Order, the NBBO has a bid/ask differential of $0.01, the System will 
reject the Agency Order. Agency Orders with a size of under 50 
contracts will be accepted and processed by the System when the NBBO 
bid/ask differential is greater than $0.01, and all Agency Orders 
with a size of 50 contracts or greater will be accepted and 
processed by the System, regardless of the NBBO bid/ask 
differential. The Pilot and Rule 515A(a)(1)(iii) do not apply to 
Complex Orders. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 79837 
(January 18, 2017), 82 FR 8472 (January 25, 2017) (SR-MIAX-2016-46).
    \44\ See proposed Exchange Rule 515A, Interpretations and 
Policies .12(a)(v).
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    Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(c)(iv) to Rule 515A 
states that the conclusion of auction provisions contained in Rule 
515A(a)(2)(ii) shall not apply to cPRIME Auctions. Rather, the Exchange 
is proposing to adopt a separate set of provisions relating to the 
conclusion of auctions that apply only to cPRIME Auctions, in proposed 
Interpretations and Policies .12(d), discussed below.
    Proposed Rule 515A, Interpretations and Policies .12(c)(v), states 
that the order allocation provisions contained in Rule 515A(a)(2)(iii) 
shall apply to cPRIME Auctions, provided that (A) all references to 
contracts shall be deemed to be references to complex strategies; \45\ 
and (B) the last priority allocation option described in Rule 
515A(a)(2)(iii)(L) is not available for Initiating Members that submit 
cPRIME Agency Orders. With respect to cPRIME Auctions, the System 
allocates complex strategies, not contracts. Additionally, the last 
priority allocation option described in Rule 515A(a)(iii)(L) \46\ is 
not available for Initiating Members that submit cPRIME Agency Orders. 
The Exchange believes that there is not significant Member demand for 
the use of the last priority allocation option in cPRIME Auctions, 
which obviates the need for its inclusion in the allocation model for 
cPRIME Auctions.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \45\ The term ``complex strategy'' means a particular 
combination of components and their ratios to one another. New 
complex strategies can be created as the result of the receipt of a 
complex order or by the Exchange for a complex strategy that is not 
currently in the System. The Exchange may limit the number of new 
complex strategies that may be in the System at a particular time 
and will communicate this limitation to Members via Regulatory 
Circular. See Exchange Rule 518(a)(6).
    \46\ If the Initiating Member elected to have last priority in 
allocation when submitting an Agency Order to initiate an Auction 
against a single-price submission, the Initiating Member will be 
allocated only the amount of contracts remaining, if any, after the 
Agency Order is allocated to all other responses at the single price 
specified by the Initiating Member. See Exchange Rule 
515A(a)(iii)(L).
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    Finally, proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(c)(vi), which 
states that provisions contained in Interpretations and Policies .06 
and .07 of Rule 515A shall not apply to cPRIME Auctions. 
Interpretations and Policies .06 and .07 relate to the managed interest 
process and route timers on the same and opposite sides of the Agency 
Order in PRIME Auctions. Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(b) 
specifically states that cPRIME Agency Orders will be rejected if 
received during these conditions. Therefore, Interpretations and 
Policies .06 and .07 will not apply to cPRIME Auctions.
Conclusion of the cPRIME Auction
    Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(d) to Rule 515A describes 
the circumstances under which a cPRIME Auction is concluded. Proposed 
Interpretations and Policies .12(d)(i) to Rule 515A states that the 
cPRIME Auction shall conclude at the sooner to occur of the following 
events (described below) with the cPRIME Agency Order executing 
pursuant to proposed Rule 515A(2)(iii).
    First, a cPRIME Auction will conclude at the end of the RFR period. 
This completes the cPRIME Auction.
    A cPRIME Auction will conclude when an AOC eQuote \47\ or cAOC

[[Page 25355]]

Order \48\ (the permitted RFR responses \49\) on the opposite side of 
the market from the cPRIME Agency Order locks or crosses: (A) The 
icMBBO, or (B) the best net price of a complex order in the same 
strategy on the Strategy Book, whichever is more aggressive.
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    \47\ A ``Complex Auction or Cancel eQuote'' or ``cAOC eQuote,'' 
is an eQuote submitted by a Market Maker that is used to provide 
liquidity during a specific Complex Auction with a time in force 
that corresponds with the duration of the Complex Auction. See 
Exchange Rule 518, Interpretations and Policies .02(c)(1).
    \48\ A Complex Auction-or-Cancel or ``cAOC'' order is a complex 
limit order used to provide liquidity during a specific Complex 
Auction with a time in force that corresponds with that event. See 
Exchange Rule 518(b)(3).
    \49\ Members may submit responses to the RFR (specifying prices 
and sizes). RFR responses shall be an Auction or Cancel (``AOC'') 
order or an AOC eQuote. See Exchange Rule 515A(a)(2)(i)(D). This 
applies by reference to cPRIME Auctions (and cAOC eQuotes and cAOC 
orders). See proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(a).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Pursuant to proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(d)(iii) to 
Rule 515A, a cPRIME Auction will conclude when unrelated interest on 
the same side of the market as the cPRIME Agency Order locks or crosses 
the best price on the opposite side of the market.
    Proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(d)(iv) to Rule 515A 
states that a cPRIME Auction will conclude when unrelated interest on 
the opposite side of the market from the cPRIME Agency Order (A) locks 
or crosses (1) the icMBBO, or (2) the best net price of a complex order 
in the same strategy on the Strategy Book, whichever is more aggressive 
(e.g., a higher bid or lower offer); or (B) improves the price of any 
RFR response.
    Under proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(d)(v) to Rule 515A, 
a cPRIME Auction will conclude when a simple order or quote in a 
component of the strategy on the same side of the market as the cPRIME 
Agency Order locks or crosses the NBBO for such component. Proposed 
Interpretations and Policies .12(d)(vi) states that a cPRIME Auction 
will conclude when a simple order or quote in a component of the 
strategy on the opposite side of the market from the cPRIME Agency 
Order (A) locks or crosses the NBBO for such component, or (B) causes 
the icMBBO to be equal to or better than the initiating price. These 
provisions ensure that a cPRIME Agency Order will always receive the 
best price on the Exchange, while at the same time preserving the 
sanctity of the simple market.
Allocation of Contracts at the Conclusion of the cPRIME Auction
    Except as provided in proposed Interpretations and Policies .12(c) 
to Rule 515A, at the conclusion of the Auction, the cPRIME Order will 
be allocated in the same manner as simple PRIME Orders in the simple 
PRIME Auction at the best price(s) as set forth in Rule 515A. Proposed 
Interpretations and Policies .12(c)(v) states that the order allocation 
provisions contained in Rule 515A(a)(2)(iii) shall apply to cPRIME 
Auctions, provided that, as described above: All references to 
contracts shall be deemed to be references to complex strategies as 
defined in Rule 518(a)(6); and the last priority allocation option 
described in Rule 515A(a)(2)(iii)(L) is not available for Initiating 
Members that submit cPRIME Agency Orders.
    Exchange Rule 515A(a)(2)(iii) currently provides that at the 
conclusion of the PRIME Auction, the Agency Order will be allocated at 
the best price(s), subject to the following: (A) Such best prices 
include non-Auction quotes and orders; (B) Priority Customer \50\ 
orders resting on the Book before, or that are received during, the 
Response Time Interval and Priority Customer RFR responses shall, 
collectively have first priority to trade against the Agency Order. The 
allocation of an Agency Order against the Priority Customer orders 
resting in the Book, Priority Customer orders received during the 
Response Time Interval, and Priority Customer RFR responses shall be in 
the sequence in which they are received by the System; (C) Market Maker 
priority quotes and RFR responses from Market Makers \51\ with priority 
quotes will collectively have second priority. The allocation of Agency 
Orders against these contra sided quotes and RFR responses shall be on 
a size pro rata basis as defined in Rule 514(c)(2); (D) Professional 
Interest orders resting in the Book, Professional Interest orders 
placed in the Book during the Response Time Interval, Professional 
Interest quotes, and Professional Interest RFR responses will 
collectively have third priority. The allocation of Agency Orders 
against these contra sided orders and RFR Responses shall be on a size 
pro rata basis as defined in Rule 514(c)(2); (E) No participation 
entitlement shall apply to orders executed pursuant to this Rule; (F) 
If an unrelated market or marketable limit order on the opposite side 
of the market as the Agency Order was received during the Auction and 
ended the Auction, such unrelated order shall trade against the Agency 
Order at the midpoint of the best RFR response (or in the absence of a 
RFR response, the initiating price) and the NBBO on the other side of 
the market from the RFR responses (rounded towards the disseminated 
quote when necessary). (G) If an unrelated non-marketable limit order 
on the opposite side of the market as the Agency Order was received 
during the Auction and ended the Auction, such unrelated order shall 
trade against the Agency Order at the midpoint of the best RFR response 
and the unrelated order's limit price (rounded towards the unrelated 
order's limit price when necessary).
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    \50\ See supra note 6.
    \51\ The term ``Market Makers'' refers to ``Lead Market 
Makers,'' ``Primary Lead Market Makers,'' and ``Registered Market 
Makers,'' collectively. The term ``Lead Market Maker'' means a 
Member registered with the Exchange for the purpose of making 
markets in securities traded on the Exchange and that is vested with 
the rights and responsibilities specified in Chapter VI of the 
Exchange's Rules with respect to Lead Market Makers. When a Lead 
Market Maker is appointed to act in the capacity of a Primary Lead 
Market Maker, the additional rights and responsibilities of a 
Primary Lead Market Maker specified in Chapter VI of the Exchange's 
Rules will apply. The term ``Primary Lead Market Maker'' means a 
Lead Market Maker appointed by the Exchange to act as the Primary 
Lead Market Maker for the purpose of making markets in securities 
traded on the Exchange. The Primary Lead Market Maker is vested with 
the rights and responsibilities specified in Chapter VI of the 
Exchange's Rules with respect to Primary Lead Market Makers. The 
term ``Registered Market Maker'' means a Member registered with the 
Exchange for the purpose of making markets in securities traded on 
the Exchange, who is not a Lead Market Maker and is vested with the 
rights and responsibilities specified in Chapter VI of the 
Exchange's Rules with respect to Registered Market Makers. See 
Exchange Rule 100.
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    Rules 515A(a)(2)(iii)(H) and (I) describe the allocation of 
contracts executed when the Initiating Member selects the single-price 
submission or the auto-match option, respectively, when submitting 
their Agency Order and there are either two or more participants at the 
execution price or when there is only one other participant on parity 
with the Initiating Member at either the single price execution price 
or at the final auto-match price point.
    Exchange Rules 515A(a)(2)(iii)(H) and (I) currently state that, 
upon conclusion of an Auction, an Initiating Member will retain certain 
priority and trade allocation privileges for a single-price submission 
and for an auto-match submission. Under current Rule 
515A(a)(2)(iii)(H), if the best price equals the Initiating Member's 
single-price submission, the Initiating Member's single-price 
submission shall be allocated the greater of one contract or a certain 
percentage of the order, which percentage will be determined by the 
Exchange and may not be larger than 40% of the Agency Order. However, 
if only one Member's response matches the Initiating Member's single 
price submission, then the Initiating Member may be allocated up to 50% 
of the Agency Order.
    Similarly, current Exchange Rule 515A(a)(2)(iii)(I) provides that 
if the Initiating Member selected the auto-match option of the Auction, 
the Initiating Member shall be allocated its

[[Page 25356]]

full size of RFR responses at each price point until the final auto-
match price point is reached. At the final auto-match price point, the 
Initiating Member shall be allocated the greater of one contract \52\ 
or a certain percentage of the remainder of the Agency Order, which 
percentage will be determined by the Exchange and may not be larger 
than 40%. However, if only one Member's response matches the Initiating 
Member's submission at the final auto-match price point, then the 
Initiating Member may be allocated up to 50% of the remainder of the 
Agency Order at the final auto-match price point.
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    \52\ Under the proposal, with respect to order allocation, all 
references to contracts shall be deemed to be references to complex 
strategies. See Proposed Rule 515A, Interpretations and Policies 
.12(c)(v)(A).
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    At the conclusion of the Auction, the Agency Order is allocated at 
the best price(s) pursuant to the matching algorithm in effect for the 
class.\53\ The System first must determine the number of participants 
that are entitled to receive contracts to be allocated, and whether any 
participant(s) such as Priority Customers are entitled to receive 
contracts first. Thereafter, contracts are allocated among participants 
at the execution price.
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    \53\ See Exchange Rule 515A(a)(2)(iii).
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    Finally, the Exchange is proposing to amend Rule 518(c) to clarify 
that the processing and execution of these three new complex order 
types is governed by Exchange Rule 515 (for cC2C Orders and cQCC 
Orders) and Exchange Rule 515A (for cPRIME Orders), as specified in the 
definition of each new complex order type under 518(b).
    As a technical numbering matter, the Exchange is proposing to mark 
Interpretations and Policies .10 and .11 to Rule 515A ``Reserved'' 
because these two numbers are being used in a separate proposed rule 
change which has not been published as of the filing date of the 
instant proposed rule change.
    The Exchange will announce the implementation date of the proposed 
rule change by Regulatory Circular to be published no later than 60 
days following the operative date of the proposed rule. The 
implementation date will be no later than 60 days following the 
issuance of the Regulatory Circular.
2. Statutory Basis
    MIAX believes that its proposed rule change is consistent with 
Section 6(b) of the Act \54\ in general, and furthers the objectives of 
Section 6(b)(5) of the Act \55\ in particular, in that it is designed 
to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote 
just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and 
coordination with persons engaged in regulating, clearing, settling, 
processing information with respect to, and facilitating transactions 
in securities, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanisms of a 
free and open market and a national market system and, in general, to 
protect investors and the public interest.
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    \54\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b).
    \55\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposal to amend Exchange Rules 515, 515A, and 518 to 
establish three new complex order types, and to adopt new provisions 
that relate to the processing of those new complex order types is 
consistent with Section 6(b)(5) of the Act because this proposal 
promotes just and equitable principles of trade and protects investors 
and the public interest by providing increased opportunities for the 
execution of complex orders. The Exchange believes that the new cC2C, 
cQCC, and cPRIME order types will benefit MIAX Options participants and 
the marketplace as a whole by providing more ways in which complex 
orders are able to interact with one another, and in some instances 
through Legging with the simple market. The Exchange believes the 
proposed rule change removes impediments to and perfects the mechanism 
of a free and open market and a national market system and will result 
in more efficient trading and enhance the likelihood that complex 
orders execute at the best prices by providing additional order types 
resulting in potentially greater liquidity available for trading on the 
Exchange.
    The proposed rule change will make existing functionality available 
to additional order types. Making PRIME available for complex orders 
removes impediments to and perfects the mechanisms of a free and open 
market and a national market system because Members will be given 
additional ways in which they can seek liquidity for complex orders 
with the potential for price improvement on the Exchange.
    The proposed rule change will protect investors and the public 
interest by assuring that the existing priority and allocation rules 
applicable to the processing and execution of Customer Cross Orders, 
QCC Orders, and PRIME Orders remains consistent with the processing and 
execution of these new order types, unless as otherwise specifically 
set forth in the rules.
    The Exchange believes that the requirement that the execution of 
cC2C be at least $0.01 better than (inside) either the icMBBO price or 
the best net price of a complex order on the Strategy Book, whichever 
is more aggressive, protects investors and the public interest by 
ensuring that each side of the cC2C Order receives a better price than 
it would receive if submitted as a single complex order. MIAX Options 
participants will thus receive the best prices available for both sides 
of a cC2COrder.
    The Exchange further believes that the proposed methodology for the 
execution of cQCC Orders without consideration of the NBBO of the stock 
component is consistent with the Plan. As stated above, the Plan 
provides an exception to the requirement that Participants establish, 
maintain and enforce written policies and procedures that are 
reasonably designed to prevent Trade-Throughs when the transaction that 
constituted the Trade-Through was effected as a portion of a ``complex 
trade,'' as defined in the rules of a Participant.\56\ Therefore, the 
System considers the NBBO for each option leg of the cQCC Order, and 
not the NBBO for the stock component, in calculating the pricing 
requirement for cQCC Orders.
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    \56\ See supra note 25.
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    The System does not consider the NBBO price for the stock component 
because the Exchange does not execute the stock component; the Exchange 
executes the option components at a net price and ensures that the 
execution price of each option component of the strategy is (i) not at 
the same price as a Priority Customer Order on the Exchange's Book; and 
(ii) at or between the NBBO. The Exchange does require that the Member 
entering the cQCC Order provide certain information to the Exchange 
regarding the execution of the stock component, such as the underlying 
price, quantity, price delta, execution time and executing venue.\57\
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    \57\ See supra note 27.
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    This complex pricing requirement aligns with the simple order 
pricing requirement for a Qualified Contingent Trade (``QCT'') to 
consider the NBBO price. In each case, the parties to a contingent 
trade are focused on the spread or ratio between the transaction prices 
for each of the component instruments (i.e., the net price of the 
entire contingent trade), rather than on the absolute price of any 
single component. Pursuant to the requirements of the NMS QCT 
Exemption, the spread or ratio between the relevant instruments must be 
determined at the time the order is placed, and this spread or ratio 
stands regardless of the market prices of the individual orders at 
their time of execution. As the Commission noted in the Original QCT 
Exemption, ``the

[[Page 25357]]

difficulty of maintaining a hedge, and the risk of falling out of 
hedge, could dissuade participants from engaging in contingent trades, 
or at least raise the cost of such trades.'' Thus, the Commission found 
that, if each stock leg of a qualified contingent trade were required 
to meet the trade-through provisions of Rule 611 of Regulation NMS, 
such trades could become too risky and costly to be employed 
successfully and noted that the elimination or reduction of this 
trading strategy potentially could remove liquidity from the 
market.\58\ This is also true for QCC Orders in options, and thus the 
Exchange believes that its proposal is consistent with the Original QCT 
Exemption.\59\
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    \58\ See supra note 28.
    \59\ Id.
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    The Exchange believes that the proposal to reject a cC2C or cQCC 
Order at the time of receipt of the Order when any component of the 
strategy is subject to a PRIME Auction, Complex Auction, or a SMAT 
Event removes impediments to and perfects the mechanisms of a free and 
open market and a national market system by avoiding concurrent order 
processing in the same security on the Exchange.
    The Exchange believes that the rejection of cC2C Orders and cQCC 
Orders when the strategy is subject to a cPRIME or Complex Auction 
removes impediments to and perfects the mechanisms of a free and open 
market by ensuring orderly markets involving multiple complex orders 
with common components.
    Similarly, the proposed rejection of cPRIME Agency Orders when the 
strategy is subject to a cPRIME Auction or a Complex Auction, or any 
component of the strategy is subject to a SMAT Event or the managed 
interest process, protects investors and the public interest by 
ensuring that the strategy and its components are handled by the System 
in an orderly fashion without multiple simultaneous cPRIME Auctions, 
SMAT Events or the managed interest processes.
    The Exchange also believes that the pricing requirements under 
which the initiating price for a cPRIME Agency Order must be better 
than (inside) the icMBBO for the strategy and any other complex orders 
on the Strategy Book perfects the mechanisms of a free and open market 
and a national market system and, in general, protects investors and 
the public interest, by ensuring that the initiating price results in 
executions in cPRIME Auctions at an improved price or prices.
    The proposal to establish rules setting forth the various 
circumstances under which the system will conclude cPRIME Auction is 
designed to facilitate transactions, to remove impediments to and 
perfect the mechanism of a free and open market by freeing up interest 
in the cPRIME Auction when unrelated orders or other conditions cause 
the initiating price of the cPRIME Order to no longer be at the best 
price available to market participants.
    The Exchange believes that its proposal to afford priority to 
complex orders in cPRIME over simple orders is appropriate because it 
rewards participants that assume greater market risk and actively 
improve the execution price by submitting complex RFR responses in a 
cPRIME Auction. A simple order on the Book is not responding to an RFR 
for price improvement, and thus the Exchange believes that it is 
equitable and not unfairly discriminatory to afford priority to complex 
orders in a cPRIME Auction over simple orders on the Simple Order Book. 
The Exchange believes that affording priority to complex interest over 
simple interest on the Simple Order Book promotes just and equitable 
principles of trade by affording priority to participants submitting 
cPRIME Orders and RFR responses that are intended to improve the 
execution price on the Exchange. The Exchange believes that affording 
this priority encourages participants to submit more price-improving 
complex orders, and that they should be rewarded with priority over 
simple orders that are resting on the Simple Order Book that were not 
submitted or intended to be price improving orders.
    Additionally, when the cPRIME Auction ends prior to the expiration 
of the RFR period due to the receipt of new interest that causes the 
icMBBO to be equal to or better than the initiating price, the Exchange 
believes that it is equitable and not unfairly discriminatory to 
continue to afford priority at each price point to complex interest 
over simple interest resting on the Simple Order Book that is executed 
against the individual legs of a complex order. In this situation, the 
new interest is arriving after complex orders at the same price; the 
receipt of such an order simply ends the cPRIME Auction and the 
execution and allocation process is accelerated, prior to the end of 
the RFR period. The allocation process is not changed, and simple 
orders resting on the book that may be executed by way of Legging are 
still subject to complex order priority interest at each price point 
and are allocated contracts only after all complex interest at that 
price has been filled. The Exchange believes that it is consistent and 
equitable and not unfairly discriminatory to afford priority at each 
price point to complex interest over simple interest even when the 
cPRIME Auction ends early.
    The Exchange also believes that the proposed rule change removes 
impediments to and perfects the mechanisms of a free and open market 
and a national market system by attracting more order flow and by 
increasing the frequency with which Initiating Members initiate 
Auctions in complex orders through PRIME, using complex orders. 
Moreover, the proposed rule change is consistent with the rules of 
other exchanges.\60\
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    \60\ See International Securities Exchange LLC (``ISE'') Rule 
723, Supplementary Materials .09; Chicago Board Options Exchange, 
Inc. (``CBOE'') Rule 6.74, Interpretations and Policies .07; NASDAQ 
PHLX LLC (``Phlx'') Rule 1080(n).
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B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition

    The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will 
impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate 
in furtherance of the purposes of the Act.
    On the contrary, the proposed rule change is intended to promote 
competition by adding new order types that enable MIAX Options 
participants to execute complex orders on the Exchange. The Exchange 
believes that this enhances inter-market competition by enabling MIAX 
Options to compete for this type of order flow with other exchanges 
that have similar rules and functionalities in place.
    The Exchange further believes that adding complex orders to the 
PRIME mechanism enhances intra-market competition by adding another 
manner in which competing MIAX Options participants may submit 
competitive bids and offers into the System. This should result in 
enhanced liquidity and more competition on the Exchange.
    For all the reasons stated, the Exchange does not believe that the 
proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition not 
necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act, and 
believes the proposed change will in fact enhance competition.

C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed 
Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others

    Written comments were neither solicited nor received.

[[Page 25358]]

III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for 
Commission Action

    Within 45 days of the date of publication of this notice in the 
Federal Register or within such longer period (i) as the Commission may 
designate up to 90 days of such date if it finds such longer period to 
be appropriate and publishes its reasons for so finding or (ii) as to 
which the Exchange consents, the Commission shall: (a) By order approve 
or disapprove such proposed rule change, or (b) institute proceedings 
to determine whether the proposed rule change should be disapproved.

IV. Solicitation of Comments

    Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and 
arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule 
change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of 
the following methods:

Electronic Comments

     Use the Commission's Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml); or
     Send an email to rule-comments@sec.gov. Please include 
File Number SR-MIAX-2017-19 on the subject line.

Paper Comments

     Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities 
and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549-1090.

All submissions should refer to File Number SR-MIAX-2017-19. This file 
number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help 
the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, 
please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on 
the Commission's Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all 
written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are 
filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to 
the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other 
than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the 
provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and 
printing in the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., 
Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 
10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available 
for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All 
comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does 
not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should 
submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All 
submissions should refer to File Number SR-MIAX-2017-19 and should be 
submitted on or before June 22, 2017.

    For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, 
pursuant to delegated authority.\61\
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    \61\ 17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(12).
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Eduardo A. Aleman,
Assistant Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2017-11251 Filed 5-31-17; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P