Self-Regulatory Organizations; Bats BZX Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule Change To Introduce Bats Market Close, a Closing Match Process for Non-BZX Listed Securities Under New Exchange Rule 11.28, 23320-23323 [2017-10305]

Download as PDF 23320 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 97 / Monday, May 22, 2017 / Notices www.prc.gov, Docket Nos. MC2017–130, CP2017–184. POSTAL SERVICE Product Change—Priority Mail Express, Priority Mail, & First-Class Package Service Negotiated Service Agreement Ruth B. Stevenson, Attorney, Federal Compliance. [FR Doc. 2017–10314 Filed 5–19–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7710–12–P AGENCY: ACTION: Postal ServiceTM. Notice. The Postal Service gives notice of filing a request with the Postal Regulatory Commission to add a domestic shipping services contract to the list of Negotiated Service Agreements in the Mail Classification Schedule’s Competitive Products List. SUMMARY: DATES: Effective date: May 22, 2017. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Elizabeth A. Reed, 202–268–3179. The United States Postal Service® hereby gives notice that, pursuant to 39 U.S.C. 3642 and 3632(b)(3), on May 9, 2017, it filed with the Postal Regulatory Commission a Request of the United States Postal Service to Add Priority Mail Express, Priority Mail, & First-Class Package Service Contract 18 to Competitive Product List. Documents are available at www.prc.gov, Docket Nos. MC2017–131, CP2017–185. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Ruth B. Stevenson, Attorney, Federal Compliance. [FR Doc. 2017–10315 Filed 5–19–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7710–12–P POSTAL SERVICE Product Change—Priority Mail Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: ACTION: Postal ServiceTM. Notice. The Postal Service gives notice of filing a request with the Postal Regulatory Commission to add a domestic shipping services contract to the list of Negotiated Service Agreements in the Mail Classification Schedule’s Competitive Products List. SUMMARY: DATES: Effective date: May 22, 2017. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Elizabeth A. Reed, 202–268–3179. The United States Postal Service® hereby gives notice that, pursuant to 39 U.S.C. 3642 and 3632(b)(3), on May 9, 2017, it filed with the Postal Regulatory Commission a Request of the United States Postal Service to Add Priority Mail Contract 318 to Competitive Product List. Documents are available at mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: VerDate Sep<11>2014 23:17 May 19, 2017 Jkt 241001 SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–80683; File No. SR– BatsBZX–2017–34] Self-Regulatory Organizations; Bats BZX Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule Change To Introduce Bats Market Close, a Closing Match Process for Non-BZX Listed Securities Under New Exchange Rule 11.28 May 16, 2017. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the ‘‘Act’’),1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 notice is hereby given that on May 5, 2017, Bats BZX Exchange, Inc. (the ‘‘Exchange’’ or ‘‘BZX’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II and III below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. I. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange filed a proposal to introduce Bats Market Close, a closing match process for non-BZX Listed Securities 3 under new Exchange Rule 11.28. The text of the proposed rule change is available at the Exchange’s Web site at www.batstrading.com, at the principal office of the Exchange, and at the Commission’s Public Reference Room. II. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the 1 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). CFR 240.19b–4. 3 A BZX Listed security is a security listed on the Exchange pursuant to Chapter 14 of the Exchange’s Rules and includes both corporate listed securities and Exchange Traded Products (‘‘ETPs’’). 2 17 PO 00000 Frm 00151 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in Sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant parts of such statements. A. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and the Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change 1. Purpose The Exchange proposes to introduce Bats Market Close, a closing match process for non-BZX Listed Securities under new Exchange Rule 11.28. In sum, all buy and sell Market-On-Close Orders (‘‘MOC’’) 4 designated for participation in Bats Market Close would be matched at the official closing price for such security published by the primary listing market, as further described below. The Exchange proposes Bats Market Close in response to interest from market participants who seek an alternative to participation on the primary listing market’s closing auction while still receiving an execution at the official closing price. Over recent years, the total volume executed in the primary listing markets’ closing auctions has increased over 70% from 200 million shares per day in 2012 to almost 350 million shares per day in 2016.5 Over that same period of time, continuous trading volume has increased 13% from 6.11 billion shares per day in 2012 to 6.93 billion shares per day in 2016.6 Closing auctions on the primary listing markets amounted to almost 5% of the total executed volume in 2016.7 The official closing price for any listed security is generally determined by the closing auction for that security held at the primary listing market. Market participants seeking to transact at the official closing price must, therefore, participate in the listing market’s closing auction to receive the official closing price, as evidenced by recent marketing materials 8 from the New York Stock Exchange, Inc. (‘‘NYSE’’) stating that their closing auction receives 100% of the market share in all Tape A securities (NYSE listed). The NYSE and the Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (‘‘Nasdaq’’) have taken 4 The term ‘‘Market-On-Close’’ or ‘‘MOC’’ means a BZX market order that is designated for execution only in the Closing Auction. See Exchange Rule 11.23(a)(15). The Exchange proposes to amend the description of Market-On-Close orders to include orders designated to execute in the proposed Bats Market Close. 5 Based on BZX’s internal data. 6 Id. 7 Id. 8 See NYSE Open and Closing Auctions, available at https://www.nyse.com/publicdocs/nyse/markets/ nyse/NYSE_Opening_and_Closing_Auctions_Fact_ Sheet.pdf. E:\FR\FM\22MYN1.SGM 22MYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 97 / Monday, May 22, 2017 / Notices mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES advantage by charging higher fees for participation in their respective closing auctions than for trading conducted during the trading day. Both the NYSE and Nasdaq assess a fee on both sides of the transactions that occur in their closing auction.9 As volume executed in the primary listing markets’ closing auctions has increased, a disproportionate increase in fees has occurred. The Exchange believes there are two solutions by which one could address the adverse conditions caused by the existing closing auction and official closing price process, but only one is viable. First, one could create a closing auction to directly compete with the primary listing market for order flow and price discovery. As discussed below, the Exchange believes this solution is not optimal as it further fragments the market and impedes the closing auction’s price discovery process. Further, there are exchanges that currently offer closing auctions in non-listed securities with minimal success.10 Second, one could provide investors with alternative venues for securing the primary closing print price, as proposed herein. The Exchange believes this is a viable alternative as it does not fragment the market or impact the price discovery process performed by the primary listing market’s closing auction. The Exchange proposes to adopt Bats Market Close in response to requests from market participants, and buy-side firms in particular, for an alternative to 9 Over the last few years, both the NYSE and Nasdaq have increased their closing auction fees considerably—NYSE’s base rate has gone up by 16% to $.0011 per share (or a capture of $.0022 per matched share). See Tier F under Execution Fees for the Nasdaq Closing Cross in the Nasdaq fee schedule available at http:// www.nasdaqtrader.com/ Trader.aspx?id=PriceListTrading2; and Liquidity Indicator 7 in the NYSE fee schedule available at https://www.nyse.com/markets/nyse/trading-info/ fees. Nasdaq has also increased its fee by a much larger 60% margin to $.0016 per share (or a capture of $.0032 per share). Id. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 68150 (November 5, 2012), 77 FR 67431 (November 9, 2012) (SR–NYSE–2012–56). The capture from the top tier for closing auction would be $.0012 for NYSE and $.0018 for Nasdaq while that for continuous trading would be $.00055 for NYSE and ¥$.00005 for Nasdaq, which are much lower than the capture for their respective closing auctions. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 63852 (February 7, 2011), 76 FR 8791 (February 15, 2011) (SR–Nasdaq–2011–017). Using $.00275 as the removal rate and $0.0022 as the top tiered rebate for non-market makers and nonSupplemental Liquidity Providers. See NYSE fee schedule available at s the top tiered rebate for nonmarket makers. See Tier F under Execution Fees for the Nasdaq Closing Cross in the Nasdaq fee schedule available at http:// www.nasdaqtrader.com/ Trader.aspx?id=PriceListTrading2. 10 See infra note 21 and accompanying text. VerDate Sep<11>2014 23:17 May 19, 2017 Jkt 241001 the primary listing markets’ closing auction that also provides an execution at the security’s official closing price. As described in proposed Exchange Rule 11.28, for non-BZX Listed securities only, the System 11 would seek to match buy and sell MOC orders designated for participation in Bats Market Close at the official closing price for such security published by the primary listing market.12 Members 13 would be able to enter, cancel or replace MOC orders designated for participation in Bats Market Close beginning at 6:00 a.m. Eastern Time up until 3:35 p.m. Eastern Time (‘‘MOC Cut-Off Time’’).14 Members would not be able to enter, cancel or replace MOC orders designated for participation in the proposed Bats Market Close after the MOC Cut-Off Time. At the MOC Cut-Off Time, the System would match for execution all buy and sell MOC orders entered into the System based on time priority.15 Any remaining balance of unmatched shares would then be cancelled back to the Member(s). The System would then disseminate, via the Bats Auction Feed,16 the total size of all buy and sell 11 The term ‘‘System’’ is defined as ‘‘the electronic communications and trading facility designated by the Board through which securities orders of Users are consolidated for ranking, execution and, when applicable, routing away.’’ See Exchange Rule 1.5(aa). 12 The Exchange notes that the official closing price may be published by another exchange in the case the primary listing market suffers an impairment and is unable to perform its closing action process. See e.g., Securities Exchange Act Release No. 78015 (June 8, 2016), 81 FR 38747 (June 14, 2016) (SR–NYSE–2016–18) and (SR– NYSEMKT–2016–31) (‘‘OCP Approval Order’’). See also Nasdaq Rule 4754(b)(8) and NYSE Arca Rule 1.1(ggP) [sic]. 13 The term ‘‘Member’’ is defined as ‘‘any registered broker or dealer that has been admitted to membership in the Exchange.’’ See Exchange Rule 1.5(n). 14 Currently, the NYSE designates the cut-off time for the entry of Market At-the-Close Orders as 3:45 p.m. Eastern Time. See NYSE Rule 123C. Nasdaq, in turn, designates the ‘‘end of the order entry period’’ as 3:50 p.m. Eastern Time. See Nasdaq Rule 4754. 15 As set forth in proposed Interpretation and Policy .02, the Exchange would cancel all MOC orders designated to participate in Bats Market Close in the event the Exchange becomes impaired prior to the MOC Cut-Off Time and is unable to recover within 5 minutes from the MOC Cut-Off Time. This would provide Members time to route their orders to the primary listing market’s closing auction. Should the Exchange become impaired after the MOC Cut-Off Time, it would retain all matched MOC orders and execute those orders at the official closing price once it is operational. 16 The Bats Auction Feed disseminates information regarding the current status of price and size information related to auctions conducted by the Exchange and is provided at no charge. See Exchange Rule 11.22(i). The Exchange proposed to amend Exchange Rule 11.22(i) to reflect that the Bats Auction Feed would also include the total size of all buy and sell orders matched via Bats Market Close. PO 00000 Frm 00152 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 23321 orders matched per each security via Bats Market Close. All matched buy and sell MOC orders would then remain on the System until the publication of the official closing price by the primary listing market. Upon publication of the official closing price by the primary listing market, the System would execute all previously matched buy and sell MOC orders at that official closing price.17 The Exchange has designed Bats Market Close to provide an alternative means to obtain an execution at the official closing price without compromising the price discovery function performed by the primary listing market’s closing auctions. By matching only MOC orders, and not limit orders, and executing those matched MOC orders that naturally pair off with each other and effectively cancel each other out, the Exchange believes the proposed Bats Market Close would avoid an impact on price discovery. The Exchange believes it is important to provide market participants an alternative venue to obtain executions at the official closing price.18 2. Statutory Basis The Exchange believes that the proposed rule change is consistent with Section 6(b) of the Act,19 in general, and 17 The Exchange would report the execution of all previously matched buy and sell orders to applicable securities information processor and will designate such trades as ‘‘.P’’, Prior Reference Price. See e.g., Section 4.8, Trade Condition Table, of the UTP Participant Input Specifications, available at http://www.utpplan.com/DOC/ UtpBinaryInputSpec.pdf. See also Section 408, Prior Reference Price Transactions, of FINRA’s Trade Reporting Frequently Asked Questions, available at http://www.finra.org/industry/tradereporting-faq#408. As set forth in proposed Interpretation and Policy .01, the Exchange will utilize the official closing price published by the exchange designated by the primary listing market in the case where the primary listing market suffers an impairment and is unable to perform its closing action process. See supra note 12. As set forth in proposed Interpretation and Policy .03, up until the closing of the applicable securities information processor at 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time, the Exchange intends to monitor the initial publication of the official closing price, and any subsequent changes to the published official closing price and adjust the price of such trades accordingly. If there is no initial official closing price published by 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time for any security, the Exchange would cancel all matched MOC orders in such security. 18 It is the Exchange’s intention, upon the Commission’s approval of the proposed rule change, to file a separate proposal to offer executions of MOC orders at the official closing price, to the extent matched on the Exchange, at a rate less than the fee charged by the applicable primary listing market. It is further the Exchange’s intention that such fee would remain lower than the fee charged by the applicable primary listing market. 19 15 U.S.C. 78f. E:\FR\FM\22MYN1.SGM 22MYN1 23322 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 97 / Monday, May 22, 2017 / Notices furthers the objectives of Section 6(b)(5) of the Act,20 in particular, in that it is designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade, and to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system because it will provide for a competitive alternative to sending orders to the primary listing market’s closing auction. The proposed rule change would further remove impediments to and perfect the mechanisms of a free and open market and a national market system by promoting competition among national securities exchanges in the execution of MOC orders at the official closing price without disrupting the price discovery process of the primary listing markets’ respective closing processes. The Exchange understands that other exchanges have implemented closing auction processes for securities listed on other markets. For example, Nasdaq and NYSE Arca LLC (‘‘NYSE Arca’’) perform closing auction processes for securities listed on other exchanges.21 In the Exchange’s view, conducting auctions in non-listed securities does not offer true competition to the primary listing markets’ closing auctions, since a separate auction creates its own auction price which can differ meaningfully from the primary market’s official closing price which conflicts with industry desires and expectations. Thus, Nasdaq’s and NYSE Arca’s attempts to offer closing auctions in non-listed securities do not provide useful market competition to the primary listing markets,22 because Nasdaq and NYSE Arca are not offering viable product alternatives (i.e., the product does not provide the official closing price, which is what investors and their intermediaries want). In order to truly introduce competition, any closing execution must be at the price generally accepted by investors as the official closing price. The Exchange, therefore, believes that an alternative venue must 20 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). Nasdaq Rule 4754 and NYSE Arca Rule 7.35(d). 22 For example, on March 30, 2017, both Nasdaq and NYSE Arca executed 100 shares in Bank of America (BAC), a NYSE-listed security, at $23.88 in their respective closing auctions. NYSE executed over 2.6 million shares of BAC in its closing auction at the official closing price of $23.87. On the same trading day, Nasdaq executed 200 shares in the Financial Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLF), a NYSE Arca-listed security, at $23.92 in its closing auction. NYSE Arca executed nearly 1.2 million shares of XFL at the official closing price of $23.93. On the same trading day, NYSE Arca executed 111 shares in Apple Inc. (AAPL), a Nasdaq-listed security, at $143.92 in its closing auction. Nasdaq executed close to 1 million shares of AAPL at the official closing price of $143.93. mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES 21 See VerDate Sep<11>2014 23:17 May 19, 2017 Jkt 241001 provide the ability to receive an execution at the official closing price. Bats Market Close would not disrupt price discovery, as it would only execute matched contra-side MOC orders, and not limit orders, since limit orders are the basis from which price formation occurs.23 MOC orders are recipients of that price formation, but do not contribute to the price formation process. By matching only MOC orders, and not limit orders, and executing those matched MOC orders that naturally pair off with each other and effectively cancel each other out, the Exchange believes the proposed Bats Market Close would avoid an impact on price discovery.24 While the proposal may reduce the number of market orders pooled together at the primary listing markets, the Exchange seeks to remove any perceived adverse impact on the primary listing market’s close by publishing the number of matched market order shares by security in advance of the primary market’s cutoff time. In this way, the Exchange seeks to provide a transparent tally to reflect the added auction depth from the MOC orders for which it is responsible and for which market participants may utilize in making their own order execution decisions. The Exchange notes that while market participants that typically send limit orders to participate in the primary listing market close could opt to send MOC orders to participate in the proposed Bats Market Close, such a decision involves the risk of receiving an execution without any limit price protection and is unlikely to be deployed except in stable market conditions. An auction that competes with a primary listing market, while offering separate price formation, siphons limit orders from the primary listing market, which can harm the overall price discovery process. At the same time, these auctions further fragment the market and can produce bad auction prices on the non-primary market itself. In contrast, the proposed rule change does not seek to fundamentally alter the primary listing market’s closing auction 23 The Exchange recognizes limit orders as the basis from which price formation occurs reflected by its offering of functionality that enables Members to route their orders to participate in the opening, reopening, or closing process of the primary listing market. See Exchange Rule 11.13(b)(3)(m) and (n). 24 In addition, NYSE offers after hours crossing session which permits the entry and execution after Regular Trading Hours of orders at the NYSE’s official closing price. See NYSE Rule 902. One could argue that by permitting the entry of orders after the closing auction has occurred while guaranteeing the official closing price the crossing session could possibly siphon orders from the closing auction. PO 00000 Frm 00153 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 functionality. As such, the Exchange’s proposed Bats Market Close provides the official closing price disseminated by the primary listing market, avoids siphoning limit orders from it, and may provide transaction fee competition to the ultimate benefit of Members and investors without distorting the auction’s price formation. Drawing limit orders away from a primary listing market could create undesirable market fragmentation, and the proposed rule change is designed to avoid doing so. While the Exchange recognizes that the proposed Bats Market Close’s lack of price formation may be subject to regulatory challenge, it believes that on balance the proposed process provides value in a way that is materially better than competing price-formation auctions currently performed by Nasdaq and NYSE Arca. The Exchange believes that its proposal to offer Bats Market Close to satisfy market participants’ requests for a fee competitive alternative to the primary listing markets’ closing auction, would not violate the Act or interfere with the Exchange’s core responsibilities under the Act. In addition, the Exchange believes that it is a well-established practice for an exchange to price buy and sell orders based upon reference data, even where the price is based on quote or trade data not originating on that exchange itself. For example, the Exchange, Nasdaq, NYSE, and NYSE Arca, and other exchanges allow orders to be executed at the mid-point of the national best bid and offer (the ‘‘NBBO’’), regardless of whether the current national best bid (the ‘‘NBB’’) or national best offer (the ‘‘NBO’’) exists on that particular exchange.25 In addition, several pegged order types on various exchanges, including Bats EDGX Exchange, Inc. (‘‘EDGX’’), NYSE Arca, and Nasdaq, are set in some relationship to the NBBO, regardless of which exchange established or currently has liquidity at the NBB or NBO.26 The Exchange also notes that in the event a primary listing market cannot perform a closing auction due to a systems issue, in some 25 See Exchange Rule 11.9(c)(9) (Mid-Point Peg Order); see also Nasdaq Rule 4702(b)(5)(A) (Midpoint Peg Post-Only order); NYSE Arca Equities Rule 7.31(h)(3) (Mid-Point Passive Liquidity Orders); EDGX Rule 11.8(d) (MidPoint Peg Orders). What these order types have in common is that their execution prices are derived from the top of book prices of all ‘‘Protected Quotations’’, as such term is defined in Rule 600(b)(58) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act. 26 See Exchange Rule 11.9(c)(8); EDGX Rule 11.6(j) (Pegged instruction); Bats EDGA Exchange, Inc. (‘‘EDGA’) Rule 11.6(j) (Pegged instruction); Nasdaq Rule 4703(d) (Pegging); and NYSE Arca Rule 7.31(h)(1) and (2) (Primary Pegged Orders and Market Pegged Orders). E:\FR\FM\22MYN1.SGM 22MYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 97 / Monday, May 22, 2017 / Notices mstockstill on DSK30JT082PROD with NOTICES circumstances it may determine their official closing price pursuant to contingency procedures that do not utilize a closing auction process. In such case, the official closing price may be either the: (i) Volume-weighted average price (‘‘VWAP’’) of the consolidated last-sale-eligible prices of the last five minutes of trading during Regular Trading Hours as calculated by the applicable securities information processor; or (ii) the last consolidated last-sale-eligible trade for the security during regular trading hours on that trading day.27 Both of these calculations include executions that may occur on other exchanges, which could be utilizing a single execution reported by another exchange. Therefore, the Exchange believes executing trades at the official closing price disseminated by the primary listing market is consistent with the order types and practices discussed above and does not present any novel issues not already considered by the Commission when those orders types and practices were established. The proposed rule change will also remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system by providing a mechanism for market participants to execute their orders at the official closing price should a system disruption occur on the primary listing market that prevents them from entering orders prior to the Exchange’s proposed MOC Cut-Off Time.28 In such case, market participants may send MOC orders to the Exchange prior to the proposed MOC Cut-Off Time to participate in Bats Market Close. The Exchange would, in turn, execute those orders at the official closing price determined by the primary listing market’s secondary contingency procedures.29 Therefore, the Exchange believes the proposed rule change 27 See Exchange Rule 11.23(i); see also Securities Exchange Act Release No. 78015 (June 8, 2016), 81 FR 38747 (June 14, 2016) (SR–NYSE–2016–18) and (SR–NYSEMKT–2016–31) (‘‘OCP Approval Order’’). See also Nasdaq Rule 4754(b)(8) and NYSE Arca Rule 1.1(ggP) [sic]. 28 For example, on March 20, 2017, NYSE Arca was unable to perform a closing auction in approximately 1,500 of their Exchange Traded Products and cancelled all orders. See NYSE Arca Suffers Glitch During Closing Auction, by Asjylyn Loder, Wall Street Journal, March 20, 2017. See also Headaches for Traders with NYSE Glitch Near Market Close, by Annie Massa, Bloomberg News, March 21, 2017. Had this systems issue occurred prior to the MOC Cut-Off time as set forth in this proposal, market participants whose orders were cancelled on NYSE Arca could have submitted MOC orders to participate in the proposed Bats Market Close and receive the official closing price determined by the primary listing market’s secondary contingency procedures. 29 Id. VerDate Sep<11>2014 23:17 May 19, 2017 Jkt 241001 would benefit market participants seeking an execution at the official closing price where they are unable to enter orders to participate in the primary listing market’s closing auction due to a systems issue. B. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Burden on Competition The Exchange believes its proposed rule change would not impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. The Exchange believes the proposal would increase competition by offering a competitive alternative to the primary listing markets’ closing auction process as requested by market participants. The proposed rule change will promote competition among national securities exchanges in the execution of MOC orders at the official closing price without disrupting the price discovery process performed by the primary listing markets’ closing processes. The Exchange also notes that other exchanges may file proposed rule changes with the Commission seeking to adopt alternatives to the auction the Exchange conducts in BZX-listed securities should they feel they can offer improved price discovery or lower transaction costs without further fragmenting the market. C. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others The Exchange has not solicited, and does not intend to solicit, comments on this proposed rule change. The Exchange has not received any unsolicited written comments from Members or other interested parties. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action Within 45 days of the date of publication of this notice in the Federal Register or within such longer period (i) as the Commission may designate up to 90 days of such date if it finds such longer period to be appropriate and publishes its reasons for so finding or (ii) as to which the Exchange consents, the Commission will: (a) By order approve or disapprove such proposed rule change, or (b) institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be disapproved. IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule PO 00000 Frm 00154 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 9990 23323 change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– BatsBZX–2017–34 on the subject line. Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–BatsBZX–2017–34. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR– BatsBZX–2017–34, and should be submitted on or before June 12, 2017. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.30 Eduardo A. Aleman, Assistant Secretary. [FR Doc. 2017–10305 Filed 5–19–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P 30 17 E:\FR\FM\22MYN1.SGM CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). 22MYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 97 (Monday, May 22, 2017)]
[Notices]
[Pages 23320-23323]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-10305]


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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

[Release No. 34-80683; File No. SR-BatsBZX-2017-34]


Self-Regulatory Organizations; Bats BZX Exchange, Inc.; Notice of 
Filing of a Proposed Rule Change To Introduce Bats Market Close, a 
Closing Match Process for Non-BZX Listed Securities Under New Exchange 
Rule 11.28

May 16, 2017.
    Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 
(the ``Act''),\1\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\2\ notice is hereby given 
that on May 5, 2017, Bats BZX Exchange, Inc. (the ``Exchange'' or 
``BZX'') filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission 
(``Commission'') the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II 
and III below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The 
Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the 
proposed rule change from interested persons.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1).
    \2\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4.
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I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance 
of the Proposed Rule Change

    The Exchange filed a proposal to introduce Bats Market Close, a 
closing match process for non-BZX Listed Securities \3\ under new 
Exchange Rule 11.28.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ A BZX Listed security is a security listed on the Exchange 
pursuant to Chapter 14 of the Exchange's Rules and includes both 
corporate listed securities and Exchange Traded Products (``ETPs'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The text of the proposed rule change is available at the Exchange's 
Web site at www.batstrading.com, at the principal office of the 
Exchange, and at the Commission's Public Reference Room.

II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

    In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements 
concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and 
discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The 
text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in 
Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in 
Sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant parts of such 
statements.

A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and the 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

1. Purpose
    The Exchange proposes to introduce Bats Market Close, a closing 
match process for non-BZX Listed Securities under new Exchange Rule 
11.28. In sum, all buy and sell Market-On-Close Orders (``MOC'') \4\ 
designated for participation in Bats Market Close would be matched at 
the official closing price for such security published by the primary 
listing market, as further described below. The Exchange proposes Bats 
Market Close in response to interest from market participants who seek 
an alternative to participation on the primary listing market's closing 
auction while still receiving an execution at the official closing 
price.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ The term ``Market-On-Close'' or ``MOC'' means a BZX market 
order that is designated for execution only in the Closing Auction. 
See Exchange Rule 11.23(a)(15). The Exchange proposes to amend the 
description of Market-On-Close orders to include orders designated 
to execute in the proposed Bats Market Close.
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    Over recent years, the total volume executed in the primary listing 
markets' closing auctions has increased over 70% from 200 million 
shares per day in 2012 to almost 350 million shares per day in 2016.\5\ 
Over that same period of time, continuous trading volume has increased 
13% from 6.11 billion shares per day in 2012 to 6.93 billion shares per 
day in 2016.\6\ Closing auctions on the primary listing markets 
amounted to almost 5% of the total executed volume in 2016.\7\ The 
official closing price for any listed security is generally determined 
by the closing auction for that security held at the primary listing 
market. Market participants seeking to transact at the official closing 
price must, therefore, participate in the listing market's closing 
auction to receive the official closing price, as evidenced by recent 
marketing materials \8\ from the New York Stock Exchange, Inc. 
(``NYSE'') stating that their closing auction receives 100% of the 
market share in all Tape A securities (NYSE listed). The NYSE and the 
Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (``Nasdaq'') have taken

[[Page 23321]]

advantage by charging higher fees for participation in their respective 
closing auctions than for trading conducted during the trading day. 
Both the NYSE and Nasdaq assess a fee on both sides of the transactions 
that occur in their closing auction.\9\ As volume executed in the 
primary listing markets' closing auctions has increased, a 
disproportionate increase in fees has occurred.
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    \5\ Based on BZX's internal data.
    \6\ Id.
    \7\ Id.
    \8\ See NYSE Open and Closing Auctions, available at https://www.nyse.com/publicdocs/nyse/markets/nyse/NYSE_Opening_and_Closing_Auctions_Fact_Sheet.pdf.
    \9\ Over the last few years, both the NYSE and Nasdaq have 
increased their closing auction fees considerably--NYSE's base rate 
has gone up by 16% to $.0011 per share (or a capture of $.0022 per 
matched share). See Tier F under Execution Fees for the Nasdaq 
Closing Cross in the Nasdaq fee schedule available at http://www.nasdaqtrader.com/Trader.aspx?id=PriceListTrading2; and Liquidity 
Indicator 7 in the NYSE fee schedule available at https://www.nyse.com/markets/nyse/trading-info/fees. Nasdaq has also 
increased its fee by a much larger 60% margin to $.0016 per share 
(or a capture of $.0032 per share). Id. See Securities Exchange Act 
Release No. 68150 (November 5, 2012), 77 FR 67431 (November 9, 2012) 
(SR-NYSE-2012-56). The capture from the top tier for closing auction 
would be $.0012 for NYSE and $.0018 for Nasdaq while that for 
continuous trading would be $.00055 for NYSE and -$.00005 for 
Nasdaq, which are much lower than the capture for their respective 
closing auctions. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 63852 
(February 7, 2011), 76 FR 8791 (February 15, 2011) (SR-Nasdaq-2011-
017). Using $.00275 as the removal rate and $0.0022 as the top 
tiered rebate for non-market makers and non-Supplemental Liquidity 
Providers. See NYSE fee schedule available at s the top tiered 
rebate for non-market makers. See Tier F under Execution Fees for 
the Nasdaq Closing Cross in the Nasdaq fee schedule available at 
http://www.nasdaqtrader.com/Trader.aspx?id=PriceListTrading2.
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    The Exchange believes there are two solutions by which one could 
address the adverse conditions caused by the existing closing auction 
and official closing price process, but only one is viable. First, one 
could create a closing auction to directly compete with the primary 
listing market for order flow and price discovery. As discussed below, 
the Exchange believes this solution is not optimal as it further 
fragments the market and impedes the closing auction's price discovery 
process. Further, there are exchanges that currently offer closing 
auctions in non-listed securities with minimal success.\10\ Second, one 
could provide investors with alternative venues for securing the 
primary closing print price, as proposed herein. The Exchange believes 
this is a viable alternative as it does not fragment the market or 
impact the price discovery process performed by the primary listing 
market's closing auction.
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    \10\ See infra note 21 and accompanying text.
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    The Exchange proposes to adopt Bats Market Close in response to 
requests from market participants, and buy-side firms in particular, 
for an alternative to the primary listing markets' closing auction that 
also provides an execution at the security's official closing price. As 
described in proposed Exchange Rule 11.28, for non-BZX Listed 
securities only, the System \11\ would seek to match buy and sell MOC 
orders designated for participation in Bats Market Close at the 
official closing price for such security published by the primary 
listing market.\12\ Members \13\ would be able to enter, cancel or 
replace MOC orders designated for participation in Bats Market Close 
beginning at 6:00 a.m. Eastern Time up until 3:35 p.m. Eastern Time 
(``MOC Cut-Off Time'').\14\ Members would not be able to enter, cancel 
or replace MOC orders designated for participation in the proposed Bats 
Market Close after the MOC Cut-Off Time.
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    \11\ The term ``System'' is defined as ``the electronic 
communications and trading facility designated by the Board through 
which securities orders of Users are consolidated for ranking, 
execution and, when applicable, routing away.'' See Exchange Rule 
1.5(aa).
    \12\ The Exchange notes that the official closing price may be 
published by another exchange in the case the primary listing market 
suffers an impairment and is unable to perform its closing action 
process. See e.g., Securities Exchange Act Release No. 78015 (June 
8, 2016), 81 FR 38747 (June 14, 2016) (SR-NYSE-2016-18) and (SR-
NYSEMKT-2016-31) (``OCP Approval Order''). See also Nasdaq Rule 
4754(b)(8) and NYSE Arca Rule 1.1(ggP) [sic].
    \13\ The term ``Member'' is defined as ``any registered broker 
or dealer that has been admitted to membership in the Exchange.'' 
See Exchange Rule 1.5(n).
    \14\ Currently, the NYSE designates the cut-off time for the 
entry of Market At-the-Close Orders as 3:45 p.m. Eastern Time. See 
NYSE Rule 123C. Nasdaq, in turn, designates the ``end of the order 
entry period'' as 3:50 p.m. Eastern Time. See Nasdaq Rule 4754.
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    At the MOC Cut-Off Time, the System would match for execution all 
buy and sell MOC orders entered into the System based on time 
priority.\15\ Any remaining balance of unmatched shares would then be 
cancelled back to the Member(s). The System would then disseminate, via 
the Bats Auction Feed,\16\ the total size of all buy and sell orders 
matched per each security via Bats Market Close. All matched buy and 
sell MOC orders would then remain on the System until the publication 
of the official closing price by the primary listing market. Upon 
publication of the official closing price by the primary listing 
market, the System would execute all previously matched buy and sell 
MOC orders at that official closing price.\17\
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    \15\ As set forth in proposed Interpretation and Policy .02, the 
Exchange would cancel all MOC orders designated to participate in 
Bats Market Close in the event the Exchange becomes impaired prior 
to the MOC Cut-Off Time and is unable to recover within 5 minutes 
from the MOC Cut-Off Time. This would provide Members time to route 
their orders to the primary listing market's closing auction. Should 
the Exchange become impaired after the MOC Cut-Off Time, it would 
retain all matched MOC orders and execute those orders at the 
official closing price once it is operational.
    \16\ The Bats Auction Feed disseminates information regarding 
the current status of price and size information related to auctions 
conducted by the Exchange and is provided at no charge. See Exchange 
Rule 11.22(i). The Exchange proposed to amend Exchange Rule 11.22(i) 
to reflect that the Bats Auction Feed would also include the total 
size of all buy and sell orders matched via Bats Market Close.
    \17\ The Exchange would report the execution of all previously 
matched buy and sell orders to applicable securities information 
processor and will designate such trades as ``.P'', Prior Reference 
Price. See e.g., Section 4.8, Trade Condition Table, of the UTP 
Participant Input Specifications, available at http://www.utpplan.com/DOC/UtpBinaryInputSpec.pdf. See also Section 408, 
Prior Reference Price Transactions, of FINRA's Trade Reporting 
Frequently Asked Questions, available at http://www.finra.org/industry/trade-reporting-faq#408.
    As set forth in proposed Interpretation and Policy .01, the 
Exchange will utilize the official closing price published by the 
exchange designated by the primary listing market in the case where 
the primary listing market suffers an impairment and is unable to 
perform its closing action process. See supra note 12. As set forth 
in proposed Interpretation and Policy .03, up until the closing of 
the applicable securities information processor at 8:00 p.m. Eastern 
Time, the Exchange intends to monitor the initial publication of the 
official closing price, and any subsequent changes to the published 
official closing price and adjust the price of such trades 
accordingly. If there is no initial official closing price published 
by 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time for any security, the Exchange would 
cancel all matched MOC orders in such security.
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    The Exchange has designed Bats Market Close to provide an 
alternative means to obtain an execution at the official closing price 
without compromising the price discovery function performed by the 
primary listing market's closing auctions. By matching only MOC orders, 
and not limit orders, and executing those matched MOC orders that 
naturally pair off with each other and effectively cancel each other 
out, the Exchange believes the proposed Bats Market Close would avoid 
an impact on price discovery. The Exchange believes it is important to 
provide market participants an alternative venue to obtain executions 
at the official closing price.\18\
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    \18\ It is the Exchange's intention, upon the Commission's 
approval of the proposed rule change, to file a separate proposal to 
offer executions of MOC orders at the official closing price, to the 
extent matched on the Exchange, at a rate less than the fee charged 
by the applicable primary listing market. It is further the 
Exchange's intention that such fee would remain lower than the fee 
charged by the applicable primary listing market.
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2. Statutory Basis
    The Exchange believes that the proposed rule change is consistent 
with Section 6(b) of the Act,\19\ in general, and

[[Page 23322]]

furthers the objectives of Section 6(b)(5) of the Act,\20\ in 
particular, in that it is designed to promote just and equitable 
principles of trade, and to remove impediments to and perfect the 
mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system 
because it will provide for a competitive alternative to sending orders 
to the primary listing market's closing auction. The proposed rule 
change would further remove impediments to and perfect the mechanisms 
of a free and open market and a national market system by promoting 
competition among national securities exchanges in the execution of MOC 
orders at the official closing price without disrupting the price 
discovery process of the primary listing markets' respective closing 
processes.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \19\ 15 U.S.C. 78f.
    \20\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Exchange understands that other exchanges have implemented 
closing auction processes for securities listed on other markets. For 
example, Nasdaq and NYSE Arca LLC (``NYSE Arca'') perform closing 
auction processes for securities listed on other exchanges.\21\ In the 
Exchange's view, conducting auctions in non-listed securities does not 
offer true competition to the primary listing markets' closing 
auctions, since a separate auction creates its own auction price which 
can differ meaningfully from the primary market's official closing 
price which conflicts with industry desires and expectations. Thus, 
Nasdaq's and NYSE Arca's attempts to offer closing auctions in non-
listed securities do not provide useful market competition to the 
primary listing markets,\22\ because Nasdaq and NYSE Arca are not 
offering viable product alternatives (i.e., the product does not 
provide the official closing price, which is what investors and their 
intermediaries want). In order to truly introduce competition, any 
closing execution must be at the price generally accepted by investors 
as the official closing price. The Exchange, therefore, believes that 
an alternative venue must provide the ability to receive an execution 
at the official closing price.
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    \21\ See Nasdaq Rule 4754 and NYSE Arca Rule 7.35(d).
    \22\ For example, on March 30, 2017, both Nasdaq and NYSE Arca 
executed 100 shares in Bank of America (BAC), a NYSE-listed 
security, at $23.88 in their respective closing auctions. NYSE 
executed over 2.6 million shares of BAC in its closing auction at 
the official closing price of $23.87.
     On the same trading day, Nasdaq executed 200 shares in the 
Financial Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLF), a NYSE Arca-listed 
security, at $23.92 in its closing auction. NYSE Arca executed 
nearly 1.2 million shares of XFL at the official closing price of 
$23.93.
     On the same trading day, NYSE Arca executed 111 shares in Apple 
Inc. (AAPL), a Nasdaq-listed security, at $143.92 in its closing 
auction. Nasdaq executed close to 1 million shares of AAPL at the 
official closing price of $143.93.
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    Bats Market Close would not disrupt price discovery, as it would 
only execute matched contra-side MOC orders, and not limit orders, 
since limit orders are the basis from which price formation occurs.\23\ 
MOC orders are recipients of that price formation, but do not 
contribute to the price formation process. By matching only MOC orders, 
and not limit orders, and executing those matched MOC orders that 
naturally pair off with each other and effectively cancel each other 
out, the Exchange believes the proposed Bats Market Close would avoid 
an impact on price discovery.\24\ While the proposal may reduce the 
number of market orders pooled together at the primary listing markets, 
the Exchange seeks to remove any perceived adverse impact on the 
primary listing market's close by publishing the number of matched 
market order shares by security in advance of the primary market's 
cutoff time. In this way, the Exchange seeks to provide a transparent 
tally to reflect the added auction depth from the MOC orders for which 
it is responsible and for which market participants may utilize in 
making their own order execution decisions. The Exchange notes that 
while market participants that typically send limit orders to 
participate in the primary listing market close could opt to send MOC 
orders to participate in the proposed Bats Market Close, such a 
decision involves the risk of receiving an execution without any limit 
price protection and is unlikely to be deployed except in stable market 
conditions.
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    \23\ The Exchange recognizes limit orders as the basis from 
which price formation occurs reflected by its offering of 
functionality that enables Members to route their orders to 
participate in the opening, reopening, or closing process of the 
primary listing market. See Exchange Rule 11.13(b)(3)(m) and (n).
    \24\ In addition, NYSE offers after hours crossing session which 
permits the entry and execution after Regular Trading Hours of 
orders at the NYSE's official closing price. See NYSE Rule 902. One 
could argue that by permitting the entry of orders after the closing 
auction has occurred while guaranteeing the official closing price 
the crossing session could possibly siphon orders from the closing 
auction.
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    An auction that competes with a primary listing market, while 
offering separate price formation, siphons limit orders from the 
primary listing market, which can harm the overall price discovery 
process. At the same time, these auctions further fragment the market 
and can produce bad auction prices on the non-primary market itself. In 
contrast, the proposed rule change does not seek to fundamentally alter 
the primary listing market's closing auction functionality. As such, 
the Exchange's proposed Bats Market Close provides the official closing 
price disseminated by the primary listing market, avoids siphoning 
limit orders from it, and may provide transaction fee competition to 
the ultimate benefit of Members and investors without distorting the 
auction's price formation. Drawing limit orders away from a primary 
listing market could create undesirable market fragmentation, and the 
proposed rule change is designed to avoid doing so.
    While the Exchange recognizes that the proposed Bats Market Close's 
lack of price formation may be subject to regulatory challenge, it 
believes that on balance the proposed process provides value in a way 
that is materially better than competing price-formation auctions 
currently performed by Nasdaq and NYSE Arca. The Exchange believes that 
its proposal to offer Bats Market Close to satisfy market participants' 
requests for a fee competitive alternative to the primary listing 
markets' closing auction, would not violate the Act or interfere with 
the Exchange's core responsibilities under the Act. In addition, the 
Exchange believes that it is a well-established practice for an 
exchange to price buy and sell orders based upon reference data, even 
where the price is based on quote or trade data not originating on that 
exchange itself. For example, the Exchange, Nasdaq, NYSE, and NYSE 
Arca, and other exchanges allow orders to be executed at the mid-point 
of the national best bid and offer (the ``NBBO''), regardless of 
whether the current national best bid (the ``NBB'') or national best 
offer (the ``NBO'') exists on that particular exchange.\25\ In 
addition, several pegged order types on various exchanges, including 
Bats EDGX Exchange, Inc. (``EDGX''), NYSE Arca, and Nasdaq, are set in 
some relationship to the NBBO, regardless of which exchange established 
or currently has liquidity at the NBB or NBO.\26\ The Exchange also 
notes that in the event a primary listing market cannot perform a 
closing auction due to a systems issue, in some

[[Page 23323]]

circumstances it may determine their official closing price pursuant to 
contingency procedures that do not utilize a closing auction process. 
In such case, the official closing price may be either the: (i) Volume-
weighted average price (``VWAP'') of the consolidated last-sale-
eligible prices of the last five minutes of trading during Regular 
Trading Hours as calculated by the applicable securities information 
processor; or (ii) the last consolidated last-sale-eligible trade for 
the security during regular trading hours on that trading day.\27\ Both 
of these calculations include executions that may occur on other 
exchanges, which could be utilizing a single execution reported by 
another exchange. Therefore, the Exchange believes executing trades at 
the official closing price disseminated by the primary listing market 
is consistent with the order types and practices discussed above and 
does not present any novel issues not already considered by the 
Commission when those orders types and practices were established.
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    \25\ See Exchange Rule 11.9(c)(9) (Mid-Point Peg Order); see 
also Nasdaq Rule 4702(b)(5)(A) (Midpoint Peg Post-Only order); NYSE 
Arca Equities Rule 7.31(h)(3) (Mid-Point Passive Liquidity Orders); 
EDGX Rule 11.8(d) (MidPoint Peg Orders). What these order types have 
in common is that their execution prices are derived from the top of 
book prices of all ``Protected Quotations'', as such term is defined 
in Rule 600(b)(58) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.
    \26\ See Exchange Rule 11.9(c)(8); EDGX Rule 11.6(j) (Pegged 
instruction); Bats EDGA Exchange, Inc. (``EDGA') Rule 11.6(j) 
(Pegged instruction); Nasdaq Rule 4703(d) (Pegging); and NYSE Arca 
Rule 7.31(h)(1) and (2) (Primary Pegged Orders and Market Pegged 
Orders).
    \27\ See Exchange Rule 11.23(i); see also Securities Exchange 
Act Release No. 78015 (June 8, 2016), 81 FR 38747 (June 14, 2016) 
(SR-NYSE-2016-18) and (SR-NYSEMKT-2016-31) (``OCP Approval Order''). 
See also Nasdaq Rule 4754(b)(8) and NYSE Arca Rule 1.1(ggP) [sic].
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed rule change will also remove impediments to and 
perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market 
system by providing a mechanism for market participants to execute 
their orders at the official closing price should a system disruption 
occur on the primary listing market that prevents them from entering 
orders prior to the Exchange's proposed MOC Cut-Off Time.\28\ In such 
case, market participants may send MOC orders to the Exchange prior to 
the proposed MOC Cut-Off Time to participate in Bats Market Close. The 
Exchange would, in turn, execute those orders at the official closing 
price determined by the primary listing market's secondary contingency 
procedures.\29\ Therefore, the Exchange believes the proposed rule 
change would benefit market participants seeking an execution at the 
official closing price where they are unable to enter orders to 
participate in the primary listing market's closing auction due to a 
systems issue.
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    \28\ For example, on March 20, 2017, NYSE Arca was unable to 
perform a closing auction in approximately 1,500 of their Exchange 
Traded Products and cancelled all orders. See NYSE Arca Suffers 
Glitch During Closing Auction, by Asjylyn Loder, Wall Street 
Journal, March 20, 2017. See also Headaches for Traders with NYSE 
Glitch Near Market Close, by Annie Massa, Bloomberg News, March 21, 
2017. Had this systems issue occurred prior to the MOC Cut-Off time 
as set forth in this proposal, market participants whose orders were 
cancelled on NYSE Arca could have submitted MOC orders to 
participate in the proposed Bats Market Close and receive the 
official closing price determined by the primary listing market's 
secondary contingency procedures.
    \29\ Id.
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B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition

    The Exchange believes its proposed rule change would not impose any 
burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in 
furtherance of the purposes of the Act. The Exchange believes the 
proposal would increase competition by offering a competitive 
alternative to the primary listing markets' closing auction process as 
requested by market participants. The proposed rule change will promote 
competition among national securities exchanges in the execution of MOC 
orders at the official closing price without disrupting the price 
discovery process performed by the primary listing markets' closing 
processes. The Exchange also notes that other exchanges may file 
proposed rule changes with the Commission seeking to adopt alternatives 
to the auction the Exchange conducts in BZX-listed securities should 
they feel they can offer improved price discovery or lower transaction 
costs without further fragmenting the market.

C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed 
Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others

    The Exchange has not solicited, and does not intend to solicit, 
comments on this proposed rule change. The Exchange has not received 
any unsolicited written comments from Members or other interested 
parties.

III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for 
Commission Action

    Within 45 days of the date of publication of this notice in the 
Federal Register or within such longer period (i) as the Commission may 
designate up to 90 days of such date if it finds such longer period to 
be appropriate and publishes its reasons for so finding or (ii) as to 
which the Exchange consents, the Commission will: (a) By order approve 
or disapprove such proposed rule change, or (b) institute proceedings 
to determine whether the proposed rule change should be disapproved.

IV. Solicitation of Comments

    Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and 
arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule 
change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of 
the following methods:

Electronic Comments

     Use the Commission's Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml); or
     Send an email to rule-comments@sec.gov. Please include 
File Number SR-BatsBZX-2017-34 on the subject line.

Paper Comments

     Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities 
and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549-1090.

All submissions should refer to File Number SR-BatsBZX-2017-34. This 
file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To 
help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, 
please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on 
the Commission's Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all 
written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are 
filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to 
the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other 
than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the 
provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and 
printing in the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., 
Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 
10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available 
for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All 
comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does 
not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should 
submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All 
submissions should refer to File Number SR-BatsBZX-2017-34, and should 
be submitted on or before June 12, 2017.

    For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, 
pursuant to delegated authority.\30\
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    \30\ 17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(12).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Eduardo A. Aleman,
Assistant Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2017-10305 Filed 5-19-17; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P