Technical Report Evaluating Fatality Reduction by Seat Belts in the Center Rear Seat, 22385-22386 [2017-09703]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 92 / Monday, May 15, 2017 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [Docket No. NHTSA–2017–0014] Technical Report Evaluating Fatality Reduction by Seat Belts in the Center Rear Seat National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Request for comments on technical report. AGENCY: This notice announces NHTSA’s publication of a technical report estimating the fatality-reducing effectiveness of seat belts for adult and adolescent passengers in the center rear seats of passenger cars and LTVs. The report’s title is: Fatality Reduction by Seat Belts in the Center Rear Seat and Comparison of Occupants’ Relative Fatality Risk at Various Seating Positions. SUMMARY: Comments must be received no later than September 12, 2017. ADDRESSES: Report: The technical report is available on the Internet for viewing in PDF format at https:// crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ ViewPublication/812369. Comments: You may submit comments, identified by Docket Number NHTSA–2017–0014, by any of the following methods: • Internet: To submit comments electronically, go to the U.S. Government regulations Web site at http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. • Fax: Written comments may be faxed to 202–493–2251. • Mail: Send comments to Docket Management Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590. • Hand Delivery: If you plan to submit written comments by hand or courier, please do so at 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., West Building Ground Floor, Room W12–140, Washington, DC between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. Eastern Time, Monday through Friday, except federal holidays • You may call Docket Management at 1–800–647–5527. Instructions: For detailed instructions on submitting comments and additional information see the Comments heading of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this document. Note that all jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with NOTICES DATES: VerDate Sep<11>2014 13:51 May 12, 2017 Jkt 241001 comments received will be posted without change to http:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided. Please see the Privacy Act heading in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: John Kindelberger, Chief, Evaluation Division, NVS–431, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Room W53–312, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590. Telephone: 202–366–4696. Email: john.kindelberger@dot.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In 2002 Anton’s Law (Pub. L. 107–318) directed NHTSA to require 3-point belts for each rear seating position—including center rear seats—in new passenger motor vehicles by September 1, 2007. Manufacturers had begun installing 3point belts at the center rear seats in some makes and models as early as 1994, and completed the transition from lap belts to 3-point belts on time. Double-pair comparison and logistic regression analyses of FARS data for 1990 to 2014 show that 3-point belts are highly effective in the center rear seats: Buckling up reduces passengers’ fatality risk by an estimated 58 percent in passenger cars (95% confidence bounds: 41% to 69%) and by 75 percent in LTVs (confidence bounds: 63% to 84%). In cars of the 1960s and 70s, when restraints use rates were lower, the rear seats were substantially safer than the front seats for unrestrained occupants, and the center rear seat even safer than the outboard rear seats. These differences between seats have substantially diminished over the past 30 years. Statistical analyses of FARS do not show statistically significant mitigation of fatality risk for outboard rear or center rear seats of passenger cars relative to the driver’s or right front seats, for belted occupants of the same age and gender. Corresponding analyses of LTVs show reduced fatality risk for the right front and right rear seats relative to the driver’s seat; however, they do not show significant advantages for the outboard rear or center rear seats relative to the right front seats. Comments NHTSA welcomes public review of the technical report. NHTSA will submit to the Docket a response to the comments and, if appropriate, will supplement or revise the report. How do I prepare and submit comments? Your comments must be written and in English. To ensure that your PO 00000 Frm 00081 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 22385 comments are correctly filed in the Docket, please include the Docket number of this document (NHTSA– 2017–0014) in your comments. Your primary comments must not be more than 15 pages long (49 CFR 553.21). However, you may attach additional documents to your primary comments. There is no limit on the length of the attachments. Please submit one copy of your comments, including the attachments, to Docket Management at the address given above under ADDRESSES. Please note that pursuant to the Data Quality Act, in order for substantive data to be relied upon and used by the agency, it must meet the information quality standards set forth in the OMB and DOT Data Quality Act guidelines. Accordingly, we encourage you to consult the guidelines in preparing your comments. DOT’s guidelines may be accessed at http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/ sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/subject_areas/ statistical_policy_and_research/data_ quality_guidelines/index.html. Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search the electronic form of all comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual submitting the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT’s complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477–78) or you may visit http:// www.dot.gov/privacy.html. How can I be sure that my comments were received? If you wish Docket Management to notify you upon its receipt of your comments, enclose a self-addressed, stamped postcard in the envelope containing your comments. Upon receiving your comments, Docket Management will return the postcard by mail. You may also periodically access http://www.regulations.gov and enter the number for this docket (NHTSA– 2017–0014) to see if your comments are on line. How do I submit confidential business information? If you wish to submit any information under a claim of confidentiality, you should submit three copies of your complete submission, including the information you claim to be confidential business information, to the Chief Counsel, NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590. In addition, you should submit a copy, from which you have deleted the claimed confidential business E:\FR\FM\15MYN1.SGM 15MYN1 22386 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 92 / Monday, May 15, 2017 / Notices information, to Docket Management at the address given above under ADDRESSES. When you send a comment containing information claimed to be confidential business information, you should include a cover letter setting forth the information specified in our confidential business information regulation. (49 CFR part 512.) jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Will the agency consider late comments? In our response, we will consider all comments that Docket Management receives before the close of business on the comment closing date indicated above under DATES. To the extent possible, we will also consider comments that Docket Management receives after that date. How can I read the comments submitted by other people? You may read the comments received by Docket Management at the address given above under ADDRESSES. The hours of the Docket are indicated above in the same location. You may also see the comments on the Internet. To read the comments on the Internet, take the following steps: (1) Go to http://www.regulations.gov. (2) Regulations.gov provides two basic methods of searching to retrieve dockets and docket materials that are available in the system: (a) ‘‘Search’’ to search using a full-text search engine, or (b) ‘‘Advanced Search,’’ which displays various indexed fields such as the docket name, docket identification number, phase of the action, initiating office, date of issuance, document title, document identification number, type of document, Federal Register reference, CFR citation, etc. Each data field in the advanced search may be searched independently or in combination with other fields, as desired. Each search yields a simultaneous display of all available information found in regulations.gov that is relevant to the requested subject or topic. (3) You may download the comments. However, since the comments are imaged documents, instead of word processing documents, the ‘‘pdf’’ versions of the documents are word searchable. Please note that even after the comment closing date, we will continue to file relevant information in the Docket as it becomes available. Further, some people may submit late comments. Accordingly, we recommend that you periodically check the Docket for new material. Authority: 49 U.S.C. 30111, 30181–83 delegation of authority at 49 CFR 1.95 and 501.8. VerDate Sep<11>2014 13:51 May 12, 2017 Jkt 241001 Issued in Washington, DC. Joseph M. Kolly, Acting Associate Administrator, National Center for Statistics and Analysis. [FR Doc. 2017–09703 Filed 5–12–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–59–P DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. AGENCY: The Department of the Treasury, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on proposed and/or continuing information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. DATES: Written comments should be received on or before July 14, 2017 to be assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Laurie Brimmer, Internal Revenue Service, Room 6526, 1111 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20224, or at Elaine.H.Christophe@irs.gov. Please send separate comments for each specific information collection listed below. You must reference the information collection’s title, form number, reporting or record-keeping requirement number, and OMB number (if any) in your comment. Requests for additional information, or copies of the information collection and instructions, or copies of any comments received, contact Elaine Christophe, at Internal Revenue Service, Room 6526, 1111 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20224, or through the internet, at Elaine.H.Christophe@irs.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUMMARY: Request for Comments The Department of the Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service, as part of their continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, invite the general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on the proposed or continuing information collections listed below in this notice, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. Request for Comments: Comments submitted in response to this notice will be summarized and/or included in our PO 00000 Frm 00082 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 request for Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approval of the relevant information collection. All comments will become a matter of public record. Please do not include any confidential or inappropriate material in your comments. We invite comments on: (a) Whether the collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the agency’s functions, including whether the information has practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency’s estimate of the burden of the collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology; and (e) estimates of capital or start-up costs and costs of operation, maintenance, and purchase of services to provide the requested information. Currently, the IRS is seeking comments concerning the following forms, and reporting and record-keeping requirements: 1. Title: Procedures for Requesting Competent Authority Assistance Under Tax Treaties. OMB Number: 1545–2044. Revenue Procedure Number: Notice 2013–78 (modified by Rev. Proc. 2015– 40). Abstract: Taxpayers who believe that the actions of the United States, a treaty country, or both, result or will result in taxation that is contrary to the provisions of an applicable tax treaty are required to submit the requested information in order to receive assistance from the IRS official acting as the U.S. competent authority. The information is used to assist the taxpayer in reaching a mutual agreement with the IRS and the appropriate foreign competent authority. Current Actions: There are no changes being made to the Notice at this time. Type of Review: Extension of a currently approved collection. Affected Public: Individuals or households, business or other for-profit organizations. Estimated Number of Respondents: 300. Estimated Time per Respondent: 30 hours. Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 9,000. 2. Title: Treatment of Overall Foreign and Domestic Losses. OMB Number: 1545–1634. Regulation: REG–106902–98. (T.D. 9595) Abstract: The final regulation provides guidance relating to the E:\FR\FM\15MYN1.SGM 15MYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 92 (Monday, May 15, 2017)]
[Notices]
[Pages 22385-22386]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-09703]



[[Page 22385]]

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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

[Docket No. NHTSA-2017-0014]


Technical Report Evaluating Fatality Reduction by Seat Belts in 
the Center Rear Seat

AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 
Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Request for comments on technical report.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This notice announces NHTSA's publication of a technical 
report estimating the fatality-reducing effectiveness of seat belts for 
adult and adolescent passengers in the center rear seats of passenger 
cars and LTVs. The report's title is: Fatality Reduction by Seat Belts 
in the Center Rear Seat and Comparison of Occupants' Relative Fatality 
Risk at Various Seating Positions.

DATES: Comments must be received no later than September 12, 2017.

ADDRESSES: 
    Report: The technical report is available on the Internet for 
viewing in PDF format at https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812369.
    Comments: You may submit comments, identified by Docket Number 
NHTSA-2017-0014, by any of the following methods:
     Internet: To submit comments electronically, go to the 
U.S. Government regulations Web site at http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the online instructions for submitting comments.
     Fax: Written comments may be faxed to 202-493-2251.
     Mail: Send comments to Docket Management Facility, U.S. 
Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., West Building 
Ground Floor, Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590.
     Hand Delivery: If you plan to submit written comments by 
hand or courier, please do so at 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., West 
Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, Washington, DC between 9 a.m. and 
5 p.m. Eastern Time, Monday through Friday, except federal holidays
     You may call Docket Management at 1-800-647-5527.
    Instructions: For detailed instructions on submitting comments and 
additional information see the Comments heading of the SUPPLEMENTARY 
INFORMATION section of this document. Note that all comments received 
will be posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov, including 
any personal information provided. Please see the Privacy Act heading 
in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: John Kindelberger, Chief, Evaluation 
Division, NVS-431, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, 
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Room W53-312, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590. Telephone: 202-366-4696. 
Email: john.kindelberger@dot.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In 2002 Anton's Law (Pub. L. 107-318) 
directed NHTSA to require 3-point belts for each rear seating 
position--including center rear seats--in new passenger motor vehicles 
by September 1, 2007. Manufacturers had begun installing 3-point belts 
at the center rear seats in some makes and models as early as 1994, and 
completed the transition from lap belts to 3-point belts on time. 
Double-pair comparison and logistic regression analyses of FARS data 
for 1990 to 2014 show that 3-point belts are highly effective in the 
center rear seats: Buckling up reduces passengers' fatality risk by an 
estimated 58 percent in passenger cars (95% confidence bounds: 41% to 
69%) and by 75 percent in LTVs (confidence bounds: 63% to 84%).
    In cars of the 1960s and 70s, when restraints use rates were lower, 
the rear seats were substantially safer than the front seats for 
unrestrained occupants, and the center rear seat even safer than the 
outboard rear seats. These differences between seats have substantially 
diminished over the past 30 years. Statistical analyses of FARS do not 
show statistically significant mitigation of fatality risk for outboard 
rear or center rear seats of passenger cars relative to the driver's or 
right front seats, for belted occupants of the same age and gender. 
Corresponding analyses of LTVs show reduced fatality risk for the right 
front and right rear seats relative to the driver's seat; however, they 
do not show significant advantages for the outboard rear or center rear 
seats relative to the right front seats.

Comments

    NHTSA welcomes public review of the technical report. NHTSA will 
submit to the Docket a response to the comments and, if appropriate, 
will supplement or revise the report.

How do I prepare and submit comments?

    Your comments must be written and in English. To ensure that your 
comments are correctly filed in the Docket, please include the Docket 
number of this document (NHTSA-2017-0014) in your comments.
    Your primary comments must not be more than 15 pages long (49 CFR 
553.21). However, you may attach additional documents to your primary 
comments. There is no limit on the length of the attachments.
    Please submit one copy of your comments, including the attachments, 
to Docket Management at the address given above under ADDRESSES.
    Please note that pursuant to the Data Quality Act, in order for 
substantive data to be relied upon and used by the agency, it must meet 
the information quality standards set forth in the OMB and DOT Data 
Quality Act guidelines. Accordingly, we encourage you to consult the 
guidelines in preparing your comments. DOT's guidelines may be accessed 
at http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/subject_areas/statistical_policy_and_research/data_quality_guidelines/index.html.
    Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search the electronic form of all 
comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual 
submitting the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf 
of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's 
complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on 
April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78) or you may visit http://www.dot.gov/privacy.html.

How can I be sure that my comments were received?

    If you wish Docket Management to notify you upon its receipt of 
your comments, enclose a self-addressed, stamped postcard in the 
envelope containing your comments. Upon receiving your comments, Docket 
Management will return the postcard by mail. You may also periodically 
access http://www.regulations.gov and enter the number for this docket 
(NHTSA-2017-0014) to see if your comments are on line.

How do I submit confidential business information?

    If you wish to submit any information under a claim of 
confidentiality, you should submit three copies of your complete 
submission, including the information you claim to be confidential 
business information, to the Chief Counsel, NHTSA, U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590. In 
addition, you should submit a copy, from which you have deleted the 
claimed confidential business

[[Page 22386]]

information, to Docket Management at the address given above under 
ADDRESSES. When you send a comment containing information claimed to be 
confidential business information, you should include a cover letter 
setting forth the information specified in our confidential business 
information regulation. (49 CFR part 512.)

Will the agency consider late comments?

    In our response, we will consider all comments that Docket 
Management receives before the close of business on the comment closing 
date indicated above under DATES. To the extent possible, we will also 
consider comments that Docket Management receives after that date.

How can I read the comments submitted by other people?

    You may read the comments received by Docket Management at the 
address given above under ADDRESSES. The hours of the Docket are 
indicated above in the same location.
    You may also see the comments on the Internet. To read the comments 
on the Internet, take the following steps:
    (1) Go to http://www.regulations.gov.
    (2) Regulations.gov provides two basic methods of searching to 
retrieve dockets and docket materials that are available in the system: 
(a) ``Search'' to search using a full-text search engine, or (b) 
``Advanced Search,'' which displays various indexed fields such as the 
docket name, docket identification number, phase of the action, 
initiating office, date of issuance, document title, document 
identification number, type of document, Federal Register reference, 
CFR citation, etc. Each data field in the advanced search may be 
searched independently or in combination with other fields, as desired. 
Each search yields a simultaneous display of all available information 
found in regulations.gov that is relevant to the requested subject or 
topic.
    (3) You may download the comments. However, since the comments are 
imaged documents, instead of word processing documents, the ``pdf'' 
versions of the documents are word searchable.
    Please note that even after the comment closing date, we will 
continue to file relevant information in the Docket as it becomes 
available. Further, some people may submit late comments. Accordingly, 
we recommend that you periodically check the Docket for new material.

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 30111, 30181-83 delegation of authority at 
49 CFR 1.95 and 501.8.

    Issued in Washington, DC.
Joseph M. Kolly,
Acting Associate Administrator, National Center for Statistics and 
Analysis.
[FR Doc. 2017-09703 Filed 5-12-17; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4910-59-P