Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Amend the Market Access and Routing Subsidy, 10949-10952 [2017-03098]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 31 / Thursday, February 16, 2017 / Notices advised that the Exchange will terminate their ETP status as of February 1, 2017. B. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Burden on Competition The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. The decision to cease trading activity as of February 1, 2017 will result in one less operational trading venue for equity securities. The Exchange notes that there are numerous stock exchanges and other trading venues available to market participants to trade equity securities, including the Exchange’s affiliates. The Exchange currently has approximately 0.02% of market share among national stock exchanges. In light of the low trading volume on the Exchange and the ability of ETP Holders to trade equity securities on other venues, the Exchange does not believe that its proposal will have any substantial competitive impact. asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES C. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others No written comments were solicited or received with respect to the proposed rule change. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action Because the foregoing proposed rule change does not: (i) Significantly affect the protection of investors or the public interest; (ii) impose any significant burden on competition; and (iii) become operative for 30 days from the date on which it was filed, or such shorter time as the Commission may designate, it has become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A)(iii) of the Act 10 and subparagraph (f)(6) of Rule 19b–4 thereunder.11 A proposed rule change filed under Rule 19b–4(f)(6) normally does not become operative before 30 days from the date of the filing. However, pursuant to Rule 19b–4(f)(6)(iii),12 the Commission may designate a shorter time if such action is consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest. The Exchange has asked the Commission to waive the 30-day operative delay. Such waiver will allow the Exchange to cease trading on the 10 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A)(iii). CFR 240.19b–4(f)(6). 12 17 CFR 240.19b–4(f)(6)(iii). 11 17 VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:05 Feb 15, 2017 Jkt 241001 System as of February 1, 2017, before market open.13 The Exchange has represented that (i) ETP Holders have had sufficient time to determine to which exchanges and trading venues they may direct orders after trading ceases on the Exchange and to make necessary adjustments to their respective trading systems; (ii) the Exchange will advise all ETP Holders that the Exchange will terminate their ETP status as of February 1, 2017; and (iii) the Exchange, as of the date of filing the instant proposed rule change, had approximately 0.02% of market share among national securities exchanges. For these reasons, the Commission believes that waiving the 30-day operative delay is consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest. Therefore, the Commission hereby waives the 30-day operative delay and designates the proposed rule change to be operative upon filing with the Commission.14 At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is: (i) Necessary or appropriate in the public interest; (ii) for the protection of investors; or (iii) otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the Commission shall institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule should be approved or disapproved. IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– NSX–2017–04 on the subject line. Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549–1090. 13 The Exchange also asked the Commission to waive the 5-day pre-filing requirement in Rule 19b– 4(f)(6). The Commission waived the requirement. 14 For purposes only of waiving the operative delay for this proposal, the Commission has considered the proposed rule’s impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. See 15 U.S.C. 78c(f). PO 00000 Frm 00079 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 10949 All submissions should refer to File Number SR–NSX–2017–04. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549 on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of such filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal offices of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–NSX– 2017–04, and should be submitted on or before March 9, 2017. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.15 Eduardo A. Aleman, Assistant Secretary. [FR Doc. 2017–03107 Filed 2–15–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–80007; File No. SR–Phlx– 2017–13] Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Amend the Market Access and Routing Subsidy February 10, 2017. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’),1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 notice is hereby given that, on February 8, 2017, NASDAQ PHLX LLC (‘‘Phlx’’ or 15 17 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 2 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 1 15 E:\FR\FM\16FEN1.SGM 16FEN1 10950 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 31 / Thursday, February 16, 2017 / Notices ‘‘Exchange’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘SEC’’ or ‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. I. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to amend the Exchange’s Pricing Schedule at Section IV, entitled ‘‘Other Transaction Fees.’’ Specifically, the Exchange proposes to amend its subsidy program, the Market Access and Routing Subsidy or ‘‘MARS,’’ for Phlx members that provide certain order routing functionalities 3 to other Phlx members and/or use such functionalities themselves. The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange’s Web site at http://nasdaqphlx.cchwallstreet .com/, at the principal office of the Exchange, and at the Commission’s Public Reference Room. asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES II. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set 3 The order routing functionalities permit a Phlx member to provide access and connectivity to other members as well utilize such access for themselves. The Exchange notes that under this arrangement one Phlx member may be eligible for payments under MARS, while another Phlx member might potentially be liable for transaction charges associated with the execution of the order, because those orders were delivered to the Exchange through a Phlx member’s connection to the Exchange and that member qualified for the MARS Payment. Consider the following example: Both members A and B are Phlx members but A does not utilize its own connections to route orders to the Exchange, and instead utilizes B’s connections. Under this program, B will be eligible for the MARS Payment while A is liable for any transaction charges resulting from the execution of orders that originate from A, arrive at the Exchange via B’s connectivity, and subsequently execute and clear at The Options Clearing Corporation or ‘‘OCC,’’ where A is the valid executing clearing member or giveup on the transaction. Similarly, where B utilizes its own connections to execute transactions, B will be eligible for the MARS Payment, but would also be liable for any transaction resulting from the execution of orders that originate from B, arrive at the Exchange via B’s connectivity, and subsequently execute and clear at OCC, where B is the valid executing clearing member or give-up on the transaction. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:05 Feb 15, 2017 Jkt 241001 forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements. A. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change 1. Purpose Phlx proposes to amend its subsidy program, MARS, which pays a subsidy to Phlx members that provide certain order routing functionalities to other Phlx members and/or use such functionalities themselves. Generally, under MARS, Phlx pays participating Phlx members to subsidize their costs of providing routing services to route orders to Phlx. The Exchange believes that MARS will continue to attract higher volumes of electronic equity and ETF options volume to the Exchange from non-Phlx market participants as well as Phlx members with the proposed amendments. Today, to qualify for MARS, a Phlx member’s order routing functionality would be required to meet certain criteria.4 With respect to Complex Orders, the Exchange would not require Complex Orders to enable the electronic routing of orders to all of the U.S. options exchanges or provide current consolidated market data from the U.S. options exchanges. Any Phlx member may apply for MARS, provided the requirements are met, including a robust and reliable System. The member is solely responsible for implementing and operating its System. The Exchange is not proposing to amend this [sic] eligibility standards. Today, a MARS Payment would be made to Phlx members that have System Eligibility and have routed the requisite number of Eligible Contracts daily in a month, which were executed on Phlx. For the purpose of qualifying for the MARS Payment, Eligible Contracts 4 Specifically the member’s routing system (hereinafter ‘‘System’’) would be required to: (1) Enable the electronic routing of orders to all of the U.S. options exchanges, including Phlx; (2) provide current consolidated market data from the U.S. options exchanges; and (3) be capable of interfacing with Phlx’s API to access current Phlx match engine functionality. The member’s System would also need to cause Phlx to be one of the top three default destination exchanges for individually executed marketable orders if Phlx is at the national best bid or offer (‘‘NBBO’’), regardless of size or time, but allow any user to manually override Phlx as the default destination on an order-by-order basis. The Exchange does not require Complex Orders to enable the electronic routing of orders to all of the U.S. options exchanges or provide current consolidated market data from the U.S. options exchanges. PO 00000 Frm 00080 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 include Firm,5 Broker-Dealer,6 Joint Back Office or ‘‘JBO’’ 7 or Professional 8 equity option orders that are electronically delivered and executed. Eligible Contracts do not include floorbased orders, qualified contingent cross or ‘‘QCC’’ orders,9 price improvement or ‘‘PIXL’’ orders,10 Mini-Option orders 11 or Singly-Listed Options 12 orders. The Eligible Contracts requirements are not being amended. Phlx members that have System Eligibility and have executed the requisite number of Eligible Contracts in a month are paid rebates today as follows: Tiers 1 ................ 2 ................ Average daily volume (‘‘ADV’’) 1,000 30,000 MARS payment $0.01 0.10 The Exchange proposes to modify Tier 2 to require an ADV of 27,500 contracts. As proposed, Tier 2 would pay a reduced rebate of $0.08 on all executed Eligible Contracts which are routed to Phlx through a participating Phlx member’s System and meet the 5 The term ‘‘Firm’’ or (‘‘F’’) applies to any transaction that is identified by a Participant for clearing in the Firm range at OCC. 6 The term ‘‘Broker-Dealer’’ applies to any transaction which is not subject to any of the other transaction fees applicable within a particular category. 7 The term ‘‘Joint Back Office’’ or ‘‘JBO’’ applies to any transaction that is identified by a member or member organization for clearing in the Firm range at OCC and is identified with an origin code as a JBO. A JBO will be priced the same as a BrokerDealer. A JBO participant is a member, member organization or non-member organization that maintains a JBO arrangement with a clearing broker-dealer (‘‘JBO Broker’’) subject to the requirements of Regulation T Section 220.7 of the Federal Reserve System as further discussed at Exchange Rule 703. 8 The term ‘‘professional’’ means any person or entity that (i) is not a broker or dealer in securities, and (ii) places more than 390 orders in listed options per day on average during a calendar month for its own beneficial account(s). See Rule 1000(b)(14). 9 A QCC Order is comprised of an order to buy or sell at least 1000 contracts that is identified as being part of a qualified contingent trade, as that term is defined in Rule 1080(o)(3), coupled with a contra-side order to buy or sell an equal number of contracts. The QCC Order must be executed at a price at or between the NBBO and be rejected if a Customer order is resting on the Exchange book at the same price. A QCC Order shall only be submitted electronically from off the floor to the Exchange’s match engine. See Rule 1080(o). 10 PIXL is the Exchange’s price improvement mechanism known as Price Improvement XL or (PIXLSM). See Rule 1080(n). 11 Mini Options are further specified in Phlx Rule 1012, Commentary .13. 12 Singly Listed Options are options overlying currencies, equities, ETFs, ETNs treasury securities and indexes not listed on another exchange. E:\FR\FM\16FEN1.SGM 16FEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 31 / Thursday, February 16, 2017 / Notices requisite Eligible Contracts ADV. The Exchange also proposes to adopt 2 new tiers. Proposed new Tier 3 would require an ADV of 32,500 contracts and pay a rebate of $0.10 on all executed Eligible Contracts which are routed to Phlx through a participating Phlx member’s System and meet the requisite Eligible Contracts ADV. Proposed tier 4 would require an ADV of 40,000 contracts and pay a rebate of $0.12 on all executed Eligible Contracts which are routed to Phlx through a participating Phlx member’s System and meet the requisite Eligible Contracts ADV. The proposed tier schedule would therefore be as follows: Tiers 1 2 3 4 Average daily volume (‘‘ADV’’) ................ ................ ................ ................ 1,000 27,500 32,500 40,000 MARS payment $0.01 0.08 0.10 0.12 As is the case today, no payment will be made with respect to orders that are routed to Phlx, but not executed.13 asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES 2. Statutory Basis The Exchange believes that its proposal is consistent with Section 6(b) of the Act,14 in general, and furthers the objectives of Sections 6(b)(4) and 6(b)(5) of the Act,15 in particular, in that it provides for the equitable allocation of reasonable dues, fees and other charges among members and issuers and other persons using any facility, and is not designed to permit unfair discrimination between customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers. The Commission and the courts have repeatedly expressed their preference for competition over regulatory intervention in determining prices, products, and services in the securities markets. In Regulation NMS, while adopting a series of steps to improve the current market model, the Commission highlighted the importance of market forces in determining prices and SRO revenues and, also, recognized that current regulation of the market system ‘‘has been remarkably successful in promoting market competition in its 13 A Phlx member will not be entitled to receive any other revenue for the use of its System specifically with respect to orders routed to Phlx with the exception of the Marketing Fee. 14 15 U.S.C. 78f(b). 15 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(4) and (5). VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:05 Feb 15, 2017 Jkt 241001 broader forms that are most important to investors and listed companies.’’ 16 Likewise, in NetCoalition v. Securities and Exchange Commission 17 (‘‘NetCoalition’’) the D.C. Circuit upheld the Commission’s use of a market-based approach in evaluating the fairness of market data fees against a challenge claiming that Congress mandated a costbased approach.18 As the court emphasized, the Commission ‘‘intended in Regulation NMS that ‘market forces, rather than regulatory requirements’ play a role in determining the market data . . . to be made available to investors and at what cost.’’ 19 Further, ‘‘[n]o one disputes that competition for order flow is ‘fierce.’ . . . As the SEC explained, ‘[i]n the U.S. national market system, buyers and sellers of securities, and the brokerdealers that act as their order-routing agents, have a wide range of choices of where to route orders for execution’; [and] ‘no exchange can afford to take its market share percentages for granted’ because ‘no exchange possesses a monopoly, regulatory or otherwise, in the execution of order flow from broker dealers’. . . .’’ 20 Although the court and the SEC were discussing the cash equities markets, the Exchange believes that these views apply with equal force to the options markets. The Exchange believes that lowering the Tier 2 ADV to 27,500 contracts and paying a lower MARS Payment of $0.08 while offering two new tiers for ADV of 32,500 and 40,000 contracts, which pay rebates of $0.10 and $0.12, respectively, is reasonable because all qualifying Phlx members may qualify, provided they meet the qualifications for MARS. The proposed tiers should attract higher volumes of electronic equity and ETF options volume to the Exchange, which will benefit all Phlx members by offering greater price discovery, increased transparency, and an increased opportunity to trade on the Exchange. The expanded MARS Payments should enhance the competitiveness of the Exchange, particularly with respect to those exchanges that offer their own front-end order entry system or one they subsidize in some manner. The amendment to add new Tiers 3 and 4 will incentivize Phlx 16 Securities Exchange Act Release No. 51808 (June 9, 2005), 70 FR 37496, 37499 (June 29, 2005) (‘‘Regulation NMS Adopting Release’’). 17 NetCoalition v. SEC, 615 F.3d 525 (D.C. Cir. 2010). 18 See NetCoalition, at 534–535. 19 Id. at 537. 20 Id. at 539 (quoting Securities Exchange Act Release No. 59039 (December 2, 2008), 73 FR 74770, 74782–83 (December 9, 2008) (SR– NYSEArca–2006–21)). PO 00000 Frm 00081 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 10951 members to achieve an even higher rebate, provided the Phlx member is eligible for MARS. Further, the tier structure will allow Phlx members to price their services at a level that will enable them to attract order flow from market participants who would otherwise utilize an existing front-end order entry mechanism offered by the Exchange’s competitors instead of incurring the cost in time and money to develop their own internal systems to be able to deliver orders directly to the Exchange’s System. The Exchange believes that lowering the Tier 2 ADV to 27,500 contracts and paying a lower MARS Payment of $0.08 while offering two new tiers for ADV of 32,500 and 40,000 contracts, which pay rebates of $0.10 and $0.12, respectively, is equitable and not unfairly discriminatory because the Exchange will uniformly pay all Phlx members the rebates specified in the proposed MARS Payment tiers provided the Phlx member has executed the requisite number of Eligible Contracts. Moreover, the Exchange believes that the proposed MARS Payments offered by the Exchange are equitable and not unfairly discriminatory because any qualifying Phlx member that offers market access and connectivity to the Exchange and/ or utilize such functionality themselves may earn the MARS Payment for all Eligible Contracts. B. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Burden on Competition The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. In terms of inter-market competition, the Exchange notes that it operates in a highly competitive market in which market participants can readily favor competing venues if they deem fee levels at a particular venue to be excessive, or rebate opportunities available at other venues to be more favorable. In such an environment, the Exchange must continually adjust its fees to remain competitive with other exchanges and with alternative trading systems that have been exempted from compliance with the statutory standards applicable to exchanges. Because competitors are free to modify their own fees in response, and because market participants may readily adjust their order routing practices, the Exchange believes that the degree to which fee changes in this market may impose any burden on competition is extremely limited. In sum, if the changes proposed herein are unattractive to market participants, it is likely that the E:\FR\FM\16FEN1.SGM 16FEN1 10952 Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 31 / Thursday, February 16, 2017 / Notices Exchange will lose market share as a result. Accordingly, the Exchange does not believe that the proposed changes will impair the ability of members or competing order execution venues to maintain their competitive standing in the financial markets. The Exchange believes that lowering the Tier 2 ADV to 27,500 contracts and paying a lower MARS Payment of $0.08 while offering two new tiers for ADV of 32,500 and 40,000 contracts, which pay rebates of $0.10 and $0.12, respectively, does not impose an undue burden on intra-market competition because the Exchange will uniformly pay all Phlx members the rebates specified in the proposed MARS Payment tiers provided the Phlx member has executed the requisite number of Eligible Contracts. Moreover, the Exchange believes that the proposed MARS Payments offered by the Exchange are equitable and not unfairly discriminatory because any qualifying Phlx member that offers market access and connectivity to the Exchange and/or utilizes such functionality themselves may earn the MARS Payment for all Eligible Contracts. C. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others No written comments were either solicited or received. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action The foregoing rule change has become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A)(ii) of the Act.21 At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is: (i) Necessary or appropriate in the public interest; (ii) for the protection of investors; or (iii) otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the Commission shall institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule should be approved or disapproved. asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: 21 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A)(ii). VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:05 Feb 15, 2017 Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– Phlx–2017–13 on the subject line. Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to Brent J. Fields, Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–Phlx–2017–13. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549 on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of such filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–Phlx– 2017–13, and should be submitted on or before March 9, 2017. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.22 Eduardo A. Aleman, Assistant Secretary. [FR Doc. 2017–03098 Filed 2–15–17; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P 22 17 Jkt 241001 PO 00000 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). Frm 00082 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–80014; File No. SR– ISEGemini–2016–18] Self-Regulatory Organizations; ISE Gemini, LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change, as Modified by Amendment No. 1, To Amend the Exchange Opening Process February 10, 2017. I. Introduction On December 16, 2016, ISE Gemini, LLC (‘‘ISE Gemini’’ or ‘‘Exchange’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’),1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 a proposed rule change to amend the Exchange’s opening process. The proposed rule change was published for comment in the Federal Register on December 29, 2016.3 On February 1, 2017, the Exchange filed Amendment No. 1 to the proposed rule change.4 The Commission received no comment letters on the proposed rule change. This order approves the proposed rule change, as modified by Amendment No. 1. II. Description of the Proposal, as Modified by Amendment No. 1 The Exchange proposes to delete the entirety of current ISE Gemini Rule 701 and replace the current Exchange opening process with an opening process reflected in proposed ISE Gemini Rules 701 and 715(t).5 The Exchange notes that the new opening process is similar to the process used by 1 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). CFR 240.19b–4. 3 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 79679 (December 22, 2016), 81 FR 96062 (‘‘Notice’’). 4 In Amendment No. 1, the Exchange provided clarifying details to its proposal, including: (i) Expanding its proposed definition of ‘‘Quality Opening Market’’; (ii) clarifying that only Public Customer interest is routable during the Opening Process; and (iii) clarifying that when routing orders during the Opening Process the Exchange will do so based on price/time priority of routable interest. The Exchange also made technical corrections and revisions to the proposed rule text for readability and consistency. Amendment No. 1 amends and replaces the original filing in its entirety. Because Amendment No. 1 does not materially alter the substance of the proposed rule change or raise unique or novel regulatory issues, it is not subject to notice and comment. The amendment is available at: https://www.sec.gov/comments/srisegemini-2016-18/isegemini201618.htm. 5 The Exchange represents that this proposed rule change is being made in connection with a technology migration to a Nasdaq, Inc. (‘‘Nasdaq’’) supported architecture called INET which is utilized on The NASDAQ Options Market LLC, NASDAQ PHLX LLC (‘‘Phlx’’) and NASDAQ BX, Inc. See id. 2 17 E:\FR\FM\16FEN1.SGM 16FEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 31 (Thursday, February 16, 2017)]
[Notices]
[Pages 10949-10952]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-03098]


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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

[Release No. 34-80007; File No. SR-Phlx-2017-13]


Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing 
and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Amend the Market 
Access and Routing Subsidy

February 10, 2017.
    Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 
(``Act''),\1\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\2\ notice is hereby given 
that, on February 8, 2017, NASDAQ PHLX LLC (``Phlx'' or

[[Page 10950]]

``Exchange'') filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission 
(``SEC'' or ``Commission'') the proposed rule change as described in 
Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by the 
Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments 
on the proposed rule change from interested persons.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1).
    \2\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance 
of the Proposed Rule Change

    The Exchange proposes to amend the Exchange's Pricing Schedule at 
Section IV, entitled ``Other Transaction Fees.'' Specifically, the 
Exchange proposes to amend its subsidy program, the Market Access and 
Routing Subsidy or ``MARS,'' for Phlx members that provide certain 
order routing functionalities \3\ to other Phlx members and/or use such 
functionalities themselves.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ The order routing functionalities permit a Phlx member to 
provide access and connectivity to other members as well utilize 
such access for themselves. The Exchange notes that under this 
arrangement one Phlx member may be eligible for payments under MARS, 
while another Phlx member might potentially be liable for 
transaction charges associated with the execution of the order, 
because those orders were delivered to the Exchange through a Phlx 
member's connection to the Exchange and that member qualified for 
the MARS Payment. Consider the following example: Both members A and 
B are Phlx members but A does not utilize its own connections to 
route orders to the Exchange, and instead utilizes B's connections. 
Under this program, B will be eligible for the MARS Payment while A 
is liable for any transaction charges resulting from the execution 
of orders that originate from A, arrive at the Exchange via B's 
connectivity, and subsequently execute and clear at The Options 
Clearing Corporation or ``OCC,'' where A is the valid executing 
clearing member or give-up on the transaction. Similarly, where B 
utilizes its own connections to execute transactions, B will be 
eligible for the MARS Payment, but would also be liable for any 
transaction resulting from the execution of orders that originate 
from B, arrive at the Exchange via B's connectivity, and 
subsequently execute and clear at OCC, where B is the valid 
executing clearing member or give-up on the transaction.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange's 
Web site at http://nasdaqphlx.cchwallstreet.com/, at the principal 
office of the Exchange, and at the Commission's Public Reference Room.

II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

    In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements 
concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and 
discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The 
text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in 
Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in 
sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such 
statements.

A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

1. Purpose
    Phlx proposes to amend its subsidy program, MARS, which pays a 
subsidy to Phlx members that provide certain order routing 
functionalities to other Phlx members and/or use such functionalities 
themselves. Generally, under MARS, Phlx pays participating Phlx members 
to subsidize their costs of providing routing services to route orders 
to Phlx. The Exchange believes that MARS will continue to attract 
higher volumes of electronic equity and ETF options volume to the 
Exchange from non-Phlx market participants as well as Phlx members with 
the proposed amendments.
    Today, to qualify for MARS, a Phlx member's order routing 
functionality would be required to meet certain criteria.\4\ With 
respect to Complex Orders, the Exchange would not require Complex 
Orders to enable the electronic routing of orders to all of the U.S. 
options exchanges or provide current consolidated market data from the 
U.S. options exchanges. Any Phlx member may apply for MARS, provided 
the requirements are met, including a robust and reliable System. The 
member is solely responsible for implementing and operating its System. 
The Exchange is not proposing to amend this [sic] eligibility 
standards.
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    \4\ Specifically the member's routing system (hereinafter 
``System'') would be required to: (1) Enable the electronic routing 
of orders to all of the U.S. options exchanges, including Phlx; (2) 
provide current consolidated market data from the U.S. options 
exchanges; and (3) be capable of interfacing with Phlx's API to 
access current Phlx match engine functionality. The member's System 
would also need to cause Phlx to be one of the top three default 
destination exchanges for individually executed marketable orders if 
Phlx is at the national best bid or offer (``NBBO''), regardless of 
size or time, but allow any user to manually override Phlx as the 
default destination on an order-by-order basis. The Exchange does 
not require Complex Orders to enable the electronic routing of 
orders to all of the U.S. options exchanges or provide current 
consolidated market data from the U.S. options exchanges.
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    Today, a MARS Payment would be made to Phlx members that have 
System Eligibility and have routed the requisite number of Eligible 
Contracts daily in a month, which were executed on Phlx. For the 
purpose of qualifying for the MARS Payment, Eligible Contracts include 
Firm,\5\ Broker-Dealer,\6\ Joint Back Office or ``JBO'' \7\ or 
Professional \8\ equity option orders that are electronically delivered 
and executed. Eligible Contracts do not include floor-based orders, 
qualified contingent cross or ``QCC'' orders,\9\ price improvement or 
``PIXL'' orders,\10\ Mini-Option orders \11\ or Singly-Listed Options 
\12\ orders. The Eligible Contracts requirements are not being amended.
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    \5\ The term ``Firm'' or (``F'') applies to any transaction that 
is identified by a Participant for clearing in the Firm range at 
OCC.
    \6\ The term ``Broker-Dealer'' applies to any transaction which 
is not subject to any of the other transaction fees applicable 
within a particular category.
    \7\ The term ``Joint Back Office'' or ``JBO'' applies to any 
transaction that is identified by a member or member organization 
for clearing in the Firm range at OCC and is identified with an 
origin code as a JBO. A JBO will be priced the same as a Broker-
Dealer. A JBO participant is a member, member organization or non-
member organization that maintains a JBO arrangement with a clearing 
broker-dealer (``JBO Broker'') subject to the requirements of 
Regulation T Section 220.7 of the Federal Reserve System as further 
discussed at Exchange Rule 703.
    \8\ The term ``professional'' means any person or entity that 
(i) is not a broker or dealer in securities, and (ii) places more 
than 390 orders in listed options per day on average during a 
calendar month for its own beneficial account(s). See Rule 
1000(b)(14).
    \9\ A QCC Order is comprised of an order to buy or sell at least 
1000 contracts that is identified as being part of a qualified 
contingent trade, as that term is defined in Rule 1080(o)(3), 
coupled with a contra-side order to buy or sell an equal number of 
contracts. The QCC Order must be executed at a price at or between 
the NBBO and be rejected if a Customer order is resting on the 
Exchange book at the same price. A QCC Order shall only be submitted 
electronically from off the floor to the Exchange's match engine. 
See Rule 1080(o).
    \10\ PIXL is the Exchange's price improvement mechanism known as 
Price Improvement XL or (PIXL\SM\). See Rule 1080(n).
    \11\ Mini Options are further specified in Phlx Rule 1012, 
Commentary .13.
    \12\ Singly Listed Options are options overlying currencies, 
equities, ETFs, ETNs treasury securities and indexes not listed on 
another exchange.
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    Phlx members that have System Eligibility and have executed the 
requisite number of Eligible Contracts in a month are paid rebates 
today as follows:

 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Average daily
                  Tiers                       volume       MARS payment
                                             (``ADV'')
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.......................................           1,000           $0.01
2.......................................          30,000            0.10
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Exchange proposes to modify Tier 2 to require an ADV of 27,500 
contracts. As proposed, Tier 2 would pay a reduced rebate of $0.08 on 
all executed Eligible Contracts which are routed to Phlx through a 
participating Phlx member's System and meet the

[[Page 10951]]

requisite Eligible Contracts ADV. The Exchange also proposes to adopt 2 
new tiers. Proposed new Tier 3 would require an ADV of 32,500 contracts 
and pay a rebate of $0.10 on all executed Eligible Contracts which are 
routed to Phlx through a participating Phlx member's System and meet 
the requisite Eligible Contracts ADV. Proposed tier 4 would require an 
ADV of 40,000 contracts and pay a rebate of $0.12 on all executed 
Eligible Contracts which are routed to Phlx through a participating 
Phlx member's System and meet the requisite Eligible Contracts ADV. The 
proposed tier schedule would therefore be as follows:

 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Average daily
                  Tiers                       volume       MARS payment
                                             (``ADV'')
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.......................................           1,000           $0.01
2.......................................          27,500            0.08
3.......................................          32,500            0.10
4.......................................          40,000            0.12
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As is the case today, no payment will be made with respect to 
orders that are routed to Phlx, but not executed.\13\
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    \13\ A Phlx member will not be entitled to receive any other 
revenue for the use of its System specifically with respect to 
orders routed to Phlx with the exception of the Marketing Fee.
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2. Statutory Basis
    The Exchange believes that its proposal is consistent with Section 
6(b) of the Act,\14\ in general, and furthers the objectives of 
Sections 6(b)(4) and 6(b)(5) of the Act,\15\ in particular, in that it 
provides for the equitable allocation of reasonable dues, fees and 
other charges among members and issuers and other persons using any 
facility, and is not designed to permit unfair discrimination between 
customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers.
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    \14\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b).
    \15\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(4) and (5).
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    The Commission and the courts have repeatedly expressed their 
preference for competition over regulatory intervention in determining 
prices, products, and services in the securities markets. In Regulation 
NMS, while adopting a series of steps to improve the current market 
model, the Commission highlighted the importance of market forces in 
determining prices and SRO revenues and, also, recognized that current 
regulation of the market system ``has been remarkably successful in 
promoting market competition in its broader forms that are most 
important to investors and listed companies.'' \16\
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    \16\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 51808 (June 9, 2005), 
70 FR 37496, 37499 (June 29, 2005) (``Regulation NMS Adopting 
Release'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Likewise, in NetCoalition v. Securities and Exchange Commission 
\17\ (``NetCoalition'') the D.C. Circuit upheld the Commission's use of 
a market-based approach in evaluating the fairness of market data fees 
against a challenge claiming that Congress mandated a cost-based 
approach.\18\ As the court emphasized, the Commission ``intended in 
Regulation NMS that `market forces, rather than regulatory 
requirements' play a role in determining the market data . . . to be 
made available to investors and at what cost.'' \19\
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    \17\ NetCoalition v. SEC, 615 F.3d 525 (D.C. Cir. 2010).
    \18\ See NetCoalition, at 534-535.
    \19\ Id. at 537.
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    Further, ``[n]o one disputes that competition for order flow is 
`fierce.' . . . As the SEC explained, `[i]n the U.S. national market 
system, buyers and sellers of securities, and the broker-dealers that 
act as their order-routing agents, have a wide range of choices of 
where to route orders for execution'; [and] `no exchange can afford to 
take its market share percentages for granted' because `no exchange 
possesses a monopoly, regulatory or otherwise, in the execution of 
order flow from broker dealers'. . . .'' \20\ Although the court and 
the SEC were discussing the cash equities markets, the Exchange 
believes that these views apply with equal force to the options 
markets.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \20\ Id. at 539 (quoting Securities Exchange Act Release No. 
59039 (December 2, 2008), 73 FR 74770, 74782-83 (December 9, 2008) 
(SR-NYSEArca-2006-21)).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Exchange believes that lowering the Tier 2 ADV to 27,500 
contracts and paying a lower MARS Payment of $0.08 while offering two 
new tiers for ADV of 32,500 and 40,000 contracts, which pay rebates of 
$0.10 and $0.12, respectively, is reasonable because all qualifying 
Phlx members may qualify, provided they meet the qualifications for 
MARS. The proposed tiers should attract higher volumes of electronic 
equity and ETF options volume to the Exchange, which will benefit all 
Phlx members by offering greater price discovery, increased 
transparency, and an increased opportunity to trade on the Exchange. 
The expanded MARS Payments should enhance the competitiveness of the 
Exchange, particularly with respect to those exchanges that offer their 
own front-end order entry system or one they subsidize in some manner. 
The amendment to add new Tiers 3 and 4 will incentivize Phlx members to 
achieve an even higher rebate, provided the Phlx member is eligible for 
MARS. Further, the tier structure will allow Phlx members to price 
their services at a level that will enable them to attract order flow 
from market participants who would otherwise utilize an existing front-
end order entry mechanism offered by the Exchange's competitors instead 
of incurring the cost in time and money to develop their own internal 
systems to be able to deliver orders directly to the Exchange's System.
    The Exchange believes that lowering the Tier 2 ADV to 27,500 
contracts and paying a lower MARS Payment of $0.08 while offering two 
new tiers for ADV of 32,500 and 40,000 contracts, which pay rebates of 
$0.10 and $0.12, respectively, is equitable and not unfairly 
discriminatory because the Exchange will uniformly pay all Phlx members 
the rebates specified in the proposed MARS Payment tiers provided the 
Phlx member has executed the requisite number of Eligible Contracts. 
Moreover, the Exchange believes that the proposed MARS Payments offered 
by the Exchange are equitable and not unfairly discriminatory because 
any qualifying Phlx member that offers market access and connectivity 
to the Exchange and/or utilize such functionality themselves may earn 
the MARS Payment for all Eligible Contracts.

B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition

    The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will 
impose any burden on competition not necessary or appropriate in 
furtherance of the purposes of the Act. In terms of inter-market 
competition, the Exchange notes that it operates in a highly 
competitive market in which market participants can readily favor 
competing venues if they deem fee levels at a particular venue to be 
excessive, or rebate opportunities available at other venues to be more 
favorable. In such an environment, the Exchange must continually adjust 
its fees to remain competitive with other exchanges and with 
alternative trading systems that have been exempted from compliance 
with the statutory standards applicable to exchanges. Because 
competitors are free to modify their own fees in response, and because 
market participants may readily adjust their order routing practices, 
the Exchange believes that the degree to which fee changes in this 
market may impose any burden on competition is extremely limited. In 
sum, if the changes proposed herein are unattractive to market 
participants, it is likely that the

[[Page 10952]]

Exchange will lose market share as a result. Accordingly, the Exchange 
does not believe that the proposed changes will impair the ability of 
members or competing order execution venues to maintain their 
competitive standing in the financial markets.
    The Exchange believes that lowering the Tier 2 ADV to 27,500 
contracts and paying a lower MARS Payment of $0.08 while offering two 
new tiers for ADV of 32,500 and 40,000 contracts, which pay rebates of 
$0.10 and $0.12, respectively, does not impose an undue burden on 
intra-market competition because the Exchange will uniformly pay all 
Phlx members the rebates specified in the proposed MARS Payment tiers 
provided the Phlx member has executed the requisite number of Eligible 
Contracts. Moreover, the Exchange believes that the proposed MARS 
Payments offered by the Exchange are equitable and not unfairly 
discriminatory because any qualifying Phlx member that offers market 
access and connectivity to the Exchange and/or utilizes such 
functionality themselves may earn the MARS Payment for all Eligible 
Contracts.

C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed 
Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others

    No written comments were either solicited or received.

III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for 
Commission Action

    The foregoing rule change has become effective pursuant to Section 
19(b)(3)(A)(ii) of the Act.\21\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \21\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A)(ii).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule 
change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule 
change if it appears to the Commission that such action is: (i) 
Necessary or appropriate in the public interest; (ii) for the 
protection of investors; or (iii) otherwise in furtherance of the 
purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the 
Commission shall institute proceedings to determine whether the 
proposed rule should be approved or disapproved.

IV. Solicitation of Comments

    Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and 
arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule 
change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of 
the following methods:

Electronic Comments

     Use the Commission's Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml); or
     Send an email to rule-comments@sec.gov. Please include 
File Number SR-Phlx-2017-13 on the subject line.

Paper Comments

     Send paper comments in triplicate to Brent J. Fields, 
Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., 
Washington, DC 20549-1090.

All submissions should refer to File Number SR-Phlx-2017-13. This file 
number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help 
the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, 
please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on 
the Commission's Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all 
written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are 
filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to 
the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other 
than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the 
provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and 
printing in the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., 
Washington, DC 20549 on official business days between the hours of 
10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of such filing also will be available 
for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All 
comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does 
not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should 
submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All 
submissions should refer to File Number SR-Phlx-2017-13, and should be 
submitted on or before March 9, 2017.

    For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, 
pursuant to delegated authority.\22\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \22\ 17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(12).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Eduardo A. Aleman,
Assistant Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2017-03098 Filed 2-15-17; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P