Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ BX, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To Amend BX Rules 4702 and 4703, 66708-66711 [2016-23324]

Download as PDF 66708 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 188 / Wednesday, September 28, 2016 / Notices via a distribution to one or more of its executing Clearing Trading Permit Holders will provide Professionals with a convenient manner in which to receive their rebates, which perfects the mechanism for a free and open market. Lastly, the Exchange believes the proposed update to the Frequent Trader Program—Volume Corrections Form along with the clarifying, nonsubstantive and organizational changes maintains clarity in the Form and Fees Schedule, respectively, and avoids potential confusion given the proposed changes to expand the Frequent Trader Program. Alleviation of confusion removes impediments to, and perfects the mechanism for a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, protects investors and the public interest of market participants. B. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Burden on Competition mstockstill on DSK3G9T082PROD with NOTICES CBOE does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act because, while the rebates apply only to Customers and Professionals, the proposed change is designed to encourage increased Customer and Professional VIX, SPX and RUT options volume, which provides greater trading opportunities for all market participants. Additionally, the Exchange notes that incentive programs based on Customer and Professional volume already exist elsewhere within the industry.11 The Exchange believes that the proposed rule change will not cause an unnecessary burden on intermarket competition because VIX and SPX products are only traded on CBOE and RUT products are only traded on CBOE and C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated. To the extent that the proposed changes make CBOE a more attractive marketplace for market participants at other exchanges, such market participants are welcome to become CBOE market participants. C. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others The Exchange neither solicited nor received comments on the proposed rule change. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action The foregoing rule change has become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act 12 and paragraph (f) of Rule 19b–4 13 thereunder. At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the Commission will institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be approved or disapproved. IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– CBOE–2016–068 on the subject line. Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–CBOE–2016–068. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–CBOE– 2016–068, and should be submitted on or before October 19, 2016. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.14 Brent J. Fields, Secretary. [FR Doc. 2016–23322 Filed 9–27–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–78909; File No. SR–BX– 2016–046] Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ BX, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To Amend BX Rules 4702 and 4703 September 22, 2016. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’),1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 notice is hereby given that on September 13, 2016, NASDAQ BX, Inc. (‘‘BX’’ or ‘‘Exchange’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘SEC’’ or ‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change as described in Items I and II below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. I. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to amend BX Rules 4702, Order Types, and 4703, Order Attributes, to change the way in which Post Only Orders interact with resting Non-Display orders and preventing the execution of midpoint pegged orders during a crossed market. The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange’s Web site at http://nasdaqbx.cchwallstreet.com/, at the principal office of the Exchange, 14 17 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 2 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 12 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A). 13 17 CFR 240.19b–4(f). 11 Id. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:04 Sep 27, 2016 Jkt 238001 PO 00000 Frm 00089 Fmt 4703 1 15 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\28SEN1.SGM 28SEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 188 / Wednesday, September 28, 2016 / Notices and at the Commission’s Public Reference Room. II. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements. A. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change mstockstill on DSK3G9T082PROD with NOTICES 1. Purpose The Exchange offers various Order Types 3 and Order Attributes 4 to help members trade effectively on behalf of investors and themselves. This proposal would modify the manner in which two of those order types, Non-Display and Post Only, interact within BX’s trading system. The Exchange’s Non-Display Orders, described in Rule 4702(b)(3), help members minimize market impact when trading in larger-than-average size. For example, institutions often use NonDisplay Orders that use pegging at the midpoint (Midpoint Peg Order) 5 of the National Best Bid and Offer (NBBO) to reduce market impact because a midpoint execution does not indicate a price movement direction, as opposed to buying at the offer or selling at the bid (sometimes referred to as ‘‘crossing the spread’’) which may publicly indicate the direction of the stock price. The Exchange also offers Post Only Orders, described in Rule 4702(b)(4), which members, often market makers, use to rest liquidity on BX’s Order Book. Resting displayed liquidity is essential to price formation and order interaction, two indicators of healthy and orderly markets. BX introduced Post Only Orders 6 to enable and encourage this valuable behavior. A Post Only buy (sell) order entered at a price below 3 See Exchange Rule 4702. The Exchange also proposes a minor technical correction to add the word ‘‘price’’ after the word ‘‘displayed’’ in the second line of the second paragraph of Rule 4702(b)(4)(B). 4 See Exchange Rule 4703. 5 See Exchange Rule 4702(b)(3)(C). 6 See Post Only order Factsheet: http:// www.nasdaqtrader.com/content/ProductsServices/ Trading/postonly_factsheet.pdf. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:04 Sep 27, 2016 Jkt 238001 $1.00 will execute against a resting sell (buy) order if the value of price improvement equals or exceeds the foregone rebate for liquidity provision and fee for removing liquidity. If a Post Only buy (sell) order is entered at a price below $1.00 and is equal to the price of a resting sell (buy) order, the buy (sell) order is repriced one minimum price increment (MPV), generally $0.0001 7 lower (higher) than the resting sell (buy) order’s price. This repricing function, sometimes referred to as ‘‘price-sliding,’’ often occurs when a liquidity provider seeking to tighten the bid/offer spread on the Exchange encounters a NonDisplay Order on the opposite side of market from the Post Only Order. When this occurs, the displayed spread on the Exchange may become wider than on competing exchanges therefore reducing market quality and the likelihood of execution on the Exchange. In addition, the member entering the Post Only Order learns through the repricing action both that there is a Non-Display Order resting on the book and also the price at which the Non-Display Order is resting. The Exchange believes that this interaction is inefficient and detrimental to investors, to members, and to the market. Accordingly, the Exchange proposes two changes to the manner in which certain Post Only Orders respond to certain Non-Display Orders resting on the opposite side of the market. In all other instances, there will be no change. For example, Post-Only Orders will continue to execute against resting NonDisplay Orders provided the price improvement associated with the execution equals or exceeds the foregone rebate for liquidity provision and fee for removing liquidity for the member entering the Post Only Order, as they do today. First, a Post-Only Order that is entered with a price below $1.00 and is equal to the price of a resting NonDisplay Order will be posted at its limit price (or its adjusted price if 7 Securities priced at or above $1 are quoted in $0.01 increments, below $1, they can be quoted in $0.0001 increments. Post Only behavior is slightly different below $1 because the fees and economics involved in the execution are distinct from those at or above $1. Specifically, executions in securities priced at or above $1 result in rebates for the accessor of liquidity and as such it is always in the best interest of the incoming Post-Only Order to execute in securities at or above $1. See Exchange Rule 4702(b)(4)(A). In contrast, executions in securities priced below $1 result in charges to the accessor of liquidity. Compare Rules 7018 (a) and (b). In both cases, the Exchange system is programmed to analyze the price improvement offered and to execute only where permitted under its rules. PO 00000 Frm 00090 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 66709 applicable),8 rather than being re-priced as it is today. This allows the Post Only Order to lock the resting Non-Display Order.9 Both the displayed Post Only order and the resting Non-Display order will remain available for execution at the locking price. In this way, neither order is disadvantaged; the Exchange Bid/Offer spread is tightened; and no signal is sent to the member that entered the Post Only Order. In this scenario, efficacy is maintained or enhanced for both the Post Only Order user and the Non-Display Order user compared to today. For example, under the current rules if a Participant entered a Post-Only Order to buy at $0.95, the Best Offer 10 was $0.97, and there was a NonDisplayed Order on the Exchange Book to sell at $0.95, the Post-Only Order would be ranked and displayed at $0.9499. Using the above scenario, the Exchange is proposing to instead rank and display the Post-Only Order to buy at its limit price of $0.95. Second, the Exchange also proposes to modify processing when a Post Only Order, priced below $1.00, interacts with a Non-Display Order that is a Midpoint Peg Order. Specifically, when a Post Only buy (sell) order is priced higher (lower) than a resting Midpoint Peg Order but where the difference is less than the foregone rebate for liquidity provision and fee for removing liquidity, the Post Only Order will nonetheless be posted at its limit price. This proposal benefits investors and members because it results in a tighter Bid/Offer spread. Moreover, because the Post Only order is not re-priced relative to the resting Midpoint Peg order, as it is today, there is no information leakage. Additionally, the member entering the Midpoint Peg Order benefits because the new midpoint based on the new NBBO would now be a better price for the seller. Midpoint Peg orders are either cancelled or re-adjusted based on NBBO changes depending on the protocol used by the member to enter the Midpoint Peg Order.11 For example, under the current rules if the NBBO is $0.92 × $0.97 and a Participant enters a Midpoint Peg Order (which, as stated above, is Non-Displayed) to buy 200 shares with a limit price of $0.96, the 8 If a Post-Only Order is received at a price that would lock or cross a Protected Quotations [sic], its price will be adjusted in the same manner as a Price to Comply order (if it is not Attributable) or a Price to Display Order (if it is Attributable). See Rules 4702(b)(1) and 4702(b)(4)(A). 9 The Exchange believes that this condition is consistent with the Regulation NMS prohibition on locked and crossed markets because the Exchange will not be displaying a locked market. 10 The term ‘‘Best Offer’’ is defined in Exchange Rule 4701(j). 11 See Exchange Rule 4703(d). E:\FR\FM\28SEN1.SGM 28SEN1 66710 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 188 / Wednesday, September 28, 2016 / Notices mstockstill on DSK3G9T082PROD with NOTICES Midpoint Peg Order would post to the book at $0.945. If thereafter a Post-Only Order to sell 200 shares at $0.9449 is entered, the Post-Only Order would post and display at $0.9451 and Midpoint Peg Order would be cancelled or readjusted depending on the protocol used to enter the order. Under the proposed change and using the example above, the incoming Post-Only Order to sell 200 shares at $0.9449 would post and display at $0.9449 and the Midpoint Peg Order would be cancelled or re-adjusted depending on the protocol used to enter the order. In addition, the Exchange proposes to discontinue executing midpoint pegged orders when the NBBO is crossed. Today, the Exchange executes midpoint pegged orders when the NBBO is locked by executing at the locking price and when the NBBO is crossed by executing at the midpoint of the crossed price. Based upon feedback from members and the practice of other exchanges,12 the Exchange has determined that its current practice of executing midpoint pegged orders during such crossed markets produces sub-optimal execution prices for members and investors. The midpoint of a crossed market is not a clear and accurate indication of a valid price, nor is it indicative of a fair and orderly market. The better result is to simply not execute midpoint orders during crossed markets. To accomplish this, the Exchange will program the trading system to respond to the creation of a crossed NBBO by cancelling existing midpoint pegged orders and rejecting the entry of new midpoint pegged orders. After such order cancellation or rejection, members can resubmit their orders at their discretion without limitation. Accordingly, the Exchange proposes to modify the rule language describing the processing of Orders with the midpoint pegging attribute described in Rule 4703(d). As set forth below, the Exchange believes the proposed changes will benefit investors and members by addressing certain market inefficiencies that exist on the Exchange, and by improving BX’s competitive position against other exchanges that already offer similar processing of resting and non-displayed orders. 2. Statutory Basis The Exchange believes that its proposal is consistent with Section 6(b) of the Act,13 in general, and furthers the 12 See, e.g., BATS Rule 11.9(c)(9) (no midpoint execution during crossed market); NYSE Arca Rule 7.31(d)(4) (no midpoint execution when the market is locked or crossed). 13 15 U.S.C. 78f(b). VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:04 Sep 27, 2016 Jkt 238001 objectives of Section 6(b)(5) of the Act,14 in particular, in that it is designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest in several ways. First, the proposed changes will benefit investors and members by tightening bid/offer spreads, thereby enhancing execution quality on the Exchange. Second, members entering Post Only Order users will be able to execute liquidity providing strategies more efficiently. Third, the proposed changes will reduce the signaling created today by the interaction of Post Only and Non-Display Order, and thereby minimize the market impact of larger orders. Fourth, the cancellation or rejection of midpoint pegged orders when the NBBO is crossed will avoid mispriced executions and result in higher overall execution quality for members. The Exchange believes the proposed changes have no detrimental impact on any member or class of members, or on users of the Post Only or Non-Display Order types or on users of other order types offered by the Exchange. First, the use of Exchange Order types and attributes is voluntary, in that no member is required to use any specific Order type or attribute or even to use any Exchange Order type or attribute or any Exchange functionality at all. If an Exchange member believes for any reason that the proposed rule change will be detrimental, that perceived detriment can be avoided by choosing not to enter or interact with the Order types modified by this proposed rule change. Second, the Exchange believes that the changes proposed herein will not result in any diminution of market quality (execution price, effective spread, fill rate, etc.) for any member entering or interacting with one of the Order types modified by this proposed rule change. B. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Burden on Competition The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. To the contrary, the Exchange believes the proposed rule changes are procompetitive for several reasons. First, the proposed functionality is designed to compete with exchanges, including BATS and NYSE Arca, which already 14 15 PO 00000 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). Frm 00091 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 offer order types that behave similarly to how the Exchanges proposes Post Only and Non-Display Orders behave in the future. Second, the Exchange believes that the proposed rule change will make the Exchange a more competitive execution venue by creating tighter bid/ offer spreads and by enhancing execution quality (i.e., achieving increased price improvement, reducing effective spreads, and increasing execution fill rates). Third, the Exchange proposes to offer the same functionality to all members, thereby eliminating potential competitive burden or differential treatment. C. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others No written comments were either solicited or received. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action Within 45 days of the date of publication of this notice in the Federal Register or within such longer period up to 90 days (i) as the Commission may designate if it finds such longer period to be appropriate and publishes its reasons for so finding or (ii) as to which the self-regulatory organization consents, the Commission will: (A) By order approve or disapprove the proposed rule change, or (B) institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be disapproved. IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– BX–2016–046 on the subject line. Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to Brent J. Fields, Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–BX–2016–046. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your E:\FR\FM\28SEN1.SGM 28SEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 188 / Wednesday, September 28, 2016 / Notices comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–BX–2016–046 and should be submitted on or before October 19, 2016. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.15 Brent J. Fields, Secretary. [FR Doc. 2016–23324 Filed 9–27–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION [Disaster Declaration #14854 and #14855] Kansas Disaster #KS–00097 This is a notice of an Administrative declaration of a disaster for the State of Kansas dated 09/16/ 2016. Incident: Severe Storms and Flooding. Incident Period: 08/19/2016 through 09/11/2016. Effective Date: 09/16/2016. Physical Loan Application Deadline Date: 11/15/2016. Economic Injury (EIDL) Loan Application Deadline Date: 06/16/2017. ADDRESSES: Submit completed loan applications to: U.S. Small Business mstockstill on DSK3G9T082PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: Administration, Processing And Disbursement Center, 14925 Kingsport Road, Fort Worth, TX 76155. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: A. Escobar, Office of Disaster Assistance, U.S. Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street SW., Suite 6050, Washington, DC 20416. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is hereby given that as a result of the Administrator’s disaster declaration, applications for disaster loans may be filed at the address listed above or other locally announced locations. The following areas have been determined to be adversely affected by the disaster: Primary Counties: Sumner Contiguous Counties: Kansas: Butler, Cowley, Harper, Kingman, Sedgwick Oklahoma: Grant, Kay The Interest Rates are: For Physical Damage: Homeowners With Credit Available Elsewhere ......................... Homeowners Without Credit Available Elsewhere .................. Businesses With Credit Available Elsewhere ................................. Businesses Without Credit Available Elsewhere ......................... Non-Profit Organizations With Credit Available Elsewhere ....... Non-Profit Organizations Without Credit Available Elsewhere ....... For Economic Injury: Businesses & Small Agricultural Cooperatives Without Credit Available Elsewhere .................. Non-Profit Organizations Without Credit Available Elsewhere ....... 18:04 Sep 27, 2016 4.000 2.625 Dated: September 16, 2016. Maria Contreras-Sweet, Administrator. [FR Doc. 2016–23375 Filed 9–27–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8025–01–P Jkt 238001 Percent For Physical Damage: Non-Profit Organizations With Credit Available Elsewhere ....... Non-Profit Organizations Without Credit Available Elsewhere ....... For Economic Injury: Non-Profit Organizations Without Credit Available Elsewhere ....... 2.625 2.625 2.625 The number assigned to this disaster for physical damage is 148596 and for economic injury is 148606. (Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Number 59008) James E. Rivera, Associate Administrator for Disaster Assistance. [FR Doc. 2016–23383 Filed 9–27–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8025–01–P SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION [Disaster Declaration #14859 and #14860] SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Maryland Disaster #MD–00034 [Disaster Declaration # 14857 and # 14858] U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: Pennsylvania Disaster # PA–00071 PO 00000 Frm 00092 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: This is a Notice of the Presidential declaration of a major CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). VerDate Sep<11>2014 2.625 The number assigned to this disaster for physical damage is 14854 B and for economic injury is 14855 0. The States which received an EIDL Declaration # are Kansas, Oklahoma. SUMMARY: 15 17 disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of Maryland (FEMA–4279– DR), dated 09/16/2016. Incident: Severe Storms and Flooding. Incident Period: 07/30/2016 through 07/31/2016. Effective Date: 09/16/2016. Physical Loan Application Deadline Date: 11/15/2016. Economic Injury (EIDL) Loan Application Deadline Date: 06/16/2017. ADDRESSES: Submit completed loan applications to: U.S. Small Business Administration, Processing And Disbursement Center, 14925 Kingsport Road, Fort Worth, TX 76155. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: A. Escobar, Office of Disaster Assistance, U.S. Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street SW., Suite 6050, Washington, DC 20416. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is hereby given that as a result of the President’s major disaster declaration on Percent 09/16/2016, Private Non-Profit organizations that provide essential services of governmental nature may file 3.125 disaster loan applications at the address listed above or other locally announced 1.563 locations. The following areas have been 6.250 determined to be adversely affected by 4.000 the disaster: Primary Counties: Howard 2.625 The Interest Rates are: (Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Number 59008) U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: 66711 E:\FR\FM\28SEN1.SGM 28SEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 188 (Wednesday, September 28, 2016)]
[Notices]
[Pages 66708-66711]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-23324]


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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

[Release No. 34-78909; File No. SR-BX-2016-046]


Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ BX, Inc.; Notice of Filing 
of Proposed Rule Change To Amend BX Rules 4702 and 4703

September 22, 2016.
    Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 
(``Act''),\1\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\2\ notice is hereby given that 
on September 13, 2016, NASDAQ BX, Inc. (``BX'' or ``Exchange'') filed 
with the Securities and Exchange Commission (``SEC'' or ``Commission'') 
the proposed rule change as described in Items I and II below, which 
Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing 
this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from 
interested persons.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1).
    \2\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance 
of the Proposed Rule Change

    The Exchange proposes to amend BX Rules 4702, Order Types, and 
4703, Order Attributes, to change the way in which Post Only Orders 
interact with resting Non-Display orders and preventing the execution 
of midpoint pegged orders during a crossed market.
    The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange's 
Web site at http://nasdaqbx.cchwallstreet.com/, at the principal office 
of the Exchange,

[[Page 66709]]

and at the Commission's Public Reference Room.

II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

    In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements 
concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and 
discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The 
text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in 
Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in 
sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such 
statements.

A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

1. Purpose
    The Exchange offers various Order Types \3\ and Order Attributes 
\4\ to help members trade effectively on behalf of investors and 
themselves. This proposal would modify the manner in which two of those 
order types, Non-Display and Post Only, interact within BX's trading 
system.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ See Exchange Rule 4702. The Exchange also proposes a minor 
technical correction to add the word ``price'' after the word 
``displayed'' in the second line of the second paragraph of Rule 
4702(b)(4)(B).
    \4\ See Exchange Rule 4703.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Exchange's Non-Display Orders, described in Rule 4702(b)(3), 
help members minimize market impact when trading in larger-than-average 
size. For example, institutions often use Non-Display Orders that use 
pegging at the midpoint (Midpoint Peg Order) \5\ of the National Best 
Bid and Offer (NBBO) to reduce market impact because a midpoint 
execution does not indicate a price movement direction, as opposed to 
buying at the offer or selling at the bid (sometimes referred to as 
``crossing the spread'') which may publicly indicate the direction of 
the stock price.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ See Exchange Rule 4702(b)(3)(C).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Exchange also offers Post Only Orders, described in Rule 
4702(b)(4), which members, often market makers, use to rest liquidity 
on BX's Order Book. Resting displayed liquidity is essential to price 
formation and order interaction, two indicators of healthy and orderly 
markets. BX introduced Post Only Orders \6\ to enable and encourage 
this valuable behavior. A Post Only buy (sell) order entered at a price 
below $1.00 will execute against a resting sell (buy) order if the 
value of price improvement equals or exceeds the foregone rebate for 
liquidity provision and fee for removing liquidity. If a Post Only buy 
(sell) order is entered at a price below $1.00 and is equal to the 
price of a resting sell (buy) order, the buy (sell) order is repriced 
one minimum price increment (MPV), generally $0.0001 \7\ lower (higher) 
than the resting sell (buy) order's price.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ See Post Only order Factsheet: http://www.nasdaqtrader.com/content/ProductsServices/Trading/postonly_factsheet.pdf.
    \7\ Securities priced at or above $1 are quoted in $0.01 
increments, below $1, they can be quoted in $0.0001 increments. Post 
Only behavior is slightly different below $1 because the fees and 
economics involved in the execution are distinct from those at or 
above $1. Specifically, executions in securities priced at or above 
$1 result in rebates for the accessor of liquidity and as such it is 
always in the best interest of the incoming Post-Only Order to 
execute in securities at or above $1. See Exchange Rule 
4702(b)(4)(A). In contrast, executions in securities priced below $1 
result in charges to the accessor of liquidity. Compare Rules 7018 
(a) and (b). In both cases, the Exchange system is programmed to 
analyze the price improvement offered and to execute only where 
permitted under its rules.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This repricing function, sometimes referred to as ``price-
sliding,'' often occurs when a liquidity provider seeking to tighten 
the bid/offer spread on the Exchange encounters a Non-Display Order on 
the opposite side of market from the Post Only Order. When this occurs, 
the displayed spread on the Exchange may become wider than on competing 
exchanges therefore reducing market quality and the likelihood of 
execution on the Exchange. In addition, the member entering the Post 
Only Order learns through the repricing action both that there is a 
Non-Display Order resting on the book and also the price at which the 
Non-Display Order is resting. The Exchange believes that this 
interaction is inefficient and detrimental to investors, to members, 
and to the market.
    Accordingly, the Exchange proposes two changes to the manner in 
which certain Post Only Orders respond to certain Non-Display Orders 
resting on the opposite side of the market. In all other instances, 
there will be no change. For example, Post-Only Orders will continue to 
execute against resting Non-Display Orders provided the price 
improvement associated with the execution equals or exceeds the 
foregone rebate for liquidity provision and fee for removing liquidity 
for the member entering the Post Only Order, as they do today.
    First, a Post-Only Order that is entered with a price below $1.00 
and is equal to the price of a resting Non-Display Order will be posted 
at its limit price (or its adjusted price if applicable),\8\ rather 
than being re-priced as it is today. This allows the Post Only Order to 
lock the resting Non-Display Order.\9\ Both the displayed Post Only 
order and the resting Non-Display order will remain available for 
execution at the locking price. In this way, neither order is 
disadvantaged; the Exchange Bid/Offer spread is tightened; and no 
signal is sent to the member that entered the Post Only Order. In this 
scenario, efficacy is maintained or enhanced for both the Post Only 
Order user and the Non-Display Order user compared to today. For 
example, under the current rules if a Participant entered a Post-Only 
Order to buy at $0.95, the Best Offer \10\ was $0.97, and there was a 
Non-Displayed Order on the Exchange Book to sell at $0.95, the Post-
Only Order would be ranked and displayed at $0.9499. Using the above 
scenario, the Exchange is proposing to instead rank and display the 
Post-Only Order to buy at its limit price of $0.95.
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    \8\ If a Post-Only Order is received at a price that would lock 
or cross a Protected Quotations [sic], its price will be adjusted in 
the same manner as a Price to Comply order (if it is not 
Attributable) or a Price to Display Order (if it is Attributable). 
See Rules 4702(b)(1) and 4702(b)(4)(A).
    \9\ The Exchange believes that this condition is consistent with 
the Regulation NMS prohibition on locked and crossed markets because 
the Exchange will not be displaying a locked market.
    \10\ The term ``Best Offer'' is defined in Exchange Rule 
4701(j).
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    Second, the Exchange also proposes to modify processing when a Post 
Only Order, priced below $1.00, interacts with a Non-Display Order that 
is a Midpoint Peg Order. Specifically, when a Post Only buy (sell) 
order is priced higher (lower) than a resting Midpoint Peg Order but 
where the difference is less than the foregone rebate for liquidity 
provision and fee for removing liquidity, the Post Only Order will 
nonetheless be posted at its limit price. This proposal benefits 
investors and members because it results in a tighter Bid/Offer spread. 
Moreover, because the Post Only order is not re-priced relative to the 
resting Midpoint Peg order, as it is today, there is no information 
leakage. Additionally, the member entering the Midpoint Peg Order 
benefits because the new midpoint based on the new NBBO would now be a 
better price for the seller. Midpoint Peg orders are either cancelled 
or re-adjusted based on NBBO changes depending on the protocol used by 
the member to enter the Midpoint Peg Order.\11\ For example, under the 
current rules if the NBBO is $0.92 x $0.97 and a Participant enters a 
Midpoint Peg Order (which, as stated above, is Non-Displayed) to buy 
200 shares with a limit price of $0.96, the

[[Page 66710]]

Midpoint Peg Order would post to the book at $0.945. If thereafter a 
Post-Only Order to sell 200 shares at $0.9449 is entered, the Post-Only 
Order would post and display at $0.9451 and Midpoint Peg Order would be 
cancelled or readjusted depending on the protocol used to enter the 
order. Under the proposed change and using the example above, the 
incoming Post-Only Order to sell 200 shares at $0.9449 would post and 
display at $0.9449 and the Midpoint Peg Order would be cancelled or re-
adjusted depending on the protocol used to enter the order.
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    \11\ See Exchange Rule 4703(d).
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    In addition, the Exchange proposes to discontinue executing 
midpoint pegged orders when the NBBO is crossed. Today, the Exchange 
executes midpoint pegged orders when the NBBO is locked by executing at 
the locking price and when the NBBO is crossed by executing at the 
midpoint of the crossed price. Based upon feedback from members and the 
practice of other exchanges,\12\ the Exchange has determined that its 
current practice of executing midpoint pegged orders during such 
crossed markets produces sub-optimal execution prices for members and 
investors. The midpoint of a crossed market is not a clear and accurate 
indication of a valid price, nor is it indicative of a fair and orderly 
market. The better result is to simply not execute midpoint orders 
during crossed markets. To accomplish this, the Exchange will program 
the trading system to respond to the creation of a crossed NBBO by 
cancelling existing midpoint pegged orders and rejecting the entry of 
new midpoint pegged orders. After such order cancellation or rejection, 
members can resubmit their orders at their discretion without 
limitation. Accordingly, the Exchange proposes to modify the rule 
language describing the processing of Orders with the midpoint pegging 
attribute described in Rule 4703(d).
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    \12\ See, e.g., BATS Rule 11.9(c)(9) (no midpoint execution 
during crossed market); NYSE Arca Rule 7.31(d)(4) (no midpoint 
execution when the market is locked or crossed).
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    As set forth below, the Exchange believes the proposed changes will 
benefit investors and members by addressing certain market 
inefficiencies that exist on the Exchange, and by improving BX's 
competitive position against other exchanges that already offer similar 
processing of resting and non-displayed orders.

2. Statutory Basis

    The Exchange believes that its proposal is consistent with Section 
6(b) of the Act,\13\ in general, and furthers the objectives of Section 
6(b)(5) of the Act,\14\ in particular, in that it is designed to 
promote just and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments 
to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national 
market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public 
interest in several ways.
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    \13\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b).
    \14\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5).
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    First, the proposed changes will benefit investors and members by 
tightening bid/offer spreads, thereby enhancing execution quality on 
the Exchange. Second, members entering Post Only Order users will be 
able to execute liquidity providing strategies more efficiently. Third, 
the proposed changes will reduce the signaling created today by the 
interaction of Post Only and Non-Display Order, and thereby minimize 
the market impact of larger orders. Fourth, the cancellation or 
rejection of midpoint pegged orders when the NBBO is crossed will avoid 
mispriced executions and result in higher overall execution quality for 
members.
    The Exchange believes the proposed changes have no detrimental 
impact on any member or class of members, or on users of the Post Only 
or Non-Display Order types or on users of other order types offered by 
the Exchange. First, the use of Exchange Order types and attributes is 
voluntary, in that no member is required to use any specific Order type 
or attribute or even to use any Exchange Order type or attribute or any 
Exchange functionality at all. If an Exchange member believes for any 
reason that the proposed rule change will be detrimental, that 
perceived detriment can be avoided by choosing not to enter or interact 
with the Order types modified by this proposed rule change. Second, the 
Exchange believes that the changes proposed herein will not result in 
any diminution of market quality (execution price, effective spread, 
fill rate, etc.) for any member entering or interacting with one of the 
Order types modified by this proposed rule change.

B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition

    The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will 
impose any burden on competition not necessary or appropriate in 
furtherance of the purposes of the Act. To the contrary, the Exchange 
believes the proposed rule changes are pro-competitive for several 
reasons. First, the proposed functionality is designed to compete with 
exchanges, including BATS and NYSE Arca, which already offer order 
types that behave similarly to how the Exchanges proposes Post Only and 
Non-Display Orders behave in the future. Second, the Exchange believes 
that the proposed rule change will make the Exchange a more competitive 
execution venue by creating tighter bid/offer spreads and by enhancing 
execution quality (i.e., achieving increased price improvement, 
reducing effective spreads, and increasing execution fill rates). 
Third, the Exchange proposes to offer the same functionality to all 
members, thereby eliminating potential competitive burden or 
differential treatment.

C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed 
Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others

    No written comments were either solicited or received.

III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for 
Commission Action

    Within 45 days of the date of publication of this notice in the 
Federal Register or within such longer period up to 90 days (i) as the 
Commission may designate if it finds such longer period to be 
appropriate and publishes its reasons for so finding or (ii) as to 
which the self-regulatory organization consents, the Commission will:
    (A) By order approve or disapprove the proposed rule change, or
    (B) institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule 
change should be disapproved.

IV. Solicitation of Comments

    Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and 
arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule 
change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of 
the following methods:

Electronic Comments

     Use the Commission's Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml); or
     Send an email to rule-comments@sec.gov. Please include 
File Number SR-BX-2016-046 on the subject line.

Paper Comments

     Send paper comments in triplicate to Brent J. Fields, 
Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., 
Washington, DC 20549-1090.

All submissions should refer to File Number SR-BX-2016-046. This file 
number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help 
the Commission process and review your

[[Page 66711]]

comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission 
will post all comments on the Commission's Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml).
    Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written 
statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with 
the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed 
rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those 
that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions 
of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in 
the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington, 
DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 
3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection 
and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments 
received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit 
personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit 
only information that you wish to make available publicly.
    All submissions should refer to File Number SR-BX-2016-046 and 
should be submitted on or before October 19, 2016.

    For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, 
pursuant to delegated authority.\15\
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    \15\ 17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(12).
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Brent J. Fields,
Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2016-23324 Filed 9-27-16; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P