Ferrovanadium From the Republic of Korea: Initiation of Less-Than-Fair-Value Investigation, 24059-24063 [2016-09537]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 79 / Monday, April 25, 2016 / Notices The Assistant Secretary for Administration, with the concurrence of the delegate of the General Counsel, formally determined on April 11, 2016, pursuant to Section 10(d) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5 U.S.C. app. 2 § 10(d)), that the portion of the meeting dealing with matters the premature disclosure of which would be likely to frustrate significantly implementation of a proposed agency action as described in 5 U.S.C. 552b(c)(9)(B) shall be exempt from the provisions relating to public meetings found in 5 U.S.C. app. 2 §§ 10(a)(1) and 10(a)(3). The remaining portions of the meeting will be open to the public. For more information, call Yvette Springer at (202) 482–2813. Dated: April 20, 2016. Yvette Springer, Committee Liaison Officer. [FR Doc. 2016–09528 Filed 4–22–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–JT–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Environmental Technologies Trade Advisory Committee Public Meeting International Trade Administration, DOC. ACTION: Notice of federal advisory committee meeting AGENCY: asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:02 Apr 22, 2016 Jkt 238001 Topics To Be Considered The agenda for this meeting will include discussion of priorities and objectives for the committee, trade promotion programs within the International Trade Administration, and subcommittee working meetings. Background: The ETTAC is mandated by Public Law 103–392. It was created to advise the U.S. government on environmental trade policies and programs, and to help it to focus its resources on increasing the exports of the U.S. environmental industry. ETTAC operates as an advisory committee to the Secretary of Commerce and the Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee (TPCC). ETTAC was originally chartered in May of 1994. It was most recently re-chartered until August 2016. Dated: April 14, 2016. Edward A. O’Malley, Office Director, Office of Energy and Environmental Industries. This notice sets forth the schedule and proposed agenda of a meeting of the Environmental Technologies Trade Advisory Committee (ETTAC). DATES: The meeting is scheduled for Tuesday, May 24, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Standard Time (EST). ADDRESSES: The meeting will be held in Room 3407 at the U.S. Department of Commerce, Herbert Clark Hoover Building, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20230. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Maureen Hinman, Office of Energy & Environmental Industries (OEEI), International Trade Administration, Room 4053, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20230 (Phone: 202–482–0627; Fax: 202–482–5665; email: maureen.hinman@trade.gov.) This meeting is physically accessible to people with disabilities. Requests for sign language interpretation or other auxiliary aids should be directed to OEEI at (202) 482–5225 no less than one week prior to the meeting. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The meeting will take place from 8:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. EDT. The general meeting SUMMARY: is open to the public and time will be permitted for public comment from 3:00–3:30 p.m. EDT. Those interested in attending must provide notification by Tuesday, May 10, 2016 at 5:00 p.m. EDT, via the contact information provided above. Written comments concerning ETTAC affairs are welcome any time before or after the meeting. Minutes will be available within 30 days of this meeting. [FR Doc. 2016–09474 Filed 4–22–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DR–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A–580–886] Ferrovanadium From the Republic of Korea: Initiation of Less-Than-FairValue Investigation Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. DATES: Effective Date: April 18, 2016. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Patrick O’Connor or Aleksandras Nakutis, at (202) 482–0989 or (202) 482– 3147, AD/CVD Operations, Enforcement and Compliance, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20230. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: AGENCY: The Petition On March 28, 2016, the Department of Commerce (the Department) received an antidumping duty (AD) petition concerning imports of ferrovanadium PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 24059 from the Republic of Korea (Korea), filed in proper form on behalf of the Vanadium Producers and Reclaimers Association (VPRA) and VPRA members AMG Vanadium LLC (AMG V), Bear Metallurgical Company (Bear), Gulf Chemical & Metallurgical Corporation (Gulf), and Evraz Stratcor, Inc. (Stratcor) (Petitioners).1 Petitioners are U.S. producers and wholesalers of ferrovanadium, and a trade or business association, a majority of whose members are U.S. producers and wholesalers of ferrovanadium.2 On March 31, 2016, and April 6, 2016, the Department requested additional information and clarification of certain areas of the Petition.3 Petitioners filed responses on April 4, 6, and 7, 2016.4 In accordance with section 732(b) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act), Petitioners allege that imports of ferrovanadium from Korea are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at less-than-fair value within the meaning of section 731 of the Act, and that such imports are materially injuring, or threatening material injury to, an industry in the United States. Also, consistent with section 732(b)(1) of the Act, the Petition is accompanied by information reasonably available to Petitioners supporting their allegations. The Department finds that Petitioners filed this Petition on behalf of the domestic industry because Petitioners are interested parties as defined in section 771(9)(C), (E), and (F) of the Act. The Department also finds that Petitioners demonstrated sufficient 1 See the Petition for the Imposition of Antidumping Duties: Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea, dated March 28, 2016 (the Petition). 2 See Petition Supplement 1, at 2–3. 3 See Letter from the Department to Petitioners entitled ‘‘Petition for the Imposition of Antidumping Duties on Imports of Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea: Supplemental Questions’’ dated March 31, 2016 (Supplemental Questionnaire); see also Letter from the Department to Petitioners entitled ‘‘Petition for the Imposition of Antidumping Duties on Imports of Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea: Supplemental Question’’ dated April 6, 2016. 4 See letter from Petitioners entitled ‘‘Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea— Petitioners’ Responses to the Department’s March 31, 2016, Supplemental Questions on the Petition and Amendment to the Petition to Modify Scope Language,’’ dated April 4, 2016. (Petition Supplement 1); see also letter from Petitioners entitled ‘‘Response of Petitioners to Supplemental Questions from the Department of Commerce Regarding the Petition for the Imposition of Antidumping Duties on Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea: Translation,’’ dated April 6, 2016; see also letter from Petitioners entitled ‘‘Response of the Petitioners to Supplemental Question from the Department of Commerce Regarding the Petition for the Imposition of Antidumping Duties on Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea,’’ dated April 7, 2016 (Petition Supplement 2). E:\FR\FM\25APN1.SGM 25APN1 24060 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 79 / Monday, April 25, 2016 / Notices pertaining to the scope of the investigation may be relevant, the party may contact the Department and request permission to submit the additional information. industry support with respect to the initiation of the AD investigation that Petitioners are requesting.5 Period of Investigation Because the Petition was filed on March 28, 2016, the period of investigation (POI) is, pursuant to 19 CFR 351.204(b)(1), January 1, 2015, through December 31, 2015. Scope of the Investigation The product covered by this investigation is ferrovanadium from Korea. For a full description of the scope of this investigation, see the ‘‘Scope of the Investigation,’’ in Appendix I of this notice. asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Comments on Scope of the Investigation During our review of the Petition, the Department issued questions to, and received responses from, Petitioners pertaining to the proposed scope to ensure that the scope language in the Petition would be an accurate reflection of the products for which the domestic industry is seeking relief.6 As discussed in the preamble to the Department’s regulations,7 we are setting aside a period for interested parties to raise issues regarding product coverage (scope). The Department will consider all comments received from parties and, if necessary, will consult with parties prior to the issuance of the preliminary determination. If scope comments include factual information (see 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21)), all such factual information should be limited to public information. In order to facilitate preparation of its questionnaires, the Department requests all interested parties to submit such comments by 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time (ET) on Monday, May 9, 2016, because 20 calendar days after the signature date of this notice falls on Sunday, May 8, 2016.8 Any rebuttal comments, which may include factual information, must be filed by 5:00 p.m. ET on Thursday, May 19, 2016, which is 10 calendar days after the initial comments deadline. The Department requests that any factual information the parties consider relevant to the scope of the investigation be submitted during this time period. However, if a party subsequently finds that additional factual information 5 See the ‘‘Determination of Industry Support for the Petition’’ section below. 6 See Supplemental Questionnaire; see also Petition Supplement 1. 7 See Antidumping Duties; Countervailing Duties, 62 FR 27296, 27323 (May 19, 1997). 8 See 19 CFR 351.303(b)(1) (‘‘For both electronically filed and manually filed documents, if the applicable due date falls on a non-business day, the Secretary will accept documents that are filed on the next business day.’’). VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:02 Apr 22, 2016 Jkt 238001 Filing Requirements All submissions to the Department must be filed electronically using Enforcement and Compliance’s Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS).9 An electronically filed document must be received successfully in its entirety by the time and date when it is due. Documents excepted from the electronic submission requirements must be filed manually (i.e., in paper form) with Enforcement and Compliance’s APO/Dockets Unit, Room 18022, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20230, and stamped with the date and time of receipt by the applicable deadlines. Comments on Product Characteristics for AD Questionnaires The Department requests comments from interested parties regarding the appropriate physical characteristics of ferrovanadium to be reported in response to the Department’s AD questionnaires. This information will be used to identify the key physical characteristics of the subject merchandise in order to report sales and costs of production information accurately as well as to develop appropriate product-comparison criteria. Interested parties may provide any information or comments that they believe are relevant to the development of physical characteristics for reporting and product matching purposes. Specifically, they may provide comments as to which characteristics are appropriate to use as: (1) General product characteristics and (2) productcomparison criteria. We note that it is not always appropriate to use all product characteristics as productcomparison criteria. We base productcomparison criteria on meaningful commercial differences among products. In other words, although there may be 9 See 19 CFR 351.303 (for general filing requirements); see also Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings: Electronic Filing Procedures; Administrative Protective Order Procedures, 76 FR 39263 (July 6, 2011); see also Enforcement and Compliance; Change of Electronic Filing System Name, 79 FR 69046 (November 20, 2014) for details of the Department’s electronic filing requirements, which went into effect on August 5, 2011. Information on help using ACCESS can be found at https://access.trade.gov/help.aspx and a handbook can be found at https://access. trade.gov/help/Handbook%20on%20Electronic%20 Filling%20Procedures.pdf. PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 some physical product characteristics utilized by manufacturers to describe ferrovanadium, it may be that only a select few product characteristics take into account commercially meaningful physical characteristics. In addition, interested parties may comment on the order in which the physical characteristics should be used in matching products. Generally, the Department attempts to list the most important physical characteristics first and the least important characteristics last. In order to consider the suggestions of interested parties in developing and issuing the AD questionnaires, all comments must be filed by 5:00 p.m. ET on May 9, 2016, which is 21 calendar days from the signature date of this notice. Any rebuttal comments must be filed by 5:00 p.m. ET on May 16, 2016. All comments and submissions to the Department must be filed electronically using ACCESS, as explained above, on the record of this Korea less-than-fairvalue investigation. Determination of Industry Support for the Petition Section 732(b)(1) of the Act requires that a petition be filed on behalf of the domestic industry. Section 732(c)(4)(A) of the Act provides that a petition meets this requirement if the domestic producers or workers who support the petition account for: (i) At least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product; and (ii) more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the petition. Moreover, section 732(c)(4)(D) of the Act provides that, if the petition does not establish support of domestic producers or workers accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the domestic like product, the Department shall: (i) Poll the industry or rely on other information in order to determine if there is support for the petition, as required by subparagraph (A); or (ii) determine industry support using a statistically valid sampling method to poll the ‘‘industry.’’ Section 771(4)(A) of the Act defines the ‘‘industry’’ as the producers as a whole of a domestic like product. Thus, to determine whether a petition has the requisite industry support, the statute directs the Department to look to producers and workers who produce the domestic like product. The International Trade Commission (ITC), which is responsible for determining whether ‘‘the domestic industry’’ has been injured, must also determine what E:\FR\FM\25APN1.SGM 25APN1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 79 / Monday, April 25, 2016 / Notices constitutes a domestic like product in order to define the industry. While both the Department and the ITC must apply the same statutory definition regarding the domestic like product,10 they do so for different purposes and pursuant to a separate and distinct authority. In addition, the Department’s determination is subject to limitations of time and information. Although this may result in different definitions of the like product, such differences do not render the decision of either agency contrary to law.11 Section 771(10) of the Act defines the domestic like product as ‘‘a product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation under this title.’’ Thus, the reference point from which the domestic like product analysis begins is ‘‘the article subject to an investigation’’ (i.e., the class or kind of merchandise to be investigated, which normally will be the scope as defined in the Petition). With regard to the domestic like product, Petitioners do not offer a definition of the domestic like product distinct from the scope of the investigation. Based on our analysis of the information submitted on the record, we have determined that ferrovanadium, as defined in the scope, constitutes a single domestic like product, and we have analyzed industry support in terms of that domestic like product.12 In determining whether Petitioners have standing under section 732(c)(4)(A) of the Act, we considered the industry support data contained in the Petition with reference to the domestic like product as defined in the ‘‘Scope of the Investigation,’’ in Appendix I of this notice. To establish industry support, Petitioners provided the 2015 production of the domestic like product by the two petitioning companies that produce ferrovanadium in the United States (AMG Vanadium, LLC and Bear Metallurgical asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES 10 See section 771(10) of the Act. 11 See USEC, Inc. v. United States, 132 F. Supp. 2d 1, 8 (CIT 2001) (citing Algoma Steel Corp., Ltd. v. United States, 688 F. Supp. 639, 644 (CIT 1988), aff’d 865 F.2d 240 (Fed. Cir. 1989)). 12 For a discussion of the domestic like product analysis in this case, see Antidumping Duty Investigation Initiation Checklist: Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea (Korea AD Initiation Checklist), at Attachment II, Analysis of Industry Support for the Antidumping Duty Petition Covering Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea. This checklist is dated concurrently with this notice and on file electronically via ACCESS. Access to documents filed via ACCESS is also available in the Central Records Unit, Room B8024 of the main Department of Commerce building. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:02 Apr 22, 2016 Jkt 238001 Company).13 Petitioners state that these two companies are the only known producers of ferrovanadium in the United States; therefore, the Petition is supported by 100 percent of the U.S. industry.14 Our review of the data provided in the Petition and other information readily available to the Department indicates that Petitioners have established industry support.15 First, the Petition established support from domestic producers (or workers) accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the domestic like product and, as such, the Department is not required to take further action in order to evaluate industry support (e.g., polling).16 Second, the domestic producers (or workers) have met the statutory criteria for industry support under section 732(c)(4)(A)(i) of the Act because the domestic producers (or workers) who support the Petition account for at least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product.17 Finally, the domestic producers (or workers) have met the statutory criteria for industry support under section 732(c)(4)(A)(ii) of the Act because the domestic producers (or workers) who support the Petition account for more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the Petition.18 Accordingly, the Department determines that the Petition was filed on behalf of the domestic industry within the meaning of section 732(b)(1) of the Act. The Department finds that Petitioners filed the Petition on behalf of the domestic industry because they are interested parties as defined in sections 771(9)(C), (E), and (F) of the Act and they have demonstrated sufficient industry support with respect to the AD investigation that they are requesting the Department initiate.19 Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation Petitioners allege that the U.S. industry producing the domestic like product is being materially injured, or is threatened with material injury, by 13 See Volume I of the Petition, at 3–4 and 6–7; see also Petition Supplement 1, at 3 and Exhibit SQ–3. 14 See Volume I of the Petition, at 3–4. 15 See Korea AD Initiation Checklist, at Attachment II. 16 See section 732(c)(4)(D) of the Act; see also Korea AD Initiation Checklist, at Attachment II. 17 See Korea AD Initiation Checklist, at Attachment II. 18 Id. 19 Id. PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 24061 reason of the imports of the subject merchandise sold at less than normal value (NV). In addition, Petitioners allege that subject imports exceed the negligibility threshold provided for under section 771(24)(A) of the Act.20 Petitioners contend that the industry’s injured condition is illustrated by reduced market share, underselling and price suppression or depression, lost sales and revenues, decline in shipments and toll production volume, negative impact on employment, and decline in financial performance.21 We have assessed the allegations and supporting evidence regarding material injury, threat of material injury, and causation, and we have determined that these allegations are properly supported by adequate evidence and meet the statutory requirements for initiation.22 Allegation of Sales at Less-Than-Fair Value The following is a description of the allegation of sales at less-than-fair value upon which the Department based its decision to initiate the investigation of imports of ferrovanadium from Korea. The sources of data relating to U.S. price and the usage quantities and input values relating to NV are discussed in greater detail in the initiation checklist. Export Price Petitioners based U.S. prices on three affidavits documenting U.S. sales of ferrovanadium from Korea through a U.S. trading company during the POI.23 Petitioners deducted from the referenced prices expenses associated with exporting and delivering the ferrovanadium to a U.S. warehouse; these expenses include foreign inland freight expenses, foreign brokerage and handling expenses, ocean freight and U.S. terminal handling expenses, marine insurance expense, U.S. import duties, U.S. harbor maintenance fees, and the mark-up by the U.S. trading company to cover its selling, general, and administrative (SG&A) expenses and profit.24 20 See Volume I of the Petition, at 24–25 and Exhibit I–4. 21 See Volume I of the Petition, at 14–44 and Exhibits I–4 and I–6 through I–15; see also Petition Supplement 1, at 1, 4 and Exhibit SQ–1. 22 See Korea AD Initiation Checklist, at Attachment III, Analysis of Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation for the Antidumping Duty Petition Covering Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea. 23 See Volume I of the Petition, at Exhibit I–13; see also Volume II of the Petition, at 2 and Exhibit II–1. 24 See Volume II of the Petition, at 2–6 and Exhibits II–1 through II–8; see also Petition Supplement 1, at 7–8 and Exhibits SQ–9 and SQ– 22. E:\FR\FM\25APN1.SGM 25APN1 24062 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 79 / Monday, April 25, 2016 / Notices Normal Value Petitioners asserted that they were unable to obtain pricing data for sales of Korean-produced ferrovanadium by either Korean ferrovanadium producers or tollees of Korean ferrovanadium producers in the Korean market or in third country markets.25 Consequently, Petitioners, pursuant to sections 773(a)(1)(C) and 773(a)(4) of the Act, relied on constructed value (CV) as the basis for NV. Normal Value Based on Constructed Value Pursuant to section 773(e) of the Act, CV consists of the cost of manufacturing (COM); SG&A expenses; financial expenses; packing expenses; and, profit. Petitioners calculated COM and packing expenses using usage rates that are based on a U.S. producer’s experience during the proposed POI.26 Petitioners multiplied the usage quantities (including the quantity of labor and energy used) of the inputs used to manufacture ferrovanadium in Korea by publicly-available Korean values.27 Petitioners relied on a U.S. producer’s experience to determine factory overhead.28 Petitioners relied on the financial statements of EG Metal Corporation (EG Metal), a Korean producer of identical merchandise, to determine a combined SG&A and financial expense rate.29 Petitioners relied on the same financial statements to calculate the profit rate; however, because EG Metal operated at a loss, Petitioners conservatively did not include an amount for profit in the calculation of CV.30 Fair Value Comparisons asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Based on the data provided by Petitioners, there is reason to believe that imports of ferrovanadium from Korea are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at less-than-fair value. Based on comparisons of export price (EP) to NV in accordance with sections 772 and 773 of the Act, the estimated dumping margins for ferrovanadium for Korea range from 20.25 to 54.69 percent.31 25 See Petition Supplement 1, at 9; see also Korea AD Initiation Checklist. 26 See Korea AD Initiation Checklist. 27 Id. 28 Id. 29 Id. 30 Id. 31 See Petition Supplement 1 at Exhibit SQ–24. See also Korea AD Initiation Checklist at attachment 5. VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:02 Apr 22, 2016 Jkt 238001 Initiation of Less-than-Fair-Value Investigation Based upon the examination of the AD Petition on ferrovanadium from Korea, we find that the Petition meets the requirements of section 732 of the Act. Therefore, we are initiating a lessthan-fair-value investigation to determine whether imports of ferrovanadium from Korea are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at less-than-fair value. In accordance with section 733(b)(1)(A) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.205(b)(1), unless postponed, we will make our preliminary determination no later than 140 days after the date of this initiation. Respondent Selection Petitioners identified a number of producers and/or exporters of Korean ferrovanadium.32 Following our practice in AD investigations involving market economy countries, in the event the Department determines that the number of known exporters or producers for this investigation is large, the Department may select respondents for individual examination based on U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) data for U.S. imports under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States number listed in the scope of the investigation in Appendix I of this notice. We intend to place CBP data on the record within five business days of publication of this Federal Register notice. Interested parties who want to comment on the CBP data and/or respondent selection must do so within seven calendar days after placement of the CBP data on the record of this investigation. Interested parties who want to submit rebuttal comments must submit those comments five calendar days after the deadline for the initial comments. All comments must be filled electronically using ACCESS. An electronically-filled document must be received successfully in its entirety by ACCESS, by 5 p.m. ET by the due date. Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305(b). Instructions for filing such applications may be found on the Department’s Web site at http:// enforcement.trade.gov/apo. We intend to make our decision regarding respondent selection within 20 days of publication of this notice. 32 See letter from Petitioners entitled ‘‘Response of the Petitioners to Supplemental Question from the Department of Commerce Regarding the Petition for the Imposition of Antidumping Duties on Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea,’’ dated April 7, 2016; see also Petition Supplement 2, at SQ2–1. PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Distribution of Copies of the Petition In accordance with section 732(b)(3)(A) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.202(f), copies of the public version of the Petition have been provided to the government of Korea via ACCESS. To the extent practicable, we will attempt to provide a copy of the public version of the Petition to the exporters named in the Petition, as provided under 19 CFR 351.203(c)(2). ITC Notification We will notify the ITC of our initiation, as required by section 732(d) of the Act. Preliminary Determination by the ITC The ITC will preliminarily determine, within 45 days after the date on which the Petition was filed, whether there is a reasonable indication that imports of ferrovanadium from Korea are materially injuring or threatening material injury to a U.S. industry.33 A negative ITC determination will result in the investigation being terminated; 34 otherwise, the investigation will proceed according to statutory and regulatory time limits. Submission of Factual Information Factual information is defined in 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) as: (i) Evidence submitted in response to questionnaires; (ii) evidence submitted in support of allegations; (iii) publicly available information to value factors under 19 CFR 351.408(c) or to measure the adequacy of remuneration under 19 CFR 351.511(a)(2); (iv) evidence placed on the record by the Department; and (v) evidence other than factual information described in (i)–(iv). Any party, when submitting factual information, must specify under which subsection of 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) the information is being submitted 35 and, if the information is submitted to rebut, clarify, or correct factual information already on the record, to provide an explanation identifying the information already on the record that the factual information seeks to rebut, clarify, or correct.36 Time limits for the submission of factual information are addressed in 19 CFR 351.301, which provides specific time limits based on the type of factual information being submitted. Please review the regulations prior to submitting factual information in this investigation. 33 See section 733(a) of the Act. 34 Id. 35 See 36 See E:\FR\FM\25APN1.SGM 19 CFR 351.301(b). 19 CFR 351.301(b)(2). 25APN1 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 79 / Monday, April 25, 2016 / Notices Extensions of Time Limits Parties may request an extension of time limits before the expiration of a time limit established under 19 CFR 351, or as otherwise specified by the Secretary. In general, an extension request will be considered untimely if it is filed after the time limit established under 19 CFR 351 expires. For submissions that are due from multiple parties simultaneously, an extension request will be considered untimely if it is filed after 10:00 a.m. ET on the due date. Under certain circumstances, the Department may elect to specify a different time limit for extension requests for submissions which are due from multiple parties simultaneously. In such cases, we will inform parties of the time limit by issuing a letter or memorandum setting forth the deadline (including a specified time) by which extension requests must be filed to be considered timely. An extension request must be made in a separate, stand-alone submission; under limited circumstances we will grant untimelyfiled requests for the extension of time limits. Review Extension of Time Limits; Final Rule, 78 FR 57790 (September 20, 2013), available at http://www.gpo.gov/ fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-09-20/html/201322853.htm, prior to submitting extension requests in this investigation. asabaliauskas on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Certification Requirements Any party submitting factual information in an AD or CVD proceeding must certify to the accuracy and completeness of that information.37 Parties are hereby reminded that revised certification requirements are in effect for company/government officials, as well as their representatives. Investigations initiated on the basis of petitions filed on or after August 16, 2013, and other segments of any AD or CVD proceedings initiated on or after August 16, 2013, should use the formats for the revised certifications provided at the end of the Final Rule.38 The Department intends to reject factual submissions if the submitting party does not comply with applicable revised certification requirements. Notification to Interested Parties Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under administrative protective order (APO) in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305. On 37 See section 782(b) of the Act. Certification of Factual Information to Import Administration during Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings, 78 FR 42678 (July 17, 2013) (Final Rule); see also frequently asked questions regarding the Final Rule, available at http://enforcement.trade.gov/tlei/notices/factual_ info_final_rule_FAQ_07172013.pdf. 38 See VerDate Sep<11>2014 19:02 Apr 22, 2016 Jkt 238001 January 22, 2008, the Department published Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings: Documents Submission Procedures; APO Procedures, 73 FR 3634 (January 22, 2008). Parties wishing to participate in this investigation should ensure that they meet the requirements of these procedures (e.g., the filing of letters of appearance as discussed in 19 CFR 351.103(d)). This notice is issued and published pursuant to section 777(i) of the Act. Dated: April 18, 2016. Christian Marsh, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Operations. Appendix I Scope of the Investigation The product covered by this investigation is all ferrovanadium regardless of grade (i.e., percentage of contained vanadium), chemistry, form, shape, or size. Ferrovanadium is an alloy of iron and vanadium. Ferrovanadium is classified under Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) item number 7202.92.0000. Although this HTSUS item number is provided for convenience and Customs purposes, the written description of the scope of the investigation is dispositive. [FR Doc. 2016–09537 Filed 4–22–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648–XC078 Endangered Species; File No. 17183 National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Notice; issuance of permit modification. AGENCY: Notice is hereby given that Raymond Carthy, Ph.D., University of Florida, Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, 117 NewinsZiegler Hall, P.O. Box 110450, Gainesville, FL 32611 has been issued a modification to scientific research Permit No. 17183–01. ADDRESSES: The modification and related documents are available for review upon written request or by appointment in the Permits and Conservation Division, Office of Protected Resources, NMFS, 1315 EastWest Highway, Room 13705, Silver Spring, MD 20910; phone (301) 427– 8401; fax (301) 713–0376. SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 24063 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Amy Hapeman, (301) 427–8401. On July 29, 2015, notice was published in the Federal Register (80 FR 45204) that a modification of Permit No. 17183, issued April 24, 2013 (78 FR 26323), had been requested by the above-named individual. The requested modification has been granted under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (ESA; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) and the regulations governing the taking, importing, and exporting of endangered and threatened species (50 CFR 222–226). Permit No. 17183–01 authorizes Dr. Carthy to continue long-term research on the demographics and movements of green (Chelonia mydas), loggerhead (Caretta caretta), hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), and Kemp’s ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) sea turtles off the northwest coast of Florida. Researchers are authorized to capture sea turtles annually by hand or strike, tangle or dip net and have the following procedures performed before release: Measure; weigh; epibiota sample; biological sampling, marking; photograph. A subset of sea turtles also may be fitted with telemetry tags— either a satellite tag or an acoustic tag with an accelerometer. This modification (No. 2): (1) Increases the number of Kemp’s ridley sea turtles captured annually; and (2) allows a larger subset of green and Kemp’s ridley sea turtles to be tagged. The permit is valid through April 17, 2018. Issuance of this modification, as required by the ESA was based on a finding that such permit (1) was applied for in good faith, (2) will not operate to the disadvantage of such endangered or threatened species, and (3) is consistent with the purposes and policies set forth in section 2 of the ESA. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Dated: April 20, 2016. Julia Harrison, Chief, Permits and Conservation Division, Office of Protected Resources, National Marine Fisheries Service. [FR Doc. 2016–09532 Filed 4–22–16; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–22–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request The Department of Commerce will submit to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for clearance the following proposal for collection of E:\FR\FM\25APN1.SGM 25APN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 79 (Monday, April 25, 2016)]
[Notices]
[Pages 24059-24063]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-09537]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

International Trade Administration

[A-580-886]


Ferrovanadium From the Republic of Korea: Initiation of Less-
Than-Fair-Value Investigation

AGENCY: Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, 
Department of Commerce.

DATES: Effective Date: April 18, 2016.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Patrick O'Connor or Aleksandras 
Nakutis, at (202) 482-0989 or (202) 482-3147, AD/CVD Operations, 
Enforcement and Compliance, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th Street 
and Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20230.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

The Petition

    On March 28, 2016, the Department of Commerce (the Department) 
received an antidumping duty (AD) petition concerning imports of 
ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea (Korea), filed in proper form 
on behalf of the Vanadium Producers and Reclaimers Association (VPRA) 
and VPRA members AMG Vanadium LLC (AMG V), Bear Metallurgical Company 
(Bear), Gulf Chemical & Metallurgical Corporation (Gulf), and Evraz 
Stratcor, Inc. (Stratcor) (Petitioners).\1\ Petitioners are U.S. 
producers and wholesalers of ferrovanadium, and a trade or business 
association, a majority of whose members are U.S. producers and 
wholesalers of ferrovanadium.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ See the Petition for the Imposition of Antidumping Duties: 
Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea, dated March 28, 2016 (the 
Petition).
    \2\ See Petition Supplement 1, at 2-3.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    On March 31, 2016, and April 6, 2016, the Department requested 
additional information and clarification of certain areas of the 
Petition.\3\ Petitioners filed responses on April 4, 6, and 7, 2016.\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ See Letter from the Department to Petitioners entitled 
``Petition for the Imposition of Antidumping Duties on Imports of 
Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea: Supplemental Questions'' 
dated March 31, 2016 (Supplemental Questionnaire); see also Letter 
from the Department to Petitioners entitled ``Petition for the 
Imposition of Antidumping Duties on Imports of Ferrovanadium from 
the Republic of Korea: Supplemental Question'' dated April 6, 2016.
    \4\ See letter from Petitioners entitled ``Ferrovanadium from 
the Republic of Korea--Petitioners' Responses to the Department's 
March 31, 2016, Supplemental Questions on the Petition and Amendment 
to the Petition to Modify Scope Language,'' dated April 4, 2016. 
(Petition Supplement 1); see also letter from Petitioners entitled 
``Response of Petitioners to Supplemental Questions from the 
Department of Commerce Regarding the Petition for the Imposition of 
Antidumping Duties on Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea: 
Translation,'' dated April 6, 2016; see also letter from Petitioners 
entitled ``Response of the Petitioners to Supplemental Question from 
the Department of Commerce Regarding the Petition for the Imposition 
of Antidumping Duties on Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea,'' 
dated April 7, 2016 (Petition Supplement 2).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In accordance with section 732(b) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as 
amended (the Act), Petitioners allege that imports of ferrovanadium 
from Korea are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at 
less-than-fair value within the meaning of section 731 of the Act, and 
that such imports are materially injuring, or threatening material 
injury to, an industry in the United States. Also, consistent with 
section 732(b)(1) of the Act, the Petition is accompanied by 
information reasonably available to Petitioners supporting their 
allegations.
    The Department finds that Petitioners filed this Petition on behalf 
of the domestic industry because Petitioners are interested parties as 
defined in section 771(9)(C), (E), and (F) of the Act. The Department 
also finds that Petitioners demonstrated sufficient

[[Page 24060]]

industry support with respect to the initiation of the AD investigation 
that Petitioners are requesting.\5\
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    \5\ See the ``Determination of Industry Support for the 
Petition'' section below.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Period of Investigation

    Because the Petition was filed on March 28, 2016, the period of 
investigation (POI) is, pursuant to 19 CFR 351.204(b)(1), January 1, 
2015, through December 31, 2015.

Scope of the Investigation

    The product covered by this investigation is ferrovanadium from 
Korea. For a full description of the scope of this investigation, see 
the ``Scope of the Investigation,'' in Appendix I of this notice.

Comments on Scope of the Investigation

    During our review of the Petition, the Department issued questions 
to, and received responses from, Petitioners pertaining to the proposed 
scope to ensure that the scope language in the Petition would be an 
accurate reflection of the products for which the domestic industry is 
seeking relief.\6\
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    \6\ See Supplemental Questionnaire; see also Petition Supplement 
1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As discussed in the preamble to the Department's regulations,\7\ we 
are setting aside a period for interested parties to raise issues 
regarding product coverage (scope). The Department will consider all 
comments received from parties and, if necessary, will consult with 
parties prior to the issuance of the preliminary determination. If 
scope comments include factual information (see 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21)), 
all such factual information should be limited to public information. 
In order to facilitate preparation of its questionnaires, the 
Department requests all interested parties to submit such comments by 
5:00 p.m. Eastern Time (ET) on Monday, May 9, 2016, because 20 calendar 
days after the signature date of this notice falls on Sunday, May 8, 
2016.\8\ Any rebuttal comments, which may include factual information, 
must be filed by 5:00 p.m. ET on Thursday, May 19, 2016, which is 10 
calendar days after the initial comments deadline.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ See Antidumping Duties; Countervailing Duties, 62 FR 27296, 
27323 (May 19, 1997).
    \8\ See 19 CFR 351.303(b)(1) (``For both electronically filed 
and manually filed documents, if the applicable due date falls on a 
non-business day, the Secretary will accept documents that are filed 
on the next business day.'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Department requests that any factual information the parties 
consider relevant to the scope of the investigation be submitted during 
this time period. However, if a party subsequently finds that 
additional factual information pertaining to the scope of the 
investigation may be relevant, the party may contact the Department and 
request permission to submit the additional information.

Filing Requirements

    All submissions to the Department must be filed electronically 
using Enforcement and Compliance's Antidumping and Countervailing Duty 
Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS).\9\ An electronically 
filed document must be received successfully in its entirety by the 
time and date when it is due. Documents excepted from the electronic 
submission requirements must be filed manually (i.e., in paper form) 
with Enforcement and Compliance's APO/Dockets Unit, Room 18022, U.S. 
Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue NW., 
Washington, DC 20230, and stamped with the date and time of receipt by 
the applicable deadlines.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ See 19 CFR 351.303 (for general filing requirements); see 
also Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings: Electronic 
Filing Procedures; Administrative Protective Order Procedures, 76 FR 
39263 (July 6, 2011); see also Enforcement and Compliance; Change of 
Electronic Filing System Name, 79 FR 69046 (November 20, 2014) for 
details of the Department's electronic filing requirements, which 
went into effect on August 5, 2011. Information on help using ACCESS 
can be found at https://access.trade.gov/help.aspx and a handbook 
can be found at https://access.trade.gov/help/Handbook%20on%20Electronic%20Filling%20Procedures.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Comments on Product Characteristics for AD Questionnaires

    The Department requests comments from interested parties regarding 
the appropriate physical characteristics of ferrovanadium to be 
reported in response to the Department's AD questionnaires. This 
information will be used to identify the key physical characteristics 
of the subject merchandise in order to report sales and costs of 
production information accurately as well as to develop appropriate 
product-comparison criteria.
    Interested parties may provide any information or comments that 
they believe are relevant to the development of physical 
characteristics for reporting and product matching purposes. 
Specifically, they may provide comments as to which characteristics are 
appropriate to use as: (1) General product characteristics and (2) 
product-comparison criteria. We note that it is not always appropriate 
to use all product characteristics as product-comparison criteria. We 
base product-comparison criteria on meaningful commercial differences 
among products. In other words, although there may be some physical 
product characteristics utilized by manufacturers to describe 
ferrovanadium, it may be that only a select few product characteristics 
take into account commercially meaningful physical characteristics. In 
addition, interested parties may comment on the order in which the 
physical characteristics should be used in matching products. 
Generally, the Department attempts to list the most important physical 
characteristics first and the least important characteristics last.
    In order to consider the suggestions of interested parties in 
developing and issuing the AD questionnaires, all comments must be 
filed by 5:00 p.m. ET on May 9, 2016, which is 21 calendar days from 
the signature date of this notice. Any rebuttal comments must be filed 
by 5:00 p.m. ET on May 16, 2016. All comments and submissions to the 
Department must be filed electronically using ACCESS, as explained 
above, on the record of this Korea less-than-fair-value investigation.

Determination of Industry Support for the Petition

    Section 732(b)(1) of the Act requires that a petition be filed on 
behalf of the domestic industry. Section 732(c)(4)(A) of the Act 
provides that a petition meets this requirement if the domestic 
producers or workers who support the petition account for: (i) At least 
25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product; and 
(ii) more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like 
product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support 
for, or opposition to, the petition. Moreover, section 732(c)(4)(D) of 
the Act provides that, if the petition does not establish support of 
domestic producers or workers accounting for more than 50 percent of 
the total production of the domestic like product, the Department 
shall: (i) Poll the industry or rely on other information in order to 
determine if there is support for the petition, as required by 
subparagraph (A); or (ii) determine industry support using a 
statistically valid sampling method to poll the ``industry.''
    Section 771(4)(A) of the Act defines the ``industry'' as the 
producers as a whole of a domestic like product. Thus, to determine 
whether a petition has the requisite industry support, the statute 
directs the Department to look to producers and workers who produce the 
domestic like product. The International Trade Commission (ITC), which 
is responsible for determining whether ``the domestic industry'' has 
been injured, must also determine what

[[Page 24061]]

constitutes a domestic like product in order to define the industry. 
While both the Department and the ITC must apply the same statutory 
definition regarding the domestic like product,\10\ they do so for 
different purposes and pursuant to a separate and distinct authority. 
In addition, the Department's determination is subject to limitations 
of time and information. Although this may result in different 
definitions of the like product, such differences do not render the 
decision of either agency contrary to law.\11\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \10\ See section 771(10) of the Act.
    \11\ See USEC, Inc. v. United States, 132 F. Supp. 2d 1, 8 (CIT 
2001) (citing Algoma Steel Corp., Ltd. v. United States, 688 F. 
Supp. 639, 644 (CIT 1988), aff'd 865 F.2d 240 (Fed. Cir. 1989)).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Section 771(10) of the Act defines the domestic like product as ``a 
product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in 
characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation 
under this title.'' Thus, the reference point from which the domestic 
like product analysis begins is ``the article subject to an 
investigation'' (i.e., the class or kind of merchandise to be 
investigated, which normally will be the scope as defined in the 
Petition).
    With regard to the domestic like product, Petitioners do not offer 
a definition of the domestic like product distinct from the scope of 
the investigation. Based on our analysis of the information submitted 
on the record, we have determined that ferrovanadium, as defined in the 
scope, constitutes a single domestic like product, and we have analyzed 
industry support in terms of that domestic like product.\12\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ For a discussion of the domestic like product analysis in 
this case, see Antidumping Duty Investigation Initiation Checklist: 
Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea (Korea AD Initiation 
Checklist), at Attachment II, Analysis of Industry Support for the 
Antidumping Duty Petition Covering Ferrovanadium from the Republic 
of Korea. This checklist is dated concurrently with this notice and 
on file electronically via ACCESS. Access to documents filed via 
ACCESS is also available in the Central Records Unit, Room B8024 of 
the main Department of Commerce building.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In determining whether Petitioners have standing under section 
732(c)(4)(A) of the Act, we considered the industry support data 
contained in the Petition with reference to the domestic like product 
as defined in the ``Scope of the Investigation,'' in Appendix I of this 
notice. To establish industry support, Petitioners provided the 2015 
production of the domestic like product by the two petitioning 
companies that produce ferrovanadium in the United States (AMG 
Vanadium, LLC and Bear Metallurgical Company).\13\ Petitioners state 
that these two companies are the only known producers of ferrovanadium 
in the United States; therefore, the Petition is supported by 100 
percent of the U.S. industry.\14\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \13\ See Volume I of the Petition, at 3-4 and 6-7; see also 
Petition Supplement 1, at 3 and Exhibit SQ-3.
    \14\ See Volume I of the Petition, at 3-4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Our review of the data provided in the Petition and other 
information readily available to the Department indicates that 
Petitioners have established industry support.\15\ First, the Petition 
established support from domestic producers (or workers) accounting for 
more than 50 percent of the total production of the domestic like 
product and, as such, the Department is not required to take further 
action in order to evaluate industry support (e.g., polling).\16\ 
Second, the domestic producers (or workers) have met the statutory 
criteria for industry support under section 732(c)(4)(A)(i) of the Act 
because the domestic producers (or workers) who support the Petition 
account for at least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic 
like product.\17\ Finally, the domestic producers (or workers) have met 
the statutory criteria for industry support under section 
732(c)(4)(A)(ii) of the Act because the domestic producers (or workers) 
who support the Petition account for more than 50 percent of the 
production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the 
industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the Petition.\18\ 
Accordingly, the Department determines that the Petition was filed on 
behalf of the domestic industry within the meaning of section 732(b)(1) 
of the Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \15\ See Korea AD Initiation Checklist, at Attachment II.
    \16\ See section 732(c)(4)(D) of the Act; see also Korea AD 
Initiation Checklist, at Attachment II.
    \17\ See Korea AD Initiation Checklist, at Attachment II.
    \18\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Department finds that Petitioners filed the Petition on behalf 
of the domestic industry because they are interested parties as defined 
in sections 771(9)(C), (E), and (F) of the Act and they have 
demonstrated sufficient industry support with respect to the AD 
investigation that they are requesting the Department initiate.\19\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \19\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation

    Petitioners allege that the U.S. industry producing the domestic 
like product is being materially injured, or is threatened with 
material injury, by reason of the imports of the subject merchandise 
sold at less than normal value (NV). In addition, Petitioners allege 
that subject imports exceed the negligibility threshold provided for 
under section 771(24)(A) of the Act.\20\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \20\ See Volume I of the Petition, at 24-25 and Exhibit I-4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Petitioners contend that the industry's injured condition is 
illustrated by reduced market share, underselling and price suppression 
or depression, lost sales and revenues, decline in shipments and toll 
production volume, negative impact on employment, and decline in 
financial performance.\21\ We have assessed the allegations and 
supporting evidence regarding material injury, threat of material 
injury, and causation, and we have determined that these allegations 
are properly supported by adequate evidence and meet the statutory 
requirements for initiation.\22\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \21\ See Volume I of the Petition, at 14-44 and Exhibits I-4 and 
I-6 through I-15; see also Petition Supplement 1, at 1, 4 and 
Exhibit SQ-1.
    \22\ See Korea AD Initiation Checklist, at Attachment III, 
Analysis of Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and 
Causation for the Antidumping Duty Petition Covering Ferrovanadium 
from the Republic of Korea.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Allegation of Sales at Less-Than-Fair Value

    The following is a description of the allegation of sales at less-
than-fair value upon which the Department based its decision to 
initiate the investigation of imports of ferrovanadium from Korea. The 
sources of data relating to U.S. price and the usage quantities and 
input values relating to NV are discussed in greater detail in the 
initiation checklist.

Export Price

    Petitioners based U.S. prices on three affidavits documenting U.S. 
sales of ferrovanadium from Korea through a U.S. trading company during 
the POI.\23\ Petitioners deducted from the referenced prices expenses 
associated with exporting and delivering the ferrovanadium to a U.S. 
warehouse; these expenses include foreign inland freight expenses, 
foreign brokerage and handling expenses, ocean freight and U.S. 
terminal handling expenses, marine insurance expense, U.S. import 
duties, U.S. harbor maintenance fees, and the mark-up by the U.S. 
trading company to cover its selling, general, and administrative 
(SG&A) expenses and profit.\24\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \23\ See Volume I of the Petition, at Exhibit I-13; see also 
Volume II of the Petition, at 2 and Exhibit II-1.
    \24\ See Volume II of the Petition, at 2-6 and Exhibits II-1 
through II-8; see also Petition Supplement 1, at 7-8 and Exhibits 
SQ-9 and SQ-22.

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[[Page 24062]]

Normal Value

    Petitioners asserted that they were unable to obtain pricing data 
for sales of Korean-produced ferrovanadium by either Korean 
ferrovanadium producers or tollees of Korean ferrovanadium producers in 
the Korean market or in third country markets.\25\ Consequently, 
Petitioners, pursuant to sections 773(a)(1)(C) and 773(a)(4) of the 
Act, relied on constructed value (CV) as the basis for NV.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \25\ See Petition Supplement 1, at 9; see also Korea AD 
Initiation Checklist.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Normal Value Based on Constructed Value

    Pursuant to section 773(e) of the Act, CV consists of the cost of 
manufacturing (COM); SG&A expenses; financial expenses; packing 
expenses; and, profit. Petitioners calculated COM and packing expenses 
using usage rates that are based on a U.S. producer's experience during 
the proposed POI.\26\ Petitioners multiplied the usage quantities 
(including the quantity of labor and energy used) of the inputs used to 
manufacture ferrovanadium in Korea by publicly-available Korean 
values.\27\ Petitioners relied on a U.S. producer's experience to 
determine factory overhead.\28\ Petitioners relied on the financial 
statements of EG Metal Corporation (EG Metal), a Korean producer of 
identical merchandise, to determine a combined SG&A and financial 
expense rate.\29\ Petitioners relied on the same financial statements 
to calculate the profit rate; however, because EG Metal operated at a 
loss, Petitioners conservatively did not include an amount for profit 
in the calculation of CV.\30\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \26\ See Korea AD Initiation Checklist.
    \27\ Id.
    \28\ Id.
    \29\ Id.
    \30\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Fair Value Comparisons

    Based on the data provided by Petitioners, there is reason to 
believe that imports of ferrovanadium from Korea are being, or are 
likely to be, sold in the United States at less-than-fair value. Based 
on comparisons of export price (EP) to NV in accordance with sections 
772 and 773 of the Act, the estimated dumping margins for ferrovanadium 
for Korea range from 20.25 to 54.69 percent.\31\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \31\ See Petition Supplement 1 at Exhibit SQ-24. See also Korea 
AD Initiation Checklist at attachment 5.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Initiation of Less-than-Fair-Value Investigation

    Based upon the examination of the AD Petition on ferrovanadium from 
Korea, we find that the Petition meets the requirements of section 732 
of the Act. Therefore, we are initiating a less-than-fair-value 
investigation to determine whether imports of ferrovanadium from Korea 
are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at less-than-
fair value. In accordance with section 733(b)(1)(A) of the Act and 19 
CFR 351.205(b)(1), unless postponed, we will make our preliminary 
determination no later than 140 days after the date of this initiation.

Respondent Selection

    Petitioners identified a number of producers and/or exporters of 
Korean ferrovanadium.\32\ Following our practice in AD investigations 
involving market economy countries, in the event the Department 
determines that the number of known exporters or producers for this 
investigation is large, the Department may select respondents for 
individual examination based on U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
(CBP) data for U.S. imports under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the 
United States number listed in the scope of the investigation in 
Appendix I of this notice. We intend to place CBP data on the record 
within five business days of publication of this Federal Register 
notice. Interested parties who want to comment on the CBP data and/or 
respondent selection must do so within seven calendar days after 
placement of the CBP data on the record of this investigation. 
Interested parties who want to submit rebuttal comments must submit 
those comments five calendar days after the deadline for the initial 
comments. All comments must be filled electronically using ACCESS. An 
electronically-filled document must be received successfully in its 
entirety by ACCESS, by 5 p.m. ET by the due date. Interested parties 
must submit applications for disclosure under APO in accordance with 19 
CFR 351.305(b). Instructions for filing such applications may be found 
on the Department's Web site at http://enforcement.trade.gov/apo. We 
intend to make our decision regarding respondent selection within 20 
days of publication of this notice.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \32\ See letter from Petitioners entitled ``Response of the 
Petitioners to Supplemental Question from the Department of Commerce 
Regarding the Petition for the Imposition of Antidumping Duties on 
Ferrovanadium from the Republic of Korea,'' dated April 7, 2016; see 
also Petition Supplement 2, at SQ2-1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Distribution of Copies of the Petition

    In accordance with section 732(b)(3)(A) of the Act and 19 CFR 
351.202(f), copies of the public version of the Petition have been 
provided to the government of Korea via ACCESS. To the extent 
practicable, we will attempt to provide a copy of the public version of 
the Petition to the exporters named in the Petition, as provided under 
19 CFR 351.203(c)(2).

ITC Notification

    We will notify the ITC of our initiation, as required by section 
732(d) of the Act.

Preliminary Determination by the ITC

    The ITC will preliminarily determine, within 45 days after the date 
on which the Petition was filed, whether there is a reasonable 
indication that imports of ferrovanadium from Korea are materially 
injuring or threatening material injury to a U.S. industry.\33\ A 
negative ITC determination will result in the investigation being 
terminated; \34\ otherwise, the investigation will proceed according to 
statutory and regulatory time limits.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \33\ See section 733(a) of the Act.
    \34\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Submission of Factual Information

    Factual information is defined in 19 CFR 351.102(b)(21) as: (i) 
Evidence submitted in response to questionnaires; (ii) evidence 
submitted in support of allegations; (iii) publicly available 
information to value factors under 19 CFR 351.408(c) or to measure the 
adequacy of remuneration under 19 CFR 351.511(a)(2); (iv) evidence 
placed on the record by the Department; and (v) evidence other than 
factual information described in (i)-(iv). Any party, when submitting 
factual information, must specify under which subsection of 19 CFR 
351.102(b)(21) the information is being submitted \35\ and, if the 
information is submitted to rebut, clarify, or correct factual 
information already on the record, to provide an explanation 
identifying the information already on the record that the factual 
information seeks to rebut, clarify, or correct.\36\ Time limits for 
the submission of factual information are addressed in 19 CFR 351.301, 
which provides specific time limits based on the type of factual 
information being submitted. Please review the regulations prior to 
submitting factual information in this investigation.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \35\ See 19 CFR 351.301(b).
    \36\ See 19 CFR 351.301(b)(2).

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[[Page 24063]]

Extensions of Time Limits

    Parties may request an extension of time limits before the 
expiration of a time limit established under 19 CFR 351, or as 
otherwise specified by the Secretary. In general, an extension request 
will be considered untimely if it is filed after the time limit 
established under 19 CFR 351 expires. For submissions that are due from 
multiple parties simultaneously, an extension request will be 
considered untimely if it is filed after 10:00 a.m. ET on the due date. 
Under certain circumstances, the Department may elect to specify a 
different time limit for extension requests for submissions which are 
due from multiple parties simultaneously. In such cases, we will inform 
parties of the time limit by issuing a letter or memorandum setting 
forth the deadline (including a specified time) by which extension 
requests must be filed to be considered timely. An extension request 
must be made in a separate, stand-alone submission; under limited 
circumstances we will grant untimely-filed requests for the extension 
of time limits. Review Extension of Time Limits; Final Rule, 78 FR 
57790 (September 20, 2013), available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-09-20/html/2013-22853.htm, prior to submitting extension 
requests in this investigation.

Certification Requirements

    Any party submitting factual information in an AD or CVD proceeding 
must certify to the accuracy and completeness of that information.\37\ 
Parties are hereby reminded that revised certification requirements are 
in effect for company/government officials, as well as their 
representatives. Investigations initiated on the basis of petitions 
filed on or after August 16, 2013, and other segments of any AD or CVD 
proceedings initiated on or after August 16, 2013, should use the 
formats for the revised certifications provided at the end of the Final 
Rule.\38\ The Department intends to reject factual submissions if the 
submitting party does not comply with applicable revised certification 
requirements.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \37\ See section 782(b) of the Act.
    \38\ See Certification of Factual Information to Import 
Administration during Antidumping and Countervailing Duty 
Proceedings, 78 FR 42678 (July 17, 2013) (Final Rule); see also 
frequently asked questions regarding the Final Rule, available at 
http://enforcement.trade.gov/tlei/notices/factual_info_final_rule_FAQ_07172013.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Notification to Interested Parties

    Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under 
administrative protective order (APO) in accordance with 19 CFR 
351.305. On January 22, 2008, the Department published Antidumping and 
Countervailing Duty Proceedings: Documents Submission Procedures; APO 
Procedures, 73 FR 3634 (January 22, 2008). Parties wishing to 
participate in this investigation should ensure that they meet the 
requirements of these procedures (e.g., the filing of letters of 
appearance as discussed in 19 CFR 351.103(d)).
    This notice is issued and published pursuant to section 777(i) of 
the Act.

    Dated: April 18, 2016.
Christian Marsh,
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Antidumping and Countervailing Duty 
Operations.

Appendix I

Scope of the Investigation

    The product covered by this investigation is all ferrovanadium 
regardless of grade (i.e., percentage of contained vanadium), 
chemistry, form, shape, or size. Ferrovanadium is an alloy of iron 
and vanadium. Ferrovanadium is classified under Harmonized Tariff 
Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) item number 7202.92.0000. 
Although this HTSUS item number is provided for convenience and 
Customs purposes, the written description of the scope of the 
investigation is dispositive.

[FR Doc. 2016-09537 Filed 4-22-16; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 3510-DS-P