Defect and Noncompliance Notification, 55035-55037 [2015-22922]

Download as PDF tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 177 / Monday, September 14, 2015 / Rules and Regulations U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because this action authorizes pre-existing requirements under State law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty beyond that required by State law, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104–4). For the same reason, this action also does not significantly or uniquely affect the communities of Tribal governments, as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). This action will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999), because it merely authorizes State requirements as part of the State RCRA hazardous waste program without altering the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established by RCRA. This action also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant and it does not make decisions based on environmental health or safety risks. This rule is not subject to Executive Order 13211, ‘‘Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use’’ (66 FR 28355 (May 22, 2001)) because it is not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866. Under RCRA 3006(b), the EPA grants a State’s application for authorization as long as the State meets the criteria required by RCRA. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for the EPA, when it reviews a State authorization application, to require the use of any particular voluntary consensus standard in place of another standard that otherwise satisfies the requirements of RCRA. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply. As required by section 3 of Executive Order 12988 (61 FR 4729, February 7, 1996), in issuing this rule, the EPA has taken the necessary steps to eliminate drafting errors and ambiguity, minimize potential litigation, and provide a clear legal standard for affected conduct. The EPA has complied with Executive Order 12630 (53 FR 8859, March 15, 1988) by examining the takings implications of the rule in accordance with the ‘‘Attorney General’s Supplemental VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:26 Sep 11, 2015 Jkt 235001 Guidelines for the Evaluation of Risk and Avoidance of Unanticipated Takings’’ issued under the Executive Order. This rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, Feb. 16, 1994) establishes federal executive policy on environmental justice. It’s main provision directs federal agencies, to the greatest extent practicable and permitted by law, to make environmental justice part of their mission by identifying and addressing, as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of their programs, policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income populations in the United States. Because this rule authorizes pre-existing State rules which are at least equivalent to, and no less stringent than existing federal requirements, and impose no additional requirements beyond those imposed by State law, and there are no anticipated significant adverse human health or environmental effects, the rule is not subject to Executive Order 12898. The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. The EPA will submit a report containing this document and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a ‘‘major rule’’ as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). This action nevertheless will be effective November 13, 2015. List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 271 Environmental protection, Administrative practice and procedure, Confidential business information, Hazardous waste, Hazardous waste transportation, Indian lands, Intergovernmental relations, Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. Authority: This action is issued under the authority of sections 2002(a), 3006, and 7004(b) of the Solid Waste Disposal Act as amended 42 U.S.C. 6912(a), 6926, 6974(b). PO 00000 Frm 00021 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 55035 Dated: August 21, 2015. Ron Curry, Regional Administrator, Region 6. [FR Doc. 2015–23073 Filed 9–11–15; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 577 [Docket No. NHTSA–2015–0048] RIN 2127–AL60 Defect and Noncompliance Notification National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule. AGENCY: This final rule amends NHTSA’s regulation requiring motor vehicle manufacturers and replacement equipment manufacturers to notify owners and purchasers of a defect or noncompliance in vehicles or equipment that they produced. The amendments in this final rule will clarify that a manufacturer of replacement equipment providing a defect or noncompliance notification pursuant to this regulation can inform the purchaser of the replacement equipment of the manufacturer’s intent to remedy the defect or noncompliance by refunding the purchase price of the replacement equipment. NHTSA is amending this regulation so that the regulation conforms to changes in the defect and noncompliance remedy provisions in the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Safety Act) contained in the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP– 21). DATES: Effective date: This final rule is effective November 13, 2015. Petitions for reconsideration: Petitions for reconsideration of this final rule must be received not later than October 29, 2015. ADDRESSES: Any petitions for reconsideration should refer to the docket number of this document and be submitted to: Administrator, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., West Building, Ground Floor, Docket Room W12–140, Washington, DC 20590. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Thomas Healy, Office of Chief Counsel, NHTSA, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590. Mr. Healy’s telephone number is (202) 366–2992. His fax number is (202) 493–3820. SUMMARY: E:\FR\FM\14SER1.SGM 14SER1 55036 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 177 / Monday, September 14, 2015 / Rules and Regulations tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with RULES SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background The Safety Act requires manufacturers of motor vehicles or items of replacement equipment to notify NHTSA and owners and purchasers of the vehicles or equipment if the manufacturer determines that a motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment contains a defect related to motor vehicle safety or does not comply with an applicable motor vehicle safety standard and to remedy the defect or noncompliance without charge. 49 U.S.C. 30118(c), 30120. Manufacturers must provide notification pursuant to the procedures set forth in section 30119 of the Safety Act. Section 30119 sets forth the contents of the notification, which includes a clear description of the defect or noncompliance, the timing of the notification, means of providing notification and when a second notification is required. 49 U.S.C. 30119. Section 30120 of the Safety Act provides a list of permissible remedies from which manufacturers must choose when determining how to remedy at defect. Section 30120 contains different remedy provisions for manufacturers of motor vehicles and manufacturers of replacement equipment. Section 30120 allows manufacturers of motor vehicles to remedy a defect or noncompliance ‘‘by repairing the vehicle; . . . by replacing the vehicle with an identical or reasonably equivalent vehicle; or . . . by refunding the purchase price, less a reasonable allowance for depreciation.’’ 49 U.S.C. 30120(a)(1)(A). Prior to MAP– 21, Section 30120 allowed manufacturers of replacement equipment to remedy a defect or noncompliance by ‘‘repairing the equipment or replacing the equipment with identical or reasonable equivalent equipment.’’ 49 U.S.C. 30120(a)(1)(B) (2011). MAP–21 amended section 30120 by expanding the list of permissible remedies available to replacement equipment manufacturers to include refunding the purchase price of the equipment.1 The conduct of a recall notification campaign, including how and when owners, dealers, and distributors are notified, is addressed by regulation in 49 CFR part 577, Defect and Noncompliance Notification. Section 577.5 specifies the required content and structure of the owner notifications. Section 577.6 specifies the required content and structure of the notification if the owner notification is sent pursuant to an order by the NHTSA Administrator. Section 577.5 and 577.6 both specify that that the owner notification must include a statement notifying the owner of the vehicle or replacement equipment how the manufacturer intends to remedy the defect or noncompliance. This final rule amends §§ 577.5 and 577.6 of 49 CFR part 577 so that the requirements for the statement notifying owners or purchasers of replacement equipment how the manufacturer intends to remedy a defect or noncompliance reflect the MAP–21 amendment allowing manufacturers of replacement equipment to remedy a defect or noncompliance by refunding the purchase price. II. Public Comment NHTSA did not issue an NPRM prior to this final rule. While the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) requires that agencies publish a general NPRM in the Federal Register prior to issuing a final rule, an agency is not required to publish an NPRM if the agency is able to make and makes a good cause finding that notice and public comment is ‘‘impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest.’’ 2 NHTSA finds that notice and public comment prior to issuing this final rule is unnecessary. The DC Circuit has held that the notice and public comment requirements of APA are unnecessary when the ‘‘rule is a routine determination, insignificant in nature and impact, and inconsequential to the industry and to the public.’’ 3 The amendments in this final rule do not create any new rights or obligations not already present in 49 U.S.C. 30120. The amendments in this final rule update the notification requirements in 49 CFR 577.5 and 577.6 to reflect that the option to refund the purchase price of the replacement equipment is available to manufacturers as a remedy for a defect or noncompliance. Furthermore, these changes were made by statutory amendment. Therefore, the amendments contained in this final rule do not involve the exercise of discretion on the part of the agency. Because this final rule does not create any rights or obligations not already present in 49 U.S.C. 30120 or involve the exercise of discretion by the agency, the impacts of this rule are insignificant and inconsequential to industry and the 25 U.S.C. 553. Trucks, Inc. v. E.P.A. 682 F.3d 87, 92 (D.C. Cir. 2012) (quoting Util. Solid Waste Activities Grp. v. E.P.A., 236 F.3d 749, 754 (D.C. Cir. 2001). 3 Mack 1 Public Law 112–141, 126 Stat. 771 (2012), Section 31311. VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:26 Sep 11, 2015 Jkt 235001 PO 00000 Frm 00022 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 4700 public making notice and public comment unnecessary. III. Regulatory Notices and Analyses A. Executive Order 12866, Executive Order 13563, and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures NHTSA has considered the impact of this rulemaking action under Executive Order 12866, Executive Order 13563, and the DOT’s regulatory policies and procedures. This final rule was not reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under E.O. 12866, ‘‘Regulatory Planning and Review.’’ It is not considered to be significant under E.O. 12866 or the Department’s regulatory policies and procedures. This regulation amends 49 CFR part 577 to include refund of the purchase price of replacement equipment as a remedy available to replacement equipment manufacturers remedying a defect or noncompliance. This final rule does not require replacement equipment manufacturers to take any actions that they are not otherwise already required to take. Because there are not any costs or savings associated with this rulemaking, we have not prepared a separate economic analysis for this rulemaking. B. Regulatory Flexibility Act In compliance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq., NHTSA has evaluated the effects of this action on small entities. I hereby certify that this rule would not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. The final rule affects manufacturers of motor vehicle replacement equipment some of which qualify as small businesses. However, this final rule does not significantly affect these entities because it does not require any additional actions on the part of equipment manufacturers not already required by 49 CFR part 577. C. Executive Order 13132 NHTSA has examined this rule pursuant to Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999) and concluded that no additional consultation with States, local governments or their representatives is mandated beyond the rulemaking process. The agency has concluded that the rulemaking would not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant consultation with State and local officials or the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement. The final rule would not have ‘‘substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the E:\FR\FM\14SER1.SGM 14SER1 Federal Register / Vol. 80, No. 177 / Monday, September 14, 2015 / Rules and Regulations distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.’’ This final rule also will not preempt any state law. D. National Environmental Policy Act NHTSA has analyzed this final rule for the purposes of the National Environmental Policy Act. The agency has determined that implementation of this action will not have any significant impact on the quality of the human environment. E. Paperwork Reduction Act Under the procedures established by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, a person is not required to respond to a collection of information by a Federal agency unless the collection displays a valid OMB control number. The information collection requirements for 49 CFR part 577, Defect and Noncompliance Notification, are covered by OMB control number 2127– 0004. The amendments in this final rule have no impact on the burden associated with this information collection. tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with RULES F. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act Under the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (NTTAA) (Pub. L. 104–113), ‘‘all Federal agencies and departments shall use technical standards that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies, using such technical standards as a means to carry out policy objectives or activities determined by the agencies and departments.’’ The amendments in this final rule consist of minor revisions to the required content of letters that manufacturers of replacement equipment for motor vehicles must sent to purchasers and owners to notify them of a defect or noncompliance and do not involve any voluntary consensus standards. G. Civil Justice Reform With respect to the review of the promulgation of a new regulation, section 3(b) of Executive Order 12988, ‘‘Civil Justice Reform’’ (61 FR 4729, February 7, 1996) requires that Executive agencies make every reasonable effort to ensure that the regulation: (1) Clearly specifies the preemptive effect; (2) clearly specifies the effect on existing Federal law or regulation; (3) provides a clear legal standard for affected conduct, while promoting simplification and burden VerDate Sep<11>2014 16:26 Sep 11, 2015 Jkt 235001 reduction; (4) clearly specifies the retroactive effect, if any; (5) adequately defines key terms; and (6) addresses other important issues affecting clarity and general draftsmanship under any guidelines issued by the Attorney General. This document is consistent with that requirement. Pursuant to this Order, NHTSA notes as follows. The preemptive effect of this final rule is discussed above. NHTSA notes further that there is no requirement that individuals submit a petition for reconsideration or pursue other administrative proceeding before they may file suit in court. H. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 requires agencies to prepare a written assessment of the costs, benefits and other effects of proposed or final rules that include a Federal mandate likely to result in the expenditure by State, local or tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of more than $100 million annually (adjusted for inflation with base year of 1995). This final rule would not result in expenditures by State, local or tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector in excess of $100 million annually. I. Executive Order 13211 Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 18, 2001) applies to any rulemaking that: (1) Is determined to be economically significant as defined under E.O. 12866, and is likely to have a significantly adverse effect on the supply of, distribution of, or use of energy; or (2) that is designated by the Administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs as a significant energy action. This rulemaking is not subject to E.O. 13211. J. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN) The Department of Transportation assigns a regulation identifier number (RIN) to each regulatory action listed in the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulations. The Regulatory Information Service Center publishes the Unified Agenda in April and October of each year. You may use the RIN contained in the heading at the beginning of this document to find this action in the Unified Agenda. List of Subjects in 49 CFR Part 577 Imports, Motor vehicle safety, Motor vehicles, Tires, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 4700 Sfmt 9990 55037 In consideration of the foregoing, NHTSA amends 49 CFR part 577 as follows: PART 577—DEFECT AND NONCOMPLIANCE NOTIFICATION 1. The authority citation for part 577 continues to read as follows: ■ Authority: 49 U.S.C. 30102, 30103, 30116– 30121, 30166; delegation of authority at 49 CFR 1.95 and 49 CFR 501.8. 2. Section 577.5 is amended by revising paragraphs (g)(1)(i) and (vi) to read as follows: ■ § 577.5 Notification pursuant to a manufacturer’s decision. * * * * * (g) * * * (1) * * * (i) A statement that he will cause such defect to be remedied without charge, and whether such remedy will be by repair, replacement, or refund of the purchase price (in the case of remedy of a vehicle, less depreciation). * * * * * (vi) In the case of a remedy of a vehicle by refund of purchase price, the method or basis for the manufacturer’s assessment of depreciation. * * * * * 3. Section 577.6 is amended by revising paragraph (b)(9)(i)(B) to read as follows: ■ § 577.6 Notification pursuant to Administrator’s decision. * * * * * (b) * * * (9) * * * (i) * * * (B) A statement of the method of remedy. If the manufacturer has not yet determined the method of remedy, he will select either repair, replacement with an equivalent vehicle or item of replacement equipment, or refund of the purchase price (in the case of remedy of a vehicle, less depreciation); and * * * * * Issued in Washington, DC, on September 2, 2015 under authority delegated in 49 CFR part 1.95. Mark R. Rosekind, Administrator. [FR Doc. 2015–22922 Filed 9–11–15; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910–59–P E:\FR\FM\14SER1.SGM 14SER1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 80, Number 177 (Monday, September 14, 2015)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 55035-55037]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2015-22922]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

49 CFR Part 577

[Docket No. NHTSA-2015-0048]
RIN 2127-AL60


Defect and Noncompliance Notification

AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 
Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This final rule amends NHTSA's regulation requiring motor 
vehicle manufacturers and replacement equipment manufacturers to notify 
owners and purchasers of a defect or noncompliance in vehicles or 
equipment that they produced. The amendments in this final rule will 
clarify that a manufacturer of replacement equipment providing a defect 
or noncompliance notification pursuant to this regulation can inform 
the purchaser of the replacement equipment of the manufacturer's intent 
to remedy the defect or noncompliance by refunding the purchase price 
of the replacement equipment. NHTSA is amending this regulation so that 
the regulation conforms to changes in the defect and noncompliance 
remedy provisions in the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act 
(Safety Act) contained in the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st 
Century Act (MAP-21).

DATES: Effective date: This final rule is effective November 13, 2015.
    Petitions for reconsideration: Petitions for reconsideration of 
this final rule must be received not later than October 29, 2015.

ADDRESSES: Any petitions for reconsideration should refer to the docket 
number of this document and be submitted to: Administrator, National 
Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., West 
Building, Ground Floor, Docket Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Thomas Healy, Office of Chief Counsel, 
NHTSA, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590. Mr. Healy's 
telephone number is (202) 366-2992. His fax number is (202) 493-3820.

[[Page 55036]]


SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

    The Safety Act requires manufacturers of motor vehicles or items of 
replacement equipment to notify NHTSA and owners and purchasers of the 
vehicles or equipment if the manufacturer determines that a motor 
vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment contains a defect related to 
motor vehicle safety or does not comply with an applicable motor 
vehicle safety standard and to remedy the defect or noncompliance 
without charge. 49 U.S.C. 30118(c), 30120. Manufacturers must provide 
notification pursuant to the procedures set forth in section 30119 of 
the Safety Act. Section 30119 sets forth the contents of the 
notification, which includes a clear description of the defect or 
noncompliance, the timing of the notification, means of providing 
notification and when a second notification is required. 49 U.S.C. 
30119.
    Section 30120 of the Safety Act provides a list of permissible 
remedies from which manufacturers must choose when determining how to 
remedy at defect. Section 30120 contains different remedy provisions 
for manufacturers of motor vehicles and manufacturers of replacement 
equipment. Section 30120 allows manufacturers of motor vehicles to 
remedy a defect or noncompliance ``by repairing the vehicle; . . . by 
replacing the vehicle with an identical or reasonably equivalent 
vehicle; or . . . by refunding the purchase price, less a reasonable 
allowance for depreciation.'' 49 U.S.C. 30120(a)(1)(A). Prior to MAP-
21, Section 30120 allowed manufacturers of replacement equipment to 
remedy a defect or noncompliance by ``repairing the equipment or 
replacing the equipment with identical or reasonable equivalent 
equipment.'' 49 U.S.C. 30120(a)(1)(B) (2011). MAP-21 amended section 
30120 by expanding the list of permissible remedies available to 
replacement equipment manufacturers to include refunding the purchase 
price of the equipment.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ Public Law 112-141, 126 Stat. 771 (2012), Section 31311.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The conduct of a recall notification campaign, including how and 
when owners, dealers, and distributors are notified, is addressed by 
regulation in 49 CFR part 577, Defect and Noncompliance Notification. 
Section 577.5 specifies the required content and structure of the owner 
notifications. Section 577.6 specifies the required content and 
structure of the notification if the owner notification is sent 
pursuant to an order by the NHTSA Administrator. Section 577.5 and 
577.6 both specify that that the owner notification must include a 
statement notifying the owner of the vehicle or replacement equipment 
how the manufacturer intends to remedy the defect or noncompliance.
    This final rule amends Sec. Sec.  577.5 and 577.6 of 49 CFR part 
577 so that the requirements for the statement notifying owners or 
purchasers of replacement equipment how the manufacturer intends to 
remedy a defect or noncompliance reflect the MAP-21 amendment allowing 
manufacturers of replacement equipment to remedy a defect or 
noncompliance by refunding the purchase price.

II. Public Comment

    NHTSA did not issue an NPRM prior to this final rule. While the 
Administrative Procedure Act (APA) requires that agencies publish a 
general NPRM in the Federal Register prior to issuing a final rule, an 
agency is not required to publish an NPRM if the agency is able to make 
and makes a good cause finding that notice and public comment is 
``impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest.'' \2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ 5 U.S.C. 553.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    NHTSA finds that notice and public comment prior to issuing this 
final rule is unnecessary. The DC Circuit has held that the notice and 
public comment requirements of APA are unnecessary when the ``rule is a 
routine determination, insignificant in nature and impact, and 
inconsequential to the industry and to the public.'' \3\ The amendments 
in this final rule do not create any new rights or obligations not 
already present in 49 U.S.C. 30120. The amendments in this final rule 
update the notification requirements in 49 CFR 577.5 and 577.6 to 
reflect that the option to refund the purchase price of the replacement 
equipment is available to manufacturers as a remedy for a defect or 
noncompliance. Furthermore, these changes were made by statutory 
amendment. Therefore, the amendments contained in this final rule do 
not involve the exercise of discretion on the part of the agency. 
Because this final rule does not create any rights or obligations not 
already present in 49 U.S.C. 30120 or involve the exercise of 
discretion by the agency, the impacts of this rule are insignificant 
and inconsequential to industry and the public making notice and public 
comment unnecessary.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ Mack Trucks, Inc. v. E.P.A. 682 F.3d 87, 92 (D.C. Cir. 2012) 
(quoting Util. Solid Waste Activities Grp. v. E.P.A., 236 F.3d 749, 
754 (D.C. Cir. 2001).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

III. Regulatory Notices and Analyses

A. Executive Order 12866, Executive Order 13563, and DOT Regulatory 
Policies and Procedures

    NHTSA has considered the impact of this rulemaking action under 
Executive Order 12866, Executive Order 13563, and the DOT's regulatory 
policies and procedures. This final rule was not reviewed by the Office 
of Management and Budget (OMB) under E.O. 12866, ``Regulatory Planning 
and Review.'' It is not considered to be significant under E.O. 12866 
or the Department's regulatory policies and procedures.
    This regulation amends 49 CFR part 577 to include refund of the 
purchase price of replacement equipment as a remedy available to 
replacement equipment manufacturers remedying a defect or 
noncompliance. This final rule does not require replacement equipment 
manufacturers to take any actions that they are not otherwise already 
required to take. Because there are not any costs or savings associated 
with this rulemaking, we have not prepared a separate economic analysis 
for this rulemaking.

B. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    In compliance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601 et 
seq., NHTSA has evaluated the effects of this action on small entities. 
I hereby certify that this rule would not have a significant impact on 
a substantial number of small entities. The final rule affects 
manufacturers of motor vehicle replacement equipment some of which 
qualify as small businesses. However, this final rule does not 
significantly affect these entities because it does not require any 
additional actions on the part of equipment manufacturers not already 
required by 49 CFR part 577.

C. Executive Order 13132

    NHTSA has examined this rule pursuant to Executive Order 13132 (64 
FR 43255, August 10, 1999) and concluded that no additional 
consultation with States, local governments or their representatives is 
mandated beyond the rulemaking process. The agency has concluded that 
the rulemaking would not have sufficient federalism implications to 
warrant consultation with State and local officials or the preparation 
of a federalism summary impact statement. The final rule would not have 
``substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between 
the national government and the States, or on the

[[Page 55037]]

distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of 
government.'' This final rule also will not preempt any state law.

D. National Environmental Policy Act

    NHTSA has analyzed this final rule for the purposes of the National 
Environmental Policy Act. The agency has determined that implementation 
of this action will not have any significant impact on the quality of 
the human environment.

E. Paperwork Reduction Act

    Under the procedures established by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 
1995, a person is not required to respond to a collection of 
information by a Federal agency unless the collection displays a valid 
OMB control number. The information collection requirements for 49 CFR 
part 577, Defect and Noncompliance Notification, are covered by OMB 
control number 2127-0004. The amendments in this final rule have no 
impact on the burden associated with this information collection.

F. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

    Under the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 
(NTTAA) (Pub. L. 104-113), ``all Federal agencies and departments shall 
use technical standards that are developed or adopted by voluntary 
consensus standards bodies, using such technical standards as a means 
to carry out policy objectives or activities determined by the agencies 
and departments.'' The amendments in this final rule consist of minor 
revisions to the required content of letters that manufacturers of 
replacement equipment for motor vehicles must sent to purchasers and 
owners to notify them of a defect or noncompliance and do not involve 
any voluntary consensus standards.

G. Civil Justice Reform

    With respect to the review of the promulgation of a new regulation, 
section 3(b) of Executive Order 12988, ``Civil Justice Reform'' (61 FR 
4729, February 7, 1996) requires that Executive agencies make every 
reasonable effort to ensure that the regulation: (1) Clearly specifies 
the preemptive effect; (2) clearly specifies the effect on existing 
Federal law or regulation; (3) provides a clear legal standard for 
affected conduct, while promoting simplification and burden reduction; 
(4) clearly specifies the retroactive effect, if any; (5) adequately 
defines key terms; and (6) addresses other important issues affecting 
clarity and general draftsmanship under any guidelines issued by the 
Attorney General. This document is consistent with that requirement.
    Pursuant to this Order, NHTSA notes as follows. The preemptive 
effect of this final rule is discussed above. NHTSA notes further that 
there is no requirement that individuals submit a petition for 
reconsideration or pursue other administrative proceeding before they 
may file suit in court.

H. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 requires agencies to 
prepare a written assessment of the costs, benefits and other effects 
of proposed or final rules that include a Federal mandate likely to 
result in the expenditure by State, local or tribal governments, in the 
aggregate, or by the private sector, of more than $100 million annually 
(adjusted for inflation with base year of 1995). This final rule would 
not result in expenditures by State, local or tribal governments, in 
the aggregate, or by the private sector in excess of $100 million 
annually.

I. Executive Order 13211

    Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 18, 2001) applies to any 
rulemaking that: (1) Is determined to be economically significant as 
defined under E.O. 12866, and is likely to have a significantly adverse 
effect on the supply of, distribution of, or use of energy; or (2) that 
is designated by the Administrator of the Office of Information and 
Regulatory Affairs as a significant energy action. This rulemaking is 
not subject to E.O. 13211.

J. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN)

    The Department of Transportation assigns a regulation identifier 
number (RIN) to each regulatory action listed in the Unified Agenda of 
Federal Regulations. The Regulatory Information Service Center 
publishes the Unified Agenda in April and October of each year. You may 
use the RIN contained in the heading at the beginning of this document 
to find this action in the Unified Agenda.

List of Subjects in 49 CFR Part 577

    Imports, Motor vehicle safety, Motor vehicles, Tires, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements.

    In consideration of the foregoing, NHTSA amends 49 CFR part 577 as 
follows:

PART 577--DEFECT AND NONCOMPLIANCE NOTIFICATION

0
1. The authority citation for part 577 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 30102, 30103, 30116-30121, 30166; 
delegation of authority at 49 CFR 1.95 and 49 CFR 501.8.


0
2. Section 577.5 is amended by revising paragraphs (g)(1)(i) and (vi) 
to read as follows:


Sec.  577.5  Notification pursuant to a manufacturer's decision.

* * * * *
    (g) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (i) A statement that he will cause such defect to be remedied 
without charge, and whether such remedy will be by repair, replacement, 
or refund of the purchase price (in the case of remedy of a vehicle, 
less depreciation).
* * * * *
    (vi) In the case of a remedy of a vehicle by refund of purchase 
price, the method or basis for the manufacturer's assessment of 
depreciation.
* * * * *

0
3. Section 577.6 is amended by revising paragraph (b)(9)(i)(B) to read 
as follows:


Sec.  577.6  Notification pursuant to Administrator's decision.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (9) * * *
    (i) * * *
    (B) A statement of the method of remedy. If the manufacturer has 
not yet determined the method of remedy, he will select either repair, 
replacement with an equivalent vehicle or item of replacement 
equipment, or refund of the purchase price (in the case of remedy of a 
vehicle, less depreciation); and
* * * * *

    Issued in Washington, DC, on September 2, 2015 under authority 
delegated in 49 CFR part 1.95.
Mark R. Rosekind,
Administrator.
[FR Doc. 2015-22922 Filed 9-11-15; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4910-59-P