Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule Change Relating to the Complex Order Book, 64853-64856 [2014-25878]

Download as PDF 64853 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 211 / Friday, October 31, 2014 / Notices C. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others No written comments were solicited or received with respect to the proposed rule change. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action Because the foregoing proposed rule change does not: (i) Significantly affect the protection of investors or the public interest; (ii) impose any significant burden on competition; and (iii) become operative for 30 days from the date on which it was filed, or such shorter time as the Commission may designate, if consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest, the proposed rule change has become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act 18 and Rule 19b–4(f)(6) thereunder.19 At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission may summarily abrogate such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of such filing will also be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR– NYSEArca–2014–122 and should be submitted on or before November 21, 2014. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.20 Kevin M. O’Neill, Deputy Secretary. asabaliauskas on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– NYSEArca–2014–122 on the subject line. [FR Doc. 2014–25888 Filed 10–30–14; 8:45 am] Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–NYSEArca–2014–122. This Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule Change Relating to the Complex Order Book 18 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A). 19 17 CFR 240.19b–4(f)(6). In addition, Rule 19b– 4(f)(6) requires a self-regulatory organization to give the Commission written notice of its intent to file the proposed rule change at least five business days prior to the date of filing of the proposed rule change, or such shorter time as designated by the Commission. The Exchange has satisfied this requirement. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:51 Oct 30, 2014 Jkt 235001 BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–73436; File No. SR–C2– 2014–024] October 27, 2014. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the ‘‘Act’’),1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 notice is hereby given that on October 15, 2014, C2 Options Exchange, 20 17 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 2 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 1 15 PO 00000 Frm 00113 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Incorporated (the ‘‘Exchange’’ or ‘‘C2’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the ‘‘Commission’’) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons. I. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to amend its rules related to the complex order book (‘‘COB’’). The text of the proposed rule change is provided below. (additions are italicized; deletions are [bracketed]) * * * * * C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated Rules * * * * * Rule 6.13. Complex Order Execution (a)–(c) No change. . . . Interpretations and Policies: .01–.06 No change. .07 Execution of Complex Orders on the COB Open: (a) Complex orders, including stockoption orders, do not participate in opening rotations for individual component option series legs conducted pursuant to Rule 6.11. When the last of the individual component option series legs that make up a complex order strategy has opened (and, in the case of a stock-option order, the underlying stock has opened), the COB for that strategy will open. The COB will open with no trade, except as follows: ([a]i) The COB will open with a trade against the individual component option series legs if there are complex orders on only one side of the COB that are marketable against the opposite side of the derived net market. The resulting execution will occur at the derived net market price to the extent marketable pursuant to the rules of trading priority otherwise applicable to incoming electronic orders in the individual component legs. To the extent there is any remaining balance, the complex orders will trade pursuant to subparagraph (ii) below or, if unable to trade, be processed as they would on an intra-day basis under Rule 6.13. [(]This subparagraph ([a]i) is not applicable to stock-option orders because stockoption orders do not trade against the individual component option series legs when the COB opens.[)] ([b]ii) The COB will open (or continue to open with another trade if a trade occurred pursuant to subparagraph (i) E:\FR\FM\31OCN1.SGM 31OCN1 64854 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 211 / Friday, October 31, 2014 / Notices above) with a trade against complex orders if there are complex orders in the COB (including any remaining balance of an order that enters the COB after a partial trade with the legs pursuant to subparagraph (i)) that are marketable against each other and priced within the derived net market. The resulting execution will occur at a market clearing price that is inside the derived net market and that matches complex orders to the extent marketable pursuant to the allocation algorithm from Rule 6.12, as determined by the Exchange on a class-by-class basis[. In determining the priority,] with the addition that the COB gives priority to complex orders whose net price is better than the market clearing price first, and then to complex orders at the market clearing price. To the extent there is any remaining balance, the complex orders will be processed as they would on an intra-day basis under Rule 6.13. [(]This subparagraph ([b]ii) is applicable to stock-option orders.[)] ([c]b) The ‘‘derived net market’’ for a stock-option order strategy will be calculated using the Exchange’s best bid or offer in the individual option series leg(s) and the NBBO in the stock leg. The ‘‘derived net market’’ for any other complex order strategy will be calculated using the Exchange’s best bid or offer in the individual option series legs. (c) The Exchange may also use the process described in paragraph (a) of this Interpretation and Policy .07 when the COB reopens a strategy after a time period during which trading of that strategy was unavailable. * * * * * The text of the proposed rule change is also available on the Exchange’s Web site (http://www.cboe.com/AboutCBOE/ CBOELegalRegulatoryHome.aspx), at the Exchange’s Office of the Secretary, and at the Commission’s Public Reference Room. asabaliauskas on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES II. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:51 Oct 30, 2014 Jkt 235001 A. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change 1. Purpose The Exchange proposes to amend its rules related its COB. Rule 6.13, Interpretation and Policy .07 describes how complex orders execute when the COB opens. Complex orders do not participate in the opening rotation for the individual leg series (which occurs pursuant to Rule 6.11). Rather, the COB for a complex order strategy will open when the last of the individual legs series that make up the strategy has opened (and, in the case of a stockoption order, when the underlying stock has opened). Under the current rules, the COB will open with no trade, except as follows: • The COB will open with a trade against the individual component option series legs if there are complex orders on only one side of the COB that are marketable against the opposite side of the derived net market.3 The resulting execution will occur at the derived net market price to the extent marketable. To the extent there is any remaining balance, the complex orders will be processed as they would on an intra-day basis under Rule 6.13.4 This does not apply to stock-option orders, which cannot trade against the individual leg series when the COB opens. • The COB will open with a trade against complex orders if there are complex orders in the COB that are marketable against each other and priced within the derived net market. The resulting execution will occur at a market clearing price that is inside the derived net market and that matches complex orders to the extent marketable. In determining the priority, the COB gives priority to complex orders whose net price is better than the market clearing price first, and then to complex orders at the market clearing price. To the extent there is any remaining balance, the complex orders will be processed as they would on an intra-day basis under Rule 6.13.5 This applies to stock-option orders. 3 The ‘‘derived net market’’ is calculated based on the Exchange’s best bid or offer (‘‘BBO’’) in the individual series legs. For stock-option orders, the derived net market is calculated based on the BBO in the individual option series leg(s) and the national best bid or offer (‘‘NBBO’’) in the stock leg. See Rule 6.13, Interpretation and Policy .07(c) (which this rule filing proposes to change to paragraph (b)). 4 Pursuant to Rule 13, complex orders may either enter the COB or process through a complex order auction (COA). 5 Id. PO 00000 Frm 00114 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 The proposed rule change adds to current paragraph (b) of Interpretation and Policy .07 6 that the Exchange may determine, on a class-by-class basis, which allocation algorithm from Rule 6.12 7 will apply to complex order trades on the COB open pursuant to current paragraph (b) (proposed paragraph (a)(ii)).8 The Exchange may determine on a class-by-class basis which allocation algorithm from Rule 6.12 will apply to executions to opening rotations.9 This opening allocation algorithm may be different than the intraday allocation algorithm. The proposed rule change provides the Exchange with the same flexibility with respect to executions of complex orders on the COB open. While Rule 6.13, Interpretation and Policy .05 provides the Exchange with the flexibility to determine on a class-by-class basis which allocation algorithm from Rule 6.12 will apply to COB executions (in lieu of the algorithm specified in Rule 6.12(b)(1)(B)),10 Interpretation and Policy .07 does not state that the applicable allocation algorithm for complex order executions on the COB open may be different than the intraday allocation algorithm for the COB. The proposed rule change adds this detail to the rules and allows the Exchange to determine on a class-by-class basis which allocation algorithm will apply to 6 The proposed rule change reorganizes Interpretation and Policy .07. This proposed language appears in proposed paragraph (a)(ii) (current paragraph (b)), which is the paragraph related to trades of complex orders on the COB at the open. 7 The allocation algorithms include price-time, pro-rata, and price-time with primary public customer priority and secondary trade participation right priority base priorities and a combination of various optional priority overlays pertaining to public customer priority, Market-Maker participation entitlements, small order preference and market turner. See Rule 6.12. 8 The proposed rule change also adds to current paragraph (a) (proposed paragraph (a)(i)) that executions of complex orders against the individual legs will be pursuant to the rules of trading priority otherwise applicable to incoming electronic orders in the individual component legs. The current rule is silent on what allocation algorithm applies to executions of complex orders on the COB against the individual legs. The Exchange believes the proposed rule text merely eliminates any potential confusion regarding how complex orders will be allocated in accordance with proposed paragraph (a)(i). 9 See Rule 6.11, Interpretation and Policy .01. 10 Rule 6.13(b)(1) states that complex orders submitted to the COB may trade as follows: (a) A complex order in the COB will automatically execute against individual quotes and orders on the book provided the complex order can be executed in full or in a permissible ratio by the orders and quotes in the book; or (b) complex orders in the COB that are marketable against each other will automatically execute, and the allocation of complex orders within the COB will be pursuant to the rules of trading priority otherwise applicable to incoming orders in the individual component legs. E:\FR\FM\31OCN1.SGM 31OCN1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 211 / Friday, October 31, 2014 / Notices asabaliauskas on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES complex order trades on the COB open, which may be different than the allocation algorithm applicable to intraday complex order trades on the COB.11 The Exchange will announce any allocation algorithm determinations via Regulatory Circular.12 The Exchange is not proposing to adopt any new allocation algorithms or priority rules nor is it proposing to modify the COB opening process.13 Rather, it is adding detail to the Exchange rule regarding the COB opening process and providing the Exchange with flexibility to choose an algorithm from among the existing algorithms that will apply to complex order trades on the COB open, rather than simply defaulting to the algorithm in effect for intraday trading on the COB in that class. The Exchange believes this flexibility is consistent with its other rules regarding the determination of allocation algorithms and will further promote fair and orderly openings of strategies on the COB.14 The proposed rule change also adds detail to proposed paragraph (a)(ii) regarding which trades on the COB are deemed to be part of the opening of the COB (and thus subject to the allocation algorithm in place for the COB open). To the extent a complex order partially trades with the leg series on the COB open, and the remaining balance enters the COB (pursuant to Rule 6.13) as set forth in proposed subparagraph (a)(i), if that remaining balance is marketable against another complex order on the COB at the open, those orders will execute as set forth in proposed subparagraph (a)(ii). Thus, any execution of that remaining balance on the COB is considered an execution at the COB open, as the open is intended to cause any marketable complex orders to trade, and thus subject to proposed subparagraph (a)(ii) (current paragraph 11 Currently, complex orders that execute against the COB (proposed subparagraph (a)(ii)) allocate pursuant to price-time. 12 See Rule 6.13, Interpretation and Policy .01 (which states that the Exchange will announce to Trading Permit Holders via Regulatory Circular all pronouncements regarding determinations by the Exchange pursuant to Rule 6.13). 13 The Exchange represents that complex orders continue to have opportunities to trade against the leg markets, both at the open pursuant to proposed paragraph (a)(i) and intraday pursuant to Rule 6.13(b) (execution of orders in the COB) and (c) (execution of orders through COA). Additionally, this filing does not change the complex order priority principles (including public customer priority) set forth in Rules 6.12 and 6.13. 14 Additionally, because Rules 6.11, Interpretation and Policy .01, 6.12 and 6.13, Interpretation and Policy .05 provide the Exchange with flexibility to determine allocation algorithms on a class-by-class basis, the Exchange believes it is appropriate to provide the same class-by-class flexibility to trading at the COB open. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:51 Oct 30, 2014 Jkt 235001 (b)). The proposed rule change makes a corresponding change to proposed paragraph (a)(i) to provide that any remaining balance may trade pursuant to proposed paragraph (a)(ii) (if unable to trade, it will be processed as it would on an intra-day basis). The proposed rule change also makes a corresponding change to proposed paragraph (a)(ii) to provide that the COB will open, or continue to open, with a trade of complex orders on the COB, as the COB opening may already have been initiated by a trade pursuant to paragraph (a)(i). For example, suppose Complex Order X is an order to buy 20 Series A and 20 Series B for a net price of $2.40 and on the COB at the open. If the market for Series A is $1.00—$1.20 and the market for Series B is $1.00—$1.20 (for a net price of $2.00—$2.40), with the offer to sell at $2.40 for 10 contracts, then when the COB opens, 10 contracts of Complex Order X will trade against the 10 contracts in the leg markets. The remaining balance of 10 of Complex Order X then enters the COB pursuant to Rule 6.13(b). If Complex Order Y to sell 10 Series A and 10 Series B at $2.40 is on the COB at the open, then the remaining balance of Complex Order X will trade against Complex Order Y. This trade of Complex Order X against Complex Order Y is part of the COB open. If there were multiple complex orders at the same price, they would allocate in accordance with the algorithm in place for the COB open. The Exchange believes that the rule text is currently unclear as to whether any remaining balance from proposed subparagraph (a)(i) enters the COB and is marketable against the COB would trade in accordance with COB open or COB intraday rules. Currently, if the remaining balance is marketable against other complex orders in the COB, the System will execute the remaining balance against orders in the COB as part of the COB open (and thus in accordance with the opening matching algorithm). Generally, the ‘‘opening’’ includes all trades that would ‘‘clear’’ the market.15 The proposed rule change is consistent with this idea and adds this detail to proposed subparagraph (a)(ii) to codify the intent of the current rule. In addition, the proposed rule change adds paragraph (c) to Interpretation and Policy .07, which states that the Exchange may use the process described in paragraph (a) when the COB reopens a strategy after a time period during 15 See Rule 6.11 regarding the opening of series at a market-clearing price and Rule 6.13, Interpretation and Policy .07(b) regarding the opening of the COB at a market-clearing price. PO 00000 Frm 00115 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 64855 which trading of that strategy was unavailable pursuant to the rules. The Exchange may use the opening rotation process to reopen a class after a trading halt.16 The proposed rule change provides the Exchange with the same flexibility with respect to reopening the COB. Trading of strategies may be unavailable on the COB, for example, if there is a trading halt in the underlying security or if trading on the COB is ‘‘on hold’’ because the derived net market is outside of price check parameters set by the Exchange to prevent extreme executions.17 The Exchange uses the opening rotation process to reopen after a trading halt to provide for an orderly reopening, and the Exchange would similarly like to provide for a fair and orderly reopening of the COB after any period during which COB trading was unavailable. The proposed rule change also makes nonsubstantive, technical changes to Interpretation and Policy .07, including adding and modifying subparagraph lettering and numbering, indenting subparagraphs, and deleting unnecessary parentheticals. 2. Statutory Basis The Exchange believes the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to the Exchange and, in particular, the requirements of Section 6(b) of the Act.18 Specifically, the Exchange believes the proposed rule change is consistent with the Section 6(b)(5) 19 requirements that the rules of an exchange be designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in regulating, clearing, settling, processing information with respect to, and facilitating transactions in securities, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest. Additionally, the Exchange believes the proposed rule change is consistent with the Section 6(b)(5) 20 requirement that the rules of an exchange not be designed 16 See Rule 6.11(i). Rule 6.13, Interpretation and Policy .04. For example, pursuant to paragraph (a)(3), if the BBO or derived net market is not within an acceptable price range, the System holds marketable limit orders and does not allow trading of complex orders for that strategy until the market is no longer outside the applicable price range. 18 15 U.S.C. 78f(b). 19 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). 20 Id. 17 See E:\FR\FM\31OCN1.SGM 31OCN1 64856 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 211 / Friday, October 31, 2014 / Notices asabaliauskas on DSK5VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES to permit unfair discrimination between customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers. In particular, the proposed rule change adds detail to its rules regarding the opening of trading on its COB, which benefits investors. The Exchange believes the flexibility provided by the proposed rule change is consistent with its other rules. The Exchange already has flexibility to apply a different allocation algorithm at the open of trading of simple orders and to use its opening procedure after a trading halt for simple orders.21 It also already has the flexibility to apply a different allocation algorithm to complex order executions on the COB.22 The Exchange is merely extending this flexibility to the opening and reopening of trading of complex orders on the COB. The Exchange notes that the level of trading activity is often different at the open than during the trading day. To ensure a fair and orderly opening in light of this trading activity, rules often allow the Exchange to apply them in a different manner to the opening of trading (such as different bid-ask differential requirements, different price reasonability checks and different allocation algorithms). The Exchange believes extending similar flexibility to the opening of complex order trading on the Exchange will allow it to similarly ensure a fair and orderly COB open, which protects investors and promotes just and equitable principles of trade. The proposed rule change that specifies that the remaining balance of a complex order that partially trades with the individual leg series may be executed as part of the COB open provision, and that the COB open may include both trades of complex orders with the legs and with other complex orders, further benefits investors and promotes an open market by adding detail to the rules regarding how the System treats this remaining balance. Openings generally include a series of trades in order to execute all orders that are marketable upon the open, and the Exchange believes the proposed rule change is consistent with that idea. B. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Burden on Competition C2 does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. The proposed rule 21 See Rule 6.11(i) (use of opening procedures after a trading halt) and Interpretation and Policy .01 (determination of allocation algorithm on a class-by-class basis during opening rotations, which may be different than allocation algorithm for intraday trading). 22 See Rule 6.13, Interpretation and Policy .05. VerDate Sep<11>2014 18:51 Oct 30, 2014 Jkt 235001 change applies to all complex order trading on the COB when it opens or reopens. In addition, the proposed rule change applies only to the COB opening process on the Exchange. Its purpose is to include the COB opening procedure that is currently in place on the Exchange, which procedure is designed to open complex order strategies on the Exchange in a fair and orderly manner. The proposed rule change does not help C2 market participants to the detriment of market participants on other exchanges. C. Self-Regulatory Organization’s Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others The Exchange neither solicited nor received comments on the proposed rule change. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action Because the foregoing proposed rule change does not: A. Significantly affect the protection of investors or the public interest; B. impose any significant burden on competition; and C. become operative for 30 days from the date on which it was filed, or such shorter time as the Commission may designate, it has become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act 23 and Rule 19b–4(f)(6) 24 thereunder. At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the Commission will institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be approved or disapproved. IV. Solicitation of Comments Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: • Send an email to rule-comments@ sec.gov. Please include File Number SR– C2–2014–024 on the subject line. Paper Comments • Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549–1090. All submissions should refer to File Number SR– C2–2014–024. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission’s Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of such filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal offices of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR– C2– 2014–024, and should be submitted on or before November 21, 2014. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.25 Kevin M. O’Neill, Deputy Secretary. [FR Doc. 2014–25878 Filed 10–30–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P Electronic Comments • Use the Commission’s Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/ rules/sro.shtml); or 23 15 24 17 PO 00000 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A). CFR 240.19b–4(f)(6). Frm 00116 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 9990 25 17 E:\FR\FM\31OCN1.SGM CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). 31OCN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 211 (Friday, October 31, 2014)]
[Notices]
[Pages 64853-64856]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-25878]


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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

[Release No. 34-73436; File No. SR-C2-2014-024]


Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; 
Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule Change 
Relating to the Complex Order Book

October 27, 2014.
    Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 
(the ``Act''),\1\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\2\ notice is hereby given 
that on October 15, 2014, C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated (the 
``Exchange'' or ``C2'') filed with the Securities and Exchange 
Commission (the ``Commission'') the proposed rule change as described 
in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by the 
Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments 
on the proposed rule change from interested persons.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1).
    \2\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance 
of the Proposed Rule Change

    The Exchange proposes to amend its rules related to the complex 
order book (``COB''). The text of the proposed rule change is provided 
below.

(additions are italicized; deletions are [bracketed])
* * * * *

C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated Rules

* * * * *

Rule 6.13. Complex Order Execution

    (a)-(c) No change.
    . . . Interpretations and Policies:
    .01-.06 No change.
    .07 Execution of Complex Orders on the COB Open:
    (a) Complex orders, including stock-option orders, do not 
participate in opening rotations for individual component option series 
legs conducted pursuant to Rule 6.11. When the last of the individual 
component option series legs that make up a complex order strategy has 
opened (and, in the case of a stock-option order, the underlying stock 
has opened), the COB for that strategy will open. The COB will open 
with no trade, except as follows:
    ([a]i) The COB will open with a trade against the individual 
component option series legs if there are complex orders on only one 
side of the COB that are marketable against the opposite side of the 
derived net market. The resulting execution will occur at the derived 
net market price to the extent marketable pursuant to the rules of 
trading priority otherwise applicable to incoming electronic orders in 
the individual component legs. To the extent there is any remaining 
balance, the complex orders will trade pursuant to subparagraph (ii) 
below or, if unable to trade, be processed as they would on an intra-
day basis under Rule 6.13. [(]This subparagraph ([a]i) is not 
applicable to stock-option orders because stock-option orders do not 
trade against the individual component option series legs when the COB 
opens.[)]
    ([b]ii) The COB will open (or continue to open with another trade 
if a trade occurred pursuant to subparagraph (i)

[[Page 64854]]

above) with a trade against complex orders if there are complex orders 
in the COB (including any remaining balance of an order that enters the 
COB after a partial trade with the legs pursuant to subparagraph (i)) 
that are marketable against each other and priced within the derived 
net market. The resulting execution will occur at a market clearing 
price that is inside the derived net market and that matches complex 
orders to the extent marketable pursuant to the allocation algorithm 
from Rule 6.12, as determined by the Exchange on a class-by-class 
basis[. In determining the priority,] with the addition that the COB 
gives priority to complex orders whose net price is better than the 
market clearing price first, and then to complex orders at the market 
clearing price. To the extent there is any remaining balance, the 
complex orders will be processed as they would on an intra-day basis 
under Rule 6.13. [(]This subparagraph ([b]ii) is applicable to stock-
option orders.[)]
    ([c]b) The ``derived net market'' for a stock-option order strategy 
will be calculated using the Exchange's best bid or offer in the 
individual option series leg(s) and the NBBO in the stock leg. The 
``derived net market'' for any other complex order strategy will be 
calculated using the Exchange's best bid or offer in the individual 
option series legs.
    (c) The Exchange may also use the process described in paragraph 
(a) of this Interpretation and Policy .07 when the COB reopens a 
strategy after a time period during which trading of that strategy was 
unavailable.
* * * * *
    The text of the proposed rule change is also available on the 
Exchange's Web site (http://www.cboe.com/AboutCBOE/CBOELegalRegulatoryHome.aspx), at the Exchange's Office of the 
Secretary, and at the Commission's Public Reference Room.

II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

    In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements 
concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and 
discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The 
text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in 
Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in 
sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such 
statements.

A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and 
Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

1. Purpose
    The Exchange proposes to amend its rules related its COB. Rule 
6.13, Interpretation and Policy .07 describes how complex orders 
execute when the COB opens. Complex orders do not participate in the 
opening rotation for the individual leg series (which occurs pursuant 
to Rule 6.11). Rather, the COB for a complex order strategy will open 
when the last of the individual legs series that make up the strategy 
has opened (and, in the case of a stock-option order, when the 
underlying stock has opened). Under the current rules, the COB will 
open with no trade, except as follows:
     The COB will open with a trade against the individual 
component option series legs if there are complex orders on only one 
side of the COB that are marketable against the opposite side of the 
derived net market.\3\ The resulting execution will occur at the 
derived net market price to the extent marketable. To the extent there 
is any remaining balance, the complex orders will be processed as they 
would on an intra-day basis under Rule 6.13.\4\ This does not apply to 
stock-option orders, which cannot trade against the individual leg 
series when the COB opens.
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    \3\ The ``derived net market'' is calculated based on the 
Exchange's best bid or offer (``BBO'') in the individual series 
legs. For stock-option orders, the derived net market is calculated 
based on the BBO in the individual option series leg(s) and the 
national best bid or offer (``NBBO'') in the stock leg. See Rule 
6.13, Interpretation and Policy .07(c) (which this rule filing 
proposes to change to paragraph (b)).
    \4\ Pursuant to Rule 13, complex orders may either enter the COB 
or process through a complex order auction (COA).
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     The COB will open with a trade against complex orders if 
there are complex orders in the COB that are marketable against each 
other and priced within the derived net market. The resulting execution 
will occur at a market clearing price that is inside the derived net 
market and that matches complex orders to the extent marketable. In 
determining the priority, the COB gives priority to complex orders 
whose net price is better than the market clearing price first, and 
then to complex orders at the market clearing price. To the extent 
there is any remaining balance, the complex orders will be processed as 
they would on an intra-day basis under Rule 6.13.\5\ This applies to 
stock-option orders.
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    \5\ Id.
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    The proposed rule change adds to current paragraph (b) of 
Interpretation and Policy .07 \6\ that the Exchange may determine, on a 
class-by-class basis, which allocation algorithm from Rule 6.12 \7\ 
will apply to complex order trades on the COB open pursuant to current 
paragraph (b) (proposed paragraph (a)(ii)).\8\ The Exchange may 
determine on a class-by-class basis which allocation algorithm from 
Rule 6.12 will apply to executions to opening rotations.\9\ This 
opening allocation algorithm may be different than the intraday 
allocation algorithm. The proposed rule change provides the Exchange 
with the same flexibility with respect to executions of complex orders 
on the COB open. While Rule 6.13, Interpretation and Policy .05 
provides the Exchange with the flexibility to determine on a class-by-
class basis which allocation algorithm from Rule 6.12 will apply to COB 
executions (in lieu of the algorithm specified in Rule 
6.12(b)(1)(B)),\10\ Interpretation and Policy .07 does not state that 
the applicable allocation algorithm for complex order executions on the 
COB open may be different than the intraday allocation algorithm for 
the COB. The proposed rule change adds this detail to the rules and 
allows the Exchange to determine on a class-by-class basis which 
allocation algorithm will apply to

[[Page 64855]]

complex order trades on the COB open, which may be different than the 
allocation algorithm applicable to intraday complex order trades on the 
COB.\11\ The Exchange will announce any allocation algorithm 
determinations via Regulatory Circular.\12\
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    \6\ The proposed rule change reorganizes Interpretation and 
Policy .07. This proposed language appears in proposed paragraph 
(a)(ii) (current paragraph (b)), which is the paragraph related to 
trades of complex orders on the COB at the open.
    \7\ The allocation algorithms include price-time, pro-rata, and 
price-time with primary public customer priority and secondary trade 
participation right priority base priorities and a combination of 
various optional priority overlays pertaining to public customer 
priority, Market-Maker participation entitlements, small order 
preference and market turner. See Rule 6.12.
    \8\ The proposed rule change also adds to current paragraph (a) 
(proposed paragraph (a)(i)) that executions of complex orders 
against the individual legs will be pursuant to the rules of trading 
priority otherwise applicable to incoming electronic orders in the 
individual component legs. The current rule is silent on what 
allocation algorithm applies to executions of complex orders on the 
COB against the individual legs. The Exchange believes the proposed 
rule text merely eliminates any potential confusion regarding how 
complex orders will be allocated in accordance with proposed 
paragraph (a)(i).
    \9\ See Rule 6.11, Interpretation and Policy .01.
    \10\ Rule 6.13(b)(1) states that complex orders submitted to the 
COB may trade as follows: (a) A complex order in the COB will 
automatically execute against individual quotes and orders on the 
book provided the complex order can be executed in full or in a 
permissible ratio by the orders and quotes in the book; or (b) 
complex orders in the COB that are marketable against each other 
will automatically execute, and the allocation of complex orders 
within the COB will be pursuant to the rules of trading priority 
otherwise applicable to incoming orders in the individual component 
legs.
    \11\ Currently, complex orders that execute against the COB 
(proposed subparagraph (a)(ii)) allocate pursuant to price-time.
    \12\ See Rule 6.13, Interpretation and Policy .01 (which states 
that the Exchange will announce to Trading Permit Holders via 
Regulatory Circular all pronouncements regarding determinations by 
the Exchange pursuant to Rule 6.13).
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    The Exchange is not proposing to adopt any new allocation 
algorithms or priority rules nor is it proposing to modify the COB 
opening process.\13\ Rather, it is adding detail to the Exchange rule 
regarding the COB opening process and providing the Exchange with 
flexibility to choose an algorithm from among the existing algorithms 
that will apply to complex order trades on the COB open, rather than 
simply defaulting to the algorithm in effect for intraday trading on 
the COB in that class. The Exchange believes this flexibility is 
consistent with its other rules regarding the determination of 
allocation algorithms and will further promote fair and orderly 
openings of strategies on the COB.\14\
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    \13\ The Exchange represents that complex orders continue to 
have opportunities to trade against the leg markets, both at the 
open pursuant to proposed paragraph (a)(i) and intraday pursuant to 
Rule 6.13(b) (execution of orders in the COB) and (c) (execution of 
orders through COA). Additionally, this filing does not change the 
complex order priority principles (including public customer 
priority) set forth in Rules 6.12 and 6.13.
    \14\ Additionally, because Rules 6.11, Interpretation and Policy 
.01, 6.12 and 6.13, Interpretation and Policy .05 provide the 
Exchange with flexibility to determine allocation algorithms on a 
class-by-class basis, the Exchange believes it is appropriate to 
provide the same class-by-class flexibility to trading at the COB 
open.
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    The proposed rule change also adds detail to proposed paragraph 
(a)(ii) regarding which trades on the COB are deemed to be part of the 
opening of the COB (and thus subject to the allocation algorithm in 
place for the COB open). To the extent a complex order partially trades 
with the leg series on the COB open, and the remaining balance enters 
the COB (pursuant to Rule 6.13) as set forth in proposed subparagraph 
(a)(i), if that remaining balance is marketable against another complex 
order on the COB at the open, those orders will execute as set forth in 
proposed subparagraph (a)(ii). Thus, any execution of that remaining 
balance on the COB is considered an execution at the COB open, as the 
open is intended to cause any marketable complex orders to trade, and 
thus subject to proposed subparagraph (a)(ii) (current paragraph (b)). 
The proposed rule change makes a corresponding change to proposed 
paragraph (a)(i) to provide that any remaining balance may trade 
pursuant to proposed paragraph (a)(ii) (if unable to trade, it will be 
processed as it would on an intra-day basis). The proposed rule change 
also makes a corresponding change to proposed paragraph (a)(ii) to 
provide that the COB will open, or continue to open, with a trade of 
complex orders on the COB, as the COB opening may already have been 
initiated by a trade pursuant to paragraph (a)(i).
    For example, suppose Complex Order X is an order to buy 20 Series A 
and 20 Series B for a net price of $2.40 and on the COB at the open. If 
the market for Series A is $1.00--$1.20 and the market for Series B is 
$1.00--$1.20 (for a net price of $2.00--$2.40), with the offer to sell 
at $2.40 for 10 contracts, then when the COB opens, 10 contracts of 
Complex Order X will trade against the 10 contracts in the leg markets. 
The remaining balance of 10 of Complex Order X then enters the COB 
pursuant to Rule 6.13(b). If Complex Order Y to sell 10 Series A and 10 
Series B at $2.40 is on the COB at the open, then the remaining balance 
of Complex Order X will trade against Complex Order Y. This trade of 
Complex Order X against Complex Order Y is part of the COB open. If 
there were multiple complex orders at the same price, they would 
allocate in accordance with the algorithm in place for the COB open.
    The Exchange believes that the rule text is currently unclear as to 
whether any remaining balance from proposed subparagraph (a)(i) enters 
the COB and is marketable against the COB would trade in accordance 
with COB open or COB intraday rules. Currently, if the remaining 
balance is marketable against other complex orders in the COB, the 
System will execute the remaining balance against orders in the COB as 
part of the COB open (and thus in accordance with the opening matching 
algorithm). Generally, the ``opening'' includes all trades that would 
``clear'' the market.\15\ The proposed rule change is consistent with 
this idea and adds this detail to proposed subparagraph (a)(ii) to 
codify the intent of the current rule.
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    \15\ See Rule 6.11 regarding the opening of series at a market-
clearing price and Rule 6.13, Interpretation and Policy .07(b) 
regarding the opening of the COB at a market-clearing price.
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    In addition, the proposed rule change adds paragraph (c) to 
Interpretation and Policy .07, which states that the Exchange may use 
the process described in paragraph (a) when the COB reopens a strategy 
after a time period during which trading of that strategy was 
unavailable pursuant to the rules. The Exchange may use the opening 
rotation process to reopen a class after a trading halt.\16\ The 
proposed rule change provides the Exchange with the same flexibility 
with respect to reopening the COB. Trading of strategies may be 
unavailable on the COB, for example, if there is a trading halt in the 
underlying security or if trading on the COB is ``on hold'' because the 
derived net market is outside of price check parameters set by the 
Exchange to prevent extreme executions.\17\ The Exchange uses the 
opening rotation process to reopen after a trading halt to provide for 
an orderly reopening, and the Exchange would similarly like to provide 
for a fair and orderly reopening of the COB after any period during 
which COB trading was unavailable.
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    \16\ See Rule 6.11(i).
    \17\ See Rule 6.13, Interpretation and Policy .04. For example, 
pursuant to paragraph (a)(3), if the BBO or derived net market is 
not within an acceptable price range, the System holds marketable 
limit orders and does not allow trading of complex orders for that 
strategy until the market is no longer outside the applicable price 
range.
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    The proposed rule change also makes nonsubstantive, technical 
changes to Interpretation and Policy .07, including adding and 
modifying subparagraph lettering and numbering, indenting 
subparagraphs, and deleting unnecessary parentheticals.
2. Statutory Basis
    The Exchange believes the proposed rule change is consistent with 
the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to the 
Exchange and, in particular, the requirements of Section 6(b) of the 
Act.\18\ Specifically, the Exchange believes the proposed rule change 
is consistent with the Section 6(b)(5) \19\ requirements that the rules 
of an exchange be designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts 
and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to 
foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in regulating, 
clearing, settling, processing information with respect to, and 
facilitating transactions in securities, to remove impediments to and 
perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market 
system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest. 
Additionally, the Exchange believes the proposed rule change is 
consistent with the Section 6(b)(5) \20\ requirement that the rules of 
an exchange not be designed

[[Page 64856]]

to permit unfair discrimination between customers, issuers, brokers, or 
dealers.
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    \18\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b).
    \19\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5).
    \20\ Id.
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    In particular, the proposed rule change adds detail to its rules 
regarding the opening of trading on its COB, which benefits investors. 
The Exchange believes the flexibility provided by the proposed rule 
change is consistent with its other rules. The Exchange already has 
flexibility to apply a different allocation algorithm at the open of 
trading of simple orders and to use its opening procedure after a 
trading halt for simple orders.\21\ It also already has the flexibility 
to apply a different allocation algorithm to complex order executions 
on the COB.\22\ The Exchange is merely extending this flexibility to 
the opening and reopening of trading of complex orders on the COB. The 
Exchange notes that the level of trading activity is often different at 
the open than during the trading day. To ensure a fair and orderly 
opening in light of this trading activity, rules often allow the 
Exchange to apply them in a different manner to the opening of trading 
(such as different bid-ask differential requirements, different price 
reasonability checks and different allocation algorithms). The Exchange 
believes extending similar flexibility to the opening of complex order 
trading on the Exchange will allow it to similarly ensure a fair and 
orderly COB open, which protects investors and promotes just and 
equitable principles of trade.
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    \21\ See Rule 6.11(i) (use of opening procedures after a trading 
halt) and Interpretation and Policy .01 (determination of allocation 
algorithm on a class-by-class basis during opening rotations, which 
may be different than allocation algorithm for intraday trading).
    \22\ See Rule 6.13, Interpretation and Policy .05.
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    The proposed rule change that specifies that the remaining balance 
of a complex order that partially trades with the individual leg series 
may be executed as part of the COB open provision, and that the COB 
open may include both trades of complex orders with the legs and with 
other complex orders, further benefits investors and promotes an open 
market by adding detail to the rules regarding how the System treats 
this remaining balance. Openings generally include a series of trades 
in order to execute all orders that are marketable upon the open, and 
the Exchange believes the proposed rule change is consistent with that 
idea.

B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition

    C2 does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any 
burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in 
furtherance of the purposes of the Act. The proposed rule change 
applies to all complex order trading on the COB when it opens or 
reopens. In addition, the proposed rule change applies only to the COB 
opening process on the Exchange. Its purpose is to include the COB 
opening procedure that is currently in place on the Exchange, which 
procedure is designed to open complex order strategies on the Exchange 
in a fair and orderly manner. The proposed rule change does not help C2 
market participants to the detriment of market participants on other 
exchanges.

C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed 
Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others

    The Exchange neither solicited nor received comments on the 
proposed rule change.

III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for 
Commission Action

    Because the foregoing proposed rule change does not:
    A. Significantly affect the protection of investors or the public 
interest;
    B. impose any significant burden on competition; and
    C. become operative for 30 days from the date on which it was 
filed, or such shorter time as the Commission may designate, it has 
become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act \23\ and 
Rule 19b-4(f)(6) \24\ thereunder. At any time within 60 days of the 
filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission summarily may 
temporarily suspend such rule change if it appears to the Commission 
that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, 
for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the 
purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the 
Commission will institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed 
rule change should be approved or disapproved.
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    \23\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(3)(A).
    \24\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4(f)(6).
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IV. Solicitation of Comments

    Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and 
arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule 
change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of 
the following methods:

Electronic Comments

     Use the Commission's Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml); or
     Send an email to rule-comments@sec.gov. Please include 
File Number SR- C2-2014-024 on the subject line.

Paper Comments

     Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities 
and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549-1090.

All submissions should refer to File Number SR- C2-2014-024. This file 
number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help 
the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, 
please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on 
the Commission's Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all 
written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are 
filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to 
the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other 
than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the 
provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and 
printing in the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., 
Washington DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 
10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of such filing also will be available 
for inspection and copying at the principal offices of the Exchange. 
All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission 
does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You 
should submit only information that you wish to make available 
publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR- C2-2014-024, 
and should be submitted on or before November 21, 2014.

    For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, 
pursuant to delegated authority.\25\
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    \25\ 17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(12).
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Kevin M. O'Neill,
Deputy Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2014-25878 Filed 10-30-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P