Proposed Priorities, Requirement, and Definitions-Innovative Approaches to Literacy (IAL) Program, 11363-11366 [2014-04490]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 40 / Friday, February 28, 2014 / Proposed Rules DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 34 CFR Chapter II [Docket ID ED–2013–OESE–0159; CFDA Number: 84.215G] Proposed Priorities, Requirement, and Definitions—Innovative Approaches to Literacy (IAL) Program Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of Education (Department). ACTION: Proposed priorities, requirement, and definitions. AGENCY: The Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education proposes priorities, a requirement, and definitions under the IAL program. The Assistant Secretary may use the priorities, requirement, and definitions for competitions in fiscal year (FY) 2014 and later years. We take this action to ensure IAL projects will be supported, at a minimum, by evidence of strong theory, and to focus Federal financial assistance on projects that serve rural local educational agencies (LEAs). DATES: We must receive your comments on or before March 31, 2014. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments through the Federal eRulemaking Portal or via postal mail, commercial delivery, or hand delivery. We will not accept comments submitted by fax or by email or those submitted after the comment period. To ensure that we do not receive duplicate copies, please submit your comments only once. In addition, please include the Docket ID at the top of your comments. • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to www.regulations.gov to submit your comments electronically. Information on using Regulations.gov, including instructions for accessing agency documents, submitting comments, and viewing the docket, is available on the site under ‘‘Are you new to the site?’’ • Postal Mail, Commercial Delivery, or Hand Delivery: If you mail or deliver your comments about these proposed regulations, address them to David Moore Miller, U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue SW., room 3E241, Washington, DC 20202– 6200. emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS SUMMARY: Privacy Note: The Department’s policy is to make all comments received from members of the public available for public viewing in their entirety on the Federal eRulemaking Portal at www.regulations.gov. Therefore, commenters should be careful to include in their comments only information that they wish to make publicly available. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Melvin Graham, U.S. Department of VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:27 Feb 27, 2014 Jkt 232001 Education, 400 Maryland Avenue SW., room 3E334, Washington, DC 20202– 6200. Telephone: (202) 260–8268 or by email: melvin.graham@ed.gov. If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) or a text telephone (TTY), call the Federal Relay Service (FRS), toll free, at 1–800–877– 8339. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Invitation to Comment: We invite you to submit comments regarding this notice. To ensure that your comments have maximum effect in developing the notice of final priorities, requirement, and definitions, we urge you to identify clearly the specific proposed priority, requirement, or definition that each comment addresses. We invite you to assist us in complying with the specific requirements of Executive Order 12866 and its overall requirement of reducing regulatory burden that might result from these proposed priorities, requirement, and definitions. Please let us know of any further ways we could reduce potential costs or increase potential benefits while preserving the effective and efficient administration of the program. During and after the comment period, you may inspect all public comments about these proposed regulations by accessing Regulations.gov. You may also inspect the comments in person in room 3E241 400 Maryland Avenue SW., Washington, DC between 8:30 a.m. and 4:00 p.m., Washington, DC time, Monday through Friday of each week except Federal holidays. Please contact the person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Assistance to Individuals with Disabilities in Reviewing the Rulemaking Record: On request we will provide an appropriate accommodation or auxiliary aid to an individual with a disability who needs assistance to review the comments or other documents in the public rulemaking record for this notice. If you want to schedule an appointment for this type of accommodation or auxiliary aid, please contact the person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Purpose of Program: The purpose of the IAL program is to support highquality projects designed to develop and improve literacy skills for children and students from birth through 12th grade within the attendance boundaries of high-need LEAs and schools. Program Authority: 20 U.S.C. 7243– 7243b. Proposed Priorities: This notice contains two proposed priorities. PO 00000 Frm 00019 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 11363 Proposed Priority 1—High-quality plan for innovative approaches to literacy that include book distribution, childhood literacy activities, or both, and that is supported, at a minimum, by evidence of strong theory (as defined in 34 CFR 77.1(c)). Background: We have developed a priority that describes the components of a highquality plan and the level of evidence of effectiveness most appropriate for the IAL program. The components of a high-quality plan include a description of how the activity improves literacy in early childhood, improves students’ reading ability, motivates older children to read, or teaches children and students to read. The plan must also include a description of the populations to be served, key goals and activities, the rationale for the activities chosen, timeline for the project, parties responsible for implementing the project, and the credibility of the plan. The Secretary published final regulations in the Federal Register on August 13, 2013 (78 FR 49338), that include a description of four levels of evidence for the Department to use in determining the potential effectiveness of proposed projects. Considering that the new regulations were established, in part, to provide incentives and opportunities to build the body of evidence of effectiveness in education, and considering the wide range of new and innovative approaches possible under the IAL program, we have determined that the most appropriate level of evidence for the IAL program is strong theory. While there exists evidence in the field to support a higher level of evidence for the IAL program, we selected strong theory in order to broaden the evidence base by supporting innovative and new ideas, as well as to empower applicants to propose activities and approaches that have shown evidence of promise or effectiveness anecdotally or in theory, but that have not yet been included in a published research study or not met the requirements of a higher level of evidence. The final regulations also note the importance of applicants proposing project evaluations that increase the level of evidence of the proposed project’s effectiveness. In order to provide opportunities for applicants to build the body of evidence of effectiveness in education, we will include a related selection criterion that encourages applicants to incorporate evaluation designs that will, if wellimplemented, produce evidence of E:\FR\FM\28FEP1.SGM 28FEP1 emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS 11364 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 40 / Friday, February 28, 2014 / Proposed Rules promise for future projects. Evidence of promise is a more rigorous level of evidence than strong theory. Proposed Priority: To meet this priority, applicants must submit a plan that is supported by evidence of strong theory, including a rationale for the proposed process, product, strategy, or practice and a corresponding logic model (as defined in 34 CFR 77.1(c)). The applicant must submit a plan with the following information: (a) a description of the proposed book distribution, childhood literacy activities, or both, that are designed to improve the literacy skills of children and students by one or more of the following— (1) promoting early literacy and preparing young children to read; (2) developing and improving students’ reading ability; (3) motivating older children to read; and (4) teaching children and students to read. (b) the age or grade spans of children and students from birth through 12th grade to be served within the attendance boundaries of high-need LEAs (as defined in this notice); (c) a detailed description of the key goals, the activities to be undertaken, the rationale for those activities, the timeline, the parties responsible for implementing the activities, and the credibility of the plan (as judged, in part, by the information submitted as evidence of strong theory); and (d)(i) a description of how the proposed project is supported by strong theory; and (ii) the corresponding logic model (as defined in 34 CFR 77.1(c)). Proposed Priority 2—Serving Rural LEAs Background: Rural school districts often lack the personnel and resources needed to compete effectively for Federal competitive grants. Therefore, we wish to establish a priority to better enable eligible rural applicants to compete effectively for IAL funds. Proposed Priority: To meet this priority, an applicant must propose a project designed to provide high-quality literacy programming, or distribute books, or both, to students served by a rural LEA (as defined in this notice). Types of Priorities: When inviting applications for a competition using one or more priorities, we designate the type of each priority as absolute, competitive preference, or invitational through a notice in the Federal Register. The effect of each type of priority follows: VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:27 Feb 27, 2014 Jkt 232001 Absolute priority: Under an absolute priority, we consider only applications that meet the priority (34 CFR 75.105(c)(3)). Competitive preference priority: Under a competitive preference priority, we give competitive preference to an application by (1) awarding additional points, depending on the extent to which the application meets the priority (34 CFR 75.105(c)(2)(i)); or (2) selecting an application that meets the priority over an application of comparable merit that does not meet the priority (34 CFR 75.105(c)(2)(ii)). Invitational priority: Under an invitational priority, we are particularly interested in applications that meet the priority. However, we do not give an application that meets the priority a preference over other applications (34 CFR 75.105(c)(1)). Proposed Requirement: Background: The IAL program is guided by the Senate report that accompanied the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014 (S. Rep. no. 113–71, at 173 (2013)). According to that report, funds made available under the IAL program are for competitive awards to national not-forprofit organizations (NNPs) or school libraries. School libraries generally do not have the capacity to manage Federal grants independently of the schools and districts they serve. We believe LEAs are better equipped to compete for, and meet the requirements of, Federal grants than are school libraries. Therefore, school libraries should coordinate with their LEAs in competing for IAL funds. Proposed Requirement: The Assistant Secretary proposes the following requirement for this program. We may apply this requirement in any year in which this program is in effect. Eligibility: To be considered for an award under this competition, an applicant must be one of the following: (1) A high-need LEA (as defined in this notice); (2) an NNP (as defined in this notice) that serves children and students within the attendance boundaries of one or more high-need LEAs; (3) a consortium of NNPs that serve children and students within the attendance boundaries of one or more high-need LEAs; (4) a consortium of high-need LEAs; or (5) a consortium of one or more high-need LEAs and one or more NNPs that serve children and students within the attendance boundaries of one or more high-need LEAs. Proposed Definitions: Background: Six important terms associated with this program are not defined in the PO 00000 Frm 00020 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 authorizing statute, applicable regulations, or EDGAR. Proposed Definitions: The Assistant Secretary proposes the following definitions for this program. We may apply one or more of these definitions in any year in which this program is in effect. College- and career-ready standards means content standards for kindergarten through 12th grade that build towards college and career readiness by the time of high school graduation. A State’s college- and career-ready standards must be either (1) standards that are common to a significant number of States; or (2) standards that are approved by a State network of institutions of higher education, which must certify that students who meet the standards will not need remedial course work at the postsecondary level. Comprehensive statewide literacy plan means a plan (which may be a component or modification of the plan submitted under the Striving Readers Comprehensive Literacy formula grant program, CFDA 84.371B) that addresses the literacy and language needs of children from birth through 12th grade, including English Learners and students with disabilities; aligns literacy policies, resources, and practices; contains clear instructional goals; and sets high expectations for all students and student subgroups. High-need local educational agency (High-need LEA) means an LEA, including a charter school or Stateadministered school that is considered an LEA under State law, in which at least 25 percent of the students aged 0– 17 in the geographic area served by the LEA (or, in the case of a charter school that is an LEA, at least 25 percent of the students enrolled in the school) are from families with incomes below the poverty line based on the most recent satisfactory data available from the U.S. Census Bureau at the time a notice inviting applications is published. National not-for-profit (NNP) organization means an agency, organization, or institution owned and operated by one or more corporations or associations whose net earnings do not benefit, and cannot lawfully benefit, any private shareholder or entity. In addition, it means, for the purposes of this program, an organization of national scope that is supported by staff or affiliates at the State and local levels, who may include volunteers, and that has a demonstrated history of effectively developing and implementing literacy activities. Note: A local affiliate of an NNP does not meet the definition of NNP. Only a national agency, E:\FR\FM\28FEP1.SGM 28FEP1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 40 / Friday, February 28, 2014 / Proposed Rules organization, or institution is eligible to apply as an NNP. Rural local educational agency (Rural LEA) means an LEA that is eligible under the Small Rural School Achievement program (SRSA) or the Rural and Low-Income School (RLIS) program authorized under Title VI, Part B of the ESEA at the time of application. Universal design for learning (UDL) means a scientifically valid framework for guiding educational practice that (i) provides flexibility in the ways information is presented, in the ways students respond or demonstrate knowledge and skills, and in the ways students are engaged; and (ii) reduces barriers in instruction, provides appropriate accommodations, supports, and challenges, and maintains high achievement expectations for all students, including students with disabilities and students who are English Learners. Final Priorities, Requirement, and Definitions: We will announce the final priorities, requirement, and definitions in a notice in the Federal Register. We will determine the final priorities, requirement, and definitions after considering responses to this notice and other information available to the Department. This notice does not preclude us from proposing additional priorities, requirements, definitions, or selection criteria, subject to meeting applicable rulemaking requirements. Note: This notice does not solicit applications. In any year in which we choose to use one or more of these priorities, requirement, and definitions we invite applications through a notice in the Federal Register. Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS Regulatory Impact Analysis Under Executive Order 12866, the Secretary must determine whether this proposed regulatory action is ‘‘significant’’ and, therefore, subject to the requirements of the Executive order and subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866 defines a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ as an action likely to result in a rule that may— (1) Have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more, or adversely affect a sector of the economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public health or safety, or State, local or tribal governments or communities in a material way (also referred to as an ‘‘economically significant’’ rule); VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:27 Feb 27, 2014 Jkt 232001 (2) Create serious inconsistency or otherwise interfere with an action taken or planned by another agency; (3) Materially alter the budgetary impacts of entitlement grants, user fees, or loan programs or the rights and obligations of recipients thereof; or (4) Raise novel legal or policy issues arising out of legal mandates, the President’s priorities, or the principles stated in the Executive order. This proposed regulatory action is not a significant regulatory action subject to review by OMB under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866. We have also reviewed this proposed regulatory action under Executive Order 13563, which supplements and explicitly reaffirms the principles, structures, and definitions governing regulatory review established in Executive Order 12866. To the extent permitted by law, Executive Order 13563 requires that an agency— (1) Propose or adopt regulations only upon a reasoned determination that their benefits justify their costs (recognizing that some benefits and costs are difficult to quantify); (2) Tailor its regulations to impose the least burden on society, consistent with obtaining regulatory objectives and taking into account—among other things and to the extent practicable—the costs of cumulative regulations; (3) In choosing among alternative regulatory approaches, select those approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety, and other advantages; distributive impacts; and equity); (4) To the extent feasible, specify performance objectives, rather than the behavior or manner of compliance a regulated entity must adopt; and (5) Identify and assess available alternatives to direct regulation, including economic incentives—such as user fees or marketable permits—to encourage the desired behavior, or provide information that enables the public to make choices. Executive Order 13563 also requires an agency ‘‘to use the best available techniques to quantify anticipated present and future benefits and costs as accurately as possible.’’ The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs of OMB has emphasized that these techniques may include ‘‘identifying changing future compliance costs that might result from technological innovation or anticipated behavioral changes.’’ We are issuing these proposed priorities, requirement, and definitions only on a reasoned determination that their benefits would justify their costs. PO 00000 Frm 00021 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 11365 In choosing among alternative regulatory approaches, we selected those approaches that would maximize net benefits. Based on the analysis that follows, the Department believes that this regulatory action is consistent with the principles in Executive Order 13563. We also have determined that this regulatory action would not unduly interfere with State, local, and tribal governments in the exercise of their governmental functions. In accordance with both Executive orders, the Department has assessed the potential costs and benefits, both quantitative and qualitative, of this regulatory action. The potential costs are those resulting from statutory requirements and those we have determined as necessary for administering the Department’s programs and activities. Intergovernmental Review: This program is subject to Executive Order 12372 and the regulations in 34 CFR part 79. One of the objectives of the Executive order is to foster an intergovernmental partnership and a strengthened federalism. The Executive order relies on processes developed by State and local governments for coordination and review of proposed Federal financial assistance. This document provides early notification of our specific plans and actions for this program. Accessible Format: Individuals with disabilities can obtain this document in an accessible format (e.g., braille, large print, audiotape, or compact disc) on request to the program contact person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Electronic Access to This Document: The official version of this document is the document published in the Federal Register. Free Internet access to the official edition of the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations is available via the Federal Digital System at: www.gpo.gov/fdsys. At this site you can view this document, as well as all other documents of this Department published in the Federal Register, in text or Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF). To use PDF you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader, which is available free at the site. You may also access documents of the Department published in the Federal Register by using the article search feature at: www.federalregister.gov. Specifically, through the advanced search feature at this site, you can limit your search to documents published by the Department. E:\FR\FM\28FEP1.SGM 28FEP1 11366 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 40 / Friday, February 28, 2014 / Proposed Rules Dated: February 24, 2014. Deborah Delisle, Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education. [FR Doc. 2014–04490 Filed 2–27–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000–01–P FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 [GN Docket No. 13–5; WC Docket Nos. 10– 90, 13–97, FCC 14–5] Technology Transitions; Connect America Fund; Numbering Policies for Modern Communications Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: In this document, the Federal Communications Commission (Commission) seeks comment on a number of discrete issues relating to the rural broadband experiments and on the appropriate budget and funding to support initiatives for the ongoing need for research into the future of telephone numbering. The purpose of these experiments is to speed market-driven technological transitions and innovations by preserving the core statutory vales that exist today. DATES: Comments are due on or before March 31, 2014 and reply comments are due on or before April 14, 2014. If you anticipate that you will be submitting comments, but find it difficult to do so within the period of time allowed by this document, you should advise the contact listed below as soon as possible. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments, identified by either WC Docket No. 10– 90 or WC Docket No. 13–97, by any of the following methods: • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. • Federal Communications Commission’s Web site: http:// fjallfoss.fcc.gov/ecfs2/;. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. • People with Disabilities: Contact the FCC to request reasonable accommodations (accessible format documents, sign language interpreters, CART, etc.) by email: FCC504@fcc.gov or phone: (202) 418–0530 or TTY: (202) 418–0432. For detailed instructions for submitting comments and additional information on the rulemaking process, see the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this document. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Alexander Minard, Wireline emcdonald on DSK67QTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS SUMMARY: VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:27 Feb 27, 2014 Jkt 232001 Competition Bureau, (202) 418–0428 or TTY: (202) 418–0484 for WC Docket No. 10–90, Robert Cannon, Office of Strategic Planning and Policy Analysis, (202) 418–2421 for WC Docket No. 13– 97. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This is a synopsis of the Commission’s Further Notice of Proposed Rulemakings (FNPRM’s) in WC Docket Nos. 10–90; 13–97 FCC 14–5, adopted on January 30, 2014 and released on January 31, 2014. The full text of this document is available for public inspection during regular business hours in the FCC Reference Center, Room CY–A257, 445 12th Street, SW., Washington, DC 20554. Or at the following Internet address: http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_ public/attachmatch/FCC-14-5A1.pdf. Pursuant to §§ 1.415 and 1.419 of the Commission’s rules, 47 CFR 1.415, 1.419, interested parties may file comments and reply comments on or before the dates indicated on the first page of this document. Comments may be filed using the Commission’s Electronic Comment Filing System (ECFS). See Electronic Filing of Documents in Rulemaking Proceedings, 63 FR 24121, May 1, 1998. D Electronic Filers: Comments may be filed electronically using the Internet by accessing the ECFS: http:// fjallfoss.fcc.gov/ecfs2/. D Paper Filers: Parties who choose to file by paper must file an original and one copy of each filing. If more than one docket or rulemaking number appears in the caption of this proceeding, filers must submit two additional copies for each additional docket or rulemaking number. Filings can be sent by hand or messenger delivery, by commercial overnight courier, or by first-class or overnight U.S. Postal Service mail. All filings must be addressed to the Commission’s Secretary, Office of the Secretary, Federal Communications Commission. D All hand-delivered or messengerdelivered paper filings for the Commission’s Secretary must be delivered to FCC Headquarters at 445 12th St. SW., Room TW–A325, Washington, DC 20554. The filing hours are 8:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. All hand deliveries must be held together with rubber bands or fasteners. Any envelopes and boxes must be disposed of before entering the building. D Commercial overnight mail (other than U.S. Postal Service Express Mail and Priority Mail) must be sent to 9300 East Hampton Drive, Capitol Heights, MD 20743. D U.S. Postal Service first-class, Express, and Priority mail must be PO 00000 Frm 00022 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 addressed to 445 12th Street SW., Washington DC 20554. People with Disabilities: To request materials in accessible formats for people with disabilities (braille, large print, electronic files, audio format), send an email to fcc504@fcc.gov or call the Consumer & Governmental Affairs Bureau at 202–418–0530 (voice), 202– 418–0432 (tty). I. Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (WC Docket No. 10–90) 1. In the Technology Transitions Order and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (Order), adopted concurrently with these FNPRM’s, the Commission kick started the process for a diverse set of experiments and data collection initiatives that will allow the Commission and the public to evaluate how customers are affected by the historic technology transitions that are transforming our nation’s voice communications services—from a network based on time-division multiplexed (TDM) circuit-switched voice services running on copper loops to an all-Internet Protocol (IP) network using copper, co-axial cable, wireless, and fiber as physical infrastructure. In this FNPRM, the Commission seeks comment on a number of discrete issues relating to rural broadband experiments. The final rules that were adopted concurrently with these FNPRM’s are published elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register. A. Budget for Rural Broadband Experiments 2. The Commission intends to provide funding for experiments to extend modern networks in rural, high-cost areas without increasing the overall size of the universal service fund. The USF/ ICC Transformation Order, 76 FR 73830, November 29, 2011, directed Universal Service Administrative Company (USAC) to collect $4.5 billion annually for the Connect America Fund, and, to the extent disbursements in a given year are less than collections, deposit the excess in a broadband reserve account. Because annual disbursements have been less than $4.5 billion to date, and funds have accumulated in the reserve account, a limited amount of funding could be awarded for experiments in 2014 from the reserve account without exceeding the overall $4.5 billion annual budget for the Connect America Fund. The Commission proposes that a limited amount of these unallocated funds be made available for experiments in any part of the country, whether served by an incumbent price cap carrier or rate-of-return carrier. Utilizing these unallocated funds for rural E:\FR\FM\28FEP1.SGM 28FEP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 40 (Friday, February 28, 2014)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 11363-11366]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-04490]



[[Page 11363]]

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DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

34 CFR Chapter II

[Docket ID ED-2013-OESE-0159; CFDA Number: 84.215G]


Proposed Priorities, Requirement, and Definitions--Innovative 
Approaches to Literacy (IAL) Program

AGENCY: Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of 
Education (Department).

ACTION: Proposed priorities, requirement, and definitions.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education 
proposes priorities, a requirement, and definitions under the IAL 
program. The Assistant Secretary may use the priorities, requirement, 
and definitions for competitions in fiscal year (FY) 2014 and later 
years. We take this action to ensure IAL projects will be supported, at 
a minimum, by evidence of strong theory, and to focus Federal financial 
assistance on projects that serve rural local educational agencies 
(LEAs).

DATES: We must receive your comments on or before March 31, 2014.

ADDRESSES: Submit your comments through the Federal eRulemaking Portal 
or via postal mail, commercial delivery, or hand delivery. We will not 
accept comments submitted by fax or by email or those submitted after 
the comment period. To ensure that we do not receive duplicate copies, 
please submit your comments only once. In addition, please include the 
Docket ID at the top of your comments.
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to www.regulations.gov to 
submit your comments electronically. Information on using 
Regulations.gov, including instructions for accessing agency documents, 
submitting comments, and viewing the docket, is available on the site 
under ``Are you new to the site?''
     Postal Mail, Commercial Delivery, or Hand Delivery: If you 
mail or deliver your comments about these proposed regulations, address 
them to David Moore Miller, U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland 
Avenue SW., room 3E241, Washington, DC 20202-6200.

    Privacy Note:  The Department's policy is to make all comments 
received from members of the public available for public viewing in 
their entirety on the Federal eRulemaking Portal at 
www.regulations.gov. Therefore, commenters should be careful to 
include in their comments only information that they wish to make 
publicly available.


FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Melvin Graham, U.S. Department of 
Education, 400 Maryland Avenue SW., room 3E334, Washington, DC 20202-
6200. Telephone: (202) 260-8268 or by email: melvin.graham@ed.gov.
    If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) or a text 
telephone (TTY), call the Federal Relay Service (FRS), toll free, at 1-
800-877-8339.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 
    Invitation to Comment: We invite you to submit comments regarding 
this notice. To ensure that your comments have maximum effect in 
developing the notice of final priorities, requirement, and 
definitions, we urge you to identify clearly the specific proposed 
priority, requirement, or definition that each comment addresses.
    We invite you to assist us in complying with the specific 
requirements of Executive Order 12866 and its overall requirement of 
reducing regulatory burden that might result from these proposed 
priorities, requirement, and definitions. Please let us know of any 
further ways we could reduce potential costs or increase potential 
benefits while preserving the effective and efficient administration of 
the program.
    During and after the comment period, you may inspect all public 
comments about these proposed regulations by accessing Regulations.gov. 
You may also inspect the comments in person in room 3E241 400 Maryland 
Avenue SW., Washington, DC between 8:30 a.m. and 4:00 p.m., Washington, 
DC time, Monday through Friday of each week except Federal holidays. 
Please contact the person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. 
Assistance to Individuals with Disabilities in Reviewing the Rulemaking 
Record: On request we will provide an appropriate accommodation or 
auxiliary aid to an individual with a disability who needs assistance 
to review the comments or other documents in the public rulemaking 
record for this notice. If you want to schedule an appointment for this 
type of accommodation or auxiliary aid, please contact the person 
listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.
    Purpose of Program: The purpose of the IAL program is to support 
high-quality projects designed to develop and improve literacy skills 
for children and students from birth through 12th grade within the 
attendance boundaries of high-need LEAs and schools.

    Program Authority:  20 U.S.C. 7243-7243b.

    Proposed Priorities:
    This notice contains two proposed priorities.
    Proposed Priority 1--High-quality plan for innovative approaches to 
literacy that include book distribution, childhood literacy activities, 
or both, and that is supported, at a minimum, by evidence of strong 
theory (as defined in 34 CFR 77.1(c)).
    Background:
    We have developed a priority that describes the components of a 
high-quality plan and the level of evidence of effectiveness most 
appropriate for the IAL program.
    The components of a high-quality plan include a description of how 
the activity improves literacy in early childhood, improves students' 
reading ability, motivates older children to read, or teaches children 
and students to read. The plan must also include a description of the 
populations to be served, key goals and activities, the rationale for 
the activities chosen, timeline for the project, parties responsible 
for implementing the project, and the credibility of the plan.
    The Secretary published final regulations in the Federal Register 
on August 13, 2013 (78 FR 49338), that include a description of four 
levels of evidence for the Department to use in determining the 
potential effectiveness of proposed projects.
    Considering that the new regulations were established, in part, to 
provide incentives and opportunities to build the body of evidence of 
effectiveness in education, and considering the wide range of new and 
innovative approaches possible under the IAL program, we have 
determined that the most appropriate level of evidence for the IAL 
program is strong theory.
    While there exists evidence in the field to support a higher level 
of evidence for the IAL program, we selected strong theory in order to 
broaden the evidence base by supporting innovative and new ideas, as 
well as to empower applicants to propose activities and approaches that 
have shown evidence of promise or effectiveness anecdotally or in 
theory, but that have not yet been included in a published research 
study or not met the requirements of a higher level of evidence.
    The final regulations also note the importance of applicants 
proposing project evaluations that increase the level of evidence of 
the proposed project's effectiveness. In order to provide opportunities 
for applicants to build the body of evidence of effectiveness in 
education, we will include a related selection criterion that 
encourages applicants to incorporate evaluation designs that will, if 
well-implemented, produce evidence of

[[Page 11364]]

promise for future projects. Evidence of promise is a more rigorous 
level of evidence than strong theory.
    Proposed Priority:
    To meet this priority, applicants must submit a plan that is 
supported by evidence of strong theory, including a rationale for the 
proposed process, product, strategy, or practice and a corresponding 
logic model (as defined in 34 CFR 77.1(c)).
    The applicant must submit a plan with the following information:
    (a) a description of the proposed book distribution, childhood 
literacy activities, or both, that are designed to improve the literacy 
skills of children and students by one or more of the following--
    (1) promoting early literacy and preparing young children to read;
    (2) developing and improving students' reading ability;
    (3) motivating older children to read; and
    (4) teaching children and students to read.
    (b) the age or grade spans of children and students from birth 
through 12th grade to be served within the attendance boundaries of 
high-need LEAs (as defined in this notice);
    (c) a detailed description of the key goals, the activities to be 
undertaken, the rationale for those activities, the timeline, the 
parties responsible for implementing the activities, and the 
credibility of the plan (as judged, in part, by the information 
submitted as evidence of strong theory); and
    (d)(i) a description of how the proposed project is supported by 
strong theory; and (ii) the corresponding logic model (as defined in 34 
CFR 77.1(c)).
    Proposed Priority 2--Serving Rural LEAs
    Background:
    Rural school districts often lack the personnel and resources 
needed to compete effectively for Federal competitive grants. 
Therefore, we wish to establish a priority to better enable eligible 
rural applicants to compete effectively for IAL funds.
    Proposed Priority:
    To meet this priority, an applicant must propose a project designed 
to provide high-quality literacy programming, or distribute books, or 
both, to students served by a rural LEA (as defined in this notice).
    Types of Priorities:
    When inviting applications for a competition using one or more 
priorities, we designate the type of each priority as absolute, 
competitive preference, or invitational through a notice in the Federal 
Register. The effect of each type of priority follows:
    Absolute priority: Under an absolute priority, we consider only 
applications that meet the priority (34 CFR 75.105(c)(3)).
    Competitive preference priority: Under a competitive preference 
priority, we give competitive preference to an application by (1) 
awarding additional points, depending on the extent to which the 
application meets the priority (34 CFR 75.105(c)(2)(i)); or (2) 
selecting an application that meets the priority over an application of 
comparable merit that does not meet the priority (34 CFR 
75.105(c)(2)(ii)).
    Invitational priority: Under an invitational priority, we are 
particularly interested in applications that meet the priority. 
However, we do not give an application that meets the priority a 
preference over other applications (34 CFR 75.105(c)(1)).
    Proposed Requirement:
    Background:
    The IAL program is guided by the Senate report that accompanied the 
Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014 (S. Rep. no. 113-71, at 173 
(2013)). According to that report, funds made available under the IAL 
program are for competitive awards to national not-for-profit 
organizations (NNPs) or school libraries.
    School libraries generally do not have the capacity to manage 
Federal grants independently of the schools and districts they serve. 
We believe LEAs are better equipped to compete for, and meet the 
requirements of, Federal grants than are school libraries. Therefore, 
school libraries should coordinate with their LEAs in competing for IAL 
funds.
    Proposed Requirement:
    The Assistant Secretary proposes the following requirement for this 
program. We may apply this requirement in any year in which this 
program is in effect.
    Eligibility: To be considered for an award under this competition, 
an applicant must be one of the following: (1) A high-need LEA (as 
defined in this notice); (2) an NNP (as defined in this notice) that 
serves children and students within the attendance boundaries of one or 
more high-need LEAs; (3) a consortium of NNPs that serve children and 
students within the attendance boundaries of one or more high-need 
LEAs; (4) a consortium of high-need LEAs; or (5) a consortium of one or 
more high-need LEAs and one or more NNPs that serve children and 
students within the attendance boundaries of one or more high-need 
LEAs.
    Proposed Definitions:
    Background:
    Six important terms associated with this program are not defined in 
the authorizing statute, applicable regulations, or EDGAR.
    Proposed Definitions:
    The Assistant Secretary proposes the following definitions for this 
program. We may apply one or more of these definitions in any year in 
which this program is in effect.
    College- and career-ready standards means content standards for 
kindergarten through 12th grade that build towards college and career 
readiness by the time of high school graduation. A State's college- and 
career-ready standards must be either (1) standards that are common to 
a significant number of States; or (2) standards that are approved by a 
State network of institutions of higher education, which must certify 
that students who meet the standards will not need remedial course work 
at the postsecondary level.
    Comprehensive statewide literacy plan means a plan (which may be a 
component or modification of the plan submitted under the Striving 
Readers Comprehensive Literacy formula grant program, CFDA 84.371B) 
that addresses the literacy and language needs of children from birth 
through 12th grade, including English Learners and students with 
disabilities; aligns literacy policies, resources, and practices; 
contains clear instructional goals; and sets high expectations for all 
students and student subgroups.
    High-need local educational agency (High-need LEA) means an LEA, 
including a charter school or State-administered school that is 
considered an LEA under State law, in which at least 25 percent of the 
students aged 0-17 in the geographic area served by the LEA (or, in the 
case of a charter school that is an LEA, at least 25 percent of the 
students enrolled in the school) are from families with incomes below 
the poverty line based on the most recent satisfactory data available 
from the U.S. Census Bureau at the time a notice inviting applications 
is published.
    National not-for-profit (NNP) organization means an agency, 
organization, or institution owned and operated by one or more 
corporations or associations whose net earnings do not benefit, and 
cannot lawfully benefit, any private shareholder or entity. In 
addition, it means, for the purposes of this program, an organization 
of national scope that is supported by staff or affiliates at the State 
and local levels, who may include volunteers, and that has a 
demonstrated history of effectively developing and implementing 
literacy activities. Note: A local affiliate of an NNP does not meet 
the definition of NNP. Only a national agency,

[[Page 11365]]

organization, or institution is eligible to apply as an NNP.
    Rural local educational agency (Rural LEA) means an LEA that is 
eligible under the Small Rural School Achievement program (SRSA) or the 
Rural and Low-Income School (RLIS) program authorized under Title VI, 
Part B of the ESEA at the time of application.
    Universal design for learning (UDL) means a scientifically valid 
framework for guiding educational practice that (i) provides 
flexibility in the ways information is presented, in the ways students 
respond or demonstrate knowledge and skills, and in the ways students 
are engaged; and (ii) reduces barriers in instruction, provides 
appropriate accommodations, supports, and challenges, and maintains 
high achievement expectations for all students, including students with 
disabilities and students who are English Learners.
    Final Priorities, Requirement, and Definitions:
    We will announce the final priorities, requirement, and definitions 
in a notice in the Federal Register. We will determine the final 
priorities, requirement, and definitions after considering responses to 
this notice and other information available to the Department. This 
notice does not preclude us from proposing additional priorities, 
requirements, definitions, or selection criteria, subject to meeting 
applicable rulemaking requirements.

    Note: This notice does not solicit applications. In any year in 
which we choose to use one or more of these priorities, requirement, 
and definitions we invite applications through a notice in the 
Federal Register.

Executive Orders 12866 and 13563

Regulatory Impact Analysis

    Under Executive Order 12866, the Secretary must determine whether 
this proposed regulatory action is ``significant'' and, therefore, 
subject to the requirements of the Executive order and subject to 
review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Section 3(f) of 
Executive Order 12866 defines a ``significant regulatory action'' as an 
action likely to result in a rule that may--
    (1) Have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more, 
or adversely affect a sector of the economy, productivity, competition, 
jobs, the environment, public health or safety, or State, local or 
tribal governments or communities in a material way (also referred to 
as an ``economically significant'' rule);
    (2) Create serious inconsistency or otherwise interfere with an 
action taken or planned by another agency;
    (3) Materially alter the budgetary impacts of entitlement grants, 
user fees, or loan programs or the rights and obligations of recipients 
thereof; or
    (4) Raise novel legal or policy issues arising out of legal 
mandates, the President's priorities, or the principles stated in the 
Executive order.
    This proposed regulatory action is not a significant regulatory 
action subject to review by OMB under section 3(f) of Executive Order 
12866.
    We have also reviewed this proposed regulatory action under 
Executive Order 13563, which supplements and explicitly reaffirms the 
principles, structures, and definitions governing regulatory review 
established in Executive Order 12866. To the extent permitted by law, 
Executive Order 13563 requires that an agency--
    (1) Propose or adopt regulations only upon a reasoned determination 
that their benefits justify their costs (recognizing that some benefits 
and costs are difficult to quantify);
    (2) Tailor its regulations to impose the least burden on society, 
consistent with obtaining regulatory objectives and taking into 
account--among other things and to the extent practicable--the costs of 
cumulative regulations;
    (3) In choosing among alternative regulatory approaches, select 
those approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential 
economic, environmental, public health and safety, and other 
advantages; distributive impacts; and equity);
    (4) To the extent feasible, specify performance objectives, rather 
than the behavior or manner of compliance a regulated entity must 
adopt; and
    (5) Identify and assess available alternatives to direct 
regulation, including economic incentives--such as user fees or 
marketable permits--to encourage the desired behavior, or provide 
information that enables the public to make choices.
    Executive Order 13563 also requires an agency ``to use the best 
available techniques to quantify anticipated present and future 
benefits and costs as accurately as possible.'' The Office of 
Information and Regulatory Affairs of OMB has emphasized that these 
techniques may include ``identifying changing future compliance costs 
that might result from technological innovation or anticipated 
behavioral changes.''
    We are issuing these proposed priorities, requirement, and 
definitions only on a reasoned determination that their benefits would 
justify their costs. In choosing among alternative regulatory 
approaches, we selected those approaches that would maximize net 
benefits. Based on the analysis that follows, the Department believes 
that this regulatory action is consistent with the principles in 
Executive Order 13563.
    We also have determined that this regulatory action would not 
unduly interfere with State, local, and tribal governments in the 
exercise of their governmental functions.
    In accordance with both Executive orders, the Department has 
assessed the potential costs and benefits, both quantitative and 
qualitative, of this regulatory action. The potential costs are those 
resulting from statutory requirements and those we have determined as 
necessary for administering the Department's programs and activities.
    Intergovernmental Review: This program is subject to Executive 
Order 12372 and the regulations in 34 CFR part 79. One of the 
objectives of the Executive order is to foster an intergovernmental 
partnership and a strengthened federalism. The Executive order relies 
on processes developed by State and local governments for coordination 
and review of proposed Federal financial assistance.
    This document provides early notification of our specific plans and 
actions for this program.
    Accessible Format: Individuals with disabilities can obtain this 
document in an accessible format (e.g., braille, large print, 
audiotape, or compact disc) on request to the program contact person 
listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.
    Electronic Access to This Document: The official version of this 
document is the document published in the Federal Register. Free 
Internet access to the official edition of the Federal Register and the 
Code of Federal Regulations is available via the Federal Digital System 
at: www.gpo.gov/fdsys. At this site you can view this document, as well 
as all other documents of this Department published in the Federal 
Register, in text or Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF). To use PDF 
you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader, which is available free at the 
site.
    You may also access documents of the Department published in the 
Federal Register by using the article search feature at: 
www.federalregister.gov. Specifically, through the advanced search 
feature at this site, you can limit your search to documents published 
by the Department.


[[Page 11366]]


    Dated: February 24, 2014.
Deborah Delisle,
Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education.
[FR Doc. 2014-04490 Filed 2-27-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4000-01-P