Certain 3g Mobile Handsets and Components Thereof; Commission Determination To Remand Investigation to the Chief Administrative Law Judge Pursuant To Remand From the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, 9277-9279 [2014-03412]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 32 / Tuesday, February 18, 2014 / Notices Investigations, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436. Hearingimpaired persons can obtain information on this matter by contacting the Commission’s TDD terminal on 202– 205–1810. Persons with mobility impairments who will need special assistance in gaining access to the Commission should contact the Office of the Secretary at 202–205–2000. General information concerning the Commission may also be obtained by accessing its internet server (http:// www.usitc.gov). The public record for these reviews may be viewed on the Commission’s electronic docket (EDIS) at http://edis.usitc.gov. On January 23, 2014, the Commission determined that it should proceed to full reviews in the subject five-year reviews pursuant to section 751(c)(5) of the Act. The Commission found that the domestic interested party group response and the respondent interested party group responses with respect to the orders on subject imports from Brazil and the United Arab Emirates to its notice of institution (78 FR 60311, October 1, 2013) were adequate. The Commission found that the respondent interested party group response with respect to the orders on subject imports from China was inadequate but determined to conduct a full review of the order concerning China to promote administrative efficiency in light of the Commission’s determination to conduct full reviews of the orders concerning Brazil and the United Arab Emirates. A record of the Commissioners’ votes, the Commission’s statement on adequacy, and any individual Commissioner’s statements will be available from the Office of the Secretary and at the Commission’s Web site. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Authority: These reviews are being conducted under authority of title VII of the Tariff Act of 1930; this notice is published pursuant to section 207.62 of the Commission’s rules. Issued: February 12, 2014. By order of the Commission. Lisa R. Barton, Acting Secretary to the Commission. tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES [FR Doc. 2014–03481 Filed 2–14–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7020–02–P VerDate Mar<15>2010 22:24 Feb 14, 2014 Jkt 232001 INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 337–TA–613] Certain 3g Mobile Handsets and Components Thereof; Commission Determination To Remand Investigation to the Chief Administrative Law Judge Pursuant To Remand From the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit U.S. International Trade Commission. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: Notice is hereby given that the U.S. International Trade Commission has determined to remand the above-captioned investigation to the Chief Administrative Law Judge for assignment to an administrative law judge (‘‘ALJ’’) for an initial determination on remand (‘‘RID’’) concerning certain infringement, affirmative defense, and public interest issues following remand from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (‘‘Federal Circuit’’). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Megan M. Valentine, Office of the General Counsel, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, telephone (202) 708–2301. Copies of non-confidential documents filed in connection with this investigation are or will be available for inspection during official business hours (8:45 a.m. to 5:15 p.m.) in the Office of the Secretary, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, telephone (202) 205–2000. General information concerning the Commission may also be obtained by accessing its Internet server at http://www.usitc.gov. The public record for this investigation may be viewed on the Commission’s electronic docket (EDIS) at http:// edis.usitc.gov. Hearing-impaired persons are advised that information on this matter can be obtained by contacting the Commission’s TDD terminal on (202) 205–1810. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Commission instituted Inv. No. 337– TA–613 on September 11, 2007, based on a complaint filed by InterDigital Communications Corp. of King of Prussia, Pennsylvania and InterDigital Technology Corp. of Wilmington, Delaware (collectively, ‘‘InterDigital’’) on August 7, 2007. 72 FR 51838 (Sept. 11, 2007). The complaint, as amended, alleged violations of section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1337) in the importation into the United States, the sale for importation, and the sale SUMMARY: PO 00000 Frm 00121 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 9277 within the United States after importation of certain 3G mobile handsets and components thereof by reason of infringement of certain claims of U.S. Patent Nos. 7,117,004 (‘‘the ’004 patent’’); 7,190,966 (‘‘the ’966 patent’’); and 7,286,847 (‘‘the ’847 patent’’); and 6,693,579 (‘‘the ’579 patent’’). The notice of investigation named Nokia Corporation of Espoo, Finland and Nokia Inc. of Irving, Texas (collectively, ‘‘Nokia’’) as respondents. On February 13, 2009, InterDigital moved for summary determination that a domestic industry exists because its licensing activities in the United States satisfy the domestic industry requirement under 19 U.S.C. 1337(a)(3)(C). On March 10, 2009, the presiding Administrative Law Judge (‘‘ALJ’’) issued an initial determination (‘‘ID’’) (Order No. 42) granting the motion. On April 9, 2009, the Commission determined not to review the ID. Notice (Apr. 9, 2009). On August 14, 2009, the ALJ issued his final ID, finding no violation of section 337. In particular, he found that the asserted claims of the patents-in-suit are not infringed and that they are not invalid. The ALJ further found that there is no prosecution laches relating to the ’004, ’966, and ’847 patents and that the ’579 patent is not unenforceable. On October 16, 2009, the Commission determined to review the Final ID in part. 74 FR 55068–69 (Oct. 26, 2009) (‘‘Notice of Review’’). In particular, although the Commission affirmed the ID’s determination of no violation of section 337, the Commission reviewed and modified the ID’s claim construction of the term ‘‘access signal’’ found in the asserted claims of the ’847 patent. The Commission also reviewed, but took no position on, the ID’s construction of the term ‘‘synchronize’’ found in the asserted claims of the ’847 patent. The Commission further reviewed, but took no position on, validity with respect to any of the asserted patents. The Commission did not review the ID’s construction of the claim limitations ‘‘code’’ and ‘‘increased power level’’ in the asserted claims of the ’966 and ’847 patents, and terminated the investigation. InterDigital timely appealed the Commission’s final determination of no violation of section 337 as to the ’966 and ’847 patents to Federal Circuit. Specifically, InterDigital appealed the final ID’s unreviewed constructions of the claim limitations ‘‘code’’ and ‘‘increased power level’’ in the ’966 and ’847 patents. Respondent Nokia, the intervenor on appeal, raised as an alternate ground of affirmance the issue of whether the Commission correctly E:\FR\FM\18FEN1.SGM 18FEN1 tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES 9278 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 32 / Tuesday, February 18, 2014 / Notices determined that InterDigital has a license-based domestic industry. On August 1, 2012, the Federal Circuit reversed the Commission’s construction of the claim limitations ‘‘code’’ and ‘‘increased power level’’ in the ’966 and ’847 patents, reversed the Commission’s determination of noninfringement as to the asserted claims of those patents, and remanded to the Commission for further proceedings. InterDigital Commc’ns, LLC v. Int’l Trade Comm’n, 690 F.3d 1318 (Fed. Cir. 2012). In particular, the Court rejected the final ID’s construction of the ‘‘code’’ limitation as being limited to ‘‘a spreading code or a portion of a spreading code’’ and, instead, constructed ‘‘code’’ as ‘‘a sequence of chips’’ and as ‘‘broad enough to cover both a spreading code and a nonspreading code.’’ Id. at 1323–27. The Court also rejected the final ID’s construction of the limitation ‘‘increased power level’’ as requiring that the power level of a transmission ‘‘increases during transmission,’’ holding instead that the limitation ‘‘include[s] both intermittent and continuous increases in power.’’ Id. at 1323, 1327–28. The Court affirmed the Commission’s determination that InterDigital has a domestic industry. Id. Nokia subsequently filed a combined petition for panel rehearing and rehearing en banc on the issue of domestic industry. On January 10, 2013, the Court denied the petition and issued an additional opinion addressing several issues raised in Nokia’s petition for rehearing. InterDigital Commc’ns, LLC v. Int’l Trade Comm’n, 707 F.3d 1295 (Fed. Cir. 2013) (Fed. Cir. Jan. 10, 2013). The mandate issued on January 17, 2013, returning jurisdiction to the Commission. On February 4, 2013, the Commission issued an Order directing the parties to submit comments regarding what further proceedings must be conducted to comply with the Federal Circuit’s remand. Commission Order (Feb. 4, 2013). On February 14, 2013, InterDigital, Nokia, and the Commission investigative attorney (‘‘IA’’) submitted initial comments. On February 19, 2013, Nokia submitted response comments. On February 22, 2013, InterDigital and the IA submitted response comments. Having examined the record of this investigation, including the ALJ’s final ID, the petitions for review, the responses thereto, and the parties’ comments on remand, the Commission has decided certain issues and has determined to remand the investigation to the Chief ALJ for assignment to a presiding ALJ to determine certain VerDate Mar<15>2010 20:58 Feb 14, 2014 Jkt 232001 outstanding issues concerning violation of section 337 set forth below. With respect to claim construction, the Commission construes the claim limitation ‘‘synchronize’’ in the asserted claims of the ’847 patent to mean ‘‘establishing a timing reference with the pilot signal transmitted by a base station.’’ With respect to validity, the Commission affirms the final ID’s finding that the Lucas reference does not anticipate the asserted claims of the ’966 and ’847 patents because it fails to disclose the claim limitations requiring the subscriber unit to transmit a code selected from a ‘‘plurality of different codes,’’ the limitation requiring the subscriber unit to transmit a ‘‘message’’ in order to indicate that the subscriber units wants to establish communications with a base station, or the limitation in those claims requiring an ‘‘access signal’’ to facilitate communication between the subscriber unit and the base station. The Commission also affirms the final ID’s finding that the Lucas reference does not render obvious the asserted claims of the ’966 and ’847 patent. The Commission further affirms the final ID’s finding that the asserted claims of the ’966 and ’847 patents are not rendered obvious by the IS–95 references combined with the CODIT reference. With respect to infringement, the Commission finds that the PRACH preamble used in the accused Nokia handsets satisfies the ‘‘code’’/‘‘signal’’ limitation of the asserted claims of the ’966 and ’847 patents under the Federal Circuit’s revised claim construction. The Commission also finds that the transmission of the PRACH preambles meets the claim limitation ‘‘increased power level’’ in the asserted claims of the ’966 and ’847 patents based on the Federal Circuit’s revised claim construction. The Commission further finds waived Nokia’s argument that the PRACH preamble and PRACH message signals in the accused Nokia handsets are never transmitted. The Commission also finds that the accused handsets do not satisfy the ‘‘synchronized to a pilot signal’’ limitation under the doctrine of equivalents. With respect to the issue of domestic industry, the Commission acknowledges the Federal Circuit’s finding that Nokia has waived any argument regarding the nexus between its licensing investments and the asserted patents. The Commission also declines to reconsider the issue of whether the ‘‘economic prong’’ of the domestic industry requirement has been satisfied under Certain Multimedia Display and PO 00000 Frm 00122 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Navigation Devices and Systems, Components Thereof, and Products Containing Same, Inv. No. 337–TA–694, Commission Opinion, Public Version (August 8, 2011). The Commission remands the following issues to the Chief ALJ for assignment to a presiding ALJ. Specifically, the Commission remands the issue of whether the accused Nokia handsets meet the ‘‘generated using a same code’’ limitation or ‘‘the message being transmitted only subsequent to the subscriber unit receiving the indication’’ limitation in the asserted claims of the ’966 patent. The Commission also remands the issue of whether the accused Nokia handsets meet the ‘‘generated using a same code’’ limitation or the ‘‘function of a same code’’ limitation in the asserted claims of the ’847 patent. The Commission further remands the issue of whether the 3GPP standard supports a finding that the pilot signal (P–CPICH) satisfies the claim limitation ‘‘synchronized to a pilot signal’’ as recited in the asserted claims of the ’847 patent by synchronizing to either the P–SCH or S– SCH signals under the Commission’s construction of that claim limitation. The Commission further remands the issue, concerning the claim limitations ‘‘the message being transmitted only subsequent to the subscriber unit receiving the indication’’ and ‘‘transmitting, in response to receipt of said acknowledgement, an access signal’’ in the asserted claims of the ’847 patent and as is required by the final ID’s construction of the limitation ‘‘access signal,’’ whether the PRACH Message is transmitted during the power ramp up process. The Commission also remands the investigation for the assigned ALJ to reopen the evidentiary record and take evidence concerning Nokia’s currently imported products, including: (1) Whether they contain chips other than those that were previously adjudicated, (2) whether those chips infringe the asserted claims of the patents-in-suit, and (3) whether the chips are licensed. The Commission further remands the investigation in order for the assigned ALJ to: (1) Take evidence concerning the public interest factors as enumerated in sections 337(d) and (f); (2) take briefing on whether the issue of the standardessential patent nature of the patents-insuit is contested; (3) take evidence concerning and/or briefing on whether there is patent hold-up or reverse holdup in this case; and (4) include an analysis of this evidence in his remand ID. The authority for the Commission’s determination is contained in section E:\FR\FM\18FEN1.SGM 18FEN1 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 32 / Tuesday, February 18, 2014 / Notices this matter can be obtained by contacting the Commission’s TDD terminal on (202) 205–1810. 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1337). By order of the Commission. Issued: February 12, 2014. Lisa R. Barton, Acting Secretary to the Commission. [FR Doc. 2014–03412 Filed 2–14–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7020–02–P INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 337–TA–862] Certain Electronic Devices, Including Wireless Communication Devices, Tablet Computers, Media Players, and Components Thereof; Commission Determinations Not To Review an Initial Determination Extending the Date for Issuance of the Final Initial Determination and Not To Review an Initial Determination Terminating the Investigation Based on a Settlement Agreement; Termination of Investigation U.S. International Trade Commission. ACTION: Notice. AGENCY: Notice is hereby given that the U.S. International Trade Commission has determined not to review an initial determination (Order No. 69) issued by the presiding administrative law judge (‘‘ALJ’’) on January 23, 2014, extending the time for issuance of the final initial determination. Notice is also hereby given that the Commission has determined not to review an initial determination (Order No. 70) issued by the ALJ on January 29, 2014, terminating the investigation based on a settlement agreement. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert Needham, Office of the General Counsel, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, telephone (202) 708–5468. Copies of non-confidential documents filed in connection with this investigation are or will be available for inspection during official business hours (8:45 a.m. to 5:15 p.m.) in the Office of the Secretary, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, telephone (202) 205–2000. General information concerning the Commission may also be obtained by accessing its Internet server (http://www.usitc.gov). The public record for this investigation may be viewed on the Commission’s electronic docket (EDIS) at http:// edis.usitc.gov. Hearing-impaired persons are advised that information on tkelley on DSK3SPTVN1PROD with NOTICES SUMMARY: VerDate Mar<15>2010 20:58 Feb 14, 2014 Jkt 232001 The Commission instituted this investigation on January 8, 2013, based on a complaint filed by Ericsson Inc., of Plano, Texas, and Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson of Sweden. 78 FR 1247 (January 8, 2013). The complaint, as amended, alleged violations of section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930 as amended (19 U.S.C. 1337), in the importation into the United States, the sale for importation, and the sale within the United States after importation of certain electronic devices, including wireless communication devices, tablet computers, media players, and televisions, and components thereof, by reason of infringement of certain claims of eleven U.S. patents. The notice of investigation named as respondents Samsung Electronics America, Inc., of Ridgefield Park, New Jersey; Samsung Telecommunications America LLC, of Richardson, Texas; and Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., of the Republic of Korea. Id. The Office of Unfair Import Investigations was also named a party. Id. On January 22, 2014, all complainants and respondents (‘‘the private parties’’) jointly moved to extend the date for issuance of the final initial determination from January 24, 2014, to January 31, 2014. The motion stated that the private parties had reached a settlement agreement, and that the extension would permit the parties time to file termination papers. The motion further stated the Investigative Attorney (‘‘IA’’) did not oppose the motion. On January 23, 2014, the ALJ found that good cause existed for the extension, and granted the motion in an initial determination (‘‘Order No. 69’’). No party filed a petition for review of Order No. 69. On January 27, 2014, the private parties moved to terminate the investigation based on a settlement agreement. The parties stated that there were no other agreements, written or oral, express or implied, between the private parties concerning the subject matter of this investigation. The IA filed a response supporting the motion. On January 29, 2014, the ALJ issued an initial determination (‘‘Order No. 70’’) granting the motion and terminating the investigation. The ALJ found that the motion complied with the Commission rules and that the settlement is in the public interest. No party filed a petition for review of Order No. 70. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: PO 00000 Frm 00123 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 9279 The Commission has determined not to review Order No. 69 and Order No. 70. The authority for the Commission’s determination is contained in section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1337), and in Part 210 of the Commission’s Rules of Practice and Procedure (19 CFR Part 210). Dated: February 12, 2014. By order of the Commission. Lisa R. Barton, Acting Secretary to the Commission. [FR Doc. 2014–03438 Filed 2–14–14; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7020–02–P DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives [OMB Number 1140–0036] Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: FFL Out-ofBusiness Records Request ACTION: 30-Day Notice. The Department of Justice (DOJ), Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), will be submitting the following information collection request to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. The proposed information collection is published to obtain comments from the public and affected agencies. This proposed information collection was previously published in the Federal Register Volume 78, Number 242, page 76322 on December 17, 2013, allowing for a 60 day comment period. The purpose of this notice is to allow for an additional 30 days for public comment until March 20, 2014. This process is conducted in accordance with 5 CFR 1320.10 Written comments concerning this information collection should be sent to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, Attn: DOJ Desk Officer. The best way to ensure your comments are received is to email them to Oira_ submission@omb.eop.gov. All comments should reference the eight digit OMB number for the collection or the title of the collection. Written comments and suggestions from the public and affected agencies concerning the proposed collection of information are encouraged. Your E:\FR\FM\18FEN1.SGM 18FEN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 32 (Tuesday, February 18, 2014)]
[Notices]
[Pages 9277-9279]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-03412]


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INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION

[Investigation No. 337-TA-613]


Certain 3g Mobile Handsets and Components Thereof; Commission 
Determination To Remand Investigation to the Chief Administrative Law 
Judge Pursuant To Remand From the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal 
Circuit

AGENCY: U.S. International Trade Commission.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the U.S. International Trade 
Commission has determined to remand the above-captioned investigation 
to the Chief Administrative Law Judge for assignment to an 
administrative law judge (``ALJ'') for an initial determination on 
remand (``RID'') concerning certain infringement, affirmative defense, 
and public interest issues following remand from the U.S. Court of 
Appeals for the Federal Circuit (``Federal Circuit'').

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Megan M. Valentine, Office of the 
General Counsel, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW., 
Washington, DC 20436, telephone (202) 708-2301. Copies of non-
confidential documents filed in connection with this investigation are 
or will be available for inspection during official business hours 
(8:45 a.m. to 5:15 p.m.) in the Office of the Secretary, U.S. 
International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, 
telephone (202) 205-2000. General information concerning the Commission 
may also be obtained by accessing its Internet server at http://www.usitc.gov. The public record for this investigation may be viewed 
on the Commission's electronic docket (EDIS) at http://edis.usitc.gov. 
Hearing-impaired persons are advised that information on this matter 
can be obtained by contacting the Commission's TDD terminal on (202) 
205-1810.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Commission instituted Inv. No. 337-TA-
613 on September 11, 2007, based on a complaint filed by InterDigital 
Communications Corp. of King of Prussia, Pennsylvania and InterDigital 
Technology Corp. of Wilmington, Delaware (collectively, 
``InterDigital'') on August 7, 2007. 72 FR 51838 (Sept. 11, 2007). The 
complaint, as amended, alleged violations of section 337 of the Tariff 
Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1337) in the importation into the United States, 
the sale for importation, and the sale within the United States after 
importation of certain 3G mobile handsets and components thereof by 
reason of infringement of certain claims of U.S. Patent Nos. 7,117,004 
(``the '004 patent''); 7,190,966 (``the '966 patent''); and 7,286,847 
(``the '847 patent''); and 6,693,579 (``the '579 patent''). The notice 
of investigation named Nokia Corporation of Espoo, Finland and Nokia 
Inc. of Irving, Texas (collectively, ``Nokia'') as respondents.
    On February 13, 2009, InterDigital moved for summary determination 
that a domestic industry exists because its licensing activities in the 
United States satisfy the domestic industry requirement under 19 U.S.C. 
1337(a)(3)(C). On March 10, 2009, the presiding Administrative Law 
Judge (``ALJ'') issued an initial determination (``ID'') (Order No. 42) 
granting the motion. On April 9, 2009, the Commission determined not to 
review the ID. Notice (Apr. 9, 2009).
    On August 14, 2009, the ALJ issued his final ID, finding no 
violation of section 337. In particular, he found that the asserted 
claims of the patents-in-suit are not infringed and that they are not 
invalid. The ALJ further found that there is no prosecution laches 
relating to the '004, '966, and '847 patents and that the '579 patent 
is not unenforceable.
    On October 16, 2009, the Commission determined to review the Final 
ID in part. 74 FR 55068-69 (Oct. 26, 2009) (``Notice of Review''). In 
particular, although the Commission affirmed the ID's determination of 
no violation of section 337, the Commission reviewed and modified the 
ID's claim construction of the term ``access signal'' found in the 
asserted claims of the '847 patent. The Commission also reviewed, but 
took no position on, the ID's construction of the term ``synchronize'' 
found in the asserted claims of the '847 patent. The Commission further 
reviewed, but took no position on, validity with respect to any of the 
asserted patents. The Commission did not review the ID's construction 
of the claim limitations ``code'' and ``increased power level'' in the 
asserted claims of the '966 and '847 patents, and terminated the 
investigation.
    InterDigital timely appealed the Commission's final determination 
of no violation of section 337 as to the '966 and '847 patents to 
Federal Circuit. Specifically, InterDigital appealed the final ID's 
unreviewed constructions of the claim limitations ``code'' and 
``increased power level'' in the '966 and '847 patents. Respondent 
Nokia, the intervenor on appeal, raised as an alternate ground of 
affirmance the issue of whether the Commission correctly

[[Page 9278]]

determined that InterDigital has a license-based domestic industry.
    On August 1, 2012, the Federal Circuit reversed the Commission's 
construction of the claim limitations ``code'' and ``increased power 
level'' in the '966 and '847 patents, reversed the Commission's 
determination of non-infringement as to the asserted claims of those 
patents, and remanded to the Commission for further proceedings. 
InterDigital Commc'ns, LLC v. Int'l Trade Comm'n, 690 F.3d 1318 (Fed. 
Cir. 2012). In particular, the Court rejected the final ID's 
construction of the ``code'' limitation as being limited to ``a 
spreading code or a portion of a spreading code'' and, instead, 
constructed ``code'' as ``a sequence of chips'' and as ``broad enough 
to cover both a spreading code and a non-spreading code.'' Id. at 1323-
27. The Court also rejected the final ID's construction of the 
limitation ``increased power level'' as requiring that the power level 
of a transmission ``increases during transmission,'' holding instead 
that the limitation ``include[s] both intermittent and continuous 
increases in power.'' Id. at 1323, 1327-28. The Court affirmed the 
Commission's determination that InterDigital has a domestic industry. 
Id. Nokia subsequently filed a combined petition for panel rehearing 
and rehearing en banc on the issue of domestic industry. On January 10, 
2013, the Court denied the petition and issued an additional opinion 
addressing several issues raised in Nokia's petition for rehearing. 
InterDigital Commc'ns, LLC v. Int'l Trade Comm'n, 707 F.3d 1295 (Fed. 
Cir. 2013) (Fed. Cir. Jan. 10, 2013). The mandate issued on January 17, 
2013, returning jurisdiction to the Commission.
    On February 4, 2013, the Commission issued an Order directing the 
parties to submit comments regarding what further proceedings must be 
conducted to comply with the Federal Circuit's remand. Commission Order 
(Feb. 4, 2013). On February 14, 2013, InterDigital, Nokia, and the 
Commission investigative attorney (``IA'') submitted initial comments. 
On February 19, 2013, Nokia submitted response comments. On February 
22, 2013, InterDigital and the IA submitted response comments.
    Having examined the record of this investigation, including the 
ALJ's final ID, the petitions for review, the responses thereto, and 
the parties' comments on remand, the Commission has decided certain 
issues and has determined to remand the investigation to the Chief ALJ 
for assignment to a presiding ALJ to determine certain outstanding 
issues concerning violation of section 337 set forth below.
    With respect to claim construction, the Commission construes the 
claim limitation ``synchronize'' in the asserted claims of the '847 
patent to mean ``establishing a timing reference with the pilot signal 
transmitted by a base station.''
    With respect to validity, the Commission affirms the final ID's 
finding that the Lucas reference does not anticipate the asserted 
claims of the '966 and '847 patents because it fails to disclose the 
claim limitations requiring the subscriber unit to transmit a code 
selected from a ``plurality of different codes,'' the limitation 
requiring the subscriber unit to transmit a ``message'' in order to 
indicate that the subscriber units wants to establish communications 
with a base station, or the limitation in those claims requiring an 
``access signal'' to facilitate communication between the subscriber 
unit and the base station. The Commission also affirms the final ID's 
finding that the Lucas reference does not render obvious the asserted 
claims of the '966 and '847 patent. The Commission further affirms the 
final ID's finding that the asserted claims of the '966 and '847 
patents are not rendered obvious by the IS-95 references combined with 
the CODIT reference.
    With respect to infringement, the Commission finds that the PRACH 
preamble used in the accused Nokia handsets satisfies the ``code''/
``signal'' limitation of the asserted claims of the '966 and '847 
patents under the Federal Circuit's revised claim construction. The 
Commission also finds that the transmission of the PRACH preambles 
meets the claim limitation ``increased power level'' in the asserted 
claims of the '966 and '847 patents based on the Federal Circuit's 
revised claim construction. The Commission further finds waived Nokia's 
argument that the PRACH preamble and PRACH message signals in the 
accused Nokia handsets are never transmitted. The Commission also finds 
that the accused handsets do not satisfy the ``synchronized to a pilot 
signal'' limitation under the doctrine of equivalents.
    With respect to the issue of domestic industry, the Commission 
acknowledges the Federal Circuit's finding that Nokia has waived any 
argument regarding the nexus between its licensing investments and the 
asserted patents. The Commission also declines to reconsider the issue 
of whether the ``economic prong'' of the domestic industry requirement 
has been satisfied under Certain Multimedia Display and Navigation 
Devices and Systems, Components Thereof, and Products Containing Same, 
Inv. No. 337-TA-694, Commission Opinion, Public Version (August 8, 
2011).
    The Commission remands the following issues to the Chief ALJ for 
assignment to a presiding ALJ. Specifically, the Commission remands the 
issue of whether the accused Nokia handsets meet the ``generated using 
a same code'' limitation or ``the message being transmitted only 
subsequent to the subscriber unit receiving the indication'' limitation 
in the asserted claims of the '966 patent. The Commission also remands 
the issue of whether the accused Nokia handsets meet the ``generated 
using a same code'' limitation or the ``function of a same code'' 
limitation in the asserted claims of the '847 patent. The Commission 
further remands the issue of whether the 3GPP standard supports a 
finding that the pilot signal (P-CPICH) satisfies the claim limitation 
``synchronized to a pilot signal'' as recited in the asserted claims of 
the '847 patent by synchronizing to either the P-SCH or S-SCH signals 
under the Commission's construction of that claim limitation. The 
Commission further remands the issue, concerning the claim limitations 
``the message being transmitted only subsequent to the subscriber unit 
receiving the indication'' and ``transmitting, in response to receipt 
of said acknowledgement, an access signal'' in the asserted claims of 
the '847 patent and as is required by the final ID's construction of 
the limitation ``access signal,'' whether the PRACH Message is 
transmitted during the power ramp up process.
    The Commission also remands the investigation for the assigned ALJ 
to reopen the evidentiary record and take evidence concerning Nokia's 
currently imported products, including: (1) Whether they contain chips 
other than those that were previously adjudicated, (2) whether those 
chips infringe the asserted claims of the patents-in-suit, and (3) 
whether the chips are licensed. The Commission further remands the 
investigation in order for the assigned ALJ to: (1) Take evidence 
concerning the public interest factors as enumerated in sections 337(d) 
and (f); (2) take briefing on whether the issue of the standard-
essential patent nature of the patents-in-suit is contested; (3) take 
evidence concerning and/or briefing on whether there is patent hold-up 
or reverse hold-up in this case; and (4) include an analysis of this 
evidence in his remand ID.
    The authority for the Commission's determination is contained in 
section

[[Page 9279]]

337 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1337).

    By order of the Commission.

    Issued: February 12, 2014.
Lisa R. Barton,
Acting Secretary to the Commission.
[FR Doc. 2014-03412 Filed 2-14-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 7020-02-P