Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To Address the Authority To Cancel Orders When a Technical or Systems Issue Occurs and To Describe the Operation of Routing Service Error Accounts, 2302-2304 [2013-00306]

Download as PDF 2302 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 7 / Thursday, January 10, 2013 / Notices provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission’s Public Reference Section, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR–NASDAQ–2012–147 and should be submitted on or before January 31, 2013. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.25 Kevin M. O’Neill, Deputy Secretary. [FR Doc. 2013–00304 Filed 1–9–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–68583; File No. SR–C2– 2012–038] Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To Address the Authority To Cancel Orders When a Technical or Systems Issue Occurs and To Describe the Operation of Routing Service Error Accounts January 4, 2013. wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with I. Introduction On November 8, 2012, the C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated (‘‘Exchange’’ or ‘‘C2’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’) 1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 a proposed rule change to (i) address the authority of the Exchange to cancel orders (or release routing-related orders) when a technical or systems issue occurs; and (ii) describe the operation of an Exchange error account(s) and routing broker error account(s), which may be used to liquidate unmatched executions that may occur in the provision of the Exchange’s routing service. The proposed rule change was published for comment in the Federal 25 17 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 2 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 1 15 VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:22 Jan 09, 2013 Jkt 229001 Register on November 26, 2012.3 The Commission received no comment letters regarding the proposed rule change. This order approves the proposed rule change. II. Description of the Proposal In its proposal, the Exchange states that it operates a system of trading that allows automatic executions to occur electronically.4 As part of this infrastructure, the Exchange states that it automatically routes orders to other exchanges under certain circumstances. These routing services are provided in conjunction with one or more routing brokers that are not affiliated with the Exchange.5 Mechanically, when the Exchange receives an order from a Trading Permit Holder that is held in the Exchange system and determines to route an order to another exchange, the Exchange provides the routing broker with a corresponding order and instructions to route the order to another exchange. The routing broker then sends the corresponding order to the other exchange. In its proposal, C2 states that the Exchange may encounter situations that make it necessary to cancel orders (or release routing-related orders),6 and to resolve error positions that result from errors of the Exchange, routing brokers, or another exchange.7 Proposed Rule 6.47 (Order Cancellation/ Release) New C2 Rule 6.47 provides C2 with general authority to cancel orders as it deems to be necessary to maintain fair and orderly markets if a technical or systems issue occurs at the Exchange, a routing broker in connection with the routing service provided under C2 Rule 6.36, or another exchange to which an Exchange order has been routed. It also provides that a routing broker may only cancel orders being routed to another exchange based on the Exchange’s standing or specific instructions or as otherwise provided in the Exchange Rules. C2 will be required to provide notice of the cancellation to affected 3 Securities Exchange Act Release No. 68260 (November 19, 2012), 77 FR 70496 (November 26, 2012) (SR–C2–2012–038) (‘‘Notice’’). 4 See Notice, 77 FR at 70496. 5 See Notice, 77 FR at 70496–97 n.5, n.9, and accompanying text. 6 See Notice, 77 FR at 70497. For examples of some of the circumstances in which the Exchange may decide to cancel orders, see Notice, 77 FR at 70497–98. 7 See Notice, 77 FR at 70497. Specifically, new C2 Rule 6.37 defines ‘‘error positions’’ as ‘‘unmatched trade positions that may occur in connection with the routing service provided under Rule 6.36’’. For examples of some of the circumstances that may lead to error positions, see Notice, 77 FR at 70499. PO 00000 Frm 00052 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Trading Permit Holders as soon as practicable.8 Paragraph (b) of the rule provides that the Exchange may also determine to release orders being held on the Exchange awaiting an away exchange execution as it deems to be necessary to maintain fair and orderly markets if a technical or systems issues occurs at the Exchange, a routing broker, or another exchange to which an order has been routed. Paragraph (c) of the rule provides that, for purposes of Rule 6.47, technical or system issues would include, without limitation, instances where the Exchange has not received confirmation of an execution (or cancellation) on another exchange from a routing broker within a response time interval designated by the Exchange, which interval may not be less than three (3) seconds. Proposed Rule 6.37 (Routing Service Error Accounts) New C2 Rule 6.37 provides that each routing broker shall maintain, in the name of the routing broker, one or more accounts for the purpose of liquidating error positions. In addition the Exchange may also maintain, in the name of the Exchange, one or more Exchange error accounts (‘‘Exchange Error Account’’) for the purposes of liquidating error positions, subject to the procedures prescribed in new C2 Rule 6.37. Paragraph (a) of the rule provides that errors to which the rule applies include any action or omission by the Exchange, a routing broker, or another exchange to which an Exchange order has been routed, that result in an unmatched trade position due to the execution of an order that is subject to the away market routing service and for which there is no corresponding order to pair with the execution (each a ‘‘routing error’’); and that such routing errors would include, without limitation, positions resulting from determinations by the Exchange to cancel or release an order pursuant to C2 Rule 6.47. Paragraph (b) of the rule provides that, generally, each routing broker will use its own error account to liquidate error positions. In certain circumstances, however, the Exchange may use an Exchange Error Account. In particular, in instances where the routing broker is unable to use its own error account (e.g., due to a technical, systems or other issue that prevents the routing broker from doing so) 9 or where the error is due to a technical or systems issue at the Exchange, the Exchange 8 See 9 See E:\FR\FM\10JAN1.SGM C2 Rule 6.47(a). Notice, 77 FR at 70498. 10JAN1 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 7 / Thursday, January 10, 2013 / Notices may (but would not be required to) determine it is appropriate to use an Exchange Error Account. The Exchange states that in making such a determination to use an Exchange Error Account, the Exchange would consider whether it has sufficient time, information, and capabilities considering the market circumstances to determine that an error is due to such circumstances and whether the Exchange can address the error.10 Pursuant to paragraph (c), the Exchange will not be permitted to accept any positions in an Exchange Error Account from an account of a Trading Permit Holder or permit any Trading Permit Holder to transfer any positions from the Trading Permit Holder’s account to an Exchange Error Account. In other words, the Exchange may not accept from a Trading Permit Holder positions that are delivered to the Trading Permit Holder through the clearance and settlement process, even if those positions may have been the result of an error.11 To the extent a routing broker uses its own account to liquidate error positions, paragraph (d) of new C2 Rule 6.37 provides that the routing broker shall liquidate the error positions as soon as practicable. The routing broker could determine to liquidate the position itself or have a third-party broker-dealer liquidate the position on the routing broker’s behalf. Paragraph (d) also provides that the routing broker shall establish and enforce policies and procedures reasonably designed to (i) adequately restrict the flow of confidential and proprietary information associated with the liquidation of the error position in accordance with Rule 6.36,12 and (ii) prevent the use of information associated with other orders subject to the routing services when making determinations regarding the liquidation of error positions. In addition, paragraph (d) provides that the routing 10 See id. Notice, 77 FR at 70498 n.18. This provision would not apply if the Exchange incurred a position to settle a Trading Permit Holder purchase, as the Trading Permit Holder did not yet have a position in its account as a result of the purchase at the time of the Exchange’s action. See id. 12 Rule 6.36(b) provides that the Exchange shall establish and maintain procedures and internal controls reasonably designed to adequately restrict the flow of confidential and proprietary information between the Exchange and the routing broker, and any other entity, including any affiliate of the routing broker, and, if the routing broker or any of its affiliates engages in any other business activities other than providing routing services to the Exchange, between the segment of the routing broker or affiliate that provides the other business activities and the segment of the routing broker that provides the routing services. wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with 11 See VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:22 Jan 09, 2013 Jkt 229001 broker shall make and keep records associated with the liquidation of such routing broker error positions and shall maintain such records in accordance with Rule 17a–4 under the Act.13 Paragraph (e) of the rule provides that, to the extent an Exchange Error Account is used to liquidate error positions, the Exchange shall liquidate the error positions as soon as practicable. In liquidating error positions in an Exchange Error Account, the Exchange shall provide complete time and price discretion for the trading to a third-party broker-dealer and shall not attempt to exercise any influence or control over the timing or methods of such trading.14 Such a third-party broker-dealer may include a routing broker not affiliated with the Exchange. Paragraph (e) also provides that the Exchange shall establish and enforce policies and procedures reasonably designed to adequately restrict the flow of confidential and proprietary information between the Exchange and the third-party broker-dealer associated with the liquidation of the error positions. Finally, paragraph (e) provides that the Exchange shall make and keep records to document all determinations to treat positions as error positions under the rule (whether or not an Exchange Error Account is used to liquidate such error positions), as well as records associated with the liquidation of Exchange Error Account error positions through a third-party broker-dealer, and shall maintain such records in accordance with Rule 17a–1 under the Act.15 III. Discussion and Commission’s Findings After careful review, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with the requirements of Section 6(b) of the Act 16 and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities exchange.17 In particular, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with Section 6(b)(5) of the Act,18 which CFR 240.17a–4. provision is not intended to preclude the Exchange from providing the third-party brokerdealer with standing instructions with respect to the manner in which it should handle all error account transactions. For example, the Exchange might instruct the broker-dealer to treat all orders as ‘‘not held’’ and to attempt to minimize any market impact on the price of the option being traded. 15 17 CFR 240.17a–1. 16 15 U.S.C. 78f(b). 17 In approving this proposed rule change, the Commission has considered the proposed rule’s impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. See 15 U.S.C. 78c(f). 18 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). 2303 requires, among other things, that the rules of a national securities exchange be designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in regulating, clearing, settling, processing information with respect to, and facilitating transactions in securities, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest; and are not designed to permit unfair discrimination between customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers. In addition, the Commission believes the proposed rule change is consistent with Section 11A(a)(1)(C) of the Act 19 in that it seeks to assure economically efficient execution of securities transactions. The Commission recognizes that technical or systems issues may occur, and believes that C2 Rule 6.47, in allowing C2 to cancel or release orders affected by technical or systems issues, should provide a reasonably efficient means for C2 to handle such orders, and appears reasonably designed to permit C2 to maintain fair and orderly markets.20 The Commission also believes that allowing the Exchange to resolve error positions through the use of error accounts maintained by its routing brokers or the Exchange itself pursuant to the procedures set forth in the rule, and as described above, is consistent with the Act. The Commission notes that the rule establishes criteria for determining which positions are error positions to which the rule applies, and the procedures for the handling of such positions. In particular, the Commission notes that C2 Rule 6.37 only applies to error positions that result from the Exchange’s routing service, and that such positions shall be liquidated by the routing broker or the Exchange, as applicable, as soon as practicable.21 In this regard, the Commission believes that the new rule appears reasonably designed to further just and equitable 13 17 14 This PO 00000 Frm 00053 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 19 15 U.S.C. 78k–1(a)(1)(C). Commission notes that C2 states it believes that allowing the Exchange to cancel or release orders under such circumstances would allow the Exchange to maintain fair and orderly markets, and that C2 Rule 6.37 is designed to ensure full trade certainty for market participants, and avoid disrupting the clearance and settlement process. See Notice, 77 FR at 70500. The Commission also notes that C2 states that a decision to cancel or release orders due to a technical or systems issue is not equivalent to the Exchange declaring selfhelp against a routing destination pursuant to Rule 611 of Regulation NMS. See 17 CFR 242.611(b). See also Notice, 77 FR at 70497 n.10. 21 See C2 Rule 6.37. 20 The E:\FR\FM\10JAN1.SGM 10JAN1 wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with 2304 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 7 / Thursday, January 10, 2013 / Notices principles of trade and the protection of investors and the public interest, and to help prevent unfair discrimination, in that it should help assure the handling of error positions will be based on clear and objective criteria, and that the resolution of those positions will occur promptly through a transparent process. The Commission is also concerned about the potential for misuse of confidential and proprietary information. The Commission notes that C2 or a routing broker, as applicable, will establish and enforce policies and procedures reasonably designed to (1) adequately restrict the flow of confidential and proprietary information associated with the liquidation of the error positions, and (2) in the case of liquidations by a routing broker, prevent the use of information associated with other orders subject to the routing services when making determinations regarding the liquidation of error positions.22 Furthermore, to the extent the Exchange uses an Exchange Error Account to liquidate error positions, the Exchange shall provide complete time and price discretion for the trading to liquidate error positions in an Exchange Error Account to a third-party broker-dealer and shall not attempt to exercise any influence or control over the timing or methods of such trading.23 The Commission believes that these requirements should help mitigate the Commission’s concerns. In particular, the Commission believes that these requirements should help assure that none of C2, its routing brokers, or any third-party broker-dealer is able to misuse confidential or proprietary information obtained in connection with the liquidation of error positions for its own benefit. The Commission also notes that routing brokers would be required to make and keep records associated with the liquidation of routing broker error positions 24 and C2 would be required to make and keep records to document all determinations to treat positions as error positions under this Rule (whether or not an Exchange Error Account is used to liquidate such error positions), as well as records associated with the liquidation of Exchange Error Account error positions through a third-party broker-dealer.25 Finally, the Commission notes that the proposed procedures for canceling orders and the handling of error positions are consistent with procedures 22 See C2 Rules 6.37(d)(i); 6.37(e)(ii). C2 Rule 6.37(e)(i). 24 See C2 Rule 6.37(d)(ii). 25 See C2 Rule 6.37(e)(iii). 23 See VerDate Mar<15>2010 15:22 Jan 09, 2013 Jkt 229001 the Commission has approved for other exchanges.26 IV. Conclusion It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Act,27 that the proposed rule change (SR–C2–2012– 038) be, and it hereby is, approved. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.28 Kevin M. O’Neill, Deputy Secretary. [FR Doc. 2013–00306 Filed 1–9–13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–68584; File No. SR–CBOE– 2012–109] Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Related to CBSX To Address the Authority To Cancel Orders When a Technical or Systems Issue Occurs and To Describe the Operation of Routing Service Error Accounts January 4, 2013. I. Introduction On November 16, 2012, the Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated (‘‘Exchange’’ or ‘‘CBOE’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’) 1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 a proposed rule change to (i) address the authority of CBOE Stock Exchange, LLC (‘‘CBSX’’, CBOE’s stock execution facility) to cancel orders (or release routing-related orders) when a technical or systems issue occurs; and (ii) describe the operation of a CBSX error account(s) and routing broker error account(s), which may be used to liquidate unmatched executions that may occur in the provision of the CBSX’s routing service. The proposed rule change was published for comment in the Federal Register on November 26, 26 See, e.g., Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 67281 (June 27, 2012), 77 FR 39543 (July 3, 2012) (SR–NASDAQ–2012–057); 66963 (May 10, 2012), 77 FR 28919 (May 16, 2012) (SR–NYSEArca–2012– 22); 67010 (May 17, 2012), 77 FR 30564 (May 23, 2012) (SR–EDGX–2012–08); and 67011 (May 17, 2012), 77 FR 30562 (May 23, 2012) (SR–EDGA– 2012–09). 27 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(2). 28 17 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). 1 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 2 17 CFR 240.19b–4. PO 00000 Frm 00054 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 2012.3 The Commission received no comment letters regarding the proposed rule change. This order approves the proposed rule change. II. Description of the Proposal In its proposal, the Exchange states that CBSX operates a system of trading that allows automatic executions to occur electronically.4 As part of this infrastructure, the Exchange states that CBSX automatically routes orders to other exchanges under certain circumstances. These routing services are provided in conjunction with one or more routing brokers that are not affiliated with CBSX.5 Mechanically, when CBSX receives an order from a Trading Permit Holder that is held in the CBSX system and determines to route an order to another exchange, CBSX provides the routing broker with a corresponding order and instructions to route the order to another trading center. The routing broker then sends the corresponding order to the other trading center. In its proposal, CBOE states that CBSX may encounter situations that make it necessary to cancel orders (or release routing-related orders), 6 and to resolve error positions that result from errors of the Exchange, routing brokers, or another exchange.7 Proposed Rule 52.3A (Order Cancellation/Release) New CBOE Rule 52.3A provides CBSX with general authority to cancel orders as it deems to be necessary to maintain fair and orderly markets if a technical or systems issue occurs at CBSX, a routing broker in connection with the routing service provided under CBOE Rule 52.10, or another trading center to which a CBSX order has been routed. It also provides that a routing broker may only cancel orders being routed to another trading center based on the CBSX’s standing or specific instructions or as otherwise provided in the Exchange Rules. CBSX will be required to provide notice of the 3 Securities Exchange Act Release No. 68265 (November 19, 2012), 77 FR 70511 (November 26, 2012) (SR–CBOE–2012–109) (‘‘Notice’’). 4 See Notice, 77 FR at 70511. 5 See Notice, 77 FR at 70511–12 n.4, n.8, and accompanying text. 6 See Notice, 77 FR at 70512. For examples of some of the circumstances in which the Exchange may decide to cancel orders, see Notice, 77 FR at 70512–13. 7 See Notice, 77 FR at 70512. Specifically, CBOE Rule 52.10A defines ‘‘error positions’’ as ‘‘unmatched trade positions that may occur in connection with the routing service provided under Rule 52.10’’. For examples of some of the circumstances that may lead to error positions, see Notice, 77 FR at 70514. E:\FR\FM\10JAN1.SGM 10JAN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 7 (Thursday, January 10, 2013)]
[Notices]
[Pages 2302-2304]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-00306]


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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

[Release No. 34-68583; File No. SR-C2-2012-038]


Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; 
Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To Address the Authority To 
Cancel Orders When a Technical or Systems Issue Occurs and To Describe 
the Operation of Routing Service Error Accounts

January 4, 2013.

I. Introduction

    On November 8, 2012, the C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated 
(``Exchange'' or ``C2'') filed with the Securities and Exchange 
Commission (``Commission''), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the 
Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (``Act'') \1\ and Rule 19b-4 
thereunder,\2\ a proposed rule change to (i) address the authority of 
the Exchange to cancel orders (or release routing-related orders) when 
a technical or systems issue occurs; and (ii) describe the operation of 
an Exchange error account(s) and routing broker error account(s), which 
may be used to liquidate unmatched executions that may occur in the 
provision of the Exchange's routing service. The proposed rule change 
was published for comment in the Federal Register on November 26, 
2012.\3\ The Commission received no comment letters regarding the 
proposed rule change. This order approves the proposed rule change.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1).
    \2\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4.
    \3\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 68260 (November 19, 
2012), 77 FR 70496 (November 26, 2012) (SR-C2-2012-038) 
(``Notice'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

II. Description of the Proposal

    In its proposal, the Exchange states that it operates a system of 
trading that allows automatic executions to occur electronically.\4\ As 
part of this infrastructure, the Exchange states that it automatically 
routes orders to other exchanges under certain circumstances. These 
routing services are provided in conjunction with one or more routing 
brokers that are not affiliated with the Exchange.\5\ Mechanically, 
when the Exchange receives an order from a Trading Permit Holder that 
is held in the Exchange system and determines to route an order to 
another exchange, the Exchange provides the routing broker with a 
corresponding order and instructions to route the order to another 
exchange. The routing broker then sends the corresponding order to the 
other exchange.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ See Notice, 77 FR at 70496.
    \5\ See Notice, 77 FR at 70496-97 n.5, n.9, and accompanying 
text.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In its proposal, C2 states that the Exchange may encounter 
situations that make it necessary to cancel orders (or release routing-
related orders),\6\ and to resolve error positions that result from 
errors of the Exchange, routing brokers, or another exchange.\7\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ See Notice, 77 FR at 70497. For examples of some of the 
circumstances in which the Exchange may decide to cancel orders, see 
Notice, 77 FR at 70497-98.
    \7\ See Notice, 77 FR at 70497. Specifically, new C2 Rule 6.37 
defines ``error positions'' as ``unmatched trade positions that may 
occur in connection with the routing service provided under Rule 
6.36''.
    For examples of some of the circumstances that may lead to error 
positions, see Notice, 77 FR at 70499.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Proposed Rule 6.47 (Order Cancellation/Release)

    New C2 Rule 6.47 provides C2 with general authority to cancel 
orders as it deems to be necessary to maintain fair and orderly markets 
if a technical or systems issue occurs at the Exchange, a routing 
broker in connection with the routing service provided under C2 Rule 
6.36, or another exchange to which an Exchange order has been routed. 
It also provides that a routing broker may only cancel orders being 
routed to another exchange based on the Exchange's standing or specific 
instructions or as otherwise provided in the Exchange Rules. C2 will be 
required to provide notice of the cancellation to affected Trading 
Permit Holders as soon as practicable.\8\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \8\ See C2 Rule 6.47(a).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Paragraph (b) of the rule provides that the Exchange may also 
determine to release orders being held on the Exchange awaiting an away 
exchange execution as it deems to be necessary to maintain fair and 
orderly markets if a technical or systems issues occurs at the 
Exchange, a routing broker, or another exchange to which an order has 
been routed. Paragraph (c) of the rule provides that, for purposes of 
Rule 6.47, technical or system issues would include, without 
limitation, instances where the Exchange has not received confirmation 
of an execution (or cancellation) on another exchange from a routing 
broker within a response time interval designated by the Exchange, 
which interval may not be less than three (3) seconds.

Proposed Rule 6.37 (Routing Service Error Accounts)

    New C2 Rule 6.37 provides that each routing broker shall maintain, 
in the name of the routing broker, one or more accounts for the purpose 
of liquidating error positions. In addition the Exchange may also 
maintain, in the name of the Exchange, one or more Exchange error 
accounts (``Exchange Error Account'') for the purposes of liquidating 
error positions, subject to the procedures prescribed in new C2 Rule 
6.37.
    Paragraph (a) of the rule provides that errors to which the rule 
applies include any action or omission by the Exchange, a routing 
broker, or another exchange to which an Exchange order has been routed, 
that result in an unmatched trade position due to the execution of an 
order that is subject to the away market routing service and for which 
there is no corresponding order to pair with the execution (each a 
``routing error''); and that such routing errors would include, without 
limitation, positions resulting from determinations by the Exchange to 
cancel or release an order pursuant to C2 Rule 6.47.
    Paragraph (b) of the rule provides that, generally, each routing 
broker will use its own error account to liquidate error positions. In 
certain circumstances, however, the Exchange may use an Exchange Error 
Account. In particular, in instances where the routing broker is unable 
to use its own error account (e.g., due to a technical, systems or 
other issue that prevents the routing broker from doing so) \9\ or 
where the error is due to a technical or systems issue at the Exchange, 
the Exchange

[[Page 2303]]

may (but would not be required to) determine it is appropriate to use 
an Exchange Error Account. The Exchange states that in making such a 
determination to use an Exchange Error Account, the Exchange would 
consider whether it has sufficient time, information, and capabilities 
considering the market circumstances to determine that an error is due 
to such circumstances and whether the Exchange can address the 
error.\10\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ See Notice, 77 FR at 70498.
    \10\ See id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Pursuant to paragraph (c), the Exchange will not be permitted to 
accept any positions in an Exchange Error Account from an account of a 
Trading Permit Holder or permit any Trading Permit Holder to transfer 
any positions from the Trading Permit Holder's account to an Exchange 
Error Account. In other words, the Exchange may not accept from a 
Trading Permit Holder positions that are delivered to the Trading 
Permit Holder through the clearance and settlement process, even if 
those positions may have been the result of an error.\11\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ See Notice, 77 FR at 70498 n.18. This provision would not 
apply if the Exchange incurred a position to settle a Trading Permit 
Holder purchase, as the Trading Permit Holder did not yet have a 
position in its account as a result of the purchase at the time of 
the Exchange's action. See id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    To the extent a routing broker uses its own account to liquidate 
error positions, paragraph (d) of new C2 Rule 6.37 provides that the 
routing broker shall liquidate the error positions as soon as 
practicable. The routing broker could determine to liquidate the 
position itself or have a third-party broker-dealer liquidate the 
position on the routing broker's behalf. Paragraph (d) also provides 
that the routing broker shall establish and enforce policies and 
procedures reasonably designed to (i) adequately restrict the flow of 
confidential and proprietary information associated with the 
liquidation of the error position in accordance with Rule 6.36,\12\ and 
(ii) prevent the use of information associated with other orders 
subject to the routing services when making determinations regarding 
the liquidation of error positions. In addition, paragraph (d) provides 
that the routing broker shall make and keep records associated with the 
liquidation of such routing broker error positions and shall maintain 
such records in accordance with Rule 17a-4 under the Act.\13\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ Rule 6.36(b) provides that the Exchange shall establish and 
maintain procedures and internal controls reasonably designed to 
adequately restrict the flow of confidential and proprietary 
information between the Exchange and the routing broker, and any 
other entity, including any affiliate of the routing broker, and, if 
the routing broker or any of its affiliates engages in any other 
business activities other than providing routing services to the 
Exchange, between the segment of the routing broker or affiliate 
that provides the other business activities and the segment of the 
routing broker that provides the routing services.
    \13\ 17 CFR 240.17a-4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Paragraph (e) of the rule provides that, to the extent an Exchange 
Error Account is used to liquidate error positions, the Exchange shall 
liquidate the error positions as soon as practicable. In liquidating 
error positions in an Exchange Error Account, the Exchange shall 
provide complete time and price discretion for the trading to a third-
party broker-dealer and shall not attempt to exercise any influence or 
control over the timing or methods of such trading.\14\ Such a third-
party broker-dealer may include a routing broker not affiliated with 
the Exchange. Paragraph (e) also provides that the Exchange shall 
establish and enforce policies and procedures reasonably designed to 
adequately restrict the flow of confidential and proprietary 
information between the Exchange and the third-party broker-dealer 
associated with the liquidation of the error positions.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \14\ This provision is not intended to preclude the Exchange 
from providing the third-party broker-dealer with standing 
instructions with respect to the manner in which it should handle 
all error account transactions. For example, the Exchange might 
instruct the broker-dealer to treat all orders as ``not held'' and 
to attempt to minimize any market impact on the price of the option 
being traded.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Finally, paragraph (e) provides that the Exchange shall make and 
keep records to document all determinations to treat positions as error 
positions under the rule (whether or not an Exchange Error Account is 
used to liquidate such error positions), as well as records associated 
with the liquidation of Exchange Error Account error positions through 
a third-party broker-dealer, and shall maintain such records in 
accordance with Rule 17a-1 under the Act.\15\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \15\ 17 CFR 240.17a-1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

III. Discussion and Commission's Findings

    After careful review, the Commission finds that the proposed rule 
change is consistent with the requirements of Section 6(b) of the Act 
\16\ and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national 
securities exchange.\17\ In particular, the Commission finds that the 
proposed rule change is consistent with Section 6(b)(5) of the Act,\18\ 
which requires, among other things, that the rules of a national 
securities exchange be designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative 
acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, 
to foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in 
regulating, clearing, settling, processing information with respect to, 
and facilitating transactions in securities, to remove impediments to 
and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national 
market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public 
interest; and are not designed to permit unfair discrimination between 
customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers. In addition, the Commission 
believes the proposed rule change is consistent with Section 
11A(a)(1)(C) of the Act \19\ in that it seeks to assure economically 
efficient execution of securities transactions.
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    \16\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b).
    \17\ In approving this proposed rule change, the Commission has 
considered the proposed rule's impact on efficiency, competition, 
and capital formation. See 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).
    \18\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5).
    \19\ 15 U.S.C. 78k-1(a)(1)(C).
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    The Commission recognizes that technical or systems issues may 
occur, and believes that C2 Rule 6.47, in allowing C2 to cancel or 
release orders affected by technical or systems issues, should provide 
a reasonably efficient means for C2 to handle such orders, and appears 
reasonably designed to permit C2 to maintain fair and orderly 
markets.\20\
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    \20\ The Commission notes that C2 states it believes that 
allowing the Exchange to cancel or release orders under such 
circumstances would allow the Exchange to maintain fair and orderly 
markets, and that C2 Rule 6.37 is designed to ensure full trade 
certainty for market participants, and avoid disrupting the 
clearance and settlement process. See Notice, 77 FR at 70500. The 
Commission also notes that C2 states that a decision to cancel or 
release orders due to a technical or systems issue is not equivalent 
to the Exchange declaring self-help against a routing destination 
pursuant to Rule 611 of Regulation NMS. See 17 CFR 242.611(b). See 
also Notice, 77 FR at 70497 n.10.
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    The Commission also believes that allowing the Exchange to resolve 
error positions through the use of error accounts maintained by its 
routing brokers or the Exchange itself pursuant to the procedures set 
forth in the rule, and as described above, is consistent with the Act. 
The Commission notes that the rule establishes criteria for determining 
which positions are error positions to which the rule applies, and the 
procedures for the handling of such positions. In particular, the 
Commission notes that C2 Rule 6.37 only applies to error positions that 
result from the Exchange's routing service, and that such positions 
shall be liquidated by the routing broker or the Exchange, as 
applicable, as soon as practicable.\21\ In this regard, the Commission 
believes that the new rule appears reasonably designed to further just 
and equitable

[[Page 2304]]

principles of trade and the protection of investors and the public 
interest, and to help prevent unfair discrimination, in that it should 
help assure the handling of error positions will be based on clear and 
objective criteria, and that the resolution of those positions will 
occur promptly through a transparent process.
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    \21\ See C2 Rule 6.37.
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    The Commission is also concerned about the potential for misuse of 
confidential and proprietary information. The Commission notes that C2 
or a routing broker, as applicable, will establish and enforce policies 
and procedures reasonably designed to (1) adequately restrict the flow 
of confidential and proprietary information associated with the 
liquidation of the error positions, and (2) in the case of liquidations 
by a routing broker, prevent the use of information associated with 
other orders subject to the routing services when making determinations 
regarding the liquidation of error positions.\22\ Furthermore, to the 
extent the Exchange uses an Exchange Error Account to liquidate error 
positions, the Exchange shall provide complete time and price 
discretion for the trading to liquidate error positions in an Exchange 
Error Account to a third-party broker-dealer and shall not attempt to 
exercise any influence or control over the timing or methods of such 
trading.\23\ The Commission believes that these requirements should 
help mitigate the Commission's concerns. In particular, the Commission 
believes that these requirements should help assure that none of C2, 
its routing brokers, or any third-party broker-dealer is able to misuse 
confidential or proprietary information obtained in connection with the 
liquidation of error positions for its own benefit. The Commission also 
notes that routing brokers would be required to make and keep records 
associated with the liquidation of routing broker error positions \24\ 
and C2 would be required to make and keep records to document all 
determinations to treat positions as error positions under this Rule 
(whether or not an Exchange Error Account is used to liquidate such 
error positions), as well as records associated with the liquidation of 
Exchange Error Account error positions through a third-party broker-
dealer.\25\
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    \22\ See C2 Rules 6.37(d)(i); 6.37(e)(ii).
    \23\ See C2 Rule 6.37(e)(i).
    \24\ See C2 Rule 6.37(d)(ii).
    \25\ See C2 Rule 6.37(e)(iii).
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    Finally, the Commission notes that the proposed procedures for 
canceling orders and the handling of error positions are consistent 
with procedures the Commission has approved for other exchanges.\26\
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    \26\ See, e.g., Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 67281 (June 
27, 2012), 77 FR 39543 (July 3, 2012) (SR-NASDAQ-2012-057); 66963 
(May 10, 2012), 77 FR 28919 (May 16, 2012) (SR-NYSEArca-2012-22); 
67010 (May 17, 2012), 77 FR 30564 (May 23, 2012) (SR-EDGX-2012-08); 
and 67011 (May 17, 2012), 77 FR 30562 (May 23, 2012) (SR-EDGA-2012-
09).
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IV. Conclusion

    It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the 
Act,\27\ that the proposed rule change (SR-C2-2012-038) be, and it 
hereby is, approved.
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    \27\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(2).

    For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, 
pursuant to delegated authority.\28\
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    \28\ 17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(12).
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Kevin M. O'Neill,
Deputy Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2013-00306 Filed 1-9-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P