Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Depository Trust Company; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change Relating to the Admission of Foreign Entities as Direct Depository Participants, 48411-48413 [E8-19133]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 161 / Tuesday, August 19, 2008 / Notices SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting [Release No. 34–58345; File No. SR–DTC– 2007–16] Notice is hereby given, pursuant to the provisions of the Government in the Sunshine Act, Pub. L. 94–409, that the Securities and Exchange Commission will hold a Closed Meeting on Thursday, August 21, 2008 at 2 p.m. Commissioners, Counsel to the Commissioners, the Secretary to the Commission, and recording secretaries will attend the Closed Meeting. Certain staff members who have an interest in the matters also may be present. The General Counsel of the Commission, or his designee, has certified that, in his opinion, one or more of the exemptions set forth in 5 U.S.C. 552b(c)(3), (5), (7), 9(B) and (10) and 17 CFR 200.402(a)(3), (5), (7), 9(ii) and (10), permit consideration of the scheduled matters at the Closed Meeting. Commissioner Paredes, as duty officer, voted to consider the items listed for the Closed Meeting in closed session. The subject matter of the Closed Meeting scheduled for Thursday, August 21, 2008 will be: Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Depository Trust Company; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change Relating to the Admission of Foreign Entities as Direct Depository Participants Formal orders of investigation; institution and settlement of injunctive actions; institution and settlement of administrative proceedings of an enforcement nature; and adjudicatory matters. At times, changes in Commission priorities require alterations in the scheduling of meeting items. For further information and to ascertain what, if any, matters have been added, deleted or postponed, please contact: The Office of the Secretary at (202) 551–5400. Dated: August 14, 2008. Florence E. Harmon, Acting Secretary. [FR Doc. E8–19214 Filed 8–18–08; 8:45 am] ebenthall on PRODPC60 with NOTICES BILLING CODE 8010–01–P VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:33 Aug 18, 2008 Jkt 214001 August 12, 2008. I. Introduction On November 16, 2007, The Depository Trust Company (‘‘DTC’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’) and on February 5, 2008, amended proposed rule change SR–DTC–2007–13 pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’).1 Notice of the proposal was published in the Federal Register on March 7, 2008.2 No comment letters were received. For the reasons discussed below, the Commission is granting approval of the proposed rule change as modified by Amendment No. 1. II. Description The proposed rule change amends DTC’s policy statement regarding the admission of participants to permit entities that are organized in a foreign country and are not subject to U.S. federal or state regulation (‘‘foreign entities’’) to become eligible to become direct DTC participants (‘‘Foreign Entity Policy Statement’’).3 In 1990, DTC adopted a Policy Statement on the Admission of Participants (‘‘1990 Policy Statement’’) to make clear that in determining whether to grant access to its services, DTC regards as a critical factor that an applicant is subject to comprehensive U.S. federal or state regulation relating to, among other things, capital adequacy, financial reporting and recordkeeping, operating performance, and business conduct.4 Generally under the 1990 Policy Statement, unless an applicant is subject to U.S. federal or state regulatory agency oversight, the 1 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). Exchange Act Release No. 57392 (February 27, 2008), 73 FR 12485. 3 The National Securities Clearing Corporation (‘‘NSCC’’) filed and the Commission has approved a similar proposed rule change that would permit NSCC to adopt a similar policy statement with respect to the admission of foreign entities as members. Securities Exchange Act Release No. 58344 (August 12, 2008) (File No. SR–NSCC–2007– 15). 4 Securities Exchange Act Release No. 28754 (January 8, 1991), 56 FR 1548 (January 15, 1991) (File No. SR–DTC–90–01). 2 Securities PO 00000 Frm 00049 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 48411 applicant would not be eligible to become a DTC participant.5 Since 1990, DTC has admitted a small number of foreign entities where their obligations to DTC have been guaranteed by creditworthy DTC participants. The purpose of the proposed Foreign Entity Policy Statement is to establish admissions criteria that will permit well-qualified foreign entities to become participants of DTC and to obtain direct access to DTC’s services while assuring that the unique risks associated with the admission of foreign entities are adequately addressed.6 The admission of foreign entities as participants raises a number of unique risks and issues, including that (1) the entity is not subject to U.S. federal or state regulation, (2) that the operation of the laws of the entity’s home country and time zone differences 7 may impede the successful exercise of DTC’s rights and remedies particularly in the event of the entity’s failure to settle, and (3) financial information about the foreign entity made available to DTC for monitoring purposes may be less adequate than the financial information about U.S.-based entities. The Foreign Entity Policy Statement requires that in addition to executing the standard DTC Participation Agreement the foreign entity enter into a series of undertakings and agreements that are designed to address jurisdictional concerns and to assure that DTC is provided with audited financial information that is acceptable to DTC.8 The proposed policy statement would also require that the foreign entity (1) be subject to regulation in its home country and (2) be in good 5 DTC recognized, however, that any person designated by the Commission pursuant to Section 17A(b)(3)(B)(vi) of the Act, even if not subject to such regulatory oversight, would be eligible for admission. The 1990 Policy Statement was approved by the Commission on January 8, 1991. 6 DTC’s proposed ‘‘Policy Statement on the Admission of Non-U.S. Entities as Direct Depository Participants’’ is attached as Exhibit 5 to its filing, which can be found at http://www.dtcc.com/ downloads/legal/rule_filings/2007/dtc/2007–16.pdf. 7 Time zone differences may complicate communications between a foreign participant and its U.S. Settling Bank with respect to the timely payment of the participant’s net debit to DTC including intraday demands for payment. These differences may also delay DTC’s receipt of information available in the foreign participant’s home country to others including its other creditors about the foreign participant’s financial condition on the basis of which DTC would have taken steps to protect the interests of DTC and its participants. 8 In the Foreign Entity Policy Statement, DTC has reserved the right to waive certain of these criteria where such criteria are inappropriate to a particular applicant or class of applicants (e.g., a foreign government or international or national central securities depositories). E:\FR\FM\19AUN1.SGM 19AUN1 48412 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 161 / Tuesday, August 19, 2008 / Notices ebenthall on PRODPC60 with NOTICES standing with its home country regulator. The Foreign Entity Policy Statement was previously approved by the Commission on a temporary basis in 1997.9 As currently proposed, the Foreign Entity Policy Statement would retain all the requirements of the previous version with the exception of the ‘‘special financial conditions’’ requirements, as explained below. It would also include new requirements with respect to non-U.S. GAAP financial statements and anti-money laundering (‘‘AML’’) risk. The Foreign Entity Policy Statement previously included ‘‘special financial conditions’’ requirements applicable to participants that were foreign entities. The special financial conditions requirements mandated that a foreign entity have and maintain minimum net capital of 1000% of the minimum net capital for the admission of a U.S. entity. A foreign entity was also required to have additional ‘‘special collateral’’ in its account equal to fifty percent of its net debit cap. Any net debit of the foreign entity had to be supported by the value of other, nonspecial collateral including securities received by the participant valued in accordance with DTC’s customary haircuts. Except for U.S. Treasury securities, which received a haircut of 2 percent, securities posted as special collateral received a haircut of 50% of their market value. The foreign entity did not receive credit for special collateral in DTC’s collateral monitor. DTC now believes that its net debit cap, collateral monitor, and other risk management controls and procedures applicable to all participants together with the other requirements of the Foreign Entity Policy Statement would adequately limit DTC’s exposure in the event of a failure to settle and insolvency of a foreign participant without the need for the special financial conditions requirement.10 9 Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 38600 (May 9, 1997), 62 FR 27086 (May 16, 1997) (File No. SR–DTC–96–13); 40064 (June 3, 1998), 63 FR 31818 (June 10, 1998) (File No. SR–DTC–98–11); 41466 (May 28, 1999), 64 FR 30077 (June 4, 1999) (File No. SR–DTC–99–12); 42865 (May 30, 2000), 65 FR 36188 (June 7, 2000) (File No. SR–DTC–00–07); 44470 (June 22, 2001), 66 FR 34972 (July 2, 2001) (File No. SR–DTC–2001–10). Approval of the Foreign Entity Policy Statement as previously filed and temporarily approved by the Commission extended through May 31, 2002. 10 Additionally, in the Foreign Entity Policy Statement, DTC has reserved the right to require a foreign entity to deposit additional amounts to DTC’s participants fund and the right to require a letter of credit as the form of participant fund collateral where DTC in its sole discretion believes the entity presents legal risk. VerDate Aug<31>2005 15:12 Aug 18, 2008 Jkt 214001 The Foreign Entity Policy Statement also previously required foreign entities to provide to DTC for financial monitoring purposes audited financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (‘‘GAAP’’) or other generally accepted accounting principles that were satisfactory to DTC. As proposed, the Foreign Entity Policy Statement will provide for the submission of audited financial statements other than U.S. GAAP, but to address the risk presented by accepting financial statements prepared in non-U.S. GAAP, DTC would increase the existing minimum financial requirements for any foreign entity submitting its financial statements in non-U.S. GAAP by a premium. The premiums would be as follows: (i) 11⁄2 times the existing requirement for a foreign entity submitting financial statements prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (‘‘IFRS’’), the Companies Act of 1985 (‘‘UK GAAP’’), or Canadian GAAP; (ii) 5 times the existing requirement for a foreign entity submitting financial statements prepared in accordance with a European Union (‘‘EU’’) country GAAP other than UK GAAP; and (iii) 7 times the existing requirement for a foreign entity submitting financial statements prepared in accordance with any other type of GAAP. Finally, DTC is proposing to add a new requirement to the Foreign Entity Policy Statement that a foreign entity must provide sufficient information to DTC so that DTC can evaluate AML risk. III. Discussion Section 17A(b)(3)(F) of the Act requires that the rules of a clearing agency be designed to assure the safeguarding of securities and funds which are in the custody or control of the clearing agency or for which it is responsible.11 When the Commission previously approved DTC’s Foreign Entity Policy Statement it found that the policy statement was designed to address the jurisdiction differences in regulatory structure and in business operations of non-U.S. entities with respect to risk control and management. Additionally, the Commission found that the policy statement was designed to bind non-U.S. entities to DTC’s rules and procedures in a manner similar to domestic participants and was designed to lesson or eliminate the negative effects that jurisdictional issues could have on DTC’s exercise of its rights against non-U.S. entities. The proposed rule change adopts a Foreign Entity 11 15 PO 00000 U.S.C. 78q–1(b)(3)(F). Frm 00050 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Policy Statement that is substantially similar to the one previously approved by the Commission. DTC has eliminated the special financial conditions that were included in the earlier policy statement and has added a new requirement to increase the minimum financial requirements if the foreign participant submits audited financial statements prepared using non-U.S. GAAP. The multiples used to calculate the premiums DTC will charge for nonU.S. GAAP are identical to those the Commission previously approved for the Government Securities Division and MBS Division of the Fixed Income Clearing Corporation.12 Although DTC will collect less collateral than was required under the earlier policy statement, we are satisfied with DTC’s explanation that its other financial controls, such as in its discretion requiring a letter of credit, are sufficiently designed to limit risk of loss to DTC or its participants as a result of a foreign participant’s insolvency. In addition, recent changes in bankruptcy law have raised questions about whether DTC could enforce its rights to a participant’s collateral in non-U.S. jurisdictions. The changes with respect to the participants’ minimum financial requirements should help to ensure that all foreign participants have sufficient financial resources to be participants in and meet their settlement obligations to DTC. Accordingly, based on this and the earlier findings, we find that the Foreign Entity Policy Statement is designed assure the safeguarding of securities and funds which are in which are in the custody or control of DTC or for which it is responsible. IV. Conclusion On the basis of the foregoing, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with the requirements of the Act and in particular Section 17A of the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder.13 It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Act, that the proposed rule change (File No. SR– DTC–2007–16), as modified by Amendment No. 1, be and hereby is approved. 12 Securities Exchange Act Release No. 51385 (March 16, 2005), 70 FR 14736 (March 23, 2005) (File No. SR–FICC–2004–14). 13 In approving the proposed rule change, the Commission considered the proposal’s impact on efficiency, competition and capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f). E:\FR\FM\19AUN1.SGM 19AUN1 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 161 / Tuesday, August 19, 2008 / Notices For the Commission by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.14 Florence E. Harmon, Acting Secretary. [FR Doc. E8–19133 Filed 8–18–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8010–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–58335; File No. SR– NASDAQ–2008–053] Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change To Modify the Definition of ‘‘Independent Director’’ August 8, 2008. On June 6, 2008, The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC (‘‘Nasdaq’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’) pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’) 1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 a proposed rule change to modify Nasdaq’s definition of ‘‘independent director.’’ The proposed rule change was published for comment in the Federal Register on July 2, 2008.3 The Commission received no comments on the proposal. Currently, Nasdaq Rule 4200(a)(15)(B) provides that a director of a listed company who accepted, or has a family member who accepted, any compensation from the company in excess of $100,000 during any period of twelve months within the preceding three years cannot be deemed an independent director (with certain exceptions). The proposed rule change would change this threshold amount to $120,000. The Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with the requirements of the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities exchange, and in particular with Section 6(b)(5) of the Act.4 The Commission notes that Regulation S–K, Item 404, under the Act,5 which requires public companies to disclose certain material information regarding the independence of directors (among other ‘‘related persons’’ associated with the company), 14 17 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). U.S.C. 78s(b)(l). 2 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 3 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 58029 (June 26, 2008), 73 FR 38016. 4 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). In approving this proposed rule change, the Commission has considered the proposed rule’s impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. See 15 U.S.C. 78c(f). 5 17 CFR 229.404 and 17 CFR 228.404. ebenthall on PRODPC60 with NOTICES 1 15 VerDate Aug<31>2005 15:12 Aug 18, 2008 Jkt 214001 establishes $120,000 as the amount above which financial transactions and relationships involving a company and its directors must be disclosed.6 The Commission believes that it is appropriate for Nasdaq to use this same threshold amount with regard to its definition of ‘‘independent director’’ in Nasdaq Rule 4200(a)(15) as a ‘‘bright line’’ test to determine whether a director of a listed company would be precluded from being considered independent. The Commission further notes that even if a director (or a family member) received less than $120,000 in compensation from the listed company, the company’s board still would have to make an affirmative determination that the director has no relationship with the listed company that, in the board’s opinion, would interfere with the exercise of his or her independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director.7 It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Act,8 that the proposed rule change (SR–NASDAQ– 2008–053) be, and hereby is, approved. For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.9 Florence E. Harmon, Acting Secretary. [FR Doc. E8–19113 Filed 8–18–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8010–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–58344; File No. SR–NSCC– 2007–15] Self-Regulatory Organizations; National Securities Clearing Corporation; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change Relating to the Admission of Foreign Entities August 12, 2008. I. Introduction On November 16, 2007, National Securities Clearing Corporation (‘‘NSCC’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’) proposed rule change SR–NSCC–2006– 15 pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’).1 Notice of the proposal was published in the Federal Register on 6 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 54302A (August 29, 2006), 71 FR 53158 (September 8, 2006). 7 See Nasdaq Rule 4200(a)(15) and IM–4200. 8 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(2). 9 17 CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). 1 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). PO 00000 Frm 00051 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 48413 March 10, 2008.2 No comment letters were received. For the reasons discussed below, the Commission is granting approval of the proposed rule change. II. Description The proposed rule change establishes a policy statement regarding the admission of entities that are organized in a foreign country and are not subject to U.S. federal or state regulation (‘‘foreign entities’’) as members of NSCC.3 NSCC Rule 2 and Addendum B to NSCC’s Rules address the admission of applicants as NSCC members. NSCC’s Rules provide that admission as a member is subject to an applicant’s demonstration that it meets NSCC’s standards of financial responsibility, operational capability, and character. Additionally, each member must continue to be in a position to demonstrate to NSCC that it meets these standards. The purpose of the proposed rule change is to establish admission criteria that will permit well-qualified foreign entities to become NSCC members and thereby obtain direct access to NSCC’s services while assuring that the unique risks associated with the admission of foreign entities are adequately addressed. The admission of foreign entities as members raises a number of unique risks and issues, including that (1) the entity is not subject to U.S. federal or state regulation, (2) the operation of the laws of the entity’s home country and time zone differences 4 may impede the successful exercise of NSCC’s rights and remedies particularly in the event of the entity’s failure to settle, and (3) financial information about the foreign entity made available to NSCC for monitoring purposes may be less adequate than information about U.S.-based entities. 2 Securities Exchange Act Release No. 57391 (February 27, 2008), 71 FR 76414. 3 The Depository Trust Company (‘‘DTC’’) filed and the Commission has granted approval of a similar proposed rule change that would permit DTC to adopt a similar policy statement with respect to the admission of foreign entities as participants. Securities Exchange Act Release No. 58345 (August 12, 2008) (File No. SR–DTC–2007– 16). 4 Time zone differences could complicate communications between the foreign member and its U.S. Settling Bank with respect to the timely payment of the member’s net debit to NSCC, including intraday demands for payment. These differences could also delay NSCC’s receipt of information available in the member’s home country to others (including its other creditors) about the member’s financial condition on the basis of which NSCC would have taken steps to protect the interests of NSCC and its members. E:\FR\FM\19AUN1.SGM 19AUN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 73, Number 161 (Tuesday, August 19, 2008)]
[Notices]
[Pages 48411-48413]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E8-19133]


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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

[Release No. 34-58345; File No. SR-DTC-2007-16]


Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Depository Trust Company; 
Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change Relating to the 
Admission of Foreign Entities as Direct Depository Participants

August 12, 2008.

I. Introduction

    On November 16, 2007, The Depository Trust Company (``DTC'') filed 
with the Securities and Exchange Commission (``Commission'') and on 
February 5, 2008, amended proposed rule change SR-DTC-2007-13 pursuant 
to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 
(``Act'').\1\ Notice of the proposal was published in the Federal 
Register on March 7, 2008.\2\ No comment letters were received. For the 
reasons discussed below, the Commission is granting approval of the 
proposed rule change as modified by Amendment No. 1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1).
    \2\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 57392 (February 27, 
2008), 73 FR 12485.
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II. Description

    The proposed rule change amends DTC's policy statement regarding 
the admission of participants to permit entities that are organized in 
a foreign country and are not subject to U.S. federal or state 
regulation (``foreign entities'') to become eligible to become direct 
DTC participants (``Foreign Entity Policy Statement'').\3\
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    \3\ The National Securities Clearing Corporation (``NSCC'') 
filed and the Commission has approved a similar proposed rule change 
that would permit NSCC to adopt a similar policy statement with 
respect to the admission of foreign entities as members. Securities 
Exchange Act Release No. 58344 (August 12, 2008) (File No. SR-NSCC-
2007-15).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In 1990, DTC adopted a Policy Statement on the Admission of 
Participants (``1990 Policy Statement'') to make clear that in 
determining whether to grant access to its services, DTC regards as a 
critical factor that an applicant is subject to comprehensive U.S. 
federal or state regulation relating to, among other things, capital 
adequacy, financial reporting and recordkeeping, operating performance, 
and business conduct.\4\ Generally under the 1990 Policy Statement, 
unless an applicant is subject to U.S. federal or state regulatory 
agency oversight, the applicant would not be eligible to become a DTC 
participant.\5\ Since 1990, DTC has admitted a small number of foreign 
entities where their obligations to DTC have been guaranteed by 
creditworthy DTC participants.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 28754 (January 8, 1991), 
56 FR 1548 (January 15, 1991) (File No. SR-DTC-90-01).
    \5\ DTC recognized, however, that any person designated by the 
Commission pursuant to Section 17A(b)(3)(B)(vi) of the Act, even if 
not subject to such regulatory oversight, would be eligible for 
admission. The 1990 Policy Statement was approved by the Commission 
on January 8, 1991.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The purpose of the proposed Foreign Entity Policy Statement is to 
establish admissions criteria that will permit well-qualified foreign 
entities to become participants of DTC and to obtain direct access to 
DTC's services while assuring that the unique risks associated with the 
admission of foreign entities are adequately addressed.\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ DTC's proposed ``Policy Statement on the Admission of Non-
U.S. Entities as Direct Depository Participants'' is attached as 
Exhibit 5 to its filing, which can be found at http://www.dtcc.com/
downloads/legal/rule_filings/2007/dtc/2007-16.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The admission of foreign entities as participants raises a number 
of unique risks and issues, including that (1) the entity is not 
subject to U.S. federal or state regulation, (2) that the operation of 
the laws of the entity's home country and time zone differences \7\ may 
impede the successful exercise of DTC's rights and remedies 
particularly in the event of the entity's failure to settle, and (3) 
financial information about the foreign entity made available to DTC 
for monitoring purposes may be less adequate than the financial 
information about U.S.-based entities.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ Time zone differences may complicate communications between 
a foreign participant and its U.S. Settling Bank with respect to the 
timely payment of the participant's net debit to DTC including 
intraday demands for payment. These differences may also delay DTC's 
receipt of information available in the foreign participant's home 
country to others including its other creditors about the foreign 
participant's financial condition on the basis of which DTC would 
have taken steps to protect the interests of DTC and its 
participants.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Foreign Entity Policy Statement requires that in addition to 
executing the standard DTC Participation Agreement the foreign entity 
enter into a series of undertakings and agreements that are designed to 
address jurisdictional concerns and to assure that DTC is provided with 
audited financial information that is acceptable to DTC.\8\ The 
proposed policy statement would also require that the foreign entity 
(1) be subject to regulation in its home country and (2) be in good

[[Page 48412]]

standing with its home country regulator.
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    \8\ In the Foreign Entity Policy Statement, DTC has reserved the 
right to waive certain of these criteria where such criteria are 
inappropriate to a particular applicant or class of applicants 
(e.g., a foreign government or international or national central 
securities depositories).
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    The Foreign Entity Policy Statement was previously approved by the 
Commission on a temporary basis in 1997.\9\ As currently proposed, the 
Foreign Entity Policy Statement would retain all the requirements of 
the previous version with the exception of the ``special financial 
conditions'' requirements, as explained below. It would also include 
new requirements with respect to non-U.S. GAAP financial statements and 
anti-money laundering (``AML'') risk.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 38600 (May 9, 1997), 62 
FR 27086 (May 16, 1997) (File No. SR-DTC-96-13); 40064 (June 3, 
1998), 63 FR 31818 (June 10, 1998) (File No. SR-DTC-98-11); 41466 
(May 28, 1999), 64 FR 30077 (June 4, 1999) (File No. SR-DTC-99-12); 
42865 (May 30, 2000), 65 FR 36188 (June 7, 2000) (File No. SR-DTC-
00-07); 44470 (June 22, 2001), 66 FR 34972 (July 2, 2001) (File No. 
SR-DTC-2001-10). Approval of the Foreign Entity Policy Statement as 
previously filed and temporarily approved by the Commission extended 
through May 31, 2002.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Foreign Entity Policy Statement previously included ``special 
financial conditions'' requirements applicable to participants that 
were foreign entities. The special financial conditions requirements 
mandated that a foreign entity have and maintain minimum net capital of 
1000% of the minimum net capital for the admission of a U.S. entity. A 
foreign entity was also required to have additional ``special 
collateral'' in its account equal to fifty percent of its net debit 
cap. Any net debit of the foreign entity had to be supported by the 
value of other, non-special collateral including securities received by 
the participant valued in accordance with DTC's customary haircuts. 
Except for U.S. Treasury securities, which received a haircut of 2 
percent, securities posted as special collateral received a haircut of 
50% of their market value. The foreign entity did not receive credit 
for special collateral in DTC's collateral monitor. DTC now believes 
that its net debit cap, collateral monitor, and other risk management 
controls and procedures applicable to all participants together with 
the other requirements of the Foreign Entity Policy Statement would 
adequately limit DTC's exposure in the event of a failure to settle and 
insolvency of a foreign participant without the need for the special 
financial conditions requirement.\10\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \10\ Additionally, in the Foreign Entity Policy Statement, DTC 
has reserved the right to require a foreign entity to deposit 
additional amounts to DTC's participants fund and the right to 
require a letter of credit as the form of participant fund 
collateral where DTC in its sole discretion believes the entity 
presents legal risk.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Foreign Entity Policy Statement also previously required 
foreign entities to provide to DTC for financial monitoring purposes 
audited financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally 
accepted accounting principles (``GAAP'') or other generally accepted 
accounting principles that were satisfactory to DTC. As proposed, the 
Foreign Entity Policy Statement will provide for the submission of 
audited financial statements other than U.S. GAAP, but to address the 
risk presented by accepting financial statements prepared in non-U.S. 
GAAP, DTC would increase the existing minimum financial requirements 
for any foreign entity submitting its financial statements in non-U.S. 
GAAP by a premium. The premiums would be as follows:
    (i) 1\1/2\ times the existing requirement for a foreign entity 
submitting financial statements prepared in accordance with 
International Financial Reporting Standards (``IFRS''), the Companies 
Act of 1985 (``UK GAAP''), or Canadian GAAP;
    (ii) 5 times the existing requirement for a foreign entity 
submitting financial statements prepared in accordance with a European 
Union (``EU'') country GAAP other than UK GAAP; and
    (iii) 7 times the existing requirement for a foreign entity 
submitting financial statements prepared in accordance with any other 
type of GAAP.
    Finally, DTC is proposing to add a new requirement to the Foreign 
Entity Policy Statement that a foreign entity must provide sufficient 
information to DTC so that DTC can evaluate AML risk.

III. Discussion

    Section 17A(b)(3)(F) of the Act requires that the rules of a 
clearing agency be designed to assure the safeguarding of securities 
and funds which are in the custody or control of the clearing agency or 
for which it is responsible.\11\ When the Commission previously 
approved DTC's Foreign Entity Policy Statement it found that the policy 
statement was designed to address the jurisdiction differences in 
regulatory structure and in business operations of non-U.S. entities 
with respect to risk control and management. Additionally, the 
Commission found that the policy statement was designed to bind non-
U.S. entities to DTC's rules and procedures in a manner similar to 
domestic participants and was designed to lesson or eliminate the 
negative effects that jurisdictional issues could have on DTC's 
exercise of its rights against non-U.S. entities. The proposed rule 
change adopts a Foreign Entity Policy Statement that is substantially 
similar to the one previously approved by the Commission. DTC has 
eliminated the special financial conditions that were included in the 
earlier policy statement and has added a new requirement to increase 
the minimum financial requirements if the foreign participant submits 
audited financial statements prepared using non-U.S. GAAP. The 
multiples used to calculate the premiums DTC will charge for non-U.S. 
GAAP are identical to those the Commission previously approved for the 
Government Securities Division and MBS Division of the Fixed Income 
Clearing Corporation.\12\ Although DTC will collect less collateral 
than was required under the earlier policy statement, we are satisfied 
with DTC's explanation that its other financial controls, such as in 
its discretion requiring a letter of credit, are sufficiently designed 
to limit risk of loss to DTC or its participants as a result of a 
foreign participant's insolvency. In addition, recent changes in 
bankruptcy law have raised questions about whether DTC could enforce 
its rights to a participant's collateral in non-U.S. jurisdictions. The 
changes with respect to the participants' minimum financial 
requirements should help to ensure that all foreign participants have 
sufficient financial resources to be participants in and meet their 
settlement obligations to DTC. Accordingly, based on this and the 
earlier findings, we find that the Foreign Entity Policy Statement is 
designed assure the safeguarding of securities and funds which are in 
which are in the custody or control of DTC or for which it is 
responsible.
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    \11\ 15 U.S.C. 78q-1(b)(3)(F).
    \12\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 51385 (March 16, 2005), 
70 FR 14736 (March 23, 2005) (File No. SR-FICC-2004-14).
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IV. Conclusion

    On the basis of the foregoing, the Commission finds that the 
proposed rule change is consistent with the requirements of the Act and 
in particular Section 17A of the Act and the rules and regulations 
thereunder.\13\
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    \13\ In approving the proposed rule change, the Commission 
considered the proposal's impact on efficiency, competition and 
capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).
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    It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Act, 
that the proposed rule change (File No. SR-DTC-2007-16), as modified by 
Amendment No. 1, be and hereby is approved.


[[Page 48413]]


    For the Commission by the Division of Trading and Markets, 
pursuant to delegated authority.\14\
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    \14\ 17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(12).
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Florence E. Harmon,
Acting Secretary.
 [FR Doc. E8-19133 Filed 8-18-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-P