Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Illinois and Indiana; Finding of Attainment for 1-Hour Ozone for the Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN Area, 38353-38356 [E8-15331]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD 36 CFR Part 1195 RIN 3014–AA11 Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Accessibility Guidelines for Passenger Vessels; Passenger Vessel Emergency Alarms Advisory Committee Meeting Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meeting. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS AGENCY: SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board) has established an advisory committee to make recommendations on issues related to the effectiveness of emergency alarm systems for individuals with hearing loss or deafness on passenger vessels. The advisory committee recommendations will assist the Access Board in developing accessibility guidelines under the Americans with Disabilities Act for passenger vessels. This notice announces the dates, time, and location of the next committee meeting. DATES: The meeting is scheduled for August 12 and 13, 2008 from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. on both days. ADDRESSES: The meeting will be held at the Access Board’s offices, 1331 F Street, NW., Suite 1000, Washington, DC. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paul Beatty, Office of Technical and Information Services, Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board, 1331 F Street, NW., suite 1000, Washington, DC 20004–1111. Telephone number (202) 272–0012 (Voice); (202) 272–0082 (TTY). These are not toll-free numbers. E-mail address: pvag@access-board.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On August 13, 2007, the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board) established an advisory committee to make recommendations on issues related to the effectiveness of emergency alarm systems for individuals with hearing loss or deafness on passenger vessels. (72 FR 45200; August 13, 2007). The advisory committee recommendations will assist the Access Board in developing accessibility guidelines under the Americans with Disabilities Act for passenger vessels. The next meeting of the committee will take place on August 12 and 13, 2008. The preliminary meeting agenda, along with VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Jkt 214001 information about the committee, is available at the Access Board’s Web site (https://www.access-board.gov/pvaac/ alarms). Committee meetings are open to the public and interested persons can attend the meetings and communicate their views. Members of the public will have opportunities to address the committee on issues of interest to them during public comment periods scheduled on each day of the meeting. Additionally, all interested persons will have the opportunity to comment when proposed rules regarding passenger vessel accessibility are issued in the Federal Register by the Access Board. The meeting site is accessible to individuals with disabilities. Sign language interpreters, an assistive listening system, and computer assisted real-time transcription (CART) will be provided. Persons attending the meeting are requested to refrain from using perfume, cologne, and other fragrances for the comfort of other participants. Lawrence W. Roffee, Executive Director. [FR Doc. E8–14952 Filed 7–3–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8150–01–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 [EPA–R05–OAR–2007–1044; FRL–8688–4] Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Illinois and Indiana; Finding of Attainment for 1-Hour Ozone for the Chicago-GaryLake County, IL-IN Area Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: SUMMARY: On January 30, 2007, the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA) requested that EPA find that the Chicago ozone nonattainment area, located within the Chicago-GaryLake County, Illinois-Indiana (IL-IN) area, has attained the revoked 1-hour ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS). On October 25, 2007, the Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) requested that EPA find that Lake and Porter Counties, also within the Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN area, have attained the revoked 1-hour ozone NAAQS. After review of these submissions, EPA is proposing to make such findings. DATES: Comments must be received on or before August 6, 2008. PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 38353 Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA–R05– OAR–2007–1044, by one of the following methods: 1. https://www.regulations.gov: Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments. 2. E-mail: aburano.douglas@epa.gov. 3. Fax: (312) 886–5824. 4. Mail: John Mooney, Chief, Criteria Pollutant Section, Air Programs Branch (AR–18J), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604. 5. Hand Delivery: John Mooney, Chief, Criteria Pollutant Section, Air Programs Branch (AR–18J), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604. Such deliveries are only accepted during the Regional Office normal hours of operation, and special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed information. The Regional Office official hours of business are Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. excluding Federal holidays. Instructions: Direct your comments to Docket ID No. EPA–R05–OAR–2007– 1044. EPA’s policy is that all comments received will be included in the public docket without change and may be made available online at www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, unless a comment includes information claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected through www.regulations.gov or e-mail. The www.regulations.gov Web site is an ‘‘anonymous access’’ system, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-mail comment directly to EPA without going through www.regulations.gov, your email address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD–ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. Docket: All documents in the docket are listed in the https:// ADDRESSES: E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 38354 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules www.regulations.gov index. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, will be publicly available only in hard copy. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically in https:// www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at the Environmental Protection Agency, Region 5, Air and Radiation Division, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604. This Facility is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. We recommend that you telephone Gilberto Alvarez, Environmental Scientist, at (312) 886– 6143 before visiting the Region 5 office. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Gilberto Alvarez, Environmental Scientist, Criteria Pollutant Section, Air Programs Branch (AR–18J), Environmental Protection Agency, Region 5, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604, (312) 886–6143, alvarez.gilberto@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document whenever ‘‘we,’’ ‘‘us,’’ or ‘‘our’’ is used, we mean EPA. This supplementary information section is arranged as follows: I. What Is the Background for These Actions? II. What Is the Impact of a December 22, 2006 United States Court of Appeals Decision Regarding EPA’s 8-Hour Phase 1 Ozone Implementation Rule on This Proposed Rule? III. Attainment Finding IV. What Action Is EPA Taking? V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS I. What Is the Background for These Actions? Under section 107(d)(1)(C) of the Clean Air Act (CAA), the Chicago-GaryLake County, IL-IN area was designated nonattainment for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS by operation of law upon enactment of the 1990 CAA amendments. Under section 181(a) of the CAA, each ozone area designated nonattainment under section 107(d) was also classified by operation of law as ‘‘marginal,’’ ‘‘moderate,’’ ‘‘serious,’’ ‘‘severe-15,’’ ‘‘severe-17’’, or ‘‘extreme,’’ depending on the severity of the area’s air quality problem and the number of years to reach attainment from the 1990 CAA amendments. These nonattainment VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Jkt 214001 designations and classifications were codified in title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) part 81 (see 56 FR 56994, November 6, 1991). The ozone design value for an area, which characterizes the severity of the air quality problem, is represented by the highest ozone design value at any of the individual ozone monitoring sites in the area. Table 1 in section 181(a) of the CAA provides the design value ranges for each nonattainment classification. Ozone nonattainment areas with design values between 0.190 parts per million (ppm) and 0.280 ppm for the three-year period, 1987–1989, were classified as severe-17. Because the Chicago-GaryLake County, IL-IN area’s 1988 ozone design value fell between 0.190 and 0.280 ppm, this area was classified as severe-17 nonattainment for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS. Under section 182(c) of the CAA, states containing areas that were classified as severe-17 nonattainment were required to submit State Implementation Plans (SIPs) to provide for certain emission controls, to show progress toward attainment, and to provide for attainment of the ozone NAAQS as expeditiously as practicable, but no later than November 15, 2007. In 1997, EPA adopted a new 8-hour ozone NAAQS. The implementation rule for the standard, referred to as the Phase 1 Implementation Rule, was published on April 30, 2004 (69 FR 23951). II. What Is the Impact of a December 22, 2006 United States Court of Appeals Decision Regarding EPA’s 8-Hour Phase 1 Ozone Implementation Rule on This Proposed Rule? On December 22, 2006, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (the Court) vacated the Phase 1 Implementation Rule. South Coast Air Quality Management Dist. v. EPA, 472 F.3d 882 (DC Cir. 2006). On June 8, 2007, in South Coast Air Quality Management Dist. v. EPA, Docket No. 04–1201, in response to several petitions for rehearing, the Court clarified that the Phase 1 Rule was vacated only with regard to those parts of the rule that had been successfully challenged. With respect to the challenges to the anti-backsliding provisions of the rule, the Court vacated three provisions that would have allowed States to remove from the SIP PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 or to not adopt three 1-hour obligations once the 1-hour ozone NAAQS was revoked to transition to the implementation of the 8-hour ozone NAAQS: (1) Nonattainment area new source review (NSR) requirements based on an area’s 1-hour nonattainment classification (a separate NSR policy is being developed); (2) section 185 penalty fees for 1-hour severe or extreme nonattainment areas that fail to attain the 1-hour ozone NAAQS by the 1-hour attainment date; and (3) measures to be implemented pursuant to section 172(c)(9) or 182(c)(9) of the CAA, on the contingency of an area not making reasonable further progress toward attainment of the 1-hour ozone NAAQS or for failure to attain the 1hour ozone NAAQS. The Court clarified that 1-hour conformity determinations are not required for anti-backsliding purposes. III. Attainment Finding In 1991, the Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN area was classified as severe-17 for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS. The Illinois portion of the area consists of the following counties: Cook; Du Page; Grundy (part) [Aux Stable Township and Goose Lake Township]; Kane; Kendall (part) [Oswego Township]; Lake; McHenry; and Will. The Indiana portion of the area consists of Lake and Porter Counties. An area is considered to have attained the 1-hour ozone NAAQS if there are no violations of the standard, as determined in accordance with the regulation codified at 40 CFR 50.9, based on three consecutive calendar years of complete, quality-assured monitoring data. A violation occurs when the ozone air quality monitoring data show greater than one (1.0) average expected exceedance per year at any site in the area. An exceedance occurs when the maximum hourly ozone concentration during any day exceeds 0.124 ppm. The data should be collected and quality-assured in accordance with 40 CFR part 58, and recorded in the Air Quality System so that they are available to the public for review. The finding of attainment for the Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN area is based on an analysis of 1-hour ozone air quality data from 2004–2006. Table 1 below summarizes these data. E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 38355 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules TABLE 1.—1-HOUR OZONE EXPECTED EXCEEDANCES AT MONITORING SITES IN THE CHICAGO-GARY-LAKE COUNTY, IL-IN AREA INCLUDING THE CHIWAUKEE PRAIRIE MONITORING SITE [2004–2006] Site code County Number of 2004 exceedances Site Number of 2005 exceedances Number of 2006 exceedances 3-year avg. exceedances ILLINOIS 17–031–0001 17–031–0076 17–031–0072 17–031–0032 17–031–1003 17–031–0064 17–031–4002 17–031–4007 17–031–7002 17–031–1601 17–031–4201 17–043–6001 17–089–0005 17–097–1002 17–097–1007 17–111–0001 17–197–1011 ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... Cook ............ Cook ............ Cook ............ Cook ............ Cook ............ Cook ............ Cook ............ Cook ............ Cook ............ Cook ............ Cook ............ DuPage ....... Kane ............ Lake ............ Lake ............ McHenry ...... Will .............. Alsip ..................................... Chicago-Com Ed ................. Chicago-Jardine ................... Chicago-SWFP .................... Chicago-Taft ........................ Chicago-University ............... Cicero .................................. Des Plaines ......................... Evanston .............................. Lemont ................................. Northbrook ........................... Lisle ..................................... Elgin ..................................... Waukegan ............................ Zion ...................................... Cary ..................................... Braidwood ............................ 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 INDIANA 18–089–0022 18–089–2008 18–089–0030 18–127–0024 18–127–0026 ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... ....................... Lake ............ Lake ............ Lake ............ Porter .......... Porter .......... Gary ..................................... Hammond ............................ Whiting ................................. Ogden Dunes ...................... Valparaiso ............................ WISCONSIN 55–059–0019 ....................... Kenosha ...... jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS Based on ambient ozone season (April–October) 1-hour ozone air quality data for the years 2004, 2005 and 2006, EPA proposes to find that the ChicagoGary-Lake County, IL-IN area attained the 1-hour ozone NAAQS prior to its attainment deadline of November 15, 2007. Note that the analysis of the Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN area also reflects monitoring data from a monitoring site at the Chiwaukee Prairie site in Wisconsin. Although this particular site is outside of the ChicagoGary-Lake County, IL-IN area, it is a critical site toward demonstrating air quality impacts for the area because it is a primary design value site for measuring peak ozone levels primarily produced by ozone precursors emitted in the subject area. This site demonstrated that the subject area attained of the 1-hour ozone NAAQS during the 2004–2006 period. IV. What Action Is EPA Taking? EPA is proposing to determine that the Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN area attained the 1-hour ozone NAAQS by its attainment date, November 15, 2007. Under Section 181(b)(2) of the CAA, EPA must determine whether VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Jkt 214001 Chiwaukee Prairie ............... ozone nonattainment areas have attained the ozone NAAQS by their attainment date. This determination must be based on the area’s design value as of the attainment date.1 Because the area has attained the 1hour ozone NAAQS by the applicable attainment date, it is not subject to the requirement to implement contingency measures for failure to attain the standard by its attainment date. Since the area has met its attainment deadline, even if the area subsequently lapses into nonattainment, it would not be required to implement the contingency measures for failure to attain the standard by its attainment date. If a severe or extreme 1-hour ozone nonattainment area attains by its 1 EPA remains obligated under section 181(b)(2) to determine whether an area attained the 1-hour ozone NAAQS by its attainment date. However, after the revocation of the 1-hour ozone NAAQS, EPA is no longer obligated to reclassify an area to a higher classification for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS based upon a determination that the area failed to attain the 1-hour ozone NAAQS by the area’s attainment date for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS. (40 CFR 51.905(e)(2)(i)(B)). Thus, even if we make a finding that an area has failed to attain the 1-hour ozone NAAQS by its attainment date, the area would not be reclassified to a higher classification. PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 attainment date, it is not required to implement the section 185 penalty fees program. Section 185(a) of the CAA states that a severe or extreme ozone nonattainment must implement a program to impose fees on certain stationary sources of air pollution if the area ‘‘has failed to attain the national primary ambient air quality standard for ozone by the applicable attainment date.’’ Consequently, if such an area has attained the standard as of its applicable attainment date, even if it subsequently lapses into nonattainment, the area would not be required to implement the section 185 penalty fees program. Because EPA is proposing to find that the area has attained the 1-hour ozone NAAQS by its applicable attainment date, we also propose to find that the area is not subject to the imposition of the section 185 penalty fees. Please note that Indiana has made a request for a clean data finding.2 The 2 See U.S. EPA Memorandum from John Seitz, ‘‘Reasonable Further Progress, Attainment Demonstration, and Related Requirements for Ozone Nonattainment Areas Meeting the Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard’’ (May 10, 1995). E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1 38356 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 130 / Monday, July 7, 2008 / Proposed Rules jlentini on PROD1PC65 with PROPOSALS action we are proposing today, however, is a determination of attainment, which differs from a clean data finding. A clean data finding results in the suspension of planning requirements for ozone, such as attainment demonstrations and rate-of-progress plans. Indiana has already complied with such requirements for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS in Lake and Porter counties and EPA approved them on July 18, 1997 (62 FR 38457), January 16, 2000 (65 FR 4126), and November 13, 2001 (66 FR 56944). Therefore, EPA is not making a clean data finding in this proposed rule because the 1-hour ozone NAAQS was revoked for this nonattainment area effective June 15, 2005. See 40 CFR 81.315. Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; and • Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994). In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), because the SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in the state, and EPA notes that it will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law. V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the CAA and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA’s role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action: • Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory action’’ subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.); • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.); • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104–4); • Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999); • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997); • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001); • Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:17 Jul 03, 2008 Jkt 214001 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Intergovernmental relations, Ozone. Dated: June 26, 2008. Bharat Mathur, Acting Regional Administrator, Region 5. [FR Doc. E8–15331 Filed 7–3–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6560–50–P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 55 [EPA–R02–OAR–2008–0308; FRL–8688–2] Outer Continental Shelf Air Regulations Update To Include New Jersey State Requirements Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. AGENCY: SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to update a portion of the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Air Regulations. Requirements applying to OCS sources located within 25 miles of States’ seaward boundaries must be promulgated into part 55 and updated periodically to remain consistent with the requirements of the corresponding onshore area (COA), as mandated by section 328(a)(1) of the Clean Air Act (CAA). The portion of the OCS air regulations that is being updated pertains to the requirements for OCS sources in the State of New Jersey. The intended effect of approving the OCS requirements for the State of New Jersey is to regulate emissions from OCS sources in accordance with the requirements onshore. The requirements discussed below are proposed to be incorporated by reference into the Code of Federal Regulations and are listed in the appendix to the OCS air regulations. PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 Comments must be received on or before August 6, 2008. ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID Number EPA– R02–OAR–2008–0308, by one of the following methods: A. Federal eRulemaking Portal: https://www.regulations.gov: Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments; B. E-Mail: riva.steven@epa.gov; C. Mail: Steven Riva, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 2, Air Programs Branch, 290 Broadway, New York, NY 10007; D. Hand Delivery: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 2, Attn: Steven Riva, 290 Broadway, New York, NY 10007, 25th Floor. Such deliveries are only accepted during normal hours of operation, and special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed information. Instructions: Direct your comments to Docket ID No. EPA–R02–OAR–2008– 0308. EPA’s policy is that all comments received will be included in the public docket without change and may be made available online at https:// www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected through www.regulations.gov or e-mail. The https:// www.regulations.gov Web site is an ‘‘anonymous access’’ system, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-mail comment directly to EPA without going through www.regulations.gov your e-mail address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD–ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. Docket: All documents in the electronic docket are listed in the https://www.regulations.gov index. Although listed in the index, some DATES: E:\FR\FM\07JYP1.SGM 07JYP1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 73, Number 130 (Monday, July 7, 2008)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 38353-38356]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E8-15331]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 52

[EPA-R05-OAR-2007-1044; FRL-8688-4]


Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; 
Illinois and Indiana; Finding of Attainment for 1-Hour Ozone for the 
Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN Area

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Proposed rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: On January 30, 2007, the Illinois Environmental Protection 
Agency (IEPA) requested that EPA find that the Chicago ozone 
nonattainment area, located within the Chicago-Gary-Lake County, 
Illinois-Indiana (IL-IN) area, has attained the revoked 1-hour ozone 
National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS). On October 25, 2007, the 
Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) requested that 
EPA find that Lake and Porter Counties, also within the Chicago-Gary-
Lake County, IL-IN area, have attained the revoked 1-hour ozone NAAQS. 
After review of these submissions, EPA is proposing to make such 
findings.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before August 6, 2008.

ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA-R05-
OAR-2007-1044, by one of the following methods:
    1. https://www.regulations.gov: Follow the on-line instructions for 
submitting comments.
    2. E-mail: aburano.douglas@epa.gov.
    3. Fax: (312) 886-5824.
    4. Mail: John Mooney, Chief, Criteria Pollutant Section, Air 
Programs Branch (AR-18J), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 77 West 
Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604.
    5. Hand Delivery: John Mooney, Chief, Criteria Pollutant Section, 
Air Programs Branch (AR-18J), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 77 
West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604. Such deliveries are 
only accepted during the Regional Office normal hours of operation, and 
special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed 
information. The Regional Office official hours of business are Monday 
through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. excluding Federal holidays.
    Instructions: Direct your comments to Docket ID No. EPA-R05-OAR-
2007-1044. EPA's policy is that all comments received will be included 
in the public docket without change and may be made available online at 
www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, 
unless a comment includes information claimed to be Confidential 
Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is 
restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to 
be CBI or otherwise protected through www.regulations.gov or e-mail. 
The www.regulations.gov Web site is an ``anonymous access'' system, 
which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information 
unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-
mail comment directly to EPA without going through www.regulations.gov, 
your e-mail address will be automatically captured and included as part 
of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available 
on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends 
that you include your name and other contact information in the body of 
your comment and with any disk or CD-ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read 
your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for 
clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic 
files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of 
encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses.
    Docket: All documents in the docket are listed in the https://

[[Page 38354]]

www.regulations.gov index. Although listed in the index, some 
information is not publicly available, e.g., CBI or other information 
whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such 
as copyrighted material, will be publicly available only in hard copy. 
Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically 
in https://www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at the Environmental 
Protection Agency, Region 5, Air and Radiation Division, 77 West 
Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604. This Facility is open from 
8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal 
holidays. We recommend that you telephone Gilberto Alvarez, 
Environmental Scientist, at (312) 886-6143 before visiting the Region 5 
office.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Gilberto Alvarez, Environmental 
Scientist, Criteria Pollutant Section, Air Programs Branch (AR-18J), 
Environmental Protection Agency, Region 5, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, 
Chicago, Illinois 60604, (312) 886-6143, alvarez.gilberto@epa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document whenever ``we,'' 
``us,'' or ``our'' is used, we mean EPA. This supplementary information 
section is arranged as follows:

I. What Is the Background for These Actions?
II. What Is the Impact of a December 22, 2006 United States Court of 
Appeals Decision Regarding EPA's 8-Hour Phase 1 Ozone Implementation 
Rule on This Proposed Rule?
III. Attainment Finding
IV. What Action Is EPA Taking?
V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

I. What Is the Background for These Actions?

    Under section 107(d)(1)(C) of the Clean Air Act (CAA), the Chicago-
Gary-Lake County, IL-IN area was designated nonattainment for the 1-
hour ozone NAAQS by operation of law upon enactment of the 1990 CAA 
amendments. Under section 181(a) of the CAA, each ozone area designated 
nonattainment under section 107(d) was also classified by operation of 
law as ``marginal,'' ``moderate,'' ``serious,'' ``severe-15,'' 
``severe-17'', or ``extreme,'' depending on the severity of the area's 
air quality problem and the number of years to reach attainment from 
the 1990 CAA amendments. These nonattainment designations and 
classifications were codified in title 40 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations (CFR) part 81 (see 56 FR 56994, November 6, 1991).
    The ozone design value for an area, which characterizes the 
severity of the air quality problem, is represented by the highest 
ozone design value at any of the individual ozone monitoring sites in 
the area. Table 1 in section 181(a) of the CAA provides the design 
value ranges for each nonattainment classification. Ozone nonattainment 
areas with design values between 0.190 parts per million (ppm) and 
0.280 ppm for the three-year period, 1987-1989, were classified as 
severe-17. Because the Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN area's 1988 
ozone design value fell between 0.190 and 0.280 ppm, this area was 
classified as severe-17 nonattainment for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS. Under 
section 182(c) of the CAA, states containing areas that were classified 
as severe-17 nonattainment were required to submit State Implementation 
Plans (SIPs) to provide for certain emission controls, to show progress 
toward attainment, and to provide for attainment of the ozone NAAQS as 
expeditiously as practicable, but no later than November 15, 2007.
    In 1997, EPA adopted a new 8-hour ozone NAAQS. The implementation 
rule for the standard, referred to as the Phase 1 Implementation Rule, 
was published on April 30, 2004 (69 FR 23951).

II. What Is the Impact of a December 22, 2006 United States Court of 
Appeals Decision Regarding EPA's 8-Hour Phase 1 Ozone Implementation 
Rule on This Proposed Rule?

    On December 22, 2006, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of 
Columbia Circuit (the Court) vacated the Phase 1 Implementation Rule. 
South Coast Air Quality Management Dist. v. EPA, 472 F.3d 882 (DC Cir. 
2006). On June 8, 2007, in South Coast Air Quality Management Dist. v. 
EPA, Docket No. 04-1201, in response to several petitions for 
rehearing, the Court clarified that the Phase 1 Rule was vacated only 
with regard to those parts of the rule that had been successfully 
challenged. With respect to the challenges to the anti-backsliding 
provisions of the rule, the Court vacated three provisions that would 
have allowed States to remove from the SIP or to not adopt three 1-hour 
obligations once the 1-hour ozone NAAQS was revoked to transition to 
the implementation of the 8-hour ozone NAAQS: (1) Nonattainment area 
new source review (NSR) requirements based on an area's 1-hour 
nonattainment classification (a separate NSR policy is being 
developed); (2) section 185 penalty fees for 1-hour severe or extreme 
nonattainment areas that fail to attain the 1-hour ozone NAAQS by the 
1-hour attainment date; and (3) measures to be implemented pursuant to 
section 172(c)(9) or 182(c)(9) of the CAA, on the contingency of an 
area not making reasonable further progress toward attainment of the 1-
hour ozone NAAQS or for failure to attain the 1-hour ozone NAAQS. The 
Court clarified that 1-hour conformity determinations are not required 
for anti-backsliding purposes.

III. Attainment Finding

    In 1991, the Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN area was classified as 
severe-17 for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS. The Illinois portion of the area 
consists of the following counties: Cook; Du Page; Grundy (part) [Aux 
Stable Township and Goose Lake Township]; Kane; Kendall (part) [Oswego 
Township]; Lake; McHenry; and Will. The Indiana portion of the area 
consists of Lake and Porter Counties.
    An area is considered to have attained the 1-hour ozone NAAQS if 
there are no violations of the standard, as determined in accordance 
with the regulation codified at 40 CFR 50.9, based on three consecutive 
calendar years of complete, quality-assured monitoring data. A 
violation occurs when the ozone air quality monitoring data show 
greater than one (1.0) average expected exceedance per year at any site 
in the area. An exceedance occurs when the maximum hourly ozone 
concentration during any day exceeds 0.124 ppm. The data should be 
collected and quality-assured in accordance with 40 CFR part 58, and 
recorded in the Air Quality System so that they are available to the 
public for review.
    The finding of attainment for the Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN 
area is based on an analysis of 1-hour ozone air quality data from 
2004-2006. Table 1 below summarizes these data.

[[Page 38355]]



 Table 1.--1-Hour Ozone Expected Exceedances at Monitoring Sites in the Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN Area Including the Chiwaukee Prairie Monitoring
                                                                          Site
                                                                       [2004-2006]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                          Number of 2004  Number of 2005  Number of 2006    3-year avg.
              Site code                         County                     Site             exceedances     exceedances     exceedances     exceedances
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        ILLINOIS
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
17-031-0001..........................  Cook....................  Alsip..................             0.0             1.0             0.0             0.3
17-031-0076..........................  Cook....................  Chicago-Com Ed.........             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
17-031-0072..........................  Cook....................  Chicago-Jardine........             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
17-031-0032..........................  Cook....................  Chicago-SWFP...........             0.0             1.0             0.0             0.3
17-031-1003..........................  Cook....................  Chicago-Taft...........             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
17-031-0064..........................  Cook....................  Chicago-University.....             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
17-031-4002..........................  Cook....................  Cicero.................             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
17-031-4007..........................  Cook....................  Des Plaines............             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
17-031-7002..........................  Cook....................  Evanston...............             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
17-031-1601..........................  Cook....................  Lemont.................             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
17-031-4201..........................  Cook....................  Northbrook.............             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
17-043-6001..........................  DuPage..................  Lisle..................             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
17-089-0005..........................  Kane....................  Elgin..................             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
17-097-1002..........................  Lake....................  Waukegan...............             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
17-097-1007..........................  Lake....................  Zion...................             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
17-111-0001..........................  McHenry.................  Cary...................             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
17-197-1011..........................  Will....................  Braidwood..............             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         INDIANA
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
18-089-0022..........................  Lake....................  Gary...................             0.0             1.0             0.0             0.3
18-089-2008..........................  Lake....................  Hammond................             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
18-089-0030..........................  Lake....................  Whiting................             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
18-127-0024..........................  Porter..................  Ogden Dunes............             0.0             1.0             0.0             0.3
18-127-0026..........................  Porter..................  Valparaiso.............             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        WISCONSIN
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
55-059-0019..........................  Kenosha.................  Chiwaukee Prairie......             0.0             0.0             0.0             0.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Based on ambient ozone season (April-October) 1-hour ozone air 
quality data for the years 2004, 2005 and 2006, EPA proposes to find 
that the Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN area attained the 1-hour ozone 
NAAQS prior to its attainment deadline of November 15, 2007. Note that 
the analysis of the Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN area also reflects 
monitoring data from a monitoring site at the Chiwaukee Prairie site in 
Wisconsin. Although this particular site is outside of the Chicago-
Gary-Lake County, IL-IN area, it is a critical site toward 
demonstrating air quality impacts for the area because it is a primary 
design value site for measuring peak ozone levels primarily produced by 
ozone precursors emitted in the subject area. This site demonstrated 
that the subject area attained of the 1-hour ozone NAAQS during the 
2004-2006 period.

IV. What Action Is EPA Taking?

    EPA is proposing to determine that the Chicago-Gary-Lake County, 
IL-IN area attained the 1-hour ozone NAAQS by its attainment date, 
November 15, 2007. Under Section 181(b)(2) of the CAA, EPA must 
determine whether ozone nonattainment areas have attained the ozone 
NAAQS by their attainment date. This determination must be based on the 
area's design value as of the attainment date.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ EPA remains obligated under section 181(b)(2) to determine 
whether an area attained the 1-hour ozone NAAQS by its attainment 
date. However, after the revocation of the 1-hour ozone NAAQS, EPA 
is no longer obligated to reclassify an area to a higher 
classification for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS based upon a determination 
that the area failed to attain the 1-hour ozone NAAQS by the area's 
attainment date for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS. (40 CFR 
51.905(e)(2)(i)(B)). Thus, even if we make a finding that an area 
has failed to attain the 1-hour ozone NAAQS by its attainment date, 
the area would not be reclassified to a higher classification.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Because the area has attained the 1-hour ozone NAAQS by the 
applicable attainment date, it is not subject to the requirement to 
implement contingency measures for failure to attain the standard by 
its attainment date. Since the area has met its attainment deadline, 
even if the area subsequently lapses into nonattainment, it would not 
be required to implement the contingency measures for failure to attain 
the standard by its attainment date.
    If a severe or extreme 1-hour ozone nonattainment area attains by 
its attainment date, it is not required to implement the section 185 
penalty fees program. Section 185(a) of the CAA states that a severe or 
extreme ozone nonattainment must implement a program to impose fees on 
certain stationary sources of air pollution if the area ``has failed to 
attain the national primary ambient air quality standard for ozone by 
the applicable attainment date.'' Consequently, if such an area has 
attained the standard as of its applicable attainment date, even if it 
subsequently lapses into nonattainment, the area would not be required 
to implement the section 185 penalty fees program. Because EPA is 
proposing to find that the area has attained the 1-hour ozone NAAQS by 
its applicable attainment date, we also propose to find that the area 
is not subject to the imposition of the section 185 penalty fees.
    Please note that Indiana has made a request for a clean data 
finding.\2\ The

[[Page 38356]]

action we are proposing today, however, is a determination of 
attainment, which differs from a clean data finding. A clean data 
finding results in the suspension of planning requirements for ozone, 
such as attainment demonstrations and rate-of-progress plans. Indiana 
has already complied with such requirements for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS 
in Lake and Porter counties and EPA approved them on July 18, 1997 (62 
FR 38457), January 16, 2000 (65 FR 4126), and November 13, 2001 (66 FR 
56944). Therefore, EPA is not making a clean data finding in this 
proposed rule because the 1-hour ozone NAAQS was revoked for this 
nonattainment area effective June 15, 2005. See 40 CFR 81.315.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ See U.S. EPA Memorandum from John Seitz, ``Reasonable 
Further Progress, Attainment Demonstration, and Related Requirements 
for Ozone Nonattainment Areas Meeting the Ozone National Ambient Air 
Quality Standard'' (May 10, 1995).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP 
submission that complies with the provisions of the CAA and applicable 
Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in 
reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, 
provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this 
action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and 
does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state 
law. For that reason, this action:
     Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' subject to 
review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 
12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993);
     Does not impose an information collection burden under the 
provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
     Is certified as not having a significant economic impact 
on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
     Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or 
uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded 
Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
     Does not have Federalism implications as specified in 
Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
     Is not an economically significant regulatory action based 
on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 
19885, April 23, 1997);
     Is not a significant regulatory action subject to 
Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
     Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the 
National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 
note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent 
with the CAA; and
     Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to 
address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental 
effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under 
Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).
    In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as 
specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), 
because the SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in 
the state, and EPA notes that it will not impose substantial direct 
costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Intergovernmental 
relations, Ozone.

    Dated: June 26, 2008.
Bharat Mathur,
Acting Regional Administrator, Region 5.
 [FR Doc. E8-15331 Filed 7-3-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-P