1-Hydroxyethylidene-1, 1-Diphosphonic Acid from the Republic of India and the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigations, 20023-20028 [E8-7894]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 72 / Monday, April 14, 2008 / Notices Interested parties may submit comments for consideration in the Department’s final results not later than 30 days after publication of this notice. See 19 CFR 351.309(c). Responses to those comments may be submitted not later than five days following submission of the comments. See 19 CFR 351.309(d). All written comments must be submitted in accordance with 19 CFR 351.303, and must be served on interested parties on the Department’s service list in accordance with 19 CFR 351.303(f)(3). The Department will issue the final results of this administrative review, which will include the results of its analysis of issues raised in any such comments, within 120 days of publication of the preliminary results, and will publish these results in the Federal Register. This notice is in accordance with sections 751 and 777(i)(1) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, and 19 CFR 351.213(d)(4). Dated: April 7, 2008. Stephen J. Claeys, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Import Administration. [FR Doc. E8–7892 Filed 4–11–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–S DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration (A–533–847, A–570–934) 1–Hydroxyethylidene–1, 1– Diphosphonic Acid from the Republic of India and the People’s Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigations Import Administration, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. EFFECTIVE DATE: April 14, 2008. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Brian Smith (India) or Maisha Cryor (People’s Republic of China), AD/CVD Operations, Offices 2 and 4, Import Administration, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482–1766 or (202) 482– 5831, respectively. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: jlentini on PROD1PC65 with NOTICES AGENCY: The Petitions On March 19, 2008, the Department of Commerce (the Department) received petitions concerning imports of 1– hydroxyethylidene–1, 1–diphosphonic acid (HEDP) from the Republic of India (India) (India petition) and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) (PRC petition) VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:09 Apr 11, 2008 Jkt 214001 filed in proper form by Compass Chemical International LLC (petitioner). See the Petitions on HEDP from India and the PRC submitted on March 19, 2008. On March 24 and 25, and April 1, 2008, the Department issued requests for additional information and clarification of certain areas of the petitions. Based on the Department’s requests, the petitioner filed additional information on March 27, April 1 and 3, 2008 (two distinct submissions on general material and one distinct submission on PRC–only material). On March 28, 2008, Rhodia Inc., a producer of non–HEDP phosphonates and an importer of HEDP, submitted information indicating that the petitioner is the only U.S. producer of HEDP. In accordance with section 732(b) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act), the petitioner alleges that imports of HEDP from India and the PRC are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at less than fair value, within the meaning of section 731 of the Act, and that such imports are materially injuring, or threatening material injury to, an industry in the United States. The Department finds that the petitioner filed these petitions on behalf of the domestic industry because the petitioner is an interested party as defined in section 771(9)(C) of the Act, and has demonstrated sufficient industry support with respect to the antidumping duty investigations that the petitioner is requesting that the Department initiate (see ‘‘Determination of Industry Support for the Petitions’’ section below). Period of Investigations The period of investigation (POI) for India is January 1, 2007, through December 31, 2007. The POI for the PRC is July 1, 2007, through December 31, 2007. See 19 CFR 351.204(b)(1). Scope of Investigations The merchandise covered by each of these investigations includes all grades of aqueous, acidic (non–neutralized) concentrations of 1–hydroxyethylidene– 1, 1–diphosphonic acid1, also referred to as hydroxethlylidenendiphosphonic acid, hydroxyethanediphosphonic acid, acetodiphosphonic acid, and etidronic acid. The CAS (Chemical Abstract Service) registry number for HEDP is 2809–21–4. The merchandise subject to these investigations is currently classified in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) at subheading 2931.00.9043. It may also 1C PO 00000 2H8O7P2 or C(CH3)(OH)(PO3H2)2 Frm 00006 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 20023 enter under HTSUS subheading 2811.19.6090. While HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes only, the written description of the scope of these investigations is dispositive. Comments on Scope of Investigations During our review of the petitions, we discussed the scope with the petitioner to ensure that it is an accurate reflection of the products for which the domestic industry is seeking relief. Moreover, as discussed in the preamble to the regulations (Antidumping Duties; Countervailing Duties; Final Rule, 62 FR 27296, 27323 (May 19, 1997)), we are setting aside a period for interested parties to raise issues regarding product coverage. The Department encourages all interested parties to submit such comments by April 28, 2008, which is 20 calendar days from the date of signature of this notice. Comments should be addressed to Import Administration’s APO/Dockets Unit, Room 1870, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20230. The period of scope consultations is intended to provide the Department with ample opportunity to consider all comments and to consult with parties prior to the issuance of the preliminary determinations. Comments on Product Characteristics for Antidumping Duty Questionnaires We are requesting comments from interested parties regarding the appropriate physical characteristics of HEDP to be reported in response to the Department’s antidumping questionnaires. This information will be used to identify the key physical characteristics of the subject merchandise in order to more accurately report the relevant factors and costs of production, as well as to develop appropriate product comparison criteria. Interested parties may provide any information or comments that they feel are relevant to the development of an accurate listing of physical characteristics. Specifically, they may provide comments as to which characteristics are appropriate to use as 1) general product characteristics and 2) the product comparison criteria. We note that it is not always appropriate to use all product characteristics as product comparison criteria. We base product comparison criteria on meaningful commercial differences among products. In other words, while there may be some physical product characteristics utilized by E:\FR\FM\14APN1.SGM 14APN1 20024 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 72 / Monday, April 14, 2008 / Notices jlentini on PROD1PC65 with NOTICES manufacturers to describe HEDP, it may be that only a select few product characteristics take into account commercially meaningful physical characteristics. In addition, interested parties may comment on the order in which the physical characteristics should be used in product matching. Generally, the Department attempts to list the most important physical characteristics first and the least important characteristics last. In order to consider the suggestions of interested parties in developing and issuing the antidumping duty questionnaires, we must receive comments at the above–referenced address by April 28, 2008. Additionally, rebuttal comments must be received by May 5, 2008. Determination of Industry Support for the Petitions Section 732(b)(1) of the Act requires that a petition be filed on behalf of the domestic industry. Section 732(c)(4)(A) of the Act provides that a petition meets this requirement if the domestic producers or workers who support the petition account for: (i) at least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product; and (ii) more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the petition. Moreover, section 732(c)(4)(D) of the Act provides that, if the petition does not establish support of domestic producers or workers accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the domestic like product, the Department shall: (i) poll the industry or rely on other information in order to determine if there is support for the petition, as required by subparagraph (A), or (ii) determine industry support using a statistically valid sampling method. Section 771(4)(A) of the Act defines the ‘‘industry’’ as the producers as a whole of a domestic like product. Thus, to determine whether a petition has the requisite industry support, the statute directs the Department to look to producers and workers who produce the domestic like product. The International Trade Commission (ITC), which is responsible for determining whether ‘‘the domestic industry’’ has been injured, must also determine what constitutes a domestic like product in order to define the industry. While both the Department and the ITC must apply the same statutory definition regarding the domestic like product (section 771(10) of the Act), they do so for different purposes and pursuant to a separate and distinct authority. In VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:09 Apr 11, 2008 Jkt 214001 addition, the Department’s determination is subject to limitations of time and information. Although this may result in different definitions of the like product, such differences do not render the decision of either agency contrary to law. See USEC, Inc. v. United States, 132 F. Supp. 2d 1, 8 (CIT 2001), citing Algoma Steel Corp. Ltd. v. United States, 688 F. Supp. 639, 644 (CIT 1988), aff’d 865 F.2d 240 (Fed. Cir. 1989), cert. denied 492 U.S. 919 (1989). Section 771(10) of the Act defines the domestic like product as ‘‘a product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation under this subtitle.’’ Thus, the reference point from which the domestic like product analysis begins is ‘‘the article subject to an investigation,’’ (i.e., the class or kind of merchandise to be investigated, which normally will be the scope as defined in the petition). With regard to the domestic like product, the petitioner does not offer a definition of domestic like product distinct from the scope of the investigation. Based on our analysis of the information submitted on the record, we have determined that HEDP constitutes a single domestic like product and we have analyzed industry support in terms of that domestic like product. For a discussion of the domestic like product analysis in this case, see Antidumping Duty Investigation Initiation Checklist: HEDP from India, Industry Support at Attachment II (India Initiation Checklist), and Antidumping Duty Investigation Initiation Checklist: HEDP from the People’s Republic of China (PRC), Industry Support at Attachment II (PRC Initiation Checklist) on file in the Central Records Unit (CRU), Room 1117 of the main Department of Commerce building. Our review of the data provided in the petitions, supplemental submissions, and other information readily available to the Department indicates that the petitioner has established industry support. To establish industry support, the petitioner demonstrated that it was the sole producer of the domestic like product in 2007. Therefore, the petitions established support from domestic producers (or workers) accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the domestic like product and, as such, the Department is not required to take further action to evaluate industry support (e.g., polling). See Section 732(c)(4)(D) of the Act. In addition, the domestic producers have met the statutory criteria for industry support under 732(c)(4)(A)(i) because the domestic producers (or workers) PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 who support the petition account for at least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product. Finally, the domestic producers have met the statutory criteria for industry support under 732(c)(4)(A)(ii) because the domestic producers (or workers) who support the petition account for more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the petition. Accordingly, the Department determines that the petition was filed on behalf of the domestic industry within the meaning of section 732(b)(1) of the Act. See India Initiation Checklist and PRC Initiation Checklist at Attachment II (Industry Support). The Department finds that the petitioner filed the petitions on behalf of the domestic industry because it is an interested party as defined in section 771(9)(C) of the Act and it has demonstrated sufficient industry support with respect to the antidumping investigations that it is requesting the Department initiate. See India Initiation Checklist and PRC Initiation Checklist at Attachment II (Industry Support). Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation The petitioner alleges that the U.S. industry producing the domestic like product is being materially injured, or is threatened with material injury, by reason of the imports of the subject merchandise sold at less than normal value (NV). The petitioner contends that the industry’s injured condition is illustrated by reduced market share, reduced production and capacity utilization, reduced shipments, underselling and price depressing and suppressing effects, lost sales, a decline in financial performance, and an increase in import penetration. We have assessed the allegations and supporting evidence regarding material injury, threat of material injury, and causation, and we have determined that these allegations are properly supported by adequate evidence and meet the statutory requirements for initiation. See India Initiation Checklist and PRC Initiation Checklist at Attachment III. Allegations of Sales at Less Than Fair Value The following is a description of the allegations of sales at less than fair value upon which the Department based its decision to initiate these investigations of imports of HEDP from India and the PRC. The sources of data for the deductions and adjustments relating to the U.S. price, constructed value (CV) (for India), and the factors of production E:\FR\FM\14APN1.SGM 14APN1 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 72 / Monday, April 14, 2008 / Notices (for the PRC) are also discussed in the country–specific initiation checklists. See India Initiation Checklist and PRC Initiation Checklist. Should the need arise to use any of this information as facts available under section 776 of the Act in our preliminary or final determinations, we will reexamine the information and revise the margin calculations, if appropriate. India Export Price (EP) The petitioner calculated one EP based on a price quote for Indian– produced HEDP during the POI obtained from one of its U.S. customers. The petitioner made adjustments to the starting price for U.S. inland freight, ocean freight, and marine insurance charges. The petitioner calculated U.S. inland freight, ocean freight, and marine insurance charges based on price quotes obtained from a freight service provider. See India Initiation Checklist for further discussion. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with NOTICES NV Based on CV With respect to NV, the petitioner states that neither home–market prices nor third–country prices of Indian– produced HEDP were reasonably available. According to the petitioner, it was unsuccessful in obtaining such pricing information, despite its best efforts. See India petition at pages 17– 18. Therefore, the petitioner based NV on CV. Pursuant to section 773(e) of the Act, CV consists of the cost of manufacture (COM); selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses; packing expenses; and profit. In calculating COM (exclusive of factory overhead) and packing, the petitioner based the quantity of each of the inputs used to manufacture and pack HEDP in India on its own production experience during the POI. The petitioner then multiplied the usage quantities by the value of the inputs used to manufacture and pack HEDP in India based on publicly available data. In calculating factory overhead expenses, SG&A expenses and profit, the petitioner used the financial statements of Excel Industries Limited (Excel), an Indian manufacturer of HEDP. The petitioner used a calculation methodology for purposes of deriving CV in the India petition that is consistent with the calculation methodology used in the PRC petition. We made minor modifications to the petitioner’s CV calculation to adjust the values of certain inputs included in COM ((i.e., water, hydrochloric acid and phosphorus trichloride), consistent with VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:09 Apr 11, 2008 Jkt 214001 Department practice. See the India petition at pages 12–18, India Initiation Checklist, and ‘‘NV’’ section below for further discussion. PRC EP The petitioner calculated one EP based on a sale for PRC–produced HEDP during the POI. The petitioner made adjustments to the starting price for ocean freight and marine insurance charges. The petitioner calculated ocean freight and marine insurance charges based on an actual price paid for these expenses. The petitioner also made a deduction to the starting price for commission expenses. The petitioner calculated commission expenses based on its own industry knowledge and experience. See PRC Initiation Checklist and ‘‘Fair Value Comparisons’’ section below for further discussion. NV The petitioner notes that the PRC is a non–market economy country (NME) and that no determination to the contrary has yet been made by the Department. See PRC petition, at page 12. The Department has previously examined the PRC’s market status and determined that NME status should continue for the PRC. See Memorandum from the Office of Policy to David M. Spooner, Assistant Secretary for Import Administration, regarding The People’s Republic of China Status as a Non– Market Economy, dated May 15, 2006 (available online at https://ia.ita.doc.gov/ download /prc–nme-status/prc–nmestatus–memo.pdf). In addition, in recent investigations, the Department has continued to determine that the PRC is an NME country. See Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value and Partial Affirmative Determination of Critical Circumstances: Certain Polyester Staple Fiber from the People’s Republic of China, 72 FR 19690 (April 19, 2007); Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Certain Activated Carbon from the People’s Republic of China, 72 FR 9508 (March 2, 2007). In accordance with section 771(18)(C)(i) of the Act, the presumption of NME status remains in effect until revoked by the Department. The presumption of NME status for the PRC has not been revoked by the Department and, therefore, remains in effect for purposes of the initiation of this investigation. Accordingly, the NV of the product is appropriately based on factors of production valued in a surrogate market economy country, in accordance with section 773(c) of the PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 20025 Act. In the course of this investigation, all parties will have the opportunity to provide relevant information related to the issues of the PRC’s NME status and the granting of separate rates to individual exporters. The petitioner argues that India is the appropriate surrogate country for the PRC because it is at a comparable level of economic development and it is a significant producer of HEDP. See PRC Petition at page 12. The petitioner asserts that other potential surrogate countries are not known manufacturers of HEDP. See petition at page 12; PRC Initiation Checklist. Based on the information provided by the petitioner, the Department believes that the use of India as a surrogate country is appropriate for purposes of initiation. However, after initiation of the investigation, interested parties will have the opportunity to submit comments regarding surrogate country selection and, pursuant to 19 CFR 351.301(c)(3)(i), will be provided an opportunity to submit publicly available information to value factors of production within 40 days after the date of publication of the preliminary determination. The petitioner calculated NV and a dumping margin for the U.S. price, discussed above, using the Department’s NME methodology as required by 19 CFR 351.202(b)(7)(i)(C) and 19 CFR 351.408. The petitioner calculated NV based on its own consumption rates for producing HEDP in 2007. See PRC Initiation Checklist and India Initiation Checklist. The petitioner states that its production experience is representative of the production process used in the PRC and India because all of the material inputs and processing are unlikely to be materially different for a Chinese or Indian producer of HEDP. See petitions at Exhibit AD–1, Affidavit 3. The petitioner valued the factors of production based on reasonably available, public surrogate country data, including India statistics from the Export Import Data Bank, Key World Energy Statistics 2003, published by the International Energy Agency, the Gas Authority of India, and the Maharastra Industrial Development Corporation. See PRC Initiation Checklist and India Initiation Checklist. Where the petitioner was unable to find input prices contemporaneous with the POI, the petitioner adjusted for inflation using the wholesale price index for India, as published by the Office of the Economic Advisor to India. See petitions at page 16 and Exhibit AD–11. In addition, the petitioner made currency conversions, where necessary, E:\FR\FM\14APN1.SGM 14APN1 20026 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 72 / Monday, April 14, 2008 / Notices based on the POI–average rupee/U.S. dollar exchange rate, as reported on the Department’s website. See petitions at page 12. The petitioner did not calculate a labor cost for the PRC because it states that the cost is ‘‘negligible.’’ Id. at page 13.2 For purposes of initiation, the Department determines that the surrogate values used by the petitioner are reasonably available and, thus, acceptable for purposes of initiation. However, the Department has made minor modifications, as appropriate, to the surrogate values as calculated by the petitioner (i.e., water, hydrochloric acid and phosphorus trichloride). See PRC Initiation Checklist. The petitioner based factory overhead expenses, SG&A expenses, and profit, on data from Excel for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2007. See petitions at pages 15–16 and Exhibit AD–10. For purposes of initiation, the Department finds the petitioner’s use of Excel’s financial ratios appropriate. Fair Value Comparisons Based on the data provided by the petitioner, there is reason to believe that imports of HEDP from India and the PRC are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at less than fair value. Based on a comparison of EP and CV, calculated in accordance with section 773(a)(4) of the Act, the revised estimated dumping margin for HEDP from India is 42.74 percent. See India Initiation Checklist at Attachment VIII. Based on comparisons of EP to NV, calculated in accordance with section 773(c) of the Act, the revised estimated dumping margin for HEDP from the PRC is 72.42 percent. See PRC Initiation Checklist at Attachment V. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with NOTICES Initiation of Antidumping Investigations Based upon the examination of the petitions on HEDP from India and the PRC, the Department finds that the petitions meet the requirements of section 732 of the Act. Therefore, we are initiating antidumping duty investigations to determine whether imports of HEDP from India and the PRC are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at less than fair value. In accordance with section 733(b)(1)(A) of the Act, unless postponed, we will make our preliminary determinations no later than 140 days after the date of this initiation. 2 The petitioner did calculate a labor cost for India based on rates obtained from the Department’s website. VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:09 Apr 11, 2008 Jkt 214001 Respondent Selection for India For the India investigation, the Department intends to select respondents based on U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) data for U.S. imports during the POI. We intend to release the CBP data under Administrative Protective Order (APO) to all parties having an APO within five days of publication of this Federal Register notice, and make our decision regarding respondent selection within 20 days of publication of this notice. The Department invites comments regarding the CBP data and respondent selection within 10 days of publication of this Federal Register notice. Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305. Instructions for filing such applications may be found on the Department’s website at https://ia.ita.doc.gov/apo. Respondent Selection for the PRC In the PRC investigation, the Department will request quantity and value information from all known exporters and producers identified in the petition. The quantity and value data received from NME exporters/ producers will be used as the basis to select the mandatory respondents. The Department requires that the respondents submit a response to both the quantity and value questionnaire and the separate–rate application by the respective deadlines in order to receive consideration for separate–rate status. See Circular Welded Austenitic Stainless Pressure Pipe from the People’s Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigation, 73 FR 10221, 10225 (February 26, 2008); and Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigation: Certain Artist Canvas From the People’s Republic of China, 70 FR 21996, 21999 (April 28, 2005). Appendix I of this notice contains the quantity and value questionnaire that must be submitted by all NME exporters/producers no later than April 29, 2008. In addition, the Department will post the quantity and value questionnaire along with the filing instructions on the Import Administration website, at https:// ia.ita.doc.gov/ia–highlights-and– news.html. The Department will send the quantity and value questionnaire to those PRC companies identified in the PRC petition at page 9 and Exhibit AD– 3. Separate Rates In order to obtain separate–rate status in NME investigations, exporters and producers must submit a separate–rate PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 status application. See Policy Bulletin 05.1: Separate–Rates Practice and Application of Combination Rates in Antidumping Investigations involving Non–Market Economy Countries (April 5, 2005) (Separate Rates/Combination Rates Bulletin), available on the Department’s website at https:// ia.ita.doc.gov/policy/bull05–1.pdf. The specific requirements for submitting the separate–rate application in this investigation are outlined in detail in the application itself, available on the Department’s website at https:// ia.ita.doc.gov/ia–highlights-and– news.html on the date of publication of this initiation notice in the Federal Register. The separate–rate application will be due by June 9, 2008. Use of Combination Rates in an NME Investigation The Department will calculate combination rates for certain respondents that are eligible for a separate rate in this investigation. The Separate Rates/Combination Rates Bulletin states: {w}hile continuing the practice of assigning separate rates only to exporters, all separate rates that the Department will now assign in its NME investigations will be specific to those producers that supplied the exporter during the period of investigation. Note, however, that one rate is calculated for the exporter and all of the producers which supplied subject merchandise to it during the period of investigation. This practice applies both to mandatory respondents receiving an individually calculated separate rate as well as the pool of non– investigated firms receiving the weighted–average of the individually calculated rates. This practice is referred to as the application of ‘‘combination rates’’ because such rates apply to specific combinations of exporters and one or more producers. The cash– deposit rate assigned to an exporter will apply only to merchandise both exported by the firm in question and produced by a firm that supplied the exporter during the period of investigation. See Separate Rates/Combination Rates Bulletin, at 6. Distribution of Copies of the Petitions In accordance with section 732(b)(3)(A) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.202(f), copies of the public versions of the petitions have been provided to the representatives of the Governments of India and the PRC. We will attempt E:\FR\FM\14APN1.SGM 14APN1 20027 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 72 / Monday, April 14, 2008 / Notices to provide a copy of the public version of the petitions to the foreign producers/ exporters, consistent with 19 CFR 351.203(c)(2). International Trade Commission Notification We have notified the ITC of our initiations, as required by section 732(d) of the Act. material injury to, a U.S. industry. A negative ITC determination with respect to either of the investigations will result in that investigation being terminated; otherwise, these investigations will proceed according to statutory and regulatory time limits. This notice is issued and published pursuant to section 777(i) of the Act. Preliminary Determinations by the International Trade Commission The ITC will preliminarily determine, no later than May 5, 2008, whether there is a reasonable indication that imports of HEDP from India and the PRC are materially injuring, or threatening Dated: April 8, 2008. David M. Spooner, Assistant Secretary for Import Administration. Appendix I Where it is not practicable to examine all known producers/exporters of subject merchandise, section 777A(c)(2) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (as amended) permits us to investigate (1) a sample of exporters, producers, or types of products that is statistically valid based on the information available at the time of selection, or (2) exporters and producers accounting for the largest volume and value of the subject merchandise that can reasonably be examined. In the chart below, please provide the total quantity and total value of all your sales of merchandise covered by the scope of this investigation (see scope section of this notice), produced in the PRC, and exported/shipped to the United States during the period July 1, 2007, through December 31, 2007. Market Total Quantity Terms of Sale Total Value United States ................................................. 1. Export Price Sales ..................................... 2. .................................................................... a. Exporter name ........................................... b. Address ...................................................... c. Contact ....................................................... d. Phone No. .................................................. e. Fax No. ...................................................... 3. Constructed Export Price Sales ................ 4. Further Manufactured Sales ...................... Total Sales .................................................... .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. .................................................. Please provide the following information for your company. If you believe that you should be treated as a single entity along with other named exporters, please provide the information requested below both in the aggregate for all named entities in your group and separately for each named entity. Please label each chart accordingly. (1) Production Market: Total Quantity: ( In MT) Your total production of all merchandise meeting the description of HEDP identified in the ‘‘Scope of Investigations’’ section of this notice, produced during the period of investigation (‘‘POI’’) (regardless of the ultimate market destination). ......................................................................................................... ................................................................ (2)U.S. Sales Total Quantity: (In MT) Total Value ($U.S.1 ) ........................................ ........................................ ........................................ ........................................ ........................................ ........................................ Merchandise Merchandise under investigation your company produced and shipped/exported to the United States during the POI. .............................................................................................. Merchandise under investigation exported/shipped to the United States by your company during the POI which was sourced from an unaffiliated supplier or suppliers (i.e., not produced by your company). ............................................................................................... Merchandise under investigation produced by your company but exported/shipped through another PRC company to the United States during the POI. ............................................. 1 Values should be expressed in U.S. dollars. Indicate any exchange rates used and their respective dates and sources. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with NOTICES Total Quantity: Total Value: • Please report quantity on a metric ton basis. If any conversions were used, please provide the conversion formula and source. Terms of Sales: • All sales values should be reported in U.S. dollars. Please provide any exchange rates used and their respective dates and sources. Export Price Sales: • Please report all sales on the same terms, such as ‘‘free on board’’ at port of export. VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:09 Apr 11, 2008 Jkt 214001 • Generally, a U.S. sale is classified as an export price sale when the first sale to an unaffiliated customer PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 occurs before importation into the United States. • Please include any sales exported by your company directly to the United States. • Please include any sales exported by your company to a third–country market economy reseller where you had knowledge that the merchandise was destined to be E:\FR\FM\14APN1.SGM 14APN1 20028 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 72 / Monday, April 14, 2008 / Notices resold to the United States. • If you are a producer of subject merchandise, please include any sales manufactured by your company that were subsequently exported by an affiliated exporter to the United States. • Please do not include any sales of merchandise manufactured in Hong Kong in your figures. Constructed Export Price Sales: • Generally, a U.S. sale is classified as a constructed export price sale when the first sale to an unaffiliated customer occurs after importation. However, if the first sale to the unaffiliated customer is made by a person in the United States affiliated with the foreign exporter, constructed export price applies even if the sale occurs prior to importation. • Please include any sales exported by your company directly to the United States. • Please include any sales exported by your company to a third–country market economy reseller where you had knowledge that the merchandise was destined to be resold to the United States. • If you are a producer of subject merchandise, please include any sales manufactured by your company that were subsequently exported by an affiliated exporter to the United States. • Please do not include any sales of merchandise manufactured in Hong Kong in your figures. jlentini on PROD1PC65 with NOTICES Further Manufactured Sales: • Further manufacture or assembly (including re–packing) sales (‘‘further manufactured sales’’) refers to merchandise that undergoes further manufacture or assembly in the United States before being sold to the first unaffiliated customer. • Further manufacture or assembly costs include amounts incurred for direct materials, labor and overhead, plus amounts for general and administrative expense, interest expense, and additional packing expense incurred in the country of further manufacture, as well as all costs involved in moving the product from the U.S. port of entry to the further manufacturer. [FR Doc. E8–7894 Filed 4–11–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–S VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:09 Apr 11, 2008 Jkt 214001 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Federal Consistency Appeal by AES Sparrows Point LNG, LLC and MidAtlantic Express, L.L.C. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Department of Commerce (Commerce). ACTION: Notice of closure— administrative appeal decision record. AGENCY: SUMMARY: This announcement provides notice that the decision record has been closed for an administrative appeal filed with the Department of Commerce by AES Sparrows Point LNG, LLC and MidAtlantic Express, L.L.C. (collectively, AES). The decision record for AES’ administrative appeal was closed on April 14, 2008. ADDRESSES: Materials from the appeal record are available at the Internet site https://www.ogc.doc.gov/czma.htm and at the Office of the General Counsel for Ocean Services, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1305 EastWest Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910. DATES: FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Odin Smith, Attorney-Advisor, Office of the Assistant General Counsel for Legislation and Regulation, Department of Commerce, via e-mail at osmith@doc.gov, or at (202) 482–4144. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On August 8, 2007, AES filed a notice of appeal with the Secretary of Commerce (Secretary) pursuant to section 307(c)(3)(A) of the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (CZMA), as amended, 16 U.S.C. 1451 et seq., and the Department of Commerce’s implementing regulations, 15 CFR part 930, subpart H. The appeal was taken from an objection by the Maryland Department of the Environment (State) to AES’ consistency certification for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Federal Energy Regulatory Commission permits to construct and operate a liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal and associated 88-mile natural gas pipeline. The certification indicates that the project is consistent with Maryland’s coastal management program. The project would affect the natural resources or land and water uses of Maryland’s coastal zone. AES requested the Secretary to override the State’s consistency objection on grounds the proposed project allegedly is consistent with the PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 objectives of the CZMA, and necessary in the interest of national security. Decisions for CZMA administrative appeals are based on information contained in a decision record. Under the CZMA, the decision record must close no later than 220 days after notice of the appeal was first published in the Federal Register. 16 U.S.C. 1465. Consistent with this deadline, the AES appeal decision record was closed on April 14, 2008. No further information, briefs or comments will be considered in deciding this appeal. The CZMA requires that a notice be published in the Federal Register indicating the date on which the decision record has been closed. 16 U.S.C. 1465(b)(2). A final decision of the AES appeal must be issued no later than 60 days after the date of the publication of this notice. 16 U.S.C. 1465(c)(1). The deadline may be extended by publishing (within the 60-day period) a subsequent notice explaining why a decision cannot be issued within that time frame. 16 U.S.C. 1465(c)(1). In this event, a final decision must be issued no later than 15 days after the date of publication of the subsequent notice. 16 U.S.C. 1465(c)(2). Additional information about the AES appeal and the CZMA appeals process is available from the Department of Commerce CZMA appeals Web site https://www.ogc.doc.gov/czma.htm. (Federal Domestic Assistance Catalog No. 11.419 Coastal Zone Management Program Assistance.) Dated: April 9, 2008. Joel La Bissonniere, Assistant General Counsel for Ocean Services. [FR Doc. E8–7904 Filed 4–11–08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–08–P DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648–XG98 International Whaling Commission; 60th Annual Meeting; Announcement of Public Meeting National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Notice of meeting. AGENCY: SUMMARY: This notice announces the date, time, and location of the public meeting being held prior to the 60th annual International Whaling Commission (IWC) meeting. DATES: The public meeting will be held May 7, 2008, at 1 p.m. E:\FR\FM\14APN1.SGM 14APN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 73, Number 72 (Monday, April 14, 2008)]
[Notices]
[Pages 20023-20028]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E8-7894]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

International Trade Administration

(A-533-847, A-570-934)


1-Hydroxyethylidene-1, 1-Diphosphonic Acid from the Republic of 
India and the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping 
Duty Investigations

AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade Administration, 
Department of Commerce.

EFFECTIVE DATE: April 14, 2008.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Brian Smith (India) or Maisha Cryor 
(People's Republic of China), AD/CVD Operations, Offices 2 and 4, 
Import Administration, International Trade Administration, U.S. 
Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW, 
Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482-1766 or (202) 482-5831, 
respectively.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

The Petitions

    On March 19, 2008, the Department of Commerce (the Department) 
received petitions concerning imports of 1-hydroxyethylidene-1, 1-
diphosphonic acid (HEDP) from the Republic of India (India) (India 
petition) and the People's Republic of China (PRC) (PRC petition) filed 
in proper form by Compass Chemical International LLC (petitioner). See 
the Petitions on HEDP from India and the PRC submitted on March 19, 
2008. On March 24 and 25, and April 1, 2008, the Department issued 
requests for additional information and clarification of certain areas 
of the petitions. Based on the Department's requests, the petitioner 
filed additional information on March 27, April 1 and 3, 2008 (two 
distinct submissions on general material and one distinct submission on 
PRC-only material). On March 28, 2008, Rhodia Inc., a producer of non-
HEDP phosphonates and an importer of HEDP, submitted information 
indicating that the petitioner is the only U.S. producer of HEDP.
    In accordance with section 732(b) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as 
amended (the Act), the petitioner alleges that imports of HEDP from 
India and the PRC are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United 
States at less than fair value, within the meaning of section 731 of 
the Act, and that such imports are materially injuring, or threatening 
material injury to, an industry in the United States.
    The Department finds that the petitioner filed these petitions on 
behalf of the domestic industry because the petitioner is an interested 
party as defined in section 771(9)(C) of the Act, and has demonstrated 
sufficient industry support with respect to the antidumping duty 
investigations that the petitioner is requesting that the Department 
initiate (see ``Determination of Industry Support for the Petitions'' 
section below).

Period of Investigations

    The period of investigation (POI) for India is January 1, 2007, 
through December 31, 2007. The POI for the PRC is July 1, 2007, through 
December 31, 2007. See 19 CFR 351.204(b)(1).

Scope of Investigations

    The merchandise covered by each of these investigations includes 
all grades of aqueous, acidic (non-neutralized) concentrations of 1-
hydroxyethylidene-1, 1-diphosphonic acid\1\, also referred to as 
hydroxethlylidenendiphosphonic acid, hydroxyethanediphosphonic acid, 
acetodiphosphonic acid, and etidronic acid. The CAS (Chemical Abstract 
Service) registry number for HEDP is 2809-21-4. The merchandise subject 
to these investigations is currently classified in the Harmonized 
Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) at subheading 
2931.00.9043. It may also enter under HTSUS subheading 2811.19.6090. 
While HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs 
purposes only, the written description of the scope of these 
investigations is dispositive.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ C2H8O7P2 or 
C(CH3)(OH)(PO3H2)2
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Comments on Scope of Investigations

    During our review of the petitions, we discussed the scope with the 
petitioner to ensure that it is an accurate reflection of the products 
for which the domestic industry is seeking relief. Moreover, as 
discussed in the preamble to the regulations (Antidumping Duties; 
Countervailing Duties; Final Rule, 62 FR 27296, 27323 (May 19, 1997)), 
we are setting aside a period for interested parties to raise issues 
regarding product coverage. The Department encourages all interested 
parties to submit such comments by April 28, 2008, which is 20 calendar 
days from the date of signature of this notice. Comments should be 
addressed to Import Administration's APO/Dockets Unit, Room 1870, U.S. 
Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW, 
Washington, DC 20230. The period of scope consultations is intended to 
provide the Department with ample opportunity to consider all comments 
and to consult with parties prior to the issuance of the preliminary 
determinations.

Comments on Product Characteristics for Antidumping Duty Questionnaires

    We are requesting comments from interested parties regarding the 
appropriate physical characteristics of HEDP to be reported in response 
to the Department's antidumping questionnaires. This information will 
be used to identify the key physical characteristics of the subject 
merchandise in order to more accurately report the relevant factors and 
costs of production, as well as to develop appropriate product 
comparison criteria.
    Interested parties may provide any information or comments that 
they feel are relevant to the development of an accurate listing of 
physical characteristics. Specifically, they may provide comments as to 
which characteristics are appropriate to use as 1) general product 
characteristics and 2) the product comparison criteria. We note that it 
is not always appropriate to use all product characteristics as product 
comparison criteria. We base product comparison criteria on meaningful 
commercial differences among products. In other words, while

[[Page 20024]]

there may be some physical product characteristics utilized by 
manufacturers to describe HEDP, it may be that only a select few 
product characteristics take into account commercially meaningful 
physical characteristics. In addition, interested parties may comment 
on the order in which the physical characteristics should be used in 
product matching. Generally, the Department attempts to list the most 
important physical characteristics first and the least important 
characteristics last.
    In order to consider the suggestions of interested parties in 
developing and issuing the antidumping duty questionnaires, we must 
receive comments at the above-referenced address by April 28, 2008. 
Additionally, rebuttal comments must be received by May 5, 2008.

Determination of Industry Support for the Petitions

    Section 732(b)(1) of the Act requires that a petition be filed on 
behalf of the domestic industry. Section 732(c)(4)(A) of the Act 
provides that a petition meets this requirement if the domestic 
producers or workers who support the petition account for: (i) at least 
25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product; and 
(ii) more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like 
product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support 
for, or opposition to, the petition. Moreover, section 732(c)(4)(D) of 
the Act provides that, if the petition does not establish support of 
domestic producers or workers accounting for more than 50 percent of 
the total production of the domestic like product, the Department 
shall: (i) poll the industry or rely on other information in order to 
determine if there is support for the petition, as required by 
subparagraph (A), or (ii) determine industry support using a 
statistically valid sampling method.
    Section 771(4)(A) of the Act defines the ``industry'' as the 
producers as a whole of a domestic like product. Thus, to determine 
whether a petition has the requisite industry support, the statute 
directs the Department to look to producers and workers who produce the 
domestic like product. The International Trade Commission (ITC), which 
is responsible for determining whether ``the domestic industry'' has 
been injured, must also determine what constitutes a domestic like 
product in order to define the industry. While both the Department and 
the ITC must apply the same statutory definition regarding the domestic 
like product (section 771(10) of the Act), they do so for different 
purposes and pursuant to a separate and distinct authority. In 
addition, the Department's determination is subject to limitations of 
time and information. Although this may result in different definitions 
of the like product, such differences do not render the decision of 
either agency contrary to law. See USEC, Inc. v. United States, 132 F. 
Supp. 2d 1, 8 (CIT 2001), citing Algoma Steel Corp. Ltd. v. United 
States, 688 F. Supp. 639, 644 (CIT 1988), aff'd 865 F.2d 240 (Fed. Cir. 
1989), cert. denied 492 U.S. 919 (1989).
    Section 771(10) of the Act defines the domestic like product as ``a 
product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in 
characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation 
under this subtitle.'' Thus, the reference point from which the 
domestic like product analysis begins is ``the article subject to an 
investigation,'' (i.e., the class or kind of merchandise to be 
investigated, which normally will be the scope as defined in the 
petition).
    With regard to the domestic like product, the petitioner does not 
offer a definition of domestic like product distinct from the scope of 
the investigation. Based on our analysis of the information submitted 
on the record, we have determined that HEDP constitutes a single 
domestic like product and we have analyzed industry support in terms of 
that domestic like product. For a discussion of the domestic like 
product analysis in this case, see Antidumping Duty Investigation 
Initiation Checklist: HEDP from India, Industry Support at Attachment 
II (India Initiation Checklist), and Antidumping Duty Investigation 
Initiation Checklist: HEDP from the People's Republic of China (PRC), 
Industry Support at Attachment II (PRC Initiation Checklist) on file in 
the Central Records Unit (CRU), Room 1117 of the main Department of 
Commerce building.
    Our review of the data provided in the petitions, supplemental 
submissions, and other information readily available to the Department 
indicates that the petitioner has established industry support. To 
establish industry support, the petitioner demonstrated that it was the 
sole producer of the domestic like product in 2007. Therefore, the 
petitions established support from domestic producers (or workers) 
accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the 
domestic like product and, as such, the Department is not required to 
take further action to evaluate industry support (e.g., polling). See 
Section 732(c)(4)(D) of the Act. In addition, the domestic producers 
have met the statutory criteria for industry support under 
732(c)(4)(A)(i) because the domestic producers (or workers) who support 
the petition account for at least 25 percent of the total production of 
the domestic like product. Finally, the domestic producers have met the 
statutory criteria for industry support under 732(c)(4)(A)(ii) because 
the domestic producers (or workers) who support the petition account 
for more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product 
produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or 
opposition to, the petition. Accordingly, the Department determines 
that the petition was filed on behalf of the domestic industry within 
the meaning of section 732(b)(1) of the Act. See India Initiation 
Checklist and PRC Initiation Checklist at Attachment II (Industry 
Support).
    The Department finds that the petitioner filed the petitions on 
behalf of the domestic industry because it is an interested party as 
defined in section 771(9)(C) of the Act and it has demonstrated 
sufficient industry support with respect to the antidumping 
investigations that it is requesting the Department initiate. See India 
Initiation Checklist and PRC Initiation Checklist at Attachment II 
(Industry Support).

Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation

    The petitioner alleges that the U.S. industry producing the 
domestic like product is being materially injured, or is threatened 
with material injury, by reason of the imports of the subject 
merchandise sold at less than normal value (NV). The petitioner 
contends that the industry's injured condition is illustrated by 
reduced market share, reduced production and capacity utilization, 
reduced shipments, underselling and price depressing and suppressing 
effects, lost sales, a decline in financial performance, and an 
increase in import penetration. We have assessed the allegations and 
supporting evidence regarding material injury, threat of material 
injury, and causation, and we have determined that these allegations 
are properly supported by adequate evidence and meet the statutory 
requirements for initiation. See India Initiation Checklist and PRC 
Initiation Checklist at Attachment III.

Allegations of Sales at Less Than Fair Value

    The following is a description of the allegations of sales at less 
than fair value upon which the Department based its decision to 
initiate these investigations of imports of HEDP from India and the 
PRC. The sources of data for the deductions and adjustments relating to

[[Page 20025]]

the U.S. price, constructed value (CV) (for India), and the factors of 
production (for the PRC) are also discussed in the country-specific 
initiation checklists. See India Initiation Checklist and PRC 
Initiation Checklist. Should the need arise to use any of this 
information as facts available under section 776 of the Act in our 
preliminary or final determinations, we will reexamine the information 
and revise the margin calculations, if appropriate.

India

Export Price (EP)

    The petitioner calculated one EP based on a price quote for Indian-
produced HEDP during the POI obtained from one of its U.S. customers. 
The petitioner made adjustments to the starting price for U.S. inland 
freight, ocean freight, and marine insurance charges. The petitioner 
calculated U.S. inland freight, ocean freight, and marine insurance 
charges based on price quotes obtained from a freight service provider. 
See India Initiation Checklist for further discussion.

NV Based on CV

    With respect to NV, the petitioner states that neither home-market 
prices nor third-country prices of Indian-produced HEDP were reasonably 
available. According to the petitioner, it was unsuccessful in 
obtaining such pricing information, despite its best efforts. See India 
petition at pages 17-18. Therefore, the petitioner based NV on CV.
    Pursuant to section 773(e) of the Act, CV consists of the cost of 
manufacture (COM); selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses; 
packing expenses; and profit. In calculating COM (exclusive of factory 
overhead) and packing, the petitioner based the quantity of each of the 
inputs used to manufacture and pack HEDP in India on its own production 
experience during the POI. The petitioner then multiplied the usage 
quantities by the value of the inputs used to manufacture and pack HEDP 
in India based on publicly available data. In calculating factory 
overhead expenses, SG&A expenses and profit, the petitioner used the 
financial statements of Excel Industries Limited (Excel), an Indian 
manufacturer of HEDP. The petitioner used a calculation methodology for 
purposes of deriving CV in the India petition that is consistent with 
the calculation methodology used in the PRC petition. We made minor 
modifications to the petitioner's CV calculation to adjust the values 
of certain inputs included in COM ((i.e., water, hydrochloric acid and 
phosphorus trichloride), consistent with Department practice. See the 
India petition at pages 12-18, India Initiation Checklist, and ``NV'' 
section below for further discussion.

PRC

EP

    The petitioner calculated one EP based on a sale for PRC-produced 
HEDP during the POI. The petitioner made adjustments to the starting 
price for ocean freight and marine insurance charges. The petitioner 
calculated ocean freight and marine insurance charges based on an 
actual price paid for these expenses. The petitioner also made a 
deduction to the starting price for commission expenses. The petitioner 
calculated commission expenses based on its own industry knowledge and 
experience. See PRC Initiation Checklist and ``Fair Value Comparisons'' 
section below for further discussion.

NV

    The petitioner notes that the PRC is a non-market economy country 
(NME) and that no determination to the contrary has yet been made by 
the Department. See PRC petition, at page 12. The Department has 
previously examined the PRC's market status and determined that NME 
status should continue for the PRC. See Memorandum from the Office of 
Policy to David M. Spooner, Assistant Secretary for Import 
Administration, regarding The People's Republic of China Status as a 
Non-Market Economy, dated May 15, 2006 (available online at https://
ia.ita.doc.gov/download/prc-nme-status/prc-nme-status-memo.pdf). In 
addition, in recent investigations, the Department has continued to 
determine that the PRC is an NME country. See Final Determination of 
Sales at Less Than Fair Value and Partial Affirmative Determination of 
Critical Circumstances: Certain Polyester Staple Fiber from the 
People's Republic of China, 72 FR 19690 (April 19, 2007); Final 
Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Certain Activated 
Carbon from the People's Republic of China, 72 FR 9508 (March 2, 2007).
    In accordance with section 771(18)(C)(i) of the Act, the 
presumption of NME status remains in effect until revoked by the 
Department. The presumption of NME status for the PRC has not been 
revoked by the Department and, therefore, remains in effect for 
purposes of the initiation of this investigation. Accordingly, the NV 
of the product is appropriately based on factors of production valued 
in a surrogate market economy country, in accordance with section 
773(c) of the Act. In the course of this investigation, all parties 
will have the opportunity to provide relevant information related to 
the issues of the PRC's NME status and the granting of separate rates 
to individual exporters.
    The petitioner argues that India is the appropriate surrogate 
country for the PRC because it is at a comparable level of economic 
development and it is a significant producer of HEDP. See PRC Petition 
at page 12. The petitioner asserts that other potential surrogate 
countries are not known manufacturers of HEDP. See petition at page 12; 
PRC Initiation Checklist. Based on the information provided by the 
petitioner, the Department believes that the use of India as a 
surrogate country is appropriate for purposes of initiation. However, 
after initiation of the investigation, interested parties will have the 
opportunity to submit comments regarding surrogate country selection 
and, pursuant to 19 CFR 351.301(c)(3)(i), will be provided an 
opportunity to submit publicly available information to value factors 
of production within 40 days after the date of publication of the 
preliminary determination.
    The petitioner calculated NV and a dumping margin for the U.S. 
price, discussed above, using the Department's NME methodology as 
required by 19 CFR 351.202(b)(7)(i)(C) and 19 CFR 351.408. The 
petitioner calculated NV based on its own consumption rates for 
producing HEDP in 2007. See PRC Initiation Checklist and India 
Initiation Checklist. The petitioner states that its production 
experience is representative of the production process used in the PRC 
and India because all of the material inputs and processing are 
unlikely to be materially different for a Chinese or Indian producer of 
HEDP. See petitions at Exhibit AD-1, Affidavit 3.
    The petitioner valued the factors of production based on reasonably 
available, public surrogate country data, including India statistics 
from the Export Import Data Bank, Key World Energy Statistics 2003, 
published by the International Energy Agency, the Gas Authority of 
India, and the Maharastra Industrial Development Corporation. See PRC 
Initiation Checklist and India Initiation Checklist. Where the 
petitioner was unable to find input prices contemporaneous with the 
POI, the petitioner adjusted for inflation using the wholesale price 
index for India, as published by the Office of the Economic Advisor to 
India. See petitions at page 16 and Exhibit AD-11.

[[Page 20026]]

In addition, the petitioner made currency conversions, where necessary, 
based on the POI-average rupee/U.S. dollar exchange rate, as reported 
on the Department's website. See petitions at page 12. The petitioner 
did not calculate a labor cost for the PRC because it states that the 
cost is ``negligible.'' Id. at page 13.\2\ For purposes of initiation, 
the Department determines that the surrogate values used by the 
petitioner are reasonably available and, thus, acceptable for purposes 
of initiation. However, the Department has made minor modifications, as 
appropriate, to the surrogate values as calculated by the petitioner 
(i.e., water, hydrochloric acid and phosphorus trichloride). See PRC 
Initiation Checklist.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ The petitioner did calculate a labor cost for India based on 
rates obtained from the Department's website.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The petitioner based factory overhead expenses, SG&A expenses, and 
profit, on data from Excel for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2007. 
See petitions at pages 15-16 and Exhibit AD-10. For purposes of 
initiation, the Department finds the petitioner's use of Excel's 
financial ratios appropriate.

Fair Value Comparisons

    Based on the data provided by the petitioner, there is reason to 
believe that imports of HEDP from India and the PRC are being, or are 
likely to be, sold in the United States at less than fair value. Based 
on a comparison of EP and CV, calculated in accordance with section 
773(a)(4) of the Act, the revised estimated dumping margin for HEDP 
from India is 42.74 percent. See India Initiation Checklist at 
Attachment VIII. Based on comparisons of EP to NV, calculated in 
accordance with section 773(c) of the Act, the revised estimated 
dumping margin for HEDP from the PRC is 72.42 percent. See PRC 
Initiation Checklist at Attachment V.

Initiation of Antidumping Investigations

    Based upon the examination of the petitions on HEDP from India and 
the PRC, the Department finds that the petitions meet the requirements 
of section 732 of the Act. Therefore, we are initiating antidumping 
duty investigations to determine whether imports of HEDP from India and 
the PRC are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at 
less than fair value. In accordance with section 733(b)(1)(A) of the 
Act, unless postponed, we will make our preliminary determinations no 
later than 140 days after the date of this initiation.

Respondent Selection for India

    For the India investigation, the Department intends to select 
respondents based on U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) data for 
U.S. imports during the POI. We intend to release the CBP data under 
Administrative Protective Order (APO) to all parties having an APO 
within five days of publication of this Federal Register notice, and 
make our decision regarding respondent selection within 20 days of 
publication of this notice. The Department invites comments regarding 
the CBP data and respondent selection within 10 days of publication of 
this Federal Register notice.
    Interested parties must submit applications for disclosure under 
APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305. Instructions for filing such 
applications may be found on the Department's website at https://
ia.ita.doc.gov/apo.

Respondent Selection for the PRC

    In the PRC investigation, the Department will request quantity and 
value information from all known exporters and producers identified in 
the petition. The quantity and value data received from NME exporters/
producers will be used as the basis to select the mandatory 
respondents. The Department requires that the respondents submit a 
response to both the quantity and value questionnaire and the separate-
rate application by the respective deadlines in order to receive 
consideration for separate-rate status. See Circular Welded Austenitic 
Stainless Pressure Pipe from the People's Republic of China: Initiation 
of Antidumping Duty Investigation, 73 FR 10221, 10225 (February 26, 
2008); and Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigation: Certain Artist 
Canvas From the People's Republic of China, 70 FR 21996, 21999 (April 
28, 2005). Appendix I of this notice contains the quantity and value 
questionnaire that must be submitted by all NME exporters/producers no 
later than April 29, 2008. In addition, the Department will post the 
quantity and value questionnaire along with the filing instructions on 
the Import Administration website, at https://ia.ita.doc.gov/ia-
highlights-and-news.html. The Department will send the quantity and 
value questionnaire to those PRC companies identified in the PRC 
petition at page 9 and Exhibit AD-3.

Separate Rates

    In order to obtain separate-rate status in NME investigations, 
exporters and producers must submit a separate-rate status application. 
See Policy Bulletin 05.1: Separate-Rates Practice and Application of 
Combination Rates in Antidumping Investigations involving Non-Market 
Economy Countries (April 5, 2005) (Separate Rates/Combination Rates 
Bulletin), available on the Department's website at https://
ia.ita.doc.gov/policy/bull05-1.pdf. The specific requirements for 
submitting the separate-rate application in this investigation are 
outlined in detail in the application itself, available on the 
Department's website at https://ia.ita.doc.gov/ia-highlights-and-
news.html on the date of publication of this initiation notice in the 
Federal Register. The separate-rate application will be due by June 9, 
2008.

Use of Combination Rates in an NME Investigation

    The Department will calculate combination rates for certain 
respondents that are eligible for a separate rate in this 
investigation. The Separate Rates/Combination Rates Bulletin states:
    {w{time} hile continuing the practice of assigning separate rates 
only to exporters, all separate rates that the Department will now 
assign in its NME investigations will be specific to those producers 
that supplied the exporter during the period of investigation. Note, 
however, that one rate is calculated for the exporter and all of the 
producers which supplied subject merchandise to it during the period of 
investigation. This practice applies both to mandatory respondents 
receiving an individually calculated separate rate as well as the pool 
of non-investigated firms receiving the weighted-average of the 
individually calculated rates. This practice is referred to as the 
application of ``combination rates'' because such rates apply to 
specific combinations of exporters and one or more producers. The cash-
deposit rate assigned to an exporter will apply only to merchandise 
both exported by the firm in question and produced by a firm that 
supplied the exporter during the period of investigation.
See Separate Rates/Combination Rates Bulletin, at 6.

Distribution of Copies of the Petitions

    In accordance with section 732(b)(3)(A) of the Act and 19 CFR 
351.202(f), copies of the public versions of the petitions have been 
provided to the representatives of the Governments of India and the 
PRC. We will attempt

[[Page 20027]]

to provide a copy of the public version of the petitions to the foreign 
producers/exporters, consistent with 19 CFR 351.203(c)(2).

International Trade Commission Notification

    We have notified the ITC of our initiations, as required by section 
732(d) of the Act.

Preliminary Determinations by the International Trade Commission

    The ITC will preliminarily determine, no later than May 5, 2008, 
whether there is a reasonable indication that imports of HEDP from 
India and the PRC are materially injuring, or threatening material 
injury to, a U.S. industry. A negative ITC determination with respect 
to either of the investigations will result in that investigation being 
terminated; otherwise, these investigations will proceed according to 
statutory and regulatory time limits.
    This notice is issued and published pursuant to section 777(i) of 
the Act.

    Dated: April 8, 2008.
David M. Spooner,
Assistant Secretary for Import Administration.

Appendix I

Where it is not practicable to examine all known producers/exporters of 
subject merchandise, section 777A(c)(2) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (as 
amended) permits us to investigate (1) a sample of exporters, 
producers, or types of products that is statistically valid based on 
the information available at the time of selection, or (2) exporters 
and producers accounting for the largest volume and value of the 
subject merchandise that can reasonably be examined.
In the chart below, please provide the total quantity and total value 
of all your sales of merchandise covered by the scope of this 
investigation (see scope section of this notice), produced in the PRC, 
and exported/shipped to the United States during the period July 1, 
2007, through December 31, 2007.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Market                                     Total Quantity                 Terms of Sale                  Total Value
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
United States.................................................  ............................  ............................  ............................
1. Export Price Sales.........................................  ............................  ............................  ............................
2.............................................................  ............................  ............................  ............................
 a. Exporter name.............................................  ............................  ............................  ............................
 b. Address...................................................  ............................  ............................  ............................
 c. Contact...................................................  ............................  ............................  ............................
 d. Phone No..................................................  ............................  ............................  ............................
 e. Fax No....................................................  ............................  ............................  ............................
3. Constructed Export Price Sales.............................  ............................  ............................  ............................
4. Further Manufactured Sales.................................  ............................  ............................  ............................
Total Sales...................................................  ............................  ............................  ............................
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Please provide the following information for your company. If you 
believe that you should be treated as a single entity along with other 
named exporters, please provide the information requested below both in 
the aggregate for all named entities in your group and separately for 
each named entity. Please label each chart accordingly.

(1) Production

------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Market:                     Total Quantity: ( In MT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Your total production of all        ....................................
 merchandise meeting the
 description of HEDP identified in
 the ``Scope of Investigations''
 section of this notice, produced
 during the period of
 investigation (``POI'')
 (regardless of the ultimate
 market destination)..............
------------------------------------------------------------------------

(2)U.S. Sales

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Merchandise                           Total Quantity: (In MT)  Total Value ($U.S.\1\ )
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Merchandise under investigation your company produced and       .......................  .......................
 shipped/exported to the United States during the POI.........
Merchandise under investigation exported/shipped to the United  .......................  .......................
 States by your company during the POI which was sourced from
 an unaffiliated supplier or suppliers (i.e., not produced by
 your company)................................................
Merchandise under investigation produced by your company but    .......................  .......................
 exported/shipped through another PRC company to the United
 States during the POI........................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Values should be expressed in U.S. dollars. Indicate any exchange rates used and their respective dates and
  sources.

Total Quantity:

     Please report quantity on a metric ton basis. If any 
conversions were used, please provide the conversion formula and 
source.

Terms of Sales:

     Please report all sales on the same terms, such as ``free 
on board'' at port of export.

Total Value:

     All sales values should be reported in U.S. dollars. 
Please provide any exchange rates used and their respective dates and 
sources.

Export Price Sales:

     Generally, a U.S. sale is classified as an export price 
sale when the first sale to an unaffiliated customer occurs before 
importation into the United States.
     Please include any sales exported by your company directly 
to the United States.
     Please include any sales exported by your company to a 
third-country market economy reseller where you

[[Page 20028]]

had knowledge that the merchandise was destined to be resold to the 
United States.
     If you are a producer of subject merchandise, please 
include any sales manufactured by your company that were subsequently 
exported by an affiliated exporter to the United States.
     Please do not include any sales of merchandise 
manufactured in Hong Kong in your figures.

Constructed Export Price Sales:

     Generally, a U.S. sale is classified as a constructed 
export price sale when the first sale to an unaffiliated customer 
occurs after importation. However, if the first sale to the 
unaffiliated customer is made by a person in the United States 
affiliated with the foreign exporter, constructed export price applies 
even if the sale occurs prior to importation.
     Please include any sales exported by your company directly 
to the United States.
     Please include any sales exported by your company to a 
third-country market economy reseller where you had knowledge that the 
merchandise was destined to be resold to the United States.
     If you are a producer of subject merchandise, please 
include any sales manufactured by your company that were subsequently 
exported by an affiliated exporter to the United States.
     Please do not include any sales of merchandise 
manufactured in Hong Kong in your figures.

Further Manufactured Sales:

     Further manufacture or assembly (including re-packing) 
sales (``further manufactured sales'') refers to merchandise that 
undergoes further manufacture or assembly in the United States before 
being sold to the first unaffiliated customer.
     Further manufacture or assembly costs include amounts 
incurred for direct materials, labor and overhead, plus amounts for 
general and administrative expense, interest expense, and additional 
packing expense incurred in the country of further manufacture, as well 
as all costs involved in moving the product from the U.S. port of entry 
to the further manufacturer.
[FR Doc. E8-7894 Filed 4-11-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-DS-S