Bureau of International Labor Affairs, Request for Information on Efforts by Certain Countries To Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labor, 63197-63199 [E7-21920]

Download as PDF rwilkins on PROD1PC63 with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 216 / Thursday, November 8, 2007 / Notices a finding of liability. ‘‘[A] proposed decree must be approved even if it falls short of the remedy the court would impose on its own, as long as it falls within the range of acceptability or is ‘‘within the reaches of public interest.’’ United States v. Am. Tel. & Tel. Co., 552 F. Supp. 131, 151 (D.D.C. 1982)(citations omitted) (quoting United States v. Gillette Co., 406 F. Supp. 713, 716 (D. Mass. 1975)), aff’d sub nom. Maryland v. United States, 460 U.S. 1001 (1983); see also United States v. Alcan Aluminum Ltd., 605 F. Supp. 619, 622 (W.D. Ky. 1985) (approving the consent decree even though the court would have imposed a greater remedy). To meet this standard, the United States ‘‘need only provide a factual basis for concluding that the settlements are reasonably adequate remedies for the alleged harms.’’ SBC Commc’ns, 489 F. Supp. 2d at 17. Moreover, the Court’s role under the APPA is limited to reviewing the remedy in relationship to the violations that the United States has alleged in its Complaint, and does not authorize the Court to ‘‘construct [its] own hypothetical case and then evaluate the decree against that case.’’ Microsoft, 56 F.3d at 1459. Because the ‘‘court’s authority to review the decree depends entirely on the government’s exercising its prosecutorial discretion by bringing a case in the first place,’’ it follows that ‘‘the court is only authorized to review the decree itself,’’ and not to ‘‘effectively redraft the complaint’’ to inquire into other matters that the United States did not pursue. Id. at 1459–60. As this Court recently confirmed in SBC Commc’ns, courts ‘‘cannot look beyond the complaint in making the public interest determination unless the complaint is drafted so narrowly as to make a mockery of judicial power.’’ SBC Commc’ns, 489 F. Supp. 2d at 15. In its 2004 amendments, Congress made clear its intent to preserve the practical benefits of utilizing consent decrees in antitrust enforcement, adding the unambiguous instruction ‘‘[n]othing in this section shall be construed to require the court to conduct an evidentiary hearing or to require the court to permit anyone to intervene.’’ 15 U.S.C. 16(e)(2). The language wrote into the statute what the Congress that enacted the Tunney Act in 1974 intended, as Senator Tunney then explained: ‘‘[t]he court is nowhere compelled to go to trial or to engage in extended proceedings which might have the effect of vitiating the benefits of prompt and less costly settlement through the consent decree process.’’ 119 Cong. Rec. 24,598 (1973) (statement of Senator Tunney). Rather, the VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:35 Nov 07, 2007 Jkt 214001 procedure for the public interest determination is left to the discretion of the court, with the recognition that the court’s ‘‘scope of review remains sharply proscribed by precedent and the nature of Tunney Act proceedings.’’ SBC Commc’ns, 489 F. Supp. 2d at 11.8 VIII. Determinative Documents There are no determinative materials or documents within the meaning of the APPA that were considered by the United States in formulating the proposed Final Judgment. Dated: October 23, 2007. Respectfully submitted, Karl D. Knutsen, Ryan Danks, Mitchell Glende, Seth A. Grossman, N. Christopher Hardee (DC Bar No. 458168), David Kelly, Ihan Kim, Rebecca A. Perlmutter, Attorneys, U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Division, Litigation I Section, 1401 H Street, NW., Suite 4000, Washington, DC 20530, (202) 514–0976. [FR Doc. 07–5586 Filed 11–07–07; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4410–11–M DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Bureau of International Labor Affairs, Request for Information on Efforts by Certain Countries To Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labor The Bureau of International Labor Affairs, United States Department of Labor. ACTION: Request for information on efforts by certain countries to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. AGENCY: SUMMARY: This notice is a request for information for use by the Department of Labor in preparation of an annual report on certain trade beneficiary countries’ implementation of international commitments to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. This will be the seventh such report by the Department of Labor under the Trade and Development Act of 2000 (TDA). 8 See United States v. Enova Corp., 107 F. Supp. 2d 10, 17 (D.D.C. 2000) (noting that the ‘‘Tunney Act expressly allows the court to make its public interest determination on the basis of the competitive impact statement and response to comments alone’’); S. Rep. No. 93–298, 93d Cong., 1st Sess., at 6 (1973) (‘‘Where the public interest can be meaningfully evaluated simply on the basis of briefs and oral arguments, that is the approach that should be utilized.’’); United States v. Mid-Am. Dairymen, Inc., 1977–1 Trade Cas. (CCH) ¶ 61,508, at 71,980 (W.D. Mo. 1977) (‘‘Absent a showing of corrupt failure of the government to discharge its duty, the Court, in making its public interest finding, should . . carefully consider the explanations of the government in the competitive impact statement and its responses to comments in order to determine whether those explanations are reasonable under the circumstances.’’). PO 00000 Frm 00037 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 63197 Submitters of information are requested to provide two (2) copies of their written submission to the Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor and Human Trafficking at the address below by 5 p.m., December 7, 2007. ADDRESSES: Written submissions should be addressed to Tina McCarter at the Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor and Human Trafficking, Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW., Room S–5317, Washington, DC 20210 or may be sent via e-mail to mccarter.tina@dol.gov. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tina McCarter or Charita Castro, Bureau of International Labor Affairs, Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor and Human Trafficking, at (202) 693–4843, fax: (202) 693–4830, or via e-mail to mccartertina@dol.gov or castro.charita@dol.gov. The Department of Labor’s international child labor reports can be found on the Internet at http://www.dol.gov/ILAB/ media/reports/iclp/main.htm or can be obtained from the Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor and Human Trafficking. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Trade and Development Act of 2000 [Pub. L. 106–200] established a new eligibility criterion for receipt of trade benefits under the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), Caribbean Basin Trade and Partnership Act (CBTPA), and Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). The TDA amends the GSP reporting requirements of the Trade Act of 1974 (Section 504) [19 U.S.C. 2464] to require that the President’s annual report on the status of internationally recognized worker rights include ‘‘findings by the Secretary of Labor with respect to the beneficiary country’s implementation of its international commitments to eliminate the worst forms of child labor.’’ Title II of the TDA and the TDA Conference Report [Joint Explanatory Statement of the Committee of Conference, 106th Cong.2d.sess. (2000)] indicate that the same criterion applies for the receipt of benefits under CBTPA and AGOA, respectively. In addition, the Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA) as amended and expanded by the Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act (ATPDEA) (Pub. L. 107–210, Title XXXI) includes as a criterion for receiving benefits ‘‘[w]hether the country has implemented its commitments to eliminate the worst forms of child labor as defined in section 507(6) of the Trade Act of 1974.’’ DATES: Scope of Report Countries and non-independent countries and territories presently E:\FR\FM\08NON1.SGM 08NON1 rwilkins on PROD1PC63 with NOTICES 63198 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 216 / Thursday, November 8, 2007 / Notices eligible under the GSP and to be included in the report are: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Anguilla, Argentina, Armenia, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Christmas Island, Cocos Islands, Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cote d’Ivoire, Croatia, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Islands, Fiji, Gabon, the Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guinea, GuineaBissau, Guyana, Haiti, Heard Island and MacDonald Islands, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kyrgyz Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Montserrat, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Island, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Island, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Helena, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao ´ Tome and Principe, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tokelau Island, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turks and Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Wallis and Futuna, West Bank and Gaza Strip, Western Sahara, Republic of Yemen, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Countries eligible or potentially eligible for additional benefits under the AGOA and to be included in the report are: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Gabon, the Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. Countries potentially eligible for additional benefits under the CBTPA and to be included in the report are: Barbados, Belize, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Panama, Saint Lucia, and Trinidad and Tobago. VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:54 Nov 07, 2007 Jkt 214001 Countries potentially eligible for additional benefits under the ATPA/ ATPDEA and to be included in the report are: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. In addition, the following countries will be included in the report in view of Department of Labor Appropriations, 2006, Conference Report, H.R. Rep. 109– 337 (2005): Bahrain, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Morocco, and Nicaragua. Information Sought The Department invites interested parties to submit written information relevant to the findings to be made by the Department of Labor under the TDA, for all listed countries. Information provided through public submission will be considered by the Department of Labor in preparing its findings. Materials submitted should be confined to the specific topic of the study. In particular, the Department’s Bureau of International Labor Affairs is seeking written submissions on the following topics: 1. Whether the country has adequate laws and regulations proscribing the worst forms of child labor. Specifically, DOL is seeking the following information: (a) What laws have been promulgated on child labor, such as minimum age(s) for employment or hazardous forms of work? Are there exceptions to these laws? (b) What laws have been promulgated on the worst forms of child labor, such as forced child labor and trafficking or child prostitution and pornography? What is the country’s minimum age for military recruitment? (c) If the country has ratified Convention 182, has it developed a list of occupations considered to be worst forms of child labor, as called for in article 4 of the Convention? 2. Whether the country has adequate laws and regulations as well as formal institutional mechanisms for the implementation and enforcement of such laws and regulations; specifically: (a) What legal remedies are available to government agencies that enforce child labor laws (criminal penalties, civil fines, etc.), and are they adequate to deter violations? (b) To what extent are complaints investigated and violations addressed? (c) What level of resources does the government devote to investigating child labor cases? How many inspectors does the government employ to address child labor? How many child labor investigations have been conducted over the past year? How many have resulted in penalties or convictions? PO 00000 Frm 00038 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 (d) Has the government provided training activities for officials charged with enforcing child labor laws? 3. Whether social programs exist in the country to prevent the engagement of children in the worst forms of child labor, and to assist in the removal of children engaged in the worst forms of child labor; specifically: (a) What initiatives has the government supported specifically to prevent or withdrawn children from exploitive work situations, such as school scholarships conditioned on a child’ withdrawal from child labor? (If possible, please provide information on funding levels for such initiatives.) 4. Whether the country has a comprehensive policy for the elimination of the worst forms of child labor; specifically: (a) Does the country have a comprehensive policy or national program of action on child labor or any of its forms? (b) Does the country specifically incorporate child labor in poverty reduction, development, educational or other social policies or programs, such as Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, etc? If so, to what degree has the country implemented the policy and/or program of action and achieved its goals and objectives? (c) Is education free in law and in practice? Is education compulsory in law and in practice? Please note that although many antipoverty programs may have indirect impacts on child labor, the TDA calls for governments to take specific actions to address the problem. Therefore, the DOL’s report focuses on efforts that name child labor as an explicit objective, target group, or condition for participation in government policies and programs. 5. Whether the country is making continual progress toward eliminating the worst forms of child labor; specifically: (a) In what sectors/work activities/ goods are children involved and how has this changed over the past year? Information on age and gender of working children, disaggregated by industry/work activity/good, is appreciated. (b) To what extent are children working in slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as debt bondage, serfdom, and forced or compulsory labor? Please indicate industries where this occurs and, if applicable, specific goods that such children produce. (c) To what extent are children trafficked to work? Are children trafficked for commercial sex or for labor exploitation? Information on the E:\FR\FM\08NON1.SGM 08NON1 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 216 / Thursday, November 8, 2007 / Notices industries into which children are trafficked and the goods that they produce in this situation is appreciated. Are they trafficked across national borders or within the country (specify source, destination and transit countries/regions/communities, if possible). Copies of any recent government surveys on child labor are most appreciated. In regard to education statistics and to ensure comparability across countries in the TDA report, DOL will generally rely on UNESCO Institute of Statistics data (http:// stats.uis.unesco.org/). DOL greatly appreciates submission of original sources. Information submitted may include reports, newspaper articles, or other materials. Governments that have ratified ILO Convention 182 are requested to submit copies of their most recent article 22 submissions under the Convention, especially those with information on types of work determined in accordance with Article 3(d) of the Convention. rwilkins on PROD1PC63 with NOTICES Definition of Worst Forms of Child Labor The term ‘‘worst forms of child labor’’ is defined in section 412(b) of the TDA as comprising: ‘‘(A) all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as the sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labor, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict; (B) the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances; (C) the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs as defined in relevant international treaties; and (D) work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children.’’ The TDA Conference Report noted that the phrase, ‘‘work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children’’ is to be defined as in Article II of Recommendation No. 190, which accompanies ILO Convention No. 182. This includes ‘‘(a) work which exposes children to physical, psychological, or sexual abuse; (b) work underground, under water, at dangerous heights or in confined spaces; (c) work with dangerous machinery, equipment and tools, or which involves VerDate Aug<31>2005 16:54 Nov 07, 2007 Jkt 214001 the manual handling or transport of heavy loads; (d) work in an unhealthy environment which may, for example, expose children to hazardous substances, agents or processes, or to temperatures, noise levels, or vibrations damaging to their health; (e) work under particularly difficult conditions such as work for long hours or during the night or work where the child is unreasonably confined to the premises of the employer.’’ The TDA Conference Report further indicated that this phrase be interpreted in a manner consistent with the intent of Article 4 of ILO Convention No. 182, which states that such work shall be determined by national laws or regulations or by the competent authority in the country involved. This notice is a general solicitation of comments from the public. Signed at Washington, DC this 5th day of November, 2007. Charlotte Ponticelli, Deputy Undersecretary, Bureau of International Labor Affairs. [FR Doc. E7–21920 Filed 11–7–07; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4510–28–P NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION [(07–082)] Notice of Information Collection Under OMB Review National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ACTION: Notice of information collection under OMB review. AGENCY: SUMMARY: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on proposed and/or continuing information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104–13, 44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). DATES: All comments should be submitted within 30 calendar days from the date of this publication. ADDRESSES: All comments should be addressed to Desk Officer for NASA; Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs; Room 10236; New Executive Office Building; Washington, DC 20503. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information or copies of the information collection instrument(s) and instructions should PO 00000 Frm 00039 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 63199 be directed to Mr. Walter Kit, NASA PRA Officer, NASA Headquarters, 300 E Street, SW., JE0000, Washington, DC 20546, (202) 358–1350, Walter.Kit– 1@nasa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract As required in Section 305(b) of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 and the NASA Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation, NASA R&D contracts require contractor/ recipient reporting of new technologies to NASA using NASA eNTRe system for electronic submissions and NASA Form 1679 for paper submissions. II. Method of Collection NASA will utilize a web-base on-line form to collect this information. Approximately 65 per cent of the responses will be collected electronically. III. Data Title: AST-Technology Utilization. OMB Number: 2700–0009. Type of Review: Regular. Affected Public: Business or other forprofit and not-for profit institutions. Estimated Number of Respondents: 830. Estimated Time per Response: 1 hour for manual responses and 0.75 hour for electronic responses. Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 1075. Estimated Total Annual Cost: $0. IV. Request for Comments Comments are invited on: (1) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of NASA, including whether the information collected has practical utility; (2) the accuracy of NASA’s estimate of the burden (including hours and cost) of the proposed collection of information; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including automated collection techniques or the use of other forms of information technology. Comments submitted in response to this notice will be summarized and included in the request for OMB approval of this information collection. They will also become a matter of public record. Bobby German, Deputy Chief Information Officer. [FR Doc. E7–21948 Filed 11–7–07; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 7510–13–P E:\FR\FM\08NON1.SGM 08NON1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 72, Number 216 (Thursday, November 8, 2007)]
[Notices]
[Pages 63197-63199]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E7-21920]


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DEPARTMENT OF LABOR


Bureau of International Labor Affairs, Request for Information on 
Efforts by Certain Countries To Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child 
Labor

AGENCY: The Bureau of International Labor Affairs, United States 
Department of Labor.

ACTION: Request for information on efforts by certain countries to 
eliminate the worst forms of child labor.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This notice is a request for information for use by the 
Department of Labor in preparation of an annual report on certain trade 
beneficiary countries' implementation of international commitments to 
eliminate the worst forms of child labor. This will be the seventh such 
report by the Department of Labor under the Trade and Development Act 
of 2000 (TDA).

DATES: Submitters of information are requested to provide two (2) 
copies of their written submission to the Office of Child Labor, Forced 
Labor and Human Trafficking at the address below by 5 p.m., December 7, 
2007.

ADDRESSES: Written submissions should be addressed to Tina McCarter at 
the Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor and Human Trafficking, Bureau 
of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor, 200 
Constitution Avenue, NW., Room S-5317, Washington, DC 20210 or may be 
sent via e-mail to mccarter.tina@dol.gov.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tina McCarter or Charita Castro, 
Bureau of International Labor Affairs, Office of Child Labor, Forced 
Labor and Human Trafficking, at (202) 693-4843, fax: (202) 693-4830, or 
via e-mail to mccarter-tina@dol.gov or castro.charita@dol.gov. The 
Department of Labor's international child labor reports can be found on 
the Internet at http://www.dol.gov/ILAB/media/reports/iclp/main.htm or 
can be obtained from the Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor and Human 
Trafficking.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Trade and Development Act of 2000 [Pub. 
L. 106-200] established a new eligibility criterion for receipt of 
trade benefits under the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 
Caribbean Basin Trade and Partnership Act (CBTPA), and Africa Growth 
and Opportunity Act (AGOA). The TDA amends the GSP reporting 
requirements of the Trade Act of 1974 (Section 504) [19 U.S.C. 2464] to 
require that the President's annual report on the status of 
internationally recognized worker rights include ``findings by the 
Secretary of Labor with respect to the beneficiary country's 
implementation of its international commitments to eliminate the worst 
forms of child labor.'' Title II of the TDA and the TDA Conference 
Report [Joint Explanatory Statement of the Committee of Conference, 
106th Cong.2d.sess. (2000)] indicate that the same criterion applies 
for the receipt of benefits under CBTPA and AGOA, respectively.
    In addition, the Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA) as amended and 
expanded by the Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act 
(ATPDEA) (Pub. L. 107-210, Title XXXI) includes as a criterion for 
receiving benefits ``[w]hether the country has implemented its 
commitments to eliminate the worst forms of child labor as defined in 
section 507(6) of the Trade Act of 1974.''

Scope of Report

    Countries and non-independent countries and territories presently

[[Page 63198]]

eligible under the GSP and to be included in the report are:
    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Anguilla, Argentina, 
Armenia, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and 
Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, British Indian Ocean Territory, British 
Virgin Islands, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, 
Central African Republic, Chad, Christmas Island, Cocos Islands, 
Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, 
Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Djibouti, Dominica, 
Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, 
Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Islands, Fiji, Gabon, the Gambia, Georgia, 
Ghana, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Heard 
Island and MacDonald Islands, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, 
Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kyrgyz Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, 
Liberia, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, 
Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Montserrat, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, 
Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Island, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New 
Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Island, Russia, Rwanda, 
Saint Helena, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the 
Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tom[eacute] and Principe, Senegal, Serbia, 
Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri 
Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tokelau Island, 
Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turks and Caicos Islands, 
Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, 
Wallis and Futuna, West Bank and Gaza Strip, Western Sahara, Republic 
of Yemen, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
    Countries eligible or potentially eligible for additional benefits 
under the AGOA and to be included in the report are: Angola, Benin, 
Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Republic 
of Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Gabon, 
the Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, 
Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, 
Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, 
Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia.
    Countries potentially eligible for additional benefits under the 
CBTPA and to be included in the report are: Barbados, Belize, Costa 
Rica, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Panama, Saint Lucia, 
and Trinidad and Tobago.
    Countries potentially eligible for additional benefits under the 
ATPA/ATPDEA and to be included in the report are: Bolivia, Colombia, 
Ecuador, and Peru.
    In addition, the following countries will be included in the report 
in view of Department of Labor Appropriations, 2006, Conference Report, 
H.R. Rep. 109-337 (2005): Bahrain, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala, 
Honduras, Morocco, and Nicaragua.

Information Sought

    The Department invites interested parties to submit written 
information relevant to the findings to be made by the Department of 
Labor under the TDA, for all listed countries. Information provided 
through public submission will be considered by the Department of Labor 
in preparing its findings. Materials submitted should be confined to 
the specific topic of the study. In particular, the Department's Bureau 
of International Labor Affairs is seeking written submissions on the 
following topics:
    1. Whether the country has adequate laws and regulations 
proscribing the worst forms of child labor. Specifically, DOL is 
seeking the following information:
    (a) What laws have been promulgated on child labor, such as minimum 
age(s) for employment or hazardous forms of work? Are there exceptions 
to these laws?
    (b) What laws have been promulgated on the worst forms of child 
labor, such as forced child labor and trafficking or child prostitution 
and pornography? What is the country's minimum age for military 
recruitment?
    (c) If the country has ratified Convention 182, has it developed a 
list of occupations considered to be worst forms of child labor, as 
called for in article 4 of the Convention?
    2. Whether the country has adequate laws and regulations as well as 
formal institutional mechanisms for the implementation and enforcement 
of such laws and regulations; specifically:
    (a) What legal remedies are available to government agencies that 
enforce child labor laws (criminal penalties, civil fines, etc.), and 
are they adequate to deter violations?
    (b) To what extent are complaints investigated and violations 
addressed?
    (c) What level of resources does the government devote to 
investigating child labor cases? How many inspectors does the 
government employ to address child labor? How many child labor 
investigations have been conducted over the past year? How many have 
resulted in penalties or convictions?
    (d) Has the government provided training activities for officials 
charged with enforcing child labor laws?
    3. Whether social programs exist in the country to prevent the 
engagement of children in the worst forms of child labor, and to assist 
in the removal of children engaged in the worst forms of child labor; 
specifically:
    (a) What initiatives has the government supported specifically to 
prevent or withdrawn children from exploitive work situations, such as 
school scholarships conditioned on a child' withdrawal from child 
labor? (If possible, please provide information on funding levels for 
such initiatives.)
    4. Whether the country has a comprehensive policy for the 
elimination of the worst forms of child labor; specifically:
    (a) Does the country have a comprehensive policy or national 
program of action on child labor or any of its forms?
    (b) Does the country specifically incorporate child labor in 
poverty reduction, development, educational or other social policies or 
programs, such as Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, etc? If so, to 
what degree has the country implemented the policy and/or program of 
action and achieved its goals and objectives?
    (c) Is education free in law and in practice? Is education 
compulsory in law and in practice?
    Please note that although many anti-poverty programs may have 
indirect impacts on child labor, the TDA calls for governments to take 
specific actions to address the problem. Therefore, the DOL's report 
focuses on efforts that name child labor as an explicit objective, 
target group, or condition for participation in government policies and 
programs.
    5. Whether the country is making continual progress toward 
eliminating the worst forms of child labor; specifically:
    (a) In what sectors/work activities/goods are children involved and 
how has this changed over the past year? Information on age and gender 
of working children, disaggregated by industry/work activity/good, is 
appreciated.
    (b) To what extent are children working in slavery or practices 
similar to slavery, such as debt bondage, serfdom, and forced or 
compulsory labor? Please indicate industries where this occurs and, if 
applicable, specific goods that such children produce.
    (c) To what extent are children trafficked to work? Are children 
trafficked for commercial sex or for labor exploitation? Information on 
the

[[Page 63199]]

industries into which children are trafficked and the goods that they 
produce in this situation is appreciated. Are they trafficked across 
national borders or within the country (specify source, destination and 
transit countries/regions/communities, if possible).
    Copies of any recent government surveys on child labor are most 
appreciated. In regard to education statistics and to ensure 
comparability across countries in the TDA report, DOL will generally 
rely on UNESCO Institute of Statistics data (http://
stats.uis.unesco.org/).
    DOL greatly appreciates submission of original sources. Information 
submitted may include reports, newspaper articles, or other materials. 
Governments that have ratified ILO Convention 182 are requested to 
submit copies of their most recent article 22 submissions under the 
Convention, especially those with information on types of work 
determined in accordance with Article 3(d) of the Convention.

Definition of Worst Forms of Child Labor

    The term ``worst forms of child labor'' is defined in section 
412(b) of the TDA as comprising:
    ``(A) all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as 
the sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and 
forced or compulsory labor, including forced or compulsory recruitment 
of children for use in armed conflict;
    (B) the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, for 
the production of pornography or for pornographic performances;
    (C) the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit 
activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs 
as defined in relevant international treaties; and
    (D) work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is 
carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of 
children.''
    The TDA Conference Report noted that the phrase, ``work which, by 
its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely 
to harm the health, safety or morals of children'' is to be defined as 
in Article II of Recommendation No. 190, which accompanies ILO 
Convention No. 182. This includes
    ``(a) work which exposes children to physical, psychological, or 
sexual abuse;
    (b) work underground, under water, at dangerous heights or in 
confined spaces;
    (c) work with dangerous machinery, equipment and tools, or which 
involves the manual handling or transport of heavy loads;
    (d) work in an unhealthy environment which may, for example, expose 
children to hazardous substances, agents or processes, or to 
temperatures, noise levels, or vibrations damaging to their health;
    (e) work under particularly difficult conditions such as work for 
long hours or during the night or work where the child is unreasonably 
confined to the premises of the employer.''
    The TDA Conference Report further indicated that this phrase be 
interpreted in a manner consistent with the intent of Article 4 of ILO 
Convention No. 182, which states that such work shall be determined by 
national laws or regulations or by the competent authority in the 
country involved.
    This notice is a general solicitation of comments from the public.

    Signed at Washington, DC this 5th day of November, 2007.
Charlotte Ponticelli,
Deputy Undersecretary, Bureau of International Labor Affairs.
[FR Doc. E7-21920 Filed 11-7-07; 8:45 am]
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