Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Granting Approval to a Proposed Rule Change Regarding the Extension and Expansion of the Penny Pilot Program, 56403-56406 [E7-19495]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 191 / Wednesday, October 3, 2007 / Notices SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–56565; File No. SR–CBOE– 2007–98] Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Granting Approval to a Proposed Rule Change Regarding the Extension and Expansion of the Penny Pilot Program September 27, 2007. I. Introduction On August 14, 2007, the Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated (‘‘CBOE’’ or ‘‘Exchange’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’),1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 a proposed rule change to amend its rules to extend and expand the pilot program to quote certain options in smaller increments (‘‘Pilot Program’’ or ‘‘Pilot’’). The proposed rule change was published for comment in the Federal Register on August 22, 2007.3 The Commission received three comment letters on the proposed rule change.4 The Exchange responded to the Citadel Letter on September 21, 2007.5 This order approves the proposed rule change. II. Description of the Proposal Currently, the six options exchanges, including CBOE, participate in the thirteen class Pilot Program,6 which is scheduled to expire on September 27, 1 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). CFR 240.19b–4. 3 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 56276 (August 17, 2007), 72 FR 47096. 4 See letter to Nancy Morris, Secretary, Commission, from John C. Nagel, Director & Associate General Counsel, Citadel, dated September 12, 2007 (‘‘Citadel Letter’’); letter to Nancy M. Morris, Secretary, Commission, from Michael T. Bickford, Senior Vice President, Options, American Stock Exchange LLC, dated September 19, 2007 (‘‘Amex Letter’’); and letter to Nancy M. Morris, Secretary, Commission, from Andrew B. Stevens, Assistant General Counsel, NYSE Arca, Inc., dated September 26, 2007 (‘‘NYSE Arca Letter’’). 5 See letter to Nancy M. Morris, Secretary, Commission, from Edward J. Joyce, President and Chief Operating Officer, CBOE, dated September 21, 2007 (‘‘CBOE Response’’). 6 The thirteen option classes currently in the Pilot are: Ishares Russell 2000 (IWM); NASDAQ–100 Index Tracking Stock (QQQQ); SemiConductor Holders Trust (SMH); General Electric Company (GE); Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD), Microsoft Corporation (MSFT); Intel Corporation (INTC); Caterpillar, Inc. (CAT); Whole Foods Market, Inc. (WFMI); Texas Instruments, Inc. (TXN); Flextronics International Ltd. (FLEX); Sun Microsystems, Inc. (JAVA); and Agilent Technologies, Inc. (A). rwilkins on PROD1PC63 with NOTICES 2 17 VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:31 Oct 02, 2007 Jkt 211001 2007.7 The Exchange proposes to amend its rules to extend and expand the Pilot Program to include fifty-two additional classes, in two phases. Phase One will begin on September 28, 2007 and will continue for six months, until March 27, 2008. Phase One will add the following twenty-two options classes to the Pilot: SPDRs (SPY); Apple, Inc. (AAPL); Altria Group Inc. (MO); Dendreon Corp. (DNDN); Amgen Inc. (AMGN); Yahoo! Inc. (YHOO); QUALCOMM Inc. (QCOM); General Motors Corporation (GM); Energy Select Sector (XLE); DIAMONDS Trust, Series 1 (DIA); Oil Services HOLDRs (OIH); NYSE Euronext, Inc. (NYX); Cisco Systems, Inc. (CSCO); Financial Select Sector SPDR (XLF); AT&T Inc. (T); Citigroup Inc. (C); Amazon.com Inc. (AMZN); Motorola Inc. (MOT); Research in Motion Ltd. (RIMM); Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. (FCX); ConocoPhillips (COP); and Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. (BMY). These twenty-two options classes are among the most actively-traded, multiply-listed options classes, and account, together with the current thirteen Pilot classes, for approximately 35% of total industry trading volume.8 Phase Two will begin on March 28, 2008, and will continue for one year, until March 27, 2009. During the second phase, the number of options classes trading in pennies will again increase. The Exchange proposes to add twentyeight more classes from among the most actively-traded, multiply-listed options classes.9 The minimum price variation for all classes to be included in the Pilot Program, except for the QQQQs, will continue to be $0.01 for all quotations in option series that are quoted at less than $3 per contract and $0.05 for all quotations in option series that are quoted at $3 per contract or greater. The QQQQs will continue to be quoted in $0.01 increments for all options series. CBOE also proposes quote and trade two index options, the Mini-SPX Index Options (XSP) and options on the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJX), in the same minimum increments as the SPY 7 The Pilot Program began on January 26, 2007 and is currently set to expire on September 27, 2007. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 56139 (July 26, 2007), 72 FR 42159 (August 1, 2007) (SR–CBOE–2007–86). See also Securities Exchange Act Release No. 55154 (January 23, 2007), 72 FR 4743 (February 1, 2007) (SR–CBOE–2006–92) (‘‘Original Pilot Program Approval Order’’). 8 This volume is based on the Options Clearing Corporation (‘‘OCC’’) year-to-date trading volume data through July 16, 2007. 9 The Exchange has committed to file a proposed rule change under Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act to identify the options classes to be included in the second expansion. PO 00000 Frm 00073 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 56403 and DIA options, which will be included in Phase One of the Pilot. XSP options are based on the S&P 500 Index; SPY options are based on the SPDR exchange-traded fund (‘‘ETF’’), which is designed to track the performance of the S&P 500 Index. DJX options are based on the Dow Jones Industrial Average (‘‘DJIA’’); DIA options are based on an ETF designed to track the performance of the DJIA. CBOE believes it is important that these products have the same minimum increment for consistency and competitive reasons. During the extended and expanded Pilot Program, the CBOE commits to deliver four reports to the Commission. Each report will analyze the impact of penny pricing on market quality and options system capacity. The first report will analyze the penny pilot results from May 1, 2007 through September 27, 2007; the second will analyze the results from September 28, 2007 through January 31, 2008; the third will analyze the results from February 1, 2008 through July 31, 2008; and the fourth and final report will examine the results from August 1, 2008 through January 31, 2009. These reports will be provided to the Commission within thirty days of the conclusion of the reporting period. III. Discussion After careful review of the proposal, the comment letters, and the CBOE Response, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with the requirements of the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities exchange.10 In particular, the Commission finds that the proposal is consistent with Section 6(b)(5) of the Act,11 which requires, among other things, that the rules of an exchange be designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest. On June 28, 2005, the Pacific Exchange (now known as NYSE Arca) announced its intention to begin quoting and trading all listed options in penny increments.12 In June 2006, to facilitate the orderly transition to quoting a limited number of options in penny increments, Chairman Cox sent a 10 In approving this proposed rule change, the Commission has considered the proposed rule’s impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. See 15 U.S.C. 78c(f). 11 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). 12 PCX News Release, ‘‘Pacific Exchange to Trade Options in Pennies,’’ June 28, 2005. E:\FR\FM\03OCN1.SGM 03OCN1 56404 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 191 / Wednesday, October 3, 2007 / Notices rwilkins on PROD1PC63 with NOTICES letter to the six options exchanges urging the exchanges that chose to begin quoting in smaller increments to plan for the implementation of a limited penny pilot program to commence in January 2007.13 All six of the options exchanges submitted proposals to permit quoting a limited number of classes in smaller increments, and, in January 2007, the Commission approved those proposals to implement the current Pilot Program.14 The exchanges have now submitted proposals to extend and further expand the Pilot. The continued operation and phased expansion of the Pilot Program will provide further valuable information to the exchanges, the Commission, and others about the impact of penny quoting in the options market. In particular, extending and expanding the Pilot Program as proposed by CBOE will allow further analysis of the impact of penny quoting in the Pilot classes over a longer period of time on, among other things: (1) Spreads; (2) peak quote rates; (3) quote message traffic; (4) displayed size; (5) ‘‘depth of book’’ liquidity; and (6) market structure. CBOE has committed to provide the Commission with periodic reports, which will analyze the impact of the expanded Pilot Program. The Commission expects the Exchange to include statistical information relating to these factors in its periodic reports. An analysis of the current Pilot shows that the reduction in the minimum quoting increment has resulted in narrowing the average quoted spreads in all classes in the Pilot.15 A reduction in quoted spreads means that customers and other market participants may be able to trade options at better prices. The reduction in spreads also has led the exchanges to reduce or eliminate their exchange-sponsored payment-for13 Commission Press Release 2006–91, ‘‘SEC Chairman Cox Urges Options Exchanges to Start Limited Penny Quoting,’’ June 7, 2006. 14 See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 55154 (January 23, 2007), 72 FR 4743 (February 1, 2007) (SR–CBOE–2006–92); 55162 (January 24, 2007), 72 FR 4738 (February 1, 2007) (Amex–2006– 106); 55155 (January 23, 2007), 72 FR 4741 (February 1, 2007) (SR–BSE–2006–49); 55161 (January 24, 2007), 72 FR 4754 (February 1, 2007) (SR–ISE–2006–62); 55156 (January 23, 2007), 72 FR 4759 (February 1, 2007) (SR–NYSEArca–2006–73); and 55153 (January 23, 2007), 72 FR 4553 (January 31, 2007) (SR–Phlx–2006–74). As noted above, supra note 7 and accompanying text, the current Pilot is scheduled to expire on September 27, 2007. 15 See CBOE, Penny Pilot Report, June 1, 2007 (‘‘CBOE Report’’). See also Amex, Penny Quoting Pilot Program Report, June 8, 2007 (‘‘Amex Report’’); Box, Penny Pilot Data Review, June 18, 2007 (‘‘Box Report’’); ISE, Penny Pilot Analysis, May 23, 2007 (‘‘ISE Report’’); NYSE Arca Options, Understanding Economic and Capacity Impacts of the Penny Pilot, May 31, 2007 (‘‘NYSE Arca Report’’); and Phlx, Options Penny Pricing Pilot Report, May 31, 2007 (‘‘Phlx Report’’). VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:31 Oct 02, 2007 Jkt 211001 order-flow programs.16 The Commission believes that the proposed rule change is designed to continue the narrowing of spreads. The Commission notes that, as anticipated, the Pilot has contributed to the increase in quotation message traffic from the options markets. However, while the increase in quotation message traffic is appreciable, it has been manageable by the exchanges and the Options Price Reporting Authority, and the Commission did not receive any reports of disruptions in the dissemination of pricing information as a result of quote capacity restraints. Although the Commission anticipates that the proposed expansion of the Pilot Program may contribute to further increases in quote message traffic, the Commission believes that CBOE’s proposal is sufficiently limited such that it is unlikely to increase quote message traffic beyond the capacity of market participants’ systems and disrupt the timely receipt of quote information. The Commission also notes that CBOE has adopted and will continue to utilize quote mitigation strategies that should mitigate the expected increase in quote traffic.17 Overall trading activity in the options markets is very concentrated, with a relatively few options classes accounting for a significant share of total options volume. CBOE’s proposal, which will expand the Pilot to include a limited number of options from among the most actively-traded classes (based on average trading volume), will provide an opportunity for reduced spreads where the greatest amount of trading occurs, thus maximizing the economic benefit of the Pilot while minimizing the impact of increased quote traffic. One commenter suggests that relative trading volume is the measure that should be used to assess the success of quoting in smaller increments.18 The commenter reported the percentage 16 See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 55328 (February 21, 2007), 72 FR 9050 (February 28, 2007) (SR–Amex–2007–16); 55197 (January 30, 2007), 72 FR 5772 (February 7, 2007) (SR–BSE– 2007–02); 55265 (February 9, 2007), 72 FR 7697 (February 16, 2007) (SR–CBOE–2007–11); 55271 (February 12, 2007), 72 FR 7699 (February 16, 2007) (SR–ISE–2007–08); 55223 (February 1, 2007) 72 FR 6306 (February 9, 2007) (SR–NYSEArca–2007–07); and 55290 (February 13, 2007), 72 FR 8051 (February 22, 2007) (SR–Phlx–2007–05). 17 See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 55154 (January 23, 2007), 72 FR 4743 (February 1, 2007) (SR–CBOE–2007–92), 55772 (May 16, 2007), 72 FR 28732 (May 22, 2007) (SR–CBOE–2007–45), and 55853 (June 4, 2007), 72 FR 32151 (June 11, 2007) (SR–CBOE–2007–56). Further, the Commission notes that the other options exchanges participating in the Pilot also have adopted and will continue to utilize quote mitigation strategies. 18 See Citadel Letter, supra note 4. PO 00000 Frm 00074 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 change in the relative trading volume before and after the Pilot for each of the thirteen classes.19 The commenter’s data shows an increase in relative trading volume for QQQQ, IWM, SHM, AMD, and SUNW, and a decrease in relative trading volume for MSFT, INTC, GE, TXN, A, CAT, WFMI and FLEX. The commenter believes the data shows that the Pilot works well for index and sector products, but smaller increments caused a decline in the relative trading volume for single stock options. The commenter argues that much of the decrease in relative trading volume in Pilot classes is a symptom of the decrease in displayed size available for those classes. On the basis of a decline in the relative trading volume, the commenter argues that single stock option classes should be removed from the Pilot and replaced with liquid index or sector option classes. Much of the recent growth in options volume has been in the large index and ETF products, such as the SPX, SPY, and the QQQQ. As their relative trading volume increases, the aggregate relative trading volume of other products necessarily declines (although actual volume levels may increase). For example, the SPX, SPY, QQQQ, and IWM accounted for 16.1% of total options volume in the four months before the pilot and rose to 21.7% of volume in the five months after the pilot.20 By definition, the relative trading volume of all other classes (Pilot and non-Pilot) falls from 83.9% in the pre-Pilot period to 78.3% in the postPilot period. Using the commenter’s numerical approach, the relative market share of SPX, SPY, QQQ, and IWM increased by 34.8% ((21.7%/16.1%)–1). In contrast, the relative trading volume of all other classes fell by 6.7% (78.3/ 83.9%)–1) in the post-Pilot period compared to the pre-Pilot period. Thus, in addition to the random variation in relative trading volume that occurs over time, there was an overall decline in the relative trading volume of issues outside the four largest index and ETF options, although their actual aggregate volume levels increased. 19 The commenter measures the relative trading volume of a class as that class’ trading volume as a percentage of total OCC volume. The change in relative trading volume is the relative trading volume from date of entrance into the Pilot to August 27, 2007 divided by the relative trading volume from November 1, 2006 through entrance in the Pilot. 20 The pre-Pilot period consists of the four months before the Pilot commenced (October 1– January 25, 2007) and the post-Pilot period consists of the five months after the Pilot commenced (February 9, 2007–June 30, 2007). The two week period when the Pilot classes were introduced are excluded from the analysis. E:\FR\FM\03OCN1.SGM 03OCN1 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 191 / Wednesday, October 3, 2007 / Notices rwilkins on PROD1PC63 with NOTICES More specifically, for the 100 and 500 most active classes,21 relative trading volume fell for 63% and 56%, respectively, of non-Pilot classes. In the Pilot classes, seven, or 54%, of the thirteen Pilot classes had a decline in market share and seven, or 70%, of the ten single stock option classes had a decline in relative trading volume.22 The Commission does not believe that the data at this time supports the conclusion that a decrease in relative trading volume in the Pilot classes is due to a reduction of the minimum quoting variation. In fact, the data demonstrates that declines in relative trading volume were not limited to stocks included in the Pilot, and substantial declines in relative trading volume, as defined by the commenter, describe a large portion of classes that were not in the Pilot. Therefore, based on the data reviewed to date, the Commission cannot conclude that the Pilot has had an adverse impact on volume in the Pilot securities. Therefore, the Commission believes that CBOE’s proposal to select additional classes from among the most activelytraded options has a reasonable basis and is consistent with the Act.23 The Commission believes that the impact of smaller increments on trading volume is one of the more difficult aspects of the Pilot to assess, and notes that the exchange reports did not show a clear change in trading volume.24 While some industry participants expressed disappointment that volume had not increased, the bid-ask spread is only one factor that influences volume. Other factors that impact option volume are trading activity in the underlying security and in related products, volatility in the market and in the underlying security, as well as firm and market specific information and events. The Commission believes that the addition of more securities in the next phase will increase the sample size and 21 All of the thirteen Pilot classes fall into the 500 most actively-traded, and nine are within the 100 most actively-traded group. 22 The change in relative trading volume for the median stock for the top 500 (100) classes is ¥8% (¥13%), compared to a change of ¥3% for the thirteen Pilot stocks and a change of ¥24% for the ten single stock options. The Commission notes that, with a Pilot sample size of thirteen or ten, these statistics will be highly sensitive to the performance of one or two classes. 23 The Commission notes that the classes the commenter specifically recommends for inclusion in the expanded Pilot—SPY, DIA, OIH, XLF, and XLE—are among classes proposed by CBOE to be included in the Pilot Program beginning September 28, 2007. 24 See Amex Report, supra note 15, at 6–7; CBOE Report, supra note 15, Attachment at pages 5–6; ISE Report, supra note 15, at 17–20; and NYSE Arca Report, supra note 15, at 15. VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:31 Oct 02, 2007 Jkt 211001 should help in further analysis of such issues. The commenter also expressed concern that the quoted size in the Pilot classes is dropping to levels that are ‘‘sub-optimal’’ or ‘‘inadequate’’ for institutional size orders, and recommended that the Commission carefully evaluate the impact of penny quoting on liquidity before allowing the exchanges to expand the Pilot.25 The Commission fully agrees that the impact of the Pilot on displayed size, as well as non-displayed ‘‘depth of book,’’ and the impact of any decreased size on market and execution quality, is an area that should be carefully analyzed as the Pilot continues. The Commission also recognizes that the exchange reports show there has, in fact, been a reduction in the displayed size available in the Pilot classes.26 The Commission is not at this time, however, able to conclude that this decrease has caused a decrease in trading volume or relative trading volume, or other harm to the market, as a result of the Pilot Program. The Commission does, however, expect CBOE to include in its reports an analysis of the market impact of reducing the minimum price increment, particularly on the ability of market participants to effectively execute largesized orders. The Commission will analyze the information provided in the Exchange’s reports, in conjunction with the information provided by other exchanges and market participants, to inform its evaluation and consideration of any exchange’s proposed further expansion of the Pilot. The commenter further noted, to the extent that additional size may be available below the best bid or offer,27 options market participants discount the value of such liquidity because it is generally not transparent to the market and is not easily accessible even if displayed.28 The commenter noted that, 25 See Citadel Letter, supra note 4. Amex Report, supra note 15, at 6; BOX Report, supra note 15, at 2; CBOE Report, supra note 15, at Attachment page 2; ISE Report, supra note 15, at 7–8; NYSE Arca Report, supra note 15, at 9–10; and Phlx Report, supra note 15, at 3–4 and 6–7. 27 Only two exchanges provided information on ‘‘depth of book’’ on their markets in the Pilot classes. See NYSE Arca Report at 8–10, supra note 15, and ISE Report, supra note 15, at 9. ISE reported that the average total size of all quotes on its book at all price levels, weighted for volume, for all thirteen Pilot classes was reduced by 61%. See ISE Report, supra note 15, at 9. NYSE Arca compared liquidity resident in its book within the legacy minimum price variation to pre-Pilot top of book liquidity and reported that volume weighted liquidity across all thirteen Pilot classes decreased 1%. See NYSE Arca Report, supra note 15, at 8. 28 See Citadel Letter, supra note 4. The Commission notes that currently only NYSE Arca makes available quotes and orders on its book 26 See PO 00000 Frm 00075 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 56405 unlike in the equities markets, market participants cannot quickly sweep multiple markets through multiple price levels to reach such additional liquidity. The Commission encourages the exchanges to consider measures that would facilitate access to depth of book quotes. The commenter also recommends removing the poorest performing single stock names from the Pilot and replacing them with liquid index or sector products.29 The Commission agrees that there should be a mechanism for removing option classes from the Pilot. The Commission specifically requested comment in the notice of CBOE’s proposal on: (1) Whether there are circumstances under which classes included in the Pilot should be removed; (2) if so, what factors should be considered in making the determination to remove a class from the Pilot, specifically whether an objective standard should be used or whether a more subjective analysis should be allowed; (3) what concerns might arise by removing a class from the Pilot, and how could such concerns be ameliorated; (4) how frequently should such an analysis be undertaken, or should the evaluation be automated; and (5) if a class is to be removed from the Pilot, how much notice should be given to market participants that the quoting increment will change, but did not receive any comments. The Commission will continue to consider comments on how to fairly and objectively determine if a class should be removed from the Pilot. Finally, to the extent that the Exchange files a proposed rule change to further expand the Pilot, the Commission urges it to include in any such proposal a methodology for removing classes from the Pilot. below the NBBO. See http://www.nysedata.com/ nysedata/InformationProducts/ArcaBook/tabid/ 293/Default.aspx. The Commission anticipates that to the extent this display of information proves to be valuable to the options market as a whole, other exchanges may choose to make this information available as well. 29 See supra, note 23 and Citadel Letter, supra note 4. The Exchange also supports removing from the Pilot option classes that, after analysis and review, are found not to be good choices for quoting in penny increments, and recommends replacing them with other classes that are suitable for quoting in a penny increment. CBOE notes that data collected to date clearly suggests that some Pilot classes may not be good candidates for penny quoting. CBOE also notes that, in its Pilot report to the Commission, it stated that further analysis must be conducted over a longer period of time before drawing any firm conclusions as to the impact of quoting in penny increments, and to determine which classes benefit from penny quoting compared to those that do not. See CBOE Response, supra note 5. E:\FR\FM\03OCN1.SGM 03OCN1 56406 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 191 / Wednesday, October 3, 2007 / Notices rwilkins on PROD1PC63 with NOTICES Finally, the Commission received two comment letters on CBOE’s proposal to quote and trade XSP and DJX in the same minimum increments as the SPY and DIA options, for consistency and competitive reasons.30 One commenter argues that it is inconsistent with the Pilot Program and the purpose and objectives of the Act to permit CBOE to quote singly-listed products in penny increments.31 Specifically, the commenter believes that it is inconsistent with the Pilot Program and the advancement of competition to allow CBOE to unilaterally expand the Pilot Program by including two products subject to exclusive licensing agreements.32 The Commission does not believe that the issue of exclusive licensing agreements is raised by this proposed rule change. CBOE already lists and trades XSP and DJX options, pursuant to Commission approval, and is only proposing in this filing to change the minimum price variation for those options. The Commission believes that, because XSP and DJX are designed to track the same indexes as multiplylisted options included in the Pilot, CBOE’s proposal to quote and trade XSP and DJX in the same minimum increments as classes in the Pilot is consistent with the Act. The commenter also believes that, based on CBOE’s rationale for quoting XSP and DJX in the same increments as SPY and DIA, the Exchange should have proposed to also quote the S&P 500 index (SPX) in smaller increments because it is a ‘‘related’’ product.33 CBOE argues that the XSP and DJX are competitive products to the SPY and DIA, not merely that they are ‘‘related products.’’ The Commission does not believe that CBOE’s decision not to propose reducing the minimum increment in SPX (or any other product that is based on the same index as a class included in the Pilot) makes its proposal to reduce the minimum increment for XSP and DJX inconsistent with the Act. Moreover, the Commission does not believe that CBOE’s proposal to quote two additional singly-listed classes in smaller increments impedes the ability of any exchange or the Commission to evaluate the Pilot 30 See Amex Letter and NYSE Arca Letter, supra note 4. 31 See Amex Letter, supra note 4 32 NYSE Arca also believes that the proposal is not wholly consistent with the Pilot. See NYSE Arca Letter, supra note 4. 33 See Amex Letter, supra note 4. NYSE Arca also believes that CBOE’s proposal is incomplete because it did not propose to also quote options on the Nasdaq 100 Index (NDX), and options on the Russell 2000 Index (RUT) in smaller increments. See NYSE Arca Letter, supra note 4. VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:31 Oct 02, 2007 Jkt 211001 Program. The Commission also notes that it would consider other proposals by exchanges to reduce the minimum quoting increment for other options, whether for the same reasons put forth by CBOE in its proposal, or other reasons. For the reasons discussed above, the Commission believes that the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. IV. Conclusion It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Act,34 that the proposed rule change (SR–CBOE–2007– 98), be, and hereby is, approved on a pilot basis, which will end on March 27, 2009. For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.35 Florence E. Harmon, Deputy Secretary. [FR Doc. E7–19495 Filed 10–2–07; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 8011–01–P SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34–56532; File No. SR–CBOE– 2006–104] Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change, as Modified by Amendment No. 1 Thereto, To Codify the Hybrid Price Check Parameter September 26, 2007. I. Introduction On December 7, 2006, the Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated (‘‘CBOE’’ or ‘‘Exchange’’) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (‘‘Commission’’), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (‘‘Act’’) 1 and Rule 19b–4 thereunder,2 a proposed rule change to amend CBOE Rule 6.13, CBOE Hybrid System’s Automatic Execution Feature, to codify an automated system feature that prevents executions at potentially erroneous prices (‘‘price check parameter functionality’’). On August 1, 2007, the Exchange filed Amendment No. 1 to the proposed rule change. The proposed rule change, as amended, was published for comment in the Federal Register on August 20, 2007.3 The 34 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(2). CFR 200.30–3(a)(12). 1 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). 2 17 CFR 240.19b–4. 3 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 56245 (August 14, 2007), 72 FR 46525. 35 17 PO 00000 Frm 00076 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Commission received no comments regarding the proposal. II. Description of the Proposal The proposed rule change would amend CBOE Rule 6.13 to adopt the price check parameter functionality, which the Exchange would activate, on a series by series basis for a given option class, to prevent an automatic execution of a market order through CBOE’s Hybrid System if such execution would occur outside a prescribed market width. Specifically, the functionality would be triggered to block an execution of a market order if the width between the Exchange’s best bid and best offer is not within an ‘‘acceptable price range.’’ The applicable acceptable price range for each series of an option class would be determined by the appropriate Exchange Procedure Committee and could be no less than 1.5 times the corresponding bid/ask differentials in CBOE Rule 8.7(b)(iv)(A).4 The acceptable price range for each series of an option class would be announced to the CBOE membership via Regulatory Circular at least one day in advance. When the price check parameter functionality is triggered for a particular market order, such market order no longer would be eligible for automatic execution and would be routed on a class by class basis to PAR (the public automated routing system) or BART (the booth automated routing terminal) or, at the order entry firm’s discretion, to the order entry firm’s booth printer. The Exchange also proposed that the senior official in CBOE’s Control Room or two Floor Officials could grant intraday relief by widening the acceptable price range for one or more option series. If such intra-day relief is granted, it would be announced via verbal message to the trading crowd, printer message to member organizations on the trading floor, and electronic message to members that request to receive such messages. The granting of such intra-day relief would be for no more than the duration of the particular trading day. Any decision to extend relief beyond an intra-day basis would be announced to the membership via Regulatory Circular. 4 CBOE Rule 8.7(b)(iv)(A) sets forth the bid/ask differentials for open outcry trading, which are as follows: No more than $0.25 between the bid and offer for each option contract for which the bid is less than $2.00; no more than $0.40 where the bid is at least $2.00 but does not exceed $5.00; no more than $0.50 where the bid is more than $5.00 but does not exceed $10; no more than $0.80 where the bid is more than $10 but does not exceed $20; and no more than $1.00 where the bid is more than $20. E:\FR\FM\03OCN1.SGM 03OCN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 72, Number 191 (Wednesday, October 3, 2007)]
[Notices]
[Pages 56403-56406]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E7-19495]



[[Page 56403]]

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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

[Release No. 34-56565; File No. SR-CBOE-2007-98]


Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, 
Incorporated; Order Granting Approval to a Proposed Rule Change 
Regarding the Extension and Expansion of the Penny Pilot Program

September 27, 2007.

I. Introduction

    On August 14, 2007, the Chicago Board Options Exchange, 
Incorporated (``CBOE'' or ``Exchange'') filed with the Securities and 
Exchange Commission (``Commission''), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of 
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (``Act''),\1\ and Rule 19b-4 
thereunder,\2\ a proposed rule change to amend its rules to extend and 
expand the pilot program to quote certain options in smaller increments 
(``Pilot Program'' or ``Pilot''). The proposed rule change was 
published for comment in the Federal Register on August 22, 2007.\3\ 
The Commission received three comment letters on the proposed rule 
change.\4\ The Exchange responded to the Citadel Letter on September 
21, 2007.\5\ This order approves the proposed rule change.
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    \1\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1).
    \2\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4.
    \3\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 56276 (August 17, 
2007), 72 FR 47096.
    \4\ See letter to Nancy Morris, Secretary, Commission, from John 
C. Nagel, Director & Associate General Counsel, Citadel, dated 
September 12, 2007 (``Citadel Letter''); letter to Nancy M. Morris, 
Secretary, Commission, from Michael T. Bickford, Senior Vice 
President, Options, American Stock Exchange LLC, dated September 19, 
2007 (``Amex Letter''); and letter to Nancy M. Morris, Secretary, 
Commission, from Andrew B. Stevens, Assistant General Counsel, NYSE 
Arca, Inc., dated September 26, 2007 (``NYSE Arca Letter'').
    \5\ See letter to Nancy M. Morris, Secretary, Commission, from 
Edward J. Joyce, President and Chief Operating Officer, CBOE, dated 
September 21, 2007 (``CBOE Response'').
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II. Description of the Proposal

    Currently, the six options exchanges, including CBOE, participate 
in the thirteen class Pilot Program,\6\ which is scheduled to expire on 
September 27, 2007.\7\ The Exchange proposes to amend its rules to 
extend and expand the Pilot Program to include fifty-two additional 
classes, in two phases.
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    \6\ The thirteen option classes currently in the Pilot are: 
Ishares Russell 2000 (IWM); NASDAQ-100 Index Tracking Stock (QQQQ); 
SemiConductor Holders Trust (SMH); General Electric Company (GE); 
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD), Microsoft Corporation (MSFT); 
Intel Corporation (INTC); Caterpillar, Inc. (CAT); Whole Foods 
Market, Inc. (WFMI); Texas Instruments, Inc. (TXN); Flextronics 
International Ltd. (FLEX); Sun Microsystems, Inc. (JAVA); and 
Agilent Technologies, Inc. (A).
    \7\ The Pilot Program began on January 26, 2007 and is currently 
set to expire on September 27, 2007. See Securities Exchange Act 
Release No. 56139 (July 26, 2007), 72 FR 42159 (August 1, 2007) (SR-
CBOE-2007-86). See also Securities Exchange Act Release No. 55154 
(January 23, 2007), 72 FR 4743 (February 1, 2007) (SR-CBOE-2006-92) 
(``Original Pilot Program Approval Order'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Phase One will begin on September 28, 2007 and will continue for 
six months, until March 27, 2008. Phase One will add the following 
twenty-two options classes to the Pilot: SPDRs (SPY); Apple, Inc. 
(AAPL); Altria Group Inc. (MO); Dendreon Corp. (DNDN); Amgen Inc. 
(AMGN); Yahoo! Inc. (YHOO); QUALCOMM Inc. (QCOM); General Motors 
Corporation (GM); Energy Select Sector (XLE); DIAMONDS Trust, Series 1 
(DIA); Oil Services HOLDRs (OIH); NYSE Euronext, Inc. (NYX); Cisco 
Systems, Inc. (CSCO); Financial Select Sector SPDR (XLF); AT&T Inc. 
(T); Citigroup Inc. (C); Amazon.com Inc. (AMZN); Motorola Inc. (MOT); 
Research in Motion Ltd. (RIMM); Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. 
(FCX); ConocoPhillips (COP); and Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. (BMY). These 
twenty-two options classes are among the most actively-traded, 
multiply-listed options classes, and account, together with the current 
thirteen Pilot classes, for approximately 35% of total industry trading 
volume.\8\
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    \8\ This volume is based on the Options Clearing Corporation 
(``OCC'') year-to-date trading volume data through July 16, 2007.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Phase Two will begin on March 28, 2008, and will continue for one 
year, until March 27, 2009. During the second phase, the number of 
options classes trading in pennies will again increase. The Exchange 
proposes to add twenty-eight more classes from among the most actively-
traded, multiply-listed options classes.\9\
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    \9\ The Exchange has committed to file a proposed rule change 
under Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act to identify the options classes 
to be included in the second expansion.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The minimum price variation for all classes to be included in the 
Pilot Program, except for the QQQQs, will continue to be $0.01 for all 
quotations in option series that are quoted at less than $3 per 
contract and $0.05 for all quotations in option series that are quoted 
at $3 per contract or greater. The QQQQs will continue to be quoted in 
$0.01 increments for all options series.
    CBOE also proposes quote and trade two index options, the Mini-SPX 
Index Options (XSP) and options on the Dow Jones Industrial Average 
(DJX), in the same minimum increments as the SPY and DIA options, which 
will be included in Phase One of the Pilot. XSP options are based on 
the S&P 500 Index; SPY options are based on the SPDR exchange-traded 
fund (``ETF''), which is designed to track the performance of the S&P 
500 Index. DJX options are based on the Dow Jones Industrial Average 
(``DJIA''); DIA options are based on an ETF designed to track the 
performance of the DJIA. CBOE believes it is important that these 
products have the same minimum increment for consistency and 
competitive reasons.
    During the extended and expanded Pilot Program, the CBOE commits to 
deliver four reports to the Commission. Each report will analyze the 
impact of penny pricing on market quality and options system capacity. 
The first report will analyze the penny pilot results from May 1, 2007 
through September 27, 2007; the second will analyze the results from 
September 28, 2007 through January 31, 2008; the third will analyze the 
results from February 1, 2008 through July 31, 2008; and the fourth and 
final report will examine the results from August 1, 2008 through 
January 31, 2009. These reports will be provided to the Commission 
within thirty days of the conclusion of the reporting period.

III. Discussion

    After careful review of the proposal, the comment letters, and the 
CBOE Response, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is 
consistent with the requirements of the Act and the rules and 
regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities 
exchange.\10\ In particular, the Commission finds that the proposal is 
consistent with Section 6(b)(5) of the Act,\11\ which requires, among 
other things, that the rules of an exchange be designed to promote just 
and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments to and perfect 
the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, 
and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest.
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    \10\ In approving this proposed rule change, the Commission has 
considered the proposed rule's impact on efficiency, competition, 
and capital formation. See 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).
    \11\ 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5).
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    On June 28, 2005, the Pacific Exchange (now known as NYSE Arca) 
announced its intention to begin quoting and trading all listed options 
in penny increments.\12\ In June 2006, to facilitate the orderly 
transition to quoting a limited number of options in penny increments, 
Chairman Cox sent a

[[Page 56404]]

letter to the six options exchanges urging the exchanges that chose to 
begin quoting in smaller increments to plan for the implementation of a 
limited penny pilot program to commence in January 2007.\13\ All six of 
the options exchanges submitted proposals to permit quoting a limited 
number of classes in smaller increments, and, in January 2007, the 
Commission approved those proposals to implement the current Pilot 
Program.\14\ The exchanges have now submitted proposals to extend and 
further expand the Pilot.
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    \12\ PCX News Release, ``Pacific Exchange to Trade Options in 
Pennies,'' June 28, 2005.
    \13\ Commission Press Release 2006-91, ``SEC Chairman Cox Urges 
Options Exchanges to Start Limited Penny Quoting,'' June 7, 2006.
    \14\ See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 55154 (January 23, 
2007), 72 FR 4743 (February 1, 2007) (SR-CBOE-2006-92); 55162 
(January 24, 2007), 72 FR 4738 (February 1, 2007) (Amex-2006-106); 
55155 (January 23, 2007), 72 FR 4741 (February 1, 2007) (SR-BSE-
2006-49); 55161 (January 24, 2007), 72 FR 4754 (February 1, 2007) 
(SR-ISE-2006-62); 55156 (January 23, 2007), 72 FR 4759 (February 1, 
2007) (SR-NYSEArca-2006-73); and 55153 (January 23, 2007), 72 FR 
4553 (January 31, 2007) (SR-Phlx-2006-74). As noted above, supra 
note 7 and accompanying text, the current Pilot is scheduled to 
expire on September 27, 2007.
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    The continued operation and phased expansion of the Pilot Program 
will provide further valuable information to the exchanges, the 
Commission, and others about the impact of penny quoting in the options 
market. In particular, extending and expanding the Pilot Program as 
proposed by CBOE will allow further analysis of the impact of penny 
quoting in the Pilot classes over a longer period of time on, among 
other things: (1) Spreads; (2) peak quote rates; (3) quote message 
traffic; (4) displayed size; (5) ``depth of book'' liquidity; and (6) 
market structure. CBOE has committed to provide the Commission with 
periodic reports, which will analyze the impact of the expanded Pilot 
Program. The Commission expects the Exchange to include statistical 
information relating to these factors in its periodic reports.
    An analysis of the current Pilot shows that the reduction in the 
minimum quoting increment has resulted in narrowing the average quoted 
spreads in all classes in the Pilot.\15\ A reduction in quoted spreads 
means that customers and other market participants may be able to trade 
options at better prices. The reduction in spreads also has led the 
exchanges to reduce or eliminate their exchange-sponsored payment-for-
order-flow programs.\16\ The Commission believes that the proposed rule 
change is designed to continue the narrowing of spreads.
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    \15\ See CBOE, Penny Pilot Report, June 1, 2007 (``CBOE 
Report''). See also Amex, Penny Quoting Pilot Program Report, June 
8, 2007 (``Amex Report''); Box, Penny Pilot Data Review, June 18, 
2007 (``Box Report''); ISE, Penny Pilot Analysis, May 23, 2007 
(``ISE Report''); NYSE Arca Options, Understanding Economic and 
Capacity Impacts of the Penny Pilot, May 31, 2007 (``NYSE Arca 
Report''); and Phlx, Options Penny Pricing Pilot Report, May 31, 
2007 (``Phlx Report'').
    \16\ See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 55328 (February 
21, 2007), 72 FR 9050 (February 28, 2007) (SR-Amex-2007-16); 55197 
(January 30, 2007), 72 FR 5772 (February 7, 2007) (SR-BSE-2007-02); 
55265 (February 9, 2007), 72 FR 7697 (February 16, 2007) (SR-CBOE-
2007-11); 55271 (February 12, 2007), 72 FR 7699 (February 16, 2007) 
(SR-ISE-2007-08); 55223 (February 1, 2007) 72 FR 6306 (February 9, 
2007) (SR-NYSEArca-2007-07); and 55290 (February 13, 2007), 72 FR 
8051 (February 22, 2007) (SR-Phlx-2007-05).
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    The Commission notes that, as anticipated, the Pilot has 
contributed to the increase in quotation message traffic from the 
options markets. However, while the increase in quotation message 
traffic is appreciable, it has been manageable by the exchanges and the 
Options Price Reporting Authority, and the Commission did not receive 
any reports of disruptions in the dissemination of pricing information 
as a result of quote capacity restraints. Although the Commission 
anticipates that the proposed expansion of the Pilot Program may 
contribute to further increases in quote message traffic, the 
Commission believes that CBOE's proposal is sufficiently limited such 
that it is unlikely to increase quote message traffic beyond the 
capacity of market participants' systems and disrupt the timely receipt 
of quote information. The Commission also notes that CBOE has adopted 
and will continue to utilize quote mitigation strategies that should 
mitigate the expected increase in quote traffic.\17\
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    \17\ See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 55154 (January 23, 
2007), 72 FR 4743 (February 1, 2007) (SR-CBOE-2007-92), 55772 (May 
16, 2007), 72 FR 28732 (May 22, 2007) (SR-CBOE-2007-45), and 55853 
(June 4, 2007), 72 FR 32151 (June 11, 2007) (SR-CBOE-2007-56). 
Further, the Commission notes that the other options exchanges 
participating in the Pilot also have adopted and will continue to 
utilize quote mitigation strategies.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Overall trading activity in the options markets is very 
concentrated, with a relatively few options classes accounting for a 
significant share of total options volume. CBOE's proposal, which will 
expand the Pilot to include a limited number of options from among the 
most actively-traded classes (based on average trading volume), will 
provide an opportunity for reduced spreads where the greatest amount of 
trading occurs, thus maximizing the economic benefit of the Pilot while 
minimizing the impact of increased quote traffic.
    One commenter suggests that relative trading volume is the measure 
that should be used to assess the success of quoting in smaller 
increments.\18\ The commenter reported the percentage change in the 
relative trading volume before and after the Pilot for each of the 
thirteen classes.\19\ The commenter's data shows an increase in 
relative trading volume for QQQQ, IWM, SHM, AMD, and SUNW, and a 
decrease in relative trading volume for MSFT, INTC, GE, TXN, A, CAT, 
WFMI and FLEX. The commenter believes the data shows that the Pilot 
works well for index and sector products, but smaller increments caused 
a decline in the relative trading volume for single stock options. The 
commenter argues that much of the decrease in relative trading volume 
in Pilot classes is a symptom of the decrease in displayed size 
available for those classes. On the basis of a decline in the relative 
trading volume, the commenter argues that single stock option classes 
should be removed from the Pilot and replaced with liquid index or 
sector option classes.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \18\ See Citadel Letter, supra note 4.
    \19\ The commenter measures the relative trading volume of a 
class as that class' trading volume as a percentage of total OCC 
volume. The change in relative trading volume is the relative 
trading volume from date of entrance into the Pilot to August 27, 
2007 divided by the relative trading volume from November 1, 2006 
through entrance in the Pilot.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Much of the recent growth in options volume has been in the large 
index and ETF products, such as the SPX, SPY, and the QQQQ. As their 
relative trading volume increases, the aggregate relative trading 
volume of other products necessarily declines (although actual volume 
levels may increase). For example, the SPX, SPY, QQQQ, and IWM 
accounted for 16.1% of total options volume in the four months before 
the pilot and rose to 21.7% of volume in the five months after the 
pilot.\20\ By definition, the relative trading volume of all other 
classes (Pilot and non-Pilot) falls from 83.9% in the pre-Pilot period 
to 78.3% in the post-Pilot period. Using the commenter's numerical 
approach, the relative market share of SPX, SPY, QQQ, and IWM increased 
by 34.8% ((21.7%/16.1%)-1). In contrast, the relative trading volume of 
all other classes fell by 6.7% (78.3/83.9%)-1) in the post-Pilot period 
compared to the pre-Pilot period. Thus, in addition to the random 
variation in relative trading volume that occurs over time, there was 
an overall decline in the relative trading volume of issues outside the 
four largest index and ETF options, although their actual aggregate 
volume levels increased.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \20\ The pre-Pilot period consists of the four months before the 
Pilot commenced (October 1-January 25, 2007) and the post-Pilot 
period consists of the five months after the Pilot commenced 
(February 9, 2007-June 30, 2007). The two week period when the Pilot 
classes were introduced are excluded from the analysis.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 56405]]

    More specifically, for the 100 and 500 most active classes,\21\ 
relative trading volume fell for 63% and 56%, respectively, of non-
Pilot classes. In the Pilot classes, seven, or 54%, of the thirteen 
Pilot classes had a decline in market share and seven, or 70%, of the 
ten single stock option classes had a decline in relative trading 
volume.\22\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \21\ All of the thirteen Pilot classes fall into the 500 most 
actively-traded, and nine are within the 100 most actively-traded 
group.
    \22\ The change in relative trading volume for the median stock 
for the top 500 (100) classes is -8% (-13%), compared to a change of 
-3% for the thirteen Pilot stocks and a change of -24% for the ten 
single stock options. The Commission notes that, with a Pilot sample 
size of thirteen or ten, these statistics will be highly sensitive 
to the performance of one or two classes.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission does not believe that the data at this time supports 
the conclusion that a decrease in relative trading volume in the Pilot 
classes is due to a reduction of the minimum quoting variation. In 
fact, the data demonstrates that declines in relative trading volume 
were not limited to stocks included in the Pilot, and substantial 
declines in relative trading volume, as defined by the commenter, 
describe a large portion of classes that were not in the Pilot. 
Therefore, based on the data reviewed to date, the Commission cannot 
conclude that the Pilot has had an adverse impact on volume in the 
Pilot securities. Therefore, the Commission believes that CBOE's 
proposal to select additional classes from among the most actively-
traded options has a reasonable basis and is consistent with the 
Act.\23\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \23\ The Commission notes that the classes the commenter 
specifically recommends for inclusion in the expanded Pilot--SPY, 
DIA, OIH, XLF, and XLE--are among classes proposed by CBOE to be 
included in the Pilot Program beginning September 28, 2007.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission believes that the impact of smaller increments on 
trading volume is one of the more difficult aspects of the Pilot to 
assess, and notes that the exchange reports did not show a clear change 
in trading volume.\24\ While some industry participants expressed 
disappointment that volume had not increased, the bid-ask spread is 
only one factor that influences volume. Other factors that impact 
option volume are trading activity in the underlying security and in 
related products, volatility in the market and in the underlying 
security, as well as firm and market specific information and events. 
The Commission believes that the addition of more securities in the 
next phase will increase the sample size and should help in further 
analysis of such issues.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \24\ See Amex Report, supra note 15, at 6-7; CBOE Report, supra 
note 15, Attachment at pages 5-6; ISE Report, supra note 15, at 17-
20; and NYSE Arca Report, supra note 15, at 15.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The commenter also expressed concern that the quoted size in the 
Pilot classes is dropping to levels that are ``sub-optimal'' or 
``inadequate'' for institutional size orders, and recommended that the 
Commission carefully evaluate the impact of penny quoting on liquidity 
before allowing the exchanges to expand the Pilot.\25\ The Commission 
fully agrees that the impact of the Pilot on displayed size, as well as 
non-displayed ``depth of book,'' and the impact of any decreased size 
on market and execution quality, is an area that should be carefully 
analyzed as the Pilot continues. The Commission also recognizes that 
the exchange reports show there has, in fact, been a reduction in the 
displayed size available in the Pilot classes.\26\ The Commission is 
not at this time, however, able to conclude that this decrease has 
caused a decrease in trading volume or relative trading volume, or 
other harm to the market, as a result of the Pilot Program. The 
Commission does, however, expect CBOE to include in its reports an 
analysis of the market impact of reducing the minimum price increment, 
particularly on the ability of market participants to effectively 
execute large-sized orders. The Commission will analyze the information 
provided in the Exchange's reports, in conjunction with the information 
provided by other exchanges and market participants, to inform its 
evaluation and consideration of any exchange's proposed further 
expansion of the Pilot.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \25\ See Citadel Letter, supra note 4.
    \26\ See Amex Report, supra note 15, at 6; BOX Report, supra 
note 15, at 2; CBOE Report, supra note 15, at Attachment page 2; ISE 
Report, supra note 15, at 7-8; NYSE Arca Report, supra note 15, at 
9-10; and Phlx Report, supra note 15, at 3-4 and 6-7.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The commenter further noted, to the extent that additional size may 
be available below the best bid or offer,\27\ options market 
participants discount the value of such liquidity because it is 
generally not transparent to the market and is not easily accessible 
even if displayed.\28\ The commenter noted that, unlike in the equities 
markets, market participants cannot quickly sweep multiple markets 
through multiple price levels to reach such additional liquidity. The 
Commission encourages the exchanges to consider measures that would 
facilitate access to depth of book quotes.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \27\ Only two exchanges provided information on ``depth of 
book'' on their markets in the Pilot classes. See NYSE Arca Report 
at 8-10, supra note 15, and ISE Report, supra note 15, at 9. ISE 
reported that the average total size of all quotes on its book at 
all price levels, weighted for volume, for all thirteen Pilot 
classes was reduced by 61%. See ISE Report, supra note 15, at 9. 
NYSE Arca compared liquidity resident in its book within the legacy 
minimum price variation to pre-Pilot top of book liquidity and 
reported that volume weighted liquidity across all thirteen Pilot 
classes decreased 1%. See NYSE Arca Report, supra note 15, at 8.
    \28\ See Citadel Letter, supra note 4. The Commission notes that 
currently only NYSE Arca makes available quotes and orders on its 
book below the NBBO. See http://www.nysedata.com/nysedata/
InformationProducts/ArcaBook/tabid/293/Default.aspx. The Commission 
anticipates that to the extent this display of information proves to 
be valuable to the options market as a whole, other exchanges may 
choose to make this information available as well.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The commenter also recommends removing the poorest performing 
single stock names from the Pilot and replacing them with liquid index 
or sector products.\29\ The Commission agrees that there should be a 
mechanism for removing option classes from the Pilot. The Commission 
specifically requested comment in the notice of CBOE's proposal on: (1) 
Whether there are circumstances under which classes included in the 
Pilot should be removed; (2) if so, what factors should be considered 
in making the determination to remove a class from the Pilot, 
specifically whether an objective standard should be used or whether a 
more subjective analysis should be allowed; (3) what concerns might 
arise by removing a class from the Pilot, and how could such concerns 
be ameliorated; (4) how frequently should such an analysis be 
undertaken, or should the evaluation be automated; and (5) if a class 
is to be removed from the Pilot, how much notice should be given to 
market participants that the quoting increment will change, but did not 
receive any comments. The Commission will continue to consider comments 
on how to fairly and objectively determine if a class should be removed 
from the Pilot. Finally, to the extent that the Exchange files a 
proposed rule change to further expand the Pilot, the Commission urges 
it to include in any such proposal a methodology for removing classes 
from the Pilot.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \29\ See supra, note 23 and Citadel Letter, supra note 4. The 
Exchange also supports removing from the Pilot option classes that, 
after analysis and review, are found not to be good choices for 
quoting in penny increments, and recommends replacing them with 
other classes that are suitable for quoting in a penny increment. 
CBOE notes that data collected to date clearly suggests that some 
Pilot classes may not be good candidates for penny quoting. CBOE 
also notes that, in its Pilot report to the Commission, it stated 
that further analysis must be conducted over a longer period of time 
before drawing any firm conclusions as to the impact of quoting in 
penny increments, and to determine which classes benefit from penny 
quoting compared to those that do not. See CBOE Response, supra note 
5.

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[[Page 56406]]

    Finally, the Commission received two comment letters on CBOE's 
proposal to quote and trade XSP and DJX in the same minimum increments 
as the SPY and DIA options, for consistency and competitive 
reasons.\30\ One commenter argues that it is inconsistent with the 
Pilot Program and the purpose and objectives of the Act to permit CBOE 
to quote singly-listed products in penny increments.\31\ Specifically, 
the commenter believes that it is inconsistent with the Pilot Program 
and the advancement of competition to allow CBOE to unilaterally expand 
the Pilot Program by including two products subject to exclusive 
licensing agreements.\32\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \30\ See Amex Letter and NYSE Arca Letter, supra note 4.
    \31\ See Amex Letter, supra note 4.
    \32\ NYSE Arca also believes that the proposal is not wholly 
consistent with the Pilot. See NYSE Arca Letter, supra note 4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission does not believe that the issue of exclusive 
licensing agreements is raised by this proposed rule change. CBOE 
already lists and trades XSP and DJX options, pursuant to Commission 
approval, and is only proposing in this filing to change the minimum 
price variation for those options. The Commission believes that, 
because XSP and DJX are designed to track the same indexes as multiply-
listed options included in the Pilot, CBOE's proposal to quote and 
trade XSP and DJX in the same minimum increments as classes in the 
Pilot is consistent with the Act.
    The commenter also believes that, based on CBOE's rationale for 
quoting XSP and DJX in the same increments as SPY and DIA, the Exchange 
should have proposed to also quote the S&P 500 index (SPX) in smaller 
increments because it is a ``related'' product.\33\ CBOE argues that 
the XSP and DJX are competitive products to the SPY and DIA, not merely 
that they are ``related products.'' The Commission does not believe 
that CBOE's decision not to propose reducing the minimum increment in 
SPX (or any other product that is based on the same index as a class 
included in the Pilot) makes its proposal to reduce the minimum 
increment for XSP and DJX inconsistent with the Act. Moreover, the 
Commission does not believe that CBOE's proposal to quote two 
additional singly-listed classes in smaller increments impedes the 
ability of any exchange or the Commission to evaluate the Pilot 
Program. The Commission also notes that it would consider other 
proposals by exchanges to reduce the minimum quoting increment for 
other options, whether for the same reasons put forth by CBOE in its 
proposal, or other reasons.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \33\ See Amex Letter, supra note 4. NYSE Arca also believes that 
CBOE's proposal is incomplete because it did not propose to also 
quote options on the Nasdaq 100 Index (NDX), and options on the 
Russell 2000 Index (RUT) in smaller increments. See NYSE Arca 
Letter, supra note 4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For the reasons discussed above, the Commission believes that the 
proposed rule change is consistent with the Act.

IV. Conclusion

    It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the 
Act,\34\ that the proposed rule change (SR-CBOE-2007-98), be, and 
hereby is, approved on a pilot basis, which will end on March 27, 2009.
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    \34\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(2).
    \35\ 17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(12).

    For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, 
pursuant to delegated authority.\35\
Florence E. Harmon,
Deputy Secretary.
 [FR Doc. E7-19495 Filed 10-2-07; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P