Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigation: Circular Welded Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the People's Republic of China, 36663-36668 [E7-13017]

Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 128 / Thursday, July 5, 2007 / Notices Secretary’s presumption that reimbursement of antidumping duties occurred and the subsequent assessment of double antidumping duties. We are issuing and publishing this notice in accordance with sections 751(a)(1) and 777(i)(1) of the Act. and Petitioners filed their responses on June 15, 2007, June 22, 2007, and June 25, 2007, respectively. In addition, Petitioners filed an amendment to the petition on June 15, 2007. Dated: June 27, 2007. Joseph A. Spetrini, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Import Administration. [FR Doc. E7–13009 Filed 7–3–07; 8:45 am] The scope of this investigation covers certain welded carbon quality steel pipes and tubes, of circular crosssection, and with an outside diameter of 0.372 inches (9.45 mm) or more, but not more than 16 inches (406.4 mm), whether or not stenciled, regardless of wall thickness, surface finish (e.g., black, galvanized, or painted), end finish (e.g., plain end, beveled end, grooved, threaded, or threaded and coupled), or industry specification (e.g., ASTM, proprietary, or other), generally known as standard pipe and structural pipe (they may also be referred to as circular, structural, or mechanical tubing). Specifically, the term ‘‘carbon quality’’ includes products in which: (a) iron predominates, by weight, over each of the other contained elements; (b) the carbon content is 2 percent or less, by weight; and (c) none of the elements listed below exceeds the quantity, by weight, as indicated: (i) 1.80 percent of manganese; (ii) 2.25 percent of silicon; (iii) 1.00 percent of copper; (iv) 0.50 percent of aluminum; (v) 1.25 percent of chromium; (vi) 0.30 percent of cobalt; (vii) 0.40 percent of lead; (viii) 1.25 percent of nickel; (ix) 0.30 percent of tungsten; (x) 0.15 percent of molybdenum; (xi) 0.10 percent of niobium; (xii) 0.41 percent of titanium (xiii) 0.15 percent of vanadium; or (xiv) 0.15 percent of zirconium. All pipe meeting the physical description set forth above that is used in, or intended for use in, standard and structural pipe applications is covered by the scope of this investigation. Standard pipe applications include the low–pressure conveyance of water, steam, natural gas, air, and other liquids and gases in plumbing and heating systems, air conditioning units, automatic sprinkler systems, and other related uses. Standard pipe may also be used for light load–bearing and mechanical applications, such as for fence tubing, and as an intermediate product for protection of electrical wiring, such as conduit shells. Structural pipe is used in construction applications. Standard pipe is made primarily to American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) specifications, but can be made to other specifications. BILLING CODE 3510–DS–S DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A–570–910] Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigation: Circular Welded Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the People’s Republic of China Import Administration, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. EFFECTIVE DATE: July 5, 2007. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Maisha Cryor or Mark Manning, AD/ CVD Operations, Office 4, Import Administration, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482–5831 or (202) 482– 5253, respectively. AGENCY: sroberts on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES INITIATION OF INVESTIGATION The Petition On June 7, 2007, the Department of Commerce (Department) received a petition on imports of circular welded carbon quality steel pipe (CWP) from the People’s Republic of China (PRC) filed in proper form by Allied Tube & Conduit, Sharon Tube Company, IPSCO Tubulars, Inc., Western Tube & Conduit Corporation, Northwest Pipe Company, Wheatland Tube Co., i.e., the Ad Hoc Coalition For Fair Pipe Imports From China, and the United Steelworkers (collectively Petitioners). The period of investigation (POI) is October 1, 2006 March 31, 2007. In accordance with section 732(b) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act), Petitioners alleged that imports of CWP from the PRC are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at less than fair value within the meaning of section 731 of the Act, and that such imports are materially injuring and threaten to injure an industry in the United States. The Department issued supplemental questions to Petitioners on June 11, 2007, and June 19, 2007, VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:43 Jul 03, 2007 Jkt 211001 Scope of Investigation PO 00000 Frm 00017 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 36663 Standard pipe is made primarily to ASTM specifications A–53, A–135, and A–795. Structural pipe is made primarily to ASTM specifications A–252 and A–500. Standard and structural pipe may also be produced to proprietary specifications rather than to industry specifications. This is often the case, for example, with fence tubing. Pipe multiple–stenciled to an ASTM specification and to any other specification, such as the American Petroleum Institute (API) API–5L or 5L X–42 specifications, is covered by the scope of this investigation when used in, or intended for use in, one of the standard applications listed above, regardless of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) category under which it is entered. Pipe used for the production of scaffolding (but not finished scaffolding) and conduit shells (but not finished electrical conduit) are included within the scope of this investigation. The scope does not include: (a) pipe suitable for use in boilers, superheaters, heat exchangers, condensers, refining furnaces and feedwater heaters, whether or not cold drawn; (b) mechanical tubing, whether or not cold–drawn; (c) finished electrical conduit; (d) tube and pipe hollows for redrawing; (e) oil country tubular goods produced to API specifications; and (f) line pipe produced to API specifications for oil and gas applications. The pipe products that are the subject of this investigation are currently classifiable in HTSUS statistical reporting numbers 7306.30.10.00, 7306.30.50.25, 7306.30.50.32, 7306.30.50.40, 7306.30.50.55, 7306.30.50.85, and 7306.30.50.90. However, the product description, and not the HTSUS classification, is dispositive of whether merchandise imported into the United States falls within the scope of the investigation. Comments on Scope of Investigation During our review of the petition, we discussed the scope with Petitioners to ensure that it accurately reflects the product for which the domestic industry is seeking relief. During this review, we noted that, while the Department typically prefers to rely upon physical characteristics to determine the scope of product coverage, the scope description proposed by Petitioners relied upon, in part, end–use applications as a method for determining scope coverage. On June 20, 2007, we met with Petitioners to discuss the scope and its reliance upon end–use applications as a method for determining scope coverage. See Memorandum to The File, through Abdelali Elouaradia, Office Director, E:\FR\FM\05JYN1.SGM 05JYN1 36664 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 128 / Thursday, July 5, 2007 / Notices sroberts on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES Office 4, from Maisha Cryor, Import Compliance Specialist, titled ‘‘Circular Welded Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the People’s Republic of China: Scope of the Petition,’’ dated June 22, 2007. As discussed in the preamble to the Department’s regulations, we are setting aside a period for interested parties to raise issues regarding product coverage. See Antidumping Duties; Countervailing Duties; Final rule, 62 FR 27296, 27323 (May 19, 1997). The Department encourages all interested parties to submit such comments, including comments regarding the scope’s definition of covered merchandise based upon end–use application, and whether additional HTSUS numbers should be included in the scope description, 14 calendar days after publication of this initiation notice. Rebuttal comments are due 7 calendar days thereafter. Comments should be addressed to Import Administration’s Central Records Unit in Room 1870, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20230 - Attention: Maisha Cryor, Room 3057. The period of scope consultations is intended to provide the Department with ample opportunity to consider all comments and consult with interested parties prior to the issuance of the preliminary determination. Determination of Industry Support for the Petition Section 732(b)(1) of the Act requires that a petition be filed by an interested party described in subparagraph (C), (D), (E), (F) or (G) of section 771(9) of the Act, or on behalf of the domestic industry. In order to determine whether a petition has been filed by or on behalf of the industry, the Department, pursuant to section 732(c)(4)(A) of the Act, determines whether a minimum percentage of the relevant industry supports the petition. A petition meets this requirement if the domestic producers or workers who support the petition account for: (i) at least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product; and (ii) more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the petition. Moreover, section 732(c)(4)(D) of the Act provides that, if the petition does not establish support of domestic producers or workers accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the domestic like product, the Department shall: (i) poll the industry or rely on other information in order to determine if there is support for the petition, as required by VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:43 Jul 03, 2007 Jkt 211001 subparagraph (A), or (ii) determine industry support using a statistically valid sampling method. Section 771(4)(A) of the Act defines the ‘‘industry’’ as the producers as a whole of a domestic like product. Thus, to determine whether a petition has the requisite industry support, the statute directs the Department to look to producers and workers who produce the domestic like product. The International Trade Commission (ITC), which is responsible for determining whether ‘‘the domestic industry’’ has been injured, must also determine what constitutes a domestic like product in order to define the industry. While both the Department and the ITC must apply the same statutory definition regarding the domestic like product (section 771(10) of the Act), they do so for different purposes and pursuant to a separate and distinct authority. In addition, the Department’s determination is subject to limitations of time and information. Although this may result in different definitions of the like product, such differences do not render the decision of either agency contrary to law. See USEC, Inc. v. United States, 132 F. Supp. 2d 1, 8 (CIT 2001), citing Algoma Steel Corp. Ltd. v. United States, 688 F. Supp. 639, 644 (1988), aff’d 865 F.2d 240 (Fed. Cir. 1989), cert. denied 492 U.S. 919 (1989). Section 771(10) of the Act defines the domestic like product as ‘‘a product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation under this title.’’ Thus, the reference point from which the domestic like product analysis begins is ‘‘the article subject to an investigation,’’ (i.e., the class or kind of merchandise to be investigated, which normally will be the scope as defined in the petition). With regard to the domestic like product, Petitioners do not offer a definition of domestic like product distinct from the scope of the investigation. Based on our analysis of the information submitted on the record, we have determined that CWP constitutes a single domestic like product and we have analyzed industry support in terms of that domestic like product. For a discussion of the domestic like product analysis in this case, see Antidumping Investigation Initiation Checklist: Circular Welded Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the People’s Republic of China, (Initiation Checklist) at Attachment I, (Analysis of Industry Support), on file in the Central Records Unit, Room B–099 of the main Department of Commerce building. In determining whether Petitioners have standing (i.e., those domestic PO 00000 Frm 00018 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 workers and producers supporting the petition account for (1) at least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product and (2) more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the petition), we considered the industry support data contained in the petition with reference to the domestic like product as defined in Attachment IV, (Scope of the Petition), to the Initiation Checklist. To establish industry support, Petitioners provided their shipments for the domestic like product for the year 2006, as well as shipments from supporters of the petition, and compared them to shipments for the domestic like product for the industry. In their second petition supplemental submission, Petitioners demonstrated the correlation between shipments and production. See ‘‘Circular Welded Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the People’s Republic of China/ Petitioner’s Response To The Department’s June 19, 2007 Request For Clarification Of Certain Items Contained In The Petition,’’ dated June 22, 2007, (Second Petition Supplemental) at 7. Based on the fact that total industry production data for the domestic like product for 2006 is not reasonably available, and that Petitioners have established that shipments are a reasonable proxy for production data, we have relied upon shipment data for purposes of measuring industry support. For further discussion see Initiation Checklist at Attachment I (Analysis of Industry Support). Our review of the data provided in the petition, supplemental submissions, and other information readily available to the Department indicates that Petitioners have established industry support. First, the petition established support from domestic producers (or workers) accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the domestic like product and, as such, the Department is not required to take further action in order to evaluate industry support (e.g., polling). See Sec. 732(c)(4)(D) of the Act. Second, the domestic producers have met the statutory criteria for industry support under 732(c)(4)(A)(i) because the domestic producers (or workers) who support the petition account for at least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product. Finally, the domestic producers have met the statutory criteria for industry support under 732(c)(4)(A)(ii) because the domestic producers (or workers) who support the petition account for more E:\FR\FM\05JYN1.SGM 05JYN1 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 128 / Thursday, July 5, 2007 / Notices than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the petition. Accordingly, the Department determines that the petition was filed on behalf of the domestic industry within the meaning of section 732(b)(1) of the Act. See Initiation Checklist at Attachment I (Analysis of Industry Support). The Department finds that Petitioners filed the petition on behalf of the domestic industry because they are an interested party as defined in sections 771(9)(C) and (D) of the Act and they have demonstrated sufficient industry support with respect to the antidumping investigation that they are requesting the Department initiate. See Initiation Checklist at Attachment I (Analysis of Industry Support). Allegations of Sales at Less Than Fair Value The following is a description of the allegations of sales at less than fair value upon which the Department based its decision to initiate this investigation on imports of CWP from the PRC. The source of data for the deductions and adjustments relating to the U.S. price as well as normal value (NV) for the PRC are also discussed in the Initiation Checklist. Should the need arise to use any of this information as facts available under section 776 of the Act in our preliminary or final determinations, we will reexamine the information and revise the margin calculations, if appropriate. sroberts on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES Export Price Petitioners relied on five U.S. prices for CWP manufactured in the PRC and offered by U.S. distributors for sale in the United States. The prices quoted were for specific grades and quality of CWP falling within the scope of this petition, for delivery to the U.S. customer within the POI. Petitioners deducted from the prices the costs associated with exporting and delivering the product, including ocean freight and insurance charges, and foreign brokerage and handling. Petitioners did not deduct foreign inland freight charges from the export price (EP) because they were unable to establish the distances between the Chinese mills and the ports nearest to those mills. See Volume I of the petition at 35. Petitioners did deduct an amount for a U.S. distributor/importer mark–up. See Volume I of the petition at 34; see also Initiation Checklist. VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:43 Jul 03, 2007 Jkt 211001 Normal Value Petitioners stated that the PRC is a non–market economy (NME) and no determination to the contrary has yet been made by the Department. In previous investigations, the Department has determined that the PRC is a NME. See Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value and Partial Affirmative Determination of Critical Circumstances: Certain Polyester Staple Fiber from the People’s Republic of China, 72 FR 19690 (April 19, 2007); Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Magnesium Metal From the People’s Republic of China, 70 FR 9037 (February 24, 2005); and Notice of Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Certain Tissue Paper Products from the People’s Republic of China, 70 FR 7475 (February 14, 2005). In accordance with section 771(18)(C)(i) of the Act, the presumption of NME status remains in effect until revoked by the Department. The presumption of NME status for the PRC has not been revoked by the Department and remains in effect for the purpose of initiating this investigation. Accordingly, the NV of the product is appropriately based on factors of production valued in a surrogate market economy country in accordance with section 773(c) of the Act. In the course of this investigation, all parties will have the opportunity to provide relevant information related to the issues of the PRC’s NME status and the granting of separate rates to individual exporters. Petitioners selected India as the surrogate country. See Volume I of the petition at 28. Petitioners argued that India is an appropriate surrogate country because it is a market–economy country that is at a comparable level of economic development to the PRC and is a significant producer and exporter of CWP. Id. Based on the information provided by Petitioners, we believe that its use of India as a surrogate country is appropriate for purposes of initiating this investigation. After the initiation of the investigation, we will solicit comments regarding surrogate country selection. Also, pursuant to 19 CFR 351.301(c)(3)(i), interested parties will be provided an opportunity to submit publicly available information to value factors of production within 40 calendar days after the date of publication of the preliminary determination. Petitioners provided dumping margin calculations using the Department’s NME methodology as required by 19 CFR 351.202(b)(7)(i)(C) and 19 CFR 351.408. Petitioners calculated NV based on consumption rates for inputs used to produce CWP experienced by PO 00000 Frm 00019 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 36665 U.S. producers. In accordance with section 773(c)(4) of the Act, Petitioners valued factors of production, where possible, on reasonably available, public surrogate country data. To value certain factors of production, Petitioners used official Indian government import statistics, excluding shipments from countries previously determined by the Department to be NME countries and excluding shipments into India from Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, and Thailand because the Department has previously excluded prices from these countries because they maintain broadly–available, non–industry specific export subsidies. See, e.g., Hand Trucks and Certain Parts Thereof From the People’s Republic of China: Final Results of Administrative Review and Final Results of New Shipper Review, 72 FR 27287 and Issues and Decision Memorandum at Comment 23 (May 15, 2007). For inputs valued in Indian rupees and not contemporaneous with the POI, Petitioners used information from the wholesale price indices (WPI) in India as published in the International Financial Statistics of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for input prices during the period preceding the POI. See Second Petition Supplemental at 1 and Exhibit 1. In addition, Petitioners made currency conversions, where necessary, based on the POI–average rupee/U.S. dollar exchange rate for the POI, as reported on the Department’s website. Id. The Department calculates and publishes the surrogate values for labor to be used in NME cases on its website. Therefore, to value labor, Petitioners used a labor rate of $0.83 per hour, published on the Department website, in accordance with the Department’s regulations. See 19 CFR 351.408(c)(3) and Initiation Checklist. Petitioners valued electricity in the production of CWP based on the Indian electricity rate as reported in the Key World Energy Statistics 2003, published by the International Energy Agency for the year 2000. See ‘‘Circular Welded Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the People’s Republic of China/ Petitioner’s Response To The Department’s June 11, 2007 Request For Clarification Of Certain Items Contained In The Petition,’’ dated June 15, 2007 (Petition Supplemental) at 23 and Exhibit M. Petitioners originally inflated electricity to a POI value using the WPI published by the Reserve Bank of India. See Volume I of the petition at 31. However, Petitioners revised the inflator to the WPI published by the IMF at the direction of the Department. See Petition Supplemental at 23 and Exhibit E:\FR\FM\05JYN1.SGM 05JYN1 36666 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 128 / Thursday, July 5, 2007 / Notices M; see also Initiation Checklist for further details. Petitioners valued natural gas in the production of CWP based on Indian natural gas prices charged to industrial users during a period overlapping the POI, as reported by CRISIL Research India. See Volume I of the petition at 32 and Volume II of the petition at Exhibit. However, the Department determined that the Gas Authority of India, Ltd. (GAIL) was more appropriate as the source for the valuation of natural gas. See Initiation Checklist for further details. Therefore, the Department requested that Petitioners recalculate the surrogate value for natural gas based upon values published by GAIL. See ‘‘Letter to Gilbert Kaplan, Counsel for Petitioners, from Mark Manning, Program Manager, Office 4, Regarding ‘Petition for the Imposition of Antidumping Duties: Circular Welded Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the People’s Republic of China,’ ’’ dated June 19, 2007. As a result, Petitioners valued natural gas in the production of CWP based on Indian natural gas rates, published by GAIL for February 2005. See Second Petition Supplemental at Exhibit 4. Petitioners inflated natural gas to a POI value using the WPI published by the IMF. Id. For the NV calculations, Petitioners derived the figures for factory overhead, selling, general and administrative expenses, and profit from the financial ratios of two Indian producers of CWP: Zenith Birla (India) Limited and Surya Roshni Limited. sroberts on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES Fair Value Comparisons Based on the data provided by Petitioners, there is reason to believe that imports of CWP from the PRC are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at less than fair value. Based upon comparisons of EP to the NV, calculated in accordance with section 773(c) of the Act, the estimated calculated dumping margins for CWP from the PRC range from 51.34 percent to 85.55 percent. Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation Petitioners allege that the U.S. industry producing the domestic like product is being materially injured, or is threatened with material injury, by reason of the imports of the subject merchandise sold at less than NV. Petitioners contend that the industry’s injured condition is illustrated by reduced market share, lost sales, reduced production, capacity and capacity utilization rate, reduced shipments and increased inventories, underselling and price depression or suppression, lost revenue, reduced VerDate Aug<31>2005 19:08 Jul 03, 2007 Jkt 211001 employment, decline in financial performance and increase in import penetration. We have assessed the allegations and supporting evidence regarding material injury and causation, and we have determined that these allegations are properly supported by adequate evidence and meet the statutory requirements for initiation. See Initiation Checklist at Attachment II (Injury). Separate–Rates Application The Department modified the process by which exporters and foreign producers may obtain separate–rate status in NME investigations. See Policy Bulletin 05.1: Separate–Rates Practice and Application of Combination Rates in Antidumping Investigations involving Non–Market Economy Countries (April 5, 2005) (Separate– Rates and Combination Rates Bulletin), available on the Department’s website at http://ia.ita.doc.gov/policy/bull05-1.pdf. The process requires the submission of a separate–rate status application. Based on our experience in processing the separate–rates applications, we have modified the application for this investigation to make it more administrable and easier for applicants to complete. See Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigations: Certain Lined Paper Products From India, Indonesia, and the People’s Republic of China, 70 FR 58374, 58379 (October 6, 2005); Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigation: Certain Artist Canvas From the People’s Republic of China, 70 FR 21996, 21999 (April 28, 2005); and Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigations: Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof from the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Korea, 70 FR 35625, 35629 (June 21, 2005). The specific requirements for submitting the separate–rates application in this investigation are outlined in detail in the application itself, which will be available on the Department’s website at http://ia.ita.doc.gov/ia-highlights-andnews.html on the date of publication of this initiation notice in the Federal Register. Submission of the separate– rates application is due no later August 26, 2007. NME Respondent Selection and Quantity and Value Questionnaire For NME investigations, it is the Department’s practice to request quantity and value information from all known exporters identified in the petition. Although many NME exporters respond to the quantity and value information request, at times some exporters may not have received the PO 00000 Frm 00020 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 quantity and value questionnaire or may not have received it in time to respond by the specified deadline. Therefore, the Department typically requests the assistance of the NME government in transmitting the Department’s quantity and value questionnaire to all companies who manufacture and export subject merchandise to the United States, as well as to manufacturers who produce the subject merchandise for companies who were engaged in exporting subject merchandise to the United States during the POI. The quantity and value data received from NME exporters is used as the basis to select the mandatory respondents. The Department requires that the respondents submit a response to both the quantity and value questionnaire and the separate–rates application by the respective deadlines in order to receive consideration for separate–rate status. Appendix I of this notice contains the quantity and value questionnaire that must be submitted by all NME exporters no later than July 18, 2007. In addition, the Department will post the quantity and value questionnaire along with the filing instructions on the Department’s website at http://ia.ita.doc.gov/iahighlights-and-news.html. The Department will send the quantity and value questionnaire to those exporters identified in Volume II of the petition at Exhibit 5, and to the NME government. Use of Combination Rates in an NME Investigation The Department will calculate combination rates for certain respondents that are eligible for a separate rate in this investigation. The Separate–Rates and Combination Rates Bulletin states the following: {w}hile continuing the practice of assigning separate rates only to exporters, all separate rates that the Department will now assign in its NME investigations will be specific to those producers that supplied the exporter during the period of investigation. Note, however, that one rate is calculated for the exporter and all of the producers which supplied subject merchandise to it during the period of investigation. This practice applies both to mandatory respondents receiving an individually calculated separate rate as well as the pool of non– investigated firms receiving the weighted–average of the individually calculated rates. This practice is referred to as the application of ‘‘combination rates’’ because such rates apply to specific E:\FR\FM\05JYN1.SGM 05JYN1 36667 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 128 / Thursday, July 5, 2007 / Notices combinations of exporters and one or more producers. The cash– deposit rate assigned to an exporter will apply only to merchandise both exported by the firm in question and produced by a firm that supplied the exporter during the period of investigation. See Separate–Rates and Combination Rates Bulletin, at 6. Distribution of Copies of the Petition In accordance with section 732(b)(3)(A) of the Act, a copy of the public version of the petition has been provided to the government of the PRC. Initiation of Antidumping Investigation Preliminary Determination by the ITC The ITC will preliminarily determine, within 25 days after the date on which it receives notice of this initiation, whether there is a reasonable indication that imports of CWP from the PRC are causing material injury, or threatening to cause material injury, to a U.S. industry. See section 733(a)(2)(A)(i) of the Act. A negative ITC determination will result in the investigation being terminated; otherwise, this investigation will proceed according to statutory and regulatory time limits. This notice is issued and published pursuant to section 777(i) of the Act. Based upon our examination of the petition on CWP from the PRC, we find that the petition meets the requirements of section 732 of the Act. Therefore, we are initiating an antidumping duty investigation to determine whether imports of CWP from the PRC are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at less than fair value. Unless postponed, we will make our preliminary determination no later than 140 calendar days after the date of publication of this initiation notice. International Trade Commission Notification We have notified the ITC of our initiation, as required by section 732(d) of the Act. Dated: June 27, 2007. Joseph A. Spetrini, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Import Administration. Appendix I Where it is not practicable to examine all known producers/exporters of subject merchandise, section 777A(c)(2) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (as amended) permits us to investigate (1) a sample of exporters, producers, or types of products that is statistically valid based on the information available at the time of selection, or (2) exporters and producers accounting for the largest volume and value of the subject merchandise that can reasonably be examined. In the chart below, please provide the total quantity and total value of all your sales of merchandise covered by the scope of this investigation (see scope section of this notice), produced in the PRC, and exported/shipped to the United States during the period October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007. Market Total Quantity Terms of Sale Total Value United States ....................................................................................................... 1. Export Price Sales ........................................................................................... 2. .......................................................................................................................... a. Exporter name ................................................................................................. b. Address ............................................................................................................ c. Contact ............................................................................................................. d. Phone No. ........................................................................................................ e. Fax No. ............................................................................................................ 3. Constructed Export Price Sales ...................................................................... 4. Further Manufactured Sales ............................................................................ TOTAL SALES ........................................................................................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ • Please include any sales exported by your company to a third–country market economy reseller where you had knowledge that the merchandise was destined to be resold to the United States. • If you are a producer of subject merchandise, please include any sales manufactured by your company that were subsequently exported by an affiliated exporter to the United States. • Please do not include any sales of merchandise manufactured in Hong Kong in your figures. Total Quantity: • Please report quantity on a metric ton basis. If any conversions were used, please provide the conversion formula and source. Terms of Sales: • Please report all sales on the same terms, such as ‘‘free on board’’ at port of export. sroberts on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES Total Value: • All sales values should be reported in U.S. dollars. Please provide any exchange rates used and their respective dates and sources. Export Price Sales: • Generally, a U.S. sale is classified as an export price sale when the first sale to an unaffiliated customer occurs before importation into the United States. • Please include any sales exported by your company directly to the United States. VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:43 Jul 03, 2007 Jkt 211001 Constructed Export Price Sales: • Generally, a U.S. sale is classified as a constructed export price sale when the first sale to an unaffiliated customer occurs after importation. However, if the first sale to the unaffiliated customer is made by a person in the United States affiliated with the foreign exporter, constructed export price applies PO 00000 Frm 00021 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 even if the sale occurs prior to importation. • Please include any sales exported by your company directly to the United States. • Please include any sales exported by your company to a third–country market economy reseller where you had knowledge that the merchandise was destined to be resold to the United States. • If you are a producer of subject merchandise, please include any sales manufactured by your company that were subsequently exported by an affiliated exporter to the United States. • Please do not include any sales of merchandise manufactured in Hong Kong in your figures. Further Manufactured Sales: • Further manufacture or assembly (including re–packing) sales (‘‘further manufactured sales’’) refers to merchandise that E:\FR\FM\05JYN1.SGM 05JYN1 36668 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 128 / Thursday, July 5, 2007 / Notices undergoes further manufacture or assembly in the United States before being sold to the first unaffiliated customer. • Further manufacture or assembly costs include amounts incurred for direct materials, labor and overhead, plus amounts for general and administrative expense, interest expense, and additional packing expense incurred in the country of further manufacture, as well as all costs involved in moving the product from the U.S. port of entry to the further manufacturer. [FR Doc. E7–13017 Filed 7–3–07; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–S DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A–533–810] Stainless Steel Bar from India: Extension of Time Limit for the Final Results of the Antidumping Duty Administrative Review Import Administration, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. EFFECTIVE DATE: July 5, 2007. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Scott Holland or Brandon Farlander, AD/CVD Operations, Office 1, Import Administration, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington DC 20230; telephone (202) 482–1279 or (202) 482– 0182, respectively. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: sroberts on PROD1PC70 with NOTICES AGENCY: Background On June 26, 2007, the Department of Commerce (‘‘the Department’’) published an extension of the time limit to complete the final results of the administrative review of the antidumping duty order on stainless steel bar from India covering the period February 1, 2005, through January 31, 2006. See Stainless Steel Bar from India: Extension of Time Limit for the Final Results of the Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, 72 FR 35033 (June 26, 2007). Due to a clerical error, the due date for the completion of the final results was listed as September 6, 2007. The Department hereby amends the date on which the final results are due for completion. The final results are now due on September 4, 2007. Extension of Time Limits for Final Results Section 751(a)(3)(A) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (‘‘the Act’’), VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:43 Jul 03, 2007 Jkt 211001 requires the Department to issue the preliminary results of an administrative review within 245 days after the last day of the anniversary month of an antidumping duty order for which a review is requested and issue the final results within 120 days after the date on which the preliminary results are published. However, if it is not practicable to complete the review within the time period, section 751(a)(3)(A) of the Act allows the Department to extend these deadlines to a maximum of 365 days and 180 days, respectively. In accordance with 782(i)(3) of the Act, the Department conducted on–site verification of responses submitted by two respondents in this review in May and June 2007. Accordingly, the Department must still issue the verification findings. Therefore, we find that it is not practicable to complete this review within the originally anticipated time limit (i.e., by July 5, 2007). Thus, the Department is extending the time limit for completion of the final results to no later than September 6, 2007, in accordance with section 751(a)(3)(A) of the Act. We are issuing and publishing this notice in accordance with sections 751(a)(3)(A) and 777(i)(1) of the Act. Dated: June 28, 2007. Stephen J. Claeys, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Import Administration. [FR Doc. E7–13011 Filed 7–3–07; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 3510–DS–S DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [C–570–911] Notice of Initiation of Countervailing Duty Investigation: Circular Welded Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the People’s Republic of China Import Administration, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. AGENCY: EFFECTIVE DATE: July 5, 2007. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Damian Felton, Yasmin Nair or Nancy Decker, AD/CVD Operations, Import Administration, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482–0133, (202) 482– 3813 and (202) 482–0196, respectively. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: PO 00000 Frm 00022 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 Initiation Of Investigations: The Petition On June 7, 2007, the Department of Commerce (‘‘the Department’’) received a petition filed in proper form by the Ad Hoc Coalition for Fair Pipe Imports from China and its individual members (Allied Tube & Conduit; IPSCO Tubulars, Inc.; Northwest Pipe Company; Sharon Tube Company; Western Tube & Conduit Corporation; Wheatland Tube Company; and the United Steelworkers) (collectively, ‘‘petitioners’’). The Department received timely information from petitioners supplementing the petition on June 15, June 20 and June 25, 2007. In accordance with section 702(b)(1) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (‘‘the Act’’), petitioners allege that manufacturers, producers, or exporters of circular welded carbon quality steel pipe (‘‘CWP’’) in the People’s Republic of China ( the ‘‘PRC’’), receive countervailable subsidies within the meaning of section 701 of the Act and that such imports are materially injuring, or threatening material injury to, an industry in the United States. The Department finds that petitioners filed the petition on behalf of the domestic industry because they are interested parties as defined in sections 771(9)(C) and (D) of the Act and petitioners have demonstrated sufficient industry support with respect to the countervailing duty investigation (see ‘‘Determination of Industry Support for the Petition’’ section below). Scope of Investigation The scope of this investigation covers certain welded carbon quality steel pipes and tubes, of circular crosssection, and with an outside diameter of 0.372 inches (9.45 mm) or more, but not more than 16 inches (406.4 mm), whether or not stenciled, regardless of wall thickness, surface finish (e.g., black, galvanized, or painted), end finish (e.g., plain end, beveled end, grooved, threaded, or threaded and coupled), or industry specification (e.g., ASTM, proprietary, or other), generally known as standard pipe and structural pipe (they may also be referred to as circular, structural, or mechanical tubing). Specifically, the term ‘‘carbon quality’’ includes products in which: (a) iron predominates, by weight, over each of the other contained elements; (b) the carbon content is 2 percent or less, by weight; and (c) none of the elements listed below exceeds the quantity, by weight, as indicated: (i) 1.80 percent of manganese; (ii) 2.25 percent of silicon; E:\FR\FM\05JYN1.SGM 05JYN1

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 72, Number 128 (Thursday, July 5, 2007)]
[Notices]
[Pages 36663-36668]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E7-13017]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

International Trade Administration

[A-570-910]


Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigation: Circular Welded 
Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the People's Republic of China

AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade Administration, 
Department of Commerce.

EFFECTIVE DATE: July 5, 2007.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Maisha Cryor or Mark Manning, AD/CVD 
Operations, Office 4, Import Administration, International Trade 
Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th Street and 
Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482-
5831 or (202) 482-5253, respectively.

Initiation Of Investigation

The Petition

    On June 7, 2007, the Department of Commerce (Department) received a 
petition on imports of circular welded carbon quality steel pipe (CWP) 
from the People's Republic of China (PRC) filed in proper form by 
Allied Tube & Conduit, Sharon Tube Company, IPSCO Tubulars, Inc., 
Western Tube & Conduit Corporation, Northwest Pipe Company, Wheatland 
Tube Co., i.e., the Ad Hoc Coalition For Fair Pipe Imports From China, 
and the United Steelworkers (collectively Petitioners). The period of 
investigation (POI) is October 1, 2006 - March 31, 2007.
    In accordance with section 732(b) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as 
amended (the Act), Petitioners alleged that imports of CWP from the PRC 
are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at less than 
fair value within the meaning of section 731 of the Act, and that such 
imports are materially injuring and threaten to injure an industry in 
the United States. The Department issued supplemental questions to 
Petitioners on June 11, 2007, and June 19, 2007, and Petitioners filed 
their responses on June 15, 2007, June 22, 2007, and June 25, 2007, 
respectively. In addition, Petitioners filed an amendment to the 
petition on June 15, 2007.

Scope of Investigation

    The scope of this investigation covers certain welded carbon 
quality steel pipes and tubes, of circular cross-section, and with an 
outside diameter of 0.372 inches (9.45 mm) or more, but not more than 
16 inches (406.4 mm), whether or not stenciled, regardless of wall 
thickness, surface finish (e.g., black, galvanized, or painted), end 
finish (e.g., plain end, beveled end, grooved, threaded, or threaded 
and coupled), or industry specification (e.g., ASTM, proprietary, or 
other), generally known as standard pipe and structural pipe (they may 
also be referred to as circular, structural, or mechanical tubing).
    Specifically, the term ``carbon quality'' includes products in 
which: (a) iron predominates, by weight, over each of the other 
contained elements; (b) the carbon content is 2 percent or less, by 
weight; and (c) none of the elements listed below exceeds the quantity, 
by weight, as indicated:
(i) 1.80 percent of manganese;
(ii) 2.25 percent of silicon;
(iii) 1.00 percent of copper;
(iv) 0.50 percent of aluminum;
(v) 1.25 percent of chromium;
(vi) 0.30 percent of cobalt;
(vii) 0.40 percent of lead;
(viii) 1.25 percent of nickel;
(ix) 0.30 percent of tungsten;
(x) 0.15 percent of molybdenum;
(xi) 0.10 percent of niobium;
(xii) 0.41 percent of titanium
(xiii) 0.15 percent of vanadium; or
(xiv) 0.15 percent of zirconium.
    All pipe meeting the physical description set forth above that is 
used in, or intended for use in, standard and structural pipe 
applications is covered by the scope of this investigation. Standard 
pipe applications include the low-pressure conveyance of water, steam, 
natural gas, air, and other liquids and gases in plumbing and heating 
systems, air conditioning units, automatic sprinkler systems, and other 
related uses. Standard pipe may also be used for light load-bearing and 
mechanical applications, such as for fence tubing, and as an 
intermediate product for protection of electrical wiring, such as 
conduit shells. Structural pipe is used in construction applications.
    Standard pipe is made primarily to American Society for Testing and 
Materials (ASTM) specifications, but can be made to other 
specifications. Standard pipe is made primarily to ASTM specifications 
A-53, A-135, and A-795. Structural pipe is made primarily to ASTM 
specifications A-252 and A-500. Standard and structural pipe may also 
be produced to proprietary specifications rather than to industry 
specifications. This is often the case, for example, with fence tubing. 
Pipe multiple-stenciled to an ASTM specification and to any other 
specification, such as the American Petroleum Institute (API) API-5L or 
5L X-42 specifications, is covered by the scope of this investigation 
when used in, or intended for use in, one of the standard applications 
listed above, regardless of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the 
United States (HTSUS) category under which it is entered. Pipe used for 
the production of scaffolding (but not finished scaffolding) and 
conduit shells (but not finished electrical conduit) are included 
within the scope of this investigation.
    The scope does not include: (a) pipe suitable for use in boilers, 
superheaters, heat exchangers, condensers, refining furnaces and 
feedwater heaters, whether or not cold drawn; (b) mechanical tubing, 
whether or not cold-drawn; (c) finished electrical conduit; (d) tube 
and pipe hollows for redrawing; (e) oil country tubular goods produced 
to API specifications; and (f) line pipe produced to API specifications 
for oil and gas applications.
    The pipe products that are the subject of this investigation are 
currently classifiable in HTSUS statistical reporting numbers 
7306.30.10.00, 7306.30.50.25, 7306.30.50.32, 7306.30.50.40, 
7306.30.50.55, 7306.30.50.85, and 7306.30.50.90. However, the product 
description, and not the HTSUS classification, is dispositive of 
whether merchandise imported into the United States falls within the 
scope of the investigation.

Comments on Scope of Investigation

    During our review of the petition, we discussed the scope with 
Petitioners to ensure that it accurately reflects the product for which 
the domestic industry is seeking relief. During this review, we noted 
that, while the Department typically prefers to rely upon physical 
characteristics to determine the scope of product coverage, the scope 
description proposed by Petitioners relied upon, in part, end-use 
applications as a method for determining scope coverage. On June 20, 
2007, we met with Petitioners to discuss the scope and its reliance 
upon end-use applications as a method for determining scope coverage. 
See Memorandum to The File, through Abdelali Elouaradia, Office 
Director,

[[Page 36664]]

Office 4, from Maisha Cryor, Import Compliance Specialist, titled 
``Circular Welded Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the People's Republic 
of China: Scope of the Petition,'' dated June 22, 2007. As discussed in 
the preamble to the Department's regulations, we are setting aside a 
period for interested parties to raise issues regarding product 
coverage. See Antidumping Duties; Countervailing Duties; Final rule, 62 
FR 27296, 27323 (May 19, 1997). The Department encourages all 
interested parties to submit such comments, including comments 
regarding the scope's definition of covered merchandise based upon end-
use application, and whether additional HTSUS numbers should be 
included in the scope description, 14 calendar days after publication 
of this initiation notice. Rebuttal comments are due 7 calendar days 
thereafter. Comments should be addressed to Import Administration's 
Central Records Unit in Room 1870, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th 
Street and Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20230 - Attention: 
Maisha Cryor, Room 3057. The period of scope consultations is intended 
to provide the Department with ample opportunity to consider all 
comments and consult with interested parties prior to the issuance of 
the preliminary determination.

Determination of Industry Support for the Petition

    Section 732(b)(1) of the Act requires that a petition be filed by 
an interested party described in subparagraph (C), (D), (E), (F) or (G) 
of section 771(9) of the Act, or on behalf of the domestic industry. In 
order to determine whether a petition has been filed by or on behalf of 
the industry, the Department, pursuant to section 732(c)(4)(A) of the 
Act, determines whether a minimum percentage of the relevant industry 
supports the petition. A petition meets this requirement if the 
domestic producers or workers who support the petition account for: (i) 
at least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like 
product; and (ii) more than 50 percent of the production of the 
domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry 
expressing support for, or opposition to, the petition. Moreover, 
section 732(c)(4)(D) of the Act provides that, if the petition does not 
establish support of domestic producers or workers accounting for more 
than 50 percent of the total production of the domestic like product, 
the Department shall: (i) poll the industry or rely on other 
information in order to determine if there is support for the petition, 
as required by subparagraph (A), or (ii) determine industry support 
using a statistically valid sampling method.
    Section 771(4)(A) of the Act defines the ``industry'' as the 
producers as a whole of a domestic like product. Thus, to determine 
whether a petition has the requisite industry support, the statute 
directs the Department to look to producers and workers who produce the 
domestic like product. The International Trade Commission (ITC), which 
is responsible for determining whether ``the domestic industry'' has 
been injured, must also determine what constitutes a domestic like 
product in order to define the industry. While both the Department and 
the ITC must apply the same statutory definition regarding the domestic 
like product (section 771(10) of the Act), they do so for different 
purposes and pursuant to a separate and distinct authority. In 
addition, the Department's determination is subject to limitations of 
time and information. Although this may result in different definitions 
of the like product, such differences do not render the decision of 
either agency contrary to law. See USEC, Inc. v. United States, 132 F. 
Supp. 2d 1, 8 (CIT 2001), citing Algoma Steel Corp. Ltd. v. United 
States, 688 F. Supp. 639, 644 (1988), aff'd 865 F.2d 240 (Fed. Cir. 
1989), cert. denied 492 U.S. 919 (1989).
    Section 771(10) of the Act defines the domestic like product as ``a 
product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in 
characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation 
under this title.'' Thus, the reference point from which the domestic 
like product analysis begins is ``the article subject to an 
investigation,'' (i.e., the class or kind of merchandise to be 
investigated, which normally will be the scope as defined in the 
petition).
    With regard to the domestic like product, Petitioners do not offer 
a definition of domestic like product distinct from the scope of the 
investigation. Based on our analysis of the information submitted on 
the record, we have determined that CWP constitutes a single domestic 
like product and we have analyzed industry support in terms of that 
domestic like product. For a discussion of the domestic like product 
analysis in this case, see Antidumping Investigation Initiation 
Checklist: Circular Welded Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the People's 
Republic of China, (Initiation Checklist) at Attachment I, (Analysis of 
Industry Support), on file in the Central Records Unit, Room B-099 of 
the main Department of Commerce building.
    In determining whether Petitioners have standing (i.e., those 
domestic workers and producers supporting the petition account for (1) 
at least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like 
product and (2) more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic 
like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing 
support for, or opposition to, the petition), we considered the 
industry support data contained in the petition with reference to the 
domestic like product as defined in Attachment IV, (Scope of the 
Petition), to the Initiation Checklist. To establish industry support, 
Petitioners provided their shipments for the domestic like product for 
the year 2006, as well as shipments from supporters of the petition, 
and compared them to shipments for the domestic like product for the 
industry. In their second petition supplemental submission, Petitioners 
demonstrated the correlation between shipments and production. See 
``Circular Welded Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the People's Republic 
of China/ Petitioner's Response To The Department's June 19, 2007 
Request For Clarification Of Certain Items Contained In The Petition,'' 
dated June 22, 2007, (Second Petition Supplemental) at 7. Based on the 
fact that total industry production data for the domestic like product 
for 2006 is not reasonably available, and that Petitioners have 
established that shipments are a reasonable proxy for production data, 
we have relied upon shipment data for purposes of measuring industry 
support. For further discussion see Initiation Checklist at Attachment 
I (Analysis of Industry Support).
    Our review of the data provided in the petition, supplemental 
submissions, and other information readily available to the Department 
indicates that Petitioners have established industry support. First, 
the petition established support from domestic producers (or workers) 
accounting for more than 50 percent of the total production of the 
domestic like product and, as such, the Department is not required to 
take further action in order to evaluate industry support (e.g., 
polling). See Sec. 732(c)(4)(D) of the Act. Second, the domestic 
producers have met the statutory criteria for industry support under 
732(c)(4)(A)(i) because the domestic producers (or workers) who support 
the petition account for at least 25 percent of the total production of 
the domestic like product. Finally, the domestic producers have met the 
statutory criteria for industry support under 732(c)(4)(A)(ii) because 
the domestic producers (or workers) who support the petition account 
for more

[[Page 36665]]

than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced 
by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition 
to, the petition. Accordingly, the Department determines that the 
petition was filed on behalf of the domestic industry within the 
meaning of section 732(b)(1) of the Act. See Initiation Checklist at 
Attachment I (Analysis of Industry Support).
    The Department finds that Petitioners filed the petition on behalf 
of the domestic industry because they are an interested party as 
defined in sections 771(9)(C) and (D) of the Act and they have 
demonstrated sufficient industry support with respect to the 
antidumping investigation that they are requesting the Department 
initiate. See Initiation Checklist at Attachment I (Analysis of 
Industry Support).

Allegations of Sales at Less Than Fair Value

    The following is a description of the allegations of sales at less 
than fair value upon which the Department based its decision to 
initiate this investigation on imports of CWP from the PRC. The source 
of data for the deductions and adjustments relating to the U.S. price 
as well as normal value (NV) for the PRC are also discussed in the 
Initiation Checklist. Should the need arise to use any of this 
information as facts available under section 776 of the Act in our 
preliminary or final determinations, we will reexamine the information 
and revise the margin calculations, if appropriate.

Export Price

    Petitioners relied on five U.S. prices for CWP manufactured in the 
PRC and offered by U.S. distributors for sale in the United States. The 
prices quoted were for specific grades and quality of CWP falling 
within the scope of this petition, for delivery to the U.S. customer 
within the POI. Petitioners deducted from the prices the costs 
associated with exporting and delivering the product, including ocean 
freight and insurance charges, and foreign brokerage and handling. 
Petitioners did not deduct foreign inland freight charges from the 
export price (EP) because they were unable to establish the distances 
between the Chinese mills and the ports nearest to those mills. See 
Volume I of the petition at 35. Petitioners did deduct an amount for a 
U.S. distributor/importer mark-up. See Volume I of the petition at 34; 
see also Initiation Checklist.

Normal Value

    Petitioners stated that the PRC is a non-market economy (NME) and 
no determination to the contrary has yet been made by the Department. 
In previous investigations, the Department has determined that the PRC 
is a NME. See Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value and 
Partial Affirmative Determination of Critical Circumstances: Certain 
Polyester Staple Fiber from the People's Republic of China, 72 FR 19690 
(April 19, 2007); Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: 
Magnesium Metal From the People's Republic of China, 70 FR 9037 
(February 24, 2005); and Notice of Final Determination of Sales at Less 
Than Fair Value: Certain Tissue Paper Products from the People's 
Republic of China, 70 FR 7475 (February 14, 2005). In accordance with 
section 771(18)(C)(i) of the Act, the presumption of NME status remains 
in effect until revoked by the Department. The presumption of NME 
status for the PRC has not been revoked by the Department and remains 
in effect for the purpose of initiating this investigation. 
Accordingly, the NV of the product is appropriately based on factors of 
production valued in a surrogate market economy country in accordance 
with section 773(c) of the Act. In the course of this investigation, 
all parties will have the opportunity to provide relevant information 
related to the issues of the PRC's NME status and the granting of 
separate rates to individual exporters.
    Petitioners selected India as the surrogate country. See Volume I 
of the petition at 28. Petitioners argued that India is an appropriate 
surrogate country because it is a market-economy country that is at a 
comparable level of economic development to the PRC and is a 
significant producer and exporter of CWP. Id. Based on the information 
provided by Petitioners, we believe that its use of India as a 
surrogate country is appropriate for purposes of initiating this 
investigation. After the initiation of the investigation, we will 
solicit comments regarding surrogate country selection. Also, pursuant 
to 19 CFR 351.301(c)(3)(i), interested parties will be provided an 
opportunity to submit publicly available information to value factors 
of production within 40 calendar days after the date of publication of 
the preliminary determination.
    Petitioners provided dumping margin calculations using the 
Department's NME methodology as required by 19 CFR 351.202(b)(7)(i)(C) 
and 19 CFR 351.408. Petitioners calculated NV based on consumption 
rates for inputs used to produce CWP experienced by U.S. producers. In 
accordance with section 773(c)(4) of the Act, Petitioners valued 
factors of production, where possible, on reasonably available, public 
surrogate country data. To value certain factors of production, 
Petitioners used official Indian government import statistics, 
excluding shipments from countries previously determined by the 
Department to be NME countries and excluding shipments into India from 
Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, and Thailand because the Department 
has previously excluded prices from these countries because they 
maintain broadly-available, non-industry specific export subsidies. 
See, e.g., Hand Trucks and Certain Parts Thereof From the People's 
Republic of China: Final Results of Administrative Review and Final 
Results of New Shipper Review, 72 FR 27287 and Issues and Decision 
Memorandum at Comment 23 (May 15, 2007).
    For inputs valued in Indian rupees and not contemporaneous with the 
POI, Petitioners used information from the wholesale price indices 
(WPI) in India as published in the International Financial Statistics 
of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for input prices during the 
period preceding the POI. See Second Petition Supplemental at 1 and 
Exhibit 1. In addition, Petitioners made currency conversions, where 
necessary, based on the POI-average rupee/U.S. dollar exchange rate for 
the POI, as reported on the Department's website. Id.
    The Department calculates and publishes the surrogate values for 
labor to be used in NME cases on its website. Therefore, to value 
labor, Petitioners used a labor rate of $0.83 per hour, published on 
the Department website, in accordance with the Department's 
regulations. See 19 CFR 351.408(c)(3) and Initiation Checklist.
    Petitioners valued electricity in the production of CWP based on 
the Indian electricity rate as reported in the Key World Energy 
Statistics 2003, published by the International Energy Agency for the 
year 2000. See ``Circular Welded Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the 
People's Republic of China/ Petitioner's Response To The Department's 
June 11, 2007 Request For Clarification Of Certain Items Contained In 
The Petition,'' dated June 15, 2007 (Petition Supplemental) at 23 and 
Exhibit M. Petitioners originally inflated electricity to a POI value 
using the WPI published by the Reserve Bank of India. See Volume I of 
the petition at 31. However, Petitioners revised the inflator to the 
WPI published by the IMF at the direction of the Department. See 
Petition Supplemental at 23 and Exhibit

[[Page 36666]]

M; see also Initiation Checklist for further details. Petitioners 
valued natural gas in the production of CWP based on Indian natural gas 
prices charged to industrial users during a period overlapping the POI, 
as reported by CRISIL Research India. See Volume I of the petition at 
32 and Volume II of the petition at Exhibit. However, the Department 
determined that the Gas Authority of India, Ltd. (GAIL) was more 
appropriate as the source for the valuation of natural gas. See 
Initiation Checklist for further details. Therefore, the Department 
requested that Petitioners recalculate the surrogate value for natural 
gas based upon values published by GAIL. See ``Letter to Gilbert 
Kaplan, Counsel for Petitioners, from Mark Manning, Program Manager, 
Office 4, Regarding `Petition for the Imposition of Antidumping Duties: 
Circular Welded Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the People's Republic of 
China,' '' dated June 19, 2007. As a result, Petitioners valued natural 
gas in the production of CWP based on Indian natural gas rates, 
published by GAIL for February 2005. See Second Petition Supplemental 
at Exhibit 4. Petitioners inflated natural gas to a POI value using the 
WPI published by the IMF. Id.
    For the NV calculations, Petitioners derived the figures for 
factory overhead, selling, general and administrative expenses, and 
profit from the financial ratios of two Indian producers of CWP: Zenith 
Birla (India) Limited and Surya Roshni Limited.

Fair Value Comparisons

    Based on the data provided by Petitioners, there is reason to 
believe that imports of CWP from the PRC are being, or are likely to 
be, sold in the United States at less than fair value. Based upon 
comparisons of EP to the NV, calculated in accordance with section 
773(c) of the Act, the estimated calculated dumping margins for CWP 
from the PRC range from 51.34 percent to 85.55 percent.

Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation

    Petitioners allege that the U.S. industry producing the domestic 
like product is being materially injured, or is threatened with 
material injury, by reason of the imports of the subject merchandise 
sold at less than NV. Petitioners contend that the industry's injured 
condition is illustrated by reduced market share, lost sales, reduced 
production, capacity and capacity utilization rate, reduced shipments 
and increased inventories, underselling and price depression or 
suppression, lost revenue, reduced employment, decline in financial 
performance and increase in import penetration. We have assessed the 
allegations and supporting evidence regarding material injury and 
causation, and we have determined that these allegations are properly 
supported by adequate evidence and meet the statutory requirements for 
initiation. See Initiation Checklist at Attachment II (Injury).

Separate-Rates Application

    The Department modified the process by which exporters and foreign 
producers may obtain separate-rate status in NME investigations. See 
Policy Bulletin 05.1: Separate-Rates Practice and Application of 
Combination Rates in Antidumping Investigations involving Non-Market 
Economy Countries (April 5, 2005) (Separate-Rates and Combination Rates 
Bulletin), available on the Department's website at http://
ia.ita.doc.gov/policy/bull05-1.pdf. The process requires the submission 
of a separate-rate status application. Based on our experience in 
processing the separate-rates applications, we have modified the 
application for this investigation to make it more administrable and 
easier for applicants to complete. See Initiation of Antidumping Duty 
Investigations: Certain Lined Paper Products From India, Indonesia, and 
the People's Republic of China, 70 FR 58374, 58379 (October 6, 2005); 
Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigation: Certain Artist Canvas 
From the People's Republic of China, 70 FR 21996, 21999 (April 28, 
2005); and Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigations: Diamond 
Sawblades and Parts Thereof from the People's Republic of China and the 
Republic of Korea, 70 FR 35625, 35629 (June 21, 2005). The specific 
requirements for submitting the separate-rates application in this 
investigation are outlined in detail in the application itself, which 
will be available on the Department's website at http://ia.ita.doc.gov/
ia-highlights-and-news.html on the date of publication of this 
initiation notice in the Federal Register. Submission of the separate-
rates application is due no later August 26, 2007.

NME Respondent Selection and Quantity and Value Questionnaire

    For NME investigations, it is the Department's practice to request 
quantity and value information from all known exporters identified in 
the petition. Although many NME exporters respond to the quantity and 
value information request, at times some exporters may not have 
received the quantity and value questionnaire or may not have received 
it in time to respond by the specified deadline. Therefore, the 
Department typically requests the assistance of the NME government in 
transmitting the Department's quantity and value questionnaire to all 
companies who manufacture and export subject merchandise to the United 
States, as well as to manufacturers who produce the subject merchandise 
for companies who were engaged in exporting subject merchandise to the 
United States during the POI. The quantity and value data received from 
NME exporters is used as the basis to select the mandatory respondents.
    The Department requires that the respondents submit a response to 
both the quantity and value questionnaire and the separate-rates 
application by the respective deadlines in order to receive 
consideration for separate-rate status. Appendix I of this notice 
contains the quantity and value questionnaire that must be submitted by 
all NME exporters no later than July 18, 2007. In addition, the 
Department will post the quantity and value questionnaire along with 
the filing instructions on the Department's website at http://
ia.ita.doc.gov/ia-highlights-and-news.html. The Department will send 
the quantity and value questionnaire to those exporters identified in 
Volume II of the petition at Exhibit 5, and to the NME government.

Use of Combination Rates in an NME Investigation

    The Department will calculate combination rates for certain 
respondents that are eligible for a separate rate in this 
investigation. The Separate-Rates and Combination Rates Bulletin states 
the following:
    {w{time} hile continuing the practice of assigning separate rates 
only to exporters, all separate rates that the Department will now 
assign in its NME investigations will be specific to those producers 
that supplied the exporter during the period of investigation. Note, 
however, that one rate is calculated for the exporter and all of the 
producers which supplied subject merchandise to it during the period of 
investigation. This practice applies both to mandatory respondents 
receiving an individually calculated separate rate as well as the pool 
of non-investigated firms receiving the weighted-average of the 
individually calculated rates. This practice is referred to as the 
application of ``combination rates'' because such rates apply to 
specific

[[Page 36667]]

combinations of exporters and one or more producers. The cash-deposit 
rate assigned to an exporter will apply only to merchandise both 
exported by the firm in question and produced by a firm that supplied 
the exporter during the period of investigation.
See Separate-Rates and Combination Rates Bulletin, at 6.

Initiation of Antidumping Investigation

    Based upon our examination of the petition on CWP from the PRC, we 
find that the petition meets the requirements of section 732 of the 
Act. Therefore, we are initiating an antidumping duty investigation to 
determine whether imports of CWP from the PRC are being, or are likely 
to be, sold in the United States at less than fair value. Unless 
postponed, we will make our preliminary determination no later than 140 
calendar days after the date of publication of this initiation notice.

Distribution of Copies of the Petition

    In accordance with section 732(b)(3)(A) of the Act, a copy of the 
public version of the petition has been provided to the government of 
the PRC.

International Trade Commission Notification

    We have notified the ITC of our initiation, as required by section 
732(d) of the Act.

Preliminary Determination by the ITC

    The ITC will preliminarily determine, within 25 days after the date 
on which it receives notice of this initiation, whether there is a 
reasonable indication that imports of CWP from the PRC are causing 
material injury, or threatening to cause material injury, to a U.S. 
industry. See section 733(a)(2)(A)(i) of the Act. A negative ITC 
determination will result in the investigation being terminated; 
otherwise, this investigation will proceed according to statutory and 
regulatory time limits.
    This notice is issued and published pursuant to section 777(i) of 
the Act.

    Dated: June 27, 2007.
Joseph A. Spetrini,
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Import Administration.

Appendix I

Where it is not practicable to examine all known producers/exporters of 
subject merchandise, section 777A(c)(2) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (as 
amended) permits us to investigate (1) a sample of exporters, 
producers, or types of products that is statistically valid based on 
the information available at the time of selection, or (2) exporters 
and producers accounting for the largest volume and value of the 
subject merchandise that can reasonably be examined.
In the chart below, please provide the total quantity and total value 
of all your sales of merchandise covered by the scope of this 
investigation (see scope section of this notice), produced in the PRC, 
and exported/shipped to the United States during the period October 1, 
2006, through March 31, 2007.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Market                           Total Quantity       Terms of Sale        Total Value
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
United States.......................................  ..................  ..................  ..................
1. Export Price Sales...............................  ..................  ..................  ..................
2...................................................  ..................  ..................  ..................
 a. Exporter name...................................  ..................  ..................  ..................
 b. Address.........................................  ..................  ..................  ..................
 c. Contact.........................................  ..................  ..................  ..................
 d. Phone No........................................  ..................  ..................  ..................
 e. Fax No..........................................  ..................  ..................  ..................
3. Constructed Export Price Sales...................  ..................  ..................  ..................
4. Further Manufactured Sales.......................  ..................  ..................  ..................
Total Sales.........................................  ..................  ..................  ..................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total Quantity:

     Please report quantity on a metric ton basis. If any 
conversions were used, please provide the conversion formula and 
source.

Terms of Sales:

     Please report all sales on the same terms, such as ``free 
on board'' at port of export.

Total Value:

     All sales values should be reported in U.S. dollars. 
Please provide any exchange rates used and their respective dates and 
sources.

Export Price Sales:

     Generally, a U.S. sale is classified as an export price 
sale when the first sale to an unaffiliated customer occurs before 
importation into the United States.
     Please include any sales exported by your company directly 
to the United States.
     Please include any sales exported by your company to a 
third-country market economy reseller where you had knowledge that the 
merchandise was destined to be resold to the United States.
     If you are a producer of subject merchandise, please 
include any sales manufactured by your company that were subsequently 
exported by an affiliated exporter to the United States.
     Please do not include any sales of merchandise 
manufactured in Hong Kong in your figures.

Constructed Export Price Sales:

     Generally, a U.S. sale is classified as a constructed 
export price sale when the first sale to an unaffiliated customer 
occurs after importation. However, if the first sale to the 
unaffiliated customer is made by a person in the United States 
affiliated with the foreign exporter, constructed export price applies 
even if the sale occurs prior to importation.
     Please include any sales exported by your company directly 
to the United States.
     Please include any sales exported by your company to a 
third-country market economy reseller where you had knowledge that the 
merchandise was destined to be resold to the United States.
     If you are a producer of subject merchandise, please 
include any sales manufactured by your company that were subsequently 
exported by an affiliated exporter to the United States.
     Please do not include any sales of merchandise 
manufactured in Hong Kong in your figures.

Further Manufactured Sales:

     Further manufacture or assembly (including re-packing) 
sales (``further manufactured sales'') refers to merchandise that

[[Page 36668]]

undergoes further manufacture or assembly in the United States before 
being sold to the first unaffiliated customer.
     Further manufacture or assembly costs include amounts 
incurred for direct materials, labor and overhead, plus amounts for 
general and administrative expense, interest expense, and additional 
packing expense incurred in the country of further manufacture, as well 
as all costs involved in moving the product from the U.S. port of entry 
to the further manufacturer.
[FR Doc. E7-13017 Filed 7-3-07; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-DS-S