National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard, 41084-41089 [06-6340]

Download as PDF 41084 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 138 / Wednesday, July 19, 2006 / Rules and Regulations DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 34 CFR Part 300 RIN 1820–AB56 National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Department of Education. ACTION: Final regulations. AGENCY: The Secretary of Education establishes the National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS or standard) as required under sections 612(a)(23)(A) and 674(e)(4) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, as amended by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (Act). The purpose of the NIMAS is to help increase the availability and timely delivery of print instructional materials in accessible formats to blind or other persons with print disabilities in elementary schools and secondary schools. The Secretary establishes the NIMAS by amending the regulations governing the Assistance to States for Education of Children with Disabilities Program in 34 CFR part 300 to include an appendix that sets forth the technical elements and specifications for the standard. DATES: These regulations and the standard are effective August 18, 2006. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Alexa Posny, U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, SW., Potomac Center Plaza, room 4109, Washington, DC 20202–2641. Telephone: (202) 245–7597. If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD), you may call the Federal Relay System (FRS) at 1– 800–877–8339. Individuals with disabilities may obtain this document in an alternative format (e.g., Braille, large print, audiotape, or computer diskette) on request to the contact person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 674(e)(3)(B) of the Act defines the NIMAS as the standard established by the Secretary to be used in the preparation of electronic files suitable and used solely for efficient conversion into specialized formats. On June 29, 2005, we published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) in the Federal Register (70 FR 37302) to establish the standard and to include it as an appendix to 34 CFR part 300. A description of the proposed standard sroberts on PROD1PC70 with RULES SUMMARY: VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:35 Jul 18, 2006 Jkt 208001 can be found on pages 37302 through 37303 of the NPRM and the text of the proposed NIMAS can be found on pages 37304 through 37306 of the NPRM. On June 21, 2005, the Department published a notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register (IDEA NPRM) to amend 34 CFR part 300 to implement other recently enacted changes made to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, as amended by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (70 FR 35782). The Department intended to codify the final NIMAS as an appendix to the amended regulations in 34 CFR part 300. However, in an attempt to expedite the implementation of the NIMAS, the Department establishes the NIMAS through these final regulations and codifies the NIMAS as an appendix to the current regulations in 34 CFR part 300. The Department plans to re-publish the NIMAS as an appendix to the amended regulations in 34 CFR part 300 when it publishes final regulations in response to the IDEA NPRM. In the preamble to the NPRM, the Secretary discussed the need for the NIMAS and the efforts of the Department that supported the establishment of the NIMAS. Specifically, the Secretary addressed the national need to increase the availability and timely delivery of print instructional materials in accessible formats to blind or other students with print disabilities in elementary and secondary schools. The Secretary also described the inception of the NIMAS, which was developed by the National File Format Technical Panel (NFF Technical Panel), a panel convened by the Department-funded National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum. The NFF Technical Panel developed the NIMAS as a standard for digital source files that can be used to accurately and reliably produce instructional materials in a variety of alternate formats using the same source file. Changes in the NIMAS As more fully explained in the Analysis of Comments and Changes section of this notice, the final standard contains a few changes from the standard proposed in the NPRM. Most significantly, the NIMAS Development and Technical Assistance Centers funded by the Department noted that inadvertent errors were made in the technical standards of the NIMAS when the NIMAS was posted on the NIMAS Web site at http://nimas.cast.org/about/ technical/index.html and published in the NPRM on June 29, 2005. At the request of the Department, the NIMAS Development and Technical Assistance PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 Centers reported these errors and submitted their proposed corrections and updates to the Department through the formal public comment process established in the NPRM. The NIMAS Development and Technical Assistance Centers also posted their proposed corrections, additions, and deletions on the NIMAS Web site at http:// nimas.cast.org/about/proposal/ changes.html. Analysis of Comments and Changes In response to the Secretary’s invitation in the NPRM, 17 parties, including the Department-funded NIMAS Development and Technical Assistance Centers, submitted comments on the NIMAS. An analysis of the comments and of the changes in the standard since publication of the NPRM follows. The analysis generally does not address minor changes, including the specific technical changes made to the language published in the NPRM or comments that express concerns of a general nature about the Department or other matters that are not directly relevant to the technical specifications of the NIMAS. Comment: The NIMAS Development and Technical Assistance Centers funded by the Department noted that inadvertent technical errors were made in the version of the NIMAS that was published by the Department in the NPRM and posted on the NIMAS Web site at http://nimas.cast.org/about/ technical/index.html. The centers provided the Department with proposed updates to correct these technical errors. The centers also posted their proposed updates on the NIMAS Web site at http://nimas.cast.org/about/proposal/ changes.html. A significant number (16 of 17) of commenters expressed support for the NIMAS. Of these commenters, nine commenters expressed support and approval of the updates to the NIMAS that were proposed by the NIMAS Development and Technical Assistance Centers, approved by the NIMAS Development Center’s Technical Group, and posted on the NIMAS Web site. No negative comments were received regarding the updates. One commenter stated that errors occurred during a file conversion using the NIMAS and that corrections are needed in order to ensure that the NIMAS results in valid files. The commenter recommended that the NIMAS Development and Technical Assistance Centers’ proposed corrections become part of the NIMAS. Discussion: We agree that the version of the NIMAS that was posted on the NIMAS Web site and published in the E:\FR\FM\19JYR2.SGM 19JYR2 sroberts on PROD1PC70 with RULES Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 138 / Wednesday, July 19, 2006 / Rules and Regulations NPRM contained technical errors. We believe that the updates proposed by the NIMAS Development and Technical Assistance Centers should be made to the NIMAS in order to correct these errors. Changes: We have revised the NIMAS to incorporate the corrections, deletions, and additions proposed by the NIMAS Development and Technical Assistance Centers and posted on the NIMAS Web site. Comment: Many commenters recommended continual maintenance and improvement of the NIMAS. These commenters suggested that the Department establish a method for updating the NIMAS so that it will remain current with technological advances and be consistent with the ANSI/NISO Z39.86 standard [renamed DAISY/NISO Z39.86 2005 as of April 2005]. One commenter suggested that the Department accept new reports from the NIMAS Development Center’s Technical Group at regular intervals so that the standard will continue to expand to meet the needs of students with disabilities. One commenter recommended requiring that the NIMAS be updated at least every three years to ensure that it reflects improvements in technology and best industry practice. One commenter expressed concern that the technical specifications of the NIMAS are a minimum set of requirements and that, over time, the bar should be raised through proposed changes or additions to the NIMAS. Discussion: The Department’s Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) funded the NIMAS Development Center in fiscal year (FY) 2004. One of the main responsibilities of the NIMAS Development Center is to engage in an ongoing process to ensure that the NIMAS is maintained and remains current with technological advances, and is aligned and consistent with the DAISY/NISO Z39.86 standard. When technological advances suggest the need for a new version of the NIMAS, the NIMAS Development Center, with the concurrence of its Technical Group, will submit recommendations for revised NIMAS specifications to the Department. The NIMAS Development Center is required to report on the need for changes at least once at the end of its 5-year project period, but may make recommendations regarding revisions more often, if it deems necessary. The Department will propose any revisions to the NIMAS and seek public comment on the proposed changes through a notice of proposed rulemaking published in the Federal Register. OSEP also funded the NIMAS Technical Assistance (TA) Center in FY VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:35 Jul 18, 2006 Jkt 208001 2004. After the NIMAS has been adopted by State educational agencies (SEAs) and local educational agencies (LEAs) (coordinating agencies), the NIMAS TA Center will maintain an errata Web page for use by publishers, coordinating agencies, and other entities. The errata Web page will be available at http://nimas.cast.org and will contain notifications of errors and omissions in the NIMAS that are detected through the implementation process. Changes: None. Comment: A few commenters stated that NIMAS PDF file requirements for images need better definition. Discussion: The NIMAS Development Center, through its Technical Group, has had extensive discussions on the issue of NIMAS PDF file requirements since the publication of the NIMAS in the NPRM on June 29, 2005. The Technical Group members agreed that PDF file requirements in the NIMAS were in need of greater clarification due, in part, to current limitations of transcription and conversion practices, hardware, and software. As a result, the Technical Group’s recommendations on changes in the baseline elements related to PDF image files have been added into the NIMAS and are also publicly available on the NIMAS Web site at http:// nimas.cast.org. Changes: We have revised the NIMAS to clarify the requirements for PDF image files, as recommended by the NIMAS Development Center’s Technical Group and posted on the NIMAS Web site. Comment: One commenter expressed concern that the standard does not include a statement of the metadata that needs to be included in the package file. Discussion: The metadata elements are defined in the NIMAS package file section. We agree that certain metadata elements may need to be clarified. However, we believe that it would be premature to attempt to clarify the metadata elements without first evaluating how they are implemented in practice. Accordingly, the NIMAS Development Center and its Technical Group will determine whether the metadata elements require clarification after the NIMAS is adopted and actually used, and then will provide technical assistance, as necessary, to clarify those metadata elements on the NIMAS Web site at http://nimas.cast.org/. To the extent the NIMAS Development Center and its Technical Group determine that changes should be made to the metadata requirements in the NIMAS itself, they will submit their recommendations to the Department. The Department will then propose any revisions to the PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 41085 NIMAS and seek public comment on the proposed changes through a notice of proposed rulemaking published in the Federal Register. Changes: None. Comment: Two commenters expressed concern that there is nothing preventing publishers from preparing NIMAS files that contain only partial books, rather than entire books. They stated that NIMAS files will not be helpful if publishers omit important information. Accordingly, they recommended that the Department establish standards requiring publishers to use the NIMAS to convert entire books. Discussion: The purpose of the NIMAS is to provide access to print instructional materials in a timely manner. Delivery of partial books would unduly delay the delivery of instructional materials in specialized formats in a timely manner and would be contrary to the intent of the Act. Accordingly, SEA and LEA contracts with publishers should clearly specify that entire books must be converted into NIMAS files. In addition, we expect that the procedures established by the National Instructional Materials Access Center (NIMAC) will specify that publishers must use NIMAS to convert entire books (and not partial books) into NIMAS files. The Department expects to make NIMAC procedures available on the NIMAC Web site at http:// www.nimac.us. Changes: None. Comment: Two commenters expressed concern that optional elements are not mandatory in the NIMAS. These commenters recommended that the NIMAS should require the full DAISY markup, that is, both baseline and optional elements. Discussion: Although the NFF Technical Panel’s report, which is available on the NIMAS Web site at http://nimas.cast.org/, encouraged publishers to use both baseline and optional elements, only baseline elements are required in the NIMAS. The NFF Technical Panel reported that requiring both baseline and optional elements would be too costly for publishers. Optional elements are typically added by coordinating agencies and other entities. In any case, SEAs and LEAs contract with publishers for their instructional material needs and can specify whether they need files beyond the baseline elements. Changes: None. Comment: Two commenters made recommendations about two elements in the NIMAS. The commenters recommended that the NIMAS tag, which specifies that all pages must be E:\FR\FM\19JYR2.SGM 19JYR2 sroberts on PROD1PC70 with RULES 41086 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 138 / Wednesday, July 19, 2006 / Rules and Regulations numbered in a consistent manner, be placed at the beginning of each print page before all print text. The commenters also expressed concern that more information in the present tag set is needed to adequately identify a specific book. The commenters recommended that the NIMAS include a well-defined method of identifying multiple versions of the same book. The two commenters stated that publishers are best suited to make this identification because they produced the textbooks and have access to all versions of the textbooks. Discussion: The Department views the issues raised by the commenters as relating to the implementation of the NIMAS and not the NIMAS itself. Due to the fact that these issues are the result of limitations in transcription and conversion practices, hardware, and software, the Department believes that these issues are best addressed through technical assistance. Thus, the NIMAS TA Center will provide technical assistance regarding these and other issues. In the case of implementation issues pertaining to Braille transcription, the NIMAS Development and Technical Assistance Centers have already conducted a series of discussions during January 2006 with Braille transcribers, which led to a set of clarifying recommendations on the implementation of NIMAS that will be incorporated into the NIMAS TA Center’s Best Practices Web page at http://nimas.cast.org. Changes: None. Comment: We received a number of comments relating to the adoption and implementation of the NIMAS and the purchase of instructional materials in accessible formats. Discussion: Requirements regarding the adoption and implementation of the NIMAS and the purchase of instructional materials in accessible formats will be addressed in subparts B and C of the Department’s final regulations governing the Assistance to States for Education of Children with Disabilities Program. Accordingly, the Department will respond to all comments relating to the adoption and implementation of the NIMAS and the purchase of instructional materials in accessible formats in the preamble to the final regulations for 34 CFR part 300 that it issues in response to the IDEA NPRM. Changes: None. VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:35 Jul 18, 2006 Jkt 208001 Executive Order 12866 Under Executive Order 12866, we have assessed the potential costs and benefits of this regulatory action. The potential costs associated with establishing the standard are those resulting from statutory requirements and those we have determined to be necessary for administering this program effectively and efficiently. In assessing the potential costs and benefits of this regulatory action, we have determined that the benefits justify the costs. We have also determined that this regulatory action does not unduly interfere with State, local, and tribal government in the exercise or their governmental functions. Summary of Potential Costs and Benefits We summarized the potential costs and benefits of establishing the standard in the preamble to the NPRM (70 FR 37303). Paperwork Reduction Act 1995 The NIMAS does not contain any information collection requirements. Electronic Access to This Document You may view this document, as well as all other Department of Education documents published in the Federal Register, in text or Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) on the Internet at the following site: http://www.ed.gov/ news/fedregister. To use PDF you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader, which is available free at this site. If you have questions about using PDF, call the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), toll free, at 1– 888–293–6498; or in the Washington, DC area at (202) 512–1530. Note: The official version of the document is the document published in the Federal Register. Free Internet access to the official edition of the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations is available on GPO Access at: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/nara/ index.html. (Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Number does not apply.) List of Subjects in 34 CFR Part 300 National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS), Special education, Grant programs— accessible instructional materials, Technology. PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 Dated: July 13, 2006. John H. Hager, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Secretary amends part 300 of title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows: I PART 300—ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES 1. The authority citation for part 300 continues to read as follows: I Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1411–1420, unless otherwise noted. 2. Part 300 is amended by adding an appendix D to part 300 to read as follows: I Appendix D to Part 300—National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS) Under sections 612(a)(23)(A) and 674(e)(4) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, as amended by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, the Secretary of Education establishes the NIMAS. Under section 674(e)(4) of the Act, the NIMAS applies to print instructional materials published after August 18, 2006. The purpose of the NIMAS is to help increase the availability and timely delivery of print instructional materials in accessible formats to blind or other persons with print disabilities in elementary and secondary schools. Technical Specifications—The Baseline Element Set The Baseline Element Set details the minimum requirement that must be delivered to fulfill the NIMAS. It is the responsibility of publishers to provide this NIMASconformant XML content file, a package file (OPF), a PDF-format copy of the title page (or whichever page(s) contain(s) ISBN and copyright information), and a full set of the content’s images. All of the images included within a work must be provided in a folder and placeholders entered in the relevant XML document indicating their location (all images must be included). The preferred image type is SVG, next is either PNG or JPG format. Images should be rendered in the same size/proportion as their originals at 300 dpi. Images should be named with relative path filenames in XML files (example: <img id=’’staricon4’’ src=’’./images/U10C02/ staricon4.jpg’’ alt=’’star icon’’/>). NIMAS-conformant content must be valid to the NIMAS 1.1 [see ANSI/NISO Z39.86 2005 or subsequent revisions]. In addition, files are required to use the tags from the Baseline Element Set when such tags are appropriate. Publishers are encouraged to augment the required Baseline Element Set with tags from the Optional Element Set (elements not included in the Standard) as applicable. For the purposes of NIMAS, E:\FR\FM\19JYR2.SGM 19JYR2 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 138 / Wednesday, July 19, 2006 / Rules and Regulations appropriate usage of elements, both baseline and optional, is defined by the DAISY Structure Guidelines. Files that do not follow these guidelines in the selection and application of tags are not conformant to this Standard. Both optional elements and appropriate structure guidelines may be located within Z39.86–2002 and Z39.86– 2005 available from http://www.daisy.org/ 41087 z3986/. Use of the most current standard is recommended. The Baseline Element Set a. Document-Level Tags Element Description dtbook ............................................. The root element in the Digital Talking Book DTD. <dtbook> contains metadata in <head> and the contents itself in <book>. Contains metainformation about the book but no actual content of the book itself, which is placed in <book>. Surrounds the actual content of the document, which is divided into <frontmatter>, <bodymatter>, and <rearmatter>. <head>, which contains metadata, precedes <book>. Indicates metadata about the book. It is an empty element that may appear repeatedly only in <head>. For the most current usage guidelines, please refer to http://www.daisy.org/z3986/. head ................................................ book ................................................ meta ................................................ b. Structure and Hierarchy Element Description frontmatter ....................................... Usually contains <doctitle> and <docauthor>, as well as preliminary material that is often enclosed in appropriate <level> or <level1> etc. Content may include a copyright notice, a foreword, an acknowledgements section, a table of contents, etc. <frontmatter> serves as a guide to the content and nature of a <book>. Consists of the text proper of a book, as contrasted with preliminary material <frontmatter> or supplementary information in rearmatter <rearmatter>. Contains supplementary material such as appendices, glossaries, bibliographies, and indices. It follows <bodymater> the of the book. The highest-level container of major divisions of a book. Used in <frontmatter>, <bodymater>, and <rearmatter> to mark the largest divisions of the book (usually parts or chapters), inside which <level2> subdivisions (often sections) may nest. The class attribute identifies the actual name (e.g., part, chapter) of the structure it marks. Contrast with <level>. Contains subdivisions that nest within <level1> divisions. The class attribute identifies the actual name (e.g., subpart, chapter, subsection) of the structure it marks. Contains sub-subdivisions that nest within <level2> subdivisions (e.g., sub-subsections within subsections). The class attribute identifies the actual name (e.g., section, subpart, subsubsection) of the subordinate structure it marks. Contains further subdivisions that nest within <level3> subdivisions. The class attribute identifies the actual name of the subordinate structure it marks. Contains further subdivisions that nest within <level4> subdivisions. The class attribute identifies the actual name of the subordinate structure it marks. Contains further subdivisions that nest within <level5> subdivisions. The class attribute identifies the actual name of the subordinate structure it marks. Contains the text of the heading for a <level1> structure. Contains the text of the heading for a <level2> structure. Contains the text of the heading for a <level3> structure. Contains the text of the heading for a <level4> structure. Contains the text of the heading for a <level5> structure. Contains the text of the heading for a <level6> structure. For the most current usage guidelines, please refer to http://www.daisy.org/z3986/. bodymatter ...................................... rearmatter ........................................ level1 ............................................... level2 ............................................... level3 ............................................... level4 ............................................... level5 ............................................... level6 ............................................... h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 h6 .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... .................................................... c. Block Elements Element Description author .............................................. Identifies the writer of a work other than this one. Contrast with <docauthor>, which identifies the author of this work. <author> typically occurs within <blockquote> and <cite>. Indicates a block of quoted content that is set off from the surrounding text by paragraph breaks. Compare with <q>, which marks short, inline quotations. Contains some form of list, ordered or unordered. The list may have an intermixed heading <hd> (generally only one, possibly with <prodnote>), and an intermixture of list items <li> and <pagenum>. If bullets and outline enumerations are part of the print content, they are expected to prefix those list items in content, rather than be implicitly generated. Marks each list item in a <list>. <li> content may be either inline or block and may include other nested lists. Alternatively it may contain a sequence of list item components, <lic>, that identify regularly occurring content, such as the heading and page number of each entry in a table of contents. Marks the text of a heading in a <list> or \ <sidebar>. Marks a footnote, endnote, etc. Any local reference to <note id=‘‘yyy’’> is by <noteref idref=‘‘#yyy’’’’>. [Attribute id]. Contains a paragraph, which may contain subsidiary <list> or <dl>. blockquote ....................................... list .................................................... sroberts on PROD1PC70 with RULES li ....................................................... hd .................................................... note ................................................. p ...................................................... VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:35 Jul 18, 2006 Jkt 208001 PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\19JYR2.SGM 19JYR2 41088 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 138 / Wednesday, July 19, 2006 / Rules and Regulations Element Description sidebar ............................................ Contains information supplementary to the main text and/or narrative flow and is often boxed and printed apart from the main text block on a page. It may have a heading <hd>. Marks a reference (or citation) to another document. Marks a definition of the preceding term <dt> within a definition list <dl>. A definition without a preceding <dt> has no semantic interpretation, but is visually presented aligned with other <dd>. Contains a definition list, usually consisting of pairs of terms <dt> and definitions <dd>. Any definition can contain another definition list. Marks a term in a definition list <dl> for which a definition <dd> follows. For the most current usage guidelines, please refer to http://www.daisy.org/z3986/. cite ................................................... dd .................................................... dl ..................................................... dt ..................................................... d. Inline Elements Element Description em ................................................... q ...................................................... Indicates emphasis. Usually <em> is rendered in italics. Compare with <strong>. Contains a short, inline quotation. Compare with <blockquote>, which marks a longer quotation set off from the surrounding text. Marks stronger emphasis than <em>. Visually <strong> is usually rendered bold. Indicates a subscript character (printed below a character’s normal baseline). Can be used recursively and/ or intermixed with <sup>. Marks a superscript character (printed above a character’s normal baseline). Can be used recursively and/ or intermixed with <sub>. Marks a forced line break. Marks a single logical line of text. Often used in conjunction with <linenum> in documents with numbered lines. [Use only when line breaks must be preserved to capture meaning (e.g., poems, legal texts).] Contains a line number, for example in legal text. [Use only when <line> is used, and only for lines numbered in print book.] Contains one page number as it appears from the print document, usually inserted at the point within the file immediately preceding the first item of content on a new page. [NB: Only valid when it includes an id attribute]. Marks one or more characters that reference a footnote or endnote <note>. Contrast with <annoref>. <noteref> and <note> are independently skippable. For the most current usage guidelines, please refer to http://www.daisy.org/z3986/. strong .............................................. sub .................................................. sup .................................................. br ..................................................... line ................................................... linenum ............................................ pagenum ......................................... noteref ............................................. e. Tables Element Description table ................................................ Contains cells of tabular data arranged in rows and columns. A <table> may have a <caption>. It may have descriptions of the columns in <col>s or groupings of several <col> in <colgroup>. A simple <table> may be made up of just rows <tr>. A long table crossing several pages of the print book should have separate <pagenum> values for each of the pages containing that <table> indicated on the page where it starts. Note the logical order of optional <thead>, optional <tfoot>, then one or more of either <tbody> or just rows <tr>. This order accommodates simple or large, complex tables. The <thead> and <tfoot> information usually helps identify content of the <tbody> rows. For a multiple-page print <table> the <thead> and <tfoot> are repeated on each page, but not redundantly tagged. Indicates a table cell containing data. Marks one row of a <table> containing <th> or <td> cells. For the most current usage guidelines, please refer to http://www.daisy.org/z3986/. td ..................................................... tr ...................................................... f. Images Element Description imggroup ......................................... Provides a container for one or more <img> and associated <caption>(s) and <prodnote>(s). A <prodnote> may contain a description of the image. The content model allows: (1) multiple <img> if they share a caption, with the ids of each <img> in the <caption imgref=‘‘id1 id2 . . .’’>, (2) multiple <caption> if several captions refer to a single <img id=‘‘xxx’’> where each caption has the same <caption imgref=‘‘xxx’’>, (3) multiple <prodnote> if different versions are needed for different media (e.g., large print, braille, or print). If several <prodnote> refer to a single <img id=‘‘xxx’’>, each prodnote has the same <prodnote imgref=‘‘xxx’’>. Points to the image to be rendered. An <img> may stand alone or be grouped using <imggroup>. Note that providing extracted images is not a requirement of the NIMAS. If they are included, it is best to refer to them using <img> within the <imggroup> container. Describes a <table> or <img>. If used with <table> it must follow immediately after the <table> start tag. If used with <imggroup> it is not so constrained. For the most current usage guidelines, please refer to http://www.daisy.org/z3986/. sroberts on PROD1PC70 with RULES img .................................................. caption ............................................. VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:35 Jul 18, 2006 Jkt 208001 PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 E:\FR\FM\19JYR2.SGM 19JYR2 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 138 / Wednesday, July 19, 2006 / Rules and Regulations 1. The Optional Elements and Guidelines for Use Publishers are encouraged to apply markup beyond the baseline (required) elements. The complete DTBook Element Set reflects the tags necessary to create the six types of Digital Talking Books and Braille output. Because of the present necessity to subdivide the creation of alternate format materials into distinct phases, the Panel determined that baseline elements would be provided by publishers, and optional elements would be added to the NIMAS-conformant files by third party conversion entities. In both circumstances the protocols for tagging digital files should conform to the most current ANSI/NISO Z39.86 specification. Content converters are directed to the most current DAISY Structure Guidelines (http:// www.daisy.org/z3986/) for guidance on their use. Since the publication of the original National File Format report from which the NIMAS technical specifications were derived, ANSI/NISO Z39.86–2002 was updated and is now ANSI/NISO Z39.86– 2005. It may be best to avoid using the following optional elements which are no longer included in ANSI/NISO Z39.86–2005: style, notice, hr, and levelhd. Also, the following new elements were introduced by ANSI/NISO Z39.86–2005 and should be considered optional elements for the NIMAS: bridgehead, byline, covertitle, dateline, epigraph, linegroup, and poem. Please refer to ANSI/NISO Z39.86–2005 for additional information regarding these elements. To access the ANSI/NISO Z39.86– 2005 specification, go to http:// www.daisy.org/z3986/. sroberts on PROD1PC70 with RULES 2. Package File A package file describes a publication. It identifies all other files in the publication and provides descriptive and access information about them. A publication must VerDate Aug<31>2005 18:35 Jul 18, 2006 Jkt 208001 include a package file conforming to the NIMAS. The package file is based on the Open eBook Publication Structure 1.2 package file specification (For most recent detail please seehttp://www.openebook.org/ oebps/oebps1.2/download/oeb12xhtml.htm#sec2). A NIMAS package file must be an XML-valid OeB PS 1.2 package file instance and must meet the following additional standards: The NIMAS Package File must include the following Dublin Core (dc:)metadata: • dc:Title. • dc:Creator (if applicable). • dc:Publisher. • dc:Date (Date of NIMAS-compliant file creation—yyyy-mm-dd). • dc:Format (=‘‘NIMAS 1.0’’). • dc:Identifier (a unique identifier for the NIMAS-compliant digital publication, e.g., print ISBN + ‘‘NIMAS’’—exact format to be determined). • dc:Language (one instance, or multiple in the case of a foreign language textbook, etc.). • dc:Rights (details to be determined). • dc:Source (ISBN of print version of textbook). And the following x-metadata items: • nimas-SourceEdition (the edition of the print textbook). • nimas-SourceDate (date of publication of the print textbook). The following metadata were proposed also as a means of facilitating recordkeeping, storage and file retrieval: • dc:Subject (Lang Arts, Soc Studies, etc.). • nimas-grade (specific grade level of the print textbook, e.g.; Grade 6). • nimas gradeRange (specific grade range of the print textbook, e.g.; Grades 4–5). An additional suggestion references the use of: • dc:audience:educationLevel (for the grade and gradeRange identifiers, noting that Dublin Core recommends using PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4700 41089 educationLevel with an appropriate controlled vocabulary for context, and recommends the U.S. Department of Education’s Level of Education vocabulary online at http://www.ed.gov/admin/ reference/index.jsp. Using educationLevel obviates the need for a separate field for gradeRange since dc elements can repeat more than once. A book used in more than one grade would therefore have two elements, one with value ‘‘Grade 4’’ and another with value ‘‘Grade 5.’’ A final determination as to which of these specific metadata elements to use needs to be clarified in practice. The package manifest must list all provided files (text, images, etc.). (Note: For purposes of continuity and to minimize errors in transformation and processing, the NIMAS-compliant digital text should be provided as a single document.) 3. Modular Extensions The most current DAISY/NISO standard, formally the ANSI/NISO Z39.86, Specifications for the Digital Talking Book defines a comprehensive system for creating Digital Talking Books. A part of this standard is DTBook, an XML vocabulary that provides a core set of elements needed to produce most types of books. However, DTBook is not intended to be an exhaustive vocabulary for all types of books. Guidelines for the correct approach to extend the DAISY/NISO standard have been established. Mathematics, video support, testing, workbooks, music, dictionaries, chemistry, and searching are some of the extensions that have been discussed. Visit http://www.daisy.org/z3986/ to learn more about modular extensions. End [FR Doc. 06–6340 Filed 7–18–06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000–01–P E:\FR\FM\19JYR2.SGM 19JYR2

Agencies

[Federal Register Volume 71, Number 138 (Wednesday, July 19, 2006)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 41084-41089]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 06-6340]



[[Page 41083]]

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Part III





Department of Education





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34 CFR Part 300



National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard; Final Rule

Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 138 / Wednesday, July 19, 2006 / 
Rules and Regulations

[[Page 41084]]


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DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

34 CFR Part 300

RIN 1820-AB56


National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard

AGENCY: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, 
Department of Education.

ACTION: Final regulations.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Secretary of Education establishes the National 
Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS or standard) as 
required under sections 612(a)(23)(A) and 674(e)(4) of the Individuals 
with Disabilities Education Act, as amended by the Individuals with 
Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (Act). The purpose of 
the NIMAS is to help increase the availability and timely delivery of 
print instructional materials in accessible formats to blind or other 
persons with print disabilities in elementary schools and secondary 
schools. The Secretary establishes the NIMAS by amending the 
regulations governing the Assistance to States for Education of 
Children with Disabilities Program in 34 CFR part 300 to include an 
appendix that sets forth the technical elements and specifications for 
the standard.

DATES: These regulations and the standard are effective August 18, 
2006.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Alexa Posny, U.S. Department of 
Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, SW., Potomac Center Plaza, room 4109, 
Washington, DC 20202-2641. Telephone: (202) 245-7597.
    If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD), you may 
call the Federal Relay System (FRS) at 1-800-877-8339.
    Individuals with disabilities may obtain this document in an 
alternative format (e.g., Braille, large print, audiotape, or computer 
diskette) on request to the contact person listed under FOR FURTHER 
INFORMATION CONTACT.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 674(e)(3)(B) of the Act defines the 
NIMAS as the standard established by the Secretary to be used in the 
preparation of electronic files suitable and used solely for efficient 
conversion into specialized formats. On June 29, 2005, we published a 
notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) in the Federal Register (70 FR 
37302) to establish the standard and to include it as an appendix to 34 
CFR part 300. A description of the proposed standard can be found on 
pages 37302 through 37303 of the NPRM and the text of the proposed 
NIMAS can be found on pages 37304 through 37306 of the NPRM.
    On June 21, 2005, the Department published a notice of proposed 
rulemaking in the Federal Register (IDEA NPRM) to amend 34 CFR part 300 
to implement other recently enacted changes made to the Individuals 
with Disabilities Education Act, as amended by the Individuals with 
Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (70 FR 35782). The 
Department intended to codify the final NIMAS as an appendix to the 
amended regulations in 34 CFR part 300. However, in an attempt to 
expedite the implementation of the NIMAS, the Department establishes 
the NIMAS through these final regulations and codifies the NIMAS as an 
appendix to the current regulations in 34 CFR part 300. The Department 
plans to re-publish the NIMAS as an appendix to the amended regulations 
in 34 CFR part 300 when it publishes final regulations in response to 
the IDEA NPRM.
    In the preamble to the NPRM, the Secretary discussed the need for 
the NIMAS and the efforts of the Department that supported the 
establishment of the NIMAS. Specifically, the Secretary addressed the 
national need to increase the availability and timely delivery of print 
instructional materials in accessible formats to blind or other 
students with print disabilities in elementary and secondary schools. 
The Secretary also described the inception of the NIMAS, which was 
developed by the National File Format Technical Panel (NFF Technical 
Panel), a panel convened by the Department-funded National Center on 
Accessing the General Curriculum. The NFF Technical Panel developed the 
NIMAS as a standard for digital source files that can be used to 
accurately and reliably produce instructional materials in a variety of 
alternate formats using the same source file.

Changes in the NIMAS

    As more fully explained in the Analysis of Comments and Changes 
section of this notice, the final standard contains a few changes from 
the standard proposed in the NPRM. Most significantly, the NIMAS 
Development and Technical Assistance Centers funded by the Department 
noted that inadvertent errors were made in the technical standards of 
the NIMAS when the NIMAS was posted on the NIMAS Web site at http://
nimas.cast.org/about/technical/index.html and published in the NPRM on 
June 29, 2005. At the request of the Department, the NIMAS Development 
and Technical Assistance Centers reported these errors and submitted 
their proposed corrections and updates to the Department through the 
formal public comment process established in the NPRM. The NIMAS 
Development and Technical Assistance Centers also posted their proposed 
corrections, additions, and deletions on the NIMAS Web site at http://
nimas.cast.org/about/proposal/changes.html.

Analysis of Comments and Changes

    In response to the Secretary's invitation in the NPRM, 17 parties, 
including the Department-funded NIMAS Development and Technical 
Assistance Centers, submitted comments on the NIMAS. An analysis of the 
comments and of the changes in the standard since publication of the 
NPRM follows.
    The analysis generally does not address minor changes, including 
the specific technical changes made to the language published in the 
NPRM or comments that express concerns of a general nature about the 
Department or other matters that are not directly relevant to the 
technical specifications of the NIMAS.
    Comment: The NIMAS Development and Technical Assistance Centers 
funded by the Department noted that inadvertent technical errors were 
made in the version of the NIMAS that was published by the Department 
in the NPRM and posted on the NIMAS Web site at http://nimas.cast.org/
about/technical/index.html. The centers provided the Department with 
proposed updates to correct these technical errors. The centers also 
posted their proposed updates on the NIMAS Web site at http://
nimas.cast.org/about/proposal/changes.html.
    A significant number (16 of 17) of commenters expressed support for 
the NIMAS. Of these commenters, nine commenters expressed support and 
approval of the updates to the NIMAS that were proposed by the NIMAS 
Development and Technical Assistance Centers, approved by the NIMAS 
Development Center's Technical Group, and posted on the NIMAS Web site. 
No negative comments were received regarding the updates. One commenter 
stated that errors occurred during a file conversion using the NIMAS 
and that corrections are needed in order to ensure that the NIMAS 
results in valid files. The commenter recommended that the NIMAS 
Development and Technical Assistance Centers' proposed corrections 
become part of the NIMAS.
    Discussion: We agree that the version of the NIMAS that was posted 
on the NIMAS Web site and published in the

[[Page 41085]]

NPRM contained technical errors. We believe that the updates proposed 
by the NIMAS Development and Technical Assistance Centers should be 
made to the NIMAS in order to correct these errors.
    Changes: We have revised the NIMAS to incorporate the corrections, 
deletions, and additions proposed by the NIMAS Development and 
Technical Assistance Centers and posted on the NIMAS Web site.
    Comment: Many commenters recommended continual maintenance and 
improvement of the NIMAS. These commenters suggested that the 
Department establish a method for updating the NIMAS so that it will 
remain current with technological advances and be consistent with the 
ANSI/NISO Z39.86 standard [renamed DAISY/NISO Z39.86 2005 as of April 
2005]. One commenter suggested that the Department accept new reports 
from the NIMAS Development Center's Technical Group at regular 
intervals so that the standard will continue to expand to meet the 
needs of students with disabilities. One commenter recommended 
requiring that the NIMAS be updated at least every three years to 
ensure that it reflects improvements in technology and best industry 
practice. One commenter expressed concern that the technical 
specifications of the NIMAS are a minimum set of requirements and that, 
over time, the bar should be raised through proposed changes or 
additions to the NIMAS.
    Discussion: The Department's Office of Special Education Programs 
(OSEP) funded the NIMAS Development Center in fiscal year (FY) 2004. 
One of the main responsibilities of the NIMAS Development Center is to 
engage in an ongoing process to ensure that the NIMAS is maintained and 
remains current with technological advances, and is aligned and 
consistent with the DAISY/NISO Z39.86 standard. When technological 
advances suggest the need for a new version of the NIMAS, the NIMAS 
Development Center, with the concurrence of its Technical Group, will 
submit recommendations for revised NIMAS specifications to the 
Department. The NIMAS Development Center is required to report on the 
need for changes at least once at the end of its 5-year project period, 
but may make recommendations regarding revisions more often, if it 
deems necessary. The Department will propose any revisions to the NIMAS 
and seek public comment on the proposed changes through a notice of 
proposed rulemaking published in the Federal Register.
    OSEP also funded the NIMAS Technical Assistance (TA) Center in FY 
2004. After the NIMAS has been adopted by State educational agencies 
(SEAs) and local educational agencies (LEAs) (coordinating agencies), 
the NIMAS TA Center will maintain an errata Web page for use by 
publishers, coordinating agencies, and other entities. The errata Web 
page will be available at http://nimas.cast.org and will contain 
notifications of errors and omissions in the NIMAS that are detected 
through the implementation process.
    Changes: None.
    Comment: A few commenters stated that NIMAS PDF file requirements 
for images need better definition.
    Discussion: The NIMAS Development Center, through its Technical 
Group, has had extensive discussions on the issue of NIMAS PDF file 
requirements since the publication of the NIMAS in the NPRM on June 29, 
2005. The Technical Group members agreed that PDF file requirements in 
the NIMAS were in need of greater clarification due, in part, to 
current limitations of transcription and conversion practices, 
hardware, and software. As a result, the Technical Group's 
recommendations on changes in the baseline elements related to PDF 
image files have been added into the NIMAS and are also publicly 
available on the NIMAS Web site at http://nimas.cast.org.
    Changes: We have revised the NIMAS to clarify the requirements for 
PDF image files, as recommended by the NIMAS Development Center's 
Technical Group and posted on the NIMAS Web site.
    Comment: One commenter expressed concern that the standard does not 
include a statement of the metadata that needs to be included in the 
package file.
    Discussion: The metadata elements are defined in the NIMAS package 
file section. We agree that certain metadata elements may need to be 
clarified. However, we believe that it would be premature to attempt to 
clarify the metadata elements without first evaluating how they are 
implemented in practice. Accordingly, the NIMAS Development Center and 
its Technical Group will determine whether the metadata elements 
require clarification after the NIMAS is adopted and actually used, and 
then will provide technical assistance, as necessary, to clarify those 
metadata elements on the NIMAS Web site at http://nimas.cast.org/. To 
the extent the NIMAS Development Center and its Technical Group 
determine that changes should be made to the metadata requirements in 
the NIMAS itself, they will submit their recommendations to the 
Department. The Department will then propose any revisions to the NIMAS 
and seek public comment on the proposed changes through a notice of 
proposed rulemaking published in the Federal Register.
    Changes: None.
    Comment: Two commenters expressed concern that there is nothing 
preventing publishers from preparing NIMAS files that contain only 
partial books, rather than entire books. They stated that NIMAS files 
will not be helpful if publishers omit important information. 
Accordingly, they recommended that the Department establish standards 
requiring publishers to use the NIMAS to convert entire books.
    Discussion: The purpose of the NIMAS is to provide access to print 
instructional materials in a timely manner. Delivery of partial books 
would unduly delay the delivery of instructional materials in 
specialized formats in a timely manner and would be contrary to the 
intent of the Act. Accordingly, SEA and LEA contracts with publishers 
should clearly specify that entire books must be converted into NIMAS 
files. In addition, we expect that the procedures established by the 
National Instructional Materials Access Center (NIMAC) will specify 
that publishers must use NIMAS to convert entire books (and not partial 
books) into NIMAS files. The Department expects to make NIMAC 
procedures available on the NIMAC Web site at http://www.nimac.us.
    Changes: None.
    Comment: Two commenters expressed concern that optional elements 
are not mandatory in the NIMAS. These commenters recommended that the 
NIMAS should require the full DAISY markup, that is, both baseline and 
optional elements.
    Discussion: Although the NFF Technical Panel's report, which is 
available on the NIMAS Web site at http://nimas.cast.org/, encouraged 
publishers to use both baseline and optional elements, only baseline 
elements are required in the NIMAS. The NFF Technical Panel reported 
that requiring both baseline and optional elements would be too costly 
for publishers. Optional elements are typically added by coordinating 
agencies and other entities. In any case, SEAs and LEAs contract with 
publishers for their instructional material needs and can specify 
whether they need files beyond the baseline elements.
    Changes: None.
    Comment: Two commenters made recommendations about two elements in 
the NIMAS. The commenters recommended that the NIMAS tag, which 
specifies that all pages must be

[[Page 41086]]

numbered in a consistent manner, be placed at the beginning of each 
print page before all print text. The commenters also expressed concern 
that more information in the present tag set is needed to adequately 
identify a specific book. The commenters recommended that the NIMAS 
include a well-defined method of identifying multiple versions of the 
same book. The two commenters stated that publishers are best suited to 
make this identification because they produced the textbooks and have 
access to all versions of the textbooks.
    Discussion: The Department views the issues raised by the 
commenters as relating to the implementation of the NIMAS and not the 
NIMAS itself. Due to the fact that these issues are the result of 
limitations in transcription and conversion practices, hardware, and 
software, the Department believes that these issues are best addressed 
through technical assistance. Thus, the NIMAS TA Center will provide 
technical assistance regarding these and other issues. In the case of 
implementation issues pertaining to Braille transcription, the NIMAS 
Development and Technical Assistance Centers have already conducted a 
series of discussions during January 2006 with Braille transcribers, 
which led to a set of clarifying recommendations on the implementation 
of NIMAS that will be incorporated into the NIMAS TA Center's Best 
Practices Web page at http://nimas.cast.org.
    Changes: None.
    Comment: We received a number of comments relating to the adoption 
and implementation of the NIMAS and the purchase of instructional 
materials in accessible formats.
    Discussion: Requirements regarding the adoption and implementation 
of the NIMAS and the purchase of instructional materials in accessible 
formats will be addressed in subparts B and C of the Department's final 
regulations governing the Assistance to States for Education of 
Children with Disabilities Program.
     Accordingly, the Department will respond to all comments relating 
to the adoption and implementation of the NIMAS and the purchase of 
instructional materials in accessible formats in the preamble to the 
final regulations for 34 CFR part 300 that it issues in response to the 
IDEA NPRM.
    Changes: None.

Executive Order 12866

    Under Executive Order 12866, we have assessed the potential costs 
and benefits of this regulatory action.
    The potential costs associated with establishing the standard are 
those resulting from statutory requirements and those we have 
determined to be necessary for administering this program effectively 
and efficiently.
    In assessing the potential costs and benefits of this regulatory 
action, we have determined that the benefits justify the costs.
    We have also determined that this regulatory action does not unduly 
interfere with State, local, and tribal government in the exercise or 
their governmental functions.

Summary of Potential Costs and Benefits

    We summarized the potential costs and benefits of establishing the 
standard in the preamble to the NPRM (70 FR 37303).

Paperwork Reduction Act 1995

    The NIMAS does not contain any information collection requirements.

Electronic Access to This Document

    You may view this document, as well as all other Department of 
Education documents published in the Federal Register, in text or Adobe 
Portable Document Format (PDF) on the Internet at the following site: 
http://www.ed.gov/news/fedregister.
    To use PDF you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader, which is available 
free at this site. If you have questions about using PDF, call the U.S. 
Government Printing Office (GPO), toll free, at 1-888-293-6498; or in 
the Washington, DC area at (202) 512-1530.


    Note: The official version of the document is the document 
published in the Federal Register. Free Internet access to the 
official edition of the Federal Register and the Code of Federal 
Regulations is available on GPO Access at: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/
nara/index.html.

(Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Number does not apply.)

List of Subjects in 34 CFR Part 300

    National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS), 
Special education, Grant programs--accessible instructional materials, 
Technology.

    Dated: July 13, 2006.
John H. Hager,
Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services.

0
For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Secretary amends part 
300 of title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows:

PART 300--ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH 
DISABILITIES

0
1. The authority citation for part 300 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1411-1420, unless otherwise noted.

0
2. Part 300 is amended by adding an appendix D to part 300 to read as 
follows:

Appendix D to Part 300--National Instructional Materials Accessibility 
Standard (NIMAS)

    Under sections 612(a)(23)(A) and 674(e)(4) of the Individuals 
with Disabilities Education Act, as amended by the Individuals with 
Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, the Secretary of 
Education establishes the NIMAS. Under section 674(e)(4) of the Act, 
the NIMAS applies to print instructional materials published after 
August 18, 2006. The purpose of the NIMAS is to help increase the 
availability and timely delivery of print instructional materials in 
accessible formats to blind or other persons with print disabilities 
in elementary and secondary schools.

Technical Specifications--The Baseline Element Set

    The Baseline Element Set details the minimum requirement that 
must be delivered to fulfill the NIMAS. It is the responsibility of 
publishers to provide this NIMAS-conformant XML content file, a 
package file (OPF), a PDF-format copy of the title page (or 
whichever page(s) contain(s) ISBN and copyright information), and a 
full set of the content's images. All of the images included within 
a work must be provided in a folder and placeholders entered in the 
relevant XML document indicating their location (all images must be 
included). The preferred image type is SVG, next is either PNG or 
JPG format. Images should be rendered in the same size/proportion as 
their originals at 300 dpi. Images should be named with relative 
path filenames in XML files (example: ).
    NIMAS-conformant content must be valid to the NIMAS 1.1 [see 
ANSI/NISO Z39.86 2005 or subsequent revisions]. In addition, files 
are required to use the tags from the Baseline Element Set when such 
tags are appropriate. Publishers are encouraged to augment the 
required Baseline Element Set with tags from the Optional Element 
Set (elements not included in the Standard) as applicable. For the 
purposes of NIMAS,

[[Page 41087]]

appropriate usage of elements, both baseline and optional, is 
defined by the DAISY Structure Guidelines. Files that do not follow 
these guidelines in the selection and application of tags are not 
conformant to this Standard. Both optional elements and appropriate 
structure guidelines may be located within Z39.86-2002 and Z39.86-
2005 available from http://www.daisy.org/z3986/. Use of the most 
current standard is recommended.

The Baseline Element Set

a. Document-Level Tags

------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Element                            Description
------------------------------------------------------------------------
dtbook............................  The root element in the Digital
                                     Talking Book DTD.  contains
                                     metadata in  and the contents
                                     itself in .
head..............................  Contains metainformation about the
                                     book but no actual content of the
                                     book itself, which is placed in
                                     .
book..............................  Surrounds the actual content of the
                                     document, which is divided into
                                     , , and
                                     . , which
                                     contains metadata, precedes .
meta..............................  Indicates metadata about the book.
                                     It is an empty element that may
                                     appear repeatedly only in .
                                    For the most current usage
                                     guidelines, please refer to http://
www.daisy.org/z3986/.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

b. Structure and Hierarchy

------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Element                            Description
------------------------------------------------------------------------
frontmatter.......................  Usually contains  and
                                     , as well as preliminary
                                     material that is often enclosed in
                                     appropriate  or 
                                     etc. Content may include a
                                     copyright notice, a foreword, an
                                     acknowledgements section, a table
                                     of contents, etc. 
                                     serves as a guide to the content
                                     and nature of a .
bodymatter........................  Consists of the text proper of a
                                     book, as contrasted with
                                     preliminary material 
                                     or supplementary information in
                                     rearmatter .
rearmatter........................  Contains supplementary material such
                                     as appendices, glossaries,
                                     bibliographies, and indices. It
                                     follows  the of the
                                     book.
level1............................  The highest-level container of major
                                     divisions of a book. Used in
                                     , , and
                                      to mark the largest
                                     divisions of the book (usually
                                     parts or chapters), inside which
                                      subdivisions (often
                                     sections) may nest. The class
                                     attribute identifies the actual
                                     name (e.g., part, chapter) of the
                                     structure it marks. Contrast with
                                     .
level2............................  Contains subdivisions that nest
                                     within  divisions. The
                                     class attribute identifies the
                                     actual name (e.g., subpart,
                                     chapter, subsection) of the
                                     structure it marks.
level3............................  Contains sub-subdivisions that nest
                                     within  subdivisions (e.g.,
                                     sub-subsections within
                                     subsections). The class attribute
                                     identifies the actual name (e.g.,
                                     section, subpart, subsubsection) of
                                     the subordinate structure it marks.
level4............................  Contains further subdivisions that
                                     nest within  subdivisions.
                                     The class attribute identifies the
                                     actual name of the subordinate
                                     structure it marks.
level5............................  Contains further subdivisions that
                                     nest within  subdivisions.
                                     The class attribute identifies the
                                     actual name of the subordinate
                                     structure it marks.
level6............................  Contains further subdivisions that
                                     nest within  subdivisions.
                                     The class attribute identifies the
                                     actual name of the subordinate
                                     structure it marks.
h1................................  Contains the text of the heading for
                                     a  structure.
h2................................  Contains the text of the heading for
                                     a  structure.
h3................................  Contains the text of the heading for
                                     a  structure.
h4................................  Contains the text of the heading for
                                     a  structure.
h5................................  Contains the text of the heading for
                                     a  structure.
h6................................  Contains the text of the heading for
                                     a  structure.
                                    For the most current usage
                                     guidelines, please refer to http://
www.daisy.org/z3986/.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

c. Block Elements

------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Element                            Description
------------------------------------------------------------------------
author............................  Identifies the writer of a work
                                     other than this one. Contrast with
                                     , which identifies the
                                     author of this work. 
                                     typically occurs within
                                     
and . blockquote........................ Indicates a block of quoted content that is set off from the surrounding text by paragraph breaks. Compare with , which marks short, inline quotations. list.............................. Contains some form of list, ordered or unordered. The list may have an intermixed heading (generally only one, possibly with ), and an intermixture of list items
  • and . If bullets and outline enumerations are part of the print content, they are expected to prefix those list items in content, rather than be implicitly generated. li................................ Marks each list item in a .
  • content may be either inline or block and may include other nested lists. Alternatively it may contain a sequence of list item components, , that identify regularly occurring content, such as the heading and page number of each entry in a table of contents. hd................................ Marks the text of a heading in a or \ . note.............................. Marks a footnote, endnote, etc. Any local reference to is by yyy''''>. [Attribute id]. p................................. Contains a paragraph, which may contain subsidiary or
    . [[Page 41088]] sidebar........................... Contains information supplementary to the main text and/or narrative flow and is often boxed and printed apart from the main text block on a page. It may have a heading . cite.............................. Marks a reference (or citation) to another document. dd................................ Marks a definition of the preceding term
    within a definition list
    . A definition without a preceding
    has no semantic interpretation, but is visually presented aligned with other
    . dl................................ Contains a definition list, usually consisting of pairs of terms
    and definitions
    . Any definition can contain another definition list. dt................................ Marks a term in a definition list
    for which a definition
    follows. For the most current usage guidelines, please refer to http:// www.daisy.org/z3986/. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ d. Inline Elements ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Element Description ------------------------------------------------------------------------ em................................ Indicates emphasis. Usually is rendered in italics. Compare with . q................................. Contains a short, inline quotation. Compare with
    , which marks a longer quotation set off from the surrounding text. strong............................ Marks stronger emphasis than . Visually is usually rendered bold. sub............................... Indicates a subscript character (printed below a character's normal baseline). Can be used recursively and/or intermixed with . sup............................... Marks a superscript character (printed above a character's normal baseline). Can be used recursively and/or intermixed with . br................................ Marks a forced line break. line.............................. Marks a single logical line of text. Often used in conjunction with in documents with numbered lines. [Use only when line breaks must be preserved to capture meaning (e.g., poems, legal texts).] linenum........................... Contains a line number, for example in legal text. [Use only when is used, and only for lines numbered in print book.] pagenum........................... Contains one page number as it appears from the print document, usually inserted at the point within the file immediately preceding the first item of content on a new page. [NB: Only valid when it includes an id attribute]. noteref........................... Marks one or more characters that reference a footnote or endnote . Contrast with . and are independently skippable. For the most current usage guidelines, please refer to http:// www.daisy.org/z3986/. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ e. Tables ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Element Description ------------------------------------------------------------------------ table............................. Contains cells of tabular data arranged in rows and columns. A may have a s or groupings of several in . A simple
    . It may have descriptions of the columns in
    may be made up of just rows . A long table crossing several pages of the print book should have separate values for each of the pages containing that
    indicated on the page where it starts. Note the logical order of optional , optional , then one or more of either or just rows . This order accommodates simple or large, complex tables. The and information usually helps identify content of the rows. For a multiple- page print
    the and are repeated on each page, but not redundantly tagged. td................................ Indicates a table cell containing data. tr................................ Marks one row of a
    containing
    or cells. For the most current usage guidelines, please refer to http:// www.daisy.org/z3986/. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ f. Images ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Element Description ------------------------------------------------------------------------ imggroup.......................... Provides a container for one or more and associated
    (s) and (s). A may contain a description of the image. The content model allows: (1) multiple if they share a caption, with the ids of each in the , (2) multiple if several captions refer to a single where each caption has the same , (3) multiple if different versions are needed for different media (e.g., large print, braille, or print). If several refer to a single , each prodnote has the same . img............................... Points to the image to be rendered. An may stand alone or be grouped using . Note that providing extracted images is not a requirement of the NIMAS. If they are included, it is best to refer to them using within the container. caption........................... Describes a or . If used with
    it must follow immediately after the
    start tag. If used with it is not so constrained. For the most current usage guidelines, please refer to http:// www.daisy.org/z3986/. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ [[Page 41089]] 1. The Optional Elements and Guidelines for Use Publishers are encouraged to apply markup beyond the baseline (required) elements. The complete DTBook Element Set reflects the tags necessary to create the six types of Digital Talking Books and Braille output. Because of the present necessity to subdivide the creation of alternate format materials into distinct phases, the Panel determined that baseline elements would be provided by publishers, and optional elements would be added to the NIMAS- conformant files by third party conversion entities. In both circumstances the protocols for tagging digital files should conform to the most current ANSI/NISO Z39.86 specification. Content converters are directed to the most current DAISY Structure Guidelines (http://www.daisy.org/z3986/) for guidance on their use. Since the publication of the original National File Format report from which the NIMAS technical specifications were derived, ANSI/NISO Z39.86-2002 was updated and is now ANSI/NISO Z39.86-2005. It may be best to avoid using the following optional elements which are no longer included in ANSI/NISO Z39.86-2005: style, notice, hr, and levelhd. Also, the following new elements were introduced by ANSI/NISO Z39.86-2005 and should be considered optional elements for the NIMAS: bridgehead, byline, covertitle, dateline, epigraph, linegroup, and poem. Please refer to ANSI/NISO Z39.86-2005 for additional information regarding these elements. To access the ANSI/ NISO Z39.86-2005 specification, go to http://www.daisy.org/z3986/. 2. Package File A package file describes a publication. It identifies all other files in the publication and provides descriptive and access information about them. A publication must include a package file conforming to the NIMAS. The package file is based on the Open eBook Publication Structure 1.2 package file specification (For most recent detail please seehttp://www.openebook. org/oebps/oebps1.2/ download/oeb12-xhtml.htm#sec2). A NIMAS package file must be an XML- valid OeB PS 1.2 package file instance and must meet the following additional standards: The NIMAS Package File must include the following Dublin Core (dc:)metadata: dc:Title. dc:Creator (if applicable). dc:Publisher. dc:Date (Date of NIMAS-compliant file creation--yyyy- mm-dd). dc:Format (=``NIMAS 1.0''). dc:Identifier (a unique identifier for the NIMAS- compliant digital publication, e.g., print ISBN + ``NIMAS''--exact format to be determined). dc:Language (one instance, or multiple in the case of a foreign language textbook, etc.). dc:Rights (details to be determined). dc:Source (ISBN of print version of textbook). And the following x-metadata items: nimas-SourceEdition (the edition of the print textbook). nimas-SourceDate (date of publication of the print textbook). The following metadata were proposed also as a means of facilitating recordkeeping, storage and file retrieval: dc:Subject (Lang Arts, Soc Studies, etc.). nimas-grade (specific grade level of the print textbook, e.g.; Grade 6). nimas gradeRange (specific grade range of the print textbook, e.g.; Grades 4-5). An additional suggestion references the use of: dc:audience:educationLevel (for the grade and gradeRange identifiers, noting that Dublin Core recommends using educationLevel with an appropriate controlled vocabulary for context, and recommends the U.S. Department of Education's Level of Education vocabulary online at http://www.ed.gov/admin/reference/ index.jsp. Using educationLevel obviates the need for a separate field for gradeRange since dc elements can repeat more than once. A book used in more than one grade would therefore have two elements, one with value ``Grade 4'' and another with value ``Grade 5.'' A final determination as to which of these specific metadata elements to use needs to be clarified in practice. The package manifest must list all provided files (text, images, etc.). (Note: For purposes of continuity and to minimize errors in transformation and processing, the NIMAS-compliant digital text should be provided as a single document.) 3. Modular Extensions The most current DAISY/NISO standard, formally the ANSI/NISO Z39.86, Specifications for the Digital Talking Book defines a comprehensive system for creating Digital Talking Books. A part of this standard is DTBook, an XML vocabulary that provides a core set of elements needed to produce most types of books. However, DTBook is not intended to be an exhaustive vocabulary for all types of books. Guidelines for the correct approach to extend the DAISY/NISO standard have been established. Mathematics, video support, testing, workbooks, music, dictionaries, chemistry, and searching are some of the extensions that have been discussed. Visit http://www.daisy.org/ z3986/ to learn more about modular extensions. End [FR Doc. 06-6340 Filed 7-18-06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P