Wisconsin Administrative Code
Department of Corrections
Chapter DOC 308 - Administrative Confinement
Section DOC 308.04 - Administrative confinement
Current through May 31, 2022
(1) Administrative confinement is an involuntary nonpunitive status for the segregated confinement of an inmate whose continued presence in general population poses a serious threat to life, property, self, staff, or other inmates, or to the security or orderly running of the institution. Inmate misconduct shall be handled through the disciplinary procedures.
(2) An inmate may be placed in administrative confinement for any of the following reasons:
(3) An inmate may be placed in administrative confinement only after a review by the administrative confinement review committee in accordance with this section. An inmate may be placed in administrative confinement from the general population or any form of segregation and may be confined in temporary lockup or TLU in accordance with the departmental rules, pending a review according to this section.
(4) An inmate shall be given written notice of the review which shall include all of the following:
(6) The review shall take place not sooner than 2 days and not later than 21 days after service of notice to the inmate. The inmate may waive these time limits in writing. The administrative confinement hearing officer may extend the time limit upon written request from the inmate for good cause. The time limits will be tolled during any time the inmate is unavailable.
(7) At the review, all of the following shall occur:
(8) All of the following shall occur after the review:
(9) An inmate may appeal the ACRC's decision to the warden within 10 days of the date of the decision and again to the administrator within 10 days of the date of the warden's decision.
(10) An inmate's progress in administrative confinement shall be reviewed by the ACRC at least every 6 months following the procedures for review under this section. Monthly progress shall be reviewed consistent with the review of disciplinary separation as outlined in s. DOC 303.73(13).
(11) If an inmate has been in administrative confinement for 12 months or longer, the warden and administrator shall do all of the following:
(12) While in administrative confinement, an inmate:
Cr. Register, April, 1981, No. 304, eff. 5-1-81; r. and recr. (2) and (4), am. (5), (6), (7) and (11), Register, April, 1985, No. 352, eff. 5-1-85; emerg. am. (12) (a), eff. 11-18-85; am. (12) (a) Register, May, 1986, No. 365, eff. 6-1-86; emerg. am. (2) (b), eff. 12-5-86; r. and recr. (12) (g), Register, February, 1987, No. 374, eff. 3-1-87; am. (2) and (4) (e) 4., Register, June, 1987, No. 378, eff. 7-1-87; am. (1), (2) (a), (3), (4) (intro.) to (e) 3., 5. to 7. and (12), r. and recr. (2) (b), (c), (4) (e) 4., r. (8) and (11), cr. (2) (d), (5), and (9), renum. (5), (6),(7), (9), (10) to be (6), (7), (8), (10), (11), and am., Register, June, 1998, No. 510, eff. 7-1-98; CR 11-022: am. (4) (e) 5., (5) (a) 2., (10) Register September 2014 No. 705, eff. 1-1-15.
Amended by, CR 17-026: am. (12) (a) Register June 2018 No. 750, eff. 7/1/2018
Administrative confinement under s. DOC 308.04 is a nonpunitive measure taken to ensure personal safety and security within the institution. This measure may be infrequently needed and of short duration but, as to a particular inmate, the reasonable needs of safety and security within the institution may require continued confinement for long periods of time.
Sub. (2) establishes the conditions under which administrative confinement may be used. Administrative confinement is a vehicle for removing inmates from the general population to protect and ensure the safety, security and orderly running of the institution. Without the ability to confine this type of inmate, the primary security objectives of the department, namely protecting the public, staff, inmates, and property, cannot be met.
Inmate misconduct is handled through the disciplinary process. Segregation in administrative confinement cannot be a penalty for misconduct, but may result either prior to or subsequent to a disciplinary proceeding or independent of any such proceeding.
Sub. (3) requires special review by the ACRC. This review incorporates components of the standard of the major disciplinary hearing procedure. This review is provided despite the fact that the U.S. Supreme Court has indicated that due process does not require this review for these transfers. Meachum v. Fano, 427 U.S. 215 (1976); Montanye v. Haymes, 427 U.S. 236 (1976). In Caldwell v. Miller, 790 F2d 589 (7th Cir 1986), the court found no liberty interest in a transfer from one cell block in an institution to another. Due process protections are important and are afforded to few inmates affected by this provision because of the seriousness of the prolonged social isolation of administrative confinement. Nonetheless, by providing the review, the Department does not intend to create any protected liberty interest by using mandatory language. Administrative confinement is a typical approach used in prison to respond to situations listed in this chapter. See Sandin v. Conner, 115 S. Ct. 2293 (1995).
At this special review, in this status, there must be proof, from evidence presented at the hearing and from the inmate's records, that he or she meets one of the criteria for administrative confinement under sub. (2). The responsibility for placement rests solely with the ACRC. An appeal is provided first to the warden and then to the administrator of the division of adult institutions, one of the highest levels in the department, in recognition of the potential serious consequences of prolonged segregation in administrative confinement.
Sub. (4) gives the inmates certain rights. It requires that adequate written notice of the review be given the inmate. If necessary, a verbal explanation of the notice should be made in accordance with the inmate's needs. The rights also include the right to present and question a witness in the same manner as for due process hearings, s. DOC 303.84.
Sub. (9) provides for a review of the inmate's status at least once every 6 months. A review may occur earlier at the discretion of the warden. This time period balances fairness to the inmate with the practicalities of providing for a meaningful review by the ACRC. Compliance with departmental rules alone may not be sufficient and an inmate may continue to be confined if there is still reasonable fear of violent behavior, harm to the inmate by others, harm to others or riots.
Sub. (10) reflects the view that administrative confinement may have serious consequences and that extreme care should be exercised at the highest level in assessing the need for continued confinement.
This chapter is in substantial accord with the provisions regarding the special management of inmates in the American Correctional Association's Manual of Standards for Adult Correctional Institutions (1993), standards 3-4237, 3-4249, 3-4254, 3-4255, and 3-4261.