New Mexico Administrative Code
Title 7 - HEALTH
Chapter 7 - HOSPITALS
Part 2 - REQUIREMENTS FOR ACUTE CARE, LIMITED SERVICES AND SPECIAL HOSPITALS
Section 7.7.2.31 - LABORATORY SERVICES

Universal Citation: 7 NM Admin Code 7.7.2.31

Current through Register Vol. 35, No. 6, March 26, 2024

A. Services and Facilities.

(1) The extent and complexity of laboratory services shall be commensurate with the size, scope, and nature of the hospital and the needs of the medical staff.

(2) Necessary space, facilities and equipment to perform both the basic minimum and all other services shall be provided by the hospital either on-site or by contracts and services.

(3) All equipment shall be made to carry out adequate clinical laboratory examinations and services, as appropriate for the care of the patients. In the case of work performed, the original report or a legally reproduced copy of the report from the laboratory shall be contained in the medical record.

B. Availability.

(1) Laboratory services shall be available at all times, and there shall be a sufficient number of qualified laboratory testing personnel and support staff to perform promptly and efficiently the tests required of the pathology and medical laboratory services.

(2) Adequate provision shall be made for ensuring the availability of emergency laboratory services, either in the hospital or under arrangements with another laboratory. These services shall be available twenty-four (24) hours a day, seven days a week, including holidays, and shall include the referral of specimens potentially related to disaster and emergency to the scientific laboratory division of the New Mexico department of health for confirmation, or rejection, of that relationship, and the reporting of notifiable conditions to the office of epidemiology of the New Mexico department of health and to the local public health office.

(3) A hospital that has contracted for laboratory services is in compliance with this paragraph if the contracted services have a current CLIA certificate at the appropriate level of testing.

C. Personnel.

(1) A qualified medical technologist shall be a graduate of a medical technology program approved by a nationally recognized body or has documented equivalent education, training, and/or experience; a qualified medical lab technician shall be a graduate of a program approved by the federal department of health and human services.

(2) The laboratory may not perform procedures and tests that are outside the scope of training of laboratory personnel.

D. Records.

(1) Laboratory test records and reports may be destroyed four years after the date of the test with the exception of minor children whose records must be maintained until the age of majority plus one year.

(2) The laboratory director shall be responsible for the laboratory report.

(3) A mechanism by which the clinical laboratory report shall be authenticated by testing personnel shall be delineated in the laboratory services' policies and procedures.

(4) The laboratory shall have procedures for ensuring that all requests for tests are ordered in writing by individuals authorized by the medical staff.

(5) The hospital shall have available a copy of their current CLIA certificate or a verification of current CLIA certificate by contractor.

E. Anatomical Pathology.

(1) Pathologist.
(a) Anatomical pathology services shall be under the direct supervision of a pathologist. If it is on a consultative basis, the hospital shall provide for, at minimum, monthly consultative visits by the pathologist. The pathologist must be available in person or electronically at all times.

(b) The pathologist shall participate in lab quality improvement and department conferences.

(c) The pathologist shall be responsible for establishing qualifications of pathology laboratory staff.

(d) An autopsy may be performed only by a pathologist, other qualified individuals qualified by the office of medical investigator or another qualified physician.

(2) Tissue examination.
(a) The medical staff and a pathologist shall determine which tissue specimens require macroscopic examination and which require both macroscopic and microscopic examinations.

(b) The hospital shall maintain an ongoing file of tissue slides and blocks, for a minimum of ten (10) years. Use of outside laboratory facilities for storage and maintenance of records, slides and blocks is permitted.

(c) If the hospital does not have a pathologist or otherwise qualified physician, there shall be a written plan for sending all tissues requiring examination to a pathologist outside the hospital.

(d) A log of all tissues sent outside the hospital for examination shall be maintained. Arrangements for tissue examinations done outside the hospital shall be made with a certified laboratory, or a laboratory approved for the federal CLIA program.

(e) Specimens shall be considered hazardous waste and shall be disposed of in a safe manner.

(3) Records.
(a) All reports of macroscopic and microscopic tissue examination must be authenticated by the pathologist or other qualified physician.

(b) Provisions shall be made for the prompt filing of examination results in the patient's medical record and for notification of the provider who requested the examination.

(c) The autopsy report shall be distributed to the provider and shall be made a part of the patient's record.

(d) Duplicate records of the examination reports shall be kept in the laboratory and maintained in a manner, which permits ready identification and accessibility for a minimum of two years.

(4) Blood Bank.
(a) The blood bank shall be operated according to standards set by the accrediting agency; either the FDA or CLIA, whichever is more stringent.

(b) Records shall be kept on file in the laboratory service and in the patient medical records according to CLIA guidelines to indicate the receipt and disposition of all blood and blood products provided to patients in the hospital.

(5) Laboratory Certification. The hospital laboratory shall successfully participate in proficiency testing programs that are offered or approved by CMS in those specialties for which the laboratory offers services. Provisions shall be made for an acceptable quality control program covering all types of analysis performed by the laboratory and any other department performing any other laboratory tests.

Disclaimer: These regulations may not be the most recent version. New Mexico may have more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.
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